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81 MM MORTAR
CORE0402
OVERVIEW
Characteristics

Nomenclatures

Offensive capabilities/limitations
QUESTIONS?
Any questions on:

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Safety or cease training criteria?
M253 Barrel
35 lbs
M177 Bipod
27 lbs
M3A1 Baseplate
29 lbs
Characteristics
Ranges:
A. Minimum Range is 83 meters
B. Maximum Range is 5608 meters

Rates of Fire.
Rapid Rate = 30 rounds per min for 2 minutes
Sustained Rate = 15 rounds per min indefinetly
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Question: What is the maximum range for the
M252 81mm mortar?

Answer: 5,608 meters

QUESTION
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NOMENCLATURE
Cannon M253. The cannon assembly consists of the
barrel that is sealed at the lower end with a removable
breech plug, which houses a removable firing pin. At
the muzzle end is a cone-shaped blast attenuator
device (BAD) that is fitted to reduce noise.
B.A.D.
Removable Breech
Plug
Firing Pin
Upper Stopping
Band
Cooling fan
Lower Stopping
Band
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M177 Bipod Assembly:
Consists of an:
Elevating
Mechanism
Traversing
Mechanism
Mechanical Leg
Fixed Leg
Barrel Clamp
NOMENCLATURE
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M3A1 Baseplate: The baseplate is of one-piece
construction, and supports and aligns the mortar for
firing. During firing, the breech plug on the barrel is
sealed and locked to the rotatable socket in the
baseplate
Rotatable Socket
Cap
NOMENCLATURE
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M64A1 Sight Unit: This
unit provides self-
illuminating sighting
capability for indirect
fire in the conventional
mode. This unit serves
to lay the mortar for
deflection and
elevation, it is
connected to the bipod
using a dovetail
mechanism
NOMENCLATURE
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Question: The dovetail slot is used to attach
what instrument.

Answer: The M64A1 sight

QUESTION
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CAPABILITIES/LIMITATIONS
OF A 81MM MORTAR
Gun Crew Members. The members of a 81mm mortar gun
crew include:

Squad Leader- In addition to supervising the emplacement,
laying, and firing of the mortar,
he supervises all other squad activities and checks the data!!!

Gunner- The gunner stands to the left side of the mortar
where he can manipulate the sight, and gun mechanisms
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Assistant Gunner- The assistant gunner stands to the
right of the mortar, facing the barrel and ready to load.
First Ammunition Bearer
Second Ammunition Bearer
CAPABILITIES/LIMITATIONS
OF A 81MM MORTAR
CAPABILITIES /
LIMITATIONS
Fire Commands- Technical instructions issued to
the gun line
Firing with an FDC:
Mortar to Follow (Section)
Shell and Fuze (HE Quick)
Mortar to Fire (Gun 2 in adjust)
Method of Fire (Section 3 rnds in effect)
Deflection (2850)
Charge (2)
Elevation (1150)
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Question: In firing with a FDC, the initial fire
command gives what information

Answer: The initial fire command is the first fire
command that is sent to the mortar section for a
mission and contains all necessary information to
fire the first round.

QUESTION
OFFENSIVE
CAPABILITIES / LIMITATIONS
Flexibility in fire support is required to provide
continuous fires

Usually positioned 1/3 to 2/3 distance from
Enemy

Defilade is best protection for mortars

Can be broken down from PLT-Sections-Squads

OFFENSIVE
CAPABILITIES / LIMITATIONS
Mortars used to suppress, neutralize, or
destroy as maneuver element closes

After assault, consolidate mortars within the
objective area preparation for counter attack
M = method
O = objective
R = Route
T = Time
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SUMMARY
Characteristics

Nomenclatures

Offensive capabilities/limitations