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[Studyplan] SSC-CGL: Maths, Quantitative Aptitude, Algebra, Trigonometry: Approach, Booklist, Strategy, Free

Studymaterial 2013 for Combined Graduate Level Exam Tier 1,

2

In the earlier article , we saw how to approach General Awareness portion of SSC- CGL Tier - I exam. ( click ME) Now moving to the next topic: Maths.

1. Introduction

2. #1: Getting the conceptual clarity

3. Breakup: SSC-CGL Tier I (2010, 2011, 2012)

4. Breakup: SSC-CGL Tier II (2010, 2011, 2012)

5. #2: Practice

6. Choice of Quantitative Aptitude Book?

7. Books for Maths/Quantitative Aptitude

8. Download: NCERT Maths Textbooks

9. Download: Blank answersheet

Intro to SSC CGL Maths

Competitive exams are meant for real-men and women. This is no country for crybabies, kids, college teens and no0bs. So first of all, you must get rid of the following “loser” mindsets:

1. Yaar this maths is so hard, I can’t do it.

2. I’m not from science/engineering background hence this is not my cup of tea.

3. I’m poor in maths and I cannot improve.

4. Thik hai, dekh lenge. (alright, I’ll see).

Maths is not difficult. All it requires is concept clarity + lot of practice. In SSC-CGL exam, you’ve to face Mathematics at two stages

In SSC-CGL exam, you’ve to face Mathematics at two stages Stage Maths-Questions Penalty Tier-I (Prelims)

Stage

Maths-Questions

Penalty

Tier-I (Prelims)

50 Qs

Negative 0.25

Tier-II (Mains) Paper I: Arithmetical Ability

100 Qs worth 200 marks

Negative 0.50

The Approach for Maths, stands on two pillars.Ability 100 Qs worth 200 marks Negative 0.50 Pillars How? 1. Conceptual 1. NCERTs (Free

Pillars

How?

1. Conceptual

1. NCERTs (Free download links @bottom)

clarity

2. Mrunal.org/aptitude

3. For some topics, directly Quantitative aptitude books.

2. Lot of

2. Lot of From Quantitative aptitude books.

From Quantitative aptitude books.

practice

There are lot of books in market, the question is, which one to refer? It is explained at the bottom of this article.

There are lot of books in market, the question is, which one to refer? It is

#1: Getting the conceptual clarity

We’ll divide Maths or Quantitative Aptitude, into topics and further into subtopics.bottom of this article. #1: Getting the conceptual clarity Your task is to cover one topic

Your task is to cover one topic at a time, first get conceptual-clarity and then solve maximum questions at home.Aptitude, into topics and further into subtopics. Whenever you learn any shortcut technique, you note it

Whenever you learn any shortcut technique, you note it down in your diary.conceptual-clarity and then solve maximum questions at home. Similarly, whenever you make any mistake while solving

Similarly, whenever you make any mistake while solving sums, you also note that down in your diary. Night before the exam, you review that diary of mistakes. (why do this? Because it is the “Art of Aptitude” (Click ME ) Click ME)

Topic

Subtopics

How to approach

Number

1. Divisibility,

NCERT Class 7 Chap 2, 9 (fraction)Number 1. Divisibility,

theory

remainders

NCERT Class 10 Chap 1 (divisibility)theory remainders

2. LCM and

Finally your Quantitative aptitude book.2. LCM and

 

HCF

3. Unknown

 

numbers from

given

conditiofor

4. Fractions-

comparisions.

Basic

1. Simplification

NCERT Class 8 Chap 1Basic 1. Simplification

Maths

(BODMAS)

2. Surds,

NCERT Class 8 Chap 122. Surds,

indices

Then NCERT Class 9 Chap 1indices

3. Roots,

Basics from NCERT Class 8 Chap 6 and 7.3. Roots,

squares,

Cubes

Algebra

1. Linear

“Mother’s age was x and daughters ageAlgebra 1. Linear ”

equation

“3 mangos and 5 bananas purchased for…”equation

 

X+1/2x+3=3/8 then find X. 

^This type of stuff. Just practice and you’ll get a hang of it.

^This type of stuff. Just practice and you’ll get a hang of it.

Basics given in NCERT Class 8 Chap 2 and 9.type of stuff. Just practice and you’ll get a hang of it. Then NCERT Class 9

Then NCERT Class 9 Chap 4a hang of it. Basics given in NCERT Class 8 Chap 2 and 9. Lastly NCERT

Lastly NCERT Class 10 Chap 3.in NCERT Class 8 Chap 2 and 9. Then NCERT Class 9 Chap 4 2. Quadratic

2. Quadratic

Factorization and roots. Heavily asked in Tier-II.2. Quadratic

equations,

NCERT Class 8 Chap 14equations,  

 

Polynomials

And then NCERT Class 9 Chap 2equations, NCERT Class 8 Chap 14   Polynomials Lastly NCERT Class 10 Chap 4    

Lastly NCERT Class 10 Chap 4Chap 14   Polynomials And then NCERT Class 9 Chap 2     Can be solved

   

Can be solved without formula. Go through

Avg and

1. Wine-Water

http://mrunal.org/2012/03/aptitude-

Ratios

mixture

(Alligations)

alligationsmixturesalloys.html

2. Simple

Lolz

Average

3. Ratio-

For ratio-proportion NCERT Class 8 Chap 13.

   

Proportion-

 

variations

 

http://mrunal.org/2012/05/aptitude-partnership-and-profit-

4. Partnership

sharing.html

   

All of them can be solved with just one Universal STD formula.

STD

1. Time speed

Explained in www.Mrunal.org/aptitude

 

distance

2. Trains,

 

platforms

3. Boats-

 

streams

4. Time and

 

Work

5. Pipes and

 

Cisterns

 

1. Angles,

NCERT Class 9 Chap 6, 7, 8 and 10. Quantitative aptitude book.

NCERT Class 9 Chap 6, 7, 8 and 10. Quantitative aptitude book.

Geometry

 

sides,

bisectors,

 

circles etc

2. Mensuration

Basics explained in NCERT Class 8 Chap 3, 11.2. Mensuration

 

(area and

Then NCERT Class 9 Chap 9, 12, 13.  (area and

volume).

 

Lastly Lastly NCERT Class 10 Chap 13 

 

Understand basics from NCERT Class 10 Chap 8 and 9. Then

3. Trigonometry

exam-oriented concepts from your Quantitative Aptitude book.

%

% Basic % Also do NCERT Class 8 Chap 8.

Basic %

Also do NCERT Class 8 Chap 8.

(increase,

decrease in

consumption,

population)

 

Mere extention of % concept. Just practice.

Data- For long division, use this approximation method:

Data-

For long division, use this approximation method:

interpretation

http://mrunal.org/2012/11/aptitude-long-division-two-digit-

cases.

division-calculation-without-tears-and-without-boring-vedic-

 

speed-maths.html

 

Profit, loss, discount, marked price.

http://mrunal.org/2012/11/aptitude-concepts-of-marked-price-

and-successive-discounts-profit-loss-without-stupid-

formulas.html

Simple and compound interest rate

http://mrunal.org/2012/04/aptitude-compound-interest-

rate.html

PCP

1. Permutation

Not asked as such.PCP 1. Permutation

2. Combination

But Sometimes a question or two comes in the2. Combination

3. Probability

Reasoning” portion of Tier-I. Hence not much attention necessary.

But again, they too can be solved without mugging up formulas: go through various articles on www.Mrunal.org/aptitude

But again, they too can be solved without mugging up formulas: go through various articles on

Misc.

1. Coordinate

Lately SSC has started asking 1-2 question in each of Tier I and II. But they can be solved by merely plugging numbers in the readymade formulas given in your Quantitative Aptitude book.

II. But they can be solved by merely plugging numbers in the readymade formulas given in

Geometry

2. Progression:

Again, rarely asked in SSC. Sometimes a question or two comes in the “Reasoning” portion of Tier-I.

Again, rarely asked in SSC. Sometimes a question or two comes in the “Reasoning” portion of

Arithmetic+

Geometry

Basically you just have to plug in the values in formulas. Basics of Arithmetic progression explained in NCERT Class 10 Chap 5.

you just have to plug in the values in formulas. Basics of Arithmetic progression explained in

3. Logerithms

Not asked.

Breakup: SSC-CGL Tier I (2010, 2011, 2012)

Topic

2010

2011

2012

Ratio+Partnership

3

3

1

number theory

6

5

2

Avg+alligation 3 3 2 TSD 6 5 2 Misc. 3 0 2 basic math 11
Avg+alligation
3
3
2
TSD
6
5
2
Misc.
3
0
2
basic math
11
11
5
algebra
6
0
5
DI
3
4
5
%
6
14
5
Trigonometry
0
0
9
Geometry
3
5
12
Total
50
50
50
The 2012’s Tier-I paper, is “trend-
breaker”. Because
1.
The conventional questions
from ratio-proportion, basic
maths, time-speed-work are
asked for namesake only.
2.
Otherwise, Out of 50 Maths
questions in tier-I, almost 30
questions are from just Geometry+Trig+Percentage application.

3. Earlier, they used to ask mostly area-volume-perimeter type questions from Geometry segment. You just had to plug-in values into the formulas and get the answer.

4. But This 2012’s paper has mostly theory based geometry (angle, bisector, tangent, inequality of triangles etc.)

5. Similarly the difficulty level of algebra, number theory based questions is bit raised.

Or perhaps SSC too decided to employ the Backbreaking TM move of UPSC! Anyways, jokes apart, the lesson here is, “adapt.”

Breakup: SSC-CGL Tier II (2010, 2011, 2012)

Type 2010 2011 2012 basic math 11 4 3 Misc. 2 2 3 number theory

Type

2010

2011

2012

basic math

11

4

3

Misc.

2

2

3

number theory

8

7

5

DI

10

20

5

Ratio+Partnership

6

4

6

Avg+alligation

5

6

7

TSD

7

12

7

Trigonometry

0

4

8

Algebra

10

13

10

%

27

18

19

Geometry

14

10

27

Total

100

100

100

Here too, Geometry+Trigonometry have been given emphasis like never before.Geometry 14 10 27 Total 100 100 100 Almost 65% of the paper is made up

Almost 65% of the paper is made up of Geometry, Trig, Percentage and Algebra (and in that too, mostly Quadratic equations.)have been given emphasis like never before. #2: Practice Merely knowing the concepts or formulas won’t

#2: Practice

Merely knowing the concepts or formulas won’t help. Because unless you practice different variety of questions, you won’t become proficient in applying those concepts flawlessly in the actual-exam.(and in that too, mostly Quadratic equations.) #2: Practice Second, despite knowing concept and formulas, people

Second, despite knowing concept and formulas, people make silly mistakes either in calculation or in pluging the values.in applying those concepts flawlessly in the actual-exam. Third reason- Tier I has 200 questions in

Third reason- Tier I has 200 questions in 120 limits. =not even 2 minutes per question. Plus, questions reasoning and comprehension might take more than 5 minutes! Therefore speed is essential. Since there is negative marking system, accuracy also matters.mistakes either in calculation or in pluging the values. So it is beyond doubt that you

So it is beyond doubt that you have to practice excimer number of questions at home.there is negative marking system, accuracy also matters. The question is where to get the practice?

The question is where to get the practice? Which book should be used for SSC exam?you have to practice excimer number of questions at home. Choice of Quantitative Aptitude Book? In

Choice of Quantitative Aptitude Book?

In all competitive exams, “uncertainity factor” is involved . Despite your best preparation, you might lose the success-train by 2-3 marks.be used for SSC exam? Choice of Quantitative Aptitude Book? Therefore you must never put all

Therefore you must never put all eggs in one basket.preparation, you might lose the success-train by 2-3 marks. While you are preparing for SSC, you

While you are preparing for SSC, you should also keep open mind and apply for other competitive exams, such as IBPS, ACIO, ONGC, Railways, LIC, CDS, Coast Guard etc. (Depending on your career- taste).marks. Therefore you must never put all eggs in one basket. Publication houses will come up

Publication houses will come up with new books for each and every of ^these exams, but we have neither the time nor the money to buy a new book for every new exam.CDS, Coast Guard etc. (Depending on your career- taste). Such readymade books are only skimmed down

Such readymade books are only skimmed down version of original topicbooks. For example, if there isbooks for each and every of ^these exams, but we have neither the time nor the

SSC-FCI exam, or ACIO exam, these people will combine a few topics of GK, maths, reasoning and english. And present you a book.

Problem= you don’t get comprehensive understanding or coverage. Besides, given the population of India, competition level is always high, irrespective of exam. So half-hearted preparations with readymade “condensed” books don’t help much.of GK, maths, reasoning and english. And present you a book. Almost all of these exams

Almost all of these exams follow same structure:

1. General awareness

2. Maths

3. Reasoning (Verbal, Non-Verbal)

4. English vocabularly, grammar and comprehension.

How do they differ from each other?= number of questions, difficulty level and inclusion / exclusion of particular subtopics.4. English vocabularly, grammar and comprehension. So when you’re picking up books for the first time,

So when you’re picking up books for the first time, you should choose the books, that have universal usefulness for similar exams. That way your time, effort and money will be saved.level and inclusion / exclusion of particular subtopics. Books for Maths/Quantitative Aptitude DONOT use

Books for Maths/Quantitative Aptitude

DONOT use Quantitative Aptitude by R.S.Agarwal for SSC-CGL.

Problems with RS Agarwal’s Math book:

1. The way SSC-CGL question pattern is transforming, R.S.Agarwal’s book on Quantitative aptitude, is just not ‘upto the mark’ to match this changing environment.

2. Its chapter on Trigonometry (Height and Distance) is simply insufficient to handle SSC-CGL level bombarding.

3. Similarly coverage of algebra, quadratic equations and number theory is either absent or just for namesake.

4. Geometry coverage is mostly confined to area-volume-perimeter (=mensuration). But SSC-CGL is moving towards Non-mensuration geometry (angle, bisectors, midpoint, circles, triangles etc.)

5. The printing and presentation is very “ cluttered” . He has written the book assuming that you were already good at maths from school level.

6. If you’re already good at basic concepts, use this book for practicing and improving your speed , else don’t bother, there are better books in market.

Pricing factor

The point is, both books of Arihant Publication (Sarvesh or Rajesh) are way better than R.S.Agarwal, in terms of content, presentation, language and coverage, without being too expensive than R.S.Agarwal’s book.bother, there are better books in market. Pricing factor And both of them have universal application

And both of them have universal application for almost all of the competitive exams in India (for maths segment).in terms of content, presentation, language and coverage, without being too expensive than R.S.Agarwal’s book.

My advice, go with either Rajesh Verma or Sarvesh Kumar. Then the question, which one

My advice, go with either Rajesh Verma or Sarvesh Kumar. Then the question, which one to pick up?

Fast Track Objective Arithmetic by Rajesh Verma.

Quantam CAT by Sarvesh Kumar

Arithmetic by Rajesh Verma. Quantam CAT by Sarvesh Kumar The size and price factor goes in
Arithmetic by Rajesh Verma. Quantam CAT by Sarvesh Kumar The size and price factor goes in
The size and price factor goes in favor of this book. Concepts, techqniues, readymade formulas
The size and price factor goes in favor of this book. Concepts, techqniues, readymade formulas

The size and price factor goes in favor of this book.

Concepts, techqniues, readymade formulas given here and there. Language, presentation is lucid.

Although book is written for CAT and Management exams, he starts explaining everything from basics. Then exercises are divided into “Introductory<level 1<Level 2<Final round”, based on difficulty level.

Then exercises are divided into “Introductory<level 1<Level 2<Final round”, based on difficulty level.
Thus it becomes ideal choice for any aptitude exam.

Thus it becomes ideal choice for any aptitude exam.

So for lower level exams (SSC/IBPS), you should solve all his solved examples, then introductory exercises, finally level 1.

you should solve all his solved examples, then introductory exercises, finally level 1. That’ll be quite

That’ll be quite sufficient.for lower level exams (SSC/IBPS), you should solve all his solved examples, then introductory exercises, finally

Algebra, quadratic equation and Trigonometry specific chapters are given for exclusively for SSC.

Algebra, quadratic equation and Trigonometry specific chapters are given for exclusively for SSC.

If you solve all the sums of this book, then mathematics portion of SSC-CGL (Tier-I and II) will be as easy as a walk in the park.

all the sums of this book, then mathematics portion of SSC-CGL (Tier-I and II) will be
 
While it is excellent for SSC,

While it is excellent for SSC,

Function, graphs, Quadratic equations, Geometry,While it is excellent for SSC,

IBPS, UGC, LIC, CDS etc. level exams, its utility starts diminishing as you move towards higher-end exams.

Permutation-Combination-Probability coverage is “Thorough”. (Hell even more sums than Arun Sharma’s).

This make it ideal “text-book” for CAT/CMAT and other higher end exams.

This make it ideal “text-book” for CAT/CMAT and other higher end exams.

^But merely getting either of these books, is not going to make you a topper.

If you want to become truly “invincible” for the maths portion of any competitive exam, then you must practice maximum numbers of questions at home and maintain a “diary of mistakes”.

This concludes how to approach Mathematics/Quantiative Aptitude for SSC-CGL exam.

Now only two topics remain (will be discussed later, in separate articles):

1. How to approach Logical Reasoning

2. How to approach English vocabulary, grammar and comprehension

Download: NCERT Maths Textbooks

Mathematics Class 8

Download

Mathematics Class 9

Download

Mathematics Class 10

Download

Download: Blank answersheet

https://docs.google.com/open?id=0B9AJvFSzIyiwVGZBbHMtUWEwV2M

Download it, take 1 printout and then 15-20 or even more photocopies. Then use it for solving questions.

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January 10th, 2013 | Category: Studyplan