Sie sind auf Seite 1von 1

The World War I (1914) demarcates the world of the drama of the modern United States in many ways

and so does the American Drama after the World War II (1939 to 1945). The drama of the modern
United States before World War I was in many ways not a modern drama at all. When cinema was
challenging the stagecraft, it was the Little Theatre Movement that gave rise to a generation of
American playwrights who experimented with European realisms and anti-realisms. A new stagecraft
was in the making that made metaphoric space of theatre production. American drama existed as much
as it had existed since the Civil War (1861-1865). Art mirrors life and dramatic art mirrors it veritably.
When European stage gave a response to the changing circumstances of modern life, the American
social and political landscape was also mirrored and transformed by the stagecraft. The transformation
of the theatre industry reflected massive changes in American culture. American cultural production
came with the dismissal of popular art forms and gave way to experimentation. The plays of Harlem
Renaissance gave the rise to the Black Dramatic Art and modernism of American Drama under the
stewardship of Eugene ONeill (18881953). Tennessee Williams (March 26, 1911 February 25, 1983),
Arthur Asher Miller (October 17, 1915 February 10, 2005), Edward Franklin Albee (March 12, 1928-),
and Sam Shepard (November 5, 1943-) gave new form and place to the American Drama. Taking the
legacy from these preeminent playwrights, August Wilson (April 27, 1945 October 2, 2005), David
Mamet, and John Patrick Shanley represent the developments of the American Drama in the latter half
of the twentieth century.