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Szymon Bogacz, MA Jagiellonian Univeristy Krakw, Poland

Justification of the Buddhist no-essence view religious, philosophical, both or neither?

ABSTRA T T!e "Per#ection o# $isdom% literat&re, es'ecially t!e "Per#ection o# $isdom in (ig!t T!o&sand )erses% *Aashasrikprajpramit+ give rise to t!e Mad!yamaka '!iloso'!y, t!e oldest and one o# t!e most in#l&ential '!iloso'!ical doctrines o# Ma!,y,na B&dd!ism- Bot! "Per#ection o# $isdom% S&tras and Mad!yamaka '!iloso'!ical te.ts e.'ress sever criticism o# t!e essence *svabhva+- S&tras are e.'loring t!e religio&s notion o# t!e "no/essence% view w!ile '!iloso'!ical treaties 'resent its 0&sti#icationT!e "Per#ection o# $isdom in (ig!t T!o&sand )erses% s&tra 'resents a story o# an a1!id!arma '!iloso'!er 2ari'&tra and a monk S&1!&ti known #or !is 'ro#o&nd &nderstanding o# t!e 'er#ection o# wisdom- 3n one 'assage o# t!is te.t 2ari'&tra asks4 "!ow can a Bod!isattva 1e known as 'ossessing 'er#ect wisdom, w!en t!e very #orm does not 'ossess t!e own/1eing *svabhva+ o# #orm5% * onze 6789, :;+. S&1!&ti does not answer 2ari'&tra<s =&estion, 0&st ass&res !im t!at t!is ty'e o# knowledge can 1e ac!ieved- Some res'onses to t!is =&estion !ave 1een given later mainly 1y t!e B&dd!ist '!iloso'!ers s&c! as >,g,r0&na, ?ryadeva, B!avaviveka and andrak@rti3n my 'a'er 3 will arg&e, t!at t!e '!iloso'!ical int&ition 1e!ind 2ari'&tra<s =&estion concerns t!e connection 1etween 0&sti#ication and essence/oriented meta'!ysics o# t!e (arly B&dd!ism- To s&''ort t!is t!esis t!e wide range o# te.t&al evidences will 1e 'rovided, e-gMa!ayana s&tras *i-a- Aashasrikprajpramit, Vimalakrtinirdeastra+, A1!di!arma scri't&res *i-a- Pacavastukastra, Sa !uktbhidharmah"da!a+ and '!iloso'!ical treaties 1y Asaga and )as&1and!&- An t!e 1asis o# t!e collected data it is 'ossi1le to concl&de t!at t!e re0ection o# essence is e=&al to t!e re0ection o# t!e ty'ical B&dd!ists e'istemologyT!e =&estion is w!atever t!e Mad!yamka '!iloso'!y 'ro'o&nds a new and ade=&ate sol&tion to t!e 'ro1lem o# t!e analysis o# knowledge- 3n t!e lig!t o# works o# >,g,r0&na, ?ryadeva et al. it is necessary to ask w!at 'lays a key role in 0&sti#ication o# t!e "no/ essence% view o# M,d!yamikas- 3s t!is4 a religio&s dogma, a '!iloso'!ical arg&mentation, a meditative e.'erience, logical analysis or somet!ing else5