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2007 M8.1
2009 M7.8
PACIFIC PLATE
2013 M8.0
S
O
U
T
H

S
O
L
O
M
O
N

T
R
E
N
C
H
Pacific Ocean
46 mm/yr
84 mm/yr
75 mm/yr
38 mm/yr
90 mm/yr
76 mm/yr
New Zealand
Fiji
Kandaru
Loyalty Islands
Campbell I.
Auckland Islands
Antipodes Is.
Snares Is.
Stewart Island
South Island
North Island
Great Barrier I.
Samoa
Tonga
Tasman
Sea
South
Pacfic
Ocean
Lau Basin
New Caledonia Basin
North Fiji Basin
South Norfolk Basin
Tasman Basin
N
o
r
t
h

N
e
w

H
e
b
r
i
d
e
s

T
r
e
n
c
h
H
i
k
u
r
a
n
g
i
T
r
e
n
c
h
K
e
r
m
a
d
e
c
T
r
e
n
c
h
T
o
n
g
a
T
r
e
n
c
h
P
u
y
s
e
g
u
r

T
r
e
n
c
h
180°
180°
170°E
170°E
170°W 160°E
20°S
20°S
30°S
30°S
40°S
40°S
50°S
50°S
MAP EXPLANATION
Earthquakes M6.5+ 1900-2012
Magnitude
!( 6.5 - 7.0
!(
7.0 - 7.5
!( (( (
7.5 +
Slab Contours
Depth
0 - 120 (20 km intervals)
160 - 360 (40 km intervals)
400 - 520 (40 km intervals)
560 + (40 km intervals)
#
Subduction
Transform
Divergent
Others
0 500 1,000 250
Kilometers
Australian Plate
Pacific Plate