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Welcome to
works dot
Learning Guide 1
Someone got up on the wrong side of the bed
LEVEL 4
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RAP: Identificar las necesidades comunicativas de
conformidad con las situaciones del contexto y los
elementos lingsticos pertinentes.
Target language: Tiempos verbales: presente simple y
continuo, formas del futuro, auxiliares modales, pasado
simple (definido e indefinido) y continuo, presente perfecto y
presente perfecto continuo
Function: Reconocer la situacin comunicativa y
seleccionar los elementos lingsticos
Evaluation Criteria: Emplea las estructuras gramaticales y
el vocabulario pertinente para cada situacin comunicativa.
I have a party tonight. I need to go to the
hair salon and get ready to shine. Do you
want to join me, today? If so, frst, read
what you are going to learn during this
week, and then take your notebook and
come on!
1.1 LOOK! WHATS GOING ON?
INTRO
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1.1 Look! Whats going on?
1.2 Will you go to the party?
1.3 I got a dress!
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COMPREHENSION
Choose the right answer:
1. Is Betty Florez a
hardworking person?

a. No, she isnt.
b. Yes, she does.
c. Yes, she is.
2. Where does she live?
a. She lives in Barranquilla
b. She lives in AFL
c. She does live in
Barranquilla
3. Where does she work?
a. She works as a secretary
b. She works at AFL
Laboratories
c. She works in a salon

4. What time does she start
and finish her work?
a. She starts at 8 am and
finish at 6 pm.
b. She starts at 8 am and
finishes at 6 pm.
c. She starts at 9 am and
finishes at 6 pm.
5. Where does she usually
go on Saturday?
a. To the lab
b. To work
c. To the hair salon
6. Today is Saturday, what is
Betty doing at the hair salon?
a. Picking up her car
b. Working
c. Changing her look
7. What is the police officer
doing?
a. Trying to find the cars
owner.
b. Getting Bettys hair done.
c. Crying on the crane.
8. Why is Betty crying out?

a. Because her car was
lifted by a crane.
b. Because her hairdresser
cut her hair badly.
c. Because the police officer
made her run desperate.
9. What is the hairdresser
doing?
a. Crying
b. Running
c. Cutting Bettys hair
10. Whose car was in
trouble?
a. Bettys
b. The hairdressers
c. None
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LEARN
COMPARE
- I play tennis on Saturdays
- Today is Saturday, I am playing tennis
- I go to school at 7:00 am every day
- It's 7:00 am, I'm going to school now
IDENTIFY
Identifica el Presente Simple y Continuo en las siguientes
situaciones:
A: What do you do on Saturday morning?
B: I play tennis on Saturday morning
A: What are you doing now?
B: It's Saturday, I'm playing tennis
A: What time do you go to school?
B: I go to school at 7:00 am everyday
A: Are you going to school now?
B: Yes, I'm going to school as everyday at 7:00 am.
Generalmente usamos el Presente Simple para hablar de
situaciones habituales y el Presente Continuo para acciones que se
estn llevando a cabo en ese momento, pero hay ocasiones en las
que esta diferenciacin no es posible.
PRESENT SIMPLE
El presente simple permite hablar de algo que ocurre siempre, antes
y despus de este momento:
Past Now Future
Sujeto+Verbo (en infinitive sin la partcula to)+complemento
Si el sujeto es tercera persona del singular se le aade una s al
verbo
Lisa works every day
It always rains here
Tambin se utiliza siempre para referirse a una fecha fijada para
ms adelante o un da sealado:
Tomorrow is my graduation day
The videoconference starts at 10:00 am
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NORMA ESPECIAL: es en lugar de s para la tercer persona:
Para los verbos acabados en o, sh, ch, ss, x, z, y se
aade es en la tercera persona del singular en lugar de s:
Ejemplos:
To wish-He wishes
To fix-She fixes
To watch-He watches
To Kiss- She kisses
To reach-It reaches
To go-She goes
To express-He expresses
To buzz-It buzzes
Los verbos acabados en "-y" cuando la "y" no sea precedida de una
vocal. Forman la tercera persona en "-ies".
To study-She studies
To fly-He flies
Las palabras como to play no cumple est norma cuando la palabra
anterior es una vocal, debe aadirse la s.

PRESENT CONTINUOUS
El presente continuo se emplea principalmente para hablar
de algo que est ocurriendo justo en el momento en el que
se habla, aunque tambin puede referirse a planes y citas
concertadas en el futuro:
Now Future
Sujeto+ verbo+ing+complement
Leo plays the guitar but he isn't playing now.
They are going to Spain after Christmas.

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PRONUNCIACIN
La terminacin ing que se agrega al infinitivo del verbo (sin
to) nunca se acenta. Se pronuncia in y la g se escucha
apenas, un poco como en ding-dong.
Practica la pronunciacin de estos verbos en presente
simple y continuo.
Listen and Repeat
VOCABULARIO
Listen and Repeat
To drink
Drinking
To eat
Eating
To play
Playing
beber
bebiendo
comer
comiendo
jugar
jugando
Angry
To disturb
Landscape
Hungry
To be fed up with
Thick
Enfadado(a)
Molestar
Paisaje
Hambriento(a)
Estar harto (a)
Grueso (a)
Sweater Sueter
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RECUERDE QUE:
Narraciones o historias
Para narrar los hechos principales y el continuo para
describir o ambientar.
He drives the car and looks at him.
He is listening to music and he doesnt recognize him.
Then he shouts..
(El conduce y lo mira.
Est escuchando msica y no le reconoce.
Entonces grita...)
En Verbos de Estado
Los verbos de estado ('state verbs') no pueden ir en tiempos
continuos.
Estos son los que expresan:

Estado y posesin: be, have, own...
Percepcin y sentido: see, hear, smell, feel, taste...
Pensamiento y opinin: believe, remember, know, think,
seem...
Gusto, preferencias: like, dislike, love, hate...
Hay ocasiones en que los verbos de estado pueden ir en
forma progresiva:
1 Para indicar que una situacin es temporal.
I love having dinner with you.
Me encanta cenar contigo (habitualmente).
I am loving having dinner with you.
Me est encantando cenar contigo (hoy).
Para indicar que una percepcin es voluntaria
This meal smells wonderful.
Esta comida huele de maravilla (estado, percepcin).
Im smelling this rose.
Estoy oliendo esta rosa (accin voluntaria).
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Con los verbos de pensamiento u opinin se usa las formas
continuas para indicar que hemos empezado a pensar de
esa manera o que no estamos seguro de algo
I regret that the car will have to be sold.
Lamento que el carro tendr que ser vendido (ya he
tomado mi decisin y lo siento).
I'm regretting my decision to sell the car.
Estoy lamentando mi decisin de vender el carro (cada vez
soy ms consciente de que era una decisin errnea).
El verbo 'feel' cuando significa creer u opinar va en forma
simple y cuando denota estado va en simple o continua.
I feel he is wrong.
Creo que est equivocado (opinin).
She is feeling good.
Se siente bien (sentido, estado).
I feel good.
Me siento bien (sentido, estado).
PARA TENER EN CUENTA
Algunos verbos nunca se conjugan en presente continuo,
entre ellos: like, see, love, hate, believe, prefer, need, know,
understand o remember.
Por ejemplo, diremos
Pardon me? I dont understand
(Perdone, no entiendo)
en lugar de
Im not understanding.
NOW LETS PRACTICE!
PRACTICE
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Exercise 1.
Put the verbs in brackets in Simple Present or Present Continuous/ Coloca
los verbos que estn entre parenthesis en Presente Simple o Continuo.
1) She ___________ sometimes magazines. (to read)
2) We never ___________TV in the morning. (to watch)
3) Listen! Julio ____________ in the bathroom. (to sing)
4) My brother usually_______________ in the kitchen. (to help)
5) My grandma ________________ breakfast now. (to make)
6) They often ________________the bathroom. (to clean)
7) Look! The children _____________home. (to come) (Respuesta
8) Every day his brother _____________ for a walk. (to go)
9) She__________________with her friend at the moment. (to chat)
10) Lions ______________ meat. (to eat)
Exercise 2.
Choose the correct form of the verb and build sentences in the
Simple Present or the Present Continuous. / Escoge la forma
correcta del verbo y elabora las oraciones en Presente Simple o el
Presente Continuo.
1) Victor _________ football at the moment.
a) Play
b) Plays
c) Am playing
d) Is playing
e) Are playing
2) They ____________ often tests at our school.
a) Write
b) Writes
c) Am writing
d) Is writing
e) Are writing
3) He ______________to my teacher now.
a) Talk
b) Talks
c) Am talking
d) Is talking
e) Are talking
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8) Listen! The band _______________ the new guitar.
a) Test
b) Tests
c) Am testing
d) Is testing
e) Are testing
9) First I_______________ , then I dress.
a) Wash
b) Washes
c) Am washing
d) Is washing
e) Are washing

10) Every morning my sister ____________________ up at 6
o'clock.
a) Get
b) Gets
c) Am getting
d) Is getting
e) Are getting
4) Look! Manolo and Ann ____________ a film on TV.
a) Watch
b) Watches
c) Am watching
d) Is watching
e) Are watching
5) Vicky ________________her uncle every weekend.
a) Visit
b) Visits
c) Am Visiting
d) Is Visiting
e) Are Visiting
6) Now, the sun __________________ .
a) Shine
b) Shines
c) Is shining
d) Are shining
e) Am shining
7) They sometimes_______________ poems in the lessons.
a) Read
b) Reads
c) Am Reading
d) Is Reading
e) Are Reading
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CULTURE & TIPS
TASK 1
VIDEO
TIP
1. What do you usally do on Saturday mornings?
Write a short paragraph (50
words min.) in English,
describing what you usually
do on Saturday mornings.
Escriba una pequea
composicin (mnimo 50
palabras) en Ingls
describiendo lo que usted
usualmente hace un sbado
en la maana.
Then, record your voice,
reading what you have
written in your composition.
Use http://vocaroo.com/ for
recording your voice.
Luego, grabe su voz,
leyendo lo que ha escrito en
su composicin. Use
http://vocaroo.com/ para
realizar su grabacin.
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2. Whats going on?
Imagine you are a local weather
reporter. Today while you are at the
citys square, it starts raining.
Describe what youre seeing at this
moment, as the rain doesnt stop
falling. Write a paragraph (50
words min.)
Imagine que usted es un reportero
del canal local del clima. Hoy
mientras usted est en el parque
central de su ciudad, empieza a
caer un fuerte aguacero. Narre lo
que est viendo en este momento,
mientras la lluvia no para de caer.
Escriba su narracin (mnimo 50
palabras).
Then, record your voice,
reading what you have
written in your composition.
Use http://vocaroo.com/ for
recording your voice.
Luego, grabe su voz,
leyendo lo que ha escrito en
su composicin. Use
http://vocaroo.com/ para
realizar su grabacin.
Attention!
Cada uno de los puntos del task 1 debe realizarlos en
el mismo documento de texto. En el caso de las graba-
ciones deber copiar y pegar el link que proporciona
vocaroo. Luego, de tener su documento completo,
nmbrelo de la siguiente forma: Su nombre completo_-
Task 1 y envelo a su tutor por medio del enlace de
envo actividad en la plataforma.
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1.2. WILL YOU GO TO THE PARTY?
INTRO
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COMPREHENSION
Choose the right answer
1. Will Betty go to the party?
a. Yes, she is going.
b. No, she wont
c. Yes, she will.
2. Where will Betty buy her dress?
a. At a boutique
b. At a restaurant
c. None
3. Where will Betty and Amanda meet?
a. At the restaurant
b. At the boutique
c. At the parking lot
4. Will Betty go to the restaurant?
a. No, she wont
b. No, she will
c. Yes, she will
5. What happened at the end of the story?
a. Betty bought a stunning dress.
b. Amanda bought a stunning dress.
c. Amanda was going to take a red dress with her.
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LEARN
Formas del Futuro: Will
IDENTIFY/IDENTIFICA
Identifica las formas del futuro Will en las siguientes situaciones:
- Sally will go to a meeting tomorrow (Sally ir a una reunion
maana)
- I will be ready in an hour (Estar listo(a) en una hora)
A: Where will Sam go on vacations? (A donde ir Sam en
vacaciones?)
B: Sam will go to France (Sam ir a Francia)
A: Will you study English at night today? (Estudiaras Ingls en la
noche hoy?)
B: Yes, I will study English at night today (Si, estudiar Ingls en la
noche hoy)
A: Will you be able to repair the car this Sunday? (Sers capaz de
reparar el carro este domingo?)
B: Of course, but it will take a week to repair it (Por supuesto, pero
tomar una semana para repararlo)
LEARN/APRENDE
Conceptos de formas del futuro
con Will
El presente simple permite hablar
de algo que ocurre siempre, antes y
despus de este momento:
En el idioma ingls existen varias formas para referirse al futuro.
Una de ellas es el Present Continuous, el cual se estudi en la
anterior unidad. Otra es el uso del future tense, equivalente al
tiempo futuro espaol. El future tense emplea el verbo auxiliar Will
para construir las oraciones y se utiliza para predecir, dar opinin o
pedir algo, entre otros.
Will va seguido por el infinitivo sin la partcula to.
Futuro con el Auxiliar Will
Estructura
Pronombre + Will + verbo + complemento
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I + will+ go to the police (El ir a la policia) POSITIVE SENTENCE
He+ will not+ do the exam (El no har el examen) NEGATIVE
SENTENCE
Will she have a suitcase? (Ella tendr una maleta?)
INTERROGATIVE
El verbo auxiliar will se puede escribir de dos formas:
En oraciones Afirmativas: Se sustituye Wi- por un apstrofe (')
I will: I'll
You will: You'll
He/She/It will: He'll/She'll/It'll
We will: we'll
They will: They'll
En oraciones Negativas: Se sustituye will not por won't
I will not = I won't
You will not = You won't
He/She/It will not = He wont/She won't/It won't
We will not = We wont
They will not = They won't
I'll be There at 8:00 am/ We'll walk around the park/ She'll work
until 6:00 o'clock/It'll rain soon
En la forma Negativa will not podr sustituirse por wont
Rafael won't buy the bike/Lisa won't call her mother/He won't study
today
En la forma Interrogativa no existe la forma contrada:
Will you go to school?/ Will Marie attend the meeting?/Will He take
the car?
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PRONUNCIACIN
Podemos decir que la L inglesa se pronuncia de una manera
ligeramente diferente a la l espaola, sobre todo cuando se
encuentra al final de una palabra.
Practica la pronunciacin de las siguientes expresiones:
Listen and Repeat
he'll come/El vendr
She'll study/Ella estudiar
You'll return/Usted regresar
We'll meet/Nosotros nos encontraremos
it'll be/Ser
They'll sell/Ellos vendern
VOCABULARIO
Listen and Repeat
To fix
To Send for
Break down
To go out
To Burn
To repair
To cut off
Arreglar
Llamar/convocar
Averiarse/derribar
Salir/Irse
Quemar
Reparar
Cortar un suministro
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RECUERDE QUE:
Se usa will o won't para:
Hacer predicciones
Example: Today it will be rainy (Hoy ser lluvioso).
Cuando es una decisin espontanea
Example: I think Ill go to the University tomorrow (Creo
que ir a la Universidad).
Para prometer algo
Example: - Ill visit Luis next monday (Visitar a Luis el
prximo lunes).
Para ofrecer ayuda
Example: - Ill help you (Te ayudar)
Para pedir que alguien haga algo
Example: - Will you take my suitcase to the airport?
(Llevars my maleta al aeropuerto?)
PARA TENER EN CUENTA
Aunque en la actualidad prcticamente no se utiliza, debe
saber que el auxiliar shall puede sustituir a will tanto en la
primera persona del singular como del plural. Es igual de
correcto decir I shall go to the doctor tomorrow o We shall
go to the cinema on Saturday night pero no She shall
clean the house.
NOW LETS PRACTICE!
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PRACTICE
Exercise 1.
Mix and Match each sentence/Mezcla y empareja cada oracin.
Exercise 2.
Put the sentences into the correct order/Coloca las oraciones en el
orden correcto.
1. Take/hotel/He/taxi/will/the/at Orden: He will take the taxi at the hotel
2. The/find/think/will/Sandra/I/solution/ Orden: I think Sandra will find
the solution
3. office/will/until/in/I/late/work/my Orden: I will work until late in my
office
4. sick/Susana/go/school/because/to/is/She/wont Orden: Susana wont
go to school because She is sick
5. month/will/Pars/Mauricio/travel/I/to/next Orden: Mauricio and I will
travel to Pars next month
6. Christmas/dinner/Will/prepare/the/you/?/for Orden: Will you prepare
the dinner for Christmas?
7. house/stay/ Mara/this/Will/in/?/ Orden: Will Mara stay in this house?
8. that/This/wont/Andrea/she/out/me/go/told/Saturday Orden: Andrea
told me that she wont go out this Saturday
9. test/take/hours/the/will/two Orden: The test will take two hours
10. when/get/I/you/call/will/there Orden: I will call you when I get there
1.The weather is not so good
2. She is coming to the meeting
3. Ill publish the new today
4. Shes the best basketball player
5. I asked her to receive the guest
6. There are a lot of people
in the concert
7. I told Jhon at 8:00 am
8. It is too expensive
9. Hurry up!
10. We have a videoconference
on Tuesday
a. but She wont do it
b. It will be full
c. I am sure she will win
the championship
d. You will see her there.
e. It will rain
f. but you wont read it until Monday
g. They wont pay for it
h. He will be late
i. James will talk about management
j. You wont be ready when
she arrives
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CULTURE & TIPS
TASK 2
Pronunciation
Grabe con su propia voz el siguiente dilogo y enve el archivo de
audio a travs del enlace de envo correspondiente. (Puede
grabar el dilogo usted mismo o con otra persona)
Jason: How old are you Betty?
Betty: I am twenty-five years old but Ill be twenty-six in October 1st.
Jason: Wow, it will be your birthday soon. What will you do?
Betty: My friend Sally will take me to a beautiful restaurant
Jason: I love going to restaurants. Can I go with you?
Betty: Sure! Will you take your sister?
Jason: No, I dont think so. She will be in a meeting that day.
Betty: What a pity! She will miss my birthday.
Jason: Anyway, I will ask her if she can that day
Betty: That would be nice. I must go. So, see you tomorrow Jason.
Jason: See you Betty, bye bye!
Betty: bye Jason!
Escuche la pronunciacin del dilogo a continuacin :
Escuchar audio
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VIDEO
TIP
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1.3. I GOT A DRESS!
INTRO
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COMPREHENSION
Choose the right answer
1. Why Betty was disappointed?
a. Because she couldnt find her dress size.
b. Because she felt sick.
c. Because her friend Amanda was going to buy the dress
she liked.
2. Did Amanda buy a dress?
a. Yes, she did.
b. No, she didnt.
c. No, she did not.
3. Where were Amanda and Betty?
a. At the party.
b. At the boutique.
c. At the mall.
4. What was Amanda doing in the boutique?
a. Getting a new dress.
b. Window shopping.
c. Buying a perfect outfit for the party.
5. Was Betty having a lucky day?
a. Definitely, she was. She got a dress.
b. Definitely, she wasnt. She got a stain on her new dress.
c. No, she wasnt. She couldnt get the dress she liked.
LEARN
COMPARE
- She finished her homework quickly (Ella termin su tarea
rpidamente).
- Ana was working when Carolina called her (Ana estaba
trabajando cuando Carolina la llam).
- I watched a football match on TV yesterday. (Vi un partido de
futbol en Televisin ayer).
- I was sleeping when my son arrived (Yo estaba durmiendo
cuando mi hijo lleg).
IDENTIFY
Identifica el Pasado Simple y Continuo en las siguientes situaciones:
A: Did you clean the house on Monday? (Limpiastes la casa el
lunes?)
B: Yes, I did. I cleaned the garden too. (Si lo hice. Limpi tambin
el jardin.)
A: Was Danny wearing a blue T-Shirt? (Danny estaba usando una
camiseta azul?)
B: No, he wasnt. He was wearing a yellow T-shirt. (No, el no la
usaba. El usaba una camisa amarilla).
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A: I went to the supermarket while my husband was doing the
washing up. (Fu al supermercado mientras mi esposo estaba
lavando los platos.
B: Did you buy my favorite chocolate? (Comprastes mi
chocolate favorite?)
A: The kids were playing in the garden when Lisbon arrived
home. (Los nios estaban jugando en el jardn cuando su madre
lleg a la casa.)
B: Did she bring the gifts for the kids? (Ella trajo los regales para
los nios?)
LEARN/APRENDE
Conceptos Pasado Simple y Continuo
PAST SIMPLE/PASADO SIMPLE
Los verbos en Pasado Simple nos permiten hablar de cosas que ya
han sucedido.
For Example: I closed the door (Yo cerr la puerta).
En el pasado simple utilizamos el auxiliar did para todas las
personas, incluyendo la tercera persona del singular (he/she/it), as
como tambin en su forma negativa e interrogativa.
NEGATIVE:
She didnt do the test/Ella no hizo el test
INTERROGATIVE:
Did she call the police?/Ella llam a la policia?
En la forma afirmativa no utilizamos el auxiliar did sino que
aadimos la particula ed al infinitivo.
AFFIRMATIVE:
Juan watched a great movie on Saturday/Juan vi una gran
pelicula el Sbado.
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PAST CONTINUOUS/PASADO CONTINUO
El pasado continuo es bastante similar al presente continuo, solo
que en este caso hablamos del pasado. Indica que la accin o el
hecho al que hacemos referencia estaba ocurriendo en ese
momento: la frase She was working seala que en aquel instante
al que se alude: Ella estaba trabajando. Veamos su uso y forma:
AFFIRMATIVE:
Amparo was sleeping until late/Amparo estaba durmiendo hasta
tarde.
Camilo and Ally were studying in my house yesterday/ Camilo y
Ally estuvieron estudiando en mi casa ayer.
NEGATIVE:
Jazmin wasnt sitting on that chair/ Jazmin no estaba sentada en
esa silla.
Adriana and Rafael werent playing in the yard/ Adriana y Rafael
no estaban jugando en el patio.
INTERROGATIVE:
Were they having lunch today?/Ello estaban almorzando hoy?
PRONUNCIACIN
PAST SIMPLE/PASADO SIMPLE
La terminacin ed puede pronunciarse de tres formas:
a) id despus de t o d:
to wait/esperar waited weIted
to need/necesitar needed ni ded
b) t despus de las consonantes sordas ch, sh, f, k, p, s, x:
to ask/preguntar asked a skt
to watch/observer (watch tv) watched w t t
c) d en todos los dems casos:
to change/cambiar changed t eInd d
to explain/explicar explained IkspleIned
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VOCABULARIO
Listen and Repeat
COMMON IRREGULAR VERBS/VERBOS IRREGULARES
COMUNES
COMMON REGULAR VERBS/VERBOS REGULARES COMUNES
Begin Began Begun Comenzar/Iniciar
bring brought brought Traer
choose chose chosen Elegir/Escoger
drive drove driven Conducir/Manejar
feel felt felt Sentr
do did done Hacer
nd found found Encontrar
Keep Kept kept Mantener
have had had Tener
make made made Producir,
confeccionar, hacer
Say Said Said Decir
Smell Smelt Smelt Oler
Swim Swam Swum Nadar, Flotar
Teach Taught Taught Ensear
Add Added Sumar/Sum
Appear Appeared Aparecer/Apareci
Advance Advanced Avanzar/Avanz/Avanzado
Call Called Llamar/Llam
Believe Believed Creer/Crey
Claim Claimed Reclamar/Reclam
Clear Cleared Aclarar,Limpiar/Limpi
Close Closed Cerrar/Cerr
Copy Copied Copiar/Copi
Decide Decided Decidir/Decidi
Destroy Destroyed Destruir/Destruy
Enjoy Enjoyed Disfrutar/Disfrut
Follow Followed Seguir/Sigui
Happen Happened Suceder/Sucedi
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RECUERDE QUE:
Los verbos irregulares no aaden ed sino que cambian
ligera o totalmente en su forma afirmativa del pasado simple.
En su forma Negativa e Interrogativa no, ya que se emplea
el auxiliar to do.
PASADO DE LOS VERBOS IRREGULARES
En la forma Afirmativa, la mayora de lo verbos irregulares
cambian algunas letras entre la forma de infinitivo y la del
pasado, sobre todo las vocales:
To go, went/ to have, had: Ir, tener
En la forma Negativa se emplea to do:
Mat didnt enjoy the party. / Mat no disfrut la fiesta.
En las interrogativas tambin se utiliza to do:
Did you go to school? / Fuistes a la escuela?
El PASADO CONTINUO SE UTILIZA:
Para hablar de una accin en el pasado que todava se
estaba realizando en determinado momento:
She was taking a bath When I arrived home / Ella estaba
bandose cuando llegu a casa
Para situar una escena del pasado:
It was 1998. We were graduating from highschool/ Era el
ao 1998. Nos estbamos graduando del bachillerato.
Para sealar que ha habido un cambio o progreso:
They were improving their pronunciation/Ellos estaban
mejorando su pronunciacin.
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PARA TENER EN CUENTA
Los verbos cuyo infinitivo terminan en e como to live, solo
aadimos d (lived) (Vivi)
Lo que finalizan en consonante+vocal+consonante, como la
palabra plan, duplicamos la ultima letra (planned).
Los que terminan en y precedida por consonante, como to
study, cambian la y por una i y colocamos ed al final (studied).
(Estudi)
El verbo To be, adems de ser irregular, no tiene una nica forma
verbal de pasado simple, como ocurre con el resto de irregulares,
sino dos: was y were (Estuvo(e), Estuvieron)
Las contracciones (dont, didnt) suelen emplearse mas que todo
en el lenguaje hablado. En cambio, en la escrita se utilizan mucho
menos, ya que hacerlo supone elegir un registro bastante
informal.
NOW LETS PRACTICE!
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PRACTICE
Exercise 1.
a) Connect the infinitive verb with its past simple / Relaciona el verbo
infinitivo con su pasado simple.
1.Eat
2. Drink
3. Buy
4. Know
5. Need
6. Open
7. Go
a. Bought
b. Knew
c. Needed
d. Opened
e. Ate
f.Went
g. Drank
b) Write the complete answer as the example/Escribe la respuesta
completa como en el ejemplo:
Did you buy a book? (No)
No, I didnt buy a book
1. Did you open the window of my room? (No)
Answer: ________________________
2. Did you eat Lasagna yesterday? (Yes)
Answer:________________________
3. Did Fernando come by bus? (Yes)
Answer:________________________
4. Did Carolina tell you about the last new?(No)
Answer:________________________
5. Did you go to Argentina last year? (Yes)
Answer: ________________________
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Exercise 2.
c) Use the words in brackets to say what Michael and Linda did
yesterday in Past Continuous. / Utilice las palabras entre parntesis para
decir que hacan Michael y Linda ayer en Pasado Continuo.
1. Linda (make, a call at 9:00 am)
__________________________________________________
2. Michael (wear, a blue jean)
__________________________________________________
3. Michael ( do, the math homework)
__________________________________________________
4. Linda (wear, a yellow dress)
__________________________________________________
5. Michael (hold, a pen)
__________________________________________________
6. Linda (sleep, at noon)
________________________________________________
7. Michael (sit, in the park)

________________________________________________
8. Linda and Michael (take care, of her sister at 3:00 pm)
________________________________________________
CULTURE & TIPS
VER VIDEO
TIP
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TASK 3
Attention!
What did you do yesterday?
Write a short paragraph (50
words min.) in English,
describing what you did
yesterday. Use simple past
and past continuous.
Escriba una pequea
composicin (mnimo 50
palabras) en Ingls
describiendo lo que usted
hizo ayer. Use pasado
simple y pasado simple
continuo.
Then, record your voice,
reading what you have
written in your composition.
Use http://vocaroo.com/ for
recording your voice.
Luego, grabe su voz,
leyendo lo que ha escrito en
su composicin. Use
http://vocaroo.com/ para
realizar su grabacin.
Cada uno de los puntos del taller debe realizarlos en el
mismo documento de texto. En el caso de la grabacin
deber copiar y pegar el link que proporciona vocaroo.
Luego, de tener su documento completo, nmbrelo de
la siguiente forma: Su nombre completo_Task 3 y
envelo a su tutor por medio del enlace de envo
actividad en la plataforma.
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Final Considerations
Remember:
You use simple present when you talk
about daily activities.
You use present continous when you talk about
temporary situations.
You use simple past when you narrate a past event.
You use past continuous when you describe a situation
that goes on for some time in the past.
You use Future-Will when you refer to a situation in the
future.
1
The activities that you must carry out in this learning
guide are:
Task 1
Task 2
Task 3
Evaluation
2
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Lder de Proyecto:
Jairo Antonio Castro Casas
Expertos temticos:
Javier Gmez Zapata
Andrea Gonzlez Mosquera
Ivon Mirit Molina Barrios
Asesor Pedaggico:
Mnica Patricia Osorio Martnez
Guionistas:
Beatriz Helena Duque Ospina
scar Daro Cardozo Garzn
scar Ivn Pineda Cespedes
Lder de Proyecto:
Jairo Antonio Castro Casas
Expertos temticos:
Javier Gmez Zapata
Andrea Gonzlez Mosquera
Ivon Mirit Molina Barrios
Asesor Pedaggico:
Mnica Patricia Osorio Martnez
Guionistas:
Beatriz Helena Duque Ospina
scar Daro Cardozo Garzn
scar Ivn Pineda Cespedes
Programadores:
Diego Rodrguez Ortegn
Jos Felix Arizala Segura
Mayra Durango
Equipo de Diseo:
Gabriel David Surez Vargas
Guillermo Armando Aponte Celis
Jhonny Ronald Narvez Olarte
Julin Mauricio Milln Bonilla
Leonardo Stiglich Campos
Programadores:
Diego Rodrguez Ortegn
Jos Felix Arizala Segura
Mayra Durango
Equipo de Diseo:
Gabriel David Surez Vargas
Guillermo Armando Aponte Celis
Jhonny Ronald Narvez Olarte
Julin Mauricio Milln Bonilla
Leonardo Stiglich Campos
CRDITOS