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Colegio de San Juan de Letran Calamba

BRGY. BUCAL, CALAMBA CITY






EXPERIMENT NO.7
PMDC MOTOR IN SERIES AND PARALLEL

ENCON081L ENERGY CONVERSION LAB
4ECE

WATT A TOPS

ACUEZA, YVAN R.
CAETE, JAYZEE M.
CARTUSIANO, ROMNICK U.
INOSANTO, TESIE O.
LEOPANDO, KEILLA MARIE R.
RAMOS, MYDINE M.
ROSALES, JOHN ERIC Z.
VETERANA, MARIA VICTORIA D.

EDISON M. BENGCO, PECE
INSTRUCTOR
RATING

I. THEORY
PERMANENT MAGNET DC BRUSHED MOTORS (PMDC MOTORS)
CONSIST OF PERMANENT MAGNETS, LOCATED IN THE STATOR, AND
WINDINGS, LOCATED IN THE ROTOR. THE ENDS OF THE WINDING COILS
ARE CONNECTED TO COMMUTATOR SEGMENTS, WHICH MAKE SLIPPING
CONTACT WITH THE STATIONARY BRUSHES. BRUSHES ARE CONNECTED
TO DC VOLTAGE SUPPLY ACROSS MOTOR TERMINALS.
CHANGE OF DIRECTION OF ROTATION CAN BE ACHIEVED BY
REVERSAL OF VOLTAGE POLARITY. THE CURRENT FLOW THROUGH THE
COILS CREATES MAGNETIC POLES IN THE ROTOR THAT INTERACT THE
PERMANENT MAGNET POLES. IN ORDER TO KEEP THE TORQUE
GENERATION IN SAME DIRECTION, THE CURRENT FLOW MUST BE
REVERSED WHEN THE ROTOR NORTH POLE PASSES THE STATOR SOUTH
POLE.

II. GENERAL OBJECTIVES
1. TO OPERATE PERMANENT MAGNET DC MOTORS IN SERIES AND
PARALLEL WHILE UNDERSTANDING ITS APPLICATION

III. SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES
1. TO KNOW THE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN SERIES AND PARALLEL
PMDC MOTOR

IV. LIST OF FIGURE AND LABORATORY PROCEDURE:
A. MOTOR 6V DC
B. 6V DC SOLENOID
C. 1000 OHMS RESISTOR
D. BRIDGE RECTIFIER(IDEAL)
E. TRANSFORMER(IDEAL)
F. 15 V/20 HZ AC SOURCE VOLTAGE

MOTOR CURRENT: 654.30mA
MOTOR VOLTAGE: 7.25V
SOLENOID VALVE CURRENT:655.61mA
SOLENOID VALVE VOLTAGE: 7.25 V







































V. OBSERVATION AND DISCUSSION
I OBSERVED THAT AS WITH ANY ENERGY CONVERSION DEVICE, THE
PMDC MOTORS IS NOT 100% EFFICIENT. NOT ALL OF THE ELECTRIC
ENERGY SUPPLIED TO THE MOTOR IS CONVERTED INTO USEFUL WORK
(MECHANICAL POWER). THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN ELECTRICAL POWER
SUPPLIED AND MECHANICAL POWER AVAILABLE AT THE SHAFT IS LOST IN
THE FORM OF HEAT INSIDE THE MOTOR. LOSSES OCCUR IN THE DC
RESISTANCE OF THE FIELD AND ARMATURE WINDINGS, IN THE MAGNETIC
CIRCUIT THAT COUPLES FIELD AND ARMATURE WINDINGS, IN THE
FRICTION AND WINDAGE OF THE ROTATING ARMATURE AND IN THE
RESISTANCE OF THE BRUSH CONTACTS ON THE COMMUTATOR. LOSSES
INCREASE AS THE LOAD ON THE MOTOR INCREASES, RESULTING IN
SIGNIFICANT HEATING OF THE MOTOR AT FULL LOAD.

VI. CONCLUSION
THEREFORE, THE PMDC MOTOR IN SERIES BEHAVES QUITE
DIFFERENTLY. IN THIS MOTOR, THE MAGNETIC FIELD IS PRODUCED BY
THE CURRENT WHICH FLOWS THROUGH THE ARMATURE WINDING; WITH
THE RESULT THAT THE MAGNETIC FIELD IS WEAK WHEN THE MOTOR
LOAD IS LIGHT (THE ARMATURE WINDING DRAWS MINIMUM CURRENT).
THE MAGNETIC FIELD IS STRONG WHEN THE LOAD IS HEAVY (THE
ARMATURE WINDING DRAWS MAXIMUM CURRENT). THE ARMATURE
VOLTAGE IS NEARLY EQUAL TO THE SUPPLY LINE VOLTAGE (JUST AS IN
THE SHUNT WOUND MOTOR IF WE NEGLECT THE SMALL DROP IN THE
SERIES FIELD). CONSEQUENTLY, THE SPEED OF THE SERIES PMDC MOTOR
IS ENTIRELY DETERMINED BY THE LOAD CURRENT. THE SPEED IS LOW AT
HEAVY LOADS, AND VERY HIGH AT NO LOAD. IN FACT, MANY SERIES
MOTORS WILL, IF OPERATED AT NO LOAD, RUN SO FAST THAT THEY
DESTROY THEMSELVES. THE HIGH FORCES, ASSOCIATED WITH HIGH
SPEEDS. ON THE OTHER HAND, PARALLEL PMDC MOTORS RESULT CAN
DELIVER MORE TORQUE THAN EITHER OF THE ORIGINAL MOTORS, BUT
THE SPEED IS LIMITED TO THE WEAKEST ONE.