You are on page 1of 2

- Influential Greenhouse Gases: For each of the following, list WHAT they are, WHERE they are found

and HOW they affect climate Carbon Dioxide (CO2): A colorless, odorless gas found when organic matter is burned with the presence of oxygen. It affects the climate by warming the earth. Methane (CH4): A non-toxic, colorless, odorless gas, found in wetlands, swamps and marshes, termites, and oceans. Methane affects the climate by increasing the temperature of the earth. Nitrous Oxide (N2O): colorless, non-flammable gas. Nitrous oxide is naturally produced in the oceans and in rainforest. It warms up the earth. Sulfur Hexafluoride (SF6): an extremely potent greenhouse gas that may go directly to electric power plants. - Draw a diagram and label to EXPLAIN the greenhouse effect: Gases in the atmosphere allow solar radiation to reach the surface of Earth, but they also absorb the energy and re-emitted as infrared radiation, causing the heat in the atmosphere

Explain how the Carbon Cycle is involved in global climate change: Carbon is passed throughout the sea, land and air, when carbons pass through these different natural reservoirs, CO2 is released into the atmosphere. Being a greenhouse gas, it warms up the global climate. - What are Carbon SOURCES and SINKS? Carbon sources: a process which releases CO2 into the atmosphere.

Carbon sinks: are processes that remove CO2 from the atmosphere are called sinks - How does deforestation increase the amount of CO2 in the atmosphere? Explain. Deforestation destroys multiple amounts of trees in an area. Without these trees, there would be nothing to take in, like CO2 for photosynthesis. When deforestation occurs this causes the amount of CO2 to increase. - How do the oceans absorb excess CO2 from the atmosphere and how does this affect the oceans? Oceans have a high solubility of carbon dioxide in water. This affects the oceans by increasing the ocean sink, acidifying the water such as carbonic acid, and warming up the ocean. - Explain how the industrial revolution has increased the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. The industrial revolution spurred coal burning, steel making, mass production and technical advancements. More productive cars were being made during/after the industrial revolution, resulting in smog in the air. High demand for product during the industrial meant that more production had to be made. More production led to more burning of fossil fuels, increasing production of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. - According to the graph, which country is the biggest contributor to global carbon emissions worldwide? According to the graph, China is the biggest contributor to global carbon emissions worldwide.