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Cell Parenchyma Collenchyma Sclerenchyma

Description
most abundant cell type in plants (e.g.
cells making up the fundamental ground
tissues; usually unspecialized;
characteristics include:
found just below the
epidermis in petiole (e.g.
celery stalks), leaves, and
young stems; usually
specialized; characteristics
include:
in mature parts of the plant,
especially in woody plants and
herbaceous perennials; specialized;
characteristics include:
living at maturity with a very thin cell wall living at maturity
dead at maturity - protoplast is
absent
large vacuole for storage and
sequestering of materials
irregularly thickened cell walls
(+cellulose)
very thick, sclerified cell wall (+lignin)
large amount of intracellular space prism shaped
impermeable to water and other
nutrients
spherical
plastic (can change shape but
do not usually return to the
original shape; remain
deformed)
in cells specialized for transport of
water and nutrients, the cell wall
contains holes called pits.
relatively regular shape
very elastic (can change shape and then
return to original shape with little
deformation)
Function photosynthesis support support
storage
some involvement in transport
of nutrients
protection
secretion transport of water and nutrients