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EVOLUTION OF KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT

The KM journey is categorized into three generations:


First Generation (1990-1995)
Second Generation (1996 - 2001)
Third Generation (2002 to onwards)

First Generation (1990-1995)

The period 1990-1995 can be called as the first generation of KM. The
initial work started with defining KM, investigating the potential benefits of
KM for businesses, and designing specific KM projects.
Advancement on artificial intelligence influenced research on KM, mainly in
the direction of knowledge representation and storing can be seen.

Second Generation (1996-2001)
KM practical application to organizations started around 1996, which can be
stated as the second generation of KM.
Second generation started with organizations recognizing knowledge
management as a function with titles like knowledge managers, knowledge
specialists and chief knowledge officers, mainly focused on developing
taxonomies, and brought organizational change to re-develop management
practices.
Many organizations have started implementing KM during this generation,
KM research issues focus was business development, organizations, frameworks,
operations and processes and techonigical advancement.

Third Generation :
Third generation emerged around 2002 where focus seems to be on result
part such as the link between knowing and action.
All knowledge is inherently social, cultural and organizational knowledge
can only be realized through change in organizational activity and practice. Now
the focus has shifted from knowledge sharing (supply side) to knowledge creation
(demand-side).