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VETIVER SYSTEM FOR ALGAL BLOOM CONTROL

Paul Truong, TVN and DNR&M, Brisbane, Australia and Pham Hong Duc Phuoc, HCM City University, Viet Nam
The
The following
following extraordinary
extraordinary characteristics
characteristics make
make vetiver
vetiver grass
grass highly
highly suitable
suitable for
for algal
algal bloom
bloom control:
control:
** Higher
Higher evapo-transpiration
evapo-transpiration raterate than
than most
most wetland
wetland plants
plants ** Highly
Highly tolerant
tolerant to
to salinity,
salinity, acidity,
acidity, alkalinity
alkalinity and
and sodicity
sodicity
** Very
Very high
high and
and fast
fast absorption
absorption rate
rate of
of nutrients,
nutrients, particularly
particularly ** Highly
Highly tolerant
tolerant to
to heavy
heavy metal
metal toxicity
toxicity
Ammonia,
Ammonia, total
total Nitrogen
Nitrogen and
and Phosphorus
Phosphorus ** Highly
Highly tolerant
tolerant to
to water
water logging
logging and
and inundation
inundation
Extensive one year old root
system
 

Removal rates of pollutants from polluted


water (China) 
Left: Sewage
effluent infested River 1* River ** Tap 
Pollutants
with Blue-Green water
algae due to high
Nitrate (100mg/L)
Concentration 
and high Phosphate
Total N (mg/L) 13.8 10.5 0.1
(10mg/L)
   
Right: Same
effluent after 4 days Removal % 71.0 58.1
treatment with
Concentration 
vetiver, reducing N (mg/L) 0.94 1.03 ND
level to 6mg/L Total P
(94%) and P to    

One year old 1mg/L (90%) Removal % 99.3 93.7


3.3m deep
* After 3 weeks ** After 2 weeksND Not Detectable

Leachate pond infested with


Blue Green algae
One month old vetiver in a pig farm pond in Vietnam
Two month old roots (72cm)
from a floating platform

Algal growth

Vetiver on a floating platform to treat


waste water of a pig farm at Dong Nai
Province,Vietnam

Pull in for repair and maintenance