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Myths: The acceleration time must be shorter than the safe
stall time in order to prevent rotor thermal damage.
When the rotor starts to rotate, the rate of heating in the
rotor bars is not as severe as the case when the rotor is at
standstill, even when cooling due to rotation is neglected. Fig.
9 illustrated that the rotor heating is not uniform under the pole,
and hence, each bar at locked rotor has a different temperature
rise. However, when the rotor starts to rotate, three factors
operate on the temperature rise in the bars. First, not all the
energy is converted to heat as in the stall case because most of
the energy is converted to rotating the unit and accelerating it
to speed. Second, each bar passes under the center of the pole,
and therefore, no single bar is subjected to the very high rate
of heating experienced during the stall condition. Third, as the
rotor accelerates, the current in the rotor bars is redistributed
uniformly through the bar, and heating is not concentrated at
the top of the bar as in the stall case. These activities result in
all bars receiving less heat than the central bar would at stall.
Therefore, with less heat entering any particular bar during the
acceleration period than that experienced by the central bar at
standstill, the temperature rise for the same acceleration time
as the stall time is noticeably less.