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# Math Study Guide Multi-Digit Multiplication

Multiply by 1 Digit Step 1: Write the problem vertically 31 X2 Step 2: Multiply the ones. 31 X2 2 x 1 = 2 ones 2 Step 3: Multiply the tens 31 X2 2 x 3 = 6 ones 62 Multiply Multi-Digit Numbers Method 1: Write the problem vertically 365 X 9 45 Multiply 9 x 5 540 Multiply 9 x 60 +2,700 Multiply 9 X 300 3,285 Add the partial products Method 2: Step 1: Write the problem vertically 1 1,175 X3 3 X 5 ones = 15 5 Regroup 15 ones as 1 ten and 5 ones Step 2: 21 1,175 X3 25 3x7 tens = 21 tens Add the regrouped tens 21 tens + 1 ten = 22 tens Regroup 22 tens as 2 hundreds and 2 tens

Step 3: 21 1,175 X3 525 Step 4: 3x1 hundred = 3 hundreds Add the regrouped hundreds 3 hundreds + 2 hundreds = 5 hundreds

21 1,175 X3 3,525

3 x 1 thousand = 3 thousands

Double/Triple Digit Multiplication: Lattice Multiplication 204 x 28 = 4,896 Step 1: Create Lattice 2 0 4 Step 2: Multiply each digit by 8. Write the answers in the lattice as shown. Finally, add the numbers along each diagonal to find the product of 204 x 8.

2 4

Double/Triple Digit Multiplication 0 0 4 0 0 8 0 0 1 0 8 Step 1: Multiply ones place tens place Step 2: Multiply by the

275 x 12 550

## Step 3: Add the products

275 X12 550 +2750 3,300

## Factors and Multiples Study Sheet

Factors are parts of numbers that, when multiplied together, give you a greater number or product. Every number has at least two factors, one and itself. Factoring is like taking apart a number.

Heres an example:

Numbers 1 and 12 are factors of 12 because when they are multiplied your product is 12. Numbers 2 and 6 are also factors of 12 because when you multiply 2 and 6 you will also get 12. And finally, 3 and 4 are also factors of 12. 1 X 12 = 12 2 X 6 = 12 3 X 4 = 12 1,2,3,4,6, and 12 are factors of 12.

On the other hand multiples are numbers where the same number is repeated, as if you were counting by that number. For example, the multiples of 2 start with 2 and are: 2, 4, 6, 8, 10.and so on.

## Heres an example: The multiples of 4 are 4, 8, 12, 16, 20.

First Six Weeks Study Guide Test: Friday, October 4, 2013 What you need to know: 1. Place Value through the millions and thousdandths. 2. Rounding numbers using place value Ex. Round to the nearest whole number 34.7 = 35 Round to the nearest hundred 135 = 100 3. Comparing and Ordering Decimals

Ex A. Put the following decimals in order from greatest to least: 7.56, 7.06, 0.76, 7.58 = 7.58, 7.56, 7.06, 0.76 Ex. B 3.45 ____ 3.54 = 3.45 < 3.54

4. Addition Properties Commutative Property, Associative Property 3+5=5+3 5. Estimation Front End 235+35=200 + 30 6. Adding and Subtracting Decimals 35.7 +17.2 52.9 7. Multiples Ex. Multiples of 6 are 6, 12, 18, 24, 30. 8. Factors Ex. Factors of 14 are: 1, 2, 7, 14 98.4 - 14.2 84.2 Rounding to the nearest 10 76 + 33 = 80 + 30 5 + (3 + 2) = (5 + 3) + 2 Property of Zero 5+0=5

## Math Study Guide

Multiplication and Division
Learning Goals
4.4 a) estimate products and quotients of whole numbers; b) multiply whole numbers; c) divide whole numbers, finding quotients with and without remainders; and d) solve single-step and multistep multiplication problems with whole numbers.

Vocabulary Product - the answer in a multiplication equation Factor - A number that is multiplied by another to get a product Quotient - The answer to a division equation Whole Numbers - a number from the set {0, 1, 2, 3} Estimate Find a value that is close enough to the correct answer (key word: about) Practice at Home In order for students to solve larger multiplication and division equations with ease, they should be fluent in their basic multiplication and division facts.

## In order to solve a division equation, use the following steps:

156 r4 6 945
600 6 x 100 340 300 6 x 50 40
Partial Quotients

Think: How many groups of 6 can I make with 945? At least 100. The first partial quotient is 100. (6 x 100 = 600) Subtract 600 from 945

Think: How many groups of 6 can I make with 340? At least 50 The second partial quotient is 50. (6 x 50 = 300 Subtract 300 from 340.

36 6 x 6

## The second partial quotient is 6 (6 x 6 = 36)

Sample Questions 1. Solve the following equation. Write your answer in the box. 35 x 29 =

2.

Solve 67 8.

A B C D

7 r11 8 8 r3 8 r4

3.

56 x 29

A B C D

## 90 180 1800 2400

4.

6 756

Study Guide
Fractions
Learning Goals 4.2 a) compare and order fractions and mixed numbers;
b) represent equivalent fractions; and c) identify the division statement that represents a fraction.

Vocabulary
Fraction part of a whole or part of a set Numerator the number above the line in a fraction; the number that tells how many equal parts are described by the fraction Denominator - the number below the line in a fraction; it tells the number of equal parts into which a whole is divided or the total number in a set Mixed Number - a number with an integer part and fraction part

## Examples and Explanations

When comparing fractions with a model, the fraction with the most shading is the largest fraction.

3 5

<

4 5

1 2

>

1 3

2 3 8

When comparing without the use of a model, we use the following steps:
Does it have a common denominator? If YES. the largest the numerator, the larger the fraction

4 3 > 5 5
If NODoes it have a common numerator? If YES.the smaller the denominator, the larger the fraction

4 4 > 9 10
If NOUse a benchmark number (Where would it fall on the number line 0 ---- ---- 1 ?
One fifth is closer to 0 Seven eighths is closer to 1 whole

1 7 < 5 8

To order fractions, the above steps are taken for all numbers that are being ordered. They are then recorded from either least to greatest or greatest to least.

Equivalent Fractions are of equal value. Students can determine equivalence by drawing a model, a pattern, or a number line. x3

1 3 = 4 12

1 3 = 3 9
x3

1 2 = 2 4

Fractions represent division statements. This is used to help us convert improper fractions to mixed numbers.

8 is 8 4 = 2 wholes 4
Sample Questions

1.

Which symbol (>, <, =) would you use to compare the following fractions?

4 5 _____ 6 6
A> B< C=

2.

1 5

5 6 2 4 3 8

3.

## Which fraction is equal to the shaded part of the picture below?

1 4

5 8 2 2 1 2 12 ? 6

4.

## Equivalent Fractions/Decimals Study Guide SOL 4.2

Equivalent equal or the same Rational numbers any number that can be written as a fraction. o Examples: 2/1, 2/3, 7 1/4 Mixed numbers a number that is a whole number and a fraction. o Examples: 7 1/4 o = 1 3/4

Numerator the number on top of the fraction. The amount of the being identified. Example: 3/7 Denominator the number on bottom of the fraction. The TOTAL amount possible. Example: 3/7

Writing/Reading a Fraction First, say the numerator Second, say the denominator with ts, rds, or ths at the end. o Examples: 4/8 = four eighths 9/31 = nine thirty-firsts Equivalents Find different ways to write the same amount. Use different fractions or decimals. Examples: 5 /10 0.5 1/2 Each says the exact same thing.

The top row of fractions show 5/10, 0.5 or 1/2 The bottom row of fractions show 2/4, 5/10, or 1/2 All are shaded half way and that means which equals 0.5.

The figures above are about the same. The top one = 7/10 or 0.7 The bottom one = or 0.75

-------------------------------------------------- Extras ----------------------------------------------------Finding Decimals with a Fraction & Division You will have to divide to find the decimal, if you cannot remember the equivalent chart. o Example: Divide the denominator into the numerator. 5/6 = 6 0. 8 3 5.0 0 -48 20 -18 2

So 5/6 = 0.83

-------------------------------------------------- ---------- ----------------------------------------------------Equivalent Chart fraction = decimal 1/1 = 1 1/2 = 0.5 1/3 = 0.3 1/4 = 0.25 1/5 = 0.2 1/6 = 0.16 1/7 = 0.142857 2/3 = 0.6 3/4 = 0.75 2/5 = 0.4 5/6 = 0.83 2/7 = 0.285714 5/7 = 0.714285 1/8 = 0.125 1/9 = 0.1 3/8 = 0.375 2/9 = 0.2 7/9 = 0.7 1/10 = 0.1 3/10 = 0.3 3/7 = 0.428571 6/7 = 0.857142 5/8 = 0.625 4/9 = 0.4 8/9 = 0.8 7/10 = 0.7 9/10 = 0.9 7/8 = 0.875 5/9 = 0.5 4/7 = 0.571428 3/5 = 0.6 4/5 = 0.8

1/11 = 0.09

1/12 = 0.083

5/12 = 0.416