Sie sind auf Seite 1von 40

Speaking

Speaking

micro and macro skills:
micro and macro skills:
creating situations for their development
creating situations for their development
Aida Rodomanchenko
Aida Rodomanchenko
Lomonosov Moscow State University
Ph..! Senior Lecturer

"utline

Speaking micro and macro skills

Situations for their development


(c) Aida Rodomanchenko

What to test?

How to test?

How to evaluate?
(c) Aida Rodomanchenko

(c) Danielle Lim (c) Danielle Lim


(c) Aida Rodomanchenko
Fundamental speaking skills
Fundamental speaking skills
General communicative skills General communicative skills

#lassification

Global speaking skills

Macro skills in speaking

Micro skills in speaking


(c) Aida Rodomanchenko

(c) Aida Rodomanchenko
Micro and micro skills
in speaking
'Can-do' statements
C!"

$%&#'
(c) Aida Rodomanchenko
Micro and micro skills
in speaking
'Can-do' statements
C!"

$%&#': invariant kernel

#e$ical and grammatical patterns


(c) Aida Rodomanchenko

$%&#': invariant kernel

#e$ical and grammatical patterns

#ogical utterances on general topics


(c) Aida Rodomanchenko

$%&#': invariant kernel

#e$ical and grammatical patterns

#ogical utterances on general topics

%nitiate and keep the conversation


going
(c) Aida Rodomanchenko




A(ility to handle inter)ections

(c) Aida Rodomanchenko

A(ility to handle inter)ections

(c) Aida Rodomanchenko
Stock phrases
Stock phrases
Set e$pressions
Set e$pressions
#anguage clich&s
#anguage clich&s

A(ility to handle inter)ections

(c) Aida Rodomanchenko
Stock phrases
Stock phrases
Set e$pressions
Set e$pressions
#anguage clich&s
#anguage clich&s
'o keep a
conversation going
'o keep a
conversation going
'o stall for time
'o stall for time
'o give the impression
of active participation
'o give the impression
of active participation


(c) Aida Rodomanchenko
Handling interjections
Handling interjections
Responding
spontaneously, effortlessly
Responding
spontaneously, effortlessly

A(ility to handle interruptions
*hackling! audience +uestions...,

(c) Aida Rodomanchenko
Handling interjections
Handling interjections
Responding
spontaneously, effortlessly
Responding
spontaneously, effortlessly


(c) Aida Rodomanchenko


(c) Aida Rodomanchenko


(c) Aida Rodomanchenko

-ndependent training
(c) Aida Rodomanchenko

Micro situation

Monologue
prepared te$t
spontaneous
speech

-ndependent training

Monologue
prepared te$t
spontaneous
speech
(c) Aida Rodomanchenko

Micro situation
short dialogue
??? discourse
markers

.es and /o
(c) Aida Rodomanchenko
Direct
questions
es ! "o
Fast pace

.es and /o
(c) Aida Rodomanchenko
ou live in Harrogate,
don#t you$
Of course, % do&

.es and /o
(c) Aida Rodomanchenko
esterday % read a
'ook a'out elves&
Oh, (as it nice$
Well, it (as quite
interesting.

0.es and /o0 1valuation
(c) Aida Rodomanchenko
)an use interjections
and discourse markers
appropriately

*o inform
*o c+ange
#t+e su'ject
React naturally
)annot ignore $$$
Discourse markers
,sk unrelated $$$
)annot ignore info
Discourse markers
(c) Aida Rodomanchenko
Role play

*o inform
*o c+ange
#t+e su'ject
React naturally
)annot ignore $$$
Discourse markers
,sk unrelated $$$
)annot ignore info
Discourse markers
"eutral and
polite
-tock
p+rases
Discourse
functions
(c) Aida Rodomanchenko
Role play


Presentation
(c) Aida Rodomanchenko
-tick to t+e point -tick to t+e point
Respond to remarks Respond to remarks
ver'al ver'al
non.ver'al non.ver'al
etc& etc&


escri(e a picture to your partner
12plain the meaning of the sym(ols shown there

(c) Aida Rodomanchenko
#hoose a +uotation and e2plain its meaning
3ow far do you agree with the +uote4
( positive attitude ma) not solve all )our
problems* but it will anno) enough people to
make it worth the effort+
Herm Albright (1876-1944)
Good teaching is one-fourth preparation and
three-fourths theatre+
Gail Godwin (born June 18, 1937)

(c) Aida Rodomanchenko
#ome up with a story using
the following words:


(c) Aida Rodomanchenko
Speaking skills: present and perspectives

5hank you6
5hank you6
Aida Rodomanchenk
Aida Rodomanchenk
o
o
a.rodomanchenko7gmail.com
a.rodomanchenko7gmail.com
tweedling.wee(ly.com
tweedling.wee(ly.com