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1910.

269: Electric Power


Generation, Transmission, and
Distribution
Region IV - OSHA

Scope

This standard covers the


operation and maintenance of
electric power generation,
control, transformation
transmission, an distribution
lines and euipment!

onstruction !S "aintenance

"onstruction#

The erection of new electric


lines and euipment!

The alteration, conversion, and


improvement of e$isting lines
and euipment!

1910.269#a$#2$:
Trainin%

All emplo%ees#

Safet% practices of &'&(!)*'

+mergenc% procedures

Other necessar% safet%


practices

Trainin% in Emer%enc& Procedures

1910.269#a$#2$:
Trainin%

,ualified emplo%ees#

Abilit% to distinguish live parts

Abilit% to determine voltage

-nowledge of minimum
approach distances

Abilit% to use protective


euipment

1910.269#a$#2$:
Trainin%

Regular supervision and annual


inspection to determine compliance

.ollow-up training and retraining#

/ew wor0 procedures

Tas0s performed infreuentl%

"ertification

1910.269#b$#1$:
P' ( )irst *id Trainin%

1erforming wor0 on or associated


with#

+$posed lines, or

+uipment energi2ed at 3( volts


or more

1910.269#b$#1$:
P' ( )irst *id Trainin%

.ield wor0 - crews of two or more


emplo%ees#

Two trained persons, or

All new hires trained within 4 months

.i$ed wor0 locations#

Trained person available within 5


minutes, or

All emplo%ees are trained



1910.269#b$#2$:
)irst *id Supplies

First aid
supplies in a
weatherproof
container on a
service truck.

1910.269#c$:
+ob ,rie-in%

Sub6ects#

Ha2ards and personal protective


euipment

7or0 procedures and special


precautions

+nerg% source control



+ob ,rie-in%

1910.269#c$:
+ob ,rie-in%

/umber of briefings#

8efore start of each da% or shift

Additional 6ob briefings if


significant changes occur

8ased on nature and comple$it% of


wor0

9ob planning for one-person crews



1910.269#d$: .a/ardous
Ener%& ontrol Procedures

:eenergi2e and loc0 or tag

Additional protective
measures for tags

1rotection euivalent to loc0s



1910.269#d$#2$#ii$#,$:
0se o- Ta%out S&stem 1nl&

:emonstrate full emplo%ee


protection

Safet% euivalent to loc0out



*pplication o- 2oc3out

Tags rather than


loc0s are
commonl% used in
electric utilities

1910.269#d$#2$#ii$#,$:
0se o- Ta%out S&stem 1nl&

+$amples of demonstration of
emplo%ee protection#

Removal of a fuse

Removal of an isolating circuit


element

8loc0ing mechanism on switch

Opening of additional switches on


main circuit, on control circuit

1910.269#e$:
Enclosed Spaces

+ntered under normal operating


conditions#

;anholes, Vaults

Applies to routine entr% in lieu of


&'&(!&5*<d= to <0=

&'&(!)*'<e= > <t= appl% to entr% onl%



1910.269#e$:
Enclosed Spaces

&'&(!&5*<c= still applies#

Identif% permit spaces

-eep unualified persons out

"oordinate with contractors

If ha2ardous conditions develop, use


&'&(!&5*

1910.269#e$:
Enclosed Spaces

+nclosed Spaces <Specific=

Training#

+ntrants, attendants

Rescue euipment provided

+valuate ha2ards#

?se of attendants

Test, ventilate, monitor



"an4ole

Atmospheric Testing prior to +ntr%



"an4ole

Vault with 1rotective 8arrier



!ault Entr&

Rescue training

!ault Entr&

Rescue +uipment

Testin% E5uipment

1910.269#%$:
Personal Protecti6e E5uipment

.ollow 1art &'&(, Subpart I#

+%e and face

Respirator%

Head, foot

+lectrical protective devices



2ineman wit4 Protecti6e Gear

Supplied *ir 'espirator

*ir7Puri-&in% 'espirator

/egative-pressure fit chec0



*ir7Puri-&in% 'espirator

1ositive-pressure fit chec0



1910.269#%$#2$:
)all Protection

7hen reuired#

Heights greater than 5 feet

1oles, towers, and similar


structures

Pole limbin%

,od& ,elt

Pole limbin% Strap



Tower limbin%
Tower Climbing with proper person protective
equipment

Tower limbin%
Tower Climbing with proper person protective
equipment

1910.269#%$#2$:
)all Protection

/ot reuired b% ualified emplo%ee#

"limbing

"hanging location

;ust be free from unsafe conditions#

Ice, high winds, contamination on


structure

;ust have hands free for climbing



1910.269#%$#2$:
)all Protection

:oes not address wor0ing on#

1ortions of buildings

+lectric euipment
<transformers, capacitors=

Aerial lifts



1910.269#4$: 2adders, Plat-orms,
Step ,olts, ( "an4ole Steps

1art &'&(, Subpart : applies

Special ladders and platforms#

+$empt from pitch > footing


reuirements

;ust be secured in position

;a% not be overloaded



Special 2adder

Special ladder secured in position



1910.269#4$: 2adders, Plat-orms,
Step ,olts, ( "an4ole Steps

Special ladders and platforms


"ont@d#

;ust be designed for use

;ust have a safet% factor of at


least )!3 times the ma$imum

Intended load

1910.269#i$:
.and and Portable Power Tools

"ord - and plug connected euipment#

1art &'&(, Subpart S applies

Arounded, double - insulated, or


connected through an isolated
transformer with an ungrounded
secondar%

1ortable and vehicle - mounted


generators

H%draulic and pneumatic tools



1910.269(j):
Live - Line Tools

:esign#

&(( 0vBft for fiberglass reinforced


plastic <.R1=

C3 0vBft for wood

"ondition of tools#

:ail% inspection before useD inspection


ever% two %ears

Tests after repair and after inspection


for hollow .R1 and wood tools

2i6e 2ine Tools

2i6e 2ine Tools

&'&(!)*'<0=#
;aterials Handling and Storage

1art &'&(, Subpart / applies

Storage in areas restricted to ualified


persons#

;aterials must be outside wor0ing


space

See &'&(!)*'<u=<&= and <v=<4=

Storage in unrestricted areas#

;aterials must be &( ft awa%

Add 5 inches for ever% 0v over 3( 0V



&'&(!)*'<l=<&=#
,ualified emplo%ees onl%

At least two persons for#

7or0 with e$posure at more than


*(( V

7or0 with euivalent ha2ards

Two persons not reuired for#

Eive - line tool wor0

Routine switching

+mergenc% repairs

&'&(!)*'<l=<)=#
;inimum Approach :istances

;inimum approach distances <Tables R-*


through R-&(=

+$ceptions#

Insulate the emplo%ee

Insulate the live part

+mplo%ee is insulated from other


e$posed conductive ob6ect,

As during live-line bare-hand wor0



Sa-et& E5uipment 8nspection

8nstallation o- 'ubber ,lan3ets

&'&(!)*'<l=<*=#
Apparel

"onductive "lothing#

1rohibited unless no increased


ha2ard of electrical contact

.lammable "lothing#

Train emplo%ees in ha2ards

"lothing ma% not increase


e$tent of possible in6ur%

1009 otton S4irt

1009 otton S4irt

S&nt4etic S4irt

lot4in% 8ssue

7hat method are %ou using to protect


emplo%ees from electric arcs and
flamesF

.lame Retardant!

Treated!

&((G "otton!

Appropriate weight!

:ocumentation!

Denim +eans

1009 otton Soc3

)lame 'esistant S4irt


1910.269#m$: Deener%i/in% 2ines and
E5uipment -or Emplo&ee Protection

Emplo&ee Protection

Applies to transmission and


distribution

S%stem operator controls


switching - central control

/o central control - use emplo%ee


in charge

Reuest clearance of s%stem


from operator

Emplo&ee Protection

:eenergi2e line#

Open disconnecting means

Tag disconnecting means

Test for deenergi2ed conditions

Install protective grounds



Emplo&ee Protection

7or0 on line

Release clearance#

/otif% emplo%ees

"lear emplo%ees

Remove protective grounds

Report to the s%stem operator



Emplo&ee Protection

Reenergi2e Eine#

Remove tags

"lose disconnecting
means

1910.269(n): Grounding for
the Protection of !"lo#ees

Around deenergi2ed lines, unless

/o possibilit% of contact with


other source ha2ard of induced
voltage is not present

+uipotential 2one

Test before appl%ing grounds



Grounds

Grounds

Groundin% o- 2ines

4ec3in% Ground :ire

Ground 8nstallation

1roper order of connection and


removal#

Install ground end first

Remove line or euipment end


first

1910.269(o):
Testing $nd Test %$cilities

Applies to high-power and high-


voltage testing rather than routine
line wor0

+stablish safe practices

Auard test areas

Arounding to be established and


implemented

Safet% chec0s reuired



1910.269("):
&ech$nic$l 'ui"!ent

;echanical considerations#

Inspection

1rovisions for bac0ing up

Roll-over protective structures

Outriggers

Eoad ratings

,uc3et Truc3

Di%%er Derric3 Truc3

,uc3et Truc3

8uc0et truc0
with outriggers
full% e$tended

1910.269("):
&ech$nic$l 'ui"!ent

Operations near energi2ed lines


<euipment= ;aintain minimum
approach distance#

Insulated portion of aerial lift is


e$empt

:esignated observer if
necessar%

:arnin% 2abel on ,uc3et Truc3

2ineman in ,uc3et

1910.269("):
&ech$nic$l 'ui"!ent

Additional precautions#

Insulate the lines, or

Insulate the mechanical


euipment, or

1rotect emplo%ees from


ha2ardous differences in
potential

8nsulatin% 2ines

8nsulatin% 2ines

Protectin% Emplo&ee -orm
Di--erences in potential

Protectin% Emplo&ee -orm
Di--erences in potential

1910.269#5$:
16er4ead 2ines

1oles, towers safe for climbing <Test


methods for poles in Appendi$ :=

Installing and removing lines#

;echanical considerations

+lectrical considerations

Eive-line bare-hand wor0D training


reuired

Tower and structure wor0



1910.269#r$: 2ine 7 learance
Tree Trimmin% 1perations

1910.269#r$#1$:
Electrical

/ot applicable to ualified


emplo%ees

Alwa%s maintain minimum


approach distance

7or0 ma% not be performed in


adverse weather conditions Special
training reuired for wor0 in the
aftermath of a storm

Tree 2imb 2od%ed ,etween Two
Ener%i/ed 2ines

"ec4anical E5uipment
'e5uirements -or:

8rush chippers

Spra%ers

Stump cutters

1ower saws

1910.269#r$#;$:
)all Protection

+ach emplo%ee shall be tied in with


a climbing rope and safet% saddle
when the emplo%ee is wor0ing aloft
in a tree!

1910.269(s):
(o!!unic$tion %$cilities

;icrowave Transmission#

See &'&(!'C

Radiation protection guide

1ower Eine "arrier



1910.269(t): )nderground
lectric$l *nst$ll$tions

Access <ladder etc!= reuired for depth


H5 ft!

Attendants for manholes#

.irst aid and "1R training!

+mplo%ee on the surface ma% enter


briefl% to assistD other than
emergenc%!

/o attendant for house0eeping,


ta0ing readings, etc!

*ccess ladder -or 0nder%round
Electrical 8nstallation #!ault$

)irst *id Trainin% 8nside a !ault

1910.269(t): )nderground
lectric$l *nst$ll$tions

:efective cables#

:eenergi2e, if possible

?se shield to contain fault



1910.269(u):
+u,st$tions

Access and wor0ing space#

/+S" guidelines

Auarding of live parts#

/+S" guidelines, or

Subpart S </+"= reuirements

-eep draw-out-t%pe circuit brea0ers in


open position when removing or
inserting

Arounding of conductive fences



Substation 16er6iew

Detailed !iew o- Trans-ormers

8nsulators ( onnectors

1910.269#6$:
Power Generation

Access and wor0ing space#

/+S" guidelines

Auarding of live parts#

/+S" guidelines, or

Subpart S </+"= reuirements

"hanging generator brushes#

"hec0 for ground condition



1910.269#6$:
Power Generation

"hemical cleaning of boilers - restrict


access, post signs

"hlorine s%stems

"oal and ash handling#

;SHA 6urisdiction

Railroad

"onve%ors

Storage areas

1910.269#w$:
Special onditions

"apacitors

Illumination to enable performing safe


wor0

1rotection against drowning <?!S! "oast


Auard approved floating devices=

+mplo%ee protection in public wor0


areas#

Traffic control

8arricades

Tra--ic ontrol

:arnin% Si%n