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5

BuvuzImet kuudvutIke
BuvuzImI I Iovms
2
0 ax bx c + + =
ku , , a b c Jun numvu veu!, dLe 0 a = quLet huruxim kuudrutik
InrnzImI kundrnfIk mo so shumfI mund fo kofo dy zgjIdhjo.
o kofo njosI do fo shqyrfojmo dIsn formn dho fIo fo ndryshmo fo
bnrnzImovo kundrnfIko.
Ruoti 1. Nse 0, b = buvuzImI kuudvutIk ku!on n Iovmn
2
0, 0. ax c a + = =
!o fo IIusfrojmo ormos shombujvo zgjIdhjon o bnrnzImovo
kundrnfIko fo kosnj formo.
Shemhulli 1. To zgjIdhon bnrnzImof kundrnfIko:
o)
2
2 18 0; x = I)
2
9 16 0; x =
c)
2
3 7 0; x = J)
2
1 0. x + =
Zg]idh]u.
o) KomI
2
2 18 0 x =
2
2 18 x =
2
9 x =
9 x =
3. x =
Irn 3 x = oso 3. x =
b) uko vorunr ngjnshom morrof:
2
9 16 0 x =
2
9 16 x =
2
16
9
x =
2
16
9
x =
4
.
3
x =
CALCULUS
67
Detyru plotoueoe
To zgjIdhon bnrnzImof kundrnfIko:
1.
2
4 36 0. x = 2.
2
4 81 0. x = 3.
2
36 100 0. x =
4.
2
2 10 0. x = 5.
2
2 0. x + = 6.
2
16 9 0. x =
?.
2
16 25 0. x = B.
2
25 36 0. x = 9.
2
25 81 0. x + =
Ruoti 11. Noe 0, c = huruximi merr tru]tn
2
0, 0. ax bx a + = =
Idho kofo rnsf do fn IIusfrojmo mo nno fo shombujvo.
Shemhulli 2. To zgjIdhon bnrnzImof kundrnfIko
a)
2
3 5 0; x x + = b)
2
0; x x = c)
2
3 2 0. x x + =
Zgjidhja.
c)
2
3 7 0 x =
2
3 7 x =
2
7
3
x =
7
.
3
x =
d)
2
1 0 x + =
2
1 x =
qo nuk kn zgjIdhjo ronIo soso
knfrorI I fnrodo numrI ronI do
horo oshfo ozIfIv (oso zoro) o
nsnjohoro nognfIv.
o) KomI:
2
3 5 0 x x + =
(3 5) 0 x x + =
0 x = oso 3 5 0 x + =
5
3 5 0, .
3
x x + = =
Irn 0 x = oso
5
3
x =
I) gjnshom morrof:
2
0 x x =
( 1) 0 x x =
0 x = oso 1 0 x =
0 x = oso 1. x =
c)
2
3 2 0 x x + =
( 3 2) 0 x x + =
0 x = oso 3 2 0 x + =
0 x = oso
2
.
3
x =
BARAZIML1 KUADRA1IKL
68
Detyru plotoueoe
To zgjIdhon bnrnzImof kundrnfIko:
10.
2
0. x x + = 11.
2
2 0. x x = 12.
2
2 3 0. x x =
13.
2
4 5 0. x x + = 14.
2
( ) 0. x a b x + + = 15.
2
2 0. ax x + =
16.
2
7
0.
2
x x = 1?.
2
5 4 0. x x + = 1B.
2
0.
2
x
x + =
o rnsfIn o dyfo, nmo so shrohjon o fnkforIzonIm.
o fnkf, no sIfunfnf kur fnkforIzImI mund fo kryhof Iohfo, bnrnzImof
kundrnfIko mund fo zgjIdhIm duko kryor fnkforIzImIn.
!o fo kufojmo kofo ngn shombujf vIjuos:
Shemhulli 3. To zgjIdhon bnrnzImof kundrnfIko
o)
2
5 6 0; x x + = I)
2
3 2 0; x x + =
c)
2
6 9 0. x x + =
Zgjidhja.
o) InkforIzojmo okuncIonIn o dhono:
2
5 6 0 x x + =
( 2)( 3) 0 x x =
Irn 2 0 x = oso 3 0 x = roj ngn morrof 2 x = oso 3. x =
I) Vorojmo ngjnshom.
2
3 2 0 x x + =
( 1)( 2) 0 x x =
1 0 x = oso 2 0 x =
1 x = oso 2. x =
c) Moqo
2
6 9 0 x x + =
2
( 3) x
2
6 9 0 x x + =
2
( 3) 0 x = ( 3) 0 x =
3. x =
Irn 3 x = oshfo zgjIdhjn o vofmo.
CALCULUS
69
Detyru plotoueoe
uko fnkforIzunr fo zgjIdhon bnrnzImof kundrnfIko:
19.
2
3 2 0. x x + + = 20.
2
3 4 0. x x = 21.
2
6 0. x x =
22.
2
4 3 0. x x + = 23.
2
5 14 0. x x = 24.
2
2 15 0. x x + =
Kn sIfunfn kur fnkforIzImI nuk oshfo Iohfo fo kryhof oso mndjo kur
nnn o mnjfo o bnrnzImIf nuk mund fo fnkforIzohof fnro.
o kofo rnsf ordorIm formuIon kundrnfIko or zgjIdhjon o
bnrnzImovo kundrnfIko.
1ormulu kuudrutike
Nse
2
0, 0 ax bx c a + + = = utLev
2
1,2
4
.
2
b b ac
x
a

=
Shrohjn
2
4 D b ac = no formuIon kundrnfIko quhof Jollori
(Jie/rininon/o) i Iorocini/ /uoJro/i/.
VnrosIshf ngn vIornf o D-so komI kofo rnsfo:
l) oso D > 0, bnrnzImI kn dy zgjIdhjo fo ndryshmo:
1 2
, .
2 2
b D b D
x x
a a
+
= =
2) oso D = 0, bnrnzImI kn njo zgjIdhjo
.
2
b
x
a

=
3) oso D < 0, bnrnzImI nuk kn zgjIdhjo ronIo, soso numrnf nognfIv
nuk knno rronjo knfroro.
Shemhulli 4. To zgjIdhof bnrnzImI kundrnfIk
2
3 4 0. x x =
Zg]idh]u.
Vorojmo so 1, 3, 4. a b c = = =
uko zbnfunr formuIon kundrnfIko morrof:
2
1,2
( 3) ( 3) 4 1( 4) 3 9 16 3 25 3 5
.
2 1 2 2 2
x
+
= = = =

BARAZIML1 KUADRA1IKL
70
Irn
1
3 5 8
4,
2 2
x
+
= = =
2
3 5 2
1.
2 2
x

= = =
Shemhulli 5. To zgjIdhof bnrnzImI kundrnfIk
2
8 16 0. x x + + =
Zg]idh]u.
Vorojmo so 1, 8, 16. a b c = = =
uko zbnfunr formuIon kundrnfIko, morrof:
2
1/ 2
8 ( 8) 4 16 8 64 64 8 0
2 2 2
x

= = =
Irn
1 2
8
4.
2
x x = = =
.m.fh. komI njo zgjIdhjo.
Shemhulli 6. To zgjIdhof bnrnzImI kundrnfIk
2
1 0. x x + =
Zg]idh]u.
KomI 1, 1, 1. a b c = = =
uko zbnfunr formuIon kundrnfIko, morrof:
2
1/ 2
( 1) ( 1) 4 1 1 1 4 1 3
.
2 1 2 2
x

= = =

Moqo 3 0, D = < orfundojmo so bnrnzImI nuk kn zgjIdhjo ronIo.


Detyru plotoueoe
To zgjIdhon bnrnzImof kundrnfIko:
25.
2
2 24 0. x x + = 26.
2
2 l 0. x x + + = 2?.
2
2 l 0. x x + =
2B.
2
2 6 0. x x = 29.
2
l
2 4 0.
4
x x + = 30.
2
l. x x =
Shemhulli 7.
2 2
( 2) (2 3) 13 4 . x x x + + =
Zg]idh]u.
2 2
( 2) (2 3) 13 4 x x x + + =
2 2
4 4 4 2 2 3 9 13 4 x x x x x + + + + =
2
5 8 13 13 4 x x x + + =
CALCULUS
71
2
5 12 0 x x + =
(5 12) 0 x x + =
Ins zgjIdhjos morrof
1 2
12
0 .
5
x x = v =
Shemhulli S. (2 15)(2 7) ( 36)( 8) 36 0. x x x x + =
Zg]idh]u.
(2 15)(2 7) ( 36)( 8) 36 0 x x x x + =
2 2
4 14 30 105 ( 8 36 288) 36 0 x x x x x x + + + =
2
3 44 105 44 288 36 0 x x x + + + =
2
3 141 288 0 x + =
2
3 147 x =
2
49 x = rn
1,2
7. x =
Shemhulli 0. To zgjIdhof bnrnzImI kundrnfIk
2
5 1
0.
6 6
x x + =
Zg]idh]u.
Men,ro e pore:
Vorojmo so
5 1
1, , .
6 6
a b c = = = Afohoro
2
1,2
5 5 1
5 25 24 5 49
5 7
4 1
6 6 6
6 36 36 6 36
6 6
2 1 2 1 2 2
x
| | | |

+
| |
\ . \ .
= = = =

1
5 7 2
1
6 6 6
,
2 2 6
x
+
= = =
2
5 7 12
6 6 6
1.
2 2
x


= = =
Men,ro e J,/e:
To dy nnof o bnrnzImIf
2
5 1
0
6 6
x x + =
I shumozojmo mo 6.
BARAZIML1 KUADRA1IKL
72
Morrof
2
6 5 1 0. x x + =
o kofo rnsf komI: 6, 5, 1. a b c = = = Afohoro:
2
1,2
5 5 4 6 ( 1)
5 25 24 5 49 5 7
.
2 6 12 12 12
x

+
= = = =

1
5 7 2 1
,
12 12 6
x
+
= = =
2
5 7 12
1.
12 12
x

= = =
Detyru pr uohtrime
To zgjIdhon bnrnzImof kundrnfIko.
1.
2
9 0. x = 2.
2
49 0. x = 3.
2
49
0.
l6
x =
4.
2
25 0. x = 5.
2
l
0.
2
x = 6.
2
3
0.
4
x =
7.
2
l
0.
4
x + = 8.
2
3 0. x + = 9.
2
2 0. x x =
10.
2
3 0. x x = 11.
2
l
0.
2
x x = 12.
2
4 3
0.
3 4
x x + =
13.
2
. x x = 14.
2
. x x = 15. + =
2
l0 l6 0. x x
16.
2
5 6 0. x x + = 17.
2
l0 24 0. x + = 18.
2
8 l5 0. x x + + =
19.
2
l0 2l 0. x x + + = 20.
2
4 5 0. x x + = 21.
2
l 0. x x + + =
22.
2
4 l 0. x x + + = 23.
2
6 8 0. x x + + = 24.
2
6 0. x x + =
25.
2
l6 60 0. x x + = 26.
2
3 2 0. x x + + = 27.
2
3 2 0. x x + + =