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Windows Server 2012

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Some of the New Administration features of
Windows Server 2012
Windows Server 2012 New Features and Certifications
Certification Changes
Microsoft Certified Solution Expert in Windows Server 2012
Microsoft Certified Solution Administrator in Windows Server 2012
Administration Changes
Screen and Navigation changes
PowerShell changes
Version 3.0 with 2400 cmdlets





Windows Server 2012
New Features and Certifications
Certification Changes
Microsoft Certified Solution Expert in Windows
Server 2012
Microsoft Certified Solution Administrator in
Windows Server 2012
Administration Changes
Screen and Navigation changes
PowerShell changes
Version 3.0 with 2400 cmdlets





Starting from the beginning:
Become an MCSA
Pass the following 3 tests to gain the equivalent of
passing the 70-417 test
70-410
Installing and Configuring Windows Server 2012
70-411
Administering Windows Server 2012
70-412
Configuring Advanced Windows Server 2012 Services
Then consider continuing on for an MCSE in the 3 previous
categories of Desktop, Private cloud or Server Administration
Upgrading from
MCITP to MCSE
Must renew MCSE status every three years!
MCITP upgrade test is 70-417 (course 20417)
MCITP accepted certifications includes:
Lync Administrator
SharePoint Administrator
Desktop Administrator
Enterprise Messaging Administrator
Windows Server 2008 Administrator
Pass the 70-417 upgrade test
THEN:
Take and pass the specialist area tests shown below
Determine which of 3 MCSE specialist areas to focus on:
MCSE in Server Infrastructure
70-413 Designing and Implementing a Server
Infrastructure
70-414 Implementing an Advanced Server
Infrastructure
MCSE in Desktop Infrastructure
70-415 Implementing a Desktop Infrastructure
70-416 Implementing Desktop Application
Environments
MCSE Information continued
MCSE in Private Cloud Infrastructure
70-246 Monitoring and Operating a Private Cloud with
System Center 2012, Course 10751 (5 days)
70-247 Configuring and Deploying a Private Cloud with
System Center 2017, Course 10750 (5 days)


Active Directory Administrative Center,
is a task-oriented tool based on Windows PowerShell

Password Settings Objects
You can use fine-grained password policies to specify
multiple password policies within a single domain

Fine-grained password policies:
Apply only to user objects (or inetOrgPerson objects) and
global security groups
Cannot be applied to an OU directly
Do not interfere with custom password filters that you
might use in the same domain


Configuring Password Settings Objects
Windows Server 2012 provides two tools for configuring
PSOs
Windows PowerShell cmdlets
New-ADFineGrainedPasswordPolicy
Add-FineGrainedPasswordPolicySubject
Active Directory Administrative Center
Is a graphical user interface
Uses Windows PowerShell cmdlets to create and
manage PSOs
Managed Service Account
Use to automate password and SPN management for
service accounts used by services and applications
Requires a Windows Server 2008 R2 or Windows Server 2012 server
installed with:
.NET Framework 3.5.x
Active Directory module for Windows PowerShell
Recommended to run with AD DS configured at the
Windows Server 2008 R2 functional level or higher
Can be used in a Windows Server 2003 or 2008 AD DS environment:
With Windows Server 2008 R2 schema updates
With Active Directory Management Gateway Service

Group Managed
Service Accounts
Group managed service accounts extend the capability of standard
managed service accounts by:
Enabling an MSA to be used on more than one computer in
the domain
Storing MSA authentication information on domain
controllers
Group MSA requirements:
Must have at least one Windows Server 2012 domain
controller
Must have a KDS root key created for the domain
The Central Store
The Central Store:
Is a central repository for ADMX and ADML files
Is stored in SYSVOL
Must be created manually
Is detected automatically by Windows Vista or Windows
Server 2008
Windows Vista
or Windows Server 2008
workstation
ADMX files
Domain controller
with SYSVOL
Domain controller
with SYSVOL
Group Policy Preferences
Group Policy preferences expand the range of configurable
settings within a GPO
Group Policy preferences:
Enable IT professionals to configure, deploy, and manage
settings that were not manageable by using Group Policy
Can be created, deleted, replaced, or updated
Are natively supported on Windows Server 2008 and Vista SP2 or newer
Comparing Group Policy Preferences
and GPO Settings
Group Policy Settings Group Policy Preferences
Strictly enforce policy settings by
writing the settings to areas of
the registry that standard users
cannot modify
Are written to the normal locations in
the registry that the application or
operating system feature uses to store
the setting
Typically disable the user
interface for settings that Group
Policy is managing
Do not cause the application or
operating system feature to disable the
user interface for the settings they
configure
Refresh policy settings at a
regular interval
Refresh preferences by using the same
interval as Group Policy settings by
default
Group policy
Management Editor
Allows editing of the ADMX file
Extends the functionality of GPMC
Features of Group Policy Preferences
Is used to configure additional
options that control the behavior
of a Group Policy preference item
Targeting Features
Determines to which users and
computers a preference
item applies
Common Tab
Deploying a Cloned Virtualized
Domain Controller
You can safely clone an existing virtual domain controller by:

1. Creating a DcCloneConfig.xml file and storing it in the
AD DS database location
2. Taking the VDC offline and exporting it
3. Creating a new virtual machine by importing the exported
VDC

Export the VDC Import the VDC
DcCloneConfig.xml to
AD DS database
location
Overview of the Active Directory Module
for Windows PowerShell
The Active Directory module for Windows PowerShell provides
full administrative functionality in these areas:
User management
Computer management
Group management
OU management
Password policy management
Searching and modifying objects
Forest and domain management
Domain controller and operations masters management
Managed service account management
Site replication management
Central access and claims management
Windows PowerShell Web Access
Allows remote management of computers by running Windows
PowerShell sessions in a web browser.

Powershell replaces tab completion with Visual Studio style
drop down options

Many former scripts are now compiled into cmdlets
Polls
What Is NTDSUtil?
With NTDSUtil you can:
Manage and control single master operations
Perform AD DS database maintenance
Perform offline defragmentation
Create and mount snapshots
Move database files
Maintain domain controller metadata
Reset Directory Services Restore Mode password
Creating AD DS Snapshots
Create a snapshot of Active Directory
NTDSUtil
Mount the snapshot to a unique port
NTDSUtil
Expose the snapshot
Right-click the root node of Active Directory Users and Computers, and
choose Connect to Domain Controller
Enter serverFQDN:port
View (read-only) snapshot
Cannot directly restore data from the snapshot
Recover data
Connect to the mounted snapshot, and export/reimport objects with LDIFDE
Restore a backup from the same date as the snapshot
Manually reenter data
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com
Configuring the Active Directory
Recycle Bin?
Active Directory Recycle Bin provides a way to restore deleted
objects without AD DS downtime
Uses Windows PowerShell with Active Directory Module or the
Active Directory Administrative Center to restore objects
Dynamic Access Control
Dynamic Access Control provides:
A safety net over all file server-based
resources
Data identification
Access control to files
File access auditing
Optional RMS protection integration

What Is FSRM?
FSRM Enables the following functionality:
Storage quota management
File screening management
Storage reports management
Classification management
File management tasks
Using FSRM to Manage Quotas, File Screens,
and Storage Reports
What Is Quota Management?
What Are Quota Templates?
Monitoring Quota Usage
What Is File Screening Management?
What Are File Groups?
What Are a File Screen Templates and File Screen Exceptions?
What Are Storage Reports?
What Is a Report Task?
Demonstration: How to Use FSRM to Manage Quotas, File
Screens, and Generate On-Demand Storage Reports
Monitoring Quota Usage
You can monitor quota usage by:
Viewing quota information in the FSRM console
Generating a quota usage report
Creating soft quotas
Using the Get-FSRMQuota Windows PowerShell cmdlet
File Screening Management
File screen management provides a method for controlling the
types of files that can be saved on file servers

File screen management consists of:
Creating file screens
Defining file screen templates
Creating file screen exceptions
Creating file groups
Storage Reports
Storage reports provide information about file usage on
a file server
Types of storage reports include:
Duplicate Files
File Screening Audit
Files by File Group, Owner, or Property
Folders by Property
Large Files
Quota Usage
Least and most recently accessed files

Classification Management
Classification management enables you to create and assign
classification properties to files using an automated mechanism
Payroll.rpt
Classification Property
Classification Rule
IsConfidential
File Management Task
Classification Properties
A Classification Properties is a configurable value that can be
assigned to a file

Classification properties can be any of the following:
Yes/No
Date/Time
Number
Multiple choice list
Ordered list
String
Multi-String

Options for Storage Optimization
in Windows Server 2012
Storage optimization features include:
File access auditing
Features on Demand
Data deduplication
NFS data stores
Implementing IPAM
What Is IPAM?
IPAM Architecture
Requirements for IPAM Implementation
Managing IP Addressing Using IPAM
IPAM Management and Monitoring
Considerations for Implementing IPAM
What Is IPAM?
IPAM facilitates IP management in organizations with complex networks by
enabling administration and monitoring of DHCP and DNS

Managing IP Addressing Using IPAM
IP address blocks
IP address ranges
IP addresses
IP inventory
IP address range groups
You can view and manage the IP address space using the
following views:

DNS and DHCP servers
DHCP scopes
DNS zone monitoring
Server groups
You can monitor the IP address space using the following views:

IPAM Management
and Monitoring
With IPAM, you can:
Monitor IP address space utilization
Monitor DNS and DHCP health
Configure many DHCP properties and values from the IPAM
console
Use the event catalog to view a centralized repository for all
configuration changes
What Is iSCSI?
iSCSI transmits SCSI commands over IP networks

iSCSI client that
runs the iSCSI
Initiator
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iSCSI Target Server
Storage
Array
iSCSI Target Server and iSCSI Initiator
Considerations for
Implementing iSCSI Storage
Deploy the solution on fast networks
Design a highly available network infrastructure for your iSCSI storage
solution.
Design an appropriate security strategy for the iSCSI storage solution
Follow the vendor-specific best practices for different types of
deployments
The iSCSI storage solution team must contain IT administrators from
different areas of specialization
Design application-specific iSCSI storage solutions together with
application specific administrators, such as Exchange Server and SQL
Server administrators
Consider the following when designing your iSCSI storage
solution:




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