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name: __________________________________ Class: ________ uaLe:______________



SClLnCL 9: unlL u - LlecLrlcal rlnclples and 1echnologles - 1oplc 2 Culz
!"#$% ldenLlfy elecLrlcal conducLors and lnsulaLors, and compare Lhe reslsLance of dlfferenL maLerlals Lo
elecLrlc flow.
!"#'% use swlLches and reslsLors Lo conLrol elecLrlcal flow, and predlcL Lhe effecLs of Lhese and oLher devlces ln
glven appllcaLlons.
!"#(% uescrlbe, uslng models, Lhe naLure of elecLrlcal currenL, and explaln Lhe relaLlonshlp among currenL,
reslsLance and volLage.
!"#)% Measure volLages and amperages ln clrculLs - apply Chm's law Lo calculaLe reslsLance, volLage and
currenL ln slmple clrculLs.
!"#*% ldenLlfy slmllarlLles and dlfferences beLween mlcroelecLronlc clrculLs and clrculLs ln a house.

!"#$ &'" "(&)*" +,)- ."/0*" ."1)(()(12 !#)3" 40,* '#($ )/ 40, '#5" #(4 +,"3&)0(32 6'"( 40, #*" $0("
&'" +,)-7 89"#3" &,*( )& 05"* #($ ")&'"* *"#$ # .00: 0* $0 &'" #;&)5)&4 0( &'" .#;: 8#1"2




arL A: MaLchlng
!"#$ "#;' +,"3&)0( #($ /)99 )( &'" .9#(:<3= >)&' &'" ;0**";& #(3>"*2 <? @#*: "#;'=

1. usually wlres are ldenLlfled ln Lerms of Lhelr gauge. 1he hlgher Lhe gauge, Lhe smaller Lhe dlameLer
of Lhe wlre. 8ank Lhe wlre's +,-.-/012,- from lowesL Lo hlghesL.
A. Copper Wlre Cauge 26
8. Copper Wlre Cauge 20
C. Copper Wlre Cauge 14

_________ _________ _________
LowesL Mlddle PlghesL

arL 8: llll ln Lhe 8lank
!"#$ "#;' +,"3&)0( #($ /)99 )( &'" .9#(:<3= >)&' &'" ;0**";& #(3>"*2 <? @#*: "#;'=

2. A /+01-.-/3+ used ln a mlcroclrculL ls llke a ____________________ ln a household clrculL.


arL C: MulLlple Cholce
!"#$ "#;' +,"3&)0( #($ ;)*;9" &'" ;0**";& #(3>"*2 <? @#*: "#;'=

3. A lapLop charger produces 18.3 volLs and has a reslsLance of 4.0 ohms. uslng Chm's Law, calculaLe
Lhe 24++,1/ lL produces.

A. 74 A
8. 4.6 A
C. 0.22 A
1oLal: /12
53+6470
v = l8
2

4. use Lhe dlagram and oLher lnformaLlon below Lo deLermlne Lhe +,-.-/012, of Lhe clrculL.

AmmeLer readlng from Lhe clrculL: ClrculL:



A. 30 U
8. 4.8 U
C. 0.21 U




arL u: ShorL Answer
!"#$ "#;' +,"3&)0(7 #($ >*)&" 40,* *"380(3"2 6'"( *"380($)(1 &0 "#;' +,"3&)0(7 900: #& &'" (,@."*
0/ @#*:3 "#;' )3 >0*&'2

3. WhaL are +,-.-/3+-? (? @#*:= 89: would a reslsLor be lncluded ln a clrculL? <? @#*:=
<A @#*:3 &0&#9=









6. Why ls meLal a beLLer 231;42/3+ Lhan wood? Lxplaln uslng Lhe Lerms 1427,4- and ,7,2/+31-.
<A @#*:3=






3

7. use ,./9,+ analogy < or analogy = for Lhls quesLlon. (B @#*:3 &0&#9=

<1073>: <% SLudenLs ln a hallway
o ulfferences ln: number of sLudenLs, hallway wldLh, and moLlvaLlon

<1073>: =% WaLerfall
o ulfferences ln: amounL of waLer, wldLh of waLerfall, and helghL of waLerfall

A. ueflne volLage, currenL, and reslsLance <?2C @#*:3=
8. Lxplaln whaL volLage, currenL, and reslsLance are ln Lhe analogy you chose <?2C @#*:3=
C. uescrlbe whaL would happen Lo Lhe currenL (uslng Lhe analogy you chose) lf reslsLance was
kepL Lhe same, and volLage was lncreased <? @#*:=


WhaL ls lL? (ueflnlLlon) ln Lhe analogy lL ls llke Lhe:
CurrenL





volLage





8eslsLance