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GRAMMAR ea arya ody Teele Oi 1 Some examples of be in the present simple. This is my brother. He's ten years old. ‘'meighteen and a student; these are my books. ‘My parents aren't at home; they're at work. 2 Here are the present simple forms of be: [Siac Bal Singular 1am I'm you are you're he/shefttis _he/she/it's Plural weare we're you are you're they are they're (Ea Erinn gular lamnot Vm not youarenot —_you'renot or you aren't he/she/it isnot _he/she/it’s not or he/she/itisn’t Plural wearenot —_we'renot or wearen’t youarenot —_you'renot or you aren't theyarenot they're not or they aren't We usually use the short forms in speech. She's my sister. He's my brother. I'm from Germany. They're students. For information on question forms, seep. 4. A_ Introductions 3 We use be to talk about the family, jobs, saying who we are, talking about the weather or a location and talking about age. Grammar in action ‘1 We use be when we introduce ourselves and our families: These are my sisters and this is my brother. Im Steve; this is my partner, Ruth. ‘She's 30 years old but 'm younger. 2 We use be when we talk about our jobs: Jam adoctor and they are nurses. B We use be when we say where we're from: 1m from Brazil; my aunt is Portuguese, {Im not from England. tm from Wales. 4 Weuse be when we talk about the weather: ‘It’s. a beautiful day but it’s cold. ItSnot very warm today and its very windy. 5 Weuse be when we talk about location: Milan is in the north but it isn't near Venice, We also use be to form continuous tenses. > For more information on the present continuous, see p. 10. (i) Add the correct forms of be. Use the short form where possible. 12 cc? 20and1 2 astudent. My father,........2 from Brazil. My mother 4 » (not) from Brazil, She 4 Irish. Her parents... # from Dubli Paul and Simon § my brothers. They... ? both teachers. simon © 23 and Paul 325,501 ¥ (not) the oldest. 0 Age. 1 Job 2. Nationality 3. Family I'va,20. 2. | Present tenses Which use of be in (i) matches these contexts? Choose one example. B Home, nationality and jobs We're meeting people at a party. What are they saying? Add the correct forms of be. Use the short form where possible. Paola and Federico,.are,..° from Naples. Naples. : 4 artists, ' 7 ateacher. in the south of Italy. Paola * English. This is my husband, Tom. ? a photographer and * from London, We * from Scotland. Federico. 3 a dentist. C The weather and location ponent It's the first day of a new class. Four students are talking about their countries. Add the correct forms of be or one of the words in the box, Use the pictures to help you. sunny sea near south north cold KUMIKO Hello, m Kumiko. 'm from Tomakomai. It inthe = norctin.® of Japan. its © cold in the winter, and it * hot in the summer. Tomakomai 2a small town 2 Sapporo. = = GALINA _ Hi, 'm Galina. 'm from St. Petersburg. It Sin the west of Russia. It + (not) very hott In fact it’s very in the winter, But sometimes it 7 sunny! St. Petersburg ® (not) the capital of Russia, of course, but it's 2 very big city. ABBAS __ I'm Abbas, and this is my cousin, Sulama. We're from. Oman. It ¥ ahot country and it’s very », SULAMA We're from two small towns in the ", Salalah and Mirbat. They ® bythe They ° (not) near Muscat, the capital city. Muscat ° a thousand kilometres away. Presenttenses | 3