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Homework #1

Due: 11:59pm on Wednesday, July 9, 2014


You will receive no credit for items you complete after the assignment is due. Grading Policy

Item 1
The Charge on Adhesive Tape When adhesive tape is pulled from a dispenser, the detached tape acquires a positive charge and the remaining tape in the
dispenser acquires a negative charge.

Part A
If the tape pulled from the dispenser has 0.14C of charge per centimeter, what length of tape must be pulled to transfer 1.91013 electrons to the
remaining tape?
Express your answer using two significant figures.
ANSWER:
L

= 22

cm

Correct

Item 2
Consider the three electric charges, A, B, and C, shown in the figure.

Part A
Rank the charges in order of decreasing magnitude of the net force they experience.
Rank charges from largest to smallest magnitude of the net force they experience. To rank items as equivalent, overlap them.
ANSWER:

Correct

Item 3

Part A
Given that

= 14C and d = 16cm , find the direction and magnitude of the net electrostatic force exerted on the point charge q 1 in the figure.

Express your answer using two significant figures.

ANSWER:
F

= 86

Correct

Part B
ANSWER:
toward the left
toward the right

Correct

Item 4
A point charge q = -0.32nC is fixed at the origin.

Part A
Where must a proton be placed in order for the electric force acting on it to be exactly opposite to its weight? (Let the y axis be vertical and the x axis be
horizontal.)
ANSWER:

above the q
below the q

Correct

Part B
Express your answer using two significant figures.
ANSWER:
r

= 5.3

km

Correct

Item 5

Part A
Find the direction and magnitude of the net electrostatic force exerted on the point charge q 2 in the figure. Let
Express your answer using two significant figures.

q = +2.3C

and d = 36cm.

ANSWER:
Fnet

= 3.3

Correct

Part B
Express your answer using three significant figures.
ANSWER:

= 175

counterclockwise from

-q3 direction

Correct

Item 6
C

IP Two point charges lie on the 10.7cm axis. A charge of 9.2C is at the origin, and a charge of -4.4C is at

= 10.7cm .

Part A
At what position x would a third charge q 3 be in equilibrium?
Express your answer using two significant figures.
ANSWER:
x

= 35

cm

Correct

Part B
Does your answer to part A depend on whether q 3 is positive or negative? Explain.
ANSWER:
3508 Character(s) remaining
No, either way it would still be in equilibrium at 35 cm. F13
- F23 and F23 - F13 both equal zero as Coulomb's law
uses the absolute value of the charge. The assignment of
positive or negative is arbitrary as long as the relationship
between the charges and all other factors remain
constant.

Submitted, grade pending

Item 7
Two point charges lie on the x axis. A charge of 6.2C is at the origin, and a charge of -9.6C is at
x = 4.0 cm and at (b) x = +4.0 cm?

Part A

10.0 cm

. What is the net electric field at (a)

Express your answer using two significant figures.


ANSWER:
E

= 3.0107

N/C

Correct

Part B
Express your answer using two significant figures.
ANSWER:
E

= 5.9107

N/C

Correct

Item 8
An object with a charge of -4.0C and a mass of 1.7102kg experiences an upward electric force, due to a uniform electric field, equal in magnitude to its
weight.

Part A
Find the magnitude of the electric field.
Express your answer using two significant figures.
ANSWER:
E

= 4.2104

N/C

Correct

Part B
Find the direction of the electric field.
ANSWER:
upward
downward
to the left
to the right

Correct

Part C
If the electric charge on the object is doubled while its mass remains the same, find the direction and magnitude of its acceleration.
Express your answer using three significant figures.
ANSWER:
a

= 9.81

m/s

Correct

Part D
If the electric charge on the object is doubled while its mass remains the same, find the direction and magnitude of its acceleration.
ANSWER:

upward
downward
to the left
to the right

Correct

Item 9
Two point charges of equal magnitude are 8.3cm apart. At the midpoint of the line connecting them, their combined electric field has a magnitude of 41N/C .

Part A
Find the magnitude of the charges.
Express your answer using two significant figures.
ANSWER:
q

= 3.9

pC

Correct

Item 10
Two small plastic balls hang from threads of negligible mass. Each ball has a mass of 0.180g and a charge of magnitude q . The balls are attracted to each
other, and the threads attached to the balls make an angle of 20.0 with the vertical, as shown in the figure.

Part A
Find the magnitude of the electric force acting on each ball.
ANSWER:
F

= 6.42104

Correct

Part B
Find the tension in each of the threads.
ANSWER:
T

= 1.88103

Correct

Part C
Find the magnitude of the charge on the balls.
ANSWER:
q

= 5.48

nC

Correct

Item 11
The table below presents the relative charging due to rubbing - also known as triboelectric charging - for a variety of materials. The more plus signs associated
with a material, the more readily it gives up electrons. Similarly, the more minus signs for a material, the more readily it acquires electrons.
Material

Relative charging
with rubbing

Rabbit fur

++++++

Glass
Human hair
Nylon
Silk

+++++
++++
+++
++

Paper

Cotton

Wood

--

Amber

---

Rubber

----

PVC

-----

Teflon

------

Part A
If you rub a rubber balloon against a cloth surface, it can attract a stream of water. Based on the materials listed in table, is the charge of the rubber
balloon more likely to be positive or negative?
ANSWER:
positive
negative

Correct

Part B
Explain.
ANSWER:
Essay answers are limited to about 500 words (3800 characters maximum, including spaces).
3785 Character(s) remaining
(none provided)

Part C
If the charge on the balloon is reversed, will the stream of water deflect toward or away from the balloon?
ANSWER:

toward
away

Correct

Part D
Explain.
ANSWER:
Essay answers are limited to about 500 words (3800 characters maximum, including spaces).
3785 Character(s) remaining
(none provided)

Item 12

Part A
If rabbit fur is rubbed against glass, what is the sign of the charge each acquires? (Refer to the table.)
Material
Rabbit fur
Glass
Rubber
ANSWER:

Relative charging with


rubbing
++++++
+++++
----

rabbit fur - positive, glass - negative


rabbit fur - negative, glass - positive

Correct

Part B
Explain.
ANSWER:
Essay answers are limited to about 500 words (3800 characters maximum, including spaces).
3785 Character(s) remaining
(none provided)

Part C
Repeat part A for the case of glass and rubber.
ANSWER:
rubber - positive, glass - negative
rubber - negative, glass - positive

Part D
This question will be shown after you complete previous question(s).

Part E
Comparing the situations described in parts A and C, in which case is the magnitude of the triboelectric charge the greatest?
ANSWER:
in part (a)
in part (c)

Part F
This question will be shown after you complete previous question(s).

Item 13
Four pairs of conducting spheres, all with the same radius, are shown in the figure, along with the net
charge placed on them initially. The spheres in each pair are now brought into contact, allowing
charge to transfer between them.

Part A
Rank the pairs of spheres in order of decreasing magnitude of the charge transferred.
Rank from largest to smallest. To rank items as equivalent, overlap them.
ANSWER:

Correct

Item 14

Suppose the charge q 2 in the figure can be moved left or right along the line connecting the charges
q and q .
1
3

Part A
Given that

q = +12 C

, find the distance from

where q 2 experiences a net electrostatic force of zero. (The charges

fixed distance of 42cm .)


Express your answer using two significant figures.
ANSWER:
x

= 15

cm

Correct

Item 15
IP The point charges in the figure have the following values:

q1

= 2.2C ,

q2

= 6.3C ,

q3

= -0.86C .

and q 3 are separated by a

Part A
Given that the distance d in the figure is 4.57cm , find the direction and magnitude of the net electrostatic force exerted on the point charge q 1 .
Express your answer using two significant figures.
ANSWER:
Fnet

Part B
Express your answer using three significant figures.
ANSWER:

counterclockwise from

q1 q3

direction

Part C
How would your answer to part A change if the distance d were doubled?
ANSWER:
increased by the factor of 2
increased by the factor of 4
decreased by the factor of 2
decreased by the factor of 4
stay the same

Part D
This question will be shown after you complete previous question(s).

Score Summary:
Your score on this assignment is 97.2%.
You received 19.43 out of a possible total of 20 points.