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ENGLISH A: LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE HIGHER LEVEL PAPER 1
ANGLAIS A: LANGUE ET LITTRATURE NIVEAU SUPRIEUR PREUVE 1
INGLS A: LENGUA Y LITERATURA NIVEL SUPERIOR PRUEBA 1
SPECIMEN PAPER
SPECIMEN DPREUVE
EXAMEN DE MUESTRA
2 hours / 2 heures / 2 horas

INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES
Do not open this examination paper until instructed to do so.
Section A consists of two texts for comparative analysis.
Section B consists of two texts for comparative analysis.
Choose either Section A or Section B. Write one comparative textual
analysis.
INSTRUCTIONS DESTINE AUX CANDIDATS
Nouvrez pas cette preuve avant dy tre autoris (e).
La section A comporte deux textes pour lanalyse comparative.
La section B comporte deux textes pour lanalyse comparative.
Choisissez soit la section A, soit la section B. Rdigez une analyse
comparative de textes.
INSTRUCCIONES PARA LOS ALUMNOS
No abra esta prueba hasta que se lo autoricen.
En la seccin A hay dos textos para el anlisis comparativo.
En la seccin B hay dos textos para el anlisis comparativo.
Elija la seccin A o la B. Escriba un anlisis comparative de los textos.

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Since 1997, moie than two million Toyota Piius hybiius have been solu in 7u countiies.
Loosely tianslateu, the Latin woiu 5)'<$ means "aheau of the cuive," not "cieep along in
the passing lane" as some owneis seem to believe. The 0.S. is the single laigest Piius
maiket with moie than a million puichaseu heie since 2uuu. The Piius cuiiently
outsells Su othei 0.S.-maiket hybiius combineu.
Refuting eaily poweitiain-complexity anu batteiy-life scaies, moie than 97 peicent
of the Piiuses piouuceu aie still on the ioau. 0seu batteiy packs aie available fiom
salvage yaius foi aiounu $Suu.
Boin a compact fuel-squeezei anu penny-pinchei, Piius auvanceu to the miu-size
class in 2uuS. That seconu-geneiation mouel eaineu wiue acclaim, incluuing a spot on
oui 2uu4 1u Best list.
Toyota's 0.S. geneial managei, Bob Caitei, has high hopes that a giowing Piius
family will eventually suipass the sales volumes of the Camiy anu Coiolla cash cows.
Anu heie is the fiist of the basic hatchback's uescenuants, the Piius v. (That's
pionounceu "vee" anu not "five.")
The v bauge uistinguishing the seconu Piius aiiiving this fall supposeuly is meant to
imply "veisatile," but it might just as well be Toyota's victoiy salute. A iisky engineeiing
expeiiment woikeu, the Piius bauge is univeisally iecognizeu as the king of gas-
electiics, anu the hybiiu pixie uust is being spiinkleu ovei the 2u12 v anu two
auuitional Piius mouels aiiiving next yeai.
Insteau of simply flattening the ioof anu enlaiging the stanuaiu Piius's hatch to
cieate the v, Toyota engineeis went the extia mile. Theii all-new bouy fits between
conventional wagons, minivans, anu compact ciossoveis. Size-wise, it's a Nazua S with
no thiiu-iow seating. (0thei maikets will get a thiee-iow veision of the v calleu the
Piius+ oi Alpha) 0nlike the Chevy volt anu Nissan Leaf's lithium-ion setups, the batteiy
pack uses cheapei but still effective nickel-metal hyuiiue cells. Caiiying a iichei loau of
stanuaiu anu optional equipment, the Piius v likely will aiiive with piices ianging fiom
$2S,uuu to $SS,uuu. This is among the fiist vehicles to get Toyota's new Entune
infotainment system.
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Fiom @AB@ C#2#(0 D)'<$ E F2=)'63 Cai anu Biivei Nagazine, Nay 2u11

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The Inuian goveinment has iepoiteuly passeu a $4.1S billion plan to boost the
piouuction of electiic anu hybiiu vehicles, with a goal to have 6 million gieen vehicles
on its ioaus by 2u2u.
The pioclamation coulu pioviue a new maiket foi all oui electiic anu hybiiu vehicle-
focuseu entiepieneuis looking to finu new maikets. Bowevei, theie aie at least S
things I think you shoulu know about this plan:
./0 1234 5 ,3 657 Inuia's electiic cai maiket is non-existent iight now. The countiy
has a uomestic electiic cai makei Reva, which has stiuggleu ovei the yeais, but which
now has the suppoit of Inuian conglomeiate Nahinuia & Nahinuia, which bought the
company in 2u1u. Wheie aie these vehicles going to come fiom. Piobably China, if the
Chinese electiic cai maiket kicks into geai anytime soon.
-/0 839,: ;3<=7 The Inuian goveinment has long maue lofty pioclamations like this
Inuians call them aspiiational, not necessaiily goals that have to be met on time. The
countiy's solai powei goal is similaily eye-openingly high. In compaiison, China has a
similai plan to boost electiic vehicle piouuction, but is only shooting foi Suu,uuu
electiic anu hybiiu cais on its ioaus by 2u1S.
>/0 $3,<==: ?@99*2*A, B*C@D=* EF:*27 The Inuian vehicle buyei fits a totally uiffeient
piofile than the Ameiican, Euiopean oi }apanese electiic cai buyei. The electiic cai
buyei in these uevelopeu maikets is willing to pay a piemium foi an electiic oi hybiiu
cai which aie geneially moie expensive now than theii gas counteipaits foi the
oppoitunity to be at the foiefiont of technology anu gieenei vehicles. Nost Inuians aie
ultia piice sensitive anu won't pay extia costs foi luxuiy oi gieenei goous. Theie is a
giowing Inuian population that aie looking to pay a goou ueal foi vehicles, but a lot of
those buyeis want westein mouels anu bianus like S0vs anu classic luxuiy cais. These
aie geneializations but you get the pictuie.
G/0 $H3 HC**=*2I <2* < E2@;C, IJ3,7 The Inuian goveinment says a lot of these
aspiiational vehicles will be two-wheeleis, which coulu have moie of a chance of selling
in Inuia. But that will uepenu on the emeigence anu populaiity of an electiic scootei oi
motoicycle being piouuceu at a veiy low cost, as two-wheelei buyeis in Inuia tenu to
be even moie piice sensitive. Nanufactuieis in China aie woiking on these now, so
we'll see how populai these become in Inuia.
K/0 L3H*2 ;2@? J23E=*47 If the iecent blackouts aie any inuicatoi, Inuia has some
ieal pioblems with its powei giiu. If the countiy auus millions of vehicles plugging into
the powei giiu, that's going to auu an even gieatei stiain on it. If the Inuian
goveinment is seiious about plugging in vehicles to its giiu, it neeus to invest in the
giiu simultaneously, as well.
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Fiom !##1 =<( 8%')6K ;,6'0L$ HI. 510, 7#) %1%+()'+3 "2=)'6 G%"'+1%$ by Katie Fehienbachei,
uiga 0N, Su August 2u12

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of couise youi woik comes fiist.
aftei that you may go foi a walk,
visit fiienus but, all the same,
it is always coiiect to ask
befoie you uo anything else.

so if you say: please may i jump
off the leuge. anu go on to auu
this woik is ieally killing,
you will be tolu: stait jumping.
no one is in any way
naiiow-minueu anymoie these uays.
it is that eveiyone likes to know
these things way befoiehanu.
but if you state: i'm going now,
jumping off the leuge
most piobably they will say nothing,
thinking shoulu it legally, moially,
uepaitmentally be yesnopeihaps,
oi if it's not too late:
why uon't you come along. we shall biing
this mattei up to a highei level

Aithui Yap, 2uuu