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NPE3 PIAN1CKO BPENIE,
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UNTERSUCHUNGEN UBER DIE WESTTHRAKISCHEN
LANDER iN ROMISCHER ZEIT
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IN MEMORIA.\I PARENTU}1 QUORUM
AVI QUONDAM
AB
RIPIS ASTIBI ET STRYMONIS I.ARES SUOS SUB DUN.{CE.\l
TRANSTULERUNT UBI NUNC AD UNDAS RAUCA SONAN'IIS
OESCI OSSA EORU}I I}i PACE AETERNA REQUIESCUNT
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He CaMO TOBa, HO 14 [poyqBaHeTo Ha HaMepeHHfl npa pa3KonKH vtJtkt clty'-
qariHo
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ny6nn'
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e nptl H3[OJI3\'uaHeTO Ha TOrl }l?Tcplfil.,l Ia CI{e AOIlyCHa,lH rpeUriH.
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Tp)'L
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ruacrHe roH He.locraT.bli He 3acr{r'a KoHKperHrire npovqBaHr{rr R'bpx-\' Ha-
UIHTe 3e:vtH, a ce orHacn j1o nbnpoctr or rio-orirrI xapaKTep.
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Ufl"'Io
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noApo6Hocrl,t oT pe,'IaraHTa Ha Hace,leHaeTo, ca 3acerHarH caNto Aoro.'IKoBa,
noKo-'lKoTo Te LIltar IttlCTo u o6tttara KapTHHa Ha r(y.'rTVpHo-rrct'OpHqeCKOT()
pa3BHTlIe Ha Tilrr:lelrit, KOeTo e H Ile.tTa Ha HacToqilloTo H3c,'teIBaHe.
Corfrar. rfrenpvapru I l)(;(
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r. TPAKHlicroro nrEME MEr1H n
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3EMHTE, OEHTABAH'I OT HETO
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pyneacxara
TecHHHa, 3aeIHo c .'IeBHTe H /'lecHI.tTe IIDHTOUH, BK.IIOr.tHTe,,tHo lI AoJIHOTO
reqeHHe Ha CrpvrreurHnua, rpe;icragH eIHa r-eorpaecra o6ocodeH
^-oliiir,
KO,{TO B rpeBHOCIIa e }r}ra.la eJrrHeH eruorpatpcrir H K-V.rrrypeH o5,lnr.
Bca'lxH criejleHiix ua aHTHqHrrre rrrrcare,rH I'oBoprJ.r., qe
Cpe.una Crpvua e
cbcraBfi'r]a Beporl'iHo Hait-c-uttlt'crtseHara qacr
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Ilaecii).r B panirarr.n*
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oT Tpar(Hricr<Hre n,lerreHa a Ma.rra
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qacr
oT iuelHTe, ilporoHeHlr. KaKTo npneivra Kaqapos,,ior neoHrinre, ca ce npe-
cet(n[ c-btllo e MaJIa A^auR, K'breTo Te ca H3BecTHH no-KbcHo Karo MeAo-
BHraHi{H (}Ieric,3rt}'ttoill
3a npra n'br Merare ce cnoMeHaBar y Tyxrasa ira
Bpb3Ka c noxoAa ua Cara,rr npe3 l2g r. np. H. e.i, Talr re ca AaAeHH
Karo c'bceAH Ha neoHqlrre H CHHTHTe. CaeAeuNqra Ha no-K-bcHHTe aBTopH
II0Ka3Bar' qe
ilIeAHTe ca npoA'bnxaBa.{H
!.a xHBesr no cbrriHTe Mecra H
IIpe3 erHr-rHcr,qec*ara,
[r npe3 p,iltcKaTa enoxa. 3a c.bceAcrBoro ,, MeAH-
Te c neoHIlHTe
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Clapa rterrtre ca AaAeHu c'bpto Karo c-bceAH Ha reoHrl,Te.i Cno-
114
Crna6oH* pera ra Crpitrou reqe npe:l 3elrrrra Ha MerHTe H cHHTHTe H
ce Ij3'lHIla
ts :lloprro Ha rpaHHrlara lre/ff,r,_1. 6aca.rrgre H oAoMaHTltre., EAHo
-
I
3a Da'J'ltltlllllre cxBilttlrlHttrt ()TH()cH(,)
)recr:lr;r, Koltro r:a o(xrt'rtgann Me,rllTe, ax. L e n k, ilE'
\1y, 5ll' Harroc,re.l-l,K o. IIa rr a:J o r.,r r', ,\laxe.toHcri, r-paroBH v prncro io6a, cxo-
:l,e'
1957, crn. 257 c.;r., 273 ar,.,
"anprnrrr,',
.1()KrnH3Hpa n;(.,rirsar;r- xa crpyua lrexly r\pecHa
u Pl'rie;r Hr:-IJr,rHre, ,r cu,rrie. 5;;;,,r;,';;."i,nlr'.rurr,K rrarrero H3dror,.eHHe.
; .1,
i s c rr, O.,i: k,' ibdi,"'iogr r., 171.
Ihratrerli,-rrrBr,l&r.lleoxuu,
192l,crp. 6,15; cpB. c.bruo Tomaschek, Die alten
rffiJJ*,,I",,1ji::L,1;
',"?i1;*'.''.;,i:';,, 'd,.,?"lL:i,,'i:,ll; ?l'; ;l?*,f; *dJ:
" Thuc., II, 98.
- " Arist. hist. an. II, I (-lggb,,,- S()ti. 2), X, 15 (630 A l9);
pseudoarist.
de mirah.
tusc.
-l
(830a),
uS-6 fsioh
''gir;")
, Si!:
I[,48.,c
;
plin.
nat. hist. VI. 3+ (2ti).
' Strab.
, VII, fragm. 36.
'-.,i
'' Steph' Bvz', 70-6,, 8. ,roapa,uro Bzr.llr 3aK.1tor{eHHe oT Mncroro
-v
Jluoulrcgr.l, roero
d-]?pr,
qe
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e.rouine)--ia 6rr,, c-bcel,rr Ha- rre.ture. Elosrrre ca r*(HBeerH ro
ff"01u1.31-
Crp-r'rra or
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ri ao p. AsrrLcia n
-ne
.u rpaHHqexu c uelure. Tyx
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6. [-epon
1 69_
LTI,r:;**'cr.,prn
FJrtgaHi,rict<tt
rteArrre ca rpat(Hricro
il''re M' Koeqo
xiiBee.ro
6nHso ro MarieJ'oHitlt'''
Karo ceBtpHH
c'bceAtl Ha i!'eAHTe ce g$
qar or ag]'stlHHTe
allropl, ,tn""""'
Tq?' Ivloxe Aa ce sax"rrclqu tii
pa,r.a3a na ,rlasi*i 3a noxo,a
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V npe3 l8l r' R Tpaxraa'l $i
H'lKoHoTK''IoHoBe'reHa;\IejlltTe,IioHToCa)KHI]ee'rIHI.oCTaHacenepnfl:
nocpeAcrreHo
;ro Jr.eHre.rerri'
toio;;
; crpaootr't a crlopeA l-l'rrunfr
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n.lelleHa'
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ia fl'rHnHii e eAHHCrBeHoro
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Ha H3ToK Ca Ce npoc'npdffi
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in Ill5.rien, 1877, 160 f ., xoliro
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3a HatIlHTe 3e\lH' ollpe,[,ejl'I }leCTaTa, Iiot,To Ca HacexcB,,I.{:
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O b e r h tt mm e r, RL'' VIll'
"129'
lir p.
c o I I a r t, Philippes.
1937, 5{)4 sqq' HartocreArx
o' [I a n a^s
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cr,.;.,273c.t.'CeIIpoTHBotlocTi.BHH.avHeH}leTo.HaKorrap.T'{ce3acT.bnBa-...:.
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3elil{ lipe3
PH}lcKo
Rilc}le 161
I
^la;e.
qe Ha ceBepor{3roti crlHTHTe t'il83
"lli
ca I()cTll[a"llt
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:,::;-',r ,n.-,,,oro re'.{etlt{e Ha Crp}'MeluHrllla'
CnorteuaBaHero
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llwA
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CC }1tlC,'lt'1,
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CTgra.IH,
ll TO BepOtlTHO B e.llHa nO-paHHa enOxa' TerleHiisTO na CrpYilleillH[lLla'
O6a.ie
He npH CJttBaHeTO I.{ C'b'C Crp'rra, HO ll,liia,.l.e nOil CTp"'rtttUa'
'NiOXe
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re ;1a Ca
,iH.'ttt H3TI'iKaHll OTTall oT lte'ttire
I
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e B C'br,'iaCI{e C'bC Cr'O6ttleullCTO
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'le
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ino coe-lHoTo ,aranra Ha crp)'u'eurulltla)
lt IleiIllTe (no -'lo'rttoro
ll Teqe-
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',i
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Hne) ocraila.lrr
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iri',,iur,
xoriro e ueor5rrxHoBeHo rottHo ocHelto]IeH 3a reorparpunra na Tpa-
rirg. 6ea ra npltt6arnarte .:lo npe;(tlo':Io/Fietltlero,
qe qacr or lleilitTe ca r([I-
Bee.'lit
rto Kp'lvtlta n.1aHMa, oTii'bcHaTLl OT CBOHTe C'bn'lerttHHtttitt'
Cr'C CBOII-
re Uari-tC.l;Xtttt IlOCe.leHILI Ile-ltlTe Ca 6it'rii Il:lOCef C illtCa'rrttre Htll(I']-le ts
i)r'ne,tcxara
reculltta.;
i-{aii-rpr'.leu
i{ .lOCera
olrie clloper{ e B'LIpoC'bT 3a 3ai]:1i(HaTil rpaHlllla'
fo KoHTo Cil ]loCTIIfa.li!
IIe:lIITe. fl.llltscteHoTo
no.r()!le }I'IC,i() v [l'rrrHuii,
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:1q1.1"
t''
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t.ltl
Te ca ofittraBa.'ll'I H n'I4-
i pserid.arist. de rnir.rb. ausc. 115; Ael. hist. IX,20; Diosc. clt mat med'V, 129; Isid"
Xyl, +. li. K;r r,., p,ri,'n.uitit,,,-5, uertpaau.;Ilto c.vflTa ,1.o.'IlIHlra rrr Crpyrtellllllluil 3a lleoll-
gla.
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qe
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.ta cL i'r,pcil 3ltirritlTr.IIIo ttir it;t 3ittla.*, ipr. O ll e r h lt tn tt't C I, RII' IilA' 25S' il rlttl Crle'te-
II;t,i Hlt IGill,t:t'i3 ;tltTIt(lttlI :iRTOilil Itile BIJrt\.'lAlle 0ille e.ttltl
'IOUO
I 3li ilf)(l'1ll()'1(iil(eftlleT()' 'le
i,iK(-\r.r c
jrirrirro cil .tocr:rra.1!l orIi.r,r\{ 3':liIa1r-itire cK.lotloBe tIA 6e.rlt:n Iia cpt'l'ttoro reI{eH}Ie
H,l Cil]'rtetlli{IIll3.
:i 'Iltirc.,
II, 93.
;
opn. rrtr-Hitrilr-r,K crp. l brl( 1 1 ),
1tr6(i
-lt.
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n;rr.hist. I\'. 11 (l()). R. I(i";perr, IjOA,'1' u c llcl-o Iiauapon'
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6;;;";ur.
b.noBaHrrrra 3a roBa He.o'o :lrK.rro(rer{HC ca c.lerHHre:6d'
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cara'lx e Ha-
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lla )laprrrta nOKpai:l CeBep-
Hilre r1 3ilrr;tjiriltTe cri.'I()t{oile ua Ptt.ra; n() noc()lia Ha IHettlHoTo
luoce [l''ra-
roeBr.pa;t
'. - I (aptnrl ce.t0. no-HsTATT,li no Iocolia Ha
'IHeIIIHOTO
IIOCe 6e-
;;;'
-
(lrp).r,,i,tn
-
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ce'1HIIIS ce e
HarlHpaJ nann.,riir, tpr, !o(.l'-'p.'Tlir<a
ile'-)Hul{Te, Koilro xllBec'ltl or rBere
l
6:lrp;r-re*rr*i riirc3 plr\rcri() Bpclrc rir,T Pltrrtalirt-stohi
tttrxa:lna cttooer Tab' Pe,t'
Da3cro,rHr!e or 5() \*r.rt Ir(t(.r' Tttnrtprlra. .t(rKil',1r,-,,p,,""-L'ii
iii;'; ilt' Rhrn" 578-580)
ffi;;
'..,i;;
r.'pr'1x,iu,,rrcxo), tt Str-rhi ti p,i.,.i" ua Brp-rap \re^('I!' \'crr{'rr'r ua 6pera',ruHua
H
gepna).
Orrau .1o *,xtror() \'Crtte rra ieu;rpK,ltllt,l
-t.llrt{r
IIo Birpiap e 6tl'r no-KpaT-bK
-
lo -\'lu.refK(lnrirt -
itiorneiti:t 'J5
rttl'ttt ri6iJ"';zr
-573)'
"" "t""nir
81 rttt"lit' r' c' c 10 rtlt'ru
noBeqr, ir,il Kllrr.r e ir3BHBir.l :locril lrir'.r,i;;.r.- 3ir nLTn'Pa,it,rli,r -Stohi
Bx' IIo-Hararlx' III'
3.
(lt,,,6i1itt,...1tttIt, R[r1,.tt lt II;l I \)l)1('('TI)\ \lcK3T.i .il.lllcT IInt'.',] ;lllf ll'lll()'TT;l'
:
I-.ct',.'r'rrirrrrtnt 1rp'b:ttiil \tc.{-l-\
.,it',r,,,,r.'
tlii t-rprlrt'i tt lipt'r't'ttt.tttla
MIlHilBa llpe3
C. ii.rrrCt.n;r, K i,.lr'l'r) n..li,.tt.'i t'r
"
tt,ii i-tlllrl l,K. I l1lt'.i rritt itll,:io l' IillH r() II()Kil:]ltll ti lt\leT(-r M-v"
Ill:;ll'': :;,,;I'1,'::i::,,.,:;lll,r,l;i':;.
i;fl ,x;xflil;l;l;,
, i' ,',Jlil1ll,,;ii;lifi=i::'ii:l'iii,
Ot 187,\ ;fit 19iJ r. ltf..\().lT,T OT C.rri;tr;t .1()'llltla .1() .lpVr'lTil
e dTiltlil;l llpe'l e;1HO li(l-
Ki;+(H(), :lrrA,*rrc.Tr{() ir{)-}rrcoKo cL'-'l.rc, r1r -3il:rrapcxairt
,,,',auiui lrrx' }1cir" xll' isg5' 297 c't')'
Cer.ttilsi,Tr'r tttoCc c itp()KilpilH() Il() il()ii)Ka Hil cl''lpllti fl'6T IIpc') Ii;ritc-t-1tit'
3
Bx. Ilo-t{i:lrllrl,K crp. I i() (1lit'
1
Stnb., VII, 5' 7; Plin' itlt' ltisr' I\" i1 1itt1'
'l'
Tltttc.. il' !)E.
;llff
,j';??,i'1,1'c,,..,rische
ccscirichtr, r8e3,53r,,r
romaschek,
Die aiten
Tiiraker, t,
(i$,
toXaTO -tpYftl
lt.JC.le ((rlr3'l'e.'lll He aa ,,.r*r.,"tt'l tlCHo o-l'rlOL'tl0.ll'LTfl
Hil CUfa'i-
I(og:r.1 n616).i.
dor). Ed. l'1 rtvcr. t,t.'.iiri.'tltt ,t','litciiti'"i"il'119(tl)',73f';
Schoch'
RE, iil A,;177ri.. I- r-. G e i e,', t1,'t"i,,,i1.,., tri= ,,,, Ti,;,.,;it*it"lqt'nq
Phiiipps
II (1930)'
b2ii. t,ri Tlltic., I], r,i, JlHrlH.,rc,,','n,, ,,u,,',',, ila
(lL1Til.'rK c
(rtt.rlt u oI{atl
qacr Ha TparttH' Koqro
e i:-Dir
\c..t,lcrIilHr. H.l,I:1.'ior() Iril Ii, !)n, \'Ka.ilJil tlcH() IloeoKll'llt Hil Ilo\o'1a'
rtlfito 3alloqBa oT
.ipirgrr('
r{ ri1-,p*ir rrpt33 f pax,ttt
-";
"r:i,;t;;l
ii' st;' u 98':i' lroKa:}}t.lr'
qe- tror'tcxata ce vBe-
.li4qaB1
r,() lt.bTil oT triteltHtrutr lr .1(x)porlo;1'o
iloc.1ar,,n,ira
l() Tpull(tl' Or II' l0l'3' Ce BHx]a'
ije
Bo!iCiiaT:i U;t CUra;K He e MrlIIil.'iA Ilr) IiT,Tll 6,r'X
-
jlpirrrir
-
Pytte't'
-
I-i. Kitprrt. i:O,\, \\'lT, rr Sieqlin. S.ftiii'iii"t'
l(i""''cr"t'*r
Dobertts npx
P,, ,,,,,,,,,t' ,il,rl,;,1 tr. ti ir'P q. r t. [j(-)r\. I, I-i) !t()clilt]i't rtll l())litltltl cK"Ioll HA 6raryua n
164
6. l-epon
ilp,r,t',rrrrlrI"r t]'r,p\\' .r:lrrir.tnorpirrlliicxurc ieill ripe r prlrcKo ripe:\rc
r65
r4 Cpe.'tHoro TeqeHile Ha Dpet'a.ra.Hrlir, T. e. 6epoacr<O, flexueecrro, [{apeao-
ce,'rcrio
ii Kr)qaltcK,l.r TparlrircrcrrI xlrl.liir('rei) Lrir jto,'tnuar;t Ha 6pefa.,]HHUa
Ha
r,:3T()t( oT Illirrr e rrBeH, Iio.'ili{)To
t1
oC[i'i,jlHlt .'(a ca IIa}rerHI{UHTe OT
Iafl
o6tacT H HeliHoTo np()-\'qBaHr B apxeo.'rorlrqecK0 oTHotIeHue Aa e B
Harra.101'o
cu.J H;r H3'foK ()f
[IIrril 3atroqBaf Ia ce
,ABfiBar
xapaKTepHrrTe 3a
Tpar*rx
lroi'rr.ru.:r l,laBecrHare or rarr o6.racr ce.rrHrrlHn nlreHa AstiLus,
Bargala,'l'rarrupara, K'bM r(oaro rpHirua Aa npa6aaalr N Desuclab:, ca rpa-
rufir:ritr. ['lEeecrurrre .,tocera naArrHCrr or lioqauu ca Ha rpbrlKrr H ca no-
cBereHH or rpaxlr.{ Heo6rrto eTHlrqecKHTe H r(_v,'rr}:pHHTe Bpb3rrr Ha rafl
!,ol.fiHa
c Tpariaa ca 6eecnopHH. Or epl'ra crpaHa, aHTHqHr-rre nrrcaTe.rtH
He roBoprrT 3a HHKaKBo flo-3HaL[rTexHo n.1e],re, KoeTo 6u Mor.lo /[a 6rqe
BIlecrSHo Mexily' neoHtlHTe, IapjtaHqrrre, AeHTe.leTHTe, Me.lrrTe H cr!HTHTe.
3Ha,titre,tHa'ra po.IIfl, Koqro tl'panr uejlttre npe3 e.'InHLtcrnLIecKara H pHM-
cKai'a eno.\a l(o noxoJ,a Ha l(pac, iloKa3Ba,
qe
re ca 6ulu fo.lHlro Lt cH,'IHo
TpaKIIi"lCKO n,1elre, K0ero He e illof.]o J,a o6rrraRa calro Cper.uocrpylrcKaTa
,xo.rnHa. Va.rrrqaueto rtlr rr
)'Lracrirero
lrlr s nrrolo5poirHlrre HanajleHHrr Ha
cropJ.ncKrr u jr.apjtaHl{n
a .vtaxeloHrrr.
qtrtrlo
n'br e 5lr.r no Bap,uap, no-
Ka3Bi,
Lre
Te ce HaceJr{tsa,'ru r-16,:ac'r, KoHTo ecrecrtseHo e 5n.ra cB'bp3aHa
c Baprapcriara .ro.rriua. A raxaBa oti.racr, Karo ce c'brrocranaT BCrlr{K}r
cBe.reHr.rfl Ha aHTHr{HHTe rtlrci]Te.rlr, ]roiKe rfl 6'r,re cauo ropHoro Lt orqacrn
cpe-IHuTo reqeHlle na 6pcra.rHuua.
-l-ur,pte
ocK'bAHH ca cBefeHnHTa Ha aHTr.rqHr.rre nr{careJ!t 3a 6HTa vt
KV,'rr\ para Ha NreAuTe. Il[e rpnr5aa ,aa npaeMe]r,
qe
3Haqr{Te/rHa
qacr
or
o5itln're cBeAeHHrr, KoHTo HMaMe 3a rpaKHTe,; ce oTHacrrr H Ao MeAHTe.
Te ca ce 3aHHivraBar'IH c'bc 3eivre.a,e.'Ilre, 3.a Koero c'bAHM ocBeH or o6tunre
CBeJ.cHltt{ 3a TpaKHTe H nO ejlHO UqCTO B eltlo C'bt{HHeHHe, .{OLll,'lO .{,O HaC
II0.:, Hlrero ua Aprrcrore.t,'j B Koero ce roBoprr Karo K)'pHo3prrer 3a oco6eH
t
li l u a p o B, ileourrrr, 5, Heuurt)r;ilrc.rHo curllr.
tre
-l().lurar.t ua 6pcril.rHHtta e 6u.ra
IleoHClir. Caelcrucro Ha fki;uren
1l\:.
I2. 3; :lr Hopo:rir urrrt.r u;l neoHcKnlc uilpe. xoHTo
tTilBit,l:i r.lpr3 ()KLrlBaHc B pelitrir Acr;r,j ([ipti'l.r:rrru:ri, ce (,tHi]cfi
.lo -lo.lHo.tO Tcqerilre Ha
pefi:lTa, fr.tII3o J.o ueit
goto
VCTlt,.'. KL.tcfo r 6N.r urH'r"i,[)T,r Hlt IcoHCKilTa -l]l):'tatea. Or roua
o6aqc gr
cJe.iBa,
qe
Acru6- e 5rr.'t ir:Ju,t.to IreoHCKir prjKir.
.
:r
lipe.r 19,:17 u 1958 r. 11. u J. I'ap;truuuun (3i.,oP11116 urt IIIluucKu()r Hapo.leH st\'3ct1,
l' 19'),\--1959 r'., crp. 67 c.r.) ca lrpr.llrpue.ril rio -lo.'urHiiril ua [;pera.'rnrrua
'Jr
[I{urr narope
OcBelo\rlrre.rnrr
Jp.\eo.lornqccKr{ rtpo-v,raauirt. O'r .lilrrrrn'r, r(ou'ro re ca cl6plt.ru. }ro/he J.J
tc rlpe.ill(' lilr,l, qL'
no-3Haqrrr,1nft ce.rnriuJ Irpr.i prrucHillll euoxii e Hlr:1.1o a pailourrre tta
f,t.tri',, -'[lpuuuu-KapSuuurr
(l[[uncxo), CirrtH,reuo
-
6rtuii
-()6,rerueao
lKouaucxo),
Opu:apt
lhut{;iH.ritt),
o Ulpruocc.,rcxo---;]pau,m,llrilil-op,BNp,rc rr
'[pa6t','rtrerrruc-[laH,rapcutt
rrexlV IIcx-
lcito rl [icpouo, n paiioua uir .Ua,reso, Crrorrrnrpoeo, ,\'vl;ruro, Br'^lnrrapulr. ilprr flexqeso
il l'.lrlii(-lil rrc
Irln cTap(-) p)'JapcrB(), rr'i,ru() ilprr l(.rrrerrrrul - [l;rpeaocc,rcHo. ocecu 3a HaJilHCa
''i ,1u,ipir ru,: ([]cporicxt-r, Bx(. crp. 179
12711
ir uir.lnuc]rrr ()r' Koqarur I'aplaLuauun ca noirv-
iit'tit
cu,-'-iBHirH orLlc:Jil;1,tsa na.lrrrice o'r liir.rrrrriiltuir (ccra rra3eru.r a Il,[lntcxlrt lttl':eitr,6c:
iil
ce Kil:iitil liat(Btl clt) n jtpyl o.l'c. Ma,teuo (licpoacxtr). B Ilex.tcao 6ttra ]{ai\tepeHa Ilitotta
t .tarirHt'xrr
Ii;l^luHC.
Beue-tLIKoB, Pll:Ktlnr<u rr rrpoytrrJirnrrH, I, l9{1i,,37 c;1. Cpu. n @. Ilan a3otn\'
.iilT.
C'Lrr.,8{ cl.;CpB.11rrtt r\1. }{ I.-f apaiuaHtrH, Urr.r.. c.sq.,9 c.r.
I
Cirou 77, 193+, n. 1 ( .l)8,
l9+1--19.15, n.209), n. 2; c-brqo riell3.lil;tcu .rarrrHcKlr
.lli
l: i:,'.
:
I( .i z il r o \\', Bciti'rigr zrrr Iiulturgeschicirte der
'fhraker,
19lti, passim.
ij
Pseudoarist. de mirab. ausc. 11ti.-
crpaHrr ua Baplap. ocraHa,'jil B:iuct{o, a cill{Ttlre H }te.lt'lTr-l
^.1]:'.1,it].1:\n
noirnp. crp. lt;rfriy). ,-Ip)'r'9
jroria3arr'"'rcriro e nox().r..rrr trr [iPac npt3 2!) tl 28 i:
;;. ,,: a.,,'np,, rioiirn''e a)rr.r rr3iro.r3\'uitir C'r,ttt() n't,t',t't' Ilo 6pet'itrtrnlf,.rt[
I(aTO TOil ilO.\O.r( e rilr.-r ilSCOrii:ii Cpetltv HllX.l-\'.1llTe
(-raC'lapttlt, KOll'lO 6HJIU
crHI.Ha.rtH Berte B [(iOr:reH,:l.H.rrtr(o ir ec I'ccrtlel{o 3itcrp0llliltj:l.1ll Be(le nPQl
aHHIlt*r Mar<c-'torrtrt orri'blt I'L)aHInlrrTe tlt c .'tt:H'rt'.'lt'flll't'.
Ha:taailr)tllaHe oT
11H:jafl soiicxa.r.a Ha liptac
g
lielr,p:lu.ra
Hetra.rh:it 3lt;r''5rt or cell.litl're n rraq-
IHTe,
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3eiltl ItilHa.ta, :la ll3 :l[1]1_\'lJ I l]tp():11'Ho i] ceBepl{aTa
qacT
{,
ria nLoBril|,":r:}il;;l'':?'Br,i.:..ra,,re
Ire..rrrre c. oa)rraB..1r! rio cpeAHoiii
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Ilcrl''.-1\' KpeCUa tt [)r'lte'1. il \]()x':e 6t{
-f
[iJaroeet.pa]lcKo,3a
r(oeTo t,.truo Hir .[ar]aT li3Flec-rHO OCHOBaHIIe rlpHBe[Q;
H14Te ng-rope cFrereHnrr rrir Il.rrnlrii u Crpa6ou, Korlro I'orlop,l'f 3a MeAIr
rocra Ha ceBep.r Pa:rrpoclpaucHucro
Ha llejttlre lll t13l'oK npt3 l-iapn1
n,,IaHgHa B J(0.,tr.rHaTa
Fia I-opHa Jlecra He Ilr;:Ke lta ce [o.l1.1a,p){ta, TGi
KaTo B Tafl
jl.0.1HHa Ca xtlBet'-ltl -Iill'eDH
ll HHI(Ott K"-lOllOBe ila 5ecltTe, Kak'
TO BilIHXlte Reqe.3
()cseH T()iilt Ire.lilTe Clt HilCt.lHRil"lll I'opltoro tl oTqacTlt
:
6eracltua n [jt-rilrttlr.tcpe' lj r'
(l
c
-\
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'
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'tc -'ltrirep e r:
x3r ceBepHo it.tH cetsep()1,:)'r()riltr) Bep()rlrri(t Iit-ut.'tt'rl t)T ll.trlrtette, I'()prlllllltl , --\ra.rart-4,
I:apOg6C. CRc-letiuittil Hil .lpvt'ilr. r,,r,',',',,, llilCilT('.111(Sti';lb', \'ll, fr;rqrn'li(i' Ptt'1" Ill' l2f HJi-
rocl.,631), Strph. BYz. s. \'. Ir lrp., cpn. PhilipPsorl, I?l:, \" l?19 f" DetscheV,
Die itrrar<i.ilr"n Spiachresrr,s. \".), r\ouro io o:luArtati:i'r Kilro I'p,il.t, Ililltltplll
:t- 11_^T.ffi
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Crp-r-uu n n Ileonnl, rorioplr:ra o(r,ractl;l llo-cxopo na .]oilpatl. o-rKoJKor(1
":l:il::ffi-
Iper,rel Ha pa3.'tHr{HtrTe IlHel{Hfl oTHocHtr .:l()Ka,1H:}HpaHer() Ha
j}tl6ep
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o. rt a tr a 3 o r.1 y, ur.lr. c'F,rr.. 216 c.r. Hcflrior0 JloHitxl!:lltpaHe- Ha rofl rpa.l ll3 LTpyulcE
uuua o6aqe e ueripuevluag. T'r,.rx,r'B:luero Str:tb., \/ll, f r.rgrn. il(i, il r)'K, KaJ(To Il IIpH
'roKqilf
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irp. 167 tl;l)), e n:ru;tctl.rrriltte Ha
'reKCra.
Hetrtnttctllto ruf
Hcraclea sintica *'orr,, rrpH 3epnrr\r)pu
(B;,ii. Il()-i'()Pe crp. lfi()(8)), H;ttt llti tlil ctlle.p xr'rt 6eJlt
cltUa, TeKcT.l,r l{ir Crp:t69tt ,t".ia,r,t
()cttot};tlllle.til Ce c\ttl'rilT }{t'c'lllr.l oK()'l(} -lo(lep
3a He'
ilpeMeHHo .lexitruH Illt ceBcp ot
'rt,t
trxaHMlil. .'ltlx;t;ttt.l;tilillle'ro I{a .']riircp
()K{)j]o Ba;rau,lono
pa:lperuaBa .lorirrrHo I{ lrocoKirril H;r ttil\.1-\ Bllt{ero lt:l
(li'r;tlxorl;ttlt aoilcxa'
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e H-tgaaa ot
itao[p,*',,t'x or ,lo6cp K'i'\t ['I]t'rttttt: (ctit'a JlltleT(()uo)' t<ttii lrl l'J)il t e i;rt'r ttit:i-ceBepHolo
'Kpeg,rreHlre
H1 t,rirKe-tolrulr r(,, rt ll()a.rt' ce r
()'rrtpiltttt,til ila H)l'. )'crltttogrttlal{cro Ha Mecr&
Haxox(AeHr.rero Ha frp,,,:ri ([Jrirg-r lrrs] lipu c. .\1eirt.rrr,ru,
(-r.'trt.trl
-l(]
[(r'xvtit lcrirlpct-co'lyt]'
cKHH BecrHr* ,eo.1j",,i
9'iirfi- lg,'r2 i:., l;o.neirieHlre uir Xrt-tpl'r;rtt
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;p;. AiA, LVil, 1953, 28ti1,'rr(rKir:*.i,
,,.
,,, ,,r,' ,r []e.r:cilurt ttlt t'Pr6art ,'r ce T'bpcnr
tr
[lapruxonti,t, tt I lpltlta-i';t.t.
t
Dio Cass., l-1, 2:1' 2 st'1t1.
I
Plin. nlt. hist. I\r, i (;i), l1 (lrli: Strrtir., \'ll. ;. ll; cpn. crrritr) 11'lrt' Cap''
Vl'
651. Tnr,p.re llHcro stt P tt t s c lr, Ilrr. c'h,r., ]1,
,le
li;titr.rt:tlrpll-lcKr) He c ]l()l"l() ,tl npuHaJl'
.rel,KH K.bilr Me.1uxa, rl'r,ii *ar,, Cx:rirlouapa e iru.tir rtptt I-op.tirlru B- lcprlloDiltliil Ha I-la-vra'
.rHfl, He a *r,,.o,run ocHoBilreJHO. IJK.'n)tIB;iI{cro riit raH
',rli
,,,
-Crpl:rrcxli
i.r -toJltHa
rdl
TepuropHnrl Ha Ilayr;r;rrr e lrclr.ro la critue lto-K-hCt!o, rIPe:] II r:.'-.ronrr B HarlaJloTo
IB
III e., KotaTr) rpaACKltTe TepHTOpHtl CJ IIo.t1'r111.:1, pasitlupcHltC :]ll (:ueTKil IIA CTpaTefl|trtA
a B IIOttti(leT() C,l,VtlaII Ca fil l{illl'bJ}lO llOI'-l
'lHll'lH'
3
H. K ie p e r t, FOA, XVII, rrocrasg crparrrg,t'1r Nle d ic rr Il .l{).rurl:ll'lt
xarto
f,i
Cpelna Cr.pl,ua, raxl ir ua I'opHa .l\1ccra. .l e
q
e s a Die thrrlkisciteii Snracirreste
E
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KoMeHrrpil x'su ,,l,l.rnc'rpr.r
3r crrlp'ira ,,*opm ri'reorp;14.1, y-,f
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ttpiletd'
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,irai,r,
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HO
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qtlero
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HaKo.tr{tiTe
)kil'ti.tttla, :la KOIITo e rpa5Ha"rO :tii Ce ,u.OCTalltlT il'bpaeHHTe
KO.lOHe oT Her{. J3
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:,ra, Be[)oflTH() i]K.,rr()(ltt'fr].'rH0 H 6e.racrrita. -Ja Orpa6orrn Oprie.i ca c'bll{HTe
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Ha Crp_t'lra. a Iroirir' 5ir II illtplrH n.'laHHHa.
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-lo.lIItul'tll
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f ,p.an.i
t
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1
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I
3a ,rt.t,il( trCil;fl8Ail(,r() I{it ('teJ)(',rr, Il[.1tl.'ttlt.t:t
-r'
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[)it,d., XX, 19, l.
d
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l, \1,''1rr., \:l[, Irlrgrn.36.
rr
Ptoi., III, l'2, '2'2
t1il, 15).
1:
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'l'r"ltttll(l'()
tl;t
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p,r'irttllltHiia tl'r []' Ii i e p e r t'
F,.rl, fvii, l, il.
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'l'onr.rscirc'li,
Die rtlten l'ltmker,60, no-
:t iit,i I iiip()[)6(].'trrl-ril lro CpC.lu()-i() ,'.,,",,,,.' tt;t
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167
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is:
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6es
jta 6'u:e BJle'l.eH-
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'Ie
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jlai]a.lil U'Ir:l]lOiltH'JCT 3a
':lOFl'
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nOBeqe CBeJ'eHtlH' }'Tt'tittilnr'' Ha'
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I{aTa lvte6-l}' CtlHTllTe tI neOHqtlTe, KOt{TO 6tria fOpItCTa It
"llltlleHa
OT Cg'
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ra n.taHltHil. Ha llllc )lecattltoH.
KO'ITO OTite'itlnit I leouus or
,\lelaxa tr B KOHTO Ce B',bJe.l 5tt3oH't''i', HII c-bo6lltaFla r\prtcrore'r'1 Onnt
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c
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qe
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Ha KOeTo ce noCraen [o6ep.
Hair-eepo'tTHo
Lt Hait-ilprle]l'lrtBo e oT,bx'{'e''
crBrrBaHero
n, ilpir,ri . L)r.paxteu,
riaro c'boa)ureHrrcro
Hil T'r*r.ru,, He'
,oi**rru Ha Cl-tTa.ll( CTtll'He.'ia a ,{o5ep,
C'iIcil IiaTo IIpe\lllHil"la II"IaHuHaTa'
He TpqSB a la ce cxtsarua 5t-r<sa.ruo, T. e.
qe
Lo5ep
ce e Halltioll'l H',IKb'qe
K.bilt crpvrvr6Ua,
a He K'bll Ba.taullotlo, K'bAeTO rO n,'a'tt'"''n't no-fope's
'fonaCxBaluaHeC,t,oTBeTCTts\.BaIItlaI,I3Iia3aHoToo.fHaCtlo-fopenpeAno.
JIOXeHHe,
qe
cl-lHTllTe ca J.ocTlll-a,ltl
Ha ceBep Ao cpeAHOTO TeqeHHe Ha
I
Strab', VIl, 5' 12.
2
Ath., IV' 18{a.
i
ll,:;:' l1?l an. II, 1 (-teen , 3l-suoa ,2); x-r '{s (63t1 A
igi
;
Psetrrioarist'
de
mirab. atrsc. 1 (83ga), K'b,ero ,rr,,,r,,*,ar,, a'"rp"t.n, -tccar-rtrou 1'llce('tc't)'
(-'ltrioro HMe Ts
Hoc!r v Suidas, ,. ;.1', Zourr.r. Antigoni r',ltt"ioi' lKelier'
1877)' 53 (58)' taua rloprtara
;,.rc; \lcl.lcarol.
-r -
5
Bx. Detscherv,
o.lh' xLI, 1951, 113tf'
ri
H. K i e p eii,-nOA, fVII, ,io.ruuo Kerkine I(eiH.1-\' ropHulo
'reqel{rte
ua 6pera'r'
Huua H toprioro ,.u.*r. ,i Crp,nr,.*"iui
(lrapa pe*a),
.,.'-t'
'oit
n u,'euruQHu,pa C flfis$'
Kotslrua, rrrr xaro ,oli".oiirr llo6ep
';;;'p;;;dru. 'R.
K i e p e r t, FoA, xvl, '{, ot'urx'
;lecrBflBa
Keprnna c,,c 3anaJ,Hrra pur*iora,,o n' 6e'ractlua (b;r'rr1'uia nr') (rosa oTt)l(Ie'
crB'BaHe np,elra 14 F r. c e
-v-
e r, uri. air., 62 ff.), fipe3 Kouro IlHHaBa ntrqr crpyult-
ua--Baras.roao
(410u suc.), uo.-xoilro ;;r;; u C,it"*' S'i e g
l-t.tl' !t!tllatlas'
10'orbinle'
crB,tBa Kepxn,ac OlpaxreH. Cpu.u,U. Uetsche$', O"fi']'Xif, 195+' i1'l ff iOber-
h rr rn m e r, RE, XI, 309. 3a pa:.rttutt rtrc OT}/h-LecTB',o'n'" n' Kepxuua sx' tt
cf'', il e n a-
3 o t. 1
.\',
uhr. clq., 250'
168
rrle roBopgtvr npu oilpeile.Iflne Ha 3aila/tl{a'ra rpaHlllia rla Tpal(Llir, He ACnp;
HaCflT 3a TOr{HOTO tt.'tOI{?:IIItllttpaite.
()r'BCtlqlilt
Tllfl CHejl,el{llr{ illo.+\e
Aa Ci
3aKJrroqlr,
qe rI-bp6o1ilrla.'rrro c
( )pf;s,1 e 6rr.ra o3ttitqlBallt ]to)+.e ilu caub
[ie,racgt1a, lt no-ceTHetirrlii'ic uttcilrL-.'1u ilopil.'tt'l c.laa)o n03ilaBuHe Ha BaI-:
petuHocTTil Ha I'par<trlr' :tau,;,11i;1.r,t :la Hilpnqal' c 1'oFta ulle, ttaxox,1afi6q
or ruopero vt Celtcr<o flr).1g, II tscirqhir It,t:ltltltll'1. tiottl'o ce Haullpar 3aA
6e,racHqa IttiK;1.!' CpejtHo'rO
_
te(leHll( tla C tp-l'rra H [lap.'ta1l, a c'rtqg ,g,
IrexAy Crpvrra rr ,\lec'nr.l I-{rr.rara T'aH Il.titHtttlcliil ctlcrc}lzl, u'btIpeKH qe
e-
rpopfl3ana or A'b"'ISoKara :to.lllHrl Ha Crpt'ua, c 6lt.ra CxralllaHi.
::.i1
.lT
rIflJro [oAoSHo r{a Po:ionrrre lr Xerrr c, KOH'tO C'bllto ca npopt{:]aHII oT
Ab-4-.
itorlr ,lo,rr.rHu.;r
06.:racria Ha n.-taHLtHara Ltp,5e.r e t.l3Haqerla o'i []o.rluen
riaro npeceqeHa H roprrcra 3euu.{ OcHeH cBe/leHitcTo, I(oero HsiltHpaMe+
Apacrore.r 3a 6asoHa rJ fl,-raHIrH:tra Iiecanlroil,:'
-\
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rroerH ce toBoptr 3a ;lrrBrr{
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rt trictjt.ttrrfrarB
HeroBoro nojlHo;11Lrc.
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tl;i't.rltn
II).qe
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,'IHqaBaJrt cbc cilorrre .r.'i,,rrrr
porlt.'j [3apou B cBoe t() c bqttHeHile B'bpxy
3elrelle.rrrero c'bnr.o foilopu :ill
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2. EOPDll IE tlA MEilllTE C ,11,\I(EAOHUTI
pl
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.Nle,u,rrre ca rAuo or I'oJelrIITe rpaKHI:icKH n,teIleHs, Koero
qtcro.Sfi
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CTtso c I\laxeIoHIIfl I{rPAC II3BCCTHA
PON,I
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?40 *
ir*ro cboflslaBa Il.r.l'rapx,* iiorJro Qulltn II eorcaa.T cpctttv Brt:]aHrl'lfiql'Irt'
I
Tlxa narrp. :ie II'ro,rrurii (lll, 13, 187 p,'x.t Clp_'u'\ta llJlillpl uT lr,l lll;ltlillc, t(ottro ca
B rpaHtttrHitrlt tl(l;llltt' tt;t
'lpllxtrt
tt l'llixrl-ltlttlt'i'
r
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O lr e r lr u ni tn c r, RE, Srrppl. \'lll, 731 i., c ;lltt'e pl.r\ pa. Ilpc.ttit-t;to;littlilelo,
tlc
e HMaJIo
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loCOroro),
.:1.,rr.H.Kiept-,ri. I:OA,XVll :uvrilr.Slrcn;t [Julici.tnl, 1t)2i. ]i.'-,,rrc ]roxcrBcc
rrir.rlr,pNn cep6o:tuo. R. IiiepcIt: IrO-\, \\'1,?, t,'t tx,iecrtltit.t
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rllcr ol Po,lotttt rt'.
I
Pllt'lcn., I\i, 2, 1ii.
i
Ariit. lrist. rtttim. X' 15 (oll0 A 1t);: ll' I ('llrl) u'
rttifttb. uttsc. I (8.10.r) ; Antigt'rli, prtr:ltl' ;r3 (Jlil
; cpi'. oiuc
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';d.'-v,.lo3 tt
'pz"a:"3, Ii'i',iero ca Ja,l.eHtt
ToLlil xIlJo'tgo, K.iK'ro rt tpttprtt.ilc ua illlLTo Il \., ilo-l KolITo
Hrrcro Ha 6ia:oua tl .lpcnuoirrll
ll Ilo-li6cHo IJ)'h. O r t ir, RE'
r;
Antlt. Pll., \'1. I I+, 1l;, 11{i'
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;
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't)p;1)'a:"
ll
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(trrtrs) ii 1pDHrrclIa tl I tl')-goBL) Bpr)'\te cpa' O r t1t, uttt'
s
Plut., Ale.x.,9, I.
31 --,=;()(lrr, l.) ; Pscrrtiorrist.
de
D e t s c lt c tt', l-.iic thrirkischell
il .lp) l'rr aHTll,lllll II3BecTltg
3il
ce c:pe tira. 3a pa3nPocrpaue-
III A, 2{95 ff
Pit3rrpoc
IplllleHLeTo
It!
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fp'btlriil HilleHa
-
oprono,'r lr lia,'tltno.r, cilo.\teHaTH Hll c'biltor() rrHCTO v
Crpa6oH. Karo rpajl, ocHoBaH o'r
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II, e .'(aiteH o [:t_r'rnol()gicunl mai-
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I r;9
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1.[
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't'e\eH
rpai(. H3foHrr.'I )+CtTe-
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il0.1.
Koril ItpH
tirtt.lurt
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He Ce lia3Bil. Karo IlpflKo cBe.[,eHHe 3a Toua 6H.rrre i\ror'.rrr .'la CivtflTarre
c"i,oiiuteHI4ero
Ha flo..rHeH :ra no.\o,rla Ha
tDu,tun
II si; :iv'(t.-,',r,).;ay
7tbpt.t,
nptr
rioliTo 1'oii H3iIoBH.'r VKpH.[]rTe ce B Tafl r'opilc'ra H trpecerreHa 3e]rH
:,tecTHlr
iKliTe.llI c nolrorrtl'a Hlr .1ou,l,/KHiicriil r(\'qe't'ir.! ,uariejloHtlHTe ce
oiltrTa.llI Aa 3at\pel]ffT B.'racTTa crr s ]1e:tlrxa
(r
pc3 cb3jtaBaHcTo Hll cBofl
Ko"rroHHa. CnorrreHarHH'r'
-r'
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n oS.racTra [1apOp6e-
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qpt3
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(rnaltn
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BepoHtHo oT' ToBa Bpetvte ca tr jlP)'t'ltre
ilBa I-PaIa B riirr oS.lacr c
nunt I'paA'br EuHe,'r rioli'ro cr]ope;t 1'eoL[rpacrt ce e Ha]rHlla.t Ha per\a iloH'r
(Crpi )teulHinla).; I1;.trietoHClioi'o B.'rajlhLrer"r'uo H2-i rtejlnrr e npujl'bJ;,Krr.'ro.
KaKTO Il3r.'IexAa it IIo-HaraT'bt\! uaii-.lta.rxo IO I(paH riil l\,' 8.. ll Ito/iie 5lr
ir J,O Ke.]'r'CKOTo HaUie(:TBrre (2uit r.,). ll lJltl i'., rilti(ro t"roriirilrHs ;'{lrotop.''
KacaHl op 3ace.rir,'r 2t-l tltil) o'i' n.rnprriicxoro n,'ie.\re aFtrirptril'in 3ae.tHo c
;t(eHII H J,elia Kpaii ir.raHnt{ara
( )p(re.r. ToHa e 5rr.'rt-r rJ'b:-}Nro/hH() cario aKo
liarie.'ioHUHTe ca ts.ra.ler.ln.taH ori,racr. Il HaucrltrA r'](JcrrrH; rrr e o3Ha-
LieHa
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qc
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IIpr3 III B. r\oHTpo.r'rrT Hir itaKe.IoHCKaTa ,t(bpxltga HaJ. o6,rac1"r'a Ha Ite;lrlTe
e orc.'la6Har H ToBa I].,'reivre e ts'b3craHoBrl.ro cBorrra ilpe]r{uIHa r{c3aB}rcH-
nocr. liprr Olr.rnn V MejtnTe ca 1u;tn e.rH]! or Haii-Hecrror,,or.iHirre c'bceIH
Ha IIaHe.IOHCKa'fa
ll'bpxaBa ir ca tt3IIo.'t3_\'8a.1il c.t_\'qaHTe, I(ofaTo Tri e 6H.ra
aHfa.'kr.tpaHa B'bB B'bHulHH B0liHI.r, 3a Ia Hax.lvrrr n Ilaxe]oHHH.\ B-bB
BCeKll c.I\'qafi npe3 2l i t'. Te ca 5n.l{ He3ats}{cH}r}r rr
(DrrJuI
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3attoqHe no-cepu03Htr ;leiic'ran,r Ha ror B ['r,pr111111, ocrrr'-\'prir]aiirlr cegepHirre
iDaHHuit Ha .\laxelouttl, ilpe-'tupt{e.I [roro-l u cLretrt-r'r!elltre, onvcrouril.'1
it0,re'i.ara Lrlr tr o6ca jllt.r \'til)e r]rHit'ilr n,\r c'f o.uilllt ti utltt-:prrHa.,' Tou noxo,1
I
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i, Itt rr ll.
(.rrrrlte.i
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'{)pj1ii.,,.,
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.-2a:toi
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II. l:6,'1, Flrlcnrirnt,rrtrrui. Arnrrr. ,\l;rri. \XVII,
Ituliou arllopn (Lps. Ii ;t u lt p o n, t'ill.l, \'1, l!i2-.i, ,'J) rrrii tprti,r
r
Strlb., \'li, f rl,gnr. ll(1. lla .'rc)r(,ir.rir3rrpirne l'( | nir
\llile.lrltrcKll'til Ko.rc)HLt:luln,t u ilc,t sx. li il rt il
[)
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(r.t.
c,'lilTepaT-\'pa.
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t;, I [lrp
,t,ir.rurr
l[ ,\1rtri..
clp. 1ti7t1,it.
iotle llr, [1122,
ii
ilt_r'rn. rlragnurlt, s. r'. Bivr;, p. 197.
I 'll:eopirr.
eic iapid. ll, 12, i 5
j -l'o
tn a s c lt ek, lur Iir.inde der Hiintrrslrirlilinsrl..gJ, ri1'rrrerrlr,,rt lJin:,c e no-c'iilputrr
rrrc
lra Philippopclis, xoe'ro rreuo ce orxB'rrp.'lq or R. K i c p c r t, XVi.
'1.
6
[-)iod., XX, i9.1, cpu. Zipp e l, Die r(imischc Herrscltrft in Illvritrn bis urrf Atrgrrs-
rs,
i,377, 39 f f.
;
Irist., X\', 2, 1.
t
Bx. Irecrarr v ilnrol)ri1'r'- B c.TC.luilrqrrre .;lrre 6e;rr.rrtriti.
i.
r
Pol.r'b., X, +1, {; l-ir'., XX\II, 25, 6:8; cpp. ourc Polih., I\, p. 55 tfliittner-
'\'rDsU
; N i c s e, Geschichte der griecLischeu und rnakedonischen Staaten, II, {78. Be-
E. fepon
170
He e AOBeX ll9
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Syxa$ff
Ha r\rHni\rH,r X.r,!:.. fi, []p'brr(n]ie toji or,.,r.'rrr'1 I'L)a.r
l]Tl]i:,ll:l::l:il*ffi
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H{l C-1lJa BIICO({llHit. ['pa]1'r'r 6tt't H:tttajl't{aT eAnO{
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t'*tt' Rel'iach
(cf BCffi
XXXIV, 191(), 29ti, renr' 2) ca Hil vHeHlle'
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He3a.
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M. Anrrius Publius.r
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r.)
ce 3iicrr.trr.lH Ir 3ar{ecTtI.'ilr Hilnllitti{llHTa Ha oh:0,1HIl'fe il.]e}leHa Fl npoBHH-
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.. i L: : r, R,-lrniscltc Ccschicltte, 1S;.
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ape
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ua Mare,lotrt'ut ce cFrbp3nilr :1H(' c'r,(ilrrlrir: t]'bcr;trjnero , ar*it4
iaxe.,.1outrr{, IpIr I(oe'to
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ts 8(i lt ,3ir r., noA(tt,.fetrrr naK or Murp-n:lar ilouL rriicrcrr, Iref,r.r,
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cle 6opa ts IrHot'o cpaxeHtrr, ca ItapeqeHu rpaKri. I,Igr'.rex.ta.
qe
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r jlB0 IIOxOAa npe3 85 r. CpeltiV THx
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n
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no.r, Oprono.'r rr 6rrHr,. I-lape-l L' Trrr
()rpa6oH;
.raBa u rpa-1a I-apecr.-, xoli-
To ce cnolteilJBA c'buIo vt
_\'
ilro.rerreii lr fl"rlrHHl-i.,i Br,n Bp.r,:]Ka c rroxoAa
..,8
He e rro3HaBa.'l lte.Iur-' a Tp:lxlrt.
KoHTO trplttstlxJ,lltp, ile e ItpeqKil.
{8 {1oB), 53 (l l,l), \'ur. rri. rrrsr.
r
cil_, \'t, 2,17{5.
()prorpa(l;lHr.r
Medos, Met'lus v K)aeHa.r H ua.tnHCi,rrc.
Opn )Iilc;, Plrrt., Nrrm;r, 9,
'l
l-
.12,
Medi, Irrl. Ohs.,
II, r, 5.
-
l,pn.-[)t,rst.h,.,\\',
ri.llr, \1.1. 195i. Il ) ll.(n.l).
:l
1-);x. Ilrr-112'p'1.,
',,,r
I. ,r.
i
l-J c..trrit rril trrrtr' irr. Jlcr.;rpit 1l't,pi1rrr), l(1. \'ll, J.J, ri,r:iLi, ir[le.tt.t.itri]t ,iitcr ()T r-tliir;l
Hit
-lltrrx;tttllllllt .iil ()lll)("le '1,til('
n.l ttt:ilt1.trt o'r ,'l( )1 r.,1le.t.iii cc -toirt,..ltt I ()t ,l t-tartr.'ln t,t .;\ittt,t
['til'ri'rc;:; \li't'"))'.2',;''t''r.', r i,il K:rT(r rr pr.r ,1g ar,',,,
lzrl:ii,r1.,]
lr=:=63'r'7'. H,r irone;rirr
B. ai-iJil,l lt'trt'T. tt[)c.iil.lr't{ lilt Ir .ip)'t-I iil.tiil('i, (''l'()tl 3,-.,",,-i,iur, \'(,)p]/.?:, e'-',],-}.t-or, l'at...:2..,a,
r"'t'':Aa
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tfi;1^i'"v.;,;'i,-,cL
llz:o'.c., r- K(i('l'o ('(' Ilf c.tiinil .ull.irHcx()ro singili<r
-.8llr1. li l,c;l
,
tpcxll", 1'() Itel)(rtt'rtto 11 t,
'i (),t IIiLtilltc
'rpriritr;t
.tit ce Bl.Jcriln()ntt
Ictv-;l:iir,r,
[,('.l.l^A:ri:,( [\z,r}sl|rr6:1('l)lr. r\1 trnrntstn
-t]Iir trrhe r, [)t,r.\lirrirnirltlrrit
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5 i il ul rr c r, Itl:, \'. i:l( )i, IlllT l. F3r,pr,t.
.f{rnil
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prrrf.
[_. Rol.rert). (];re.ton;t_
re'lHo
B Hi.l-lttttcll ot' .Utl';tp,i Itc r-rttrrtr \ror'. lir ,l;i IrriK-l;rlr(,. ('1()]reHirtJilre I1r Ir.rclreHFi()T()
Hllt ilil li('.lll1'u- Li t'ltortrlt t'tl.t'rfietm pc,t:ra (-eHep
pet'()l)'t,'f Krnrepirti (l! n.t, r-rr,.lxt.r;l,T1ga!'lKii
S}Jettl;ttlt
c t,ttpyt':1, Korrr() npon:l\(l)i\.til,'rir ()'f .[ru.'ritni,rt,,.',,
*,,.rn,, 1 ,^iii'tr,1 D= tfi t2,1-9-r, H2:'.7]ti.t
1T' i:,ri)
'z a;r"'7.i1'.'t,e; cl",yt'. tl',:( xzi et;
izi:teicl;' r,t7z; riE i.ti,t
liia;
d'zir.3ioiov;s5.ri;
.z 172 !sI-(r)i,'3) sz'lrr;st; i.2,-)
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rg ;: xzi \l.i>,o: y-x,.
ci vDy :rl t,i xTri=a i./r,.,=e<
ii-r-'ttzyt.'t
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1=pil.,.,rar... (FIirrr. rrr.. I. I,i, trl. Fr. Diiirirtr,
g,
lll, p. li:},lFtl_i57, rci. Cr,-
'.31
1,t _:l;1
r'l,.ll(.\ IJIIH(,'t'r) nil
.r()nit
Irrcl'() r' \rrrrepuii ex. B. Fi r.r x rt's, Il:rc.r. B
riecr
ut aK.t_1.
-tt'1Htr. f'li t-;r .). F'lltt: tt(' tl:Jt(.'tl{)rrtr.l}re rti}.i}roxH()cl"rir II.re}reirH(\f() urr tftt tpaxililcKri.rrl }rc.rlr
la at r' .riirtit3itjlo Kat'() ltut.ltii e_llilt po..i u.t,u,Dtt.lHlt0ittr..l, tiil.I() cr)
p{}tit
IIpe..rRt.t.l ti(lil(tel)Bill.itF,-
::::]
, rril po t()l3llt'(t irlreriil.(-ilr ript'I,'u,,,,.r,, uit llz,)c'- c l,l1)ol nx. .nit.6 Hu c'l'p. tf tiZ;lt Ho
:'rB(i
{)lut'llti tl .t()lill.Jil'lt'-lcrur).til ()tti'.ttttt.i ltri1) }Ll \!r'.lrirr: Kit'to or.'lc.tHo Il,teye IIpe:J T;tf
r:i,aii;t
r, t t, , \ il .
:'
Strrth., \'ll, ir.r{rrr. llti.
';
Ptol., III. ll, 2l ri,'i, 2,'i1 ; ir11,,. tr;rr. irisr. I\'. ,i;.
176
E. [-tptx
Ha oH,,I!ru V n[re3 2ll r. ce for]optl 3a
-\.KpereHHfl
rpajl
qyoglI"i,n9H,
('trr:t
r.laBeH rpa-1 Ha )lej(l{Te' F}'r'rl Bp'r'tlill
(l rlo\o"[a Ha
'D^!!'^-y ryg
l8l r. cpeut)'
rre.lllrc ce I'oBoplt 3a TexHI{n rpa]t Ilerpa, rot'iro
:"]\l'^11-ft$,
'KoeneH.
L)gte elllH I'pa,I Ha t{}le ,[t'C'u'.'tttna
Hll e H:Jr]eCTeH B lvleng$et
--f
I(.h,l.eTo Ce
()IlJt,| pil3rto.l())'Kil'1I1
lja CTarI npe3 ltj8 r' SacrapnH'.:-Io,'s
r{ABa.rH R riorroirt l{il IIepceii.
()cHosaHtrre or }laKeIoHII.}!Te rpaAOUE
ecTecrBeHo
ca
(trt.ttt
)pe.'teHII
li{lro rpajlollere R ca}lara
'Nlaxelo-H'l
'
tqi
, pa;rru Te ca :,lana3H.,In, itoliaTo
NtaKej(oHClit{tlT IiOHTpo.'l e otl"I B cnna"
Br,nperu
(te ptl,eHara Ha rxH I'pajtoBe cit IiLt H3BeCTHH or pr".1.111^.r^ol5l
l(aToCe.']HlItilB.Jpt)H,rHoCaCeC-bxpaH}I.ltIflpe3e.ltlHHCTI,lqeCfi-aTa-.eno.I'a'
Il-b(tHo NroiHe ;ta ce IIpHe}le'
qe
Il T'ix ce e :lana3ll"I npe3 IIflJOTO T@
Bpeivte OpraHl:;-,tlpaHIlrlT
rpaAcKIl xLtBoT. L)r ritfl enO'\a Hlle Hfll'lalte HHKaI('f,
ilaI'lerHtluu :)a T0ttil, HH'ro
'll'lrepar\'[-rHtt'
H[{TO entlrparfcritr' He ca H3BeCTRH
cT,*to ra*il loiera
or Cpe.lna'Crpvrra
Lt KaKgllro tl ila ca ;lpvl'H apxes
.,IOr,LlecKH HaXojlKu o'I e,'tHr{ncTIlqecKaTa
eilo.ril
(r'po(ltlne, }loHeTH, npoB&
BejleHHt{ Ha uraii.rooro).'
KaKBI'lTo Ce Ha}ltlpaT B ilo'',l'tHara
Ha Cpenn3
M".'u(I.ortele.rqenc''o-HeepoKorICli()).a..-'-
Hace.reH6tro
Ha rio.-ir)Hr{aJHrrre r-parotse e
(lil.rtl
c}tccetlo --
\laKeAoll'
rtg, f.bprlrr r.r TpaKit, ,(()liaTo
Hace.leHt!eTO Ha il()-cTaDllTe r-par<tlticxH rpa4o'
Be e 6H.rO npe-ltlllHO
rpatitltlcKo. TOBa C'le-tBll He CaIIO O'r O6CTOflle'lCTBOTgt
rre THtt t'pa:[ORe He Cil 5lt'rlt Ko.'iOHilil' Ho Il OT C'bllpoTI'lRaTa' IioqTO oxa'
:la.r[{ Ha
(rrr.rlrn V r-L)ii,'toBere HlrSoplrHa u Ilerpa.
_3a
crleceHoro HacqJIe'
Hr{e Ha Ko.'roHt{a.1Hr4Te
rpa1oBe Are:tcaH,:(ponoJ
ll 6ttue npHTexaBaMe ss
pHLrHoro .n,,U"i.rcruo
Ha Il.rr.rapx tr F't1'm' nlagtt'2 [lpefno'rara ce'
Iffi.
.ru,A
MaKeiloHCKH KO.'IOHII11 ca 6HJ[{ 3ace;leHll
qacT
oT X(HTe'{HTS Ha paffT
uleHHTe or
cfrlr,,lllt Il xa.'IKI'IitHqecKH
rpa:loBe.:l C)r e'IIHHHCTHqecKara
eim
HrIaille H eIHO clle;teHge, KoeTo ce orllactl
'llo
eTHt{tlucKII nt't'''nt" ;'ffi
CTaTa. HaCe.'IrtRilHI! oT Ile.lHTe. Kaxro noc()ql{x}le Beqe' s:ll(i r' KaCaudfig
3aCe.'I,.'t Kllari nrr*r,nrra
();r6e'r C ,iitlHII I-t .I'elta
2O
(l()()
itnrallttilTH' KOHT,
ca u.rllPrrlicxo il.rerle.
tDrtsclre*-, (),llr. \l-1. 19;l, 1li,tttll!lHttllte'rlt.iall:ltcllAlA
tl;lcT01'cTeEIlIc
- ^.
,aan lll
*,,, n*r*ji,;,i L:;i;'ilp,,l,"ii;,,,ii,ii..*,,i'r,
Korr(, r: cro,r.'r.r -r,i
tl;ls t'.' irt.'t.t;t trt BDeMerq
ra
r't-,,^',,-rr.o lvx
:,1ii;?,1,,".i:n;);illiii:l;i;,',';-;';;-;;,,n",.1'1^,uu;:if
'ol'1,X1'o-illu^*1
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B
'i'
t'n'lt' tgzz 1925' 519 c'r'
;H,llllL"Tl'r,i
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i:ir],,,. ;":;;,.: i-,.'r'g;,
.pu. ,,,;; rzetzes, clril" ir'
;irt,3,11n1.p"'11Xff
,,. ,o.I;;'.:;il.i';;*1;i,,,
i,i;1"''n,;;:
Bl;;;":r:i:::,,:,li{1.:
,:':::,.': '};l;l'll:'",',"r,li 1;;5 tta fp:tXltiiCK()TO ileCTllO II\te 17"'''''" r7'''tti C I
l)bilhtrx
r'r'lit(r'r
' " "^""""11:
2l-i,
ga6.2,
.1:lTil :ta \t()panHIlt{ t)i),l1t6 }lil HilCe,lettlICTO Ha I-pi1.i;l SX' K a tl'l p tl n' Ott'ttttl
, O . t s c li c u', Die thraliischcit-
-Sprrlchrtsitr'
S' \"
:t
K a tt a p o i|,
rlrit.'ltttt II,
_1
92 cl.
1
Di,,cl., XX. iir,l :cpa. Totnascllt x, I?lr'll' 2D9;l'
il po.r,rrra rr lr fl
-
R-r,n x-\' 3a rra.lrrorpax n ilc r lrre :crr rr rrpe:t ptil\rcKo Bpelte
177
3. AAMHTII,ICTPATPIBHATA NPPIHAAJIE}KHOCT HA CPEAHA CTPYMA
NPE3 PHMCKO BPEME H 3AIIAAHATA TPAHHUA HA NPOBHHUH'I TPAI<US
C noxo.la ua Kpac DIIlt.'THHIJTe Ha,loxHiIrr orioHqare.iiHo B,,Iacrra cu Ha.{
rrerrtle.
C roua HHe crrlralre ro B'bfipoca 3a e,l:v,'rrH6crparHBHara npHHar-
.'jer+:HOCT
Ha CpC:tHocrpVIICKaTa
IO.tlrra B paliKrrTe Ha P,,*,Cxara Hlrnepgfl
tl .:lo
CB-Lp3aHllTe C FierO B-brlpOCI{ 3a IItICTOTO ria CTpaTeat{r{ra,ryleeHKa
H
3a 3ailarrrara rpar[rrl;l FiA npoBrr]{rtHrr Tparl[r. flari-npantonorl06Ho
e Aa
flprre]rerI,
qe
lo,rrrrHara na Crpi'rra ]re)+\A_\' Kpecua rr
pr-ne,l
e 6arra npr.t_
cbeJllHeHa ollle roraBa li'blI npoBIIHIIIrr{ i\iarielourrn lr.',li rrr,K 6wna i-ro-
CTArleHa nO.n KOHTpO'Ia Ha Ital(e;loHCKilfl npOBHHtlila.leil VnpaBLITe.I, Kat('bBTO
e 6vtt cJvqaflr c rpaxl.ruicroro
.ripaiiSpe;Klte
Ha Ereiicrio u i\,lpalropHo Mope
H c
'leBottourrtiicxttte
rpitjloBC.r [:]no vKa3aHrre 3a roBa Hr.re Blr;ffIa]re B
ll3BecrHero tra Crpa6ou,
qe
o5.lacrra ilapop6e.rrifl nprrHa.l.'re)+(H xtrr Ma-
reJ.oHl'ts.! f1ouex':e cr,q]tHeuIIero rra Crpa6oH e 6s.'ro 3an'bpurerio npe3 n],p-
BHTe rornHrr or vnpaB.'reHuero Ha Tlr6eprrii,,r )roxerr la rprrelrerr, qe
Cper_
ua CrpVua
_no
roBa rlpelre e npHiia.I.reir:a.'ra Beqe K-blr npoBrrHrlrrfl Maxe-
.toHr.rr. -la I ]ro.reueii, rioliro nnrrie orio.r() cpe:tara Ha II ;., cr,rrtara o5_
.'racr, HapeqeHt
i'
Hero op6e.rrrn, riprrHa.l.'reiKrr K'bM
^\1areloHrrr.l {oxa-
3are.lcrBo 3a nprIC'bujltlHnBaHero Hil ra,q o6.lacr K-brr NlaxeloHtrrr c.'reJ
iloxoxa Ilil Kpac e lI vnoTpetiara B Herr Ha IraKeroHCr(oro ,reroquc.teHHe, u
T0 ca-l{o Ha epara Ha Ar<ulrv}r, KitKTo nte Btrliri}r iro-Hararr,r< (crp.
lglfjl2) c".r.).,
tr{:ina}te
Io B'1,rtpoca 3a crparer-]rrrre r\r,e-1rrria. Cnopel flior:euerir; Ta
ce HaltHpa B npoBtrHrIHfl Tpaxau, Ha sanaruara ri rpaHHua c r\Iarcelo]H:ifi,
Henocper,crBeHo
Ao cTparerlrflTa
{eHre.rerr{Ka. floHexe, KaKTo BHAflxMe
Beqe, ilo.lHHara Ha crpvua lrex-l,v- Kpecua 14 PvneJ, KoflTo e 6n.la o6ura-
BaHa oT ;\le,{HTe. e 6lua BK.:IrcqeHa B flpoBHuqnn r\laxe,r,oHr{rr BepoflTHo orue
lIpH noxoita Ha Kpac, ea crparer-Ltrrra l\lefuxa, KoHTo [pe3 n.bpBara [or,ro-
BtlHa Ila II n. BCe ottle e c-t.IIle CTRvBa.'ta, ocraHar ocraHa.'Ir.rre 3etrrII, Hace-
'leHH
or )Iejlil, KaIiro rio-t'ope rrr orlpeile.-rnx]re, crp. i6"l(12). a H]reHHo E.{a-
l0eBrpalcKo
II Ha 3anaJ,
,l'opHoTo
ll OTqaCTil cpe,IHOTo TetreHLrt ua 5pe-
la'lHIllla
Htlli'b:le
J.oK'l,rt Koqaslt, IIoxt 6u RK.rImrIItre,:IHo t{ ToBa ce,rnute.
BenosrHo
npe3
gropara
no.roBr{Ha Ha il n..rir roprr rro-ii-bcHo, B Harra.roro
na III n., nptt pa3utitpflRaHero Ha reprrroprrrrre Ha ol{oBarllrre or TpanH
I'Pa:.oae
3a c]'Iertia Ha crparerirr.rre ,\'le.r,t.rKA e
garvSa.ra
E.raroearpa,lcKo,
iillero
e 6s.ro nprtrailetio K'rr]r repriroprrrira H, fla,nlra.I[rA, B Korrro ro Ha-
I
S t r in, I?eicirsh. Thr-., 3; Die l_cgarf n r..n :\I..sicn, 17.
I
Sti;rh., \'ll, fracrrr. ,ltj.
I !pn.
C h rist, Ger-lricirrt: tl. {:rilch. I_itt., lgg0, 56g.
' Piol., III, I'1, 22 (i;1,
?.jt.
" 3a upuH;t-l,tc)+(HOCTTa rta rt6,racTTil ri.t,Ir
.a
tl6At4, XIIt, 1939,5 c;r.; I-. Robcrt,
:'9:
195i. n. llj-l; A.lA, l!).ig, 27i; l) c t s
'; Ptol., Iil, iig.
l'oJ,lr,,rrrtx
rra,Ilt,to.r,rr.lpreclilrg rpfl Kr,,rrer
rrpoRrrtrriitrr i\laxe.routts B:x. orue ,1 n ru r r-
REC, Brril. dp., i918, n. n. 110, 112 ; lg.tg,
c h c u'. O.lh, XLI, 195+, 11,1.
178
li. ['epon
MHpaNle rrptr I-opLlrarr III.r Kars<l e CTaHa.'lo Cr,C 3eivltlTe nO 6pera"lnuq{
v1 !.a{M
Te ca flp{)l['L,.,riK]t,1H I'ta 0(1p331'rU' CTpaTerHn Me;tuxa H no-l('bcgb:
He *ttJro"'Xfliil'";o.,no..,oi*eHlre
:r* Irncroro
,.
Ha crpar.r L,rra
lt:ylf,
KOero IIoC'tallH H B'bllpoCa :lil :lalla-lHara rpitl<ltticra rpaur'rrta' Her,::^ t-?qf.
.r"n B-bpxv o6c-roHrercrBoro,
({e jiLr"lllHli'rit Ha [ipera'ritttttil
.
.::i"?r:TE
.:reHa or TpaKtlre-IIei1u. 3a ilpllH0i('lt'/':Hoc'rra
Ha rAtl Ao''ll'lHa
.'t.::t:.-'^p1,:1,!
HHe ru,HCr'1Hi]r,
qe
NloiKri, lla lpnBe.le\t n ltp]'l'll ,l[olia3are.lcrB;l
't11]:_:p:$
T.bJIKyBaHeTO
Ha Hr{KOtr enllfF)a(pcl\il
na}leTHLtllll' TaKa H
'":.. ?:::.tx-11
cBeAeHHtrra
HA []'ro.reueii. t] irsBecrillrn Harnrrc or CrartronaL:]..j,ip1.iii,
io.i',:prr),
xoiiro e or
'pelrero
HA I'optraarr Iil
(2;18 r.), ce Ka:rfi
1. _!e;
J.roro Ha cKanrorrapeHlllrTe
ce HalrHpa.lo NrciKilv llBa BOeHHti.'Ial'ep4 nelq-
iltH n Tpaxnn.': [--;lautltiT oT Ttltl .lareptl HH e H3BeCTeH TB'bp;le,,':-"*]:l
ce e HaMrjpa.l B ceBepo3arra;lHHre
cr(,'roHoBe HA Ptl'la t,lrjl..,:.1:,iTX
6atrtr c H3BecrHrt Aocera
l(acre.llt npII I-T"rlSHitx-('\li'clr6eri'
PaloMHpcI(oJ
u TonolHurla (CraHKel\ttltHrpont:ro ;11'rttrarrlxo)l. Apyirnr
"larep
III'e Tpn6Ba
Aa Ce T'bpCIt ,t* nn rcr oT 6.ra.oeniparf
n() TeqeHIleTO ua Crpy'wta' W$tl
Ha 3anal n L{apenoce,'ICKo
II no rop'rloTo l.elieHile Ha lipera.rHHqa.; |,h.
BeCTHH IaHHt{
3a BOeHeH l+(llBOT llpiiTC)+(aBa}le
1l il.O"IIrHaTa
Ha Crpylta Of
aHTHqHOTO Ce.I!iltte B uecTHOC',tTa xtt.'ttl;rullua
itle)+(jt)' c. Be'rltua H fOpna
l;;o;;t'rta
(Hx' crp' :o4(r2) c'1')' K'l';lero ce YCraHoBtrBa
B'b3 ocHoBa Ha
HaA11HCI{ npHC-bcTB6eTo
Ha p6}rcKl,r BeTCpaHH' KOIITO' H3r'Iex(J.a. ca 6HJI[
BOeHHOOpraHNarrpauu.'i
Ha,rltqltero
Ha ptl\lcKtl BoeHHH
qacTlI
-
Ha aKl{[
",
.rl'k6a oSaqe Ha roBa M,{Cro :locera
H3 e
}'CTaHoBeHo'
Aoxyuentg
npHc.bcrBHero
Ha raKaBa
qacr Ha lor or cr<anronapa
Hae nPnLe$a?Tffi
HaAnHca Ha cohors II (?) concordia
(Severiana;, H3AHrHar I
paxa.rra (2ll ,ui if i i.j.t Hrrnr.it'-e
6Hr HaMepeH npH t:'9
lylffi
Anopurrte,
11pH H3BOpHTe Ha .x.ecHlit{ nplIToK Ha cTpvMa
p' resHntlu
w
TorrHo Ha HefrHat{ npHroK klcrapua:epe),
Ha ceBepHHTe
-cKJIoHoae
.fil
OrpaxAeH,
Cera
.
Ha IOI'OCIaBCKa
repl'lTopt'lfl, 6epOecro'
()6crO'ITeJICI'
BaTa, IIpH KOIITO e HaNlepeH HailnHC'bT, He ca ll3llecTHIl' HO NIO)KeM AA Ay
HHe He Cu(),LeiIHI{e }lHcHr!er() slr Ji a [;l p () s, I-C-\-, I' li)Ol 05' Crp' 3ir'
'CCXii',-fg3i,21,,re -nn,,ru,,.pa
i-,it.rl or ca\loro llarla'1o B o(l'racrta
I
SBAIV,
THTE H
::
;;;p;;tr;,ri,i' _1"rr"..rergga
npH.cb3.taaallero
lra npoRHnuxH Tpaxi'tH.
cli,'gi, 12336 (:ijiii. S"vrrr., tss;r: xeio$.(: ltizo.t
E,tc oivatcn'"2'a't
ai ai t)p*xn (n. 173).
-d
'r
cit-, III, l23il7, 1233fJ
1nn.
151, 155;'
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{
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i
S e u r e, Arch. Thr., II ..ri., i"puri;;:
'i9i0',
p. i-f iq., CI,BCCM rreocHoRareruo
npctr'
noirara,
qe
,IB1Ta BoeHHH .tarcpa, 3a xottrr, Ce roBopll e
'iat"*ca
oT Cxitttrortapa'
6fi8n
ceplrxa
g Qll;ilrnu, rpaJ.oIJe, KOHTO iIpe3 pltl{cKo Bpe}le He ca 6lt'rtt nocntlll 'lareD}'i'
ii3a
apr:xitre Ha rHR BerepaHr.r c Ko\oprara, Iiottro e 6u;:t lia rlpHl'3ou n ianaper
6ansu;texiatuHTendsaceBepKacre']H'ioioprrlroxe6urtrtru'tuorol4lrellaABail$l
evocati Augusti, Koero e eJ.HaKBo c re*ril.trioro ilIte u, ,iuor,,,{Ka Ha coht'rs II l'ucensfud
(cpe. n. n 2,5, 20 l, 20la), aKo np6el{e\{,
qe Ha.lnllcllTe ca oT eJ'Ho }t c"biuo RneN{e' utn
rfitl
no-BepoflTHo 6rrxxe \r(-rr.'rtI J.a ,1()lllcHeIl ,
tie
ii.ltla'1Hl{K'LT Ha r3'{ *n*np'i i'n*t l'a ftlc
TCXCH CHH HJ}I I}TIvK.
;
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I-lpo\',tnattHrI RT,px-\: 3arialuorpilxuiict<ltrc 3e\lt np(':l p,'ulrcKo BpclIe t7l)
n P a t s ch,
HA ACHTC,JIE'
lt.cH11,
t{e
B 6;ueocr Io }recTo}laxod-(AeHileTo ce e HaMHpar'I e,I.HH oT
ricre,rlrre,
3aelraHrr or rarr F(oxopra.
LrtuiTo
u,crrrpaJeH ,rrarep rue rprr6Ba
Ia
Ta'pcH;\{ no Ha ceBep B Ao.IrrrHara Ha 6pera,'inrilia,
_r('r,rr
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rr eReHTVa.lrio [apeno ce.'ro.l
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,rre
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HaTa
Ha Crpr,rra npe3 K"rrrc'u'pa
--.
i>.raroealpaf
i
jtpvrH no-K)xHH n6THltla
ca
cB'bp3Ba,'ril Jo.lprHarit Ha cpelHa crp"'lra c [-opHa 6pera.lunqa. crap
flbT.
HeH3BeCTHO OT I{Oe BpeMC, e rrriHaBal npe3 c. IlanapeBo H c. PaeAo.,I
(or<. CaHrlarrcrrr), r('bAero .rt{qe,lir c.'rer}tre ur
-1
J3 ilpl'r no-ro)KeH n'br c'btrlo
c.bc 3ana3eHIr c.'leliH ce c'bo6IuaRa np['t c. l-lo6plr ,.ilarlt.; Hue npHeMaMe,
qe B Ha.r.nllca oT cxanrorrapa ce Hlra flpelltBrijl |.'IaBHHRT .lafep Ha Tar{
Koxopra,
xoiiro ce e HaNrrrpa.:r HflK'bjle no [opHoro re(ieHlre Ha Epera;-
HLIUa, a IJe cfrolreHaToTo aHTirr{Ho ce.lrrrr(e B }recrHocTTa XHaqAHr,rrla
luex.ny c. Ee.rutta u fopua fpaAeuHrrua. Koero ce e HallHpa,rlo B IIpoBHH-
uHq
Nlat(e.x,oHIIt{.
Broporo ocHoBaHrie
^ta
npnelrcll,
Lie
roJrrriara Ha fopHa n ort{acTH
Ha CpelHa liperarrHHi(a ce e Ha]!r.rpa.ra B 1'parlrr, e rr3RecrHero Ha llroae-
Irer.i :a 3ana,lHara rpaxlriic;ia rpaHntla. Cnopel rox aBTop,
trnn
ro cBeAeHHfl
0Tpa3r{Bar no,'roirieHHero npe3 n'bpBara flo.'roBrrHil Ha II 8.. n,laHrrHara Op-
6e"rr e ],rrrcroro, Kr,rero ce cperrtar l-paHrntnre Ha rptlTe npoBIIHlinH fopua
NIHSrrq, tlareloHLtfl H Tpaxux.'; [1o-i-ope(crp. IrjT(la)) Hue Brr]rnx]re,
qe
rlo.x,
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[e,]Hq KOiltn,,IeKC OT n,laHtrHH ir{exI}' Cpe,r,HOTO TeqeHHe Ha crpvrnra n Bap-
,[?p, 2 C'btUO H ivlex{,I.]' Crpvrrra H ]{eCra. TO,{rara, B KoflTO Ca Ce Cpeua-
13a:ga,rHte.'inlr
c.'rc.ilt or xt.rBor npc.r pulrcKara cn()\il n paiioHa r\rcx,lv []ex,tcgo u
Eepono rrpn cc.rarit Cvorr uupono, .\'rr.tru(,, Ma,rt.Bo x F.r-.n.trt;tprnr cto6tuanar i\1. n ,1. I'a-
pa irra H u Ir, unr. c'b,I., 7'),73,79, 8{, 87, 99. IIpu c. Cuouurrpono (crp. 72) re roB()prrr
3a crelrA, Korro rr(l cBorrril ()prreHTlrtirr lt()iiit.r,a ir.t,,tc c1'r'uA or pulrcKl Kacrr','I. B Icxqer;o
6u.'i uaueptrr .'riirlrHCr\rr rra.trurc (rre ce .-I:rrli.lr tio;lptr6rrocrrr). Ipl'a Jr;irurrcKrr Ha;lrrHC 6n.r
Halrepclr lcrp. Sii) llplt c. lJ.rourrria (Crp-r'rrirrrrxo, Hr ce .1;lFar cr,rLL() rro-notpo6uu ,laHuII).
TItn rpir r{ir.tilrc.l (,lnoprrrue, il.rosrrrta. IIcx,itro) 6trxa rrot.tu.ia cc c'ri.t,p)+(iir norvrcx;ty c}r.
Ho 3ll c-lxir.'reuirt 3a lroc.'re.'ltrnrc .ulil t{,r}lil}r e IlnKaKRr.r .la}rnir oruocrl() Trxlr}rrI xapaKTCp.
K. tr'i p c
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rre
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r
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(r
e K, ur.rr. c-brr., 253, r)'Irara .,;rBopHrue" e py.lapcKn rep[rnrr or
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npon3xo-{. M. lr ;I. I- a pa nl it rr Ir rr, [HT. ct,r., 89, cl,o6luaBar 3a orxprlTrr py.l-
HH ra.repiur npH IIex,reeo. Axri ;lcilctnure,riro ce oKlli+ic,
qe
pvjtHure rritx()jtHlua ryK ca
Ou.tlt
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3
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q
e R, Har]-crapara c.laBHH-
cxa
trpxaBa ua Sa.ir,ilHcxurr rroJYocrpoB rrpe: \III u Vill s., 192't, t(j, noxpnaii csoeBo,'i-
HI'lTe
cBtp3sanHfl H o6gcuculr{ Ha ccraruHrr riccrH}r }I}icrri} c rpaxlliicKu ce ri3ne)+(Ja }rtrero
Ha
ce.ro Llanapcno or 3acrJrr;r.erc,lcrBvBaHuq
li
Hierocl., Sy'necd., 641, 9, errHcxorrcK;r
'ieHTirp Bba Bropa Maxelourrt Ztnapt, rreruo, Kocro e3!rri{}Bo u r-eorpa$cKit He e IIe-
al3ltoxHo,
B)+(. flo-HararbK crp. 192(,10), 3a6. 3
'
Cpr. flupug, Il, 193(), xH. 2
-li,
crp. 6.
'; Ptol., III, I, l:lil, 1t, 1:lll, i2, l.
dvtoralv
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; ;tinT.ll]1i:]";,.1..,.?il::,?:i
JP:
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il or t'r3'roli c Paulalia 1l('tlc'rett't.1"]]'..*11to'ff
6un a Tpaxnx.
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jro'r_\'ri ce Hn:.r(;la.
qe rr)aHrnrar, ,,ejxr,t' I'op1a l1:::1""r-rl^19
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6. l-epon
ffiffiff:
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JI H KVBAH t,I.
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e
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18r
CTB)'tsarleTO
rla NIIITHHqeCKa CTattlltlrl Ha TOBa ivlrICTO 6u 6wtO HeorrpaB1aHO,
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flereLonux.
B raxta c.tt'qal.i rn rpx6naure .tta 6.o*t. HrrK.bAe Ha ror or
Cronre.
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tie
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iol'oll3TotlHHrl
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it lln
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tI't-,TH, xoliro e BoAe.l OT
rlarejloultt{ npaBo Ha ceBep no reqeHHet'o Ha fiqnurr K'bi\r ropHoro Teqe-
Hrte Ha iUo_pasa (ueortie.rsgau
B nraHepaDHrrre), u, or Xp),ra crpaHa, c-btrlo
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Aa
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30--1(,) KM or craHl{r-rnra, TaKa u a3roquara lr rpaHHqa He e 5rr,la Ira ro-
fo"'rflIro pa3croqHrre. Tara Hrre ir,tBalre nar ro 3arra.x,HHTe cK.ror{oBe na Oco-
rOBcKara n"IIaHrlHa. Euxr,te )tor,rrrr l(a fipne]re]r,
qe
reprrroprrrira Ha flavra-
.lHri e OSxaattta.ra H 3afiajlHItTe CK.'1OHOBe Ha Tarr flnaHrrHa. ]'xaaauae Sa
ToBa Hll raBa e3tn(-br Ha enrrp;ti!cr<lrx Nrarepr.ia.l or K_r'uaHoacxo.
foraro
Ha.l.flllcllre or K-vrtauoao ce .'tATuHCr(H,2 JexautHTe rtt) Ha n3ToK ivrecra
I{rtar c}f iceHa enirpatfuia.') Ttlsa noKa3Ba tseqe 5"tueocrra Ha Tpar<Hr.
Br"rnrqna Hero B Tepr.rro pLlnra Ha ejlrrH rpajl H il liecrA, .re;fiarrut orB.bA
flpox0ll14Te Ha ejlria n,laHHHa, e 3aCBlt;leTe.'tcTB\.BaHO n 1'parilrx IrpH TepH-
rOpi'ltrrc Ha Serdic-a a Augusta Traianar a ts i'itpHa r\lugrrx npr{ repr{To-
piltlra Ha Ratiaria.s [lpHlre.'rcrioro rr noKpoBnre.'rcrBeHo orHouJei{rre, Koero
pn!,.IrrHilTe ca lritra.;.rll K,btr j(eHTr].rer]tre
Hso6ulo H Koiro oco6eHo ce npo-
fBHi'ro rrplr HaxrvBaHero Ha SacrapHnre npe3 29 r. IIp. H. e., ce e A.b,'t-
xano Ha c'bceAcTBoro H:vr c rrpoBHrruur{ iMaxeloHtfl, c KoflTo re ca fpa-
HHqe'IlI B Ioro3a[aIHHTe cx,roHoBe Ha Ocoroacrara [.'raHHHa. I-lo-xtcHo,
Koraro Tpaxlra e 6ala o6rpuara ts prrltcKa npoBr{Hutrrr, crpareri.rqra ;feu-
TeJlerlllia
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pr
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B0pH 3a Jevileiz,t'.tr, ;eE:zci.z. Koero npelrro.Tara rr ei1Ha J:vi).:).1llz.i 4geni,,
r tiotiro (itt
v-lof,{o
Jtl Bli.iroqBa He ca}ro rrJAHrrHCKara oS.racr Ha ceBep or
Krccreu:(lt'rctioro
noire, Ho cbr(o raria Ir nJarirrHrrre Ha 3anajl , HJro-
3a rra^1.
.lHreParyPl
; V'ulit,
tar*.ry
Cnope!
ca ri!6
[1 raxa Hlre c!rHTANre,
qe
HitHa
e 5a,ra NIr{cToTo, I(-I,Iero
rcro3anarr{ara
qacr
Hil L)coroacr<ara n.ra-
ca ce cperrls,lrr fpaHtrrli.rTe Ha Tpr.tTe npo-
Httc ue Cllo.tc,1,r.\re t!3Ka.JaH()r() ot' DUill AZsc$'ski, Aitlt, XI], 1"\i10, i52, lrue-
Hile, llo \trlrIrlrir).'rJ:l'ra.ararrrrrr(r,,,.,, l.'.... .,,1.:i,. r-^^,,- e !turult'i{ctiit'ta c.r.auilt.tl trpn Ii-l.rrattotto r t-lilc;t_\'xgit.,ll ca}lo I'pauut{ilra riex]t\' ['opua
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l']1r,, ii:.
('.1
ce Hir\nrpit.'ur rril cuuinil rp;lrurria : cpri. Hilrp. AFl, \'t, lgt)3, 5(), n. 59, or
LIBHa
('lirniicrrr:r
rninrrs) rrrr
'l'uuox
rr I'oorm r\iu:llrrl :
(lll_.
Iil. l2tjd{. arl. n. ,1170. u AB. lttirtrrs) rrrr
'l'uuox
n l'()prrir r\1u:tlrrl ; Cll-, Iil, l2tjd{, acl. n. ,1170, u AB,
',t,
11,1;3,
,e, ;. li; ii.s, s,i;i, ,,i Lrpl,iii,i'; li;,;;,i,,;;','iiil, irr';',3i8;; ,;
p1,rrcn.. .'(ri, 29), n. 36 II-S, 9023, tit' Ulprana e ,lrr.rrrarrlrs; CIL, III, 8ll
I (--ttrrrr..
XCVIII, l9{l 1tl4E, n.n.' 215 -2ll
:
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\,rr()Ir.. A\- V lll, l:,r+l- l:,+5, fl.n. ZlC. - lL i :
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I I (C. l)ll,'lrlllt)BtilJ).
:r
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Bt,r'irniri).
,'la'rrrrrcxrr Hl,lrrrrcu or c. Kr;Hrox, Ciltlv., x(lVIII, 1g+1 19-18, n. n. 212,213.
]
11. t'c p u rr, l,IEAt4, XVll, 195(), i5, 2.j c.r.
''
\-u I r e, AB, III, 1901, 1Oli sqq.; 6. I'e p o ts, Po-uuriu,r.rn,r, ll, 70 (5tt,1.
'j
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X, lSE(j, 23J f , n. + - IGR, i,677.
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tsepof r*o no 3anaAHlftt
cKnoHoBe2
Ha n,taHLrHr.rTe
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tta l-lqaus H Mopaaa:^:.TS
rr Crpvrrra H Huluaea
or ,,rro*j ioto NaiSsus
-
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rf e rpec,qafi
;;;i En",ra n*rnn"-,
l1upor.a
'o
ra, rpaHaua
H]laMe rts'bpAe MaJItr0
3acBHAere,,'ICrts)'BaHI'l
roqKH' Or Llqlua rpaBa
(oxo'tr'rn BaacoruHun) e'ua
BecTeH HaAilHC ua soilurlK Or VII
'K.rasAaell
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oT fapHl't:^:::
:i IP
HaMH3uR,r,a0TApyraTa.CTpaHaHan,laHHHaTaeTpaxuaNloxeoHua&
rructr Ha eAIIH serv. vil' (?; or c'
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vrDaBnreJr Ha HMneparopcKo
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rpaHtrqara
ce e ornpaBn',a
B ceBepoa3roqm
nocoKa H HnK.bAe H3roqHo or ceer,uHxo'tcK,n
np?Iol t^-1":l::,1':^:.or
HOTO TeqeHr,re na tIH6PlIUa'
K'b'I,eTo n'bpBoHaqa'IIHO
Ca ce cr)oi',lpa',ru rnaf'
-- --1
ptot.,
III,
g,
I ;
g, -1
; 12, 31. 3a orH(rciireJltlara.
B',iol{ocr na [-lro'rerteeBara Kagto
rpatlcxa Mpe)ha B ri{tr yqacT.t'ili{ tp-u: 5 n
';-I;;;
t t; s k i' AE}l' xill' 1890' l+7 ff'
'i"
tHreHecnoAeJlflrlell3Ka3at'o''o'o''ir'lrtinou"Ceutpnt-Maxe:osrtfl'10'unenue'
qe
rpaH,uara e B-bpBfl.1a no BoAo.tejlu"lt,
'Cipiit^
n Mopaea'
Ha,lttl-tcllre
Rtpxy cf,a'r
7,?c B lltecrHocrra'-l-pun,,J'-'e
e OcoroBCKara'
n-"laHllHa
Ha BoJ'oJ'ejla rrex('l!' Crpyua i
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i' i-'gii:
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Eoera.rHuua
(kl. kl B a H o L, ulrr. L Da.''
5'.;;b,;'.;,'1qc6;
XXXII;
-lgl8,
+51) ca n9_ts
lfr:
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po3araAHo or
gupnaH, Ha pa3-clr1ll1:1e erHH or Apyr
200 rr' [-[oHqes rII c\rsra 3a
Ha A'px(aBHa
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oTKO"IKOTO
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t
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anur.t'npli;.
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(EosHoscxo-
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cpe. Crapnuap,
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-i9;6
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D o m a s z ;'ii:;'k'i,'AL-il,i,
i, tlt'3r; z;ls, xlll' 18e0' 153'
:,
V;ii6, AB, Iv, 1901,_litl ff.
rraAr [)^m;rszerr,ski,
rrr{t.'t
{i
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g25,j (rt. J30). Cpn. no-ulrrlbri
crp. 318(166)'
D o m
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ll
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u Tp'sxcxo-ca
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18:J
c6o
n .'[o.iHa
N\usufl rarl roqKa e 5lt,ra H3NlecreHa
qaK ;r,o
6n"roro Ha Crapa n.tauaua.r
Or roro3arraAHaTe cK,roHoBe ua L)coroBciiara niraHrrHa 3anaAHara rpa-
xitircriii
rpaHHlla e IIoeiv-r?.r1? K)roH:]ToqHa rIocoKa, npecIlqil"IIa e Ao.lHHaTa
Ha
bpel'a,lHLtqa HrrK'bIe B oKo,rrHocrra ua KouaHa, KaTo rv{ox(e 6,a Totsa
ce,tilLLIe
e ocraBa,'Io r] Tpar<lrn, MlrHaBa.lla e no cKJIoHoBere Ha f]rraqxoeaUa
s OrpaxleH,3 3aBHBara e B ceBeporr3Tor{Ha nocoKil no &la.,IemeBCKara nr'Ia-
H'rr{a,
3a Aa npeceqe Ao.ritJHaTa Ha CrpVlra Hfll('l-,Ae K'bllI fopHa a tonaa
f-paAeruHHrla.a
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pera .,\'lecra HflK'bAe K'Lll AHeLuHara HI'l rpaHi'lua_ c flpuur Ij [o-HaTaTbK
fl6 TeqeHuero ua N'1ecra e Aocrara,Ila
Ivropero. C)nopHnre roqritl 3a Iloco-
Kara Ha rpaHHr{ara Nrex,ri}' TparuH lr MarieloHllt{ He ca ivlarKo H ca AOCTa
flcHrr. F.crecrseHo Hali-rp),AeH e rvK B'bnpoc'hr c Ao,,InHara Ha 6peraJIHHlra.
Ho uel'rulJflr rpar(Hr,icxrr xapaKTep, Jrrrncara Ha liariBrrro H Aa e naMerHHuH,
Kotrro J,a rr cBbp3Bar c NlareloHHrr, orc'bcrBLrero Ha MaKeAoHCKoro xeTo-
eHC.reHHe ts HaAnHCHTe or KouaHi,t, TBbpi.e ,ro5pe aprvlreHTHpaHoro nPea,-
no,'roxeHrle Ha Patsch (ex. crp. 162(i0) c;t.),
qe
rall ce e HauHpa"r rpa.u.-br Ha
IrenHTe
j{ecy4aea,
u Hatl-cerHe eAHHCTBeHara B'b3}roxHocr ra}I la 6tAe
fiocraBeHa crparerH,rra .,vle.r,uxa, ca AoKa3are,lcrBoro,
qe
rafl AonHHa e
npr.rHaA,rexa,'ra Kbilr Tpaxun.s Karo BTopa onopHa roqxa rpa6ea Aa ce
B3er{e HaAnHC'br or
fieopuure
(Eepoacxo), crp. 178(26). Tau e neponruo xafi-
Io)i(Hara roqKa, Korro e AoCTHrzr'IZt 3anaAHara rpar(Hficra rpaHHqa B Tog
ceKTop. Tas, ueeuBKa ce e HaJraraJra Moxe 6w, 3a Aa 6rrAe BKJrroI{eHa qfl-
,ara [,'IaHr,iHCKa Ao,'IHHa Ha lopna 6pera,rurqa. Hr.re BHAgxMe no-rope,
crp. 177 (25), ue Crpyucxara Ao,Ir.rHo MexA)' Kpe*ra (no-roqHo orK'bM
.(o,rna n l-opua I'pageruHaqa) u Pyne"rr e 6uta B npoBnHrrprs &laxeAoHHq. Or
Jp)''ra crpaHa, HHe 3Haer!{, ue HenpoKoncKo, r''bAero e 6rrl ocHoBaH npn Tpaan
rparbr Nicopoiis ad Nestum, e 6a.ro a Tpar<ur, n 3a roBa Hivra peAHIIa
laHira. flo-uararbr or Har"r-rox,Hara
Lracr
Ha rpaHauara, Beqe K'bM YCTHero
Ha Nlecra, r.rMaMe KaKTo enrrrparlcr*r,, TaKa u r.rcTopnqecKH cBe4eHHH.
B_ul5"rrrxyBaHVn npe3 1955 r. HaATHC or Paradeisos (aur.
'l'opeiros),6
Ha
Ptol., III, 9, 1.
ll. f e p o a, klBAI,l, XVII, 1950, 12 c;r.
H. K i e p e r t, FOA, XVII, nocrriBH rpaHllqara rrcx;t-v Tprrrrr rr N'laxc;Iouufl no
[rrTe
Ha, I'opna Mrl3ltn, ua Tpaxltlt lt Ha
{o"rua
6aHeTO
OOaqe OIlle npe3 n'bpBHTe AeCeTHr'leTI'if{
Hil
i3\rh,i
Bo-lo!.e,,r Mex(.rv 6pera,rHuua n crpr.r*, T. e.
.Iililr,
Ilt)t(-r\'
6'r,,tr.rplrn u fCloc,raglrfl. Q. II lt rr a 3 o t,t
)',
urlt.
ipaHlruara
llrx.l)' Tpaxut n &t:.ixe,1osuu rro Ii,lrqxc,srrua
MttgHs.t l-lopalu BK,lrcti-
II B. Ha }luxaiuroBrpaA-
Ha rcr'o3ailar, vroxe 6H
Kb"tero rlr rrHllBa certtuHaTa rpaHHua
c't,.1., 86, B :lllti.liortctiiie ltocr:tErl
II OT Tefl ililaHHHa Ha H3TOK K.t,ll
i,r.lilrrrIl'a
ua CpclHa Crp.Vrra..
I
Cpu. Detsche$', OJh, Xi-I, i95+, 111, Anm. 10.
'' Or ropHoro rerreHHe Ha Dpera,rHlrua (ol Ko,ranrr uarope) He c.r u3Becrilr jtocera
it;15iKBil
Hc.lrHClr, ccritBeHlt o'f irace,'tcHiIero !ra rtrr lo.,tHHa. Trtun rroxe J,a ce oiirtcux crc
':'lJrioto
Irf,oHnKBane Ha atirlr(luATa Kvxrvpll B Tarr o6,ltcr H c.rr,l(iulre,luo rorJoprr 3a 3a-
;:3:JBilecro
rut trerlulrrt
'lpaut.rr'icxir
\apilKTep.
'f
oua rreuro e \tpitKTept{o rt 3n
"rp}
nlre BrtcoKII
'l(j.liluli
ua Tpaxrrn. Bx. lro-rope crp 177
12;)
c;r.
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^:
Arch. Ephem., 1953-1954 (u::. 1955), 23+-211, cpB. REC, Bul1. dp., 1956,
;r.
l[,).
184
E. lepon
JIeBHfl 6pnr Ha Nlecra,
Kc-aHrittlcr\.o,
3;] CTpaTe3H
Ha Tpaxan oTAaBdd}
noqur na Nl. Vettius l'larcellus''*11.?",i:..'
^:itT.'*:l::::n"flX3TX'
FlaAnsctr
e or"lp"r,"ro..
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(16--51 r.), HenocpeA(:rBeHo cn&.
aHeKCHpaHero
,,
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qapCTBo. Toea noKa3Ba'
qe ollle TofaBa'
3eMHTe
H3roqHo-or'Mecra,
.tiollro
Ca npHHaA"lexaJII{
K'bM
"p-o::t:^1T-Il
KeAOHHfl
oT OCHOBaBaHeTo
i4' ca 6li.rtt npHC'beAHHeHH
K',L'NI HOBOC'b3AaAe'
Hara npoBHHr{H;"fi;,f.-or
.u.o'rHoro
reqeHI'le ua Nlecra HMa}le ortte eABH
HaAnHc
Ha crpar.r'"
ipuKrts.i
JiHtepari'pHIIre
cBeAeHI'lfl 3a TpaKHfi:I1l'
rpaHHqa
B TOfl ceKTOp ce A-bJtiliaT
npeAHMHO
Ha HTfiHepapHHTe
n ca cBbp'
3aHH c npoxoAr'-A*J[rrr*I i.9
*, u3rot{Ho or Kaea'la), xofiro e c'be^,n'
HrrBa.rr Tpaxur
;
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crpa6on
H flro"lertefi
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Ha Tpaxrtn n NlaxeAonnl,:.
EAHH Or nal't-eaNs,l'fe
B'bfl-pocll 3X^VqcHfBal{e
Ha KV'lTypHo-llcTopHqe'
cKOTO
pa3BLrrtre-,
-rar,rra
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B'bllpoc'br 3a
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B
j.oceraluHr.rTe ny6iIirKau,HH
Ha HaA[r'rcLr H nailrer,Hlr,
!r B H3CiIeABaLIi',lfra
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',x'oBe':Io
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no
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flI4n,Tec.bSLarLvlMaKeAoHCKoTo.'IeToqtICJIeHHeoTeCeHTaHal43r.np.Effiji
Toea reToqHCneHHe
ce oKa3a,lJ
rI3B',bHpeAHO
rpafiuo H npoc'bt{ecTByBanoro
Bpe,reTo
,, Xo-n.runrr,,
Be'raxu. flo'Hero ca AarapaHH
peIHUa naMeTH&
uH
B 3eNlHTe
Ha HfKOra[IHaTa.luaKe!,oHcra 'u''bPx?Bd',..no'K'bcHo
npoBHHqIlJI
MaxeAo'ns.
flo noBo,il,
Ha noSeJ,ara
cll Hat Anrourlfi npr'r Axq,l'u Aaryrr
cr,sA?rT.Hap-epaHa-Axun)'lroreceHTaHa32r'ilp'i{'e''Koqroc.btllg
Ce pa3npo.,pu,,na
e ,Iv\axeAoHIIf
Hapel C no-CTapaTa
MaKeI.oHCI{a
ep&u
o6rpxeaHero
B Aar,paHero
Ha rrarrerHr-iurrre
or cpe,uHa crpyivra ce Arn'
x(HHafoclioAcTByBauoroAOCefacrBaIllaHe',qecaNIonallerHtllillTe'tsKolt-
To roAHHaTa
e npH-ip!,'}heHa
oT \e 3xcl\i.l, Ca AaTltpaHll
no epaTa rra Ar.
4. xpoHoJrorllfl
H,\ IIAMETHHUHTE
OT CPEAHA cTPvMA
i-irrracica, vrrr, 1s37, 30
.-.:1.: I ?- .?^^.::11"ti'^,']:l;l"x;l'"+-:,,:;,,.t1;1?:"
#J,#;
.,n ,'r1T'i':i',YlJi;
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:",'"f;*;;;i;;;
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"-::
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ult
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o
*-,.r,, 7 19
.
vt*ft l B : Itin. A
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li!:|;,i::i:"i;[j.'i{*i
nt.tttia,
ort;.,
T'lltr'
31il ',11 Hh::i
T$i,
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H i;: c hr e i,t,
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49e' ,' 5'
a r t, PhiliPPes'
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3
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1
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i
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Zeitrechnung,
7{ tq', C'i" it'r' Cr"onologie' 111" 7; T o d' BSA'
s(1.' ultilltli l5) LrL
KKIIl, 19i8-1919,
dp., 1s)5ti, n. 1-{6).
ttH)'!l
H
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tJile.r
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qe
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BneqaT.'IeHHe
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;-r6;f.eHHe,2
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,rooeo
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1r no epSTa Ha Arqul'la, HapeqeHa r]'Fi ,,ilraKeloHCKau
(tei \Iaxedo'te;\,
5es J.a 6t.o.a [PaAPYxeua roAHHara oi
!:ie::c'],
Ha,'rara ce peB[{3r.rfl B .u,a-
TrrpaHeTo
Ha BCHqKLI narvreTHHrIH OT .X.OrHHaTa rra Cpelua Crpvlra, 3a KotrTo
ce e flpHe]Ia'ilo,
qe
ca AaTllpaHH rlo cTapaTa ]\IaKeAoHCKa epa oT 148 r.,
OUe
noBeqe,
qe
Tr{xHoTO npeAHLIiHo AaTHpaHe CpeU(aule 3arpvAHeHHfl or HKO-
uorpaQcr<o
H crH,'IHo ectectao.{
B caoero H3c,rreAtsaue
,,floprpelbr B'bpxv aHTlrl{Hnre Ha.Irpoduu nloqlr
0T pH.\ICKo Bpelre B CeeepoHsroqHa i\iareloH Hfl't
,i,
c,lelaaiixri, o6qo
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-{lu,rrrrpoa
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1
De I trr ii c k, Spiitaniike Kaiserporrrats,
Studien in zur Uescfrichte des splrantiken Portrits, Oslo, 1983, S.
-{7 ,
6it.
:
A. F r ov a, Pittura Romana in Bulgaria, 1943, fig. 6, crr. Iipcrrereii, \'li, 194l
-
g1 ii c.k, spiitantike Kaiserporrrats, Taf. 27 ff.,
g0
f.;H.
p.
I,orailBe,
(lescirichte
des sprrantiken Portrits, Oslo, lgB3, S.
-{7 ,
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1942,
rn. B
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He ca rbpceHi'r H He ca IIpovqnaHlr. floeg 19.1 l- 1943 r. rrDH nDoxaoBaHero Ha rrrH-
l0cera
He ca rbpceHi.r H He ca rrpovqBaHlr. flpes i9+t- ts+3 r. lrpu npoxaorauero Ha rrrH-
Poxo:tuHetlHara xe;re3on'brHa Jtv,Hufr e 6una rrpopnsaua n vecruocria Kag,rultua ,1o c.
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xofiro ce e 3ae,t c flpovqBaHel.o Ha uorH;lara).
l4E.Avl, xlll, 1989, lgll; cpB:
_orue
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xunouerpr
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:elru npe3 pHMCKO BpeMe
193
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cae[eHHfl Ha a-"traqnare aBTopH or I H II n. na H. e. ca B ctrJlac,e
6 apXOilOrHr{ecKHTe H enHrpaQcxure
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cn. Bpau, *onro
ro
npelcTaBqr cbrr{o Karo Ha}i-3HaqHTerHHfl
rpaAcrn IIeHTap B Tafl o6,racr.l
fparn
e np,Harnel*a.'r
cnopeA eAHH HOBOHarvlepeH ,
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3eH
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KbB npyr no-orpaHHqeH
xotv6v a palioua Ha cpea,HocrpyMcr(ara
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f,f:1":^:
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crrrucra enrrparvra
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VI e.
-
ABa Heu,r-'6;rxryBaHl,
HaMepeHH B rroc_
1
orrpurara ilpe3 ltpo'lerra na 1960 r. crpa.ra c pe.r,r,,o3Ho flpe.lHa3Haqe'rre
c Mo-
3auqeH uor, lt HaJnHC, e xoi]to ce roBopu 3a eilHCKoncKo ceJa,Tarue, KaKTo H HaMepeHHflT
Iio'paHo 6anrltcreptlfi, la-loxa fioBo;l na'rrpo-@-. B. Eeures,laes (,rox.ra,r
u Ap*aororgqecK,fl
HHcrurvr, B. BeuepHn HoB,rI{}r or l4
yri
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slavica)
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Ha ToBa Mflcro ce e HaMHpa.r K.bcHoaHTHqHHsr
en,cKoncK,
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-.;;;rraHe
6u vor,ro iu .. ro.u,Abpxa,
ai(o npllellen, t]e
rpaf'br [pe3 \'l n. e Hoce,l Beqe npyro fiye, pa3r.rgr;Ho oT oHoBa, Koero
rofi e uua.r npe:l II H III a.
2
Heny6arKVBaH
Qt. Ial.
3
3a xorvdv t'dtv Muezevtov, xofiro e 6u., ocHoBaH BeporrHo or Aarycr H e HMan ce-
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-rii*.roHcKHre
rpanoBe 6es cso6oaHure
rpa,.oBe co.rvu u A.uguno.*rc, Bx. Kornemann,
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i
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nxHo or Kocrypcroro e3epo, B rpeJcxure Ha npoBHHrIHq
Maxe.toHnfl,
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-uirr.
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:4F_1Vi,XII,
lg-38,- 29-l c.r., n. l-t'tn. ,;j.
;
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lr. if1. Hc.lare.rsr B. Eeuresa,eB ocHoBarenHo .d,a- r,pa Ha.lrr,ca noe: IV n. orHacsHero .vy rrpe: v
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p
e e k, Griech. vers-lnschriften, 1955,
-n.
n. lJ9l, 1gJl. H;;;r;;; '."*or,"p.n
ro c.rr,Ha cBorlecra rpo6Haqa B c.bcencrBo c vHHeDa.THHre
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efloxa rpa,l.ur e npojt.b.:lxun
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ila cc cl,,It{ IIo paurror:prlciaflHcKare
nocrpofixn N rpo6nurtra. I-lpes 1958
r. B JBopa Ha rnuH;rsH rtra du:tw orKpHTn fler 3uJaHH rpo6suuN c Kp.],rxn cBoAoBe. 6 Tqx 6utu H'IlepeHH KepaMHqHH
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na III a.;,'aropuvuo yrrorpe6.;;^ip;;;i'i.rJuo,
27. X. t95g r.). 3a uoaouavepe_ HaTa
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opraHH3HpaHeToHaToflrpaAKaTorp-buKafloI^L\T|4flHe3aBHCt,Iyg[a.U{$f
ce Kacae 3a cTapa
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or 158 r- ce
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a B HaAnlt-1
o' 210 r' Ho,I olue noqer'
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Pgll.nrrii
]tv ca ce H3AaBa'''IH
or HeroBo HMe ,nllll
H oT HMeTo
Ha HapoAl(9;lras).1
Qltrrt He Ca 3aCtsHAeTe.IICTByBaun
Aoce[a,,8
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yBer'iHqH
q,Cnoro"i'a
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cH ;.;;;p;
na stl."xo.n*o
e 6r'r.ro ro npeilH roBa' B n,cMom
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npeA[Io.lox(i,IM,
-:.
. 6r,uto 50 r.l.rrn 60.6 Tona
yBenHqeHHe
e o3HaqaBa,lo,
o, irr. cTpaHa,
noBHUIaBaHe
Ha paHra Ha rpala
H Ha ror,ro)KeH,eTo
Mv cpe/r ocraHaiIHTe
rpaAoBe
Ha IrpoBHHIrHflTa'
at or
ApyracrpaHa,eyroneMt{Ban:.H'rloxo'u'r'Ire*!l'nno:91::'*ron6pofi
Ha rpa,x,cKHTe
ce*aropn
c
tlltc'rloro ltM B to'Ln'"t
rpaAoBe
Ha rpt-#
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rte ce yBeprIM'
qerr}:1;;; c'ry'uafi
Ha Ma'''I'bK npoBHHul4aJIeH [B&'
TexyUoro
ynpr"neHrle
nlu .pnlu t O,,'"i B p'bqe'fe aa d'g'1o'tr,;
(
ex' na'Uffi
or 158 r.), c rofito
TepMHH
ce o,,,uu,u u'InaTa
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tOi+ .. ]i;
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1.1-1
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gloitp"ct 6'ile),z't"v'ot'
n{'''ff
r'c6t?u,??^!;;;;,Tf,,IJ;n#:
rn;l,n-i'.::;'i"11';:-llffl{lti.ii};"0'u
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e. b"*;,; s [16Akl, XXI-\')'
-' --;'D
e t s c d;;,"lj'ii''
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'11ul'...-.'i#
3
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tt""' \1c'i"l')
lt 3ll Itcr()Bilre
Ilotlcrtlll
(
b e n a m, St?itlteverrv', ?27
'!Q'.-...***
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13 t?.: xcat{cr,rie Beui16
717'i' T"i) rqpoui,t
: ; . J. ?;H,-ilt
T',
m
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u cpllBrlettlle
c rlt'l llll I'parc
sx. L i e b e ,,
'
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j'
ci't'iarrl
ltll Hllp()'lllort)
ct(rpat
Hltneparopa*'
t'io*t B)*(' IIHT'^c'L'l''
479 f'
':r
.,p8. O . ,-r'. ,i, ILS, 6091)t nt'm."'m
rltltem decuri.ntrt,
i-1tt1rir1;1:"*:t#$
minum institrreie-itt"'tit
eic'icPg"i'
H' oliver'
A'lPh' I-Kxlx' 1':
vBenrtqe*u.,o
'n- 'pi..*'u
!:'l::.,"il,';lil"oJ:l' dT f.:t'i,l;u,"i8e8,
327' l[*o'
xpuf@
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cpn. .\ r n i m, I-eben-
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r,:::i',.,:''i.,",,,I .uii,rir. ,ii,tn,t.,rcrHrr.
raue rcrs-iual,;:'fll;['1[i{illil';f,ll
,ll?il'X
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Liebe Il a In, u"i' in""2'js'
en*'' 5; 11a rqtl a ;ttt' Starttsvers"'
lr'
O I i v e r, urrr. ;;;., 5ti, Ita.lKlttrr
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ceurri''P1..
rrlrr:lBa''l'
tle rpa:lcxr
3anaAclITI1Il,3KoltI.',ItBIIllTcn,.,',.ii.,.,,,.1:l}lccilI}'yIlBi1ptI'l{otIoxlITi.lpCl1.
llpoyvnaHr.rfl B6pxy 3aflaAHorpaxnficxnre ;]eMH fipe3 pHMcKo BpeMe
195
Ha
pa3nHsHHTe BeAoMCTBa Ha rpaAclioTo ynpaBneHHe.t OcaeH ToBa Ce CnO-
MeHaBa
H KOxerHflTa Ha r'o),.repy.o0./:g, KOHTO B HaAIIHCa OT 158 f. HOCgT
9TTOBOpHOCTTa
3a 3anHCBaHeTO Ha npOTOKOJIa C I4MIIepaTOpCI(OTO rrECMO H
M
HSilsrAHeTO My Ha O6qeCTBeHO NrflCTO. KaCae Ce BepOrrTHO AO KOJrerHfl
or 5 uew 6 Ayuu, Koqro e HMa.rra B p'buere cH B'bpxoBHoro p'br(oBoACTBo
Ha TpaACKOTO VnpaBneHHe B MaKeAOHCKHTe rpa,loBe H e OTr0Bapffna Ha Ay-
vrvrBHpHTe
HJIH KBaTyopBHpHTe s lAranufl H 3arraAHHre pHMCF(H npoauuqnn.2
Btnpexa
qe
Tafl Ko.,]efHfl Ce cpeu{a 3acBH,u,eTencTByBaHa rJIaBHo B MaKeAoH-
crrre
rpaAoBe (no ctulo H Apt,raee), u B ABa cnyqafl or npeApgMcKo BpeMe,
noc,'IeAHoro o6croqreJlcTBo He AoKa3Ba ou(e,
rle
B aHTHr{HHff Ceerfl Bpau
e C'bi(eCTByBar'I OpraHH3HpaH rpaACI(H XHBOT Ol]le OT edTHHHCTpIqeCKaTa
eiloxa. 3Haqprre.uHHflT 6pofi Cr'r)eaH Ha no\lr,igye; or puMc(o BpeMe [oKa-
3Ba
pa3IIpocTpaHeHHeTo Ha Taf HHCTHTyTIHfl. B Mar(eAOHCKHTe rpaAOBe, nO
qufiro aavl-6nuztr< o6paseq e craHa,'ro H opra:ru3HpaHero Ha rpaAcrarr xct-
Bor B HauIHff cnyvafi.
lpaatr e Hivra.[ cBofl TepaTopHfi, B
rrHHTo
rpaHurrH ce e [pocrupana
B,TaCrra Ha rpaICKoTO ynpaBxeHge. B;la.leeqHTe 3eMH B Ta3H TepuTopHg,
6ee Aa 6tAar rpaxAaHLI Ha rpa.{a, rlir HapeqeHure B HaAnHCa or 158 r.
ai i^yxez'r,p.6.'to,-, KoHTo ca 6w:tw
,,He3aBucHMH 3eMeBnaAelqH", o6urnoBeHo
pHlrcKH rpaxranr,3 e rpn6Ba,,ro l,a 6'ap.ar noAqHHeHH Ha ipaAcKara ct,ue6ua
&'racr H Karo r-blKr-rre"ryH, H Karo o5aasseivrH B flpoqecu Ao 250 aenaprr.
fipn npouecr 3a no-roJ'rerun c]-M!{ ecTecrBeHo re ca 6qnu noAqHHeHH Ha
npoBHHIlHa.IIHara, c'borBerHo H,\rnepcKara cue6na Blacr.a lrlzpaea B c'bu{Hfl
Haitnlrc
[za;i,;o:tE
t6,pouEl zu[p]iou6 0r]p ffg ywpa6 HHe He cMe cKnoHHH Aa
TbrKyBaMe Karo B'b3ivroxno AoKa3are,rrcTBo 3a otlennBaHero Ha pa3flopen6n
0llle or BDellero ua EprN,rupi flane"r rlpH noAquHsgaHero na MaxeAonus.s
HapannanaHero B npaBHo orHor.ueHae Ha npoBHHuHHTe H rpaAoBere npe3
nulleparopcKara efioxa rroA HarHCKa Ha puMcr(ara
QucxaJrHa
cucreMa e eAHo
fiB,teHrie, Koero or TparH HararbK B'bpBfr.,'ro c 6'r,pa tenan.6
Ha,u,nucrr or 158 r. HH raBa B'b3MoxHocr Aa Ao6ner,r eAHa aKo H He
IIt.'lHa npeACTaBa 3a
QNuaHcoaara
opraHu3auHrr Ha rpaAa H 3a ycaittflTa
Ha HeroBHTe p'bKoBo.xrire,rra
La c^ta6ud'IH3Hpar pa3KnareHHTe M.v
QHHanca,
ileuo,
or Koero ca crpaAaJa nocror{HHo rpaAoBere B H3ToqHara
qacr
Ha
Iiunepuara
H Koero e HaJrara,rro KoHTpo,r H BMeurarexcrBo or crpaHa Ha
[Poal.IHuaajiHoro
ylpaBJreHae.T B 3a[a3eHara
r{acr
oT nHCMoro Ha AuronaH
ilHfiS
ce orKa3Ba HcKaHoro or ynpaBneHaero Ha rpaAa pa3peueHae Ha
13a
texnure
$y'uxuitr,
Harrl{ll Ha ss(rnpaue, rrpHBH.rrer-HH fi rrp. Bx. Liebenam,
!ti.
ca,{.. 281 f f .
^,.
-
Libenaln, uur. c'br{., 293; L)etschelt,. III4T. cl,,t. c.ilgreparypa, 113;J. H.
Jilvei,
uur. ct,r.,59;Robert, Bull. dp., 1955, n. 159.
-
::
3a npaBHoro r{u no.roxeHue B)(. Detschew, uHT. c6q., ll2,vt J. H.Oliver,
trft. '-,,,.{.,
57 c;r.
I (ipa.
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d
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Liebenam, ur.lr. cr,u.,.176 f.;Hom
*
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t
ti.tr:-tsilruuro rr:l.to)+teHuc e ti'b3 ccIIoB;l
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'1 r'r ti ir, rlilT. c,s,i,, 115 c,t., tt or J. H. O I
Histoire Romaine, III, 624.
tro[1,,1BaHeTO H TI,,:IK]'BaHeTO HA Ha;lilHC;l
V e r, uuT. rt,
o,
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i
-
196
E. I'eoos
Mneparopat l.a ce B'bBe,xe 3a HerpaxAaHHTe
-(li'tcr)
yBennqeHlle
fi
nanora2 B'bpxy BorroBe (wnw oaue),3 po6n r cpe6 r,pHH npe-nYeJl, rorait
^r,tfl croKn He ca 6snu npeAHa3Ha'-{eHH 3a AoMauHa
ynorpe6a.t I'lrunepairi
r,r o6aqe Ce ctrnacnBa Aa 6t Ae yBennqeH B noJl3a Ha rpaAa C eAglr..qtd
,,aplit noroJIoBHHsT AaH'bK, c rol'iro e 6uto o6.noxeHo s noil3a ua
.4,tF
xanuoro
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cso6oAHoro He[pHBH,,tefHpoBaHo Hacer'IeHr'Ie Ha npd
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fbn.aT yroneMeHH AOXOAHTe
Ha rpaAa Hllneparop'bT pa3pe[IaBa cnoMeHaltto
Beqe yBenHqeHHe Ha c'bcTaBa Ha rpa,IcKHfl ceHaT, KaTo BCeKH
.
HOBOnpF
slet{eH ceHaTop BHece no nercToTHH aTHqecKrr ApaxMH summa honorarial
lara ctruo rofi laBa C'br,'racHe ro cH H Aa ce pa3uIHpH KoilInereHIIHffTa iir
paAcKara crAe6Ha Br'r3cr 3a HerpaxraHnTe
-
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HMOTH B TepHTOpVflTa Ha rpaAa, KOeTO Hetqo eCTeCTBeHO e HOCeJIIO
AOI0.tr
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npH.\oIII Ha l-pa.lla, KOI'ITO e rpa6nanO ,If
IOACHJIflT HeAOCTaT',bqHHTe NI,v" pe,I,OBHtI AOXOAII,
KOLITO Ca Ce CbcTOgIr,
KaKTO rOBa e H3tseCTHO 3a peAIIUa .Xp)'rH rPa,AOee ilo roBa BpeMe, or Hac'
uHTe H TaKCHTe 3a H3no,'I3'v'BaHero Ha rpaACKflTe o6pa6ornaeMH 3eMI'I, nat-
iwlIia, ropa, KapllepH, pH6o'roe B peKHTe, Ivll'tHel-la.'IIII'l 6aur'r H np.7 Karo
peAoBeH AcxoA Ha fpa.la MoN(ervr D,a civrrrTaMe lI [pHxoAI-ITe, KOI'ITO e ]fiS
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HaJrora B'bpxy npoAaAeHtrre croKII. feueae
npaBHiIHo oi5ptula auuuaup',
i:#;
I
CoJ. Iust., IV, 62, 3: non solent nova vectigalia inconsttltis principibus ipffi
3
fiont,rnarrero
Ha l[e,rcn
1r,s't1rl\oiii6 6lr uor.ro tra 5r,]e Sxcrooti5, rlit xaro Aam
$3.-In'r*:iTTII',,-iHl :"::i'rr1'/ii8."ntesima
rcrtlm t'enrtlittm' B IIo',3a Ha a"Pxffi
' :|
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av.
[Bo]drv
H upuaex(.Ia SEG, IX,
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v. 6l-62: 6n]p')itofv sntxtrlro'i nit=uv rslal}tl
T""t't';''Anoper
qereHero r.r tror'b.lBaHero Ha .1. H. o I i v e r, urr. c'bq., 5+
i l::* ?flift
x:l4parci Boi:v, Koero
g
.1o6pe o(rocsosauo. Olivcr IIpt{Ber{.la l)igest.,_ L,
16,
20i}: In legt
cehsoria porttri Siciliae ita sfripturn errt: ser\'()s, tluos domunr. qiris drrcei s 11 o u to:-4
is portoriirm ne daro. Co<i. Iusi.. l\', 61, 5: Universi provincialel pr,,.ltis rebus,
quas l0
rusum proprirrrn revehunt, nullttm t-cr:tigltl a statitlnllriis eriglinttir. !*.
.
Maril ,rardt, urrr. ct,,t., ill, l9r ff.'(l,rircrnr'tsar pai.Ittrltitt cxtliltuiitttrg orgodtro
86tIpoclt, ra,lr Bl,Il BCirrrKu Ipour!Htli,u e 5tt.t cr,irttpitu rott,'Ilttt't,x, il.lll cerl(] lJ Tllfl, Ntlcfo
rofi e 5u,r sleapeu OT prrir"tsHuTe, lr.rlr u'r,K
'l'll\1, K.l,,teTo He c lrll;1.'lo
-tp)'l'll
tr-u:wtoxH0dff
6ue cr,6upun AaHr,K.'Cpu.
()rrlc I" r a n c () t t e, Les fittanccs des sitces grecques,s''
Schu'atrn, Rn, \'ll A,68 ff. [)etscltctr'. tltlt. c'l,tl., l1;, C.\Blltuil r()fl;taHtK
rdru
Hanoxcg B'bpx)' BCrlrtKu caoilo.tHtt ;61)pitr Kotl'rc) iJ K;l'tecrt]()'l'() cH Hil :rclleri.la.'tL'"luH
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s
HenpaBurHo. Cpu. ott-tt .1. H. O I i v e r, titlr' c-l)rl., 55 sq.
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tr
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HMnepHg H Ha TepHTopHHTe HM no orHotueHHe Ha rpaAa, B I{oItTo
ca
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ivis) Ha Apyr rpaA, Ho HMarrH cBoero rpaHHo Mecro)fiHre,'IcrBo (domicilium)
-
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qe'CA
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ttt Ha HMorH B caMHfl rpaA, KoHTo He ca 6utu HeroBH rpaxAaHn Il,S,
I xHBeenH B Hero HIIH B repuropHflra My.4 VI rpure pa3rJIeAaHH AO#
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r-1
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KaK6;To e 6s.rr AoM'br
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,
Cp" X u h n, Die stiidtis.che^und- biirgerliche Verfasstrng cles riimiscl.l
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456)
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rope.r'A-uoH Xpusocro:vr a rp. Tap:oc s'KH.rI.rxi'IH ocBcH
pou\i u Ei,'Sog ttllil.lo ri'4$cE o'i",::':f:
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"*utot6!or,
tixtove5), nx. M a r q u a r d t, Staatsvefwaltttng, I:r, 2i0'
2
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,Lonores)
ca ce upeB'bpHaau B TexKr.r saL'bni+ieHuq, pa3.ltlKara L{ex(.Iy lBara auita rpaxl0$l
6una santaHo saarqena. Cpa. Marquardt, utlt. lvlflcro.
a y
fieuea
(ctp. 192; fievot e cxBaHaro rB-bpre- ]'flcHo'
I
Cpe. Li ddeit -Skott, A Creek-English Lexicon,
v e r, ur.rr. ct,r., 57 sq. Mex.ry npuBI'InerHHTe tl npaBa'ta, KoHTo
,a.x, rnue, Koero He e 6u.ro rpaxraHuH Ha rofi rpa,l,, e H
'iUf
fi
l','?il'., l'ri."
8fr
e lrorxo la nPtt,lo6tteeellt
"tftg xzl'.-olxto;' i,',t:l1alfi *
i
, Klaf f enbach, Criechische Epigraphik, 1957,79.
{anoc.re-r'1,K,
cps. flirpnscxo fe,ro, 10.
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Aetinocr Ha rpaxAaHHTe, B 3aHaflT-
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c.I)'iKeura
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1Orsut\vt
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Brrue Ha npocBerHoTo
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caa6o no3Har. I,lar.rrexAa, qe
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199
9pr.
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ilaK Talt, llD lt.
t{e111'6;rHxl'san-
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S t e i n, Leg. lVkis., 98' c.r.'
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; ;; ,pu*rtana oKoJrHocr,
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3
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l y16Al4,
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IIApKB]
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-,
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Xlllr 1939, 120, n'.,40.'
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B' KtHqeB, Mc6' XI' 1894' 225'
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cpB,
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1938, 291, n. 13 (n. 151.
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i
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AB, XXX, 1937, 69, n. 3 (n. 7).
11
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5l
Ilqg-"vw1u1r_ ulpll 3ana,xHcrpaxuflcrnre 3eMH npe3 pirMCKo BpeMe
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[,IEAH, XIII, 193b,"i6'0 c,r. (n. 2); ll6AW, xli, 1938,298, rt' 22 ("'?!)'
7
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npiit,'.xii, rgis, 20b .r-, n'"I
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pUepa
B ['IrpBHtl clyuaft (n. 6a), 6Nxue MOTJIH Aa npeAnOr'rO]r(HM, qe
Ce Ka-
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3a JIHI{e, MHHaJIo [pe3 eoiicxara H npoH3xoiKAarrlo BepoflTHo or
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3a Klro3anaAHHTe rparuficxn 3eNIH H oco6eHo 3a o6,racrra Ha @r.lanu.1
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r pta ex Italicis senum pedum tironibus nova legione.'r Heroeoro nocrbnBaHe
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a 121 r. roll e 6aa aa 75 roAHHH, rofi e poleu rpe3 46 r. a s 67 r. e 6w;r
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iIoKa3Ba HMero N [Iupou(e.; Or nes rori e HMaJi cHH H TpHMa aHyuH. Ton
Ha,IIIHC e xapaKTepeH Aor(ylreHT 3a HacraHflBaHero Ha KofloHHcrpr ua Cpe.qna
,
I
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tritptc6 ra e npoh3xo)KAano or Qaaunr.
!
Suet., Nero, 19,2; Dio Cass., LV,21,2(Boissev.), Ritterling, RE,XII(1925),
1107 f.; Forni, Il reclutamento delle leqioni da Auqusro a Diocleziano, l95il,
p. 5{ sq., 216.
:l
klrtero Italicus y CaerouNii 6u rror,ro;ta ce rb,tK-\'Br u rro-utHp(-)K{r, r. e. He ca.\t()
i,lrllBeeIuH s UtailAn, Ho ct,uo raKt [t xonoHHCTH-Hra;nr]urr ts rtpoBuHIrrrrte. I-euru.'rHoro Hue
Herenniits, Koero HocH BerepaHlr, e
qecro
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Sc lt ri I z e, uut. crq., 82 cr.; RE, VIII,619 f f.), xoero or uraairrlcxrrie rrpecelHuipr e rpeHe-
ceHo l{ B IlpoBl.tHullnre llaauau}tfl, [iAu0HHR, 7]axHr, Mu:us, KOr{To r{rl HHrepec}'BaT KaTo
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qe
r()Bil
ave e 5u;to qecro
B 3acexeuara c r.rraruficxN npecexHr.{u}r xo"loHu,r Qu.rlrulr (cpa. Hanp. CIL,
I]1, 633, 668). He e ugx;rloqeHa Br,3rro),riHocrra Berepilnr,'r ila e irporr3xox,ra.r HlreHHo c)r
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B ratt J.oJIi{Ha ce cpeua c'b[roro rcHTr{,:rHo H\re ortle B aHTHqHufl r'pirf nprr Be.rttua'xalo
Hlle Ha J,BaMa 6pari evocati Augusti H BeporrHo Ha e.lHa x(ena (Bxi.'crp. i051,;3.1. Hae xe
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ittiir;r (nx. no-HararbK, crp. 3031151,p.
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ipa.
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le.llt
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or rro 25 roJuHH, rropaJl{ Koero
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;
T"oea x(eHCKo Hlte, Koero ce cpeua r-vx 3a rrpt,B 116T, IrprrHa,trrcxrr K-blr rp-vflara
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uctsche\\',
uHT. c'br{.r 386 c,r.
(n. 13); VlBAVl,
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roero B JIOIK4Ta Ha MaKeAoHCKaTA A'bpxaBa
tt
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ru,nn.-, iI o 6 n , i f ,. iVtcO, XVI-XVII, 1900, 66 c;1', D' 8, XII[,
B p0,1HOTO !tlicTO ll.!laMe B CBeTi'I.:llllueTc)
XVI-XVII, 1900, 66 c;1., D. 8, XII[,
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..aJr BnaAeeHeTO H Ha ABaTa
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HKoHoMHqecKHTeBp.b3t(HCTpaKHllCKoToHaCeJ.IeHHeBoKoJIHoCTTa..|:ii
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,.(o
1937 f. TaNr ca ce OLrepTaBaJIH CTeHHTe Ha roJIflMO aHTHqHO CeJIHUIe, KOem
He e 6nno orpaHHqeHo catro B CreHHre.'| vnorpe5ara
Ha epaTa Ha AKLU{il
3a AaTHpaHe
Ha HaAnHcnrer noKa3Ba,
qe
cenHulero ce e HallH.pai?.j-,,ffi
,rrr{r"
'Mu*aAO"
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rpaHHrlara MexAy npoBxHuHrdre TpaKH'. H MaxeAouHfl e npecr:ul.1J:tt#
1fio-rope
crp. 1a51St;. Orsocro Ha3BaHHero Ha roBa ce,'IHIue.:..:iT:i:-H
HaMepeHHBHero,.HMaABenoAaTKH'KoHToCoqaTABepa3n,:.:,#Y::3#
n.bpBltfi c,ryuafi IIoqHHai]l'lgT Tpai(HeU e O3HaqeH C eTHHKoHa lteT?d.?qtel
'(::nr;?"ir,,i6r1i.t
l,{alare.rrrr Ha HailnHca fl,euea
ro H3BexAa or 'i'[letpi(, gefl.
ir.re*ili (tp;: llerpiir;v, Kacre.:I e Aap:iunn,
Proc. cle aed' IV, 4, Haury'
iiO, al, u iretra u'fuf.,trxa (Liv., XL,22, 12). Tosa cB'bp3BaHe e npaBl4nuq
H Heg'ITMHeHO TOf TpaI(HelI e npoH3xox.u.an
-
oT ce'Il6lue c ToBa fiMe' MOx(-e
6u or caMara
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y Jlvsvrfl lierpa. Hrae Hf]laMe oSaqe AocraTttlno
ocHoBaHHe Aa ,larrr6r,I*pa*e
6esyc"'lo'aHo aHTHI{HOTO CenHuIe npu Ee.nnqS
;-n;rp; s'MeAr.rra, rur'r Karo y'noipe6ara Ha erHHKoHa Karo or,lHqHreJluo
HMe Ha eAHO nHIIe e 11o-MaJlKO B'b3]iOXHa B po/r.HoTo lvly MtlcTo' 9TKOJIKOTO
,pl].ui..u--gropr"r
c,r-v-uafi e o5poueH AaP ni lr'loHpic,
rol'iro eAHo nI{IIe
1
SEG, II, '129
(n. 191.
,
alc,'II,'1967'U
(L.i.
-
Afiear,rta), wVIPAW, IV, 1899, 167 c'r. (6ep).
,
ap;: E.r.g,
I-nru, II, 1950,.53,
!:-5;-cp1':l5o [up^o]raHIxv
vll, lgl'gi2d,-l{4, ,'g. k-r,Hri en, Mc6, xl, 189+, 212,226. Or c. Ee.ruua
"or*,or.*'
6.ro* . 6r xpauuon (apxHB fl,e'iea)'
'"v''';ffid,'V, jgroiil.
tot ci., n. I (n. 27) I apxrrB leqes
(rr. 27a,
BoHaltepeH $parlleur
(27 e,
^neny6'rur1'eaul' --
it
I,IEAh. Xll, 1938' 287, n. 8 (n' 311'
r.r B ubrHara crasulig-Cillae, Kalinka, r' 3i+'
nu nrn,6n"
rf
1896,
-ll9' n'-ra
fipoyuaaHxs B6pxy 3ana,{Horpaxnflcrure 3eMH npe3 pHtrcKo Bpe}.re
205
C
Lra(flilo pHMCI(O HMe nOCBerllaBa ei; Izeleptqv.l Vlz[atensr Ha HaAnHCa
fleuea
npeAilo,lara.
qe
ctc CraaMe ce o3HaqaBa HrrKaKBo rvrrrcro B aHTHq-
H0To
ceJHuIe, or Koero npoH3nH3a caltara rt,'Icqa. Tona e Bl53ilroxito, Ho
c.btito
e B'b3MolKHo roBa ,u,a 6.bAe HMeTo Ha caMoTo cenarqe. Bte eceKa
C,rvqafi
B'bnpoc"bT 3a HMeTo Ha CenHnieTO He Mo)fie la 6r,le peueH B-b3
OCHOBA
HA THfl \BA HAATIHCA.
BINPOCIT AA ilPABHOTO TIO,:IO)I(CHI,IE HA TOBA CNHUIE CE YRCHflBA OT
elHH
Hanoc.4eA'bK HaMepeH TaM HaAnHC, n rol.iro eAHH pHMCriH BeTepaH
npaBl,{
HHKaKBO nOCBerqeHHe Ha cbrpaxAaHHTe ca.2 VnorpeSara Ha rep_
MHHa
oup;cilizr roBopH 3a tparcr<a yper6a Ha Cer'rHrr(ero.
Hafi-l'o'cp3Ta enoxa or pa3BHTHero Ha To3H rpaA e c'brrtafiT oHrr 11e-
pHoA, K'bM t<ofiro ce oTHacH H pa3rlBerbr Ha aHTHr{HHrr Cserlr Bpau. Haei-
paHHLITe naMeTHHIIH T)'t( He ca nperlH cpelara Ha Ii B.," 2 Hafi-rrrcnnre
rlorar na ce oTHecar K'biI n'bpBara no,ToenHa Ha III s. EAHHcrseHHrr na-
THpaH narlrerHHK e no BCflKa BeporrrHocr o"t 217 r.l
HaceneHaero Ha ToBa ce.[Frr(e, j,oxo.'rKoro
r,roxe xa ce HajIHHKHe B
HefoBHfl c'bcTaB no ocI('bAHHTe IaHHH, riOprTO
AatsaT HaLn[{cHTe, Ce e c:b_
crofi.,'Io or pHMCI.(H BerepaHa, or rpaKrr H BeporrrHo or rbpuu. I-lpuctcr-
BHeTO B TOBa Cen[IIIte Ha pl.lN,lCKH BerepaHH, KOeTO e 3actsHjteTencTBVBaHo
0u{e oKc.'lo cpe,,tara Ha II 4., orKoraTo e HaA[HC'br Ha ,u,Ba]rara 6parx
evocati Auglrsti,; e fipoA'b.rr]Ka.ro no-Hararr,x proxe
da H [pe3 III s., K.r]rvr
ql4eTo
Haqa.lo it{e rpa5aa .r.a oTHeCeNr HaAnHCHTe Ha C. luliuS illaximuS,';
rr0 BCrrKa BepcrrrHojr cbrr{f Bo3HHo Jrar{e. Taxa cenHulero ce oqepTaBa
Karo eruHCTBeHHrr rro3Har 3acera BoeHeH ueHT.bp Ha Cp.eHa Crpyrvra.
flaanara evodati Augusti ca 6unw HaroBapeHH TaNr c'rbc cflerrraxHa orio-
BopHa c.lvx6a.i Nluna,rnre npe3 nolicxara Jraua Hocrrr H3urrno pHrvrg(H
HMeHa, 3aI KOHTO He ."{O)t(eI'I
Aa OTKpHe}I n.[eMeHHHtl Hl,I [pOH3XOA, H Ca
I
l'il,\,1, II, l95l), 5,1, rr. 5 (rt. 241.
3
Hcnli'6;r uKvBalr. ilp.\HB ;lc,res (n. 2,jal.
L'lEAl,I. XII, il);tli,2fiijc.r., n.7(n.25); [rerrrcB.]rrreg, n. l(2.28;:Detscire*.,
Festsclrr. R. Egger. I, 1952, lT f . (n. 22a\.'-
{
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Kctgill g
HcnpitBir,u{o. B;x. lto-l()pe crp. 190(,38) c;1. I-HM, VII. ig+.1.56, n. -1, jle,res
rry6.rnxynii
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il.rocxrr ()ll{c pe.ref c rpu tilurr,'pu. I,:l s.
B e
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lt Hir-urrcir trl Carr-rirrrcxrr (()uerlr Bpir,r) Bx(. iro-r-opc crp. 20:l (.il), :;u6. .3.
't I'il11, II, 1950, 5J, rr. I (tt. 2,)1, n.'5 (tt.
J.|1.
Dn ,..c|r!l..-M.]_rqirlrtl
r. uu'r.i'r,,r.,'lir,3u7ff.;_c,irrnat. DA,ll,g66sc1q., [iietri!{rr,
xi:'
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oruc
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O,,-rry,-l-",
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I)ret()i'ieniics, Pirris, l9;iB, p. l2i sqq. ; f,. n u b,., , t, Hellcnica, II, l9-16, l2tl sc1q.
'r'rtr-J ()il
IUe Tptl()ts.I J t ('tlbp;'i\e\l ilptlc'l,CTtstlcl'()
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Hit iJ()eHHil()pfilHil:iHpilHo pHMCKO Ha-
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-l^oP"9
cnasqero
[Ir
r.r3xox.r.a H e.r.HH pe.reQ or
_c.g{x_aJp-nuiorur,
.nn*r, hs,ql4,'viu, lria4 57,7'
19
(8q"
r.reraH
-r'
.tr lr It ll r po's, l'l6Ak1' XIII' 1939)'
,i
hEA.[, \'1,
'1916
18, 169 (n. ,?,?t. i
I-lpoyvaanrq B'bpxy 3afiaAHorpaxNficxrre 3eN{H npe3 pu}rcKo BpeMe
209
copolis
ad lriestum H orraM rrpe3 PoAonxre ea @a.nanono;r.1 3a c.burecr-
BVBaHeTO
Ha TOs nbT ilpe3 HMnepaTOpCI(aTa enOxa yl(a3Ba HaAnHCbT OT
Sr'rboBo
or 221 r., rlocBereH or )Kurer,u xa Nicopolii ad Nestum.z Be-
pgflTHO
C'bC CnOMeHaToTO aHTHqHO CenHu{e HilIi C HsKOe neffau{O MaJTKO
[o
Ha Ior HeroBo z.'til1t1 (npa-6,trraHTeJlHo B 3eu.,'rHrr{ero Ha cejrara BpaHa,
Karf
iruu, Ilanepuqa) rue rpa6aa Aa cB'bpxeM HaMepeH,re B ,o, prrio*i
aflTu\tHu
[aMeTHHrlr.'
,lpya eAHH qeHT.L,p,
Mo)Ke 6n narc xap\, ce oqepTaBa
g1roJo ,Nle,'rsar.a AHrHqno ceni{u1e Ce npeAnoxara H orioJro C. llerpoeo.i
Trs
necra npHHaAnexar KbM xeJre3oAo6wauus pafioH a o6racrra Ha Alra-
6or1'ru
H roxHure cKJroHoBe Ha I-lHpr.rH.6
laHuHTe 3a p!'napcrBoro ryr( ca
OT KbCHOTO CpeAHOBeKOBHe H OT BpeMeTo Ha TypCKoTo BJIaAHqecTBO. He-
rocralbqHHTe
npoyqBaHHrr Moxe 6u ca npHr{HHa ,Ila HsMaMe BCe oII{e AaH-
HH 3a aHTHtlHo pyAapcrBo B rofl xpafi.;
[IpoHuxaaHero Ha aHTHqHara r{',rrrypa H Bace,rrBaHero Ha no-3HaqgTe-
.IeH 5pofi Hacer'reHHe oT rpbqr(Hfl K)r, a BepoflTHo H oT H3TOK B Tafr
qaCT
na cpeluocrpyMcKara LoJrHHa He e cTaHa.rro npeAa O.,'r&BHeBO epenae. or
XaapuaH Hararbr Tan o6,racr rrpuHa.r"rrexa KbM r{}rr}pnuTe pifionre Ha
[poBI'lHIIHn A{axetoHHa. Hafi-paHnum H3BecreH
Aocera naMerHHK or rHfl
uecra
-
ocBeH eBeHr)ar'rHoro rrocBeuleHae Ha Tpaau, crp. 209 (S7), KaK-
To Beqe cnoMeHaxMe, e HaArp_o6nflflr peneO n, 'lo6ilog \Iepxd,rwp, rofiro e
H3AHiHar B I25 r. or H. e.s OcraHanare naMerHnrrz, orqacrH r,arupaHn no
epara Ha Arqn1,'ivr, orqacrH rreAargpaHH, He Aocrxrar orBbA cpeAara Ha
I
Cn. flupuu, I, 1930, rn. V, 8. I-l;rpu.rcx?Td cAr'roBHHa, qaqro
HaAMopcKa BHcoqHHa e
]tl
r- e.tc 3l M no BHCoKa or l-lpe;tnrcrara cernoBitHa (1142 n,r), e Lropara ecrecr-
Bpb3l'(a Ha roaxsara Ha CpeaHa_Crp1-ua c lonuuara ua Mecra. 3a usno.riayBaHero Ha
n'br_irpe3-c-per,H_o-BexoBHero Bx.,q,.AHretoa,klL\fi,
XXII.-XXIV, lg4g,2lT.
: InM,
II, 1950, 51, n. | (n. JS).
3
Ocnes naMerHHuHTe c Ha,ilnHcu, KoHro pa3r,Texf,a:ue no-uararbx, or ror pafiou npo-
r3xoxiar oule cne.lHltre
p-eg9Q1t 69: Ha.ln[rcB : or Ka,rruanuu norpe6a.nuo yroueHHe or
:lfl{1rllr|oBara
eroxir, vlBAw, vlll, t9,34, 56(He,pasrae.raH y AuilurpoB, I,IBAI,I, xlll,
;;;ff:ryl,,Irrudrd
cuu,\.r, ytDt\yt,
vlil, ty.i+, Do(He,pa3rne.IaH y AltrrrHTpor, lzlbAlrl, XIII,
ivov,;or_u,-Ra^1r'_il.Hlrr_r_TpoB,uHT.
c'blr., n.36; or fiunepuua,
AnrrrHTpoB,1IHT.
--vv,', vr uYon^) /{n'IvrrlrPUl,, uHl. gbq., Il. oo; or lll4flepHua,
AHMl,l rpoB, IIHT.
ebq', n. n'22,37,51
; orXr,pcoeo,
,[uunrpoB, r-(hr. c'bq., n. 6; oi
gpr*"
oue eAHH pe-
leS c .rne no,lera
-
rrorpe6a,rHo
).roureHue H rpaxurlcxu KoHHHK,-fHM,' VII, 1g42, 57 itt. ,
l' t' llpr,.; Tsry."un
e bu;r
"u*'ep",
pe.reQ c rpaxaitcr,., *orr"r*, cn. rirpian, III, lgJI, xx.
lJo'.rP:J-Q:,9I li.,l?roBonpon3xox.raqacror
nriearsoH, Dimitrov, Leist6les'fundraires,
lY
tqq. (fCyl'IQO, X_LI, 19-i+'-15). I-lpx c. Bpaun, Mecnrocrra B'uqoailua e HaMepeH HoBrr-
tr-xa,rrpo6e-r1-p!.',-e_Q
ft.
40a). Ha'6,rujo Hrra.ro cne.r,H or ,rpaKo-pHNtcKo ce,ruuls','l-lupirucxo
re.ro
or 6. VI. 1959 r.
F r ---".
r.t,,
t-T{[
Ha
rpn6aa ra orHeceM pe,re$a 6es uarnnc or c. Xoroso, AuuHTpoB, r],Irr.
ii,'fa$+,.6i_ra
pa3BanilHu or ,,crapa u'spxaa' npuroBa ce;ro cto6ruana B. Kt s
qe
s, Mc6,
*^,, ].-?-6AV7,
V, 1928 29, 366. orrart ca I-r3BecrHH e.lua ua.lrpo6ua niroqa c HflKo;rxo
QH-
33r,.1:.:pr.rne.x.aHa
y A u u, r p o,, urr., cr,u.) n e;rna naoii;";";ra;;;r;;;;"$;;;-
tru
KoHHi4K.
Ctuo or c. flerposo e H3BecreH xplrcr]rffHcKu uaarpo6eir Ha.{nHC or VI a. , [l Ti*-.
C"^q?.g1 c:.[Jglp"ig .'i.r..r., *pr,.rr"*.*"r"';r;.;;Ai;;;;;;.';r'iii;. ,.--
,\,nnnn.
\-r,uIU OT C. lleTpOBO e H3BeCTel
qa.
l'o_ur
ee, fC!'E@, XXIII; 1945i46, 1 c,r.
, u.,,.].^ 9f
u. f .-F(. f e o p r u e a, Xe,reioeo6ueHara HH.l.\'crpnn a Mrpaaurro
-
pyaapcrnoro
'uro3a[a,].ua
Euraprrr r [Orolr3Tor]Ha MaxeAogl.lg, lg,5B,'2l cn.
;
li:aecruern ui Crpa6on, ill, i
j+,
sa
-pyar;u;;;'],exAy
crpyua u Mecra ce oT_
trca ja
.IoJ'rHoro reqeHue r{a TnH DeKH.
!
I,lflA;1, VI, I9l6/18, l69
1nl,
,i,11.
ll73
rHa
f oir,rnur
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2to
6. I'epon
III n. CaeAonaTeilHo, KaKro rpn6na H la Ce oqaKBa, nepHoAbT Ha
MHqeCKHfl H KynTypHHr{ pa3UBer Ha o6lacrra e iIaK enoxaTa na AHn
HHTe H Ceeeplrre, KaKTo H B n,pyrHTe
qacrn
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IlpaodrUeHara
K'brlr rp'br(o-pHMcKara \HBurru3a:\ufl
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or nacer:err?tif,f,
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nalvreTHHIIH, He e Hlvla.la e.iI.HHeH eTHHqeCKH npoH3xOA. OCrfO#
ra it ca o6pasyBanH TpaKHTe, c r(ouro ca ce crlecui'Ia [pHtx'b'rlqare I'tiffii
w KoHTo caMH ca 6u:tvt noA.'Io)+(eHi{ Ha er,IlrHH3atlna. I-lprr c'b3AaAeHare
+iffi.
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Crpyrtra OT lof Ca npoHItKHa,'lH rp'bLtKH 3aHaflTqHH, T'bprotsqu, 3eNteB"qa4e.nl$#
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ceMeficrBa c xeHa or r!,rec'rHoro rpar.;ralicro Hace,'IeHHe. CnoneHarHrr B
,Efr:
11HCa Or Cyunqa 'loi.i,;o; \IeVxi;ap,
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tgg
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qCCTO
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_S
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r{e
Ha4rpo6uara [,'Ioqa e H3AHrHara B 125 t., npnxunqii
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c'bnpy3H, KoraTO rplr)+iHTe Hlr 3a naNleTTa Hr'l ca ce oH;lH noflBlln
Beqe, noKa3Ba,
qe
rrr.\Hara )+(eHHT6a u HacraHnuaHero Ha M'bxa e rnr--$-
cra e craHairo He no-K'bcHo or Haqaroro Ha TparuoBoro ynpaBxeHtae. I{af.a
npHMepH 3a e.:rHHH3HpaHero Ha ropHHr c,Tofi Ha rpaKl4i.icroro HaceneHuglo.r
ras Oll,aCT HeKa pa3rJeAaMe otue HIKoJIKO no-THnHqHH Cxyqafl. b HaroF
ca or Karynqr,l xofiro e or 146 r.
,
npaTexare,'Iqr IIa HaArpo6ttus nauet-
HHK HSCH rparHficroTo HUIe fIv.1'10E, AoKaTO Hef,oBHflr 5aUa HoCH rpUHlHl
nue 'Aya$dlv, a HerOBaTa xeHa rpaxnficrcOTo HMe Zanxq,. MOxervr^ Aa,gm
MeM,
qe
TpaKHfiCKoTo cfi aue liuppog A'bJIxH Ha CBonra MafiKa,
ffi
c'br.tlo, KaKTo HeroBara xeHa, e 6sna tparafira. O6crosre.tlcTBoror..
qe?m
npgroTBrr rrocnecM'bprHoro cH xHnHuIe rtpe3 146 r., IIoKa3Ba,
qe
rofi e-6EJI
Ber{e Ha npeKnoHHa Bb3pacr }I
qe
cJeAoBareJIHo e 6w;t poAeH Moxe 6n npa
nour.rqr.raHbao
ara Haii-rcr,cxo npea TpanHoBo BpeMe. Or,lo,ro ToBa B*ry
Harl-r(bcHo lqe rpa6aa Aa orHeceM HABaHero Ha HeroBas 5atlla or Ior H
T!'
nar6ara M), c rpar<Hfirara, KoflTo e Aana n rparuficxoro HMe Ha cBHa"AL
I-IoAo6eu i cr1,;ra"r c
Qarvrn,raRta,
uafito uagrpo6en HaAnHC npouaxoifiIa
er c. Bpaun H Ce Aarnpa npe3 198 r.2 Mlxlr HocH rparaficxo HMe.' lF'
frftcxn Ca HMeHaTa Ha HefoBaTa xeHa H Ha HefoBaTa A'bulepq, AoKaTo
HM01o
Ha HeroBHn 6au\a e rp'bql(o. Tos HaAnHC HH noKa3Ba,
qe
tparrafictOtl
HMeHa ca npoA'br'DKaBaJrH Aa xi{Berrr B Tr.rfl enHHH3l.lpaurz
QanarrHr'r.
Ho H$AIle
cJryr{aH, KaK'bBTo e cayqar{T c HaAnHCa or I-hanepuqa,'}'K'b4eto 6au$Tlfr
uafir<ata Hocqmpr*rfi.*H HMeHa, a A'btl{epflTa
HMa Beqe rp'bLlKoro
'u.q
ilil;
Hue
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e1:tiapa cnope.tl pa3rpocrpaHeH]rt{ no Crpyrvra K),'.rlr ua Apre
MHAa. floao6en e cJlvqaflr H c'bc celieficrsoro B HaAnHCa o, i++ r.,
q[{
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1
V16AV1, XII, 1938, 281 c.t., n' 1
2
AB, XXX, 1937, 70 c,r., n. { (n'
3
hBA.Il, VI, 1916,18, 167 (n. 4lt,
ft.
a4).
40).
fllax'rr,
roiiro aeAHfa-HaAilUCa,
HOCH reoQopuuHoro HMe
gwflT 6aEJa, uafixa u 6par Hocrr rpaxuficra arvreHa.l Ho
cTBa
H C H3(ff','ro rpaxufr,cwr HMeHa, KaKbBTO e cnvqagr
flalttTc
or BpaHr.2
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llpoyvaaurafl B.bpxy 3anatrHorpaxnficxilie
seuu npe3 paMcKo BpeMe
2t1
'AprepiDtrrpog.
Hero-
cpeular ce ceuer?-
c HoBoHaMepeHHfl
Hapea c TLrfl cMeceHH Hd:rH eilHHH3upaHH rpaxaficxa
Sauunuu, KoHTo
ca
Hafi-ruHoro6pofiHu, cpetuar ce H ceneiicraa, B Koaro HMeHar a ca H3rlflno
rpruxa.3
Tqx, 6axi\ae MorJrH na cMflTaru,e 3a noToMrIH Ha uMHfpHpanHTe
rp'biIKH
ceuelictna or..Ior. flpaurt.rrerl BepoffTno or H3Tor{HHTe [poBHHrILrH
C HA}IEHOAC,IICII'bT, XOIiTO C TIOANHCAJI HMETO CH HA XEPTBCHHKA OT KOEA-
qEAO.{ ilU\ATA, KOHTO- HOCfiT
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,a He ca MaJrKo Ha 6pofi. B eAHa cr,ryqa, Te ca
qJreHoBe
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KoI{To rpaxuficrHflT eneMeHT e cHJrHo noAqepTa H,i, H;tH ar** i, D6MaHH3H-
paHH TpaKr.o
I
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paHH rp'bqra
@auutvrui
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B rp.brlr(H o6povHa HaAnUCH.s
Ptlltcxoro BiIHflHHe rYIi B-b[peKH npuc'bcrBaero Ha ]tlrla, KoHTo ca 6untt
CIOPCJ HIIICHATA A C.'IYX6ATA, KOflTO CA H3TT,'IH'IBAJIH,
PHMCI(H
pPA)KAAHH
0T [poBHHr{Ha.r1eH H AOpH U'raluficrcu npoasxo4,e He e Mor.,10
Aa AOBeAe
r0 nrrcMeHara y[orpe6a Ha ,{aTHHCKH e3HK. or rag qacr
Ha Cpe.uHocrpyM_
CKATA N.ANHHA HC CA HH H3BCCTHH .IIATHHCKH HA!.ilHCU. FIO N'HAANHCA
OT
ilerpaur<o (n. 5l) HilraMe ynorpe6eHa
Ayuara parens B rpbqr{a HaArrHc
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r!'ua. Toaa [o*a3Ba, qe
B ToBa OTqaCTH pO-
uaHH3HpaHo rparaficKo ceMel'icrso ;'IaTaHCKH e3HK
'e
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Lbuloro BaxH H 3a ilHl(ara c pHMCI(u HMeHa, KoHTo npaBflT flocBerrleHHfl
na 6oronere.
HecrlrHeHo rpaKHTe, KoHTo ca o6pasyna.rlu noAaBnqrouloTo MHo3HH_
CTBO HA HACC'ICHHETO
B CCXATA H flO.TO.'IqJVIATA qACT
OT HACCXCHHCTO HA
CC,IHIIIATA
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9
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ce'leHHe
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.cH Ha eanasrqari.rror^r;;;;r;;,
3elleBila.reHHe.
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rpo6Ha
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Tsxnoro roJrrMo pa3npocrpaHeHue
H Ao H3-
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ca ctrqecrByBann Hr-
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rb).
n.
fi.
n. 26 (n. 52); B)r(. orqe Ha.rrHCa or 215 r., AM, XXI, lg96, 100, n. 6
H:\re B qacr
or Ha.ir.nuc, LIBAI4, XIII, lg3g, Z0 c,r., i13, n. 15
] f]lqugcx-rl-rq.io
or 6. \'r. t9S9 (n. 40a).
'l llEAn,
VI, 1916,'18, 167 (n. lZ). ttlo.xe 6u Ha;rnrrcrr or
I l1p+i1,Lll, lg!!, ?88, !.
rc
ri. iit.
,
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l^g^az;ai,
+ti i."ri." sii.
'- nbAn, VII, I9l9/20, l2 c.r.
:^rlrl1,
l9{0.il, 35, n. 3 (n.
'
vtb&yl, VIt, l9J2;38. 4lZ t. h. Sl).
:
AM, XXI, 1896, 100, n. o (n.
S4t.'
: fP+h,,YJIr ],et9t20,
t2^c.t.
1n.
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43); AB, XXVIII, l9$; l : si
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st).
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XII, lg3g, 2gg c.r..
Xrpcoro (n.45a).
35).
18, n. 5 ([CYOO, XLVIII,
(n. 36).
1933, l18, n. 5 (n. 37);
"' t{6Al{, XII, 1938, 2gtJ ci., n. l0 (n. J6).
212
6. I-epoa
KO;KO aTeJIHeTa C TpaAKUr4H u pa3BHTHe, B KOHTO Ca pa6OTe"'IH MafiC'
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a BepOll:O
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no-rope, BepofrHo Haft-paHHHsr AarllpaH
raMerHHK or rafl..:91t:l
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qacr
or 3acB,,r,erencrByBaH,re
B H
arra
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ca u4ailt4 3elreBJIaAe.:IqecK6
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ce 3aK;rcqH orqacTtt or ro.'trrlara pa3np'bcHarocT
Ha naMerHHIIHTe'
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c'1\'q3rl aa'Io't)"'ev6; n li)'a
ca or 210 H Zif--.i a Ha
'Vi.-*i,,r','i,
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r
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o6pttUa BHIIM{IHIIe B'l,pxV o6ctOltre.rCTBoT(),
qe B rory-lUo npllBeAeH}Itl o,lTan Or KOSIIED
(n. 36)uualle e.tlru o6lrqlrri uaficrop'r,'r ,lil cHrHrlpa ltpoH3Btl;IeHHcro cl{' *,i*uuto
068S
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tt na'urrnpclrft
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Of'
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2
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3
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{
cps. E. I- e p o n, npo-r'rrr}illltrr BJ,p:\}', rr03e}1,'leHIITe OTII(lltleHlltl B tlalllt,ITe seMr
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(salturttl
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gt*lnttn tind'TtuF
penkdrper irn r(imisctrJn l)errtscltlantl ttnter detn Prinzipat, 1932, 52' ":
5
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nnoluely
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seuN flpe3 pHl\rcKo BpeMe
213
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ca ronyquilH pnMcKo rpaxAaHCKO
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AEAN. NP'A
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fra Ha III a. Tpare cnyqafl Ha paMcK, q^rrrrii
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OT C. c.[HAIrHIra (na
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rope' crp. 199 (17), cneranHrusHaA
c. na.napei'o.i,He'rirn."u,
c.br{o ra*a
ttocBerrieHufl,
Ha raq 6orHHfl H orrpyra rreira,6 nr*ro-r'rllipu*eHus
Ha
6orfiHq 6eHAaaa,7 u,liro Kynr
-e
6ua norbJrHaT or Kynra Ha Apreu HAa.8
[o-c.'ra6o, oTKonKoro B
apyrare o6nacra-no'
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l9'38, 291 c'r', n. 1'l (n.5),rteny6;,ui(vBaH
(n. 6a),L4BAII,VII,
l9B27BB,
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;
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neny6ru-
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n'
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rro-rope, :Ip'
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I f1g
q
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ri, Ia or c. crapn,raue (?), Me,rHrrurxo (urua
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uglvl,xlll, I'gjg, ritj, n.'^g.
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y rpaKlrre uanoc"rerur nrrca
ll r rrm p;;; H.;:"'ip., XIII, 1.957, xu. 2, T7 c:t. Zt
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6. I'epoa
Qununu
Mecra.6
II. TOPHA MECTA
C I'opna Mecra HHe O3HaqaBaMe
ryK AOnHHaTa
Ha Tafl peKa oT H3BG
pHTe ll Aoxtrra ,(HeIxHaTa
rplUxo-6l,rripcxa
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fopuoro reqeHHe Ha Nlecra
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or ceBep, H3roK H 3anaA._Irp_i.ry
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cB'bp3Ba . aurrnum
nu Ivlapuua H Aynas'
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BpeMe.
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ran I'r3onupaHocr no,l9!Y-I:::i-:i:'i^t"*Xffi.
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3a npOHttK-
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pa3BHTlIe OlIIe
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Koero Aocera
HflMaMe AaHHH
or-ao,r*luru
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Cpe.uua Crpyvra' Hart-pannata
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ry*, Korrro npo,3xoxAa 6[ ..
prOHoB-q (foueee.rruescxo),
e xa'[ua'4cq
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rtlt
-- t
A.
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fnM, II, 1950, 51' n' t
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xYVtrr. 1935. 118, r
I, 1950, 51' n. |
-(n'
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Fr rrr r rrr 1n {o <A nn < A /lllran6:ruo,},
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u
'etii,-.\tvri-ibza,
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: sEc, II, 432) (n' 35i'
6
bolIart, Philippes, 171-485' c
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i
B. &1 n * o r,
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iti, tgig,
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JITIuH H
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2t5
v
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!e6pen, f rprraeH H Xacaparr
ce
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Aa ce npeAnoJrara, qe
flp0H3xox(Aar
or c'bu{oro BpeMe. Or eJI}.tHHCTHqecKara eroxa ca Hu u3-
BecTHfi
H peALlIIa KoJIeKTHBHH MoHerHH HaxoAKH, KoHTo IIpoH3xoxAaT
or
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6ofaicrsa
B pbr{ere Ha MecrHara rparHficxa apHcTorezltus H sa eAHH no-
Hanpe/IHan
I(ynTVpeH XHBOT prSO6uIO
Ha Hace"rreHHeTO B AO,,rHHaTa na l-Opna
iUecra,
orxo/rKorc B AolaHara Ha Cpe.uHa Crp,vua.
I'{ar.lexAa,
qe
6orarcrsoro cH npe3 eJrfiHHCTHqecxara enoxa Tofl
rpafi e A'b,rrxa.x npeAuruHo Ha pa3BHToro cLt pyAapcrBo,{ fl BeporrrHo H
Karo 3aHaarqaficKa II T'bproBCI(H IIeHT'bp 3a Hace.:reHgero or Po4oncrara
odnacr. )KerregHprre pyAH (ivrarHerar) a HeepoKoncK-o ca 6unu paspa6or;;;
Beqe nP. 3 r'IHHHCTHqeCKaTa enOxa, a C'brr{O H IIO-K.bCHO rrpe3 pHMCr(aTa
enoxa, KaKTo Moxe
Aa ce ClAn no orKpHTHTe raxepHH H IIOMeUIeHHTI OT
,cTa-
pa parvrcra (?) MHHa" rpu c. [uponon (l-ocnoauuua),d Kaxro rr ro Mecro_
Haxo!,Hluara Ha xerfl3Hara crvpHs, H rro HaqHHa, no xofiro e 6r.lao a,o6n-
BaHo xerfl3oro Ha roro3arsA or foqe
fie;ruen (Heapoxon).s
I
VlDArl, XI, 1937, 207 c;t.
, Zl2. llpu
cpe6tpuu r.r 3.larHr lraKr.rru H npe,llrern or
BaTa r:rlr Her-oBa MoHera. Cpa. I,I s. B e H e a
c. I-opuauu e orxpura KaMeHHa rpo6Huua ctc
BpeMero Ha Qra;lun II, KaKro noxisaa HaMepe-
orlP
H ri o B, YIAVI, XXI, 1957, 188 c,r. Or c. Cxle_
6u Halrepelrr B MorilreH rpo6, l,16Al,l. XVII-
flli. il,r:::..Jrl_a,r: :1r1,r,
rprraHrt, :uoxe 6u Halrepelrr B MorilreH rpo6, :r,Slii, X\ill,
rdp. r rrrrD, lJZo, Lol
-cl.-
Ja 0TKpHTII cTapflHi
mo6uasa flupux, I, 1930, xn. 9
-
10, i3 ca. 3a uauepeur o6euu,
_rpllBHn,
xere3n[ npen-
rerr'r, Moneru u
ir-p.
a rpo6oae B oxorrHocrrl- Hl^c.- tlriono,r (cera'loh;i;il;t';;;-ffi;
[a rofl aer sx. K. H r,r r orr o B, Mxnaao, II, lgll, rri. 5-6, 157
1He
e yxa3aHo or Kofl
enora ca Haxo,lxure).
I
11c6, xll, 1895,238; tlupun, II, 1930, ru. l, crp. s; klBA4,xvll, 1950, lsl.
3
Or c. Pu6noso_flporj3xo)+(,ra efua Ko.'reKTHBHa Haxor,Ka, c.bcraBeHa or rerpaipaxlfu
ga
oa.ruri II, l'16A1'1, I,'lg2liz2,2-l?. or l-oue
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-crarepr.r
H ApaxMa' Ha o. Tacrjc H Ha rltare.roH-
liri.-,1:ll-il .-up.^.1,,:
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.l.l+,..t,
,lpy^11i1, c.bcraBeHa or cpe6rpun ,on-.r,
Ha Arrrrra u rra A.reKc:rH.r'bp Be.Irrirr, H6AI,I, \'ll, l932/33, .123.
or c. h6ra"rua npog3-
l|l-rl:1.11, 11Io11'ua
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'rz.
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::":l i99
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.
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or rpeBHocrra H e
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ii,o,rr,,y,t^ ,H,1,
MHot'o uecra e Et,rrapxn (Krccresea.lcxo _
Irl. 3.rxapnea, Mc6, X.XXil,
Jlo,r..11r_'
++-J'_r,1 p. Tono.rsuua H Ha MHoro.rpyrrr Mecra. cpe. Jiredek, A8il1, x, iga6;
'.,. rne.1rr3o e l,oouBaHo B MecrHocrnre Eeuruxa fo Taru6oas
-Ha
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'xpeo-a119)1
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il:a_. [^11,]l I,_188G,
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iis
t"- \
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3eMr.r rpe3 prrMcr(o BpeMe
216
E. I'epos
217
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r') H noBropHo npeg
n.bpBgre roAHHn or yrpaBileHuero ua TeoAocaft (383 r')J Or Nicopolis rd
Nestunr [.bTflT e npoA'bn)K3B?;'l npe3 f iope,u,xaK K'bM flpava
H ce e cBtlF
arrl a'Via Egnatii..
Tos n'br e HlrIai'I npeAHMHo crparerHqecKo
3HaI{eHuS,
Koero oco6euo e HapacHano np., IV s.
'npn
rorcKrre HarIecrBHI'l Krr
rcro3anaA e BoAe.{ npe3 pHMcKo Bpelle Apyr
rybr or Nicopolis ad Nestum
"p.3
flapnacxara
ceAnoBHHa x.onr P_,'nercKHs
rlponoivl vt A'JIHoro
reqe,[e
"I
ttpyirr, ,*. no-i6'p. .'p. 20e(5i)' Harope
l"llJ:t:1.-.:^t"^'u::l:{H
Apy[
n'br, H3rpaAeH neponruo ou{:
.u.,?iy::.?^i^p1"11, ::':"-i,:xll'ff
HeapOTOnCKOTO
no,r. c Paaaoxxoro.6
l-loc'reAHoTo
e 6a'rro CBbp3aHO
:.1p
;;;i;p.; f*opy4
a
-
Aaparuoau
ro''tu6n c-l:lll:::i,'-
L"l"T"*"i iffi
ilMara
xa Ctpyrrr a e 6ut [.brqr, rcofiro e
xloBHHa
_(1142
r'r), Hafi-Hncxara Rpb3ria
fopHa Mecra.
MHHaBa,{ npe3 l-lpe4a.ncra?a
ce_
Meir(Ay
Ao.,rHHara Ha Crpynaa r
ffi ;X'M$;r,iJ.i nu 3an;i Haft-ecrecrBeHara
Bp'b3Ka na Pasaoxxo c'rffi
.':E*rffi
;r*.rt" A"p, ao 1916
-r.
Bi{n' ax' I-' K
l:
o,.p
ll^1,},,,1K:t;.o,1:::iffl:
ffi#;il-;"f"d;".';"
A;,;;;v *
1-'?::X*T:
i',T"-i{::l
; lJIiff
"::" "'
t;ffiil"r-r,o?'"r.;";na
Maxeicuun, 1953, crp. 21' oaosH, 3anex, ce HaMuplrrE[r
c. o6ureuu
(8. P;;;.;';';;r;
Ap\.,*.i.+:^q*'
lY'X''
Iy'
iq?e'
KH' 3 ^- 4' e0)'
l'ff
c. O6ulenu
(8. ParocJIaBoB,
Apx' Halbpx' Mrrtur'rY' rJr''
r
q3Ha pyAa npu .. . dp.gl:-l",,in y,O'y^iJI'
.',131:,**'.,.?,-_, 3.o'
O.ll
PYAd
rrPn
"'"'"-"1;;tH:'
XI:- i-ggl,' Z+g c;r., XII, 1938,
.152.
I
repacHMoB,
t!
..
. t,l
2
He'ad, Hist. num., I911, 201 sq'
i
&i,1i;,ri',i';"XT;
:;';r.#;riir.
o, crpa^H B MecrHocrra Kapaoprrau',a3f/rt
ornr,li0llo
n, nu#i:':;T
u,i#X.;ilr,
i""r:il';.';;;rpdrr'.poo'Ho
r'brHa crauu*r u orrtA.do
t--oKo"oo.*.\
or cr-uil.{fl nlr C4 t nbT HaIOPg OT C. l\Ubd'tEt',tru4' rDALrv L! L r's!..'r-----
'Ea6e;rexxa).
or c-btul,Ifl n,6x.qll
e 6raa AoHeceHa
MllnhapHara KonoHa (sx'
.clelni111ll-^
^.\h^^^r,crn,lun
nr Knnaoottrl&
:.f;,1;,#1TH*,H'i,
"'#; ",
;!ili.l,i' ri.ii.iG'.,
c eBe po,3roqHo or Kapaop$r
cpB. K. H u x o, ;;,
'iil;{g;.q,
jii1,lfi.3
;,tt
"1.*
;." :o-';.i}#",,t:;#;o'f;
io.';.
}",S'T.X," ll',:r;.fifi'i:' i?i1,,?,'giii-,
:'i,"::X*:,::::,*if if-?l'?Tff";
fri';.1'r%11'-:":^",ffi;#r;^'.';;;!;;
;;,;; n'.',u'nn.Kil Ha.rnlrc,
'o
rsxn' rog ntt'
^nrrnrrLr
trocllrl' Taf MeCTHOCT ,HO
MaHacTuP c AHJIaHH
rd'tlDnn n u r'
H3rrexra, e MfiHaBaJI npea 6oraroro cac crapHHHH.cr
Aocn
l'
Ce*sepuara, no-BHCoKa qacr
or AonlrHara Ha fopHa Mecta,
AHeTIJ_
Hara PagroxKa KOT/IoBHHa,
e ocTaHaJIa noqrH He3acerHara
or r(yn-
TypHoro BJIHSHHe npe3 e"rrHHHCTHqecKaTa eroxa,l a [pe3 pHMCKara
enoxa
TVK CNEAHTC HA AHTHI{HATA LULBHilH3AIIH'I CA C'bBCCM i;rA5r,r. Or C. [C.ryAqA
g H3BeCTH? eAHa MpaMopHa nJroqKa c pe.rre$ Ha rpaxuftcrcaq ronHzx 6eg
nalnt'tC.2 Ceerr,rjrarlle ua Xepa H3rneixAa, qe
e urutaa.o Han,.. nrrino.lt T;;:
rrlicroro Hzcr'rHHe Tyr( e 3ana3H.iro cBorr 6nr, HaqHH Ha xHBor H e3HK
tr(o
KbcHo.{ .Ilnncara Ha IIrIC&teHH naMerHHrIH or pHMCKara e[oxa e AoKa-
3areJICTBo 3a c.ua6oro npoHprKBaHe Ha Ap,vra no-KynrvpHa erHnqecKa eJre_
MeHTH or lor. Tenlpaa [pe3 KbcHara aHTHqHocr ryr( e npoHar( Halia 3aeA-
HO C XpHCTHSHCTBOTO
nO-qy'BCTBHTeJTHO
H aHTHqHaTa Ky,rrTypa, tp.brlKaTa
NI,ICMCHOCT H CTPOHTCJICTBO. B XAArP-O1NWA HAANHC OT E"'rCUHAq*,i. 6AWW,
roiiro e H3AHrHar np, IocraHaan
_(s^aa
r.), ce roBop, 3a xpalr Hil rrroCro.,.r
Asepefi, c'brpaAeH or roqHHa.rara.r'oxo.ro
E;rer-uHHrra npe3 TaH efloxa, H3_
'IttHlra
ua Mapuua oKoJto cperare ua III s. e 6H,r qecro
lr3no,r3yBaHa cro6ruure,rH2 Bp.r,3*a,
n0 Koflro e HaxJrv.rra e,lHa rorcKa rp)'na B .lo.lilHara ua I[ecra, uxi. crp. 221 (69). ,-r;;;;;j
BaHeTo Ha To'I n'LT IIpe3 eflHHHcTHqecKaTil e[oxa cB]r-lerexcTB]'BaT HilBrIpHo ]r tuoHeTHHTe
c'bKpoBr{r.qa or fropyea u 6e,rHua, Bx..
-c-{gJB.
:a6e.,r., 3a.._lr3uor3,\-BaHero
M,\. rrpe3 Cpe.r-
floBeKoBltero ax. tr. AHre toa, l,lltlfi, xxll--xxl\," 1g{g, 220.
1
cse.leHr'rqra 3a MoHerH, T]'xxH
^H {p.
Mareprraxu or ,MaxeiroHcgara enoxa" B
Pasaor (cpa. Munaao, II, lgll, xn.-5
-
O, tiOy ne-voiri-r,, ce B3eMar no!, BHr.rMaHHe, rb,-t
xaro He ca no,rxDefleHH c HHKaKBH .rpyrH ,r,aHHH.
.BeponrHo
ce Kacae 3a K-bcHH Marepra.T[.
P_.-
roo*rr,{cxu xpenocrr{ ce Hauupanr cnope.x ws.'B.r*or, il-lM, II, 1950, 163, sa-
narHo or Eaucro
-
rbpBara B caMHre noan na flupHu-Ka.r#a,
-;;;;;
'n'po.r*".rByBana
x rrpe3 puMcKara enoxa. H BTopaTa, Kosro ce ualrupa,ra B Ao;ruH{tra Ha p.
!,aunHaua Ha
ll3ToK or K)aeHct<Hq uocr' or nperpu.vcxara enoxa npoH3xox(Jar ,r,Bc MoHerHg cl6poBgr{a,
[aMepeHn s Pas,Toxxara KorJroBHua.- I-ltpaoro, Koero e HaiuepeHo B fxopvia rr,rs.ria, iT,
1946,-2-{l),-ce
c'bcrort ot 206 rpe6nu cpe6tpHu uor.ioi
-'ru
rp. [4crHeq a Ea6en, xoflr,
npes III H II s' np'H-. e. Hrpae rB'bpile.BalKHa nocpeJHrrr{ecKa pox, B rbprcBilHra c rpa-
11ft-cxur9.
sevu (cpa. L. R o b
9
r t, Etudes de numisirrriai,. grecque, l95l, l'79; 3a MoHe*r-
Ie Bx' Head, Hist. num., I9ll, 361. 3a nonl'.rnpno.rin lra uoHerlrre Ha ro,r i.pal B rpa-
l(HftcKureseux
cBHrerencrlyryr rparuficxur.inr'rrniprirrro,
cpB. T. I-epacHMoB,
HBAI'I,
xxll, 1959, 335.r.y1 aiopo'rl"'.rnp,rur*., Koero, H3r.Iex.ra, e dn;o 3rraq,.reJr'o ,
e cl]tpxaao
ocBeH TacocKH lpaiuu u arriHcxl, Terpa-lpa.\Irn or I[ B. np. H. e. ou{e .lpax-
Il^:.i {ryrx}rvM,
pr,Mc*}r
-peny'6auxaHc*H'
reHap,n
T_1rp.....p99_lpr-, _.,i,rriu,
rr eJHa cpe-
'bpHa no3.rareHa qarrra,.g
qlro^IgMepeHo s Eerrflua (IAF,AII,'xxli rg,>g,
jizt.
!. ylEAVl,
1i11r, 1940
i12,
2g0.
Sru^,I, 9tXO^":
cB.eJ.eHltfl Ha Vls. Bene,luxoa. Cr,ulsar c-ro6utaea, qe
e 6ur H3ppareH or
u{trcl\(J
B Hapo.lHHlt Iwygeft ecraMnax or tp'btlrii.{ Hairruc. Ho ros ecral(fiax He Ntoria ,rx rtte
Hauepes.
,.^,,,^'I-raro
Ha p. Mecra Hec.sstHeHo e H3Be.leHo or aHTHr{Horo ij uivre Msoro6, Koero ce iFua
no-ps.rKo B H3BopHre. Ho ,1 no-u.crrru
Qopuv;ra
l{s:ios npoairiuru i}' **r"il.'l
rvero
HecieHHua, xoeto' HocH p. Ivlecra npu flxoDvla. coe. I-lnouH. II lg30 kr{ ,
-:4
*.r? *:i.,lluu:
KoeJ.o HocH p. rvriira npi; fr;;d;; ;p;.'-ftd;;:;i:^j"e3d"*rl'iTrl
ni-i
.lill"iiii: nutr_r_u rusn p. rvrecra rpH XKopyIa, cpB. llHpHH, II, 1930, rs. 2_8,
:'J*.1:
lj9:
Qopuara Hexresuqa rosfl npurox Ha 6ilaa M'ecrr, uirecre*, orr. , no.r HMero - ,l llVA nrYlElU
rT.i:':-u:"^._r.:.13:_. i11.,
a reorpatpc*,ir. *rp.n ,
"i;-n._A.ii,pffi-eiirr]isao,
crp. 294.
io.Yl _u
.rru'lr, Ka(ro np, Hah-rlp",,.. ;'*;;;;;.
qili;';"i,1;;;;;.
b;;;;{;.;;:
il l3?T,,tl,
;;i;;;{;,;'";,;;;,;;;;;';,;,i';;;
;:' ffi;i;-;-;':#e;i,,ii lxl'io,i,!il|,
a rYrrrr.r!A[ JIUt Ytrln 11
'r'
lgll,
xu. S
-
6, tT7.
MHHI,T.
I
R:I',*lll.'t','.0r1.:lt, it]'|'a
f'fJ;q a' K o sro
T
:li:$r :
[?J
j ji]f
h# cKuR nBT, Tos n'rr e 6rl H3non3yBau
qar
'ro
HoBo- B-PiMe' cos' Perdriz
1900,547ca.;B.K;;;il,bo.".,*fP';;tgda,rzi.r.,K.HNrc'.--,
irl'i5irl'*".'s'-
6, 173.
ir6r^aeri, r{1ver{HA Hacr,jr(a s lrlolrtrl
s
B naqaloTo Ha TorI BeK JlHqaila Bce oue HeroBaTe KSMeHHa HacTl
',,.,i h,.j:;:[*,": :"U. i; ro;
jm
m, xx,,, r*i#t
:{iJ*;}:;l
{Wm
KpoBHtue, KoeTo 3aB.bpuBa c MoHeT[ Ha Aeuufl
H cxeJ,oBareIHO e 3apoBer
HaurecrBHe
npl{ Torl HMneparop, uoKa3Ba,
I{e IITRT flrop,r':a
-
L{enngcxorc
i
L\ylt,, xvt':(\rlli, 19+0,37 c.T.
6. I-ePoa
218
rJIe)I{Aa, ce e HaN',lHpaJIO [o-3HaqHTe.IIHO
CeJIHIUe c fpaACKH XHBOT, M
6a ueHT'bp
Ha rafl KoriloBaHa'r
Cael'eHrrqra Ha aHTHI{HHTe nHCaTeJIH OT IIpeApHMCKaTa e[Oxa
p. H;;'44;;;;)
H 3d rr,'re MeHara, Ko,ro ca x(HBerlH oKorlo He'q., tl
,ll,lT$;
iopnoro lt reqeHue. Tenr,paa nHCare.IIHTe or pHMCI{aTa enoxa n otqac?*"
ennrpaQcKHfr MarepHa.rr HH AaBar
B'b3llox(Hocr Aa
pa3rneAar.
::1P^o-.3^-1{
HaceJreHHero Ha Tafl o6aacr H 3a Hefiuara aAMHHHCTpaTHBHa
npHHaAJIelR:'
;;;-; pu**rra n, npoBHHIrHq lpaxxn. Hali-scuo e H3Becrplero Ha fi.nnnnil'
Crapu2 sa o6aiar.rri. Ha fop# Mema' Cnopel Hero
"1
tlt-ii:1
t:p,*
;;
-il
Crpyrrra xuBerrr AeHrenernre
u MeAHre
qaK
Ao 6^r?:r^\:.1
1 S,,t
JflBara ir'irpaua K.bM p. Mecra Anrepure
H 6ecure, Konro
:o:lr^Yr:{g
,*.rr. flureprare
ce CnoMeHaBar
oule B eAHH 3ana3eH I{HTar y LreQad
B,gaHr,fiCxtt:l Or XIII xHrara Ha I-Io,r u6ufi, 6es .4a Ce flocoqBa K'bAe ca Xffi'
BeflH. CneAosareJrHo AHrepHTe
H HrrKoH or KJIoHoBere na 6ecare ca o6ullu
raBaflH ,rrounrr;; ;"*.
'6,
orrr.r" H 3aIIaAHHre cKrloHoBe Ha l-lupun.*'
AonuHara
na l-opua Mecra.l
l::'
-
ij;;"nHM prlrc*tt rpa,l." B NtecrHocrra
-He6yr,.6aNgo
'lo
E'rerunuua' K6'(ro Htdil'
iro ocrartutt or cH,lHil Kpenocr' cto6q{ao: fl,puir' I' 1929' xu' l' crp' 7' II' 1930' rr:'
2-3, crp. 6; As. r;';'; -;;"rnhr,li, 1g50, 167, rsrrexAa,
qe clrnra rpar'rlrero npu Eaeu;-,
i,ru" ,u' nu:aurui,lcxo (aeportuo paHHoBrt3aHtultrcro,;. Tau 6u:tu npoHllKHa"ln caaanull!'
orlreBntpBttTeloi{HHHclertEacelBaHeroHllHaEa'rraxcxtl'{n-B'KaKTorton"loracectll
flo c,taBHHCKaTa KepalvlHKa.
'-- -
:j
Plin. nat. h'ist., IV, 1l(10), h no Hel-o Solin" 10' 6'
.
3i.pfr.
gyr'
,'iZS,
ig. iu'ruteprre sx. L e n k, RE, VI A, 405' xoflro uen
rH nocraBfl Ha ceBeP ot Pn,ra.
r
Oruocno B'b3MoxHocrra B AornHara ua Mecra, H To B nJIaHhHcKara
qacr
Ha
ceraulHara rpruro-6t.nrapcKa rpaurua, ra e xr'rBtlJ'lo tt'11.T::t;"-,:1,t-":,
ifliil
g
:ril^:il',io"ii"f,ii
i;;ifii';r-[;.io
K.'roHoBe e HMaro
?.pxY-a
?taupun.H^Maaa Asus
T oma s c h e k, Die';i;;;'Thrrtli,l,
iOlt. I P ats c h, OJh, X, 1907,
Y2,_D-:t::l
Die thrakischen sp;r;il;,'tgsi sis'.ff.), arnpoc-br cro1 la*u, n 6roipasnsna na Areauarl-
or ft;ryrapx (Ages., 1Q,_2, u Apophth.''ir..-ig.r,.,
42) cs Ka3Ba,
qe
AriEIl'rafi, aplluafirr''
ce or Ma.la Asrs
"
SSSIi r. rr'ni n.or Or XeiecrroHr 3a Teca'rn,,' e rpx6aa'ro
'[a
MilBe
npe3 IfeCTa, KOHTO Ca 6uitl HaCe.rIsBaHll HJIII Ca 6llllr S.IaJeqHH OT eIHO TPaKI'lilCfO nIll'
Koero B p.bKonr{chre Ha l,,ryrapx a_oariua"o xaro Tprox.islS, TpeIIer6 il.-''l?oz2'ecg' kll&?^
rer,re na f6yrap- ;'bi6il;it li, Teubncriana ca eranpae.iu
qereHero Tpoxaiec5.
p
o
11
s ch e k, [lE, vl A, 2091 ff., npe.il.llotlHra C-billo
qereHero Tptoyalsr'5, IloHexe
qeTeHeto
,lp.zllsr6
ce HaMHparo B He,r.ocrou.p., fi*onr,..
1:^*aschek
N Hanocnei"bK Launay'
Recherches sur les armdes helldnistiq,rir,"iiilg,
398 tqq., B'b3ripneMar
qereHero TptllrtS'
[]OCIeIHnqT B'b3 OCHOBa Ha HerO 1l Ha J,Ba Ha.lIIflCa, KOHTO Ce OTHaC'{T
'1O
3aUII'ITata
Ll
Cauorpaxu Cpeuy *arrrra Or Tltre Hnl'l- TpaKllTe,
-[p[,eMa
noKa'rlH3hpaHeTo Ha rpalnre
tlJlf,
rroHe Ha
qacr
or rr{x B c'bcercrllo c p. Heir 1pa:odpa
ce AonHoro ir reueHue)'- q.'?:'.::
t':rijflH'$i'r'io}i
I3;iJl;
"":.;:?xul3i6X?t:i.T&":"Jii:#$;.#'i,i? l"iilr"'
cbo6uasa 3a e..nH rpa.1 Ha uue Bz\o,'ni,iAf,S rri,"r ar-'I).I-upii fpJfft"' Ct'o't t'ue B;tto'?a;
ce cpeua n,
pooSi;*;;r';,;;t
lnrocof
ied" IY'.t.1'' 7)'.ipe'
?.9"chew'
trltr' cb{'t
+g. Or ap1.ra crpaHa, eJ.Ha MecrH^..f
""-5-1"^.pi:
fraffii
t^Kri,.r:
(iVla.ta A:ran) ce e EaPts
,ra,ra',opgrlrz (BCH, IV, 1880,336,30): t St[ph- Byz-,630,'16, e lale'u e'rt'Mecrnoft
s-bs BurraHr{n Ha -;L'ip"ii,--.-g.*u*Hre rrn cBer.eHlrr roBopnr-3a Bp'b3KalXil1r:'iffi,
or-Vtr*pii,Tpu*r"-,
Ma,ra Azwn. Cpa. Tomaschek r'l Polascl
2091 ft., c .r,reparypa H nper.re,r, Ha pasluuutlre .*ur*rr-r" ,, ipu'"it' Toaxrficrun
rrgF
,r3xor, rr xapaKrep Hd rp3;'r,rc.. ,,ogil*iri i. r. u, Xupunrepuct,xa ua ioaxaf,crn
esEr
1952,51, 112. Bce nax nocoqegnTe IoT]'K aPri.IleHTr ue ia LocTarbqHll
3a
"loKa'fluaupafc-
67
ilpoyvaaHurr B6pxy sanaAHorparnilcrrre seMr{ npe3 purrcKo BpeMe
219
Oro'ryo cpeAara Ha II 8., Koraro l-lroreuefi e crcr aBal cBoero reo-
rpaQcl(o
c'bI{HHeHHe, ropHoTo reqeHae Ha Mecra, Karo
pt3KJrroqHM
TepHTo-
puflra
Ha c'b3AaAeHHs rpa TpanH rPaa NiCopolis ad Nestum, e 6H,,ro no
BcflKa
BepOffTHOCT B CTpaTefHflTa Lgo=txi,,t KoflTO CnopeA CneABaHHs OT
firo,,rervrefi
peA oT 3ailaL K'brvl H3ToK rpa6na ,qa 6tAe [ocraBeHa B Pa3-
JoiilKoro
JIoJIe, Karo ecrecTtseHo e o6xBar(?;13 H cK.,roHoBeTe Ha Puna,
llupwtt
a P_o.q,onLITe, u3AHnarqfl ce HaA Tarr Kor,rroBaHa, H rlo-HaAony recHn-
HaTa
K'brll foqe !,e,ruea (Heapoxon). K'nvr Kor{ crparerarr e npHHaAj'rexana
Tepvlrop:/.flra
Ha Nicopolis ad Nestum rpeAH ocHoBaBaHero Ha rofl rpaA,
e BbI]pOC, K'blvl
qHeTo
pa3peujaBaue 6a lvlor',Io Aa ce HanpaBH H3BecTeH Ha-
flpeA'bK,
Karo ce pa3rneAa HaATHC'br or ftpueH.l Toli rpoH3xolKAa or
Oraelleeo
BpeMe H orpa3.fiBa roiflrvroro pa3LueHeHae na Tpaxurr B crpare-
rHlr, Koero HaMHpaMe y flnunufi cr3pN3 a B HaAnHCa or Tonup or K,rae-
AHeBo
BpeMe (46-54 r.).1 I-locBernreJlflr Ha HaArHca H B'b3o6HoBure.,r Ha
Kynra Ha ApreNIHAa B THs Mecra, Kor'rro e 6un [ocneAoBaTer'rHo cTparer
Hatl-vlanKo Ha oceM crparernLt," e HMa,r HflKaKBo orHoueHHe K'bM Mgcroro,
B Koero e HanpaBl-{n cBoero nocBeiueHHe. Tori e ivrorbJr Aa npoa3xoxAa
0T THfl MeCTa,6 IvIof-b,'I e Aa 6"la cTpaTer Ha CTpaTefHrrTa, B KoflTo e B.rIH-
3a;to ToBa Mqcro, a e Morb.'r Aa 5r,u,a H eAHoro, H Apyroro. Karo Bb3-
MOx(Ha cTpaTerHtl, KoflTo e o6xBar.'ia,ra no-K-bCHaTa Tepr.rropar Ha Nicopolis
ad Nestum, HHe BHxAarIe cnolreHarara B HaAIIHCa A.1qca,;e;iti1, Ta,rl r(aro
0qeBI'lAHo Tyl( Ce Kacae 3a o6r'IaCT, CbCeAHa Ha CaneHTe, KoHTo, KaKTO e
mBecrHo, ca Hace.:rflBaJH efer?cr(oro rcpafi6pexHe K'bM ycruero ua Mecra
I IId'IaHHHCKHTe CKIOHOBe nO Ua CeBep.T
r0 Ha rpanuTe r_otIHo B Tafi
rlacT
Ha Tparul H HHe cMflTaMe B-brrpoctT 3a BCe ou.1e HepeueH
u.troBonuTenno. 3a HeroBoro peueHne He ro[puHacfl ]t HoBoHaiuepeHara BoeHHa .lunnoMa or
ll'1 r'. sa rapirtt3oHa na Tpaxnr. Cnope,r rafl JHnJroilra npe3 rarr ro,tuHa e 6u.r ocso6oreH
elHH KoHHIIK or coh. IIII Gallorum Ha Hlre C. Iulius C. f. Vllens, Trallis (npe.rcroauta
n1'6luraqun or ,1. {nlrurpoa). Toea, Koero cru.vruaBil rreroBrlq rpaxrficru rrpoir3xo,r, e H:r-
ufl.10 .larHHcKoro M)' HMe, Helr.lo xeo6rqaf,Ho 3a rpaxllre-sorlnuuu or roBa Bpeue. B o6;racr-
la
Ha cerArurrara rp'r,uxo-6t,rrapci(a rpaHHua, 3arra.tHo or
^N{r,cia,
rue rpn6na Ja r.bpc}t}r
il \tecrara, B KoH?o e iKltBlJIo tpaxuilcxoro nJreNre 6pu:u,
qHero
c'r,[IecrBvBaue 6e norB'rrp-
^1tH0 uT e.lllH HauepeH nper[ HqKo,lxo rorlrHn Ha.lnHC n AQpnxa, sx. crarHgTg ]tlr ts
tiHt(0.8e:cK.o-e1yo19af^cKr.r
H3cirerBaH!r,r B nauer rrr aKa-tc.!tHr< Por,mucxu, 1960, crp. 5{9 c.l.
r
Ptol., III, 11, 6.
!
B e ur e Bx ll e s, CnEAH, LXX,
3
Plin. nat. hist., IV,
.10.
t
Lazaridis, Arch. Ephem.,
n.162.
1915, 201 cn. (n. 56).
1953/4 (Ath., 1955), 231-2++; cpB. REG, Bull. ep.,
''
Apyro llHeHHe, a uNIeHHo, qe
etrHH crparer e yrpaBxfltsil.T rroBeqe or e,lFia no-Man66
npaTerlru,
3acrlnBa ilasapaauc (urlr.
ctq.. 239). xaro te'no:oeasf r{a Hairnrlc;r or CRr-nrrrr
Ilp"T:.11r, -Ttl"lll
ilasapaanc_ (uHr. crv., 239), Karo ce rro3oBaBt ua Hailrr.rca or Carp;rrrr
"iE.\l,
X, 1886, 239 f., n. 4). Hi{e cxaauaMe rorr HaJ,nHc Karo cursus honorum, T. e.
qe
ce ).
Hue cxBaulaMe rorr Ha.IfiHc Karo cursus honorum, T. e.
qe
ce
ucae
3a nocneroBarenHo ynpaBJIeHHe HA crpareruu, Heuro, Koero c,'reJBa or rorflIroro or-
la.leqeHue
Ha crparerr.rnre e,rna or.apyra.
cpeulaT B ManKoTo HaJnHCu
60),230 (n. 6l). Iloaeqero
165, sa Jr jzlz;
N
'E(ps',r;,
;
Crpareru sra Zzialx.l ure rpa6na Aa ce rtpclr g
ran o6,T:lcr, T. e. ua,'rKo no Ha 3a-
31,
orronxoro s nocrae,{ H. K i FOA, XVII, r. e. Ha lrncroro, Ktlero flocratssr
--6
Heroeoro H.!re Ar(a).a6 n illrero sa 6au-la:vry'E(3srr6 ce
r \icopolis
ad Nestum, Coralla num. B. V. Head, ZiS sq.
1n.
4-npttuepnTe,
KoHTo aasa Detscherv, Thr. Sprachr., tjgir
"Poil3xoxAar
or K)xnopo^loncKara o6racr.
.-{,
urKo.rlKoro q
nocTaBr{ H. K 1e p e r t, hOA, XVII, T. e. Ha }tncroro, Ktlero flocTatssr
rrur(HoBeHo
crparerr.jflTa \poctx}. Cpa. orue Kaiopothakes, De Thracia provincia Ro-
1-
220
6. lepon
HaAnacrr or frpruen noBIHra H Bbnpoca 3a HMero Ha rpar(Hficroqi
ce.rrnure, Ha
r{Hero
Mrrcro ut+B c'bceAcrBo c Koero e6ut ocHoBaH npu Tpaffii
Nicopolis ad Nestum. Beruen,rxeat npaeMa orbxAecrBflBaHe'ro Ha cribiittl
Haroro B HaAnHCa Mrcro l{erynzpe c Kr,p:r,alay, KacreJI B Xeruunonr.r.lldj
KaKTo ce 3Hae, ceJruua c eAHaKBH HJtvt noAo6ua HMeHa Morar la ce cpk]'
rrlar Ha HrrKoJrKo Mecra B eAHa H c'bua o6.nacr, a otqe roBeqe , pusnriiiiiill
o6.nacra. {aou Kacuir roBopH 3a neqepa l(srplg, Koqro ce e HaMHpaad
ii'
Mraus.l| O6.rracrra Ha Nicopolis ad Nestum ce e HaMapala no npevrerdffi'
I-lporonufi n nponaH]lr PoAona, a He s XeMr.rNroHT, B Koaro rq Huxora'ffit
e 6uaa. B rexcra na HaAnHca He c'burecrByBa rpaMarHqecKo ocHoBar{HE
ff
6rae orAeJreHo nocBeureHHero Ha rpHHoxHHKa H KCoaHoHa or arao6Hti5ffij'
BaHero Ha r(ynra Ha Aprerrrn;1a H Tufl, ABa MorvIeHTa Aa 6tl,a"t ornectifif
K'bM Abe
pa3nHqHH cBeru,rrHrua. Hne MHcJIHivI,
qe
c'LA'bpxaHHero Ha
UeJfftii'
HaAnHC ce orHacr K'bM eAHo cBerH,lnrqe, B Koero e 5aa nocraBeH HaAiif
cbr, H
qe
ro ce e HaMupano npH finu B cenuu{ero tiet.1r,upa. Ha Ap'yif
Irqcrol HHe HanpaBHxMe onHT l,a cB'bpxeM B'b3 ocHoBa Ha acropuuecriri,
apxeonorHqecKu H e3HKoBu LaHHH rrlrero Ha roBa ce/rnu{e c'bc cfloMeHarlli'
.v
Xueporcr.r (635, 2) rpaA l{s,*eotr5.1yaE vlc no-craporo HMe Ha ceno I'oc_-
noAaHqrr Uapono,r, orcrorruro Ha 10-12 xr,r ceBepHo or Nicopolis ii
Nestum. Toaa ceJrHrrle, H3rJlex.ra, e 6u.no pennruo3eH, a Moxe 6u n na&"
MeHeH rieHrbp B rarr
qacr
or AonHHara Ha fopaa Mecra ilpeAu ocnoMi"
BaHero Ha Nicopolis ad Nestum.
I'pa4rr e 6un ocHoBaH npr.r Tpaau, KaKTo iluqv or HeroBHg enurer O
3acBHAerencTByBaH, Aocera caMo B'bpxy MoHerH, KaKBHTo rpa4lr c6
Kouo,q ao Kapaxalta.:' fpaarr ce cnoMeHaBa 3a IIp'bB rt'br y
(cpeaara ua II B.),*t 2 no-K'bcHHTe H3Becrufl ro AaBar Karo enracroncrb
Aarurqe.i Hsr.nexg,a,
qe
rpaA'br e npoc'brllecrByBan H npe3 K'bcHoro c[
mana, 19. Tomaschek, Die alten Thraker, I,69, IlocraBx .irpo3ure, flo Kouro e Htii&
qeHa
crparerurrra, no-HaB'brpe s PoAonnre nex,ly cafieuTe u 6ecate. Axo cnlpxeu ntpallt
c'bcratsHa
qacr
Ha Apqodra'.r"\ c .lpooot, 6uxrte )rorJIH ,r,a MIICIHII 3a iuecra, KoHTo ca ,ex(rtx
B rpaHuqHara o6aacr Ha Ito-K'bcr{}{Te crparer-Hu Jpoc,.x4 tt l,txatx4, t. e. :ra HenporoncrG
-
l
EerrreBJrHeB, uur.c'bq.,2()8,cpa. Robert, Btrll.dp', 19-18, n. l2().
I
Proc. de aed., IV, I l.
3
Dio Cass., LI, 26, 3.
I
Bx. Esuxotse.(cr{o-erHorpa$crrN }r3c.rer.BaHHfl B IIaNter Ha aKareMHK Cr.
1960, 545 c;r.
;
O'iln. Nrxordleolg
z e t, Corolla num. B. V.
trpb6 M!,ottp, cpB. H e a d, Hist. num., 1911, p. 287;
Head, 1906, 220; l16AVl, X\''., 19+6, 236 (uoHera Ha
{;
Ptol., III, ll, 13.
;
Socr., Vil, ti, 13 1or
Corpar e B3ero roBa HsBecrue y Auxilius, De ordinatiod'
bus a Formoso Pipa factis, PL,'129, col. 1062, u s Invectiva in Romam pro
[gl.*
VIII 62. Ha ertns xtrrnr ceBepor3Tot{Ho or c. Ao.rrnu Xucap,rtx e orKpHra npe3 l:if_I
vlll 6'2. ria eAHH Xbrrnr ceBepoH3Tor{Ho or c. AoirHi{ xHcapntK e orKpHra npe3 Lry-_i
crpaAa c Mo3aHqeH no,u,, Bepoflrno u'bpxBa or V s. flpes 1tit7 r. s aHritqHns ipaa e-S
pri*onu"u doraro yrpaceHa q'bpKBa or paHlr-ara .xprtcrnffHcKa enoxa, cpn. B. lisagoi*
iHM, lg2z,'25, crf. 55S. Or Nicopolis ad Nestum' ca H3BecrHH lr .rBa xpacrHrHcKn
EE
nnca
-
e;tHHHrIr or c. l-tplten, N'6A4, VI, 1916 18, 170: Ev$zDs i<eizv.iie ltSIS:
',*!.,
rHflT or Aoaur Xncaparx, Muualo, II, i911, KH. 5-6, ctp. 163 ca.: +Kurr(l)W:
PEABEA rtoVf,. Or iloso Bpetue (XVIII uan XIX a.) nporasxoxta e.lHa uatrpo6ua
-eflrrPtr
a Ouupoa crn.,r, clcraBeHa BeporrrHo or usxofi yuuie;r or npoqvroro rp'buro Meagf,BE
seMH npe3 pHtvfcr(o BpeMe
221
HOBCKOBHC, YArt KATO
_PA3BANHHHTE
MY AO HAqATOTO HA TOg BEK CA HO.
ceJIH
HMero H[{Kono,.'r. 3a rcropufl:a ua rpaAa [pe3 HMrieparopcKara
enoxa
ll?X._#i,...TrT:^::"11.^lllllo
fonauoro rorcKo,ur.[rrr[
rp,
Aeqafi
e:,:,-^?1,1^
.I
I::i" _3acerHa/ro
raKa
.uu6oro
'.";;".;;fr;;;;
;',;",ffiH:
,'";;;.;;ffi;
jt^tffT;;
u f AfI Wt-sqit n. Eo\r/',
or .or.r,rr[ ;;"r;;;:"6;
;. il;;',i'#::
tl?YO'i<lIA PIIH, r1r1 rav?r,n.r^
ff:,?#\^
"T:j::l:::':'1..:1*o-{nu
Ha cpe6rpH, MoHerH,;'H.p;;
;
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6:r, 3apoBeHo
-;;;#;;
;;;'-;;.;;r;'JJJ
i; .J usr^e
^
v ttq
erHa rorcr(a rp-\,'IIa oTK',bM ropHoTO TeqeHHe Ua' MapHrru, ,, noaro
vKa3a-
;l; ,,flii,
j:,),.ff1"ji^Il^1:1. y?,erHo c"*po,,.,,ie
o, n.,,i,i;;r,
?ffi.
3,i3 J 3iI: ::
u;
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p^'-11::
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i.
",, "
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ffi,H;'"
ry::ii:I:
nu foilnMoro
cbr(poBHure
or 3irarHH rvroHeru, HaMepeHo s Hen-
pe
porconcro.2
Nicopoli-s ad Nestum e 6wt ocHoBaH cpel eAHo 3Haqnrer,rHo no pa3-
MepH no.ne.:l Herosoro pa3flonoxeuuer
nw'Laaa
ocHoBaHH
Aa npHeMeM,
qe
ryl( e 6u;ra [poBeAeHa
ueHTypuaL\H, Ha 3eilrqra H
qe
c.b3raAeH,flT rpaA
e Hl{a,r noHe n.bpBoHaLraJrHo
npe.u,gl,ruo ar papeH xapaKTep., IloAodno Ha
xpyrHTe cb3Aa.leHn
or TpaHH rpaAoBe s tprnr" u rofr e 6un opra'a3,_
paH Karo rp'brlKa ro.rrHrHrr or ivra,{oaeuficxu
rran. flopa4, ,r"lAe ocKbAHHrr
enurpa@cxa MaTep,an,
xofiro ce
Abnx, Ha cryqarisrr uaxo,qKlr, or HHCTH_
T'ylIHLITe M,\' HH e [o3Har caMo rpaACI(HflT
ceHar, or qHero
Hsre H or Hrvrero
Ha HapoAa (dt,p'c:) ca Sunn H3AaBaHH peueHHrrra
H npaBeHa oour-luaJrH,Te
nocBeuleHufl
Ha Hlrneparopure.,l
Portancrx'
Perdrl'
I-eta).
y'{H'rr{r{e,
Perdriztt,
unr. c's,r..2rg; Muua.ro, II, 1gr, KH. s-6, 164 c,,r. crrope,r C' 6o6qeB'
Crtec.eHata :lH.(apHfl BpHlrcKHTe H paHHoBa3aurur1cxure
crpoexy, 1952, l5 c;1., leo6H"IHHte
ocraHKH or paHtto-\pgcrnrttcro
npelie, KanHTe,Tlr c Kp-LCToBe, reo,erp,rrltH Mo-
::l:ll--'"lp',.
roBopiir' tie
Ipa,mr ce e pa3B,r Haii-aeqe trpe3 ra.3, eroxr, or Korrro ca r.r cTeHlrre rty (c' 3a.pa;e Ha 6 xu ,sro,,nn ur u.u1-iir*""l."nri,iii
,,i,;;;;,;;;"rir,,p. pa3rBop1,r,
Xll'l'{1i.':"*.p,ii',ll,'iui'i,,,1;'Ill;|ffi:
ilJi:'l';i;;;;;;;i ""'o"p*;r'r',r
'rarlrpaHero
Ha Kpe'
'
HEAL1, il, lg23/21.-)3i'.""'"'"
""
r t''
:
tl6ALI, Xi. 1937,322. ts -173 r. Teo;1.pu.x oa)cit,lr.I <Duururrrr.
Moxcrr;ra.lorr\.*{eM, rie
Tol';lBA
e
(rlt,llt
'illct'l'Hilra il 06.l;icrru rril Ni,',,polis litl Nestunr, ,lr,,rli*., Excerptir cle Ieg',
I,2,
\i69su.;B).r.. Scrrririir-,, b"r.r,i.i;;;'..i.,
ull,r..r,"n Srii,rrre, 2TBtf. ;
'lt'-'txltH:tr,i
Ha H.ap.-,iriic*uril ,,or" r() rrrieHUerr) H:r ,\{ecra e oxo,lo 2,5 x,, ir rrri.{_
lffi:ilrl'l,r:"r.;{ljl,,|,,|T';l;".11"'i'it'
rro
'reBt,'r
(rpr.
H,r pe*ara e or 8;ro r() nr,. nri-
I
['palr'r e 6il'r pil3lloJoi'(eH
ilptl ICTHet() ua p. KaurrHit Hil [.rpet'a rur .n,Iecra ;I().1rre*r-
!l0To
c' xtrcltp'ri'K' K(lero e IIo,t'qlt.'t'o H,ero crI- or pa3Ba,,rtrHrre.
B xpax Ha i!*rHa.,rlIfl Ber(
;e cit ce 3reliir.rrr (,rr
raKa
.xape,,"u,rri
roraBa ,ltapr,,li--.iii+;nrr.
3rr Nir.opolis ad Nestrrnr lr
3a pa?Ba.rHHlrre
Irv nx.
..r
i r I E .r r,
',ut,r.
Akirj.'gl,rr., rdil {6.s ,"il ;;i#;r"
r,,p. Aprrrpon, 't,99i,
jtttg;
K;r ro n_o
1rr^;r
k e i,' ri"' Thrrrcia-p;;;;;l;i,;'^Rornan:r,
1igr, p. :ls; B. K r, rr_
{en
}tc(r, xil, rsd,5,228.r.;-'p."iorizci.,il;,;.;,;,;::
2i,___r3J,-n. p,l,rtr,eni,
opti_
'itus
princcrrs,
[, r926. .]3r; x.' H , *i, r, ,r n, Mliraa", ii, ivr r,_*r. 5_ 6, r57 c;r. ; xp. K a_
pa\ri*rrx\.r<on
p.11;41i,iels;
zir,'ila;iir,.rii'i;,;'i,icr,
RE,x\,.rr,s18. rruprrHcKo re_
'to' l. II. l95r r., .uno,uin,i-.;
:;;r;",rrp,iirnu-*;p;;,;;,,';'
Karlrre..rH, KoiroHH, 6a:ucu, apxH_ 'pa'll lr
^rp)'rrr ucraHh'rr oT aHTrrriHltx rpa-i, K0HT. 6rr.rit:acrpfltreHtr
or'HHru.iriaBaHe H pa3-
,tffilii,
,rfiri;I,,j1,,-i:
,ff,T;:ll,;.:j*:,Hi:{iffi*.,,,,,,,,,,,,
q;,cr
or creHara Ha
,;
3..1-:,g l^u,
Ilpol',1s,1r,,,
"ijr.rl'
ro:rclr.,rL.Ir're orrrorrreurru, -{9.
\. igI1.4;i
r t z t t' qr{r'
c'brr', 22'2 c.r. (rt. 57) (npeue ro ,,,i
'K,rpaxr.m;.
[3ai. rro-r..pt
I
222
6. I-epoa
I-lo-ao6pe HH e no3Har per'iaruo3ltrr xl4Bor Ha rpail.a, T'bfi r(aro
rftm
TexaBaMe no-ro,'rqM 6pofi o6pouHu Hannucu. HNe Beqe BHitflxMe, ,.
uii.$
@,raeneno Bperue B cBera,,IHuero Ha Kel.lnapa e 6un Bt3o6HoBeH Kynfr;
Ha Aprelrnga, 3a
qnero pa3npocrpaHeHue no Cpeana Crp.v'rla roBoppiir;
no-rope, crp. 199(47), 213(61). OcneH roBa B rpaAa e6un noquraH
3S.&,
c'brpa)K,rr.aHero Ha
qufiro
xpaNr Lt u36rraHero Ha HeroBH KCoaHH H cTdiy[
H3pHrrHo ce crroNreHaBa B Haf,nucnTe.l Cruto raKa raM e 3acBuAerencrByBi[
Kt,'rrbr Ha fl;ryrou.: B rpaAa e c'bqecrByBano npe3 II s. e,auo xynrono q6:
rqecrBo, uoxe 6u Ha Acr,rennflr, aKo ce c'bAH no HNIeHara'Acx)'rpt6ari*i
'Acx),rpi,g,
'Acz,).i(
Ha HeroBH
q.leHoBe
B eAHH
$parrvreurapHo
ganageH
[ji:
6yr.' TparcraficKrflr KoHHHK c'br.uo e 6ua norrHraH. Toli ce rBflBa ryr c eiiii-
rera Ilupp,rlpoti,aE,{ nogsar un or AonaHara Ha Crpyvra H or Apyrra
,{acr6ia
rpaxaficxuie ae*rn.t' Oceeu roBa rpaxaficraflr KoHHHK ce flBnBa uso6paaefi
B'bpxy na4rpo6Hrr a oSpouHH nJoqa, 6eg Aa e HMeHyBaH.ti Ky,rrtr ua.(uo-
y.Hc
HH e 3acBaAere.rcrByBaH
qpe3
eAHa
QparlrenrapHo
3a[a3eHa n.'roqri
\c
fluoHHCoBa cqeHa or c. Crpe6arHo.T HHrepeceH e
Qaxrrr,
qe
n
arih
HaArr.rca or rpaga (n. n. 56 u 60) ce roBopn 3a KCoaHH, H ro Ha paa.nu.inu
6oxecrea. I4ar,rexAa,
qe
noqnTaHero Ha 6oxecrBara noA Tafl npHMHTI{qUa
Soplra
Ha uaodpaNeHHe ryK e crap, yHacneAeH or npeApHMCKara eudfa
o6uuafr, rofiro e npoA'b;'r)KH.'r A0 ce fia3u Ao K'bcHo. Canoro pasnoaoliii-
HHe Ha roBa rror,re cpe.r o6ruapnn 6opoax ropu e o6ycr'toBl4Jlo rvroxe 6d..tt
HaqHHa, no xofiro ca 6wnu uao6paaxBalt H noqlrrana 6oxecrnara.8
;;,
,L[,o.,rNHara Ha f opna Mecra e c.,ra6o npoyqeHa B apxeonornuecro'ffi1
HoueHHe, AopH no-c,'ra6o, orKoJrxoro Cpe4HocrpyMcKara AoJILIHa. Oaq,g;tffi
Nicopolis ad Nestum 3a ,4pyrn aHTH.{HH cennula ryx MaJIKo ce anae..-ffi
rJIexAa,
qe
npn c. Kosaqarirr{e e HMano HqKaKBo ceJIHUre, Moxe 6n rffi
Ha Nicopolis ad Nestum H,rH n'r,THa craHunr rlo cnoMeHarl{r no-rope
{5J,
r<ofiro e cBbp3Ban rpaAa c Philippopolis. Or roBa Macro npou3xoxaa e,qlr
ua4rpo6eH HaArHC." I-Io-rope, crp. 220(68), HHe roBopnxMe 3a B'b3MoxHocrTa
npH c. l{Hpono;r (cera I-ocnolsnuu) .u,a e c'burecrByBano olqe or npeAplrlt'
cr{o BpeMe rparuficxo ceJruule, Koero rrpe3 K'r,cHara aHTLItIHocr ce e paq
llpo',',1s2"rn ,r,p_.:],_-Tall:rllxuttcKrlre
3eMrr npe3 prr]{cKo Bperrc
223
9t4Jo
ts I'PaI' [poC'btUeCTB]'Ba"'II
H rlpe3 CPe.{HoaeKoBHeTo. Apxeo,rornqecKnTe
!aHHH
3a ToBa He ca Mai'IKo: ocraHKlt or
DKar'Iera" H,rpaAaltla,,, KepaMfiKa,
rpo5one
c 6orar HHBeHTap, cfi,rleH xpHCTHflHCKH e,rreMeHT B To11oHH MktflTa,
roirro
rpoH3xoxAa oT BpeMeTO npe,Ar TypCF(oTO 3aBoeBaHHe, H np.r Moxe
$g
nxnarctso aHTI.It{Ho ce",IHIrIe Ce e Harvr6pa,'Io K'bM c. @tprono, B 3eivt,rg_
uero
Ha Koero, R rvrecrHocrra faypcxir rpodurrla, e HaMepeHa noprperHa
natrr'PodHe n.roqa 6ee Ha4nHc.2 Cjxo,ro c.' Buroce.ry ca oTKpHTH ocraHKtr
0I crapHHeH BoAo[poBon, or ApyrH nOcrpoli iH H rpo6Haria c rulelr (aa_
zauruitcwtt ?'.r 3a_
,rpaAHrua,,, KoHTo ecrecrBeno ,o.ai
Aa 6.tilar H cpeAHo_
BeKOBHH, Ce cto6n(aea H Ha Ap)-rH NreCTa n HespOxgncxo.r Or.le,lng eAa-
HH.IHH HaxoAKH or cenara e 6,{aarara H flo-AaJ.'reqHara oKo.'rHocr Ha Nico-
polis ad N-estum colrar 3a npoHHKBaHero Ha aHTHqHara Ky,rrrypa B TepHropHflra
Ha rpa4a.''
Hre tsrrrrrxMe ro-rope, qe
orue ilpe3 BpeMero ua @H,rsn II ry;rry.pHoro
B.rHflHHe B flo-cerHetuHara repHTopr{fl Ha Nicopolis ad Nestum e Suao aHa-
gHTe;'rHO.
Ba;laxlre c'brrto TJKa, Ue nafi-paHHr.rflT H3BeCTeH 3acefa Har,IlHC or
"taq
odaacr e or o.raaueao Bpelre H
qe
nocBeraTer'rrr My, TpaKHeu Ha
pHrICKa
!,'ryx6a
B Tpaxaa Karo crparer, e [pou3xoxAa,rr BepoqrHo or rHfl
:uecta.'i CeMeficrsoro Ha Tor rpaKneu npHHaA/rexH K'bM oHHfl e,rruHH3upa11
IiJIH CTUeCeHH enHHo-Tparuficxa
Qalru,ran,
or KoHTo e 6un aep6y.aaH BHC_
lIIHflT.ar${HHHCTparlIBeH
anapar Ha noc.rteAHnTe rparrficr<H
uape H [o-K.bcHo
npe: K,raeAaeeo-HepoHoBo
,i o,'ranueao BpeMe Ha pHMCKoro npoBnuuxaflHo
ynpaBneHHe
ts Tparun.T Heronoro HMrreparopcKo reHTr.tJrHo HMe
,IriiploE,
'-_B.
K6Hqea, Mc6. XII, l8g5, 2lT cx.; K. Huxo;ros, Mnra,ro, II, lgll.
5*6, 157
; ?LBAV|, Xit, 193g, ++a, iv[, 1950, 321 ; I-lupuu, I,
no,apo6HO 3a roBa BiK. IroHra crarufl n Esuroee.la*o-"rno,.p:tscx,
aKaieMHK
Cr. Pouascxu, lg6(), 5,15 c.t.
!
uBAyl, xl, 1937, 309.
3
flupuu' II, 1930, xrr. 2 3, crp. r5, xrr. 7-g, crp. l,l. orsocso Bpe\rero, or Kocr()
,,10,:J1?y"T;,,n*,,yl)]1:...{a.
g: Ka}KLl HHiuo, r.uii xaro re He ca rrpo] ;
.,,::.:y1...1r rr\ .u(,^L .1(r L.L hdn\c Hniuo, f bil Kat,L) l.e He cA llpoVqeHH.
'llbAl,l, VII. i9i9/20, 1{3 (ua 4 xy or c. l-artrasoBo). O. rT,eltsic s c HC B CBOqT;l liapTa Ha
Lijlq:Toro
a Heepoxoncxo, I,l6AI..l, xl, 1932, 3()0, e or5e.rqra,.,',i,,r,.*,, ...rn,u.i ;;;; ;;;: !J^^_._ ^rut.t
t)\tvj L vl\/L,lnodrl prt.vlLn(r LC,lnfUU t|(l Krl (Jl
treBpoKo!l'
i\la"lKo ceBCpH() ot c.,rl.r,xll. Ha rcr npH c. Terrreso crapa KaNreHlra i()'.'ra,3afla-
3eHa
Ha 3HaqllreJltil BHCOrtHHil, qacr
or xrlettOCt. TH lroxe jra
6rae ecrecrBeHo cnprr{nRe- ! jta o"id eiie;;;;,; tp;;;;;;-
fnDrr a KoBHa_.
,x)prr or rro-HoBo Bpelre, cpa. UapuucKo .t.eJrL), 22. I. l95g r.
i.6poHsona
crar-r'rrxa'_Ha Xeprrec ni i. :ripr.rr',
-l,1EAti,-.{\',
1g-i3/16, 23,}; r.raaa or
a Ha xeHa or c. CrpeSartto. ll9A'y|. VIII. l0f+- IAS: vnr\ronH2r n:rr,rrr{2 ,- r4?^6nr.r.pur*,
" bpoH3oBa crar-r'rlxu
_Ha
xcpuec or c. 3arpa.ra, l.1EAI,I, .{\', 1g-i3/16, 23,}; r.raaa or
['i":i.:.i."T.Ha
or c. t--r.ipe6arrro, tl6Att, vrrr, rdaj, +os; ]rpauopHa n.roqKa c u:o6paxeurre
1930, xH. 5, crp. 8.
H3C"le"IBaHHq B tlatueT
KtI.
llo-
HA
I
Perdriz ct, uHr. cru.,225 sq. (nn.
2
Pe r driz e t, uHr. cr,q., 230 (n.61).
3
VIBAW, VIII, 193-1, 165 ce. (n.59), cps.
245, n. 16.
60,58t.
,lv[ u x a il a o s, I-CVQQ, XLVIII, 1952/l9E
I
Ka zarow, Thr. R., n. 293 (n.63). .
5
Bx. ro-rope crp. 211(62).
t;
?4BALL, XII, l9ia,-iss-c,r., n. 6. (tt. 62): SEG, III, n. 526 (n.6{; hBAA,
Vl'
1916118, 170 (QparlreHr or pe:reS Ha rpaK. xoHuux).
i
146A14, VIII, 1934, 465. C
rosn l95tt r.. e 6ut orKnur non c
i
146A14, VIII, 1934, 465. Cnope: I. Croauoaa, I-lnpuHcro Aero,
1958 r., e 6u:r orxpur npn c. Mocoltl.tule (Heepoxoncxo) peaeQ Ha
S ?^,,---^-- r.^^4r'rrra Dr' T I-onl.ir\r^o IAI:,L,IA YITI
KcoaHoH ua Aprelru.u.a ce roBopH c'bruo r ua.l,ntc or Marses''fl Ha Meanarp or 129 r',IlF
n. e. (Dittehbeiger, S.vll.2, 695), sa KCoaHrr Ha ABaHafl.ecerre 6oroee'B Apyr
r*
HA TI
H,lf.i-1,1.:rr
KoHHHK B ur,pxBflra Ha c. ileruaue, Mrlsa;rb, II, lgl1, xn. 5-6; Jrp. 172.
utor-\'fi
Ha xeHil, H3urlilo 3atta3eHa, 6e: r.rasa, or c. Mocolrprrtla. Ir;t tt)r or toa.ra I[lrrnuucxo
Ieao,
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).
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f
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I-XX_,
1qi5,
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,'' r rr (r r r v tr r\r L)urS., t, tt, Jit eithH vq.,/O1,AeS I)tfUrS. CTpaTef fl lpaKllH
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i;<,-..'f"vq
r7n ( h.rBecreH oT ,lBa HaItlHCa, eiHHt r{ oT 5H3a (l-l a s l rr c k, tsSA, .\ll, 1905i1906,
"''rt
tt
-IPYTH.or.A6pur_(.x_xcap;r'sKa npr{ Pa:rpal) (T.14 Ba H os, HBAH, xrx, 1955, 167
;';,-,S_,Mj.lai^l.gv,
IG_Bulg., II,7+3) ; cpB. orue L azati<.1 is, Arch. Ephem., lg53r51
or Maruesun or lgbi.
"p.
n.-". liji'it-eru.ig.i,
i1'11.:, 598, 40) u ,ra apyiyie-6o-gB
R Hrirnu. or Kucur
^r
37 r nr H- e- {Ditte-nheirrer- Svll-2.798. 20i.
y
l[yll0' B Harnlrc or Kugux or 37 r. or n. e. (D i t t e n b e r g e r, Syll.2, 798, 20).
y-
JUl(w'
A nprrl-r-^ rrnrr lh.*,or.r'r.rran 1R kan2Hnrr rlrl{ruina rien6lrrn
-.lan6nevrerrvle
HA 6OXeCff
A.ryexcaxrlr,p unH ,'l'bxeril,ure:I, 18, xcoaxou o3HaqaBa uso5qo tao6paxeHue Ha
yt$" &,..
r,r.\ !a pn;!rLnft r p<1.,ttJdHlt ( lt) Ll:lIluII, / LJi
'{H,l fiposrHuHa.leH
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q,{)r
rflx ca pHtltcKr.t rpaxJaH}r (15 Clauclii, 7 Ciri Iirlii, I r\1. \,'ettius rro H}lero ua rpaxuii_ ettius rro Huero ua rpaxuil-
#:,Ti.u
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1'
f. .['l u x a r] ,r o s, ICVOO, XI-VIII, 1952i53, 15, n. 3 (n. 651.
l.p. -\;*4.r^J), nwllu ndltb.rtrt Lblrll(rlal L tt.llclu Hit uatludr.l tld
.+,
zpg"g
'ir^d; B HailflHca or l-tpueu (n.56), cpa. L azar idis, ui.rr. crrr., 2{(). Huecurra*,e..i
1F
224
6. I-epon
----+i
L .i,
ri daseHo K'blr HeroBoro rparHr.icxo HNre H rpaxuiicxllTe HMeHa Ha ,airy
"t ,
-
aun 6a4a u An3ao, noxa3Ba,
qe
tofi e nonyqun pHMcKo_ rpaxAaHCKO npam''
nR, @eanHeeara r\Hlacrl1
qrafiTo
c.,ty'xn-re,r e 6un. I'fturero Ha Herogaf{
,r( e e rparafiCKg, HO HMeTo na HetlHlaq 6a1{a e rplqxO-. Tn npOnSXoXtrd
ol c'btuuTe rufl, enttlo-rparnficru
SaruHnHw,
npH I(oHTo o6HI(HoBeHo Mbxtt
e 6sl rprK, [paBxeqeH Ha c.nyx6a npa Tpar(prficrnre_qape
H oxeHeu anfi
ci-^AcrBHe 3a xeHa or TpaKHfrc*uru apacrol(pa\r4fl.fltutepnra
Hoc-H ctrqb
ri r<uficxo uvre. llo-Hararbx B HaArrHCa ce cnoMeHgBa HMero Ha nafi-uaakt
ot*a eAHH TpaKHeU, KOI?To [pHHaA.IexH K'bM 6auexnre pOAHHHH Ha 'ffi'
cBerHTexfl.
,l-li
fopuurr c;roit or Hace.rreHaero na Nicopolis ad Nestum, xofito HlI.Fg
p] KpHBa
qpe3
ivla,'IKoTo LI3BeCTHH ,{Ocera
HaAnHcH OT rpaAa H onH3KAt?
"rr
o*orroir,1 nor<a3na cMerreHHe Ha rpaKu c Aolxnur
or lor rplIIxH dJiti
ivreHT. Hali-xapaKrepHHnr narvrerH[rK 3a TOBa e
sparlteHTapHo
3ana3eHllrT
a, iyn ua eAH; KyirroBo, BepoflrHo Acxrenueno o6udecrso, orr'blll cpe,[eie
n it rl.,2 3a rofiio roBopHxMe H no-rope. Hsqs.ro rp-uIrI(H'Te HlIe_Ha npede
,ra,U,anqr. Te Ca B Aocra CiIyqaH teoQopnvun ('Aonlriic'.6iu9oq, 'Aoxlr;rrifi
'{ox),ei lloce:Eriryro;,'Epp.6Dopi6). tlOpa,frz-QparuenrapHHr
xapaKrep na uaft'
ri :a He Nroxe Aa ce
!'craHoBH
AailH e ilMalo H3Urno TpaKHHCKH HMeE&,
C aqe rpar<uficxHTe HMeH a Ha 5au{are npn
r{erupHlvla or
qneHosete Ha
l{s
c'bBcelt BeponrHo, riot{Tr.r cr.rrypHo,
qe
r-vK ce Kacae 3a eAHo }'t cauo ,'lnue. Eauara,
roilto
e 6ur'r crparer Ha HflKorr or rpaxlrilcrtrre crparerHu npn Kaan,r.nfi, H e HMil;I oue
pffIif
axAaHCKo npaBo, KaKTo ToBa .lgtji, or HMeTo ilt)', KoeTo H e npu,ilpyxeno oT WmF.
pcxo reHTH.'rHo Hlte (KIa;rDcoEs,ru
'loriitog).
Heronnrrr cr.!H e IIor}QH.rl u"r.-Pr^Y::l:H
'..-HcKo rrpaBo rrpu Q;riruee(H. Tos c.il1'uai'l roKd3zrJcrBo sa nep6yaaHerorla
,I"1I::%
rHBFrHfl anapar n Tpaxur rro roBa rlpeMe or H3BecrHn rpaxHflcxN $aunlnu,
{:{'i^fffi}
na:lAaBaHe Ha pHMCKo rpaxraHcKo spaBo npe: I s. u tlo-xr,cHrl npea II
)aKHq HnltaMe.
-.-
i
Ei-rp,t *tpaNropH, ruror-rII c rp'buKH Ha.x.rscl'r, HaMepeHH npH pa3KpHBaHet-y
na e{
clooruaBa t.l s. B e.{ ri o a, I,16AI,I, I, 1921
j22, 2ilO.Cr,rrpxauuefo
ua-nr,o,nr.n'e
'6f
r po6,
r(oHTO I{3r.1ex,la,
ca sar!'5egu Beqe, e ocraHa.lo HeH3Becrlio.
3
l,lEAtt, VIII, 193i, -{G5 cr.
@.
59\.
:r
l4EAI,l,
XIi. lg3g, 285 c..i., n, 6 (n. 62).
t
t,lEAil,
I, lg2l 22, 250 (:SEC, lll, 526;
\n.
64).
73
fl po1' uaa urff Blpx.v :Jana,u,Horparufi cxure seu a npe3 pr{}rcKo BpeMe
225'
T$rc
TPArcITfiCTH HilICHA, AKO CA 6WNU HATOBAPCHH
C H3BECTHH AAMHHHCTPA.
TttBHv'
H peilHruo3HH
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ca BJIaAeenH rp'br{r(H e3r.rK H ca tlpaHaAne-
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ce qacr
oT rp.bilr(oTo HaceileHlre.i
ffnsaa*;;
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Panfi<o HMe CperrlaMe on{e B eAHH Hagnuc.,r OOaror_
Te'lcrBoro'
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He e 3arla3eH, He Hu no3BoJIflB a Ea ycTafloBHM
ra.li'r
TvK ce Kacae 3a pHMtrflHHH,HJ\H
3a pHMCKH fpaxAaHt4H Oripaxuftctcu
[po'l3xoA' PHvrcxo H-Me cpetl{aMe H B rloBbpiHocrHo poMaHr.r3HpaHara
rp.brrKa
$avutun,
Korrro a 221 r. e HanpaBfina
[ocBeureHHe Ha rpar(Hitcr<us;.t;;
npr'r c' 6e"rsono (oxo.'r. cauAaucxH).{ panc*;;;
BirHflHHe B rpaAa H B oKo/r-
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CII"'IHO. f,OCCTA HC C H3BCCTCH HHTO CAHH JIATHHCKH HAilNHC, A C'bIUO TAKA
,l['ncBaT cilyqar U Ha caf]'pHo pHMCr(O HMeHyBaHe, 3a na c.bAHM,
'{e
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cTBHTe.IHO HMaMe Ha,rrHqe pHMnflHH
IIO egur.;
Haceleuaero B TepHTopaflra
Ha rpala,
AoKonKoro ro He e nprHa,(_
JIEX{A,IO K}M 3CMCBJIATCNCKATA
APHCTOKPAIIHg,
H HACE,'ICHI{CTO B I,{AHHHCKATA
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e.rrHFiH3ilra. locera ca H3BecrHH cauro TpH Harlrpo6H, nrinra, o, TepHTo-
pufrra Ha rpaAa
-.
e,[HHHflT, tseqe crroNreHar, or Kogaqeaaqa6 na eAHa rpa-
rAiiCTA
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B KOflTO CE
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H
PH,I{CI(H
HMCHA, H AP-YTIITC ABA OT
fleH3BecTHH lvlecTa. B erauas c,r,vuafi arurarre H3uflxo rpaxuficrco aa*ar?arBo,?
a AP]-raqr [PeAcraaq qacr
or e[HrpaMa, B Korro ce Hailrr4pa eAHo rpru-
tto alte.3
HeAlrraHeto Ha r{erpaqecKu
HaArpo6uu HaATTHCH c peMHHHCIIeHTIHH
or
Ourap H noer,Te,_noKa3Ba
npoH,r{BaHero
Ha nareparypara H H3BecrHo BH-
cor(o HHBo na o6paaoBaHocr
cpe.q ropHafl c.ryofi n,
,ipul.nort
HaceneHae
npea III B', oTKoraro
Aari{pa Tofi naruerHHK. I-loprperHara na4rpo6Ha ,,Jrac-
ilf;"1"::r- :.^::i1
u?rpoKo pa3npocrpaHeHa
no'Cpei;, aftj
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llt]ill
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rptlaa
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cT Hero noprpere;
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vr /rrrvaP-
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or He_
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], |.I
d,, i., e t, ul,r. ctq.,225 sq.
Qz.
60).
; I.rgr:z
er, uHr. ctq., 230 (n.61).
'Perdriz er. uHr. ct,u.,22S
in. S{il.
1
lrytu,
rr, 1950, 51, ,. t'ti. stj.'
""
l"?uy
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a_ rpaxu, Karo Nicoporis a<i Nestum, ocHoBaHH ,r,1T,
,oonp, p;;;;'i;;
i,;;i::tTr:
,orrl.'nnn'
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,
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I'9.1'oo, xlvilt, 1952/'53, 15, n. B (n. 6i).
, ljPStJt
vttt, 1e.a4,-ss ir.,';.1b"ii. orl.
' Hen.','5;rrrrynau (.n. 6g).
I
tl?l';
Yili: :?'0,-ip.:^1.:.n:.?-Q e.
qt; wBAVr, r, 1e2r .2z, 2s0 n ,rl,
:i:, .+
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o e, r.16Ar.r, xrri,,iri/-,,i1i3 c,'r., n. ll u 21. ro
tiBAI,I,
xi, igbz, aog.
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tbe.
1.
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'0jq iirHrK
na Oa.lo,torilrtecKHf,
eaKy.rrer
(:sEG, III, 526)
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226
6. I'epor
III. TOPHA CTPYMA
I. HCTOPHqECKKI
CBEAEHHfl 3A AEHTEJIETHTE
TpaxnfiC*OTO
nJreMe Aente"'lernl
e O6HTaBanO 3eMHTe IIo TOpHOTO
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qeHH;'na Crpy'rraa, 4ueu:HHTe
KrccrenJ,H"rICKo
N CrauxelnlluTpoBcKo
('{yn'
u.rruxo) no.rriia, KaKTo H n,'IaHHHHTe Ha 3anaA or T'lx K'bM AonHHHTe Ha
vtop,", rr Bapaap.2 Ma,'rroTo
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BopsT 3a reorpatlcxoro
IIo!'IOXeHHe Ha .ileHreJIeTHre
CpeA ApyrHTe Tpa-
KHfiCKa lJIeMeHa, Ce CXOXAaT O6U{O, IllO Ce oTHaC'{ AO o[peAen'IHeTO'[a
lOpHOcrpyMCKaTa
o6lacr KaTO Odaraaaua OT AeHTe,'ieTHTe.:.t
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Tp,suixo, KaKro rpHeMar H,IKoH aBropH,{
:f:"
H3paqHoro cnoMenaBale
i'iy*ig'^yn
Ha arp,aHHre H JIeeHre B Hafi-ropHoro reqeHHe na Ctpyua
Ha,trnra
nocoqeHHTe
qeTHpH pafioHa Ca
.flpl'rHaii'lexan,
',o
BCsKa BepOsT'
HOCT OU{e Or npeBp'bulaHero
Ha -rpaKHncxoio uapcrBo
B pHMCKa Upo'
erHUlr"
(+s r.) rtu cTpaTerHlTa .I,eHre,reurxa6
_(pa3AeneHa
il'bpBoHal{alHo
Hafi-ManKO Ha ABe
CTpaTerH fi,' a no'gbCHO npe3 II B' Beqe eAHa CTpaTergfl),
HO TOBA HC C AOI(A3ATC''ICTBO,
qC
HACCJIEHHETO HA CNO}IEHATHTE MCCTA C
npHHaAnexano
K'bM IlJle]leTO AeHTe.IIeTn.
CrparerHHTe, OCO6eHo npeS II n"
KaKToHHrHAaBaflroletutefi,Cao6xBal.qa,lH3eillHTeHaHfKoJIKoIIfleMeHa
u ca HoceJrH HMeTO Ha Hali-ronflvloTo
LtItH Haft-u3T'bKHaTOTO
MeXI'y TfiX'
AenreleTHTe,
KaKTO Ule BHAHM CXeA
jvlaJlKo, HrpaflT Ba)KHa pons B UCTF
pHflTa Ha ,unranorparHfrcxure
3eMH np33 eJIHHHCT[II{eCKaTa
'
!ry:Iul
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enoxa, Aotiaro
at'puaHure npecraBar Aa ce cpeurar B uaq.f
,qsi:
- ,
S.-pr.nnrrrre Sopnn
Ha HIleTo : .lz'i$zlrpz", 1a'r$4II:3:'
+t:ilsl4tcl:'
levfilrp*'
Dentheteti, o.nr.tHi:,I;.'J;";ir,
ij.nrrir, ax. D e i s c h e iv,'Die thrakischen Sprachreste'
pHTe CneA 169 f. np. H. e.,r a neeHTe ce cnoMeHaBaT
caMo y
-I-yt<wrur
BbB Bp63r(a c noxoAa Ha cHra,r'rK ilpe3 42g r. np. H. e.2 Ha ror
AeHTe,'re-
THTe Ca UMaJW 3a cbceAH MeAHTe, Karo fopuo.uxyrrri.nt,
KOeTo [pe3
III a' e np,HarJ'Iexa"lo
K'blI rep-HTopxrrra
Ha lTayranua,
e 6s,o HaceJreHo
IIo BCsKa BepoflTHocT
c IvIeAH'3
Ha
-rcrosanaA
c'bceA, Ha
AeHTeJreTHTe ca
6wnu [eoHCKH w unupuilcKu
nJreMeHa.
oruocrio rparul'icxara
npHHaA'IIeiKHocr
Ha nJreMero
AeHTe.rrer, He c.b-
IUECTB}'BA HHKAKBO
OCHOBAHHC
3A XOIC6AUXC KAKTO OT CBCAC HUflTA HA AH-
TiJtiHHTC ABTOPI{, TAKA H OT OHOMACTHqHHfl
MATCPHAN. TO'A,UCI(
AONYCKA
B'L3rvIox(HocTTa Te
Aa ca 6HilH K/IoH oT ro,'IrrMoro Tpar(r.rficxo [JIeMe 6ecn.]
Hafi-panHoTo.c,rypHo
cnor,eHaBaHe'
Ha
AeHTeJrerHTe, Koero e AorrrJro
iLo Hac qpe3
cre0aH BAaaHralicKH,'
ce e *,i'nprro
"
4g. rcHara Ha HCTO-
pr'iqec*oro c'br{HHeHHe
Ha Teonorun
,QuaunuL<a". llo,,exe B 4g. xu. ca 6utru
pa3f"'IexAauu
{t6ur\flra
oT Mar.ieAoHCKaTa
HCTopHfl,cTaHa,rrH
npe3 340iBSg r.,;
rue rpr6na
Aa iIpHeMeM, qe
AeHTe,reTHTe, Korrro ,,o BcflKa BeporrHocr
ca 3a-
ila3*rrk cBosra He3aBHCr{Mocr
nDH noxo
Aa Ha @wnui- ri ;;;;; 42 u 34r r.,e
B Ao'rIHHara ua .\lapar1a, ttfi KaTo ca 6uta HacrpaHa or o6"racrra, 3acer-
Hara or BoeHHHTe
Aeficreas, c2
Aotuv'Il't B HflK,KBo c'b[pHKocHoBeHHe
c MaKe-
AOHIIHTe npe3 cneABaurara
roAHHa,
Kofaro @a,rnn e B/raAeen Beqe
Aoltu-
Hara ua Mapaqa, K'bAero
ocHoBan u QununonoJr. Toea e eAHara Bb3Mox-
llpo_v'raaHas
BTjpxy 3anatrHorparuflcrare ge.va
npe3 pHlucKo BpeMe
227
;;tC!],HrrLrLl_..1.:1, .1:ll
Kunde der Himushalbinse!,
r, 1882, ts, Die atten
3'l:il;.,1;,,,u0*"?,?;#0,i1y.,;o;:ll,
'u
;1":#i,'!,:ffj'1,1','":":,;tj;.i3;,1'i,.iJl;:
fi
,,i,'tTJJ,lffi
Hlfi
"'^',!:^!::.T{t*;;;;'Mx",:ffi',"1:,;:'"T,'ff
i#:H; TpaKH c .treHre.'rerure. frporno ,rr..ruo;;;;
; ,-.ffi,ipr;;ff;:
;dr;;r;tt;i'r*"1*?lili:
roBopll o6cronre''lcrsoro, qe
npe3 nafroao [rexAv 340 r.l !6g r nn ,, p ilpara nnar,^,,.
::::# 33:::,:l':':'^:i1 :.
np.i n.f,oao rrexAv
tr i69 r. np. H. e. rlBere nJreMeHa
?;',-,1fl.]i:;;l; ' ';#IXJT
*'"*::i::::,-: ::_:,;;;;,1,;;-;;.'Hp;;X"^il""0i1,?I',1:
Tpaxure, *orro aa'--'"Y""'
u nq rvr'rr(EJuntlH H H& ;'lHHHcrHqecKHTe
Atpx(aBH e.(HoBpeMeHHo.
arpHaHHre,
no o.r*jtJ"uj;,:"::lt|:+::T:..::y:l1'u'
or Mecrara, Hace.'rqBaHH ilo-paHo or
, #' ; ;: ild, J 1'#',1Hi, HIXX"_,:] rar'LK III^ .5 e
ic
1957, 115 f.
23a
Aegrexerure
BiK Tomascltek, Zw
15 f., Die alten Thraker, I' l.!-93r- 63 ; K a u,a p o B'
Kunde der Hzimushalbinsel,
I,
-
l88g
-i'CY,
I, 1904i5, 35 c.r.; oberh-lry'
;"';: nE, lV (1904), 21()l f. fr.-u-t'-l:oa-cesepua
Mi'e;ro*rur, 1 c,'t ; KiePe-rt,
FOA'
[re,i , 1"; ,ll, [i'Jli]'*jiiilJ, iiii'ridfi; ?z!''"'i" n^;,
'RE,
i]
'a
(re3b), +05'; D e t s ch'
t*'t'l;rlb,
vll,5, 12;Liv., XL,22;Plin. nat..6ist., lV, 11 (40\ or.Plin' 3aHMcrByBe
Solin., 10,6(cpn.Teuffel's,Cesctiiirt.derrorniscn.irLii"tit,'i,ttf,
1913. l78f') ;Ptol"
3
Thuc" II' 96,
g7;
cpB. Head, Historia numrnorurn, lg1l, 2o2, x Svoronas, L'hellenismc
nrimirii cte'ta-Macaanir.,
-i9lg,
,l ;q.:
';rBar
ilrorrerrr Ha roBa njreMe, Ko,ro o6aqe ca
Qa'ruHsararn' H. G;; b'i - r, Die
-;rtii;'i{,inzen
Nordgriechenlands, 1938, ne loBop, 3a
'toHeTlr
Ha ,'reeHTe.
Crrqo sa-.Qa,rrui.lQHKaTH
tH cMflTa T. I_eDacHMos. :t
Hue He cno;le;,rflIre
MlreHr.rero Ha K; u;'ilr,
'icv,
i,',is0+,,s,
,#i-.;,
ue Cranronapa
:x;: :r;:'i?'fh;'r'."t"*"'n"]''"
"00'eq
orraiu 3aroqBa/ra o6.,racrra Ha Me.x,rrre, Bx. no-
t
Tom a s c h ek, Zur Kunde der Hamushalbinsel,
I, lgg2, S. 16. i
llDelno'rorellgro
Ha Tomaschek,
,,ri. .ir., 15(cpa. cbrrio oberhummer, Rr:, I\', 2't0t i., t, ,50i,"r;".;;;;;rrre
y xrxaila or'aor.pa (cpe. Steph. Byz., 22s, tt)
lactla:
xaro i$ve5 Bpii,.ov;;;;;;';;
HreHrHqHH c reHre,ler,re, He e HeBb3MoxHo, Ho ro He vo)te
'(a
ce IIolIKDena c HHKaKBH
[o-KoHKperHH
AaHHH ocBeH c npilBirg,ara 6,rnsocr ua
H\leHara'
Ot'r'xrecraflBaHero
Ha .qeHTeJrerHTe Cbc cnoMeHaTH.r'e y Xepo,ror, vlll, 115: zdrv iror
971txav
rdrv nepi rr5"r;{5r;;i;;:lr'6,r"6
ctr.rlpivav (cpa. Tomaschek,
u,r. M., ober- n il m m e r' uur' v')
-He'e-ci'l'ypnn.LoaoaH,ero
e rBbp.qe o6uo, 3a ra Mo)r(e na ce or-
Hece
caMo K-bM .reHrexeri{re.
Hiioqnsre
reorpa6cxu
nieicrasa, xonro HMar ApeBHHre c
ti.tr.'rrcqeHr{e
Ha Tvxarrr 3a Bbrpe*rrarft
ua. Tilaxlaa,
-I
ou"u, ocHoBaHlre
Aa MflcJrHM, qe
Xouffi.]tcro
y
'\epoaor
ca Mora,
iu otaii
ffi#;;; H arp,a,ure, H ,ree,re, nb* rr,opr
]
S_reph. Byz., 2lT, ll.
t
cps' J a c o tr y,
-ncH,
28, 5gr
.iq.^
3t Teonoun
-(por.
3g0 r. np. H. e.) nx. w.
r- ir r i s t, Gescrrichre
"der
-,qi.'1ir.;,t,i,.rs-o,r,Jro'r.l'"iii'g!:
f; o;".;r,
"RE, v A, 2217,
n
cps' K a u a p o o, ilrp
-a;r;;;'I[
Maxe.roucxu, rg2?, 2rz'cn,
rar'LK III, 5, e.
III, 1 l, 8.
i
Tomaschek. uur Nt., H c sero 6l.rrapcxnTeaBTopH'
- n-
3
Thuc., ll, 96. 3a roxa,rrrsupaHero Ha at'pnaHure rrpu ,ruoprr. na crpylra Y
apyrrrt
aHTHttHu-aBTopH
Bx. tlo-HararbK crp' 231 (79)'
\.trFHr{e H,1 crDarer,nra v l-lro,reuel.
6
Tosa lroxe aa ce 3ax.ltot{H or reorpaQcxoto lloJloxeHne Ha crparern
xoflro, ua6poraarlx, crparcruHre Ha
ipi;;;
or*l,Ir r"p-,i ,i i;;"; Mr.ro. n aa"a
xalo
,.bpBa or 3araA J,I,,,t'-'^('pi;i.,'iir,
ri,gy, , ,a rcr'or HeR ,ocra'fl Kar() r'bDBa
crpafc'
r,s OTK'blt MaxeAOHun ll EreilCxO ll6pe, Bce oT 3allal K'blI H3T.K' C'pa'"t'Hia
Me'ff,f'
(Ptor"'il',',';"ll;:J--g.:lp:llJ,--qi,*,.--6171:
i?.lii-: :l
K;ras'raeeo
"'
T:ilrfrtd
ce cnonrerfiaa lsv$E'ir7ii7'n=arrc',2,-Koero
npe.l.fionara nail-rta'rxo H eJHa le'
Brsyoxno a a",un-'r-'*rrhra,
o' [-r'pyeu (ioue:elueBcl(o
-
Hespoxoncxo)
1945, 203, m ce Aoll'1,'1tlrr [1sv]:111'r:xl:1s'/gr'\'rpruii'
Ho Et3rlo)KHo e i{ ;
HJIH
qETCHC.
e$, I
rtvri. I
:xr'
i
l
-
:^g
E. I'ePoa
Hocr. tpyrara
B'b3llloxHocT
e AeHTeiIerHTe
La
ca B3eJtIH yqacTlle npn'
R.bcraH,ero
Ha MeAHre
npe3,-1q.'':-I'1o^-:?:,\tl:l]i"
ca trortroMorHa"IH
'
H I :'ff ?, ;'. X:;1,' t
u iil' i o' o p''l p-
^
I :-1 t'i'
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n,, e i r
CleAToBanbpBoH3BeCTHesuIe,i.',eTHTeCeroBoplle/\BaeIItHBeK
H norroBnua
rro-K.i,cno
npr{ no*oin
Ha @ulan v
"
fgi::.l^nptu
184 r''
"cfiro
e 6lrn HacoqeH
cpeul!'
o;;;;rrt'.
6ecltte
H AeHr'er1::X::'-
eAHH Ba-
yyM B HCTopHfTa
ni ,unurr.nbrpaxitiicxnre
n"leNleHa'
xot,ro B no-MaJI'bK
ra3Nrrp
aru{aarruru
pI
B ,lcTopl',l''fa
Ha Nlelltt'fe' cpB' crp' 169(17)' H Ce A'bJIX(H
Ha KeJTTCKOTO
*'aurecr"He
u oTcra5eaHero
'a
n'axeAoHcliaTa
A'bpx(aBa'
vll''
ne>xAz,qenpI,ITo'InoxolAcHTe.:IeTHTeHeCaoKa3a.l[IC,b[poTHI]a'Hoca
pH3HanI,IIvIaKeAoHCKa,raxereNIoHH,{,3aII{oToTp[IroAHHHno-KbcHoTeCa
u cMqrar,r,
,u
'',".ro!;;il;i;
(socii) ua
<[rtl''run v' Ilprr BropH, ]1]' llrleH,o
-
noxoA
n Tpaxnn,
rofir'o 5wt npe:irlpHer
npe? 181 r' rt 5rt'r HacoqeH npe-
rHMHoCpeluy,.A,,.,nopa;rH.JIIl[CaHaxpaHa<DullrnVCeBI,IA'I.1npH-.
rvAeH O,
noOrl'#"
^;;
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H ce',a B 3ervl'ra Ha cBo,re
"tt*C;X^u'rr;i#T;;;fit3a reHre,rerrrre
ce roBop,,
eABa B Haqairoro
Ha
.paxAaHCKHTe
e^or,rHil. rtpu ro',Ifl}IoTo
Hax'lYBaHe
B Nlare.l.ottt,tlt
Ha CeBep.
ir.rre r.t ceBepor-ou"rr.
i,.t..ir-np.r
88 i', RiK' I1o-rope crp' l7l(19)'aen-
TeJIeTHTeCe'IB,IBaTKaToBepHHC,bIo3Hl{uHHaptI.V1,{j{I4Jl].'..,,",onoMoul
npoBHHtlHaJIHHfTvnpaBHTe'{-HaMaxe,r'oHHqnp.,np''I.arlCeHunfiCaryp-
HHH or6lrrcHa,,I
Ha[a.u,eHHflTa
n nor,\'ullu-e'sciaHllero
B caMara IIpoBHHUI4'I'
Ho Ase
roAI4HH [o-K'bcHo'
npt'' S6 H 85-r" AeHrererHTe
3aeAHo
c MeAH'
Aap,[.aHuH
H CKOpAHCKH,
nor6y:o.*
o] Mnrpu4ar
flourut)tcxn,
H?x't]JlH
''
e MareAoHHn,
Bx. no_rop.
."p."jjz?0).i.lanuHnr
HanaAare,t ca 6u;tu vsa*ref''1.l;.'
u cpe*y Tfx Ca 1trtttt HaCOqeHH
ABaTa
no*o4u
Ha Cyna ra Ha HeroBur re{'
Hepan XopreHaufi. [eHreneTHTe
3ae'x'Ho
C',bc cKopAHCKHTe
I'I AapAaHqH"t'to'
6uttw 3acraBeHH Aa
ce noAqHHqT
Ha pllll'iltlHuTe't
Or ToBa BpeMe
HararbK'
A e H r e rr e r,,. *,TiI
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o,.'1
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C
PHIVIJflHHTe
trO O t
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t
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I
purnius
piso
[X.Jo"ir,*r.'hp..
ntpaara
lol,Ha
Ha HeroBoro vIIpaRrIeHHeD
AeHTeneTHTe
3aeAHO
C AapAaHI{rlTe
Hana'x'HaJIH
MareAOsttg'
flpoanu[ua'r-
HHflT
ynpaBHTen
ce Bl'l'&fl"I
npHHlAei{ Ia
npeAnpHellle
cpeluy AeHrr-IeTHTe
noxoA,
xofiro l{r,ruepoH
B CBo'ITa
olvlpa3a Cpeluy n,aon
Hapl4qa ,,npecT,bnHa
---' p
n. f- . d e r e r' Nette Beitrzige
zr:t antikett'
ocHoBa Ha eAHa
qa'lurnaa Mouera Hil rHre'lerltre
(ax'
BHJTHo npeceneHue"ni
'ut'
or
'[eHrenerure
Ha 5pera
crBo c ocrpoBnre
Vti^
^
Qapoc B Haqaroro Hil III s'
.i\1tinzkrrnde,
Bern, 19-l;], 32 ff" 86-3
^.rf
"ze0rzi1,
sao- 7) rorrycxa
Henpa-
ua A:pnarHqecKo
rtope ti;rtt B c'bce'[-
Ilp. H. e. IIO.U
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xxur,
8, 4; uv.,,]i]l*;*t'"',';
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lloxo'xa Blh'
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renerHre
e 6nra
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e oHra
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rrr"* lu, 3. Cr,o6ru-uISIT',"
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:iL,h.';::'illilv,(;:
3BilH,,Li{:',
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BeporrEo
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h",t in
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r*,,
3 I n*;l;, Ill' ir'il;,, l,?,1,
t;
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noTo Ha
f ::,;::;t,,,?1;1['5:1:"tE;,f
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i7 llpoyunauuff B'bpxy 3arraAHorDarui"rcrnre 3e!rH npe3 puMcKo BpeMe
229
Lr xecroKa noriHa". CnopeA UaqepoH
BHH0BHHK 3a HanaAeHHeTo Ha AeHTe-
,rreruTe 6al nposHHqHailHuflT
)npzBuTe",'r.
Torl npeAnoqeJr, BMecro
Aa HMa
ToBa r"rreMe MexAy Haii-eepuure c'bto3HHrrH Ha palrnflHHTe,
Aa ro HanpaBH
Hali-oxecroqeHHr{ HM HerrpuflTen. lpa6urencKHTe HarraAeH}ifl Ha AeHTeJre-
THTe ce pa3npocrpe,,Ia Bepor{THo B H3ToqHara no/IoBHHa Ha MareAonus.
Parurcxara eoficxa 6ata pae6ura, rpa,:,oee 6unu [peB3eru, no.,'Iera 6unu onyc-
ToureHH, Ao6arrrc
pr
xopa oTB.rreqeHa, ABHxeHHero no Via Egnatia npe-
K'bcHaro. ,{opa caMnnr CoayH 6a",r sacrpaureH H rpn6eauro Aa B3eMe rpeA-
oxpaHHTe,rrHH lrepxn.l Tazu oracHa eofiHa rpaflila [pe3 57 u \acl or 56 r.
v cTp)'Ba.rra Ha pHMJTflHHTe AocTa HanpexeHHe H xepTBH 3a cMeTKa Ha npo-
BtrHilnr MareAouas. Hefinure npHqHHH ce KopeHrrr He H3KnIoLrHTeJrHo B no-
tloro y[paBiieHrre Ha f]asou, Ho Ao ro.,rrrMa creneH H Ha orcJla6naHero na
flpecraxa Ha paslcKaTa B,racr a Tparun c,,reA Hec[onyq,,rHB]rre noxoAn Ha
C. Arrtonius Hibrida rpe3 62-61 r. B
{o6p,'"lxa. {eule.nerure,
Kouro
ecrecrBeHo npr{ cBoHTe vcnexn 6unu yBJreKnH B HanaAeHurrra H Apyra nne-
rreHa, Hali-cerHe 6anu ordercuarfl or reHepa,rure (legati) ua fiaaou, L. Va-
lerius Flaccus u
Q.
Marcius.?
3a AeHre,'IerHTe, Har Kor.rro pHlrJnHHTe n 56 r. orHono B'b3craHoBfl-
Bar cBorr k'oHTpo.T (v
fl,raoH KacHft Te ca HapeqeHH
"c'bro3HnrlHu),
qvBaMe
Aa ce roBopa nar npu rroxoAHre ua &lapr i7u\uawrt Kpac npe3 29 u 28 r.
rp. H. e. Kaxro cro6ulasa AuoH Kacnfi, Te 6unu HarrarHaru rrpe3 29 r.
or 6acrapHHTe, KoHTo cu 6mnu IroAqHHHr'rH Beqe 3eilrlrre Ha ceBep or Xe-
Nrvc. OSeenoxoeH Aa He 5u Aa HanaAHar NlaxeAoHrg, npoBHHrrHailHHflT
vnpaBare.n ltapr ilut\uaufi Kpac ce nparex'bJr Ha roMoxr Ha AeHreJrerHTe,
HaA KoHTo rrapvBan AororaBa rexHr.rflT crqfl qap
Curac. Eacrapnare Ha-
rrcrHHa 6stw nporoHei'ru u pae6u"tu ts orcrbureHnero cH K'bM
flynaa. Ho
cneA orref,'rflHero Ha pHMCKara eoficKa re orHoBo Ha cneAHara roAHHa
Hax,rlyna B 3eMrrra Ha AeHTeJrerHTe, pa3rHeBeHr.r, KaKTo npeAaBa
Luou Ka-
curt, ua rflx H Ha Ilaprr HNr Ci.rrac, clrqralixu rv BHHoBHTT 3a nopaxeHHero
clr. Kpac ce BHAr{n npHHyAeH Aa noAHoBH BoeHH}rre Aeficretrs, H?rr3{H3r'r
rH HeoqaKBaHo H tH no6er,H;r.:j
flocaeAHoro H3BecrHe
-v
aHTHqHHTe aBTopH 3a AeHTenerHTe ce orHacfl
Kl,Nr 16 r. rtp. H. e., Koraro re, npeA!{3BHKaHH or paNrcKara B.]'Iacr, Ha-
rraAHa"{lr 3aeAHo c'bc cKopAHcKHTe NlaxeAouas.a
flo-xrcHo rrpe3 I e. or rr. e. Hlrero Ha
AeHrenernTe ce cpeqa B Hfl-
Iio.rrKo HaArri{ca or fopHa x
forrua lepvraHHs, K'bAero re ca cnyxenn Karo
nexorrrHr-llr H KoHHlu-iH B noMou{HHTe aoficra, uadwpanw npelurvrHo B Tpa-
KHfl. Crc cHrypHocr Ha n'bpBara nor'roBaHa Ha I e. or H. e., Koraro nre-
NTeHHHflT ctcraB Ha noMou{HHTe eor?crcrr c-borBercrByBan Ha rexHHTe HMeHa,
nprdHaAnexar HaArpo6nure HarilHczl or MariEuI Ha eAHH nexoraHeu H eAHH
I
Cic. in Pisonem, 31 (84); de prov. cons., 2
Q):
cpB.
23 (5-1, 55),25 (61); pro Sestio, 13 (91).
t
Zip pel, uur. crq., 172 tt.i Patsch, uur. cru., -11.
3
Dio Cass., LI, 2,3,-i ; 25,3. Cpn. P a t s c h, unr. cr.r., 69
*
Dio Cass., LlV, 20, 3. Cpn. P a t s c h, urrr. cru., 83.
or&e in Pisonem, 16 (38),
lf.
ua AH'
230
E. I'epoe
KOHHHK AeHreJIeTI',I
or cohors
lv Thracum'1
Bepoaruo
Ha C',bllloro BpeMe
[pHHzA,,Ie
)Kl4 V-.T\eTH'IT
HaAIHC
oT Ivlafigu Ha AeHTeIeT,
-Iuo)Ke
6vt c'bqo
)
BoeHHoJIHIre,oti'o'uAaeot6e'tqaaHoBHaArll{ca'2Ha@'raeaenoBpeMe
npHHaAJIe*,
nugtpqqnry
HaAnHC or Ksoln
Ha eAHH AeHreJer'
xofito e
6u.n xouur4r
B .ia' Noricorum':r
locera
,He
e HaMepeHa
?otl'u
AHrIfloMa'
H3AaAeHaHagofiHaroTToBanneMe.HoToBaeclyualiHocT'T.bl{KaTo
nep6yeaueto
Ha sofiHlllln
oT AeHTe.IIeTHTe
npea I e., KOraTo MOX(e Aa ce
flBHBAHIInoMHTe[JIeMeHHoToHMe,eyCTaHoBeHocnpI,IBe,[.eHHTeHaA.
nHCH.flo.xlctto,oTTpaauonoBpeMeHaTaTbK,Ko|aTo6a,rcr,aAaAeHrPaA.
cKHrrT
rIeHT,bp flaytaanr'
sofiHHIIHTe
oT HeroBaTa
repHropHs
ce o3HaqaBaT
Beqe Karo ,prriii#'nu''nuvraiu4fl.
Bls*oxso
e c,olrlo raKa nol o5u{oto
HMe,TpaKI,t*H.noAn,.*.,,o,oH}Ie,6eCH..BHfKoHBoeHHHAHIliloMI{H
flAATILICU A CC KPHST ACHTCX.CTH'
ornocno
6trta H KynTypaTa
Ha AeHTeJIeTHTe
H3pHt{HO OTHacfluIHTe
Ce
K.bM Trrx H3BeCrHrI
y aHTHqHHTe
aBTOpI{ ca TB'bp'u'e
Ma'/IKO' v JIHeHfi{ Btn
Bp.b3Ka
. no*o^l^ni
6'rr;; v cpeory'rueA,re
B 181 r. ce foBop, 3a HMe'
,ufl H ce.ra B 3eMflra
Ha AeHrexerirl..IiTo
HaBtlpHo
ca 6unu 6oratu c
xpaHH,
3auloT0
l43TOU{eHaTa
oT rnaA sot--tcxa Ha @lt''lun e MOf'Ia Aa B3eMe
orTrxAocrarbqHoxpaHa,3aAalipoA'b'rlxklBoeHHHTeAeficrsHscpeuy
MeAHre
u ta..-rlt"ir.l
rurr^lionitt'
Ot Crpa6oun AeHre',er,re
ca rp,-
qHcJreHH K,bM nafi-paa6ofittuqecKHre
n'rlelvleHa
'
Tpu*'"
HapeA C 5ecHte u
MeAI,ITe.
Tpa6aa aa
IlpHeMeM,
qe
eAHa
qaCT or o5turrre
CBeAeHLlfl.
KoHTo"
HMaMe
3a TpaKHTe,
ce oTHacR
H K'bM AeHTeiIeTnte'G
Br'npoclT
3a MOHeTO-
ceqeHeTo
y AeHTeJIeTHTe
nPP e"IHHHCTHqecKaTa
efioxa ue
tpn6aa ou
t'
cxBaula
oTpHIIareJIHo
peueH"
'''
--,CLXIII,7049,7050(nn'18.1'180)'9p'q'.Cicltoriits'RE'lV'3+0f';Konrad
K r a f t, zur Ret<rutierung
ber
_eten
-i,iio
'Kohorten
i"^nnliri'1ina
'Donuu
(Diss' Bern'
lg5l), 24, 1gl, n.-'tSOZ, .lirrpa
ntpirr
-rrrn*i
irr.
ZO+g) npe3 n'bpBara
nonoB,Ha
Ha I s'
Ha B. e., BeposrHo
K,rae,lHeao
aperre' Oruocso BropIIn;;fi;';-i'"z65ill
K r a f t' 24' 190f"
n. 1901, pa3urexAi'n-r'.#"r*;;;
G e r s t e r, xofiio or*acff Ha'ln,ca rlrut 5-12 r' ot u' e''
rlDHerua,
qe HaAnhc'br []pllHa!'1ex(l{
Ha n'bpBara nono"'u'l'-o
i
'' '
e nafi-pauull'lr 'loKyMeHT
ni cohors [V Thracttm'
I
An. ep., isi3, n. 239:cll,
xlll' 11tj70 \n.
152). K r a f t' ur'tr' c'bt{" 2-l' 19i' n'
r e0+,,or,ac*lrwrl-y:t*llil'iii,'igi;ii",[$:iiT,: ft%"]'.';''*,
:*'
c i c rr o r i u s'
.
RE, I, 1252. KouHHK'br
e rocrbnHrl ;;;ffi; i.lpt' fftpoHoBo
Bpei\te Hntt llo BDelle Ha rlex-
:yoco6uara
uoo"u"np-.,
6i
-ri
-69
r'. s c.tyuatl, ue
'n'l'l'"'-
t Z'lt' utu noilcxa'rfl
Hl Bnte-
.,rirfi. Ha.urrr.r,
.. ,lr,,p,
o, K ra f ;,
''ui,;.';;',.,
si-i',"oi, li'j"ti'165'
''t*:-r'
70 u 80 r'
'r
Liv., XL,22'
s
Strab., VII, 5, l2'
--- ^ -r-: -1-!^ ,r^. TL,rrLpr 1Ql 6. r
6
K a zatow, Beitrige. zur Kulturge*hicirte
<ler Thraker' 1916'
T,i,]'Jlo.rn,
1943,
7
Hanoclealr
P h' L e d e r e;; N''? Beitrage zur antiken Miinzk
32ff.,ceon[Ta
,IaAoKax(eaBTeHTHtIHocTTaHaeIHaNIoHeTacHaJllHL'AANTIIAHT9N,
Kosro tof, Aatupa
s III s' np'1'e' T' iepacHMo"'
f'fSen' XX' 19b5' 578' apryveu-
THpaBo AoKa3a,
* lrroru*ra'e
pa,rru,aa (ax. ctp. 228(7tj)' sa6. 1).
{';:.
ii'r
'r ::
llpoyunanr.lrl Bapxy 3anaAHorparndcrnfe 3el\trr npe3 pilvcxo BpeMe
231
2. HCTOPHTIECKH CBEAEHHq 3A A|PHAHHTE H JIEEI,ITE
Arpaaurarel ca o6araaana Hafi-ropHoro reqeHfle ua Crpyvra, llepunluro,
6peeHaruxo
H BeporrTHo H3TorlHaTa
qacT
Ha PaAolilapcro2_oTqacTH vllttl Lt3-
qr.,ro. I-lpn H3BopHTe Ha Crpyvra re ca nocraBeHu or Tyt<ttgup,,3
t{HHTo
TgqHn
reoipaQcru no3HaHurr aa Tparirfl He norx,Ilelxar Ha c'bMHeHHe, H or
Crpa6on,
o3HaqeHnero LtM y Kororo otlle Karo IIJIeMe, Koero e xHBsJIo
oro;ro
PoAonnre,{ ce il'bmt(H Ha uHpor(oTo cxBau{aHe, KoeTo ur'ra crpa6on
3A Tafl n,rraHr,rHa, B xosro rorl nocraBrr H vlgBopLlre Ha crpyvra. Karo TexHH
g6iai{H HZI CeBep Ca nocoqeHH or crpa6on rpa6anare,s Koero e naK B
cbr;racue C JIoKa.{H3tIp:lHeTo HM B uafi-ropHoro TeqeHHe Ha Crpyvra. Ha
ToBa JroKa,rrn3apaHe He npornBopequ H cBeAeilaero na CreQan Busautnfi-
gKr.r,'j se re ca xtlBee,,'rn Mex(Ay Xevryc H PoAonnre.i
1
Steph. tsy2.,21, 13, .u,asa cnetrHure
Qoprnr
3a ll\rero Ha arpxaHnre:
'A1p(crr, t6 trirv
'l^,i.1ztirt E$.ro5,
-'lriptfua,.,'A1prei6,
'A'yprive5,
adi. 'A1pr,r6S. 3a arpxaHure sx. T o m a s c h-
e k, Zur Kunde cier HZimushalbinsel, I, 1882, 15, Die alten Thraker, I, 1893, 2l ff.;
KarrapoH, fleoHwa,7,35; E.n F. Lammert, RE, II,478;Hlrgch-f eld, RE, I,891;
Lenk, RE, XVIII,2107; Launey, Les armde helldnistiques, 19'19,40{ sqq.
2
B HsroqHara
qacr
ua PaloirrpcKo none noKanu3npa arpllaHnre A a p a !r o B, Otqet
6AI,I, VI, 1926, 17 c.'I., K'blero npu [o,rua !,ttraun 6ua texuuflr rnaBeH rpaA. Cpeutauoro
v Hlxon no-crapH aBTopH hrre Ha [,'re]re rpan (I'pzraior),_xoeto 6llro xnesno c'buro no re3r
necra, ce .r,tnxu Ha pa3HoqereHlrflTil B Ko,leKcr{Te Ha Tyxtt.(ll,l,, II, 96, 3, xtlt HMero ar-
plraHn. Cera ce npueMa o6ulo,
qe nJrelte c raroBa HMe He e cbuecrBvBa,'to, B'bnp_eKH-
q_e
H,iKnH aBropH npoAlnxaBar Aa roBopqr 3a raKoBa flneue (Oberhummer, RE, VII,
t686; S v o r o tra s, uur. ctq., 24 sq.). O6nrHoBeHo cB'bp3Bar HMero ua Epe:xurtlKoro none
fpaoso (Eaceqer-excrByBaHo 3a nptB II,ur
-B
1530 r., cne. J i r e d e k, AEM, X, 1886, 55) c
aipuanNre, cpa. ft. LI i a H o a, Cesepua Mare.rouns, 1906, 2. Ho llMero cnorof,so 6n uorao
ta 6'l.re H or cJraBsHcrr.r npor.r3xo.(. flosuaru ca MecrHocrn c.sc cbuloro HMe H or Apyrx
qacrH
Ha Et.nrapur, Hanp. npx c. Maxoueno (CoSuilcro). Tatpee paHHoro ti3qe3BaHe Ha ar-
pHaHllTe He roBopil B non3a Ha ToB, cB'bp3BaHe.
:r
Thuc., II, 96.
r
Strab., VII, fragm.36,37. Fragm.
.11,
xtAero c-bulo ce cnoyeHaBar at'pHaHHTe, He
lonpuHacfl 3a [o-ToqHoro ].rilr ,rroKanI.I3HpaHe, rtfi Karo aBrop-br ryK H3xoxAa or o6urata
flpetcraBa, qe
atpHaHHTe xHBer{T a Po,lonttre. flo-r rilopuata'fppriv:; }t3r,[ex(.14,
qe
ce cno-
IrcHaBar rtaK arpHaHnre, Strab., VII, 5, 12.
i
Strlb., VII, 5, ll (c 318).
{;
Steph. r^y2.,21, 13.
;
Karo o[re e.il.Ho yKa3aHr.re,
qe
arpuaHHTe ca xnBee.ils tto
gafi-ropHoro
reqeHne Ha
Crpvrra, 6uxlue Nror.,rr Aa tb.,tKyBalre cro6ulegnero Ha Teonovir, fragnr. 257 (1), qe
B 3e-
Itflra Ha rpaKHre arpfln (:arpHaHH, Bx. flo-rope sa6. 1) Hr{axo peK_a Ha. ntte llout, KoqTo
Hocexit KaMeHHH ariauuta. Cnopee Pseudoarist. de mirab. ausc., 115 n Ael., hist., IX,20,
peKara
floHr e Hoce.{a KaivreHHrr B'br.,ruqa npe3 3eMsra Ha cItHTHTe H Me!,I{Te (a aatttucxult
Tericr Ha E.nuau BMecro i{eauxa croN lleouun), a cnope.t Dioscurid. de mat. med., V, 129
a Isid., XVI,,1, 6, cauo npe3 3e:!rsra Ha cuHrare, Bx. no-[op3 crp. 16i(9). Hre .aonycKaMe B'b3-
lroxiHocTTa Teonoun r)'K Aa e KoHTar{HHHpan roBa H3BecrHe 3a peKara fiout, xoero cpe-
Uaue 3a rlp'bB n'br y l-lceaeoapucroreir, c Heluo, Koero rofi e 3Haen or Apyf IIHcMeH ll,'lx
i'crerr H3ToqHlrK H KoeTo cpeulaMe 3a [p'bB n'br y Hero, a urieHHo,
qe
B 3eMqra Ha arpHa-
H[Te e Hr{aJro Kar!,eHHu B'brnrdrua. B noarpena H.l roB] Haue npeAnoJloxeHlle HIBa H o3Hal{e-
HI{eTo
Ha arpHaHHTe Karo rpaKu, Koero cpeuaMe caMo y rorl aBrop 3a Hac to uua crofi-
Hocr
Karo r43Becrne,
qe
arpHaHHTe ca xHBeexu r{exAy rpaxltficxu n.leMeHa H Ha 3eMfl, KoffTo
c0
e cuqrana 3a rparuflcra. Taxosa eaHo rtnKyBaHe Ha ron
Spar,lreHT
Ha Teonoltn 6a la,ro
Hafl-paHHoro
assec'r'He 3a KalreHHHTe B'Lr.,rr.rrua s Motxuuo-nepHlttrlKHH KillteHoBa'l;'IeH 6acerlH
iBx.-no-saramx
IIIr 5,:. Tepuropuflra ua lla1'rarus 6e: u;til-ropHoro reqeHre ua Crpyva).
;;
:tJ
.1
,l'
l. ,
.l
I
{
4
OrHocttoniIeMeHHaranpHHa'r''{exHocrHaarpHaHHre--I1':Tegi-
neoHrIH, HIH rpaKl
.-
rJreAHIUaTa ca pa3nHqHH. Hse cNIflTaMe'^
l-t^lt*"tl
3a TrIxHaTa IIeOHCKa npHHaA'{exHOCT
Ca noBeqe He CaMO 3atttOTO Te Ct
O3HaqaBaT
OT aHTHqHHTe aBTOpH lI3pHqHO KaTO neOHCKO n'leMe'l HO lt
S'
u{oTo BHHafH ce oTAenflT OT TpaKlITe, K'bAeTo ABeTe
n'teMeHa ce cnoMeq&
Bar 3aeAHO.2
'i:
Haft panHoro cgrypHo cnoMeHaBaHe
Ha arpHaq.HT HaMxpaMe y TyXU-
AHA
B.bB Bp'b3Ka C nOxOAa Ha CHra'IK npe3 429 r'3 Te Ca 6vtilu BK;tIOgSf,
nO-paHO e Atp6asaTa
Ha CHTanK' KOTITO Ha 3aIIaA e o6xBau{anA
u rOpHOfO
;;"'.;;; ,u'.Crpy*ra.{ Kato
"..r,y
norB,'IacrHH,
re ca B3enl'l yqacrue B IIo'
xoAa Mv cpeu{y' Maxe,u,oHgrl.
Tosa e n nafi-paHuorg
H3BeCTHe
-
3a yqacTuetg
Ha arpHaHHTe B'bB BOeHeH noxoA. Cnope4 CriQan BnaaurafiCKH''
3a arpHaIUTe
ce e roBopeno
y Teonornln. Ho rlii KaTo TaM He Ce Ka3Ba B Koe OT AB$e
.rur"."r", Hellenica H:tH Philippica, e CraBaIo A)'Ma
3a arpaaHuTe' HeBt3'
MO)frHO e Aa ce o[peAeJrH B,bR Bp'b3Ka c KoH Ct 6utus H npe3 I(Oe Bp-eue
Te ca 6uau cnoMeHarui iLailLt B'bB Bp'b3Ka c H3'rloxeHltre
c'b6rTvtfl'
g
Hel'
r."i.,
(+iO-3g4 r.), raru npH Qs.run li npea 340,'339 r' B'bB Bp'b3Ka sbc
C,bUlHTe OHH1I C'b6l4THfl, npu KOHTO Ce CnOIvIeHaBaT
H AeHTe"IeTHTe'B
KOeTO
HHe CMTITaMe 3a uaft-nepOflTHo, HJH Hali-CeTHe BbB Bp'b3xa C HxKaKBH Apynt
ii6rr*". He e c'bulo ra6a H3BecrHo H no KaK'bB IIoBoA ce e roBopeJlg
3a arp6aHHre ),
;;prn, Xrpric,i cno1teuar Ha c'btl{oro Mflcro y CteQan
Bragau'r,fiC*H. 3aellaHeTo
Ha B"IaC;ra oT A'ner<cauAlp
Be"rnxra B 336 r'
;0&'
BapHno BbB BCe;; i.rryuair arpHaHure H rexHHo
q?P flanrap s 6anexu H flPlrfl'
TencKH oTHoueH kls, c MaKeAoHCKaTa A'bpxaBa.
Karo C'bIO3HHUI4 rtJtu
-*'-*.q91'
HHqr{ Ha MaKeAoHIIHre arpuaHHre B3eMar
yqacrue B roxoAa Ha
-ll-g5ffi
A,bp BenHr(r.r cpeuy rpaKHre npe3 335 r; K'bAero Ce cnolleHaBul
-ffi
Bp.rr3Ka c urypMyBaHeTO
Ha CTaPOn,'IaHHHCKHfl
Ilp.oxoj,' npe3 KOfiTO MllElm
BoftcKaTa.s Tsxsoro
yIiaCTHe no BpeMe nu.
^iipaftcxnx
..rtly
noxoA nptg
c.bu{ara roAHHa e or6e;rs3aHo Aocra
roApo6Ho y Apuau' Koraro A'nexcan'
o"p,-rp"urafirga
i.-o, !,ynaa
ilpe3 3eMtlra na arpaaHllTe H neoHIII{Te' sa'
,
rrr,ri II, 96; Steph. ts1'2.,21 t3; Hcl.,P.
97':.,4pp-.ll11'r"^{1'
2 D,,r.h \/ 7q niiiilr
''iii'..
xrxril. 18. s-9, xLII, 51, 5; Crrrt
- IrLrL., rr, su, srLHr.! -(LIi,-
51, 5; Curt. Ruf.,
, puil:u.,
i, 79, o
lsrl+; ;"Liv.,
xxxlll, 18, 6-9' )
vlll, 14 (19). Or ucuepH,are_aBro_pil 3a neoHuH rH cltura T o ma s c it ek, zur
Hamushalbinsel, i:--1d8r, 15, Die ,1t., Thraker, I, 1893, 2l ff
'
D e t s c
ih;i i;.h;; Sprachreste, rre .taBA arpuaHttre H rexHut{ uap Jlaurap, or
,Koero
io*ltour",
qe
iofi c'bllro lH e cMflrail 3a neoHuu' EAltHcrseHunr aHrHqeH ilBTop'
232
E. I'epoa
iir,,i ro"rpu*r,'. i.**tn (ax. npe:xorHara .tPullu-1:^t-i6:.1:
,'i#.1lii,'nllT,"Ti-[#',;"',#".iiffi;;;i.l*i"'n","i'olo v
l..p"d-"::j"1i'ril
3
Thuc., II,96.3a no-xtcga HHTepno,'laUllfi ce cMxr.t MnLruru,
't"t"ff;;td.,
v, lg
cnoMeHaBar arpuaHure B'bB Bpa3Ka c. noio:a Ha
.Mera6ae
nqt',,.T!1i.1!.,',..
-.,,irtiry
irl
:i',t' igl"efiiliffi
":.il'i$'
;ii,oil'U
:;ryi "i'
loi
l*''';"',Er' i''L a$d1v
r*
iir.,rri, tlv tlpaorctdz oltx-6Xup-tir$4aev d7'17t $lto Malzpi(cu'
' '{
Thuc., II, 98, II 96.
s
Steph. BYz., 21, 19,-
.--.
6
Bx. no-r-ope crp. 227 (75) c;t.
7
Xapaxc e kxsn;t npll Mapr< Aapeaaf,, cpn'
1890. 565. ratur, 1890, 565.
C h r i s t, Ceschichte der griech'
Ulc'
13. Cpn. Laune)', qrrr.
c.u,{,,40{.
yquil 3a oT[aAaHero Ha HilHp^iiu,re
u sa foTBeHoro
Ha[areH,e
Cpeq],
BoficKara M,V OT anrapaarare,
TOfaBa flaurap, xoiiro [ocperr{Han
MaKe-
noHCI{Hn
qap
c nafi-xpacHBuTe
H nafi-eo6pe
B-bop-bxeH6Te
cH Te,rroxpa_
fiilTetu, npeAnoxan
Ha A,'rexcaH4r,p
c roroBHOCT
!,a ce pa3,IpaBH
C
a'TapuaT*re. Irl HaHCTHHa
',o
HCKaHero Ha A.rrerrcau,,(rp roir Haxnyx B 3e_
Mfra Ha aBraplr.arure
H fl otrrrflqKocax.
,traHrap 6wt'doiaio'rrr"rfpaAes
or
A.rencau4rp, xofiro M). odeula;l 3a )fieHa c.crpi,cr.Xrna-itirrun.;,
Ho cKopo
c"ler 3aBpbrrlaHero
B poAHHara
ca rofi yrrpr"r.l yqacraa\o
nu afpHaHHTe
ts
?Itupufrcxara sofiua e crolreHaro
no-uaraibK y- Apuanz BbB Bp.b3Ka c.bc
3arp-yAHeHoro iror'rox(euae
Ha Arexca',lbp npH .io.riur, ,u n.rffi ;,T;
atrre yqacrByBar
npe3 c.brrrara rafl roAHHa H B rroxo
Aa Ha araiarra""p
cpeu-y Taea H s o6caAara
N.'r
qrarano-Jru*
n, arprraHrrre B.bB eofitrcara
na A"rercaHA.bp
[pe3 THn rpl no.xoAa He ce cto6urana or Apaan. I_lp,
rroxoAa Ha Aaexcau4'bp B Asufl npea 334 f. erHH KOHrrrHfeHr afpHaHH
Ce
e HaMlrpan nocToffHHo B.bB aolzcxara M), qax
Ao 32S r. Vqacraero
Ha
afpHaHHTe B 3aBoroBaHero
Ha Aann e oiSarrsrno H3pLrr{Ho or Apraau u
KypqHfi Pl'O a cireAHHre c.lvqa, : 6oa
gp; fprri,""li;i+"..;,
ro.xoAa or
Etpec xru Muner
e34
r.), o"6.ueu* na Xa.raxapuac (.)lJ4 r-.), npa Tepvre-
coc (Tearratto.t^)..:
[Twantin (333 ,'.), npr'l]rrur"raHero
Ha xarar**icKHre
:pl::L::ua
(333 r'), npH Irpe.\rHHaBaHero
Ha KairuKaiicxure
r.TaHHHr{ (33r} r.),
n oarr<ara ilpH
lcoc
(333.-r.),
e no-\oAa cperrrv ca:,ou (3;i;t/Ji32 r.), B rro_
xoAa Kalr Anraranau (BB2 i.,1, B roxoAa .p.,,ry. E.rn..,
-(iaz
r.), a 6ur-
Kara rpu fasraMera (331 r.), rrp, rpeMHHaBaHero
Ha per{a Tu*p (331 r.),
B roxoAa B flepcar (331 r.), npu rpecneABaHero
Ha
ffapuir (330 r.), e
noxoAa nporaB rvrapAr4re (330 r), npor,B
'.Cara6op;
Tg;
r.), npu npe-
cxeABaHero
Ha 5_ec (3fi^ r.),.npa' o5caaara i l(r;t;;.r'15is
..1, rrp, no-
xo.u,a cpeq!' crarare (32g r.), npa HaBJrH3aHero
H npe3 floxoAa a Huxua (327-32S
i.) H,_ypl sanpuqaHero
Ha A,rercaHrpoBara
noficxa ot_ klatun
npealeapo3rrn
(825 r.;..
TqxHoto
vrracT,e B pa3nHqHHTe
rvrolreHTLI
oT a3Harc*Hfl
noxoA Ha
A,'ler<cagA'bp
H 3HaqeHHero,
xoero Hilr e 6i.t.,ro orAaBaHo, HallxB.bpnfl
3Ha_ tlHTe'1Ho
TqxHara qHcreHocr.
B uaqa"IoTo Ha noxoAa TexHHrr 6polr e 6rr;r Bepo'ITHo
500 lyrua H Te ca c'bcraBr{Jrrr qacr
oT eAHa x,Jr,apx,r{,
B KoflTo t
",1.
*p,rcr(H
crpenr{H noA KoMaHAara Ha Arae.; no-nilno npu npe_
IlpoyueaHr,rq
Bbpxy 3arraAtrorparuficxnre
:eurr npe3 plrrrcKo BpeMe
23:)
Anab', I, 5, 1-5. cpn. Ni e s e, Geschicrrte der grieclr. und mak. Staaren,
S C, UIIT. T{HCTO.
Irlrr. cbri., 55 ce.
,1
;'1
l'
t'.
I
J
.,1
,l
fi
T
!$l
rll
'it
. ii.
'i
v, 3 (10)'
Kunde
der
h.w,
Di'
rpr6oa
aa
rofiro
ru
i.
Ir?8,-l-5; II,.t,_3_; I_i,5,6; lI, l, S;
ll,^20-, {; III, l, {; III, t2:,2'_B', i3, s_n
-zv,
*, .lII, I, +; lll, 1,1,2_3; 13, 5_6
tli.,^y,_8, i;
3, 6-; Ari.,-e,il't,.,lif]
rs,
,II,^z:9,,7.; J:',1,
2i-i\t, +, o; l\i, )a, t ;
.l;
30, 6; \', 12, 2-;--_!5, a'; 2i, J'i ,r', 6i
17, 4 (Curt Ruf., \,'lll, 11,
g
; i+,
'Z+11'1;r;
234
6. l-epon
qacTH
HMailu 3a 3a.(aqa Aa
pa3Apa3HflT HenpHtlTe/lt{ B HaqanoTo Ha cpaxc.
Hgero vt eBeHrya,,'IHo Aa ro paairpoar. flpa onucaHueTo Ha 6urxata
npX
faeraMera
(331 r.) ce roBopr H 3a KoHHHLIH arpHaHH, Kollro cnacHnu
06
rpaAeHHfl oT HenpasTe/lure A;rexcaH4lp.; B clutara 6arxa arpHaHUTe
pa3crpog 1y u ocyeru.,rr AeficrBuero
Ha c'bpnoHocHHTe l(onecHHila Ha
A+
'rrn.o 'Tsxuoto
yractre 6uno oco6eHo none3Ho B noABHxHaTa BofiHa f,a
fn.*arnA-bp.r
Srnoprroarm Hlr e H3pHtrHo cnoMeHara B 6srxara
ryfi
f.p*..oC
(eSe r.).& flpx orrucaHuero Ha 6nrrcara npu klcog
13_3-3 f:l 1.
..
HapeqeHg or ApizaH 3aeAHo c rpaKrrre,, fleoHqxre u uilHpvIHqTJe HaH-3Apa'
"oro
, Hafi-eotiHcTBeHoro [.,leM r Enpona.l] Clu{o y lIuaufito s'le
lpbim
ctc cr,dgTHrr or 163 r. arpaaHure ca HapeqeHa sofiHcrseHo nJlelvle. B 6nr.
noru c l-lop s Vluyus cpeA o6utoro clr)'u{eHfle na Alel;caHApoBata aoficra,
trpr4qgHeHo OT [OqBaTa Ha CilOHOBeTe, arp[IaHHTe 6unu. xB'bp'rleHu 3aeAHO C
JreKoB.bop.blKeHHTe
rpaKtr cpetu)' THfl xnBorHH H rn o6lp_Ha,rIH e 6qrcrso.u
C;ree 3aBp'bu{an.ro ua A.lexcaHlpoBara soficxa or Llu,.us' npes feA'
po3r.rfi (325 r.) arpgaHHIe He Ce CnOMeHaBar Beqe, HeUIo, KOeTO .[aBa
ocHoBaHHe /ta ce BrrpBa,
qe
re roraBa ca 6ur'tu oceo6oAeHn.tz HsMa[ae cgt'
AeHHr AanH
Te ca 6unu HacraHeHH HrrK'bAe Karo KoJIoHHcTH n
.o6ruuprSB
MaKeAOHCKa HMlepHrI, HJ:H Ca Ce 3aBbpHaxr B pOAHHaTa CH. Bls
'lH
cnyuafi Bp.b3Kr4re Ha arpHaHure-sofiHHuH c rexHHre poAHH
Y:.ii I-ffi
MO}KHOTO 3aBp6lqaHe B THg MecT a l.oPH Ha TUfl' oT TflX' KOHTO Ca
\3a:-H
r-rH no-BHCoK
qHH,
IHI{H oT HaMepeHaTa npu C. I-lp,ro (Epeauuuro)
qACf
OT xyAOxeCrBeHo nap_a6Oreu ,r.tt C nao6paxeHl'Ie na Xepar<'bn, KOfiIO
ce AaTHpa
B Kpag na'lV HnH n'bpBltTe AeCeTH,rIerHg
Ha III e.l;r
^K;;-27d,iii
r. rH3HAHerI'br Heonro.nerr, oQuqep-ot noiicxara na [-lro"
IeMeHTe, Ce oTn,lrltrlit npu 3atqgTara ua T.Toi B l\Vrcwfr' Cpeu{y ilnflI{K0C'
--TCurr. ftut., III,
g,
1() ; B e r V e, .A.leranderreich tuf prosopograph. Crundlage'
l'
138; L
l: lt"r.:riil;.1''r. Dporr lru rH.Iq-ra ce cro6rras, ca*ru y Arr., Anab., Iv,6
crorr Ha MaKeAoHCKaTa BOfiCKa B i-oplufi HoB Koi{raHleHr oT arpUaqf
urriro 6pOfi He Ce clo6niaaa, 6u:t [pHt{HCneH K'bM nes.1 Cnope4 LaUnef
6ponr Ha arpHaHure B'bB eoficrara Ha A.rrexcau4lp npe3
loxola
MyiL
Aaus e 6un nafi-ruuofo xHIqAa A1'Utl.t.e Te ca c'bcTaBflnH .IIeKO[OABuxua
neXOTa,'t O6paayAaUa T,IIaBHO HnH H3KIIOqATe,'IHO OT aKOHTI'ICTH* MeT*
Tr'rH Ha KOIIHfl, KOHTO 3aeAHO C'bC CTpenl{HTe H ApyrHTe
JleKoB',bop'bxe&
(noxola e I'lrllnn).
i"'i#;;r;'.ors
1,rots
y Arr., Anab.' IV, 30,
.6, :pu'.t':To,H::t:]]::^p'-91'
J
'ATPIA'ieS
TOUS ?tA.,US )
,.-.il., .t-'ll(tu.' I v, u\,, \,t !l'u' "-'J
*"-'
t
f l-panff),
{
klspn,{Ho re ca
"ap.re",
dta't;rcrzt
1'
Arr., Anab..-l'_
1a,..1^.!6^"'1i.1.1,-:l' ue r o
,o nou,li'ffi;;,';t';,i;il;;*;j;;;;'i
;;;;;;"; roicre''' Koero tt"*assa'
qe re c'
6ran aroHlHctu.
5
Curt. Ruf., VI, 15, 2l-22'
6
Arr., Anab., III, 13, 5-6.
?
Laun e y, ulrr. clq., 405'
I
Arr., Anib., l, 28, 5.
e
Arr., Anab., ll, 7, 5.
t0
Liv" XLIV' II' 7'
,,r^L.ian nrrpuvlr u,, q,.cr*rHTe Ha arD,aHl,,e
str
!o*
11
Curt. Ruf., VII[, 11,21.3a si{coxara oueHxa Ha 3acJ}'rhre Ha arpl
HHre Ha Qrt,run II n A;rexcan,ltP loBoptl u Anaeu (lill'r', {1)'
i2
Launey, ullt. ctq.,405.
13
LIEAI,I, Xll, 1938, 434.
I-lno11e1unn
:rpx_y
3lnarH:rparntt_cru1e 3eMfl npe3 pn\rcKo Bpe\re
235
Te crpaHara raJlars. B enHrpaMaTa, nocBereHa Ha Hero I1o rorr cny-
6jl,
KoflTo HI{ e_ 3ana3eHa y CreQaH BuzaatuitcKr,t ce Ka3Ba, qe
ror? no-
'EWan
W paednn [eOHUHTe, arpgaHaTe H ra,rraTgTe. TOea MrrCTo ,.aBa
HHe Aa Ce
_npHeilre,
qe
3aeAHO C rIpeMr{HailuTe or Eeporra s Maaa
TAJIATH CA SNNU
YBNCqCHH
B TEXHHTE TPA6ATCTCKH NOXOAH H TICOHqH,
arpuaau.2
ArplraHure ca npoA"bnx lBailH Aa cnyxar no-Harar-bK rrpe3
fi N'bPBATA TOJ'IOBHHA HA II E. NO.CKOPO KATO HACMHHIIH, OTKO.IIKOTO
C'bIO3HHUH B e'TIHHHCTHqeCKHTe noficru Ha flro.aeneure, CeresxaArare
AurnrouaAfire.
Or 235 r. e eAau
AoKyMexr, cnopet r<ofiro eAHH arpgaH
e HaMHpan
.n
tpOKOAH.IIO[O,I-ApCnuOe
a Eraner KaTO KO,,rOH-xeKaTOH-
rp-xoHnAx.'J Tpa6aa La npHeMeM, ue rofi e 6arr HacrarieH lr o3M;.rH
i Karo BerepaH or solicxara Ha l-lro,'leMeuTe H
qe
ecTecrBeHo c.rryqasr
e 5un yeAHHeH, a BepottrHo ce e Kacae/ro 3a KoHTHHTeHT arpl{aHy.
IOBO CPCuIA}IC AI.PHAHHTC KATO BOEHCH KOHTHH|CHT BCqE
gIA
AOiiCKATA
AnrHroH II
loeoH. B 6nrrcara rpH Ce.nasss (lle,ronouec) B 222 r., B
A,ruiou pas6u.r K.'reouen, ca yqacrByBanu xH.rflAa atpkt'aHl. llouexe
lfi{ ra p?3.,:rH93Ba or HaeMHHrIHTe, iue rpr6aa
Aa rrpaeNre},, qe
Te
6unu c'ato3HHUH ua Aurarou
{osou, rtft KaTo He :!ro/Ke
Aa Ce rrpnetre,
vaKeAoHqHTe ca B.rtaAee,'rH no To,tsa Bpelre fopHoro reLreHHe Ha crpy_
,
B 217 r. npa 3anoqBaHe Ha eofiuara c I-lro,rener.i Aurnox IIi e ,rii.,
3HaqHTenHo rorqMara cu sot:rcra x ABe xH,,IflAH crpenuH tr rrpauKapH
pila1fl n nepcz,') or KOHTO afpHaHare ca c.bcraBf,,tu BepoflTHo 11o.:IoBH-
, Te o6aqe r'rHncBar BbB eoficrare Ha AHruox III'npe.tu 6rrrxara
Pa0r'ra, TaKa KaKTo rH AaBa [lonu6ufi.7 Toaa, paa6apa .., ,. e Ao-
rc,'ICTBO, qe
Te He Ca B3enH yqaCTHe B CpaXeHH:TO.
[o-HararbilrHl'ITe ,I3BecrHfl 3a yqacruero Ha arp,aHr4Te B e,rrHH vrcr.-
re eoficrH ce orHacflT ca}{o Kb}r eoficrcHre Ha AurarouaAHTe. vcn.r-
Ha MaKeAOHCKara
A'bpxaBa npH QArrAn V e npHBnflKno 3arraAHo_
Kllre fl.rleMeHa K'bivl HaeivtHuqecKa c.rryxSa B ]raxeAoHCKara aoricra.
Bpelre Ha ABere MaKer,oHCKH nOfiHlr @pi.ryan v e H3[On3VBar'r 3HaqH-
H arpHaHcKH KoHTHHreHTit. fapHilsoHtr Ha Xa,rxa,1a, Ha xol:iro s 20g r.
.----A-' u &vu l.
I,lr^:_o::p:!i ?arr!Hrara_.1.a
rpaAa, ce e crcrorr"r or 1500 A).urrr, or
0 arpHaHHTe ca 6rurir 5(r) l)'ruH JrexoB.bop-bi*eHu.s Larr.1,:
'cts.bp3tsa
uaArpo5en HarrrHC or Epeipxx c MaKeAoHCKHfl rapHH3oH u Er6e, ,
;11' LIe
nOrpe6auHaT e afpHaHCKH aoliul.rr<.rl B 197 r. MaKeXoHCKr.rr{T
Iltephr-p1*2,,21,
13. Cps. A,1. WiIheIm,
, :\d.
Wil he I m, uur. ctu.,lJ21
; La une
'Laune)', uNr. ctq., {()5.
I lull'Q.,
li, 65, 2. Cpa. N i . . , r{Hr. c.s.r., II, 3+l ff.
:,9,j1i1!n,,t1e
,,ie'.enrl.j ,r-ir," H;ii#iril' #orld, reB5, p.
\,Lu
u n ey, uHT. cbr{., 406, lony.cxr, u. ,. ca Motn, ;"6"j.# ;,11,
r a u n eJ, uHT. cbr{., 4U6, ,lonycxa,
qe
re ca Motnu aa 6t,rai
n ctn3nHqtt.
3a HeBb3Molt(Hocrra MaKe,q,oHIIHTe
,Ia B,,taAeffT B ToBa
70, rlr clrnrA 3a
KaKTO Ilo,laHr{r_trJ,
Bpeile He calto
iu6.l1?.*, :P.l[otP TrelYg
ua Crpyua Blr(.-no-rope crp. tOSlrZlir.
Polyb.,
V,79,6. E. Biker*i',i,'rnrt."'sti.,';:".{-;i;-;.'rr"'.r,rro
arp,aHrrre
c'tyvaft
3a Bu,r B6optx(eHi{e, a He 3a n.TeilteHHo irrre. Cns. I. A il n p v ilrrr .a, url)A
'iJ Yafl 3a BsJ BboDtx(eHi{e' a He 3a n'leilleHHo Itrte. Cpa. L a u n e y, utrT. ctq., 496.
Pol-i'b.,
V, 82, 8-13. S, 6ri*;ro"noii' Padrrc cnR- \l i p,r A ,rrr
^i,r
rr e-t^ ct
rot-\'D.'
Y'6'/,, u-l3.3a 6urrara nnlr
paQrra
cpn. Niese, ultr. c-r,,r., II, B7g ff.
f'lllu.,
X, -12,
2; Liv., XXVIII, 5, i2. Cpi. f i L s e. ul,r. .."u. rr r,rlo nr
lrl
n-p]r
paQrra
cps. N i e s e, uur. ca,q., II,
, 5, 12. Cpn. N i e s e, qlrr.
c.bq., II, {g9 c"r.
IG,-x,,
Suppi., 6zg
tii ,i.ir.'i- r;;; y,-;;;.'.iu],'iool";;;:;:
-,*"r".
tr,
236
6. l'epon
n.bflKoBoAeq ,.{,HrioKpar,
HaroBapeH Or Qs;lun V la 3alllgtllaBa C
Iocqa o5.ryacrra l-lepea (Peraea), KoaTo fiM npuHaAnexa.:Ia ro-pagg
t
Te HCKanH Aa cV
q
B'Ir3B'bpHaT, e HMa,II B HerO"[qNIaTa CH B]IlCxa'6t
arpLraHCKH KorrraHteHT, KofiTo He MorbJI n\a )_cToH
Cpeqy HanaAe;lEh
Ha a.{efiUare, Konro 6H,'iH B poJ,OCI(ara BofiCKa.t B 171 r--l-lepcefi slm;
eAHa ro/rflMa 3a Torariatunure yCJIoBHtI IlofiCKa oT '4ll 000- Aytxn.
.tr1n6
C.bo6rUaBa,
qe
arpuaHnre 3aeJ,Ho C IIeoHqH H rpaxH o6pasynanll
tI;
oTAeJreHHe oT TpH xHJrflAH AVIUH, KOeTO 6klno no,. KoNIaHAaTa Ha illoreu
fiul,a.
Launey'j Aon)'cKa,
qe
rnr arpHaHH ca Oa,tlt p23.,'IHeHH or arplril[tnq
KoHTo 6aaw Ha rapHH3oH B pa3r'rueHHTe MaKeAoHCKH rpaAoBe B HaBeqepnet6
Ha naAaHero Ha MaKeAoHCKara A'bp)I(aBa. Tara e 169 r. rp. Kacangpqx
1s
Xa,rxuAaxa) e 5ut 3auHUIaBaH cpeu{y pHIvIiITHI{Te ocBeH or MecT[rA
MJraAelK, ou{e v or 2000 utupnktlw-neliecra H oce}lcrorrlH aFplratq
r
ABaTa KoHTHHTeHTa H3npareHa oT l-[,reapar.{ Cne,U 169 r. He ce r-d"g6tr
Beqe 3a yqaCTHe Ha arprtaHHre B'LB BoIiCKa'fa. klerlexla,
qe
scle1iilit
Ha yCHJreHoTo peKpyrHpaHe Ha BofiHfiIIH, & BepoflrHo rI Ha KoJloHll3up8thle
HvI Ha H3T9K ToBa n,rleMe e 6u,1o oMa,'IoMoUeHo H BTIoCneACTBHe 'Il0tan
Haro oT aBToxroHHoro rparur.icrio HSce;'IeHlIe, Koero acHMHxapano ocrr.
T'bur.rTe MY.
OrUe e.u,Ho rparuficro n.relte C[opeJ. TvxnAal; e o6uraBaJlo rOpUOtt
TeqeHHe Ha Crpyrvra. TOea ca ,'leenTe
(.[aleio;), KoHTO TOI1 C[OMeHaBA ma
tsp'r,3Ka C noxoAa Ha CHra,tK npe3 429 r. Te ca 6VJu4 c'bCeAH Ha arplt{f,n!
Lt Ca xHBeeJIH Ha 3a[a,{, HiIH loro3anaA OT Tttx. B eAan nO-paHUeH trb(Il
Curanr roAeHHHr'I ToBa nJleivle 3aeAHo c arpHaHHTe. .Ileesre
teA;&f
Curanr roAgHHHr'I ToBa nJleivle 3aeAHo c arpHaHHTe. ,Ileegre ''c,a;6uN
rrocneAHoro nneMe Ha 3anaA, Koero e BIH3aJI9 B npe,(engTe Ha C!ffiFl
Bara A'bpxaBa.
I-Itrsr or Blaaauruou (Uapanpal) ,(o neerlre e'dffiltF
HaAecer AHH 3ApaB M'bxKH xoA. I-ld ua
-sanal
Beqe )KIIBeeJIH c66Efra
;;. r;;-;;;;,' r:riirA;A
-;;aou,r,
K'bM 3anaA,ara*trt
Ha PaAotvIHpCKOTO noJle H K'bM [/laHHHCKaTa O5,T acr IIo Ha 3a[aA
':lip
TyanHo H K'bM Tplttcxo.'j
C;leA V S. TOBa n,,Ietlte He Ce C[oMeHaBa Beqe B H:]BOpHTe.7 TO e 6[*
I
Lir'., XXXIII, 18, 8-'-9 lr 1{-16. Cpe. N i e s e, urlr. cr,q., II, 63ti'
I
Lir'., XLII, 51, 5. Cps. N i e s e, uur. c'tt{, IIi, 119 f f.
3
[. a u n e
]',
tiHT. cr,u.,
:107.
{
Lir'., XLIV, LL,7 i 12, l. Cpa. N i e s e, Iltlr. c}t{., IIi, 1+8 ff.
5 'l'huc.,
ll, 96, 97; Steph. 81'2., 406, 1{.
r;
Jloxa,rugupaHero ilrr s'Me.rHr**u i.pu
J. N. S v o r o n il s, UHr. C'btl., 2]::l:*
Bp-b3Ka C'bc cxBalqauero,
qe tloxoJ.'br na Cnia,rK e B'bpBrl,I tlo n'bT, xoflro e MHHa&l'
r]'F
or PoAonure, a He no ,lo,ruHara Ha.llapuua, cpB. no-rope'-crp. iOatit). 3.r NtHHMoro
llotstr'-
ceqeHe
fi'.::""?;',ll?,"1'; T:;[T
ii!;r3i'((":)'-;xu,' 3; ,, , n]pBara no,I,BHHa
s,gl
i; ;"'
y
*
J * . J ;" l;:T'*' ?,," T ]d: :ff : J,lf #;,
"
ffi
'
:li;::, :; . JI.';X':"
rffi
Ceicetdri de istorie veche, IV. 1953, 3--{, clc craruHre na G. J. Balmug
H
1j?l
KoHTo 3acT-bnBaT ABeTe npoTuBortoJoxHn cxBaulaHHr{. Tau ca Aa,(eHH n!6nut<auuW25
n[rCHTe, KaKTo i{ HCTOpHflTa Ha B'bnpoca. B flpOyuaaHHfl B'bpx}r
.tlo3e}lJeHH'"_^217--
fCyOO, L,2, 1955,.rp.20, uue H3Ka3BaYe trtHeHHe,
qe
THff lai ue totr;J1r"ri;;;n,
\teHHO fiIte, a BepOgTHO lteCTHH izoi, xoltto Ca Ce [OCTeneHgO e\taHUrnupa
B npaBno orHo[IeHl,te c HacraHeHure ta:w 6ecn.
I-lpoy'tnaHurl Bl,pxy 3analrrorpaxuficxure 3eMH npe3 pulrcr.(o Bpe\{e
237
Haro
BepoHTHo or c'bceAHHTe no-ro.'reMH rpaxHficrH rr.rreMeHa. Or-
0 fl,'reLrHHaTa npHHaAJIeIKHOCT Ha JreeHTe e.IHHCTBeHHflT H3BOp TyXnlUl,
gceH.
Tofi ru cr,rrra 3a reoHCKo rrJreiue. f{euee cMflTa,
rre
re He Morar
5'alar
HJIHQUUC.KO nileMe, H npHella TpaKHHCKutl npofi3x0A Ha TflXHOTO
,
aKO
I'l Ia rt.I O3HaqaBa KaTO IeOHCKO nJIeMe.l
3. CbOEUIHTE,'IHHTE BP'b3KH HA IOPHOCTPyMCKATA 06"IIi\CT
NPE3 AHTHT{HOCTTA
Br,npocr,r 3a ntruttlara, KoHTo ca cB'bp3Ba,rIH UeHT'bpa Ha fopHocrpyM-
o6,racr flayrannn c'bc c'bceAHHTe o6,racrn rr c'bc ce,,raruara s Her.iHara
opHH npe3 aHTHqHocTTa, e TB'r-,ple Tp\"qeu [opaAH .rrHncaTa Ha eiIH-
Kr.r naMeTHHuH 14 Ha CH|VpHO I.aTHpaHH apXeO"lOrHqeCKH $raTepHar.'rH.
H r.rlaBHHflr n'br Serdica -- Pautalia
-
Stobi, xofiro HH e 3a-
ere,rICTB)'BaH n Tabula Peutingeriana,! ue e
)'craHoBeH
ocBeH B r,{aB-
cH TOtlKH, Ot6e.rs3aHrr B ropecnolvleHaTaTa KapTa. Mu.raapHHTe Ko.IroHH,
HaNrHpaMe no ueHTpa,'rHHrr n'br I.r KoHTo onpeAexfr flcHo HefoBara
(a, T\rK.JIHrrcBar. OcraurHTe or crapr{ n'brHrua, 3a KoHTo ce c'bo6ruaBa
uHofo lltecTa, He ca npoyqeHrr H.rtH AaHHHTe 3a THx B
"rrHTepaTypaTa
ca
TaK'bB XapaKTep,
qe
IIo Trrx He rltoxe Aa ce oflpeAenrr Bpe]IeTo, Ha
npl'IHarlJ'lexaT
-
aHTrlqHOCTTa, CpeAHOBeKOBHeTO HJ.'IH IIO-HOBO (T)'p-
Bpe!1e.
I-Io rrbrfl Serdica--Stobi B pa3rnexAaHara ryK o6.ryacr ca ce Ha-
aH Aae craHuHH
-
Aelea r.r Pautalia, or KoHTo cHr-ypHo ycraHoBeHa
o Pautalia. Brnpocrr 3a ilrecroHaxoxAeHaero Ha Aelea cnopeA Hac
oule He e peueH 3aAoBo.rrr.rreJrHo. I-lerosoro pa3per.xaBaHe 3aBHCH or
oBnBaHero Ha nocoKara Ha n'brl npe3 PaAolrapcro. 3acera c'brue-
Bar rBe NrHeHr.rfl no ror{ B'brrpoc. EAuoro, 3acr:bnBaHo or I,lpeuer,
pnuJr, Aapauoa, L7a. Be"rKoe r.r
lerrrapajlen, cnope.q Koero rt'r-,Trrr e
JI no flocoKa Ha AHeuHoro ruoce Patorvrr.rp
-
IirocreHAa":] npe3
BCKara II.'taHl{Ha, BeporrrHo B;(,1cHo (aanalHo) o.T Hero,;l Karo e cJIH-
trpu KoHuono, r(.bAero HNralre cHrvpHH cJreAH or ceJIH[le, KaKTo rue
!t no-HararbK, rr BeporITHH c,'Iern or lrocr.l f-lrruara craHu,aq Elen
D et s c lr e u', Die tlrrakischen Sprai:lrresre, 1957, 271.
11 i I
I
c r', IR, col. 578 sq.
.l ir e d e k, AEM, X, 1886, 57 f., IlrrynaHug, 528; tl-l x o p it u.rr, 11c6, \III, 1E92,
iAnpalroB, Orqer 6AH, VI, 1926, 17-18;II. Ie,tlrpareR H I,l s. Be.i-
14: E'r,.ri'aprrr (fi'sreaorrnre.'l), 1946. 14il; li . A e ,r u p a.r, e B, Crrucasue Ha c'bro-
Iloir\'.rspHltre 6aHxu, XX, 19+1,9, crp.3() c;1. Crropel e.lua 6e,rexxa B apxHBara ua
J. llertea, Konrr) rtrir cu e uafipaBH,'r, Koraro e rrpaB!.r.'r pa3KonKH Ha
L]ox.rsoRcroro
cBe-
, ,crapr{qr nrrT or Pa.lo:vrup :a iirocresrun MHHaBaJ rrpe3 le6errr ,,taK,
Llox,'rsoBo
-
IlrpseHfluo---KoHsoBCKHfl lrocr". [,1 p e u e t<, uHr. l\r., B]rA,rr nplr ilour,pHerrcKn,{ xaH
aTii crap Ka.'rJ'rrp'r,r[f, xofir'o tt-rr'i rrapLrrra ,crap tuM nroxe 6rr typcxn". Karo npneva
IHL uccoKa or cer-ilruHorc) utoce H:t pltlrcxrrr{ rr-r,r, l.ipeueK He J,on]'CKit crrirrCTB]"Ba-
la^aurxqerr
lr.ru cpe,aHoBeKoBeH rr'rJT no Crpyivrcxua r]poxoNt.
,'
Unopea II. r1 e .r a p a J. e B, Llr.rr. Ir.
,
uplr rrocrpol'lxara rra HoBHri trrocr ua Clp,r'ua
[0HhoBo
crpoHTe.rIITe troflarHa,'rH Ha ocHoBara Ha craplr{ pr.nrcKn ]uocr.
t.,,i
lit'1
:ii
i!' 't
r''i
,l
--***4
238
ce r'IoKa,'tH3Hpa oT 3acT'bnHHuHTe Ha TOBa MHeHHe, C',boTBeTHO OT
npn flueariaqn, OT Aapar'ron npH lloqlpHeHCKHTe xaHOBe (
Ha p. 6,raro e crpy,rra), K'bAero HMaJro cnegu oT CfpaAH, or
KOB H tI. !,e,,lupa1en
B MeCTHOCTTa fla.naHrara nO Ha CeBe
B nonHoxHero Ha x1lKHt{Te CK.'loHoBe Ha I-o;to 6'sp/Jo, K'bAero HMaJIo,
or ceJIHIue. Broporo r'leArlir{e, 3a Koero I4Ma c'bluo raKa cepno3xlt
BaHUs, ce 3acT'bnBa oT i4. ['leaHos. Cnope4 Hero n'brfr llayra.rrux-Ct
tpraq -- Ao;rna AuxaHs
u Aoursa ,L[,rrrcanx-KrocrenApr.n.
[Ipn CTaHqHflTa
He3aBI,ICI4MO A?r'IH Tfl Ce e HaMHpaJ',la B H3TOqHaTa' I4ilH 3aflaAHaTa
Pa4Orvrr.rpCrO n6/te
-
Ce e CB'bp3BaiI'n'bTgT, KOftTO e fiABail OT ,4
Huurasa H Ce e oTAenfl.rl OT ,[HaroHa,'IHHn
nlr NaiSSuS-SerdiCa
npH
87
flpovuRaHllfl Br,pxy 3anarHorparuilcrnre 3eryru npe3 pulrcKo Bpe!{e
239
6. l'epoa
e npecHqa.rr Crpyrua rrpH c. Ao,rira
fpautnua, K'blero JIHqeJIH ocraitfun
Ha CeAervrAe6erllerpoB rpaHIIreH rrOcr (c [I]HpHHa 5,5 M),r HecbMnegti
b
Crap Or no.rpo.nr" npba 1470 r. KaAaH Mocr, H tlo-HararbK ,o
ffi
HHTe cK,,roHoBe Ha KoHuoscKara n,IIaHHHa e npeBan flt B Pa.qorunpci6r*rr
AeTo ce e HaivtHpa"ra n'bTHaTa CraHUHfl Eaes.2 flo ros II'br Tofi Ha6gi&
peAHrIa aHrHqHH Celutqa.:r CraHUHqra E,'les 6u uorna Aa ce TbpCH
f ff
oHa Ha cerara
L{1,'xoneu,
ft.rtdHuK, B,taAHMHp r'r
flo.rrHa !,uxaHx,a 8.ft$ftg
HMa oCTaHKH oT aHTHI{HH Ce.'IHlua, HaANHCH H APYT APXCONOTHqEH MATCI,dET
KaKTo rrle BHAHM no-Hararr,r. B e.{,HH or KacreJIHTe B Tox pal?oH e [Ba]
rgpyBaxa Cnope1 Ha,tlHc ot 222 r.5
qact
OT eAHa pHMCrca KOxOpTa, KOTITO t
6^7i Ha rapHH3oH a fepnaHun (CanapeBa 6aHs). HefiHo-ro nprcbcrnHe ty1
KOeTO e 3aCBHAeTenCTByBaHo oUIe H C HaAnHC OT c. TOnO.nHI{qa, B)K'n}
HararbK crp. 24:l (91), e 5n.To ro BCfKa BepofrHocT B'bB Bp'BI(a C 6xp&
Hara Ha ll'brfl, Kotvlro i1'r . ltHHaBaiI Bo.r,oAena NIe)KAy peKI{Te
Aryepuar
I
B.rraro. Paacrosunero or 24 Mu:tv MexAy Cepaaxa H Eles n 28 *Ltn
Bapfl FpurtnusurenHo
Ha pa3crosul4erq...Co
-#l
l-locoxara Ha n"brrr MexAy E.nes u Cep1axa ce onpeAenfl q,q_-t
yttilr4p,
I-ur,6-HaK o[peAenfl nocoKara Ha pHNrcr{Hfl n'br npaBo Ha ceBep
ha:vr
ceJ'Iara Kpaneq. Cry,leHa a Iltprna.l B rnrr Mecra HMa c.bu{o cneAn
91
?HTHHHH ce.natt(a.2 Oruocuo Mecrara, [pe3 KoHTo e MHHaBad,r n'brflT oT-
Kbilr
c. Llrprna ao CoQts, H3rrrexAa,
qe
Bbnpocbr rpnSna .u,a 6ue pe-
uieH
no cJIeAHHfl HaqHH. flp, c'b3AaBaHero Ha r.,'IaBHara ri'brHa Mpelxa Ha
Tparwr
npt3 n'bpBHTe ToAHHH c,IieA aHeKCHpaHero Ha rpar(Hficxoro qapcrBo
[tTqT
ga
lIa'v'ra,rtHrr ce e oTKjIoHflBa,l oT I{eHTpa,IIHHA I-I-bT BepOgTHO Hr{K-bAe
rarr
BonvrK vt npe3 6t'qauo,qepBeHTcKr{q npoxoA e c,{H3aJ'r B ,u,onnHara Ha
Crpy'lta
a npe3 pafioHa Ha c. [-[rpxna ce e ornpaBflJr irpaBo Ha ror HJH Ha
pro32[I0r1, 3a Aa AocTHrHe craHllHtlra E.nes. I-Itrsr e 6sn Beqe H3rpaIeH c
BcHqKllTe
Mv c'bop'b)KeHH8, KoraTo ca 6wlu oKoHqaTeJIHo 3aB'bpUeHH H rIeH-
tpal,Hurrr rtlr, H HefoBara Bp'b3F(a c Ecrl'c a Hone Ha
flvuan, KaKTo JrHqH or
IBa
e.nHaKBr.r HaAnlrca c Hlrero Ha HepoH. fltpeanr oT Tflx e HaMepeH IlpH
c. rVlltxanuu (Kap,roacxo) B nl,THara craHirufl Ha n'brfl
rDa,runono.r
Ecxyc.'r
Bropunr HaAIHC c'bc c'bBce]I c'brrloro c'bn'bp]KaHue e Hai\repeH B NrecrHocr-
Ta Ea,'iaq rpn c. B,vuaHo (flralrrrpoacxo-llepHuurxo){ H npoa3xoxAa Be-
porrrHo or n'brHara craHrrar{ Ha nbrfl cepanxa-[-lavraaur,-'cto6w,
qt{HTo pa3Ba,'rHHH nrqar Ha BoAoAe.rra Mex.u,y crp_vrua u Hcrtp Hag c. E,v-
qHHO
B npoxoAa.; Tperarr Ha.a,rrHC (sanaseu can6 (tparueur) nax or Bpe-
vero Ha Hepou, Ho
qnfiro
reKCT He c'bB[aAa Han'b,rrHo c ,[pyrHTe ABa. e
0T c. 6eno3eM (l-L'roailr.racxo) n rtpaHaA,lexn Ha craHrri{fl or rI]HTpanHHr
ntr.'i B rarr paHHa efio.xa or ircropHrra Ha npoBHHrIHa Tpaxaa [,,IeMeHHHTe
t
nii. PtB a H o B, ur.rr. c's,i., 1().
3
LU x o p n
I
Jl, uur. Ir., roBoplr 3a raKoBa cenurqe B lrecrHocrra MaHrapux, KbAe-
I0 uocero sa c. ByuaHo npecnqa xeire3outTHara JrHltHs.
.
3cll,
III,6123 (14207:{J) Kalinka,n. l9 =Dessirr.r, ILS, 2Jr.3a rrbrrr
0u'rlnonol
-
Ecxl'c x HaMepHHfl HoB crponTexeH Ha,qnuc or craHuuflTa rrpu Muxu;ruu,
cpB..,{.. [-loHqen,-841.'1, 1958, l,{6{ c;r.;Latomus, XVIII, 1959. l, l5{ sqq.
] 4S4,1,
III, 1912, l6 c.r. - Seu re, Arch. Thr., II, p. 36 iqq., n.'l'3J.
_ ,j'Ilpes
1951 u,lN 1952 r. 3ae;tHo c ltoxofisurr 6irsru ;r,,p.*rop'Ha Haporuur :uy:eii
:'p ['la. Beaxor ]r()xaxrre .la vcf ilHoBH,\r Ha clr]rnrr Bo,r().lcJr *,,, Bl'uru'o,lepBeHTcKHH rrpoxo,r
pa3BanHHH
OT aHTrrrtHa aapo.ir, BepofiTHo lrl,THt cTar{uHr{, rtacTH ()T rIHflTo
ilpa}topHa
}'Xpaca
ce HaMHpar B lrl,pKBara e c. Bt'qltno, AolreceHlr t.ar Ciloper cBe;leHHrn.a Ha ce,'tqHIrrt: or raH
crpa.la'
Ha cartilt{ Bo,io.re.l ,'rHrrat c.re-lure or crlp n'},T H ca}rara }recrHocr ce Haplrua Ka.r-
lbp'br4a.
Ha,litllcrt or 61 r. e Halreperr B Haqa,roro H;t T()r{ BeK B }tecrHocrra'6a,raq .to
ceJoro.
Hue pa:nuraxlre 3a lrecroHilxox,reHuero Ha ras lrecrHocr, Ho Brlrecro Her{ HH no-
{a3axa
Ha H3T0K or ce,'roro erHa rp}'ila K-brrru, Kor{To Hocrr H}rero 6aqosa Nr:lxa,r:1. Iv{roxr
5ll g
uMero Ha Maxa":rara ;ra ce KpHe Hlrero Ba,ra,{, Koero flpe:r re3t.t neT,lecer ro;r].rHH e 6lt.ro
ilpolleHeHo.
S c tt r e, Arcit. Thr., II ser., I part., 1920, p. i2 sc1q., H3Ka3Bzl !rHeHHe,
qe
Ha,I-
lIHc-bT
oT 6)''tugo 6tut or lrrrTn Cep^tuxa'- Ilavra,ruH, xofiro orroBilpflx Ha ,la,teHoro B
lalllHca-_Hcr-oec
orrpeAeneHUC Kar() r'ia rnilitaris. O6a.re cB'bp3BaHero y S e rt r e Ha H:l,rnHCil
cbc
c. Ma'ryo 6-\''tntlo ttpu Eauxn H TB-r,pltcHHero,
qe
rrpes
jlru,rnu
rislrarro nHKilK'bt] rr1,T,
qlrlo
aHTHqeH, Huro IIo-HoB, H He3HaHueTo rr].,
rte
HA ior or,r'lto;lltu rlNra ceJlo, Koero ce Ha_
PHva
gl,ls11o,
lr3jrirtsa v He'o HeficHa reor.pa,lcna rrpe,{craBa:la rH,r Mecra.
:_ .:l
S t e in, Rilrn. Reichstr. Tltr., 7 f., cr,o6urana :ta rperH eK3c:\tilx,rp, crrolreHar s An.
l1',
1916, 17.^Ha.urHC'Lr or Ee,ro:en (l'tiM, 1926,81,) 6rur HaiuepeH cnope.r H3;rare.lr{ }r_v
ireeB
trpe3 l92tj r'. ()r erlrH cc.1flnHH rr r.'raur . . . DIo DIVI CI-A\' . . . ITICA. . . Be-
P0fl:Ho ron
{parlre-HT
e Ap.\:r'H'ulrflL', pa3ju,'-reH or crro}rerrarr-rH v Stein, xoiiro }rH e Heu.J-
tcTeH.
I'lrtero ta HepoH B- Torr tlparlreul ce rrBrrBll ts .tare,reH rra;e)ft, toraro B ;lp)'rure
Ea
ttaAttuca e B nlreHII'tc.:reH,ra.i*x Ho.loplr.Ia npr.,r,err,
,le
ror{ Ha,rurrc He ce orHacrr
l0 ttocrpoflxara
Ha llbrHruara a Tpaxun, HeMlrc.Tuuo e ra ca 6a,ru fiocrpoeHH K.,roHoBere,
u
'n
paMoB, HB. Be;lKoa Ia I-1. fe"rHpaAeB
IIpe3 ioro 6lp1o K'blll c' UdprEl
nO-3anaAHO C[OpeA n'bpBnf aBTOp H nO-H3TOtiHO C[OpeA OCTaHaJIHTe' !"'
na.; IIorca,,IH3HpaHeTo ti, F.,rer{ n palioHa Ha Ce,rlara'florrna .[,nraHrr'&e
iu.rrpr.rrum pttllcKn ntr Ce,p^ruxa--@uautlqnol- e 6nr uupol( npu Hxrrnaf
6 r
cpa. T. VIe'a u o a, Apxeo,'lorurl, II, 1959, xH.- 1-
-^?,
67'
' '.r
fr vtaA H o B, Ceeepua l\[are:oHlls, 1906, 20 c,r',407'
:r
iVloxe 6H c ror{ n6r tUe rpn6aa J,a ce cB'bp)'Kar cIeAHTe or crap ir:r;r Ha aD'KOXE
(rrpu c. Xe;.Ha,
palourrpcro),
r,1-.rero e HartepeH ."*"'?pr;.;;;'Tr o6nn"'a
hrcqr
rt
Acxrenaft (VIBAW,IV, 1926,7, 320). Ho slsMoxHo e re.ua'ripr'ura,lae,'fiar
H'ua ntrr'
ro.1r
e cB6p3Ban AoxnHara Ha HuLuasli (rrpr Cyrono) c .u,o.'lnuara na Crpyr,la.
t
B rorr pafloH e nocraBeHa or'[i1. i.ia r H o B, ultr. caq., B KaprHTe Ha crP' SufilP
i
Kalinka, n. 1'1 (n.201).
6
A. Bou d, Recueil d'itineraires dans la Turquie d'Europe, l, 22g,aumttn?alff
iKerna H HeroeaHui.r (Pa.ronupcxo) ocraHKH or crap nrr. Aro npHeMeM' t.
;:X
'iirl,r''frn
cKH H C'r,IHIl 3a [ocoKaTa vv IIO ]leCTOHaXOXJ.eHHeTo Ha ce"laTa, Te3H ocTa
'u
np:'tiiifi'^'r;'rTl
Jl"l;r. !r., rrlrn.r e lr,HaBarr or itourpuerrcKr{re r1!-:::,nHr$
6rp.lo ,loa
'rpor
Oirpuua,,-ripe3 X_acariosa Kopus npn j. l1tpxaa, p. Py1apurnuu_,
ffi,
.*oro ae6u;re:a Co6nn. Criopel l'l e- Be;rxos u [1. tre''rilpaAet,
ullu[i[4r.
BoAe.i or Mecruocrra'lla.rasxara norrrlr B ceBepHa nocoxa npes ['olo 6lpeo
rd no-HaralbK Kl,lt B,'larafl n corlral.
xG.
24O
6' ['epoa
UeHrpoBe
Cep.u,uxa n l-layra',rtlr ca 6uau rparnficxu ceJla
',,1:^:: :rc
CTaBrr.rrH BaxHH o6exrn Ha n'bTHaTa $lpexa. ilOpu
OT CTpaTerHqeCKa r
craBrr.rrn BaIKHH o6exrn Ha n'brHara $tpexa. Aopv
or c'rparel'HeecKa raQ$;
Ha ToqKa e 6uno no-ylo6no orKJoHeHVflTa or raaBHHfl n'br Aa 3anoqBAft
He B caMgre ceipirqa. Koraro no-K'bcHo nppt Tpann Ceparaxa e nolyqiaa,
rpaAcr(a
tpeA5a
rr HaCe.leHHe, Ha Koero pHivICKzr? BJIacr e M-o:na_11 pAff
Ltwra, v fpaA'br ce e pa3pacHaJl u o6oco6utt Karo I{eHT'bp
-Ha
no-rOnflll
parto,n, roiasa BeporrTHo e' 6ut npoKapau H npeKHsT n'br or CepAaKa np,l
i]saeariclioro AeQH.IIe
3a Ao'rlnHara
Ha Crpyua.
OrHocno [ocoKara, Korrro e Hrvra.r fi'brflT flayratun
-
Cro6pr ao ctqry-
uKflTa 1'paH1''napa, KofiTo Hec'bMHeHo Ce e HauKpaila Ha rox(HHTe HJII'I 3r.l
rragHHTe cKr'roHoBe Ha OcoroBcKara fl.'raHHHa, c'bulecrByBar c.ne4nure rpf
B'bSMOXHOCTH : l. ,I,a
npHeMeNI,
rie pHllcKHflT n',br e MHHaBa'II npe3 ce'4n0-
BHHara flene6aHp,
KoflTo orAearr Ocoroacxara ilJIaHHHa or Il,'IaHHHHTe Iftr
K1OCTenAH,,ICKOTO
KpaHIUe, eCTeCTBeHaTa Bpt3Ka MeXAy AO"IHHaTa Ua I'Op;
nr-Crpu*, vt fopuoeapAapcKara Ao'ruua.1
Tos II'br, no xolito
-1!::
:!etr'
HOBeKOBHeTO H B IIO-HOBO Bpeilre, KaKTO CBHAeTeJICTByBaT
_fl',brenHcl'lre
"qr
XV n. Hacaiw, ca ce ABprN(e.lH
qecro
eolicrlt H Ae.)IeraqltH,2
e 6u,r xano-n3yBa'h
or11e B rrpeApgMCKara enoxa. I-lo uero e npoHut(Ha.Io or AoiIHHara
Ha Baptrap
Ma6eAoHCKoro kt eJiHHHCTlrqecKoro
K\'.rrYpHo BJHflHI'Ie. HaltepeHoro np-If
c. PannHrIt{ Ao floeu;eeo MoHerHo c'bKpoBHU{e c rerpaApax}lrl
-Ha
Oqqtrylry
riaKro H orKpHroro npH nocrpoiirara Ha rapa l-loerueeo (1907-rylQ'r)
e,rraHucrnqecKo c'brpcBl'ltqe c NloHeru Ha rpaA Histiaea (Ha ocrpon Ea6er),
ceqeHu Mex(Iy ll13 n 265 r. np. H. .,1 cBnAere'tcrByBar 3a H3non3y:1*:P
Ha rorr n6r npe3 raq enoxa. I-lo-nararbrlHoTo [pOABxxeHHe na r,Ol
iffir
Kr,M H3rOK e MapKupaHo oT HaMepeHHTe reTpo6onu Ha C'blUHq rpaA l4:CSm
rI HenocpeACTBeHara oKo,lHoCr Ha AHeLuHl'lfl
KrccreuAutt.s 3a Cbu{ecT_By:1"Iffi
HA TOg N'bT TIPE3
PI{MCKATA
CIIOXA CBHACTCJICTBYBAT OTKPHTHTC HCTOBH:lHJ
B C6CeACTBO c',bc caMoTo aHTHqHo ceJII'IUe, BepoflTHO HefoBa cTaHqlfr'
pa3Kpgro C'btqo nprl locrpofixara Ha rapa frcerueao.6 Aro rOs pHMCm
rrbr e pHMcKHr{r nlr I-layrailHn-Cro5u, o3HaqeH s nearuurepoBllly^X?
To CTaHUHqTa fpaHynapa lUe rpr5aa tra Ce ,'IoKaJIH3Hpa HsKbAe K,lM llpa'
ToBo.? Bropara Bb3lrox(Hocr e Aa npHeNIerI c ;7. I'{nauon,*
qe pl4McKl{fl?
6es ra e 6s;t H3rpajletl eJ.HoBpelleHllo
-H--q9Jl-rplIIIqr-
nlr' 3a BoeHHHre
lrLr nr Henng *,<-
p
a t s c h. SBAW, CCXIV, 1932, 163, c nHreparypa.
HepoH, ax. Patsctt, , CCXIV, 1932, 163, c nureParypa.
IIH or,
X?."*,:H,:;:H"'
',i;,"??:;
;p'.';:;.;';;";L*'r"v?;;i;;;i9iil"l.
(HeruopcllPr'
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a;.'JJ5:?:#il,;;ilri;';;!,p iirso,r
d'iF"_-209#
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fi.u'ui o,,- u,i. c'uq.''14e
ca'
3 L,rtr A L{ YY I
q55
60.1. t
I,IEAI,I, XX, 1955, 601.
I L{tr A l.r \/tI l
ql
a/20. I
I,t6A.{, VII, 1919/20, 138 c;r.
5
I,IEAI'I, XXII, 1959, 358.
6
ff. S a x a p, e a, Mc6, XL, 1935, 41 c.r., 268. Or ottllcaHuero, Koero
puea, a ByeHHo KayeHHa HacTit.[Ka, 6op:toptl, He oco6ego ro.flrlMa L11HpHHa,
Kacae 3a peJ.OBelI oHrtcKH II'bT'
t
fa'*, 11 ti li e r, Clauditis Ptolemaetls, I, 1883, 486, u c uero K
1921, 3-l (noa sr,nPoc). p.
u
1-[tt. c'bq., 10, 391, n. 31. I'l' LlsaHos He Ka3Ba 863 ocHoBa Ha
;1er'1fl Tafl nocoKa Ha pHMCKHTI Il'bT' H0 lI3rJe:'ii-la,
IIe
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frbT
e MHHaBa"rr npe3 OcoroecKara flfiaHHHa noA Bpbx
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n6T roro3anaAHo
br Krccrelirw;.rr(bAero
fl
cefa BotrH n'breKa rrvr_KparoBo
[r Ko.{aHa. B rarbB CAyUali aia"rrrrra
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6u MorJra
.ua 6r4e npra Kap6aHqpli xa Eperd.,.rH,r{3. Tpera rua
6t3Mox(HoCt, Koqro, H3r"rrexAa, ce rIpHeMa or Miller,'e pHMCKHflT n.br
Aa e
yilHaRail no nocoKa Ha cera[rHoro tuoce KocreHA-un_tpyvro.xap_BaKce_
se-Llapeeo cero,2 K'bAero BHCoqHHara,
Koflro rpq6eali .. npeoAonee,
e no-Ma.rrKa. 3a H3non3)'BaHero
Ha TOfl n'br B npeApHMCKara
eroxa cBHAe-
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u,uerH.:r crauuusra Tpauynap? B rroc,,leAH,rr Cnyuari
ue rpa6B?
Aa ce ,ro-
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raxro e ,arpina.rr Millei.{ Ho uue 6ax-
lue Mof/Ia Aa .{o[ycHeM Orrle e.(Ha B,b3MOX{HOCT _
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npoc'br 3a nocoKara Ha pHrvrcr(Hfl
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perueH.
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6per e .uocr,raJr canapeaa 6^nr. iogH n.br e 6w,n H3[on3yBaH
n IIpe3
XV-'-(VI
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putra
npe3
S
flpovlnaurff B-bpxv 3anarnorparrflcrnre
3eMrr rrpe3 pHMcKo BpeMe
241
3:l ,T:,11: :.:i:::.::.:
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182(80),. sa6.2),KaKro r.r o6crosre.rrcrBoro, qe
raM e MHHaBan nup
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u C' Ka11'
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6acrapnare na K.:rouAr.r6, KOtlTO B 179 I'. ilp. H. e. c XeHHre cH, AeIIaTa CUU
Myrr{ecTBoro ar-r,pJnrrnrrur.Iynm
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lapuUa Ce nuao*r, xllr i{al]J.aHlrt{'
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nrx. [ipe3 BpeMe Ha Ca]lIIr{ HIft floxol Olt"ruu V ylrpn'r, a Hotsl'lt{T Uap nep'
efi H3ocraBH, nru,ouere Ha 6atr(a clt' OcraeeHI'I caMH Ha ce5e cn fl
'$1'
car HarrICKa Ha npeB'b3xox,aalllHre
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t.b3KaqBal H, 3a Aa
r[I HanaAHaT B y6exuutaTa HM, pa3pa3Hna Ce
:ry
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HA rpaKHre. Eacrapuure
ce
l
3a *s,,or:ryBaHero Ha rorr ,'rrl rrpe3 cpe-rHogexoBr.{ero
nix. [. A tl r e I o e' Hl4'll'
xxll-xxlv, 1948, 22(1. 226.
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3
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rr Ao,rua
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cir l{ cpelliprrrr pl'{}lcKH pery6''luKaf,crH
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lAB,XIV,191l,130c;1..IlloHelplreHa-rpa,IHllrerocaorK:tpaKa'la'loK);tuaH'ctlrltt
BoeHHa AHrnoMa
Ha rpaK,eq or 237 ,l.,"Clf- ,1ftl,- 1 16. BepoHruo
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e 6tttt rcrrcl'
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u pegfi'
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He ca H:JBecrr{}{ cne.r,E oT Pcr'
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243
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B
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"/-lgruara
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rvlecTHflTe TpaKH HflK-bAe npe3 ivleceq aBrVCT, a MfiCTOTO Ha CT'bJIKHOBeHHeTO
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e 6n,r l-eprvraHnn (Canapeea 6aun). B rona cpaBHnrer,rHo rrJroAopoAHo
H Karo ce c'bAH flo naMerHHuHTe,
4o6pe
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,,;lBaU{HTe OT H3TOK 6aCrapnll C.rrer, HeKo/rKoAHeBeH li'br npe3 ropHCTHTe
ceBepHH cKJIoHoBe Ha PoAonr.rre H Puta HJrH rrpe3 BHCoKoro r.r HerrnoAopoAHo
CaMoxoscxo noJle ca Mor.rrn ra HaNreprrr rvK 6orara cena c npu6paHa Beqe
peKo'rlTa H
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ce ycraHoBflT Ha .4arep 3a HeKo,rrKoAHeBHa noqHBKa. [Ipu
TOBa rVK Plr"ra ce H3,{r{ra HenocpeACTBeHo HaA caMoTO no,Ie, 6ee Xareplro
u \a-9a npeArtnaHHHI4, Koero orroBapq Ha onwcaHtrero
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no reqeHHero Ha crpYlra H e cts'bp3Ban
forHocrpyMcr.(ara o6.lacr cbc
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IlpcHt{dr'I n'brr flayra,rua-lepualr4fl HflK'bAe xtrvr
flaxoao. CreAI.r or Hero
ca OTKpHTH lvteixtrV CeJraTa .[nxoao H fut5sr.rr.2 BoeuHaTa
qaCT,
KOflTo e
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BeH OXpaHara Ha n'brrr fla_v"ralur-@tr.lano[o.,'r oue H oxpaHara Ha rofl
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HH IIpH l-trrr,6uar u Tono;lHnqa,'l or ,[Bere crpaHn ua ao,(oAeJla, ca cblrlo
yKa3aHHr 3a nocoKara Ha ros n'br. I-Itrqr e npoA'bJr)KaBafl no-HararbK no
TeqeHHero Ha Tono,rsuqa --
fl,xepuan KbNr Ao,lHoro ,llynunurxo noJre, Ka-
Aero e AocrHran Crpvrvra. 3a paHuoro H3ilon3yBaHe Ha rorr n'br cBHAereJr-
crByBar ocBeH ro.'IflMara MoHerHa HaxoAKa or Osqa Kyrren (ax. crp. 197(45),
sa6. l) oute iI Ko,IIeKrHBHHre rvroHerHH HaxoAKH or c. Bncora Morr{aa (CiaH-
K_eAxIlHTpoBCKo -I]'nauiut<o) or cpe6rpua arHqecKn uroHers
-
I rlepHon'
(525-430
r.), aae.lno c'bc cpe6rpuu yxpaureHunr H Apyru ABe HaxoAKH
0r CraHxe
lHllurpoa ({ynuHlla)__e.{Hara c racocKn MoHern- no-crapnfl
THn
c'bc carup H nr.rlrQa or c'buroro BpeMe (550-463),s rr
Apvrara c rvro-
HCTLI Ha @tuun II.6 lIo-uararbK 3a r,r3[oJr3yBaHero Ha rofl n'br cBH.(ereJI-
]
Liv., XL, 58,2. Cpn. N i e s e, Ceschichte der griechischen uncl
ten,
III, l0i
1933,
i0 ff.
! ylBAvl,
XI\" 1g{0i -12, 2t)g c;r.
K a I in k a, n. 44 (n. 201). B apxua ,{eqea ce Har{epu eAHH
leMIl.irp
or HarnHCa or f'r,.nr6gux, or6i.rn:an Karo Har{epeH B c.
tlr
il3srHpe.lHo xoruHfl nperl,c x,flcBa e.il,Ha
qacr
nopaa, cK-bcBaHe Ha
;lpenitcaH.
I
VIBAW, \'ll, 1932133, 416.
_'1
AA, XXVIII, 1913, 363. Orsocuo Hecur)'pHocrra,
:P'
Tacoc, ax. H e a d, Hist. numonlm., lgli,"264 sq.
lPuHa,l.,rexar
Ha Hei.r3BecrHo rparuilcxo n,,rcMe or o6.nacita
';
I4DALJ, XV, 19{6, 239.
;S c h m i d t, Geschiclrre der deuischen Sftimme,l, {60;P a t
makedonischen Staa-
s c h, SBAW, CCXIV,
rrperrHc Ha BropH eK-
Tono;ruxua (n.20Ia).
J'lHCTqeTO, Ha KOeTO e
qe
ToBa ca MoHeTH, ceqeHH oT
Cnope.a T. fepactuoa MoHerare
Ha l-lanrert.
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3a rr a.lH o r p a r u fi c r n r e 3elllr npe3 pH\rcKo 8pe]re
245
C-jVBaT
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TerpaApaxll.
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n, ir,
(L{aaopnre, B.ruaroearpaacio)'
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.3aroqnltCeCnoNleHaBaVBHaA[liCaorCxanroflapa,Bx.no-rope
!
p. 178(26). 3a c'rIeAH o' ntto ce ?lo6u(aBa
B oKo'rlHocrHre
Ha Bo6o
i :ao.,l 3a ueronoro npoA'b,'Ix;.
n,
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or EaaroeBrpaA
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I
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I
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na crpyna',
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o, t. Byxonb.*
-
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or l-layra.lrrr
e H3,rIH3aJ n'bT B CeBepHa flocoKa,
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3,rorour
n cr;;;u iiln 3_uenolei
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x-6Aero ,'lHee.lil CneAHre
MV' ilpe3 c' klaaOp Sa'
r.blr cypAynHrla
B Aonl.lHara
Ha Mopana.6 l-lo nocoxa Ha CerauHoTo llloce
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(uapr3BaHe Ha cKaJIHTe' KaJI'
i
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9:
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l-.era
n'breKa Ha ceBep K'bM c' I'opoueaulr
lt 3ueno're''
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c rpaACKHa ut"tp-
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u TptH no AOnHHaTa
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u Epeanrfl
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e M'bqHO Aa Ce OTAenH
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m
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tra
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flepuao.n),
ltoxe .lla Ce npHeNIe'
qe
eAHa 3HaqHTeIHa
B. I-epos
Ha TOf n'bT npcS
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noru--cpanT";:';
0 B, uHr' c',."l., 25 ;
tr:' 3 a x a p I{ e B'! N1c5' xxxll' i918' 512
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e
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p H e B, unr. c.r,q',
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* .l'i r
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E e k. AEM, X. 1E86' 79'
qACT OT T'IX CA AHTHqHLI.
l
lr'nnlr, xll, 1938, {56'
2
I4EA,I., lv,'lb"i.l]'21+-;
I.l, xxv, 191{)'
-l()3'--3a H3rroJ'r3\'Barrcro
cDe.rr.HoBeKoBHero
sx. ,,[. AH-re
'o','inJ'
xx'tt xxl\" l9+8' 235'
'
3
I'{ s. n. K e n o n, Muuaao u'ttili""
'i
6o6oureeo'
1935' 120'
a
Bx. 11 n. tl.K e n o B, uHr' c'r'q" 120' Aerop-ur nperno'1ara i{
'lp}'r
n'br
4. CTPATEI'HqTA
AEHTEJIETHKA H TEPHTOPHflTA HA NAYTAJIHq
[1o-rope (crp. l8l(29) cn
)
ern Bp'b3Ka c'bc 3anaAHara rparnlicrca rpaHyrla
HI{e 3acei'HaxMe ll B'bnpOCa 3a 3anaA,HaTa rpaHHI{a Ha CTpaTergnta
{eHre-
leTHKa. I-lr.re [pHeMalre, qe
B Tafl CTparerHfl, TaKa KaKTO Trr e AaAeHa y
f-iioleuefi, e 6una BKr'toqeHa He caMo nxaHHHCKara o6racr Ha ceBep or
KrccreHApt.rtcKo noJle, Ho C'brUo TaKa H n.rraHHHHTe Ha 3anJA H roro3anaA.
HassauHero 7]eHreJ'teraKa crpareraflTa e Hoce,'Ia IIo HMero Ha Hafi-roJrrrMoTo
[neMe B Heff, KaTo ecrecrBeHo H 3eMI-r, o5rtraaauH or IIo-MaJIKH nJieMeHa,
ca 1u:tpt BKJIIOqeHLI B Hefl. Taxrs e c.riyqarrr c'bc 3eMHTe Ha arpHaHHTe H
Jreer.rre, 3a KoHTo roBopHxMe no-fope, a BeporlTHo H Ha Ap).fH HflKOH nre-
l,eHa,
qrlrro
HMeHa He ca Aoiu,,tH Ao uac.
{e"reHHero Ha Tpaxafl B crpare-
tr4rr ir3r,rre)ffA3, qe
rpeAr.xecrBl'Ba c'b3AaBaHero Ha npoBHHi{Ha TparNa H e
6u,ro BbBe,4eHo BepoETHo npe3 nocneAHoro cro.rrerHe or c.brllecrBvBaHero
Ha rparnlicxoro qapcrBo,
H To rro eJrHH?rcrHr{ecKH o6paseq.l
plarvrcroro
HOBoB'bBeAeHHe ce e H3pa3Hxo Mo)+(e 6u a pael,po5aeanero Ha no-roneMgTe
IIJeIIeHHH Tepl,lropHH Ha no HSKoJTKO CTparefHH, KoeTO BeporrrHo e 6HJIo
rrpoAHKrvBaHo or cr,o6paxeHHrr 3a carvpHocr.z B ntpsHre ioau"H or cr3-
naBaHero Ha npoBHHIIufl Tparcan crparerarrra
;]eHre,rer6Ka e 6una paa-
.{exeHa Hati-raa,txo Ha ABe crparerHH, elHara no.rrcKa
-
ley$e11ilxi7 re&iota,
I{ ApyraTa il,{ariaHcKa
-
ley$i,r,=r.:,,.i1 i"gel,tii,
KaKTo Moxe
Aa ce 3aK,,,tIoqH oT
HaAnl'lca or Calp',rur,'] Crparer npe3 ToBa BpeMe Ha rroncKara
fienreJre-
TrKa e 6un Tlp6proE Ii).a6dro_; Sedaopnog,
qHero
HMe HH e 3acBHAerencrBy-
BaHo ocBeH B HaAnHCa or Cetp.rlar oue Lr B Kara.,,rota Ha crpare3uTe Ha
Tpar<ar, HaMepeH npa aHTHqHr{fl Tonup, HeAaxeq or yarra- na Mecra.{
ll,rauuHcxata
flenrenernKa e oSxsaua.{a roraBa nepoarHo Ocoroacxara
IIIIaHHHa,
KrccteuAHncKoro KpaHqe H irJraHHHC(ara o6lacr nd.Ha ceBep
oKO.IO TptH, aKo BCH.{KH
"' 'a*,,
a, c.bcraBfl,.IH TOfaBa ca[ro eAHa crpa-
IerHfl. floacxara
Tleure.:reTaKa n'bK u{e Aa e o6xear(aJra paBHHHHHTe qacTu
tlO topHoro TeqeHHe Ha Crpylra, BKJror{lITe.rrHo Krocren,tHJ'ICKo H Ao.rra-
iiaTa
Ha peFia
flNeplrau. flo-xtcHo npe3 rrbDBara no,,roB6Ha Ha II a., xora-
i0
cbudetrByBar Beqe rpaAoBere e Tpar.lfl, Koltro HMar H rpaACr(H TepH-
ioprrH,
flro,revreli 3Hae ca.\4o eAHa crpaTerr.rs
Aeure.aer^ni., Hr.re uiu.
ra3axMe
cto6paxeHuflra ca (crp. l8l (29) c,rl.) sarqo 3arraAHare cr(noHoBe Ha
UCOIOBCKATA
TI,TAHHHA CA MO|JIA
AA CC HAMHPAT IIO.K'bCHO B TCPHTOPH'{TA
Il lla)'rarHfl, a npe,{H ToBa ecrecTBeHo B crparerr4flTa
f,enrererHKa H
hqo
rpaurrqera rvrexAy Tparcax u I-opua Masria, Koflro e daru H 3a[aA-
.] .9pu.
B e n g.t t o^n, Die Strat-egie in der hellenistisclien Zeir, I, 1g37, 2gg f f.
3
Marqlrardt, Staatsverw., I,::SOi f.
:r
AEM, X, 1886, 239 f., n. 4:lGR, I, 677.
],?.Lasitridis,
Arch. eph., 1g53,5{ (1955),23.1 sqq.
i
Kanro e tr3BecrHo, 6port nr crparerulrTe rtpe3
"
" naKro e lt3BecrHo, oposr Hl crpareruxre IIpe3 Qraelreno Bpe],e e 6ua 50 (Plin. n. h.,
,l;^]r)),
a upu XllRnaH llrrr.r'AsroHun'frnfi 11-(p't;1.,-ni-ir,
g-ll0),
crre. Mflrquar,lt. Ill, il, 8-10), cpe. M a r q u a r d t,
:1111.y11w.,'12,315.
lo;re:uurr 6poit crDarerHn npe: i u.'.J
"nor#;;i;;";.rU;;;"'l
!,...,
-'.-" . , e-v. . v,rL,!ru4r vHurr LrpdrElr1l4 tlptrJ r ts. cE llul'B'bpx.laBa ocBeH oT no.
4ei{hre
no-rope Ha.lnHCu ot Cet'p,UIr lr ycrr{ero Ha .&Iecra, a xofiio ca,x,a.u.eH!r }n{eHara
8
JireEek,
:}
fi. I'1 u u , o B, unr' clu" 25'
10
n. ,il e n H
P
a.il e B, Cri' ua
!1rc3
,,
j'i
ft e ; k, AEM, x, 1886, 54; P'
Ha ironvxqpsure
6anxtt, XX, 19{1' 9' 30 c;t'
T o r o'p o'u, TPlHcxo, 8'
l, 201 c,.r., sa Hero Bx(. no-rope crp. 219 (67.).
Ha:,rrrlc or f tprren, CnEAH, LXX,
246
6. I"epoe
Hara rpaHuqa Ha nenre.ryerHKa,
e B'bpBsna oT Ocoroecxara
,ntlnllna
,frj
cnep xtrrr Ee.na fla,raur(a BepofiTHo no 3anaAHHre cKr'IoHoBe Har
IIIHI'IHII-TS
MexAy AonHHHre
Ha I-l,iuHq l.r Mopaaa or 3anaA a Ctpyrtra n Huuraaa
fr
[,-,o[l nir" Naissus
-
Serdica rn e npecaqana MexAy Ee.rra llaaanral
i
llapor.l Crpareraxta .[,enrelerHra
orK'bM 3arlaA e rpaHuqe,il HsUxao.q
fOpua MNgHs,z KaTO CaMO uafi-rOroaanaAHgrT fi lrl.n e ,4OCTHran npOBI{dj'
qr" Irl.*eAoHHs. Kaxsa
qacr
or !,eureaerHxa
e o6paayBaila n'bp8oHaqaJluo
TepHTOpHfTa Ha flayra.uufl npu Bb3AHraHeTO H B rpaACKH
qenT'bp,
e MAq.
HO Aa Ce Kaxe. Ho KaTO C'bAHIII no pa3BHTHeTO Ha rpaACKHre TepHTOp[f,
aso6ulo, orHsesJro Ts He rrle Aa e Srana roJlttMa H eABa JIH e HaAxBbpnflna
rpaHHrIHTe Ha KrccreuAuJrcro no,'Ie. i-]o-rtcgo o6a'Ie c
Pa3BurHero Ha
rpaAcr(Hfl xHBor rfl e 6uta pa3uapeHa H B"b3MoxHo e npe3 III B. B He'
au a 6una B6,'trcqeHa lrrrJlara crparerun fl,eHre,'IernKa,
a Moxe 6vt u
qacTH
OT ApyrH
CTpaTerl4H, HaIIp. Or /Vle,qHKa, K'bM KOflTO HHe CMflTaMe,
qe
ntP
BoHar{a,,rHo e npHHaLlexa.na Cranronapa H Ils,rloTo fopnoAxylraficxo noae
(ax. no-rope crp. 177 (25) cn.).
3a .pirrUrm Me)KAy repHropHHre Ha l-layraaur- H.Ha Cep4rra nper
rrbpBara rroJroBnHa Ha III- s. r.rivrarre AocrarbqHo
enurpaQcru IIaMerHllII[ lt
BCe 11aK Trr He e
qcua.
3a npr.rHaAnexHocrra Ha I-laporcr<o I('bM TepHTo'
p4nTa na Cep.U,uKa HMaMe C,'IeAHHTe HaAIII4CH: OT C. KOCryp,
qaCTHO
IIO-
CBer.{eHI.Ie, He ro-paHo or cpeAara Ha II a'3; or lllpo,, nocBeLqeHlle Ha
Oraquaur or rpae CepAuxa, 244-249 r.1; or I-lapor, nocBeuleHl{e Ha
l-lay.rra or rpaA b.plrnr, 219-220 r.i; or l-lupor' nocBeuleHa_e
1r: 5-1111,
?#'; .pri e.iiiiu, illi r.u 3a eseHryanHa IIpHHs.II,JIelKHocr na I-lnpqti
vclJl U I L
PoA
\,LyArrrlqt
--u
. .
J ------
--r -- .:-l.t#
CKO K.bM TepHTopHflTa Ha flavtanus, rOBopH HaAnHC'bT or KpyneU,,nOcnet{S.
HHe Ha HMneparopure or or(oxo 247 r.t 3a npr-ruaAne)KHocrra Ha l--lapnopo&
cKo K.bM TepHTopH flTa Ha Cep.uHxa HrrMarvre ennrpaQcKu AaHHH, AoKaro
BcIrqIg
,
ft**roranre,
qe LlecroHaxoxJ,eHnero Ha HaAnltca or Calp'rur Ha BoAoIIeJIa Mo(!y
HHurana u Tuuor Ha n.brq Lissus
-
Naissus
-
Ratiaria He no38o.rflBa .l,a ce npueMe'
qe
rofi e 6Hr noceereH Ha rpaxuficxa npoBr{HUHanHa 3ettq, B itltlcro, Koero ce e HaMxpalo t
;ilr;;;ra ,[eure,rerr*r.
Crpurernqecru cro6paxeHHrl ca HaJIoxI{xH roBa BaxHo Mscro !a
6trte s pHMcKH ptue xall-KtcHo or Haqa,roro Hit Hauero ,rleroqllc.leHlle' Koraro sa Aoaru
Ayuaa
a Ecnyc e HMaflo plIMcKH ,..rorrlii' C-,
"
, o v, Rev. de Philol', 1950, II,
n'
146 sqq'-),
Ha rog HaAntIc rpn6na AO aa r,leAa KaTo Ha IIoCBetlleHlte, rtpH Koero CTpaTerl!'tTa nOJICft
Aegre,lerH*,
a noainBeHa B cursrls honorum Ha fiocBeruTeilr], a oScroqre.'lcrBoro,
qe T' e
Ha [ocne.u,Ho Mrrcro, o3HaqaBa, ra no.rairre,'IflT e 6il,r HeltH crparer IIo'l'oBa Bpe]te-'
9^.::':
iaru ,, Iepa Xorx4=1rr1, roftto ocBeH B HaAnlica or Cslp'Iar e Il3BeCTeH nocera caMu D
oure eAHH HaAnHc or c.
t{oK,rroao
(Paaoidil;;-A o o p
l:;?;;,
er'prrur, is7, n. 206, n' 2!1:
Hr{e BH111AaMS [oTB'bpXAeHHe Ha roea. fipg
LlOr,rsoso'
seponrHo Ce e Hailt1oano CBeTI'UHUC
ua Xepa c ennrera
-zovxqr1v1
n .rpur.Ii, fiU'"bflrailus' Theopompus, dlt-"-':3::01'#
xsrarie uoxe 6g cayxe6en noBo,[ a fopna Mltaua, K'b.u,ero ce e HaMI'lpaJI uB'bDnI{I',
E cc
nDaBl{i',t nocBetueHHe Ha eAHO 6OXeCtgo, KoeTo HM3;1O CBeTHJII{ue B HeroBara cTpaTerl''
' 2
Ptol., III, 11, 8.
t
Cnov., LXXVII, 53, n. 51.
6
CttoM., LXXV, 62 cn., n. i84.
5
AEM, X, i886, 238, n. i.
6
bum.-Hom.,315,
n. M (:CIC,3708). Cnope:lnstinsky,
lg38, 4r3 ff., roea nocBeruegrre rre 6slo or Cepauxa, a or flay''ta.rur
e :anaseHo).
i
AB, X\," 19i2, 228, n, 31.
llpo1'vaaHrl Btpxy 3analHorparnflcxure a:vrra ripes pnMcro Epene
241
fl0CBe
l(eHufl Ha HllnepaTopl'lTe Ca H3AHTHaTH or CTpaHa ua l-layraJrHg: oT
llapn6poL,
222 r.r
; or f pa4uae, oKoiro 2il0 r.2; ot Kaaorasa or orono
217
r-'r H naK or Ka.uorana or Haqad'roro Ha III s.{ or Kaaorxua
-ao
colQux
_.r'brHHTe
Kor'roHH ca H3rHrHarH, KaKTo cneABa: or
4paror?H
1236-238
r.), a3garHara or CepAarai,; or c. Bpt6nnq a (222 ..i, ,utr.-
Hara
or Uep4axar;; ot fo,rsuoailu (oro.,ro 230 r.),'a_alarnari or lliyra rT,fl,l
lr or^ Bo,rynr< (211-244), uzswruari or llayratin8 HsrasaHoro oi grr,r-
,p9t' [peAnonox(eHHe, qe
nbrrrr B [pore]I(eHHero cH or 3arraAHara Tpa-
KilficKa
rpaHHIIa
Io CepAHKa e c;-rV)r(.{ 3a tpaHHrla MexAy repHTopHHTe
ra llal'ra ilus, H CepAara, e HenpNe*.,raeo. Toa a 6u ozuarr"rro eAHo Mexa-
HHqHo Pa3AerqHe Ha CoQaficxo [oJIe u BKxroqBaHero B TepHTopHflTa Ha
lfat'ranus H? cer'rHUla, rex(arrla cbBcervr 6.[asro Ao Ceparri. Ceaara ca
6wilu ce'bp3aHH H r4KoHoilrnqecKa,
w roplrvrqecKa, x
Qacxa.nno
c rpaAa, a
rpaLcl(HTe TepHTopHH Ca 6unw c.b3AaAeHH B,bpxy nireMeHHHTe repHTopHH.
Hucrlrucr<Hlo e.b3 ocHoBa Ha Aon.bnBaHe ,rraro ,a flayranun BMecro Ha
Ceplaxa B HaArlaca or [1upor_ or 222 r.1t H B'b3 ocHoBa Ha ilrHnHapHHTe
Ko'troHH oT
Uapa6poAcKo, or l'oraHosuu u Boryar, Bcr..rr{Kfi H3AHrHarH or
fiai'iaaaq, H3Ka3Ba MHeHHe, qe
n'brsr Turres
-'
Serdica e Jrexa.,'r B TepH-
Toparrra na fiayrar'rarr, KoflTo e Aocrlffata Ao Bo;ysK Ha 12 xvr or CoQHx,
Karo caNIo npa MaxcaMus repr{TopHflra Ha Ceprraxa e 6wna pa3unpeHa
Ha 3aflaA no qeHTpailHHfl
n'bT AoKtlr flparoMaH, Ho C,'reA naAaHeTo Ha Tofl
ilIlfleparop n 238 r. 6a'lo Bb3craHoBeHo craporo iro.roireHue.Tan [poMrrHa
rofi o6rrcHflBa c rlrqHara HaMeca Ha HMneparopa. o6aqe I,IacrnHcrH He
MOxe
Aa o6qcHn
ABere nocBerueHafl or ilrpor
-
eAHoro na riayanna,
)KeHara na Enara6aa or 2tg_220 r., H Apyroro na Oraqanafl, xeHara Ha
0n,tan Apa6aHa or 244-24g r., H3irut*ar. or c.par*i, i. .. roqHo or
ToBa BpeMe, Koraro IvlHnaapHara KoJroHa or Kpyner{ HocH HMero ua IIay-
ta,tHs.l2
flauo e,
qe
H Te3ara Ha Hucraucrn, KorrTo He H3A6pN(a Ha roBa
oqeBrrAHo B'b3paxeHHe,
He Moir(e Aa 6rAe noArt.bpxaHa. HHe tue cK/roHHH
ra T'bpfl{lr pa3peueHHeTo
Ha TOrr B.brrpoc B eAHa Apyfa nocoKa. Hue cus-
]aNIe,
qe
no.{Ar,pxaHero
Ha qeHTpa,rrHnrr
tr-br, no xofiio e craBano
ABHi11e-
H'Iero
Ha eoficrHre or Periu a fopua
f,yuas KbNr l,lsrox H no xofiro ca
)lHHaBa'rlH qecro
HvlneparopllTe,
e daao eisaoxeHo [pe3 rrbpBara noJroBHHa
la III a. a TpaKHH He calro Ha rpaAoBere, rrpe3
qarro
reparopar e MHHa-
I
I(alinka, n.47.
2
Kalinka, n.5J.
3
EeueBrrHea,
flpuHocl. n. ltj.
l
Kalinka, n.TT.'
1
AEM, XV, 1ggl,
g2,
n. 3.
';
Kalinka, n.45.
t
In
t t i n s k
-v,
Sb. Berl. Ak., 1g3g, {lg ff ,
,
Kalinka,n. Ot
r?1;.,1';ih,$',}
..3
fHM, VI, lg32/84, 140 c.r.
], I_n
ttin sky, uur. .ru.,-J2B ..r.
'r llm.-Hom., 315, n.]\{ (:CIG, 370g).
,.,....., lvK HHe He 83eMalre no.L BHI.{}taHHe lta.lnHCa
-'ludr.r.J, T1,ll KaTO 3a HaC B.bnpOC.bT 3a tpa,la, XOtlfO
'eteHe
ua l,luctlrgcxl.r e tseqe cnopeH.
or filrpor, J.u^teH B npeAxoAHara 3a-
ro e [ocBeTH,'I, cJle^l [peJ,IIoxeHoTo
248
6. f-epoa
Bail fi'bTflT, HO H Ha CbCeAHHTe rpaAOBe,
qHHTO
TepLITOpi.tH Ca 6naH
Od-
cnyx(-B_aHu or Hero c6c cborBerHH KJoHoBe.l .
,r
Htte inracilnM,
qe
He cJlvqallHo n'brHHTe Ko,IIoHH, H31urlaru or l-lavtr-
trrur, ca HaMepeHH B CoQuficxo [o/re npu Bo.nyflK LI fo,rqHonrln, B tliou-
6poacro H B roroH3roqHara
qacr
ua llnporci(o npH Kpyneu. Ilxxt4e
xa,.
Bonyxr, KaKTo BHAflxMe no-rope, crp. 238 (86), e 3anoqBarro orKnoge.
HHero Ha nbrfl Cep.u,axa-llayra,rar-Cro6u, xoilro rtpe3 EyuaHo e cngaad
B ropHoro reqeHae Ha Crpyua. Or Cyxono irbK rto r,oilHHara ua Epua
e BbpBflno Apyro orKJroHeHr.re or rIeHTpanHHs rrbr, Koero npe3 Totr
BpesuNr< e v3ilH3ailo B Pa,uovrrlpcKo none H e AocrnraJro rrbrrr Cepauia-
flayranufl HflKbAe K'bM cTaHqurra Eaeq. C,leAa oT HacrHJIKaTa Ha To8
n6T, KaKTo H eAr.rH M_ocJ Hpeuex e BHATJT npu c. 3soHupr H Oaoponqg
B AonHHara Ha Epua.2 3acrryxaaa La ce or6e.nexa,
qe
no ntrr
CeF
\HKa_- I-layrailHfl, c H3K,rrcqeHHe Ha fl'brHara KoiroHa or 61 r., narrrepeua
npn 6yuHgo, He ca H3BecrHH Aocera Ap.yrn n'brHa ro.,roul.l.:l Toea He 3iaql
o6ave,
qe
ntTflT He e 6fiJt noAAbp)(aH, a noKa3Ba,
qe
cavro ueHTpanHI{f,T
rl'br, rlo xoliro e craBaJ'Io .u,BHxeHHero ira eoftcxHre H no xot?ro M.Ir-
HaBaJrH aMneparopHTe, e HMa,-'r npe3 n-bpBara no,'roBaHa Ha III B. no Bpeye
ua uafi-roJreMafl HKoHoMHqecKH rr KJ-',rrvpeH pa3r.IBer Ha
,rpaAoeere
a Tpa-
Kt4fl, r'afi r,a ce Kaxe, H penpe3eHTarHBeH xapaKTep. I,IsrrxBaHo e,
qe
[OnpaBflHeTO Ha qeHTpanHHfl n'bT H U3!HtaHeTO Ha IvIHJIHapHHTe I(OnOHq
KOHTO IIpe3 TOBa Bperre HMar Xaparirep Ha noqeTHH HaAnHCr.r Ha HMne.
paTopHTe, e cTaBaJro B'bB Bpb3Ka c IIOXOAHTe Hrvr.+ Tpn6aa.rro e Aa
*fie
3acBHAerencTByBa nPe.q MI,IHaBarrlafl HMrreparop BepHo[oAaHHqecTBoTo-,ffa
rpaqa, npe3
r{Hqro
repHTopufl e MHHaBar, uxt Ha c'bceAHufl rpaA, Ha Ko*ro
e 6a.uo B'b3JIoxeHo rloAA'bpxaHero Ha c'borBerHara
qacr
or rl'brfl, H Aa.ce
rroKaxe,
qe
HMneparop'br ce HaMHpa HeAaneq or fpaAa H
qe
orryK notlBa
n'rbTrT 3a nero.6
kl rat<a uue
_MHcJIHM,
qe
ilrHeaapHr.rre KoJroHH rro ueHTpanHus,
nbr
MexAy flupor a CoQaa He Morar Aa c.'ryxar 3a AoKa3areJrcrBo,
qe'TepH-
TopHsra Ha I-Iayra,trafl e HaBJ'IH3a,ra a Co$rar?cxo nore B cbceACTBo ctc
caMara Ceplaxa H
qe
K'brvr Hefl ce e
qucflrro
L{apH6poACKo H eBeH-
TyanHo lluporcxo. Teparopvflra Ha fiay'ranan npe3 rrbpBara nonoBuHa Ha
III 4., Koraro rvroN(eM Aa npeArroJ'rafailre,
qe
crparefHHTe ca 6unu Beqe Ha'
rrbJrHo HJrH noqrn Han'b.rrHo rrorb.rrHara or rpaACKHTe TepHToput, e o6xaa'
1
3a pasxogure rto H3rpax,laHero H rto.t.lbp:,KaHero Ha rrbrr{ruara B npoBrHu}!flfe,
KOeTO e nexaxo Bl,pxy_ npirTexaTerHTe Ha ilNreHHfl H B'bpxy o6rqrrsnre (ctora rpaloBeTer'
ox. H.irschf eld, Sb. Preuss. Akad. Wiss., 1907, IX, i3.
g
J i r e d e k, AEM, x, 1886, 53, flrryraaur, +97 c.rr. 3a rorr rrbr ax. I-1. ,[e.tr'
paAea, Cn. HaCtrcea Ha nony{spunre 6asxu, XX, 1911,9, 28 c.r. Tarr .f,oJrr{Ha, Korro
fyr
ce pa3TB?pfl ltrupor(o, e ecrecrBeHaTa Bp63Ka Ha_l-lrrporcxoro rro.le c Tpaxrr.
3
Ctutoro BaxH 3a n.grg Qsaunonor -- Ecx-r,ic, or xoflro ocgeH Har,nr{ca or 6l r.,
HaMepeH npx Maxn;r(I!, c6t{o HflMaMe .upyru nrrslr Ko.roHrr, Bx(.
r
Hirschf eld, Sb. Preus. Ak. Wiss., 1907, IX. l-l f.: I
239 (87), sa6. 6. EH__riPl1 lYlnrhlr_ll!,
!-btrl:
HHMaMS AP-i-iH rl'bTHH KoJIoHu, Bx(. cTp.
'zdg
16{),349. 9. I
r
Hirschf eld, Sb. Preus. Ak. Wiss., 1907, IX, l{ f.; Schneidei, RE, Suppl.
VI,395 f.; Instinsky, ul.rr. ctq.,421.
u
lpa.
TepuTopnrra Ha Qu,runonoa, Aervcra TpaaHa u Alpuauonoa ueHrpa,rrrfi
n'br e 6rn nolqtpxaH caMo or ctorBerHllre rpaloae, rtll xaro sa6,iu3o He e nua,ro .rpfrr
rpa,roBe c repr.rropuu, KoHTo la 6tAar o6crvxaani{ or Hero.
li
I-lpoyuraHari B-r,prv 3ailaAHorparuf,crure
3eMlr npe3 prlrcKo Bpe.\le
219
r(ana
B Hafi-CeBepHaTa
cH
qacr
TpiuHcr<o,
BpesuulrrKo H ilepHAUrXO, aKo H
locefa ,1s HBMalre HHI(aKBH
enarpacpcn:a ynieanrn
K.bM KOr repr.rTopgrr
ca
npHH0{,r19)KatH THrr Mecra. Bte BCeKH c;ryvafi orB.bA BoAoAe.rra
Crp,r,ua _
I,lcrrp TepHToparrra
Ha Ila\.ra:turr
He e MHHaBaJa.
na H3T0K TepHTopHflTa
Ha flayra,'lax
e BKJIIoqBar,ra
no Bcri*a Beporrr-
H0cr H ropHoTo
{ynHaurxo ro"{e.
-HaucirrHa
enHipaQcrca
AaHHH 3a roBa
HflMailre, HO rrli Karo I'eplrauax (canapeaa
6aHr) ,i. le .no*.nr"a qa*
AO
BPEMCTO HA IOCTAHIIAH
KATO .PAT C"bC CBO'I TCPHTOPHfl,.
TO IIIC TPE6BA
AA
Hocrra Ha
i{onHoro
!-vnHHIrIKo ItoJIe K'brr repnTopaflTa
Ha flayranufl
cBH-
ACTENCTBYBA- H3PHI{HO EAAH HAINHC
OT C. PArrA.i HO Tfl N' E ilIHHABA.TA
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{nparox Ha p. L{cxrp).
calroxoecKo ilo.,'Ie e ocraBa,rlo R TepH?op,sra
Ha cepAHna, 3a Koero HHe
Brrr(AaMe e,4Ho yr(a3aHHe
B ,(HnJroNrara or c.
!noarnor;i; iarr,;;;;.;;) or 23T r- Polnoro Mrrcro Ha rpari,eira e urpia s'Ird,;;, ;']'.., rep,rop,nra
na ceplana. c;rer HalycKaHe
Ha BoeHHara
cH cnl.Ndi rori-ce e B.bpHa.,r
no BCflKa BeporrrHocr
B poilHoro
cn ce;o.3 3a npHHar.{exHocrra
Ha fop_
HoAlr(yilraficxo
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r.) HSpHt{Ho cBHAerexcrtsyBa
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or'Crcanronapa.{
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ua lriicopolis ad Nestuini He e 3acBHAere,,rcTByBaHo
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H OEU{ECTBEHO
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pyAHprre
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a Kpar,rulero H noKa3BaT, qe
pa3rrpocrpaHeHzero
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orK.bivr *ofo3anaA,
oT .no- IaHara
Ha Bap4ap. I-Ipa
-lopna
rpo6ara i-ornprru
npe3 I90g r. B eAna lu rvrerpa
Abr'r6oKa crapa fpeorpuoprorir"'p),Ana
flMa eAHa 6pouacna 0rrr'pa
Ha B'AHa ilrrrqa,, ria*tsflro
or;t;;.; HalrepeHH
Ha NrHoro Mecra
I
V Proc. de aed., I\,r,_1, St ; IV: 4,
,
i-epuau_rln c ,ta,tesa Karo rpa-I rr ueHrtp Ha ar-
"*:,J!.ill=fi{:lbff;lr?%i
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r] rots, tsi.{coKo H rroqr,..rH.reHo
or
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-],HC,TH.
Hae crrura.re 3a Herrpa,]rrHo
nperno,oxe-
lxill;
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1
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D i;;.;H:iii.
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r p o B, IIHT. c"o.,
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llpruoc K'b]t Hcropt'I,Til Ha p]'lapcrBoTo
rr ]reTa.1].prrrra
B Er.rrr-
iirn, re53, rg; nbrr; xli],"ei?:'r;;.
iir;;'.,6;1,"r.:;il" L{epxoaHira*jsen
e 6N..r eaa_
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:x:nl:}a1lyj
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c. PaAaHg
(U{uncxo)' B lesre'rafi:1:,,:-opJ,tg,ii
i"-?fT'
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3aeAHo c rrx I'rHBeHrap ce !,arupar
or vlll ao v q
np. u. e.r Toea noKa3Ba,
qe
Hafi-xrcHo or ToBa BpeMe ca 6uau paapa6ot}
BaHH Beqe orouru-.p.orpnrre
pvALI B rofi, paiaoa (fopHa n Ao'nna Jho6a'
,r,'rlry.yi
n napa).' Clrqo xaJlluaACKH Qu6yttu'
Kouro ce A'bnxar na
Bp.b3r(HTe
ua I-OpHoCTp).LtCKarU Arnrn,
C ,\arrxrea
'
KOHTHI{eHTa'rlHa ftP
.
uHfl,
ca HaNrepeHH npu Kag,uH n,o.r,
L{epneHu 6per (craHre-u'Hrtrnrpoacro),
Epeanur, [].,,r.r, lEpeaxllurlo)
; 3e.leura r?an (Tprncxo).' 3u BI(nIoqBa-
niro ua l-opnocrp)'Mcr.(ara
oo.rtacr Beqe npee V B. ilp' H' e' B aHTi'lr{HaTa
CTOIIaHCKa CHCTeMa IOBOpH ro.'Ifl)taTa HaxOAKa OT CTaTepH
-OT
llaHreftCxata
o6.rlact
(ceueHn 550-41
I r' np'
''^t'),
HaMepeHa n,p: Osqa Kynen
Ao
cosHn,3 KaKro vt c'bKpoBHIIIara
or Bucora MOrg'i1a (crauxeaHuatponcxo)
rr or caMua rpa,u,-C;;* finuHrpot
(Il'nn'qa), ex' crp' 243 (91)'
AaHHHre 3a
HKOHOMHqeCKHTe
H KynTvpHHre aptaxn Ha Tat{ o5'racr c rp'bllliHg IOI npe3
eJrr.rHHCTHqeCKaTa
eloxa Ca 3HaqHTeJIHO
noBeqe' C yuaCraerO Ha arpHaHHTe
eta nOficKHTe na A.rexcaHA'bp
Be.rdxlt H Ha HeroBptte 5'rugxlt HaCneAHHqU
Nroxe Aa ce cB.bpxe HaMepeHara
trpu- c. I-r,p;to
(Bpeannurxo)
qacT
oT
xyAoxecTBeHo
,i'prOoraH lur-leivI c uio6pa')KeHHe
Ha Xepaxla'
KoffTo Ce
AaTHpa
K.bM r(parr H-a IV e. H.'ilt n'bpBllre AeCeTH'IIerHf
Ha III B' np' n' e'{
I-lp, c. Pecu.,rono
(Ctan*.Onr,rrpori*o;
e HaMepeuo (oute Heny'5;luxyaano)
c.bKpoBr.rrqe,
c'bcToflu{o ce oT BHeceHH oT lof 3naTHH yl(pa[IeHllff', KOHTo
npHHaAne>xar
Ha e,,rlrHuarrraa*uii
e[oxa. Ha HeH3BeCTHO
lvtflCTO n Spea'
HHr.rrKo e ,ur.f.r, 6po"roru craryerKa Ha J'l'bB, apxanqeH THtl,-
il?'i195i
;;;-";*.
O; or HttKaH'bB c'bA, sHeceH ot t'ot"5 Ot e'nnnncrlaqecKo
i*.H"
HaTaT'bK 3aroqBar H HaxoAKHre
Ha yKpHrH MOHeTHH C',bKpoBHuIa or
yL{-H'-
AoHCKH,
rp'buKH H pHMCKH peny6"raxancn'
MoHerH' Koero Heu-o
l91T:f'
TflCHOTO BKIIOqBaHe
Ha Tafl o6"racr B e'lHHHCTHqecKaTa
cTonaHCKa cHcTeMa'
I-lo-rOpe B'bB Bp'b3Ka C H3non3\'BaHeTo
Ha c'bo6tuure'rlHHTe
Bp'b3KH Ha
I-opnocrpyr,anurl
o5;iact npe3 e'rIHHHcruqecKara
enoxa HHe AaAoxMe
M0'
HerHHre c.bKpoBHrrla,
Ha*lep.r; ;p;, fl'br' Crynu
-
I-layrailltt
-
Qn'nu-
nonon , nrr"""no-Cior.r;.i
Tyn )Ke"{aeM A& Aor'b,'rHHM
Ka3aHoro c Apyrtdre
H3BeCTHr.r Ko,leriTHBHH Haxo.x,KH OT npe.(pHMcKaTa
enoxa' flpa c' Plxanqu
|
?1a. BeHeiHKoB,
Pa:xottxtt 11
lpgyuyHt{n,
I',
orue 6;r. Aa.*.oea' Glasnik,'CKottue'
1954' 51 ca'
2
hv. W e n. O i'f. o rv, Pitros und Chalkis in der
l9{8, 92 c,,'1., c .1r!re
ParYPa;
Bx'
Friihgeschichte
Thrakiens, Klio'
1960 (no'ueua'kr,,
,n.*u , 2J7,2.r2, x'r, rgs',318, cpB. no-rope crp. 197 (1;),:'ui, 1',#pjl
. n"i,fo?tfi h1il,'Xii;-ii';ffiJ;"si-
-;ri;.;5";;;,'ii.l^;T;E"ll,;;,.u;l',i:
'li"u."
n .", *'o
"r,'
inm, lt, 19i0r
i-6t1,-
^a^1uryy.t "l
.y:
np.H.e., ce
qyBcTBVBaxo cnopeJ' vlB' I)c;rKUIr'
'^""',u'.^l
(i"fryi, l,-'rgs6,57; a Urrr,
ftpu noceureHl'rero .', , lto.':.1'tli:Y"1p^:1
].?"80-l'Io'o.,Ha. ceqeHa s 163 r. np. H. ., llpu noceueHHero_crl
tt r\ruLrLna('|rrL^v
'Aruui,
cerieHa s 163 r. flp. H. .,
yex1y MoHerHTe, HaMep^eHH Tall' eJ'Ha cpe6'rpua Ha rp'
ux. ti e a d, uut. cl'{., 383'
1-ras-eti
xll;
-1938,
3-13 ; Bx. r{ crp' 23+ (82)'
5
kl6AI,I, vll, 1934,'148.
or PauuHuit, lrceueeo u KrccreHAia"l
illo
6
3a Koi'IeKTHBHHTe
YoHeTHI't Haxo-l.Kl't or raHl{Huil' I rucLusow
'
rrrvvrvr
,r^ /RR\ aa rr.rsr or 6oooseu ,r Map,rua ;. ;rp. ,af iAg) a'r. 3a luouernate saxoAlo
----^ rl
crp. 2affiSfr-11
l'1*o'.,?lo,"dir"r,i,T,,x"l',,Tjr'Uir,',lj '#lr''hri,i;H'i":;il;;;
i
;:i;;;;');*io'-n",
u*:
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aa6' i,
Epera,riruua
Bx. crP. 240 (88) ca'
at';
,.
l.l
.t
,{
l 99
I-lpoyvruHnq B6px]' 3aflatrHorpaxuf,crure 3e:uu npe3 putrcxo Bpelre
251
(6peaHauxo) ca HaMepeHH 4ae cpe6'bplu rvroHerl{ Ha fleoHcr(Hfl qap l-larpxfi
ie+O-atS
r.).' Ot c. I-rp6auo (Krocrerrln.ncxo), B roxHara
qacr
Ha Crpyvr-
CKHfl
npor'lOM, IIpOH3XOx{Ia IiOJIeKTHBHa Ha.xOAKa clC Cpe66pHH MOHeTH Ha
AlerrcanArp
Be.naxu, Ha Oanun III Apr Lefi u na Anraox I.! Or c. @utu-
floBUu
(Tptucrco) npousxoxxa eAHo 3HaqHreJIHo c'br(poBHrde or cpe6tpuu
pHMc(H
pen-v6.'ruxaHcxH rv,oHern (lv-l B. rp. H. e.),, a or c.
t{eneupr
(Epe:-
uuurxo) Apyra HaxoAI-(a or cpe6'r,purr rvtaKeAoHCKH rerpa.upaxMH or i B.
np.
H. e. C HlIeTo Ha pHMCI(Hri Jlerar Aesillas.r Cnopee l,lpeuex5 a TptH-
cKo
u a BpesuauFio ce Hawupatl cpe6rpHa MoHerH Ha
il,upaxnyv u Ha
Tacoc, Hue He roBopHilr rvx 3a Ha[repeHuTe no eAHHHT{Ho MoHerH Ha Ma-
KeAoHcKHTe rlape H pHMcr.;1, penv5,,'ri.tKaHCKH rvroHeTr,r, KoHTo
Aoirb,rrBaT
KAqTUHaTa.
6. PylapcrBo B ropnMcxara H pmMcxara enoxa
Faasuraero Ha noceJru.nuHHrr xHBor B n.,.raHrIHCKara o5.'lacr Ha fopHa
Crpy'ua crou B'bB Bp'b3r(a c paHo 3anoqHa.,roro r)'r( paspa6orBaHe Ha py-
Arlre. {oceraurHuTe
[po]'qBaHHfl, KoHTo oT apxeo,rorHqecKa r.rrerHa roqKa
HC 1!IOiAT AA CC CilI'ITAT 3A 3AJ,OBO,']IITC.IIH'I, tIOKA3B3T,
qE
HfiKOI,I OT HAXO.
Aaluara Ha xere3Hu, or'roBHo-cpe6tpuu, onoBHo-rlltHKoBa H rlreAHn pyAu,
KaKTo u Ha 3JlaroHoceH KoHrJroMepar H nflc'bK B rr,raHHHHTe Ha Kpauulero,
r OcoroacKaTa niraHlrHa, Cranxe;ralnrrpoBcKo, TptHcKo r.r ApvraAe ca 6a,ra
paapa6ornaHu orue B npeApHMcr(a enoxa. Ocserr crroMeHaroro no-rope,
crp. 249(97), o.rroaHo-cpe6tpHo HaxoAurrte npra l-opua ,Iho6ara, K'bAero ce e
Ao6uaa.no cpe6po, B npeApHMCKara enoxa ce e go6unaro 3aaro upu 6o-
xHI{a Ha crapara cpr6crco-6r.nrapcKa rpaHurra a Kpaurileio, a a Ocoroe-
ct(ara [JraH[rHa cpe6po, 3naro H MeA H ce e npoMHBa.,qo 3.,raro or flrrc'brlaTe
na Crpyrr,ra s PaAorvrupcF(o H Ha PaeueraHaqa npH fo,rqil.{o ce.rro (CraHxe-
,[HNlurpoBcxo).6 IIpa 6ocHeK, Ha 3anaAHHTe cx,rroHoBe ua Burou;a, ce e Ao-
OHBaJIO OuIe B npeApHNrCKaTa e[oxa ixe,'Iq3o, a BeporrrHo cr,uo u 3,raro.]
Et.r,euta HaxoAr(r{ Lr npoyqBaHHfi ue rroKa}Kar HaBflpHo [peApul{cxa py-
AapcKa pa6ora a Ha ApyrH Mecra.
CneAare or pa3pa6ornaHero Ha p)-AHHTe HaxoAHUla B I-opnocrpvu-
cKara o6,racr npe3 pHMcr(ara erioxa ca 3HaqlrTe,rrHo flo-flcHH S,rarotapeHHe
Ha ltonerHH HaxoAKH u ApyrH apxeo,'torur{ecKtr NrarepHaJrH. B OcoroBo, B
patioua
Ha Kparono, ce e Ao6analo oJroBo u cpeSpo ilpe3 Bropara nono-
t
L4BAL4, VI, lg30i3l, 315.
:
I,IEAA, IV, 1914, 275.
3
l4BAk[, l, 1921t22, 242.
t
V16AYI, I, 1921 t22, 242.
i
AEM, X, 1886, 55, IltryaaHirn, 511.
Jirecek, AEM, X, 1886,71, nrrvsaHus, 593, 6i3;J. H. Coui, AJA, XLVI,
:9+2,
400 sqq. Kaxro cto6qasa klpeuer (AENI, X, 1886, 67 f.) , npe: 1880 r. e 6u.ro ua-
"lepeHo
Har c. KoHroeo B [,laHHHara rt,pr.te c Heo6pa6oreHo, .ro6uro
qpe3
[naBeHe 3xaro
!{en3tsecrHo
or Koq enoxa).
i
?l s. B e ,r r o a, Antidoron M. Abramii,
i7
cr. 3a excrr,roarauHfrra Ha 3.raroHocHufl rrrc'bK
:.'l
a B o n, Mlruuoro ,re.Io r 6'b,'lrapug, 27 ; J, H.
I, 1957, i63 c;r., flpnpola, IV, 1955, 3,
rplr Bocuex u Kpaneu sx. E. P a,r o-
C o u l, uHT. c'btl.
-
252
6. I-epoa
\v1a Ha I e. Ha H. e., Kariro noKa3Bar Hauepenttre raM NIoHerH Ha
Ao4rt
guaa.l l4srrexla,
qe
TyK e pa6oreHo ou{e B npeApHMCK-ara enoxa
Ir:{i
pHM,rtrrHHTe ca zaBapvitH THfl Haxoill{iUa B eKcnnoaral\Hn: IipouuaaHeTo.Ea
lflaroHocHHrr ;1qc'bx- a CrpyMa H lparonnrttul{a,
xotlro ce AoHacfl oT ?er.
{trTe npHTOrlLr, KOHTO HABaT OT 3.IIaTOHOCHHTe HaXOAHIU,a B 3evl"lfltqaTa
Ea
CeJIaTa' f opuO' )'tiHO, KOpnreH, 3.lOrour, flolernnqit, TpexaaHO, CpeAOpCf
u g.pyl'H, KaKTO H paapa6OrBaHeTo Ha p)'AoHOCHHx KOHfJIOMepaT' e
AOK&
laHo 3a plIMCKara eno.\a. C,reAnre or rar{ p}'Aapcxa pa6ora Ha HflKott
!{ecTa ca BHyrrrHTe.lHH: faireprilr, p}'illl H fpaMaAII OT npoMHT MaTepHilJt.
Crapare raneprra npu fopuo J'iiHo ca s nali-5oraraa n.'lacr Ha 3JlaroHoc-
rrgrr
KoHrr'roMp&T. F,;iua pa6orrl,rHuua, B KorITo e 6ll'ro o5paSoraalo
1o-
5nroro 3.rraro, ce e Hailrlrpa.'ra B 3eilr.:Iuirtero Ha c. I-opuo VriHo npu Byanu-
ipaA, Apyra npu c. 3,lorou. I-ialrepeuara B Haqailoro Ha rofl BeK 3naTna
,ior"rr'nn lO,rur ,llorvtHa
B eAHa or crapHTe ranepHn npH fopHo Vfinq
KaKTo n cpe6tpHaTa iltoHera Ha Kapara;ra, HaMepeHa B e,{,I'lH AeCeH IIpn-
roK Ha p. ifinautrua, rroKa3Bar,
qe
ryK e 6u;to Ao6rtnano
3.rlaro uafi-xlcno ot
nrurrorb Ha III a. Aro ce c'bII{ no Ha}II'lpaHeTo Ha IueAHH a.nu 6pouaoau
ivroHerg Ha KoucraHrrru Be,tuxlr, Kot{To uafi-ltuoro ce orKpHBar oKoJIO
ByagHrpaa H B HrKoH c"rrvqaH Aocrr{rar Ao crorlluu, uafi-1'ca'leHa e 6ltna
eKcnfloar aLI1flTa Ha 3"raroHocr,Hfl KoHr.roltepar B Tofl palloH npe3 Koucran-
THHoBara enoxa. 3a roea cBn,itere.rrcrBvBar H orKpHTHTe raM TyxneHI'I rpo'
Sose H 3HAoBe or crpaAy. Ho ctulo rar<a pa6orara e npoA'bJIx(HJIa I{ IIpe3
no-K-bcHaTa HMfrepaTopcKa enoxa, KaKTO I4 [pe3 cpeAHoBeKoBHeTO, I(aKlO
,,IHI{H or Ha}IepeHHTe raM 3r'IarHH MoHerH Ha Apxa.Uufi' a c'blUo u nh39flli
ruficru uoueta.3
li':'si,
!,o5xnauero
Ha xenn3o B pyAHHre HaxoAnu{a npa c. Eoxuqa
l}g'
.rrerpa4crco) e craBano cttrio raKa Hari-K'bcHo npe3 K'bcHara HMneparopcEt
' l. D U n't g D, \,lrunll, l\ll\, r, trL\'t L\
'
tr
Ot.-D a v i e s, Rontan Mines in Ettr,lpe, 1935, 227 sq. 3a H3non3yBaHeTo Br
pyr,oHaxo.rnrl{ara u liparorcxo N 3'reroscro npe: cp.XloBe5.9-B':o
il-lt:i^1.).p^T::-"T:;
I;;;;;;;';;:'ti. H
";;r;;
Ceoepua ltaxerourri,
'1906,
237 c:t., Dr,rrapcru crapHHH o?
itr^--^-.-,,.,- 1()')1 1<O ?,r
"nK,ro,:rror^
u. cnp6nrr Trn-r Rn'r-Y PVeg g MeCTHOCTTa CpgfuP
MaxeLoHuc, l93l , l5'2.3a ;ro6rasasero Ha cpe6po i,o,r tpox P.veH e llte-crHocrra Cptqf
MaxeLoHuc, 193 I , l5'2,3a lo6nsagero Ha cpeopo II0J. Bpbx t'.v-eH B ille-cl'HLle ttd \-PEvev-
uo io.,,o sx. Jirecek, AElVl, X, 1886,77 l:, lllrynauur,568 c:r.i 6'Pa.loc'rldBoBr
Mrnroro le.,to, lg+4, ZO.'i,Crrope.t'l-. EoHue a, CtlEAH, XIX, 1920, i6, ao6HsaHeto
ur
:iil;;;'"',;;'"'c;;d+;' ib;;"-iri,i.^-tr.,o cp-e.rroBeKoBHo. B noxpanuttHara Kaneurua'
A
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rr^
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;"r;;;; ffi'."iio".iJio;;-oro"nr'pvi, t"^.'8.
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Pu"uo
'
pai*Hu'r, 1p'u' ft' aa
x a p H e n, Mc6, XL, i935, 'i3.
3Bx.M.KoHCraHrHHon,i\luuHo,.re.'ro, 1919,3-'1,81-81.3as"{aroAo6HsaHeto
r KpauUero Bx. ou-le 6. Pa,rocJIaBoB, MrtuHoro .lelo, 1948, 28;l'.-3. KoH'IpoB'
-1 14< l.}r fl{>
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E:*:tpl:,r
l?r53;l*j;3,|X
lTa HA p)'J,apCTlfU l(J lll .\lC t a'ly-Pl vtx I (t L L) Drtt aPrt^, t wu
e.x.
yI.
liaanos, Cesepria Maxe:oults, 1906,'25tt; ft.3axaptl.:-.1
craDara xHreparypa a'x.
yl.
Vl a a s o B, UeBepH
lnc'0. xxxll,^19i8, !0,',)75 c.r.,
.117
c;r., 516.
il:E:',ii[ri;'i6i5: fo]'zz;
';,:,
i'1;i,.;;i5"-E,"; ;;ilii np.r'. .,Brrecer,Ha
io,r{l
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FlrrlHfff,.
ce ,aarrrpa c lt3BecrHa BeposrHocr_no HalrepeHara
ga6lu:o rtoHera Ha hoHcraHTI{H
pg""-*'
sx. HEAI,I, Xll, lgJS,-+ig. npn foprr-K;'p;;;"_O"rri nru.peHu 3.jrlrHrt, cpe6rp-tr.1:"T:I
ce ,IaTupa c ll3BecTHa Be
il'riJ;;;i'#",in,n.!".;.p.-r;;i';";;;;
';
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lli
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253
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c
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cKt{
tloce,rrllUa. Tosa Ba:Ii<vt H 3a flo.lua Jlucwua, K'bAeTo Ctrrlo Tar(a Ce
flalrr.rpaT
CTapH ra.'lepHH, OT KOHTO e BaAeHa Xe,rr{3Ha p}'l1a.2 BepOnrHo
iiaK
BbB Bp'b3l'(a c paapaSoTBaHero Ha pyXHTe ca caeAHTe or [oce,,rHrrle
lpe3
t('bcHopH.ivlCKaTa e[oxa B 3eMiILtIIleTO Ha c. I-Iapa,rOao (1020 lr Ha,Tilrop-
CKa
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ueHEM
C.bIIlO TAKA U AO1HBAHCTO HA TIPAMOp OT MPaNIopHHTe HaxoAHIua,
(oeTo e ycraHoBeHo B'b3 ocHoBa Ha ilrparropa, or xofiro ca H3pa6oreHtr
o6povultre
IIJIoqKII or ctserrJrnrrlero nprr c. Konurroerlu, 3a palioHa r.a
c. Io,,rno Vfiuo.a
Py,r.uare Ha.\oAHII{a B TptHcrco npH ce.'rara L,p,v".u, E,vcHHqH, [-,roroRu-
ua,
81'rau, Mpartaop, 3a5ea, Tt'ptxonqr, Mn.lxtonaua, MHc..rosntaua H
,1p)'rH
ca 6uta paapa5orBaHi4 npe3 HlrrreparopcKara enoxa.
{oSueaHo e
ritaBHo cpe5po H o,'1oBo, Ho C'bIUo Lt 3JIaTo. Orporrruara no CBoHTe pa3-
uepH pa6oTa (npexonaHu qexH x'bJltoBe, cTapH p),'rrH,
A)'[KH H oTqacTH
3ana3eHu F?,'rpHH, crvpHr H np.) r: ron paliou e r,rraBHo or pprlrcxo Bpelre.
flpn c. EycHHllu ts HoBopa3pa6oreHare 3.rrarHlr NIHHH ca HaMepeHlr aHTHr.rHH
pyAapcKu c'bop'bir{eHufl H HHcrpvilrenrH.5 I-lpN c. Ep}'.r H c. Mpanop ca Ha-
uepeHH NIoHeTHH c'br(poBHrrla c MoHerH
-
n'bpBoro ua ..r-lauxusli, &laxcHMHaH
I KoHCTaHTHH'i H BToporo c MoHerrr Ha Koucranqrrfi II u Teolocur.i II,
KoHro ue rpn6Ba .[a ce cBbpiKar c p]'AapcKara pa6ora npH THrr ce,'ra
npea IV u HaqaJ'roro Ha V n. Hsno,rsynaHero Ha pyAHHTe Haxoxuqa B
Tp'sncrco e npoA'b"rrxa.rro H rrpe3 cpeAHoBeKoBnero, H B no-Hono epeue.T
laHHure ea p,vAapcrBo npe3 pHMCKara enoxa n EpeaunirrKo ca no-
fleflcHu. Cnopee f. Eouqeas cneAHTe Ha p.vxapcxara pa6ora ryK 6u.:rn no-
ttonu (r. e. He 6wnu purvrcr<u). Ho H3r.[exAa, H H Tyr( Hape.( c o,rroBoro
H 3iraroTo. 3a
qHero
paHHo
Ao6xnage LINraMe AaHHH rrptr c. 6aHHruop,0 ca
6H'rx paspa6ornaua H )keJ'Ie3HHre py-nu. BeporrHo c'paspa6orBaHero Ha
pynHTe
ule rpr6na Aa ce cB'bpr{ar c,,reAHTe or ce.{tri(e Ha fo.,leruus Bp'bx
Mer(.{--v c. lopHa CexlrpHa H l.vruauuu Ha eAHa 3Ha'.tHTerHa HaAMopcKa
Bl'lcoqHHa (1481 v). Cnoper HaMepeHHre r(epaNrHriHH
Qparlreurr
H MoHerr.r
iLenrnr.lufi Cenep, KoucrasrHn Be"ruxu l.r Teolocari I) ce,,ruutero, Koero e
,.
1
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ttredek,
AEM, X, 1886, 80, fltrl'aanrar,593 c,'r.; I-. 6ou,res, CnBAH, XIX,
g,
:920,
lg.
I
IZ. 3a x a pH ee, Mc6, XXXII, i9i8, 27i) ct.
"j
I,"1.3a.\apHeB, uHT. crq.,335.
4
I,IEAL I\', 191-1, 90.
_
i
Bx. .l!reiek, AEll,
-6.
Tpr,Hcxu xpait, lg+0. +8 c.r.'
l3a, IlNHHoro Jr.ro, l9+8, 2-l
tl
c.r.
X, 1886, 80 : I'. B o H
q
e n, CnBAH, XIX, 9, 1920, 19,
; .1. H. C o u l, A.lA, X[-\'1, 1942, 400 sq.; 6. P a J. o c.1 a-
c.T.; M. KoHcraHTl,tHoB, Muuuo ,:.e;lo, 1949,3--.1,
KoucraHruH
Belrrf,'
6
I46AN, I,
;
Bx. oue
1910, 229; I.I6AL'1, XI, 1937, 322.
P. T otopos, Tprucxo, 33.
qeB,
CnEAIl, XIX,9, 1920, 19 c.r., XXXIX, I-lpupo,ro-var. Kr., 19, 1929,
A o c n-a a o a, Apx. Ha [bp]K. urrHt{, I\,', 1939, 3- 4. 41. 3a p-\',lapcrBoro B
ortle JireCek, AEll, X, IlJ86,8() c;r.
.
\
f. Bon
.31 c.r. ; 6. P a
)PeaHautxo
nx.
rr
M. KoHcraHrHuor, IHuuHo Aeilo, 1949,3--t,81-84.
--a*+6lc'!iq
254
6. fepoa
HenocpeAcrBeHo
cBbp3aHo
i
p)'Anns palioH na Kpaautero, e.npo-t"5::lf
BaJro orK'bM nruuiorb na V i. np' H' e' AoKtM
Kpafl Ha IV.-:'^ H]l H'rt''
*oirro e 5H,,io H3oCTaBeHo.l CltilOro Bai<tt H 3a
'Upyro
cenuu{e C talt'
puanH OT )Ke,,rrr3HaTa
H pHilrcKaTa enoxa MexAy ce,'IaTa A"T3
l,l:m
Canrpnu
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;;;; &op.l'I4a.
Be;,xot
'6uno
Hafi-anaqsrerlHoro
yKpeneHo rpaxuficro
larrur" n'fpaoeo, npoc.bruecrByBano
H npe3 n.bpBHTe BeKoBe Ha pHMg(oTo
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a*r"r-irO
oru , no 3anaAHHre cK,'IoHoBe ua Bnrorua. XeaseHata
Py.qa
il;t;)r.ni
nonono
(cera Hec'b,re.crsyaaruo),
npn K;raAHHI{a,- Kpaneq n
EOcnex, KofTo B no-HoBo BpeIIe e 6una cl6apaHa oT [oB'bpxHOCTTa
qpe3
nraBeHe, BepoflTHO e 6u,ra H3non3yBaHa
H
1Pe3
pHMCKaTa enoxa' aKo ce
c.bAH no pHMCr(HTe CTapuau no ru, MecTa. oco6euo
lcHH Ca cneAHTe ot
piirp.*r'
pa6ora npu c. Eocuex, K.bAero Ha eAHa HaAMOpcKa BHcoqHHa
or 1200 M Ce HaMHpaT oCraIiKH oT KpenOCTlI r nocrpOfixH' CaeAUre fa
pyAoH3flo,,t3yBaHeToTYKCaoTnpeApHMCKaTaHpH}IcKaTaenoxau0r
cpeAHOBeKOBHeTO.
ocaeH xe.]f3o H3rJIexAar
qe
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g
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t{yfiner,rloBo ce e BaAeJIo 3rlaro or pa3'
pyueHaTa [r c]r'bKHaTa oT BO.fHTe KBaplIoBa noKpHBKa na BNrorua's Btg'
rvroxHo e TOBa Aa e craBa"'Io oue B. pHMCI(O BpeMe'
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n. [Ioce.nuuen x(HBor B AopuMcxara
enoxa
OrHOcuo
pa3BHTHeTo Ha IISCe;IHIUHHTI
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OG
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c KOHTO pa3nonaraMe'
cd
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EAI4HCTseHOTO tlHCi\{eHO CBeAeHHe 3a TOBa Ce Ha'
ffi;
y',tlrruli , e BbB Bp'b3Ka c noxoAa Ha On'nnn V cpeuy MeAnTe
il|]
is i i. ir" ce roBopa sa un6r''rrru, (villae) u cena (vici) B 3eM'Ira
Ha
AeHTeJIeTuTe.,
ApxeO,rOrHr{eCKH
Ca 3aCBHAeTe"ICTByBaHH
C'{eAI4Te
Ha tI&
Ceiru[teH xrptBOT npe3 Tat{ enoxa OCBeH B pyAHATe pafiOHH Ha n"IaHHHCKnTe
i,
;. B e.r x r) s, I'o,1. 6il6.ruc,rp. H-r, 19+7, 5 ca. (orle,ren orneuarux)-'
fnl:i:
1950, 159. Or :teu,ruuero Ha [-opHa Cexr1pua npo63xox.il.a H eAHH Ha'[nl{c or III B" nOC'8'
;;-;, k"rro., c.,""' EettteB'14es' n' 22 h' 2261'
2
VIs. B e.r x o e, I-llM, II, 19i()' 159'
'rft"u;,lJl,?rH.lni"'i,ilo,;, re_2_0, 26; vra Bearon, rrpxpo.na,
r\r, le55'3'
g7
c,r , Aniidoron lti. ;'b;;;le , l, f
gri,
-163'.r-
3, .*.n'o'rau,qra
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iior-no*.*,
Kparieu ax. B. Paloc.'IaBos,
MI'IHuoro Le,''lo, 27'
'
i,
Vl.l-i e u x o o, CrottaHc*o-reorpa$crnrr
,rpr*r.p iu-f'no'u Aparnueno--llepartl-
Iiaranozuu',
":1111?rttlY'rflil
i3; 3?; r, | fr.. L4B a H o B, cenep,a Maxerosss,
Is6
l-lpo,l'uoanNrr B]pxy 3anarHorpaxaficxure 3eMr.r npe3 puvcKo Bpe.\re
255
Kpar.l:f0.a
oue Ha c.,'IeAHHTe MecTa B KrocreHAH,,'rcKo: ce,rrHrr{eTo npu Ka-
II{H
Mocr,
qacr
or Koero 6e pasxonaHa npe3 1904- 1906 r., e 6n.uo o6n-
TaBaHO
OuIe npe3 HeOJIHTHaTa H XanUlaACKaTa enoxa H e I..IMaJIO Henpe-
KICHaT
)kLIBOT npe3 e/llIHHCTLIqeCKaTa enOxa
,
KaKTO IIOKa3BaT HallepeHHTe
TaNr
MoHerH Ha @anan II r Ha rp. Araua (lll n.).t BeponrHo or )I(e.)'rfl3Hara
enoxa
HacaNr e c'buecTByBano cenHrIIeTo npH l-roeureno, 33
,rHiiro
xHBoT
lpe3 exuHHCTHqecF(ara H pHirrcKara enoxa r4Ma carypHH AaHuu.? Or necr-
Hocrra lpa;lrarrie npa c. Taaa;lHqeBo, K'bIero HMaMe 3HaqHTe.rrHH ocraHKH
0T pHIICKO CeJ'IHlIIe, npOH3xOXAa eAHH 5pOHSOe Nleq MHKeHCKH TH;1,'l KOfiTO
ce Aarfipa npeAu VIII B. Heo.ryaruo ce.rHrrie e HaMepeHo H npu c. LUaur-
KOBIiH.]
B C'raHr<ei(Hlrr.rrpoBcKo e 3acBlr4erencrB)'BaH xrrBor B nperpHMCKara
e[oxa Ha c.rieAHI,ITe MecTa : npa c. /{srcono ce e Ha]rtrpa",ro cerr{u-(e npe3
6poHaoaara e[o.\a, Koero e npoc'bulecrByBa,rro Ao V e. np. H. e.i Or oKo.:r-
Hocrra Ha
LIepneHN
6per uilrai\,re HaxoiKH or 6poHsoaara u xeJls3Hara
enoxa.'; 3anaAno or Cauapena 5aHr B NrecrHocrra KpevreHuri ca HaMe-
peHH Mareplla.'Ix or KaMeHHo-;vreAHara eno.ra.; flpaucroprrqecKo ce,'rirue,
3HaqHrenHo ro pa3]repu (oxo.ro 15 aexapa), c xaBor npe3 K'bcHHr Heo,rHr
H xdrilii.rcriara erroxa, ce e HaMlrpalo npH c. My'pca"reao.s Ha 5 xilr ce-
Bepo3ana^(Ho or CraHxe
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({1'nuurta) 6nnv Ha:\,repeHH }rarepHa.rrr
or rlareHcKara eloxa (V-fV n.).e Or oxo,rrHocrra Ha Kauesiir npoa3.\ox-
.Iar rvrarepHailH or xeJrl3Hara eno.\a,10 or c. L{tpnr.ilrle or .rlareHcKara,ll a
or CMor{eBo or Ka}leHHo-MeAHara enoxa.t2 Cerranlero Crianronapa npn Era-
roeBrpal (f.
fxyuaa), xoero HH e H3BecrHo
qpe3
HaArtHCa or 238 r., e
CbTIICCTBVBAJIO BCqE NPE3 EJII,IHHCTHqCCKATA CNOXA, KAKTO MO}KC AA CC C'bAH
IIo HaMepeHHTe raNr rvroHeru Ha Qu,run II, Ha A;iexcaHltp Beruxr.r, Tpa-
ruticxu MoHerH or I[ s. np. H. e. H MoHerH Ha rp. ArvrQHno.nnc.l;] Or o6-
.rtacrra Ha Har.i-ropHoro TeqeHtre Ha Crpvnra N or Tpr,Hcxo HllaMe c,reA-
Hr{Te MarepLiaJIH oT fiperptr]rcr(ara eroxa : or oro.'rHocrra Ha Pa,u.olrup
npoH3XOX(Aa e.(Ha rrellHa riHprio-Nrorptr(a (or rcatreHHo-NrejlHara enoxa),ll a
t
Vl. ['i s;t rr o s, l.ll]A-1, I, l9l(), 180. l8.l; ts. t\l H K o B, llpe,rucroprrrrecrin ce.rHtrla
H HitxorKtr, -11. IIpc:r i95,i rr;ru 1956 r. rrpu Krr,ruH u()c1' cit 6u:tu orKpr!rlr c.t',,qatlHo rptl
ipo6a clr xa.ruatcKrira eri(lxa (Vlll
-\'
R. rrp. H. e.), n xoirro ca 6u.ru HalrepeHrl
Q16-1'.rtu,
Hr.lII H rplrBrrrr. Cpn. Iu'. Wenediko,J,', riltr. c'brr.
I11.
Bp'F,r{KoBit, klEA.I, VII, 1919'20, 13fi;B. MrrxoB, rlir. c-btr., I20.
:t
B. M H K o B, rtur. cr,,t., l0-1.
I
[Ie. Bcse;iuKoa TparrrircxArll KL).:recuuua, 1960, crp.8.
:'
Vl e. Br.r r o s, lltrA['1, XIV, 19-i0 -12, 208 c.r.
:
B. Xtr{Koe, ur.n'. cl,ri., 1()-{ni,i0;cpn. c'bruo Irv.Wcnedikos', uur.ca,tt.
i
T. VI B A H o B, necrHur Beueprlr sosullr or 19. XII. 1959 r.
' I,{BA14, \,'.11, 1932 33, 362 c;r.
1l
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lu
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lr
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npe:l
1959 r'. pa3xonKlr flpli c. ;-[o,luo [lepono, ,3 xlr roxHo or B;]aroBi-pa,{, ;ta.J,oxa }ta-
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le.To
or I I :uari 1960 i-.
11
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c't't., 91.
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, fiyu-rnnuu,
Me)+(Ay AoaHa
N I-opua Ce:
KapHa rr Ha Bp.bx ;lnoour, 3a KOHTO rOBOpHxMe no',rope, crp' 254 (102), cr
rrlecrByB ajl| ca ceJHIqa B rpeIpHMCKara
enoxa olue npH Pe6lpcxaTa uo'
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:
L7 s. B e I x o a, ftlM, ll, 1950, 160'
3
l,l s. B e.q x o r, urr.- i"t., i;g c;r' I-oa'
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:u nrJ,l"i ;*:';;; LI;. B eH.e-r'l^'.n u, L4Av1, xxl' 1e57' 16e'
-'a
360 f.
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fi{i;i,"\;r, 1's32,ea, ioo.-ci,op.: I'l n' B e I r o
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6lrv.
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i
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Tp'rucxtl xPaft, 19'l(), 97.
10
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Bap,aHr,Jla Illlero (llau;zi(,. llautalsl2, Pautaiia'uPeutali: jdlj
v 3a HeroRilra .tilri..'r,",i''o*'
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Die tltrakischen Spr;
r.
11
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no-paHo HeBflpHo cxBaulaHe',.,11
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7,*
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c.r. (orrelen orneuattx)'
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1950, 160, s roBa
ce
'
f,.' [".Y;lT
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fipoyuaaunfi Bbpxy 3ananHorpaxnficxnre 3eMH npe3 pHMcKo Bpe$te
257
paHHnflT
naillerHHK or_ I-la.v'-ranYl, xofiro cbA.bp)Ka H n'bpBoro cnoMeHaBaHe
113
HMero rvry, e or 135 r.1 Marrr<o no-K'bcHo rpaA.br ce crroMeHaBa y
flro,relrefi,2
xofiro, Kai(To e H3BecrHo, e DHcail no BpeMero Ha Mapx
;\ape.rnfi
( I 61
-
I 80 r.) H rrpeAaBa c'bcrorrHaero Ha HarrHre 3eMH cneA
Taxutict<are
nofinu ua Tpanu.3 flo-uarartr.IrHare cnoMeHaBaHHr^ Ha rpaAa
npea
II, III H IV a. ca B'bpxy illoHerHre nrv, ortuuuarHare My HaAtrHcH HJ:H
Bbpxv
HaLfiHCu Ha sofiuHIIH or HeroBara replrropHfl ktilH Ha HeroBH rpax-
laHH,
KOHTO Ca CJ'lVX(etU HJ|H XHBeeXA B Prna HtH ApytT
qaCTH
Ha HM-
nepuara.{
ldvrero Ha rpala ce Cpelqa C'bu{o KaTO CTaHUHfl Ha II'bTf SerdiCa-
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s I-IearaurepoBara Kapra,
quriro
apxtrarr ce rocraBrr [pe3 BTo-
paTa noxoBHHa Ha lI um n'bpBara no,,'roBHHa Ha III n., a oKoHqare,,IHoro H
oSopuanaue
rpe3 IV n.'-, B .,rureparypara rpaAtT ce crroMer{aBa orHoBo y
lrHC?Te.,'tHTe or Kpan Ha V H or VI 8., y Nla-rx6 sts Bp'b3Ka c HarrrecT-
Bnero
Ha rorHre npH Teogopux B Kpaq Ha V e. (479 r.), y Korurec Map-
[e,rHni
Karo enHCKoncKo ceAa.,'rHUre npe3 516 r., y XuepoK'bJtH l-lpoxonaiis
BbB Bp'b3Ka c ras6ponBaHero Ha rpaAoBere B HMnepHrrra H no[paBKaTa Ha
KpenocrnTe HM npH lOcrnnaau. Y CreQan Bnganrur"rcxpr lla'o:.;a,),ta e o3Ha-
qeHa Karo
lr.ol?e
Bp|*\<.' I4uero cH rpaA'br e 3ana3n.r AoK'bilr 600 r.,10 uo
e ;Ipo,n'bnx<ut xa cbu{ecTByBa He[peK'bcHaTo [pe3 urrnoTo cpeAHoBer(o-
'BHe
H npe3 TvPCKoro B.laAuqecrBo, Karo e cMeHH.r Hali-na,rro ABa n'brH
nueto cr.1l
I
6 e ut e B.'t lt e B, Il. l}i (n. 741. Hail-pagHugr rrauerHr{K or Nicopolis ad Istrum e
or136 r. (l'liha ilor', ICBulg., II,601 ; 6. f epoB, Povauu:lrtr, II, 106),or Marciano-
polis or Bpelrero Ha Auronnrrrare (8. I- e
0T oKC,Io cper.ara na II e. f]aueruuurrre
p o B, unr. ct,v., II, 316), or Nicopolis ad Nestum
B aHTHr{HHfl Cn. Bpav 3anor{BaT c'r,tuo or BpeMero Ha
)(a,lpuaHosoro y npaB,reHr{e.
:
Ptol.. III, ll, 12 (7).
3
W. Christ, Geschichte
xv, 2,355.
cier griechischen l-itcratur, 1890, 571 f f.; F I u s s, RE,
{
B e.lmr J.oK}MeHrorErurrer(prcisigke, Sammelbuch, n. 1808 (n. 186) nper,Hru-
il0To qcreHC
\la'tx'.'tvbg i\o')rca't)T.a.traicrx15 c pa3qereHo s Mauxrzv6g Aavnou lIc[u]ral(r)tnrq6.
?8.
R o b e r t, F.t. dp. et phil.,
'1938,
2i9 rq.
g
Harnirca or Kilissa-Hissar, ir{a;ra'eann),
lo.
.p. l9()1, n. 3+ (--.CIL, III, 141841t 1n, tii51, ce cpeua -,-i,t ltunu).et-av (nonpaaeHo or
iiomlszewski or ib't tz:z).ata'|. Ha,u,nirctr c BeporrrHo or IV a., rtil xaro l"layra.rgrr e
raicHa Karo .rexarua r f,arlrs. IJa.unctr or Frnr, ClL, vl,8256T (-2819), or 266 r., K-b-
leTo ce
qere
reg. Serdicens. midne Potelense, He ce orHacs K'bI{ liayra,rnr, a K'bM Hfl-
(a(Bo
cc,lo B repuropusra rra Cep;nxa. Tomaschel(, ul.rr. c6q., 2,1, norperuuo cMecBa
li\lHHHCTparHBHoro
no,loxerrue ua Cepluxa u l-layra.rnfl irpes 266 r. c no-KbcHoro HM rto-
'io;deH-rte
npll Aape,rl.raH, Koraro rc ca n-ss BtrpeurHa ,I,axuq c rnaBeH rpa,I Cepanxa.
ll
M i lle r, Itineraria Romana, 578. .r'IaraucKrr r.r3Bopn,l. 24.
6
Malchi Bvzantiaca, Excerpta de legationibus I, lj p. 158,8 sqq.
i
Marc. .rr,n.. *rn, 516 r. ,.'Jurrn.,r, ?.uopr, l, it;. Ha Bropun urpr.paacxu cr6op n
l{.1.^S9^-lpcqa
er.HH errlcxon Phocas religiosissimus episcopls
pCifAlteXSlS
1ehO.
)i.\I-ENSIS),
Tontaschek, Zur Kunde der Hamushalbinsel, 1882,27.
,. -'
Hierocl., Synecd., 65,1, -l (Ccnsi. Porph. de them., III, 56,6, Bonn);
',,
1, 31, Iv, {, 2:
1'
Steph. B-y2., 513, -1.
Io
Tomaschek, ultr. ctq.,27.
,., '1-3rurropn,flraIa_l]qyra.r^1a-Krccleu;iir.r
ex.Tomaschek,ulrr.clv.,-13c;r.; Jire-
ith, Mbr. Berl.Akad.,i881,-167,AEM,X, 1886,60ff., fltrvsaHr.rg,535c,r.;tt.VlBaHoB,
tBepua
Maxe,loHuq, 6 cl.
''
io4arrrHxr
ua @x.ro,torrqeckxfl
OeKy.lTcr
Proc. de aed.,
258
6. fepon
I-palcrara cr4 ypeA6a [a1''ra.rHr nonyquna npu TpanH, KaKro nHqH
or
enHTeTa Ha rpa1a O0lria, xOfiro rofi HOCH B'bpxy tuoHetute cH1 H Bapry
HaAnHcLt Ha nperopuaHuH or PHu npes nocneAHrre Aecerrilerlafl Ha II
il
npe3 nbpBaTa noJIoBHHa Ha III e.e .)t
PaSsnTHeTo Ha tpa1a c nO-61p3 TeMn 3anOqHar'IO OTK'bM Kpaq Ha,Xt.
ApHaHOBOTO
ylrpaBreHHe, oTriofaTo e H cnoNleHaTHflT Eeqe Hafi-panen
o$n-
rIHaneH HaAnHC Ha rpaAa. I-lavra,rus 3anoLlBa Aa ceqe MoHerH or nbpBgrc
T6AHHH Ha ynpaBneHuero Ha AHroHua l-lnfr (139 r.) n crnpa MoHeroceqe-
Hero ct4 lp+ Kapaxa.rra (217 r.).'t CnupaHero Ha MoHeroceqeHero He :te
A'IJI)KH HA H'KAKBO HEI.UACTHC C TPAAA, KAKBOTO HC MOXE AA CC NPCINo.
Jlara HHTO B'b3 OCHOBa Ha IIHCilreHHTe CBeAeHHfl, HHTO B',b3 OCHOBa Ha enu-
rpaQcrure flaMerHHrIH or ropa Bpei\re, Ho BepolrHo Ha HsKaKBo pa3nopex-
AaHe Ha pHMCKaTa BJIaCT,{ xoeto nocTeneHHo e 6ulo npu.rloxeHo H Ktu
ApyrHre rpaAoBe ua Tpaxnr. '
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HefiHara repHTopul Moxe Aa 6rAe ocBerr'IeH npu ocK'bAHocrra ua oQr-
uuaaBu AoKyMeHTH AO H3BeCTHa CTeneH
qpe3
nHqHHTe HMeHa, 3aCBHAeTeJI-
crByBaHH B HarnHCHTe. Hsr.rexAa,
qeipa
npeBp,'biuaHero Ha rpal(Hficxoro
cero B rpaA npaBa Ha rpaxAaHrr Ha fla,v'ra.rrrat{ ca ro"'1}eH.II}t caMo xHTe-
,HTe Ha rpaAa, Ho He H Ha ce.rta B HeroBaTa TepHTopHa.s Parr,tcxo rpax'
AaHCr(O
npaBo e no,lvqH,Ia TOraBa eIHa
'IB',bpAe MaIKa
qacT
oT rpaxla'
HHTe Moxe 6u nopa,illl rltrrHH 3acJvrlr, ACharo
rrHo3HHCTBoro or rpaxla'
HHTe Ca OCTaHailu B neperpHHaxHo npaBHo IIOJIOXeHHe BepoflrHo
,Ia]f
u40
eAuxra ua Kapaxa,ra or 212 r. Ecrecreeuo npe3 Ue.rrus II s.
qpe?
crllf'
6ara cfi B.bB noficxara n no Apyrn n'brxlua orAenHH xHreJIH Ha [la]r*
lus *l repaTopasra it ca craBanu pHMcKH rpaxAaHa, Ho qsnocrHo rloBe
ruaBaHe Ha npaBHoro ronoxeHae Ha MecrHoro HacereHue ryl( He e HMai0.
OUe npeAH ocHoeaBaHero Ha rpaAa e HMaJro B HeroBara no-cerHelUla
TepHTopH s ltl:qa c pHMcI(o rpaxAaHcxo npaBo, Koero re ca npHAodttln,
I
R u z i c k a, HEAll, \'ll, 1932,33' 15. n. 19-
I
cll-, vl,3zl5z3,.-pr. N,,i. sca.j., igl,g,
gt (n. I9l); CIL, vl, 32626 fi- l9-0)..32ff
(n. 193), nAZ+ fi.
199). b rroc,rear'rfl HaAnuc ilaylarur Hocu lreilH'bx 14 enurera Aelia. Hrt
He CMe cKrottHtr Aa oTllaBalre HgKaKBo 3Har{r'ttHe Ha 1o3}t t}axr, rt,ti xaro roil e H3orHp8f,
ll
ce HaMHpa B Ha,r.nHC, u xofiro fiayra.lun HocH HfiKonxo nr,iu en]rrera Ulpia. BeportH-o--rer'
THJIHoTo HMrreparopcKo uur Ha nperopHaHetta, Koero e Aclitts, t' craHarlo nDHqHHa
ll
rpeuKa B KoHuerrra H,,r.H IrlK npu u:,ati6aBaHero ,, *urr,*r. iir.roro y J i r e E'e f,AEM'
t', f SA6, 6l (cpe. o*.'ii. i;f ,,r i o r, urr. cr,r.. 10, u Apvt'u Iro-HoBll aRloprI,
"{P.14
_r:-BLf
K o B,6r,rr.'rcropuu. 6udn., I929, IV, 51) ua:eaHue Ha rpal Pautalia Arrrclii cnop-eAMLrL'
Vl,267l (n. l9S) norlHBa Ha He^lopa3)'IteHue. Aurelii ryK He e Hltero Ha HMneparopEtuev'
Aapeaufi , polri'eraH rra,leiK, Ho e reHrHJHo HMe B Hrteitttre,qeH tlailex MHoxecrtrHo
qHcno KtM crerBatullre .xBa KorHorreHa Pyrrhtts rt Marcelina'
3
R u z i c f< a, Nnefa, Vft, 1932 33,' I c;1., 16. 3a e.rHa Hery6auxveasa
MoHeTu
D''
Ph. L e d e r e r, Neue Beitr?ige zur antiken Miinzkunde aus Schrieizerischen
dffentlichcl:
und privaten Sarnmlungen, Bern, 19'13, 27.
:
SJf
t;.\g;
#1,
'h'n;,,l,?;rn,,o
B.bpx). no3elrreHlrre orHorueHr*r, I'cvoo,
L,
g
t 955, crpi so.
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v
[lpoyuaaHan
_""f-1, :1T1,*irylrilckrre
3elrr rpe3 pnlrcKo BpeMe
259
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ilo Ce oTHacfi
Ao IO"rraeBo-K,,raBAI,reBo
BpeMe, qpe3
cnyx6ara
cH B.bB Bori-
ctara (or nperrrero Ha Knaatui-;il-i-il'prroaBaHe
Ha pHMCr(o
rpax(-
IaHcKO
[paBO Ha HeBOeHHH
Jr1ryanpe3
?as e[Oxa HflMaMe
Aaaau.t H3rneXga, qe no-HHaqe
e 6uno flocrbnBa,o
npH @.uaaaeaara
rHHaCTLtfl, H npH
Tpana' Haper c Bor?HHqHTe-AeHTe,TerH,
KoHTo ca cJr-\,xe,rrpr B [oMor.qHHTe
BortcKH H cneA H3c,'rvxBaHero
c2 rror.r,vs aBaril4 p;;.;r'fr;'rllun.*o
upano,2
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@naeaeequ
H qasr.,rrua
.uaqa, BeposrHo
or Mecrgara
rDa-
KwilcKa ap,CTor(parl'fl,
Ca ncJVqflJrr.r pHMCr(o
rpaxAaHCrBO:
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c 6aulara Hnrr no-BepoflrHo
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anMHHHCTpaIIH'
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6eure cnyqaq.T c (talra.l HfrTa B HaAnHca
oT ltpureu
(n' 57, Bx. crp. 223(7 t), aa6. ii';;;;;Jro'Ou,
Hit,n Ha BerepaH.
3anae-
BaHero Ha rpaxuficxoro
HMe Karo KorHoMeH
Har?-rua.[rco
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or Eoponeu, rofiro npr.rHaA_ ,telxH Ha c'bruoro
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I
lnara c.'rvqafl Iulii, K a z a r ow, Thr. R., n. a*g (n.^t*;{),-H
16ArT,
VII, lglgl20,g2, n' 4 h' 76), u erxHnqr cayuaa clauoi,s,"M;i
h;";J, rcyoo, xfviii, lgs2/s3, 247,
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H puMcKoro
nMe Ha 6auta
xl;r * I * f# i
I*
iii
"1,.?t"
I ffi ,'l{:: x;
"
:: I _ iJ! i lii,:,il1i
I
t#
J,1
"xd;
m ;r;
",il
r,,rinn.;;"-",!''"'.1"{;"3..,i 'i.'!6i.li:lrT#'1-roVi1.:t;tf:Atr*[[:*f:
1'1 ('.
76t, wa r i n i a,-
L_iit?r:ri\),'*,i*"
a r o u, rtvoo,
xr-,v;lii, iirz7sa, 2fi
, n. 22
rn'
145)
-
sc*qxN or rlropara ,-,orot' ra Ha II e. *rio**, Karo erHHCrBeHo HMe Ha fiH\a,
EPoqrHo
HepH*rcK,
lgiIjil,
laropn,rr clrvuafi ,..royp.n.l,
I_o:op,
no-c*opo
3a pa3npo_
."
":
Til: {iu :"1'd;' k.'iffii";'
n'*o'.,no'o ua pr vixoro rpa xAa HcKo n paeo.
1 L4,
t9lB, I, 3+2,^nn. i, Z (r,,. t46, t47). t
M i h a i I ov, iGBulg.,-il,
rr.'SeZ,.Sli,,ia+.
:'
6 e ru c B .'r H g
_8,
n. io rr.' )isl
^p
ffi;;;.
..rrurr, r(b.rero rDra3r,c ,{eHo
or ro-brrKH
-
r.jnAi,-vri,"r
siVtzo,,s!_i."'i'ri.iil,
?r,Avt, vrrr, l9f{..4df:ily;
'fri,?{',,",\;rif!,,i;!?,i,iri11T*};{,:,,1.J,1?;ri:JA;,,y[r,,,?1,;!,.,?Zo,{h,lilt,
'e
Kacae
sa
4,alrrlr.rirH, cb3la,IeHH
or uerepaH}{ u;Itr tJul8utrr,
,,rur, KoHro ca nonyqilnH pHM-
^"'o,,"fi.TX1iil;r?g,,^ll,:{1_{. .. i,l.&r*
I
nr}.;r,t*
Hr, rep,rop,rnra n.
I,Lrr.iei,"iV,'it,i,r6'i:';:oiTl"
,ii),,:,.y-,;a:TT^*r*i'f.itffiL,fif,
!r#}if,
:y;r_,
iyii,'r:;^lo:ia;,'^r'f,1i,":T":*"1'l:i:^::1,"ve,,
AErVr, x, 1886, 65, n. 8 (n.
84). v
.r.ua cnj'qas
nopaA,
6parueriap;";";; Ha.rnHcure
*orroni.#
t"o.or?;rui;rr};.t#
fi|;i,
"t'
iel'l'
102' n' s+-i1' r4J),'c'n.
si"..,1t,
^r,
g ir.'fi)i.", eAHH cnyqafi xuaue KorHoMeH
;ffi,;";;,,.['ffi,:'.it,i,ff jtlTh:;,ir
l;rri',iii"','?o.,o
nepoario ue e 0,,,"-pii,t*,i
260 6. [epon
crBoro,
qe
HHT0 B eAI'lH c"nyuafi K.llr reHaTa,rrHo HMe Ulpius HnMaMe
Tpa_
xuitcxw KofHoMeH, IroKa3Ba, H pHlrcKo rpaxAaHcKo npaBo He ca no;i.
LlHJtk|
3aBapeHHTe e l-layra,rHfl H;tkt npHBxeqeHtr npH c.b3AaBaHero Ha rpsii
TpaKH.
I-lpu XalpHaH pHMCKo rpa){iAaHCKo npaBo ca noxyr{H",'iH xHTenu ,Ba
rpa[a H Ha repfiTopHflTa r!,v, KoHTo ca MHHaJU npe3 eOr?cxara. 3a roga
HMaMe CHfypHH AaHHII KaKTO B H3pr-rqHoTo cnoMeHaBaHe Ha eAHH
Aelius
Karo nperopHaHtl s Palr or Bpelrero Ha Cenepure,t xoriro e npog3xoX(-
Aan_ BeporrHo or soliHHlrlKo ceMeficrso or fla\ratun utvt repHToplrflTa
L
Lo6uto pHMCKo rpaxAaHCTBo npa XaapHaH, TaKa H B flBr{BaHero' ,a
6rl
NtHIHH c reHHTaJlHo alre Aelius, nprrApvlxeHo or rpaxuficxa rcorHouig.r
Hocureaare Ha reHHTa,IIHo Hrvre Aurelius, KoHTo ce flnflBar or noCr'IeAHIl?
ToAHHH Ha AHroHuH f7uil, A.bnl+(ar pHMCKoro cu rpaxAaHCTBo Ha BoeE-
Hara cH cayx6a, a or 212 r. Hararb K u Ha eAHKra ua Kapax ata,3 Tpyarro
e H noqrH HeBa,3MoxHO e Aa Ce pa3fpaHHqar rHrr ABe r(arefopHH pHMCtflr
rpaxAaHN.
^HalnHCHTe
Ha nofiHaurr or
palr,
KoHTo ca or Bpervrero f,a
Kortaol H Ceuepare,l qcHo yxa3Bar
n-bri{, no rcoi'rro ca l,o6unvt p6Mci;
rpaxAaHCTBo H 3HaqHTeJIHa
qacr
or Aurelii're,
qHHTo
HaAnHcr,r ca He-
MepeHH B lTayranux s Herinara r-epuro pua! flpeodnaAaBaHero Ha cJryqanre,
npH I(oHTo KorHoMeH'br e rpaxuficxo HMe,'l noxagaa, qe
puucKo rpaxAaHcl{o
npaBo non)'qaBar roraBa no-uupoKn r(pbroBe or rpaxaiicxoro HaceJreglie.
Ha aoeHHara l(apaepa Ha cBoHTe ocHoBareJrn A'b,,rxar pHMCr(oTo cr{ rpax-
AaHCKO npaBo u cervreficrBara,
qHero
reHHTanHo HMe e valerius,T l(?l(;o
noKa3Ba H HaAnl'lc'br or Viminacium, s xofiro sofiHaxtr or l-layraasg,["bjr
ToBa uue.8
"v#.ifo
flaunure, Kouro HMaMe sa rparcxara ypea,6a ua flayr ant4fl, mrffi
H3KIrOI{HTeJTHO Ha enHfpaQcxnre narrerHuuu. lparr,tr e 6u,r ycrpoeH rito
rpbqr(a noJIHTHfl OT THna Ha r\{a,'Ioasrricxare rp.brIKH rpaAoBe, KaIGaro
ypeA6a HMar H APvrHre ocHoBaHH or TpanH rpaAoee e Tptaxu*. Oruocuo
npaBHoro nonoxeHHe Ha llayrailHfl B paMKprre Ha PuucKara HMlepfis, uG
xeM Aa cbAHM no nefiuure MoHerlI rr no sefiHure yqpexAeHuq. floAo6uo
1
CIL, VI, 32624 (n. 199).
I
I4EA,1, IV, 1914,93, n. 6 (n. 14011
-1o6pycKu, AI,IHM,
Aelius ce flRsBa n Aeliuas. ce flRsB_a n?x4pVxeHo oule B e.ltH c.rV,Jaii
-or
rp6ur(u
-
I,16AA, VII, 1919/fl1,
crp,
_7-4,
n. 1 (n. 90), H B er,liH cayuari or purrcxn xorHouen
-
l{6Ar, v,' rgrb,nl erlliH cayuari or plr]rcKn KorHoMeH
-
I{EAfl. V, l}15,
ry4
A;
224): B eeuH c.ryuafi ltoparlu noBpera KorHolreHl,T ocraBa ,.rrr..r.r,- I,16A,[, N.
1914, 100, n. 40 (n.-l3I).
3
3a Aurelius B HaAnHCa fC,'Oe, XLVIII, ig52i53, 246, n.
crp.260(i08), sa6. 1.
_
-4
CIL! VI, 32660_ (!. lS!), 32523
(n.
tgt), 32625 (n. Ig2), 32628
r^1r07. (n;_l!61, CIL, VI, 26Tt (n. tgS), J26p+ (n.
'tgg),
'D
i t t e n
888 (n. 173).
5
Kalin k a, n. 269 (n. 7S);r\.
HBAL VII, 1919,20, 84, n. 7
(n.'91?),
n.453 (n. 162), HEA1I[ II, 19i1, n. 185
t;
n. 78, 9l (?), 160, 162, 206.
7
6eueBirHeB, n. 106 (n.73):
rJ
CIL, III, 14507 (n. 196).
I,l s J i{ o a, CesepHa MaKe.r,oHHq,
I\', 1911, 282, n.4, (n. 1601; K a
(n. 169), Kazarov, Ihr. R.,
Kalinka, n.322(n.79).
I-ipoy.1s11HrJ{
B.r,p{}. 3an:lJrrorpaxirircrure
3:IrH rtpe3 pH,lrcKo
BpeMc
261
Ha
'lpjirHre
oc;l]-o^13.1'_o'
TpanH I'p,.{oae B Tpar<aa rrr e 6una civitas sti- pendiaria (vectigalio^),
r. e.
'r4*a,,a
e rpaAcKrr c.bRer, Hapo.{Ho
cr6paHue
n cEoH lral'ucrparl/t'
cr,Aonpou3BoACTBo
.[r.
rpaACKo yflpa'neHHe.
E0ro .na ceqe MoHerH.
flpanara Ha civitate:;
stipinliuro;';;
-ffii
id!|-
THpaHu
qpe3
KoilrHcr.rnra,
KofiTO
_e ),penlr
ta IpOBHHUHETa,
HJ]LI qpe3
eAHKTa
Ha rrpoBtrHur{aJrHHrr
ynpaBHTen.
Tofi'e HMa,rr npatso
ila KOHTponHpa,
AOpH Ia orHervra HrrKorr or
.rTn
npaBa. Tua rpahoBe ca A"ii oOrio*.rH
c AaHbr( fl xltTe.rrHTe r.rM He ca ce noJr3yBaxH
C.bc csoooAHa
co6creeHoa,
nu 3eMflTa, KOflTo ce e crurrra.la
3a ,rir,pNanHa
r
ooaro"r..rycrBoro, r{e
HMero Ha npo_ ElrHIIIla'lHHH
VnpaBHTe.rl ce flBfiBa B'bpx-\' rroHerr-rre
Ha
'n^li^n^q,
noKa3Ba, L:e ts [paBHo
orHoueHHe
Tri e 6uaa' eAHa crereH no-.qony
or qepHoMop-
cKilre rPaAoee.:r
ts Hali-paHHrrfl
oQarfaa,reu
iurnr. Ha rpaAa, roliro e oT lll5 1.,3 ce cnolreHaBaT
Beqe H Tpr{Te uali_ctutecrtseHr{
eJreMeHTa
Ha rpaA- cKoro caNro)'npaB.rreHHe
i cigyo4e;,'_pou),1,
-il
eipo., KoHTo B cn-vqafl nocBerrla-
Bar ua XaspaaH
e.qHa uonoi,arpaAeHa
'a^eriuiu.'H:;;
.jk;ou.,
HaAnHc or Konooso nocBerHTeirrrr
e ci_.ry.av
xai ^yv1ttecli.17r,qa
ora"rgno
Ha I_layra_ ms' B nea
'uoIy.'1 9I
.purr,'
Ko,ro He-ca npe.u,a
cperara Ha II a., ce [Otsopll 3a ouva?lfa, e nrpBLtfl Ha qeTHprrrra
A].tupr, a B-bB BTopHrr Ha e,{Ho n,qe. lHr{ c.'ryr{aH r.oxa3Bar, Lre
B.bpxoBHara
n,raCr Ha rpaacxoio
caMoynpaBne_
HHe e 6u.ua B prqere
H-a apxoHr,.
spo"i ,u apxoHr,re
e 6Hn pa3nfiqeH B pa3,'r,qHHre
rpa.IoBe.
Ha HeroK rofi e 6u.r oor[ro..;;;;.'Ho
,ruro*-
ffi":#;*;..JJIfl:l*
o:,:-g::
ll,liir
KaKro Ha r(BaryopBupHre
a Hra- JII'rfl, aKo HsxoxAaMe
or HaAnHca
ea cHnap*rrr"u
;;".17p"ff;ll'i'rff;
cayuafi ntpBaqr
oT Tflx e HMaJr erroHHruaTera,
a B HaA[Hca,
r(6Aero
e
Aa- AeHa c,Hapx*nra
caMo Ha .AHO r'r,(e, TO e apxoHT,br_enoH,M.
B c.nyuafi,
qe
Te ca 6unu
ABaMa' KaKTo
AyyMBHpHTe B pHMCr(HTe
KonoHHH
H MyHHr\H- nHH' crEapx4flTa
Ha qerHpl4Mara
e BK,:rroqBara
ocBeH c]burHHCKHTe
apxoHTr{ I{ IIo-HHCKocToflrrIa
lltxiocrHa .naqa.6
fpa4cxaar
_ce:ar
(tro,t\|1)
au e 3acBu4erexcrByBaH
ocBeH B HaArHCa 0r 135 r' oure B ABa HaAn,ta-_e,H,uf
or BpeMero MexAy
16r H 169 r.,
a
np)'rHq Ma,rKo .rro_K,LCeH,
B KOr.rTo
ce fcBopH 3a rparlcxa
ceHaTopfi
[:'*m'*,?'XJlX#T:t"".n
.r.n cr craB HnMaivre
!.aHHLt,no rps6na
Aa
c;.
Bp;,r,il';;'n
Karo nui, irri'J
#l-l'H-:ffi
JJo..#H.ffi
.ffi,r,H:;
i56 c,r.,4. 2A6 @.
2A$.
18 (n. 7l), Dr'
/n. 19il, CIL,
[l[
berger,
Sltll!'
lY',i,\ltff;
1,302]
&1 arqttardt,
RrimischeStaatsverrvrltung,
I?,g() ff.i I(ornemann,
RE, Suppl.
'
Cps. 6. I'e p- g u, IIpo'uaa*lrH
BLpx)- no3crr.reHr,re.
orHouJeriug,
I.c!.eo, L,2, 1g55,
iii:'i,jd;:
,!.ie^&hinzeri
;;;'ii;;;.n,inri
^ryG.,,'i,'is+;
n.pariueni
optimus prin_
3
Eeue B.1HeB, n. IOS /n. 7tt
g+,
rr*
k'rijr.il.*il**ii;
;,'':-',i:;,/o':1.
Aplraqr cr1'uarl ua i,vyav e AEM, xv, r8er,
, #,8i3^.):li:
1e1e,20., 8i ;r., ;;.,1, I (nn. 72,76).
,,r^. rr ap.KoHTHre ux. L i e be n r m,
^Stadr.".rrrifiu"6
,q r(,mj56hgn
l(aiserreic6,
Ig00. fr
i" 295f.: schae f-f er, REl'ri,
joo.
s, o,r.,t?xr.z
i.x. sxg^uo_da,
Die griechjschen
ii}l::1i;lii:.lii!l;*:
l1tj;l3
t;.u.;;;:'i,it
.uu
, zicl ir i g rTn g, RE, rv A,
Jg*:',;*-:l;.lt?i:'iL'-i-rp
';'
7t);
Aoop-vcxu, AI4HM,3s,
n.2 (n. 1081.
tr
2sz
3gr6p Ha eAHd rBbpAe o6urnpua repnropxq. B c'bcraBa Ha rpaACKHq ceRat
ca BJr[r3anI4 IIo BCflKa BepoflrHocT a ocso6oAe-HH p-o!!,
TuYo
Mo]I(e
Aa ie
cbIlu no cnoMe1arus no-rope Ha.{nHC or 161-169 r.1 [IopaAu uaarrri
poli oQuuhaJrHH HaAIIHCH OT flayra,rHa HHe He 3HaeM IailH rpaACKHaI
,rr, a'6H,r fH.{eH C nOqeTHH e[HTeTH, KaKBHTO HOCgT O6HxHOeeHO
Pal'
cKHTe ceHaTH Ha MHO|O rpaAoBe, BKJITOqHTeJIHO H Ha aHTHqHHfl.LB' tspat
PeUreUusTa Ha rpaACKHs CeHaT, KaKTO nOKa3Ba HaA[HC'bT OT IJD f.,
Ca
t vt1rr- H3AaBaHH OT HMeTO Ha apxoHTHTe, Ha rpaAcl{Hfl CeHaT H Ha HapoAa
-
ifrpoe).2 f pax4aagre Ha I-layrarurr ca ce c'bcroflr.lH or c'bu{HHcKHTe
ryax-
i;li;'(;,
iiir1,' ot ceo6o4rriu, KoHro ca_ )KHBenH B
_rpaAa,
69? Aa 6rAar
.'eroBg
,p.r*lu"u (ni.lotto), u' or ocso6oAeull
po6n (rireie'5$epoc) u rg-
nre Aeqa
(d(e),e0$e por).
'
or aAMHHHCTpaTHBHOTO
yCrpoficrao Ha rpaAa HH- e H3BeCTHO OIIle
AeJreHnero
My Ha
Quau,
Or eAHHCTBeHHfl HaAnHC, B KoHro ce AaBa Ha3.
aHHeTo Ha eAHa
Qula,{
ne Mox(e c rionoxHTe,',IHOCT Aa Ce TB'bpAA KaI(bB
apar(Tep ca HNIa,'IH
Qr.rrate
-
[anu
Te ca 6wnu CaNIo rpaACKH, I{nI{ Ca
BK,IIIOqBA JIH H
qACTH
OT CC.IICKOTO HACCTCHHC B TCPHTOPAflTA HA TPA4A'5 HUC'
To Ha
Qlr.nar
a, 'Hpax\r;[6, usaeAeHo or H]tero Ha Xepax'bn, roBopH no-cl(opo
a rpaAcyr4rr xapaKrep'ua (lu,urte s flavraras. Haqelo ua
Qu,rara
e crosJl
arri $r,rapx 1,j6i
o?Xod,6 KaKro roBa tHqu or eAHH HaAnHC or f.rasa na'
Hera.? Kaxnn ca 6unu HeTOBHTe
QynxUltlt,
HHe ToqHo He 3HaeM, Ho MO)KeU
B.b3 ocHoBa Ha enarpaQcxHn rrraiepua"'r or Mala Asl'lt{ u flpuufl Aa npu'
MeM,
qe
H n l-layraauq Herosara A.rrbx(Hocr
e 6ana noBeqe caKpanHa H nq
HanHo cB6p3aHa c uMnepaTopcKHfl
Ky.,'IT, OTKO,'IKOTO
qHCTO
aAMnHl
rHBHa.
'i{S;
B ;p; HaAnHCa or flayrailun or BroparallorloBtla Ha II e. ce_r9ryIl
tlerIHanHo cB6p3aHa c uMnepaTopcKHfl
Ky.,'IT, OTKO,'IKOTO
qHCTO
a
a o6vDrxoc,s a B eAHH OT Tflx O111e H Za y}txct.e HaAnHcI'lTe ca OT
'1g1
-:apaKTep
H B TaKOBa C',bcTosHHe,
qe
e ivtbtlHo Aa ce oilpeAeal'r 3a KaKBS
o6iDr*ot u E^ldtxoc craBa AyMa
-
rpaACI(H HJIH,Ha n"n11:1
-IrynroBa
*9e'
-un.
!,aeTe AJt'bxHocTH
o3HaqaBaT lopuAnqecxi{ eacrb[HuK Ha rpala (nm
1
Jluuero, KoeTo l,r3.r.Hra noqerHl.jfi Halnllc Ha rparuttrcxur [poBHHuuaneH ynpaB[Ter
A0p.
,Anolldrvlog,
e; ;;"*esNe ud K,,rI,teHr ru.u Hero. flplt rona ro Hofll c'bluoro reHTll''l'
qo uMe, KaKro .uo* ;;;6-.- Toea o6crorrrercrno roBopu no-cropo'
qe luuero e 6l'ro ce'
o'r'o.rioo"i;; fi;';t;;;;;;
u. io e Ao6t'uto
pttltcKo ipaxsaucr'ro
qpe3 HeroBo nocP'll'
,^^i, f,4 2reU*1
;"rJ;;:"5;'l{'JJ6*rocrra
ocso6oo"rrlioo, .rl 6rAaT rIpHerH B cel{,ra,rIoDH Aa
3aevar
rtr\,r,or o \i"nnnlis id Istrum. nx. B. i'g O o r, Po
Itl'ttrulrru. .)d DDJinuana.,;r;:;;;;,^"
""-"
^..
'i.
i-epor,
P0.
ltyHuuHnanhlt AJI'bxHoCrH, KaKbBro e C,ryuarr a NicOpOliS ad Istrum, ax' I
I-lpoyuaaHur Brpxy 3anarHoTpaxnflcrHre 3eMH npe3 puMcko BpeMe
263
[ynroBaTa
xo.leran)
-
6uno nocToflHeu, 6wno B onpeAeJIeHH cJryqafl, rofiro
e
6un H npeAcraBHTeJI Ha rpaAa nPe,u npoBnHuaailHrfl. ynpaBxreil ililH caMfls
HiltnepaTop
no ypexAaHero Ha crIopHH aupoca.l
Oure eAHa An'blKHocr ce cpeqa B HaAnHCI4Te oT fiayranus. Kacae ce
33
Bpe IIHHaTa IIOqeTHa AJI'bll{HOCr d:upei1;rif, xOaro CsOTBeTCTByBa Ha CU-
rator
operum publicarum B rpaAoBere c pHMCKo ycrpoficrso.z EnNMeJrerHre
ca
HttaItH HaA3opa B'bpx)" nocrpofixaraHa o6ulecrneHH H penHrHo3HH CfpaAr{,
6ee ta
5rAar nocrosHHt Airfir{HoCTHH JrHUa, Karo ca 6una o[peAenflHH
caMo
3a KoHKperHHTe cnyqau. B pa3rneAaHafl Beqe HaAnHC or 135 r.ir no-
cTpofiKara
ua 6agunnrara e 6sta B'b3noxeHa Ha rpaMa eflHMe,rerN. Beponrno
laK
B'bB Bp'b3Ka c HrKaKBa nocrpotlxa e H BTopHflT HaAnHcr{ e xofiro eAHo
jrrrue e o3HaqeHo Karo dnrpeiri:e6ov:o;. B rperH eAHH na4nacs ca AaAeHH
13 enane.TrerH, KoHTo ca H3AHrHafiH HaAnHCa no rroBoA Ha ycrpoeHxTe or
Tflx THNIHaCTHqeCKH H KOHHH C'bCTe3aHHf, CneA KaTO Ca npHHeC,lH X(epTBH
fla 3eBc a Xepa. Enuivtererare B roq c.nyuari ouoBaprrr Ha curatores Iu-
dorum B rpaAoBere c purvrcxo aAMHHHCTpaTHBHo ycrpolicrao, KoHTo ca
ilMAilu fpHxara npe3 HlrneparopcKaTa eroxa Aa ypexAaT H3BbHpeAHHTe
rrplr. Te c'bu{o ca 6unu BpeMeHHH AntxHoctnu .naqa.6
Brgnfl raHuero ra o6pasoBaHHeTo Ha M.'rarexra, KaKTo H K)-,rrrypHHrrr
x(HBor Ha rpaAa ca 6utu noBepeHrr Ha eAHH rHMHa3Hapx (^yvgtvto.d,ppqd.l
fi,rrxuocrra
e H3!re)(.u,y nafi-nacrulrre B rpara, rrfi xaro B eAHHCTBeHHfl
fl3BecreH c,ryuar?, HaAnHca or KoHroao,s ;uaqero, Koero r H3n'b,rlHffBa, e
6rro no-paHo HJH eAHoBpeMeHHo H apxoHT. Cnonenarasr B HaAnfica or
Cranronapae Aroy6r\E 6 ToptoE nlpalltal;x)ig e 6ut BeporrHo aABoKar npr{
rpalcxoro ynpaBneHHe Ha flayranualO u Karo nbJrHoMouIHHK Ha rpaAa e
IIpeACTaBHn B'bpHarara or HMneparopcr(ara r(aHuenapus ruo.rr6a Ha cranro-
napeHrlHTe npeA npoBHHuHaJIHHfl y[paBHTex I{ rr 3auHTHIt u H3no)K[rJr Ha-
I(parKo c'bAtpiKaHnero ir.tl B ea,uH HaAnHC or Qurprnono.n eAHH rpa)KAa-
E. I'epou
t-t)
i
t$l
rll
!l
ll.
rl,
I
ir
il'
l,rili,
*ll
,:[
I ri1:
;ii'
i:
t, .
i,,
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I
jl
I
I
.i
;t
It
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rl
cTparaBHa.
1
v, 2l 60
lvesen,
:l
t
I
:,
t;
;
s
l,
10
Hauvette,
f.; Zieba
.10.1
f.
Liebenam, uur. c'bq., 384 c.r.
B e u e B.'r H e B, n. 105 (rt. 741.
I,IEAL VII, i919120, 84, n. 8 (n.881.
l,16AA, VII, 1919/20, 81, n. | (rt. 72).
Ma rq u a rdt, Staatsverrv., IIIJ, 48/.
Clotz, DA, II, 1675;Otrter, RE, VII, 1969
AEM, XV, 189i, n. 14 (n. 125).
D itte n be rge r, Syll:r., 888 (n. 173).
Rostovtzeff,
(iesellschaft,
Ii, 186, H3Ka3BA
DA, II,5l0 sq.; Liebenarn, uur. clq., 303 c.r.; Brandis, RE,
r t h, Criechi-ssh95 Vereinu'esen, 182 i P o 1a n d, Criechisches Verein-
uauuautt, II, 101.
2
3a porqra ua D{po5 Karo HaP^oAHo
3
Liabenam, IrHr. csu.,216.
cr6pauue B rpauKure rpa.loBe Bx. crp' 194(12)t
ff. ; L i eben am, uur. c'uu., 373.
rrpe.lfio,'roxeHre, rre
ToH rupHCT e
1
PIEAA, VII, 1919,'20, 83, n. 5 (n. 75).
I
E. r e p o s, flpoyuBaHHn B6pXy
^rro3er!rn.
orHoul., 1955, 50.
6
Cps. LieUenam, Il.Hr. c'bq., 22! c-1'
i
Kazaro*,-i[r. it., n.30g'fi.-iosl. Qu.rapc-u ce cnoNreHaBar oue B nDYrr
B&r'
IHCH or faaea fiasera (A o o p y c K'"enHid' n;'- 5:
g'
l0l' 6ei ;r' t o6oauaqeu
rlat1r'
I *o3tftEtiA.
vil, 19r9r20,83, n. s (n.7s27; AEM, xv, 1891,9+, n. ll (n.74;vlll'&'
vll, 1919t20, 83, n. 6 (n. 110). ,
e
AEM, XV, 94, n. ll 1n.
77).
,defensor des Dorfes?".
11
Brnpocr,T 3a HtreHTr.rr{rrocrra ria Diogenes Ty'rius H upareHhKbr Ha Ilayralur, rofiro
e 3ilHcc'I,,I Fra npoBHHulril,'tHHff ynpaBHTe.T B'bpHarara or HruneparopcKara KaHuexapHrI lto.n6a,
rlt
rio,l,t'bpi(a or illornmsen, J,oKaro Hiiler von Gaertringen (Ditt., S.vll.:r, 888) e ua
vHeHHe, qe
ce Kacae 3a Arle pa3"quqgu ,ruqa. Cro6paxeuunra Ha H. r'. G. sa roBa ca,
qe
e
[eBt3]roxHo
A. T. ra roBopr{ sa ce6e ur (v. 105) a rpero ,ruue (6lr,lu$sv) u
qe
e.{HH rH-
Pheu (cuplreu), roil'ro 3au{HrrlaBa Kay3ara Ha eAHo ceno B repuropnnra ua fiayra,'rur, He
uo/he
Ja s Haplrqa ttg nolsttia5 rq6 ii,Se=ipz6 tdv flzutallotdr.r. Ho cJvt{auTe, Ko-
ialo
e.f,Ho nriue e rrcr.'ro la 6rae rpa)KiaH[rH Ha HflKo.rrKo rpa.],a, oco6eso nuqe c peropH-
'iecno
H lopuJ,Hqecxo o6pasoeauue, ca roJKoBa uHoro,
qe
H3r'rrulrHo Aa ce flpuBex(.r,ar
''*x4Fi:
264
b. I epoB
HgH or ron rpaA ce
qecrByBa
Karo
livjodpyqg
Dc& pio6 neporlrHo rra
fla
yraawp..t Kcuctapxlt, xofito e 6a,l oilpeAenrH or HMlleparopa,
qecro,
Karro
B Har.rrHff c,ryuafi nox{H3HeHo, e p'bKoBoAeil nsxot? BHA c'bcTe3aHafl
}rn1
Bct{qKH BHAoBe c'bcre3aHrg B eAHH rPal.: B Hauns ca-vuau roli e puo.
eoAn roHouecKLITe c'bcTe3aHHfi. ;,::
PaenoloxeHHerO
Ha l-layra,rur CPe.U, nnoAopoAHoTo Krocren4HnC,.O
noJre,
qurrro
A'bnxHHa AoCTHra 15- 18 KM, npr LxHpHHa I0 KM H HaA-
MopCKa BHcoqI{Ha 470-500 na, KaKro H c'bceAcrBoro Ha rpaAa C pya-
HHTe HaxoAHuIa B Ocorono n KpaNulero x
lAo6uure
3a cxorostAcTBo
nJIaHHHcKu pafiouw, ca 6unm rB'bpAe 6aaronpaflTtr 3a HKoHoNtHqecKoTo
tt
KynrypHoro pa3BHTHe Ha rpaAa. Cro;eruero, Koero 3aloqBa or nocneAnlrre
r6annn Ha Xa.4pnau H 3aB'bpLUBa c fopAaau, e lrBeryuHrr nepnoA n xu-
Bora na flaYrailHfl.
I-Ipa lNncara Ha CHCTeMHH pa3tionl{H B [Tayranut MaJ'IKoTo AaHHH
ga
HKOHOMHKaTa Ha rpaAa, c KoHTo pa3Ilo.4al'aNle, ca npeAHMHo oT HyMH3Ma-
THqecKH H enurpaQcxn xapaKTep.'l Te npl noKa3Bar, ee rpaAtr e Abnxalt
6naroctcroflHuero cH npeAuNrHo Ha 3eNIeAeJILIero, no3apcrBoto, o6pa6or-
BaHeTo ua Ao6nrHTe
B HeroBara oKo,'rHocr Mera,'IH H H3o6tro saHaqrqrfi-
crBoro, Koero e odcryxBa,rto HaceJeHuero KaKTo Ha rpa Aa, TaKa H Ha He-
roBaTa TepHTopHfl.
I-lo-rope, crp. 254(102), HHe Brtlflxtvte,
qe
B HarlaJloro Ha Ii e. np. u. e.
3eMrra Ha AeHTeJrerHTe
e 6una 6orara 3eMeAexcra odlacr. 3eivtelelcrcu
cr4 xapaKTep Tfi e 3arra3H.ra v npex pHivlcKaTa eroxa, KaTo ocBeH oTruIex-
AaHero
Ha xHTHH KyJrrypH o*o.ro l-Iafra.'raq e 6Hr'Io pa3BHro oeoluaPCTqlh
H Jlo3apcrBo'ro H cBbp3aHoro c Hefo Ao6anaue
Ha BHHo. 3a pasnur.,o_rr,.lb-
orurexAaHe Ha 3'bpHenH xpaHa roBopnr uao6paxeHaflTa B'bpxy' nronerr-H(
6oxecrsa, KoHTo Abpxar B
Plqete
cH xI4THH KnacoBe uilH ca oo(Ff,;
xeHlr or xHTHH KJIacoBe, Ha n'bpBo Mrcro levrerpa
(a enenrya,lno Kopef
npHMepH (nanp. AHou Xprtsocrort) ;
AEM, XI, 1887, 32, n.31. 3a xL
AEM, XI,
Auou X
3a xr.tBerufl no apeuero Ha Korto.l coQxcl u
$ulocoS
Maxl'
; 3a e.{uH cupueu vo,s'.xd6 tiTv Snrotllrt:v B Ka.ilatuc,,- 8r.
mus Tyrius Bx. W. C h r i s t, Geschichte der griech. Literatur, 1890, 586. Bropata uacr
or
galnuca (v. 101 sqq.) npeacraBff xo,la ua npoc6ara Ha cKaIIroIIapeHuHre, cile.L K-aro rr
e 6sna npenpireHa or uMnepalopcKara KaHue.rapus K'bM npoBrtHqua.tHllrl yttpaBlrren. A. T. raro
nt.nHo*rou-tnllr na ilayra,rnr, B
qualo
rpaACKa KaHue"rtapurt e ttocr't,l1llJ'ia uo;l6ata, n Y'
Hacrr Ha npoBtrHuHanHt.rfl ynpaBHTer H }ry s Bp'bqBa c no.a.xo.lfiluo ilpe.(Hc,1oBHe, c KoeTo
uexH ,ila ro cneqerll 3a Ka)'3ara ilit ivro,'luTerHTe, !{ Karo Ir3.lara HaKparKo uefiuoto caA,bpxaEHe'
Vv. 101-104 lro^;6v1E... et4fu+e,/ us"rarar B nporoKoJreH Bri,r, yqacrHero ua [. T. B 3auIHTata
Ha Kay3aTa Ha cKa[TonapeHuHTe H noKa3BaT B TOr{ CH BHJ, Xe.laHHeTO Ha }1O.1[ITeilHTe'
qItlo
voa6a no Bcsxa nepoar[ocr e 6ula y.loB'lerBopeHa, ra ce or6'raroAapflT Ha tr'bJHOMOlllgrtr'I
xa flavraann. Vv. iO+-t15 Doxei Ai-,. iploval,lat ca yBor,Hxre .rylvtn HaA. T., a cneABalqrlr
ispaa"fi1v; t&
{
ciiirrror6 npHHairexn orHoBo raM pasxa3a 3a xoAa Ha npoc6ata npeA nPoL:'
uri,rnns'
j;npaairre;r. Hue no.[r6pxaMe_ nopa^rH H3rtKHarure ryK cto6paxeuur uAeHruc'
ullaJHHg
ynpa8HTex. nHe noaa'bPNaMe lloPaJll
Hocrrs na A. T. c nt,rsoMouluilKa Ha flaytaarr.
1
Kalinka, n. 103 (n 109),
2
Llebenam, ullr. ctq, 375f.; L. Robert, BCH, LII, 1928,420, c
s
3a HKoHoMLIKara Ha I-layralrn Bx. Tomaschek, Zur Kunds der
lnsel, 1882, 17 tt.; J i r e i e k; AEM, X, 1886. 61, fl'ur1'ealls, 512 n. Vla
BepHa Iv1axe,rouns, 1906, 15 c;r.
l-'-
-n-3u
Aenrerpi u*. R uz ic k a, unr. crq., 23. Apyru raKlrga 6oxecrsa ca Huu$rtetl
Ii3BopHTe Ha Crfrallon (unr. ctq., 32, 36), reui.inr, xodto Hocu Hllero xtiTug B Mogera
sr
flpoyueauurr Blpx), 3arra.:trrorparlrficxure
:evu ilpc:l pHrtcKo Bperle
265
KorrTO OCBeH B lvrHOrO MOHeTHH THIIOBe te Cperr(a C.b[iO H B CrarVl,igA H3-
o6paNenuq or o5.'Iacrra Ha na\-Ta n.s-r c)6croqre",rcrBoTo, qe
B eAHa MoHera
sg fltsf{., nper 60ranqra
H306pa3eFi BepoflTHO
O,rrrap, [o*a3Ba, qe
Tfl e
$Yata xpaM a flayra"run-
3a orr"Ilel*AaHero
Ha
",ro3ara
pr
-ro6,BaHeTo Ha
BI,IHO CBWACTCJICTBVBAT
H'II(OJ'IKOTO
IUOHCTH, B.bPXV KOHTO ASO6PASC",.
O"I
xecrBa Abpxar [po3roBe,'2
HJIH rrbK B-bpx_v MoHerrre
e ,soo!r;;;;';p;;-
1e,:t
LulH natl-cerne caltaTe 6oxecraa
vKa3BaT Ha K-v,rraBxpaHero
ua ,to3ara.{
3a orrlex'{aHero Ha oBoIuHH
:rp'bBqeTa roBoprir *{oHerH, Ha Koi{To e H3-
o5paaena KouHHr{a c s5t,,rxrr HrlHilp,vrH [,{o.{oBe.o Ea*,,
-iion.r,
or Bpe_
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c
fiaytanun, Karo cHMBojr Ha HKoHolrHKara Ha lpa4a,; ,pararrry nau$a _
nepcoHa0uKa\H, Ha 6orarcrBara
na rofao.rpi:r,.*ura
o6.racr,
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0T
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reHHH' KoHTo ca o6o3HaqeHa KaKTo c'bc caMara cH cpeila it arpa6r,-
TflTe cH, TaKa H IIHClreHo Karo reuuri Ha ro3apcrtsoro _Ii6t.l,lE
rir aararre.,,IHero
\;i7'tE, aa IIHHHoTo
cpe6poeo6raarie J-'i)iprr,
H Ha peqHoro
3,,r&ro.1o-
6ueaHe
-
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bn.rye ivror.rrr{
ra c.bilHM or
cBereHarra 3a vcrporiaaHe Ha r(oHHrr c.bcre3aHHs.e
S, ,rpliri'. orpr.rg Ha
CK0T0BbACTBOTO
HfiItarle
.(aHHH, HO HecblrHeHo
foBe/:(oB-b.iICTBOTO
11 OBrIe-
BbAcrBoro ca 6utn
1o6pe
pa3Br.rrH rropajli{ Harr.tqaeTo Ha
lo6pu nacduiua
8 IIJaHHHCKHT palion.to
, roSaBaHeTo Ha 3.rraro, cpe6po, Me*I H xe,,rfl3o B Tepr.lTo pLrrra Ha r]ay-
Taililtt Hec'bllHeH-o-
e 6ulo cBbp3aHo c aspa6oTBaHero
or Tr1, ivrera.,Irl Ha
)'KpaueH,fl, KyJrroau uso6pai.r{eHHfl,
npeArlrer, H Op.buvln Ha Tp-yAa. &10ue_
ToceqeHero
Ha rpaAa, Koero e c.birtecrByBa,:o
ono,ro
gil
roaraHrl n.arrHeHg
c craBe/Io
B caMHfl lPa,q H aspa6ornutaro
,i ivroHerHHre
uao6paxeHas,
roHTO B AOCTa c,,I!'qaH B-b3[poH3BexAaT
cr(]..r1nT_vp tll- HtlHapxHTeKT]'pHH
na_ I{eTHHIIH,
KOHTO Ca ce Halrapa;ra B rpa,{a, e cTaBa.,ro IIo BCflKa BepoflTHOCT
0T xYAoxHHrIr{,
Koaro ca pi6or9.rn
B fpaaa. Or nur:rrrrr'i,por.*oxAar
l:.lonr(o
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;;;i;;;'rl
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u;t o' Btlcrpn.ua' llpHTot\l urt crpt'vlr, xoirtu ,,rr,tu,t-,,p".1 II.t r.l.;t;ruH, rlrrr. c-uu., Bl1.
I
I,lBAI,l,' X',,', Lgit +Ol'iS)."'S;"*..,,r,
n, rro-r3elrHrrre 6oxecrea a Tp,xrrx sx. K .r-
: a r o \\" RE' \'l
4'
52t' f .a 3;
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,t, B .Tirrr.rrrcK;jre riroBHHuHu Ha u.lrrieplrr.ra Bx.
'0trIain
'
Les cttltes paien.s dan.i i;ernpireR'm,riii,-i
fartle, tn,r.- i'(i.qrlir, p.83g sqq.
,
!
1'xsr 6o;,xecrsa ca La.r,p (R;; z i. r.'r,;r;;."I;:;:,
2J,1, .frr,rrrirc (urrr. csv., Jfil H fu.To_ sill 6sr1sH 6or, seoo_qrHo ou.i,r'ri
i.'nr.,pru, furr:.'.i., ,:r.y.
;, ,t,,
j ic k u,' uur. c.r,v., 40.
..
' yl.JL)opaxeHuero
I{a ropcfia }rJH rr.taH}rHcxtt xuv$a c TeHuvBaru u[rl Her] clr.up (R u-
,rck.,
qrrr.
crrr.,32); u:o6pi*.u,,.r1
;;;'rr;;;;;; rro3Yuo'u.,,p,xj.rc)Herlrre
(uar. c_rv., 27 c.r.).
"'[''lT'biua{uouuce6u.rrarp,repa3npocrpaHerinTpaxua,
cpe. K azaton., RE, vrA,4gg ff.
: Euricka,
urr. ci,{., :lLr.
r---
I
I
u z i c k a, ur.rr. c6s., 8,3 c.r., n. 684.
' E,x. nDnBeleHaTa no-nope .rr.{repar-vpa,
crp. 26{ (i l2), la6. 3.
n,
{ il,l*.T,?il#:XT?";:
:il:ii;tBli.l;l
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Ha 3xaro B Teprrropi{.
,; rP14,
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z,tl, ni. t+, ii"lugg, r, r20, nr. i,l: h6A_[, \,rr, l.Y
20, IJB(---R.q.. rgzs, l,''cij,
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ri
xATepatyP'i'
Hemushaltr
,gOB, C}
6. I'epoa
266
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6unvr yr{paceHa
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6aunre u apyrrtre
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CneA MaJIKO, KaKTO H IIOpaAH LIIHpOKaTa npal(THKa Aa"fp
H3AHfaT nr4apo6nn
, o6poru,
IIJOeH KaKTO B lpaAa, TaKa H B CBeTHJII:
rqara B HeroBaTa
oKonHocr,
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ir cK}'nnrypara
ca q''ry,
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e
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H
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(ci7a)'parol)'63:*t
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qe
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H paooTHr',IHHi{H'
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Ha lll a'' e nocBeT'eE'
Ha Anoaou
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c rptuxo HMe'2 Hec'bMHeHo rpaxAaHI'IH m
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yt ga BOeHHH HyXAH,
{
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UIHTe 3aHaflTtt'l
Heroeoro
rarvre yKa3Ba ,u npor.xof or MaxeAoHua
(ax' 287(135;' aa6'--1]i'
BeporrHo3anpen'c"eroHarofi3aHarrorraru'-A1..111::e'MB'b3oqHoqq
Ha rorr nu,o,nr.l-;;
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e 6n.no pa3B,ro 3aHa'Irq,fictnoro'
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B rpA'JF
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B C',bceAHHTe
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pafionu' Toea ce noAKPtn"-11{
c.bu{ecrByBaHero
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,,
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B.r,flHa (ax. c.n. crp.). B eAur neio6pe'gunase'
HaAnHC or XHcapJI'bKa '[r
KrocrenAHJr,
BepoflTHo
oT II',bpBaTa IIOr',IOBHHil
Ha lll a''6 HaMHpaMe cfloMe'
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cDeura B ooJlacrTa
na Co'rryu, roBopl,l BepotlrHo 3a rlpeHacsHero
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no c.;'ryuafl 3aB'bptl]BaHeTO
Ha H',iKaKBa nocrpofixa'
HM npoH3BoACrBo
Ha roBa *"tlo-.
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npHeMeM'
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I
V1BA|4, vl, 19'30,31, 1?t,,.1. E (n. dJ); cpu' n' n r Lr rrr tr L I'
rerminologie
der
-c9r^;!e"';I'J
(iili*
\l,Giiect'en
rtnd Rornern' II'
i;;Tii;;h
?;t
!i.
e'iuataltertiimer' .1882'
'11()'
"'"'"i-yt6AilIvttt,
1934, 69 ct.. (n. lll).-,
3
3a anaueTl::,
N1=".":::,i?*: LI',,sji:';';.' ,l;.
"r#.,l:ff;;,
Listl' f iil idx,- igjz, 3'r?
i
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\^'
n'I:I'
r- i. i#o^;; RE"'Vf irgogt'
1661 (sa BoeHHHre nanarK,)'
r
Ael. var. hist', 2,
-l-
: iiuili
gl
f,,,?,?Pa#: lOrt rli,Yl_barth,
RE, x (iele), i88e; Bltimner'
88).
'
i.;'i;;,
'nd,
xtv (1e28), 3e3
v.'. o zi DSPParz
Privatait., 't18, 420'
I-lpoyueaHurr sbpxy 3auaAnorparndcxure
3eM1
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gX flOEMZJIU H
PA3NPCACilfrJIH MEX(AV q.IICHOBETC
CH I,I3BCCTHH JIHTYPIUH.
HUC
CME CK.,'IOHHH
I,A CM'ITANIC C'btIIO 3A )+(HTEJI,I HA :IAYTANWL H AA
OIHeCeM
K'bM 3aHasTqHHTe B rpaka U CnOMeHaTHTe B HaAnHCa Or ,(O,rA_
croeor
fiocBerHTenfi Ha HM[eparopcr(Hr
AoM H Ha oJrHMfiHircKHTe
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nr).oiio,6i,
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E lt
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nuaar)- B rax'rn c;ryuafi cBeAeHaflra HH 3a salarmlre n fiayru.or, aa
pa3.uJKpfl'Bar- oue B'bpxy cneAHHTe SaHaflTH: nr),onc;5E, T. e. irnr"rur",
rofiro nspa6oraa n.rl'bcr H nafi-neqe nJl'bcreHrt ruanrcH2 oi *nnr,,lexe\),i,ctc
,Mecap,
npoAaBa.q"Ha
AHBeI pw6a,
AenHr(arecH,3eJreHr{yrra, Hso6uo ,u aL]
ecrHH [poAyKTH* ''.
Pa3BHTHero Ha 3aHaflr,ruficraoro e 6wto cB-bp3aHo H c
pa3BHTue Ha T'bprOBfiqTa. flay^ranun e 6w;ta rIeHT.bp,L,T, B r<ofirO ca 6uni
oSltesrnu [poH3BeAeHHqra Ha 3eMeAe/rrero H cKoroB'bAcrBoro
Ha noJrero
fl n,IIaHllHCKHTe pailonu c npou3BeAeHgsra Ha aa1afliqar)icrsoro
B rpaAa.
[o-r<'rcuo, BeporrrHo npe3 BTopara no,rroBlrHa ua II H B H?er?roro ,, irr-r.,
ca 6unu c'b3AaAeH[I B noAHoxaeTo Ha JrexarquTe Ha ceBep oT rpaAa
fiilaHHHu H B ApyrH rlo-oTA?r'IeqeHH
_
parioHa d'IoKaJIHH T'bpx(Hrrli. Bepo"rno
p. Crpy'va, KoETo B APesHocTTa e 6una no-n'b,lrHoBoAHa,
e 6uta H3rro,rr3J*-
BaHa He caMO 3a HaIIOflBaHe, HO r{ 3a BoAeH TpaHCnOpT OT j'toKanHo
3Ha-
qeHH.
3a rtproBcKas xapar.irep Ha flayra,lHr cBax,ere,rrcrBvBa r.{ Kynrbr
na xepvrec,
{
gaero
uso6paxeHue
HaMHpaMe ts,bpxy MHoro MoHerH, r(ogTo,
lBfxexAa, ca Bb3npoH3BexAaxH
TpH CTaryH Ha TOBa 6OXeCrso, KoflHfl Ha
I(r'laCHqeCKH [pOH3BeAeHHq, KOITTO Ca Ce HaMUpanH B rpaAa.
i
O6CrOsren-
crBoro, r{e
B eAHa OT MOHeTHTe npa Xep-uec
!ncxo60 fi uMa onrap, IIo-
I13Ba,
qe
B l\ayranwfl e r{MaJro xpaM ua Xep*ec.' Llsae.rri . .ru,o raKa
opoH3oBa craryfirca ua Xeprvrec (Meprcypufri); HaMepeHa B rpaAa.
,
gopi
i
npe3 r(6cHara aHTar.tHocr (ntpaara iro/roBaHa Ha V
-
a.) rpaarr e Mor.b,,r Aa
3alla3r{ 6aarocrcrorrHHero
cH, KaKTO nOKa3Bar Ha}lepeHare HSKO,IKO
Aecer-
KH 3rrarHH MoHerH na Xoriopufr u TeoAocufi II (10b_450 r.),
),KpHrH
Ha-
BrpHo
npa HflKoe or Har.recrBurra lto roBa BpeMe.
7
'
PagaaraeTo Ha rpaACI(Hti xHBor H HKoHoMr.rKara Ha flavrarar, npg-
BilHgoHeTo
Ha Hace.[eHHe or pa3nHqHHTe qacrH
Ha rp.bul{Hfl H3T9K, c,rry)fi-
1.\1
uxafiaoa, I-cY@o,XLVIII, rg5215;3, 2lT, n.22 (n. tli). [\arcHgre B roq Ha.{-
Illlc 3aHaqTlt ca B63ltroxHlr B e.{HH rro-to,,tf,}l IIeHT.bp c rpaICKH }K}rBOT, a He B e,lHO T.bp-
;{}'llqe
c
'rloKanHo
3HaqeHHe. Ha,Itlucrr Hilra
--c6B'bprIICHo
erHaKBo cr,Abp}KaHiie c HaAnt{ca
!16A4,
vll, lglg;20, 8i, ;.'i-1i,.'i1 n ilayra;rus. jloprr
a 6ponr Ha xpequre e roqrH
elHaKl,B.
= Cpe.Bliimner, qHr.
:l
Thctdenat, DA, III,
It'\lV,
129 sqq.: Poland,
:o,Ba
.t.trxuocr rtpu KyxroBa
ri::1io;),
Kor.rro ,{i,a, ,tsa*,a or
cbq., I, 1875, 21i ff. ; Pri\.atalt., 4i5.
1Ji7
.sqq.;
Bl iimner, Prir,aralt., 6ll ; Sch neider,
Vereinwesen, 391, cnHra HeflpaBHxHo pcrxa),]d,pr6
3a Kyx-
KoJIenHs. Tosa c sBHo or ,tp].rare 3aHasru
1x,.\ono,.ci u
IIOCBTHT;1l.lT.
uy. B rarltHcKi.rre npoBHHuHH Blh. Toutain, qIIT.
c.br{.,
I
3a pasnpocrpaHeHHero
R u z i c k a, uur. c't,t., 25 c;r., BuliCev zbornik, 667-670.
RA, 1997, II, 231 , n. 24.
I,16A,1, VIII, 193+, +71.
,i,
,.ti : .
flii
111 it
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,
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268
B. I-epoE
6ATA HA IVICCTHOTO HACEJIEHI'IC B TAPHH3OHIITE HA OTIA'ICqEHI'I ilPOBHH
Ha PNlr, T.bprOBCKHTe H riy,'ITvpHli Bp'b3KH C_ApvrHTe
qaCTIl ua PA,lrCXati
uor*(e 6tt uaeussr ueHTbP'
qACTfl HA AHTI,IqIIH'{ CBflT OUle
HMnepHH, 3aI'bnxHTe,'rHOTo
Br,Be)'L-:faHe Ha orfuUra'rHur pl{NrcKr'l ,IjptKadE[
KVJrr
pr
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aOrn TB'bpAe 6Orar lt pa3HooSpaaeu-pe,''IHrHO3eH
xfiBOT, IiOfiTo HH Ce pa$
r(pgBa B 3HaqHTeJrHa crefleH
qpe3
o5pouHure IIa]lerHI4IIrr Ll &loHerHTe. -':iil'i
Hne eanoqtsailre c noc,'reAHara npeA[ocraBKa
-
cnel]HQnuHa're MecT6:i
!'c,'IoBHq.
6orarctsoro Ha To[.rIH ]tHHep?.,'lHH IIoAH H TrIxHoro neqe6ho
tnoilcreo e craHa.ro npnqHHa 3a IUiIpoKoro pa3flpocrpaHeHxe Ha l(ynra
fia
ACx;rennfi Lr
"{eKapCI<HTe
6oxecrea Xurun u 1'e,recQop.
1
B rpala e urura:ltO
nocBeTeH Ha Trix eAHH HJ\'{I rroBeqe xpaMoBe
2
c xpeqecKa xo'rernn.
fi3-
BeCTHOCTTa Ha K),'.'lTa Ha na1'ra.taiicKHTe .rleKapCKg 6OXecrsa e ta,UXniE
Jrrrra rpaHHrIHre Ha Tpar<Hx,
^
KaKro noKa3Ba HanpaBeHoro rlr'l_ R tr
1HA1BaP
nocBerueHge or eAHH xperl.3 llavraralicrare rpa)+(AaHI'I ca 1vtJtw oco6euo
peBHocrHH noqHTarr'rH Ha Acx,rernui lt ca ivly ttocraBr.{l'l riocBel.ueHHr H b
Ap)-rH
cBeruJrnua n3B'bH Ilavra.rltq, KaKTo roBa e 3acBI'l,1,ere'IICTByBaHo 5a
cBerH,rrHrrlero [rpH I-,rasa l-laHera B
qerapa
Ha.r.rtHca.
a
Blpxy NIoHerHTe Ea
flayra.nan Acx.rennrt ce aao6paaatsa Aocra
qecr6 H B pa3':lrlqHa CpeAa fi
;;";.;r..l, Cruro raKa rofi ce rBflBa H B Heroilttvt 6poli o6pouHll nlori
KH u Mpa1ropHw nzoSpaxeuaa,6
Karo B^ eAI.tH c:ryual'i HocH enurera Xnt'
l,Von"p\l,Z<,,,
Z , Apyr cnyuafi lur:r,p.8 3a c6,ruxeuHero kI orbxAecrBflBe'
Hero .sa Acx;i.nl,trl' L rpaknhcKr.rr KoHHIIK roBopa pe"TeQr,r or I-layraafir,
rra roriro a ,roOfuran'rpunufiu<u
KOHHHK, a IIOCBeu{eHHeTo e Ha ACradl
nHfi, xoftro HocH TyK enHT era 2xa).rrp6E.s 3a c5.rrr'rxaBaHeTo
"'
*::-Tm
rpui*rtc*o 6oxecrBo c BHeceHHr orB'bH KyJIr ua Acx,renr'rfi n Ilavtiilfif,
,
;S#*
-
i
3fi;rnpocrpaHeHflero
Ha KyJra ua Acx.rertufi n Xurss B ,'IarrHcKrr"
,
npo'n'iiin?h
Ha rrMneprflra ,;. "T';;;'i, i t, i'., cultes paiens dans I'empire romain, I p,'lli:'^Lt
;;"r;i;;;;
latines, t. I, 1907, 3-30-sqq., sa Bp'brKara Ha Ky'Ira nlr c ItHHepailHI{ H3Bopr'
3J-l sq. 3a Aoana
-fvflrsr,
-
51. f n'io p o u,' flo..,rr.r,"r"e Ao'rur NIH:Hn' 1928, 74 cl'
3a paenpocTpaHeHuero II)' B rp'buK.tlre IlpoB!lHultl^Ha.- I!-\lrepll't1'a Bx' 11' P' N i 1s sott'
Ges'ctrlcfrte iler griecSischen tieligion' II,- 195'1, 312--329'
:
3a rosa ,ouop* uao6pasaeiuero Ha IroHerK ua Acti"retutf, lt,rtt Acx'renufi u Xnrur
B Xoarf.
-
'-'-,
IG, l\,', 177 (rt. 187). Caetfirtuuero s Ettuiaatp e 6uao
o'r xofito ce e pa3lipocrpelHu,'l Kynrb-r
Ia '\cxletiltfi
s ]pyrtre
.il.aireq B llpejlpnlt.*rlo ano.*r, u*. Ni,-P'Nilsson' LIHI' clq'' 103'
tKazrroru,'ifir.
n., nn. 309, 357,319 (nn. 105, 106, 107)i Ao6pycrx'
Al,lHJvl, 35, tt. 2 (n. 108).
+unARr-
]'R'i'r'i'.i I; ;;,;"q., 29 c,,r., KtAero ca pa3rn-ela-Tq^tI nxo-uot'paScKlrre \ryrHnoBe'
o
i
R u zick a, ultr. clq., 29 c,'1., KtAero ca pa3rn-e]a-11
^"
rlhuHulli'rlp,Lrlrr.L 'tr-Y '
6
AA, XLIV. 1929,
-310;
;. ii; s$
|
lrsil, vll, 1919i20, 8i, n.2' 7'l' n' 3'
. 1r'r
-
o , -- ,nn\ D^
^-,,.,^d^Frrarr
u, rno tn:fffAfiCt(H l
;
ftti,t'viil'i'gii,
+['0,";.'i'i,,._iiol.-zu.rrn,o.rorunra
Ha ron
Tpaxr.rficKr'I
er,Hxorl
ax. D e t s c h e w, Thr. Sprachreste,-'177'
s
K a 1i n k a, n. 177 (n. 1231. Ha e.lHa IIoHera Ha rpara
qere EQiriPA (R u z i c k a, uur' clu', 37,;' B noceeueHhero or
neKapcKu 6oxecrsa Acx,renltfi e Hoce,'l BepoflTHO C6ULO enHTeTa
'e
Kazar o w, Thr. R., n' 565; De t s c h e \v, uHT. c,rt{',
Acr.lenllfi, u3Be,LeH or ,iIar. scalprum' Hapo'1Ho'lar' scalpum' N
r14LleCKa J.ef,gOCr. Hae crte nO-CK.'IOHH]{ .la Blt:t(:,e}le TyK e.Lllg
n3XOA.
nol u:o5[a3eHara
sMl{fl
ct
Enulaebp Ha nayTannilctort
;;ffii6,'iv;lii tn.
w2
45{,' crrsra rog enurgT
&l
o3HaqaEau HeroBaTa
xuPS
iirr*o" or rparafic(il
nPo.
.i ! .l
:1r
il t
ll
lli
llpovvaaHnfl Br,pxy 3anatrHorpaxlrficxHre 3eMr.r [pe3 pnMcxo BpeMe
z ar o n', Thr. R., nn. 309, ;llg, 3ST (nn. l1i-107).
T o : o p o n, Oarauu3lr-br e .{onHa Mu3ur, 1g28, 7l c:t.
zaio u', l'hr. R., nn. 881 - 882.
Ky.'lra Ha rpr'rre xeKapcKH 6OXeCrsa s navra,ruH B){i. n Kazaro\\-, RE, \'l
269
cgr{ieTe",rcrBvBar
}t rpn or
qerHpaTe
nocBer(eHHfl Ha nayranulicKH rpa)+(-
lAHu
R CBeTH.IIHII{eTO npH l-,lana flaHera,
t
xtAerO TOBa C6.'rZXeHXe e 3a-
cT'bneHo
c Aocra perreQlr.i
tatu CBerH.,-IHIItero Ha rpaKaficnns r{oHHHK npa
f.rororrlrrla
e 6a,[o noBJ]rrrrHo oT Kv,.'rra Ha Acr.renr.rti nopaAH Henocpe,{-
CTBeHaTa
ivl)' 6,raaO-cr
Ao flayram4 oCTaBa 3acera He)'flCHeHq nopaX,
TB'bpiIe
ocKbjlHHr{ o6poqeH MaTepHaJ OT TOBa CBerH,.lHrUe.:r
Acrc.ryenuli e 6u,t [oqHTaH e [1a1'ra.,rHfl, KaKTo Beqe Ka3axilre, h 3aeAHo
c Xnrus ll Tt'urecQop.a fio-qecro rofi ce cpeua H3o5pa3eH B'bpx_y ]roHer6 Ll
o6pounu
rilo KH 3aeAHo c ABere 5oxecrna,i, oTKo.,,rKoro caMo c eAHo or
Tflx.tl 3a cbBllecrHafl Iiv.rIT Ha rpuTe .rreKapcrr.I 6oxecrna cBareren-
cTBy'Ba orile fr cnoNreHaroTo Beqe ilocBer.ueHHe oT EnHraB,bp.T BeponrHo Ha
uupoKo pa3npocrpaHeHHs
Kv.rrr Ha Acr,returt a rpaaa ce A.b"rxlt u
qecroTo
car{ocroflTe.,'rHo
.
ltso6pasflBaHe Ha 3r\,rrrn Blbpxv MoHerHTe Ha rpaAaE h Ha
op0gqecxoro
qfiqe,
KoeTo ce rBr{Ba ocBeH Ha rlroHera, orrle A Bbpxv pe-
lednre Ha^ AcKnefiHkt,tt a c-bruo e Har,repeHo H caNrocroflTerHo H3Arr.,IaHo
0T KaM'bK.lo R u z i ck a npaervra BCe BbB Bp'b3r<a c ToBa 14 pa3npocrpaHeHHe
Ha op0HqecKrtfl t(yJIT B llavrarss.tl I-,ranuasr xpaM Ha Acxurenuii ce e Ha-
MHpa,l B IIoAHoxHero rra XacapJ'bKa npH ToniraTe rvruHepa.[HH H3BopH, Ho
Bt,3MOXHO C 6OXCCTNOTO
AA E HMA,'IO BTOPOCTEICHHH CBETH,IHIIiA H HA
rp)'fH
lvJecra B fpara, Hanp. Ha xucapJrbKa, cailrocrosre,rHo HilH 3aeAHO C
np)'rH 6oxecrna.re
Hape4
.c
KY"'Ira Ha Acr-<.'renH!i nail-paanpocrpaHeH n I-lavra,r us e 6u:t
KV"'IT'br Ha 3enc u Xepa. I,lsf.rex,ra,
qe
3a IUHpoKoro 3acrbilBaHe Ha Kynra
Hr!r.. e AonpuHecbn oQsuuanHHflr
A-bpxaBeH K)'nr Ha lOnarep H lOfona,
KofiTo ce e cMecHiI B c'b3HaHaero Ha noqHTareJIHTe c rp'br{Kuff KyJIT Ha
3eec u Xepa, a a cBerH",'rnruero npn Kona,{onuu BeporrrHo H c HrrKaKBa
MecrHa_TpaI(HIicKa
6oxecra
Aaofixa.t'] Kanuro,rluicxara rporlrla, Ha n.bpBo
I'trcro
lOnurep (3eec), cner roBa lOriona (Xepa) H Ha nocJ,reAHo Mrrcro
MuHepea (ArHHa), ua KoHTo rpaAone H orile.rrHH nu:|.a ca orl,aBailH noqnT,
3il Aa I43pa3flT BepHOIIOIaHHqecriHTe
cv
r]\'BCTBa
KbN{ pHNlCKaTa
A-bp)KaBHa
, ,,
'l\a
1d
'n.
r
Ka
r3a
A, -tg6
f.
,-._"
R,].r-i cka,uur. c-brr.,3(t; L{FAjL 1, 1910,218,22g(: Seure, Arch. Thr.,
r ser., n. I l5).
I E^,,2
i c k a, uur. c.su., 30; I,16AA, VII, lglg 2A, 7.1, n. 2, n. I /n. 901.
;
IC, IV, ITT (n. tS7).
I
R u zicka, uur. cru.,37 ca.
.1'
R u z i c kd, rrHr. cou., 37, ;lg.
r0
I1EA,I, \,11, 1()19,20,75, n.5;K LtzLtrow, RE, xl, 143i ff.
l, B
,, 2 ic k a, uur. c-sq., 3g.
':
VI. ll B a H o a, HBA,T, VII, 1glgl2}, TT c.r. ; RA, 1926, II, 170, n. 2gi.
t!.5.u-<.^roy,
RE, r,;t r (tg;o), 512, 51,+ f.,
'Suppt.
Iit, ti3n, B)rt. rro-Harar},x
Iil._
iil(159) c.r. Tosa cBerrr,'lurqe He Mox{e la ce c}rqra
ja
ce,rcxo rpaxulicxo cBerH,,rHilre
.]:*]o
nopaAu l.(yxra Ha fioqxraHHre raNr 6oxec'rBa, rAra !r fioparu noqr.rrare.rure, KoHTO B
'u-ror'rflltara
cH
rlacr
ca 6lt.in xHTenH Ha ila',.ralan.
i}q:iiril'i,i
;",i, I li :i :
',:,;iil
-4#,
a-
7a
6. I-epos
Jlac,r,1 B l-layra,raa
He e 6ula IIot{HTaHa H3IIqIO, HO CaMO C n',bpBuTe
ic*
.BaMa
qJreHoBe,
".rqo
O6nxuoaeHo B 3anaf,HllTe npOBHHUI'tl'l'
B CnerAanq{'
o pH KonH,rosUr-3.u.
a Xepa Hocrlr Karo enarer erHHKoHa K:?;:::PJ:irt
. t ]a.r-ra,lHr a
t{aCTHHTe tlocBelUeHHfl
Te He HoctlT HHKaK'bB erlHTT'r
46
:aro n q{rauaa.'rHare nocBeuleHar
re ce Hapnqar
'otrJp:uar seoi,l
\r4r*
;;. ; R'"i*a;.,rr't.u*o
aa 3eac).6 HaHcrnHa
I(ynlbr Ha ongMnl'Ific*nn
]e e ,rr,rruarr'
o'r oQnqlra.rtH,g ,q,.bpxaBeH
K,,-'IT Ua ]onurep,? Ho cTtr
,-j - r--
rnl ero Ha K).,,rr, Ha o;'raMrrlrficxHTe
6oroae c I'rMneparopcKHfl
xyar,8'e
;,K332Hr,re,
ee B crvqaf ce Kacae NIOiKe 6u sa oQuqaannax
pt'ttvtcxtl
^ip
"q""""
;y'rrr.
"Ctu{Hflr
e cJlvqatlr il c'bc Icot{pe; Seoi'
q,firo
Kynr cC
:B, r3ga B nocoqeHgrl
HaAnHC c Hl\'lfleparo^pcKufi
Iy.''''
B e'u'so nocgedd-
{H_, KOeTO r4Ma O6rqeCreeH
xapal(Tep,ln 3eec 14 Xepa He HOC'T HI.KaIC'E
3nHTeT. caruusr xapaKTep
Ha Tofl AoKVMeHT
IIOKa3Ba,
I{e B Cnyqafl naK ce
Ka^^e 3a o{OHq Lrai1ilufl. A'bpx(aBen
*!'"'n a rvfl 6oxecrea' Bepoaruo cluuin
Ky r Ce HMa npeABHA H B enHrpaiuru
or
.JIo:Ho,11
K'bAeTO Ce TOBOpH 3a
fidurpoH
*pu*,-ni ,,6aran,rpr*rra
6orose',. Btp-x.y rvIOHerHTe na I-layra'
irHfl ABere 6oxecrga
He ce nao6paarBar
3aeAno.
-
'l\loHerHflre
i:"^6r::::y
HA 3eec ca HflKoJIKO THna, npH e,[HH oT KOHTO e B'b3lvlox(Ho cJIHBaHeTo
M) c rpaxuticKoro
6oxecrso Cee'rc)'pA,^B apyr.
roli e npeACraBeH :{dTo
3eec Kepayurroc,
a B rpern n3io 3e# b'riavrnlaficrH
c Kp,'Ilarara HHxe s
D.bKa.1e B earro"noararrranra
3eac e orblt(.f,ecrBeH
c'bc cpoAHHg ua Ar'
X;^;'6"; a;;;3ufi.r3 Cruto r Xepa ce- trB'Ba B'bpxy MoHerure
' "T9119
;i ..ti
g"i,.i-'.oru MoHera rn e uao6paae,a
c orlrap, Koero roBopr 3a
c.bulecTByBaHero
Ha HeHH xpaM
"
iproi. HsrlexAa,
qe
Kynrlr na IOffi
,,
!.!r
I
-l
ioiitoin, uut. ctq., I, 190 c;r' 3a Klrra Ha 3eec u Xepa a Tpaxun sx'''K*
,J ow. RE, VI A,512 ff., u Ao'r'a-'Miz'lts"f'
ToaopoB' uur' c'vu" 42 ctr' "fel'
" "z'lrlEtf,,
lv, igl-l, 89 .-.r,
1 ,_ n7i .".t'
,
i.ise1, vri,'tsrslitj, 8s, n.
l0;7i'-n'i-t.'.' 2!!t
t '
,
a
LIEAA, vg, 1919'20, g2,n. 1''(;'.'ib;;' nelr, ,rir 1891, 9+, n. 12 (n. s3); vl6Al"
V 19i9.'2(), 83, n. 6 (n' ll01
-r
"
6bureB"luets,
tl. t06 h'/3)'--
,'
lEivl, xV,
j89i,
94, n' 11 (!t- 771'
Llereacro
IIe e cbBcev cul']'plro'
t
Cpu
'T
o tit a i n, uur' c'btl'' 283 c;t'
l
tlt*X',',3lil'it33;,
1;,3,
r';
1?i,,,,.*,,. n11,,.I1,,,0,, Kll,l,..fip",i"
?Jl';
,,^....*,1 :l.tTT:li;T,'t-r|:".T'i."i,
rs6; Nilsson' ii"' ct'q'' II' 313' 338' Ho sua r
,rpYraB.b3Mo}KHoCT3aT}nKyBaHeToHaB.bllpocH^Hf.Hlrnlc.BelugltcTHqecKl,t,I,ii'li..:"flt:
;i;{;;r;;;.'iiiu*u.u
ca 6n.rn ,or{HraHn xiro $sc: xor',frpe6, cpr. N i I s s o
I i:,n., 157, 158. B rp'tuxu otlnUuaruu noqerHH Ha.UIHCI'{ HMfleparopl{re.
Hoc'Ir enuTera
j
;\p, nanp. AnroHlrH IIur'r s ,runr."*'-i;y;
;t iie't'" H';;'';-t't'- Mission
arch.ole
qrqre de Maccdoin.,'-fa7O,
271, it. 112. B raxls c'ry'uar'l B-bnpocHltflr HarlnHc ft'
7il
ue
rpn6na Ia Ce OTHeCe H3Uflilo K-bM I4MIlepaTgpCxNn^ x1''rr' Txn IBe B-b3lUoXHH
O6gCHef,rC
r,.,.1r upe,lHuc.rBo rrps+^IpgT.tro
ur,ruo*n.iii
-j,,o: +,ol'ii'=.r7ftS iu putOlrpaMe
nerapcrtrfc
( xecr'sa, cPB. crp' 268
1l]!)'^ , '-1,,7'sir,
vit, t9t9 20, 81,.1. I (n. 721.
rrKaIipka, rt.33-l
(tt. l!!).
13
Ruzicka, utlr' cl"t',')'2 cJ'
ra
i,tne,t, vu; 19lg;20, 82^1. n. 3 lrt, 921.
1{
Rrtzickfl, ulrr' clitt" zJ'
119
llpoy.raannfi Blpxy 3aral,Horpaxuiicrrre 3eMH npe3 pHI{cKo EpeMe 271
1ep-3eac
e 5xa no-IonvJlttpeH B llayranun or Kynra Ha lOnona-Xepa.
3a
rosa cRHITer'rcrByBaT H HaMepeHHTe B rpa.Il,a HtlKo,rIKo HeroBH 6poH-
iora
atrrylixtt,l KaKTo H e,{,Ha MpaMopHa B C. C,'loroulalla B C'bceAcTBo
c rpaAa.l
'
klunepaTOpCKHnT K\'/tT, xolirO, KaKTO H OtluquaJ'IHHaT A'bpxaBeH
K,V,'IT
Ha KanHTonHIlcKaTa TpoHua, e HNIaJI noBeqe AbpxaBHo,
oTKoiIKoTo pe.'lH-
fi,O3HO 3Ha,{eHHe,') e 6Wn C'bllt0 TaKa 3aCT'bneH e fla,r-fa,rHfl, KaKTO BHtrfX-
lre. B ABara HaAnHCa, B KoHro e 3acBHAereJicrBVBaH, rofi ce flBfrBa cBbp-
aaH
c oQuL\HailHHn A'bpr(aBeH
pHMCKLI Ky"IIT Ha IOnHrep H [OHoHa, I(aKTo Ao-
fl-vcHaxivre
no-fope. B e.u,Hnaq HaAnacl B.'racTBVBaIIU-IflT HN'nepaTopcKH .IoM
!
oSnau." KaTo
,,ixo.
$sio5, B ApyrHfl Ce flBgBa e.I.Ha xpHUa fr'*'lr,a\ )epao:6V.;
Beponruo n c.'rvqarr raKa e o3HaqeHa
Qauu.rrunra
Ha Cenruuafi Cenep, Korro
[pe3 roAHHHre 2Cl9-211 e Ha6poflBa,{a
qerapuMa
_Aarvcra.';
VIao6pa3flBa-
HeTO Ha I.INI[epaTOpa B xpa]I B'bpxv eAHa lvloHeTa,? KaKTO H HaAnHC',bT Ha
HeoI(opHTe oT KoHtoao,E noxa3na,
Lte
B flal'raaHn e c'bulecTBvBar'I XpaNt
Ha HMneparopcKtlfl F(,V"IIT' Ha MoHerH ce cpel(a c'bll{o llso6paxeHne Ha
e,r,ua 6orllHfl, Koero rvroxe Aa 6Ue H3T'b.rrKyBaHo Karo o6paaa Ha 6orgn.q
Roma,l'
qnfiro
Kynr e c'bttlo oQHuHareH pHMCKH x\','tt.10
Or Lpy'rlrre 6orose Ha rptKo-pHrvrcKHrr naHreoH trie rpn6na Aa cno-
MeHeiu Ha n'bpBo N,tfCTo Ano,rou,
qHliro
K)',rlT B [1a-v-ra,ran' H3rJIexAa' e
6arr rnrp,qe pa3rrpocrpaHeH.lt l-lo ruoHeruTe Ha rpaAall toiit ce flBaBa H3-
o6paaeH B HsKO.lKo Trfia, B eAHH C"uvqafi c x{epTBeHHK, B Apyr CpeA
xpaM, Koero e yKa3aHHe 3a c"btUecrB)'BaHero Ha HeroB xpalvl n l-layranun.
Eaan )(eprBeHHK, HaMepeH B c'bceAHoro ceJlo C.noxotuprlrs,"t e 3acera eAHH-
crBeHoro My rrocBeuteHHe or l-layra,lnr. f]ouexe rpaA'br e 6u.rr neqe6eH
UeHTbp nopaAr CBoHTe MHHepanHu6anu, TB'bpAe B'b3Mox(Ho e ryx- AnoloH
l, . 6rl nourrrn Karo 6or-aeqare,r ('An6i)'to't 'Ir;ptE). Ky.rrlr Ha tn-
otryrcl1 e HaltepH.II C'LIno raKa urpoKo pa3npocTpaHeHHe B rpa,n,a nopaAH
ToBa,
qe
l-Iavra;.ln e 6n.ra .[o3apCKI{ UeHT'bp. Blpx-v Il{oHeTHTe rofi ce
$1;l'"
i;;;i'.:
ir,:,;
I
RA, 1E97, II.22-l st1., tttr. 1,2; 1ti9!), I, 120,
r
I4EAA, II, 1911, 2S5.
3
Nilsson, uHr. cbtt., II,366 fi., cpu. lt Totl
1
I/lEAjl, \'lj, 1919 20, li2, n. 4 (tt. 761; ot-xog
HA;lIIHC H.
5
E e ur e B.'r tr e B, n. 106 (n. 73).
,'
Cpe. rro-r-ope crp. 27(t(118), :a6.9. Aro npHerrelr,
qe
c $eoi }ot!peg ca 03HaqeHl'l xl,I-
anrc uuneparoptr, To B TaK'hg Cr1,r136 c r,.jt'ti..:oy )epaoriirv tUe J.a ca O3HaqeHu BCHqKII npe-
.1[irilHH H]tnep3T(]pH.
i
R u z ic li a, uur. ci,,t., n.71().
s
K a lin k rt, n. 177 (n. 123), BiK' Ilo-Ilarilrr,K C'tp. 275(123)'
"
Rttzickll, u!lr. cr,t1.,25.
lu
Totrtain, uttr. c1,rt., 37 c,r.; Nilsson, uHT. c'r,q', II' 167 c"t'
1l
3a xvrrrit rtit Arto.,roH B ,laruHcxrrre npoBnHuHH ax. T o il t a i n, uut'. cr,'i., 31'1 c.t.
3a x1'rrra yf
r, 1'paxuH Bxt. Kazaro\\', nn, Vt A, 500 ff., tl ;Jo;rHa Mu3iln, fl. To-
l o p o B, r{trr. ctu., 5-i c,r.
1:
Rttzicka, uur. ct,tt.,2J.
l:f
I/l6A[4, VIII, 193'], 6{ c"t. h. ll4l.
-
11
3a xy,rra u:r Auouuc
u cBrp3at{Hre c Hero 6oxectrlt n Tpaxtur ax. Kilzar()u''
RE,
VI A, 484 ff., a .4o,1ua MxaNr, fl. ToropoB, uur. ctv.,80 ca.
n. 1.
t ri i tl, ultt'. c'bq., 4,i c.r', rl{ c'r.
$eiag , dtrmus divina B .'larHHci(HTe
-
272
B. I'epoa
.;'. .
ri :uda H3o5pa3eH noA HfKor'IKo Tuna H 3aeAHo C ApyrH 6oxecrs2.t
&
rJrexla,
qe
n I*lavra,nurr e HNiaJro HflKaK'bB flo-3HaqHTeJIeH l(ynroB pene$t
;'T,jonxcoaa
cueHa,'KoriTo e ts'b3[poH3BeAeH B'bpxY eAHa^MoHera Ha rpaA4
(
3 !.a e 3aCBHAeTe.IICTBVBaHo Apy'ro KonHe oT HerO.2 Or l-layra,rux
Ufr
r , xoxAa fi eAHa noCTaBKa oT CTary'fl Ha ll,uoauc
pl
I-Iau.3 Carrlo elpxy
MOHeTH e 3acBHAere,'rcrBy'BaH O6paalr Ha cn.neaH-nau.a B nayraani
e Suit noqr4raH r.r cpoAHuqr Ha
AHoHHc
6or Ca6aauil, xoiiro e 6ua oraryi
crBeH c lOnurep-3esc.n
Ky.rrrtr Ha Xepaxt.r H3r,'Iexir,a, H e 6ut 3acT'bneH Aocra Ao6pe g
lTayratun'l H TaM e HMa/io HeroBo cBerH,'IHU{e, a BeporITHo H HeroBH
lfi}.:
1
-paxenu",
eAHo H.r[r noBeqe, ca ce HaMHpa/ll,I Ha O6U(eCreeHL{ MecTi
i ,pxy MoHerHTe Ha rpaAa ce cperuar H3o6^pa3eHH HflKoJIKo HeroBH THIIa.l
ir i4no noCBeIUeHHe rofi e HapeqeH Ii6prog.8 3anaaeua e H
r{acr
or Apytq
HeroBo nocBeu{eHne.r) Or I-lay'r ailvfl. npou3xoxAa c'bu{o raKa e.u,Ha 6pousoaa
r arviiKa, KoflTo Moxe 6q rpeAcraBa Xepaxta.to EAuucrBeHara or
Qnaure
'
Iiayr ailwfl,
qHeTo
Hxte HH e H3BeCTHo, Ce e Hapaqaxa XeparlegAa.ll 3a
KynTa Ha Xeparr,,'r H Ha leuerpa
H Kopa HHe rOBopHxIvIe Beqe. UIO Ce
oiorac" Ao Arnna, rrr e npe,r.craBeHa B 3Haql4re.rleH 6pofi THnoBe Bbpxy
)Herrrre Ha rpaAar2
pt
c eAHa 6ponaoea craryfiKa.l;r_ Blpxy MoHerHTe Ha
ryranHrl HaMHpaMe Hso6paaeHn olue Aprevruga-EenAaAa, AQpoaum
Lt Epoc, t4 To B no HrKoflKo rafia,l{ xaxto r,t paSrHt{HH ne.pcorylQnKalttltl
,.'.ro
Fecunditas Augusta, Nemesis Aequitas, Nemesis Nike, Concordi&
L'che
H oule Hnron,i' 6ea Ky,'IT'bT Ha THr. 6oxecrna Aa e 3acBHAeIg,Ii
I
I-"- ---
a'
-----'--.-
n^^<,.^^ r,Ar'^srrtrro ,ro^K-o.-o''iid
- -:ryrun B o6pouur.r IIaMeTHHUH. Pas6apa Ce, MoHernure H3o6parre$
MOraT B AOCTa CnyqaH La B',b3nporl3BexAaT LI3BeCTHH npoH3BeAeHHfl''t!?tr1
-,KyCTBoTo,
oT KoHTo e uMaJIo KonHf B rpa1a, 6es or ToBa Aa MOltrOi
r C'bAHM 3a pa3npOCTpaHeHHeTO Ha l(ynTa Ha THfl 6OXeCrsa.16
'F,:
Jir::
+
Ruzicka, uut. clq., 27 c;t.
R u z ic ka. uur. cr,q., 28.
AEM, XVIIL 189-1, 107, n. 5
(n. 94).
Rlzicka, uut. c'i,,i.,31.3a xy'rra lly B)+(' Toutain, uur. cl'1.,260 c;t'
p166g,
VII, lgl9i20, 82 fn. 92). 3a- x5'.rra ua Ca6acuil cau.a,ere,tcrByBa H eflf,
QparrreHrapHo
3ara3eH HaiIrtHC, E e ul e B JI H e n, n. 1()7.
rI
6
3a'x]'rra Ha Xepaxr.,r s Tpaxua sx. K a zat o w, RE, VI A:518 f f. 3-a pasnpocrPe-'
:HHeTOltyBIaTI.IHCI{HTenp(}BHHUItHeX.TOtltain,UuT.Cl'1.,400C.1.,8;l[O'rgaMHaft'
.. ToropoB, ut{r. ctv.,68 c.r'
7
Ruz icka, uur. c'bll..30 c.r.
8
YIBALI, VI, 1930/37, 121, n. 8 (n. 87).
1)
HEA.A., VII, 1919 20, 76, n. 8.
10
RA, 1897, II, 231. n. 31.
11
I4EAI, VII, 1919120, 811, n. 5 h. 751.
1:
R u zick a, unr. C'!,{.,2J.
l:l
QA, 1899, I, l2L), n. 3. 3a pa:npocrpaHeHllero
)oBHHuHH nx. Toutain, un'r. c'sq..290 c,r.
tt
ft u z i c k a, unr. c'btt., 21 c;t. 3a r<r,',rra sa
t
'l
;)
t
cpB. oue Kirza ro u', RE. VI A, 525 f f.
'
15
R u z i c k a, itttr. c1,H., 34 c.1. 3a Kv.lra
rT. c'btr , 392 c.,r.
16
l'l:o6paxeHuero ua Concordilt Ha eJttlt
r HeI{H rpaM B ilavra,ras.
Ilpoyvaaanrr B6pxy 3ana.[Horparuilcrnre 3eMH npe3 pr4McKo BpeMe
273
Tyx rpaSBa I\a cnoMeHeM c'brrlo pa3rpocrpaHeHuero Ha reo$opari-
EHTe
uMeHa, KoeTo, aKo a !,a He e cHrypeH 6erer ea pa3ilpocTpaHeHHeTo
Ha
KynToBere, Bce naK He e 6ee aua.{eHHe. Hari-paanpocTpaHeHo e uMeTo
Diogenes
(Diogenianus), H3BeAeHo or r.rMero Ha 3eac,1 Ha Bropo Mqcro
fiIBAT
HMeHaTa, H3tseAeHH OT AnO,tOH,? nocne OT XepUeC,3 Or ACX;lenprti{
r Xepaxr.'r.s 3a reo(PopuqHo trle rpn6aa r,a cMrrraMe fl HMero
[Ilaul
?]
il,i.7,r.
(acc.),6 Karo H3BeAeHo or 6orxHnra IIau;a),tt, no noAo6He ua 'A$rlveig.
'lori:, Rexytq, Nu;rgiE a np. HMeHa, H3BeAeHH or ctorBerHaTe 6orHHH,?
cbrr.to
HMero )[r]pup6vr[a]g no HMero Ha 6ox(ecTBoro Ha p. Crpyr,ra.s
Or asroqHxTe r(ynroBe cnrypHo 3acBa,u,erencrByBaH e Aocera caMo
K\:,rrlbr Ha HpaHCKOTO 60XeCrso Murpa.e PaanpocrpaHeHHero My a I-lay-
TatHfl Ce A'bJI}KH KaKTO Ha npHru'bnr{H oT H3ToqHHTe npOBHHrIr,rH, TaKa H
Ha cxJ-x6aTa Ha MecTHoTo Hace"rreHHe B'bB BorlcKaTa, K'bAero Tofl KynT e
6n.l oco6eHo lxupor(o pa3[pocrpaHeH.lo B rpaaa e HMa,{o cBerHnr{ue Ha
Murpa, or Koero npoa3xox(Aar ABa pereQa Ha roBa 6oxecreo,1l e4uuaRr
3HaqHTereH no pa3ilrepu, H eAHH xeprBeHzx.l2 Kyrrmr Ha Manoa3nlicxara
6oruss Ks6e,ra1l H Ha e,'ruHr4crxqecKo-efanercKoro 6oxecrno Capanncl{ e
3acBn,xerexcrByBaH caMo c Nao6palr(eHurr B'bpxy eAHHHqHH MoHerH.15
Or
qncro
lrecreH xapar(Tep e 6un Ky,rrbr Ha 6oruusTa l-layra.nua,
3ACBHICTC"'ICTBVBAH B'bPXY MOHETA B H'KO/IKO THNA,T6 NOC,{C K,VNTbT HA
1
AEIII, XV, 189i. 94, n. 11 (n. 771 $ nr,ru),
5 (n.75)
i Kalinka, n.350 (n.811;l,1EA[1,
n. 12 (n. 831; I,lEA,il, VII, 1919120,
VIII, 193.1, -166, n. 1. (n. 102), CIL, 83 dd, n. D {n. /c) i
y
III, 12336 (n. 1731.
I
Mc6, XVI, 1899, 111 c.'r., n. 18 (n.71); I4EA,[, VII, 1919i20, 82, n. 1(n. 76)
(2 Hrrena)
;116A14, VIII, 193+, 466, n. 2 (n. 100); AEM, X, 1886, 65, n. 5 (n. 101).
L{6A4, Vll, 19i9220, 82 c,r., n. 5 (n. 75), n. 4 (n.76) (2 uveua): AEM, X, 1886;
64, n. 4 (n. 95).
I
Muxafi,,'roR, l'CyQO, XLVIII, 1952i3, 246, n. l9 (n. 132): 146AA, IV, 191,+,
91, n. 2 (n. 142).
; I,,IRA ]1 \IT
14EAA, VII, 1919i20, n.4 (n.761; 1.16A14, VIII, l9;1,t,69 (n. Il4).
6
EeureB,'rH eB, n. lA6 fu. 73).
Cpa. rrerrp. VlPAtA, XVI, 1912, 389 (no:ryocrp. Kacaxapa, Xa;rxn.ruxa);
1893, 6{ f., n. 1
(AroH):
CIG. II. 1971
(Co,rviit:
M e n d e i. Catalose. III.
AM, XVIII,
935 (6ep),
CIG, II, 1957 C.
nyAn, XVl, l9IZ, ;iEg (rrox_vocrp. hacaHnpa, XaJKHxHKa);
(AroH); CIC, II, 1971 (Co,ryirl i M e n d e l, Cataloge, III,
I
AEM, XV, 1891, 94, n. ll (n. 77).
,
I'3a
.xapaKrepa H 3a pa3npocrpaHeHfiero Ha Kynra Ha l\trarpa Bx(. Toutain,
Les c-ultes paicns dans I'empire Romain, I partie, tome II, 121 sqq.
10
B Masnfl ros Kynr e sacBHrereJcrBlrBaH Beqe tlpe3 Heponoao BpeMe H oKo/ro 100 r.,
Bx(.
Staehelin, Dieschrveiz in romisctier 2eii,1948,560;AB, XXKI, 1938, 130 t.,n.7.
rr
AA, XLI\', 7929, 322, n. 4 (ualrepeH B oxonHocrra Ha rpala) ; VLBAVI, VIII, 1934,
52,
n. 15.
r!
Henl'6.lrKvBaH h. 104;.
l:t
3a
iraenpocrpauerurero r{a Ky,TTa Ha Ks6eaa B naTr.rHCKHTe ilpoBHHuHH ex. T o u-
ia in..ulrr.
i.sr.,'r p., t. II, 7J sqq.
1r
3a rtpox3xoAa Ha Klixra ira Capanuc Bx. N i I s s o n, uur. ctq., II, 147 t.,3a pa3-
ilpocrpaHeHHero
Nrv npe3 pnl.rcKo Bpelre (crp. 316-328). 3a pasnpocrpaHenuero lrv B 3a-
I'aJHHTe
ilpoBHHut.tr sx. Toutain, uur. crq., I p., t. II, 5 sqq.
1i
R u z ic k 3, uHT. cur., 23.
I'i
Ruzicka, uHT. ctq.,35.3acsurrere,'rcrBy'BaH orqe c reo$opr,ruxoro HMe llzurzlig
ll"
.,',')'p., c,ryuar'l or Cepauxa, tlBAjl, V," 1915, 223, u tnonerrrr", He c'bBcerr
(arlpeu
c,'r.\',r,ii or llarrlr;ttrfi. 6 c ttr e B.,r H e ts, n. l()6 (n. 7,?).
ii1
I orr,,,,nr,, x;t erao.rortd,recKHq (DaK!'.:lrer
:ll
)fi
ii
II
!r
ii
,|
tl
;'
i, i.;
ii 1l'
i:l',
r:I
,i
:,
{il{
tti
ltiit
it{
!i i
!!l
!1i
til
IX I
llri
i.t;
iil i
rri
t!i
llt
,,!.
iit
',1 :
.rl !
,l
i,l :
ll i
ri
r.tt
lr
;li
jii
rl .j
ti
ii,
:ii
,il
'ql
,ir
I _d,
Ha Ky.1ra Ha ,iVlunepBa B i'3TllgcKrtc
Aprertn.la-6eslut.la Bx(. crp. 213(61)'
Nemesis II np. BlK. Toutain
lloHera c xeprBeIIHK npe;( 6oruHcra
roropr
.-*lgarr
l-
274
6. I'epoa
)qHHs 6or CrpHMoH
H eBeHrY?r'IHo
Ha 6ora Ha
n'
!c19n1'',I:::i:1-
t:$
caMo or MoHerH.l B uxosoMHqecKHfl
x(HBor Ha tpaAa p' tt-p^1Y?'_,U'qF
n?r,I? BaxHa porg. Tg e H?IIOflB?r'la noJeTo, HOCe"Ia e 3naToHocT
:::L6
HJIaeH3nOn3yBaHaH3anpeHac'IHeHarexKHMarepHax''-Y^Y-199h
Hre KynroBe ce orHac'I H Kynrbr Ha HunQnre' Konro o'I1tl:-?PtFaL
H3ToqHHIIHTe Ha 6laroclcToflHHeTo
Ha lTayranug u Ha ,,ol?|?ll:1o.F
<OTaTCTBOTO
Ha fOpHocrpvNtCKara
o6,racr'2
'Ilora'neu
xapaKTep HMa u rYnTt?
a rp,Te oOrare#
Hnvr6r.r, Kofiro croll BbB Bpb3r(a c MHHepa"lHl'ITe 6a'n
,,-rpi!a.a OcaeH
Ha MoHerH KVJIT'bT Ha rHq HulrQu e 3acBn,l1erexcrByBas
,l B litHAKoTo aaro Crpuunno,
oTK'bIeTO npol43'xoxAa eAHa O6pOuua nnOX'
a'HaKofToca-,lso6p,3eHHTpHTeTaHuvBalrlnuHuQu.{it
BtnpeKH TpaKHfiCrltq
[pOH3xO.]. Ha 3HaqHTeJ'lHa
qaCT
oT HaCeneHHeIO
na l-la,vrinu^
airaexta,
qe
cBerH.'IHtlie
Ha rparaficxnr KoHHHnl:-_t
1Man0
B CaMHrr rpaA. AOCera
nOqTH He Ca H3BeCTHH CHrypHH HeroBH nOCBeuIeH11fl
rT rpaAa. Ho B C'bCeACTBo
C rpala, B AHeuHoTO
Ceno Croxotltl'tqa, tpe'
:UitCXUsr KOHHHK e HMaJI CBeTH,'lHIIle, OT KOeTO Ca HH 3ana3enn Spafn'renff
or o6pouHH rr..loqKH.; Karo Ha 6oxecrno, KOeTO e 6u;to [oqHTaHO rnaBHO
OT CeJICKOTO TpaKntiCXO
HaCeJ'leHHe' CBeTH!'lHI{aTa
Ha TpaKHi-iCKI4g KOHHE*
:.a 1fiJtT nPeAHMHo
B cerara"'
HaAnncuTe
HH AaBaT
H3BeCTHI{, aKO H C'bBCeM Henb'tHH CBeAsHHg 3a
opraHH3aqHfTa
Ha peJrHrHo3HHfl ixIIBOT e flal'ra.lran- osratlHa/lHHflT
pI'{MCKB
r,.bpxaBeH
r(ynT
"'
IOnnrep, IOHOHa H MlaHepsa; e 6vt:r o6CxyxraH oT
{oJrergs )Kperr6 HaqeJo c eAHH ap.il,epe,i.* Tazw xpeqecKa Koileruq e o&
:.,tyxBana no BcflKa BepoflrHocr
u HMneparopcrua
Kynr' Epoa
'-:,-,gg
13-14 XpeUn.l) B ses'Ca MOTJIH Aa vqaCTByBaT H XeHH, KaKTO nfi-tilLl$
eAHO nocBeqeHge,
K'lbAeTo ocBeH xeHaTa H3rJrex(Aa,
qe
H M'L>x',bT e 3a-%#
,,S;il;; A;;;;;;;.-Hrr..rnrr0
HH ca orue H'KonKo ,.peq,
-
eA[-a'
: ..n
1
R u zick a, uur. ctq', 31 c'r'
2
Ii r.r z i c k it, ul{T. c-tu., 32 c"l , BiK' !l crp. 26't(l 12)
I-lpoyvaaullfl Bbpxy 3ana;lHorparuficxrre 3eMH npe3 puMcr(o BpeMe
275
rofiro
e flocBTH;r craryrr aa
lluouuc u l\aa,1 Apyrr, KoHTo ca HanpaBlailu
flOCBeuIeHHe
Ha HeH3BeCTuO 6oxeCtBO,2 Cbrrlg u eAHH oT ua4rpO6er Ha,(-
glrc.:r BepotrHo )(peLI Ha lTa,vranan e 6un u r(cacTapx'br, 3a Kororo ro-
ts0pHxMe
flo-rope.l B eAHH
QparuenrapHo
3ana3eH HaAnHc or nbpBara noJro-
nHHa
na III n. ce c'bAa'px(a npeA[HCaHHe 3a xeprBonpaHor.ileuse.s Cnoueuaaa-
HeTo
Ha [eTeJI e
]'F(a3aHHe
BepOflTHO,
qe
Ce Kacae 3a I(]'nTa ua ACxnennfi,
rofiio,
Kaxro BHAflxNre, e 6nr uapor{o pa3npocrpaHeH a lTayranuz.8
Harnuctr or Koatoso, rorlro npeAcratsfl cnHcbr{ Ha HeoKopHTe B
xpaua
Ha Acrcaenufi Corep,T ce orHacfl no BcrrKa BeporrrHocr Ao xpaMa
Ha ToBa 6oxecrao s fTaytanuq. Hae cMrrra]re 3a MHoro no-[paBAonoAo6uo,
qe Ha,[.nHC',bT e HaMepeH Ha MscToTo, r(bAeTo e 6u;t nocTaBeH, oTKoJiKoTo,
qe e 6H"II AoHeceH TyI( oT l-layra,T aa. B rpaxuficxoro ceno }rc,"vonepa ce
e HaillHpa,'Ia xpaMoBaTa co6crneuoct, 3a r(oflTo craBa nyMa B HaAIIHca.
Eluu BTopH eK3eMn,'Iflp or Hero e crosJr Beposriro B xpaMa Ha Acx,rennfi
Corep e flayraras. HeoxopHre, n'bpBoHaqaJrHo xpaMoBi,r rrpHcnyii(HHrru, ca
ce npeB'bpH?r'IH B [o-K'bcHaTa HrvrrrepaTopcF(a enoxa B noqeTHo H cKbtlo
crpvBatuo 3aA'b/txeHxe Ha Hocr.rreJruTe ruy. Hue He 3HaeM Aailu e llayra-
itfifl Te ca H3Irb,'IHflBairH HflKaKBa r(oriKperHa pa6ora, KaKTo Hailp. n EnH-
IaB'r,p, K'bAeTo ca noMaf ailvr Ha xpequre-,,'IeqHTer'ru.8 HaI.nuc'bT HLI rroKaSBa,
qe
re ca 6unu opraHlr3upaHa B Ko.rerrg,
,{afiro
p'brioBoAHTe,'I ce e HapH-
uan tratilp.!)
troro;rxoro nH e H3BecrHo, Ton HanlHc e eAHHCTBeHHIT 3a-
cera noKyMeHT n Tparux, KofiTo HH AaBa cBeAeHHe 3a xpaMoaa co6crse-
Hocr. Or HsKo,'IKoTo Bb3MoxHocrH 3a rbnr{yBaHe, Kouro flpeAnara H3pa3'br
aiE idap'ipdto xti,tS.z i't xloo]p1 lnrvor,d,?ol
xei revtla6], nae npHeMaMe cneA-
Hara: HHe orAeJrflMe xii,lta ev x. ). or revi[a6] H rtoA xttp.a pa36npaMe
IIo3eMiIeH yqacIbK.lo xofiro p'br(oBoAHTerrrr Ha HeoKopHTe e noAapHJI cHM-
BOJIHqHO Ha HeOKOpHTe, BCI>U{HOCT Ha CaMHfl XpaM, KaTO Te BepOSTHO Ca
6utw eaA'aJrlI(eHH Aa ce rpaxar 3a cronaHHcBaHero Ha xpaMoBnq HMor.
re'ria (-i,eryta) HHe cxBarualre Karo cBeuleHa rrpeBp'b3Ka,l1 KaKBaro HeoKo-
prre e rpr6narro Aa HocflT Karo xpaMoBH Cv1))kHT,rrH.
AEM, XVIII, 189-1, 107, n. 5 h.94).
I,lEA.il., VII, l9l9/20, 83, n. 5 (n. 75).
W. [{ a a s o s, Ceoepsa MaxeAoHr-rfl, n. ll (n. 85).
Kalin ka, n. 103 (n. 109).
Kalinka, n. 180 (n.82).
Cpa. Nilsson, [Hr. cru., II,354 ff.
llere; ce cpeua oure rr B KV.[ra Ha xpyru 6oxecrna, Hailp. Ha Murpa, Ho nopaAu
oco6euo'ro
floJ'toxeHHe Ha l(y.'rra Ha Acxrenuil e llayra;rua HHe npueltalre,
qe
B c.r'ryqafl ce
l(acae
3a TO3H K\..1T.
;
Kalin(a, n.177 (n. 123).
s
Krister Hanell, RE, XVl,2122tf.
tt
Zi eb a r t h, Cr. Vereinwesen, 37, n. 9, 157 ; P o I a n d, Gr. Vereinu,esen, 387.
10
3a toaa 3HaqeHHe ua r:!pz cpn. Xen. oec.,20,23; Dem., 234. 27. xzfipe, Moxe .tra
q3H[rt{aBa
oue H fior(pHT Huor, K-bula, a c6ulo u po6w,cpa. Arist. pol.,2, 4. lt,e uLue H lloKpnT ililroT, K-brrla, a c'bLIIo H pooH, cpB. Anst. pot., t, +.
il
3a toea 3HaqeHHe Ha ra.v/a. sx. Schuppe, RE, iV A (1932),2004. Ka!inka,
L, cxBaua talv{z Karo
-naDuex 3etr{fl". B sHaqeHHe Ha -HBHIra 3e:trf
(cvura)' ga- cxBaua ralv{z Karo
"napueil
3etr{fl". B sHaqeuue Ha nuBt:0.a 3e:trr (cyura)' ua-
:J
Ruzicka,
u'hr. c'su,32'
r
AEM, X, 1886, 67
(rt. lll)
:,
K a zA r o w, T5r. R., nn. 88l--U8i : cpe illiA;l II' 19ll' 265 ; lYt' 3.a Y a p H..e1CT
Caoxou,.rua. 1g2g,
'46
c,. 3a .r.r,."r.io'",
rpa*l'rfic*lrx KoHHHK c Acxrenufi nx' no'
rope cTp.268 (l1tj). Be;rttao6po.t,,,u.u,*,ua
rpaxufic*,,'-*o*n,*,
Kazarow,
Thr.R.
n.565,orrpararrJo*ur"ocr'a,6oxecrBoroHocHKaroenHTCT
erH,Kolla Xxalrrlvo5;Apyr0T'
Kac or ca!,url rpal, K irzlrolv, Thr' Il" rl' 566'
63acsetuJ'lHularaHatpaxlttlcxunXepocit:rltcarloro6oxecraoBx'Kazaronr'
RE, SupPl. III, 1132 tf', \'l A,-173 ff'
:
?fr-i"i$i',fi6?:
3?:'l]'l','ii 77);
^6At
vrr, re1e 20, 82, n. t (n.76),.1t'?)y^
.llaae.
Apxr.reperr
"
O^i lrrbopra
goqerHa Bepo,irHo eilHol'o.d,llulHa An-oxHocr'
KlAerO
e
HMa,Io eAnH xpa\t 3a er.l'lH KyilJ,
lPxleitoi
t 5u'r e'r'uH 3a i(ynra. H 3a p'l'}KoBo-'LcrBoro
Ha rp6*l'
cpB. Brandis,
'RE,"ii,
iZi'fi. S,i op.aHH3au,qra Hi oQnuaaiHun
'bnxaBen
prvcrx
Kvrr Ha KanuroanitcKara
rpollua H 3a HeroBoro pa3flpocrpaHeH,e u
'a""ci"1q'
IipgBnElrt
"ix.t-.
Toutain, Uur. Ctq., I p.,t..1,77 sqq., sa'HeroBara-opraHg3aqur
u pa'anpoc'pe
;;;;
ffi'^"i:'ti,:ruru*;ll"si:;
1',1,1
'rli'
.tT; i,"i';
"";''F3,iil'*,
xLv,r'
tes2/re63'
247, n' 22 (n' 145)'
t2\ rJ., .r.^o.onr:)T, r*r,',ri+{ocr Ha rt'bxa vxagaat
G6'
r0
B e * .
".i,
e B, n. 106 (rl. 73)
^ll -Iperlecxilra
'1'rl'l'xHocr
Ha r1.I";
rerlre ;i*'f,Iat;lpo5'
e')oeB16, sirt' c'rp' 277(125)' n6' 2'
I
4
.)
TcTHHa
'{eHHe
Iopa:,,
rafl ryrra ce cpeuia I' Diod., I,31, App., Pun., l2i, Plut., AIex., 26,7, Ho B 3Ha-
Ha
,napue,r o6pa6oreaeva (nsno,rsyaaeua) 3eMfln AyMara He e 3acBI.I,neTencTByBaHa,
Koelo cxtsaulaHero rra Kalinka ue MH H3tr'rexAa npHeMxHBo.
---**.ff
276
6. fepon
1
AEl1, X, 1886, 65, n. 5 ht' 101)'
'iii ir.
1031 ; cps' Z e
jl
I e r, Buliiev zi)orrlili'
-:
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)',J2 (n. IUJ) ; ct
:r
1:1. 1i1 B a H o R, Ceo. X{itr., n. 2tt.
OrHocHo cburecrByBaHero
fia lpvra
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lPa6q4
la
Ce ilpeAnonaraT
n nayra;rHf, 3acera HfluaMe CbBCeeI CHrypHa AaHH1,.
Mo*. 6; ea Ky.rtoeo o6ltecrno roBopn
lAuH
Qparuenr
or HaAnHc,
Aa
KofiTo
qereM en'urerur e :pr\e',zi.7o
-< \
g)'a}L\'9ott;, Kouro noAxoxAaT
0a
qreHoBere Ha e.[,HO TaKoBa o6ulecrno't
^
'i'
Beporruo oue npe3 III n., a uoxe 6H It no-paHo nopaAn Bpt3KuTe
Ha rpaia ctc Co.rryn 14 c Ap)-rure
)laKeAoHCt(II
rpaAoBe xpHCTHxHcrBoTo e
HarlrepgJro nocneAo;are.rrH
a'l-la-vra'run.
Ilpes IV B'' HaBnpHo BpeMeTo Ha
BaleHr, B rpaAa Ce e BOAe,'Ia 6op6a NIe)(Ay [pnB'bpxeHllllHre
Ha aplrag-
crBoro H nocneAoBareJlHTe
Ha Auacracnfi,
xonio ca npH3HaBarH H3pa6o'
,anr" Ha HuxefiCrug
Cb6Op CHNIBO"I Ha BtlpaTa, Kal(TO CBHAeTenCTByBi
;;;; HalnHc.2 Or c'r,A'bpx(aHtreTo
Ha HaArlHCa JIHqH,
qe
IIo roBa BpeMe B
rpaAa e HMa.IO npaBocJIaBHa ubpKBa,
K'bAeTo Tofl HaAIHC e 6a'n nocTaBe]L
FifT la.rru VI B. rrpr4HaAnex(H
eJ.HH xpHCTHflHcKH
JIaTHHCKH HaAIIHC Bbpxy
KepeMHAa, HaMepeH B rpaAa.3 Klut B'b3O6HOBflBaHeTO
Ha KpenOCTHaTa CTeIIa
Ha U,raAeJrara
Ha rpaAa ixrcap,ri*u)
Ip,
lOcrpruuaH orHacf H' HnanOs
HaMepeHHTe
TaM KepeMHAH C ileqaT
'Otlpd'l
K.5rt C'b1UOTO BpeMe OTHaCflT
, noitpofixara
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o6ruecreeHHrrT
X(HBOT Ha l-iaYta.lHq HH Ce pa3KpHBa Il HefoJlflu 6pofi
nrlniar.- o6H,{aiiugTe
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or crpaHa Ha rpal-
CKI,IS C.bBeT, ynpaBneHHeTo
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KaKBHTO B rpaAoBeTe
Ha H3roqHHre
npoBHHuHH, n'bt{ ; il fpu*i',x
(uanp' Nicopolis ad Istrum) ca
MHOrO6pofiHH,
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nopaAn ToBa, u.'r,
Qopyua
B rpala He Ca npaBeHLI CI4CTeMHH
pa3I(onKI'
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HaAn,ca e cnor{eHaroro
Beqe nocBerrreH6e Ha 6asuqlffs
Ha xaApr.,
or-iss-i.r
..a^Ap]-fHlr
e
^noqereH
HaAnHC Ha HMneparomF
Mapr Arpe,rrft
,- n!'urflI BeF'(i61-169
r.).i OcaeH roBa or llayra4rr
Ca nOCTaBeHH
IIpe3 n'bpBaTa uO,rOauua ua III s' n'bTHlI KOflOHH' KOI'ITO
gb'
IueBpeilIeHHoIINlaTxapaKTepHHanocBelII.eHI,IeHaH}I[epaTopHTe'ByqacTb-
rlgre Kpyneu (flnporcr(o)
--
Ka.rotn,ua (tJ,apu6pog,crco)^H
Bo'rr-l'rx
-
Koc'
ruH6poa
Ha AHafoHa.'IHHa
n*,, C.prr*i--Firur.
Hue H3lia3axMe
no-rope
(crp. 216(9+) C",t.) IvlHeHI.le,
qe
UeHTpa.:IHHfr
iI'bT ts rl4t{ ABa ceKTopa
e 6n't
nOAA.bplKaH IIpe3 roBa }lpenle or l-lo1'ra.rrn.
LlecraveaHH'{ra Ha tlpOBHHUt{-
aJIHHTe ynpaBHTeIH HH Ca 3aCBI,I!.eTe.lCTB\.BaHpI
,x.ocefa C eAHH HaAnI,Ic
oT
BpeMero
Ha MapF( Anpe",rnrt
,-,lltrr*
g.b
(161-169 r'),$ rofiro e B'bpl'v
-: Kalinka, n.2
;
'r,,inii,"t'ii,"rlis,zil, g3.
Ha-irtttcr,r AEM, x, 1886' b'l f'' n'
cMflTa:\te 3a rpllcrllrlHCKll, Ho- :a-
-o(rpoueH'
\te 3ll IpllCl'[ltlHCKll, HO ''ll
(r(rpi'tt{tH'
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i;-g.
l,rl a H o B a, I.HM, I\', is:z-z;' ++s'
" D. Yllt(ltl('5(rt r
ti
6 e ltt e B.'I l't e B, n. 1t)5 (ll' 74t'
;
fl. ,18 a H o B, ul{T. c'1,'{', fl' 18 ;
fi.- ul t arr n B, ul{r. c'btl.r I1' 18 (rl' /1/)'
rpaia, a 0r
s
ltco, XVII, lsgfi, 111,'n. 1E (.=lCR,'I. 673\ (tt.7'1r' Axo u
uHa,tHItfl)'llpaBHTex:lae6tl'ral'l3illII'HilraHeorlllteroHarpaia'at)
grHO OCno6oaeu po6 Hil lll)OtsHHtlt!il.llllltl vllpaB!1're'1, roBa nocBeIIIeHi{e
irpr*','ap, r'urI raro lloeBern're"lqr c
(rtl;t
rpa'[cKU ceHarop H crarvflTa
rfopy:vra'Ha rpala c pa3pelxeHlle Ha I'pa'lcKHfl ceHar'
flocraBl(a' H2 KoflTo e cro'ila crarvflTa
Ha npoB, HrrHaJTHLrn y[paB,Ten
Aspetuii AnonoHzli.
3ac,r1,>KHJrLt
rpax4ana
or ruyHu
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IJun c noeMaHeTo
Ha ruTypruLl
H ,{ape HHfl 3a 6.rlaroycrpor?crBeH
u N 6naro- TBOPHTCNHI,I UCNH CA 6WNU
'AOCTO'BAHH
C'bC CTATVH H TOqCTHH
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or crpaHa Ha [lay.ranua
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ca-
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ABa enareTa,
B Ko,To ce H3T6KBaT
pe,,r,r,o3nr-I9 pry
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K\"',roBe.
oScroqraiirroro,
ve flay raii*fl TVK e Ha- peqeHa y),'txuzi,,
nrr.1iq, Koero Lu,AaBa
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craT)rrrra
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e 6uaa H3Ar.rrHaTa
oT cailrara Hes, c HefiHlr cpercrea, pia6apa
aa,'aroa c-bf/rac,ero
Ha fpaAcrxq
ceHar, Herrro o6flrHoeeHo
R fpail'Bere,
KOeTo
AOpH H3pHqHo ce yria3Ba
B ,TarprHCK,.rre nocBerrleHHH
oT Toq po-.r. I_lpu ,nancara
Ha peronen
rpaAcrr 5nAxer oco6eno H3B'bHpeAHH
r-p2Ao),crpoficrneua
Meporp,rr
r*n ca 6uwt ilocperrlaHa
c
qacrHa
.IapeHaff, Kor.rro
-ca .6unw
noou{pr{BaHa
oT rpaAoeere c
qecrByBaH,'{
or Tofl por.
lIocrpoliKara
,u
-'*pr,ora
c.bc cpeACTBaTa
Ha
ilf.tJ;#rr:':i"ht"rX3.,
rpaACI(ara
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e 3acBHAere.{crBvBaHo
B
yt
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BpeMe
277
;,,X'i:,ii;n:-'i'iii#,fl1"i'';";i;[l;,,::il],:J:":,1::,,:!
:
ris ua.,,,,,c B rro-ur,po*oro
,,,v
l9:+,415.
,l
/n. 95) Bre
tc
Ipyr eAHH NloMeHr
or o6rqecrBeHnfl
xHBoT Ha rpaAa e ycrpofiBaHero Ha fL{MHacTI{qecKH
H KOHHH CbcTe3aH 14fl, 3a KOHTO HH
AaBa cseleHae
eAHH naAnac.{
B cryqafl
ce Kacae
3a H3B-bHpeAHH
npa3HeHCTBa,
BiK. no-rope ctp. 2fii)(lll),
a Hec'bMHeHo
Hivraro e H peAoaHa.
3a r(06T0
3acera Hr{MaMe IlaivlerHHI{w'
3a eBeHT-yaJIHI4
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cbcTe3aHHrr
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*.ru6 ; ;p;;;,';.';;;-;rilt;;'.",ron(
r r2). 3a
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na ca vcTpoilaaHu
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c-bcre3aHfifi,
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2.
He e
qcFro
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o6rr(ecrReua
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e da;t
il,cTaBeH
HaAnrrc'br,
B *ofiro
ce cnolreHaBa
(rraaara
Xeparc ite,ga,i,
KaKTO
,l
Ap)'ra .qaa HaAnHCa
or c:brrtnu xapar<rep.,r
Bupexa
c-burecrByBaHero .Ha
pnrrcKo
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crBa
H ,'IHIIa, KoHTo ca foBope,r,
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ca HMa/IH Man'.bK AOCT6n,
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6.lqctxa Ha CBoero enHAeHKTHqHo KpacHopeqge np6 nOCpeUaHe Ha BMnt'
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e bnlo B'b3Mo)ffHo, aKo rofi e 6u'n Ha Cny)K6A B
rpaAa, K.bAero HyxAara or eAHo no-BHcrle o6paaoaaHHe-ce .
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ilpeA npoBHHrlHaJrHHre
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Ha npOBHHIII,IaIHL{Te
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Ce Ka3Ba,
qe
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fOCT0'
npHeMCTBO
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qHHOBHHUa, Ho Cpeu{y oCTaHa'HTe
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3anJraIIIBaT,
qe
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TAy
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1
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9-B'
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3
Bx. W. C h r i s t,. Geschichte der griech.. Literatur, l89l),
H o s i u t, C"i.i,ichte der rdmischen Literatur, II, 1935, 8't1 ff .
'---l
Dittenberger,
Syll'a,888
(n' 1731'
fipoyuoauufl B6pxy 3anaAHorpaxuficxlrre 3eMrJ npe3 pH:vrcxo BpeMe
279
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l[e Ce iluruH
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iloilla,
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3a Tofl
sril
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d. Mon6a (66r;org, perroratio, v\,. 66-tO0;.B HaAnuca ce croMeHaBa Ay.yLv4E,
'ltg'-oE o nlpa^1'p.atx6lg, xofiro 3acrbrlBa or HMero Ha flayraltltr uoa6ara xa
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llayra.nar np, Koncra'r,HoBara
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orriocHo rpaAoycrpoacrnoro
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u
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I,IICAA
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apxnrer{TvpHure
H cxyn[rypua (rparlreHTH, Ha orKparHre c;ryuafiHo 3HAoBe
rp'buKa as6Yxa,
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n.
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280
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3a TOBa.
,
3
3a Kalatis ex. Lambri n o,- Revista Istoricl Romini, 5-6' 1935-6'328 sq" 3Et
.l susta Traiana sx. A il M x r p o u, ttlti,
-
ii
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1931,'32, 65 c'T' : :a Philippopolis
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B'bpxy paBHurqeTo Ha carvrurr Bp.bx Ha
Xncap,trxa e HMaJIo toJrflM xpalr H oure e.xlrH B noAHoxHero Ha x.bJIMa,
AOI(aTO nO CK,'IOHOBeTe ilIy Ca Ce HaMHpaJtu HSKOJIKO nO-Ma.rlKH XpaMa.
Cnopee VI. Hsauoss cnetunfir.Irero Ha Acraensfi e 3aeilraJro no-roJrrrMara
rracr
or AHeUIHHT Xacap.nT K, r.,raBHo noAHoxHero H rope paBHnuero Ha
xbJIMa. faaeulaqr xpaM Ha Acxeenafi ce e HaMlrpan B noJrHTe Ha x'bJrMa,
TaM, KbAero Xacapnbr(br ce BAaBa safi-iuuoro B rpaAa. I-lpu pa3KorrKaTe
TaM e orr(pl4Ta ivlosalixa,
qacrll
or f./'raBHara craryrr Ha Acx,aenufi, f,'IaBa
0r lpyra craryfl na 6oxecrBoTo, o6pouHn rrr'roHKH Ha Acrlenali H neKap-
cKHTe 6oxecrsa, cr(vJrrrrypHtr r,r apxr4TeKr)'pHH
Sparuenrr,r,
MoHerH H Apy'ru
IIpeANreTH, cBbp3aHH C Kynra Ha ACXAenArl. Bta Bp'b3r(a c rorr xpaM ca
croflJIH H 6aucrure H Apyru crpaAr, rrpHHs.4,;rj(arUn xtlr AcxJrerruoHa.
CaeuleHara K'bila.rlHs ce e HaliupaJ'ra Ha ABaAecerHHa Nrerpa rroA xpaMa.
tlacrn
or He, ca 6nnu orKpHrH noA Typcr(ara 6aus rrpa pa3KorrKnTe Ha
H. i4aaHoe. B THHflra ca 6'rtnu HaMepeHH HMneparopcF(H ruroseru.ti
,npt,r
)Pan
caMocroflrenHo Ha Acx,renwfi, uau rbK Ha Acxneuuli aaeAHo c Apyru
0o)'KecrBa, Hltzt Hafi-cerHe Ha HrrKoe Apyro 6oxecreo (Ca6aaafi, 3eac HJ:H
Ancrtou, aKo c'bAHM rio HalrepeHaTe ravr ilocBeiueHnr) ce e HaMHpa,'r rope
_
1
AEM, X, 1886, 66, II'E,rr,'saHHrr, 539; Irlpe,rex q\',r, qe
B ropara Aliiopux Ha.l
f. Boroc.ros, K'bAero 3anoqBa,'r Bo.r.onpoBo.I,:br Ha rpa,la, Hlra.rr) lrfiiio.irxo r-o.reyH Ha,(trHCa,
[o;iro
c]'eBepHilre cerffHH t(pne.lH.
!
tl. V|' B a H o n, Cenepna Marelosur, 16.
3
f. E a r a K,'t 1{ e B, Vlvtt, XIII, 1933, i8-1 c.r.
{
Tomasch ek, Zur Kunde der Hiimushalbinsel, I, 18 f. ;ft. ttBaHorr, Ceuep-
Ha
Maxeroulrx, 13 c:r., I4EAA, VII, 1919/20, 69 c,r.; R u z i c k e, urrr. ct,l.,
.10.
'1 I4EAX, \'ll, 1919/20, 7l c:t. (cpa. oure kl6AA, I, 1910, 21S; II, 1911, 263c,r .);
ri.\,
1926, II, 170, n. 28i; AA, XXVII, i912, 569 f.
6
I,IEAA, VII, 1919/20, 73.
h&x"#:"J#i,r"?;Jffi;;;;,i
*y*,* c neqalH n np. (fi. heaHoe. I,IEAA'
Yu'
leis/2o, 116 cr.). rosa ,{arupaHe
Ha *p:Tot-lll]:,..:lt:-i^::.
io,If;'''r.1-o'":
":;iTi:
l?Lt;'31;,1'.',jfJ;":l,illlJ;i,"
ffdffi'#;#;*;;'uo'i,
r'gsz' 24' tr no
qllcro rer'
rtecKlt crpohrenHH npH3HaUH'
''-;
il"[. de aecl., iv, t, 31 ; IV, {'2'
--ES;"GF$F#
II
282
6. [-epoa
r caMqrr Xucaprrtr. 3a HeroBoro cbulecrByBaHe roBopH He caMo cIIoMe--,
HaTOTO Beqe I43O6paxeHHe na Xr.rcapJl-bxa B'bpxy MOHeTH, Ho C'btqO TaKa
H
HaMepeHHTe B AOCTaT'bqHO
KO"rlHqeCTBO apxHTeKTypHH QparuenTH,
KOJTOUI,
1- ;":xeprBeHgrrn
H Ha!,nLlcH, Kouro eBe HTlar'tHo Morar la 6'aLar He caMo
,
-;;il'xpau.'
Marepuarture or pa3p)'rleHufl BepoflrHo npe3 IV e' xlau
ca dvJtlt aipaneuH B r(peflocrHara creHa H crpaAaTe Ha Kpenocrra. flo-
,^p. 1.rp.
ZOg(f 17) c.u.; HHe BHAflxilte,
Lre
HsKoH or iloqHraHHre n llayraaua
i kecrsa Ce flBrrBar uso6paaeHu B'bpx)' NloHer6re Ha rpaAa B xpaM HnH
c
j--.prrangK,
KoeTo Heu{O e 6ener,
qe
Te ca uMailA xpaMOBe B
-IpaAa,z
SA
KoHTo 3acera HlMaMe ApyfH
CBeAeHHfl. Taxle e Cnyqafir c
fPa,
Ano-
;:;; Xep*.c, f,ervlerpa,
*epr*tJl H c K,v,rlra Ha l4Mneparopl4re' I-lpes IV s.;
i
porrrHo oue [peAH pa3pvr.raBaHero Ha xpaMoBere u oQnuHa,.'IHoro JIIIK-
f.LHpaHe Ha e3Hr{eCKHTe r(y.rrToBe npa Teolocnfi, B rpaAa ca B'b3HHKHaJIn
xpHCrHflHcr(H xpaMoBe. 3a eAHH raK'bB xpaM, Kofiro ce e nrry-pull_Pt
1 Te Ha npaBocnaBHaTa ilapTu'L B fpaAa, HH roBopH npHBeAeHaTa no.rope
I
HrpaMa, CrP. 276(124).3 EcrecreeHo H apHaHCKara naprH'{ e HMaJIa cBofi
xpaM.
'
B HaAnfica or 135 r.r ce c'bo6ulaBa ,3a nocBereHa Ha HMneparop
1 r4puaH 6aeunuKa. Hue CMe nO-CK;IOHHH Aa CMgTaMe'
qe
B Cnyqafl Ce Ka'
r
Q no-cKopo 3a crpaAa,-KofTo e o6cnviKBata cTonaHcKufl, L1 aAMHHITCTpa'
THBHHfl XHBOT Ha rpaAa,s OTKOJIKOTO 3a CrpaAa, KOxTO e O6CnyXBana. CBe-
rHJrH[reTo Ha AcKninnfi.t Oufe eAHH HaAI]HC, C'bcTogU ce or ABa Spaf'
i
,nm or xeprBeHHK, HaMepeHH Ha Xucap.ntrari roBopn 3a HlKaKBa ng'
,DOftKa.
Hea3BeCTHO KaKBa, CaxpanHa nln rpaXAaHCKa, B)K' no-fope
.rp. ZOi(lll). [Iopa4n rrHrrca Ha KaKBHro r4 Aa ca pa3KonKH B IleHrbpafll
r^'1THr{HHfl
rpaA HHe He pa3noJlaraMe c HHKaKBH AaHHH
3a HeroBH'I 6yaef
pI,IoH, K.bAeTo e 3aceAaBaa rpaACKHgT ceHaT, 3a TeaT,bpa unT aMoxTe-
*^.bpa, K'bAeTO Ca npoBexAaHn pa3nHqHHTe C',bCTe3allfl, H 3a Apyr[
o6ule-
cTBeHH CfpaAH, KOHTO HeC'bMHeHO Ca C-bLIIeCTByBanH n eAHH ypeAeH rpaA'
i ,r('bBTO e 6u,r fTayranux.
I
B 6.nHaxnre oKoJrHocrr Ha rpaAa, K'bAero
cKHTe HMeHHE Ha nayra.nuficxara apHCToKpa\Htt,
xpaMoBe or HeIiHH
tUIeHOBe.
3a raK'bB eAHH
i rcprHn Sorose" ce roBopu B enurpallara or
ca ce HaMHParlH I{PafirpaA'
ca 6qilLt H3AHrHarH cbIIIo
xpaM Ha ,,6raxeHHTe
6e3'
flogHo.* Xpautr, xofito
e
,u.eficrsareJIHo
ce HaMI'lPaT
1n nocTpoeH Ha eAHo Bb3BHlUeHHe, KaKBHTO
npu ,IIosHo,e 3a Aa 6ue BHxAaH orBCrK'bAe, e 6H;t H3rPaAeH B
llecr fl'
I
il.
t1tsaHoe. t.16AL I, i910, 218; VII, 1919/20, 77 ct.
r
Cps. R u z i c k a, uut. ctq., 29, 39 c'r.
3
K-a I i n k a, n. 232 (n. 103).
{
6eueB,'tHeB, n' L05 (n.741-
t
O6,rHoaego 6asu,raKure B rarr enoxa ca 6u,ru H3ttox3yBilHl.l 3a na3lpnlua H 3a l.e'
a, K'bAeTo e cTaBa'Io C'bionpoH3Bo.lcTBoTo, Cpe. r\1 a n, RE, III, 83 ff'
6
TaxacMflTa 6eueBrHeB, uHT. c'btl'
;
I,16AL VII, 1919/20, 8'1, n.8 (n' 381'
s
Kalinka, n.334 (n.112).
e
Cnopel y'.r"o'*Orii.nr. ira Ac. Bacu.rea Ha e.rHa BncoquHa npH Iloeso
u$afr
lpbKB[IUe" C AtpBeTa OKO.IO HerO. Kax'rO e u3BeCTHO, ,UpbKBHtUaTan'
B MHOrO Cnyqal
)HgT pa3Ba.lHHHTe Ea aHTI{I{Hil cBeTH.iIHllla.
f,:
,l
rl
I
li
ll
I
,,i
I
,l
I
'l
i
131
I-lpoyuaaHur Btpxy 3ane.rHorparuficrute 3eMIt npe:J pullcko Bperle 283
trrr[eparopure,
BepoflTHo Ceaepure, n e rpn6nar,o [.a cnyxu aa,ySexuUe
HA lJwara
Ha AapHTenH CneA HeroBara cM'bpr.r B MecrHocrTa l{plxeHure
HA n6Tr{ OT KrccresA4il 3a C. PaAlonqr.r Ha eAHH
riac
n'br oT rpaAa ca
Ce HaMHpanH B HaqaJIOTo Ha TOt{ BeK pa3BanHHH oT U'bpKBa H ApyrH Ma-
TepHAilH.
Ha eAHu rpaHHTeH
-KaM.bK
e CTO'UIa enHrpaMa, B KOqTO Ce rO-
BOpH 3a :H,yos,
qHeTO
HaH-qeCTO 3HaqeHHe e ,,CBeUIeH
yr{aCT'bKs. B Cl-
uara
MecrHocr Ha 100 uerpa or rl'bpxBara HMa.IIo Apyt'fl
pa3BanHHH v rpa-
HnreH xeprBeHHK c Herler.rraBu HaArtIrcH or ABere crpaHH.' BepoarHo H
lyl(
fiMaMe caysafi Ha KpafifpaAcr(o cBeTHxHuIe. B 6,ruerara oKoJIHocT Ha l-la-
vTaluff, a MO)i(e 6w- u a CaMHre norpatlnHHH..Ha rpaAa, npH
9.
C.nOrouluqa,
ce e HaMxpano H eAHo cBeTH,,'rHrUe Ha TpaKHficxug KoHfiHK, 6eg ,[a Ce 3HarIT
noApo6Hocrx 3a Hero.3 BrslroxHo e or c'bluoro cBeraxlliue Aa npo_-
H3xoxAa xeprBeHHK'bT, IIOCBeTeH Ha AnoJou.{ I-lpu C_. 6arpenqa Ha 4-5
KII H3ToqHo or KrccreuAlli'I ca crotulH cKopo c"IeA Oceo6oxAeHHero oc-
HOBHTC HA |OJ'I'IMA AHTHI{HA CTPAAA H CE HAMHPA"{H AflilAHH KAM'bHH A IVIO-
HerH.o BepoffiHo ce Kacae 3a pHivlcKa BH;'Ia.
Aro ce cb1u iro MoHerHTe u 3ana3eHnre (tpanvreilTa or craryu H
pexeQu, H3rJIexAa,
qe
rpaA'bT e 6u,r 6oraro
)'KpaCeH
c Konur oT npoqyTH
cTaTvH H C ApyfH npoH3BeAeHHfl Ha H3KVCTBOTO, KOHTO Ca KpacexH Hero-
BHTe xpaMOBe, CBeUeHH VqaCT'bUH, 6alu, laZUntxu H ApyrH O5U{eCreeHH
CrpaAH H MeCTa.6 OT eAHa CTpaHa, o6g.tHeio Ha ltHHepa.,'IHHTe .neqe6uu
BSAH, Koero e npHBnaqano HyxAaeu{HTe ce H e npaBeJlo or I-layranun
Mr{cro 3a noqHBKa H iteqeHHe, H, or Apyra,
Sorarcraoro Ha lpala, Koero
ce e AbJlxano Ha HeroBara 6orara oKoJIHocr c'bc 3MeAer'ICKH npoH3Be-
AeHHfl H pyAH, Ca AOBenV
H EO nOBHlUeHH AyXOBHH
HHTep_eCH CpeA rpaA-
cxara apHCroKpaIIHn. Ruzicka? AorycKa,
qe
Cenrullufi Cerep H Kapa-
Kara ca iloceruJrn llayralNr npu npeMHHaB aluflTa ctt itpe3 TpaxHr, Karo
IrbpBHfT npecToflx B fpaAa, 3a Aa ce JIeKyBa, H no Tofl IIOBOA nOAapHn
Ha rpaAa npoH3BeAeHHf Ha H3KyCTBOTO. oCHOeauHqra Ha Ruzicka 3a
Ttrs roceueHHr ca HKoHolpaQcxn. Hue Mo)KeM Aa I'H IIpHeMeIvt Hr'IH Aa He
rr.r npHeMeM. llo uectMHeno npon3BeAeHnrrra Ha H3xycrBoro ca 6unu uafi'
ilrHoro6pofiHu npea BpeMero Ha Ceoepure, Koero c'bBnaAa H c Haii-Bllco-
Kara ToqKa B HKoHorIHqecKoTo H Ky,''ITypHO pa3BHrHe Ha rpaAa. B rpaaa
e Hllairo BepoflTHo KonHfl OT ABe rrpoH3BeAeHHfl Ha [Iparccurr'I,.OT Xeprvrec
C AeTeTo il,uonuc H OT HeroBHfl Carup, no KoHTo HaBHpHo Ca 6HilH rpatsH-
paHH H3o6paxeHHrrra HM B'bpxy NroHerH.'r OcneH ToBa, H3xoxAafixlt or MoHer-
1 LIe
s c.tyqas He Ce Kacae Io rpo6uuua, KaKTo
gpeJllo.lata I( al i tt k a, UrtT. It., .luqlt
0'r nocBeiueHHeTo Ha Tofl xpaNl Ha HMllepaTopl'{Te.
z
tt.
yt
B a H o n, Cenepua llaxeAoHllg, 398 c;t., nn. -19, 50.
3
Bx. ilo-rope crp. ZOSlttZ; n Ka zatow, Thr. R..
1n.98] _187.
Or C'roroultua
fipog3xox(.ra H erHa repaKora, flpercraBflura e3.f,aq, AA, XXV]1, 1912, 575.
{
I,IEAH, VIII, 1934, 64 ca. (n. lla1.
5
J i r e d e k, AEM, X, 1886, 67 f,., fi-sr_Veariuq, 602.
6
R u z i ck a, uHT. c't\., 27.
i
Buliiev zbornik, 192+,667 ff., u HBAI'I. VII, 1932,33,35.
.
Cpe. Fi I or', Num. Zeitschrift, LI, 19i8, 39 ff. ; R u z i c k a, Buli(ev zbornik,
192-1, 667 lf.; HEAI4, Vil, 1932,33, 26 f', 29, c lnteparypa.
-.;dr'{!I1Fz
r-
284
6. fepoe
lt^-ie H3o6palKeHttx, Ruzicka npuei\ra,
rie
B l-layra,run e HMaJIO OuIe_ABe
KOnHf OT npoqyTH CTaTyH Ha XepN,eC,t eAHaTa OT KOHTo e Sltrra Ha XeP
r 3 ,[HCKo6oI
Ha HaBKraA. E,u,ua MpalvlopHa CTaryfiKa, HaMepeHa llpll C-Mla-
i! JroBo (CraHre.u,HMHrpoBCXo--,[,]'nHrltuKo),
npeACraBtl Xeplteg s3Ae*t
Bopx/ oseu.e Toir run Ha XepMec ce cpeula B'bpx,v MoHerH Ha llayTarltn
c Hvrero Ha I'era.,] Eaxue Mor.rylr ta npeInonOxI,IM,
qe
B rpaAa e HMaIq
i *r*ro uao6paxeHHe v Ha rofl rHn Ha Xepnec. Ruzicka ilpeAnonata
q , B-b3 ocHo;a Ha MoHerHlrre H3odpaxeHHtt,
qe
e HMaJIo B flavraruq xo"
nnfl, or npoqyrH Craryn otqe Ha Xepaxl,rt,{ Ha A$polnrai H ,apyf1 Kyn'
ro31a HaobpaixeHns, Halp. Ha nepcouuQnKauaflra Ha Crpy'r'rcr<ata o6aac1.8
f pou."
$pr.*.rr
or eAHH 3Haqure,'l-eH
-lo
pa3Mepn KynroB peneQ
-tra
Xe'
[
:(.bn e orKpHT npa pa3r(oilKnre Ha I7l. klaauoB B noAHoxuero na Xrcap.
}tr<a.t Craryiapuure H3o6paxeHHq Ha Acx,'lenuti' KaKTo BHAflxMe, ca 6nay
B no-3HaqHTeJIeH 6pOli.3
I
3a npOCTpaHCTBOTO, Koero e 3aellaJl pHMCKHET rpaA, npH nHnCaTa Ha
(
cTeMHH pa3KonKH Moxetvt Aa C'bAt{M .I,oHfK'bAe_-!o
-grKpHl,tlre
cnyqafiH0
3HAoBeHrloHaMepeHHreMarepHa'IH'CnopeaVl'l'{eanoe"ocraHKHoT
i,"THqHHq rpa.u ce oTKpHBa"rrH ocBeH no IIt{naTa flJIOtll, KOflTO 3aeMaJl
I tcreuAaa B HaqaiIoTO Ha TOrr BeK, Otlle H B eAHO 3HaqHTeJHO npocTpaH'
L^BO Ha H3TOK oT fpaAa K.bM c. c'rorounua. Klrrr Tan
qacT Ha aHTHqHHfl
rpaA e Suta HacoqeHa H eAHa or BoAonpoBoAHHTe itHHt4H, KoHTo HABailIl
;
K.bM c. Borocnon. B roBa npocrpaHcTBo ce HaMHpanH ocraHKpl or rpa'
,
:)KH, TVX,'IH, XOpOCaH H KaM'bHH, |,'IHHeHH c'bAoBe, Ka_HaJIH3aUHg' CJIeAH OI
k.;;;.;
"rr
iy;rua),
apxureKryp'H
QpanvreHru,
rpo6_oBe H cBoAoBa rp6,
HHIIH, HAI,IJIICH H MOHeTLI OT HMnepaTOpCI(aTa eflOxa. B CaMHs KrOCfen.[fiil
r T3HKHTS Ha aHTHqHHff fpaA ca 6w;tu Aocra 3HaqHTeJIHH B HaqaJloro ifla
eMAeCeTTe ToAHHH Ha MHI{aJIHfl BeK, Korar,o l4peuex e
locer!"T
rpa4a;r9
H B HaqaJrOTo Ha TOr{ BeK, KaKTO r}I OnHCBa n. HgaHoa.tl O6pa6OreHI{ Ka'
M.bHH OT fiocrp of*<u, MpaMopHH apxHTpaBH r{ ua4rpo6un ilJIoqlI 6es HaA-
,
rCa, 111epTBeHflI{H H tIOCTaBKH OT CTaTyH, XOJIOHH C
P?3r'lHt{Ha
Ae6enl4Ha
i A'bJIxHHa, HaKOH MHOrO BHyLuuTe.rnu (13-5 ,), CapKOQa3H H ror'leMH r;IH-
HeHrr c.bAoBe ce HaMHp&r'rH H3rron3yBaHH BTOpHIIHO 3a pa3nHqHH IienH B pa3-
HqTe qacTH Ha fpaAa, B TypcF(HTe fpo6LI[Ia, 6aullte, nepanHHTe,
qeluMHTe'
1
R u zick a, I'IEAI'I, VII' 1932i33, 25 c:r.
:
Mc6, XVIII, 1901, 785, n- 97.
:-t
R u zick a, ut'tr. c'b'I., 25, nn. 780-782.
I
Ruzicka, uHT. CT,'{-,30.
5
Ru zicka, uu'l. ctq.,25.
6
Ruzicka, uHr. clq,34'
i
|4BAD,, VII, 1919720, 76, n. 8.
s
Btpxy ycrtlHoBfiB:llie Ha KollH'{ or tlpo-qvrt{ aHrHqHH
Harraparru'n
-l-ia1'ra,lufl,
B'1,3 OCHOBa Ha n:o6paxeHHfi'ra H:ll
.cHltoB, xoflro e Ha;[xn.bp..lH,] nOCTllI'HaTOTO -lOCeta llo T0tl Bl,llpoc.
c
fi. VI B J H o a, Ceeepua Mare:.onLts, 16 c.r.
lu
Monatsberictit der Berliner Akademie, Sitzung l2 mai 1ti8i,
" 68; AEM, X, 1886, 62 f.; I-llry'naull'r, 54{ cn ; cpB' olue Tom
:r Hiimushalbinsel, 1882' 20 f.
Lt
VI, LIB a H o B, Ur.rT. cr,u., 17 c.r.
467
cK,v.lurvpHrt ruttP6lt, KoHTo-c'
rJ'bpx)' Ilt-lHct'rt pa.-lorH T' l-e'
S
asche
133
I-lpoyueauxrr B'r,pxy 3anaauorparaficxure 3eltu npe3 pr.rMCKo BpeMe
285
N\<aMHHTe,
TeKeTaTa H
qaCTHHre
AoMoBe. I-lpee 1880 r. B r.IeHT'bpa Ha rpa.(a
ca
6ulw pa3KonaHH H orHoBo 3apHTa cy6crp-vKrlHHTe Ha ro.rrrMa aHTHqHa
cfpaAa.
B fPal.a opoAln)KaBaT l,a ce orr(pHtsaT rvloHeT[ vtHaAilucH oT HilI-
flepaTopcKaTa
enoxa. HecT uueso aHTHr{HHflT rpa,[, ce e HaMr4pa,,r Ha r\4fl-
cToro
Ha AHeunras KrccreHAHn. 3acera ocraBa o6aqe HeycraHoBeHo KaKBo
npocTpaHcTBO
e 6u,ro BKJroqeHo B'bTpe B cTeHHTe Ha rpala H l,afiH c,Ie-
Ar.rTe
Ha aHrHLrHHrr rPa.u Ha H3ToqHaTa cTpaHa Ha KrccreuAHil ca npHHaA-
jiexa,'IH K',bru fpaACKHTe HilLt H3B'bHfpaACKHTe
qaCTH
Ha nayratnfl.
Karo cB'bp3aHH c rpaAa rue rpff6Ba na crvrfiTaMe H cTapHHHTe, Koaro
ca oTr(pHTH npH c. cnokoulaqa, Ha H3ToK oT rpala: xepTBeHHrlH, rpaHHT-
HH crlrn6oBe, TyxJfi4, Texecru, fulHHHH c'bAoBe, MoHerH, BoAonpoBoA, Mo-
ruitt4
H CBOAOBH rpO5HnqA.l K',rrrvr rpa4a lue rpa6na Aa oTHeceM u crapv-
HHTe B HflKOI-aIIHOTO CenO KOrrVrUa. Cera
qaCT
OT KroCreHAH.r, K'bAeTO
I,lpeuer e BfiArIt HaAnHC or ce.r,eM peAa.2 3a anrnqHlrre crpaAa, MarepH-
ailt u HaAflHCH rtpH cer.'rara ;'loaHo, Earpenqu H ilo il'r,Tfl K'bM c. PaA,rosqH
HHe roBopnxMe no-rope (crp. ?82(1i10) c.n.). Ct,uto raKa cBeruflHruero irpH
KonunoeqH Ha 3eec N Xepa, Koero He r,roxe Aa ce pa3r,TexAa Karo ceJrcKo
cBeTH,'rHIrl, e 5pr.Io TrrcHo cB'bp3aHo c fpaAa.
Ornocuo erHprqecKxrr c'bcraB Ha Hace.rreHuero Ha flal'ra.rHr AaHHHTe,
c KoHTo pa3[oJrar-aMe, ca r.r3KJrlor{HTerHo enurpaQcxu H aafi-pauHnte or
TflX e.u,Ba nH ca or npeAH ripas Ha Xa,nprraHoBoro
)'npaB.rreHfle.
Kaxno e
6u;to Hace,'reHi,re'to Ha ilavrarnr{ npeAn ToBa, Hr-re Nro)fierr Aa npaBHM caMo
nper,no.{oxeHurr rto 05rqoTo cbcror{HHe ua Tpaxufi no roBa BpeMe. B npea-
PHMCKATA
CflOXA HACCJICHHETO HA CC.'IHIIICTO C 6UNO H3II'IJIO H.,'IH NOqTII H3.
ufliro tpaxaficxo. Euxrvre MorJrH Aa Aonycnelr caMo,
qe
e HMa.{o B eAHHHTTHH
cayqaH HacTaHrrBaHe Ha rbprlH KaTo rr,pfoBrlH u SaHaflTqHH noA noKpoBH-
TencrBoTo Ha MecrHHTe napaAHHacru, aKo Aeficrerare,'rHo flavra,rHq
'e
6ula
ceJrauleTo, B Koero ca xHtse,rln uapere Ha AeHTeJrerHTe. C,-re.q o6ptulanero
Ha rpaKniicKoro I{apcrno ts pHMCKa npoBrrHllas rpe3 45 r. \'cJroBnrira 3a
npoHHKBaHe or KJI Lr rcro:ratraA, orK'blr npoBHHiir.rrr Nl.axe4onlrx, Ha no-ro-
,rrrNr 6pol'r rbpr-oBI{rr H 3aHaflTLrHH ca craHa,'rr{ no-6aaronpr.trrrHrI. Orue or
n'bpBHTe AeceTr{JeTHr{ Ha HaIUeTo JieToLtI{cileHHe, KaKTo BH,{,r{x}re Beqe
(crp. 221)07) c.u.), aeHre,'rerure ca 6unu npHBr'rHqaHH Ha c,'r.v-xda B pHNrcxara
FloricKa rr c"'rrrAoBare.rrHo IIoAJox(eHr.r notseqe rr"1H IIo-lra.'rKo Ha pHMCKo
B;lHrrHH. I lo
'roq
Haqr{H orUe npe3 I e. Ha H. e. ce c'bSl1aBar yc,'roBHs, Kol.tro
onpeAe"{rrr tro-HararbK c'bcraBa H xapaKTepa Ha Hace,rreHr.rero na [IavralHx,
KaKBoro ro HH ce r{gRBa B Haitrracr.rre or II H III s.;l
Be,lt' e riafi-paHHuri
AarHpaH Hailnrrc (135 r.)r ca npeiICraReHH rpHre
0L'HoRHH e.:relreH'l'a, o'r Kotrro ce e c'bcrorr"'t p'bt(oBoAetuHflT c,'roH Ha Hace-
.'teHHero ts r'paAa
-
rparalicKagr, rpbrIKHr{T H pHMCr(Hqr. Toq cH c'rrcraB Ha-
ce.)'reHr.rero e 3aIa3H,'ro npe3 rie.rrH,q aHTHqeH I]eprioA, 3a r(or.iTo HMa],e cBC-
I
I,lBAli, II, 191 I, 285 c.r. ; I,'I. 13 a r a p r.r c
r
AEM, X, 1896, 66.
:l
3a
gace;reHrrero
rra lla,r'la.rrrH
g.1,.]
ocH()rtil
r'i.'pt{ll.r roBopr T o rtt ir s c h t: k, Zrrr Kirnrle rli.rr
I
F c ut e ti.'r u e rr. r'r. 1l\5 (n. 74).
u, c. O.ruxoruuua, 1929, 46 c;1.
rrfl
'rnr,pjlc
He:lHaLrHTt.'icH cllur-pa$cxu lwa-
[{iinr rrslnlbinsrl, I, I 6,
il,t
il ri
tjl
'i il
dr
i1
!l
ri
,' I
.ft I
1l
;i
: Ilcn, 1882,
7'17 l{:unde
-*#Furrl
lr
286
6. l-epor
135
flpoyuaauurr B'bpxy 3anaAHorpaxuficxrlre 3eMH npe3 pultcKo BpeMe
287
1,t \txillgopo(, eAHo He
r{ecro
Hilre npe3 puMcr(ara erroxa, Koero ce cperqa B
sn\{ivC
or flayrailHfl1 H B Ha,.flHcvL or CoxyH, 6ep H BoAeH.2 l-lo-uarar.bK
o6tuu
na [-Iayrail:afl c MaxeAoHtrfl ca HMeHara I'),aoxoE,3 l6p1;ac,+ Xapirtov vI
lgno6au,i'
Neiz"r,ly tr noAo6uari d c'brrlo H Apytr rro-peAr(H H oco6eHa cJ,)'-
,ilau Ha uivteHa.? B eluH HaAnHC oT rpaAa ce cpeua .u,ylvraTa fi \rpfiE a
3Ha'.ieHHe
Ha capKoQu..t Tona il 3HaqeHHe e 3actsHAereJrcrBvBaHo c Ao-
cTa
nPHMepH rlxiulo or Co.nvH.g He e 6eauHrepecHo Aa ce or6e,rexH c'bn(o,
qe B AHII HaAnHC or Co,rl'u10 Asalta 6para ce HapHqar lll.,rpv; w ItiTuE,
KaKBHTO
HlleHa HOCflT ABaMaTa OT
qeTHpr4MaTa
reHAH Ha
pr3BeCTHaTa
na)--
ra,'rHficxa
MoHera, Bx{. no-rope crp. 265(11:l), aso6paxeHHero B'bpx}r Korrro
cHNIBonH3Hpa HKoHoMHKara Ha rpaAa. 3a nprsKuTe c enatanrpcr(oro cBern-
rHute B fle,,ronoHec HHe roBopuxMe Beqe BiK. no-rope crp. 268(1 16). 3a
HacereHHe or H3Tor]HHTe (ua,roa3HltcKHTe) npoaunqvtu naHHHTe ca no-MaJIKo.
Cnor{euarHqr B HaAnHCa or Cxanronapall Aroyivr,; Ti.yrcq o nfpa^ px:*xolE e
6u,r or cHpHficxnfl rpa.n Tap, xaxro roBa e H3pHqHo Ka3aHo B HaAnHCa.
3a ugroqeH npoa3xoA roBoprrr HMeHa Karo
'Ic,/r,T,a,<,12
a Ha n,laloaanricxpi
npon3xoA HxH Ha npoa3xol or ocrpots Ee6en (rpaea Vlcrnen) yr{a3Ba
rrMero llevec$e'3gr:r.
fl,pua no e3HK H 6ur ca 6uau He calro nHIIara n celrer'rcrBara, KoHTo
HOCgT LI3lls.lO rp'bUKH HlvleHa H
qHHTO
HaAII4CH Ca C'bCTaBeHr.r Ha rp6tlr.(H
e3IIKli, Ho c'bu{o raKa H ,rraUara u ceueficrBara,
qHHTo
H}reHa rloKa3Bar H3-
I
ea, Xf-ff,'. 1929, 320, n. | (n- 93).
:r
CIG, II, 1969, Dimitzas, uur. ctq.,507, n. 536;77, n.8t);AEiV1, XII, 1888,
192, n. 13.
:t
llayra.ran : kl6AJ, VII, 1919,20, 83, n. 5 (n. 751 ;Conyw: D i m itz a s, ur{r. c'bq.,
579, n. 692 ; I12, n. 152 (,ruue, npoH3xoxaatuo or rp. [ieaa.)
I
ilayra.rrH: Kalinka, n. 177 (n. 123): Dimitzas,63l, n.755 (.ruue, npo!r:r-
xolh.lauo or O.lnnr).
I
Harnuc or P-rrx-laBnrr;i, D e ru e B.r rr e n, n- 2 (n. 127); Co.;r1,H: JHS, \,'lll, 18E7,
366. n. p: Bo^rurcxo: [) irn it z il s, u].rr. cl,rr., 5{), n. 3fi.
';V|.VlBaH()e,
Ceuepurr MaxeJ.onux, n. 11 (rt. 8,51, ()r llavrir.rafi; Dirnitzas,
69, n. 57, x BSA, XVIII. l9l1/12, 169 sq.. n. 36, or Eep; I) u c h.s n e-B a y'e t, Memoire
stri une mission Arr rnont Athtrs, 1876, n. 119, or O.rasr: D im i t z a s, ul.rr. c-brt., -147,
n. ll9l, or Co.rl'u n np.
;
Harrp. IIaKt-loHCKoTtl lltn,artItlc(-K() HMe II:p:s'55 B Ha,tlIltc oT C.roxorlttlua, I,l6A[,'1,
YIII, 193+, 69 c.t. (n. I14),Vll, 1919 20, 81, n. 1 (n. 72)
-
'{p13161itero;.
3
VI. VI ua H o B, u.!tr. cT,rr., n. 11 (n. &5). 3a 3HaqeHr.rero sx. Poll., 10,5().
1r.IHS,VIII,
18ft7,37-1, n.27;BCH. IV. 1880,66, n.2: BCH, XXXVII, 1913, 114,
n. 28; D irn i tz its, uar.
(''br{., 471, n. 127; 508, n. 522; {56, n. 402; 601, n 7,10 (or
Cyxo): Dtrchesne-Bii vet, urlr. c-t,rt.,
'22,
n. ll=-Muxafi.'rcla, I-ptririare enu-
rpauH, n. 138.
rr)
AM, XXVII, 1902, 308, n. li.
rr
Dittenberger, S1'11.r,883 (rr. l7J).
,!
il. VI B a H r) n, Ceaepua MarerouHr{, n. 21 (n. 981.
r:t
I/l6r
il,
VII, 1919,20, 81, n. 1 (n. 72). 3a upoHHKrraHCro Ha uonclHrc H:l I'pa,i
['lcri;eH
npe3 et'ruHHCrHqecKara euox:l H Tpaxnn Rx. no-tope crp. 217(65), sa6. 1.
1r
I,16A.I,, VII, 1919120,8l c.r., 11 . I hr.721, n.3 (n. 92), n.4 (n.76), n.5 (n.7,5),
n. ('t (n: ll0.), n.8 (n. 88,1, n. 12 (n. 96); K ali n k A, n. 344 (n. 80), n. 3.17 (n. 89),
1,
350 (n. 8l), n. 33-l (n. l12); AEM, X, 1886, 6{ f., n. -{ (n.,9,5), X\', 1891. 94, n. 11
(n.
77), n. lZ 1rt. 851; AA, XLIV, 1929. 32(), n. | (n. 9,3); 11. Vlg l rr o B, Ces. Max.,
n. ll (n 85); L'IBALI, VIII, 1934, 69 ct. (n. ll4); K r I in k n, n. 232 (n. 10,31 ; n. 177
4-HHir.
I-lopaAra
JIHnCa Ha TOqHo EaTupaHV
rlaCTHH HaAflvrCH,'
.t^T:l:,,::I:
\lau vl nopaAH JiotuoTo C,bcTo'IriHe Ha cailIHTe HaAflHCH HJlI.l Ha npeIIHcHTc,
.
r une3 KOHTO Te ca cTaHaJIH AOCT',bnHH
Ha HayKaIa' noqTH HeB',b3Moxf,d
ir''y.rurorri,
Hn*aKBo pa3BHrHe
] I?:y"11.: :^t^":1"Ji"1'ero
Ha re3n
'l-pg eTHHqecKH
eJeMeHTa
npe3 Totl nepHOA' [IpH pa3rnex('naHeTo Ha HaCe'
n[nraro Ha [Iayran,fl
Heo6xoAn]to e Aa ce B3elvlar npeABHA He caMo Ha['
I iCHTe, ,rauepeHU
B ipaAa H B HerOBaTa
gafi-6lttZKa OKO"iHOCT' HO CtqO
1
xa x HaAnHClrTe
oT HnKo"IKO MecTa B HeroBaTa TepHTOpHr' or xuteaR
'",
I-layra,nu, c_^ nOCBeTeHH Haii-3HaquTe.lHaTa
qaCT OT HaAnHCHTe Ha CBe'
THnHrUeTo Ha 3eBC vt Xepa npH KonH;ionqH' KOeTO e oTcTOflJIO CaMO Ha
-6
KM OT rpala. clrqo raKa cnllc'bK'bT Ha HeoKopHTe Ha AcKnenHfi Co'
'p, HaMepeH B KoHsono 1n'
123), KaKTo H eAHH Ha'un[IC Ha rHMHa3Hapx
or c.bruoro Mrrc;o" l;
-fufi,
ce orHacrr K'bM x,rerr, na l-layranHs. ocBe,
ToBaTB,bpAeBepo'ITHoeB.bnpeKH3HaqHTeJIHoTopa3CTo'IHHeoTrpaAano-
tegleg6ero Ha HllnepaT6pcl(Hfl AOM H Ha OnHMnHficKHTe
6oroee OT
'ILO
. {croBo
(n. 145) Aa
e HarpaBeHo or xHrerlH Ha l-layra;ran'
I:':::t:
;;;;-; iri.rtr{,rirupano
3aHatrrq6ftcreo.
Koero HH ce pa3KpHBa B ron HaAnrc'
^ MaJrKo B',b3MOXHO
3a eAHO MOr'lKO CeJHUIe, II'bK 6Ulo TO V1 T',bpxHIIIe
:mporium). o --
'np.o
1n^XururLl.ara
qacr
or ropHur Cnofi Ha HaCe'rIeHHero Ha
il't1i
6n:ta.p"q*r. f" e 6uta npnBneqeHa r'laBHo npH npeBp'bulaHero
Ha Tpa'
HficKoro ce.'rHtue
B rpaA H e npoA'b,'IxH"Ia Aa ce yBeJIHqaBa npe3 cneA-
luHTeAeceTH.tIeTH'Iqpe3npHH)KAaHeHaHoBHnpece.nHl.IuHoTIorww-,
TOK H
qpe3
enHHH3HpaHe
Ha ropHgn Cnofi Ha rpaxnficxoro
HaceJIeHHeiB
rpaAa. I,Isrnex;;;-;6
Mr*eaor;;:
^
Moxe 6H ; KoHrHHeHra'rIHa
lrpqxn
a Larfii
3HaqHreJIHa
qacr
or rp'bqKoro HaCeneHHe Ha rpaAa' oco0e19.'|
o-paHHaTa enoxa, BpeMeTo Ha c,b3AaBaHeTo MY, I(aTo BepoflTHo TyK e
cneABaHa e,[,Ha nO-CTapa
npeATpafHoBa TpaAHUHq' 3a ras eTHHqeCKH Bptglfi
c rp.br{Kgrr 1r1r rOBopnT
HflKOH HMeHa H HflKOH o6tr(ra KynTypHH AyMH'
TaXa
HaAnHc or Xrirpirxat
ce cpeua Hl1ero
'A).xiDapo; (B AopHficKaTa
ily
.)oprua),
Koero cp_erual{e..,
, ,iinr. or Co.rlyH.2 Pq4xoro nrvre Nepplg'
Ko'
ero e AaAeHo ll'Bechtepl
cano c eALIH npHMep
-
or KopuHr, ce- cpeua
i
oot4.
HaATHC
"';'
n;t;-ittusr
H B Apyl-l't :llB&.,o,. AroH u CoayH'r f6qo raK?
;
';p;;;u
c MareAoHH'
yKa3Bar iir.nut,
"L\avo;, Ko-ero HaMHpaMe B Ha'[-
.iHC or fla,vralrwr+\
H B Ha,(nr.rcn or Bep Lt eriru. (Ennexe,
-Co,ryncKo),'
1
I,lEAli. Vn, 1919,20, 84' n' 8 (nr 88)'
I
D i m itzas,'H
MzxeDaix i't li$or5'9$e';-;a;L'6'ioc5
,aHHH npuMeplt 01'Arr'ina ll llltrra'1rlr,e--y Bechtel'
Aei CriJctrisihen bis ztrr Kaiserzeit, 1917, 37'
3
Uur. clq., 590 (apxauvHara enoxa)'
:
5?1"',:?,: ,l,ii
$,litl:,,n.
780: ts Karliqslitis et
''o*kJ,';Jhle',i;
Apyalz:,
yrlpziut
"gacrzXo"txlg,
19'16, 2 srie' n' 5 (non vidi)' 3a rpyr rl
6r Teluecoc n iluriurl r,r 3a HqKo,'lKo
-
c.Iyqafl Ha l,I]lL'Ha, npoH3BeJ.eHH oT c'bluHf KOpeH',
Bx'
.1. et L. R o b e r,,"h'gG, Bull' ep', 19'18, n' 102'
ti
Kalinka, n. 177 (n' 1231'
;
BSA, XVIII, 191I 12, 154, n. 19 ; Il i rn i t z il s, uHr' c'btl" 106' n' 130:
nu10
IXaptav e 3acB,.rer;;;i;"-or'go,ren,
Dim itzas' u*r. c'sq', 43 c'r" n' 19'
etc., 1896, 463 sq., n. 411' APYrI
Pi.'t,ittniischen
Personennamel
-#rrr
E. fepon
ili
,t I
li
'l'lli
288
llpoyueaur.rfl R'bpxy 3aflarHorpaxurlcrure 3eMH npe3 pHMcKo BpeMe
289
IaHCKO
IIDaBO, H TO He CaMO
qpe3
rp'bIIKHfl e3HK Ha HaAnHCr4Te HM, HO H
6 cdlrHTe Hx,reHa.t 6poar Ha H3BecrHHTe HaArpo6HH Ha,.fl.ytcH or lTayranua
e llaJI'bK, IviOXe 6n nopaaH ToBa, qe
Aocefa ca pa3KorIaHH cHCTeMHo caMo
,\r.lcap,rriuKara
r(penocr H cBerr.,-iarrlero Ha Acrcneflufi, a ApyrHTe HaxoAKH
oT tpa[.a H oKor.'rHocrTa lvry HsraT cnyqaeH xapaKrep. MeNay HaAfpo6HHTe
HalrtilCH OT CaNIHE rPal O6a,{e Htilvla HHTO eAHH, KOIiTO Aa npHHaA,tIeXI4
HA .:IHUE HIH CCNIEIiCTBO, KOETO C HMETO CU I,A H3I,ABA CBOfl TPAI(HfiCI(H
lporI3xoA. TaxHna ceiuelicraa ca HH a3BecrHH or ABa HaAflr.rca, HaMepeHH
B He c'r,Bcelr 6rH:xara oKonHocT Ha rpaAa
,
eLHHHfr, n HAro.naqeBuH er Apy-
rutn R KoHLoso.2 Tos
Sar<r,
ctnocraBeH c'bc 3HaqaTe.,'Inan 6pov\ nuua B
I-la_v-ra,rua c rpaxuficrlt npou3xo,4, HflKoH or KoHTo 3aeilrar aAMHHHcrpa-
TaBr{LI H caKl)anHa A,rIbiKHocrH n rpa4a,3 Hu HaBexAa Ha MHC'bJITa,
qe
rHfi
TpaKH, nona.I.Ha,lu fioA BilHnHHeTO Ha eAHa flO-BHCOKa KyJrTypa H yCBOHJIH
3?AoBorHTeJIHo rp'brrr(H e3HK, 3zl Aa Morar r,a vzn'b{tHrBar c.rryxe6uflTe cH
3aAb"'I)fieHHt, KOfaTO Ca fH L1t;13.11H, BCe IIaK Ca l]po{'br'I){(aBa,'l^lrt Aa na3flT
CBollTe IJIeMeHHH o6\qau. Ha,r.rpo6HHTe MorH.rIH, KoHTo Ce HalIHpaT B Cb-
ceAcrBo c rpaAa. cBrAere,.lcrBv Bar ilrolre 6u za rexHafl rparaficxa HaqHH
Ha norpe6euue, KotiTo npol-bJ,rxfi",T u npe3 pHMCKara enoxa. Bnpouernr
ga ce,IlHurero Iiplr KaAaH rlrocT, Kariro tue BvrAuM [o-FiararbK, ToBa e
noKa3aHo.
B rpaa,a e Hlrajro c'brrlo raKa pHr,rcor rpaxAaHH or urailHi;tcKr4 HJJH
NPOBHHUHA.IIEH NPOfl3XOA HAPE,I C ACIiICTBATCNHO UNH flOB'bPXHOCTHO
POMA-
HH3HpaHoro HaceJIeHHe or rpariuficru, rpbqr(H H H3ToqeH npoa3xor. B o$u-
ufia.,rHuTe H
qacrHHTe
HaAltHCH Ha rpaAa H 1nugrcara My oKonHocr ce
fiBrIBar JIHua, KoI4To ca o3HaqeHH caNro c pHMcIc4 KorHoMeH.a Te BcHqKH ca
HH H3BeCTHH OT rp'br{KH HanilHcH H HHe He MOXeM Aa OnpeAeJrHM AanH Te
ca HoceiIH L{3uq,rro pHMcr{H Hr\{eHa H cneAoBare/rHo ca 6unu pHMcKH rpax-
naHV, HJIH n'bK Ce Kacae Io poilraEu3lHpaH.V caMo B HMeTo cH x(HTenH Ha
tPaAa, KoHTo no e3HK ca cH ocraBa/ru rbpuH. B HqKorxo cnyqas o6aqe
uMalre JIHua, KoHTo
AeiicrsareirHo ca 6uau pHMCI(H rpaxAaHH. Te Hocrrr
TpH Vtlkl ABe r.nvreHa cnopeA pHrvlcKaf HaqHH Ha HMeHvBaHe.s MeNay rrx
I{NIa H TaKaBa,
qr.ruTo
H}reHa yKa3Bar Ha no-6na3'bK HitH ro-AareqeH HTa-
auncxw npol43xor,6 u:ru ['bK HMneparopcKuTe HM reHTfi.,ltHu HMeH a Har,aBar
K a li n k a, n. 269 (n.78 ?); I,I5A,aL, VII, 1919120, 84, n. 8 (n. 882), n. 7
ln.9t).
'r
BCH, XX\,', 1901, 314 sq., n. 1l (n. 116): Kalinka, n. 307 (n.248).
3
146A.1, VII, 1919,,20, 81, n. | (n. 72) ; AEM, XVIII, 1894, lO7, n. 5 (n.94);
.\l4H^ryl,
35 c.r., n. Z (n. t08).
klSAI, VII, 1919,'20, 81 cir., n. I (n- 72), n.5 (n.75), n.9 (n. 99); AEM, X,
1886,
6+ f., n. 4 (n. 95), n. 5 (n. l0l); X\r, 1891,9.[, n. 1l (n. 77); Kalin ka, n. 344
t,n..
B0); RA, 1912, II, 266, n. Sl (n. 86); Kaza row, Thr. R., n. 309 fi. 105): Ka-
rrn
k_a, n. 177 (n. 123); I,16Atr, IV, 99, n. 37 (n. 134), n. 35 (n. 1351.
E e ru c 8,1 H e B, n. 105 (n. 74) : L'|BA|., VII, 1919120, 82 c.r., n. 4 (n. 76), n. 7
'! !ll,'
AE&I, x, 1886, 65, n. 8 (i. 84); ueus,:lajreH (n. 104),' I,16AA, IV, 1914, 98,
n.28 (n. 130); 100, n. 15 (n. 133). reyiurrioro u.rir 6auraHoro HMe He e 3ana3eHo.
6 e ur e Bn H e B, n. l1i> (n. 74) : AEM, X, 1886, 65, n. 8 (n. 84),' Heg3rr,a.reH
rn.
104
).
l-u,',r,rnu,nr*
xr ex,ro,rorrqecKHq
4)ax\'.rrt
lecTHa CTeneH
Ha pOMaHHSatlvfl,r
H nHUaTa' KOHTO HOC'T U3TOBHH^H,fptrq'
*ir-
-rr.ru.,
HsrJrrcqe,i{e
ca npaBeJIH .rluuara' KoHTo ca HMaJIH BoeH[a
f,&
.)uepa.
Tax.r,s e c.'ryqasr c eAHH BerepaH or BpeMero^rPeAH
?11-l',
'to'
:aTo llayranufl
e B,lH3aJIa B'bB B,'IaAeHHfTa Ha
',{suiaHllii'3
Ilatl,ucKHffT ..nf,
HaHaAnHCaB-.bpx,vilocraBKaraHaH3AHrHararaorHerot,,ll:-,:ilTlt-
paTopa no*uuur, ua TOfi e 6un Beqe poiuaHH3npaH BbnpeKH rpuIKHfl
' BJIE
,eroqrr" c, npoH3xoA
^ ^^r
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-dC?t
II
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1I4EAA, VII. l9l9/2u' 5f, C"l" o"+ tn' tut' tt' t (t'' J't' t.p^''"\t ';.4'0
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'n.
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I TpHTe e,'rervreHTa. KarO ]KpeIIH Ce flBflBaT nHIIa C H3UflnO rpbqKH I{MeHa
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paB,reHHero Ha rpaAa, B perHrHo3Hr..rs HJru1 cronaHcKur My xHBor. X-apax-
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cnopeA rofiro B I-layra.nun lto roBa BpeMe BcHqKH
q.IIeHoBe Ha B'bpxoB-
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no-rareuen. Tos rBtpAe unoro6poeH 3aMoxeH rparraficru c.noli, KoIiTo e
6nr uoA,'roxeH HenpecraHHo r,{aBHo Ha eJIHHLI3aUufl H no-MaJIKo Ha poM'a-
HH3aUHrr, e 6pr.rr noAxpaHBaH rrocrosHHo or AonHHTe
cJIoeBe Ha rpaKHlcro-
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pgre c pa3Burnero H HKoHoN{HqecKoro npouT
SrflBaHe
Ha rpaAa. Crtaeure-
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1
L{EAL VII, l9l9 20, 8i, n. I (n. 72). :
r
I,16AIL VII, 1919,20, 82, n. I (n. 76).
3
146AA, VII: 1S1g,ZO, 83, n. 5 (n.7$; AE.NI, XVIII, 1894, 107, n.5 (n.94).
t
L{6A/:1, VII. 1919 20, 82, n. 4 (n. 76).
i'
6e urB;'t ueB, it. 106 (n. 73?).
n
I,I6,a,I, VII, 19i9,20, 83, n. 5 (n. 75).
;
AEM, X\', 1891, 94, n. 1l (n. 77).
H
I,{EAL IV, 191+. 100 cx., n. 15 (n. 133)'
t
I,16A.it; VII, 1919i20,82, n. 4 (n.76). 3a r.'mxHocrra apxHepeil ax. c'rp.274(.122\,
rao. 8.
10
I,16AH, VIII, 1934, 6,1 c.'t. (n. Il4).
1r
L'IEAA, VII, 1919/2(). 8.1, n. 8 (n. 88).
13
t,l6At1, VI, 1930/31, 121, n. 8 (n. 87).
14
I,16AA, VIi, lgl9.r20, E.+,'. n. S
in.
SS) ; Ivl a x a rI ,r o e, fCyOQ, XLVIII, 1952/53,
247, n. 22 (n. 145).
ri
M
pr
x a il ;io s, fCyOO, XLVIII, 1952t53, 247, n. 22 (n. 145). 3a 3aHanrure B
Ilavrarus Bx. rro-rope crp. 265(113) c.,r.
rri
[4liA][, \'ll, 1919i20, 81, n. | (n. 72),
='K;ti'nta,
d. 350 fi. 8l)'
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n. |
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rj
BCH, XXV, 1901; :11{ sq,, n. i0
1,,'.""iii,"
n'-'lf
(n' l16): i:t' f'l
g a u on' Cea'
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uuaw
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c'1'
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g5,
n. 11 (n'.'li'51.3a rnn AnbxHocrH
Bx' crp' 261(109)'
tt'J{io,
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7ll
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u
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-
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llpui'3xo'n'
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HEAA, vll. 19i9 20,-81,-
-".
i
1i
72).r^6ei't eu'1n e B', n' 1t)5 (n' 74)'
t:r
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n' 2 fi' 1081'
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I
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c':
1;
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u, n' 105 (rr' 74)
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lr (n-77')...
I
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ras rrbxHocr
Bli(. c']p 262(11())'
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n' 105 (n'741"
rif,iil
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Qavwnux,
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III
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Kilis^sa-Hissar,
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n
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c p]'rapcxara paSora H apxeoJolHqecKH're HaxoAKH pa3Burrrero Ha [oce.,rau[-
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DocH.lerpal BepOtlTHo CTor{T H HsXOAKr.lTe OT .,Iex(aUIoTO lta.urO nt) Ha IOr
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,,,rIaTHHCKH Ha;I,nHCHn.,i Ha
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or 6ocu,nerpaA, naK it c'bruHr pailoH, e 5H,rya HaMepeHa rtpa c. LIr,p-
tottlH(a
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Ili'l
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ua'IIKo
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0l(e
n peAHIIa Mecra Ha Kparantero: c. .(o.raa KopareH, K'bAero HMaJIo
I
Preisigke, Sammelbuch, n. 1808, Robert, Et. 6p. et phil., 1938, p. 2.19 sq.
l8Q. Bxr.. crp. 257(105), sa6.
.1.
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e tpaAcxtt CeHaTop, He e npeqKa ro .n,a-6l,te OCBO6gAeH
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po6n ca
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a1,MuHucrpar,B,^u rpaACr(H A.r'bxHocrra
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@.-?i))P,gry:
xxv, 1901, 31-{ sq., n. ll (tt- l16)'
'
2
Kal inka, 33'l (n. 1121.
3
Heny6auKyBaH fu. 104);3aratrILr.'IaBi+(.H.G. Pf latrm, Svria,XXIX'.i'"'t^''33JJI
Fla,lnxctr He gasa HHKaKBH .rpyrH ,I.aHHH, OT i(oHTO Jil ;1HtiH,
qe
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ri..'*xHocr. or I-a.,reu *rrrii*'
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ca
6unw awuara or KoHHHqecKoro c'bcJoBue, Kohro ca 6u,ra HaroBapeHn a ,Arirurarparl{8lloro
ynpaBneHHe Ha rlpoBllHuullre (praesides provinciarum).
:"'"-t']dalr.r!"ir"ro
Ha rpax.raHure Bi+(. rlflrepilry_pa-rA, taleHa K'brt crp. 198(16)'
5
Msxaflaon, I-Cy<DO, XLVIII, 195253,2-16,'n' 18 (rt.7l).-
-
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Hanp. Nicopolis ad Istrum, CIL, III, 12135, cps. E. f e p o e, PoltaHl'l3rl6r,
rrl
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:r
Bx. no-rope c:p. 257 (105) :a6. 1.
I
J i r e ie k, AEM, X, 1886, 78, fltr'\'saui.{fi,
n.6775 (n. 1851.
600 c.n. ; t7l. 3a x a p u ee, Mc6, XXXII,
'il.3axapHeB,
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Hd3BJ, Lre
B ToBa ce.'to rrlrailo tpluKu Hafnirc, xofito 6g.r
,
Vl, Yl B a H o n, Cea. Max., 216 ra n. 31a.
rQF?'i.
II
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cDeJ,HoBeKoBHero.
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qe
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MecrHara
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I4EAI,I, XII, 1938, 400 c;r.; l,'le. Be H e il H Ko B, Tpar<xiicxara HolecHt{ua, 1960, 67.
:
tt. Vt I a H o a, Cea. Max., n. 31 ; B)+(. no-rope crp. 2+l(89).
3
HEAX, iV, 191'1, 282.
I
Kalinka, n. i36.
i
Heny6nuKvBaH (n. ll7l.
ti
I,16A14, XIII, 1939, 327 ca.
;
AEM, X, 1886, 70; flr,ryBaHus. 5'15.
.j
116AI,l, XIII, 1937, 309 (n. 1221.
l'
Cee. Mar., n. 45.
10
Cee. Mar., n. 46.
143
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cru., 196 c;t.
2
AEM, X, 1886, 69; l1'rrynaunr, 60+.
3
klEA.{, i, i910, 194.
I
I4EA,[,, I, 1910, 175.
5
I,16A4, I, 1910, 166
; L46ALL VII, 1932133, 419 ca.: H p e u e r, AEM, X, 1886,
69, cto6ruaBa,
qe
npn noceueHl{ero My Ha ToBa }rscro uy 6n.ro pa3Ka3aHo 3a Me.aHH Kore'
cHHuH, HaMepeHH.uo Mocra 3ae,rHo c
qepenx
Ha KoHe; Bi,r(. orue I,1 e. Beuerr{KoB,
Tpaxuficraro Ko;'re cHnua, I960, 43.
I
I,IEA.A, I, 1910, 171 c.r.
i
146A.1, I, 1910, 168 c,r.
3
I4EAX, I, 1910, lg2.
e
!16A4, I, 1910, 194 c.r.
I-lpoyvaaHuff B'bpxy 3arrajiHorpaxuficxnre 3euil rpe3 pulrcKo Bpelre
297
enrrpaQcxa
MarepHanr-{ H peaetpn 6es HaAilHcw He oraBar orBbA III a.r
Cnopee
VI. Vlaauoe pa3r.ipr.rroro ce,rrHuIe e Ma,rrbK rpaAeu, 3aruHan npe3 Be-
,1[r(oro
npece",'reHHe Ha HapoAHTe. ArrO Ce cb,[H no HaivlepeHHTe
AOCefa
iloHeT[I,
CenHUIeTO e 3afHHaJIO ilroxe 6u npu io,''IfMoTo TOTCKO HaUecTBHe,
qhtfro Bp'bxHa roqKa e 6urxara npH oepan n 378 r.. 3a Aa 6r,r,. nolno-
BeH
xaBOT'bT B HerO [pe3 CpCAHOBeKOBHeTO.
Ce.rraure npe3 pl.tlrcKara erloxa e Hrrar,ro H HflK-bAe K.bM crloMeHarr.Ir{
flo-rope, crp. 238(86), aHrHqeH rvrocr Ha Crpvna npH c.
Io.rHa fpauuqa,
3acBll.a,erencrByB,aHo c pHMCKH Hlrfiep]TopcKa r4 paHHo eaaaHraficKH rvrorrerg,
6ponsoaa crar-vr"tKa Ha Xeplrec,
QparlreHra
or cKyxnrvpHr.r aao6pax eHHs',
ocrarbrrH oT cfpaAa H yKpe[.'reHaq.] Nla.'rxo no Ha H3TOK ilpH C. Tana.,1l-
qeBO e flM2IO Apyro pHMCI(O Ce,rrHrue, OT KOeTO CnOpeA VI. VlaasOe:l flHqeIu
OcTaHKLi OT CI'paAH, Kpefiocr B THfrHqHara 3a pi{u,'rrrHI.lTe qerHpH.bf-bJ]Ha
Qopua
c'bc creHa rlo He6ecHare nocoKH r.r ce Halrnpa,rr MoHerH oT Kapa-
Kaila u lOcraunau. Or cbrrloro Nrflcro [poH3xoxAa e.r,Ho nocBetr{eHAe Ha
ca6aeufi,t
t{acr
or o6pouHa rr.rroqKa Ha rpaxuficxuq KoHHHx,i 3,rrareH np-b-
creH-KaMerr c xeHCKa rjraBa,6 KaKTO H e.r,HH pelerfr Ha Murpa, xofiro ctc
CBOflTa rOJ.'IeMHHa
AaBa oCHOBaHHe
Aa Ce MI,IC,'IH,
qe
e 5u,'t f.,TaBHr{flT pe;rer}
0T cBerHxHlrlero- Ha Mllrpa.; Ha KbcHara aHTprr{Hocr [pHHaA/reiKH eAHa
xpflcrr.rqHcxa rpo6nuqa.B
.{pyro
_
no-3HaLIHTe.,'IHo cexHuie ce e Ha}Iapa,ro npe3 p,Mcr(ara enoxa
Ha,,'IeBHfl 6plf Ha Crpyrvra B nollHolKHero ua'KousoBcKara rr,rraHrrHa 11pH
c. KoHroso. or roaa cenHrr-(e ca 6ultu H3KorraHH rrpe3 ocerlrAecerre ToAHHH
Ha MHHaJIHfl BeK HflKO,'IKO roJIeMH pHMCI(fi caproQasv, ZH;.aHra rpo6ululH H
ApyrH aHTHqHH Marepr.{ann.r} Orrau npoH3xox( la u eAuH xy6aao'uspa6oreu
pe,reS ua Marpa,lo KaKTo u uso6paiKeHue Ha rpar(HficxHq xonHux.11 i4 Rrere
H3oopaxeHHfi
npon3.{oxAar oT rvrecrHocrra Nlapxoaa cr.brrKa Ao Mocra
Ha UTpyMa' K'bAeTO, H3fJlex.qa, e HitIaJIO CBe TH.,IHII{e . l'lgaecrHlt Ca H
HtlKoJIKo HaAnHCa oT ToBa Ce,'rHrUe. ErtprH or.tsxt2 e [ocBereH Ha [oL{HTa_
HIITe B cBerH.,'IHllieTo nprr KonHxoBt{rr 3enc u Xepa H BeporrHo e B3er or
cpB.'^oue
AEM, x, t886,
_68
; pe.rcq Ha ,\Iulp,, titiAil, I, 1g10, i01 (:ll, tgi i oo,
n. i2-,,S e u r e, Ar. Thr., I, n. t tr;;.' Crrope;i lf'p'.
.,
.
n,
Ae,lt, X,'iggti,
'69,
s ui,pKaarri
c
rr
e K, AEll, X, i88tj, 69, n ur,pxaara
Hlla'lt) aHrHqrla uarrpo6Ha nJIoqa 6c.l rra-1rrirc. Criopcr tj. I,leauoa c;re;.rr or xpucrHflHCriH
K\"lr ts aHTl'lqHoro cc.lHtue ue 6u.lr nillrtlpcHu, Ho calr loii .:,asa e.lua rrHC'brrHlKoBa r.Toqa
cac 3HauH, Kouro uorar .{a 6rAar rr}rc}{o'(Ccs. &Iax., -lu l.,l6AL I, lgl0, lg3), B Koercl
ce Blti,til-il xpHCTTTTTHCKHHT MOHOtpalr.
'!
n. U BaHos, Cea. Max.,2l, l,lEA_I, I, l9l(), lg.{.
3
Cea.
j\lar.,
2l ca.
r
Cee. Max., 22, Bg3, n. B-1.
5
K a z il r o u', Thr. R., n. 9{5.
:
I,16AI,1, I\" 1926/27, 320.
;
I,l6A.f, II, lgli,'{g c.r.
r
V!. VBaHoB, Cc.B. Mari., 22.
.,1 ..1E-M,. I,
1880, 67 c.r.;
^!1c6.
\,'ll, 1g92, 89 c,r.
lf !1c6,
XVI-XVII,1900, g!.r.,n.3 (:Mc6,
XI, I89+,95 c;r,).
]]
McO, VIII, 1892, 80, n'. 72.
I:]
KIEAI,1, \IIII, 193+, 166 (N, I2Q.
II
298
i [,i
![{t
I ri,i
ii i
!rii
l.,i:
6 l-epo1
oBa cBerrnHrqe. ,I[,pyr
HaAnHCl e flocaereH or eAHH d,gylo't xai yv1flacrip1r6,;
no Bcrrga BepoflrHocr Ha l-layrarrua. 3a npucbcrBxero Ha roff onrap
s|"
TOBa MflCTO MOxeM ta [peAnOxHM ABe O6sCHeHNfl HJIH
qe
HaAnI{C'bT..t]
Hl [peHeceH or l-layraJ,'IHa B'bB Bp'b3xa C'bC CTpoex(a Ha MoCTa, HnH npq:
rrKaKBH yr(penHTenHu pa6otu npe3 cpeAHoBeKoBHero HJII'{ npe3
rypcKaTA-
enoxa, HJ'IH II'bK, KOeTO MH_Ce BHXAa no-BepoflTHo, HaAlHC',bT e OHJI IIQ:,
cBereH Ha caMoro Mecro. T1'x r'roxe 6H e B'b3HHKHano flpe3 BTopara nono:,,
HHa Ha II HilH B Haqa.rroro Ha III B. rtpxHlue (ip.;r6prov), Koero e o6cnyx-
aJro HaceJreHuero or KoHnoacxara nJaHHHa H Koero e 6u.uo AHpeKTHo
y[paBnrBaHo or flay'tarrur.z
C no-ro,'Ia]ta curypHocT Moxe Aa ce npueMer
,,C
NPHHAANCXI,I K,bM TOBA CCNHII{C CAHH HAATPO6EH HAANHC HA TPAIfiCq
C,
THHKoH Irpo[uv]u]\'to.3 B roq eTHHKoH M.rt{Ho 6H ruorno Aa Ce c'bAtpI(a
..Mero Ha ce.rraiqeio, rrli Karo eAHo nxlre eABa nu 6u Mor,'Io Aa Hoct,t
KATO OTNHqATC.NCH 6CNCT HMC, H3BCACHO OT HA3BAHHCTO HA CC''IHIUETO, B KOCTO.
(HBee. HeaepoarHo e roBa cennlue la 6lAe H'[eHTHqHo c'bc cenulrlero
l:pouver).ov(-o<) or rep,H_ropurra ua Aery'cTa TpaflHa, 3acBHAerencrByBano
r: HZAIIHCa or flasoc.{ Hne clre cK.'roHHH Aa BHxAaMe ryK no-ct(opo HMero
Ha ceJlo, KoeTO Ce e HarvrHpano HeAa.leq oTTaM naK B TepHTOpHflTa_ Ha
layranut Lluero Ha ceJloro ce cbA'bpxa MolKe 6n_ s Apyl-.HaAIII{C or Ko-
bOBo, ClHC'bKa Ha HeoKopHTe ua Acx,renufi CoreP,'l 3a xofirO rOBOpnxMe
no-rope, crp. 275(123). Td e }ntto^zpa. Aeqesd
H3BexAa roBa HMe or rpa-
xUfiCXOTO JtHqHO Uue l;llvo;, A He OT tpaXaliCXaTa A)'Ma ofi?"to;, AOUna AO,
ac Karo rJloca y Apucroren B 3HaI{eHHe Ha
,,KaM'bK,
KoIiTo ropu, Karo ce.
ailHBa eoAz B'bpx)' Herou, Ao1(aro !,o5pycxu;
ro H3Bexr,a HMeHHo o1d
ran rrroca. I-lo-rope (crp.231(79), sa6.7) B'bB Bp'b3Ka c Mecrara' Kol{ro.q..ACl
a6utaganu arpHaHHTe, HLre AonycHaxMe
B'b3MOXHOCTTa eAHO CBeAeHIie Ha
'l
'eonoMn
Aa 6tae H3TbnKyBaHo Karo narl-panuoro H3BecrHe 3a KaMeHHHTS.,
-br-rgt[a
B MouruHo-nepHHtuKr.rs 6acefiu. B cenH[IHoro tltte )rctvona,i,,e
6axvre MofJrH na BHAHM Otlle eAHo .qoKa3aTeJrcTBO 3a TOBa, aKO He C'b3Aa-
^aue Tp)'AHOCT MeCToHaxO)KAeHLIeTO Ha Ha,U,nvtca Ha 3HaqHTe,'IHO pa3CTOflHlIe
T ABara c.bceAHH KaMeHoB'br.,'reHH 6acetltHa,r Nlouruno-nepHutxKHrl I'I 6o6on-
gOJICKHf.
Pprvrcxo cenHrue HJrH BHJra e HMano npH c. PtxAaBHIra Ha .rleBng 6plr.
a p. Crpyrvra, K'bAero B MeCTHoCTTa L{pr,xeutqeTo Ca Ce HaMupanfl B
1
AEM, XV, 1891, 95, n. I1 (n. 12.51.
I
cpa. E. I- e p o a, flpoyueaHur{ B'bpxv no:le}r.leH}lre orHoueHnH,
'-l c,r., 53, u IIpHBereHara rall xHTeparypa.
3
Kalin'ka, n. 307 (n. 1241.
geresero
e cropeJ. Cronert,
.alinka AorlbnBil
lrpa[v;lu).1vi5. ,I,p,l ro .{os'L;B3HC Jtpo[;r]ulr1'rd6 (Mc5,
111, n. i7).
a
Kalinka, n.3'1.
I-lpoyvaaHrrfl B.r,pxy 3ana.{rroTpaxuflcxnre 3eN{H npe3 p6}lc6o BpeMe 299
I
Kalink a, n. 177 (n. 123t.
ri
Detschew, Die thrakischen Sprachreste, 1957,477'
;
AklHM, 1907, 95 c.r., n. 139.
s
oute e,u,Ha BI3IvIOXHOCT 3a o6scseHlte e .(a npuelle:lt,
qe
Tofl HaInHC eJIpeHeceJI
rVK or lla-vtaar.rs. B ir*t, c.r,Vuafl 2rrltor,apz e \lor,la la 6l:e It tro-Jaileq or flavta;tlls'
Lenri'a.ruj rtrt Eo6oa,roJ !1.[!I ntit flepunrc
-
!,it'rtnrpoBo'
HAI{aI'IOTO
HA TO'I BEK ,'CTAPH
|PAAC}KH' TPAHHTHH H MPAIIOPHH KO;IOHH H
';;;;;^
rlbpKBa"L. Ha roBa rursiro e HalIepeH H oH3H Heo6I4l(HoBeH HaArpo6en
iainuc,
Ha eAHa enHHH3HpaHa rpaKnficr<a
Qarrrulnr,
Koaro BoAH rlpoH3xoAa
c4
or eAHH CTparer u 6pou Me]KXy H.,'IeHoBere cH eAHH ntVag',)'ai Alpou,
BlK.
no-HaralbK crp. 320(186). Orapnrure xpafr Ha4rpo6Ha MorHJIa ABe rpa-
(H!-rcKH KonecHHuH Moxe
'6u
or KoucranruHoBara enoxa npfi c...[UHuKoBI{H
roBoptrT
C'btqo 3a CenHUte Ha ToBa Mt{cTo npe3 pHMCKo lpeue''l
hp, C. KonH.[oeIIH, Ha 5-6 I(M CeBepoa3rotlHo Or KrocteHAHJI, e C'b-
UecrByBano
npe3 HMneparopcKa'Ia enoxa CBeTHnHu{e Ha 3qt1 n Xepa,
Koprro
ryr( ca HoceJrH errurera lia7.orcglvo[ (nnu LiaTcieprlvoi).t EnHrerlt
,a 6oxecrBara e oqeBHAHo erHHKoH, H3BeAeH or MecrHoro HMe IidPtol,o?o't
(unn \(epcoie.rov),6 BeporrrHo HMeTo Ha rpaliuficKoro ce,lo HJIH n'bK Ha
ilrecrHocrra,
K.b/tero ce e HalrHpano cBerlrauluero. B naAnuc or c.,ilu.nsqti
5.r., Xepa H AQpoarra Hoc"i enurera lzo[-]svvlor (uecarypHo uereHe).
KOfiTO IIO BcflKa BeporrTHocT oTpa3flBa MecTHo H]te, Moxe ofl Ha ceJIHIqe'
IiO n'brfl, *o*to e BoAe"'I or [-layra,ruq K'I]M pyAoHoCHH'I palioH Ha
KpaNrqerO
H ttO-HaTaT'bK 3a 3HenO,le ll,1H AO,'IIHHaTa
Ha lV1,Opaaa, BX('
cTp. 244(91), ce e HaMt.rpa,'ro pHMCKO CenHUIe HtIK'bAe KbNI HaBJ'lH3aHeTo Ha
p.'Aparorri,rruu B rror,rero oKor'ro ce,Ilara flepuao'r ra frrr6opaHo- HMero Ha
nocneAHOTO CeJrO Ce cB'bp3Ba o6prrHoseHo c ip-6"nv (rtpxHtl{e).1 tanu
TyK HMaMe OIIenflBaHe Ha aHTHqHOTO HapHI-{aTe,'lHO HMe' CTaHaJIO COOCTBeHO'
e B.bnpoc,
qHeTo pelxeHl{e rIpH cerauHoTo c'bcToflHHe Ha apxeoJlorHqe-
cKHTe npoyqBaHurr e HeB63Mox(Ho. Axo aefrcrBureJlHo
ryK HMaMe cilyqaft Ha
aHTHqeH eM[OpHyM, TO ToBa T'bp)Knttle U{e Aa e 6prnO OCHOBaHO, 3A Aa
O6C.uyXea n.nauUUCxOrO HaCeJIeHHe Ha KpaHIqeTO, H HeTOBOTO C'b3AaBaHe
Mo)r(e Aa ce cB.bpxe c yp6aHn3aropcKara AeliHocr
Ha AurouaHI'ITe (no-
roqHo Ha Mapx
'Aspe,rrfi)
u Ha cenrsuttii cenep, KOfaTo Ca ocHoBaHH
ApytHTe r.bpxntrla e Tpaxfiq.* 3acfly')KaBa BHHMaHHe HMero Ha c'bcelHoro
ce.io l-lepntbr,, Koero l4peuere cB'bp3Ba c te'1i)d.o; (orpa4a. rpag,nHa), n Ha
CrenCrO, KOeTO C'btiIHfT aBTOp CB'bp3Ba C'bC 1ie'ti (reCunna, npOx-O4).
B rgq rpH HMeHa rofr BHxAa ocrarbt-IH or stlgaHraficxa rorloHllMHfl. Pae-
6npa Ce, Hutrto He npequ THff HMeHa Aa 6lAar H aHTHqHH' Ho 3ana3eHH B
TexHHrr sueaHrraficxu o6nurc. B aevtJlulr{ero Ha flepltno"'t e HaivlepeHa eAHa
NroqexpaHHTenHHI{a (V-VI B.), , Koflro Ce [a3e'Ilu Cnope.n HaAnHCa IVIHH-
Irrrre Mou{fl Ha anocion ToMa H Ha aHTHoxHIlcKHtt enHcKort Banu.ua, 3arH-
|
6.1,1 s a H o a, Ces. Mar., 394, n. 37. 3a cpeaxoBeKoBlrrt H Ilo-HoBH crapHHH or roBa
\qcro sx. ft. WsauoB, uur. ctq..405 c"1., nn.63,61'
j
EeueBrHeB, n.2 (n.127).
:t
Vls. Bene,1rrKoB, ipaxuficxara Ko.,tecHHIIa, 1960, 7 c.t. u i0i.
I
K a u il p o B, I,{EA;I IV; 1911, 84 c.r. 3H^aI{HrereH 6pofi narterH}luu'
I
Detsihew, Die thrak. Sprachreste,230,'180'
';
f4, Yl B a H o B, Ces. Mar., n. 17 (n. 121),
;
fl. Vt B a H o s, CeeepHa lvlareAoHrq, 30'
B
Coe. E. I-;ft ,, r,i5l?1, xvrt, rssb, 20 c.r., I-loaerr"reuNre orHoueHas. 'l'l c,r., 53,
c .rnrepaiypa ; ft. Irl s a H o s, Cen.
{r*.,
30, uenpanrl'lHo cBt,p3Ba ocHoBatsaHero Ha rbpxu-
uiara i T[inHoaara Ko.ioHH3aIl]LI B Tpar3l^n
Y
AE!l, X, 1886, 69, flltl'aanuq, 58E.
L, 1955,
r 06.
1900,
Ats, Xi, 1908,
XVI
,XVII,
:^_
-s,
300
B. [-epon
I
..a,1 ilpr{ npecneABaHe'ro
Ha xpHCTllqHHTe tIpH Aeltuli.l
Or oilcrosrencreatar,
11pH r(oHTO e HaMepeHa Mou{expaHrtTe.lHHllaTa,
'rlHt{H,
qe
Ts e oHJIa c'bxpa?..
--rBa1a
B .xpalr, KotiTo ecrecrBeHo e 5s,r cB'bp3aH ct,c ce,llrlrte Ha ToB-a.
RCTS. flo-narope rto TeqeHHero Ha
{paloanulH[a
c]JIeAH or xHBoT ilpei
.
p,HMCKSTit e[oxa Ao.[aBxNIe.
npl{ C. fopaHonqrt, oTI('bAeTo npoH3xOx(AaT
4gg.
o6pounu nroqKrl Ha XcPai
'
B Ao,!
H1ara Ha p. Paglreraulrua, AeceH npuroti Ha p.
ilxepMaH, no-.,
I
o,'Iqtro pHMCIio ceaal-r[e C'bc 3Halillre,'lHH apxeonorHqecKH CaeAH e HMaJIo
Ha rlrflcroro, K1,Aero ce c,rr.rBar Eo6osAo.[cKara H I.o"recroBcKara peKa,
Ta o6paaynar
per(a Paauetani.ttla, B Konro HflKora ce e II.'laBHJIo 3JIaTo"..
I
)K. crp. 251(99). Matepaa.rrHTe or roBa aHTHt{Ho cer'IHIII, a HivleHHo cneAn,
I
r rpraeirn, nior.rr,
QparlreHt'H
or crar)'H lt HaArHCa, o6pa5oreHa KaM'bHI{
H T),xJrH H3o6H.rrcrayBar Ha RHCot{HHara MexAv rHrt .{ae
pexlt:l Ll ca pa3-
HeceHH H3 tlrrJara Ao,'rHHa
Ha peKara. B caNIHr{
'brb,rl npH cnaBaHero
a ABara
[pHToKa, Ha Ioro3anaA or fo,lslro ce.rto, ce HalvlHpa MecrHocrra
[apUuuHa,
ri'bAeTO e 6*na H3rpa.LeHa pHN{CKa h-penOCT,
^H3nO,''I3VBaHa
H
npalrarpo rtaa1a BeporrrHo Lt npe3 cpeAHoBeKoBHero.l Or rparaulero
Ilapuunua
fipoH3xo]K.n,aT
HHKO.IIKOTO HaLnHCa, KOHTO Cit HaNIepeHH B
iorraro"o,
foarivro ceno H Lllarpono. Or c'btt{oro rpaAHlite 5x,r Aouecen
.. B c. I-Ianarono eAHH .rtarltHcKu Ha!,nlrc, 3a
qur{To
c'bil6a He ct
gHae
Hnulo.6
B utpraaTa
Ha fo"qqMo ce.rIo B Haqa.lOTO Ha OCeM.IeCeTTe TOAHHLI Ha NII'lHaJIHfl
.n ia 6u:gr BrpaAeHH HaAnHCn or UapnvnHa.ti Or flocneAHoro Mflcro r
pog3xoxAar .arn 5ponaon_ 5rccr-rer.1nJ'lKa v HaMepeHara n Ea'ryaHoao.
rrocr?BK? Ha craryfixa Ha 3enc.i Tas l{oHueHTpalrHr Ha MarepHanH oTs.
pHMCKaTa eroxa n" L{apauuna noKa3Ba,
qe
TyK e 6una KyJIrypHaTa, rpq&
KH VCTDOCHATA
qACT HA
PHIVICKOTO
CCJIHIII,C' MO)KC 6N CN{NOPHYM NA I-IAY:'C
^1--
a11fl, ypeAeH 4a o6c;r1'xBa ras noKpaliHnua, orcrorlllla Ha rpHAecern$A t,
ri,noMerpa or r-paAa. 3a roea Heruo no.{,xoxAa KaKTo Mecrorlo.[oxeHuero,
M\', eAHaKBo c ToBa Ha eMnop6yMa DiScoduraterae Ha p. flHrpa npn IOc-
unrU^ (IpHnoecKo),* TaKa u nocBelueHHero Ha Hllneparopct(Htl AoM
H
nuunlrficxgre 5orOBel' oT CrpaHa BepOflTHO Ha nay'ralnficxn rpaxAaHl{}
HflKOI4 OT KOHTO CA 3AHA'{TT{HH H H}lEHHO TCXHHTC TIHTCPECH CA fH CB'I'P3BAN.H
c roBa r.bpxHlrle, BX. no-fope crp. 267(115). B'seivtoxHoro c'bu{ecrByBaHe
I
a xpa* Ha Hrlr[eparopcK!{r{
Ky,''IT roBoptt c'bitlo raKa B [oJI3a Ha roBa
peAnoJroiKeHue. B ctceACTBo c rpa,r,Hlrlero, Ha loroH3ToK or I-o;tsvto ceJlo,
eAHa ruecTHocT, B KOflTO Hlla.lo TpH ro.r1eMH NIOTH.lH H Ce H3KOnaBanH
..yx1tu
H KepeMH,[,[{, HOCeIa B Kpaa Ha lluHaflHa BeK BCe Otl{e TpaKUtlCxOrO
,useli,
vlll, 193.1,215 cr.:An. ep.,-.1935, n.76 (n' 128)'
2
Mc6, XVt-XVlt, 1900,
'!4
c':r" nn'
.8,9'
s
J i re d e k,'A'8,\4,-i,
iAbO, it ; fr. VteqH o B, Ces. Max., 25, 39 c;r' ; Ao6-
y.*r, eptfim, i56, aa6.2:Ka zatov, RA, 19i3' I, 3'10--sqq'
r
florpafi.HHaia'paslreraHHqa
.. .noi,.rrff
l'
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,TBoro ,, irul'rronnx 6par ApoH, Cedr" II' '135'
5
f. 6,., ,. r'a u,
'Crapoipaxuficxs
cBeru"Tuua H 6oxecrea, 1933, 48 cJI. Anrop'ut
r.r,o6qasa r.r 3a ip-t'rr $paruenru-
or o6po'luil n.loqKx IIa 3eec ll Xepa'
6
J i re Ee li,-AENI, X, 1886, 7l ; Il'rrysauus,
-613
c'r'
i
hEA.l, tl,'tgii,-'z8o : ,l o 6
P )' i llr 3l'1I11,
156, n' 201 (n' 149)'
'
Bx. VI s. B e ,'l K o s, [-HM, IV' 192-2,25' 1-27- c;t'
,
idi,oo, itvltt, 1952i53, 247, n' 22 (n' 145)'
1lq l-lpoyuaanuE B6pxy 3anaxHorparaftcxilre 3eMH npe3 pHMcKo BpeMe 301
I{Me
Cunuapun.t B MeCTHOCTTa TypOCxuUa, naK npg l-onslrO CS,'IO,
6nna
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qerHpfiKoxHa rpaKaHcrca Ko,'IecHHIla HenocpeACTBeHo Ao eAHa
f.jrfMa
nalrpO6na uorula.2 l4Sr.,rexAa,
qe HapeA C pHIVICKOTO Ce,'I'lII{e C
rpa!.cKg
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c Hero. OcaeH orre.rrq,loro Ao
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Hlre Cutuapun
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cer'ro LUzrpoBo, nocBereH Ha 3eac 3ae1cyPl, HNIaMe 3acBH.{ere,'lcrBvBaHo
HMeTo
Ha Apyro rparuiicro Ce.IO l\d,pep'r[a,'t Koero, H3r/IeifiAa, He llle
l\a
e Iexa"Io Aa,;Ieq oT n'bpBoTo ce.,lo. Isere
ceJIHIIIHH HIleHa Ca
io6.to
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ceJa ca ce HaMHpanH rpali
n.r,Trr t4it11 He.{,aJIeq OT II'bTs, KOfiTO e CB'bp3Ba,'i I-la1'ra"THa C fepuatrfl,
Bx<.241(89). Koe or ,qBere rpaxuficxH Hi\,{eHa e 6a,ro HMero Ha pHPICKoro
Ce,,IHtUe npH C,'IHBaHeTO Ha ABaTa npHTOKa Ha PagpleraHuulKaTa peKa, e
rvr.l,qH6 La Ce O[pe,ILeIH. IIpN I-O,rsvrO Ce,IIO, Morxe 6n Ha Ca]laTa L{aplt-
q6Hal ce e HaNIHpano, KaKTo H3t,'IexAa, cBerH,'lHIIIe lvlo)+(e 6u eAHH-
CTBeHOTO CBeTHJIt{ttte Ha 3esc 3ae;lC1'p.U, B 3anaAsa Tpawwa, OT KOeTO
npo63xox l,ar ABa Ha,r[[HCa Ha roBa 5oxecreo, nocBereHll or eAI'lH poMa-
HH3HpaH Tpai(HeU.; BepOnrHO OT C'bIUOTO CBeTH"IIHIIIe npoll3xOxAa v Tpe-
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6o;r6a6pr.u.$
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ce,,rHIUe I4JIH BH,-'Ia e I4[raJro IrpH c. I-la,,raroao, BCe B AoJIHHara
fla Paglte-
TaHHua, eAHH KHnoMerbp 3arraAHo or cenoro B MecrHocrra Tyx.rtt'tute,
K-bAero e HarvrepeHa eAHa BoeHHa AHrInoMa,
H3AaAeHa B 164 r. Ha enHH
naHoHeurs rcofiro'e 6a.rr 3ace,'IeH Ha roBa lttncro. CarvlHre HMeHa Ha ceJloro
I-lararoeo u Ha MecrHocrra Tyx,'ruuie cBHAerencrBvBar 3a aHTHqHa
nocrporlxa. Or nlJtulara Ha PaaiueraHHua fipofi3xoxAar H cfle,a.HHTe Mare-
p1an1: MpaMOpHa craryt,ira Ha Xepivtec, fl3AeIII B'bpxV OBeH, HaillepeHa B
eIHo rpa.[,HIUe xpafi c. ivla.ruoJloBo,l)
QparueHr
or pe;reQ c LnoHptcoBa
CUeHa, HaMeDeH npn C. HOnoCe,'rqsglo , O6pOuua il':IoqKa Ha rparut?Crar
K6HHHK or i. tvtri, Br,p6oeHurc.11 forrsuoro rorcKo HauecrBue npn ,il.euur:i
(250-251 r.) e 6uno noqyBcrBvBaHo H B ran noKpatiHasa. ToraBa e 6u''ro
i
.[ o O p
l'
. x n, Mc5. XI, 189+, 100 c.r'. n. 2, Al'{H}l, 156, sa(t' 2'
z
tinli,"ll, lgil, 1Eg. inop.,r I,le. ts c H e.r H K o B, Tpaxultcxara Ko't:cHHtta, i96t),
42 c.'r., l0l, rtoxe 6N ot KoscraurunoBara cnoxa.
3
Detschew, Festschr. R. Eeser, I. 1952, 2O t. (n' Ia8)'
r
Taxa NrHC,,rH Kazaro\v, RA:j913, I,3t0sqq.;RE, \:l A (1936),515; Filos',
AA, XXIX, 191.1, 423.
'
i
trlEAn, Il, 1911, 189: RA, 1913, I,342, nn. 1,2 (nn' 146, 147)'
6Io6pvcxg,
AtlHNl, I, 152, n. 203 (n. 148). V1 roBa nocBtllleHtlc c Bl'px!
KOJTOHa, KaKTO J.pyrllre ABC.
;
Ces. Nlax., 25.
8
Detschew, Klio, xxx, 1937, 18 (..CII-, XVI, 185) (n. 175).
1!
i!1c6, XVIII, 1901, 785, n. 97.
10
I,IEAL{, XI, 1937, 202 c.r., n. ii'
11
K a zar o u', Thr. R., tt. 6-{13 (rl' .1,50).
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qHuro MoHerH ca ceqeHH npa Ol4xan Apa6AH (244-249 r.).1 fpa4qord
IIeHT'bp Ha rOpHOTo IynHaUirO
[O.,'Ie'] e 6un aHTHqHOTO Ce,'IHIqe, Btp*y
j rerd e BacrpoeHa AHeC Canapeaa 6ann. O6HxHoaeHo ro ce ortx4iCi
rBa c H3BecrHHf HH npe3 K'bcHara aHrHr{Hocr_rpaA fepuaHun (leppavta,
l'eppari, l'eppeve, Isppz;),a polHoro Nrflcro Ha fOcrHHHaHoBHfl nbnKoBoAeq
Re.luaapnfi.
OcHoaatttffa 3a roBa orbxAecrBsBaHe ca Hel'oBoro MecronoJt's
I
eure B C'bCeACrBo c flaVra,raf, Ha rpaHaqara MexA)' Tparux a HaHpliq
I
rxro ro. AaBar aHTHqHHTe aBTopH, HeroBoro rpaKaficro Hlvte, KoeTo
tir
HaqaBa ,,Ton'b,rr
llsnopul H orroBapq Ha ronrxTe H3BopH B Canapeaa
'alfl, u Hafi-cerHe HMero Ha MHHaBalUara xpafi Cerlu_Irlerg
Pl,(a lxepua.r,
i xoero ce na3n aHrnqHoro HilIe Ha rpajla. llpes XI s. (1019 r.) n npe3
'.,11
B. (l150 r.), KaKro cBHAere,{crBVBar rparurorara na Bacanufi II 3a c'bg-
raBaHero Ha Oxpnlcxara apxrelHcKonug u apa6cryHflr reorpaQ Hapuc4
)aA'bT e npoA'irnx?B?r'I il,a fia3u aHTHqHOTO CH Hlvie. HvrerO Ha p.
AXetr
aH e 3aCBHAeTe,'ICTByBaHo Or XIV s. Hacapt.6 HaLnaCa, B KOHTO Aa CTOIT
HrreTo Ha ceJlHrr{ero, He ca Hlr H3BecrHH Aocera. OcraHxure Ha aHTHqHL!fl
rpal ca HanpaBH"'rH Bneqar.rreHae oute Ha l'lpeueK npe3 1881 r, Tgti roBgptt
I rJIaAKrr KoJ'roHH, o6pa6orenn KBaApH, ocHoBH Ha crapH crpa.qfl v trP.,
OHTO Ce BHXAa.'rH B Ce,'rOTO, C',bruo 3a Ha.rInHCa Ha coh. Il l-ucensium, 3a
rpaMaAH )riere3Ha cr)'pHq H np.d l-lpea 1911 r. e 6ul orr(pHr B MecrHocrra
fpa4nulero, Hela,req- or 5aun"ra, Nro3anqeH noA BeporrHo Ha 6agu.urxa
i-Vt B.),i a npe3 c'bruara roAHHa H npe3 1920 r. ca 6unu pa3{ona}[
rrKoJrKo KepeMHAeHH xpHCrI4fHCKH_
_
rpo6oee 6ee HHBeHrap (V-VI u',)- n
eAHa cBoAecra ryxJreHa rpo6nnqa. Ha MrrcroTo ruqerH cJIeAH or lpyrl
-po6uuqa ,{ srAore.* I-]p, HanpaBara Ha HoBHfl KaIITax na 6angra npe3 t947r.
T THHsra ca 6unw H3BaAeHH o6pounn n.,'roqKr Ha .'IeKapcKHTe 6oxecrga
. rcK.rrrrH ft u Xurun, Ha rpaKnficxns KoHHHK, KaKTo H MoHerH or AsrbriHr
fTwfr Ao [nor"leUHaH.lr fipn npelnpHergre rpe3 1951 r. npovt{Ba1ufl tt
r4EAI,1. XXI, 1957, 323.
drero l.l xn, uurpoKo 6 xu, c Ha.Ilropcxa Bt{cotIHHa 550-6()0 lr.
Proc. beli.. III. 11. 2l: de ited., I\', l,31,IV. -l: Hierocl., Svnr Proc. beli., Ill, 11', 2l; de ired., I\', i, 31, IV, -l; Hierocl., S1'necd.,654,5; Coilt'
rr.r r -r !r ,
!.L l.vu.r r
Porph. de ttrem., 56,6 b. B e.l.Ha .:rHcrrl Ha nperopnaHun or Bpe:uero Ha Cenepnre
(CIL.
'1,-3262-l)
Hape-l c trperoplaHr-tu or Cep,urxa, AHxua,ro. TpuuouuuyM u np. HMa H e,[xH-or
ierma R nnvr rhnarueHraneH HalnH(: hr Puv. Cll-. VI.37184.c 7.tlfrcrv eZ52a)or 183 r'
i;;;;:--B ;p;;Opr.l'i.rirf.".. r,",,r. br Friv, ClL, VI, 37184, , i,8(rcrv ezsza) or 183,r'
t-Ton Ksro poAHo Mrrcro Ha J.Balra flperopHaHuu German., c'borBerHo Cerm. KorHoMegtr
cr6aqe H Ha ,{Baltara noKit:iBa Herpaxuitcxun HV npoa3xor H c.IIeAoBare.'IHo rufl clJqa.l
,,e
ce orHilcflT J.o rpaxuficxara l'epilaHurr, Ho ,to rpa.r.oBere Ha l,latox, Germanicia
(Syria
)omagene), Cermlnicopolis (Cilicia), a n rrbpBHfl c;r-vvafr (CIL, VI, 32521) uoxe 6u Ao
H-rI(oE
r rpar.oBere Ha Ma;ia A3rin cerrna n.r, b.r,r..
"n
xpa, ui II u B Haqaroro Ha III s'
iepvauun He e 6lr.ra rpilJ c'i,c co6crseHa repr{ropun, Ho vicus ua flay'raaul.
I
D e t s ch e u', Die thrak. Sprachreste, I02.
i
Jirecek, AEri,-X, 1886,'71 ff., flrrynaHur,615 c;r. Tomasclt ek,Zur
Kuride
er Hiimushalbinsel, i8[j7, II, 8o : I,1. H sa H o s, Cen. Max., 8l c.r.
6
L[ur. ]\r., cpB. orue ii Lr z ar o w, RE, Suppl. III, 1918, 585 f.
;t'.11.
Ka'uapor, I4BAL II, igli,'t'88 c;1.; AA, XXVII, 1912,569f.;cp&
B. VIs a H o B a, ['HXl, 1922'25, ]5t).
*
I-. H. Kauaprte, klEA.il, II, 1911, 185 c.r.: [-HiVl, 1921, 198.
e
tIEAt.1, XVII,'195i1, 32i, XVIII, 1952, 353 c;r.;
gp6,
Bull. ip., 1955, n. 159.
llpoyvnanNs Bapxy 3anaxHorpaxuficxr.lre seMlr npe3 prrs{cKo BpeMe
303
pa3KonI(H oKo"'Io 6anstat ca 6vnT pa3KpHTH ner crpa.4H, KoHTo no3Boi'rfl-
sar A& C ycTaHoBa MpexaTa Ha ynulU.HTe B pr.rMCKHfl rpaA, xofiro ce e
Hayilpail Ha clloMeHaroro Mrcro l-paAarr{ero orcoxo noqHBHHr
Aovr Ha
npo0crro3are. lpa,qcx,asr qeHT'bp H3rJIexAa, e e 6ut oKono 6aunra,
Korro e 6una B yqacT'bKa Ha cBerar,rHtrlero. I-lpea 1959 r. B'bB Bp'b3Ka cbc
cTpoexa Ha HoBa noqHBHa craHrlafl 6e orKpHTa 3anarHara KperrocrHa
cTeHa H 6e paSqHCTeHa 3anaAHaTa rPaAcxa nopTa c ABeTe npaBo'bf'b,{HH
KyJtH, KoHTo fl oxpaHrrBar oTcrpaHu. I-lo-xrcHo, BeporrHo npn lOcrHnnau,
nopTara e 6ana sa3vl,aHa, a [peA Her{ H3fpaAeHa Ap}'na cTeHa.
Ao nop-
Tara 6unu orKpH'rH crpaArr
-
xHJ'rHrrlHH noMerrleHarr u cK,'raAoBe. Havre-
peHH 6unu
Qparlreurt
or MparvropHa o6nHuoBKa Ha crpaAH H eAHa Mpa-
MopHa n.r'IoqKa c H3o6paxeHr.re Ha Epoc B'bpxy Ae,rQnu, cl,u(o r.rrHHeHH
c'bAoBe H Apvrrz 6arosH npe4lteru.2
HaivtepeuHre MoHerH, r,:ouTo 3a[oqBar c AurounH l-Iafi, odpounnre
nJoqKH, KoHTo He Morar Aa ce Aarr.rpar npeAa cpeAara Ha II 8., H HaMe-
peHHTe npa pa3KonKHTe npe3 l95l r. opT,AHfl Ha rpyAa H xp-vrH rpeArlre-
TH, KoHTo T. I,laanos AaTHpa or III-VI s., OTHaCflT Haqa.,IoTo Ha Ky"[Typ-
HHfl XHBOT Ha Tpar-(Hr"ICF(OTO Ce.'rHlrle H Ha CB'bp3aHOTO C TOn.,lHrr H3BOp
CBeTHJIHIIIe K'bill CpeAara Ha II n. Cr4eiixn no HarvrepeHHTe o6pouHa nrorl-
KH, BcHt{KH nocBeTeHI{ or tparlr,s no BCrrKa BeporlTHocr NreclHH xHTeJIH,
caerunHulero e HrvraJlo JroKaJreH xapaxrep H 6aHnre He ca rtpHBrnqa,lpr
[0CeTHTe.:III OT fPaAosere ll nO-AaJIeqHH MeCTa, KaK'ITBTO e 6un Cr,tyqasT C
[-la1'ra,rHr. Ilpea ["LpBHTe BeKoBe Ha pHMCKoTo B"'IaAaqecrBo cer'Iauero e
6uno xtirprl (vicus) na flay'railHr. Karo rpaAcKH ueHrbp,.H3rnexAa, ro ce
e o6oco6u.no rtpe3 K:bcHara aHTHqHocr, Ha Koero apernre npnHaAne)r(ar
3Har{HTe.rrHa
I{acr
or orr(pHTHTe ryx crapHHH. flacueHare cBe,r,eHHfl or ras
e[oxa ro npencTaBrrT KaTo fpaA, paBeH no [o.1o)+(eHlre Ha .(pYrHTe rpaAoBe
Br,B B',brpeurHa lfarcun.l
I-lpes 198--199 r. e 6H.ra Ha rapHH3oH B roBa cer.rHrrle Htv xpar.i
Hero cohors II Lucensiunr,:' Korro e npoAt"rrlKH.ra Aa KBaprnpvBa raM HarA-
MaJrKo Ao 222 i.tj B npocSara Ha xHre.rHre Ha Cranronapa Ao fop-
iLHaH III (238 r.); ce rotsopa 3a /IBa BoeHHH narepa B Tpaxnr, ilrex(A),.
Kouro ce e HaNil.rpana Cxanronapa, Bx(. crp. 178(26) . EArrHHrrr or rrrx e He-
c'bNrHeHo ,rrafep'br npH canapeea 6aus. c.rreAoaareJrHo MoxeNr Aa npH-
ervteM,
qe
Hali-ua,lito Ao Bpelrero Ha I'op,uaan r{a roBa Macro e HNra,'ro
pHMCKH fapHH3oH,
(rea
;1a Nrox(eM Aa vcraHoBHlr 3acera,
qe
roBa e 6una
cohors II Lucensiuttr. OrHocuo HABaHero Ha ra3a Koxopra e Tpaxur HMaNre
.ttaHHH, KoHTo oflpe[",1rrr npu1nuzure,rrHo BpeNrero nv. Koxoprara e 6una
a
{or:ua MHaHr{ rrpe3
(D.qasuescl-TpaxHono
Bperlre il npH AuroHaHLrre.r
T. [,] n a H () B, l.lEAII, XXI, 1957,
T. I,l.o:t [I o B, Be ucpriu noB,tHH or
l,1EA['I, XVIII, 1952, 35-1 c.'i., rt. ,i
Bx. npe,txo;tHaril crpauflu;r, srr6.
K I lirr k a, n. 32 (n. l,i4).
K a lin k r, n. -lo (rt. 1,5,51.
Il i t te rr b e r g e r, S-r'll.;t, 888.
Cpn. tr. l'c p o r, Po.rtaHrr3ur,r, II,
2l l c;r.
l9 XII. 1959 r'.
(n. l5l), n. 4 in. 1,52), n. 7 (n. 15J1.
,1.
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c iTavratun, cer'rnrrre npe3 pai\{cr(ara eiloxa e HMaJIo HEKIAe KbM ceJlara
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fxepuaH n crpyua,
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I-lpoyvnaunfl Bbpxy 3anaAHorparnficxNte 3eMH npe3 purrcKo BpeMe
305
HUfl
Hailnrc Ha e.llHH pl{IucKll rpaxAaHHH oT rpaxr.rfiCxH npoH3xoA.l Or
cbrrloro
ceJrHqe [poH3xoxAa w e,t41
QparrvreHrapHo
3ana3eH pe.reo na
3eec
u Xepa.e 3a 6.ryarocrcroflHHero Ha rafl.
qacr
or roBa nnoAopoAHo
flo.rre
cBHAere.4crByBa HaMepeHoro npr{ c. caarauo Ha r'IeBHfl 6pnr Ha
Crpl,rrra
cperuy 6o6oueno 3HaqHTeJrHo c'bKpoBHlue, c'bcrorrttlo ce or 600
cpedapHn
pHMCI(H AeHapHH, KoHTo ilocrHrar .qo XarpHau.:] VrpunaHero Ha
ToBa
cbKpoBHIrIe He e cTaHa,lo IlpH H3KIrO[*ITe,IIHHTe O6CrOqreJICTBa Ha
HfKaKBa
BoeHHa 3aflTaxa, KaKbBTo e cryqarrr Hanp. c ro.ileMrlr 6pofi aa-
poneHa MoHerHI{ cbl(poBuura npa
!equr?.
To su roxa3Ba,
qe
rofl rpafi e
6g:t tocrurHaJr npH Tpatu u Xaapuau Ao 3HaqHTenHo 6.naroctcronHue.
Ilpn nexau{oTo no Ha ceBep c. Bucorz rvrorHr'ra e HaMepeHo MoHeTHo
C'I-,KPOBHII(E, C'bCTO'IIqO CE NPEAHMHO OT KOTOHHA.IIHH IVICAHH MOHCTH, KOHTO
Itocrr.rrar Ao farraeu.a Crxponaruero e yF(pHTo npH Hrrr(oe oT rorcxflTe
HaruecTBHr nprr Tofl HMflepaTop I,jJTH il'bK npH foilsMoTo foTCKo HaulecTBHe
npt:s 269 r. rtpH K;ran.u,uri I-orcxlr, Koero cxrvpHo e 3acerHa,,]Io H ron rpafi.
Or cr,ruoro ce..ro [poH3xox(il.a v eAHa 6ponsoaa craryfixa Ha Xepvrec, Ha-
MepeHa B ruecrHocrra fpa4arue,s noxe 6H ocraHKr4 Ha aHTHqHo ceJIH-
ue. Kparl c'bceAHoro ceno KaueHur e HlraJro cBera,'rHure Ha rpaKx'Acrcun
KoHHHK H,'IH Ha Xepa, or Koero ca HH H3BecTHH
Qparuearn
or o6pouHra
fi,rroqxH Ha rtfl. 6oxecrsa.6 Ha ceBepo3anar or Eo6oureeo a CrpyMCKHq
rrpor'roM cneAH or aHTHrrHo ceJrHrrle ca HaMepeHH npH c. Byxoao, K'bAero e
6H,ra orxpHra rrpe3 1925 r. paHHoxpHCrHflHCKa 3HLaHa H 3acBoAena rpo6-
Hrrrla (VI s.), KaKTo H
qacr
or o6pouHa IL'IoqKa Ha rpaKu'icrcus. KoHHHK
3aeAHo c 6poueoBa MoHera, ceqeHa or l-layrat,;afl npil KorvroA (180-192 r.).?
Or crceAHoro ceno Crpauo npou3xoxAa
qacr
ot o6pouHa nnor{Ka c'bu{o
Ha rpar{Hrlcxras xousrx.E Ha rcro3ailaA or Eo6oureBo B uraHHHcKara o6.nacr
c.rreAH Ha r(ynr)'peH xfiBor npe3 pHMCKaTa enoxa AoxaBflMe npn c. Eo-
poBeu, orK'bAero uMaNle eAHH noqereH uJrLt Haarpo6eH HaAnl.Ic,e u npn
c. @po.'ro[r, orK'bAero npoH3xoxra eAHH
QparneurapHo
3a[a3eH peaeQ na
3eec H Xepa.to
Tparctficr<o Ce;ro c npoflBeH l(ynrvpeH xHBor e HMa,''Io rtpe3 pHMCI(ara
efioxa npH c. Pa;ra. Mexa,v- ToBa Cr'ro H c'bceAHoro c. Cro6 Ha eAHo
rrpoTexeHl{e or or(oJro ABa KH,,roMeTpa ce npocTrpaJlK pa3Ba.[HHHTe Ha eAHo
crapo ceiIHU{e, KaKTo rH e Bul,frr tr lpever.r B Haqa,'Ioro Ha oceMAecerre
toAuult Ha MHHa"THS
ger.lr
.r'laqera creHH, Tyx"rII4, TJIHHeHH c'bAoBe H eAHH
1
fHM, VI, 1932134, 57, n. 16 (n. 1,581.
2
l46AYl, VI, 1930,31, 120 c.'r., n. 7. 3a
nx. .l i r e i e k, AEM, X, 1886, 71.
3
I4BAyl, I, 1921 22, 242.
I
I,16AI,I, XII, 1938, {52.
:,
I,I6AL \rl, 1916118, 165.
crapHHII e 6o6oltteeo or no-K'bcHo Bpelle
l[
ll,
t!
il
,tl
ll
l
'r!,
.: !i
1t
'ii
'I
il,
,1,
I
Kalinka, n.11 (n.2011; apxuB
2
Bx. no-rope mp. 243(9i).
3
H6AX,, IV, 1914, 272.
't
I-HtrI, 1920, 19 c,r., 1921, 20,tr, n.
:'
Bx. crp. 213(9i).
6
Cee. llax., 18,3.
7
{uro 30 rcv, uJupotto 5 - 6 xrr, c
s
Muua,ro H ceraluHo Ha Btt6ottleRt-..
!r
[.IEAI,I, I, l92i
i'22,
251.
Ieqes fu. 201a1.
2 (n. 156); V16AVI, XIX, 1955, 195 c,r. (n. 157)'
Ha,.l\ropcxa BHcoqr4Ha 370-400 v.
I l8 crr.
6
HBAL IV, i9i4, 2El c:t. (ruz. 160, 16l);
i
VI6AV1, IV, 1926i27, 3i9 c,r.; Kazarow,
8
K a zai o rv, Thr. R., n. 871 (n. 159).
L
BeureBJ'raeB, n.20 (n. 163).
10
146AI,l, XII, i93U, 119 h. 161).
1r
AE11, X, 1886, 7,), ctr., il'r,11naHlur. 628.
2tl
I-oonurr^ri rn'Dn,ro.r1)r'H(IecKHn qrahi'.rrer
K a z a r o w, Thr R', n. 453 (n. 1621.
Thr. R., n. 1020.
ii
E
!q
la.
*
Fi
I
$
ni
$
I
1,, i l
306
6. fepon
TpaKHfiCKH Het(pono/l oT TpH MorH,'I-H. I-ipra U'rpKBara ,Ca.
HuxoJIa( Hpq'e*
BLtAflJt KanHTe/IH or I(oJIoHH, l:poq]]l"l]:BaHH u o6pa6oTeHH KaM'bHHr.
a]d;
BHAr.il HaAilHcH HJIn
qv,'I
3a Haf,IILICH. EcrecrneHo eAHa
qacr
oT THfl
Ma;IS
puan1 rue rptrlBa Aa ce orHece K'bru cpeAHoBeKoBHoro ceJII4uIe
_CTgO
(IJro,3rrov),t Ho Me)fi,u,y rrrx HMa H 6escnopua aHTHqHI4 IuarepHana.
Ocmn
HaAr].HCHTe, KoHTO [pHHa.4nexaT no BCtKa BepofTHocT Ha ['bpBaTa
nol+
BHHa Ha III R., OT TOBa Celalqe HH e H3BeCTHa rpO6HHqa, H3rpaAega,q
rlXr'rg H c'bA'bpxarua H3BecreH 6poii 6poHaoaa c'bAoBe H iKeJIe3Hu
!pen-
,retr, KorITo He. Be,lxos orHacff K'brl Kpafl
.Ha
I Hilt4 Haqaroro Ha IL.B.I
Mex4y rpeAMerllre Htvta H eAHH 5ponaoa 6rccr-aasa.3 U rPl HaAul{Si{
ce AaBa H HMeTo Hil ce.lHUlero B erH[rKoHa Ha HefoBHTe xplTe"la I;roprdlYai.
CtqecrsyBau.lnflT Aocera Cnop, Ja.ltl \rcpv1\r1'lo{ e F(ynroBa Koflelnq
iilt
erHHKoH,; e pa3petueH B noJr3a Ha erHHKoHa c HoBoHaNIepeHHfl HaAnBc,
B'bpxy xOfirO CTOH Zx,oVir1\rytoi xro1s.f,:e;.(t I,luerO Ha TpaKHliCrOrO Cenq e
6uno- cJreAoBareJrHo \x,ornrl,a. Tpaxxircrx HlIeHa or c'bllrHn KopeH ca Xnog,
gnaptoxoE,
}nap:r1 xa1:.ri H np.i 3a npHHaA,'IexHoCTTa Ha CeJloTo KbM
T3-
pHTopHflTa Ha llayranus cBnrl,ere,-rcrBvBa eAI4H o"'ITap, nocBereH or HMero
Ha rpaAa.8 EAHa ryxna c neqar Ha ,'rarHHCKH AaBa HMero Ha eAHH pHMcKI{
rpaxAaHHH OT rp'bqKl4 npou3xol.t' Hlte CMe CK,'IOHHH Aa npHeMeM'
qe
TyK
HMaMe no-cKopo rro3elr,'reHo B.rraAeHHe, B Koero ca 6unu
Qa6pnxyrroHu
THfl
Tyx'llr,lo orKoJlxoro Aa cMrrralre,
qe
Ha roBa luflcro e Hlla.'Io caMo
Pa60'
THnHHqa 3a ryxnu,
qHfiTo
npuTei+(areJr e 6w:to cnoilteHaroro nI4IIe. B ce'
Jroro un xpitt Hero e HMaJro cBerH,'Inure Ha Ca6azvtir, B Koero ca 6ruut
nocraBeHH nocBeuleHnflTa or HMero Ha cenoro H Ha flayra,rna. PaaxoAt{ft
no H3AHTaHeTO Ha onTapHTe B eAHHHrr cnyqalll1 ca oT Hac,'IeACTBoTO
Sa
eAHo JrHUe, a BbB BTopHrI c,ryuafill ca oT paBHaTa BHocKa oT no neTAe$CT
AeHapHH Ha HflKonr(o nurra. B nrpaafl HaAIIHc ce AaBar H HMeHara Ha
"U{'
MenernTe, Ha KoHTo e 6una B'b3,'rox(eHa rpl4xara no H3AHraHero Ha onrapa.
IIOA C. Ptt;la, HttK-bAe I('bM B,'IHBaHeTO Ha PnaCxara peKa n CrpyUa,
e HMaJro Moxe 6H cenar.rle ttpe3 pH]rcr{ara enoxa, c Koero l}torar Aa
ce
l.lir
e(ek, ugr. rl.
2
fHM, 1921, 201 c;t.
3
RA, 1923, I, 31, n. 213.
t
VIB'AVL, IV, 1926,'27, 319
(n. t65); K a 1 i n li il, n. 2ll
1n.
166); nerry6anxyran
(n. 167).
i,
Po l a n d, Griechisches Vereinwesen, 52g ; K o r n e m a n n, RE, Supol..
IYr-3?,6,'
Detschew, Zeitschrift verqi. Spracltfor., Lxtll, i936, 2{0;Kauapos, kl6Ah'
ltl'
i937, 194 c,r.
li
Ktn rofl Hfl;lnHC, xoiiro Bce orue He e HauepeH B apxllBa Ha Ae.les,
rorseilx[
_ro
sa ny6,'rnxaqns, Aeqen
rllrure : .,3ac.Ivxaea la ce ot6eaexu,
qe
H B JBara no-paHo nyonl-
nyna"*r, Ha.qrr.{ca }naprr}'r;toi c'rou
(ris
lo6agrilra
:llotltilro:r. Taq ,a.o6aera B IIaull{fl HalnHc
noKa3Ba,
qe B c.lyqan lnoptr1llvai He rtr,xe jla o3IlaqaBa HriKaKBo c.Ip)'xeHHe, KaI(To
ce
;6;;;r;1' Kitint<a n s I,inA[1, u npe]crasn ethnicon or ce.ruruHoro uue Sportela"
-
i
D e t s c tt e \\', Die thr. Spracltreste, S. \'.
s
Dumont --
Homolle,567, n.26 Cr (rt. 1681.
e
t46AA, II, l9ll, 185, n.9 (n. 169).
ttt
6. I- e p o B, I-lpoyunaunr{ B'Lpxy rlo3e\t.leHlITe orHotrlerlils, 5a.
11
146Ar{, lY, 1926i27, 319 (n. 1651.
12
Kalin k a, n. 214 (n, 1661.
I-lpoy,raaHrs B'bpxy 3anaAHorparrf,cxnre 3eMr npe3 prlrcKo BpeMe
307
cB'bp>KaT- ABa O6pOqHH HaArrHCa, eAUHWflr HaMepeH B KOqepHHOBO H nOCBe-
TeH
Ha
'Ave;.r,ot
lurr{peg1 H APyrunr HaMepeH a EapaxoBo (lll n.) a nocBeTeH
ua
3eac, Xepa, Xeprurec, Xepaxu,
fiuonuc u AQpoeHTa.2floc.ueAuuflT HaE-
flHC
e nocBereH oT eAHH TpaKr..teu,
qHr.iTo
HeAo6pe 3ana3eH eTHHKOH e
l-lo':or1x{'hros.
Tparaficr<oro cexo, or Koero e rrpoa3xo}fiAar'r rorr flocBera-
Te,'I.
ule Aa Ce e HaMl{pano HeAareq or MfcroTo Ha nocBelueHHeTo, BepoflT-
Ho naK B TepHToDHfTa Ha fTayranus.
no Ha ror a CrpyucKara r,oilHla fipw AHeruHHrr E"ryaroesrpaA (fopna
Ixy'ltan)
ce e HailrHpano ilpe3 HNrneparopcxara er]oxa rparuficxoro ceJro
\xanrotaga,
qHeTo
ca,uecTByBaHe Hr{ e 3acBuAeTencTByBaHo c npoqyTHrr
HaLnHc or BpeMero Ha fopaHaH III (238 r.).3 Vlapa3'br, B rofiro ce HaMlrpa
Ha3BaHHero Ha ce,'Ioro, rnacH: D{r1c4 r,a.rd, xolp,rTi6v }xaaror,egrybv rfov xai
f p4cenisv. Oqesr.rAHo Tyr( I'pr,oerccov e eAHo BTopo HMe Ha cKanronapeH-
UHTe. EAsOro or .4BeTe HMeHa fiMa no-ugpoK o6xnar--Moxe 6r.r nrOpOro.
Catutsr HaAIIHC vKa3Ba Ha rvrecro[o,,roxeHHero Ha ceJroro, B Koero H''IH
HenocpeACTBeHo Ao KoeTo ca Ce HauupailH TonJIHTe H3BopH.
[a,rara
oKo"'r-
HOCT Ha ElarOenrPaA HeO6H,.'rCTBvBa C'bC CTapHHr.r, 3HaqHTeJrHa
qaCT
OT KOHTO
iuorar Aa ce orHecar c'bc carypHocr KbM HMneparopcr(ara enoxa. Tpar<uia-
cKu MorHi'IeH HeKpO[On HMa oKo.[o c. fparvra,4a, K]AeTo e HaMepeH HaA-
nHcbr, npH crpvMCKH uas,,rar< H Ha AecHHfl 6pxr Ha Crpyrraa rpH c. [io-
l{poBHHI(. flpu nocJleAHoro ceno e 6Hna pa3r(orraHa eAHa Morur'ra. B Kosro
e 6uta_HaMepeHa cBoAecra rpo6nuua H Apyra rpo6Huua, ctA'bpxaqa
KolHe. fpo6nuqu 6unu oTKpHTH r.r rto H3KonHTe Ha rrrocero 3a Cranxe
{avrarpoa
(AynHrua), Kaxro H B Tenxuenns Aon, KbAero rpea rypcxo
BpeMe, T. e. npeAH 1912 r., 6tNtu HaMepeHH ABa XeprBeHHKa C HaAnHCH,
3a
qHflTo
ctA6a HHrr{o He ce
gHae.
forqMara Te,rraeaa MorHJra e 6una
pa3KonaHa or MecrHoro apxeoJrofHqecKo
ApyxecrBo K.bM I929-1930 r.,
HO He e H3BeCTHO KaKBO e 6U,,rO HaMepeHo B Hefl. 3a ocHoBH Ha ,,crapH
crpa4an ce cro6rqana fipH Crpyncxn uaQ.nux, K'bAero e 6n,rla HaMepeHa
craryfira Ha JrbB, oroJo caMHTe rler rorr,'rn H3Bopa HaA EnafoeBrpaA H
Ha lp.r-'ra Mecra. Crro6tUasa ce cttrlo 3a KpenocrHa creHa H BoAo[poBoA.
t
Kalinka, n.200 (n.170).
?
Heny6arrK)BaH (n. l7l).
:t
Dittenberger, S_v113.,.888 (n. 174), K.b.r,ero ca AaAeHH ny6rurauuarc Ha Ha.u,-
lri{ll-H
nrirepar}'para-B'bpxy HeFo Ao 1917 r. Cpa. oure r. kl. Kaqapoa, I-os. coQ. y-r,
I, 190415, 28--38; Mo-m-msen, Jur. Schriff, II, l72i Bruns, Fontes, n.
g0;bi-
i'ard, Textes3, 188; Fr.Preisigke, Die Inschrift vonSkaptoparene(sic)inihrer
pe1lehung zur kaiserlichen Kanzlei i-n Rom, 1917, l--79; Rosiovtzef i,
jRS,
VIII,
1918,33;Wilcken,
Hermes, I-V, 1920, I ff.;Arch.f.
pap.
F., IX, 1928, 15 ff.;.Des-
s_au, Hermes, LXII, 1927,205--221; Rostovtzef f, Gesellschaft, II, 186, Anm. lg
(s.363),
At*. 27 (s-.365)
;8obert, cRAI, 1952,589 sq. cpa. orqe M. Dirrt, t-es
cohortes prctoriens, Paris, 1938, 284 sqq. I-lo,to6na vor6a, brnpraacHa ,ilo LrMr:eparop An-
T()HHH l-Iafi, 6c HalrepeHa rrperrr aecerilsa roJugr{ n Hcrpun (Cerepna ,{o6pyexa), cpu.
'l o
I-g
u S t o ia n, Studi gi'cercetdri de istorie veche, i951. 2,'lB7 iqq.; lpyia r Eutrip-
pe (Kapua), orrrpaBeHa .u9 Kapq1a1a, cpn. I-. R obe rt, CRAI, 19s2, 589 s<iq. cpa. c.buro
itaAflHCa
or Epiphaneia (Syria, xxxl\', 1957, 278 sQQ., R o b e r t, Bull. 0[., tsss, +0t1,
Pfl3flope:'K.[aHe Ha {ovuuuau Ao l]poryparopa }ra rpoBnHurrflra Aa He peKBu3Hba ao6ar, x sa
cilrstls-prrblicus ocBeH c pa3DeueHHe Ha r-r,uueparopa. 3a ilro,r6ara Ha xlrre,rrrre na Aparl.a
tt JI. A:**r sx. R o s ro \:t z c f f, ,p. cit., II,-185; 264 f., Anm. 26,
,l
.,l
ii'
i
ll
li
i!
Itr
lfl
llr
L,
:,i
il
r1
I
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il
f'
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308
I
it
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ii
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I
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til
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rl.
ri
i
ji.
;, i
ul.
llrji
;il
1lr
lillr
li:i
6. fepoa
I rvrecrHocrra Eo.lapSarun e 6ana orKpara rpe3 i958 r.
,,rpaxaft66-q
rpo6uHqa c 6orar HHBeHTap".HauepeHn Ca MoHerl{,
qaCTH
or auQopqrg
r-ATyH, OB'brJIeHH n.,lOAORe, 111HTO I'l TbKaHH 3 KM 3anaAHO Or
-
BAafOef
',
aA ilpu [poKonaBaHero
Ha HanoHre.'IHara CHCreMa IIpe3 1958 r.
IIpn
u. Ae.[eago,
4-5 K]r H3ToriHo or 6;raroesrpaA, Hivlano c'blUo ocrarbl{I{
OT
crpaAH c [oAoBe, [ocTJIaHH C npaBLL'IHH TyXJI4, rO"',IeVIH Ae.'IBI4 A OqOn,r
r-:eeu
HaAnHCa c lro,l6ara Ha cKanronapeHl{HTe B caillHfl E;laroesrPaA
e
i Mepen BropaqHo ynorpe6eri H Ap)'r rp'bI{KH HaArHC, xotiro e HaArpo6eg
iraMeTHHK Or III 8.2 ':*:F,
OrHocrio ,'IoKa,'rn3r.rpaHero Ha Cranronapa ca H3Ka3BaHH pa3nHqHH
)e4[o.{ox(eHgs: Ha Mrrcroro Ha ca}IHs AHel.ueH Enaroearp_a.(, npa Tea-
teBHff AOn, np6 Crp,Vvrcrn unrp,rrt< ll IIpH-C. fpainra4a. [:l:r.rreXAa, qe
rpar6ficxOro Ceno Ce e HaMupano K'bII C. fpaua4a (cera KBapTan Ha
EnaroeerpaA), K.b.{ero HNrailre no-ficHH cneAH or IIocenalUeH )I(HBoT.H
)Aero e HaMepeH HaAnacbr. Xuaorbr Ha ce,'IHu{ero e 3acBaAere.iICTByJaH
MoHeTH oT er'IHHTICTHqeCKaTa eno.\a .ILo Haqa,loTo Ha IV e. or n. e. flpn
CrpyrurCxU
.tu$lnK Ca HaMepe_HH MoHeTH Ha A,rexcaHA'bp BenHKH, Ha
AuO
K.4erIHaH H Ha KOsCraurgn Belgxu,:] a B ilIHHepanHfiTe H3BOpH na-EAa'
)eBrpaA ca HaMepeHH MoHerH Ha Alr$uno,rac (lll B. rp. H. e-), na Tparn
or III B. Ha H. e.l ',
'
l-lpoc6ara Ha cKanronapeHr{HTe HH .IaBa B'b3lvloxHocr Aa HaAHHKHe}t
^ xHBora Ha ce;'rcKoTo HaceJeHHe B TepHTopHflTa na l-layraJTrlfr, npe3 IIbF
rra noJroBHHa Ha III e. Kacae ce 3a ce.to, Koero e HMaJIo AocrarbqH0
-vMr
B noJlero 3a 3eMeAe.rlct(ll Kynry-pu H AocrarbqHo
nac5Hua'n 6agr
KHTe TTJIaHHHCKH
gKJIOHOBe 3a orrnexAaHe Ha AO6HTlx. C Ofr'IA Ha.EIf$
)Mgqec6oro rroJroxenne crorrr AyIII{re B HaAnHCa : v. I 15 sqq. ,l nqtt!
:-:--a"rtl;l
t rQ xd,\i.orqr r{; ro\eista;- - 'xe4t6vr1, xe)'6q p}v t6v 6p6v.rol
idrv neDlov ETovoa. HaprcrnHa roraBa He ca. 6uttu no3HarH HHTeH3HBHfre
KynTypH, KaTO TrorIoH H lvtacrtoAafiapt paCTeHHq, Ha KOHTO ce A'bnxfi.[HeC
)rarcrBoro Ha fopnoexytrarlcroro
[o;'te, Ho )fil'lrHHTe pacreHl'Ifl, ilo3ara
oBorqHHTe AtpBer
a ca Swtu urupoKo orrnelr.[aHr. fIpH ToBa cKoroBb,tr'
CTBOTO e 6U,rO ttrqO A,O6pe
pa3BHTo. Ha .Ase IvlH,rIII OT Ce.'IoTO e CTaBaJI
HrrKoJrKo n'bTH npe3 roAHHara naHaHp, KoiiTo e 64,'l ll3BecreH w rto'Ha,.a.
3q (v. 26 sqq., 127 sqq.), a rpe3 eceHra CneA npr46apauero Ha peKo'l'
lTa, OKOIO i O*tOrrpH, [aHaHp'bT e TpaflJI 15 .4H4,
KaTO BepOflTHO
pa3'
MflHaTa Ha CTOKHTe Ce e [O,'I3]-Ba,'la npe3 TUfl. AHI'i C O6,rerqeHl'Ie OT Ha'
icgrre.,
3elaeAenrluTe H cKoroB'bAIIHTe or no,lcKara H nr'IaHHHCKara
oron'
OCT Ca AOI(apBanH
CBoHTe npOH3Be.{,eHHfl, 3a Aa rrl pa3MeHflr C'bC 3afiAft'
.afiCxnre CTOKH, AOKapaHH
OT C'bCeLHHTe rpaAOBe, a BepOflrHO H OT IIO'
AaneqHH
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(v.
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ll
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ii. t'qv. rov 6Dir?!
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rCT oT repuropafra Ha llayratun Taxnea pe.rreQu Ca HaMepeHH npll
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',1rrTO e nOCBeTeHa Ha 3eac, Xepa n AQpo4rira, KOHTo TyK HOCnT e,[HH
rr{TeT, s xOfirO BeponrHg Ce I(pHe rpaxuficru eTHHKOH. Or rpa,u,l'ttqeT9
, JapHuunan Ao I-o.nsno Ceno (Crauxe.U,lluurp_oncxo) npoH3xo)KAa eAHO
[OCBeqeHHe Ha 3eec.11 Ma,txl.t CBeTH.[HtUa Ha Xepa e I4NIaJIS ttpn c. lOpa-
)BUH (KrocreH.4uncro) H npH c. Kauenux (CraHI(eAHMHrpoacro), oT KoHTo
,
r,rsai, II, 1911, 261 c.:., IV, 191{, 103.
2
I,lEA,il,, IV, 191'1, 98, n. 28 (n. 1301, 93, n. 33.
3
IrlEA.{, IV, 1914, 88.
r
HEAA, IV, 1914, 101, n. 53, 103 c.'t.
5
AA, XLIV, 1929, 321, r. 3.
6
Ka zarow, Thr. R., nn. 539-542.
i
VIBAVI, VII, 1932133, 316, n. 21.
s
Kalinka, n.136.
e
tIBAH, XII, 1938/39,
.l-19
(n. 164).
LD
fl. VI B a H oa, Cen. Max., n, 17 (n. 121).
ri
{o6
p ycxn, A!4HM, 156, n. 201
1n.
149).
llpoy'uaaHus B6pxy 3ana;rHorparutlcxure 3eMH npe3 prucxo BpeMe
3r3
ca
HLl H3BeCTrru rO ABe O6pOUUrr rror{Kr4 ria rarr 6oruHq.l Brn eropoTo
cBeTHnHUIe
Ca HaMepeHH ra
sparvreHTH
oT o6pounu rirorrKH Ha rparorficrHq
rouHHX.2
HUe CMe CK,'IOHHH Aa npHeNIeM,
qe
HerORHtlr KynT TyI( e BTOpH-
qeH, KaKTO e CJIyqafT C'bC CBerH,{aUIeTO npU KOnHIOBIIH.
n
Karro BHArrxrvre rro-rope, npH Ton,IIHrI H3Bop Ha Canapeea 6asn e
HMa,rro
cBerHflHtue Ha Acr,renlrfi H ner(apcKHTe 6oxecrsa. Oceeu Trr.\ Tyr(
ca 6LurH tror{HTaHH Ao[']b,'rHHTe,'rHo rpHTe HHrrr0n H TpaI(HficKHflT KoHHHK, Ha
xofiro ca HaMepeHH c'bnto nocserueHag.:l Cners,rrrrrleTo e c'bulecrByBaJ,ro
npea II H III 8., KaKTo noxa3Bar H3BaAeHHTe or H3Bopa MoHerH, KoHTo
3anoqBar c AH'rounH lluft vr 3aB:bpruBar c ,{uor.neuaaH. Or rosa Bpeille
ce H HaMepeHHTe TaM [OCBeIIIeHHfl.
Ky',trtr Ha rpaKuficxHq KoHHHK e 3acBriAere.rrcrBvBaH c rtoerrHuuHo
HaN,repeHH o5pouHlr n,lloqKpr H B n.rlaHHHCKaTa o5nacr, ceBepHo or Ao"tlHHf
crp!'MCKH rrpoJrorlr, HMeHHo ilpH c. Ma,na Blp6oaHar<, CrpuHo H Bvroeo{
KaKTo u rtpa Kousoeo,i' tuoxe 6u s cBerHJHIrIero Ha NlHrpa, a Ky.rtrbr Ha
HavrSure npH c. CxprunHo (KrocreHAllncKo).i;
I-loae.re naMerHHl-lH or K\'"rrra na !.uoHuc HNraMe or ropHoro n)'n-
Hr.uxKo rroire, i('bAero H3raexAa,
qe
npH c. KpafiHuqa ce e HaMHpaJlo. He-
roBo cBerr,.'ruue,
qHHTo
ocraHKH JrHqeiIH B eAHa HHBa B MecrHocrra &io-
rllara. Or roea cBergJrrrrte npou3xoxAar ABara pe;reQa c
f,NoHucoBl{
cqenn,; or KoHTo BTopara npeAc'raBfl norlBara ua
,I[Houuc
Ha ocrpoa Hax-
coc H Apaaa,ua. Or Harvrnpauoro ce 7__8 rrrr rto H3ToqHo c. Canapeno Hu
e H3BecreH Apyr
peaeQ c
fiuonncoBa
cueHa.E Ctrqo pe,reSr,r or HeAs.rr-
KoBa [-pau1uqa, npaAaraer f,aoHucoBa
cr{eHa, a or Konsoeo HH e IIo3Haro
eAHo nocBeueHne Ha Dionysus Asdules.lo Ha {uoHltc
3aeAHo c Apyrn
6oxecrea e [ocBereHa H eAHa KoJroHa or 6aparono.l1 BrsMoxHo e c'brrro
raKa H3o6paxeHxero Ha BoncKa rnaBa B'bpxy na4rpo6Hur naMerHHK or
PrxAasr.rua12 Aa crou B'bB Bp'b3tia c I[soHNCoBHr Kynr.
Tpaxuficxasr 6or Ha He6eto li3e).$oo,r6oE,,3eBC fpruronepx(',
qufiro
H\'.TIT C H3BCCTCH OT H'IKOJIKO MCCTA TJIABHO B IO)I(HOTPAXNfiCXUTC 3EMI4,1:J C
t
Mc6, XVI-XVII, 1900, 54 c.r., nn. 8, 9; I,1BAA, IV, 282, nn. 3, I
lnn.
160, 16l),
cpa. AA, XXX, 1915,221 t.
2I,{EAA,
IV, 191-1,281, hn. 1,2,5 Kazaro\r', Thr. R., n. lSil (rt. 162).
*
ApeMcH3oBa, I,16AI,1, XVII, 1950,321 c,r., XVIII, l!,52,353 c:t. (nn. l5l, 152,
f.iS), cpr. oure REG, Bull. 6p., 1955, n. 159.
I
Ka z a r o w, Thr. R., n. 6-{fi (n. 1,50), n. 871 (rt. l,igl, n. 102() (rrocnerrregue Ha
Ano;rou).
I
Mc6, VIII, 1892, 80, n. 72.
rt
AE}l, X, 1886. 67 (n. 115).
;
[-HM, 1921,20-1 c,,'r., n. 2 (-',[-HM, 1920, 19) (rt. li6); I,IEAI,I, XIX, 1955, 195 c,i.
itt. 157\.
s
Mc6, XVI-XVII, 1900, 82 c.r., n. l.
e
Heus.ra.(eu (n. ll7).
r0
fr. Vtsa H o B, Cee. Max., n. 37.-AEM, X\r, 189i, 95, n.
uereue);cpB. Kazarow, RE, VI A,,190.
11
Heusrareu (n. 17l).
12
E e rr e 8.1 I.{ e B, n. 2 (n. 127), ctp. 10.
13
3a foprtrTe
lr 3a rbxxvBaHero H, ri\{oro \r}', iiaxTo i-t 3a
H)'.rra vy' eTpaxufi Bx(. D e ts c he $,, Die thrak. Sprachr., 177 f. Ha
It I
llli i
{it
ii
II
it
i .;
rl
t,,
ll
i
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l
$,
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1:
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ceBep or Ea,'rxaxa xe-
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Bx. crp. l]00(l{8), L{JII.{ B Mecrxocrra
geurve4x6
| ler"rirey"an
u caMocroperHo c elua o6po'ria n.,ro,rra or Baxceao,z a
Ha [onoBI-tH
qac
nar or ceroro, Tosa e eAHHcrBeHoro r'aacro a
Jf
I
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nna
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e 3acBlr,{erercTByBaH HeroBrrr KyrT.r
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qra
cH cpeluy- llasoHe IIHIIepox o6auraaa npoBt{HuaanHarr ynpaenrta
[
. cnn*perranpat c rpaxtficrcua xoaurr, Ano.nou ce noqari olue r B aH-
ua Mare,(oHlrq L. Calpurnius Piso (57 56 r. np. H. e.),
,{e
e HanaAHa
l
,rrnoril ceaaue npr'l-oeureao.:r Kyaltr aa
.I[euerpa
e 3acBrrAereJrcTBy-
,aroBe.
BeAHara c,re4 xs6poxaanero Ha ruerr{Te, Koaro re.ca aprq0r
I na Kocrexlr,rcro.. B cnoueuaroro c. Baxcego ruaao cnope.{ I4pevexi
,,'IH Ha npoBtlHula MaxeAortar,
_Uuuepox
ro_Boplr 3a orpa6ealero
94
|
aeo6paxeute ra ro.na 6oraxl, Koero ciryxeno l{aro rrKoHa B ceJrcr(ara
flagon xa cBerHnaruero Ha 3esc CBexryp,4. ToBa cBeranxule e 6rulo
I
urpriuu. CnoMeuarrqr seqe Ha,(nuc or
'6aparoao6
e nocBereu Ha 3eBc,
"^c'bMHeHo a rcxuorparaftcrare 3eMH, BepoflrHo He,4aJ'Ieq or npoBriHUlr
I
Xeb", Xeprec, Xepartl, fluotruc
u AQpoaara, a Apyr or c.hce,IHoTo ceno
aKeAOHHr. Bb3MoxHocTTa To .u.a ce e HaMepH./lo B 3eMrTa Ha
,[eHTe.
I
Kosepuuooo e nocBeTeH ua
'Avepoc
2rur{pe6.r ASpolara e noqnTaHa 3aelHo
--THTe,
H To Ha roBa Mscro, Ka,qero IIo-I{lcHo Hu e 3acBHAer,ercrByBaH
I
ctc 3esc r Xepa a o6pouxta xaAnflc or Jlsrqq.s
KyJIT'br Ha 3Benrypr, He e rt3K.Ilrcqeua.'r B taKrs ca,yuatl orpa6sauero ua
I
Kyar-" ua otpr.rutaaurre plrucrx 6oroae n Ha r.rrlneparopcKlfl .qoM e
err.IJlHIrLeTo or fkeoH ule ,u,a e cTaHano cJlel ot6,rr,cxeanero na 1gg.
|
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I
neTHTe IrpH npo,T-HBoyAapHTe cpeu-v" Ttx oT cTpaHa Ha reHepanuTe Ha
I
ua Peaueraunqa,r, 3a roero Hxe .u,onycHaxMe,
qe
e Mor,'ro Aa 6rAe enno-
i rnsou (sx. ctp. 228(76)
-ca.).
_ |
puyr,,r ua [layra.t,t, Brguoxno e s rosa cen,ule d,a e HMano xparr Ha
.Cpoanrnr
c .flronuc
6or Ca6asuli e 5ul noqxraa He ca]Io B flayramr,
I
irnri,eparop.nrs Kynr, 3a xoiiro e 6rao npeaHa3Ha'{eto nocBerqeHlero.
, d s reparopfisra Ha rpa.{a. Or Tasa.laqeao e H3BecrHa e,[Ha nocBe-
I
ba [groqHrrre KynroBe e 3acB[aerercrByaaa B pa3rnexaaHara
qacr
t,t
1:
t,t
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it
A D Lcl'atwP4^td nq ryaAs. canq rrvLrrE-
I
\JT tfToqHlrTe KynToBe e 3acBr{aeTencTByaaH E paJl JlE,xAaBal-a
rraLr
Ha HeMy apa,l a_B x6FT }rogtrlit (c. Pxna) H3rJIex{,48,
'{e
e L{Mano He-
i
or repnroprrra ua fiayrantt caMo Kynrar
-na
lvtr.lrba, Koriro ryK e Ao-
roBo cBeTlnaule. Btpxy egHa apa, [ocBereHa or ce,'IsHare na tosa ceao,6
|
6rl rio-ruiporo paanpocrpaxeHNe 6aarolapetHe Ha 3Haqr{rerHoro peKpy-
ce
qeTe
uMeTo My, Ho BeporlrHo ,l IpyII.Ire apH, B'bpxy KoHTo uMeTo Ha
I
rapaxe sa aoftstqu O? r s MecTa. flpu Taaaaxueso [3rJlexAa,
qe
Ce e
I r)I(crBoro Ee e 3ana3euo H,ra fl'LK He e .(aaeHo,ti ca 6Hafi nocaeteHN ca
I
ra'uupaao cBerrrnuue Ha M[rrpa, Tafi Karo orraM npor3xoxAa ear.rH or
r6as[fi.3a pa3npocrpaHeHHeTo Ha I(Jr,ITa My B ralqac-r or repl.Iropt glili
I
aafr-rbaeunre H3BecrHH peaerpi na roga 6oxecrso (oxo.lo I r(8. M), r.,spa-
Ha flayra ts cBxaerencrByBa a reoQopalaoro r.lrrle Iepa(rcv65, Ko_ero HoSl
|
6oretr B TpH noflca, kofi;o e'6nn BepofirHo ryarosunr o6pae a cieru,'rr-
p
"Ho_JlH[e
c rpaKfiftcKo rrpor.t3xox.[eHr4e B Ha,(flfic or c. Crpano.i ..:i'
I
urero.ro
.{pyr
no-uaatr, Ho cauo xyaoxecrieuo H3pa60ieH pe.ler} ua
B pasrreAaaara
qacr
or repxropzera ra
__lTaytanrs
3acBfiaeren-
|
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L.ByBaH Kynrbr oule Ha crer,HHTe 6oxectsa: Xepuec
-
eAHa MpaMopua
I
,rrfi m rosa'6oxecrgo. Tpdrt elax e HaMepeH no Bpervte Ha pa3Korr(ure
craiyfira aa tosa 6oxecrso_e Hauepera B e.qHo rpaar.rue na p. Pasue-
|
npn Kaaax uocr.l? Ky;rrr ru a. rap.
,.[yHaBiKH
roxir,tqs' e sacexaere,'r-
'
Hrr(a ro c. Ma.nuo.noao.3 Eoxectaoro ryK ff3al_ Ha oaeH, etr4l.^Ttatt,
i
ciayra, c e4ta napaliiopex peler!, xiuepdx na Her3BecrHo uacro a ,(yn-
firo ce cpeua u Bapxy Moxera xa flal'ra,rnr.. Or Bncora uorN,ra (Cran-
| nrriro (Cranr<egur.urpoacxo).1,r
kcAsufirpoBcxo) npoH3xox,qa 6pou:osa craryiixa na Xepuec.i Xepuec ce
i Heiurxeno 3a pagnpocTpaHeHHero Ha crroMeHaTrdre AoTyK KynroBe B
HAMHpa H UeXgy 6OXeCrnaTa, Ha Kolrro e nocBereHa o6poqHara KonoHa
i
reparopttra ua flayra.llla peutreaua pons e r3Htpan tpaaar, Karo caMo
K-\',llT'bT Ha TpaI(HfiCr{Hfl 6Or-XOuriux H C'bUIO KVJITbT Ha TpaI(HI;lCKHrI
. ,urr Kynr e 3acs[tere.lcrByBJ' c o5poqHi n.]o,{fia or KaplaM (nonoBcKo), Mihailov,
I
-"'"'
,-Bulg., II. 762, a Ha ceBep rrr [ynre B 4po6eri. cpe. D. Tu dor, OlreDia Romani, t
-
,
-...-
re58. 384, n. 22.
I I ll3^'#rsi
q';"!.71);.
1
146A.[,, II, 1911, 189; RA, 1913, I, 3-12, nn. 1,2 (nrt. l4tj, la7): ilo6pycKH'
!
I,lEAI,l, XI, 1937, 309 (rt. 122),
3
I{EAA, VII, 1919120, 138 fu. 129).
. IHM, 152, n. 203 (n. 148)_. nocBerreHuer-o-
-
u
-
3eBc, naMepeHo. B Ea,,uuooo, nporaxoxra
1
,
ffi;a, iV: \6iiit"iti,
'iiZ.
, clrqoro cBerrr,lue, ,(()6
py cr u, AI4HM, 156, r. 2Ol ( . 149).
I ,,
'j;iii
'
'"ia;.
ilpl,.,}i?;-"{,4"";;';;';i,il ;;-il".;J;; ,,''',ouo ,,,..o u*. D.-
, I lEyrxl lt$,,19:
t s c h e w, ut'rr. vrcro. I I L"':{"]:"-(\ !:|
,i
'i
il'ri
i il
I
ll
'I
.ii
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il:?;;';;;,"c;": ivi;.;';iiA bd):
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i
puBEre,ix.,rii mper' RE,.I (r8s4),2176 fr..
i
liSlfa, rV, r'Sz'6.22, rrd rn. tob1.'-"' l
'n-
I48aHo8. Cee. Mar., t 17 (n. l2l).
,,ii.ii'hii,
n-.lia fn.
ioo); ,"nyarn*yBa' (n. t6z); Dumont
-
Homolle,
LL!"I""':,a
fia ot,,rc^voQ, xlvlll, 1952153' 217'ri'22{n 145)'
567, n. 26 G1 (n. 168).
10
I46AL II, 191i, 48 c;r.
i
ri'"i"|'o*, 7r,,. R., n B1t (n. ties.
I ll Sf6l"xlr
1p,9,ar e9":,.;M:fr,xYl-Ivll' 1s00, 38 cr.' n 3'
I
12
HBAtr, I, 1910, l9l:ll, 1911, 60, n. 12.
s
Mc6, XVIII, 1901, 785 c.r., n. 97.
r ia
e
I4EA,L VI, 1916 ia,"fml" "1'
-"
I "
ylBAyl,
l, 1921t22, 138.
316
a
6. fepoa 317
3enc 3ae.rrrypa ca lrMa.'ru ryK no-crapH KopeHH. Hocure,rr
HHrerrH Ha HerpaxaficKare ,iyrror. ,i 6rni {ttlra or rpar(Hrrx.or"r};Tor}
B npoqec Ha enHHHSAIlHfl untu polraHn3ar\ufl H rbpqri vtilH nuga or ,rron6
[poH3xoA, KoHTo npe3 flavra.laa ca i]poHHKHa fiH H Fr cerrara Ha natrrrl
tepHTopHfl.
,:.
i
3a opraHH3aIIHrra Ha penHruro3Hnfl
xHBor
?
TepHropt{flra Ha flayr6.
qHq
noqrH HfllvlaNle
AaHHH. EeaH i.pTtspelE unn iepeSs aa cnoil,reHaea
rafo
tocBeruTefl B o6pove_H HannHC or cBerrrJ'rurrlero rrpa Konulonua.r
B;
.,IOXHO e rOfi Aa e 6a,r Npeu B caiuoTo cBeTH.rrarqe, K.bAero HectMHeHS
e HMa,rIo xpeqecKa KoJIetHfl, HO B'b3lroxHo e rort la e 6lr,,r , ,*pa,I-ri
'rsKoe
6oxecreo e navranlfl. B o6povuara n,rroqKa ua
luoHHC or F{eAsa-
(oBa
fpauuqa2 eAHo nHIIe c rpaxaiicro HNre ce cnoMeHaBa Karo iepai-
1e5ov:05],
r. e.
qe
ro e 6s,rro xpeq Ha roBa 6oxecreo. Ct;Io raKa HaMe-
P-"\yo,
pe.,reQ a Kpar.,inHqu c
{noHucona crlena:r e nocBereH or eAHn
3psu6-.
-,
llo-rope HHe roBop,xMe 3a paHHoro [poHrrr(BaHe Ha xpHCTHflHCTBoTo
a flayra ilHn H 3a pa3rpocrpaHeHaero
rvr). or IV ;. ;;r;;";, crp. 276(rii;,
Or rpaAa xprlcrlleHcrBoro e npoHHk'Hano u B oKoJrHHTe ce/rgrrla.
3a
pHCTHflHCKH l(ynr I4MaMe 3acefa AaHHH OT C. cpro,ruquso n ocoroaanrm
ilaHHHa
-
Haqa.''loro Ha ,rlarHHCi(H Xprrcr[IffHCKH HaAnuc] H oT C. nepusoa
eAHa MOUIeXpaHHTe'IIHAUa
C /IaTHHCKH Ha,lII]rc, KoflTo e c.bA.bpxa.la rvlHlrMlrre
MoUIH Ha ailocroil Torvra H Ha antuoxal:rcxafl enlrcKon Baelr,,ra H Ha TpHMara
JIaAeXH, 3arHHnH
I -HllO
IIpH npeC'Ie-IBaHHsTa Ha xpHCTHaHHTe 11o BpeMe
a HMreparop
{eqHfi-i' oute eAHH He c'bBceM cgrypeH c.nyuafi 3a HaJrHqEi
CTO HA XPHCTHflHCKH I(YJIT HMAMC OT AHTHqHOTO CCNHTIIC NPA KAAHH MOCTJ
"bAeTo e HaMepeHa n,rroqKa c'bc 3HaqH, KOHTO Morar
Aa 664ar rrHCMo, 8
oero ce BHxAa xpacrnrrHcKlrrrr MoHorpaM.ri
3ac.rlyxaBa
La ce or6etr**,
.C AOKATO E I_IA1'rA,rHfl XPHCTI,{flHCKHTC HAAfiHCH CA KAKTO HA rP.bIII( H, TAKA
u Ha narHHCKH, B TepaTopurrra Ha rpaf,a Te ca Ha JTaTHHCKH.' flpaunuara
I ToBa e npr'IHaAJIe)KHocr?a Ha flavra.run K'bM Haupurc npe3 KbcHara aH-
'ItiHocT H o$aqtlalHara ynorpe6a H? .,r2rHHCKa e3HK B rl.bpr(Blrre aa
ylnu-
pI'IK, KaKTo H Hanpe.{Ha,'Ioro po[IaHH3HpaHe Ha TpaKHTe npe3 Tafl K.bcHa
enoxa.
flo-rope, 286( 134), Hre Ka3axivre, qe
np, pa3urexAaHero
Ha Hace,TeH,ero
I rpaA llayra,rafl KbM Hero rrle rpa6ea
rc d.alar orHeceHa noBeqero or noc-
tserlirenHTe B cBerH"rarqeTo Ha 3eec u Xepa e KonHjroBr{H, Moxe 6a 6ee uJ-
BecrHa
qacr
oT THfl, HoHTo Hocrrr rpaxlllicxa HMeHa, cneA ToBa HeoI(opHTe
t Ac*renafi Corep s HaAnHCa or KossoBo r.{ oue erxHo Jr,rre, Koero e
rrrbJrHflBaJro BlrcruH
An'bxHocrH B Ilayrarua, B)r(. crp. 297(145) c"rr., a
c6u{o a nocBerHTeJIHTe Ha
'4}rneparopci(Hfl
,x,o}I H Ha O.lr.rMnltficxlrre' 6orone
.,
HaA[Hca or lorracroBo.
I-lpoyuaanun Bapxy 3ana,ilHorpaxsllcxure 3eMH npe3 pulucKo Bpelle
OcseH ro3tr ennrpaQcKu Marepna,r. ilpu pa3rJlex(AaHero Ha Hace','IeHI'Iero
868
R'bnpocHara
qacr
or TeplITopHrTa Ha l-layraaan He MOxe Aa 6l,U,e
H3Iro.r3yBaH
H HaInIlc'LT oT frceu-leno, xofiro e ilocBeTeH Ha Ano"lon oT
e;IHH
pHNICKH rpa)+(AaHHH C reHTH,lHo HNIe A'igiDroE,
_
xoiiro e 6\Jt rpaACKH
CeHaTop
Ha Ko.,IOHI.Ifl fene.lr
(cera c. ;Ie5e;rT
-
flxaa,rn
-
6ypracro).1
flaHO e,
qe
TOBa ,'IHUe He e x(HBa,[O B TOBa Ce"{I{UIe, HHTo BepOflTHO Apy-
raA B repgropHfiTa Ha llayrar:Hq. E,q]{H Apt-r rp'bUKH Ha,(nnc or 3eleHn
rpa4, (Tptitcxo) e nocBereH ua $ea3
"'f
'!szo3 0rip A$ltDiov oixrl-r'r or I'IH(e,
qHeTo HH?n'br,rr-ro 3ana3eHo Hlre e fJI&ce;]o BepoflTiio c'blrio AugiDraE.2 B
e.nHH HaAnhc or CHHNToBo (l-laaap.u,ixuurxo) B'Lpxy lvlpallopeH I(opHI'{3 ce
qere HMero Ha I'. A'ipiDco6 'Hpax),ia't66, xoiiro e nocBernfl Ha Hllneparopl{re
ldvdp;d,we;
il:pinnou; xei o71'pa;:.ziaog &^1loVa'toltipa;].3
9,
".Tf"
HaATIHCH ce
Br4lNAa,
qe
rgr{ JrHUa, Kor.rro HocflT reHTHxHo HrIe Aufidius ll BepotlrHo
ca npr,IuaAirexana Ha e.{,Ha
$aruanux,
KaKTo noKa3Ba Ha,(nLICT,T or 3e,reuu
rpaA, ca Hrpaenu HflKaKBa poJfl B xHBora Ha Par'rcra Tpatcutl HaAnaclr
or CaHIaroeo, xoilro e B'bpxy (rparueur or lllpaMopen KopHpl3, A'I']"'I'Lr
0,95 vl, LxHpOFi 0,39 ivl, C BHCOqfiHaTa Ha 6vr<eare 0,05 II, e oT CrpaAa'
-Be-
pOflTHO Ha CBeTH,,IHIUe, nOCTpOeHa npe3 BTODaTa 1O,'IOBHHa Ha II B.l kle-
rpaxAaHeTo Ha crpaAaTa H [ocBeTeHHTe cTaTvH vl;tH ]'cTpoeHH c'bcTe3aHHrl
roBoprrT 3a ra[, KoeTo e npHHaAnexa,"io K'bM rpaACI(aTa apHCToKpa[Hfl
a Tpaxux no roBa Bpelre. Ktlr c'brqoro BpeNIe ce orHactl H HannHc'br
or 3e,reuu rpa,u. HaAnnctr oT frceu:eno He Nrox(e Aa 6l,qe no.K'l,ceH
nopaAH TpHqneHHoTo HMe Ha JIHI{eTO, B',bnpeliH
qe
HrIMaMe ,u,aHHH 3a
xapaKTepa Ha caMHTe rvrry 6yxna. MeCrosaxO)KAeHHeTo
Ha HaAnHCHTe oT
frceureso u 3e,reuu rpaA s Hafi-eanaAHara
qacr
Ha npoBHHIIHfl Tparun,
Ha ntTHUIaTa, KOHTO Ca fl. CB'bp3BanH C fOpHa Muanr, MO>xe La Ce
H3T.bJIKvBa Karo yr{a3aH}ie, 9 Tafl
Qalrn.rtr.rn
e npeAcraBr{J'la ceuefiHo
ApyxecrBo, Koero e orK'invBa,,'ro cr,6npanero Ha MHTara B npoBnHqaa Tpa-
I{Hn npe3 II a., npeAn To La 6Ue I43B'bpuBaHo or A'bpxaBHara
BJIacr
qpe3
uefinr
,{aHoiHtruu.i,
3a roBa cxBair(aHe roBopa oco6euo Ha;InHC'br or
3eaenpr rpaA, xoi,rro e nocBereH ririp A'i'grDiov oilxavt. TesH oixct_(domus) ca
BeporrrHo celrefisoro ApyxecrBo
Ha orKVnBaqHTe Ha MHToro.6 3a c'blqe-
1
I,16A,1, VII, 19tr912(), 138 (n. 129]r,
2
Kalinka, n. 145 (n.228).
3
fHM, 1921, 200.=SEG, I, 318, IIi,56't,.RA, 1926, II, 1'1,1 sqq., rlrHCnopc;I .lorba-
Rariero Ha Seure c
-vcrpoH;l [iip{nrou6
xaL o'Trlpt:lr.tLouE d,1[rivzEl.
i
S.,ir e, RA, I9ZO, ll, t+6, rem. 1, itarHpa Harltluca B Haqa.'Ioro Ha II 8., Karo
cB-bp3Ba Huero lrv c irnero Ha^rpaKi.tilcxufl npoBttHuHaJeH,vtlpaBitrt.r Pitiilirts ittventius Ccl-
sls'Titus Aufidiiis
[Hloenius
Severianus npn' Tpaxn lrre;ri:1:
107 lr 117 r'), S t e i n, Rt'i-
rnische Reichstleamie'der Provinz Thracia, i92i), 10 t., or xoitlo BCponrHo .ilHuerL) 6rt,;to
rIojtyrl.{xo pHNrcKo rpa).KraHCKo npaBo. Hauepraraxero Ha 6yxnNre o6aqc H .1HraI\rpLITe c()tIar
xtl,,i xpar
-na
Ii .ropu HaqaJoro ua III s. Ar.rfiditts ce cpeua H Karo reHru'lHo rllle Iiil
sofiHuuH H BerepaHH or J.)'HarlcKure riipHr43oH!{ or Kpafl ua I lt Hatia.loro ua Ii n., cptl.
uanp. I-HM, VI, 19,32'3+, 5-1, n. ljl, or Paurtapun.
5
3a H"II,IpHiIcKHfl N{HTHItqeCK[T K0NIIUIEKC OT IIPOB[IHtI[lH TOBA E CTAHA,.IO OK(IJIO HAqA,'I()TO
Ha vnpaB;reHuero ua Kouo,r (uat1-i.i's_cuo_i82 r.),,:pil. Domasze\\'ski, AEM, XIII, 189(),
1;14-; E. I- e p o u, I,1BAI,1, XVIi, 1950, 2;1.
.
ri
noA06Ha tfraurr.rNl e K).qHreUrr, KoH'r() Ca oTK)'ll\ua.lH Il,l'illTa uit lt'tttpttilCK.lIfl \l,llTtll!-
qecxg KoMg.reKc or npoBnHqHH rrpu AHToHrHnte, cpn.- t) o b t-r, Ptrblicum p(lrtoritlln Illl'ri-
I
It ,i
.:lt
i
1 ISAL
IV, l9i'1, 100, n. 45 (n. 133).
!
Hefls:a:eru (n. ll7).
: HE+-11,
XIX, 1955, 195 c.r. (n. IS7).
t
Y1. YI B a H o B, Ceg. Max., n. {6.
: sE+JI,
VIII, 193+, 215 c.r. (n, t28).
6
V1. VIB aHoa, Cea. Max., n. 48:l4EA.[, I, 1910, 1g3.
318
E. I-epos
flpo-r,veauur B'bpxy 3ana,lHorpaxaflcxHre 3e\{H npe3 pHMcKo Bpeue
3r9
cTByBaHeTO Ha MHTHHqeCKa CTaHUHfl npH 3e,renn rpaA IdMaMe OIIle
eAE0
,4oKa3areJrcrBo
B HaMepeaun xpai cbce,(Horo ceJro /lourHHqa ,ararcXU
rtil
flHc Ha e.u,HH servus vilicus Ha HMneplrop. Kaparca.na (212-217 r.),1
rofr
e HailpaBHJl nocBeureHue Ha Sanctus Casebonus. 3acnyxaBa c'buro
aa 6t[
noBAHrHaT B'r,npoc'br 3a eTHHqecKHq npoH3xoA Ha
QanaufiHnTa
Ha
Ayo;
AueBrJt4,
3a Koero Helrro HIvIaMe H3BecrHH .(aHHH. feuru.rHoro HMe
ms.
cruua npnHaAnexH K'bM pe,r[KHTe uratuftcxH HMeHa, Ho roBa He e otr1e :Ao-
Ka3areJICTBo 3a uranurtcr<H npon3xoA. B HaA[HCHTe or I'rceureno u
fo,
JIeHH rpaa KorHoMeH'br Ha IIocBerHTeJs He e 3ana3eu. B ualnaca or Cunu-
roao rori e'Hpax)le,i6q. Tox
Qaxr
call no ce6e cH roBopa 3a H3Toqe11
npor3xoA na
SavrrilHflTa
HnH
ga
cBbp3BaHero H no xeHCKa ilHlttfl c u$,
ToqHHTe npoBHHtIHa. noceerueHHero n'bK Ha &ebg
"f,|rciog
B HaAnHcS
.oT
3e.nenN rpaA no3BonrrBa Aa npeAnoxolxHM H eapeficxn npoH3xoA, rtfi raro
TBbpAe
qecro,
aKo Lr He BHHarH, enpeficrr.rnr NroHoreH36l,r B enHHHCTHqec-
Kara pe,luruo3Ha KoHUenIIHg e HaMHpax H3pa3 B l(ynra na $so6
"I{rotog.a
Hacenennero Ha ceJrara B pa3r.lelt<la*ara
qacr
or repaTopnflTa
ua
lTayranun e 6uno rpaxuficxo. Ho c pa3BHruero Ha rpaAa H
r{pe3
cnyx-
6ara Ha .ceJrcKoro HaceJreHue srn noiicKara KyarypHoro n,.'iHsHHe 3anoqBa
Aa ce
qyBCTByBa
H B ce,.'IaTa. KbAeTo Tafl
qacT
oT Hace,.leHHeTo, KogTo e
noAA'bpxa"'la Bp'b3KH c rpal,a, o5HrHoaeHo HKoHolrHqecKH, HnHn'bK e MHHaJIa
npe3 soficxara, 3anoqBa Aa ce e,'rHHH3Hpa Hilu poMaHH3Hpa. OceeH ToBa
rqe rpn6Ra r,a AorrycneM,
qe
H rprbIIKH HtH eirHHH3HpaHH ceueficrno ,cC
HacraHflBar Ha HqKoH Mecra, oco6eHo B rroJrcKaTe cena Karo rbproBqlr H
3aHaqrqar.r. 3a pa3npocrpaHeHHero Ha enHHH3Ma B'bH or l-layra.uras ca ;tr&
npuHecnn H o$oprraeHHre M_oxg 6n raro rtpxnrrra (emporia) ceraura
,Rpr
[-o.nsuo ceJlo, KoHroso a flrnr6opaHo, a cblrto s no-3HaqHTenHHTe cennqF
npn KaaHH Mocr n c. PH,ra.3a pa3flpocrpaHeHnero Ha puMc(oro BJrrsnne
u 3a poMaHH3HpaHeTo ca AonpHHecJrH KaKTo 3aBp'bularqHTe ce BeTepaElI,
KOHTO Ca CnyXeJrH B 3a[aAHHTe npOBHHt\HH, TaKa C'bUlO r.r HaCTaHflBaHe?O
Ha Berepatu or 3anaAeH npou3xoA B TepuToptflra na llayrafiLtfl,
ga
Koero
HMaMe Cru{o l.altu. Jluncara Ha
qacrHu
HaLnilcyt B rr,rraHHHcKHTe parioglt
Ha repnToparra e Hafi-cr.rrypHoro AoKa3arer'rcrBo 3a orlenflBaHero Ha Tpa-
xuficro Hace.rreHue, Koero Ao K'bcHo e na3eno cBoq e3HK w6ur. Tyx rpx6na
Aa orHeceM H ntul\ara c H3IIflno rpaxnficxu r.tMeHa, r(ouTo [paBsr [ocBe-
ureHnr Ha rpaxuficrHs KoHHHK H Ha cB'bp3aHarr c Hero Kynr ua Acx,leflfrit.:'
Te na3ET KaKTo cBoflTa peJtuttfl, TaKa H cBoHTe HMeHa. fpT qrnar e3HK Ha
o6pouHure HM HailfiHcH He noKa3Ba,
qe
re ca 6unu e.rrHHu3npaHu, HHTI
qe
crrm, 170 sqq., nn. 6, 7, 16, 18, 24,
.19,
63a, 66, 79 ; cpB. oute E. I e p o e, Pouausautt,
II, 94 (78).
1
CIL, III, 8256 (n. 230). B pa6orara cu l-lpo-l,uaaHun B'bpxv no3eMneHure orHorueul{fl,
fCyQO, L,2, 1955,33, Hue ce ro.,le6aeu rla.Tn B rofl HarrrHc r.rMaMe yKa3aHHe sa MHrHvt'
qecKa
CTaHUIrq, H.IIH HlunepaTopcr(o HIteHHe. Ha]nncnre sa A)'QH,{HeBUH Ht..t 3arB'bplflBaT
B
r.r'bpBoTo ilpeJ,noxoxeHHe.
:,
Nilsson, Ceschichte der griechischen Religion, I[, 1950,636 ff.
3
Can:rpeua iraug, klEAl,l, XVIII, 1952, 354 c;r.,
-n.
3
\n.
15l), n.
.t (?; (n, t52), n.7
tt. 153).
52
foBop,']tr rp'brrr(H e3aK. TOfi e nlICMeHHflT e3fiK Ha CBerHJrHrrIara a Tpa_
rus.t
Bce raKa rpaKH IIo e3HK u 6ut ca 6unu u itlgiara c r43rlqro Tpa-
xttitct<u
Hi\leHa, KoHTo, ToBJIHflHII or npeACTaBHTe Ha rp-br(o-p6Mcriara pe-
fiLtrvtr
or roBa BDeilIe, npatsqr rocBerrderiaq Ha 6oxecraa or rp.br(o-pHM-
c(klfl
ila1TeoH,2 alio H B .(ocra Ciryqag
La pae6upar no.[ rax ipax urtcrctr
6oxecrna.
(Taxrs e c,'ryr{aflT c Kv,rrra Ha
flHoulrc, Ca6asari, 3enc'r, x.pr.;
T1'r ue rpn6aa Aa ol HeceM H .rluua c rpaxalicr<u HMeHa, KoHTo ce
gBE-
BaT B Ha,lnlicH C ,4p),'rO C.bArpXraHHe,s Ho He H n Ha,trpO6un HaAfiHCt4.
Vnorpe6ara Ha Ha.lrpo6Ha n,ror{H c rp'br-i*H HanilHcH H o6u\aiiaur.'
6of-
\tyJlr4 B TflX, AOpH H Kofaro HMer{ara ca H3rIflnO rpaxaficKg, roBOpH 3a rB_
BecrHa creneH Ha enHHH3HpaHe.
Taxta e cnyqarrr c rpar(He[a, uaiiro er-
HHKoH e lrpo[vl$.rptbE-a HaArrHca or Koriooao., Tpar<rir*rn HaqHH Ha no-
rpe6eHHe B MorH,'IH, 5ea Ha4rpo6eH HaAnlrc H CbC 3apaBflHero Ha K.,'tec-
HHtrH (ro,ru) 3aeAHo c KoHere, Korro ilpH fiorpe6eni.reio ca
-6unu
ya^i^ii,
e 3acT'b[eH Ha pa3xHtiHH Mecra' B repHropHsTa na llayra;r\fl (cl,rurqero
npx Ka,qun Mocr, Ll-laurroeua, fo;iaMo'cer,ro H Ap)'r-aAe;.i npr.l Ka1ua Mocr
B IlOI'Hr'IaTa Hllailte H3rpaAeHa H :lrOHyMeHTaJHa rpO6nltqa. TOq HaqHH Ha
norpe6exue roKa3Ba, qe
eAHa
qacr
oT rpaxaficxoro no-3aMoxHo ce;'rcKo
HaceJ'IeHHe e npoA'bJxaBajro
Aa na3g rr,rreMeHHprq cu 6ur flpe3 II u III n.,
AopH B HaqaJloro Ha IV s. l'larnexAa, qe
roq c,'rofi ce.ryixa rpaxnricx a apu-
croKpauHfl ce 3dMofH?;r oco6eHo ilpe3 BTOpara [o,'roBHHa Ha III H B Ha-
qaroro
na IV B. npu vnaA'br(a Ha rpsAcxprq xgsor.{;
Eana
qacr
or HaMepeHHTe B repHTopasra Ha flayra,rax odpouHr.r N
Hag,rpo6ur
.HaAnHcA
caH3AHrHarH or
fraraauu,
npoa3Jre3na o, crrece, u 6pa-
KoBe. B o6poultfl Hail,nHC or Jlansri ,rx"i Hocg H3rlflno rparulicxo ,n a,
a x(eHara e or.rp'bllF(ll npoH3XOA, pHMCKa rpaxAaHr(a,rtfi Karo Hocr,r reH-
rHJIHoro Hlle Abpq)'[a. B ua4rpo6Haa HaArrHc or So6oureso8 6aqara e
pHMcI{u rpaxAaHHH, xol'iro HocH pH}rcKo HM[eparopcKo reHTHJrHo HMe H
BeposTHo rpbr{KH KOrHOrreH, c,rreAoBaTexHo eABa y\}r
e 6u:t oT rparrficxn
I
Bx. B. I'ep.o n, Pouiilru:lu.bt., II, 32g (126).
:
He,tfl"lKoua ['parltuua, HeH3,],al,cl (n. ttTl; Kpailrmuu, I'Hi\I, lg2l, 20+ c.,r., n. 2
(tt. l5p); Tasa.:uveao
-VI.
L4 ts a H o n, Ceri. IVlax., n.
'3{
Qt. 120;
'X.,r.nr*,
I4EA.[, IV,
l_9.1,_?q?,-n.
3
Qt. 16l,.aofiHur)
; epo;roru, [.IEAI4, XII, tg'3tJ,ag,
jjg
i-r-.
iiil;pu;ta, L1BAH,
I\',-1926,27, 319 (tr. l\,5)i
pu.ra,'Kalinka,
n. /i+ (n. l'66f:
'nrio*buu,
HeH3AaAeH
fu' l7l)' Tyr Iuc orttccett tl erHa qacr
!r!'ra BCHTTKH rrocBerrire,lH carro c rDarurtrcru HMeHa
B cBerr4.lHrurr'o Ha 3,lrj..r
_Xcpa-rrplr
KorrujroBuH, I4BAX, I\., lglt,
gl
., ,'nn. 2l (n. 1i21,
22 (n...r.311t
!2 _(n. !38!1,
; pi. tsb1, 3 (n. t4t).
-'1
l'lBAr' I, 191(), 190 (tt. ltg), or' Ka;rurr nrocl; L46AZI, xl\', rg42/r1, 231, n. 3
(n. 172), or Heu..rBecr.Ho uHCro s Criruxe,tur\,lH.rpoBCKo.
I
K a 1i n k r, n. 3ri7 (rt. 124).
ilpes 1951 r. Bene,tnxott drxpa orue .lBC Ko.recnr.ruu rrpr.t c. IllNurxoBug, Bx. Vla.
FJ e u e J-lr K () H. 1'paxiriicxilrrl Kolecuuurt, 1960, 7 ar., iOf .
6
B rpll cK:l3Ktl , J'bplhiittu ts uarra.Toro Ha l95fj l'., BeseJnxou pa3r.te{a rparuilcxnre
rtorpe6ettun c KO.TCCuHun r ;(arupa HaNtcpcHplre trocera Ko,tecHHuH ts Kpan na III ; ;;t;;;;
IioiloBHHzl tta I\: H. Cr,tuo rotl s',,,n',tu 3aK.,rmqeHHH:Ja c.t,uecrB)'BaHero ua rpaxuficKa ce.r-
cKa apHCTO*paurrfl' Kor{TC) na3c.rril ri.teivrcttuirte flr o(laqa14 l}ce oue rro roBa BpeMe.
7
ll. 14 B aH o g. Cee. llax., n. tT (n. l2t).
B
fHM, VI, 1932 ;lS, SI, n. 16 (n.' lSg).
!I
320
!
]
,1
I
E. fepoa
npoH3xoA, Ho ABeTe My A'bil{epH HocfiT CaIvIo Tpal(Hi,icr{H LrMeHa. t tOXii
D,A AOfiyCHeM,
qe
rvrafiraTa, KoflTo He ce cnoNreHaBa B HaA[Hca, e
6d;
rpa-rafixa. B naAnHCa or Eopoaeut 6aulara e paMCr(H rpaxAaHa, or
rpt
t<nfi,cr<u npon3xoA, xofiro HocH HilrrreparopcKo reHTHirHo HMe, .u,oK^ro ,id-
Kara H ,IL'bIIrepflTa HocflT pfiAl(oro aiue rYlr pono\tE H rro BCrrKa
"aporrtroca
vafitcata uua rplqr(H H.,rH H3roqeH nponsxol. B rns, rpH c.ryqar Oaxrii
Mol-,'lH Aa roBopHM 3a
Savunuu
B npoqec Ha e,'rHHH3a[Hfl. Xapar<repuorO
aMe Mrppl"rcd'c6, KaKTo H HMero [ole::rx6g Ha eAHo ,,ra[e,
,{Hiiro
6a.qa'noci
rpar<aficr<o HMe B HaArIHc or Baxceao,2 noKa3Bar )I(er'IaHaero Ha TaK[Ai
exHHH3BpauIH ce rlarualaa Aa noAqeprasr cBoflra npHHaAnexHocr
KtU
rpaAcr(oro eJrHHcKo HaceJreHHe. I-lo:o6en e cnyqaflr c HMero Ingenuis,
ingenua B ceMeficraa ua ocso6or,eHn po6u, Kor{To
Lrpe3
THrr r.r}reHa H3TH(:
)ar cso6oAuafl npoH3xoJ Ha ;reqara cn. B HaAnHCa or c. Puna,:r ?Ko cfio.
MeHaTHTe enHMenerw ca 5pata, B TaK'bB c.nyuaft Hilralre B eAHo u ctulO
:eMeficreo H ,'TaTHHCKH, u rparcuiicKH HilreHa, Koero e 6pr,ro B'b3ltoxHo
aa
lAHa poMaHH3Hpaqa ce
QaraalHfl
Ha rpaKHeU. I,{anrnpeluo HHrepecHHf,I
.{ailrHC or PtxAaBHqa,{ sa xofiro croMeHa.r}re ro-rope (crp.298(la6)
ca.}
rpHHaAnex(H Ha eIHa enHHH3HpaHa rpar{uricxa
$auHnnn.
B roq AoKyMeHT, Or
<ofiro Jr6xa poAoBo apHCToKparHqHo caMoqyBCTBHe, ca HH AaAeHH rler
toKoneHufl. OcHosareJ Ha
Qaua
l.uflra e 6a.l Kep;s\oE, xoiiro npe3 uenrg
cl,r >xuBor (dd piou) e 5un crparer. Kaxra crparer e 6u,r roli
-
Aat:a
Ha rpaxaficra crparerHfl, HJ\H Ha ceJa,
-
B Ha,[,nHCa He Ce Xaaaa.6 Tag
:H AIb)I(HOCT rOfi e H3n'b,,.'rHflBa.:r npH o;raBHeBuH t4ittl npu Tpann. Hero-
rr4rrr BHyr A6ir16 e 6un repagb),ei Aipou6 rpe3 Bropara rro,roBxHa ua II,L
llr.pnrare rpu [oKoJreHHs, T. e. Ao BpeMe]o
-
Ha Mapx Anpe,rufi, HocflT TpC-
r<aiicrcu HMeHa.
L{erntproro
noKoJreHHe Xapr:.;toE HocH Beqe rp'bqKo uug,
t or HeroBHTe
_cHHoBe
eAHHHRT HocH rp'brlKoro HMe Xapfltov, H3BeLeHo ot
IMero na 6au1ara, a npyrufl puMcr(oro uivre II6ol,?Lo<, BepoflTno
rtyB-
crByBaHo Karo rpar<aficxo nopaAa noro6uure rparuficxx HMeHa Mecto6,
Uecrur.ai H np.? Kacae ce BepoflTHo 3a 3eMeBnaAe,rqecKa
$avutut,
KogTo
11.",.8.1
Hen, n.2()
Qt.
163't.
2
Vl6Al,1, XI, 1937, 309 (n. 122). B Hajliinca or Crpuunuo, rrocBereH Ha uuu$ure,
rtocBerttre.tsr e Hoce.t rp'buxo ulre. I,{uero Ha 6autara He e 3ana3cHo, AE}l, X, 1886,
;7 (n. 115).
3
l46AW, IV, 1926 27,319 (n. 165\.
't 6 e ur e ts.'r lr es, 2 (n. 127).
:'
6 e ru e B.T H c B, uHT. v., io cMgra 3a crpaTer Ha ce.rcKa o6uruga. Ho ne e I{3Kno'
ueHa B'b3ltoxHocrra rol'l la e 5a.r crparer nopetno Ha noBeqe crparerr4t{ a TparuR, raxto
6H,ro o6t{,{aiiHo roaa ttpes Q"tasrreBo Bpeue, a BepoflTHo h no-K"bcHo, Bx.
'*p,
22471),.
,r,ctaBnre.rrr Ha HaAIII{ca e H:6,{rHa.r B TaK],B c,tyrtai'r u:5ponnaHero ua crpareiAure, at<o
re ca :uy 6u.:ru r43BecrHu, qpe:]
H3pa:la Dli pla'l.
c
B llpo]'qBaHufl B'bpx]' flo3e]r.teHHTe orHorueHuq,54, H[re 3acerHaxl,re B.b[poca 3a ctrll-
't)CTTa
Ha ,llxt')+(HocTTa nepxgitizi AipoT
, 6e: la B3eMeL CTaHoBr-rUe no Hero. Hosara If-
eparypa B'bpxy
'|.tp,:pb\axe5
(sx. o t t o S c h u I t h e s s, RE, x\/lll, 4, 1367 ff., Bx.
pHruKara 3a ra,{ crarn,r
}'
R o b e r r, REG, Bull. p., 1951, p. l2l) ue AonpuHacfl sa
yflc'
HflBaHe Ha B'bnpoca.
Aa,tu
B c.ryqan ultalrc pH:,tcKH r{}rHoBHl'tK
no ct6upauero Ha AaH'b(t{Te
B e.tttH otrpe]'J.IIeH J,HCTpHKT Ha Tpaxttn, Hir]r r1,K Tarr .{.1bxHocr e Hua.rrA BoeHHonox[uef,cxx
ApaKTep, :lil KaKilal'o tl ClltlTaT rloBetleTo ,l3C.1e.L()Ba'fr'.'ltt, e !t'hril{() .IA Ce VCTaHOB}1.
;
I)ctsch ew, Dic thr. Sprachr., 2tr9 f..
I-lpoyusannrr B'bpxy 3anaAHorpaxllllcrure 3eMH npes pHMcKo BpeMe
321
e vMana no3elt.:reHHTe cI{ B.rIaAeHHf Ha ToBa MqcTo. HalnactT rIpHHaAneXH
Ha IIi B. H pHMCIioro HMe Mo)+(e 6u roBopa 3a 3acri'reHoTo pHMCr(o BiIHr-
Hve
[pe3 Tafl enoxa.
3a elaul't3HpaHero Ha rpar(HTe roBopflr otr{e HaAnHCHre or KpafiHuqui
1r CxpHHo,e n xoHro clrHoBeTe Hocrr rp-br{Ku HrleHa, a 6au\ute rparulicra.
PlntcrH fpa)fiAaHH or rpal(I4rici(H npoH3xoA, I,rHHa,,rH npe3 eorlcrara H,1LI
Io.1)'qH':IH
pHMCKo fpaxAaHCTBo IIo Apyr ['br, Ca r'IltUara, KoHTo HoCflT
r{}inepaTopcKo re}irH,lHo HNle, K'btlr Koero rparuficxoro HM H}re e npa-
5agerio Karo KorHoNreH. Taxra e c,rrYqarr c rrocBerr.rreirr Ha 3esc 3sen-
c)'pA or fo.rsno ce,'ro,3 nocBerHTer'rHTe ua Xepa n Ha rpaxaficxna KoH-
HtrK B HaAnHCa or Kattelnr H c lvrb)i(a B HaArrHCaror Eopoaeq.a 3ac;ry'-
x(aBa ta ce or6e.nexrt, qe
Hlvlero Ha nocBeraTe,,Ifl B HaA[HCa OT fb-
jlrDro
cer'10 e riac"rreAeHo B c'btqHfl BHr; KaKBOTO TO e y 6aU1ata, a MOxe
5u rr
)-
AflAoro. Kacae ce ryr.( BepoflrHo
Ao c,'r1-uali Ha 3HareH rpaxal.icxn
poA, aKo c'bAr{}r no }tMero 'A,saioxoE
u no nocBeu{etr4sra HaBnpHo or
c'bllloTo nHI{e B CBeTH,TIHll{ero rtpH fnana I-laaera, r<ofiro e H3n'bJrHrrBa,rr
HflKariBa r,rrblKHocr npa Q;lanuenqr v e nonyqn,,I oT Tr{x pHMCKo rpax-
AaHCKo rrpaBo.'-, B Ap_t'r c.nvuafi, HaAnHCa oT FiouepNuono,6 x.uriu .
priirrcKa rpa){{AaHKa, a neriHnsr cbnpvf e BepoETHo or e,rrHHH3HpaHa rpa-
rlri)icxa tfallu.rua, B KoflTo BCe oue rparafic'rare HMeHa ce
qssbar.
Hart-
cerHe B6p.\v eAHa rvx,,ia or Pulai HMalte E eAHH pHMCr{H rpax.[aHHH OT
H3TOqeH npOH3XOI, HO pHMnfHHH nO C'b3HaHHe H e3HK, KaKTO nOKa3Ba JIa-
TIIHCKHfIT M)' neqar. Kacae ce BepoflTHo 3a npaTeir(are,[ Ha no3eMJreHo
B.'la,xeHue B Tar{
qacr
Ha navraasficKara repaTopas, B Koero ca 6nnu
$a-
6pHxvaanu rHfr tvx,ra.S Axo" c'bAHM no HMero, BbgMox(Ho e nuqero Aa e
6rr.'Io pHMCI(H BerepaH. 3a nacraHflBaHero Ha pHMCr(H BerepaHu or Herpa-
rcui|crcm nporr3xoA B Ao.rHoro flynHu[rKo [o,re cBHAerencTByBa Aurrr'roMara
or l-ia.raroBo or 164 r., H3Aa,XeHa Ha eAHH naHoHeU.e Heroeaqr 6alqa HocH
Ke"lrcKo Hlre, Ho roli lrtra pHMCrio I,IMe H npaHaA.,'rexa Beqe K-r,M poMaHH-
3HpaHoro HaceileHHe B Tafl
r{acT
Ha Tparcttn. Easa ,rylr B c.r]'qas ce Kacae
3a opraHlt3HpaHo Ko.IroHH3HpaHe Ha BerepaHpr. flo-cxopo NrolKeM Aa npue-
LlEA\4, XIX, 1955, 195 c,r. (n. 157).
\?,
^
r o \\', Thr. R., n. 871
{n.
159).
RA, 1913. I, 3.12, nn. 1, 2 (nn. 146,. 147).
I,IEAL I\'', 191-1,282, n. 1(n. 160):Kazarow, Thr. R., n.453 (n. t62),. Ee-
H e B, n. 20 (n. lti3).
Iti h ai I ov, ICBulg., II, 532, 538, 5ij4.
Ka l in ka, n. 200 (n. 170).
4n.
ip., i912, n. 56 (n. 169).
9p"r. _0,
f e p o s, IipovuBaHrrl n6px)' ilo3e:u.qeHHre orHorneaua, ,15.
CIL, XVI, 185 (n. 175"1. 3a npnna.l;rexHocrra ua Coh. I Batavorum, or Koflro e Be-
1
3
a
I
UIEBJI
.1
6
S
)
TepaH'I'r, K-b:u rapHH3oHa Ha flaxua ax. W a g n e r, Die Dislokation, 93 ; 3a Arin,'rouara
or Gilau or c'bluara Jara B;x. R u s u, r\lateritiie gi cercetiri arheologice, II, 1g56, 203 sqq.
Jeueg.
npe;Iflo.rata,_qe Berepan'r,r e 6u,r or u,'reMero a3aiirr (sa Heio A. ]\1o c s y, Oi"
Bevolkerrrng von Pannonien, 1959, 54 ff.). EaHa xosony6,rurvaaH& .trHrrr-roMaor crlqara nara
e 6u,la l{aMepeHa a C:isei, o6racrra ua K,ryx (Pyrvrtuuily.
rlan;:ouara e r.r3ra,a.eHa Ha e.{HH
rpal(Heu or Cohors I Brittonum, qacr,
Korrro ce cnoMeHaBa H B ,r.flrr,'ro]rara or nararoeo,
cpa. F o r n i, Arhenacum, XXXVi, 1g58, p. lg:l ff. (An. 6p., 195g, n. B7;.
21 fo.ln,,,nrx sa Ox,ro;rorr{rrecxHrr
eaHy.lTer
322
6. I-epoa
MeM,
qe
rorl narioHell, caM utw SaeIHo c Apyrlr BerepaHH or HerpaKHficKE
npoH3xoA, e 6un
!B,,'IHH Aa ce 3ace.'Ia Tyr( 3aeAHo c-bc 3aBp'bular{H
c;
B po4ruara CH HeroBH Ap)'raprr-TpaKa, BerepaHH or c.brUHTe
qacrr.l
, i.,
ocneH poNraHH3HpaHH rparH B ce.[ara ce cperqar v. nlq.a c H3r{.fixo
pHMC_KH Hr\'reHa. TaXts e cnyqaflT c eAHH oixovop.aE a HaAnHC o, celurqero
npu Kaau.H rrrocr,e c eAHH or .(aaivrara Koilrapcu (?) s HaI\fiHc or fu"inrr.
,{eBo,'l
r<ofiro HocH ABe pHNrcKu H}reHa H H3rre)kAa,
qe
e pHivrcK, apt*a*
HHH, H c nocBeruTerq Ha rpaKHr"rcxpls KoHHHK or c. .&la"ra Br,p6oaugK.{.
C
pHMCKH HMe_Ha, HO CilOpeA [epefpHHa.'IHHfl HaqHH Ha HrvreHVBAHe Ca nocBe-
THTeJrsr na 3esc B HaAnHc or tlapaqnHas H nrrrero, ,<oero c, e H3AHTHaJIo
ua4rpo6eH ltailrerHHr{ cnopeA HaJ,rrrrca or EaaroearpaA.d B rHrr rea aryra,
ce Kacae BepofrHo 3a noB'bpxHocTHo polraHH3HpaHlr naqa- He pHlrcr(H rpax(-
AaHH, KoHTo no c'b3HaHHe H e3ux ca 6ulu fbpIIH.
Yqacruero Ha ce.rlcKoro Hace"rreHHe oT TepaToparrra Ha l-layranan n
p'bI(0BOACTBOTO Ha penHrHo3Hrlf. r(yJTVpHLrf, cTolaHCKlffr u aLNIHHHCTpa-
THBHt4tr XHBOT e 6A,rO TB',bpAe caa6o, KaKTo noxa3Bar ocK.bAHHTe e11fl-
rpaQcxa Aol(ylteHru. 3a opraHH3aulrflTa Ha pe.rrHruo3Hnfl )r(Hnor Hfie roBo-
pHxMe [o-rope Beqe. xp.,I'o, B HajlnHCa Or Helq,lrioBa l-parilaqaT noclt
rpar0rficxo HMe, a x(pell'br B HaJ,[rrca or Kpai:rHltqu' npon3xo]K.a,a or enu-
HH3HpaHo rparuficxo cevreficreo. EnHlre.:rernTe B HaAnHCa or Pula ca c
rparaficru u pIlMcKH
pt!teHa
fl tseporrrHo npHHaAne)'r{aT Ha poivraHH3HpaHa
HxH poMaHH3HpalUa ce
Qalrra,'lHr."
VnpantlTeJrr{T Ha no3e}r,'reHo BnaAeHHe B
HaAnHCa Ot KaAHH MOCTI" e C pHMCKO HMe, HO aKO Ce C-bAlr nO na4rpq6
HHfl naMerHHK, cenael,icrsoro e 6uto exHHrd3upaHo H eABa JrH e [IMaJIo,ue-i
creH xapalffep. Herosoto HMe H HeroBara c.uyx6a noxa3Bar naoxe,6r,
,{e
rofi e 6un_po6. PrKoeoAHTe.lLrre Ha ceJrcxoTo yrpaBJreHHe
(xwp,a.pyo*?)
B HaA[Hc ot Taearaqeeorr ca tto BCsKa BeporrrHocr eAHHHflT c H3rIflJIo
rparuficro HMe, ApyrHsr c H3tlfl,'ro pHMCKo HMe. B e,lusl.r3rrpaHara rparnfi-
cra
QarrruilLtfl
B HaA[Hca or Ptx.IaBptIIat] ocuoaareJlrrr Ha
Qalllr.,rHflTa
crpa-
Terbr Ka,oce\oE u HeroBHflT BHvK napaQn,,laKc'br Aci15 Hocsr rparuftixn
HMeHa, AOKaTO Cr'IeABalIlHTe ABe [OKO.leHHfl ]ltuaT Belre rp'btlh-rI UueUa. Or
THfl OCK'bAHH AaHHII Ce BH)hAa,
qe
B-bB BCHTIKH Cer{TOpH Ha Xaaora pbKO-
Bo4crBoro e 6uno B p'bqere Ha .rrrua, KoHTo ca uNraJrH Aonnp c rpaA-
cKarr >rlrtsor H aKo H or MecreH npotr3xoll, ca da.tu e npouec Ha eJ'tHHH-
3al.Irfl klJl,1 pOMaHH3ar{Hrr.
-_ --i
g*.
rrperlxo.rHara 6errxra.
-
UEA,I,
I, 1910, 190 (n. 1/,9).
3
V|. |'lBaHoe, Cen. MaK, n.3{ (n. 1201.
Llereuero
Ha Haaraca
I
Kitzarow, Thr. R., n. 6+8:)Iuxarl ,toB, fCyOrD, Xt.\rll[,
n. 2{) (n. 150).
5
A o 6 p
)-
c x ra, AhHM, 156, n. 20"1 (n. 149).
ti
L76Al4, XIV, 1940i42, 280 ct. (n. 171).
7
Hensraleu (n. 1171.
f1
I,I6AL{, XIX, 1955, 195 c.r.
@.
li7).
e
146AI,I, IV, !926;27, 319
1n. 1651.
1o
VIBAYI, I, 19i0, l9() (rt. ll8).
lt
fr.
yl
B a H o a, Cen. Mar., n.' 31
1n. 1201.
12
6erueBrHeB, n.2{n. 1271.
v
I-lpoyuaaHufl B6pxy 3ana,[HoTpaxuilcrnre 3eMH npe3 pH]vtcKo BpeMe 323
uc c cHrvPHo.
1952,53,- 246.
B repHrop4flTa ua lTaytanux, KaKTo BHAflxMe Beqe, e KBapTHpyBaJIa
erHa
Koxopra B Kpafl na
-ll
H ntpBHTe Aecera,'lervr
Ha III s. KouauAv-
Batr{}IgT
C'bCTaB, npeQexrraTe H UeHTypHOHHTe
HeC'blvlHeHO Ca 6*nu pHMCKH
tpilx1a1r4
H pHMnflHH tto e3HK H crrgHaHue. Irlues ara Ha rpHMara npeQerru,
Kor{TO
Ca HI4 H3BeCTHH oT HaAnHcHTe,l ca Ha['b,'IHo pHIvlcI(H
-
BTOpOTO
0T Tgx, C HMnepaTOpCKlI reHTH.'IHIiLlyM' H3!.aBa npOBI'IHIII'Ia"IeH, HO CTap H
\,TB-bpAeH
or noKoileHHfl poMaHri3rrilr. BofiHnuare Ha l(oxoprara IIo roBa
apevre
Beqe ca ce na6upanvt Ao roilrrMa creneH or IvlecrHoro HaceJIeHHe.
C"'rvx6ara
[rM e'r,s eoficxara B IipoAbJIxeHHe Ha ABa.4,ecer
H ner HJIH no-
Sare TOAHHH, IitAeTO Ca 6uJru HaCaXAaHH y Tnx pHMCKH Ayx H AHCIIH-
1tVH0, H K'bAeTO C,,'Iyxe6HHfT e3HK e 6un
"IaTI'IHCKH,
e 6una-pe[IHTeneH
Qaxrop
3a rrrxHoro lro-ro,'Irrvr o t4Jtvt no-Ma;'IKo poMaHH3[lpaHe. OcgeH cn.v-
qaHTe Ha poMaHHSH?aHU TpaKH, 3a KOHTO AOIYCHaXMe,
qe
ca MHHaflH npe3
aoiiCxara, npHTe)i(aBaMe H HaAnHCH, B KOIITO e YKa3aHa
BOeHHaTa l(apnepa
Ha .IIHua c rparuficxn nivteHa.2
I-lpHa,rrauaHeTo Ha AeHTexeTHTe
Ha c,nyx6a B pHivCKzT? sOlicra npe3
I a. or- H. ., 3a Koero roBopHxlvle no-rope (crp. 229 (77) c;t.), e npoA'blxuno
H npea II u III e., KaTo BofiHHUHre O6aqe o3HaqaBaT poAHoTo CH MqCrO C
ga.r-ra,rlin:t
Hjtvt C.b1tO BepoflTHo H C o6Uoro HMe
,TpaKHelIu,
HJIH c IIr'Ie-
r,teHHoTo HMe ,6eCu.
Ilpea ToBa BpeMe Te c'{y)KaT r,'IaBHo B
'[erHoHHTe
Ha
6a.rxancxnre npoBHHLlHH, orK'bAe;o Hafi-roAnltre H3lvlexAy' rgx ca 6HJ1H
[pervreCTBaHH B [peToptIaHcKHTe KoxopTH B Pulr. EcrecreeHo eAHa
qacT
ca c,Tyxe,,IH H B noMou{HHTe BorlcKlr'H B npoerrf,qaaJlHara MHJIHITHfl. 3a
.ry*6rtu Ha BofiHHUH or repnropuffra
.na
l-layraana e VII KIasAHes rte-
.ror,
quriro
Jlarep e 6ul ViminaciUm (cera Kocro.naq)-npu BJIHBaHeTo Ha
Mraea s !,J'Han,
HMaNIe AaHHH oT BpeMeTo Ha Maprc Anpe.rrnfi, Kouog H
Cenruuufi Cinep'(l69-1g5 r.).{ B KeHseecreH .'IerHoH, BepoflrHo B 6an-
KaHCKHTe npoBHHUHH, e Cnyx(en ueCT fo,[HHH, npe,(H Aa 6lAe npeMeCTeH
B npeTopHaHCKHre Koxopru n PHlt, eAIrH BofiHHK or cenoro Bi[i?]alcost. n
TepHTOpHnra Ha flay'ra,nua.; HerOsl'tqr 6par, xofiro ce e norpux(Vil Aa
t
frli n k a, n. 32 (n. 154), n. 16 (n. 155), n. 44 (n. 201), ]{en3AaAeH (n' 20la\'
I
HEAA, lV, 191+, 262, n. 3 (n. 161).
,
Cpr. Tf pirn,- iig., SO,' t, 3t) : qui el vico ortus esl, eam patriam intellegitur ha-
bere, cui'reipublicae r.iius ille respondet. Cpr.
_oure
lopH.l,uqecKllre reKcroBe K'brl roBa'
la,1,eHu
)'
M a r q u a r d t, Staatsverwaltttng, I':7,. Anm' 4'
t (lll,
III, i4507, a 9, b 5-1, lat. dei. a 15 (n. 196). B elyI..aalrpo6eu HaArHc or
Carnuntum, nlio, iVi, tgZo, 15'(npeeBapHrenHo'cro6ulestte
I'16,{I'1, III, l9-25, 235)' no-
,iHHa"'rgrrr
sor'tHur
";
l;'S. fffi C.ri,ii,r'.
'ivI.
Mogetius
-M.
f. Pudens dom. Dinace' D e-
t r Cn e w, Die ttrr. Sprichreste, 153, npuelta,
qe
ryK c Dinace (abl).ce o3HaqaBa nraHi'IHara
Pil.ta (.fouvail u ctceAHure i uecra. O6a,{e Hue MLlc.'I[M,
qe
rtoJ, Dinace- ryK ce KpHe Hfl-
KaKBo cenuule u *aricnrrc o6,racrlt, t'r,ft KaTo, oT er'Ha CTpaHa, IllteTo Mogetius e Ke'rITCKo
lax. Dottin, La langue Cattloise, 1920,273),a, or Apyra, H HeB63MoxHo e npe3--l B"
oTKoraTo e Ha!,[uC'bT, na t{]!ta}te TpaKHeU C pllMCKo lllte,' t't To Ha cayx6a B IerHoH' Kaxro
e H3BecrHo, TpaKHTe 3arloqBar ;la cxyxar I] nerl{oHuTe- orx'bM cpeAara
ga
II
.s'
I'lsx'rpqe-
HiIe ca npaBe,rlr rpa6hre, KoHTo ca oH,'rr4 BK.'roqeHH era II noMoueu,'leluoH npu $opuupaHero
\r!'. Ho
're
*rocsi H3urlro rparrilcxll H.veHa A ca nonyqu.lH pHMcI(o rpax{naHcrBo npx
)
Bc,lHerIrrero ct{, Bd(. no-HararbK crp. 331 (182).
:'
CIL, VI, 2772 ( . 32660) (rt. /,98).
rF
324
E. fepoe
My 6'br,e H3.itarHar Ha,xrpoSHHrr na\rerHHK, e 6H,'r ctulo BerepaH BepofiT,'
or nperopHaHcKara fBaptvlfl. Haaapuo H ABalrara 6part, Ho cr.ypno.ggi
qutaJlufrT,
KoiiTo e 6ul evocatu_-s,l ca iKaBe,,IH B Pgrvr c"rreA npr"tpruri.
Hero Ha pexoBHa.Ta cu c,r-r'x6a. Crrrtlrsr e c,tyr{ar{r c rperopuaHerla
-Auri.
lius Pyrrhus, xol'iro, c.[eil Karo e tto,'r-\'r{H.{ noq_erHo yBonHeHHe (honeqia
missio), oCTaHa/I B Pliivt,2 K'bAero e rlraJr ceivrefict'eo. HaarpoSHHET
uu
HaAnHC e H3AHrHar oT HeroBHH cHH rr Abtrlepr{. AH;o ce
gbilu
no uso6pi-
xeHHero Ha Hagrpo5naia ivr)' cre,Ia, o6u{ecrseHoro no.roxeHHe Ha
iog
BerepaH a PHu e 6alo eacoro.'] Cnacruare Ha H3clry A<H:tvt npeToppaHq,
or Kpari na lI u nbpBara rio.roBHHa Ha III B. HH AaBar 3Haqurereg
6poi
cryqaa Ha poAenH B reprrroplffira Ha fTavranus nperopaaHua.-r Tog 6iofi
roBopa 3a ro,rerlraTe peKp)'THH B'b3)roiKHocra Ha na)'Ta.luficr<ara repgTo-
pvtfl. l'lar,rexAa,
qe
B Ht{Kou celteficrua BoeHHara cayx5a e 6r.1.'ra ria,qa-
UHs, 3auoro or rpHTe Ha,lrpo6uu HaInHCa Ha nperopnaHrla s Palr oi rax
TepHTopL{s; s Aea ce roBopu 3a 6,rlrerx Ha ror{rrHa,rrnTe, c.brrlo nperoDg-
?HuuB
--
B eAHHlIs c,ry'vail aa 6par, a e ApyrHrr 3a 6paroevet. Tlls nbfi-
HLIU.U Ca [OAA',bpXa.rrH Bp'b3r{HTe CH C pJAHHTe CH MeCTa, K'b,U,erO qacT
OT
Tflx, KoHTo ca flpaHallxexaJIH K-blt ro-lrlrorHlITe cer'IcKH celrelicrga, ca rIpH-
TexaBaxu HltorH B poAHoro ca ce"'Io H, KaKTo [oxa3Ba Harnuc'br or Cxan-
ronapa,? Te ca 6utu B yc.{vfa
Ha cBofiTe c'bce.{rrHl4 B 3aurrrra Ha rexHllTe
HHTepeCH [pe]I pHi\lCKara B,]acr. O6uxHoaeHo Tarr KaTeropua nOfiHuqg KaTO
BerepaHH ca ce 3atsp'bu{ai'rH B po.IHHTe cH NrecTa. Tarr re ca npHHaAne-
x<ailH K'bM ropHHs cnofi Ha ce"rlcKoro Hace"rreHHe, B p'brrere Ha xofiro ,ce
c'bcpeAoTorlHJrH IIocTeneHHo sHaqHTe,'IHH [pOCTpaHCTBa 3eMrr.
,,+.,
e. Hafi-ropHoro reqeHne Ha Crpyma h 3ueno.ne
B 6aceriua Ha uaii-ropnoro reqeHHe Ha Crpvlra, ceBepHo H H3Tcrrixo or
3eiweHcxus ilpo,Ilolr, T. e. Pa4onupcxo, ;.1NlurrpoBcKo (l-lepuaurro) n 6pea-
HHr.rrKo, KaKTo H B npaHa,f"rrexarr{oro reorpaQcKa K'bi\,r rofl pafiou 3ue-
nO,'Ie, ilOceni'IIIdHHtIT X(HBOT npe3 pHllCKO Bpelle H Cne;lHTe Ha aHTHqHaTa
I(ynTypa ca 3acBHAereJICTBvBaHH Ha HflKO.rrKO MeCTa, aKO H CbU{eCTByBaHeTO
Tyr( Ha no-3HaqHTe,,rHH cenHrrla Aa He e AoKa3aHo AOCe[a IIO apxeonorH-
flpoy'raaur,rr Brp.\y 3anarnorpaxrrficxuTe 3eui, npe3 pHr,rcKo Bpelre
325
qecKt'{ H enHrpatfru<u rrtr. B Parqorrurpcr(o [o,te, rc)fiHo or l-o",ro 6'rpl,o,
cnopeA eAHH aBToplr no-3a[aAHo, criope.l, Apyrrr [o-H3TorrHo, ce e HaMHpaxa
n-brHara
craHrlr.rfl E,rer, aa Korrro foBopHXMe ro-rope (crp. 237(85) c.rr.). 3a-
cefa He npHTexaBaivte no-y5e,qnre,rrHH
AoKa3are.rICTBa, KoHTo Aa Hr{ HaKapar
fa
cB'bpxeM Tat{ cTaHuHfl c HflKoe oT HflKo,rIKoTo aHTHqHI{ Ce,'IHtrIa,
qHHTo
cJc;1rr ce HaMfipar B Torr parioH.
B Hal'r-lraroqHara qacr
Ha Palolrlrpcr(oro no/re c;'re{rr or aHTHrrHo
ce.rprtt{e .qptqe,'iIr crtopejt, LUr<opnlt.r B Kpar{ Ha ilrHHa,'IHg BeK B ilrecrHocrra
Xe.T e6xr,ofi ilppr c.
fiorrua fllrxaufl.l nd Ha 3a[aA B lrecrHocrra B.'raAH-
llHpoBCKH pna (c.
Ip1,'raut e 3acBHllere;1CrB)'B?H xrrBor rrpe3 pnMcr(ara
eloxa c MarepHa"rta, Korlro 3artoqBar or @,raaHeBo Bpe[re H 3aB'bplxBar c
lOcrnuptau.2 Ha loro3anar ilp]I c. Hyxoaeq e H]ra.ro rraK cnopeA LUxopnHn
rp)'ro
pHrvrcKo ce,lulue.'t Tus c.:re.{H or noce.[HrrleH rxaBor npe3 purvrcKo
BI-)erre ca HeAareq or c. ll.lt6sur (&1vcu6efi), K'bAero, KaKro BtrAfxMe
Beqe, e KBaprltpyBaJra qacr
oT Koxoprara, Korrro e 6H,ra Ha rapHa3oH B
Canapeea 6aas. B tofoeanarHara
qacr
Ha Pa.rolrlrpcKo npx
t{ox,rr,oecKoro
6.raro (cera ce"'Ioro ce Haplrqa 6ailxa.r) ce e Har,{r.ipaJo B MecrHocrra
fpa:rtuiero cBerr.r.{}rule Ha Xepa, Korro rvK Hoc}r Karo enHTer erHH-
KoHa
,o'rxt,;t,vi,,
3 B rlrecrHocrra KaleHuua
-
ce,rltue H.riH B:r^ila. Ha-
IlepeHHTe MsTepH&r'IH IIOKa3BaT,
qe
CBeTI.l,rIrlIIICTO e IIpOC'bIqeCTByBa,rlO AO
IV e., a ce,'IHIIrero HitLt Blr.rlara BepoflTHo H npe3 K'bcHara antHqHocr.a
ErHlrxoH'r,r 2ovtr,:r;vi, ror'rro e 3acBrrAere.rrcrByBaH ou(e B e,II,HH oSpouen Ha,1-
nhc Ha Xepa or Carprar (apevrero Ha K.rlaeAvrfi),, BepoflrHo ruoxe Aa ce
cB'bpx(e c aMe Ha MecrHocr HJIH cenur.ue oKono
L{or<.rsoecr(oro
6"laro.6
I-lo Ha H3ToK cneAu or cexprule ca orKpHTH npa c. Vrnrpun B MecrHocrra
Ce.latuero, AaTHpaHH c KoJIeKTr,iBHa HaxoAKa Ha KoucraHrHHoBH wroueru.i
!1o
Ha ceBep floBeqe crapHHrr H]ra]re n par?ona Ha ceJrara floqrpueHqu,
6o6opaqu r B'np5a. Ilpn c. Bo6opaiiu enHo crapo
qp.bKBHUIe,
K.bAero e
'
Ul * o p n r..r, i\lonll;ur (flarreruuun rr: Er,.rrapcxo), 1898, 1i,3, c-r,o6rqaBA,
qe
rart 6u.ru
c,'IKpllTIt OCHOBIi Ha ctpa-lH, [.'IirHeHr.r c'b;loBe, ]roHeTrt. Tarr 6H;trr Ha]lepeHII o6pOuHa fi;'toqKa
tit rparxitcKlil Kor{H}rx (Ka zaror\., TIrr. R.,n.2{7, tt.202) horroBHaret+\ecr. Anpa:loa,
Oruet, EAI'I, VI, 192d, 17-18, c.uHra roBa cexr{ue 3a rxaBHHs rpa.r Ha arpHarrhre, riouro
TL,fi .roKa,'ttt3Hpa B Pa.tolrupcxo rrone.
:i
HBAI'I, \'lll, 1934, {67, -{58. Ct,o6ruaea ce 3a Ha\{epeHr{ re.u 6pou:loa }te.taJrboH,r
I'roIIera Ha {ortutluaH, }roHerH Ha K.raB/t11rl I'orcxx (268-2701'.), ua tlpo6 (276-282 r.) H ,rp}'ru
\luHeru
,to K)ctuuuau, ocueH ToBa
qacr
or lrpalropHa craryrlxa ulr Xepa Ir Apyrr{
\rnTeptiInrr.
:j
Ul x o p rr H;r, .Mc6, VII, 1692, 9t), n.7.
IAo6pycKu,
AI,lHln,156,n.206(n.203); !,eq eB, I,lEAtl,VII, 193233,383c.r.; Be-
tN e B.'r i{ e B, n. 10-l; I,16Ai4, KV,1943r-i6, 232.. B NrecrHocrra fpaluurero nfiqerur oue
citHlI lt 6uxu orKprrri,r c.irern or BororrpoBoL. Eu,ru ualrepeuu apxureKT)'pHlr
$parueulu
{cicjt or KopttHTcKI.r Ha[HTe,r), qacru
or o6po.rulr Hilarruc]r u peaerpu ocBeH ua Xepa, oue
I't
3eec, Xepa u Aruna, sa Ano,ron N Apreurara u Ha Xekara. B lrecrsocrra Ka,resuua
rr,!,ta-orKptrra
3u,traHa rpo6ulrua tr ryx.lH cpe.t HHBHTe.
5
IGR, l, 677.
1
B*. crp. 246(9{), sa5. l.
-
i
l'16AI'1, I\', 1926 27, 323. 3ae,rno c lrouerHre e HauepeH xei're3eH lreq H Ho:,fir,rua.
i
i
K I{e rpn6aa .u.a ornece}r H HauepeHrrr r}peruenr or o6pouua n.'roqxa Ha Acx,renufi na
aptx
Ko.rou, Iib.1ero H.!ra c,reAu or crap ntl, cpa. I,16AI,1, I\r, L926,27,320.
1
Cpa. 6. f e p o a, ,ilaraHCKo-rp'bur.(rr .ir'KCHKil.lHu B3ar.lltoorHorleHarr, I'Cyl,{<DO, XLII,
1945i46, 19.
2
CIL, Vl, 2671 (n. 198).
s
Vir togattts, anulo manu sinistra ornatus. Ha,r,rrucr,T c or rtbpBara rror']oBr{Ha (voxe
6n cpeaara) ua III 8., BeporrHo IlpeJH fa;uen. 3a lerroxparlr3lrparrero H:t soilcxara or Cen-
ruunfi Cenep ,uo la,rues ex. G ros s e, Romische l\lilitirgeschichte, 1920, l2 f.
'1
CIL, VI, 32599 (n. 189) ; 32626 (n. 1901; 32523tNot. Scav. 1909. n. I
t
CIL, VI, 3_2599
1n.
1S!);
Q2Q26
Qt.
1901; :12523+\ot. Scav. 1909, p. 81:3718'l
c15, 16, 19 or tQQ
t.@.
I9l).32625 (:2,3E6), HecHrvpHr.r c.rvqan .ta.TH 6 P[aut.]
rrx
Plhil.l fi. 192\; 32628
(:2397\
tu. 193\; 32909 (n.
194\: 32910
(n.
t9,1\
("".r'.uoro
lrrn Plhil.l
@.
192); 32628 (:2397) (n.
!9!);
3?909 (n. 194); 3291O (n. 195) (uecurlipno .aa.'rn
xarepKy,rrbrr e Ha rperopHaHun); 32621 uecr c.rvqan (n. 199).
5
CIL, VI, 2616,
1n.
l9l\ 2671 (n. l98l ; 32660 (:2772) (n. l8S).
rl
CIL, VI, 32660 (:2772) (n. 188); 2616 (n. 197).
;
D i t te n ber ge r, Sv'11.3, 888.
1l
!
'
,t,
B. I-epoa
| ilA OTI(pHTa AOnHa
qaCT
OT KO,'lOHa H HaNIepeH OnTap C IOCBeII{HHq
,U&
TpaKHricKrrr KoHHHK, H3rJrexAa,
qe
e 6a.ro cBerH./rHu{e Ha roBa 6oxecrse
n<'bpHaro BnocneAcrBHe B xpHCTHflHcr(H xpaM.1 Cnope4 Anpavroe'
ma-.
i ficru ceJrHura HMaJro npu
t{epBeHa
r!rorH.[a, Pyca.rrnficKHre rpo6arqi.11
l.*fi-Beqe rrpu c. Brp6a Ha p. Crpylra.s 3a roxaru3apaHero Ha n'bruaTa
craHr{fis E,res npa I-loq'bpHeHCKHre xaHoBe npr BJrHBaHero Ha p. Eaaro
t
c 'pyrr,Ia, K'bAero HMa,'ro cneAH oT crpa.[H, npa fluenHHIIH c paana.[nuu gl
i crea a qtprna{ u B MecrHocrra I-laraHKara, K'bAero Hlvta,'Io cneAl{
O?
ceJrnure, HHe roBopHxMe no-rope (nx. crp. 237 (85) c.rr.). Or /IelKaIrIHre u0
ua
3anaA cena fle6e.nn JIaK H Ertnuuua Hrvralre c6uo MarepHa,ilH or pHMcKaia.
r oxa.6 Or cauufl rpaA Paaouap HilraMe c'bu{o Marepaana, Koxro roBopsr
I nocenHu{eH xHBoT r(aKTo npe3 paHHara, TaKa H npe3 K'bcHaTa }lMIIepa-
TopcKa enoxa.6 Oure nd Ha 3a[aA cneAu or aHTHr{Ho cexnqe HMaJIo c[o-
peA Hpevexi npa c. Ilo6ou B MecrHocrra l,[apcxoro cenuure. Marepuaau
r pHMCK?TO enoxa Ca HaMepeHH H B MaHaCTHpa
,cs.
HUXo.nau npU
i l-Ieutepa H or E,ronAo,r.* OuIe no Ha 3a[aA rpar'r nexauoro no-Blacoro
B rJraHuHara c. fopua frorosaqa e 6u.ra pa3r(onaHa npe3 1905 r. rpa-
r'rficxa MorHJra c norpe6eune, B Korrro 6unu HaLrepeHH IOcruuuaHoBH Mo-
i ru.e Ar<o .qeficrBnTerHo rvloHerr4Te npou3xoxAar or calroro n'bpBnqHo tto-
t.e6eune B MoruJrara, ToBa 6H cauAere,rcrByBano 3a orrenflBaHero Ha rpa-
xuficxr.rg 6ar s rafl TJTaHHHCKa noxpafiHxua
qaK
rpe3 VI s. Toea 6a orre
i-^psno ao6pe ua 3ana3eHrTe rpaxuricru HMeHa Ha BoeHHH JrHqa or aofi-
i ara Ha lOcrHuuas.lo B ,rexauloro Ha eAflH
qac
['br loxHo or rapa 3e.
1
Mc6, III, 1890, 47, sa6. 1 ; K a li n ka, n.
F^rofrHo erHHKoH, xofiro uoclr ryr 6oxecrBoro,
q racr. I-lopaan roBa He 6uxue Morxr{ .u,a np[eMe]r,
I lsaereu, ce e Harlrupaao B 3anaaua Tparun.
3
Orqer EAI,I, VI, 1926, 17 c.r.
3
Or
tlepaena
lroruJra HN{aiue oSpouua flrorrKs ua rpaxnficxnrr K-THHHK (K a z a r o w. Thr.
J- n. 147 (n. 206), a or liponaeesaua rocBeueHrre Ha Xepa (t46Al,l, Vl,1930/31, 313:
. i, XXVIII, 1933, 113, n. 1, n. 207). fipu c. Btp6a I,1
( {A TDH}ICTDOBA KD'bTNA KOJIOHA H
qETHDHCTDAHEH
CTBJI
X, 1886, 57) suml XXVIII, 1933, 113, n. 1, n. 207). fipu c. Btp6a I,1 peuer (AEM,
rpulrerpoBa Kp'brna KoJroHa H
qerupucrpaHeH
crta6.
4 AtrM Y lneA 17 Harrenpsura rr\, \rcronrrrrr- rr\rouur\ r^trpr
AEM, X, 1886, 57. HalrepeHnre rai\{ MarepHajrll, a H\reHHo rofleMlr rJr}rHeHu AeJIBI{
H
treAHa 6pour 3a KoHcKa rilaBa cBu.q,erexcrB)'Bar no-cFiopo 3a cperHoBeKoBHa Kpefiocr. no
i uepeuara rar{ o6pouua rnoqKa Ha Xepax's;r (AEM, XVIII, 189.{, 107, n. ti, n.208) no'
Ho treAHa 6pour 3a KoHcKa rilaBa cBg.q,erexcrB)'Bar no-c
I
rBa,
qe
roBa Mffcro e 6rr,ro lloxe 6u cBerH.tuue ttpe3 pnrrcKara erroxa.
5
Or Ae6erIH JIaK ca e!,Ho rrocBerteHue Ha Heriesr.riia ,{ np}'ro ua iVlurpa (AEM, XV,
1691,95, n. 15 (n.20a); CIL, III, 1420731), orErt,;rHuua npor.r3xox(ra Ko,'reKrHBHil HaxoAKa
rt, MoHerrr or IV H V s. (l,lBAl'I, Xl, 1937, 722),
6
Or ,Llsaopa"
npu pa3xonaBaHe Ha Bo.tonpoBo.ra e HalrepeHa
qacr
or peae$ ua Murpa
( lAH, VII, 1932133, 422). Btsuoxuo e r) K ra e H\raxo cBerflxr.rrte Ha loaa 6oxecrso.
Or rpaaa npolr3xox.tar ,u,Be 6ponsoeu craryfixr, e!.Hara Ha Ano,'roH, apyrara Ha Beuepa
(RA, 1897,11,228 cJr., nn. 10, 18). B cauus rpa,r e 6n;ra pa.sxonaHa B Kpafl Ha Muuatufl
r ( 3acBoAeHa ryxaeua rpo6nuua, BeponrHo KbcHoaHTnr{xa
'(fi.
Vl a a u o a,' Cer. Mar., 190)
7
AEM, X, 1886, 57.
s
Or uasacrxpa ca u3BecrHH rocraBKa or crary-fl Ha Xurus (AEM, XVIII, 1894, 107,
n. 7, n.210) w n,io,{xa Ha rpaxuficruiR KoHHHK (Mc6, VIII, 1892, 80, n.73, n. 204),
01
E,lonao-3
-
n,'roqxa ua tpaxHficKnfl KoHHITK (Kaz aro w, Thr. R., n. 275, n. 211).
s
fr. VlBa Hos, Ceb. Max, 31, sa6. l.
r0
Procop. bell.Pers., I, i3; e;(. V. BeSevlier', Studiiclassice,lll, 1960(nolneuar)'
[lpoyunrHirr Br,pxy 3aua.tHorpaxsrlcxure 3eyrl npe3 pulrc](o BpMe
327
,]i
202 (n. 205). Ensrerr,r Xouttoul4v63,
ce cpeua H B HaAnHc or Poloncrata
qe
MecrHocrra H.'lH ce.'IHlqeTo, oT KOeTO
ileH
ceno B.nareruuuqa HflIIoCJI,['bK 5e HaNtepeH Ha4rpoSeu rpbIIKH
ta,.tl4C.r
no Ha ceBep HMaMe KoHueHTpar\ufl Ha MdrepHa,,'IH or aMrlepaTopcr(ara
efloxa
npN
[avrHTpoBo
-
flepuuK, K'b;f.eTo BepoflTHo ce e HaMHpa.]'ro aHTHtIHo
CC,II{[UE2
14 CBETII,IIHU{C
gA
ACX.'ICfiHiI, B KOCTO C 6UI NOqHTAH H TPAKHfi'
cKHrrr
xouuari.3 Oro;ro fapa U'bpKBa,
B NIecrHocTTa, KoflTo Ao Kpafl Ha MH-
HA.IiI,I'I
BCK CE HAPHqANA }IAUTAPNS, CC HAMHPA,IH OCTAHKII OT AHTHI{HO
ce,:rH[Ie,
n'brHa craHrlrrs Ha n'brrr Serdica
-
Pautalia.{ oure iro Ha H3ToK
npr{ AparaqeBo ce e HaMnpaxo, KaKTo H3r.rrex,r,a, aHTHqHo cBerHnHIrIe.s no
Ha ror Hafope no cTp.vNra npr4 c. ctyAeHa ca 3acBHAerercrByBaHH cneArr
Ha noceJlr.ruleH )KHBor npe3 KbcHaTa aHTLII{HOCT.6 OIUe nO Ua IOr H nO-
BHCOKO B [JIaHlIHaTa Ca flCiIH C.leAHTe Ha aHTHqHO C;'IHIIIC UiIU B}jila B
lrecrHocTTa 6oHes xnaAeHer{ npH c. Kpanerl.; HarvrepeHHflT Ta}I HaAfpo-
6eu rarnHCKH HaAnI{c npHHaAxeiKH Ha fi'bpBara no"rIoBHHa Ha II B.ni Oure
fio-BrrcoKo B n.rlaHrlHara r]pn c. Bocuer JIHqar cJreLHTe Fra noce.[HuleH xH-
Bor, Koirro TyK Ha eAHa HaA}lopcKa BHCoqHHa or 1200 ,lr e Morb.,II Aa c'b-
ri{ecrByBa 6rraroAaPeHr.re Ha paapa6orBaHero Ha py.{,Hre.l) Malr<o flo Ha
or oT MrrcroTo Ha ceraulHoro ce.'ro Eocnen e HMa.,Io ce.{Hu{e, KoeTo [pe3
K'bcHara aHTHr{Hocr e 6H,'ro oSrpaleHo c'bc creHH.lo
B EpeaHnr"uxo c.{eAr{ Ha noce.,raureH xr.rBor [pe3 pr.rMcKara elloxa ca
3aCBHAeTenCTByBaHH Ha HTII{OJIKO MeCTa u 5,rarOAapeHlle Ha CpaBHHTeJIHO
no-Ao6poro HM npo)'r{Baue ca fio-flcHu. Ha oKo,'Io nT KH.iroMerpa loron3-
ToqHo or SpesuHK ce e HaMupano Ma,{Ko cenuu{e u,rra Br4ra,
qHHTo
c/IeAI{,
ocHoBH Ha crpaAa H KepaNrHKa, ca AarHpaHH c MoHerl4 oT Becnacnan u
AHrosuu llufi u c eAHa BoeHHa AHnnoMa or BpeMero na BecnacuaH.ll Ha
ToBa Mrrcro ce 3aceJrnir 6ecrr
[y,'lec,
cHH Ha
{ar.r"c,
cJIeA yBonHeHI,Iero
1
Heuy6ruKyBaH
(n. 210a).
:r
Crrope,l 14r. BeJKon, Bexoae, I, 1931, xu. 2,28, rax ca 6u.rn orKpurrl pHllcKH
rpo6oae. B rpaturue'ro, 6ru:o go llepulrx, ca HarrepeHH pu]rcxrt 6pou:oaa craryilxa, pH]lcKa
Q.r,repa
c leo6prrixeHr.re Ha aoilHux u lp)'in Ilpetlrerr (l'l6AI'1, l\t , 1926i27, 320).
'
3
Krrzaro\\', Thr. R.,n. 748 ht.2121', cpn. Mc6. KVI-X\rll, 1900,27, sa6. 10.
I
LUroprIH.'t,
j!1c6,
\'ll, 1892,89;ABpaltoB, OtqerEAI,I,\rl, 1926,17 c;r. Orrau
npor.r3xo*(.(ar rpure Ha^trrilca or Llr,pxea: K a li n k a, n. 219 (n. 215), n. 108 (n. 214), u
AE1U, XV, i891,93, n. 8 (n. 213), or Kolrro rocneAHirflr e Haxrpo6en. I-lpr.r Ll'rprsa e Ha-
uepeHii u pHucKa ryxna (l46AX, IV, 1914, 271). Kpentlcrra npn Utpxna (A c. B a c H J'l e B,
PasKonxu H npo)'qBaHus, IV, 195i),53) rl3n.1e:+(!.a,
qe
e no-K'bcHa.
j
Or roaa cBerg.rruiuc BepoqrHo npoll3xoxAar ABere IIocBeureHHs, or Kor.I'r.o eAHoro Ha
llepce$oua (11c6, XVIII, 1901, 78-1, n. 9l; iletue B,'tHeB, n. 110, n. 216 ur n. 217).
-
ri
3ana:egrr ca ocHoBHTe Ha 3HaqHTe.,rHa ilo pa3r,ep[ paHltoxptrcruqncKa u'bpKtsa (V-VI a.),
cpa. A c. B a c H.'I e s, Pasxottxn H ltpovrlBaHuq, IV, 1950, -19 c;r.
; 'Iailr
ca orKpr-tru 3u,toBe, rpa,leHrr or KaM'bK H Ty-Y,Iu, H KonoHH or ryx,'tH, TyxxeH
rpo6 u BoAonpoBor c r,rlIHeHI{ rpt6lt (l'IEAt'1, XII, 1938,'i33). Cto6uraBa ce c.sluo raxa 3a
crapuHHa Kpenocr npr.r Kpaneu (A c. B a c u r e B, PaaronKu t4 npoyqBaHufl, IV, 1950, 52).
s
CIL, III, l+407 (n.219).
l,
Tpaxlrflcra lrorgxa H ocraHKH or nocrpofiKlt H Kpettocru, cpe. I,1 u. B e ,1 K o B, I-lpt,-
po1a, IV, 1955, 3, 87 c,r., Antidoron ]V1. Abrami6, I, 1957, 163 c,r.
10
Or roea Nrflcro e ,r3BecrHa BapoBr.rxoBa 6aza c flocraBxa or Ko,'toHa L rp'buKl{
rrarrrlrc c tparuficxo HMe (n. 219a1, BapoBuKoBa apa H elnH pe,let! xa Matpa (ax. 1,1 a.
B e ,r r o e, Antidoron, qnr. v.).
11
VlDALl, VI, 1930,31, ll2 c.r.
.-
An. 6p', 1932, Il, n.27 : CiL, XVI, l0 (n.222).
lr
J28 6. fepoa
t77 I-lpol.uaaHus B6pxy 3anaAHorparuficxure :elrur npes prrI,tcKo Bpelre
329
:a trpe3 70 r. H raM Tori e 6ut ilorpe6aH rto rpariu]icr(H o6u,taii
B H-.-
'HIa.
floce.uaqlaxr )r(HBoT BCe B tas 6.tueKa oKod,rHocr n, S-pla;rffi
Mapr(HpaH npe3 K'bcHara aHTHT{HOCT C HaMepeHH npH C. fOS 3nurn,
ord
Llera
Ha ,IIls I (157-171
r).t CrapHHn or pHMCKara enoxa ca HLr H3BecTHIl
)T oKonHocrra Ha ceJlara Br'lcxnp rt Pacnux, KoHTo nexar loror.r3ToriHo
o? jpeaunr.
Kpail [ocJleAHoro ceno B Mecrsocrra Pa.reequ e HMa.[o BepoflT*o
cBerHJrHrrIe, or Koero npoa3xox{Aar,{Be_QparureurapHo
3ana3eHH oOpouoi
rJroqKH, eAHara xa Xep.ax11 c en,rer Bioa),rpr1v6q,' u Apyrara Ha 3.;;";
(epa
c enr4rer ztopryit.z H rsara erlrrera, Kolrro ce cpeuar ryr 3a npbB
rrbrr3 ca BeporrHo erHHKoH H yr(agBar rvroxe 6u ua rr[ru-ro MecTHocTtr
uilu ceilHl1la B Tar{
qacr
xa Tparcus. Ha rcr or
pacnHr
npn c. Me,rlrqa';
:MaJro cBerHnHqe HilH pUncra as.ra.l Ha aana.q, or Epeaur'i np, .. R;;*;
e e H&MHpil;'IO IIO BCflKa BepOflTHOCT pl,tNICKa Btila.i, Harrrepen6flT
11pH
c. Hsaop' BCe B Torr pafiou,
ABye3HqeH uarlrpo6eu ,ranra," cMecpua
oT
rp'brlr(H H JTaTHHCKH, XOfirO npHHaX.{exH ua III n., noKa3Ba uoxe 6lt, ;;
HMCKoro cenfiule ce e HaMapa,ro K.bM c. l{snop. Or aexaruoro no ,, a.r.po_
afia/. c. PeSpo npou3xoxAa eAHa o,,ioBHa 1v'tor{K2, Aau IaMSTHHK Ha
PCNHTI,IO3HH'I CHHKPCTH3'bM BEPOSTHO NPC3 III B.? I IOCC,TAUIHHflT
XHBOT
npe3 K'bcHara aHTHqHocr r)I e 3acBaAere,,rcrBvBaH
flpH c. Haeop, CaAo.
HK H eBeHTyanHo npH c. Eeryuoeqa.s O6pouua HaArrrica ca H3BecrHH
-
,itHH or c. Povrauqa ua AprelraAa H Ap,v-r or c. Coruplrqa Ha rpakaficxas rox-
HHK,$ xofiro TyK HocH enlrrera Zxoir,,[---l 3a_ rocenHruHnfi )ffHBor B npeA-
^r'rMcKara
H pHMcr(ara enoxa rIpH c. fopHa cexupHa foBopHx]re no-rope,
I |p.253(101).
Par'rcKo ce,,,raue, Bepoflrno or Mad'r.bK pa3,rep, e Hr!ra.{o MaJrKo
..') Ha HaroK rrp, c. crauroeq, B ,recrHocrra norqlp, *ia*o uuaao paa::
BailHHLt oT nocTpolixtr H ApyrH Marepganu.lo
Hauepeuure raM pr"a*', n
rganruficKfi MOHeTH noraaaat, ve
,(arrerou e npoc.burecrByBano H npe3
,
)eAnoneKoBHero.
oute no Ha H3TOK, OT C. KOUapeso npoH3XOXra eAHa
KOJIeKTHBHa HaxoAr(a Ha pHMCr(H CpeSrpHlr ruouerlr.11
flocennurH,flT xHBoT [pe3 pH[rcKara
efioxa B np,HaAnexauoTo KbM
r tcefiua ua Haruaaa, Ho reorpa,|mcu
cB-bp3aHo c fopuo;rpt;;r;ri'^r:
t
I ylBAu,
xvll, 1950, 320.
2l4EAn,
VII'.i9lg12l),4 c.r. -=
SEG, III,532 (n. 220): Mnxar.raon, rcyee,
r"--VIll, 1952153, 2.16, n. 2t (n. 221).
, I 9na.
O e t s c h e w, Die thr. Sprachr., 4g, {g0.
{
Tau e HarlreDeHa.gnrysggq
crar,vfixa ua A,rua, VlDAl
, VIII, 1gB_1, -{+g.
i,
v1BAt4, XIV: lg+0;+2, zo1.-'"
6
EeureBnueB, n. 38 h.225)-
,-
K- a {^a p o n, 46AVI, l,' lg.2L15Z, 137 c,r.
E
Ha locrnHrlaHoBara elloxa np[Ha.rxexr.r Kpenocrra ua I,lseopcrara ]rorh,Ta (uura.rera
r' IItpKBa), rnM, II, 1950, 173. B erH-o rpa"ruiue xpatl cBceirHoro ce,lo Ca.aosux ca Ha-
uepeHr lOcruxuauoBu MoHerH, vIBAVl, XVti,.tgc 5iA. Crrp.^..rrrii'ro*u 6n cpeeuo-
Fe(oBHo, ce e HaMHpyLo.
\pH ^c.
6en1'uoaura, I,{6AI,1, XVII, t'gso, zg+l-'
"-
e
HEAI, 1915,- 22+ (it. 22{; k a z ar o w, ftrr. n., n. 89.1 h. 225t.
10
orrau rpo,3xoxAa r{acr
or nocraBKa Ha oponrtu' *rrI., ubip'i"'^'ra rpparveura or
ilnocKH pHltciy- I(epe:vtltAlI, er,Hara c Ha.rnlrc or veiupa pef a, f,pyrara c Ha.rfltrc or e.rHH
per,
9p-B:
Y|BALI, VII, 1g32iBB, 422.
, _1'
HEAll, IV, l9l{, 272. B cro6uleHrero He ce Ka3Ba 3a BpeMero, Ha Koero np,r-
I [XC}I(AT TH'I MOHCTH.
il.HA 3HenOee HH e 3aAOtsO,lHTerIHO rro3Har, KaKTO B C.bcerHoro fpaono.
3iiaqarerrHara HaAltopcKa BHCoqaHa Ha ToBa noJre H cpaBHHTr,rHo Ma,rKHTe
M)' paautepul He Ca rlo3Bo"rrl4Jrn
Aa Ce pa3BHe TyK rro-ror,IqM rpaACr(H
UeH-
T'bp. Ky,rrypHt4flT xiulor rvK,.(oKoaKoro rofi e c.btuec.rtsyBaJr, trle rpx6ea
ra ce o6'IcHlt nPeAainuo c H3noJi3):BaHeTo Ha pyAHTe, 3a Koero Heuo ro-
BopHxMe no-rope. Cnope,u, l{pe'iex,? xoliro e roceru.r 3uenor.'re B Haqaroro
Ha ocelvlAecerTe forHHH Ha MLIHa,IIHfl BeK, aHTHriHHgr noc,rrH[IeH ileHTbp
Ha TplHcxo ce HaMHpa'II B ueHT'bpa Ha nonero rrprr c. flp,ronqu. Kacae ce
3a
)'KpeneHo ce,rrHir{e, KoeTo e npoc:b[lecTB],Ba"rro
H IIpe3 cpeAHoBeKOBHeTO.
Ho HallepeHHTe cneA I'Ipeuex NIarepHa,iH [oKa3Bar, t{e
KvJIT_ypHrrsr ,,oce-
JII'IlIIeH IIeHTbp rlpe3 pHMCKo BpeMe ce e H?MHpzr'r tio Ha cenep,'nprr 3e;eHpr
fPal Ha ro)KHHn
:K1OH
Ha Pvr;i no nocoKa Ha c. &la.roc.,lanqu, K.bAero ce
HallHpa rpaAHqe.;r Or. ToBa fpaAar(e ca H3BecrHH
Aocera eAHH HaArpo_
6eu ,rarHHCKH HaEnAcl r,t Laa o6pouHa rpbrlr{H HaInHCa.i flo-rope HHe ro-
BOpHXMe 3a B,b3MOXHOCTTa Ha TOBa rvrgcTo
Aa e Hlra.lo NTHTHHqeCKa cTaH_
t\Llt[, Kosro e l(oHTpor'rHpa"la rbrr{, xoftro e BoreJI oTK,bivr cl,prry.rruqa B
j{o"IIHHara
ua f'opna Crpvlra. CnerHlnuia [pe3 paivrcxara enoxa e Hi\ra./io
BeporrrHo Ha BHCo.{HHaTa
,,[TpexptcTre" Iplr c. ,.,'lolruaqa, ceBepHo or
Tp's11.';
Oxono pyAHHTe HaxoAr.rrqa a TptHcKo, Kotrro ca dptjwr paaparSorBaHH
[pe3 pHMCI(O BpeMe, c,:IeAHTe Ha noce.,,Itr[lHHrr xHBor ca rrcHH Ha ]rHofo
IlIecra. [Ip, c. iV]R_a_rraop, Ha rur or Tptu, e c.brr{ecrBvBa,rro ce.:rLltle c }ro-
rurcH Her(ponon.r H.3il1gpeHoro ralr yKpr.rro ctxpoeHule or 150 rvrelur{ rro-
HerH ua KoucraHuHll II n TeoAocari-ll$ noxaeea x<aBor npe3 KbcHara aH-
THqHocr B.bB Bp'b3r(a c paspa6oTBaHero
Ha pyAHTe,
Crrqnqr e cjrrvqarr H
lp'
c. Epy;1, KbAero ca HaMepeHH MoHerrr or KoucraHrHHoBara enoxa.e
Ilp" c. KoseHua (nepoarHo
KoxnHqrr) e dwta orr(para Ko.:reKrHBHa Ha_
xoAKa or MoHerH Ha Ba.reuranHaH II a TeoAocrri I'(xpar ua IV B.).1,, O
"IlexaqoTo
no Ha rof BHCOKO B n.laHHHara c. fopoueaila, Koero e B cb-
cpACTBo c
,,lo,tenusr Bp'bx " H c {'opHa CerupHa, Hu e H3BecrHa e,[Ha rJULL I IIq LATTU
' o6pouira fliroqxa na Xepa c ertr.rrer Btelitepr,vil.rt'llrou*np
e HaMepeHa B
_1
Ha:yopcKa_ BHCoqrrHa cpe.lHo 750 rr, ,t.u.,txllsa l6 Ku, ruflplrHa A,_5 Klr, B)+(.
P. Toropon,'[pr,Hcxo,
.S.,
:
AErvl, X, 1886, 55, I].ur.r.sauur, 5{)li. tr.lpeuex roBop}j 3a r}.x.rrH H 3rr,{()Be, Korrro ce
prl:lKplltsar llpll o-pafl, cblTg
-3a
p-ll.\lcKlt lt susaHrul.lcx,l l,ott"ru. dr flproarirr c H:ltsecrel{ u
r.llr. pe.re,f ua r\1urpa, I,IEAIL II, 1gll, 55, n. 6.
:
Jire0ek, AENI, X, lgg6, 55; itoi.r.uirr,", Stt.flp, Mrr;roc.,ranurr L.lpe,rex e Ba.t,{x
tlp;rrrte.urtt
tT-JI:\ntr
Ii erHa rJIa.llKa Ko.roHa, Kor.rro Ire ca rrprHa^l,.rc),,.a,1Lr Kr,rr rpa.ruuero.
I {.6,
XVIII, 1901, n. 78J, n. 93 (n. 222).
: {,
I i n l< a, n. 1.15^(n. 224: n. 15g (n.'229).
6
C,re:lt or 3l'I,iloBe. Orrart e' 6u:t npe-HeceH B lreHacrupa
,,Ca.
^A^pxaure,t,,
H3BecrHHsr
r-;.Tr0pr nocBereH xa Sanctus casebonus,'clL, III,
g256
1n.'%0'j.---
--r---""
7 tlLBAYl,
XIV, 1940,.12, 206 c.r.
s
I,1BAI,1, Xl, lgBT, A2Z.
e
l.lEAL I, igl0, 229.
10
I,16AI,I, XV, 19+6, 236.
1r
M rr x a fi .'r o s, I-C!'ee, XLVIII, 1952 53, 2il, n. t_! (fr3!S|_ Oqe e.rHa o6povua
I].loqfia na Xepa c enurer K,tp.e oT cbilloro o,acio, AE^l,l, X,
'lgg6,
3S.-.--
3Bo Il I'epou
'.-ry
lT,,.i
I
r6pounulero
,Cs.
VInwfl", K'b4ero ca orKpHTH TyxneHH rpo6one. Beporrno
i
I{a TOBa MffCTO e HMaJIO CBeTHJrHrUe,
qHeTO
npOA'bn)I(eHHe Ce fBflBa
xpn;:
I
crHrrHcKoro o6pouarqe. Tyx.rleHHre rpo6oner H HaMepeHare MoHeTH
oT
I
HMreparopHre npe3
Y
u.', cBHAerencrB]'Bar 3a noceJ'rHrrleH xHBoT
npai
I
{'bcHara aHTHriHocr. ErHuroutr, xorlto Xepa HocH KaTo e[HTer, Ce cpeqx
I
laMo Ha roBa Mrrcro. Tofi yxa3Ba Ha ceJIHu{e c HMe Bva'-nepa, KOeTo
Bei, I
posrHo ce e HaMHpano B ror patlou. HaAnacH or HMneparopcKara
eroxa
i
ca HaMepeHH npH ceJrara BycaHuas a 6yrpyHHuH,{ B c.bceACTBO C XOero
I
:e e HaMHpano KbcHoaHTHr{Ho H;rH_CperHOBeKOtsHO VKpe[neHUe, a npn
pa-
I
1OBO e HaMepeH pe,reQ Ha MHrpa.5 Ctxpoaulqa or 6pousoaH MoHerH
oT I
IV e., Koraro, H3rnexAa, oco6eHo HHTeH3HBHo e 6a,ro paspa6orBaHero
Ha I
DyAHre, ca HaMepeHH H npn TptH, H np+ 3a6e,ry.'.j Or Sqra BoAa (?) npo-
|
.r3xoxua
eAHa 6ponsoaa pHMCKa crarvfira ua }lepr<ypt1t.i B nai-3ania-
I
rara
qacr
Ha Tptncrco npa c. K,,rxc_l'pa HMa.,'ro Motrrr'ra, oqeBHAHo Tpa-
|
xt'lficru.8 Halo,,lY flo reqeHHero Ha p. Eprrra u HefiHrrre rrpuTorlu 3a r(yn-
I
rypeH >xaBor [pe3 pHMCI(ara enoxa cBnAereJrcrByBa 3ara3eHHrr or roBa I
rpeMe H_ Bce orug H3non3yBaH npe3 l9l8 r. 6acefiH Ha uruHepa.rrHara 6ass
I
rlpIl c. 3aoHqu.!) Ktna roea ceJlo H c. Oa,opoequ HMailo cnopeA l,lpeuesro
t
330 Il I'epoe
rl
pa3Ba,,rIHHH Ha Kpenocr, Ha MaHacrr.rp, a K'blr IrlcxponqH H Ha Mocr Ha
Tptncrara peKa, KaKTo H ocraHKH or n6THa Hacrnr,rKa. Kpafi xexarrlnfl
)u{e [o-HaAony l-]oraHoacxu MaHacrr.rp 6unu HaMepeHH MoHerH or ]O.urfi
{esap, Anpe,ruau, KoHcraHrHH Be.'lur<n H lOcrasnau.
Pe.nsraoeHxffT xaBor Ha Hace,.reHnero no nali-ropuoro reqeHue Ha
Jrpyrvra a e 3Heno.ne, xofiro HH e no-.ao6pe no3Har npe3 III n., ce orJru-
IaBa c'bc cBoero pasnoo6pa3He. Tyx cperUaMe KyJrroBe, HrrKoH oT Kor{TO-
ca peAr(H HaH n6K Ce sBflBar rvK 3a npbB ntr. caerHnHura ca ycraHo-.
BeHH I{a HflKoJIKo Mecra. Hafi-rranoro .{,aHHH HMaMe 3acera or CBeTLIJIH-
Ilero npH
L{orrtoacr(oro
6naro, KtAero rpoQ.
A. neqee e npaBan npoyq-
taHHff H coHAaxHH pa3Konxn. Tau e 6u,ra iloquTaHa Xepa c eflHrer Zovxry
fi1ti," Ho noKpafi Heq e 6una orAaBaHa rrorrHr H Ha ApyrH 6oxecrea. EanH
fparrvreHr
or o6pouHa r,.'roqa e BeporlTHo Ha 3eec, Xepa a Arana,le cre-
toBareJrHo Ha oQuqaa;lHar x'bplKaBeH pHMCKLT r(y,'rr. Hu apy.
Qparlreur
-
1
V1BAa1, VIII, lg3+, {4g.
'r
AENI, X, 1886, 55.
:l
BeureB,'rHeB, n.31ll. 2321, aaxpo6es Haruuc ua e.[Ho rpar.(uilcro ceMeficrso;
i e ru e B Jr H e B, 10, za6. 7 (n. 231),
$parneur
or .'rarrrHCKH HajInHC.
t
VIBAVI, XIV, 1940t42,266 (tt. 234), Heqer.ruB Ha4rpo6eH rpruKH HaJrrr:rc.
i
I-nMr 1937j1939 (nsl. 1940), ll-l c.r., n. 10,,{acr or pe.req na Murpa.
ti yIEALl,
XIII, 1939, 3-14; HBAA, IV, lgil, 273. 3a crapuHnre a Tp'uucKo npe3 pnM-
I.(o BpeMe BlK. oue W. n e H K o B, c6. TptucxH xpail, 19-10, 97 c;r.
7
RA, 1897, II, 231, n. 26.
s
Jiredek, AE.\I, X, 1886,54.
e
E. Pa,1ocnaBoB, MHHH, KapHepH uuuHepa.'rgr.{ BoA}rn Co0rficruorpr,t, 1918, 117.
la rus 6aHH sx. oure M a p K oB, Hapo,ruo cronaHcrBo, I, 190.1, HH. 9,9 (:Po.uuna, VII,
90:t),.u-p Xap. I-eH,{en, I,latocrp. cBernuHa, XIV, 1906, rn. l0-11,27'c:t.)(xs. 12,9).
ro
AEM, X, 1886, 53, i-ltrynauus, 497 c*
tr
[o6pycxN, AklHM,157, n. 206 (n.203).
12
A e
q
e e, I,I6AY1, Vll, 1932133, 385.
[lpo1',maulrq B]pxy 3aflarHorparuilcrnre 3eMH npe3 putlrcKo BpeNre
331
qereM Hluero Ha rleog plrae Ab\epxrst66, Koriro ryK e 6un uzo6pa3eH cro-
peA X,eqeat eaeAHo C
$prernruA
a H Caelus. Tyr< e HaMepHx
Aocr.bn Cbu{o
14 Kynrbr Ha Xerara.2 OcseH B
LlOs,rtoacKoro
cBeTHnHUre Kynrbr Ha
Xepa e 3acBHAerencrByBaH orrte
.rpa
f opoueaqa (Tptucr<o), *L.qero ,,
HocH enHTeri.rre Buariie?\vn H Kvpie.t, Taw BepoflTHo e HMa/ro Hefiuo cee-
T'{aute.
Ky"rrrlr ua Xepa e 3acBHAereJrcrByBaH H npa c. flponaneuuqa
(PaAouapcro), KbAero rrr C.bulo Hoca erarera Iiup,"e.{ flpn' c.
pacsax
(6peanaurxo) B rvrecrHocrra Pa.ryHqa BeporrrHo e HMano
.cBerH.rHrrle, or
Koero ca HH H3BecrHH
ABe nocBeueHafl, eAHoro Ha 3eec lr Xepa c euHTeT
Zto'1r1voi5-.H apyroro ua Xepax'b/r c ennrer f)erce),qu1,t6i$ I-locseu{eHr.re Ha
3-eec n Xepa
!H
e r.{3BecrHo c.bu{o i.r or c. E.uareurraqa (paaorrrapcKo).,
Kyrrrr Ha Xepaxu e 3acBH;rere,,rcrBvBaH ou{e c o6pouna n,,roqra or
[i,ieIHuqa (Paeonarpcxo), K.bAero roii Hbcu engrera Ii6proE.B OceeH B cBe-
TlInHu{ero npH
L{ox.ltoscKoTo
6aaro Kynr6T Ha Ano.nou e 3acBHAere,rr-
crBVBaH H B 3eneua rpa.q (Tptuuro), xr4ero rofi Hocl.r enHrera K$prcE u
no3Harafl H or Apyra
qacTg
Ha Ea.rlxaHcxgr{ flgryocTpgB e[HTer Ta6riv6;
H e HilraJI xpaivr, KaKTo
jtLtLtH
oT ,calrltfl Har1nuc,1) a Ky.rtr.br Ha ApreuH.qa e
3acBHAererrcrBVBaH c o6pouua nr-'roqKa or c.
poplaHqn
(Epesuriurco), K.b-
Aero Tfl HocH c'bu{o enHTera Kupra.I0 EAnHcrBeHHsr naMerHHK Ha Kynra
ua Xe,riloc a Ce.neHe, HaMepeH
Aocera s 6r.:r raplr, npox3xoiKAa or fopHa
CexHpHa (Paaorrrnpcxo).rr Kyrmr Ha.,reKapcKoro 6oxelrso Xurux c enr{rer
li:tp[t e 3acBrAere/rcrByBaH npn MaHacrupa
,Ca. Hrarojran Ao c. flerqepa
(Palouupcr<o)
c eAHa nocraBKa or crarys'ua 6crauqra.r2 I,lsr.rex4a, qe
Ha
ToBa MflcTo e HMano cBerHnuule Ha neKapcKl{Te 6oxecrna, or Koero
flpoH3xoxAa BeposrHo H eAHa o5pouHa rlJroqKa Ha rpaKgficxas rcounar.t3
C IIo eAHH naMerHHK ca 3acBHAerencrByBaHH KynroBere Ha Hervregr,rAa
(c.7]e6enu .ryax-PaAoMHpcr(o)
c enarer 'ADpaoteia,tt na
,[.enerpa(c. Meutuqa
-
Pa,qorrrrpcxo)t; H Ky,,rrbr Ha [IepceQoua (,f,.paraueno-flurrrrrpo..no).,u' pi
,a
V76AV1, Vll, 1932/33, 383 c,r. 3a ro,r enarer sa Arro,ron ax. D e t s c ir e w, Die thr.
Sprachr., 34.
!
uBAl4, vll, 1932.33, 386. E.luH
SparveHr
(l4F.Avl, vll, 1932/3g, 3gs) aaia srs-
\toxHocr
Aa ce ron.brHH
[.
. .'t1rleiz, r. e.
.ie
H KvJrrtT Ha XHrHq e 3acrlnAel'excrB]'BaH
B TOBa CBeTlt,'l[tUIe.
3
l\1 nxafi;roa, I-Cyee, XLVIII, lgS2tSB,2.H, n. ll (n. 2SS); AEM, X, lgg6, 55.
:AP,
XXVII, 1933, 113, n. |
1n.
207).
5
Nl u .x a rt.rr o a, I-CyeO, xl\illl, 1852153, 216, n. 2l (n. 221),
:
I,16AA, VII, 19191!Q, .1
_ca.
(:SEC, III, SB2) (r,t. 220y.
i
VIBAyi, VII, 1932183, 420.
u
AEM, XVIII, 1894, i07, n. 6 (rt. 208\.
e
K,alinka,.n. 158 (n.229):KaqapoB, I-lpuuoc, Eg, n. 65, cpe. Detscheg,
IJie thr. Sprachr. , 487.
ro
146AA, V, 1915, 224 (n. 224).
11
E e u eB,'r H e B, n. 22 (n. 226),
12
AEM, XVIII,^-1891, lO7, n.7 (n. 210\.
rl
Mc6, VIII, 1892, 80, n. TB (n. 20g7.'
11 4EM,
XV, 1891, 95, n. i5'1n. 20,i1.
9raoa,
146Ar!,-lll, 1912,'48, obp. 36;cpa. orue f op6aHoB, Apxeororua,
CoSun, I, 1959, 3-{, 76 c.r.
16
E e rr o B;'r H e B, n. LL} (n. 2t7).
1,9
i . i{,;
1
'
llir'
li
,i
II
332
E. I-epoe
. teTe IvtecTa !t3r,rlexAa,
qe
e I{illa.'lo cBeTH,'IHIIta, I\'10;+(e 5n HeTOqHO
na
raq 6oxecrBa. Or /Ie6eau
JIaK Hllalle
r{aCT
oT pe,re$ Ha Mnrpa c ad:
-'THCKH ua4nuc,r a nocBeu{eHr{ero Ha I-lepce(toHa or /lparHueao e HaMe:
:Ho B eAHo o6pour,rqe, Nroxe 5u aurxquo cBe'rH"IIHIue Ha neKapcKl'lre
60-
,,rcrB3, 3? KaKBoTo 6oxecrno e 6uta noqrlraHa H [Iepc_eQoHa.2 Bepoarno
or c.buloro cBerpr"rrr{rrle rrpon3xo)fi.Ia [ocBellleHHero or f{parr'rveao, nanpi'-
:Ho or Jr6rle c reoQopaqHoro Hlte Apizrrlv,'r u rtocBetl{eHxero or L{lpreaj
,
Koero nocBerHTeirrrr Hocn ca,uo reo(topravHo HMe r\4itlv. llocleAxoto
HMe o H3BecrHo or MHTa 3a 3,'rarHHTe R6'suttttt, na3eHa or XecnepprAme.
3aeAHo c-bc 3Murrra (Apixoy), Korro B HtiKoH BepcHlI Ha MHTa HocH HMero
i}uv.i, Tun HMeHa 6,Uxa Mor.rrll
qpe3
eLHa flo-Aa.rreqHa acoqHaulfi !\a yKa3-
rr c-buro Ha K.y.,rra Ha ,rreKapcKHTe 6oxecrea.
-TeoQopuqHh
H'rlH ilo-cKopo
oT TOTeMHCTHqeH npoH3xoi{ ca HilteHaTa Ha 6at(ara H CHHa s o6pouHAn
HaAnHC or Eo6opaUu (n. 205). E.u.Hu o.lrap ot 3e.leHa rPa.( (Tp:Hcxo)
e
)CBeTeH Ha $sbg
"I'.fr,.5io-:, eAHH ptlJ,'bK KV,'IT B Tat{ O6'tIaCr.t; Of OKOJI'
)crra Ha c.bceAHoro ce",ro ,ilonuaua npoH3xoxAa H3BecrHoro nocBe-
rUeHr{e Ha SanctuS CasebonuS.; Tona 6oxecrao,
qpliiro
Ky.'lr e 3aCBH-
-?Te"IICTByBaH
,[,Ocefa CaIIO Ha TOBa MtiCTO, e CnOXyLL'IHBO CB'bp3aHO OT
j
eu:eS,'raeet C Ky"IITa Ha SanCtuS POrObOnuS B ABa
HaAIIHCa. eAaHHfl OT
1-n61fl,t'
Apyr.nrr or Paarpag, (Abrittus), ny6laryaaH. or Eeruee,,raeB Ha
roBa ,".rb. OcseH ilpH le6e,ru
.;laK H flp.nonUn (TplHcxo) h')','lrbT Ha
"
inrpa e 3acBHAere.rrcrB\/BaH ouie npa c. EocHer< (,{Hvrarpoacxo)r0
^
nP!.
i
pi4oro
(Tptuct(o).11 He.oaoro ilo-tut'lpoKo pa3rpocrpaHeHHe ule tps.9:-
Ba l,a
csrpxl, c BoeHHara r(apuepa Ha
qacr
or ceJICKoro nace.nenri0;
3a toea ronopn H JrarHHcKHflT e3HK Ha nocBelrleHnero or Le6e,'rn
,rar- flpn'
I pe6po (SfesHaruro) e HaMepeHa o.rIoBHa IIJIoqKa c uso6pa)KeHl4e Ha
i rxa uapeueHare ,,AyHaBCKH
KoHHHqH", eAHH cHHKperHqeH I(YJIT BepofiTHo
c H3TOqeH rrpoH3xoA H C e,'IeMeHTH OT KynTa ua Murpa.l2
Karo npeAHMHo ce,rICKa o6;ract, a KolTo He e HivIaJIo [o-ro"'IeMH IIeH'
loBe c fpaACr(H XHBOT, K\,'"rtT'bT Ha rpaxHficxnr KoHHHK TyK e 6ul no-
rHpoKo pa3[pocTpaHeH, OTKOJKOTO B IIO-Kynr]'pHHTe no-ru)+(HH
qacTH oT
-
,
cir-, III, 1+20731.
I
Coa. EeueBJIHeB, uHT.:lt.
s
l!tc5. XVIII, 1901, 78{, n. 9-{
- UUO. UUULOJIT
s
I!1c6, XVIII, 1901, 78+, n. 9't (n- 216).
{
Kalinka, n.219
Qt.2l5).
i
Cps. Scherling, RE,-X-ll (1921.1,385 ff'
r;
K-a I i n k a, n. 1 15 (n. 228).
;
CIL, III, 8256.--Dum.-Hom., ill-l, n. Lr tn' 230)' Tosa rlilre
3x rr,.'txvBaHero
MY
u Die ihrakischen
Ka.ctpovuv y Procop. aed., lV, 11. Cliuecrnyo{l B'b3lloxHocr
:Klr, cpB. /i,euet, Xapan<repncruxa ua rpaxtlficKH e3!lK, 33, 9:
peqeX C ll6lSaio'/tr)YJ fIULU-P'
'lcu"
lYl rr' vDuLLr,Jr
oi rpaxuficKlr, CpB. /i,euer, Xapan<repncTgxa ua rpaxllficKH e3LlK, 33, 93,
i"rr'.t i.. Zgt. i'as ,tsuox(Hocr ctuecTBlBfl H 3a HlteTo Ha 6oxecrsort
Sprachr., 23-1.
e cBbp3AHO oule or
3a Hlrero Ha 6oxecrgoro Porobonus.
'
8
6eureBJIHee, n. 111.
e
Laty sch ev, IOSPE, l,
!71.
10
I. Wel kow, Antidoron M. AbramiE, i, 1957, i63 ca'
11
|I-IM,
'1937'1939
(use. i940), 114
91.,
n.-10'
1:
K a u a p o a, VIBAM, l, l-92!'-22, 137 c':' 3a toq Ky'lr Bx'
u d o r, Cavalieri danubiani, ED, VII, 193i. 3a ny6'rltrauttare
Aailfiu L3c,teJ,BaHufl Blt(. M;raJ,eHoBa, klgcJe.laagufl B
l{ecr
,-o$ur, 1958, 545 c;t.
ocHoBHo'Io H3CneABaHe
Ea
c,Te.r, Hclo Ha HoBH Mare-
na Ara,lelrux A. !,euen'
lSi
_
IIpol'uBaHnR B'bpxy 3anarH:]paruflcrure 3eYI{ npe3
ry":io
BpeMe
_333
TepHTOpHflTa
Ha llaVra;rua. ortxAecTBrrBaHeTo Ha fp'bul(oTo 6oxecrao
Acx;renHfi
c rpaxuiicraa KoHHHK H noqHTaHero Ha KoHHaKa cJleAoBareflHo
KaTo r,IeKapcKo SoNecfso e 3acBH,itere,'ICTBvBaHo c o6pounu nnoqxn or
Joaua Iuxaris
(PaAonupcro)t H npu funnrpono
([lepHur<).2
fo6pycxll
rortvcKa,
qe
NIaHacrHpHiuero ,Cs. IIaHre"trefiiltoH" Ao l-lepHur, K'bAero ce
C'bxpaHsBa,IIa flOCJIeAHaTa n,'IOqKa, [peACTaBtl,'IO BepOrlTHO CBeTHi'IHlr(e ria AC-
K.'re[uft, [peB'bpHaTo no-K'bCHo B NIaHaCTHpHIIIe.:] Ky;rrr,r Ha rpaxuficxun
KoHHHK e 3acBHAere.rrcrBvBaH orrle npu [r;ioaAo,'I, neiuepa,
t{epaena
MofH.,'Id
u 6o6opauu (ParoMHpcr(o){ fi npH Colupaqa (EpesuHIIIKo).5 B HaAIIHCHTe
oT E;rosAoa ra Corapr.rua 5oxecrBoro Hoctl eflarera
'l$a;;:1t; (?), ctorBerHo
)xr.,nrl.l-
- -]|, Kolrro ce rrBfBar caivro Ha rHtI iltecra, a B HairnHca or 6o'
6OpaUr.r -- eTHHKOHa Iourwv),'r;t6;, KOfiTo e 3aCBHAeTe,rICTtsVIlaH H ApVraAe.';
Tos pa3Hoo6pa3eH pe.,'rHrao3eH xHBor c per,Ka H 3acBHAere,'ICTByBaHH
caNIO TVK KVJTOBe Ce A',bJ'l}KH Ha Bp-b3KHTe, KOHTO e noAA'bpiKa"lo Hace-
,reHHero c no-Aa.reqHH r(paHtqa Ha HNrnepuflTa
qpe3
cJlyx5ara n-be noil-
criara H no Ap)'rH HaqHHH, KariTo H Ao r-oJIflIIa CTeileH Ha pa3pa6orBaHero
Ha pyAr.rre. Ocaeu cnoNreHarur no-rope paHHoxpHCTHTHCKH xpalt or Cry-
ACHA C.TCAH HA XPIICTHflHCT(H I{,VJ'IT B HAAiIHCI4 VilIN AP}'TH NAIVICTHHIIH HC
ca lr3BecrHH Aocera or Hair-ropHoro reLIeHHe aa crpyua.
Ma,,txo ca .itaHHHTe, rto KoHTo ]roiKeM .r,a cT,AHilt 3a opraHH3auHttra Ha
pe;lHrxo3HHrr )hHBor. EcrecreeHo roii e 6a;r crcpenoroqeH B cBerH,{HLua,
ri'bAero norpafi Ky,'rra Ha f.raBHOTo 6oxecrBo HflH r/IaBHnre 6oxecrna ca
ce HacJroH.'rH c'bo6pa3Ho c
S1'uxuHHTe
Ha cBerH.rlaurara v fiopatrH cHHI(pe-
TH3Ma npe3 TAfl en0xa Ky.lTOBe U Ha ApJ-rH 6oxecrsa. Tuq cBeTH"IH[la
ca nonvqHrH rrpe3 BTopara no,'roBHHa ua II ra rJraBHo npe3 III n. noAxo-
AflrrIH xpavrone.- 3a rar'bB xpalr ce roBopa B HaArHCa or 3eleua rPaA.i
Te ca 6wnu yKpaceHr.r cbc craryn, onraplr n pe,reQna o6pounu rrotiKll.
tr4apavuo yKa3aHHe 3a crarvu rrrlralre rrpH nocBerlleHVflTa or c. [Ieruepa
(Paaouapcro)s H or lparaueao
(f,aivrarpoBcl.io),e 3a o.rrapr- R HaAnHCa or
fopua CexnpHa,l0 a 3a peneQHH H3oSpaxeHlrr-Br,B BcHqKH oCTBHsr'lH c.'l]'-
qav.
XpeuHre R TLlr cBerrr.rrarr{a ca HH TBbpAe cnaSo [pe/tcraBeHl't B
HaAnHCHTe
-
e.r,HH xpeq B HaAIHC or Pacnax (EpeannurKo).t'
AAltrHacrparHBHHflT u o6u{ecrseHHrrr xhBor e cna6o noeHar. B Ha.[-
nHC or Pacultxt2 ce roBopu 3a eAHo JIHue, Koero e 6ano caHAHK'L:t l{s e
'*k
a z- a r ou', Thr. R., n. 247 (n. 202\.
2
Kitz a ro w, Thr. R., n. 7-18 (rt. 212).
:r
Ai,IHiVl,9l, n. 132. IIolo6Ho ctsr,p3BaHe Ha upbKBHIue ,,Ct;. Ilaure,reiiltou" c K]'.lra
tilt Acxrenr4!"r nlraMe npr.r 6arxi'n ([Ia:ap,lxur:lcxo).
I
Kaza row, ftrr. R.,-n. 275 (n. 2ll); Mc6, VIII, 1892, 80, n. 73 (rt. 209); Ka-
zaro u', Thr. R., n. 117 {n.206);
Kalinka, n.202 (n.205'1.
i'
K a z a r o \\', Thr. R., n. 894 (n. 225\.
{iDetschew,
[)ie thr. Sprac]rr., 46E.
7
Kalinka, n. 158 (n. 2291.
s
AEM, XVil, 189+, i07, n. 7 (rt. 210t.'
r)BeureBJHeB,
11. ll0 tn. 2171.
ro
6errleBrrHeB. n. 22 (n. 226).
11
I,IEAL VII, 1919 20,
.i
c;r.:SEG, III, 532 (n. 220).
1:
Muxafi;toe, I-CVQ@, XLVIil, 1952,53,2'16, n.21 (n.2211.
13
3a tas ,ir;TlxHoCr Br{. ro-rope crp. 262(110) c;r.
,-
j34
E. l-epoa
182
183 I-lpoyunaHu,{ Bspxy 3ana.x,Horpaxuficxure 3eMr.l npe3 pHillcKo BpeMe 335
cKo npaBo Ha BoijrHuuure r\ry. IOpna,uuecKoro oQopuaeaHe Ha ,IIerHoHa e
cTaHano ua T Nrapr 7A r., Koraro ca 6u;tu ocBo6oAeHH H HeroAHHTe 3a
ro-rraTaT'b1I]Ha
BOeHHa c;ryx6a.r l-lpecrotiBaHeTo Ha I.ylec
B pHilICKaTa
noiicxa eABa ,Ipr e 6wno npoarrxuTerrHo. C.rueA yBoJiHeHHero cil rol'i ce e
3aBa,pHan B Tpaxun H Ce HaCTaHH.iI Aa xgBee xpafi $peaultx' K-bAeTO e
HavrppeHa AHrr.r'rOrvr2Tz
lr)'. TOii e 3a[a3H,n rpaxufiCKOTO HIue, aKO H Aa e
6a;r aeqe palICKu rpalKAaHHH, u e 6a,r norpeSaH ilO rpaxulicxl't O6Hqafi
ts Morura. Iy;rec
ripHHs.(;'relxa K'bilr oHan KarefopHs BerepaHi4., KoHTo cneA
3aBp-brr{aHero cr.r B Tpaxun ca 6ymt nor.,'t'bu{aHH or rpal(Hlicxara cpeAa,
KoflTo oco6euo npes I e. e 6una uafi-ua,rxo noAarJlaBa Ha poIlaHH3HpaHe.
MectouaxoxAeHHero
Ha rarr AHn,rroMa noBAHra B'bnpoca 3a n,'IeMeHHara
npgHaAnexHocr Ha rpaxnficxoro HaceJ''IeHHe a BpeaHuuKo. HHe cMe no-
CKJTOHHH Aa npHelvleM, ue lylec
ce e 3?B'bpH3;1 B pOAHOTO Ca MfcTo' oT-
Ko'{Koro
qe
e 6arr HacraHeH 3aeAHo c Ap},'rH BerepaHH Ha roBa Mflcro
Karo ro.nonuct.r llo-rope BHjl rxNle'
qc
EpesHaurxo IIpHHz'{'I)t{H K'bM
O6,raCrra, KOqTO e Sltaa'O6ntaeaHa OT arpHaHHTe, AaHHHTe
3a UerpaxNfi-
cKHs npou3xoA Ha KoHTo ca rroBeqe, orKonxoro 3a rexHHx rpaxHficxu
npora*bl. I,llreHara B HaAnHCHre oT Hari-ropuoro TeqeHHe na Crpyua
rrpe3 HM[eparopcKara enoxa odaqe ue notia3Bar Apyr erHHqecKH eJIeMeHT
or rv3elreH npoH3xoA ocBeH rpaxaficxur. Tona o6croqre,rlcrBo IIpaBH Be-
poflTHa re3ara sa TouaureK:l 3a HauecrBeHHqecKHtt xapaKTep Ha IL'leMero
afpua1 /., KOHTO, H3TOUIeHH Or r]OCTOTTHHHTe peF(pyTH npe3 e.IIIIHHCTHqe-
CKaTa eiloxa, a BepoqTHo H or Ko,'IoHH3aUHn Ha kl3ToK, H3qe3Ha.'Ir'r 6ea-
C.rreAHo, KoraTo ce HaAHfHan rvreCTHHflT rpaxuiicrH e/IeMeHT, xoiirO norbd'I-
Hafl H acHMHnHpaJr rexHHTe ocrarrqu. O6croflTeitcrBoro, ve
fiy.rrec
e o3ua-
qeH
B AanaoMaTa
Karo 6ec, He rpr6na Aa
HH H3HeHaABa. OuIe e nPeq-
pnrvrcKara enoxa [,'IeMeHHoro HMe 6eu-r e 3a[oqHa.7lo Aa ce HaJIara HaA
HlleHara Ha no-Ma,'IKHTe rpaxuficrlr n"'IeMeHa, HflKoH or KoHTo ca ce cMfl-
TaJrH 3a K,,roHoBe ua 6ecare. B 3anatna Tparan flocrefieHHo ro e H3ilIe-
crH.rro Ap)'rHTe rrJrelreHHH HivreHa H npe3 HNlneparopcKara enoxa H oco6eHo
[pe3 KlrcHara aHTHqHocr c 6eclr ce o3HaqaBar BcHt]KH TpaKH or 3anaAHo-
rpaxuficxHre 3entt.t
Axo npra ,[-\,,rec
BCe orr(e He ivrox(eNr Aa roBopHM 3a poNIaHH3HpaH
TpaKl.ieq B'b[pet-(H HeroBaTa c,'r,r-x6a B pHMCKaTa eoficra, Beqe npe3 BTO-
l
Ritierlins, IlE, KII, 1"147 ff., cl,ulo CIL, xVI, 10;Forni, ttur. clrr.,
crp. 67, 217. Hape,l c uoiiuuuurr or rlrolaTa r Paaesa ca 6tl;tu llpHerH tl soiluuur or
Srotala
a Mr.{:}eri.
2
[,luero.il1'rec e xapa6repgo 3a k]ro3arraJ.Hnre rpaxur'lcxnseltu.Cpa. Detschetr',
ilHT. C'bti., l5'l i. CJvqaHr B ,lHtlJOlliiTa or 6pe:Hux e Hafi-cerepuhqr' I'lltero Ha 6a-
ruara Aaryc c-bruo e:r,rexi.ta xapa6repHo 3a Klro3anarHHre tpaxttficxn serlu. O6crotrex-
crBoro,,re lrernNrA or cBn;tere.trre rrporisxo/+i.Ier or Qn,lnnit, toBopu lltoxe 6n 3a llo-rcxeH
rrpog3xo-I ua.{1',rec
--
or \tecra, c't,L'e;tH}l c Qu,runtt. B'r'e scexH c;1'ual'i B'brlpoc't,T t,Locra
c.rlox{eH, 3a Ia }lo;'{ie :l.a cc pelllH llpH THr{ IaHHH OKOHqare.',IHo'
3'l'omaschel<,
Zur'Kuncle'cler Hrimushalbin,sel, I, 1882, 15;Die alten Thraker,
I, 1893, 23.
I
Monlmsen, Cesantmelte Schriften, V,-108,VI,51 ; KluapoB, l'll',If, VI, 192J,
il9. Or l,t3x63aHero Ha CrarI.IttTe na Nltlrt:eu u Kartapots HetIpeCTaHHo HapaCTBaluuflT CIIH-
rpaQcxN lrarepHa.'l noru'bp)+(.I:ltsa ulxHoro cxBaluaHe.
RCH6 or HaAnHCa ,,ailu
JIHUeT6 e 6n.no cHHAHK Ha HsKofi rpal (l-layraaa4
Cep.Uaxa) wnn n'bK Ha KyaTgBl Ko.'IerHs. B uaAnuca ot l4anop (Spesnuurrolt
re
qere Moir(e
-A:"
6
'xo),itiag.
Aro
qereuero e BqpHo, 6axrvre Mornll
Aa
rpHeMeM,
qe
TyK HMa cnyqafi Ha HnKaKBa KO,rIerHf' BOeHHa HIIH n',bK B.5B
Bp.b3Ka c.bc cTo[aHHCBaHeTO
Ha HflKaKBO HMIIepaTopcKo
I',lMeHHe'z 'i
Tas
qacr
;;-ip;;; n- e 6lilao6aranana
npe,II,HMI{o or cexcKo rpaKHficKo
lacereHr4e. ToBa JrHqH or
Qaxra,
qe
B'bnpeKH nO-HHCKOTO KyJITypHo HHBO Ha
tpaKHTe, oTKOIKOTO Ha ApyrHTe
ErHHqecrn ejlelr{HTH
H3UflJIO TpaKHftcl(l'lTe
HMeHa 3aeAHo c
lpargfiixure
HMeHa B poMaHH3HpaHH I,t"lH elHHH3HpaHH
:eMefiCTBa Ce flBflBaT B HaAnHCHTe OT rafr O6ilaCT Hafi-qecTo' C ugUs'rtO
'
rpar(HftcK, ,*un, io o6HrHoseHo
noqBerHTengTe
Ha o6poqHa r'tot{Kg Ha
rpar(HricKHg KOHHHK H Ha HrKOH npyrn
6OXecrea,3 KaKTO H HflKOH JIHqa,
r{oHTO Ce flBrrBaT B Apyr
BHA na}leTHHUU.r Karcro cMe H3T'bKBa'','In u IPY'
raAe, nOCBeUIeHHqTa,
KOHTO Ca Ha fp'bLllig, He MOfaT la 6'al'aT CMflTaHH
3a AOKa3aTeJICTBO,
qe
JIHUaTa Ca 6unu e'lHHH3Hp-aHLt
HJ1H B npOUeC Ha eJIH'
"rarqr".
3a eJrHHH3HpaHe
Ha TpaKHfiCf(H ceMeficTBa 6uxue MorJiH Aa fO-
BOpHM B C,,IyqaHTe, KOTaTO Te H3OCTaBrIT n'ilelleHHuf' CH O6ra'{afi Ha flOfpe-
6eHne B MOTHJIH H 3apaBnT MbpTBHTe CH ilO rp6KO-pHMCKHfl
O6H'Iafi C HaA-
rp66eH rpaUI(H uaenac. C HsUqIO TpaKHfiCKH HMeHa HMaMe e'lLHo TaKOBa
c[l,teficreo.6 Brs BTopH eAHH c'{vqafi
qereHero Ha LIMeHara He e c'bBCeM
;;;y.;;;,, . , rpern eAHH cnyyl e.'rHHH3HpaHero
Ha cevreficrBoro Jlrqu
or rp.briKoro HMe Ha A'bruepari.;
Taa c,ryu at4 npv1a.AvlelKzT
H2 lll s' Oue
.arn'cxyqarl
Ha BeporrHo ent4Hn3ilpaH TpaKHeIl (rvroxe 6n ocnuoBeH or
rp'UKo ceMefi;oy,'*rarr,e
B o6poqH,f, I{aAr;C
'Ha
Anolos or 3ene'n rpal!8
- r
Hafi-panH,flT
nHcMeH .u,oI(yMeHT
Ha rpaKHeII B Ta'I
qacr
or TepI{To-
pHflTa Ha [7ay'tanun
e BOeHHaTa AHn'IoMa
ua !,y''rec'
cHH Ha ,.('aryC'
tir
nneMero 6ecrrri *ofro e 6n.n ocBo6o,[.eH nopaAH HHBaJIHAHOCT
(causarius)
'ii
Z
-*rp,
ZO r. or II noMotueH JIerHoH vr e noxyt{H.rl ,roqerHo
yBon,e-
HHe. (hOneSta miSSio) C BCfir{KH npaBa, KOHro npog-3Tgqar
oT HerO' Be'
poflrHo roii e a'^i"-'ri'c.rrvx6a
B, p,lvrcKara BoeHHa
Qnora
c 6aea a Mil-
3eH, K,bAeTO Ca cnyx{e,'IH npe3 I B. 3HaqI{Ted'IeH 6poir HefoBI{ C',biuleMeH'
HHTIH. tlpH ua6yxniue
Ha ipaxfaHcKara
BofiHa cneA AerpoHnpaHeTo-H
,v6uficrnoro
,u-ff.pon
Pnotuiu
e PaaeHa
_B3eJIa
orKpuro^ oilIe or caMoTo
Haqa.,ro .rpunutu ,u 6l4eufun HMneparop BecnacuaH' C''leA npHI(lTT:-
HSTO ,, apu*a2nanrt,
BOfiHa BecnaCnaH HarpaAVIt Tur. MOpnUH' KaTO OO'
pa3yBan oT rsx II noMo11ieH JIerHoH H eCTeCTBeHo AaJI
pHMCKO rpaXAaH-
1
Ee ur eB,,r HeB, n. 33
ft.
223).
r
cpe. vl;Ai,-xit, tgas-^zgt.S,i : AM,-xx!r.].99.6'
101' n' 6 (
'RA'
IL 316, n. l3i) ; is{vt,'V,-rbzgiig,379(:'Eos,xxxll'
1929' l{3 c,r.) ; 6.
y'-{BaHHq B'bpxy no3eM"IeHHTe orHouenus' 33'
:j
K a z at o;;-til;:- R.' ;' 247 (rt' 2021, n' 275 (n' 2ll) ; 6 e ru e
(n. 226).
I
vle. B e a x o a, Antidoron M. Abramii, I, 1957, 163 (rz' 2l9a); cll,
i
6etueBrI'teB' n. 3 (n' 232)'
(;
EeutBrHeB,
n' 33' (n' 22'll'
7
Hetty6,ruKyBaH
(n' 210a7'
-^.
s
Kaiint<a, n. 158 (n.229\.
e
CII-, XVI, 10 (tt' 222)'
1904, I, 20 cn',
I-epon,
[lPo'
Bi'lHeS,n'22
VI, 10 (n.222)'
-
336
185
B. I-epoa
rTa no,'roBHHa Ha II a npe3 III n. Hlralre AaHHH 3a poMaHH3HpaHeTo
tra
TpaKHTe H 3a npoHHKBaHerO Ha [IO-CH,]HO pHMCKO BJIHflHHe I{ pHMCKH
eT-
HHqecKH eneMeHT no nafi-ropHoro reqeHHe Ha Crpyua. 3ac.rryNaBa
Aa ce
'6enexi,r, qe
6poxr Ha polraHHavpaHHTe rpaKH, KoHTo A'bn)+(ar poMagr,t3y;
r Har,i-neqe Ha noiicrata, cpaBHrrre"IlHo He e ualtx. Te ce flBflBaT c BM-
flepaTopcr(H feHTpI.rIHH HNleHa H rparnircxoro c[I HMe Karo KorHoMeH
tlJII{
c pHMCr(o r{Me npH rpaxaficrco HNre Ha 6au{ara Hilpt odparnoro.t
O6croqrer'rcrBoro, e BCI4qKH Te ce flBflBar B rp'buKa o6pounr na4-
rcu, He rpn6ea aa HH crvryrr{aBa, KaKTo BrIArxMe Ber{e. B eAuH cayuafi
(n. 206) 6atlara HocH DHlrcKo HlIe, .foKaro cnH'br HocH rparuficro. Toaa
-lKa3Ba,
qe
H B poMaHr43r.rpa[(H ce rpaxuficrca
Qarvrurua
Tpar(r4I?Cr(HTe
,teHa IIpOA'bJI)KaBaT Aa Ce flBflBaT H B'bB RTOpO IOKOJ'IeHHe. B Apyr Cny-
,Jii (n. 205) 6at\ara HocH prINICKo, a cHH'br rpbrrro HMe.
Punacxoro B,,rHflHHe r)'K ce pa3KpHBa H B flpnc'bcrBnero Ha ceMeficTBa
H3UrrXO prrMCKA HrreHa, H To B CpaBHHTenHO HeMa,'r',bK 6pOfi CnygaH,
IKTO H C HA.'IHqHETO HA /IATHHCKH HAXTPO6HA H O6POUHU HAAIIHCH. I-IO
rrpoH3XOA TOBa HaCeJeHHe e MOr,lO Aa 6Ue HflrI'br'IHO pOMaHH3HpaHH rtpe3
BoficKara rpaKn, Ho ecrecrBeHo raKHBa ce,r4eticrsa Cd iltofr'IH Aa npoHI.rK-
lr ryK H oT ceBep s 3anaA or
f,o.rua
lr I-opHa MHsprg KaTo ra,pfoBqH,
rHarrqua H 3eMeBira,a,e.Trrn. KeaprapvBarrrara B oKo,,rHocrra Ha fr.ur6uux
(Mycn6efi) uacr or pHMcI(a Koxopra e 6una c'bttto Macro, orFc'bAero ce e
Da3npocTpaHfBa,rro
pHilrcKo B,lHrrHHe. or Tafl
qacT
Ha Tpaxun ca HH Il3-
]crHH TpH JTaTHHCKH HagrpO5Hn HaAnHCa Ha nHrla C H3(frrO prrMCKH
vreHa. Hari-paueH, BeporrHo [pLIHaAneiKau Ha n'bpBara noJroBuua na II o.,
e HaAnHC'br or Kpaneqz ua ceMeficrso, B Koero H M'b)K'br, H xenara unadt
n{.IMCKLI
HMeHa, Karo M'b)K'br HMa eAHo oT peAr(HTe ura,ruficxH TeHTnJIHH
MeHa, Koero corra Ha HTailHftcr<w npoa3xoA Ha caMHf Hero H.rrH Ha poAH-
-
lr'rHre My. Moxe 6u HMaMe cryuafi na BerepaH HilH cHH Ha BeTepaH.
Harrnnctr o6aqe He AaBa HHKaKBH AaHHH 3a HeroBoro cor{Ha.{Ho nono-
'-:eHHe.
Bnxtre Mor,rIH ,4a npeAnoJroxa\r,
qe
ce Kacae 3a 3elteBraAerqecxa
aMwitwfl, Korro ryr( e HilraJra cBoffTa 3elrs. Bropum HaAnHC, or 3e.nenu
, paA (Tprucro),3 e uraurxo rro-K'bceH, or BTopara no,'roBxHa Ha II HirH or
Haqa,rroro ua III a. Ilpe6aBaBaHero Ha rar pHMCKa
Savwnwt,
trpH Korrro pLIM-
it{Te HMeHa Ha M'b)r(a rr )KeHaTa coqaT BeporrrHo Ha npoBHHrIHaneH ilpoH3'
oA, Moxe 6w e B-bB Bp'b3r(a c MHTHHqecKara craHuHfl, 3a r(oero roBo-
puxMe no-rope, H.rrH c paapa6orBaHero Ha pyAHTe. Tperurr HaArrHc,
Qpat'
rlreHT BeporITHo or ua4rpo6eH HalIttHC, or c. Eycenqa (TprHcrco)t lasa
Me, Koero H3r"-'relxAa, He npnHaA,'rexn K'bM peAr(HTe uranufict<u HilteHa.
yK rr1e orHeceN.{ H HMrreparopcKafl po6 Felicissimus, xoliro npa Kapawata
(2ll
_217
r.) e 6un no BCqKa BeposrHocr HMneparopcr{H
qHHoBHHK no
c'b6rpaHero Ha MHTara H B ToBa cn KaqecrBo e HanpaBr4.rl flocBeureHl{e
l-lpoyuaaunn Brpxy .*_n1rrn]!-1-tfi:y]. 3e]ta npe3 pu:tcKo
]Peue ?_3f
sa Sanctus Ca-sebonus rrpu c. Iloruuuqa (Tpr,Hcxo).1 Oruocso nfleMeHultfl
ilpot{3xoA Ha rorr po6 HflNra}re natlu. Oparvreuta or JIarr.tHCKH
'fla\fiLtcu,
BepoxrHo o6pouHH, HH ca 3ana3eHu eALIH or cBertt.'IHlrlero npa
l-lox,'IboB-
cKoro 6.taro: u Ap,\'r or
[e5e.rn
,IIaK Bbpxy peae{r Ha Murpa.'} I-Ioc.leA-
HHrr e 6u,'t ndcnereu BepofiTr-ro or BoeHHo euue, rrii Karo KyJ'trlbr Ha
.\lrarpa e 5u,t paanpocrpaHeH rrpe,lalrHo cpe.u, noricxara. EeuH ualrpo6eu
Ha.r,iti4c or c. Haaop (Epeauauxo,yr npeACTaBri crpaHHa cMecuua Ha JIa-
rirHCKH H rp'buriu eniarpa$cxu
Qoplry,ru.
Ocnen B narHHCKtr Ha.[,rpo5urr HaAnHCr.r nur{a c H3irs,'Io pHMcKI'I I{MeHa
ce cperrlar H R o6povna rp'r)rrrirl Harnnca." T)'tt, Kar(To Beqe Ka3axtvle,
rp'bur(HflT e3HK He e rexHHflT roilopaM e3fiK. fleperplrua.'IHnflT HaqHH Ha
HueHyBaHe B ABa Crvqaq
(,n.
n. 208,2101, K'bXero JIHI{ara
pl3t-nexAa, qe
ca
6parst, IIoKa3Ila,
qe
re Hflr,Iar pHMCKo rpa;+(ilaHcKo npaBo. B rpa nocBe-
rrteHHfl Ha 6oxecrBa or
{parrrqeBo
u L{rprea (I.unarpoecro) n or fopHa
Cexnpua (Palonapcxo)'r 6airurre HocflT pHNrcKi4 HNreHa, a cltHoBere rp'btlKH,
n n'bpBHTe ABa c.rr,\'riaff reoQopuuarr. Beponrno ce Kacae 3a poNIaHH3HpaHll
rpaxaiicxrr
Qarnr.,rr,rr.r,
B KoHTo rp'brlr(oro B.rr{rrHHe B n'bDBI4Te ABa
cJlyqaf
e
j1ou.'ro no pe,'IHrHo3eH fI'bT
qpe3
flo\{eHaToro no-fope cBeTH.'IHttle IIpH
l{rpr<sa. Tpaxur.icKusr rrpor{3xolt Ha rperoro celreiicrao ilHqr4 or c'brlp}'-
rara, Korrro HocH rpaxuircxo HMe. Beponrno c plrl,rcKo rltvtneparopcKo reH-
TH.:IHO HMC H fP'bUT(H KO|HO}ICH, CJIEAOBATCNHO
PONIAHTI3HPAH
TP'bK, C OH,'I
riair(ara. xoi.iro e H3rr.rrHa"r uaS,rpo6eH Ha/lnr.rc Ha caHa cH npH Lllpxaa
({arvrnrpoacr<o).i Hai'r-cerHe pHNlcKoro BJHfiHrre ce npoflBrBa H B .4arHpa-
Hero no KoHC),,rr{,8 Heu1o, Koero BnpoqeM e H3BecrHo H or Apyrr
Mecra
n Tpaxraa.r)
Brnpexu per.xurenHoro HaAMorrri.re Ha rp'buKu e3LIK B enurpaQnxara
Ha Tas
rlacT
OT Tpaxnr r.r3Uf"TrO rp.bUKHTe HIreHa Ca peAKH H ca AaAeHH
no raK'bB HaqrrH,
rre
HHe He 3Haerlr Aa,rll Te He ca 6nru npu,{pyx(eHn or
Hr{KaKRo Ap}'ro Hrre.t') Tpaxlrre r,vK, KoHTo Hect,.',{HeHo ca c'bcraBr.'In oc'
IloBHara Maca Ha ce,'icKoro Hace,reHl,Ie, ca 6uxt H3.To*(eHH IIo-cH,'IHo I{a
pHilrcKo BJrHrrHHe, Koero e 6lr.ro no-rpairuo Ll e 3acerHa,'Io no-r,'b.'I6oxo
e3HKa Lr C'b3HaHHeTO trvr H B Hpafl Ha aHTHr{HOCTTa e AOBe"IO ,4O TqXHOTO
por'.raHu3rrparre. Hanporun, rp,rrlr{oro B,rHflHLIe r}'i{, Koero e HABaJIO or
-i
cru iri, 8256 1n. 2,30).
2
BerueBxreB. n. 104.
3
CIL, III, 142t]7:l'.
{
6eruer},tHeB, n. 3,3 (n.223).
'
AEI'I, XV, 1891. 95, n. 15 (n. 2041: AENI. X\Illl, 1891, 10i. n.6 (n. 208); AEM,
\VIII, 1E9+, 107, n.7 (n.2l0l;Kazarow, Thr. R.,n.748(?) (n.212); !'16A,1'\:,
1915, 224 (n. 221'1; Ii a ii n k a, n. l15 (n. 2281.
6
Kalinka, n. 219(n.215); r\1c6, XVIII, 1901, 781, n.94 (n.2161;6erueBirHeB,
n.22 (n. 226t.
;
AEll, X\,', 1E91, 93, n. 8 (n. 2lJ).
s
Kalin ka, n. 108 (n. 214\.
e
6. i-e po B, ,ilexcararsure B3aHMoorHoLueHHfl, fcyLIOQ, XLIII, 19+6117,118 c;r.
r0
Mc5, VIII, 1892.80, n.79 (.n.209). 6eu.reBTHeB, n. i10 (rz' 217); Muxail-
;r o e, ['CYQrJr, XI-VIII, 195215;], ll16, rr. 2L (n. 2211.
22 p94n,,,*xx rra rlrn"ro,rorirrreciiHfl
4)aKv,r're't
#
4
iil
1l &J
g
.:
l,
!
ri
1Ao6p)'cxu,
AI,IHM, 156, n. 2t)6 (n.203): Kazaro\\', Thr. R., n.
AB, XXVIII, 1933, 113, n. I (rt.2071; tr46Ail, \'ll, l9l9/20, -1 c.r., SEG, III,
2
CIL, III, 1l407
Qt.
219).
:f
Mc6, XVIII, 1901, 784, n.95 (rt. 227\.
I
E e ru eB,'r Hes,'l0, za6. 7 (n. 231).
117 (n.2AOi
532 @. 22ob
II
at:
6. fepoa
lEt*.
----------*-::,
rtrl )Bere, r,rIaBHo [layratwn y CepANxa, H or cBerrrnuruzlrz, KoHTo
6a
n.:i orpaHo eilHHLBHpaHH, e 6uno noB'bDXHocrHo H He e Mor/ro
a, npo-
HKHe B 6wra a e3uKa Ha cercKoro Hace.'reHae. IloeraqecKnTe oIHTH
Ha
)Ti":H e3HK TyK [pHHa.X,,1e,'fiaT BepOflTHO Ha nOCBeTHTe,riLr OT C[oMeHa_
rrd rpaAoBe.t
i
.ja Bp'b3KHTe Ha Hace.rreHr{ero or Hafr-ropuoro reqeHae Ha Crpyua
c
pyrHTe
qacrH
Ha Ea,ryxaHcrafl no.I\'ocrpoB H Ha Puycrara HNrnepHrr
ro-
)pl t4 pa3npocrpaHeHHero Ha HflKor-t K\',]roBe. Ky;rrtr ua Apollon
Ta-
anl
,
xolito e 3acR_HAerercrevBaH a 3e.reHrr r-paA, ce cperrla orlte B HaA-
rrc'a or c. I,{anop- (flrrr6o;rcro) H or ;]allraqaq.l EnHrerbr Ab\apxr,vdE
Ha
abE \I6'1aE u sa AnoroH ce cpeu(a ocBeH B HaArnc or cBerHxtrr{eTo
npfi
ol )OBCKoT0 6,tarO, Oute B HaAnHCH or .fulapULIaHoIIo,'r, []poeafHa, KaD-
16l (llo.rlnnoBrpaA) u C"rapa 3aropa.'r Kr'.rroaere Ha &Iarpa, Ha Sanctus
asebonus H ua &ebg
"l',J1ro:c3
cBu;TerencrBvBar 3a rro-,ua.reqHpr Bp'b3KH.
(Cneana IV. Cep4uxa H repuroprdnra n)
_l
n"r"BJIHeB, n.
Detschew, Die
Detschew, unr.
110 (n. 2171 , n. 22 (n. 226y.
thr. Sprachr., 487.
ct,{., 34.
EII,I| PAOCKA VT TEI.iCTOBA
TOKY,\IEHTA L]VIfl
l. EnHI-PAACI{H
TIOK,',IIEHTH'
l. CaHeaHCKr.r (Ce. Bpav), D. D e ts c h e w,OJh, XLI,
IIV, 479, cf. Bull.
_ep.,
1g5fi, n. 15g); J. H. O l'i v e i,
195E, 52 sqq.
-
t58 r.
. ,
t-
- -]
[xotlovi,ta').o'-') oi
llt'tot -
ii,3- i.'tr\xot;lE(?) xa;i ro,)g v6pougJ ,
t"'\.1tlo,tE
.0;:ip
;-i,s
.-ybpe:,
cno:e a ih.rnor
'0"[ij"i,i,t
io_
,r, ti1 a,, *Lt
7,0_5).<ts't
xe)" d?^{,t.ra,i.if,,u)r, i o?-tn c[ilx[sla x:)ip.ad isr,"y ;oio!:oy :e]eire. ei rr
i;l;:
ypa!r,=lec|'r). nepi rc,'.t ioo, d.:Zi,l'z;i..t
',Le"
a d.;;i,t ic:;:t y.t6tte; [pa; iv
::[,r.fs:. 'o'tty-tLtpiit
upsi',, xzi rc'r,; o.i,p.ec:t
_ioiE
iis,r$[ip,e]rE i
[ar.]*, /?o,,ta;r
.pepo,
E,:dLes'-'t dr,'tip;c'i.ixicttp.ix,;,iz),si,t',
livz)xei
=o=t:c.r'i-/ti,r,
i.riE ri, dye,ixaic,
i:o'"ls.c't
.n6.rc't. .
Ip]o,t
).sutei ;,"17"oi1xc.t=a
.ttpsl,t
lotacev,'bc1ot.9 bi'
.d*rrrog,
ir:rri-
xtc[z;
'Ar=rzzE,
i'ta inb piv :oi. ps76$eu;
y.r,g
_poviqg
;(ir,rire-spsrv xi,oo^16vr,-
:2., i;c Ee fit't
7-pr,p.*:w,t, i. Ehoo,to:t,, -.rtic;ro;. ot'-i.,iex:r;p,ito; no;, dfrlrt,
5rxzo.ti':a)oe')
-t;
d.pTors;
.r.rbE
*; Etxa3 xai i*nxo,rr4 **li g*iyorrlg
,ii|,
i,:aLxcoi.uv
_';'e'nilx,ovta
Drpe-rirttt. dr,o6c peuo.l
-lqp,6eE llo)op6,vo'u-
'*oi
Kp'ioii;
'Io.oxort,
a(; v i'gbl.o.t Do,$l1to,.
1i-
p.i ngoit-a bi;,o74vror.'e0:u1eire,.i e^1{iirf
""i i:6$4
.
r,c),ireg7.o'tti.r.v trir.i ;:s
.ri
Oic;,,tpio.t lt,.tggor.'irorg $.p,.^
A'.'qyt64 w fla,nzpovos
.ca
rp'brKu HMeHa,' B e c h t e l, 1
?g,
360. Iluppog e
rpaxafiCr<o ur,re, Detsche,,v,387.
cnopea
fieuea
Tooxov:Tusci
i.'rir.
cI'le cK'rloHHII ra BHlKrarle a Tooxog rpaxarltcxo I{Me, He3acB}i.{ere.{crByBaHo
-ipvraAe. Oiil,i.vto; u [ipicaoE ca purrcxrr r{r,{eHa, fl.bpBoro reHrH,,rHo, BTo-
poTo KofHolleH.
I a. CaHtaucxa (Cn.
Bpav), rpercrorrqa ny6.ryiiraqafl or B. Benxon n
]16414,
XXIV. Bpeivrero ua Kapai<i;ta (21
1-2 17 r.).
; ]
[:-1,
Ilev:hexo;
[---'Alvioveivcu'{---l $,em'.{v:ovei[vou --- x)ei]eo5
!'?z.tt't','t
l,-:
-] ,,
[-
--] vc; ;Q xo:te to)v
i-
;
-l :i;v
1.tiv
rpo$'rl,p.to'i - - -]rlrrc
a.i-
lziflz: 5q,!r.\i,
[-
- -]r ov iYopit eit;oi;;1- - -1r,r ,,,r!p
,il
i i-
-i.
I 95,1,1 lOff. (: sEG,
AJPh, LXXIX, 1
Bpau), HbAn, XIII, I
gilg,
190 c.T., cpB. AJA,
I
Iloltcp;trti FIil Hl:-t IL4c;41'e ca -La.1eHIr e.ra6e.tcxKH're Kbrlr r,t3xoxcHHero c K)'purB a cro6H.
340_ I-epoo
&Il,Ntr H )r:eHara, aKo lr ra Hoc,qr Karo Hl,rena pHMCKH
nC Ca pHMCKH rpalKAaHrr.
ls9 [lp0v,raarrilrr B],px!y' 3llIlaJrroTparuficr<uIe 3r]tr.j npe3 prl]t;Ko Bpe]t e.
341
lltpooE'Iztc,v 'ApreprDtbpro
;{r
,i,q ,S,,ti,1,tr;;.1iV:,,
t!. eieviQt x!. :i, ^1wegi
-o
6'-'1.
unopeg H3Aare,'rfl
leuen
'fe'tcE
e erHrrKoH or
'yzi.a
(rpa,qqe B .no-
Kpll{a, Th1c,,
!u,_101,2,
Bdr. B'b3Da)+(eHnlla Ha Robert, QEc, Bull. ep.,
1948,
n.. 1l1).31 ll,tgsoE sM, Il:t.1v,,g nx. Bechtel, Die gr.'Dialekte,
Ii, i7'.
Detscherv, ;187,
raBa Karo rpariHli*<o Lrlre ll'rppo6lHo He u'Il,rpcaq.
I1. cauaaHCKr.r (cs. Bpau), vw!, xvl-xvill, lg4c), 4i, cn. Bepoxrno
IV B.
3. CaHiaucrir.r (Cn.
Bpau). f nll, il, lll;0, 52, n.
jl.
150 r.
[isrf
$ug Tricc,.t
[---]r1ptp
'lr).cfzi]ir,r;
:rir {}'Eirrr. er?'.
I,lnero Ha Nrblxa e H3rlfl.rro rpaririicxo, [)etscheu,, Gtj,500 f.
Ha lfieHaTa H Ha Hefiuns 5arrla ca rp-b:tKr.t, B e c ir t e i,
-12,-1.
4. Cavmuci.,u (Cn. Bpau), ilBAI,l, XII, lg3S, 290, n. ll.
- -----------i
KOfHoMeH4
Huero
(Jro.ro
cpe-
ara sa II n.
llv.*ouc a\e li p{cr,o'o.
I4naero Ha ;t<eHara e rt-r0rr*icr<o, L)etscheu,,387, HueroHa
pHvrcKo.
5. CanAaucxu (Cn. Bpau), tl6.\1,1, XII, 1938, 23i c.r., n. l+
I949,^ 143 (cf. REG, Bull. ep., I ti-td, n.
.
t 1 1).
.--
2;18 r.
O.f
.
O'ipx'ti"'q 6;r,a=i
?t,t
\eizl e,,i*,ye,tc; ,\Ia:a; Iipiru[<]
:cue $Eo'.
6arqara
An. ep.,
ny6nu-
Tii Ttclie
12. Orono
12. CaHeaHCKH
n3Aare,rr{
f,lrulirpoe
(Ce. Bpau),
cpelaTa Ha
i'iiffr1xev.
flocneture.IIH'i c pII]icKH rpal+\J.arJrd or npoRrrHrIHa.TeH npor.{3xoA.
6. Cau;1auu<H (Ca. Rpau), tr.l6AI,l, XII, l9;18, 119 (r.raHeHa craryfixa
l Aruua).
Aloc xct pld o'-t f,
,\:*r,
:.
I4prero e rp'brlxo.
6a.
(lanAaHcxrr
(CB. Bpau). i-la.rrepeu i!)58 r. Ilpe.u,croxura
ltlntr or B. Be,rxon n HtsAt{, X;{lV. Bropara ilo,toBHHa Ha il B.
II. Aiiro6 'A.1;apr.,g xei llo,S;t,z \\e,t;w -r1,t'L':t,trr,,t oUy
.rrir
E?^n,
pi6l, 6aur6v.
'Aa:r.lgoE, e luapul)icn-o rrMe, cps. A. r\1 a y e r, Die Sprache der alten,
iyrier, I, 1957, 62.
Tpar,caficrco H.v-iero Ha xeHara,
^\Izv:or, Detsche'uv,28(j.
7. Caataucr<a (Cn. Flpau), AB, XXX, 19;17, b9, n. ;1.
-
III B.
Ii.1ipr.e'/i. ia).
[ol'.rgr;:irp
I'z1rs:i x[zl;-:"'r.,,r?clai 6 i;,e),pca xei 'Hpax),e6-
lrpoe
a rey $spE; p,tetz;
7i.r:t.
Cnoper a3Iarear{
f,evee L'x,,rz:'i, (ae
-1zitedl
,cr,up1'r'a"),
T. e. r'IHHHo
HilIe Ha )KeHara.2i:.t-"?o?c_< L'J.rr{qHo tr}re, cpB. Bechtel, 512. I-pr,uxo e
blrlo Hlrero Ha r-bcra. I,llrero Ha c'bnp\'fa e prrrrcKor
8. CaHraHcrr.i (Cn. Bpau), AB, XXIX, lt):l-l, 172, n. 5. Kpanr ua II-
HaqaJroro Ha III B.
Ilryo,i,zE', xai' AV:e p.:DbVx' A).eii,,,i,:r't r(r 16z'rrll
llupouieg e rpaxaiicrio xrbxxo alre. Detsclre
-.J rp'brIKH.
9. Cau;IaHcrcr (Ca. Bpau;, kIEAL{, XII, 19:18 29t) c.r., rr.
leAara Ha II s.
lllulpout
x
l{lrero e rpai<ur1cr<o, Detsctreri,, 886.
13. caHraucr*r (cn. Bpa'r), ltll,i, II, 1950, s2, n. 2. Iirpaure
Aece-
rl{.rerHr{ ua III a. (lroxe 5u apeuero Ha Kapaxa;ra).
l-,--
xei'Apte]pr6tir?q r-xi. Ibp;z:oig
[uioiE
xai'te,t);zr:
iriroe d;co[er.
llu'ew3 e rpaxurlcxo M'x*o Hivre, D e is c h . tr,' 3g7. .{pyru* cHH
Hocrr reoQopaqHo rp.brIKo Hlrr..
11. Cauxariu<,1
(Cq. Bpav), I-lli\1, lg40i-ll, 3i, n. 2, cpB.REG,
tsull. ep.. 1948, n. I i l. Kparr Ha II HaLra"roro
.Ha
tii B.
I{aui}:o.-riz Iiz[- - -] Iipr,
[-
- -] p.ie;
[.1]ip[:tl.
Iiou$:o.rieE e x,r-1,)KKo rpaxl*icr..-o rrlre,'-DL t s c h e w, 265.
15. CaHaaHcr.la (Ce. Bpau), I,lBAI,I, XII. lt):jil,2gl, n. 13. Oxo.,ii.r cpe-
,r3T3 Ha II a.
Nrxoarp[i] <Ig:n<> v6' Il,.tp pc,t.
ilu.rpo; e rpaxlrflrcxo Hlre, Detschew. 287.
16.
{o-50e19
(ori: Cau;laucKrr
-
Ce. Bpau), AB, XXXI, lg;lg, 123 f.,
a.2..i,16AH, XIII, 1939, 17, l1ll, lt. 12.
-
l59 r.
\'re6
lou),eau[; -.- - lllu
[plar).2;
):Eeiz
t-
- -l L'ato,t. L'ei.o; Ltooxcwo;
I|'rycll).q xx;- Zez'r, i;iote; y,;ti,pr1;
.yi.r,..t.
t=o:t; q,p'.
Bcprqxr.r rrlreHa 6ea l'e:c--, Koero e palrcKo, ca
.rpaKuftcxvt,
D e i s c h e w,
;131, 153 f., 386,
.+28,
112, 172. Hve"ro \r;.rzg Nro)(e Aa 6r;te H Nra"Io-
aerzficxo.
1l.
ilacxapeBo
^
({o1ua
_
Opuau, oK. Caura:{cKrr
-
Cn. Bpau), AB,
XXX, 19;17, 78, n.6:LIEAH, XIII, lg;Jg,
g,
109, n.2.
-
1G5 r.'
/'
'
lltpe:n \Ir,:r'xc't rs:sis[u] :r1x6t riofv;a Asriou. ;Q avd.1i xctt iz,trff
[cirloa, isqp'.
KI6AI,{,
III B.
19;i9.
*
'fl
*
V;
i
\t(apx!.e1 Oiil.e.r!"2 l7v
Vo,toil.z
'Io'i.i.x
;i,
Il:tpoocaia e rpai<lil'rcrio r{rre, Detsch
pHI'ICKH
rpax{AaHr{H or rparriiicxu npori3\ojl.
10. CauaaHCKa (Cr. Bpau), tiBALl, XII,
139, 2lr, 114, n. 16). Orio,ro cpeAara ria II
ittk; 7ip'i.
rv, 386. Ipvrure Hr,IeHa
$,r{x=?i xil. izts,:i1
i6c,sta.
e \\,, .387. Cer,reiicrBoro e Ha
1938, 293 C.{., n. 15 (cp. XIII,
B. HJIH MAIKO NO.KbCHO.
II,
35, i 17, n. 31. Cnopea
191 flpo-v,taarllrrl B'bpx), 3araxHorpaxuficrure 3e-r\tH
-npe3
pHlv,cKo BpeMe
34?
Ilupetq6 H \Irltoxo; ca rpaxaricra HNIeHa, D e t S c h e rv, 1J85, 301. Aer|cg
rvlo)Ke Aa 6'bIe TpaKHI?CKo HMe HTVKtsepoflTHoeTpal(HfiCKo, DetscheW,
131. I,lvrero Ha xeHara e paltcKo.
18. .IlacxapeBo (f,o,rHn Opnran. oK. Caurascxa Ca. Bpau),
AB.
X)--^1, 1938, l2l, n. l( -HEA['I, XIII, 1939, 15 c,'I., 112 cr., I1- 10). Bro-
para noJroRHHa Ha II s.
Aepapev[rE AerDrzu,io,t ^i[u'ti,l.
I4rtaeHara ca rpaKHitcxu, Detschett', 122, 123.
19. IlacxapeBo (Ao,THr.r OpltaH, oK. CauAaucxu
-
Cn. Bpav), SEG,
11,429 (:BCH, XLVII, 19:13, 95, n. lJ6, in vico Orman prope N\elnik).
'
'Ap6vr7
Trlpoulxxi Il.rpptp ;tir d.ie\ic; Aer:ou(ar:iau
t YUYr, l'ApSvtoul
r.x, 3,aorff', i,Jtoucd
(sic !).
'Ap6vrag
e NraKeAoHCKo AHHacraqecKo Hlre. OcraHa.rare ulteHa ca
rp^':aficxu, Detschew,500, 387, 24tl (nprt Kav:au(dlr,cue).
r
20. Jlac'*apeBo (!,o;lHa Opuau, or. CauAaHCKLI -- Ce. Bpau), AB, XXX,
lgJi, 76, n. 5. CnopeA E,HII
H rpots. I'16AI'1, XIII, 19:J9, 116, ll8, n. 34,
BpeNrero Ha fa,uteH (260-268 ..).
'
20,16. ilupou).a Iie:ou iaca
i;5: :Q d'ti'rl.
c
I,{uenara ca rpaKHficxlt. Detschtti', 187, 386, 2'J5 (xaro orAenHo
HMe IiarcE He e AaAeHo
y
l,euea).
21. IacxapeBo (!,onHu Oprrau, or. CaHAaHCKii Cn. Bpau), l4BAl4,
Xl 1938, 298, n. 22. [l'apaara nonoBuHa Ha IIi B.
A0pr;).ia 'AprepcDdr p[a' -'] t,l, ulqr zi Ezu:
[r,-
- -].
Purucru rpaxAaHH or rp'btll(a [pon3xo,{
Zla. Jlacr(apeBo (Io;rna Opuau, or. CanAar-rcxu
-
Ce. Bpau), npeA-
cr
-
rrqa nv6,ruxaqua (no cro5rrdeuHe Ha T. f epacr.rlron). Iltpna ra ro.{oBHHa
Ha III e.
Aip,t'1iro; )l[zr wnu rp;fotx;
"Ap:s,ul
:i, cul,rpiqr l;'t[z; '1i.gt't zat avrQ
iu t-
- -?1.
'Broporo
uue Ha llt'bxa e rpaxi'tr'tcr,o: )I[e;]c;,2; (:]Iecte;) rr.nrr ]l[46r]'
ria.E, cpa. D e t s c h e w, 297 li 301. X'ltxtr e pttltcKrl rpaN(,naHHu. Xenata
H( ;r reoQopaqHo rpbqKo Hrle.
2lb.
"rlacKapeBo
(Ao.,rna Opuau, oK. CauAaHcru Cs. Bpau), npeA'
croflula nv6,lnxaqna (no ct,o6rrleHae ua T. l'epacanoa). Bropara nor'IoBl'lHa
Ha II B.
Zexar,wr, 'A cz).4;;ttrlEdl pq tQ avE'1(i).
l4urero
-Ha
xeHara e rpaxHtlcxo. I-lrpnrtnr KorInoHeHT Zsze:Za,txa,
D e t S c h e w, 172. Bropusr e,.'IeMeHr AQH Ha npenaca u1e rpn6ea Aa-
ce
pa- {ere BeposrHo n Ear:4 (,rurarypa Ha T u
_}I),
CpB. Aol:ou;, Ato;:aE, D e'
is hew, 151, raxa
qe
llllero e Beposrao Zexa\azr,.
22. (fopua ?) f pageuHHqa (oK. Cauraucru Ce. Bpau), I4BAI'1, XIII,
1939, 11, 110, n.4 (:lHM, VI, 1932'34,91).Kpanr ua II H'lra Haqa.'Ioro
Hi ,ll s.
t-
- -] tzi r,dt't rix'ttr')
ltvi',1tr,lg 1ig,.)'t.
221. fopua fpa,terunuua (oK. Cau;aHcxlr Cs. Bpau), Festschrift R.
Egger, I, 1952, 17 t., n. l, or rvrecrHocrra Xu,'rsAHHrIa.'Bropara no/roBuHa
Ha II B.
. l:
- -)r,o't dvF-p\
[--
-] t,?l z'tdpi xzi
1[-
- -] Mp.ia xei
t-
- -l p?j er\rpve'tat,
[-
- - Alr,peio,t n4?7.
t-
- -1.
Hnrero e rp'brlKo. Bechtel, l2B.
23. 6e,rar1a (ox. CaH.xaHcrn Ca. Bpau), f[M, II, l
gS0,
58, n. 4.
Haqa,roro Ha III B.
['loi]rirog
]Ilirpro[; - -]
'
iDpucev elg ti.r,.1 1;,*or.
I,lvtero e H3qflno pHMCr(o. Moxe 6u
fl'lar.oE
,\Ia!ipo[r - -], rtft xaro Ha
KaNrbKa ce
qere
AI()I.
24. 6e.'raua
(or. cau,xascxa ca. Bpau), MecrHocrTa Xr,u4uHqa,
f'flNl, II, 1950, 53, n. 5. Kpanr Ha II
-
Haqa.,roro Ha III s.
l,
('loulEiot).;cq lIi(rpra; Kupiqr Aro v[6joqr dapov ciy6&eto el; Zu.e;apt1.
I,llrero Ha nocBeruTenfl e H3qrr"'ro pHMcKo.
25. Ee.raqa (ox. CauAaucxH
-
Ca. Bpau), I4BAH, Xil,
n. 7. Oxoao cpeAara Ha II s.
lI.. 'l,psvvig
IIziiprlr i,o'.toxi.tttp
i
Ie,la::ol.
\I. 'li.y.i.t;o;
?.
xei xd),i1yaE.
_
I,lauflno pHlrcKH HMeHa. 3a ,laruHcKoro
Sauunuo
Hlre
Schulze, 32 f.
. 25a. Benurra (orc. Can4aHCKH
-
Ce. Bpau), NrecrHocrra Xa.na4nuqa,
H-enl,6.uaxyBaH (apxaa
fleven). Bropara ro,,roBHna ua II HaqaJroro Ha
III 8., Jrotu rperrac. Nloxe 6a:
lI (?) oi.tz\67c;'riptcnoE ole:vwLE rot; (unu ro')g)
lcup,rc).6ruQ?)E
t-
- -].
Hlrero e H3qflxo pHNrcKo.
26. tse"raqa (oF(. cauAaucxn Ce. Bpau), I(azarorv, Thr. R., n. ll0.
flrpnara ro"rroBaHa Ha III a.
\Io,-t7a'1frg - - -l 'Ar5i).t,iyc eiTiv l;rip rtt[ ,]tdto't.
)Icuxwy66 (cra.laAeHo rro )Io,:xag, Ilouxiclg n np.) e rpaxuiicxo HMe,
polvlaHri3l4paHo B oKoHqaHHeTO Crr H nopaAH TOBa C'bB[aAHa.,.'rO C pHMCr(OTO
rrrue_Mucianus, ts)+(. Perdrizet, Corolla nurnismatica B. V. Head, 1906,
p. 23;1.
27. Eenuua (or-c. CaHAaucxu
-
Ca. Bpav), fHNl, V,lg2i 27, 161 Cn.,
n. 8.
-
217 r.
'Ep[:c$ev.li7
rT, $uya:Ipi x]arty,op.6,t^7,
[]xl
trnv
I
eiDioy
trvrrpfls]
yip..
'Etou6
,rjpIt'1.
Huero Ha A'bqepqta Moxe Aa 6Ute Aoryb.rrHeHo u B 'Ep[svvjia,
IiaKBoro H\{e Ha BerepaHu e 3acB[iAere,,rcrByBaHo Ha roBa ilrrrcro (cpr. n.
'25). Venare.rlflr feuea Aofl'b.,rBa roAHHara,
,Tr[r']:
ll48:2(J0 np. H. e., Karo
cMHTa,
i{e
ce Kacae 3a flo-crapara vraKeAoFrcKa epa. Ha xpax na Il x Haqa-
,'Ioro Ha lll B.
)'Ka3Bar
u JHTHpaHHTe 6vxea. Ho rrafi r(aro no AonrIHara Ha
1938, 286 cn.,
.Ieou{po6 dDei-
Herrenius ax.
!I
\44
28. Eelaqa
(or. CasAaHcxu
-
Ca' Bpau)' Ee uieB"IHeB'
n' 4'
-ll
Kerizcper$u6
I}sr$ur r
rQ uiiil'.
I,IueHara ca rpaKHticru,'Detschelv,
66, 538'
30. Ee.nnua
(ox. CasAancxlt
Ce' Bpau), fnM' II' 1951)' 54' n'
6. III s. cnoPerx !,euen'
- -':'q;i ?j"riii?r,til:
ir."l". .-
- -l
[.-
- f
]ecit
ipsi seb[e
- - -]
[---
pa]tri
D. I-epon
I-lpoyuuirnrr B1,pxy 3anarHorparuficxure 3eMH npe3 pHMcKo Bpel\le 345
35. t\lenuux, SEG, I[, 432 (=' BCH, XLVII, 1933, 285)' Haqaroro
Ha
III B.
[-
- -]r-ai Aip. oia).epiq ]Ieve]i qr t-6J ,iq te&vdrros (sic !) t[iiv] s{x1v'
,oripZ,rori, [ai
o]i' Dll'i6,.t/or' i1:.ot. ila'1ap6vo').
?odo('t)t(pt.)a.tt,t
otl]iqr xz-"i-
i*fi'crcl't
!\cE
[dc',ti;1
po''r dzrr]
[7p(ucouE)
el); xanptec'p'l6v]'
- I
l-loqrHa,lr,r"r e pHptcKH fpail(AaHHH OT rp'bUt(H [pon3xo.il. Ilapdp,ovoE e
rp'brlt(o lllte, B e c h t e I, 360.
36. KosaqeBo (or. CanlaHcxn-Ca. Bpau), I'lEAH, Xll, i938, 288 C.{.,
n. 10.
-
162 r.
S.q1 p.e:1il.t1 ll'tV'1t4'ncv).2 rI. [(6c':ro,; Oiiarzv]; [.ov^1ei'tr,; itqa' in"rayi,v'
T"t
Tg?'
6;ou[6] Lz'-oi-o'.t' .l'e),zceT'tcE iroter'^
i4rero ni'nocseTure,Ilr{ e pHMCKo. 3a rplqF(oTo HMe
tt'e)'ei'ivo(
B){<'
Ilechtel, 104.
37. I-opuo Cnauqeso
(or. CauraHcxlt Ca. Bpau),
.S
'
* a fi
'.t
o a,
I'CleO, XLVIil, 1952 5,3, 245, rr. 17. Bropara Iio.IIoBLIHa Ha Il -- Haqarloro
Ha Ill B.
Iicuiv;rp'Io'tttu1 ^\t^1o'-tVi c:9at;a:'r,.
I4nero e
PHIucKo.
38. Ee,ruoao (or. canAaHCKH
-
cs. Bpa,l),rnM, II, 1950, 51, rt. l.
-
221 r.
["ll
por] Io).1vQ
[-
- -lvo; xei-
-.'Hpal:;
:\eurviDo)
[-
-
--]
\-arz:ii o].eTizr $-req
i
[rrrl,v
I
- -1 A$p."ir).\rpto6our l,rr
[-
- -l d^.a1),,,tx dri 6n[itlorv lpd, -ou
fxzi
Ie).s'iz.ou, xar*, 1l]axsD6vaE 3ro'.r; Jvc'. E'iluXOE.
Hlteuara ca rp'bi{t(H.
40. Bpaun (ox. CanAancxn
198 r.
Ca. Bpau), AB,XXX, 1937, 70 f,, n. 4.-
Zilxe t7-, ^yt ve'.r"si
Detschel',', tj6,
r93
Cp.Ana crpylra HMatre B yiloTpe6a-caMo
epara ua Axqrtyvt,
raMe Aon'baBa".* ,uio;1='24g'-
217 r' or u' e' (sa 117 f'
Ha :pTaHLITO Ha 6yxaare).
27a, EeaHrra (?) (ox. cauIaHCKH
--
cs. Bpau), ueny5"wrr'yBaH
(apxua
te,.,.-184r.(?).Or'loluH,iilpenHc.]vlo)KeAaCeflpoqeTeCaMo:
oiirnncg a;il;;;
(""
'o'*i,ij1
iLal zJ7'r,t
1t-
- -l'
'E:ou;
er[o'i']'
27b. r. I-pa.leu-rHuqa
(or<. casAancxn t- cn. Bpau), HOBOHaillepeH HaA'
rpooen HaAnI4c.
L{ere
ce caNlo
t-
-
^7'-)
P\'
Hnrr $uya]:7i i"r[v]'
'EtouE
'- -
HPIe nPeAaa-
He NO3BOJIffBa
287, n. 8
HaqaroTo
et
rna[tri
- -
i]
'
t-
- -lC(?) AToL
i-
- -1.
31. Ee,rHrra
(or<. CauAaHcxa ---
Ca' tspau)' HBAtr'I' XII' 1938'
(c ,." rniut, ti, igst-t, 57, n' 2)' Bropara tlo'loBHHz
ria II
Ha tlt B.
lli:pa}rSt6E,
TI raficxa erHHKoH, I{HT' cbq', 365'
32. l-l,rocrH
(ox. caHAaHcx u
-
cn. Bpau), I46Ah, xll' 19; 8, 287 cn.,
'7d,p"'t,
l4rvteto na
B{wrli^V
Lle:padzto xei I':eist pV
=It
}1,:?:
.o,i-io|
;i'
lt'lilta'
Pl*eHara
.u rpuirl'lcKI'1, D e t s d t' t'tt,'87'l(J7'
lle."''ad*t;:
n. ?.
-
III s.
r
- -.! r ...,ri,,--
"1 "
t-
- -l;;["- Ir,[-
- -] Ber]u:;
[-
- - 6;:!p 6']':11!-
^::.i-'.1-::.t:li1l"
klvreto
Ha xeHara H3r"lexAa,
qe
e rp'buKo (u'rr'r prlrcxo ?)'
,,r*, e rParcuircxo, Detscherv,
66'
33. (Ao;rna ?) Cyurllga
.
(:l'
CaH'r'aHc,T'---,
C''
Pff?'
I4BAL'
I d,, ff,, i&l-: I'l6hzl, xttt,
,1L',*
^'.,t1;
ll),.1, l, ;",]-'?ri;r, i;oiet.
n-ifrfr-.,
,ff.i.;rr;
'a-
iNOAtgapt =7
'1'.t'tx'-xt
-it't;
falu
[ort'oc1iZ;oieu
Irluero Ha xeHaTa e TpaKHI,lcKo. 3,'tpu*rficru
I'livleHa Ha -ia?r
'Ir:ou;
,Jxo'
Ilavtp.o'o. r Bel$u; Ilapzy.6vc''r 6zu:{r zi'
'r,zi Ll'opo'tod.T ri, $u7e qi pttp.r,E
7i'r:t.
Itsr$us, Zz'.xu u ll'tVc'tox,),e ca tpaxuncrcu HMeHa,
tT2, 387, Llapi,p.o'tog e rp'bl{Ko I'l}Ie, Be c h t e l, 360'
40 a. Bpaul (ox. caH;iaHcKH
-
Cs.
_Bpau),
Heny6nuxl.faa (r:peaoe Lt
cHtrtrxa B llupuucxo Aeno or 6. VI. i 959 r.). Kpaar Ha II Haqa'roro
Ha lll a.
IltVovcu),c. \l.,,txzcou Il,rpou),?, ,q ya(p)Fp,i, xai L'e't1,otoxz'),a ti, Sula'lpi
if
illpIs
7i.r,.'t.
'
"
iirpou.r)., e xeHCKo rpar(. HNre, Detschew,
1J87. I'llvlero Ha A'blrle-
pHTa Je.fir,,ttxz).e Ce Cpeufa TyK 3a np'bB n'b-T. HO n-lpaaTa
.C'bCTaBHa
qaCT
Ha HMero
-
Aey;ou-, ce cpelIIa n umiuara Dento, Dentubrisa, Ae'llouiuv.os
H np.,cpB. Detschew, 125_i. TpaxurZcKH.C'bil{ocaHMeHara
Ha ABaMara
,tti. \Ior*rror,; u Tlvgci)'as, Detschew, 316, 386'
41. I-lunePaqa
(ox. Can,laHCKH
-C'.
Bpau), I4EA],I, XIII, 1939, 25 Cn.,
114,;.20
1:i4EAi,
VI, 1916, 18, 167); cnopeA AuuHrpoB,qnr'Nt',
Kparrr ria Ii uen Haqa.loro na Iil s.
rl
tl
;rl
il
:,
.i,
VI,
tY?'.
Bx.
t tschew,42.
34. Nle,rullt<,
AN\, XXI, 1896, 100 sQQ., Il. 6 (: RA, 1904,
I,
19 sqq.).
-
215 r'
N{),a,tdw.2E"fir)po;
*ri lluppog
l\,.r'*,pZpc't
xzi oi repi uJ:ott;
lclilslgtot
$ r
'Aodou).ri.
l+ 6pc'
E:(e):'
Ll.tp.1o; e rbarinncKo'HM3,
Detschelv,
387. 3a od':i'1'-cc ,'rla3aqu
fia
HrreHilen B)K. s[Ti'ii?;-v-;i'g"t,
D]. romisihe staats-, Kriigs-
und
privat-
a:rtiimer,1893,^368;nlisit'it-io,OiekaiseilichenVerwaitungsbeamten
t
-
auf Diocletian,
1905, 133, 3'
34a. &I,e.rrHHK,
senv6,'inryBaH
(no cse,reHl{e na 6eu:eaflHee)'
TparuoeO
r :ue
(?).
[-
- -] e'.(u)'tb't Iiaiolapx
- - -)
[-
- - Ie]pz:::v fepy' z'trxbl't' ' -]'
346
6. fepoa
42. flunepuqa (oF(. CanAaHcra -- Ca. Bpav), I4BAH,
i1l, n. 5 (--IIIBAIJ, VI, 1916, 18, 167). Oxo'ao cpeAara Ha
\ett*,p'1og Za),ov Zai).q rrir u:,q) tJ.')rtll^Fi'"
7i.rtt,
I,lnreHara ca rp'brIKH, Bechtel,;131, 187.
43. I-lnnepaua (orc. CauAauu<a
-
Ce. Bpau), ftlAt, lg4}l4l, 35, n.3.
Ouoioupv
;.a I
e(vi1pe ?).
IlpoyunaHurr B-r,px)' 3afia;lHorpaxuricr<lrre 3e:{N npe3 pHucKo BpeMe
347
50. LLIupSaHoHo (flerpavxo),
ylbAL4,
XII,
sa II B.
'En*,vw
^(4; xo,"yby !,'1ovu
;,jtov
xai lnox.*, ,
NlerpHvecKH HaAnHC.
51. IIerpHqKo, I4BAU, VII, l9ll2;13, 417 ct. I-lrpnara roroBHHs ua Iile.
)tepxa'-i4
ll'opp',s 'lr,pr1
r;avi,'i'"\ ir,'ri r,oey Il. Aiitc Iiul:o rQt', dvD.1;.
:,zltt'i)
, 1t"'fi,(i:.rp
^1ipt t.
!'lrvreuara \xzpxalis;, l!'tp.1cguTr,gr,E ca rpai<al"rcr<H,Detschew,455,
:387,500 c,r. I,lraeto Ha M'bxa e pnilrcKo,,,.P. Aelius
Quietus.
ltq,?'ttnri:Jr&T.
parenti.
52. HelreBecrHo MecroHaxoxreuue or Cpeeuocrp)-rvrcKara o6,racr, 5 e-
r,rr e B Jr H e B, n. 2ti.
-
144 r.
F)o'1'.'Ap:ep[E[or] poE T:u[:z]pz
[=,i,J
rx.[.7t] Tqpe:r$or rri i;,il.,pt1t
[xei)
llo'tiz'r, *, p.rp.ri EI.
I,lnenara ca rparnficxu, Detschew,, 540, 79 (f. He AaBa nliero
'l'su[:e]pz), 6ee ]{rvrero Ha ,rrHrlero, Koero rr3,It{ra rta]rerHHKa.
53. HelrsBecrHo r,recroHaxo)+(x.eHHe. Nro)*<e 6u or CpelnocrpvMCKara
o6;acr, 6 e ru e B,rr H e B, n. 43. I-ltpsara [o;roBHHs Ha III
'a.
ll08(J\lO ---[o'jpsr?
)o.t
airi,;'p..t'i,1t[r,;)
7.i,V;.t.
U:cu,;
[---].
55. Cpe.a,nocrpvMcxara o6;iacr, I,16AI,I, XIII, i9;J9, !0 c.,:., ll3, n. 15
Oxo.'ro cperara na II n.
[z]ai
AiDo[u]
I,{uero e rpaxuficxo. Detschew, 110.
56. frpueu (ox. foqe Le.{,{ea
-
Henpoxon), CnEAH, LXX, 1945,
201 c,r. (cp. R o b e r t, REG, Bull. ep., 1948, n. 120).
<D,raalreeo
BpeMe.
'fyzt)fi :lXTt.:
'Fiiico;
J:le).e; l')ipevsoE ;oi Ap.a:,ov.o), o1?a.ir;yi;'Oiuv[*]/z;
2il. Pccp.r,).r,txf,g xai L,nr,oare,"x^i1; xai )o:ttlc,-day tzi,e xui
l---ycr,),qt.t.i;;
zzi Z-72'"x'l,E xzt A$rou:rz{q xei L\c).r,:tx'i,; r,.,t;pfhodx] xai ib iczyo.t d,.Eitri.
tzl al:oq
y.q;.i:6ppro;
zl.ttot Penia;eVxa_<
'Hpax[),i,l6o,t
$u^1iir,? LtLf in;re.1i,'t
:4s IiW{eE
'Ap:{rrEag.
TiTv ;s l}'to:u't xcr,i
[r]
n|ra?lvov nptit:oq xa:!.Dstiet
is.rd, r,ig l([up,ila;
'Apr5prDo(
r7i( ev lieqr,x
?o;
ai
[q
$e]6] ir!:gs,!iv rc xz.i
iz.eisu cey $'tcti;_x;,- 61elo-r7 r,,iy,p.!:ic; ii.t
,D).ip,.o;
lr(e).a; E[,Jevso; zai i1
c"LytptcE alr,i I'[ez] tz[;le.1xo;''Hpafi.i,(.1)o-ou $,i7ariip
[0rip
6eu:c,v] ia]. inep
zig $u7at.ao; iz'-ttri;') ArDeiu peo;. Orvsitr.or,r,i A\A[---l ]l 0oi xc).. d.de,.,gb. aixci
izitr6 6q,xzi
n
p.i,cr,? a'itGt't all---]ANut---l xz!
[E]lper[:i6
'lr1go,s
A]'t---
;poo?l'9r).i6 z'.t=C,t't xz$rIs oi.t Di, IiP[---]f il()f
[
--] ]Il xzi iger,b.t D5iec($)[z]r
zai npbpz.ic't
y"ut
ai.ii is
[---]
fil
[---].
flonraeaHanra B peA 10
fn6ne?lvo't
u peA 12
irl
$si6l B)n.
[iou?]
H
lxzi.l
Ha EeiueerrHes ca HarpaBeHH or Muxafiroa, peA 5 *leqes
qere
Iparx4E au. Zgutxv6.
I,{ivreHara Ha crroNreHarHl'e ,{HrIa ca rpaxlrficxlr, Detschew, 133,
165, 15, 392, 9, 500 (ue e AaAeiio y
I. Oile.1rc;r1g). I,lvreHara ua crpare-
fr,tHTe ca c'brr{o rparcaficxu. 3a uarnlrca cpB. r.r 6. r e p o B, Esaxoeercxo-
eruorpatlcKpl H3c.:IeABaHHfl B tta]rer Ha aKaIe]rHK Porvrauuix, 1960, 545 c;r.
195
Nlouxaor$' AVeyrld6'12 ai,,j,t'(z:?i
(Glv drcoisr.
Vlweuara Ha M'b)+(a w )(eHara ca
z-ei
t'ot?q,.
ti, ^1u.tu,.xi
rpar<aficr<H, D e t s c h
y.L'.
ew,
XIII,
II B.
,iI,:
i:{r (sic
!)
313,471.
1939,
Ie
111;lB, 282, n. 2. Cpea,ara
ito' i1 zot'tbv iTowai rd,gov.
l{lrero e pHMCKo or erp}'cKH npon3xoA, Schulze,
44. Karyuqa (ox. CaHraHCk'r{
-
Ce. tspau), VIEAyl,
258 f.
xll, l
g3g
39, 231,
Bropara
p.v{,y.r,e
n. l.
--
146 r.
ll,tpgo; 'Ayi$ovcg au td,r tz)- Zz;xt aii ^1,t,txrtllr..
"Eroug
io?':
U, , ,
ea,uioe -rdoy ecoael.
Ilugpoq u Zelxz ca rpaKHI?cKH HtrreHa, Detscher,v, 1387, 172,
'Ayd$orv
rp'buxo, Bechtel,9.
45. KanaMaHrrn (or-(. Cas.laHcrN
-
Ce. Bpau), rpeHeceH BeporrrHo or
i(aryHqu, I,16AA, VII, l9l9 20, 12 c.t. Bropara no.:roBi{Ha Ha II
-
nbp-
Bara noroBr.rHa Ha III e.
'Ap:epriDo,ac[;]
O'jl,iiau (6rov i;''tr1;= ezu;6 xt[!] ),rr:r;rl,il ai,
7uv[zr]lrl
zai i\ooxit'p zzi
"
T e?ev:lq :oi.; iizflrl4f
,p'ti,,S.r,;
7i'7:t.
3a np'br{r(oro HMe Iooi;:o).r6 ex. B e c h t e l, 41 6. OcraHa.nure r{MeHa
'Ja
pHMCKT{.
45a. XrpcoBo (flerpr.ruxo), apxan
feuee, ueny6.raxyBaH. Muoro nou
:IpenHC. Moxe 6u ce
qerar
HMeHara
'Ai6ievDpag
et QlttrroE u ou1e (O%
lprqxH [rMeHa.
46. [lnp6auono (l-lerpuur<o), LIBAVL XII, l9;]8, 284, n. 4 (:?lbAV,
XIII, 1939, 35, 117 c.r., n. 32). Cnope.l {unurpon or cperara na III 4.,
repoflTHo rro-paHeH.
Mapr.!)J,og
=1,
cttvpi.tlt
[,p.'ti,pr,s) 7.i'rrt.
Huero pulrcrco.
47. Llhap6aHono (l-[erpaurio),kl6Al'1, XII, l9l]8, 28.1, n. 5.
*
ll B.(?).
T6[As---] ,'Avrurvie
[---] fJr)cii't[cu];
:o) i.tdgli eau:4;l
[3J:rois:
;,i, pvl
[---J.
Psucr<o H rp'buKo HMe.
48. Lllup6aHoeo (llerpauxo), I,I5AH, XII, 1938, 283 c.,r.. n. 3.
ro,'IoBHHa Ha II a.
Arov'3cc5. 'Ap:epr,rDdlpe zi
"A
ix).r;i,.66a,roq I Iu$io'r []::r
Ie]nu6
yipn.
I,llreuata ca rp'buriu, 6ee Er:ei;'.rE,
t69. 3a Ilu$ie; Bxc. Bechtel, 616.
49. LUnp6anoeo (l-lerpxuxo), |IIM,
[---Ar]a;ru.rrov isVll[te6ou]ce i'ft*r,fze't
I4veto e rpaxalicxo; Detschew,
Koero e rparulicxo, Detsche
1940,41, 35 Cn., ri. 4.
umr xa).
130.
w,
II
r48
1!17
il. l'epoa
57. Nicopolis ad Nestum, Pe rd rize t, Corolla nllrtl. B. V. Head,
22 sq. Bpervrero Ha Kapara;ra.
[1po1''1s;1r,r,,r B."p\]' :rilrirJ[rorprxr.riicxirrtr
3c]ra npe3 pHMCKo BpeMe
349
-,
^
tT"I lt3^1o.ft,"1 ,!!""i
$er6de:ov titi:cxp{:cplz ]1. Ail,. I'Av:orvs:lr[ovl
[--
^_
S8:_Nicopolis ad Nesturn, Perdrizet, Corolla num. B. V. Head,
1906, 225.
K. 'Avrdllo;
[---r]av
lte xc,:i, ).r:i['iJ
[i.t!Vr,xev).
Hrurero Ha flocBerltre.rtfl e pu]rcKo.
59. Nicopolis ad Nestum (Xacap.rrrc. oK. [-oue lle,rqes
-
HeapoKon).
^,15,
n 16). BepoqrHo rperara
qerB'bpr
Ha II s.
l---)e'tru.hE
'Aox).rpfel
['-{:z).1:i;;cdu-1o;'Adil.rp[*,1 [A:zi?li;
J';E:cu
[---loc
llri
o.,
t---l
lAJxie
t--Jys
_
Zccoio'.t
[]Iz7vi
?l,ov \Ie.riqpo,to;
[---
jirls leu$ou,
[.Diir]n:-,0:
',4].;lrDpa,r_
lllocletdu'ro1=
,1,:).t;r-,c,t
['Elpp6;.,tspc; fllo]te:elo.tto;
Nla,i-
rovog
['Ai]6iavEgoE
Zlne
['Alrrdrv:cE
llo;s,.7,a.to6.
Lr,tteuara luErou (gen.), Is'r$1; Lt Zt;z_i ca rpaxxficxH, Detschew,
151, 434, 189. \Iu1'ttu't e pr.rMCKo r{}re, }roxe 6a rperlr{3HpaHo. 'Av:6vro;
e
c'brrro pHMCKo rlMe. OcraHa,rlrre ca rp'bur..H.
60. Nicopolis ad Nestum, Percl rizet, Corolla ltum. ts. V. Head,
.J06, 225 sq.
'Aya$rr:r r,3'1r,t. T,+', I{upiqr A:i Arfz).2; Berg,uo; ts).i ca; i.tz,t;\v ti:^yvdq
't',)d,b,t xai
{i] i6zva xz=*,
7Vr'11ta::cp.6,t.
I,Ltaenara ca rpaKr.rficr<vr, D e t s c h e w, 133, 66.
61. Nicopolis ad Nestum, Perd rizet, Corolla num. B. V. Head, lgCG
')30. Bropara roroBaHa Ha II
-
nbpBara ro/roBuHa Ha III e.
I{upiqr fl).o6rrrrvr Aip. }[sc:lz.sv$o; z.: I'lrenup:; E[psvsa; ^1,t,ii1 \Icoll"eyal
"-')E
$eo')E d't!ffr,xev.
I4neHara ca rpaxufi*or, D e t s c ir e w,, 298, 10b, 165. 3a \forylay[E
r<. rr. 26.
62. Nicopolis ad Nestum, I,IEAH, Xil, 1938, 285 c"rr., n. ri.
'A).lrp
ilgw' Ar,}).cd[a]po; ll't.rpov .[r1r] cuv
" ?.gq.
Hnreuara llvppog tt'AiicE ca rpaKar"icKu, Detscheu,, ,lrg7,
)yrLr
qereHufl
ua 'Ai).o; B)+(. Qu.sr,r, i-nll, II, 1950, 57, n. 1; R
--EG,
Bull. ep., 1951, n. 57.
63. I'tpn,reH (or. foqe le,rqee
-
Heapoxon), It a z a r o w, Thr. R., n.
)3. Bropara no.{oBHHa ua II
-
Haqa.'roro Ha III B.
I(upirp
"
Hpru,; lbpp.riplo,t)*---l
[---]ei::ou
si([ipevo
;
d.,t!$1z.evl.
64. Oxo.rHocrra Ha foqe Ierqee (Heepoxon), VBAVI, I, 1921 22
'50:SEG, III,526 (I4BAL1, XIII, 1939, 28, 115, n. 2t).Kpaar na II
.-,
lqaJroro Ha III n.
.
IIu,:peE B.1xtol Jzp,zpiov; l^zi '\ta:tiz
l---rui)fi;,
:uvpiqo abicrt pttlpr,;
7ip,;t.
Ilvppog H Bp.aio;.ca rparuricra uiueua, D e t s c h e w, 3g7,
g4.
az,pa.1iu,t
e rp. itlte, Bechtel, 129,
'r\to|tiq
H3rJlexra pHMCKo Hivre.
65. Koea,{eeuqa (oH'. I'oqe
{e.,rvea Heaponon), M a x a ft a o a,
I'C"!'OO, XLVIII, il)52 5:1, 15, n. ;1. II a.
.
[-rif(rr',
(-sic !t. t\o'-tv.io,t p' lieiaf---l
I---i:e:i:5
\Icoxacrpt<
l^ii
cSpt)pn[E eu]roc
xz;eflir1ce,t vtl ze,\ece,rl.
[{rrero Ha }l'b)ff-a e pH}tcKo.
11pvrrare H}reHa ca rpaKHricra. 3a }tauxeiz76,
!]
e t s c h e rv, ;li:1.-l.llreio I'elc- HarroxrHr{ HMeHara L;aie, L,zicl171s3, t'ei,io;
D e t s c lt e n'. 97. Or'conqaHHero -sri:; a rpanalicKH HilreHa Karo Tarxouierf:;
Detscirew.52B.
66. Kona,res'ila (oK. I'oue
lleaqes Henponon), tscH, xxlv, 1g00,
517 sqq.
-
jlil;.,,
-33T
r. vr
jlg3
r. Harnuc.sr e HaltepeH H.r +
qaca
H3roqHo
or ce,Toro H Porlonnre.
^.^_-1,'^f;(ot1i3!s)
n(ostris).Fi1avii-s)
Vallerio) Constarrtirro et Vallerio) Con-
.ctantro
.e.t.
lullio)
(.o,stanti
n(obirissirriis) A,u(u.stisr.
I1.. Dfominis) rr(ostris) Fl(avio) Gratiano' et
'Fl(aviol
Vale ntiano et
Fl(avio) l'heodosio et Fl(avio) Arcacjio piissirnis ac iriumfatori bus semper
Aug(ustis).
I 906,
II n.
12. 3a
obert,
67, I-oUejtg,,I,IeuCKo (F-lenpoxorrcKo,
LIBAH, VIII, lg;14, ,58 c.r., rr. 20. Kpanr
.
Ieu$qE I-is:i|'rc< Ilu,cou).2 :rir uiz (sic
!)
xit?t:/.
MecToHa.\o)*(AeHAe Heusaecrno),
Ha II Haqaroro Ha III a.
xei Kq),T,'q ^ivvexi xzt iew,dt
*.tii,*le
I'{uenara ca rpar(Hffcrca, D e t s c h e w, 434, 66, 3g6, 224.
68. foue.u,e.rqeBCKo (Heapoxoncxo,
HeH3BecTHo rlrecroHaxox(reHHe),
ueny6,taxyBaHa
enHrpaMa. Oxo,ro cpelara Ha III B.
, , I:.-] :i,*,
?i?,r<
:exai lpsc
[-- ]ror:0.
.'h).rytc^1i,tr,s I---l
,p.i,
.1tgricp,z,)cE
Eeo-
l---leil.r,'-
eir\',zep
[---ll()tl
ixva:z;r,
[---l
:66srv
'
,7r,
'i.,'1--1j
"iir'
r--l1arrt.
I,llrero e tp-bilr-io reoQopauHo.
69. Nicopolis ad Nesturn,
p9cr.
'A).i;ii::e
(Co"rr.H).
,Zt.lX.
lg04 (cno_
Lrer
cro6uleuue Ha C. Eclson;. Kpanr ua'll
_--
Haqa"rroro Ha III B.
, ,..-:{i3}i1,[.7'''1;15,
[---]
]le <!e]oqr.e.1[a5l
[---]icu
i
,lou[ieuf[;fsl
xzi {9soEa[;---l
l---l oJ-\l9tlt't---1,
[-
-l :av \iovlia
^'!ri]^1J;v1
plpoy
'i*['.a,v'ijili'rt.
r;;i;;.
]
3a \Iettp'-a',66 ts)+(. npa n. r
gg.
birurir,rri. He3ana3eHH r.r3rlfl.,ro HMeHa,
ca rp'brIKH.
70. ,Ilexoao^(ua rp'bttKa repuropurr, Ho B .(o,,rHHara Ha Cpelua Crpy,vra)
Becr.
'AirTtls:e
(Co;r1'u), 10. vl. lg0ti r.-(nx. w 20. vl. Lu0o).- o
Qr.i,fa
n
rBe pe.ruuH. ,\l'bx c 6pa.la. Bepoaruo 2l I r.
"Ii;oug
i.
p.' Iit|:rq A:ie x!'[L,po,tca),* za.^ic.t -uoi;tie.,/oL;
llyrjpr( 7iprt.
I4neuara ca rparfiiim<a, Detschew, 66, l3jl, llg7. Hlrero":o,yoE'ue
e 3acBplAeTe.rrcTBYBaHO
.4OCefa.
Pee I rpx5aa
na ce
qere
Bepor{rHo droug,:p[E'l
=,242:2rr r. or H. e.
71. KrccreHxa.'1, Ilnxai:r19e, fCvcDo, XLVIII, lg52;rll, 2.16, n. lg
L:.4.9,
xVI, 18919, 1il, r. 1g;. r61-lrjg r., cp'. Steirr, Iidrnische
Reichsbeamte der Provitrz Thracia, 1g20, T6t.
II
350 199
6. I-epoa
['Aya,.];
r'iXl.] Tcv xpittoioy' iri:?olcy rolv. Iep( ec,.,6y) Aip.
I
'A;roiitivrov.
I
rup.
"'HitirAli
a-'il'coSwviau
i3oui.i;.'t
iev"o;t r,i,1pw'ta. i Elio7o6.
'
floceerhrJfT e BepofTHo oceo5o.Xeu pO6 or rp'bUKLl npoH3xOA.
72. KncreHAH,'I,
ylBAIA,
VII, l919 20,81, n. I (cpa. I4BAVL, l, 1921
22,
",Jl
H SEG, I, 300). Bropara rtor'toBHHa Ha II B.
'Aya$qr toyrp.l
()i
(i);:psir1:ei $6orv:eg Ali xxi
_"H??
'
iz';tir'r ;!< zr6).eog
I
ri inrrs).'ipevllg'
.iytiilaq .,,'lr1yrz.oig
xal ianl xo')g 'lovxr-,luYEo1",
Io-crpa;,
lMe-
o$euE, 'A^1a$ta'r, \Iapzo;, \pfi;to., t\'toi"pe'1'oE,
'A'1w1e;-'te-;o5,-iKs).o05,
Apel-
,ia),oq,t'Iioxl
egoE, \Ir',txaipa):.;,- )l:pxc,5pr; iri ovvaV'1[zq,tTtlplcou Tapooul
Iielcou xei A;o'.:itouE '.\noi \o'tio't tzi 'Anc),tc')upio,t Auiouitpaleog.
TpaxHfiCxa Ca Hr,teHaTa A.re;rii.cc, Iicxxepo6, Ilouzet,ga\cE u
"l'tVoo;,
CpA.
etSChew, 2:J,251,317, 492. I{:icaE e no tsctlKa BepofrHocT c'bltlo
rpaxaliCr<O HN,e (Ieqee He ro CIrttTa 3a TpaKHl'rCxO).
'Iovxcitdo3, \lapxoS U
\te?xo,j?q ca pHlvrcKH HMeHa. L)craHa.rltre ca rp-bllKH.
73. KrOcres;in,r, E etr1eB.rlllee, rt. 10tj. BrOpara
gO;1OBHHa ua II e.
['A7a$il
at7Tt.
['i1v
e,rloe)i,iepe:zv
[:drv},rl:l,pulz
$eily
[:s
xzi] ati6ietltov',
l:L'letavl'
xiiio.t"'Ispz[rtir]'r,
l^;'1]'',ai*a-iq-t 9r [i-l:ei[pol'r
xei ei-cep9[u5--']ou
'
i,'ro',
'Oua[).spiav
lla,tr,?)il,i-x -"ii,
ii.).zvdpo't
xzi
'i').6tziV:t'f1 1).uxurctq
c;plE. Eutu,XdrE.
'
Hrae ,4ont.rrea,ve B pe;t E---9 l)ial).eptevl ervr.Uua[ievliev] xaro ro-qecro
CDetUaHo Hlvte, Bri. tt. 79. I'lrrerO Ha )l'bxa e TpaKaticro, DetSChew,
J0, Ha >xeHara reotpopHttHo.
74. KrocreHAHJ't, E e ur e B JI H e B, Il. 105. -- 135 r.
['n7al$r, [.5Xl.l
'[Ai:(cxpi;apt)
Kai(oaVr) Oeoo Tpata'toi.llap(&.xac) utq']
-io:
X.p,o,:i
'ri;.iq;
T pan iqt
['ADpcz'iQ
Ie pzort]
??^lrr?rt
peTicrqr dr,,p.alp'1txi6
ovcie; tb tr}'',
[0rztto
,b
T',
narlifrrr1t7,r,q
4yep.o[ve$]ovrog :ri1
O'r+Yu- iT"p\'
leta',
Oitis?lpicu
,DToviat('t)c;
rpfsc,t(e'.r:ar )lxri a't:;c:patiff?Q) :o5 le,Jac[to0l
I
I I1a'.rraieo[:arv
I
d.'*',g't-'s;,' po'tl)'ii,,' d i,p.',lE
=\t
lao;\:-x:qv
i;$Gpfoo-zll Itapdev$ou
ti1---1fX\[---])
'aii:o,i
L'e.*,S.i.tot ff fl --l\E()I i-):t1_v errp,e
[).11;tirv.
'Az).av-
oi,
ibt?plo1
.xei
.\olizou lis).oo,i xx;. ,\o'-,
[xiou]
'fs57p.o't, Ac'r[;6pxg xq.L
'Arls),livqr ur(itcrg).
'
KapDevil1( e TpaxHp'tcxo ltlte, I) e t S C lt e'uv, 228. 'Ax).i.'t'.o; e ura,rxficxO
:HHra,,rHo HUre, Sitr ulze,Zur Geschichte lateinischer F.igennamen, 1904,
Ll.'loop1:.oq e rputxo (y Bechtel He e AaAeHo, Ho o6pasyBaHHfi.
Karo
'lc6-gtio6',"lio-u1r.o( noKa3Bar HeroBHfl rpbUKH rpon3xoA).
tDippo;
u. t\olxcE
^1 pHMCKH KorHoMeHH. Beporruo c'bruo pHMCKH KorHoNIeH e H L'e'rp'.'a'1or,
e V il,a C.L,rr{eCTByBa B-b3}1OXHOCT Xa Ce CB'bpx(e C rpaxUr.icKlltl KOpeH
iipp-(:$epp6<),
cpg.Schulze.3[i, Detsclterv, 1t)2 f. 3a l(eicog Bx'
n. 72.
rlpoyunaHrn Brpx-v 3anargorpaxuficxure 3eMH npe3 p,src*o BDeue
35r
.Zenopa
(:Zntp.a) u l.'ragyr,E ca Tpar(Hricxpr HrvreHa, Detschew, Igg,
43
(aroporo
Hivie
), ,1. calro riar.o HNre Ha pexa).
3a \roe711q1.,6a ,*,. ,p,
n.26. Paucxa ca
pllleHara
l[d,.1xr,; H'lo,t)tz'/6E. Ocraua"raTe ca rp-brlrit.
g,ni^ypioE
,lHrrcBa
)'
Tra
a h t C l, HO C'bcraBHHTe i!1)' eneMeHTH Ca OqeBHilHO fp.brlr(H.
76. KrocreHrrr.T, L.IEAI,
UIt
l..q lg 20,
g2,
n. 4 ( SF_G, I, ll03), cpa.
vlbAw, I. l92l 2'), 2,)1, cpa. ['[],!i, ]948, 57, n. l. Bropara no.{oBHHa
Ha II n.
^
Ohq:.-!s[o
.zui lr:i:
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