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Dictatorships in the 1920s and 1930s

Cult of Personality
A cult of personality is similar to hero worship, except that it is established by mass media and propaganda.

Types of Government
Dictator
a person exercising absolute power and unrestricted control in a gov. without hereditary succession (meaning, not a king)

Totalitarian State
a gov. which maintains complete control over its citizens individuals have no rights, and gov. suppresses opposition.

Types of Government
Democracy
Rule by People Gov. is controlled by its citizens

Communism
a gov. system where economic and social activity is controlled by a totalitarian state dominated by a single political party.

Adolf Hitler - Germany

Adolf Hitler
Treaty of Versailles
440 provisions in the treaty 410 punished Germany

Hitler served in the German military during World War I


Despised Europe for punishing Germany

Wanted to restore Germany to its former greatness

Adolf Hitler - Germany

Belonged to National Socialist German Workers Party (Nazi party)


Won 1932 parliamentary election, Hitler becomes chancellor

Anti- Communist, Anti-Socialist Based on extreme Nationalism

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3C9iUaP51CI

Adolf Hitler - Germany


Goal:
1.Uniting all German speaking people in a great German empire because they were a master race. 2.National Expansion for Germany to survive it needed more Living Space to secure German people the land and soil to which they are entitled on this earth even if this could be accomplished only by the might of a victorious sword.

Adolf Hitler - Germany


The Great Depression and Hitler
1932 6 million Germans were unemployed Germans turned to Hitler as their last hope March 1932 elections, Nazis won the most votes January 1933, Hitler appointed Chancellor (prime minister)

Creating the Third Reich


Quickly dismantled Germanys democratic Weimar Republic, created THIRD REICH Thought it would be a 1000 year Reich Ultimately invades nearby countries in attempt to create more living space for Germans.

What Type of Government is HITLER running?


1 or Multi-party State?
Answer: One Party State

What type of Government?


Totalitarian Dictatorship Fascist

Joseph Stalin Soviet Union

Joseph Stalin Soviet Union


Lenin died in 1924, Stalin scrambled for control Goal: Make Russia a worldwide example for a Communist State
1. 2. Rid of all private enterprise
- Strip peasants from land, force them to work on collective government owned farms for wages

Transform from Rural to Industrial Power


- Did this in record time, with multiple 5 year Plans

In order to accomplish these goals, sacrificed


Large human cost an estimated 8 to 13 million Vast Police State Heavily punished for criticism Great Purge of 1930s Famine because of new industrial focus

What Type of Government is STALIN running?


1 or Multi-party State?
Answer: One Party State

What type of Government?


Totalitarian Dictatorship Communist

Benito Mussolini - Italy

Benito Mussolini - Italy


1919 advertised for War Veterans to fight politicians who were destroying Italy. Feared spread of communism Marched into Rome and got the Italian kings permission to form a new government Goal wanted to make Italy a world power Achieved efficiency, but in process crushed all opposition

What Type of Government is MUSSOLINI running?


1 or Multi-party State?
Answer: One Party State

What type of Government?


Totalitarian Dictatorship Fascist

Japanese Militarists

Hideki Tojo (1941-1944)

Japanese Militarists
Goal Increase living space for growing Japanese population Militarists launched surprise invasion of Manchuria in 1931, controlling this resource-rich land within several months League of nations condemned Japan, who simply quit the league Success of the Invasion put the militarists in control of Japan

What Type of Government are the Japanese Militarists running?


1 or Multi-party State?
Answer: One Party State

What type of Government?


Totalitarian Militarism

Activity
Cult of Personality by Living Colour http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7xxgRUyzgs0 Apply this song to one of the dictators. Answer in complete sentences:
1. How does this person represent a cult of personality? 2. What policies/tactics does this ruler use to create a cult of personality for himself? 3. How do you think this person will impact the world?

Final Question: Imagine you are living in one of these countries during this time period. Discuss how you believe your life will be impacted. (freedom, money, work, labor, national pride, friends, family). 10 sentences minimum.