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Chloe Hall

ENGL 1102-097
Dr. Sally Griffin
March 14, 2014
Annotated Bibliography

Barbeito, C. L. (2004). Human resource policies and procedures for nonprofit organizations.
Hoboken, N.J: J. Wiley.

To help nonprofits create an effective work environment, Human Resource Policies
and Procedures for Nonprofit Organizations provides a reliable framework for
developing human resource management policies and procedures that will improve
an organization's recruitment, motivation, and retention of a qualified workforce. It
also guides organizations in reducing the risk of lawsuits and claims by offering
accessible knowledge of relevant laws and advice for implementing good
employment practice policies for paid employees, volunteer workers, and
outsourced work. Nonprofit executive directors, boards of directors, and managers
responsible for human resource functions will turn to Human Resource Policies
and Procedures for Nonprofit Organizations time and again for authoritative

Fischer, L. R., & Schaffer, K. B. (1993). Older volunteers: A guide to research and practice.
Newbury Park, Calif: SAGE Publications.

Older Volunteers offers a comprehensive review of current research and case
study material to provide a synthesis of "best practices" for those who plan,
implement, and participate in volunteer programs. The authors examine the range
of volunteer roles and organizations, the multiple motivations for volunteering,
techniques of recruiting and keeping volunteers, and managerial issues. They also
examine and discuss research on minority elderly and address such formidable
issues as bias from paid staff and the potential for exploitation.

Fisher, J. C., & Cole, K. M. (1993). Leadership and management of volunteer programs: A
guide for volunteer administrators. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Leadership and Management of Volunteer Programs describe the knowledge,
skills, and abilities required of professional managers to effectively involve
volunteers in the work of organizations. Based on the Association for Volunteer
Administration Certification Competencies, each chapter offers insight into a
particular functional area within volunteer administration. Drawing from the best in
modern management literature and using copious case studies from professional
practice, Fisher and Cole provide thorough guidance on how to perform key tasks
such as staffing, recruitment, motivation, program evaluation, and the management
of relationships between paid and volunteer staff.

Fritz, J. (2014). Should you pay to volunteer abroad?. Retrieved from

Joanne Fritz discusses the different types of volunteering and why it is normal to
pay for most volunteer abroad programs. She also discusses the benefits that a
volunteer receives from the organization that you work with, although you may pay
for travel, accommodations, and meals. Some benefits include orientation, language
and technical training, a safe and supportive place to live, a safety net through staff
that provides logistical support and even counseling, clear expectations for the work
you will do, and affordability. Fritz discovered that it would be cheaper to travel to a
foreign country with an organization that handles most of the details than it would
be if you tried to do it on your own.

Global Volunteers. (2013). Why Must I Pay to Volunteer?. Retrieved from

Global Volunteers discusses why volunteers are asked to pay a fee for volunteering
abroad. Volunteers are asked to pay for their own travel expenses, and even non-
profit agencies need to be reimbursed for recruiting costs, volunteer training, and
on-site coordination. Volunteer vacation program fees range from $50 to $3,000+,
depending on the agency's degree of involvement and the accommodation provided.
Volunteer vacation program fees are relatively small when accommodation is
"basic", such as a tent in a national park, and when volunteers prepare their own
meals. At the other extreme, program fees charged by organizations such as Global
Volunteers can be as high as a few thousand dollars. But, in return for higher fees
comes the comfort and safety you pay for: extensive pre-trip reading materials,
someone to escort you from the airport, security when using public transportation
in high risk areas, on-site training, hotel accommodation, prepared meals, a
volunteer coordinator on-site at all times, assistance dealing with local officials, etc.
As well, Global Volunteers will use part of your program fee to pay for supplies
donated to the hospital, school, or community being served.

Hodgkinson, V. A., & Lyman, R. W. (1989). The future of the nonprofit sector: Challenges,
changes, and policy considerations. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Who should pay for the many vital services nonprofit organizations provide? Should
all nonprofits be granted tax-exempt status, in spite of the increasing reliance of
many user fees? What new avenues can a nonprofit organization go through to
obtain funding for services to the needy? In this book, based on the Independent
Sector 1988 Forum on Philanthropy, scholars from a range of disciplines examine
the changing role, scope, and responsibilities occurring today that will affect the
future of the nonprofit sector. It analyzes in depth the current trends in the field,
such as decreased government funding and increasing dependence on user fees, to
present insights into future challenges and opportunities.

Lyons, K. D., & Wearing, S. (2008). Journeys of discovery in volunteer tourism: International
case study perspectives. Wallingford, UK: CABI.

The fast-growing phenomenon of volunteer tourism encompasses a diverse range of
activities, from conserving environments to working with host communities to
alleviate poverty. However, understanding the complex relationship between
volunteering and tourism requires a wide analytical framework. Journeys of
Discovery in Volunteer Tourism: International Case Study Perspectives provides a
broad and valuable insight into how volunteer tourism is growing and developing.
Theoretical and empirical case studies from leading researchers in the field explore
the experiences of the volunteer tourist and the power relationships between
volunteers and host communities and commercial, non-commercial and government
entities involved in developing and supporting volunteer tourism. The ambiguous
and contested intersections between volunteering, travel and alternative tourism as
a foundation for considering the future of volunteer tourism are also examined.

Mattocks, R. (2008). Zone of insolvency: How nonprofits avoid hidden liabilities and build
financial strength. Hoboken, N.J: John Wiley & Sons.

Ron Mattocks book, Zone of Insolvency, shines a bright light on the real issue of
creating financial strength across the whole spectrum of nonprofit organizations.
This insightful book uniquely shows you how to rise above "business as usual" with
workable solutions to launch your organization out of the Zone of Insolvency and
into financial viability. The legal responsibilities of the board governing an
organization in the Zone of Insolvency are expanded from a fiduciary
responsibility to protect the assets of the corporation to a broader role of balancing
all interests of all parties of the corporation. This requires balancing the interests of
all stakeholders, creditors, funders, customers, and the community at large.

Pidgeon, W. P. (1998). The universal benefits of volunteering: A practical workbook for
nonprofit organizations, volunteers, and corporations. New York: Wiley.

Focusing on the crucial concept of "return value," the workbook offers solid
practical advice on recruiting, training, and retaining today's volunteers. It examines
volunteer program planning and implementation for both not-for-profit and for-
profit organizations. Most importantly, it explores how these entities can forge
strategic alliances that match the nonprofit need for motivated, business-wise
volunteers to the corporate desire to boost staff teamwork, time management, and
other key skills.

Stebbins, R. A., & Graham, M. (2004). Volunteering as leisure/leisure as volunteering: An
international assessment. Oxon, UK: CABI Pub.

Stebbins and Graham discuss both social and economic benefits of volunteering in
this book. As we are becoming more reliant on volunteers, there is a need for a
better understanding of why people take up volunteering, and how to recruit,
manage, motivate, and support volunteers most effectively. In order for
organizations that host volunteers to achieve the most from their volunteers, they
must understand how to give them the best "leisure" experience. This book
examines critical aspects of contemporary volunteerism, from the perspective of a
variety of volunteering contexts.

Wheeler, C. (2009). You've gotta have heart: Achieving purpose beyond profit in the social
sector. New York: AMACOM/American Management Association.

In Youve Gotta Have Heart, Cass Wheeler shows people at all levels of a nonprofit
how to make sure their hard work really pays off. Using examples of some of the
American Heart Association and others, Wheeler reveals the leadership skills that
will help employees, volunteers, and board members excel at their jobs, become
good role models, and build a more visionary, creative, and disciplined nonprofit
organization. Readers will discover why a mission statement is not the same as a
sense of mission, the characteristics of successful nonprofit leaders, how to combine
the nonprofit mission with the management lessons of the business world, how to
define an organizations core values and business model.

Worsfold, S. (2012). Why pay to volunteer abroad?. Retrieved from

Worsfold discusses the lack of resources oversea organizations have and if funds
were available, they could likely be better used to create employment for local
workers, who have relevant language skills who are more likely to stay with the
project long-term. Worsfold also discusses where volunteer abroad fees go and how
one of your biggest investments when paying to volunteer is in your peace of mind,
having someone there in case of emergency. For example, a local election raises
political tension in the area; an earthquake disrupts the transport system; or you
simply fall ill the moment you arrive. Worsfold explains why emergencies are better
to deal with when an organization is behind you. Worsfold also explains that if a
company were to set up this kind of infrastructure around the world, it would take a
lot of time and money.

Zack, G. M. (2003). Fraud and abuse in nonprofit organizations: A guide to prevention and
detection. Hoboken, N.J: John Wiley.

Fraud and Abuse in Nonprofit Organizations is the first book to provide a detailed
examination of the myriad financial abuses that can occur in the nonprofit arena,
along with specific guidelines for their detection and prevention. Nonprofit
authority, Gerard Zack, combines his in-depth knowledge and experience with
actual examples of nonprofit frauds, both how they were carried out and how they
could have been prevented, as he answers questions including: What makes a
nonprofit organization uniquely vulnerable to fraud? What are the most prevalent
and preventabletypes of schemes? Which financial controls are most effective for
combating each type of scheme? Which administrative systems and policies can best
catch and control fraud? What are the roles and duties of management and the
board of directors?