Sie sind auf Seite 1von 9
ed;wp! ed;wp!! ed;wp!!! vq;fspd; khpahijf;Fhpa jpUkjp rj;jpatjp re;jpuNrfh; jpU re;jpuNrfh; uht; ,y;yj; jpUkzj;jpw;F tUifje;J nrsghf;fpatjp C.
ed;wp! ed;wp!! ed;wp!!!
vq;fspd; khpahijf;Fhpa
jpUkjp rj;jpatjp re;jpuNrfh;
jpU re;jpuNrfh; uht;
,y;yj; jpUkzj;jpw;F tUifje;J
nrsghf;fpatjp C. [Ptpfh
rpuQ;rPtp V. jPgf; uht;
kzkf;fis tho;j;jpa
ey;Ys;sq;fSf;F
vq;fspd; neQ;rhh;e;j ed;wpfs;!
ed;wpfSld;…
Nguhrphpia. m.
Map\h
khpak;> M.Sc., M.Phil., B.Ed., PGDCA

,aw;gpay; Jiwj;jiyth;> fhjph;KifjPd; fy;Y}hp> mjpuhk;gl;bdk;

Dr. m. ghG`_ird; n\hPg; Ph.D

r%fmwptpay; Gyk;> yhuy; Nky;epiyg;gs;sp> gl;Lf;Nfhl;il

ntWk; tapw;wpy; jz;zPh; FbAq;fs;

[g;ghdpy; fhiyapy; vOe;jTld; ntWk; tapw;wpy; jz;zPh; Fbf;Fk; gof;fk; ntF gpurpj;jk;. NkYk;> mwptpay;G+h;tkhd NrhjidfSk; ,jd; gyid cWjp nra;fpd;wd. ehs;gl;l kw;Wk; rpy Nkhrkhd epiyapy; cs;s tpahjpfSf;Fk; ,e;j jz;zPh; rpfpr;ir Kiw [g;ghdpy; ntw;wpfukhf ele;J nfhz;bUf;fpwJ. kpf Kf;fpakhf> jiytyp> cly;typ> ,Uja mikg;gpd; rpy NfhshWfs;> Klf;Fthjk; vDk; Mh;j;jub];> Ntfkhd ,Ujaj;Jbg;G> mjpff;nfhOg;G> typg;G> M];j;Jkh> fhrNeha;> rpWePuff; NfhshWfs;> the;jp> njhz;il vhpr;ry;> Ngjp> %yk;> kyr;rpf;fy;> vy;yh tifahd fz; NfhshWfs;> fh;g;gg;ig rk;ge;jg;gl;l rpy NfhshWfs;> fhJ %f;F kw;Wk; njhz;il NfhshWfs; rhpahfpwJ vd [g;ghdpa kUj;Jtf; FO cj;juthjkspf;fpd;wJ.

rpfpr;ir Kiw

o fhiyapy; vOe;jTld; gy; Jyf;FKd;ghf 4x160 kpyp jz;zPh; gUfTk;. o 5 epkplj;jpw;Fg; gpwF gy;Jyf;fptpl;L vijAk; cz;zNth gUfNth $lhJ. o 45 epkplq;fSf;Fg;gpwF> tof;fk;Nghy; cz;zyhk; gUfyhk;. o fhiy> kjpak;> ,uT cztpw;Fg;gpwF Fiwe;jJ 15 epkplq;fSf;F gpwF 2 kzpNeuj;jpw;F vijAk; cz;zNth gUfNth $lhJ.

o tajhdth;fs;> NehAw;wth;fs; vLj;jTld; 4 lk;sh; jz;zPh; Fbf;f KbahJ. Mdhy; njhlh;e;J rpwpJ rpwpjhf Kaw;rpj;jhy; gofptpLk;. o NkNy Fwpg;gpl;l NehAw;wth;fs; Neha; rpwpJrpwpjhff; Fiwa tha;g;Gf;fs; cz;L. kw;wth;fs; xU ey;y MNuhf;fpakhd tho;f;if thoyhk;.

vj;jid ehs; rpfpr;irapy; fPNo cs;s Neha;fs; fl;Lg;gLk;

  • 1. cah; uj;jmOj;jk; (30 ehl;fs;)

  • 2. neQ;R vhpr;ry; (10 ehl;fs;)

  • 3. rh;f;fiu Neha; (30 ehl;fs;)

  • 4. kyr;rpf;fy; (10 ehl;fs;)

  • 5. Muk;gepiy fhd;rh; (180 ehl;fs;)

  • 6. fhrNeha; (90 ehl;fs;)

  • 7. Mh;j;jhpl;b]; Nehahspfs; Kjy; thuj;jpy; 3-ehl;fs; kl;LNk nra;aTk;. gpur;rid VJk; tuhky; ,Ue;jhy; njhlh;e;J nra;ayhk;.

,e;j rpfpr;ir Kiwf;F gf;ftpisTfs; VJk; fpilahJ. ,Ue;jhYk; rpfpr;irapd; Muk;gj;jpy; rw;W mjpfkhf rpWePh; fopf;fj; Njhd;Wk;. ehk; njhlh;e;J nra;jhy; gpd;dh; ekJ cly; toikahd xj;Jiog;Gf; nfhLf;Fk;. jz;zPh; FbAq;fs;! MNuhf;fpakhf thOq;fs;!!

-

- -

-

- -

-

-

ntJntJg;ghd ePh;> Fsph;e;j ePiutpl MNuhf;fpakhdJ

rPdh;fSk;> [g;ghdpah;fSk; rhg;gpLk;nghOJk;> rhg;gpl;lgpd;dUk; #lhd ghy; ,y;yhj B my;yJ fha;fwp #g;Gfisf; Fbf;fpwhh;fs;. ehKk; ,jidg; gpd;gw;wyhNk. ,jpy; ,og;gjw;F xd;Wkpy;iy. vy;yhNk MNuhf;fpaj;ijg; ngw;Wf;nfhs;sj;jhd;. nghJthf ehk; rhg;gpl;lTld; Fsph;r;rpahd ghdq;fs;> I];fphPk; Nghd;witfisr; rhg;gpl;lhy; kdJf;Fr; re;Njh\khf ,Uf;Fk;. Mdhy; ,e;jf; Fsph;e;j ghdk; ehk; rhg;gpl;l cztpy; cs;s nfhOg;ig NkYk;

nfl;bg;gLj;jptpLk;. ,jdhy; rhg;gpl;l czT nrhpg;gjw;F mjpf rf;jpAk;> NeuKk; MfpwJ. ,e;jf; nfhOg;Gf; Fg;ig ek; clypy; vq;nfq;nfy;yhk; jq;f KbANkh mq;nfy;yhk; jq;fp ek; clypd; mikg;igAk; MNuhf;fpaj;ijAk; nfLj;J tpLfpwJ. ,iug;igapy; Muk;gpj;J rpWFlypy; njhlq;fp midj;J ,lj;jpYk; jdf;nfd xU ,lj;ij ,e;jf; nfhOg;G Mf;fpukpj;J midj;J Neha;fSf;Fk; tuNtw;G mspf;fpwJ. ,dp ek; czTld; #lhd ghdq;fisNa mUe;JNthk;. Neha;f;F ,lkspf;f kWg;Nghk;.

cq;fs; ,jaj;ij ePq;fNs gk;g; nra;Jnfhs;s 5 Rygkhd topfs;

  • 1 : cq;fspd; vz;fisj; njhpe;J nfhs;Sq;fs; cq;fs; ,uj;j mOj;jk;> ,uj;jf; nfhOg;G kw;Wk; biufpspriuL msTfs; ePq;fs; fz;bg;ghfj; njhpe;J nfhs;s Ntz;baitfs;. mitfNs cq;fs; eytho;f;iff;F Muk;gj;J}z;LNfhy;fs;.

  • 2 : elf;f Muk;gpAq;fs; - clw;gapw;rpNa ,sikapd; Cw;W. jpdrhp 20-

ypUe;J 30 epkpl eil cq;fis mfhy kuzj;jpypUe;J 50 rjtPjk;

fhg;ghw;Wk;.

  • 3 : rg;jkhfr; rphpAq;fs;. rphpg;Ng kpfr;rpwe;j kUe;J. ,Uja eyj;ijg; nghWj;jtiu xU 15 epkplr;rphpg;G 30 epkplq;fs; VNuhgpf;

clw;gapw;rpf;Fr; rkk;. tha;tpl;Lr;rphpj;jy; ekJ ,uj;j ehsq;fs;> %isapd; euk;Gfs; kw;Wk; `hh;Nkhd;fis RWRWg;ghf itj;jpUf;f cjTfpwJ. ekJ kdmOj;jk;> vz;zk; (Mood) Nghd;witfis mikjpahd kw;Wk; kfpo;r;rpahd tifapy; khw;w rphpg;G cjTfpwJ.

4. cq;fs; ,Lg;igg; ghUq;fs;> cq;fs; vilia my;y: cq;fs; ,Lg;Ng cq;fsJ xl;Lnkhj;j cly;eyj;jpd; milahsk;. fhuzk; ,Lg;igr; Rw;wpAs;s nfhOg;G kpif ,uj;j mOj;jj;jpw;F Neubahd njhlh;GilaJ. kw;Wk; mjpfgl;rf; nfhOg;G cq;fis rh;f;fiu tpahjpf;F ,l;Lr;nry;yyhk;. 5. ey;y ,uT cwf;fk; NgZq;fs;: ekJ tho;f;ifapy; cwf;fj;ij ehk; kjpg;gNjapy;iy. Mdhy; ekJ MNuhf;fpaj;jpw;F kpf Kf;fpakhdJ mJ. J}f;ff;FiwghL> ,uj;j mOj;jk;> kd mOj;jk;> mjPjkhd grp Mfpatw;iw mjpfg;gLj;jp> cly; ,af;fj;ij nkJthf;fp tpLk;. ekJ epidNthl;lj;ij> rpe;jpf;Fk; rf;jpapid (cognition) Fiwf;Fk;.

mYtyfk; nry;Nthh;fs; nra;Ak; 5 Kf;fpa jtwhd czTg;gof;fq;fs; gy;yhapuf;fzf;fhd Ntiyf;Fr;nry;Nthh;fspy; ePq;fSk;

xUtuh? vd;d rhg;gpLfpNwhk;> vg;nghOJ rhg;gpLfpNwhk;> vd;d Fbf;fpNwhk; vjw;fhff; Fbf;fpNwhk; vd;fpw czh;Nt ,y;yhky; ,Ug;gtuh? xU epkplk; ,ijf;Nfl;Ltpl;Lg; gpd;dh; cq;fs; tho;f;ifapy; ,dpNkyhtJ ey;y MNuhf;fpaj;Jld; tho Kaw;rp nra;Aq;fs;. cq;fspd; fPo;f;fz;l jtwhd czTg;gof;fq;fis tpl;Ltpl

Kaw;rpAq;fs;:

1. fhiy czitj;jtph;j;jy;: mjpfk;Ngh; fhiyapy; mYtyfk; nry;Yk;NghJ xU fg; fhgpAld; fpsk;gptpLfpd;wdh;. Mdhy; mYtyfk; nrd;wgpd;dh; ehk; Vd; ,t;tsT nld;~dhf ,Uf;fpd;Nwhk;> ekf;F Vd; clk;gpy; ,d;WKOtJk; njk;Ngapy;iy vd;W Nahrpj;Jf;nfhz;Nl ,Ug;ghh;fs;. fhiy czitj; jtph;g;gJ vd;gJ ngl;Nuhy; ,y;yhky; fhiu ];lhh;l; nra;tijg; Nghy. ekJ clk;gpy; Nrkpj;J itf;fg;gl;bUf;Fk; rf;jpia vLj;J ek; cly; ek;ik ,af;FfpwJ. Mdhy; mJ ePz;l Neuj;jpw;F tuhJ ngl;Nuhy; hprh;t;-tpy; ,Uf;Fk;

tz;biag;Nghy. mjd; gydhf vhpr;rYk;> cly; Nrhh;Tk; ekf;F Vw;gl;L kjpa NtisapNyNa ek; Ntiyapy; ftdk; nrYj;j Kbahky;

NghfpwJ. ,jdhy; kjpak; mjpfkhd czit ek; kdJ Nfl;fpwJ. ehKk; cz;fpNwhk;. ,uj;jj;jpy; rh;f;fiuapd; msTk; vfpWfpwJ. jhdhf cly; Nrhh;tilfpwJ. Ntiy nra;a Kbahky; jsh;e;J tpLfpNwhk;.

,jw;F

xNu

jPh;T>

fhiy

czT.

mjw;fhf

xNuabahf

ehk;

rhg;gplNtz;Lk; vd;gjpy;iy. ,e;jpa cztpy; 2 rg;ghj;jpfs; my;yJ 4-5 ,l;yp> my;yJ 2-Njhir> 1 fg; ey;y ghy;> Kbe;jhy; 1 gok;. ,J NghJk;. INuhg;gpa tif czntd;why; Xl;]; kPy;> my;yJ fhh;d; kPy; NfhJik kPy; cld; ghy; gok;. (gpNuf; gh];l; vd;gNj Breaking the fast vd;gJjhd;. ,uT czT 8 kzpf;Fr; rhg;gpLfpwPh;fs; vd;why; fhiy 8 kzptiu gl;bdp (Fasting) jhNd. mijj;jhd; ehk;

Break nra;fpNwhk;. So, Break the Fast.

2. mjpf fhgp my;yJ B: mbf;fb fhgp my;yJ B mUe;JtJ xU nfl;l gof;fk;. mjidj;jtph;j;Jf; nfhs;Sjy; ey;yJ. mjpfkhf ,itapuz;by; xd;iw mbf;fb mUe;JtJ fPNoAs;s ,uz;L nfl;l gyd;fis kl;LNk jUk;. vg;NghJk; nld;~dhf ,Ug;gth;fs;Nghy; ek;ikf; fhl;Lk;. vspjpy; Nfhgg;glf; $bath;fshf khwNtz;baJ tUk;. ehtwl;rp vDk; mjPj jhfk; vLf;Fk;. J}f;fk; FiwAk;. ,jdhy; mLj;jehs; Ntiy nfLk;. ,J xU njhlh;e;j epiyahfp tpLk;. ekJ czTld; fhgp my;yJ B mbf;fb mUe;Jk;NghJ cztpy; cs;s ,Uk;Gr;rj;ij cly; fpufpg;gij jhkjg;gLj;jptpLk;. ,jdhy; clYf;Fj; Njitahd Kf;fpa Cl;lr;rj;Jf;fisAk; Nt];l; vd ntspj;js;sg;gLk;. ,jw;fhd jPh;T xd;Nw xd;Wjhd;. cq;fshy; fhgp-B Fbg;gij epWj;j KbahJ vd;why; fhgpapd; msitahtJ ghjpahff; Fiwj;Jf; nfhs;Sq;fs;. Kbe;j msTf;F fhgpf;Fg; gjpy; ntJntJg;ghd ePh; mUe;Jq;fs;.

3.

NghJkhd

msT

jz;zPh;

mUe;jhkypUj;jy;:

ngUk;ghd;ikahd

mYtyfq;fs; Vh;$ypq; my;yJ Vh;fz;b~d; nra;ag;gl;bUg;gjhy; ekf;F tpah;g;gjpy;iy. mjdhy; jhfKk; vLg;gjpy;iy. cq;fs; clypd;

Njitiatplf; Fiwthf ePq;fs; jz;zPh; mUe;Jk;NghJ> cly; mjid ,e;jf; Fiwthd jz;zPh;jhd; ek; msTNghy vd;W jdf;Fj;jhNd ml;[];l; nra;J nfhs;fpwJ. Mdhy; ePq;fs; mLj;J mYtyfj;ij tpl;L ntspNa tUk;NghJ my;yJ kw;w rkaq;fspy; jz;zPh; rw;W mjpfkhf mUe;Jk;NghJ mjid mjpfg;gbkhd ePh; vd;W cly; ntspNa js;SfpwJ. ekf;F mbf;fb rpWePh; fopf;fj; Njhd;Wk;. ePz;lehs; gpur;ridahf> kyr;rpf;fy;> nrhpkhdf;NfhshWfs;> thAf;NfhshWfs;> jz;zPh; ,y;yhjjhy; ,iug;ig typ> Nghd;wit Vw;gLk;. clypy; NghJkhd ePh; ,y;yhjjhy; if> fhy;> Kfj;jpy; Njhy; kpDkpDg;G ,y;yhky; twz;L fhzg;gLk;. tajhdJ Nghy; Njhw;wk; tUk;. jPh;T: cq;fSld; vg;nghOJk; 1 ypl;lh; jz;zPh; ghl;by; Nki[apd; Nky; ,Uf;fl;Lk;. mjid kjpaj;jpw;Fs; Fbf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;W xU nfhs;if itj;Jf;nfhs;Sq;fs;. kjpak; kPz;Lk; mjid epug;gp khiyf;Fs; mjidf; Fbf;f Kaw;rpnra;Aq;fs;. Muk;gj;jpy; ,J rw;W fbdkhf ,Uf;Fk;. Mdhy; Nghfg;Nghf clypaf;fj;jpw;F ,J xU ey;y kUe;jhf mikAk;. 4. fz;l Neuj;jpYk; czTz;gJ: ek;kpy; ngUk;ghNyhh;; rhpahd Neuj;jpy; czT cz;gJ vd;gJ mhpjhd xd;Wjhd;. Neuj;jpw;Fr; rhg;gplhky; ,Ug;gjw;F ekf;F VjhtJ xU fhuzk; fz;bg;ghff; fpilj;JtpLk;. rhpahd kw;Wk; xNu Fwpg;gpl;l Neuj;jpy; czT cz;gJ thAf;NfhshW> mrpbl;b Nghd;wtw;wpypUe;J ek;ikf;fhf;fpwJ. Neuk;jtwpr; rhg;gpLk;NghJ mjpfkhf my;yJ Njitiatplf; Fiwthf cz;zNtz;ba fl;lhak; Vw;gLfpwJ. ,J ekJ clypaf;fj;ijr; nraypof;fr; nra;Ak;.

5.

thu

,Wjp

tpLKiw

ehl;fspy;

rhg;gpLjy;:

ek;kpy;

gyUf;F rdp

QhapW ehl;fspy; vijNtz;LkhdhYk; rhg;gplyhk; vd;fpw vz;zk; ,Uf;fpwJ. thuk; Ie;J ehl;fs; lg;gh rhg;ghL

rhg;gpLtjpdhy;> ,e;j ,Uehl;fspy; irtNkh mirtNkh fz;lijAk; rhg;gplNtz;Lk;. ,J jtwhd gof;fk;. nrhpf;f ,ayhj gh];l; Gl; czT tiffs;> cldb krhyhf;fs; kw;Wk; My;f`hy; Nghd;witfspdhy; czTg;ghijapy; NfhshWfs; kl;Lk;jhd; Vw;gLk;. cs;Ns js;spa fh];l;ypahd mt;tsT czTk; nrhpf;f ,ayhky; Nt];l; vdf;fUjp clk;ghy; fopthf ntspj;js;sg;gLk;. jPh;T: thuf;filrpia ey;yKiwapy;> mikjpahf cq;fSf;Fg; gpbj;j xU glk; ghUq;fs;> mikjpahf NfhapYf;Fr; nrd;W thUq;fs;> xU ey;y Gj;jfk; gbAq;fs;> ey;y ez;gh;fSld; kdk;tpl;Lg; Ngrpr; rphpAq;fs;. kpf Kf;fpakhf Qhapwd;W ,uT $Lkhdtiu kpjkhd czT cz;Zq;fs;. kWehs; cq;fs; clk;G Nyrhf ,Uf;Fk;gbr; nra;J nfhs;Sq;fs;. jpq;fl;fpoik Ntiyiar; rpwg;ghfr; nra;tPh;fs;.

`hh;l; ml;lhf; - rpy Fwpg;Gfs;

o ngz;fs; njhpe;J nfhs;s Ntz;baJ vy;yh ,lJ Njhs; typAk; `hh;l; ml;lhf; mwpFwp ,y;iy. o jhilapy; ey;y mOj;jkhd typapUe;jhy; clNd ftdpf;fTk;. o jhilapy; tUk; typ vj;jifa J}f;fj;jpypUe;Jk; ek;ik vOg;gp

tpLk;. ve;j Neukhf ,Ue;jhYk; cldbahf kUj;Jt MNyhrid Nkw;nfhs;tJ ey;yJ. o `hh;l; ml;lhf; vd;why; Kjypy; neQ;R typ tUk; vd;gJ jtwhd fzpg;G. neQ;Rtyp tuhkNyNa Nehpilahf ml;lhf; tuyhk;. o thapy; ckpo;ePh; tbjy;> the;jp> kw;Wk; mjpfg;gbahf tpah;j;jy; MfpadTk; rhjhuzkhf `hh;l; ml;lhf; mwpFwpfNs.

o `hh;l;

ml;lhf;

te;jth;fspy;

J}f;fj;jpNyNa ,we;jth;fs;.

60

rjtpfpjk;Ngh;

o clk;ikg; gw;wpAk;> MNuhf;fpaj;ijg; gw;wpAk; ehk; rw;W mjpfkhfj; njhpe;Jnfhs;sj; njhpe;Jnfhs;s ehk; rw;Wf; $Ljy; ehl;fs; MNuhf;fpakhf thoyhk;.

o clk;ikg; gw;wpAk;> MNuhf;fpaj;ijg; gw;wpAk; ehk; rw;W mjpfkhfj; njhpe;Jnfhs;sj; njhpe;Jnfhs;s ehk; rw;Wf; $Ljy; ehl;fs; MNuhf;fpakhf thoyhk;.