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Undecane - C11H24

3-methyl-4-propylheptane

List of straight-chain alkanes


The following is a list of straight-chain and branched alkanes and their common names, sorted by
number of carbon atoms. (R means the page is redirected to higher alkanes)
Number
of C
atoms

Number of isomers

Number of isomers
includingstereoisomer
s

Molecul
ar
Formula

Name of straight chain

Synonyms

CH4

Methane

methyl hydride;
natural gas

C2H6

Ethane

dimethyl; ethyl
hydride; methyl
methane

C3H8

Propane

dimethyl methane;
propyl hydride

C4H10

n-Butane

butyl hydride;
methylethyl methane

C5H12

n-Pentane

amyl hydride;
Skellysolve A

C6H14

n-Hexane

dipropyl; GettysolveB; hexyl hydride;


Skellysolve B

11

C7H16

n-Heptane

dipropyl methane;
Gettysolve-C; heptyl
hydride; Skellysolve
C

18

24

C8H18

n-Octane

dibutyl; octyl hydride

35

55

C9H20

n-Nonane

nonyl hydride;
Shellsol 140

10

75

136

C10H22

n-Decane

decyl hydride

11

159

345

C11H24

n-Undecane

hendecane

12

355

900

C12H26

n-Dodecane

adakane 12; bihexyl;


dihexyl; duodecane

13

802

2,412

C13H28

n-Tridecane

14

1,858

6,563

C14H30

n-Tetradecane

15

4,347

18,127

C15H32

n-Pentadecane

16

10,359

50,699

C16H34

n-Hexadecane

17

24,894

143,255

C17H36

n-Heptadecane

18

60,523

408,429

C18H38

n-Octadecane

19

148,284

1,173,770

C19H40

n-Nonadecane

20

366,319

3,396,844

C20H42

n-Icosane

didecyl, eicosane

21

910,726

9,891,650

C21H44

n-Henicosane(R)

henicosane

22

2,278,638

28,972,080

C22H46

n-Docosane(R)

23

5,731,580

85,289,390

C23H48

n-Tricosane(R)

24

14,490,245

252,260,276

C24H50

n-Tetracosane

tetrakosane

25

36,797,588

749,329,719

C25H52

n-Pentacosane(R)

Paraffin Wax

26

93,839,412

2,234,695,030

C26H54

n-Hexacosane(R)

cerane; hexeikosane

27

240,215,803

6,688,893,603

C27H56

n-Heptacosane(R)

28

617,105,614

20,089,296,554

C28H58

n-Octacosane(R)

cetane

Number
of C
atoms

Number of isomers

Number of isomers
includingstereoisomer
s

Molecul
ar
Formula

Name of straight chain

Synonyms

29

1,590,507,121

60,526,543,480

C29H60

n-Nonacosane

30

4,111,846,763

182,896,187,256

C30H62

n-Triacontane(R)

31

10,660,307,791

554,188,210,352

C31H64

n-Hentriacontane

untriacontane

32

27,711,253,769

1,683,557,607,211

C32H66

n-Dotriacontane(R)

dicetyl

33

72,214,088,660

5,126,819,371,356

C33H68

n-Tritriacontane(R)

34

188,626,236,139

15,647,855,317,080

C34H70

n-Tetratriacontane(R)

35

493,782,952,902

47,862,049,187,447

C35H72

n-Pentatriacontane(R)

36

1,295,297,588,128

146,691,564,302,648

C36H74

n-Hexatriacontane(R)

37

3,404,490,780,161

450,451,875,783,866

C37H76

n-Heptatriacontane

38

8,964,747,474,595

1,385,724,615,285,949

C38H78

n-Octatriacontane

39

23,647,478,933,969

4,270,217,915,878,409

C39H80

n-Nonatriacontane

40

62,481,801,147,341

13,180,446,189,326,135

C40H82

n-Tetracontane(R)

41

165,351,455,535,782

40,745,751,356,421,890

C41H84

n-Hentetracontane

42

438,242,894,769,226

126,146,261,761,339,138

C42H86

n-Dotetracontane

43

1,163,169,707,886,427

391,089,580,997,271,932

C43H88

n-Tritetracontane

44

3,091,461,011,836,856

1,214,115,357,550,059,889

C44H90

n-Tetratetracontane

45

8,227,162,372,221,203

3,773,978,533,594,435,261

C45H92

n-Pentatetracontane

46

21,921,834,086,683,418

1.17454671019

C46H94

n-Hexatetracontane

47

58,481,806,621,987,010

19

3.659736310

C47H96

n-Heptatetracontane

48

156,192,366,474,590,639

1.14160681020

C48H98

n-Octatetracontane

49

417,612,400,765,382,272

20

3.564926110

C49H100

n-Nonatetracontane

50

1,117,743,651,746,953,270

1.11437891021

C50H102

n-Pentacontane(R)

51

2.9946610

18

C51H104

n-Henpentacontane

52

8.031081018

C52H106

n-Dopentacontane

53

2.155781019

C53H108

n-Tripentacontane

54

5.7919210

19

C54H110

n-Tetrapentacontane

55

1.557451020

C55H112

n-Pentapentacontane

20

56

4.191510

C56H114

n-Hexapentacontane

57

1.128941021

C57H116

n-Heptapentacontane

58

3.0430410

21

C58H118

n-Octapentacontane

59

8.208621021

C59H120

n-Nonapentacontane

60

2.215871022

C60H122

n-Hexacontane(R)

61

5.9858110

22

C61H124

n-Henhexacontane

62

1.618061023

C62H126

n-Dohexacontane

63

4.3767210

23

C63H128

n-Trihexacontane

64

1.184621024

C64H130

n-Tetrahexacontane

65

3.2082910

24

C65H132

n-Pentahexacontane

66

8.694131024

C66H134

n-Hexahexacontane

67

2.357381025

C67H136

n-Heptahexacontane

68

6.3955210

25

C68H138

n-Octahexacontane

69

1.736031026

C69H140

n-Nonahexacontane

70

4.7148510

26

C70H142

n-Heptacontane

71

1.281151027

C71H144

n-Henheptacontane

72

27

C72H146

n-Doheptacontane

3.4829710

Number
of C
atoms

Number of isomers

Number of isomers
includingstereoisomer
s

Molecul
ar
Formula

Name of straight chain

73

9.473451027

C73H148

n-Triheptacontane

74

2.5779310

28

C74H150

n-Tetraheptacontane

75

7.018321028

C75H152

n-Pentaheptacontane

76

1.9115610

29

C76H154

n-Hexaheptacontane

77

5.208741029

C77H156

n-Heptaheptacontane

78

1.419911030

C78H158

n-Octaheptacontane

79

3.8722810

30

C79H160

n-Nonaheptacontane

80

1.056451031

C80H162

n-Octacontane

81

2.8833610

31

C81H164

n-Henoctacontane

82

7.872561031

C82H166

n-Dooctacontane

83

2.1502810

32

C83H168

n-Trioctacontane

84

5.875321032

C84H170

n-Tetraoctacontane

85

1.605911033

C85H172

n-Pentaoctacontane

86

4.3910010

33

C86H174

n-Hexaoctacontane

87

1.201031034

C87H176

n-Heptaoctacontane

88

3.2861310

34

C88H178

n-Octaoctacontane

89

8.994101034

C89H180

n-Nonaoctacontane

90

2.462451035

C90H182

n-Nonacontane

91

6.7439210

35

C91H184

n-Hennonacontane

92

1.847521036

C92H186

n-Dononacontane

93

5.0628210

36

C93H188

n-Trinonacontane

94

1.387791037

C94H190

n-Tetranonacontane

95

3.8051810

37

C95H192

n-Pentanonacontane

96

1.043641038

C96H194

n-Hexanonacontane

97

2.863131038

C97H196

n-Heptanonacontane

98

7.8568510

38

C98H198

n-Octanonacontane

99

2.156601039

C99H200

n-Nonanonacontane

100

5.9210710

39

C100H202

n-Hectane

101

1.626081040

C101H204

n-Henihectane

102

4.4667110

40

C102H206

n-Dohectane

103

1.227271041

C103H208

n-Trihectane

104

3.372821041

C104H210

n-Tetrahectane

105

9.2714310

41

C105H212

n-Pentahectane

106

2.549181042

C106H214

n-Hexahectane

107

7.0105110

42

C107H216

n-Heptahectane

108

1.928391043

C108H218

n-Octahectane

109

5.3055710

43

C109H220

n-Nonahectane

110

1.460031044

C110H222

n-Decahectane

111

4.018661044

C111H224

n-Undecahectane

112

45

1.106339610

C112H226

n-Dodecahectane

113

3.04791861045

C113H228

n-Tridecahectane

114

45

8.389999410

C114H230

n-Tetradecahectane

115

2.31229361046

C115H232

n-Pentadecahectane

116

46

C116H234

n-Hexadecahectane

6.367515510

Synonyms

Number
of C
atoms

Number of isomers

Number of isomers
includingstereoisomer
s

Molecul
ar
Formula

Name of straight chain

117

1.75553881047

C117H236

n-Heptadecahectane

118

47

4.836166710

C118H238

n-Octadecahectane

119

1.33381831048

C119H240

n-Nonadecahectane

120

48

C120H242

n-Icosahectane

3.675740210

Synonyms

...

July 31st

1800: The German physician and chemist Friedrich Whler was born.
1825: August Beer, who discovered that absorption of light is related to amount and length
of absorbing material (Beer's Law), was born.

Fundamental constants
The following table gives the values of the majority of fundamental constants needed in a school
Physics course. The units for each are given together with the symbol for some.
Avogadro mass unit

932 MeV or 1.66x10-27 kg

Avogadro's number

6.02x1023 mol-1

Boltzmann's constant

1.38x10-23 JK-1

Electron charge

1.602x10-19 C

Electron mass

9.11x10-31 kg or 0.000 549 u

Energy conversions

1 u = 1.66x10-27 kg = 1.492x10-10 J = 931 MeV

Mass of alpha particle

4.001 506 u

Mass of helium atom

4.002 603 u

Mass of proton

1.007 276 u

Mass of neutron

1.008 665 u

Mass of hydrogen (1H) atom

1.007 825 u

Mean value of go for the Earth

9.81 ms-2

Molar gas constant

8.31 mol-1K-1

Permeability of free space (o)

4x10-7 Hm-1

Permittivity of free space (o)

8.85x10-12 Fm-1

Planck's constant (h)

6.63x10-34 Js

Specific charge of the electron (e/m)

1.76x1011 Ckg-1

Speed of electromagnetic radiation in free space

2.997 925x108 ms-1

Stefan's constant ()

5.7x10-8 Wm2K-4

Universal constant of gravitation (G)

6.67x10-11 Nm2kg-2

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