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What is the wavelength of the longest

wavelength light that can be seen with the


human eye?
A. 400 nm
B. 4000 nm
C. 7000 nm
D. 700 nm
E. 310
8
m
____ has (have) wavelengths that are longer
than visible light.
A. Gamma-rays
B. Ultraviolet light
C. Infrared radiation
D. X-rays
E. A, B and D above
____ has (have) wavelengths that are shorter
than visible light.

I. Gamma-rays
II. Ultraviolet light
III. Infrared radiation
IV. X-rays
A. I & II
B. I & IV
C. II & III
D. II, III, & IV
E. I, II, & IV
300-nm light has a lower frequency than 500-nm
light.
1. True
2. False
Absolute zero is
A. zero degrees Celsius.
B. the temperature at which atoms have no
remaining energy from which we can
extract heat.
C. the temperature at which water freezes.
D. both A and C.
E. none of the above.
The neutral hydrogen atom consists of
A. one proton and one neutron.
B. one proton.
C. one proton, one neutron, and one electron.
D. one proton and one electron.
E. an isotope and an ion.
The process of removing an electron from a
stable nucleus is known as
A. ionization.
B. Doppler broadening.
C. collisional broadening.
D. a red shift.
E. quantum mechanics.
A plot of the continuous spectra of five different
stars is shown below. Based on these spectra,
which of the stars is the hottest?
A. Star A
B. Star B
C. Star C
D. Star D
E. Star E
A plot of the continuous spectra of five different
stars is shown below. Based on these spectra,
which of the stars has the lowest temperature?
A. Star A
B. Star B
C. Star C
D. Star D
E. Star E
An atom can be excited
A. if it emits a photon.
B. if it collides with another atom or electron.
C. if it absorbs a photon.
D. A and B above.
E. B and C above.
A(n) ____ contains two or more atoms that are
bound together by exchanging or sharing
electrons with each other.
A. nucleus
B. ion
C. proton
D. electron cloud
E. molecule
The ____ of a gas is a measure of the average
speed of the particles (atoms or molecules) in
the gas.
A. heat
B. composition
C. temperature
D. blue shift
E. binding energy
In the diagram below, which of the transitions
would absorb a photon with the smallest energy?
A. Transition 1
B. Transition 2
C. Transition 3
D. Transition 4
E. Transition 5
In the diagram below, which of the transitions
would absorb a photon with the shortest
wavelength?
A. Transition 1
B. Transition 2
C. Transition 3
D. Transition 4
E. Transition 5
In the diagram below, which of the transitions
would absorb a photon with the greatest
frequency?
A. Transition 1
B. Transition 2
C. Transition 3
D. Transition 4
E. Transition 5
In the diagram below, which of the transitions
would absorb a photon with the longest
wavelength?
A. Transition 1
B. Transition 2
C. Transition 3
D. Transition 4
E. Transition 5
An atom that is excited
A. is also ionized.
B. is an isotope.
C. has had its electron moved to the lowest
energy level.
D. can emit a photon when the electron moves
to a lower energy level.
5. can emit a photon when the electron moves
to a higher energy level.
The lowest energy level in an atom is
A. the absolute zero temperature.
B. the ground state.
C. the ionization level.
D. responsible for Doppler shifts.
E. the energy level from which the Paschen
series of hydrogen originates.
The two most abundant elements in the sun are
A. nitrogen and oxygen.
B. hydrogen and helium.
C. sulfur and iron.
D. carbon and hydrogen.
E. carbon and nitrogen.
You are standing near a railroad track and a train is
moving toward you at 60 mph and blowing its horn.
What will you notice as the train moves past you?
A. As the train approaches, the horn will sound
lower in pitch than when the train is moving
away.
B. As the train approaches, the horn will sound
higher in pitch than when the train is moving
away.
C. There will be no change in the pitch of the horn
as it moves by.
D. The horn will get louder as the train moves away
from you.
E. The horn will get quieter as the train moves
toward you.
Which of the following can be determined by
using the Doppler Effect?
A. I & IV
B. II & III
C. II & IV
D. I & III
E. I, III, & IV
I. The speed at which a star is
moving away from an observer.
II. The transverse velocity of a star.
III. The radial velocity of a star.
IV. The speed at which a car is
traveling toward an observer.
The diagram below illustrates a light source, a
gas cloud, and three different lines of sight.
Along which line of sight would an observer see
an absorption spectrum?
A. 1
B. 2
C. 3
D. 2 and 3
E. none of them
The diagram below illustrates a light source, a
gas cloud, and three different lines of sight.
Along which line of sight would an observer see
a continuous spectrum?
A. 1
B. 2
C. 3
D. 2 and 3
E. none of them
The diagram below illustrates a light source, a
gas cloud, and three different lines of sight.
Along which line of sight would an observer see
an emission spectrum?
A. 1
B. 2
C. 3
D. 2 and 3
E. none of them
Why don't we see hydrogen Balmer lines in the
spectra of stars with temperatures of 3,200 K?
A. There is no hydrogen in stars this cool.
B. The stars are hot enough that most of the
hydrogen is ionized and the atoms cannot
absorb energy.
C. These stars are so cool that nearly all of the
hydrogen atoms are in the ground state.
D. Stars of this temperature are too cool to
produce an absorption spectrum.
E. Stars of this temperature are too hot to
produce an absorption spectrum.
Why don't we see hydrogen Balmer lines in the
spectra of stars with temperatures of 45,000 K?
A. There is no hydrogen in stars this hot.
B. The stars are hot enough that most of the
hydrogen is ionized and the atoms can not
absorb energy.
C. These stars are so cool that nearly all of the
electrons in the hydrogen atom are in the
ground state.
D. Stars of this temperature are too cool to
produce an absorption spectrum.
E. Stars of this temperature are too hot to
produce an absorption spectrum.
The absorption lines in the visible portion of the
spectrum of a star that are produced by
hydrogen are from the
A. Lyman series.
B. Balmer series.
C. Paschen series.
D. isotopes of hydrogen.
E. ions of hydrogen.
The table below lists the spectral types for
each of five stars. Which star in this table
would have the lowest surface temperature?
A. For
B. Cet
C. 35 Ari
D. Tri
E. Per
The table below lists the spectral types for
each of five stars. Which star in this table
would have the greatest surface temperature?
A. For
B. Cet
C. 35 Ari
D. Tri
E. Per
The ____ is responsible for binding the
electrons to the nucleus.
A. Kirchhoff's law
B. ground state
C. temperature
D. Coulomb force
E. Balmer series
____ has a negative charge and a mass about
1800 times smaller than a proton.
A. A neutron
B. An electron
C. A molecule
D. A nucleus
E. An isotope
A neutral atom always contains
A. the same number of protons as it does
neutrons.
B. the same number of electrons as it does
neutrons.
C. the same number of protons as it does
electrons.
D. twice as many protons as it does neutrons.
E. twice as many neutrons as it does protons.
____ is a set of rules that describes how atoms
and subatomic particles behave.
A. Kirchhoff's law
B. Black body radiation law
C. The Coulomb force
D. Quantum mechanics
E. The binding energy
The temperature of an object from which no
heat energy can be extracted is
A. 0 F
B. 0 C
C. 0 K
D. 100 K
E. 100 C
Atoms that have the same number of protons
but a different number of neutrons are called
A. ions.
B. molecules.
C. atomic pairs.
D. nuclear pairs.
E. isotopes.
If you move an electron in an atom from a low
energy level to a higher energy level within the
atom, we say that the atom is
A. in the ground state.
B. ionized.
C. dissociated.
D. excited.
E. neutralized.
Two stars of the same spectral class must
have the same
A. radius.
B. temperature.
C. mass.
D. distance.
E. all of the above.
One star has a temperature of 30,000 K and
another star has a temperature of 6,000 K.
Compared to the cooler star, how much more
energy per second will the hotter star radiate
from each square meter of its surface?
A. 5 times
B. 25 times
C. 8.110
17
times
D. 625 times
E. 1.310
15
times
One star has a temperature of 10,000 K and
another star has a temperature of 5,000 K.
Compared to the cooler star, how much more
energy per second will the hotter star radiate
from each square meter of its surface?
A. 16 times
B. 2 times
C. 110
16
times
D. 625 times
E. 25 times
Which of the following cannot be determined
from the spectrum of a star?
A. chemical composition
B. surface temperature
C. radial (along line of sight) velocity
D. tangential (perpendicular to line of sight)
velocity
E. Both C and D
What is the order of star colors with increasing
temperature?
A. Red, Yellow, Blue
B. Blue, Red, Yellow
C. Red, Blue, Yellow
D. Yellow, Red, Blue
E. Blue, Yellow, Red
The energy of a photon is proportional to the
light's
A. wavelength.
B. speed.
C. frequency.
D. intensity.
E. two of the above.
The bluer the light, the ____ each photon
contains.
A. more energy
B. less energy
C. less speed
D. more speed
E. none of the above
Each element has its own set of characteristic
absorption lines because
A. the temperature of each element can vary.
B. elements can exist in different forms of
matter.
C. electron energy levels differ for each
element.
D. each element has a different mass.
E. absorption lines depend upon the speed of
the object.
The Doppler effect states that the motion of
any object can
A. shift the wavelength of spectral lines.
B. change the speed of light emitted from the
object.
C. enhance the chemical composition of the
object.
D. make the object appear hotter.
E. make the object appear cooler.
The nucleus of the hydrogen atom consists of a
single neutron.
1. True
2. False
Blue stars are hotter than red stars.
1. True
2. False
Isotopes of the same element have the same
number of protons.
1. True
2. False
Hydrogen alpha is the longest wavelength
Balmer line.
1. True
2. False
An absorption spectrum is also called a bright
line spectrum.
1. True
2. False
Stars of spectra type K have strong Balmer
lines.
1. True
2. False
The Doppler effect is sensitive only to motion
along the line of sight.
1. True
2. False
An atom that has lost an electron is called an
ion.
1. True
2. False
The Lyman series lines of hydrogen all lie in
the infrared.
1. True
2. False
Hydrogen lines are weak in the spectra of hot
stars because many of the hydrogen atoms are
ionized.
1. True
2. False
The hotter an object, the more blue it appears.
1. True
2. False
An atom is ionized if one of its electrons jumps
to a higher energy level in the atom.
1. True
2. False