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# ExamBusters Further Maths 3 & 4

Solution
All birds who last settled at location B do so again and 20% of those who
last settled at location A change to location B The number that settle at
location A will therefore decrease each time the birds settle at a location
The number will decrease indefinitely and will gradually decrease to zero
80"
10
"0 1 0"
2 1 09 1
80"
20
"0 01 0
2 1 0 99 1
As the number of nights increases, the matrix gets closer to
0 0~
1 1
Distractor D: The proportion who settle at location A will approach 80%
as 80% of those who last settled there will return
Student thinks
; think about what it means m
| the context of the question
oc Technology tip
i This question can be done with
a calculator but is easily done
j by hand
'[fli-ne ^
EE.1074 0.0000]
[.3926 1.0000]]
[31^20
[[.0115 0.0000]
[.9835 1.0000]]
Try this
1 If a transition matrix T =
~ 80
07 0 2
03 0 8
and an initial state matrix
A
B
C
n
E
100
"80"
100 _
"76"
_104
"81"
"72"
no
"84"
96
, then ^
284
If a transition matrix T
1600"
1800 , then 52 =
2400_
1602
1802
2402
3200'
3600
4800
1560
1980
2260
1558
2080
2162
1440'
1980
2400
If the transition matrix T -
respectively are
A 0 1,0 1,07
B 0 2, 0, 0 6
C 03,0 1,06
1) 0 3,0 1,07
E 0 3,0,06
"0 6 0 2 0 1
03 07 0 1
01 01 08
and an initial state matrix
06 b 03
a 0 80 1
0 102 c
, the values of a, b and c
ExamBusters Further Maths 3 & 4
4 Which of the following matrices could be a transition matrix7
W
X--
Y =
Z =
07 02 0 1
0 1 02 07
0 3 0 6 0 1
"0 5 0 3 0 2"
03 06 07
0 2 0 1 0 1
0 80 2 0 3"
0 1 07 02
0 1 0 1 0 5
0 080 1"
07 02 02
03 00 07
A
B
C
I)
E
W only
W and Z only
Xand Y only
X, Y and Z only
W,X, Y andZ
5 The matrix
0 48Apples
A = 0 36 Bananas
0 16 Oranges
lists the proportion of pieces of fruit bought from Fresh Fruit
Matrix B, which lists the number of pieces of fruit bought from
Fresh Fruit if 650 are bought on a certain day, is given by
A B=A
100
650'
650
100 '
1_
650'
E B = 650A
B B =
C B-
D B =
-A
-A
286
In a country town, people can buy either brand /I or brand B
tomato sauce
Studies have shown that
65% of those who buy brand A will buy brand A again next time
45% of those who buy brand B will buy brand B again next time
A transition matrix that could be used to describe this situation is
"0 65"
A
0 64
"0 65 0 65
0 45 0 45
"0 65 0 45
0 45 0 65
0 65 0 55
0 35 0 45
0 65 0 45"
0 35 0 55
A remote village with a large population has two newsagents,
Agency A and Agency B 90% of people who shop at Agency A one
day, shop there on the next day 60% of people who shop at Agency B
one day, shop there on the next day
The movement of customers is described by the transition matrix
A B
0 9 04"
0 106
Assuming that this pattern of customer movement continues, the
percentage of customers who will shop at Agency A m the long
term is
A 20
B 60
C 65
D 80
E 90