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INTRODUCTION

Technology and Livelihood Education (TLE) is one of the nomenclature in the implementation of the K to 12 Basic Education Program (BEP) composed of four components; namely, Agri-Fishery Arts, Home Economics, Industrial Arts and Information and Communication Technology. In this module, the focus is on Home Economics mini-course Beauty Care (Nail Services).

In this course, varied and relevant activities and opportunities are provided to demonstrate your understanding of concepts and underlying principles in Beauty Care (Nail Services) and provides quality, and fashionable manicuring service to target clients. This will also be a venue for you to assess yourself and identify aspects of business that you need to strengthen and safeguard before you take the plunge into the world of work.

Now that the workforce is far behind in equating the number of available jobs, the Department of Education is revitalizing its resources to lead the young minds and to prepare them skillfully as future beauty care provider. It is in honing the skills that learners can assure to have an edge of surviving the daily needs of oneself and of others. It seeks to provide students with the knowledge, skills, and motivation in the field of beauty care (nail services).

This module is specifically crafted to focus on the different activities that will assess your level in terms of skills and knowledge that you are expected to demonstrate after going through this learning materials. Learning procedures are divided into different sections - What to Know, What to Process, What to Reflect and Understand, and What to Transfer. Go over with the suggested tasks and accomplish them to practice developing a sustainable program, prioritizing needs and building vision.

So, explore and experience the K to 12 TLE module and be a step closer to a successful beauty care provider (nail services).

After finishing all the activities in this module, expect job opportunities in well known salon
After finishing all the activities in this module, expect job opportunities in
well known salon or be self-employed. Enjoy!
module, expect job opportunities in well known salon or be self-employed. Enjoy! Beauty Care – NAIL
module, expect job opportunities in well known salon or be self-employed. Enjoy! Beauty Care – NAIL

OBJECTIVES

At the end of this module, you, as a learner, are expected to:

1. Identify job opportunities through customersneeds and wants; and,

2. Provide quality, fashionable and trendy nail care service to target clients based on the prescribed standards in nail industry.

PRE-ASSESSSMENT

Before studying this module, take the pre-assessment test to find out what you already know about the course.

A. Multiple Choice

Directions: Choose the letter of the correct answer. Write the letter of your choice in your assignment notebook.

1. These refer to the hand held tools that must be sanitized or disposed after use with each client.

a. cosmetics

c. equipment

b. materials

d. implements

2. A tool that is used to push back or loosen the cuticles.

a. cuticle remover

b. nail file

c. cuticle nail pusher

d. emery board

3. An implement that is used to shape the free edge of the nail with the coarse side and bevel the nail with the finer side.

a. nail cutter

c. nail trimmer

b. nail file

d. nail buffer

4. A receptacle large enough to hold the disinfectant solution in which objects to be sanitized is immersed

a. hand spa machine

b. finger bowl

c. sanitized wipe container

d. disinfection container

5. The implement with pointed and rounded ends to remove excess polish.

a. orangewood stick

c. nail buffer

b. nail file

d. emery board

polish. a. orangewood stick c. nail buffer b. nail file d. emery board Beauty Care –
polish. a. orangewood stick c. nail buffer b. nail file d. emery board Beauty Care –

6.

It is the process of destroying all living micro-organisms.

a. sanitation

c. sterilization

b. disinfecting

d. fumigation

7. It is the process of destroying some, but not all micro-organisms using heat or

antiseptics.

a. sanitization

c. sterilization

b. disinfecting

d. fumigation

8. It is a substance used to control micro-organisms on non-living surfaces.

a. antiseptic

b. solvent

c. disinfectant

d. nail hardener

9. It is an agent that prevents the multiplication of micro-organisms.

a. antiseptic

b. solvent

c. disinfectant

d. nail hardener

10. It is the rubbing or kneading of parts of the body especially to aid circulation, relax the muscles, or provide sensual stimulation.

a.

toner

c. massage

b. oil

d. powder

11. It is the chance or probability that a person will be harmed or will experience an adverse health effect if exposed to a hazard

a. harm

c. ergonomics

b. risk

d. assessment

12. It is an adverse health effect on something or someone under certain conditions at work

a. harm

c. ergonomics

b. risk

d. experience

13. It is the traditional application of nail polish to the entire nail plate.

a. plain manicure

b. French manicure

14. The technical term for nail

c. elephant tusk

d. half-moon with tip

a. keratin

c. onyx

b. onychology

d. oncholgy

15. It is the main part or plate of nail that is attached to the skin at the tip of the finger.

a. nail root

c. free edge

b. nail plate

d. lunula

at the tip of the finger. a. nail root c. free edge b. nail plate d.
at the tip of the finger. a. nail root c. free edge b. nail plate d.

16.

It is a fungus infection of the nail that is usually caused when moisture seeps between an artificial nail and the free edge.

a. Onychogryposis

c.

Paronychia

b. Onycholysis

d.

Mold

17. A condition in which the nail loosens from the nail bed, beginning usually at the free edge and continuing to the lunula, but does not come off.

a. Paronychia

c. Onycholysis

b. Pyogenic Granuloma

d. Onychia

18. It is a condition in which a clot of blood forms under the nail plate caused by injury to the nail bed.

a. Bruised Nail

b. Discolored Nail

c. Eggshell Nail d. Hang nails

19. It is caused by air bubbles, a bruise, or other injury to the nail.

a. Hangnails

b. Leukonychia

c. Onychocryptosis d. Nevus

20. It is a severe inflammation of the nail in which a lump of red tissue grows up from the nail bed to the nail plate.

a. Paronychia

c. Onycholysis

b. Pyogenic Granuloma

d. Onychia

21. A common condition of the forward growth of the cuticle.

a. Discolored Nails

b. Eggshell Nail

c. Pterygium d. Bruised Nail

22. It is created by allowing the nail to grow out straight and then filing the tip straight across at right angles with the rest of the nail plate

a.

b.

Round Nail

Squoval Nail

c. Pointed Nail d. Square Nail

23. A chance or probability that a person will be harmed or experience an adverse health effect if exposed to a hazard

a. Risk

b. Harm

c. Identifying workplace hazards d. Occupational health and and safety (OHS)

24. This refers to the biological substances that pose a threat to the health of living organisms, primarily that of humans

a. Fire Hazards

b. Ergonomics

c. Biohazards d. Chemical Hazards

25. A beauty care provider spends a lot of time and effort in improving beauty parlor. She is

a. Creative

b. Responsive

c. Hard worker d. Opportunity seeker

beauty parlor. She is a. Creative b. Responsive c. Hard worker d. Opportunity seeker Beauty Care
beauty parlor. She is a. Creative b. Responsive c. Hard worker d. Opportunity seeker Beauty Care
LEARNING GOALS AND TARGETS

LEARNING GOALS AND TARGETS

As you go through this module, you will be able to assess yourself with the characteristics and competencies of a successful manicurist/pedicurist.

In view of the cited expectations among learners like you, the following are your activities to accomplish. This time, it is your duty to set goals and targets. Write your answer in your notebook

1 2 3 4
1
2
3
4

My goals at the end of this module are…

1 2 3 4 My goals at the end of this module are… My Targets are

My Targets are

Target 1

Target 2

Target 3

4 My goals at the end of this module are… My Targets are Target 1 Target
4 My goals at the end of this module are… My Targets are Target 1 Target
4 My goals at the end of this module are… My Targets are Target 1 Target
4 My goals at the end of this module are… My Targets are Target 1 Target
4 My goals at the end of this module are… My Targets are Target 1 Target
4 My goals at the end of this module are… My Targets are Target 1 Target

Lesson 1 USE OF NAIL CARE EQUIPMENT, IMPLEMENTS, COSMETICS, AND MATERIALS

OF NAIL CARE EQUIPMENT, IMPLEMENTS, COSMETICS, AND MATERIALS Nail care service is a cosmetic beauty treatment
OF NAIL CARE EQUIPMENT, IMPLEMENTS, COSMETICS, AND MATERIALS Nail care service is a cosmetic beauty treatment
OF NAIL CARE EQUIPMENT, IMPLEMENTS, COSMETICS, AND MATERIALS Nail care service is a cosmetic beauty treatment

Nail care service is a cosmetic beauty treatment for the fingernails and toenails performed at home or in a nail salon. This involves preparing the client, cleaning of fingernails and toenails, applying nail polish, and applying final retouch. These are given to both male and female customers.

You will earn more if you are knowledgeable, creative, and skillful in performing these tasks. This module will teach you how to give the best manicure/pedicure services. With constant practice and right materials, you can be excellent in your craft as professional manicurist/pedicurist.

Beauty Care NAIL CARE

Page

6

Know The activities ahead of you will refine your understanding about the concepts and theories
Know
Know

The activities ahead of you will refine your understanding about the concepts and theories of nail care. Readings and insights are provided to nurture the existing knowledge brought by the series of activities starting from your first day of reading this module. So keep going!

Activity 1. Open-Ended Statement

Directions: Complete the open-ended statements below with your perception, opinion or prior knowledge about classification of nail care equipment, implements, cosmetics and materials.

Topic: Nail Care Equipment, Implements, Cosmetics, and Materials

What I know about

What I can do in relation to

What I understand about

What I know about What I can do in relation to What I understand about Beauty
What I know about What I can do in relation to What I understand about Beauty

Activity 2.

Classification

Directions:

Classify the items below by putting a check (/) mark on the columns.

ITEM

EQUIPMENT

IMPLEMENTS

COSMETICS

MATERIALS

1.

Nail

       

Cutter/Clipper/Trimmer

2.

Orange Wood Stick

       

3.

Nail File

       

4.

Antiseptic Solution

       

5.

Alcohol

       

6.

Nail Buffer

       

7.

Mixing Bowl

       

8.

Pedicure Nail Brush

       

9.

Pumice stone

       

10.

Callous Remover

       

11.

Disinfectant

       

12.

Manicurist’s Stool

       

13.

Timer

       

14.

Manicure Table

       

15.

Cuticle Remover

       

16.

Hand Towel

       

17.

Cotton

       

18.

Nail Polish

       

19.

Cuticle Scissors

       

20.

Chairs

       
Scissors         20. Chairs         Beauty Care – NAIL CARE
Scissors         20. Chairs         Beauty Care – NAIL CARE

EQUIPMENT

Equipment are permanent items used in manicure that are durable and do not have to be replaced until they wear out.

The following are the equipment used in manicure.

1. Manicure Table with Adjustable Lamp

used in manicure. 1 . Manicure Table with Adjustable Lamp 2. Client’s chair and Manicurist’s chair

2. Client’s chair and Manicurist’s chair or stool.

Lamp 2. Client’s chair and Manicurist’s chair or stool. 3. Finger bowl Manicure Table is a

3. Finger bowl

chair and Manicurist’s chair or stool. 3. Finger bowl Manicure Table is a furniture especially designed

Manicure Table is a furniture especially designed for giving manicure. Usually it has a laminated plastic surface and a drawer for storing materials. It is often fitted with ball casters for easy mobility.

Manicurist's Chair or stool

is the adjustable

upholstered seat fitted over

a metal chrome.

Finger bowl is a plastic or

glass

bowl specially

soaking the

clients' fingers

shaped for

warm

in

water

and anti-bacterial

soap.

fingers shaped for warm in water and a nti-bacterial soap. Beauty Care – NAIL CARE Page
fingers shaped for warm in water and a nti-bacterial soap. Beauty Care – NAIL CARE Page
4. Disinfection container 5. Manicure pillow 6. Sanitized wipe container 7. Supply Tray 8. Electric

4. Disinfection container

5. Manicure pillow

6. Sanitized wipe

container

7. Supply Tray

8. Electric Nail dryer

wipe container 7. Supply Tray 8. Electric Nail dryer Disinfectant container is a receptacle large enough
wipe container 7. Supply Tray 8. Electric Nail dryer Disinfectant container is a receptacle large enough
wipe container 7. Supply Tray 8. Electric Nail dryer Disinfectant container is a receptacle large enough
wipe container 7. Supply Tray 8. Electric Nail dryer Disinfectant container is a receptacle large enough

Disinfectant container is a

receptacle large enough to hold the disinfectant solution in which objects to be sanitized is immersed.

A cover is provided with

most disinfection containers

to prevent contamination of

the solution when it is not in

use.

Manicure pillow is a hand cushion that helps a client to keep her hands steady and relaxed.

This container will hold clean absorbent cotton or lint-free wipes.

The tray holds cosmetics such as polishes, polish removers, and creams.

A nail dryer is an optional item used to shorten the length of time necessary for the client’s nails to dry.

item used to shorten the length of time necessary for the client’s nails to dry. Beauty
item used to shorten the length of time necessary for the client’s nails to dry. Beauty

IMPLEMENTS

Implements are handheld tools used in manicure which are durable and must be sanitized (or disposed) of after each use with each client.

The following are the implements used in manicure.

1. Orangewood stick

2. Steel Pusher

3. Metal nail file

4. Emery board

5. Cuticle Nipper

An instrument with pointed and rounded ends used to remove excess nail polish. Disposable in nature.

It is used to push back and loosen cuticle.

It is used to shape the free edge of hard or sculptured nails.

It is used for filing soft and fragile nails. It is a wooden, sand paper-like stick with a fine texture on one side and a coarse texture on the other side.

It is used to trim excess cuticle at the base of the nail.

on the other side. It is used to trim excess cuticle at the base of the
on the other side. It is used to trim excess cuticle at the base of the
on the other side. It is used to trim excess cuticle at the base of the
on the other side. It is used to trim excess cuticle at the base of the
on the other side. It is used to trim excess cuticle at the base of the
on the other side. It is used to trim excess cuticle at the base of the
on the other side. It is used to trim excess cuticle at the base of the

6. Tweezers

7. Nail Brush

8. Nail Buffer

9. Fingernail Clippers

MATERIALS

It is used to lift small bits of cuticle from the nail.

It is used to clean fingernails and remove bits of cuticle with warm soapy water.

An implement used for smoothening and polishing the nails.

It is used to trim the nails.

and polishing the nails. It is used to trim the nails. Materials are supplies that are
and polishing the nails. It is used to trim the nails. Materials are supplies that are
and polishing the nails. It is used to trim the nails. Materials are supplies that are
and polishing the nails. It is used to trim the nails. Materials are supplies that are

Materials are supplies that are used during a manicure and need to be replaced for each client. The following are the materials used in manicure:

1.Disposable towels

1.Disposable towels It is use d to cover the clients’ cushion before each manicure. It is

It is used to cover the clients’ cushion before each manicure. It is also used to dry a client’s hands after soaking in the fingerbowl.

It is also used to dry a client’s hands after soaking in the fingerbowl. Beauty Care
It is also used to dry a client’s hands after soaking in the fingerbowl. Beauty Care
2. Cotton or cotton balls Cotton is a soft white downy fiber for dubbing or
2. Cotton or cotton balls
Cotton is a soft white downy fiber for
dubbing or cleaning the nails and
removing nail polish.
It is used to remove nail cosmetics from
their containers.
3. Plastic Spatula
4. Garbage bins/bags
Garbage bins/bags are plastic
disposable bags or trash receptacles
used to contain rubbish to keep the
place clean.
5.First Aid Kit
A collection of supplies for use in
giving first aid.
clean. 5.First Aid Kit A collection of supplies for use in giving first aid. Beauty Care
clean. 5.First Aid Kit A collection of supplies for use in giving first aid. Beauty Care

NAIL COSMETICS

As a manicurist, it is your job to know the use of nail cosmetics and what ingredients it contains. You also need to know how to apply each cosmetics and when to avoid using the products because of client’s allergies or sensitivities. Below are the different nail cosmetics:

 
   
 

1. Antibacterial soap

It is mixed with warm water and used in the fingerbowl. An antibacterial agent used to sanitize the client’s hands.

 
 
   
 

2. Nail Polish Remover ( acetone)

An organic solvent used to dissolve and remove old nail polish.

 
 
   
 

3. Cuticle remover

It is a liquid used to soften nail cuticles and prepare them to be cut.

 
It is a liquid used to soften nail cuticles and prepare them to be cut.  
It is a liquid used to soften nail cuticles and prepare them to be cut.  
 
   
 

4. Cuticle oil

It keeps the cuticle soft and helps to prevent hangnails. It gives added touch to the finish of manicure.

 
 
   
 

5. Solvent

Solvent is a substance used to thin out the nail polish when it has thickened.

 
 
   
 

6. Nail bleach

It is used to remove yellow stains.

 
 
   
 

7. Nail whitener

Nail whiteners are applied under the free edge of the nail to make the nail appear white.

 
 
   
 

8. Hand cream or hand

It helps the skin retain its moisture, so hands are not dry, cracked, and wrinkled.

lotion

 
its moisture, so hands are not dry, cracked, and wrinkled. lotion   Beauty Care – NAIL
its moisture, so hands are not dry, cracked, and wrinkled. lotion   Beauty Care – NAIL

9. Assorted colored Nail Polish

9. Assorted colored Nail Polish These are lacquers applied on fingernails and toenails to decorate and/or

These are lacquers applied on fingernails and toenails to decorate and/or protect the nail plate.

   
    A primer application that serves

A

primer application that serves

10. Base Coat

to prepare nail surface for enamel application. It also gives a good quality grip to enamel, smoothen out minor surface nail irregularities. It prevents the enamel from chipping.

 

11. Nail strengthener/

11. Nail strengthener/ It is applied to the natural nail

It

is applied to the natural nail

Hardener

before the base coat to prevent splitting and peeling of the nail. ( Optional)

12. Top coat or sealer

12. Top coat or sealer It is a colorless polish applied

It

is a colorless polish applied

over colored polish to prevent enamel chipping and promotes

longer wearing of nail polish.

13. Liquid nail dry

 
13. Liquid nail dry   It is used to prevent smudging

It

is used to prevent smudging

(Quick dry)

of the nail polish. It promotes

rapid drying and prevents the polish from getting dull. (Optional)

:

***

rapid drying and prevents the polish from getting dull. (Optional) : *** Beauty Care – NAIL
rapid drying and prevents the polish from getting dull. (Optional) : *** Beauty Care – NAIL
Process Now that you know the uses of the different tools, implements, and cosmetics used
Process
Process

Now that you know the uses of the different tools, implements, and cosmetics used in manicure, below are illustrations on the proper way of handling these supplies.

Activity 1:

Directions:

Immersion

In pairs, perform the proper ways of handling some nail care equipment and implements.

Success in nail care service depends on the correct and proper way of handling equipment and implements. Your client will trust you if they know that you are confident in what you are doing.

1. Nail File

Hold the file firmly with your dominant hand Position the nail file and tilt it slightly under the free edge of the nail and file nails by sliding the nail file across the free edge to center of nail in one stroke. Work from corner to center of the nail; avoid sawing action to prevent splitting or breakage of nails. Do not file too deep into corners. Inspect the free edges if there are rough spots, file nails by lightly filing in

downward stroke with fine side of the emery board

filing in downward stroke with fine side of the emery board 2. Emery Board It is

2. Emery Board

It is held in the same manner as the nail file. File the rough surface of the nail using the fine side to smoothen it.

3. Orangewood Stick

It is held in the same manner as in writing with a pencil. To loosen cuticle, work around nail; for applying cuticle solvent, slightly dip the cotton- tipped orangewood stick and work around the base of the nail to clean under the free edge of the nail, from the center toward each side, with gentle pressure so that live tissue at the root of the nail will not be injured.

gentle pressure so that live tissue at the root of the nail will not be injured.
gentle pressure so that live tissue at the root of the nail will not be injured.
gentle pressure so that live tissue at the root of the nail will not be injured.
gentle pressure so that live tissue at the root of the nail will not be injured.

4. Cuticle Nail Pusher

It is held in the same manner as in writing with a pencil. The dull spade side is used to push back and loosen the cuticles. Keep cuticle moist using cuticle remover while working.

5. Cuticle Nipper

Pick up the cuticle nipper by the handles and turn the cutting edges towards you; place the bent tip of the index finger over the top of the shank. Place the thumb on the side of the handle and the remaining fingers over the opposite handle.

6. Nail Clippers

Hold clippers with cutting edges downward between thumb, index, and middle finger. Press clipper handles by squeezing them together and removes excess nail length.

7. Nail Brush

Insert the ring finger and pinky in the nail brush handle and brush the nails with a downward motion from the base to the fingertips to clean the nails and fingers.

8. Nail Buffer

Place the thumb and the ring finger under the handle of the buffer while the index and the middle fingers are on its top and the pinky is on its side.

middle fingers are on its top and the pinky is on its side. Learning to use
middle fingers are on its top and the pinky is on its side. Learning to use
middle fingers are on its top and the pinky is on its side. Learning to use
middle fingers are on its top and the pinky is on its side. Learning to use
middle fingers are on its top and the pinky is on its side. Learning to use
middle fingers are on its top and the pinky is on its side. Learning to use
middle fingers are on its top and the pinky is on its side. Learning to use
middle fingers are on its top and the pinky is on its side. Learning to use

Learning to use equipment and implements properly assures you that you will give your client a nail care service safely. You should carefully follow these tips if you want to achieve quality service at all times.

carefully follow these tips if you want to achieve quality service at all times. Beauty Care
carefully follow these tips if you want to achieve quality service at all times. Beauty Care
Now that you already know the use of the different tools, implements and materials, let
Now that you already know the use of the different tools,
implements and materials, let us check how much you learned
from this lesson.

Activity 2. Tracing Quality Nail Care Service

Directions: Your class will be divided into five groups. You will think of the possible activities of a manicurist/pedicurist that will lead to a quality nail care service. The fishbone diagram will be used for this purpose. Your output should be written on a Manila paper.

Tip no. 1 Tip no. 2 Tip no. 3 Quality nail care services Tip no.
Tip no. 1
Tip no. 2
Tip no. 3
Quality nail
care services
Tip no. 4
Tip no. 5
Tip no. 6

Activity 3. Solving the problem

If you are going to start a home service as a manicurist/pedicurist and your parents will give you P500.00 to start your work, what are the equipment, implements, cosmetics and materials that you are going to buy first?

Explain and write your answers in your notebook.

that you are going to buy first? Explain and write your answers in your notebook. Beauty
that you are going to buy first? Explain and write your answers in your notebook. Beauty

Activity 4. Use of nail care implements

Directions: Demonstrate and explain the proper use of the following nail care implements:

a. orangewood stick

b. cuticle nail pusher

c. cuticle nipper

d. nail file e. nail cutter

Let us see how well you performed in the activity using the rubrics below.

CRITERIA

POINTS

Demonstrated the proper way of using all the nail care implements

15

pts

Demonstrated the proper way of using most of the nail care implements

10

pts

Demonstrated the proper way of using some of the nail care implements

5 pts

Failed to demonstrate the proper way of using the nail care implements.

1 pt.

Rating Scale:

15- Very Good 10- Good 5- Fair

1- Needs Improvement

Oral Presentation Rubric

Very good (has no more than three minor errors)

Satisfactory (has four to seven errors)

Poor (has more than seven errors)

1. Gave an interesting introduction

     

2. Presented clear information of the topic in logical manner.

     

3. Used complete sentence

     

4. Offered a concluding summary

     

5. Spoke clearly, correctly, distinctly, and confidently

     

6. Maintained eye contact

     

7. Maintained acceptable posture.

     

8. Utilized audio-visual aids

     

9. Handled questions and comments

     

Total

     
questions and comments       Total       Beauty Care – NAIL CARE Page
questions and comments       Total       Beauty Care – NAIL CARE Page

LESSON 2 MAINTAIN TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT

LESSON 2 MAINTAIN TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT Beauty Care – NAIL CARE Page 21
LESSON 2 MAINTAIN TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT Beauty Care – NAIL CARE Page 21
LESSON 2 MAINTAIN TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT Beauty Care – NAIL CARE Page 21
Know As a manicurist, you should give attention to the proper maintenance of nail care
Know
Know

As a manicurist, you should give attention to the proper maintenance of nail care implements and equipment. They should be properly cleaned and disinfected after servicing each client. The information listed below will help you learn how to sanitize nail care equipment and implements as well as your nail care station.

Activity: Concept Mapping

Directions: Explain the importance of the following process in nail care services.

Sterilization

Sanitation

process in nail care services. Sterilization Sanitation Importance in nail care services Disinfectant Antiseptic
process in nail care services. Sterilization Sanitation Importance in nail care services Disinfectant Antiseptic

Importance in nail care services

Sterilization Sanitation Importance in nail care services Disinfectant Antiseptic Conclusion: Beauty Care – NAIL
Sterilization Sanitation Importance in nail care services Disinfectant Antiseptic Conclusion: Beauty Care – NAIL

Disinfectant

Antiseptic

Conclusion:

Sanitation Importance in nail care services Disinfectant Antiseptic Conclusion: Beauty Care – NAIL CARE Page 22
Sanitation Importance in nail care services Disinfectant Antiseptic Conclusion: Beauty Care – NAIL CARE Page 22

Sterilization and Sanitation of Nail Care Equipment and Implements

Sterilization is the process of destroying all living micro- organisms.
Sterilization is the process of
destroying all living micro-
organisms.
Disinfectant -is a substance used to control micro-organisms on non-living surfaces such as tools, equipment,
Disinfectant
-is a substance used to
control micro-organisms on
non-living surfaces such as
tools, equipment, and
furniture/ fixtures.

vs.

vs.

Sanitization is the process of destroying some, not all microorganisms. Sterilization and sanitization techniques
Sanitization is the process of
destroying some, not all
microorganisms. Sterilization
and sanitization techniques
applied in the beauty salon
involve the use of physical
agents like heat and radiation;
and chemical agents like
antiseptics and vapor
Antiseptic - is an agent that prevents the multiplication of microorganisms. Since it is milder
Antiseptic
- is an agent that prevents the
multiplication of microorganisms.
Since it is milder than a
disinfectant, it can be used directly
on the skin.

Preparation of Equipment to be Sanitized

a. Read directions on disinfectant.

b. Measure and mix the disinfectant as directed.

c. Saturate a cleaning cloth with disinfectant solution and wipe entire surface area of equipment.

d. Wipe the surface dry with paper towel to dry it.

e. Dispose of sanitizing solution and used towels.

dry with paper towel to dry it. e. Dispose of sanitizing solution and used towels. Beauty
dry with paper towel to dry it. e. Dispose of sanitizing solution and used towels. Beauty

Preparation of Metal Implements for Sterilization

a. Soak the implements in hot, soapy water solution to remove any debris and oil residue. Rinse them thoroughly.

b. Place the implements in a 70% to 90% alcohol solution for 20 minutes.

c. Remove the implements from solution, wipe them dry, and place them into a dry sterilizer.

Preparation of the Sanitizing Jar

a.

Cleanse the sanitizing jar with disinfectant and wipe it dry.

b.

Place thin layer of sterile cotton at the bottom of jar.

c.

Remove implements from wet or dry sanitizer and place them into the jar, handles up, except for metal nail files.

d.

Fill the jar with 70% to 90% alcohol solution to cover cutting edges and tips

of

orangewood sticks.

Keep in mind that all tools/implements and equipment should not be used unless effectively sanitized or sterilized so as to prevent potential diseases. Ensure that all materials are neatly organized. All manicurists should maintain a high standard of personal hygiene.

***

organized. All manicurists should maintain a high standard of personal hygiene. *** Beauty Care – NAIL
organized. All manicurists should maintain a high standard of personal hygiene. *** Beauty Care – NAIL

Safekeeping and Storage of Tools and Implements

It is vital to sterilize metal implements, sanitize wooden tools, and disinfect hand and foot spa machines as well as environmental surfaces before and after each use. Contaminated tools can cause bacterial and fungal infections that are unsightly, painful and sometimes, fatal. There are several methods of cleaning and sterilization. Do a cursory cleaning after each nail care service and deep-clean monthly to keep tools safe and useful all the time.

1. Sterilize metal implements after each use in a hospital-grade disinfectant that is bactericidal, virucidal, and fungicidal. This disinfectant can be found in beauty supply stores. Immerse the tools in the disinfectant for 10 minutes.

2. Disinfect foot basins after each use with a bleach solution. Make a 1-to-10 solution by mixing one part bleach with 10 parts water. Using gloves, rinse the basin with the solution to disinfect. If necessary, scrub with a detergent to remove any dirt or debris.

3. Use a boiling method of sterilization once a month to disinfect all metal implements. Designate one pot for sterilization to prevent cross-contamination with food. Submerge the tools in boiling water for 10 minutes. Drain the tools and allow them to dry.

4. Store sterilized metal implements in an airtight, zipper-sealed bag to keep them from being exposed to dirt and bacteria. Be sure tools are completely dry before storing them. If waiting more than a couple of weeks before the next nail care service, sterilize the tools again before use.

5. Inspect tools and equipment regularly to identify defective ones for repair, replacement or condemnation.

Keeping the Workplace Clean and Safe

1. All beauty salons must be well-lighted and well-ventilated and must be in good sanitary condition.

2. The salon premises must be free from rodents, vermin, flies or other similar insects.

3. All salon establishments must be provided with continuous running hot and cold water.

4. The curtains and floor coverings in the salon must be washable and kept clean.

4. The curtains and floor coverings in the salon must be washable and kept clean. Beauty
4. The curtains and floor coverings in the salon must be washable and kept clean. Beauty

5.

All hair, used cotton or other waste materials must be removed from the floor immediately, and deposited in a closed container. Get rid of them from the salon premises at frequent intervals.

6. The rest rooms must be well-sanitized and be provided with individual towels.

7. Each beautician must wear a washable uniform while working on clients.

8. Each client must be provided with a freshly laundered towel.

9. All waste materials should be disposed of in an enclosed waste bin fitted with polythene bin liner, durable enough to resist tearing.

See to it that functional tools and equipment are stored safely in accordance with salon requirements and local health regulations. Non-functional or faulty tools and equipment are segregated and labeled properly either for repair or for discarding.

Let us remember…
Let us remember…

Do the following measures after every manicure service:

1. Tools which are made of plastic should be kept clean and sanitized properly in preparation for the next use.

2. Empty bottles and containers are discarded in a separate trash bin.

3. Used cosmetic products and other chemicals are stored, arranged and properly labeled.

4. Finger bowls must be cleansed and sanitized before use for the next patron.

5. Metal tools and instruments must be sterilized following proper sterilization techniques. After the process, store it in a dry cabinet until needed.

6. Tools/Implements which are made of porous materials such as nail files, buffers, nail brushes and orangewood sticks can harbor bacteria easily. Since they are wood products which cannot be sterilized, these tools are disposables.

7. Waste materials should be disposed of properly in an enclosed waste container fitted with polythene bag and should be sanitized with disinfectant regularly in a well-ventilated area. Remember to wear protective gloves while doing this.

8. Contaminated wastes should be disposed of, following the right procedures prescribed by local authorities.

9. Any tool or equipment in poor condition must be repaired immediately or disposed of properly for the safety of both client and manicurist.

immediately or disposed of properly for the safety of both client and manicurist. Beauty Care –
immediately or disposed of properly for the safety of both client and manicurist. Beauty Care –
*** Process The activities that follow can test your ability to work as an individual

***

Process
Process

The activities that follow can test your ability to work as an individual and as a member in a group. Remember that you are catering people and so you need to be acquainted in the process of taking care of your clients. Go as you grow in the field of nail care.

Activity 1. Workshop (Group Activities)

Directions: Using the lecturette in the previous pages, discuss and synthesize the article with your group using the graphic organizers below. After discussion, the output will be presented by each reporter for five minutes only.

Group A: Ladder

by each reporter for five minutes only. Group A: Ladder Group B: Step-by-step chart Steps Details
by each reporter for five minutes only. Group A: Ladder Group B: Step-by-step chart Steps Details
by each reporter for five minutes only. Group A: Ladder Group B: Step-by-step chart Steps Details
by each reporter for five minutes only. Group A: Ladder Group B: Step-by-step chart Steps Details
by each reporter for five minutes only. Group A: Ladder Group B: Step-by-step chart Steps Details

Group B: Step-by-step chart

Steps Details
Steps
Details
for five minutes only. Group A: Ladder Group B: Step-by-step chart Steps Details Beauty Care –
for five minutes only. Group A: Ladder Group B: Step-by-step chart Steps Details Beauty Care –

Group C: Process Order Chart

Group C: Process Order Chart Topic Oral Presentation Rubric Oral Presentation Rubric     Very good
Group C: Process Order Chart Topic Oral Presentation Rubric Oral Presentation Rubric     Very good
Group C: Process Order Chart Topic Oral Presentation Rubric Oral Presentation Rubric     Very good
Topic
Topic
Group C: Process Order Chart Topic Oral Presentation Rubric Oral Presentation Rubric     Very good
Group C: Process Order Chart Topic Oral Presentation Rubric Oral Presentation Rubric     Very good
Group C: Process Order Chart Topic Oral Presentation Rubric Oral Presentation Rubric     Very good
Group C: Process Order Chart Topic Oral Presentation Rubric Oral Presentation Rubric     Very good
Group C: Process Order Chart Topic Oral Presentation Rubric Oral Presentation Rubric     Very good
Group C: Process Order Chart Topic Oral Presentation Rubric Oral Presentation Rubric     Very good
Group C: Process Order Chart Topic Oral Presentation Rubric Oral Presentation Rubric     Very good
Group C: Process Order Chart Topic Oral Presentation Rubric Oral Presentation Rubric     Very good
Group C: Process Order Chart Topic Oral Presentation Rubric Oral Presentation Rubric     Very good
Group C: Process Order Chart Topic Oral Presentation Rubric Oral Presentation Rubric     Very good
Group C: Process Order Chart Topic Oral Presentation Rubric Oral Presentation Rubric     Very good
Group C: Process Order Chart Topic Oral Presentation Rubric Oral Presentation Rubric     Very good

Oral Presentation Rubric

Oral Presentation Rubric

 
 

Very good

Satisfactory (has four to seven errors)

Poor

(has

no

(has more

more

than

than

three

seven

minor

 

errors)

errors)

1. Gave an interesting introduction

     

2. Presented clear explanation of topic

     

3. Presented information in logical manner

     

4. Used complete sentence

     

5. Offered a concluding summary

     

6. Spoke clearly, correctly, distinctly, and confidently

     

7. Maintained eye contact

     

8. Maintained acceptable posture.

     
      8. Maintained acceptable posture.       Beauty Care – NAIL CARE Page
      8. Maintained acceptable posture.       Beauty Care – NAIL CARE Page

9. Utilized audio-visual aids

10. Handled questions and comments

Total

Grand Total

Deepen your understanding in the world of manicuring by accomplishing all the suggested activities. Activity
Deepen
your
understanding
in
the
world
of
manicuring
by
accomplishing all the suggested activities.
Activity 2. Selecting your mood

Directions:

A.

B.

Answer the questions below in your notebook and be able to read them it in class. You can copy or draw your own smiley face that corresponds

to

your answers.

draw your own smiley face that corresponds to your answers . Assuming that you are a
Assuming that you are a Manicurist, would you enjoy your work?
Assuming that you are a Manicurist,
would you enjoy your work?

C. What are the most important things that you have learned from the lesson? Give some details.

the most important things that you have learned from the lesson? Give some details. Beauty Care
the most important things that you have learned from the lesson? Give some details. Beauty Care

The most important things that I've learned from this lesson are:

Activity 3. Communicate (Brochure making)

this lesson are: Activity 3. Communicate (Brochure making) Directions: Create a brochure highlighting how would you

Directions: Create a brochure highlighting how would you maintain nail care implements and equipment. Be sure to provide details about how can maintaining nail care implements and equipments attract customers and generate livelihood income.

Criteria

 

Descriptions

 

Value

   

1

 

2

3

 

4

 

Display

All

parts

are

Some

parts

Most

parts

All parts are clearly labeled

 

not

clearly

are

clearly

are

clearly

labeled.

 

labeled

labeled.

Mechanics

There

are

There

are

There

are

There are no

 

and Spelling

many

several

minor

mistakes

in

mistakes

in

mistakes

in

mistakes

in

mechanics

mechanics

mechanics

mechanics

and/or

and/or

and/or

and/or

spelling.

spelling.

spelling.

 

spelling.

 

Presentation

The brochure

The brochure is presented as difficult for the audience to understand

The brochure

The brochure

 

is presented

is

presented

is

presented

as

very

as

less

as

easy

for

difficult for the audience to understand

difficult

for

the audience

the audience

to

 

to

understand

 
 

understand

 

Layout

Layout

is

Layout

is

Layout

is

Layout

is

 

confusing.

somewhat

almost

well

Components

organized.

organized.

organized.

 

are

Most

of

the

Most

There

is

inconsistent

components

components

consistency

and

are

not

are

in

its

information

is

organized.

consistent

components

missing.

Partial

within

the

that

allows

 

information

publication.

the

readers

can

be

Almost

all

to

easily

located

information

locate

 

can

be

information.

located.

         

Total

 

Student’s

comments:

Teacher’s

comments:

    Total   Student’s comments: Teacher’s comments: Beauty Care – NAIL CARE Page 30
    Total   Student’s comments: Teacher’s comments: Beauty Care – NAIL CARE Page 30

LESSON 3

Practice Occupational Health and Safety Procedures

LESSON 3 Practice Occupational Health and Safety Procedures Know As a competent manicurist, you goal is
LESSON 3 Practice Occupational Health and Safety Procedures Know As a competent manicurist, you goal is
Know
Know

As a competent manicurist, you goal is to give the highest professional nail care service to your client. Thus, all occupational health and safety procedures should be observed at all times in a nail salon or even in your on call services.

Activity. Safety First

Directions: Determine the type of hazard a manicurist is exposed base on the description given in each item. Give the correct answer for each number.

1. Pose threat to the health of living organism

 

L

 

O

I

L

B

O

C

A

I

G

2.Forceful repetitive movements

 
 

S

E

R

O

I

N

M

C

O

G

3.Substances used at work

 
 

C

 

A

 

M

 

I

C

L

E

H

 
    C   A   M   I C L E H   Beauty Care
    C   A   M   I C L E H   Beauty Care

4. Force exerted activity

   

A

 

A

 

N

 

L

U

M

5.Twisted extension cord

 
 

G

H

I

H

A

N

D

L

Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) is a planned system of working to prevent illness and injury at work by recognizing and identifying hazards and risks. Health and safety procedure is the responsibility of all persons in the beauty service industries. You must identify the hazards where you are working and evaluate how dangerous they are. Eliminate the hazard or modify the risk that it presents.

Harm- is an adverse health effects on something or someone under certain conditions at work.

Risk - the chance or probability that a person will be harmed or experience an adverse health effect if exposed to a hazard.

Identifying workplace hazards means looking for those things at your workplace that have the potential to cause harm.

Common hazards in a beauty salon

There are many hazards present at a beauty salon that deserves your attention. Use this guide as a starting point for conducting a risk assessment at your facility to correct potential hazards and to keep your clientssafety.

1) Electrical Hazard

and to keep your clients ’ safety. 1) Electrical Hazard Ask a qualified electrician to check

Ask a qualified electrician to check all pieces of electrical equipment in the workplace annually or as often as possible

all pieces of electrical equipment in the workplace annually or as often as possible Beauty Care
all pieces of electrical equipment in the workplace annually or as often as possible Beauty Care

Many of the electrical appliances used in the beauty salons can create serious health and safety risks, particularly in wet conditions. Damage to equipment increases this risk. Electrical shock can result in electrocution, burns, and injuries from falls.

2.)

Chemical Hazard

burns, and injuries from falls. 2.) Chemical Hazard Good ventilation can get rid of the fumes

Good ventilation can get rid of the fumes and chemical smell that builds up in a salon. Use appropriate personal protective clothing (PPE).

These are substances used and/or produced at work that have the potential to harm the health and safety of people at work. Health effects of some hazardous substances include skin irritation, coughs, asthma, sensitization, poisoning and cancer

3.) Fire Hazard

asthma, sensitization, poisoning and cancer 3.) Fire Hazard An emergency exit way will be the easiest

An emergency exit way will be the easiest route by which all of the clients and staff can leave the building or salon safely.

As a beauty salon staff, you must be aware of and trained in fire and emergency evacuation procedures in the workplace.

4.) Biological Hazards

procedures in the workplace. 4 .) Biological Hazards Nail technicians must assume that all blood and

Nail technicians must assume that all blood and other body substances are potential sources of infection.

Biohazards also refer to biological substances that pose a threat to the health of living organisms, primarily that of humans. Micro-organisms live on skin, in food and dirt are easily spread between clients and manicurist/pedicurist and are easily transferred by contact with unwashed hands, soiled equipment or contact with blood and body substances.

5). Ergonomics

or contact with blood and body substances. 5). Ergonomics Paying attention to how you perform these

Paying attention to how you perform these tasks can prevent many injuries, e.g. lower back, neck, wrist, and shoulder pain.

tasks can prevent many injuries, e.g. lower back, neck, wrist, and shoulder pain. Beauty Care –
tasks can prevent many injuries, e.g. lower back, neck, wrist, and shoulder pain. Beauty Care –

Manicurist/pedicurist use forceful repetitive movements such as filing and buffing nails and holding uncomfortable positions for long period of time, thereby increasing risk for musculoskeletal injuries.

Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) at Work

Personal protective equipment is clothing equipment designed to be worn by a manicurist or salon workers to protect them from risks of injury or illness. It should only be considered as a control measure when exposure to a risk that cannot be minimized.

The following are personal protective clothing of a salon worker:

are personal protective clothing of a salon worker: Gloves Splash proof apron Eyewear Protective mask Advantages

Gloves

are personal protective clothing of a salon worker: Gloves Splash proof apron Eyewear Protective mask Advantages

Splash proof apron

clothing of a salon worker: Gloves Splash proof apron Eyewear Protective mask Advantages of wearing PPE

Eyewear

of a salon worker: Gloves Splash proof apron Eyewear Protective mask Advantages of wearing PPE at

Protective mask

Advantages of wearing PPE at work:

a. Prevents damage to workers’ nails and skin.

b. To prevent skin from absorbing potentially harmful chemicals which may cause skin allergies, irritation, or other related problems.

c. So as not to generate a lot of dust, it may be necessary to wear a dust mask to minimize breathing in particles while filing or buffing nails.

d. Protects the wearer's face and prevents the breathing of air contaminated with chemical and/or biological agents

prevents the breathing of air contaminated with chemical and/or biological agents Beauty Care – NAIL CARE
prevents the breathing of air contaminated with chemical and/or biological agents Beauty Care – NAIL CARE
Process Activity 1. Process Order Chart Directions: Give the common hazards in the beauty salon
Process
Process

Activity 1. Process Order Chart

Directions:

Give the common hazards in the beauty salon and discuss briefly the advantages of observing safety in the beauty salon.

the advantages of observing safety in the beauty salon. Advantages of observing safety in the beauty
the advantages of observing safety in the beauty salon. Advantages of observing safety in the beauty
the advantages of observing safety in the beauty salon. Advantages of observing safety in the beauty
Advantages of observing safety in the beauty salon
Advantages of
observing safety in
the beauty salon
salon. Advantages of observing safety in the beauty salon Activity 2 .Group activity Directions: Visit a
salon. Advantages of observing safety in the beauty salon Activity 2 .Group activity Directions: Visit a
salon. Advantages of observing safety in the beauty salon Activity 2 .Group activity Directions: Visit a
salon. Advantages of observing safety in the beauty salon Activity 2 .Group activity Directions: Visit a
salon. Advantages of observing safety in the beauty salon Activity 2 .Group activity Directions: Visit a
salon. Advantages of observing safety in the beauty salon Activity 2 .Group activity Directions: Visit a
salon. Advantages of observing safety in the beauty salon Activity 2 .Group activity Directions: Visit a
salon. Advantages of observing safety in the beauty salon Activity 2 .Group activity Directions: Visit a
salon. Advantages of observing safety in the beauty salon Activity 2 .Group activity Directions: Visit a
salon. Advantages of observing safety in the beauty salon Activity 2 .Group activity Directions: Visit a
salon. Advantages of observing safety in the beauty salon Activity 2 .Group activity Directions: Visit a
salon. Advantages of observing safety in the beauty salon Activity 2 .Group activity Directions: Visit a
salon. Advantages of observing safety in the beauty salon Activity 2 .Group activity Directions: Visit a

Activity 2 .Group activity

Directions: Visit a nail salon nearby your place. Use the checklist below to serve as your basis in evaluating hazards and risks in a nail salon. The checklist is consists of questions on types of occupational hazards. The questions can be answered by “YES” or “NO”. Measures that can be taken to eliminate or reduce hazard are often already indicated by questions themselves. This checklist is not intended to cover all the risks of every workplace but to help you put the method into practice.

cover all the risks of every workplace but to help you put the method into practice.
cover all the risks of every workplace but to help you put the method into practice.
 

Does the hazard exist at the workplace?

A.

Physical load and ergonomic workplace design

YES

NO

1.

Do clients’ and nail technicians’ seats

enable a good working posture for

   

the variety of different tasks carried out by a nail technician?

2.

Does the amount of working space cause uncomfortable working postures?

   

3.

Do nail technicians work in solid shoes (without heels) that give good support and enable a good working posture?

   

4.

Do nail technicians complain about the climate or smell in the salon?

   

5.

Is there sufficient light for safe and efficient task performance?

   

B.

Working with chemicals hazards

   

1.

Are all information about the hazards of the chemicals available and known to all employees?

   

2.

Are employees sufficiently protected from exposure to chemical ?

   

3.

Are the manufacturers’ safety instructions followed?

   

4.

Have employees been instructed on working safely with dangerous materials?

   

5.

Are protective gloves routinely being used for chemical tasks and for cleaning tasks by all employees?

   

6.

Are all employees instructed in the use of, and encouraged to use, protective gloves and creams?

   

C.

Electrical risks, slips, trips, and falls

   

1.

Are the floors slippery and dirty, during work time?

   

2.

Are aisles or passageways tidy free from cords, electrical cables and extension boards lying on the floor?

   

3.

Do the employees wear slippery shoes?

   

4.

Is electrical equipment (foot spa machine) used according to the suppliers’ safety instruction?

   

5.

Are the electrical devices and cables undamaged and regularly examined?

   

6.

Are electrical devices protected against splash water?

   
6. Are electrical devices protected against splash water?     Beauty Care – NAIL CARE Page
6. Are electrical devices protected against splash water?     Beauty Care – NAIL CARE Page
As a manicurist, you have a sense of duty for your own health and safety
As a manicurist, you have a sense of duty for your own health and safety
As a manicurist, you have a sense of duty for your own health
and safety at work. You have the responsibility to follow safety
instructions in the workplace. You also have to take all the
reasonable care not to put your client at risk.

Activity 3. Identifying Hazards and Risks

Directions: Look for hazards and risks that might be present in your salon. Place a sticker whenever you find possible hazards inside your workplace. Identify and give the possible risks that might happen.

PARTS OF THE SALON

HAZARDS

RISKS

1.

   

2.

   

3.

   

4.

   

5.

   

6.

   

7.

   

8.

   

9.

   

10.

   
7.     8.     9.     10.     Beauty Care – NAIL
7.     8.     9.     10.     Beauty Care – NAIL

Lesson 4:

Manicure and Pedicure Services

Lesson 4: Manicure and Pedicure Services Know The activities ahead will refine your understanding of the
Know
Know

The activities ahead will refine your understanding of the anatomy of nails and its diseases and disorders.

A. Basic Information on Hands and Nails

and disorders. A. Basic Information on Hands and Nails Activity. Familiarization Directions: Look at the pictures

Activity. Familiarization

Directions:

Look at the pictures below. How would you describe them? Do you think they are healthy or suffering from diseases /disorders? Write your reactions on a separate sheet of paper.

Write your reactions on a separate sheet of paper. Based on my observations Beauty Care –
Write your reactions on a separate sheet of paper. Based on my observations Beauty Care –

Based on my observations

Write your reactions on a separate sheet of paper. Based on my observations Beauty Care –
Write your reactions on a separate sheet of paper. Based on my observations Beauty Care –

Structure of Nails

It is very important for a manicurist to learn and understand the anatomy and function of the nails so you could give your clients a professional and responsible service and care.

Nails are a part of the skin and are made up of the same protein, keratin

(KER-a-tin), as skin and hair.

term for nail in onyx ( ON-iks). The purpose of nails is to protect the ends of fingers

and toes and to help the fingers grasp small objects. Adult fingernails grow at an average rate of 1/8 inch a month; toenails grow more easily. The characteristics of healthy nails are smooth, shiny, and translucent pink. Its surface is smooth, curved, and unspotted, without any hollows or wavy ridges.

It is composed of then hardest keratin. The technical

Normally, nails replace themselves every four months and grow more quickly in summer than in winter. The nail grows fastest on the middle finger and slowest on the thumb.

The entire nail structure consists of the parts of the actual nail and structures of skin beneath and surrounding the nail.

Below is the diagram of the nail and its structure.

nail. Below is the diagram of the nail and its structure . The actual nail consists

The actual nail consists of the nail body, nail root, and free edge.

its structure . The actual nail consists of the nail body, nail root, and free edge.
its structure . The actual nail consists of the nail body, nail root, and free edge.

Nail body or Plate - is the main part or plate of nail that is attached to the skin at the tip of the finger.

Nail root - is where the nail growth begins. It is embedded underneath the skin at the base of the nail.

Free edge - is the end of the nail that extends beyond the fingertip.

Structure Beneath the Nail

The structures beneath the nail include the nail bed. matrix, and lunula.

Nail Bed is the portion of skin beneath the nail body that the nail plates rest upon. Its is supplied with blood vessels that provide the nourishment necessary for nail growth. The nail bed also contains nerves.

Matrix (May-triks) contains nerves together with lymph and blood vessels that produce the nail cells and control the rate of growth of the nails. It is located under the nail root. The matrix is the very sensitive part of the nail and if injured will produce nails with irregular growth and disorders.

Note: Be careful not to apply excessive pressure to this area during a manicure.

Lunula is the light-colored half-moon shape at the base of the nail. This is where the matrix connects with the nail bed.

Skin Surrounding the nail

The skin surrounding the nail includes the cuticle, nail fold, nail grooves, nail wall, eponychium, perionychium, and hyponychium.

Cuticle( KYOO-ti-kel) is the overlapping skin around the nail. A normal cuticle should be loose and pliable.

Nail Fold Or Mantle (MAN-tel) is the deep fold or skin at the base of the nail where the nail root is embedded.

Nail Grooves are slits or tracks in the nail bed at the sides of the nail on which the nail grows.

Nail Wall is the skin on the sides of the nail above the grooves.

Eponychium (ep-o-NIK-ee-um) is the thin line of skin at the base of the nail that extends from the nail wall to the nail plate.

Perionychium (PER-i-o-nikee-um) is the part of the skin that surrounds the entire nail area.

Hyponychium (heye-poh-NIK-ee-um) is the part of the skin under the free edge of the nail.

(heye-poh-NIK-ee-um) is the part of the skin under the free edge of the nail. Beauty Care
(heye-poh-NIK-ee-um) is the part of the skin under the free edge of the nail. Beauty Care

Shapes of Nail

The shapes of your nail should conform to your fingertips. Below are the different shapes of the nail:

Oval nail Square nail Round nail Squoval nail Pointed nail

Oval nail

Oval nail Square nail Round nail Squoval nail Pointed nail

Square nail

Oval nail Square nail Round nail Squoval nail Pointed nail

Round nail

Oval nail Square nail Round nail Squoval nail Pointed nail

Squoval nail

Oval nail Square nail Round nail Squoval nail Pointed nail

Pointed nail

1. Oval Nail

It is common among people with long, perfect nail beds. It may be styled

slightly rounded at the base and slightly pointed at the fingertips. Most often this type

of nail has a natural look and looks very good in short-medium length.

2. Square nail

It is created by allowing the nail to grow out straight and then filing the tip straight across at right angles with the rest of the nail plate.

3. Round Nail

This is ideal for shorter nails. The nail is ideal to grow out at the sides for approximately 1.5 mm and then the tip is filed into a rounded shape. This is a strong shape which is great for those who keep their nails short.

4. Squoval Nail

The squoval nail is a square nail but the softer edges of an oval.

5. Pointed Nail

A pointed nail is filed away at the sides to a point at the tip; this shape is very

weak as the sides of the nail (which provide the strength) are totally lost.

is very weak as the sides of the nail (which provide the strength) are totally lost.
is very weak as the sides of the nail (which provide the strength) are totally lost.

Nail Diseases and Disorders

Have you ever seen a person with nail disorder or disease?

Our bodies host a variety of microorganisms, some of which are beneficial to us. These microorganisms also include bacteria and fungi. Fungal infections are caused by microscopic plants that live on our skin and on the dead tissue of our hair and nails. This is called nail diseases.

Nail diseases are conditions of both the nail, and the surrounding skin which result from bacterial, fungal, and viral infections. Some conditions will show a green, yellow, or black discoloration of the nail, depending on the nature of the infection. The main course of infection is through damaged cuticles and broken skin.

Nail disorder, on the other hand is a condition caused by injury to the nail or disease or imbalance in the body.

As a nail technician, it is very important for you to learn how to recognize
As a nail technician, it is very important for you to learn how to recognize the
symptoms of nail disorders so you can make a responsible decision about whether
you should perform a service on your client.
The golden rule
is that,
if the
nail or skin
to
be
worked
on is infected,
inflamed, broken, or swollen, a manicurist/pedicurist should not render his/her
service to the client, instead refer him/her to a dermatologist.

An inflammation is red and sore. An infection will have evidence of pus. Broken skin or nail tissue is a cut or tear that exposes deeper layers of these structures. Raised or swollen skin appears fatter than normal skin and rise above the normal level.

Onychosis is a technical term applied to nail disease.
Onychosis is a technical term applied to nail disease.
rise above the normal level. Onychosis is a technical term applied to nail disease. Beauty Care
rise above the normal level. Onychosis is a technical term applied to nail disease. Beauty Care

The following are the nail disorders that can be serviced by a nail technician.

Nail Disorders

Appearance

Characteristics

1. Bruised Nail

A
A

condition in which a clot of blood

forms under the nail plate caused by

injury to the nail bed. Give gentle

manicure. May need to refer to a medical practitioner

2. Discolored nails

A It
A
It

condition in which the nails turn a

variety of colors including yellow,

blue, blue-grey, green, red & purple.

is caused by poor blood circulation, heart condition, or topical or oral medication. Application of colored nail polish can hide this condition.

3. Eggshell Nail

at
at

Nail plate is thin, white, and curved over the free edge. The condition is caused by improper diet, internal disease, medication, or nervous disorders. Give gentle manicure; do not use pressure with a metal pusher

the base of the nail.

4. Hangnails

A
A

condition which the cuticle around

the nails splits. It is caused by dry cuticles or cuticles that have been cut too close to the nail. This condition can be improved by softening the cuticles with oil and trimming the cuticles with nippers. Hangnails are also called agnail. Give gentle manicure with emphasis on cuticle work.

5. Leukonychia

manicure with emphasis on cuticle work. 5. Leukonychia A condition in which spots appear on the

A condition in which spots appear on

the nails. It is caused by air bubbles,

a bruise, or other injury to the nail.

on the nails. It is caused by air bubbles, a bruise, or other injury to the
on the nails. It is caused by air bubbles, a bruise, or other injury to the

6. Onychatrophia or atrophy of the nail

it
it

The wasting away of the nail, causing

to lose its lustre and become

smaller. The nail can also shed completely. This condition is mainly caused by injury or disease. Manicure gently, if the condition is

not severe.

7. Onychauxis or Hypertrophy

the condition is not severe. 7 . Onychauxis or Hypertrophy An overgrowth of the nail caused

An overgrowth of the nail caused by internal imbalance, local infection, or heredity.

8.Onychocryptosis

(Ingrown Nails)

to
to

The nail grows into the sides of the flesh and may cause infection. Incorrect trimming and shaping of nails are often responsible for ingrown nails. Do not manicure or

pedicure, if infection is present. Refer

medical practitioner.

9. Onychorrexis

is present. Refer medical practitioner. 9 . Onychorrexis It is a split or brittle nails, caused

It is a split or brittle nails, caused by injury to the finger or exposure to harsh chemicals. You may give oil manicures to improve the condition.

10. Nevus

A
A

brown or black stain on the nail

caused by a pigmented mole that occurs in the nail. Application of colored polish can hide this disorder.

12.Onychopagy

( Bitten Nails)

A
A

medical term for nails that have

been bitten enough to become deformed. Regular manicure may help to stop nail biting.

bitten enough to become deformed. Regular manicure may help to stop nail biting. Beauty Care –
bitten enough to become deformed. Regular manicure may help to stop nail biting. Beauty Care –
13. Pterygium Common condition of the forward growth of the cuticle. The cuticle sticks to
13. Pterygium
Common condition of the forward
growth of the cuticle. The cuticle
sticks to the nail and, if not treated,
will grow over the nail to the free
edge. Do not attempt to remove the
wing of skin as it is quite possible that
there is no nail plate growth under
the wing.
14. Onycholysis
A condition in which the nail loosens
from the nail bed, beginning usually
at the free edge and continuing to the
lunula, but does not come off. If
possible, keep the nail short to avoid
the free edge “catching” on things
and resulting in further separation.
Refer to a medical practitioner, if it is
permanent.

The following are nail diseases that cannot be serviced by a nail technician or manicurist:

NAIL DISEASES APPEARANCE CHARACTERISITICS 1. Mold A fungus infection of the nail that is usually
NAIL DISEASES
APPEARANCE
CHARACTERISITICS
1. Mold
A fungus infection of the nail that is
usually caused when moisture
seeps between an artificial nail and
the free edge. Molds starts with a
yellow - green color and darkens to
black if not treated by a doctor.
2. Onychia
An
inflammation in the nail where
the
tissue at the base of
the nail
may be red and swollen and pus
may form.
3. Onychogryposis
A condition
in
which
the
nail
curvature is increased and
enlarged. The nail becomes thicker
and curves, sometimes extending
over the tip of the finger and toe.
This condition results in
inflammation and pain if the nail
grows into the skin.
This condition results in inflammation and pain if the nail grows into the skin. Beauty Care
This condition results in inflammation and pain if the nail grows into the skin. Beauty Care

4. Onychomycosis

( tinea unguium)

4. Onychomycosis ( tinea unguium) An infectious disease caused by a fungus (vegetable parasite). A common

An infectious disease caused by a

fungus (vegetable parasite). A common form is whitish patches that can be scraped off the surfaces.

5.Onychoptosis

patches that can be scraped off the surfaces. 5.Onychoptosis It is the periodic shedding of one

It is the periodic shedding of one or more nails either in the whole or in part. It can occur during or after certain diseases of the body, such

as syphilis, as a result of a fever

and system upsets, as a reaction to

prescription drugs, or a result of trauma.

6. Paronychia

to prescription drugs, or a result of trauma. 6. Paronychia A bacterial inflammation of the tissue

A

bacterial

inflammation

of

the

tissue

around

the

nail.

The

symptoms are redness, swelling

tissue

and

surrounding the nail.

tenderness

of

the

7.Pyogenic

Granuloma

surrounding the nail. tenderness of the 7.Pyogenic Granuloma Severe inflammation of the nail in which a

Severe inflammation of the nail in which a lump of red tissue grows up from the nail bed to the nail plate.

nail in which a lump of red tissue grows up from the nail bed to the
nail in which a lump of red tissue grows up from the nail bed to the
Process Let us see how much you know by answering the activities given below. Activity
Process
Process

Let us see how much you know by answering the activities given below.

Activity 1. Identification

Directions: Identify the names and characteristics of the following diseases and disorders of the nails.

of the following diseases and disorders of the nails . Disease/Disorder Characteristics Beauty Care – NAIL
of the following diseases and disorders of the nails . Disease/Disorder Characteristics Beauty Care – NAIL

Disease/Disorder

the following diseases and disorders of the nails . Disease/Disorder Characteristics Beauty Care – NAIL CARE
the following diseases and disorders of the nails . Disease/Disorder Characteristics Beauty Care – NAIL CARE
the following diseases and disorders of the nails . Disease/Disorder Characteristics Beauty Care – NAIL CARE
the following diseases and disorders of the nails . Disease/Disorder Characteristics Beauty Care – NAIL CARE
the following diseases and disorders of the nails . Disease/Disorder Characteristics Beauty Care – NAIL CARE

Characteristics

the following diseases and disorders of the nails . Disease/Disorder Characteristics Beauty Care – NAIL CARE
the following diseases and disorders of the nails . Disease/Disorder Characteristics Beauty Care – NAIL CARE
the following diseases and disorders of the nails . Disease/Disorder Characteristics Beauty Care – NAIL CARE
the following diseases and disorders of the nails . Disease/Disorder Characteristics Beauty Care – NAIL CARE
the following diseases and disorders of the nails . Disease/Disorder Characteristics Beauty Care – NAIL CARE
the following diseases and disorders of the nails . Disease/Disorder Characteristics Beauty Care – NAIL CARE
the following diseases and disorders of the nails . Disease/Disorder Characteristics Beauty Care – NAIL CARE

Oral Presentation

Directions: Use the observation rubric below to evaluate the knowledge of your classmates.

Oral Presentation Rubric

Very good

(has no

more than

three minor

errors)

Satisfactory (has four to seven errors)

Poor

(has more

than

seven

errors)

1.

Gave an interesting introduction

2.

Presented clear explanation of topic

3.

Presented information in logical manner

4.

Used complete sentence

5.

Offered a concluding summary

6.

Spoke clearly, correctly, distinctly, and confidently

7.

Maintained eye contact

8.

Maintained acceptable posture

9.

Utilized audio-visual aids

10.

Handled questions and comments

Total

Grand Total

9. Utilized audio-visual aids 10. Handled questions and comments Total Grand Total Beauty Care – NAIL
9. Utilized audio-visual aids 10. Handled questions and comments Total Grand Total Beauty Care – NAIL
Now, answer the activity below to better understand the lesson. . Activity 2. Essay Writing
Now, answer the activity below to better understand the lesson.
Now, answer the activity below to better
understand the lesson.

.Activity 2. Essay Writing

Directions : Answer the following questions briefly.

1.

If

going to do? Are you going to treat the disease, continue to manicure your client? or advise her to see a doctor?

you are a manicurist

and

your client has

nail disorder/disease, what are you

2. If the nails has corrugations, what treatments could you offer to minimize this?

3. If the nails are stained, what could be the cause(s)?

Activity 2. Group Work

Directions:

1. Divide your class into five groups, do the following:

a) Identify the nail shape of your groupmates. Record your answer on your notebook.

b) Report to the class the nail shapes of your groupmates.

2. Visit a well known salon in your locality and interview a manicurist about her

techniques in handling clients with nail disorder. Record your answer on your notebook and report it to the class.

Lesson 5 HAND MASSAGE Know The following activities will refine your understanding about the concepts

Lesson 5

HAND MASSAGE

Know
Know

The following activities will refine your understanding about the concepts and theories of hand massage. Readings and insights are provided to nurture the existing knowledge you have.

Activity. Open-Ended Statement

Directions:

Complete the clauses below with your perception, opinion, or prior knowledge about nail care.

What I know about hand massage…

What I can do in relation to

What I understand about

Hand massage is the manipulation of the hands to relax the client and ease the discomfort prior to the application of nail polish. It is generally carried out near the end of the manicure treatment just prior to the application of nail polish. It can also be carried out on its own if the client wants the effect of the massage but does not need nail treatment.

Benefits of Hand Massage:

1. It moisturizes the skin with hand cream.

2. It helps remove any dead skin cells.

3. It relaxes the client.

4. It stimulates blood flow.

remove any dead skin cells. 3. It relaxes the client. 4. It stimulates blood flow. Beauty
remove any dead skin cells. 3. It relaxes the client. 4. It stimulates blood flow. Beauty
Steps in giving hand massage 1. Spread the lotion or cream over the arms and

Steps in giving hand massage

1. Spread the lotion or cream over the arms and hands.

2. Effleurage to the whole hand and forearm. Use long sweeping strokes from the hand to the elbow moving on both the outer and the inner sides of the forearm. Repeat step 1 for the final result. Effleurage is a stroking movement in massage.

result. Effleurage is a stroking movement in massage. 3. Knead thumb to the back of the

3. Knead thumb to the back of the hand and the forearm. Use the thumbs, one in front of the other, and move backwards or forwards in a gentle sawing action. Move from the hands to the elbow, and then slide the thumbs back down to the hands. Repeat step 2 twice.

the thumbs back down to the hands. Repeat step 2 twice. 4. Knead thumb to the
the thumbs back down to the hands. Repeat step 2 twice. 4. Knead thumb to the

4. Knead thumb to the palm and the inner forearm. Use the same movements as in step 2.

Knead thumb to the palm and the inner forearm . Use the same movements as in
Knead thumb to the palm and the inner forearm . Use the same movements as in
Knead thumb to the palm and the inner forearm . Use the same movements as in
Knead thumb to the palm and the inner forearm . Use the same movements as in

5. Finger circulations, supporting the joints. Support the knuckles with one hand, hold the fingers individually and gently taking each through in full range of movements, first clockwise and then counter-clockwise. Move from the little finger to the thumb. Repeat step 4 or further 2 times.

finger to the thumb. Repeat step 4 or further 2 times. 6. Wrist circulations , supporting

6. Wrist circulations, supporting the joints. Support the wrist with one hand and put your fingers between the client’s gently grasping her hand. Move the wrist through its full range of movement, first clockwise and then, anticlockwise. Repeat step 5 or further 2 times.

and then, anticlockwise. Repeat step 5 or further 2 times. 7. Effleurage to the whole hand
and then, anticlockwise. Repeat step 5 or further 2 times. 7. Effleurage to the whole hand

7. Effleurage to the whole hand and forearm. Use the same movement as in step 1. Repeat step 6 for 5 times.

8. Squeeze clients hand between your own gently, and slide off to finish.

hand between your own gently, and slide off to finish. Safety Precaution: Be very careful to

Safety Precaution:

Be very careful to avoid vigorous massage of joints if your client has arthritis, high blood pressure or has had stroke. Massage increases circulation and may be harmful to them. Talk with your client throughout the massage and adjust your touch to the client’s hands.

your client throughout the massage and adjust your touch to the client ’s hands. Beauty Care
your client throughout the massage and adjust your touch to the client ’s hands. Beauty Care
Process To further process the existing understanding, a simple hand massage activity will be given.
Process
Process

To further process the existing understanding, a simple hand massage activity will be given.

Activity 1. Group Work

Directions: Find a partner from your classmates and apply the steps in hand massage. Observe each other's work and give suggestions for the improvement of your work. To know if your partner performed well, rate her according to the rubrics given below.

CRITERIA SCORE Has followed all the steps correctly Has followed the steps but missed one
CRITERIA
SCORE
Has followed all the steps correctly
Has followed the steps but missed one
Has followed the steps but missed 2
Has followed the steps but missed 3
Has not shown any step.

If you got a score of 4 or 5 happy smiley face that means you did great. If 1 or 2 smiley happy face, that means you have to review and repeat again the activity. Once you master it, you can now proceed to the next activity.

***

the activity. Once you master it, you can now proceed to the next activity. *** Beauty
the activity. Once you master it, you can now proceed to the next activity. *** Beauty
Always remember that hand massage will be given before applying the nail polish. It would
Always remember that hand massage will be given before applying the nail polish. It would
Always remember that hand massage will be given before
applying the nail polish. It would be an x-factor if you know the
proper way to do hand massage because most of the clients
want to be refreshed and treated well with a massage.

Activity 2. True or False

Directions:

Write True, if the statement is correct and False if the statement is not correct. Write your answer on a separate sheet of paper.

1.

Hand massage is carried out after the application of the nail polish.

2.

The purpose of hand massage is to relax the client and increase blood circulation.

3.

Effleurage is a stroking movement in massage.

4.

You cannot apply hand massage if your client has certain problems such as high blood or pregnant.

5.

The elbow is not included in hand massage.

Activity 2. Essay Writing

Directions: Briefly answer the following questions:

1. What benefits can you get from hand massage during manicure? Explain.

2. Can you apply hand massage to a person with high blood? Pregnant women?

Explain

Activity 3. Go online

Directions:

To hone your skills, visit a website that offers free video tutorial in hand massage during manicure.

manicure. http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_detailpage&v=S5oueNs6Fgo Beauty Care – NAIL CARE Page 54
manicure. http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_detailpage&v=S5oueNs6Fgo Beauty Care – NAIL CARE Page 54

LESSON 6 BASIC MANICURING PROCEDURES

LESSON 6 BASIC MANICURING PROCEDURES Know Activity. Steps in Giving a Manicure. Directions : Arrange the
Know
Know

Activity. Steps in Giving a Manicure.

Directions: Arrange the following steps in basic manicure by putting number in each procedure. Write your answer on your notebook.

Trim cuticle Loosen cuticle Prepare manicuring tables Soften cuticles Apply cuticle oil Apply top coat
Trim cuticle
Loosen cuticle
Prepare
manicuring tables
Soften cuticles
Apply cuticle oil
Apply top coat
Clean under free
edge
Remove old polish Dry fingertips Apply nail quick dry Apply liquid polish Shape Nails Apply
Remove old
polish
Dry fingertips
Apply nail quick
dry
Apply liquid
polish
Shape Nails
Apply cuticle
Remover
Apply base coat
dry Apply liquid polish Shape Nails Apply cuticle Remover Apply base coat Beauty Care – NAIL
dry Apply liquid polish Shape Nails Apply cuticle Remover Apply base coat Beauty Care – NAIL
http://www.goodhousekeeping.com/product-reviews Procedure for a Basic Manicure During the consultation with your client,

http://www.goodhousekeeping.com/product-reviews

Procedure for a Basic Manicure

During the consultation with your client, discuss her needs and adapt the service suited to her. You should cover preferred nail length, shape, and the type of polish required. If there are no contra-indications present with your client, you are ready to begin your service.

The following are the steps in giving a manicure:

1. Remove old polish. Gently remove old polish on the nails with nail polish remover (acetone) in a piece of cotton without smearing the old polish into the cuticle or surrounding tissue.

the old polish into the cuticle or surrounding tissue. 2. Shape the nails. Using your emery

2. Shape the nails. Using your emery board, shape the nails as you and your client have agreed. Discuss with the client the nail shape suited for him or her. File the nails of the left hand, starting with the little finger and working towards the thumb.

of the left hand, starting with the little finger and working towards the thumb. Beauty Care
of the left hand, starting with the little finger and working towards the thumb. Beauty Care

3.

Soften cuticle. After filing left hand, put it in your soap bath to soak and soften cuticles while you file the right hand

to soak and soften cuticles while you file the right hand 4. Dry fingertips. Holding a

4. Dry fingertips. Holding a towel with both hands, carefully dry the left hand, including the area between the fingers. As you dry, gently push back the cuticle.

the fingers. As you dry, gently push back the cuticle. 5. Apply cuticle remover. Wind a

5. Apply cuticle remover. Wind a thin layer of cotton around the blunt edge of an orangewood stick for use as an applicator. Apply cuticle solvent around the cuticle of the left hand.

6. Loosen Cuticle. Use the spoon end of the cuticle pusher to gently push back and lift cuticle off the nails of the left hand. Use a circular movement to left the cuticles that cling to the nail plate.

movement to left the cuticles that cling to the nail plate. 7. Trim Cuticle . Use

7. Trim Cuticle. Use your cuticle nipper to remove dead cuticles, uneven cuticle or hangnails. In cutting the cuticle, be careful to remove it as a single segment.

or hangnails. In cutting the cuticle, be careful to remove it as a single segment. Beauty
or hangnails. In cutting the cuticle, be careful to remove it as a single segment. Beauty
or hangnails. In cutting the cuticle, be careful to remove it as a single segment. Beauty

8. Clean under free edge. Use a cotton-tipped orangewood stick, dipped in soapy water to clean under free edge, working from the center toward each side, employing gentle pressure. Note: Remove right hand over soap bath and brush a last time to remove bits of cuticle traces of solvent. Then let the client rest the left hand on the sanitized towel.

let the client rest the left hand on the sanitized towel. 9. Buff the nail (optional).

9. Buff the nail (optional).

Starting with the roughest grit side of the buffer, begin to

buff your nails with a gentle, side-to-side motion. At first, just aim to smooth out

major ridges.

motion. At first, just aim to smooth out major ridges . 10. Re-examine nails and cuticles.

10. Re-examine nails and cuticles. Carefully examine the nails for defects. Use the fine side of an emery board to give the nails a smooth beveled edge. Remove remaining pieces of cuticle.

11. Apply hand and arm massage. Apply hand lotion all over the hand and arm up to the elbow. Gently massage the hands and fingers as this procedure can help increase blood circulation and make the hand softer.

help increase blood circulation and make the hand softer . 12. Remove traces of oil. Remove

12. Remove traces of oil. Remove traces of oil from the nail so the polish will adhere better. Use small piece of cotton saturated with alcohol or polish remover and wipe off the nail.

piece of cotton saturated with alcohol or polish remover and wipe off the nail. Beauty Care
piece of cotton saturated with alcohol or polish remover and wipe off the nail. Beauty Care
piece of cotton saturated with alcohol or polish remover and wipe off the nail. Beauty Care

13. Apply base coat. Apply base coat to the left hand with long strokes, starting with the little finger and working toward the thumb. Let it dry for a few seconds.

and working toward the thumb. Let it dry for a few seconds. 14. Apply colored polish.

14. Apply colored polish. Apply two coats of colored polish with the same technique used for the base coat. Complete your first color coat on both hands before starting the second coat. If you get polish on the cuticle, use a cotton-tipped orangewood stick saturated with nail polish remover to clean it off.

stick saturated with nail polish remover to clean it off. 15. Apply top coat. Apply one

15. Apply top coat. Apply one coat of sealer or top coat to prevent chipping and to give nails a glossy look.

coat to prevent chipping and to give nails a glossy look. 16. Apply instant nail dry-optional

16. Apply instant nail dry-optional. Apply instant nail dry on each nail to prevent smudging and dulling

***

. Apply instant nail dry on each nail to prevent smudging and dulling *** Beauty Care
. Apply instant nail dry on each nail to prevent smudging and dulling *** Beauty Care
Process If you do well in this activity, you will be the best manicurist in
Process
Process

If you do well in this activity, you will be the best manicurist in the world. Remember, constant practice will make you an expert. Answer the question below to know how much you have learned from the previous activity.

Activity. Plain Manicure

Directions: Change partners from the last groupings. Ask the pairs to do the plain manicure to each other's fingernails. You can choose from a variety of colors to use. Observe each other's work and give suggestions for improvement of the work.

Checklist in Manicuring

Name:

Date:

Model:

Points Earned:

 
 

Rating:

Put a check mark(/) in the proper column

 

Performance Criteria

 

1 Point

0 Point

A. Preparation 1.Correct set-up of manicure table

   

2. Model’s hands, nail structure, and condition are checked and analyzed.

3. Model's clothes are protected by light cloth materials for hygienic purposes

4. Needed tools and equipment are sanitized and supplies and materials are properly prepared and well-organized

B. Procedure and Techniques

1. Nail polish uses completely removed with nail polish remover.

2. Fingernails were soaked in warm water with soap.

3. Cuticles and dry skin were slightly pushed and completely removed using appropriate tools.

4. Nails were trimmed and filed properly according to the model's desired shape and style.

5. Hands and fingernails were massaged following the different hand manipulations.