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2014

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54(075.8)
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- www.phoenixbooks.ru

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5
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7
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8
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m (A )

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m (B )

f (B ) M (B )

m (C )

f (C ) M ( C )

m (D)

f (D) M (D)

9
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## 3) c(1/zA) V(A) = c(1/zB) V(B);

m(A)
m(B)
4) f (A) M (A) = f (B) M (B) ;
m(A)
5) f (A) M (A) = c(1 / zB) V (B);

6) m(A) =

## c(1 / zB) V (B)

M (1 / zA) V 10 3.
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1. , :
) 53 ; ) 24,5 ; ) 15
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m(X)
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n(X) =

53 (Na 2CO3 )

## ) n(Na2CO3) = 106 / (Na CO ) = 0,5 ;

2
3
) n(2SO4) =

24,5 (H 2SO4 )
= 0,25 ;
98 / (H 2SO4 )
15 (C6H 6 )

) n(C66) = 78 / (C H ) = 0,192 .
6
6
: ) 0,5 ; ) 0,25 ; ) 0,192 .

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.

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, 
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m(X) = n(X) M(X);
) m(HCl) = 2,5 36,5 / = 91,25 ;
) m(AgNO3) = 0,1 170 / = 17,0 .

n(X) =

## : m(HCl) = 91,25 ; m(AgNO3) = 17,0 .

11
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3. , 
:
) H3PO4 + 2KOH = K2HPO4 + 2H2O;
) Na2CO3 + 2HCl = 2NaCl + CO2 + H2O;
) KMnO4 + Na2SO3 + H2SO4 MnSO4 + Na2SO4 + K2SO4 + 2.
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) f(H3PO4) = 1/2,
;
) f(Na2CO3) = 1/2, ,
;
) f(KMnO4) = 1/5, MnO4 + 5e + 8H+ Mn2+ + 4H2O,
5 .
: f(H3PO4) = 1/2, f(Na2CO3) = 1/2, f(KMnO4) = 1/5.

4. : ) 2;
) SO3; ) 25.
.

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) 2 + 2 = 2, ,
2 , .. 2 
, , 2 1/2;
) SO3 + 2 = 2SO4,
1 , 2 , ,
SO3 1/2;

12
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) 25 + 32 = 23O4, 1 2
, 6 , , 
2O5 1/6.
: ) 1/2; ) 1/2; ) 1/6.

5. 
, , ,
f(H2SO4) 1/2.
.
1 
/. 
:
(X) = f (X) M(X);
(H2SO4) = 1/2 98 = 49 /.

1, :
(NaOH) = (NaOH) = 40 /;
(3OH) = (3OH) = 60 /.
: (H2SO4) = 49 /; (NaOH) = 40 /;
(3OH) = 60 /.

6. 
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.
()2
: ()2 + HCl = HCl + 2.
, f(()2) = 1 ( 
).

: (()2) = 1 74 / = 74 /.
: (()2) = 74 /.

13
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