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Ch-5 The Integumentary System Sep-5-2013

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Bio - 2870
Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology
Chapter 5
The Integumentary System
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5-0 INTRODUCTION
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5-1 EPIDERMIS
I. CELLS
A. Keratinocytes
B. Melanocytes
C. Langerhans Cells
D. Merkel Cells
E. Basal Cells

(germinativum)
Basal cell
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I. LAYERS
A. Thin Skin
B. Thick Skin
5-1 EPIDERMIS

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II. LAYERS
A. STRATUM BASALE (GERMINATIVUM)
Dermal papilla
Epidermal
ridge
Basal
cell
5-1 EPIDERMIS

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II. LAYERS
B. Stratum Spinosum
C. Stratum Granulosum (Keratinization)
5-1 EPIDERMIS

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II. LAYERS
D. Stratum Lucidum
E. Stratum Corneum
i. Insensible Perspiration
5-1 EPIDERMIS

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I. EPIDERMAL PIGMENTATION
A. Carotene
B. Melanin
II. DERMAL PIGMENTATION
A. Circulation


5-2 SKIN PIGMENTATION
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5-3 VITAMIN D3 SYNTHESIS
(Calcitriol)
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5-5 DERMIS
I. LAYERS
A. Papillary Layer
B. Reticular Layer
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5-5 DERMIS
II. Strength And Elasticity
A. Stretch Marks
III. Lines Of Cleavage
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5-5 DERMIS
IV. Dermal Blood Supply
A. Cutaneous Plexus
B. Papillary Plexus
V. Innervation Of The Skin
A. Mechanoreceptors
i. Tactile (Meissners) Corpuscles
ii. Lamellated (Pacinian) Corpuscles
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5-6 HYPODERMIS
Stabilizes The Position Of The Skin Relative To The Underlying
Tissues,
While Permitting Independent Movement Of The Two Layers
Adipose (Energy Reserve, Shock Absorber And Thermal Blanket)
Subcutaneous Injection Sight

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5-7 HAIR
I. Structure
II. Function
III. Types
A. Vellus
B. Terminal
IV. Color
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5-8 EXOCRINE GLANDS IN THE SKIN
I. Sebaceous (Oil) Glands
A. Sebum

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5-8 EXOCRINE GLANDS IN THE SKIN
II. Sweat Glands/ Sudoriferous Glands
A. Apocrine Sweat Glands
i. Scent
B. Merocrine (Eccrine) Sweat Glands
i. Sensible Perspiration
ii. Cooling
iii. Excretion
iv. Protection