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The Peace Agreement To Calm Europe

What is a Treaty?
A treaty is an __________________between two or
more parties in which each side agrees to certain terms
or conditions
What would you put in a treaty if you were a country
affected by war?
What would you write in this treaty if you were the
Allies or Central Powers?
agreement
January 18, 1919
Conference in the Palace of Versailles
Delegates from ______ countries were there to
represent their nations interests
Debated for over __________ on the terms of the treaty
Some wanted to punish Germany; others wanted global
peace
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a year
The Big Four
U.S.- ____________
France- Georges
Clemenceau
Britain-
___________________
__________________
Italy- Vittorio Orlando
Pres. Wilson
David Lloyd George
Whos Not Present
_______________- Not represented due to a civil war
Germany and its allies not allowed to be represented
Russia
14 Points
U.S. President Wilson had
a proposal known as the
Fourteen Points
The whole plan was to
promote _________ and
_____________ in Europe
and around the globe
peace
stability
Brainstorm Minute
What do you think would be put into this peace plan
offered by President Wilson? What would you put into
the peace plan?
First Four Points
End to _________________________
Freedom of the _________ (no unrestricted submarine
warfare)
Free __________
Reduced national _________ and ___________
secret treaties
seas
trade
armies
navies
Other Points
5
th
- Adjustment of colonial claims- fairness
6-13
th
Changing borders/creating new nations
Many new nations would be created out of empires
_______________________
The right of the people to live under whichever type of
government they choose
Self-determination
14
th
Point
President Wilson proposed a
____________________________________
Its focus would be to protect great and small states
alike
Help reach peaceful solutions for global conflicts
What was this new association called?
general association of nations
League of Nations
Suppose to be a place where nations could air
grievances and get solutions to problems with one
another
______________ and _____________ not part of it
U.S. did not ratify the treaty so was not a member,
although had observer status
The League had no enforcement of its decisions
What problems could be caused by the way the League
was set up?
Germany Russia
Conflicting Views
___________ and __________
did not want to go along with
Wilsons 14 Points
They wanted to punish
Germany harshly
Strip Germany of war-making
power
Britain France
Compromise
June _____, 1919- Treaty is signed 5 years to the day
Archduke Ferdinand was assassinated
Treaty did create the League of Nations
Punished Germany harshly
Lost land to ____________ (Alsace-Lorraine)
Surrendered its colonies in Africa and Pacific
Had limits on its military- could not make weapons for
war
No _________________or __________________
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France
air force
submarines
Brainstorm Minute
Was the treaty a fair one between the Allies and
Germany?
Why do you think it was fair/unfair?
What would YOU have put in the treaty?
Article 231
Known as the
_____________ clause in the
treaty
Germany was held responsible
for the entire war
Germany had to pay
______________ to the allies
$_______ billion over 30 years
war guilt
reparations
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New Nations
Separate treaties were signed between the Allies
and the other defeated nations
Treaties led to huge land losses for those nations
Austro-Hungarian Empire became new nations:
Austria,______________, Czechoslovakia, and
__________________ all new recognized nations
Hungary
Yugoslavia
Austria-Hungary 1914/1919
Breakup of Ottoman Empire
The Ottoman Empire lost territory in Southwest Asia
Out of the Empire came ___________, controlled by
the League of Nations:
Palestine, Iraq, Transjordan- _____________ control
Syria, Lebanon- _____________ control
mandates
British
French
Peace Built on Quicksand
The Treaty would actually lead to problems later on
_____________ were angry over the harsh
punishments
__________ & Italy wanted more _______ and didnt
get it
People in the ___________ were angry at the Allies
League of Nations lacked the ability to enforce
decisions
Germans
Japan land
mandates
A New Look of Europe