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The relation between the name of the ford and the name of the shepherd in Sumerian

We can demonstrate that Sumerian ideograms have been used by Semitic priests to express secret messages to the gods. One of the most spectacular discoveries is the name of the shepherd in Sumerian.

Sumerian sipad [shepherd] = PA

The relation between the name of the ford and the name of the shepherd in Sumerian

[ĝidru = SCEPTER] + LU

The relation between the name of the ford and the name of the shepherd in Sumerian

[UDU =sheep]

PA.LU
PA.LU
The relation between the name of the ford and the name of the shepherd in Sumerian

sib 2

(see full listing)

sipad (sibad sipa)

sipad [BIRD](sipad mušen ). sipad [SHEPHERD]( lu 2 sipad).

Akkadian workshop

Also: reʾu, nuska 2 , nusku 2 , nuška 2 , nušku 2 , reʾe, reʾi, sap 3 , siba, sip 2 , šab 5 , šap 5 , zip 3 .

LU
LU
The relation between the name of the ford and the name of the shepherd in Sumerian

lu

lu [ABUNDANT]. lu [MIX]. lub [TURNIP] (lu sar ).

lug

lug [DWELL]. lug [POSITION] ( ĝeš lug). lug [TWIST].

udu

udu [SHEEP].

The relation between the name of the ford and the name of the shepherd in Sumerian

Full listing. Also: eze, nu 12 , si 6 .

lug [DWELL] (15x: Old Babylonian) wr. lug; lug x (LUL) "to live, dwell (of animals), pasture"

[1]

[1] lug

lug

[2]

[2] lug (LUL)

lug x (LUL)

9 distinct forms attested; click to view forms table.

1. to live, dwell (of animals), pasture (15x/100%)

~ LEX/Old Babylonian/Sippar [[lu]] = = LU = re-e-ia-u 2 -um MSL 14, 122-127 09 282; [[lu]] = = = ra-ba-şum MSL 14, 122-127 09 286. unknown/Old Babylonian/unknown [[lu]]

= = = re-e-hu-um JCS 04, 75-76 41; [[lu]] = = = ra-ba-şum JCS 04, 75-76 43; [[lu]]

= = LU = ri-e-u 2 MSL 09, 124-137 iii 196; [[lu]] = = = ri-i-[tum] MSL 09, 124-137 iii

200.

[2004] J. Bauer, St Pettinato 3-4. [1992] P. Steinkeller and J.N. Postgate, LAT 25; 35. [1980] J. Bauer, AoN 1980/13.

See ETCSL: lug=to be located.

We can see that Semitic writers equalised the term to dwell (of animals) = to dwell humans = pastor.

Pastor:

[[sub 2 ]] = = = re-e-ia-um ;

[[šuba 2 ]] = = = re-ia-um

[[šuba 2 ]] = = = re-e-e 2 -um

Dwell:

[[lu]] = = LU = re-e-ia-u 2 -um ; [[lu]] = = = ra-ba-şum

[[lu]] = = = re-e-hu-um ; [[lu]] = = = ra-

ba-şum ; [[lu]] = = LU = ri-e-u 2 ;

[[lu]] = = = ri-i-[tum] .

The name of the pastor in Semitic derived from the verb to dwell. The suggestion is that the name of pastor in Sumerian has derived from the verb to dwell too:

wašābu [TUŠ :

lug [ DWELL ] (15x: Old Babylonian) wr. lug ; lug (LUL) "to live, dwell (of

] (vb. a/i ; imp. šib, tišab, pres. uššab, pret. ūšib)

G. to sit ; to stay, dwell ; to be present, exist D. to install Š. to install

Comparison with other Semitic languages :

Proto-Semitic : * waθāb "to sit"

Syriac : yāteb ܒܒܒܒܒ

Hebrew : yāšab בשַׁב יָ

Ugaritic : wθb

Proto-Semitic : waθāb "to sit" Syriac : yāteb ܒܒܒܒܒ Hebrew : yāšab בשַׁב יָ Ugaritic :

šubtu [KI.TUŠ :

Proto-Semitic : waθāb "to sit" Syriac : yāteb ܒܒܒܒܒ Hebrew : yāšab בשַׁב יָ Ugaritic :

, TUŠ :

Proto-Semitic : waθāb "to sit" Syriac : yāteb ܒܒܒܒܒ Hebrew : yāšab בשַׁב יָ Ugaritic :

, DAG :

Proto-Semitic : waθāb "to sit" Syriac : yāteb ܒܒܒܒܒ Hebrew : yāšab בשַׁב יָ Ugaritic :

]

(n. f.)

abode, dwelling, residence; settlement ; (Military) quarters ; seat ; foundation, base ; placement ; ambush ;

Cf. wašābu

Variants : šuptu

See also : mūšubu, rimītu, bītu, šapattu, āšibu

Semitic šuptu > Sumerian sipad = pastor

The Akkadian workshop suggests that:

sap 3 , siba, sip 2 , šab 5 , šap 5 , zip 3 = Semitic root verb [dwell] which derived from Akkadian

ša bētu = of the house

bītu [É : ] [City → Buildings]
bītu [É :
]
[City → Buildings]

(n. fem.)

1) a house ; 2) a room ; bēt pūti : front room ; kummu : inner room ; bētu dannu :

main room , living-room (?) ; 3) a family , a mesny ; bēt tilli : supply- room ; rugbu : upper room , room on the roof salle haute , salle sur le toit ;

Variants : bētu

See also : bētānīu, bētānu, bēt, bētāniāti, kaqquru, tuānu, ruggubu, rapšu, šadlu

Comparison with other Semitic languages :

Proto-Semitic : * bayt

Arabic : bayt تيْتبَ

Syriac : baytā ܒܒܒܒܒܒܒܒ

Hebrew : bayit תיִתבַב

Ugaritic : bt Ge'ez : bēt
Ugaritic : bt
Ge'ez : bēt

sipad [SHEPHERD] (2463x: ED IIIa, ED IIIb, Old Akkadian, Lagash II, Ur III, Early Old Babylonian, Old Babylonian) wr. sipad; su 8 -ba; lu 2 sipad; šuba "shepherd; herder" Akk. rē'û

[1]

[1] sipad ( sipa )

sipad ( sipa )

[2]

[2] su -ba (ES)

su 8 -ba (ES)

[3]

[3] sipad

lu 2 sipad

[4]

[4] šuba

šuba

49 distinct forms attested;

click to view forms table.

1. shepherd (2461x/100%)

~ LEX/Old Babylonian/Nippur sipad OB Nippur Lu 463;

sipad nim OB Nippur Lu 470;

[[sub 2 ]] = = = re-e-ia-um OB Diri Nippur 96;

[[šuba 2 ]] = = = re-ia-um OB Diri Nippur

254.LEX/Old Babylonian/unknown [[šuba 2 ]] = = = re-e-e 2 -um OB Diri "Oxford"

182. ELA/ED IIIb/Girsu sipa maš VAT 4459 o ii 1;

sipa -da VS 14, 008 o ii 3;

sipa

-kam 1(×DIŠ@t) VS 14, 034 r iii 4. ELA/ED IIIb/Nippur sipa TMH 5, 002 o ii 1;

GAL-LU sipa

iv 2;

[

...

]

sipa

TMH 5, 011 o iii 2;

sipa

TMH 5, 102 o iii 1;

sipa

TMH 5, 102 o

OSP 1, 110 o i 1. ELA/ED IIIb/Umma sipa x RGK 20050520n o iv 3;

sipa zabala 5 [ki] RGK 20050520n r ii 8.ELA/ED IIIb/unknown sipa maš-ka Nik 1, 009 r i

8;

sipa gu 4 -ka Nik 1, 009 r ii 3;

ziz 2 -bi3(barig@c) 2(ban 2 ) sipa šagan x (AMA) ša:gan Nik 1,

  • 013 o iv 5. ELA/Old Akkadian/Adab e 2 -mu sipa Adab 0658 9;

ur 5 -du 2 [ sipa ] Adab

0690+0876 15;

1/2(diš) sipa x Adab 0719+1016+0762+1053 r i 3. ELA/Old

Akkadian/Girsu [x] sipa maš 2 CT 50, 166 2; ur-su sipa ITT 1, 01101 6; 1(aš@c) sila 4 ur- eden-na sipa ITT 1, 01370 4. ELA/Old Akkadian/Nippur sipa me TMH 5, 039 r ii 6; sipa maš 2 -bar-du 8 OSP 2, 180 4. ELA/Old Akkadian/Umma d utu-mu sipa -da MAD 4, 020 7; d utu-mu sipa MAD 4, 023 7; si-du 3 sipaMAD 4, 024 9. ELA/Old Akkadian/unclear 1(aš@c) du-du sipa MC 4, 52 15; d en-lil 2 sipaMC 4, 70 6. ELA/Old

Akkadian/unknown 1(aš@c) ur-kun sipa MAD 4, 036 8; lugal-šu-mah sipa MAD 4, 060 3; dumu tir-ku 3 sipa MAD 4, 077 10. ELA/Ur III/Adab sipa ur-[gi 7 -ra] MVN 03, 271 6;

PU 3 .ŠA- d en-lil 2 sipa ur-gi 7 MVN 03, 271 3;

da-a-a sipa dumui-ga-ga MVN 13, 907

4. ELA/Ur III/Drehem dingir-ba-ni sipa ur-ra Aegyptus 19, 235, 01 2; dingir-ba-ni sipa

ur-gi 7 šu ba-ti Aegyptus 19, 235, 02 1;

PU 3 .ŠA- d en-lil 2 sipa ur-gi 7 -ra-ke 4 Aegyptus 19,

236, 05 4. ELA/Ur III/Girsu sipa ur-me ABTR 08 6; sipa ur-ra AfO 04, 26 5; inim-

gi-na sipa Amherst 020 o i 3. ELA/Ur III/Lagash 2(diš) sila 3 kaš sipa urRochester 152

  • 19. ELA/Ur III/Nippur ud 5 sipa a-PA-x NATN 007 4;

nu-ur 2 - d iškur sipaNATN 091 4;

sipa -da NATN 165 4. ELA/Ur III/Umma la 2 -ia 3 su-ga nam-ha-ni sipa AnOr 01, 080 2;

sipa

x [

...

]

AnOr 01, 143 3;

ki lugal-mas-su sipa -ta AnOr 01, 255 2. ELA/Ur III/Ur ur-

ba-ba sipa UET 3, 0010 11; ša 3 e 2 -duru 5 sipa -e-ne UET 3, 0025 5; d nanna-zi sipa gu 4 - ke 4 i 3 -dab 5 UET 3, 0074 5. ELA/Ur III/Wilayah [šu]-ma sipa JCS 38, 032 07 3; šu-ma sipa JCS 38, 032 07 1; šu-ma sipa JCS 38, 032 07 3. ELA/Ur III/unclear sipa geme 2 -

d ištar an AfO 25, pl. 5, Boellinger 6 2;

lugal-ma 2 sipa AUCT 1, 791 6;

[

...

]

še-bi

sipa AUCT 2, 310 3. ELA/Early Old Babylonian/unknown sipa ur-ra-me-eš 2 BIN 10, 101 3.unknown/Ur III/Umma sipa gu 4 niga-bi 1(diš)-am 3 SNAT 536 r i 1. unknown/Old Babylonian/unknown [[su 8 -<(ba)>]] = su 4 -u 2 = DU%DU = ri-e-a-[um] RA 09, 77-78 ii 7.unknown/ED IIIb/Girsu sipa u 8 -ka DP 059 r i 7; sipa šagan x (AMA) ša:gan DP 087 o iii 5; sipa maš DP 094 o iii 5. unknown/ED IIIb/Nippur sipa x ti HU ASJ 16, p. 43-46 prism ix

  • 14. unknown/ED IIIb/Uruk dumu lugal-du 11 -ga-ni sipa AoF 21, p. 5ff. 4. unknown/ED

IIIb/unknown sipa -ra MVN 03, 066 1; sipa -ne DP 032 o vi 1; sipa gu 4 HSS 03, 05 ii 11.unknown/Old Akkadian/Adab ur-ur sipa OIP 014, 120 1; la 2 -ia 3 sipa ensi 2 -ka-ke 4 -

ne OIP 014, 144 6;

dam lugal-du sipa OIP 014, 167 2;

sipa OIP 014, 187

1. unknown/Old Akkadian/Girsu [

...

]

sipa e 2 -mi 2 -ke 4 -ne RTC 185 2;

[

...

sipa ] da-ri 2 RTC

  • 224 8.unknown/Old Akkadian/Umma sipa -e dam-gar 3 sanga BIN 08, 392 3. unknown/Old

Akkadian/unknown sipa me Fs. Sjoberg, 04 1;

pa 3 -da sipa

Mes 09, p. 100ff, no. 2 5;

pa 3 -da sipa Mes 09, p. 100ff, no. 3 2. unknown/Ur III/Drehem sipa gu 4 [niga] Aleppo

  • 305 2;

sipa gu 4 niga Aleppo 317 2;

kišib 3 nam-ha-ni sipa Aleppo 350 3. unknown/Ur

III/Girsu[

]

sipa a-ru-a ASJ 13, 234 76 r iii 8;

2(diš) sila 3 sipa

ur ASJ 14, 337 23 5;

... sipa unu 3 ASJ 19, 138 122 o i 14. unknown/Ur III/Lagash ki ik-šu-dum sipa a-bu-um-dingir-

ta Rochester 227 3. unknown/Ur III/Nippur la 2 -ia 3 ur- d en-ki sipa BBVO 11, 270, 6N- T082 3; ur- d utu sipa -e BBVO 11, 299, 6N-T842 1; lu 2 - d nin-šubur sipa i 3 - dab 5 AAICAB 1/1, pl. 057, 1924-0479 1. unknown/Ur III/Umma 1(diš) sila 3 lugal-ma 2 -gur 8 -

re dumu ur- d ištar an sipa ASJ 19, 223 69

3;

1/2(diš) sila 3 [

...

dumu] šu- d iškur sipa ASJ

19, 223 69 10;

nam-erim 2 ku 5 -ra 2 sipa unu 3 LÕuomo 56 o ii 8'. unknown/Ur

~ anše[equid]LEX/Old Babylonian/Nippur sipad anše OB Nippur Lu 472. ELA/ED IIIb/Girsu

sipa anše-me VS 14, 117 o ii 4;

sipa anše-ke 4 VS 14, 173 r iii 5;

25, 041 o vi 5. ELA/ED IIIb/Nippur [x] sipa

anše TMH 5, 002 r i 1;

sipa anše-me VS 2(aš@c) sipa

anše TMH 5, 002 r i 3; [x] 6(aš@c) sipa anše TMH 5, 002 o ii 2; 2(aš@c) sipa

anše TMH 5, 002 o ii 4;

5(aš@c) sipa anše TMH 5, 026 2;

sipa anše TMH 5, 067 o

  • iii 8. ELA/ED IIIb/unknownsipa anše-me Nik 1, 013 r v 2;

sipa anše bir 3 -ka Nik 1, 016 o

  • ii 6;

sipa anše bir 3 -ka-me Nik 1, 018 o ii 7;

sipa anše bir 3 -ka Nik 1, 020 o ii 10;

[ sipa anše bir 3 -ka] Nik 1, 022 o i 13;

sipa anše Nik 1, 044 o iii 7. ELA/Old

Akkadian/Adab sipa anše me Adab 0639 o ii 7;

3(ban 2 @c) ur-uš sipa anše Adab 0667

11; [1(barig)] di-ku 5 sipa anše Adab 0826 2.ELA/Old Akkadian/Girsu 1(aš@c) zag-mu sipa anše ITT 1, 01363 1; 1(aš@c) lu 2 -nigir-ra sipa anše arad 2 lugal ITT 1, 01463 2;

1(aš@c) ur-nu sipa

anše RTC 081 16;

ur-nusipa anše STTI 108 2;

sipa anše STTI

119 3; sipa anše me STTI 135 6. ELA/Old Akkadian/Nippur dam sipa anše TMH 5, 034

iii

14. ELA/Old Akkadian/Umma [x]-ni sipa anše-ka-kam Nik 2, 054 5;

ur-eš 3 sipa

anše USP 74 8; [x]-x-ki sipa

anše RGK 20050522k o i 4;

sag-šu sipa anše RGK

20050522k o i 6;

e 2 -edin-ne 2 sipa anše RGK 20050522k o ii 1. ELA/Ur III/Drehem sipa

anše * SACT 1, 062 3; ki bar-bar sipa anšešagan x (AMA) gan -ta TRU 120 3. ELA/Ur

III/Girsu dumu sipa anše kunga 2 -me ASJ 14, 338 37 10;

2(diš) sipa anše si 2 -si 2 ASJ 18,

  • 228 HSM 6495 1;

3(diš) sipa anše si 2 -si 2 CT 07, 47 BM 017775 6. ELA/Ur

III/Nippur 3(ban 2 ) ARAD 2 sipa anše Cat RSM 1909.405-17 4 1; ur-dun sipa anše NATN 019 6; 2(diš) sipa anše NATN 819 11. ELA/Ur III/Umma1(diš) tug 2 u 2 kal sipa anše engar d gu-la AnOr 07, 337 2; ur-ge 6 -par 4 dumu sipa anšeAnOr 07, 374 o ii 3; dumu lugal-ku 3 -zu sipa anše-me AnOr 07, 374 o ii 14. ELA/Ur III/Urlu 2 -hu-bi 2 -ma sipa

anše UET 3, 0993 3. unknown/ED IIIb/Girsu sipa anše [bir 3 ]-ka DP 116 o ii 6; sipa anše bir 3 -ka DP 117 o ii 1; sipa anše bir 3 -ka DP 118 o ii 7. unknown/ED IIIb/Isin igi ur- su sipa anše-še 3 BIN 08, 029 6. unknown/ED IIIb/Nippur ur-lugal sipa anše-ke 4 BIN 08, 173 7. unknown/ED IIIb/unknown sipa anše me HSS 03, 05 r ii 4; sipa anše [me] HSS 03, 06 r

  • ii 4;

sipa anše me HSS 03, 07 r v 13. unknown/Old Akkadian/Adab[1(aš@c)] udu lu 2 -dingir-

ra sipa anše OIP 014, 167 3; 1(aš@c) sila 4 u 2 -da sipa anšeOIP 014, 167 4. unknown/Old

Akkadian/unknown dumu lugal-da sipa anše lugal-ka MVN 03, 107 4; dumu ur-sag sipa anše lugal-ka MVN 03, 107 6. unknown/Ur III/Drehem giri 3 ab-ba-gi-na unu 3 u 3 ur- d šara 2 sipa

anše Aleppo 407 4;

[

]-x-lil

2

sipa

anše [

]

ganDoCu 243 4. unknown/Ur III/Girsu 4(diš)

... sipa anše si 2 -si 2 ASJ 18, 223 HSM 6425 16; 3(diš) sipa anše si 2 -si 2 ASJ 18, 224 HSM

...

6434 8; sipa anše šagan x (AMA) gan ASJ 19, 138 122 o i 7. unknown/Ur III/Umma ki sipa anše-ta MVN 16, 0923 4; 1(diš) ab 2 mu3(diš) su-su sipa anše nu-su MVN 16, 0923 1;

nam-ha-ni sipa anše MVN 21, 276 3; 1(barig) sipa anše Princeton 1, 262 13; 1(diš) šu gu 4 sipa anše engar SNAT 314 13; kišib 3 ur- d šara 2 sipa anše SANTAG 6, 019 o iii 32. unknown/Ur III/unclear x sipa anše SANTAG 7, 052 2. ~ gal[big]LEX/Old Babylonian/Nippur sipad gu-la OB Nippur Lu 465a.

~ gud[ox] ab[cow]LEX/Old Babylonian/Nippur sipad gud ab 2 OB Nippur Lu 467;

gudab 2 -hi-a OB Nippur Lu 468.

sipa

~ kalam[land]LEX/Old Babylonian/Nippur sipad kalam-ma OB Nippur Lu 466. ~ šah[pig]LEX/Old Babylonian/Nippur sipad šah OB Nippur Lu 471. ELA/ED

IIIb/Girsu sipašah 2 VS 14, 092 r ii 2;

sipa šah 2 VS 14, 181 r ii 6;

sipa šah 2 VS 25,

  • 015 o iii 4. ELA/ED IIIb/unknown

sipa šah 2 Nik 1, 003 o i 11;

sipa šah 2 Nik 1, 006 r v

15;

sipa [šah 2 ] Nik 1, 013 r i 9. ELA/Old Akkadian/Girsu sipa šah 2 CT 50, 091

  • 2. ELA/Ur III/Girsu 1(diš) sipa šah 2 1(barig) CT 03, 19 BM 018344 o iii 37;

ŠU+LAGAB 1(diš) sipa šah 2 1(barig) CT 03, 19 BM 018344 r iii 34;

ugula ur- d lamma

sipa šah 2 ITT 2, 00950 o ii 18; geme 2 mar-tu sipašah 2 (SA 6 ) ZA 12, 265 1 10. ELA/Ur

III/Umma 1/4(iku) GAN 2 3(barig) da-da sipa šah 2 Georgica 8.3.2 r i 5;

sipa šah 2 -

še 3 Rocznik MNW 26 07 3;

da-da sipa šah 2 SET 266 3; nig 2 -ka 9 ak lu 2 -giri 17 -zal sipa

šah 2 SNAT 436 22;

lugal-he 2 -gal 2 sipa šah 2 UCP 9-2-1, 100 r i 29. unknown/ED

IIIb/Girsu sipa šah 2 DP 121 o i 8; sipa

šah 2 DP 149 o iv 1;

sipašah 2 DP 150 o iv

  • 6. unknown/ED IIIb/unknown sipa šah 2 HSS 03, 05 iv 8;

sipa šah 2 HSS 03, 06 v 2;

sipa šah 2 HSS 03, 07 r i 6. unknown/Ur III/Umma 1(barig) sipa šah 2 SNAT 453 o i 6.

~ udu[sheep]LEX/ED IIIa/unknown sipa udu Early Dynastic Lu C 10_(58). LEX/Old

Babylonian/Nippur sipad udu OB Nippur Lu 469. ELA/ED IIIb/Girsu sipa udu siki-ka me VS

14, 009 o vi 8;

sipa udu siki-ka-da VS 14, 022 o ii 1;

sipa udu siki-ka-me VS 14,

  • 077 r i 2. ELA/ED IIIb/unknown sipa udu siki-ka Nik 1, 002 r iii 6; 1(aš@c) apin sipa

udu siki-kaNik 1, 005 o iii 3;

sipa udu siki-ka-me Nik 1, 009 r i 14. ELA/Old

Akkadian/Adab ur-su sipa udu niga Adab 0690+0876 12. ELA/Old Akkadian/Girsu mu-nig 2 sipa udu niga ITT 2, 04529 3. ELA/Lagash II/Girsu ur-ab-ba sipa udu niga MVN 06, 402

  • 9. ELA/Ur III/Drehem lu 2 -zabala sipa udu ge 6 Aleppo 432 4; sipa udu niga AUCT 3, 365

4; sipa [udu] kur-raBCT 1, 034 2. ELA/Ur III/Girsu ur-te-me-na sipa Amherst 020 o i

5;

GAN 2 dab 5 -ba sipa udu gukkal u 3 GAN 2 dab 5 -ba lu 2 šu ib 2 -ta-zi ASJ 09, 124 54 4;

[

...

]

8(diš) sila 3 ki [

...

]

sipa udu-ta BAOM 2, 31 65 4. ELA/Ur III/Umma ki sipa udu kur-ra-

ke 4 -ne-ta AnOr 07, 264 o i 1; x x KU giri 3 ur- d ma-mi sipa udu bar x AnOr 07, 264 r ii 6; ki sipa udu kur-ra-ta AnOr 07, 264 o i 7. ELA/Ur III/Ur sipa udu eme-gi-ra UET 3,

  • 1514 a-gu-gu sipa udu eme-gi-ra UET 3, 1514 4; sipa udu gukkal-na-ke 4 -ne UET 3,

8;

  • 1550 ur- d iškur sipa udu UET 9, 0010 2. ELA/Ur III/unclear sipa udu [niga] OLP 15,

7;

56 3; sipa udu niga YOS 04, 147 3. unknown/Ur III/Umma sipa udu niga-bi 2(diš)- am 3 SNAT 536 o ii 17. unknown/ED IIIb/Girsu sipa udu siki-ka-me DP 113 r iii 6; sipa

udu siki-ka-me DP 114 r iv 6;

sipa udu siki-ka-me DP 121 o vi 5. unknown/ED

IIIb/unknown sipa udu siki-kame HSS 03, 05 r ii 9; sipa udu siki-ka me HSS 03, 06 r ii

9; sipa udu siki-ka me HSS 03, 07 r iv 14. unknown/Ur III/Girsu sipa udu unu 3 ASJ 19,

138 122 o i 11;

sipa

udu eme giASJ 19, 138 122 o i 3;

[

...

]-gu

sipa udu gukkal-

ta MVN 19, 114 4. unknown/Ur III/Umma sipa udu lah 5 -še 3 ArOr 62, 230 I 863 2; sipa

udu kur-me LÕuomo 62 r iii 32';

[

...

]

gur mu sipa

udu-še 3 MVN 18, 614 o i 5;

nig 2 -

ka 9 ak lu 2 -eb-gal sipa udu kur-ra-ka SNAT 375 r ii 4; udu ur- d ištar an sipa udu kur- ka ViOr 8/1, 081 5; la 2 -ia 3 su-ga ur- d ištar an sipa udu kur-ra SANTAG 6, 111 6; lugal-

geš gigir-re unu 3 sipa udu kur-ra-še 3 SANTAG 6, 384 o ii 13'. ~ uzud[goat]LEX/Old Babylonian/Nippur sipad uz 3 OB Nippur Lu 473; sipa uz 3 gi 4 OB

Nippur Lu 474. ELA/ED IIIb/unknown sipa ud 5 Nik 1, 030 o iii 2; la 2 -a sipa ud 5 -ke 4 -

ne Nik 1, 193 r ii 4;

sipa ud 5 -ke 4 -ne Nik 1, 196 r i 5;

sipa

ud 5 -da-ke 4 Nik 1, 201 o i

3;

sipa ud 5 -da-ke 4 -ne Nik 1, 236 r i 5;

sipa ud 5 -ke 4 -ne Nik 1, 261 r i 4;

sipa ud 5 -da-

ke 4 -ne Nik 1, 262 o ii 1. ELA/Old Akkadian/Girsu sipa ud 5 -da-ka RTC 096 o ii 3. ELA/Old

Akkadian/Umma ur-sa 6 sipa ud 5 USP 73 8. ELA/Ur III/Drehem sipa ud 5 -me-eš 2 YOS 04,

  • 254 r ii 9. ELA/Ur III/Girsu 1(diš) sipa ud 5 HSS 04, 009 1;

sipa ud 5 -me ITT 2, 00878 r

iii 5;

sipa ud 5 -[me]MVN 02, 042 o v 8. ELA/Ur III/Nippur sipa ud 5 -de 3 NATN 037 7;

1(diš) amar-šuba 2 sipa ud 5 gi NRVN 1, 059 5. ELA/Ur III/Umma ki sipa ud 5 -da-ke 4 -ne-

ta AnOr 07, 264 o i 3;

sipa ud 5 -da CHEU 018 3;

sipa ud 5 -da-me MCS 1, 54, BM

 

106045 r ii 10; 6038 o v 40;

ki sipa ud 5 -da-ke 4 -ne-ta SET 130 o iii 20;

sipa ud 5 ga-[

]

TCL 5,

3,

1198 15;

si-ri sipaud 5 -da UET 3, 1514 5;

u 3 sipa ud 5 -da-ka UET 3, 1514

9.

unknown/ED IIIb/Girsu la 2 -a sipa ud 5 -ke 4 -ne DP 094 r i 4;

sipa ud 5 -ka-kam DP 245 o i

4;

sipa

ud 5 -ke 4 -ne DP 271 o ii 1;

sipa ud 5 -da-ke 4 -ne DP 277 r i 4;

sipa ud 5 DP 615

o i 5;

sipa ud 5 -ke 4 -ne Genava 26, 5 o i 3;

sipa ud 5 -ke 4 -ne Genava 26, 5 o ii

3.

unknown/Old Akkadian/Girsu 1(aš@c) da-da sipa ud 5 ITT 2, 05795 2. unknown/Ur

III/Drehem sipa ud 5 -me Akkadica 114-115, 101 30 10'. unknown/Ur III/Girsu u 3 sipa

ud 5 ASJ 19, 138 122 o i 4;

[

]

x sipa ud 5 Zinbun 21, pl. 05 38 r ii 5';

sipa

gi u 3

... sipa ud 5 -me City Life 2, 101-102 r ii 14. unknown/Ur III/Ummasipa ud 5 ga-za-PI LÕuomo

62 r iii 35'.

See: lu sipad anše;

lu sipad gud;

lu sipad udu.

2. herder (2x/0%)

~LEX/ED IIIa/unknown sipad anše(LAK239) Early Dynastic Lu C 37_(36).

~ gud[ox]LEX/ED IIIa/unknown sipa gud Early Dynastic Lu C 53_(19).

Akk. rē'û.

[2003] S. Garfinkle, ZA 93 164 n11. [1992] M. Sigrist, Drehem 35-42. [1982] T. Maeda, ASJ 4 79.

See ETCSL: sipad=shepherd.

addir [FORD] (27x: Old Akkadian, Old Babylonian) wr. addir;

dir;

addir x (|

PA.GISAL.SI.A|);

nēberu

addir x (|PA.GISAL.SI.A.PAD|) "quay, port;

crossing, ford" Akk. kāru;

[1]

[1] addir

addir

[2]

[2] dir

dir

[3]

[3] addir (|PA.GISAL.SI.A|)

addir x (|PA.GISAL.SI.A|)

[4]

[4] addir (|PA.GISAL.SI.A.PAD|)

addir x (|PA.GISAL.SI.A.PAD|)

4 distinct forms attested;

click to view forms table.

1.

quay, port (27x/100%)

~ LEX/Old Babylonian/Nippur addir OB Kagal 432; addir OB Kagal 434; [[addir]] = = = ni-bi-rum OB Diri Nippur 341. ELA/Old Akkadian/Adab 2(ban 2 @c) addir ma 2 -

lah 4 Adab 0658 2; [1(ban 2 ) addir] ma 2 -lah 4 Adab 0658 5; 4(ban 2 @c) addir ma 2 -

lah 4 Adab 0658 8.ELA/Ur III/Drehem [

...

]-NI

lu 2 ma 2 ninda dir-ra PDT 2, 0958 o i 31.

  • 2. crossing, ford

Akk. kāru "quay, port;

bank";

nēberu "crossing, ford".

[2001] P. Steinkeller, ZA 91 70 n206.

See ETCSL: addir=ferry.

The Sumerian composite

1. quay, port (27x/100%) ~ LEX/Old Babylonian/Nippur addir OB Kagal 432; addir OB Kagal 434; [[addir]]

addir [ford] contains the ideogram PAD

PAD
PAD
1. quay, port (27x/100%) ~ LEX/Old Babylonian/Nippur addir OB Kagal 432; addir OB Kagal 434; [[addir]]

kurum 6

kurum [RATION].

pad (bad 2 pat pata bat 2 )

pad [BREAK].

šukur 2 (šuku šukun 3 šuk šug)

šukur [RATION].

šutug

šutug [REED-HUT].

Akkadian workshop

Also: bu 15 , kur 6 , kurumma x (PAD), pa x (PAD), pada, paţ, šuq

The Sumerian Akkadian phonetic value kurum [RATION] is related phonetically to Akkadian

kāru "quay, port;

bank".

But the ideogram PAD

1. quay, port (27x/100%) ~ LEX/Old Babylonian/Nippur addir OB Kagal 432; addir OB Kagal 434; [[addir]]
1. quay, port (27x/100%) ~ LEX/Old Babylonian/Nippur addir OB Kagal 432; addir OB Kagal 434; [[addir]]

is in fact a composite of Sumerian U

+ GAR
+ GAR

= PAD

U
U
U GAR Hence Sumerian GAR suggest the Semitic word kāru "quay, port; bank" ; You need
GAR
GAR
U GAR Hence Sumerian GAR suggest the Semitic word kāru "quay, port; bank" ; You need

Hence Sumerian GAR

U GAR Hence Sumerian GAR suggest the Semitic word kāru "quay, port; bank" ; You need

suggest the Semitic word kāru "quay, port; bank";

You need several ideograms to understand at least the suggestion of a single Semitic word related to the shape of a Sumerian composite where this word was used in the first place. That means we need several layered suggestions in a deep labyrinth that would allow a fluent discourse about the movement of the Semitic planet god in the sky functioning as a shepherd tending sheep [other smaller stars]. Sumerian words are not words but suggestions. Sumerian language is not a language but a labyrinth of dumped phonetic values that have been cut from Akkadian words and rearranged to create a temporary medium between humans and gods.

U
U
U GAR Hence Sumerian GAR suggest the Semitic word kāru "quay, port; bank" ; You need

bur 3

bur [UNIT].

buru 3

(see full listing)

burud x (U)

burud [PERFORATE].

ge 14

ge [BLOW].

giguru giguru [EDGE]. puzur (buzur bur 3 buru 3 )

puzur [SECRET].

šil 3

šil [EQUIPMENT].

šu 4

su [RED]. šu [BASKET] ( ĝeš šu 4 ). šu [TOTALITY].

šuš (šu 4 )

šuš [COVER].

šuš [SIXTH].

u (un 2 )

u [ABUSE].

u [EARTH].

u [FINGER].

u [GIFT].

u [HOLE].

u [TEN].

u [TOTALITY].

umun

en [LORD].

umun [BLOOD].

Akkadian workshop

Also: a 6 , bar x (U), bu 12 , gešbur x (U), gibiru, giburu, guru 12 , ha 3 , hu 3 , ušur 5 , utah x (U), utu x (U), 1(u).

The Sumerian verb burud [PERFORATE] has been created from the Semitic noun d né-bé-

ru or MUL ni-bi-rum [crossing of the ford, perforation of the waters] and the name of the ford itself is made of the ideogram horn + water [penetration of the waters by sheep]

The Sumerian phonetic values gibiru, giburu, guru 12 are derivatives of Akkadian ni-bi-rum

The reason for this suggested relationship between the two lies behind the name of the ford

where the ideogram

where the ideogram gibiru, giburu has been used to create a composite U + GAR

gibiru, giburu has been used to create a composite U

where the ideogram gibiru, giburu has been used to create a composite U + GAR

+ GAR

= PAD

= PAD

= PAD

GAR

where the ideogram gibiru, giburu has been used to create a composite U + GAR =

gar

gar [HEAP].

ĝar

aĝarak [FLUID].

ĝar [PLACE] (ĝar ar , ĝa 2 ĝar, ĝa 2 ĝar ar ).

menari

menari[ADMINISTRATOR].

ni 3

(see full listing)

nig 2

(see full listing)

niĝ 2 (ni 3 nig 2 nin 6 )

niĝ [THING].

ninda

ninda [BREAD].

nindan

nindan [POLE].

ša 2

(see full listing)

Akkadian workshop

Also: ga 4 , gara, garak 5 , inda 3 , inta 3 , kar 5 , ku x (GAR), mar 3 , mu 8 , nigi x (GAR), nik 2 , nim 5 , ninni 3 , niq 2 , niqi x (GAR), nita 4 , qar 3 , qara 3 ; , sa 15 , šikin, šu 7 .

Sumerian sipad [shepherd] = SI.A.PAD [element of the ford]

What is the relationship of Sumerian sipad [shepherd] = SI.A.PAD [element of the ford]

The answer is hidden in Semitic mythology. The Sumerian language alludes to the movements of the Jupiter [deus pater = father of the gods] who pastures the stars like sheep. This is the proof that Sumerian language was never spoken by man. You need several tablets and a dozen of secret ideograms to suggest that the name of the ford is related to the name of Jupiter, the shepherd and the crossing of the ford in the sky while stars are the sheep and Jupiter is the pastor. As you can see you need at least to learn the full story of a Semitic sky god in order to understand a single suggestion sipad [shepherd] = SI.A.PAD [element of the ford]. That means all the ideograms involved in the explanation of the name of the shepherd and the name of the ford must be ignored. Sumerian language works in tandem with Semitic religious propaganda and individual words do not matter at all. Consequently, the reader must take into account Sumerian texts in their entirety and not Sumerian words separated from the context they belong to. Sumerian words do not exist, as a result Sumerian language is fake.

Nibiru (also transliterated Neberu, Nebiru) is a term in the Akkadian language, translating to "crossing" or "point of transition", especially of rivers, i.e. river crossings or ferry-boats. In Babylonian astronomy, Nibiru (in cuneiform spelled d né-bé-ru or MUL ni-bi-rum) is a term of the highest point of the ecliptic, i.e. the point of summer solstice, and its associated constellation.

As the highest point in the paths of the planets, Nibiru was considered the seat of the summus deus who pastures the stars like sheep, in Babylon identified with Marduk. The establishment of the nibiru point is

described in tablet 5 of the creation epic Enûma Eliš;

“When Marduk fixed the locations (manzazu) of

Nibiru, Enlil and Ea in the sky". The Enuma Elish states:

Nibiru is [Marduk's] star, which he made appear in the heavens

[Nibiru] set their course;

[130-131] The stars of heaven, let him

... let him shepherd all the gods like sheep.

This interpretation of Marduk as the ruler of the cosmos has been suggested by some authors to imply an early monotheist tendency inBabylonian religion.

Nibiru is described more closely on a complete cuneiform tablet:

Nibiru, which is said to have occupied the passageways of heaven and earth, because everyone above and below asks Nibiru if they cannot find the passage. Nibiru is Marduk's star which the gods in heaven caused to be visible. Nibiru stands as a post at the turning point. The others say of Nibiru the post: "The one who crosses the middle of the sea (Tiamat) without calm, may his name be Nibiru, for he takes up the center of it". The path of the stars of the sky should be kept unchanged.

Böhl calls the text "objectively the most difficult passage, although it has been handed down in its entirety. The Nibiru tablet does not provide any essential help for the clarification."

In the enumerations, Nibiru is mentioned at different astronomical locations in conjunction with the positions of stars andplanets, mostly as the "star of Marduk", however, the various stars or planets were not subject to any fixed interpretation. For example, the "star of Ea" was described at various "revelation spots" including Vela, Fomalhaut, and Venus. Similar interpretations were made for the other "stars of the gods", so multiple celestial coordinates must be considered. Nibiru has been associated with the area of Libra: The Nibiru constellation rose in the month of Tišritum, around autumnal equinox, however Nibiru was also a name for the planet Jupiter when observed in the month of Tišritum. In the MUL.APIN, Nibiru is identified as Jupiter:

When the stars of Enlil have been finished, one big star – although its light is dim – divides the sky in half and stands there: that is, the star of Marduk (MUL d AMAR.UD), Nibiru (né-bé-ru), Jupiter

( MUL SAG.ME.GAR);

it keeps changing its position and crosses the sky.

Conversely, Tablets K.6174:9’ and K.12769:6’ refer to it as Mercury: "If Mercury ( MUL UDU.IDIM.GU 4 ) divides the sky and stands there, [its name] is Nibiru."