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(1848)

~C •• oo .. p .... eje jeABI 0,. .tjclenjo AP"'ocn, .IA ce BO p1A8.1 jeAJIJ oco6y lell J8 .'POA.

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1870.

"KaKo 6B BaM ce ~OllaJIO, roenoao, K&~ 6a 6UJlB Y'BumuBu, U oner 6u BaM MaTepu.u jeauK 6uo U(,II:JbY'.IeB? }.{a ee 1836. Y TOMe Buje ,08a1l:0 esapeno 00- CTY0aJIO, ca~ Be6u 6BJlO BeMBpa, oa Ma ra B peaKIlBja

oOll:ymaJla.

UOCJJ8HBK CH1'HCIII, Dan HB yrapCKOj Hapo~. CrtyIIDlTlUlH 7. ABryCTB 1848.

C~ je BYZBBje AS ee MaJ"lapu eoaey BO Aa ce cTaapajy.

Bojen IIIHHBCTap Mecapom y HaPOAHOj cKynmTHHH 16. hr. 1848.

~~icaD·wm&lilio~, B., ee-.

, .. .. !:lIaJbeBBM B.8PomBM'r~OIiYCT~B JlBMa

.. , '~. D; ..rpo6OBBMa. MaJ"lapCK8 Bap, OCT B oTPacr aa

• • ~.. -.foc apelLeM KOA M8J"lapCKOr OJl CTBa aeeeme BBr~a

.hma OOBBzeBa, BO 8aKJby~B a OBe ceABBlle (28. JYl1a 1849. y CereABBY) •

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MaKe. III.uesHurep y "Aus Ungarn" 1850 .

HARVARD UNIVERSITY l'n D4.RY 23 Jt.:~ 1963



Je~Ba YBaDpe~.

IIpe caera MopaMO peha, Aa BaM je MBJlO mTO B8BljOCMO Ba OBO AeJlo, jep AO C8A8 ee ynpaso SpnSpBJlO ca cnBCBMa OBe BpCTe. HCTO. pnj CRa AeJla HCTBHCBB H nomreao aanacaaa Tpeoa p8Z8BaTB, sa Ma ee y ROMe HapoAY j8BBJla&fa BaBBBM jeaasox Aa cY nanacaaa, Beh jeAHa jeABHa npBcTpaCHOCT s8Apa je Aa nOT.la'IR Ma RaRB RBTl&aCTB oaor. - 3& HCTOPBjcBO npasame rJIaBBO je cymra BCTBHa.

l1,a JIB je OUO A~JlO TaBBO, Aa .• IH <t.«ora·..., ljajB AO 1848. B YBanpeA aanaceaa H RSBeAeHR BepBO. TO he o~eHBTR aenpacrpacraa 'IBTa.l8~ SOjB je 0 TOMe OOJbe oOaBemTeH.

MB nas APZHMO, Aa je BpeABO Aa ra cBaRR AOOPO npoysa, THM naatJbBBHje caAa, RaA ce ROA OHOCTpaBCRe opahe aame ZHBO paAB HS TOMe Aa ce yjsM'IB B CTBOPR 0YAyhH BanpeAaB B CJlO· 60AH8 catlOynpaB8. MB, H oeea Tora, MBCJlBMO, AS je H8POAY Ha OBOMe Bpajy jyra B HCTOB8



. ~al'a yenoaeaa ua npeaeaa BaA cy My npema ·,Ba{) 1J.I8UODH CDe CDeTCKe nopOAB~e aa 6YAyhuoCT paAB~H na H npeMBuy~B.

. To Hac je n06YAB~0 Aa OBO Ae~o npenelI,eMO Ha cpncsa U Aa ra npenopysaao CDUMa BOjB BOAe 6pury 0 HapoAHOMe A06py U uanpeTKY·

Y JyHUjy 1870.

CoeT. J. 3apaOKOOBIi.

,.- ..

"pleTYO.

"BBje jom AomJlO BpeMe Aa oe name aCTopBja UOOJleAlLe eaponese peBoJly~aje. Jom oy aBBeCBe CTlapl cyaBme ba8Y, a aeae y 'laMB j jom BMa rAeBojn JJD'lBRX o6SBpa, oa Bojax ee Mopa IiYT.TB I jom oy DBOI\I y86y~eBB y'CDoMeKaMa, OTalLeM B OBOJlBOCTBMa Da Be6B MOrJlO BBBaBO Aa ce DpBQa BCTOpaQ~B.·

OSBM BJIB DOA06BBM peQBMa MBorB cy olCqll y ~eJIOBBMa DOCJleAlLe OpeAIL!! - jeaponese peso.1lyqBje PYBOBo~eBB jaBBBM MKelLeM, B MB opa3BajeMo Aa 0 eaMd BBCMO Aa.1leBO YMaBJlB. Jom BROMO CIC8BM Ba

"JBCTO ca TBM BpeMeBOM. .

AYCTpajcBa peRo.1lyqaja DOr.1laBaTO, a B8pOQaTO osaj Aeo lLeB, Boja ee DOUlLe oA DOZYBCBora ca60pa a cBpmyje BOA BB.1IarOmBe paBBBI\e, Baje jom A08peo aa aCTopajy, BeMoze ce jom ca8BaTD opasB DO.1l0r.

mTO BMaMO a8IJOpa 0 aycTpajcBoj peso.1ly~BjB y onmre a aanoee 0 MBJ;lapcBoj, TO cy ClMO noapmaa KOB~eoTB B DperneAD BeliBBOM jeABocTpIBa-DaoaBR Y 60jBOj BaTpa. JeAaB DaB OA BajTaMBBjBx AMosa TO Je CpTlO"" no"ptJ'I' !l if/3It:No} Heape"o}.

mTO je 0 TOMe Doje,l.tllB~e Ba8aBO, BBTB je mTO aame AO .1IeTBMB'lBa 6enmBa Boja je BOD~a.1la B8 M •• t;tapOBor nepa, aJlB BOTB~aJJa B8 pa8ApazeBOOTB, DpR Kojoj Baje MoryliBo 8aMBCJlBTB DpaBor a aCTBBOBOl' ,spORa a paAI.

Ta BeooToYBOOT je 0 'lora, mlo oy AooaAamlLa DBC~B MaJ,lapCKe peaOJly~Bje, uayjyliR 0 YOTaBBY Cp6.

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6

y jYZBOj Yrapexoj, ~pOIJlS Aa~a BB EpaTKDX epsrMeUTBpcKUX 6CJleZaEa, a BehBROIll us M8J;[apCKBX B BeMs,'JKUX BOBUBa. Cp6cKe SOSBBe U AaTa 6una cy "BM BeoosoaTa. HeDpujaTe.ll»crBO 06jamILyje ee DOnBT8'lOUM oropsessea , Koje y BpeMe oucaILa Buje AMO Aa ee OpOTIIBBBKy Ma B OB apTBjs B aeropaj. COOMeou~uMa paoe saAajy, sao mTO TO 6uBa EOA Dpujare.ll»a CBaEe CTpaBKe, a OTY/1, BanaaB Aa Ao~oBju UCTOpUOORC~H BJlU eaapeaeaana pe/1,EO cy y cTaILY paaaaaara 00- /1,aTEe.

Mu CMO APzanu Aa je ByZBO 06paTuTu oazILY OBUX Eojux ee TU'le Ba oOMeBYTY TaMBY erpaaj' maJ;[ap. peBoJlY~Bje.

lloEymMu CMO Aa OPBPOAoy eaesy Opnee, noEpeTa y jYZHOj Yrapt'Eoj ea peaoaynajoa , EOjOj je OB 6uo Aeo, OOKazeMO j rpaZBJlS CMO aaaop U xreaa CMO Aa 06jacHBMo npaane y paasujaILY. Ho U MB DpHBoaj8Mo /1,a OBCMO OCTMB 68B oaprajcKor BMeoa.

llJleMe ea CBOjBM pO~80BM jesBKoM, sepoer, 06H- 1JajaMa B XDCTOPBjOM, napo/1, Eoja UMa npaaa Aa my ee npaaaa 8EBucTeo~Bj8, Aa a60r eaeee ILerOB8 paSBHjalLa ca BacTyoajyhoM BCTOPUJOM y jyZBOj Je.pODB, ca'Jysa csoje, CBO'JB OB opyzje B uojypu CMpTU aa cycpeT caMO /1,a 0/1,6uje 0/1, eese CyMlLy. Os OA6u rpAso MDmJleILe OpYZj8M ya6y08.

HB j8/1,OO ZBBO OJleMe y JeBpOUH, aoje oeeha cBary B B8/1,a ce Y 6YAYhBOt~ ue6B APYK'Je Y'lUOBno.

Taj ycraBaK aa coacelLe AYCTpBje TaKa je BCTR aacJlyra, !tao mTO j8 aacJlyra B sa AyCTpUjy, BUTB ee Moze AYCTPBBj upsoscaTB BaCJlyra, Eoja je BCTeua SB 1JBCTOra opBSBalLa OpaBB1JBOCrH OBOMe oJleMesy.

Ms ee BBCMO YOYCTB.iIB Aa nomro no TO nOTsplJy,jeMO CBOjy napTajcKY saYB8TocT. To he aaaha BB ea-

7

lIora rJle~BmTa, ea".ora a _liB CtcyJjyjeMo M8J,lapcRy 6op6y.

qYBMO CMO ee' ~ ee 'Be CJJYZHMO OOBM opyzjeM, ROjBM cy ee MJI()re ~o.ca~amlLe MeMoapHCTe C11Y· ZOJIe, a OC06BTO oOlle rAe ee rOBOpBJIO 0 Cp6oMa, aa

• Dopyry cBojera nepa. ;l(PZBIlO Aa aeke 6BTO MMOBazoo DO caapeaeaaa DB 6y~yhoM XBCTOpOI\BMa, R8~ BM rzae ~OJlaao BB aoropa, 0 RojBMa cy ao calla CJIyZlIJIO oajyzacoBje rJIace; aJIB MBCfCBMO Aa H4lItlOpaMO pe~TB ese rp~lLe Roje cy AOJlIBBJJ6 B C i.eAoe B eApyrQ erpaae,

OBOJIBKO y onmre , a onmapnaje y aAyliBm JIBcrOBBMa.

Y MaPTY 1851.

mTI Je Y .pBOJ CBeeK ••

I. HapoABB CJJ:eIlCBr B pCBOJJyqBja - y HeD'JEOj - Y AyCTpaja - n;ap JOCB. II. - ILcroBa aelIa'JEa DOJJBTBEa - lLeroBo cJJo6oA&.amTBO - ILcrOBa DOCJIeAOB8'JR - IIp06yljea CJJellCOT oapoAoa - II. SeMJLe y AycTpajB - }J;BojaEB yapaBBB CBCTC~' BapJLBBa uapoABa cEsBCT8aquja OJlOBeUa u BapJLBBa DOJlBTB1JUa YrapcEa- OarJlacaoCT upaBaqa y lIamJLC-_ lLy - 06J1aCTB yrapcRc Epyae - OTaBoBRBqB - lIaIP&PB - O.1loBaqu - Op6R - PYIIYOU - IIpoMamcoa UOJlBTBEa yrapcEor O86opa - _,S..Bop6a a60r jeaBEa - Ilpse ILeac lIaOB. eCTaqBje - K&.azeBoe B APYmTBeRC T8Z&.e - S6.7JBZRBalLe CPOAOBX UJlCMeOa - HapoARa upouara~a - 3aEJLY1Jqu yrap. ca60pp 1843. - OAo6peILe BB Be1Ja - Oa6aJLBa ooapalLa UPOTBB sa6paae jeBBEa - XRTpocrR BSBpmB.1.I~a aaEooa 0 jesaEY - JYJlOjClCB cYE06 Y 3arpe6y - YEJJOILCaa

npoBaJlBja BBMelj MaQapa B jYZRRX OJlOBeOa - Yje- )

AR&.e&.e uOCJIeA&.u y uapTajy - US60PB 8a O860p

184:7. - XpBaTcEa - IIOJJBTREa jesREa y ca60py -

SaEoB 0 lIaQapcEoj oapoABocTB B jesBEY - IIporeCTaqaJa UOCJIaBBEa as O.1.laBOB81.e B XpBaTcEe - Oc06 .. e

- lIoaoBBh - Komyr - IIaaMaBABje - JOCBUOBBh

- Orop'JcHte lIeIj jYZllRII OJlOBeBBlla - OaaEq8ja-

rJlac 0 lIaproBeRsII Aorat,ajBlla - IIpeuBpEa ° BaPOADOCTB.a oooymra - YAecaB IIOllcn - llpooy-

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mreB - HapoAoo ol'oplJea.e oORpaha ce - Xpaarcsa ee oAp.'!e YrapeKe - ~IIperxoABa BeropBja - TYPCEB parOBB - HeOaCeJ&eBOCT Y A0a.BII AYBaBOEBB OpeAeJIBlla - IIoBYAa 6elJEOl'a ABOpa AS ee Cp6B AO"-

. eeze Y Te opeAeJIe - ]J;OJIaaaE OOA 'BopljeM BpaEOBBhell 1688. - Y ceJLaBaa.e OOA oarpBjapxolI Apce .. olljell m. qapBoieBuhell 1690. - llaTeBT OA 21. ABI'. 1690. - 'Bop.,e BpaoEoBuh YKJIoa.eo - JOBao MooaeTOpJIDja, Buqe-BojBoAa - IIareoT 20. ABr. 1691. - Cllpr ApeeoBja ill.-Hella OOBor oarpRjapxa-CMpr 'Boplj. BpaSKOBBha - Hella BOBOI' BojBoAe - Yllaa.aBaa.e :qpKBeORX opaBa - Y craBaE 1735. - CpucKa ABOPC£8 Aeoyra:qRja - HecnopaaYIIJl.ea.e - PerYJIaMesr 1777. - Y npasa npeso ABOPCEDX AeKpeTa - ]J;eEJIaparopuja 1779. - IIosYAa aa uocpeAoBaa.e EOA aella3CEor ea60pa 1790. - HJIBpoEa ABOpCEa EallJ'e-

1- JIapBja 1,91. - Ha60poB 0YA BaMeljy AyoTpuje B ae-

l MaJbeEor(Ca60pa - Cpneee 06JIaCTB coojeDe ca Y rapOKO,. - KoMUrarCEa B DJJeMeOBra roenoAa ~ He- 88AOB03BB .• aEropB - CBemTeOCTBO - CpeA5B CTuez B BOTeJIOl'eo:qRja - rpaoBupB - !CaKO je y OpBB Max oOAejcrBosao raae 0 lIapTOBOE.. AoraJJajBlla - IIpBJIor E oomToj peBOJIyqBjs - YjcABlLeu.e paaoDX oapoAooora - HOBB ~CaA B TellBmBap - OAo6paBajyhe 8-ApeCe ua aella3CEB ca60p - BOjOB'!Ea rpaBBq& - Ilsaseac - SCMYO - CpnCEB jeaBB oB61L1>a yaeAeB £80 aBaOBIJOB - Y rapcEOj IIJIaaa Baje TO 6BJlO 00 B03. - CBemreocrao B oareDro y KapJIOBqBlla - HOBoC81(eEa AeoYTaooja opeA ae ...... ca6opoll -- AYABjeaqBja BOA Komyra - ~nOIlsp.-..BO - !CaBo ee OOBamaJIa yrapcKa BJI8Aa copa. XpBarose - Crporo"r cop.. Cp6a - Beer 0 ycoexy HOBOC8ACB8 AeDYftI'8je - HeJl8AOB03CTBO - OAOOpeILe Aa ce Apz.

10

QPRBeOB ROOrpeC - "pBS p&/ULa - YCTaoaR y KaROOAO 12. AnpHJIa - IlOCJIaaCTBO BJI8A. ROMocapa Ilerpa qapoojeBoha o~ YrapcKe - OjeAHlLeoe KaPJIOBa'lRe a Hosoeaaese erpaase - OCBOBO nospeea - 3alr1bYlJaR Aa 6ylte ospoABa CI~yomTDoa - PaBMOmllJalLe MOTPODOJIOTOBO - qapBojeDoh 0 o.erODO DOOamao.eXpa60DcKB - HOBocaACBa ~eoYTM~Bja MUTPOOOJIRTY - 3aR8'1BDBILe cKyomTBoe 1. Haja - VII. Haponaa CRyomTBoa OA 1.-3. Majs - Heaa Ba~o y Rap· JIOBqDMa - VIII. Ilpaa pa~ J'JIaBBOr oA6ops -1I36op ~eoyTaQoje BiiIij)a.!&S 0 CJIaBeliCRU aoarpee y llpary - Ilaaaraaaaea paenae 3. Maja 0 oarosop oA6opOB

- HOTa ljapoojeBBheBa o~ 4. Muja H lLeHa cy~6BBa

- IlsTpBjapx oYTyje - OTPSTOMOPOBBh - Eaepra-

'lao pa~ OA6opOB - TOTe)! OO~ npaapeereaoer B)!aJ.tOftl - I1pOK)laMaqBja 10. Maja oa OeMa'lKe CTaOOBBaRe

- llpe~y8eTe Mepe o~ CTpaoe yrapcRe BJJaJ.te - Oaaa

BYROBuh - 3a6paaa C)!OBeaCRUX JIBCTOBa - Ilpesa cy~oBa - Maf,IapCKa noca~a a paBopyzaBao.e Cp6aJIorop RO~ Oere~ooa - Kop~oa OpOTHB Op6a - IIpsnpeae OA6opoBe - ]J;eOYTaQuja Xpa60BCROMe - llpo £J.IaMsqaja - IX. _ CpeMCKR "ODOl.lIJeaBQa" - ljB'I8 JouaooBah y maJ1P:rmRoM oapyry 0 ua PBMCKOM mao'18BOMa - ]J;paRYJJoh y OeM81JKO-6aaaTcKOM, CTaaBIIBpOBBh 0 Kojah y BJJapcRo-6ao8TcKoj perBMeaTIi - Xpa60BcHH ope~ Kap)!OBQBMa - majKamKa ~JlOTBJJa 3aysBMao.e THTMCROI' apceaaJJa' - JIorop y KalleaoQB - OYPIlY1JKO Y BaIJKoj - Boeaah y CeoTOMamyIIpuII8ILe opyzja y Beao] QPRBO - 36a'leJLe BaB8--· KaTacTpo~a CJJSBeBCRor soarpeea - llpBMBpje o~ 12. Jyaa - X. KpaJLeBCK8 AeoYTaQoja y 3arpe6y - AedyTaqBja y HBCOPYXy - Oy£06 Y H. O~y - Da POMCROM maB1JeBBMa - HaJ,IapcBe rapAe' 0 Op6BjaaqB

11

- C. MuulL. YSABB - q.pBojeBBh - MUB paT - llOJJOTBKa AyaJJOBMa - OArOBopB DeDYTa~BjaMa - 3aElLy"~B y Ilemra - IlpOMelLeBO CTalLe y KapJJOB~BMa - XI. OAroBop 'KpalLeB R YTBcaK - CYKo6 EOA Bpmna

- CTpaTBMBpoBBh' B Kojoh - YopaUlL8ILe y Ba'JEoj

8 Baaary - IIpoB 60j EOA Cp606paRa - Boj EOA E'IKe ._

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CPDCKI DOKPHT

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I.

HMa jeAaB MOMeBT aa oOKpeTa OpOmJlRX rOARBa KOjll he OCSeTJlBTB jom aese AoqRBje, npOA KBMe co opB06BTBB, 'IBCTO APymTBeBo-ooJlBTBIJBB KapaKTep ry6B, B TO CBe BehMa, IDTO Aa.1&e OA a'8D&Aa, KaO BaJla3Re TO'lKe, K HCTOKY o6yxsaTa - MOtJeOT BapOAROCTB y BajBoBBjeM aBa'leu,y pesa. - DOKpeT y HeMa'iKoj, B aKO je y u,eMY 6B.1Ja OOJlBTOKa uaBRO, Be6eme OA Tora

MOMeBTa BaOJlOpaB; jaso ee ODMKaO y TaJIojaacKoMe, a y aycTpojcKoMe 6eme BaA CBBMa.

JaKO cy ope6aqBBaJlo paaBBM BapoAsMa aYCTpajCKBM B OPBDBCBBaJlO ce oorJlaSaTO U,BXBHM oapOARB. TeZu,aMa TO IDTO cy CJleACTBa peBoJlyqsje TaKO AaJJeKO OaOCTaJla Baa oaora mTO co OlJeKBSaJIO. To 01 6sJla CJlaseBcKa OJleMeBa y qapcT81, BojsMa eo npe- 6aqBBaJIO, Aa oy BehMa neaaaa BapoABOCT OBOjy Bero eJIo6oAY B aa .1&y6a8 opBe opeapeJlB oOCJIeAH>1.

KaA ee Taj opeKop oapoqao, Ba6opaBoJlo co, AB ee y HeMa'iKoj Ba BemTO APyro naaazo, BaKO je cIlpaaqyoKa psaeaaa ope DO BeBa cBoje BaCTaBe Ba PajaB, caIIO Aa BB6a8B OJlo60ABe napOAe BeMa'IKe qapeBBB8 OOOOA japMa aOOOJlYTaBX CYBepeBa, B Aa BM Ba'lB8

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CJl06o,v, Aa BX yjeABBB B ypeAB. HeMqa cy TaAa BehM. qeBBJlB CBOjy B~ml'BBy, Hero yjeABa.eBe B CJI060AY B oA6Bme DOCJIeAa.e opyzjeM, eaao Aa ca'lYBajy OpBO OOA CEBOl'pOBBMa npeso TpBAeceT Hoax KBezeBa. OBB 'lyjuy 06ehaa.a B aepoaaxy aaaaao] pesa j OBB 6ame .... &1'BqB B opeAuOCTaBBme BeMa'lKS japaM epaaneeso] CJl060AB.

3a60paBSJIO ee A8J1>e, Aa Taj nojaB, KojB ee 'lBBBO Aa BeoAroBapa CJI060ABOM l'eza.aMa, Baja yBy'1eO y AyCTpsjy y Taj Max, - KaA je y HeMa'1Koj c1.IY'1ajoo BJIB sao oOMoh peaKqsjo Beml'a'lRS opecaljeo, aero AI' je Ba BCTOpDjB OCBOBaH B Rao 6BTBB B ByZAU 6BO.

Kao. mTO je peJlOrBOaBB Rapanep peBOJIyqBje, £Oja je ope ASccTa B TpoAeceT rOAIiHa mapBJIa Rp08 JeBpooy DO RpBaBSM TparOBBMa, 6BO OPROpCMJI>eB y C'l'aa.yj R&O mTO OOJISTD'lHO-coqBjaJJHB ROA ~paBqecRe BeBoJlyqaje y l' etat c'est moi B car tel est notre plaisir BBBB'1e OA ~paaqecRBx RpaJl>eBa, - TaRO je DOCTao B BapoABB MOMeST aa RBezeBCKBX Te3Ca.a npomaora BeRa, Aa ee npeaape B norpe poljeBs jesBR B 06B'1ajB BapOABB B Aa ee opeAoocTaBJI>ajy erpaana, mro je B& CBaRIl Ba'1BB 6BJ1o aaj60JLe 06ea6eljea.e sa aOCJ1.Iymy BoUAY. CUBaa.e OoaCBOCTB, Aa he ee BapoABo Ja 06- aaacBTB, a MOZAa B CJIYTa.e BecoaCOBOCBe OOJIBTBIJBe 8&BeTOCTB, Roja Mopa Aa Aolje sa TDM ry6BTKoM, a y BCTO BpeMe B Baoop Aa ce OARJIOBB BapoABa C~~Be 6eme BBmTa Apyro AO, opBpOABB oA6oj - osor aHBTaTa. CTpaCBoCT, ROjOM BellalJRB RBezeBB YSAB- 8&xy raJIBqB881tI, callO Aa OB OBJIaAa (IIBC1.IBJIO ce caMO Da BeJJB£Or ~pBqa I), A8Ae Maxa Aa ee op06YAB ene•• B'18a "BeMmTBBa, ~a ce Beryje BCMa'1RB jessR, 06a'l8ja, xaCTopaja, CBe Ba OpOTBB cTpaBcKoMe - .paB-

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14

qemTHOH. Ta mpZlLa, Ta OOBa .1.&y6aB, TO 6eme BaBOp, 08 Rora ce aanajaaa oAymeBJbelLem OeMa'iRa 1II.11~ez ; y OBO A06a nojasame ee AYXODO, ROJO cy CSeTJJOJIB Da oe6y Bema'iKe RILBzeBBOCTB B npoeaere Rao sBeaAe npae BCJJH'IHOej mJJaAa Bema'iRa je Aa.1.&e p~CDpOCTHpaaa TO OAYmeB.1.&elLe aa Dema'l&Y BapOAHOCT B oajpauoja pesozynaja y AycrpBju, ea TeZlJ.ama Aa ce yjeAUBU, ooje aamra Apyro 00 DPUPOABU oaCTaDaR pasBBj&ILa.

3a60paBBJIO ee DpH oapol\alLY roprse DpecYAe OaA oapOAHma y AyCTPBjU 0 TO, AajeAoaKo yapol\lI jeABalta AejcTBa OOBJIa'le, 0 AS cy aejeraa THm ja'la mro cy ja'lH yapoua, Haje ce npasaaao, Aa npasan peaoayuaje y AyCTPHjO ooje morao 6HTH APYR'lHjH, DO OHaKS DRaB 6eme, jep jc 0 00 eraopea y XBCTOPOjH B OKOJJDOCTOMa.

Oa SpeJIBM MBmJf,elLeM ~apa JOCH~a llPyror, Aa ce CH.7lDO paaaopoaaa oapOAOO OAJJOM~II, ROjB caeraszsajy SeMa.1.&CRY nezaay, COCTemOM onmrera, repMaoomyher ~eOTpaJJHCalLa yjeABoe, Y eaeaa je B 0YZHocr BapOAoHX DOKpeT8.

JOCD~, OeMa'iRO nap, OaBa'lOO je RpyOOBM CJJOBDma OCOOBe BeJJHRoj Bema'iRoj DOJJUTH~H. IIpBB YCJJOB 6eme Aa ~eJIa AYCTpBja 6YAe Oema'iRa. JOCD~, auCO.7lYTOB B OAB8Zao Mooapx Morao je TO y'lDHDTH B Y'lHOB. Y CBHMa RaO~e.7lSpBjama APzaBOBM Mop~e ce DHcaTH OeMa'lRHM, y mKOJJama y'lHTS . HeMa'lKS. Ho J OCH~ DaMeTOD BJIaAaJJa~, Bsje aaao RaRO je TUMe DOBpeABO CBeTa npaaa CBJjUX oapoAa. OH Morame sHaTH, Aa je caM y AYCTpoja noeejao ceae peaoaynaoaapeao , rra DOMBm.1.&ame oa cpeACTBO RaKO he Aa yrymH TO. H CTBOPS cJJo60AOe YCTaHose.

15

~o~a 6& TO U 6B~O, A& ce UeMa~RU e3eMeBT& y AycrpBis npareray, 11.8 cy a.erOBB noc~eAOBa~B Dm.7lB rlUl DpaB~eM. A.11D OBB Beooljome rDM nyreM, oA6Bme U noeaeaae epererao , RojBM 6B ee no npasaarsy JoCHeoBY sane~~e paBe -- B Beh up06y~eBB B HeyMepeaa e.7leMeBTB peBo~y~oBcRD acapeayme oner, Y pa8BDM 06.7laCrDlta, ROil. paB.7lU~BDX oJIeMeBa OZBBa YCDoMeBa MaBBe npo~OCTH U BerAamlLe caMOCTUHOCTU, UK C&,ll MBoro ZHBJI,e. eBB cOOMeDD~B 0 jesDItY noseme ee ucrp&ZDB8TU U ucnDTBBaTD; y 'lBBOBBn~ROMe jesBRY BUABO ce nparacas, a y mROJICROM MaJ.laRca~ocT. Ilose ee CBOjCRD BerOBaTD 1\18- repa.u je3DR U nO~OZB ee TeMeJL BOB oj RILDzeBBoers. nOMeAOBa~D JOCBI1.>08D noseme paaaa nzeDleU8 AooywTarB. OHB Ms~ume Aa BM A8/1.y l1.>u.7lo]lomlty Urp8'1Ry, caMO Aa Be:najy Rail. MBMUTD Ba OO~DTB'lBD jaA U ApZSBBY Tyry, oa noaorome Aa ce nOTaRBY MeMeBTB OBe oeosare peBo~y~Dje, Roja 6u y AYCTPBjB CBaKaKO Mopua Ao~uBje 6YKByru, Aa Buey <I>e6py~pCRB Aora~ajB B3 1848. rOAuBe paoaje BSaSB8JIB peBO~y~Djy naeaeaa, B3B KaRO ce BMB aapoaaoera.

KaAje Beh aaamao oa cpeM oaaj nOpeRJIeBB sapaRrep peBony~Bje, ROjD je OCBOBaB B opBnpeMJLeB y OPBPOAu ayCTpujcRora craa.a, Aa 3U naje Mopao B8 CROPO U opCOB~aAaTB?

II.

ARO je aeaaoeaeaa MOpa]la 60TH pesoaynaja y AyCTpUjB, no ROjOj ce Or]leA8 jaso paeupocrpra repltJ8BDSarOpCKa nearpaaaa CBcreM8. peBO~Yl\Bja ROjOj je nporpaa acresao B3 aycrpRjcRRx I1.>CACpURcTa; - aRO 6eme DO onmroj rCZILR CBBjy BeBCM8'lRRX oneMcsa R eM8Sl\BII8l\Bju 011. oaora H&'Iena MoryhH8 : OSAa

//

11. 16

je B Y oABomajRMa OBRX BeBella'lKBX MeMeBa DO'l8TaK B CBpmeTaK peBOJIYIlBje CBalWW YBaDpeA 06eJIe3eB.

BaPO'lBTO OBO BpeAR la oc06eBO oABomaje ABajy pBBJJD'IBBX DJJeMeBa: MaJ;l&pa B CJIaBeBa.

71.a 6D co 60JLe paaYMOJIR OBR oABomajD 'lpe6a caMO DOrJIeAaTD Ba KapTy AYCTPDjO.

OBa Ilpzaaa caCTojua ce AO' 7. Mapra 1849. B3 ABC 06JIaCBe rpyne, OA KOjBX jo JOABa B8 ayC'lpBjcKBJ[ BaCJIeABBX 8eM8Jroa, a APyra B8 80MaJroa yrapcKc Kpyae. BehR Aeo DpBRX leMaJroa DpRDBAao je lleJJRBR BeMa':IEora eaaeaa. HaCJIOABBM aeMJro_a YDpaBJroaJIO co AO peBOJJYIlBjo caCBBM aDCOJIYTBO. IIOCJICAILR ocraTaR ILBBBX peDpeaODTaTRBBRX DBCTBTYIlBja 6DO i.e CROPO AO OCBOBV npecesea, - SeMJLe yrapcR8 RpyBe 8Ba~axy Aa cnyBajy CBOj ~OYAaJIBR penpeeeaeaeasaa YCTaB. H y jeADoj B y APyroj rpyDR CJJaBeaR cy nopeA 8eM~ B MaJlapa CTaBOBaJIa.

IIpBa YCBJLaBaILa Aa co O.YBa aapOABa, BMeBO CJIOBeBCKa eKBBCTeuqBja, B aRO ee same Buje DpeTBJIO O~CYABO, 6Bme y aeM.lLaMa aDCOJI17BBM, D TO ROA qexa. - JeADBD 017, ROjBM oy OBD MOrJIB Aa DO~y, 6eme arBTallDja 8601' jeaBKa DocpeACTBoM ZBBe RILBzeBBe paAlLe, B aEO DOA lleBaypoM. YrapCRa, Eoja BII.me IBaTay oaary y OBOjBII . OE1om'l'BBaIIa, Do~e DYftM DOJIB'l'B':IBe araTallBje, e ... 6B CM9'l'aJIa TezlL_a ayCTpBjCBora ABOpa. TallO 8601' jelBKa a oBAe DOJIBTB':IB& 60p6a DO'Ie jom DOA JOCB~OM 1). To oy 6UB DpBB DOEperB sa 6YAYhy peBOJIYIlRjy, a lle.lL je 6BJIa jOAaa, COlO mTO co YAapBJIO AB_a CyDpOTBBM uYTOBBMa. IIpBPOABO jo AaKJIO 1IrJ0pao Aoha cYK06. TallO .60p6a OItO

1) JOCK. IL nje ee XTeO EpyBlfc&TIl Y Yrapca:oj BRTKje APzao ca6op.

17

jeana ~06B 1 Doe.JIeAlLe spella aU'laj DOJlIITH'lBB, Jep je BOCBJJa 1 6e6B CBeM cpoAC'l'Ba pa8BBX OJIaBeBCEBX rpaBa lB DpOTBBBa 6ua TJla'leIL1 BapoABoCTt; 1 YrapcEoj DpeTBOpB co 1 jeBB'lJB1, DOmro cy DalleTRB Jf>YAU Y ca60p1 YBBAUB, Aa BajaaA R EOA 60p6e DpOTBB YMema'lKRX DaBOBa a,CTp. U6BB8'la, Mopa DOAAehB YrapcKa, aKO C8 oD08B~Bja B8DOASP8DR MOPaJI. -BBII YT~ajeJII jeaR'.IIIe araTa~je. JIaTHRCER jean, Eoja 6eme OIlaBBa ABWlODlaTCBB Y -Y rapeBoj, Baja AaBao OBKaEse rapaoBje. 00 6eme MpTaB • oeMorame ee jom B AY_e YDOtpOO.ItUatB, a All BecDpe'lB Aa aycrpoHema1lKB eJI8118BT IIOp&1lHO oeBojR aeM .. y B YCTas aa- 6paoB, Da· Aa ee TBAa JlODatoli! Dpe6~11 areljy Mpme YP"Alie OCTa.7lUX 06JJ&CTB. JIeDo ee rOBOpB.7IO aJIB ee aeaaepma Kao mTO tpe6a.

Y rapeKa Kpyoa u6yxsaTaJla je OCBII npasor KpaJf>~BeT8a yrapcKor jom H xpsaT6By B CJJaBooBjy, MaqapcBo DpB6pe_je, Be aa60pa8B B oa opaBo HaA B6- jeoo. rpanqoM, a DOABa:e rDCSB sa ;zI;aJIMaqBjy. rJlaBae maee craBOSOBRa y OBOj BpYOOBBSB 6R.7Ie cY B8 Maflapa, C.1laBeBa, PYMYua B He.aqa, Da DOOJJeA •• ca.o aaBRenme OA 06JJacTB Boje rpaOB'l8 AyCrpBjOIl B illTBPBjOIll, a y OCT&.7IOII 6BJlB fSy pacajao. DO aapomslla DO aaoaTJJaje B y jY.8BII 06J1&CTBltla aao BaeeJLeOBqB. Y ... B. rpynalla BaJJaB co B jom APYl'BX paeyTIlX aapOABBX apsa. O.a D.7Ie_sa pUJlB'lBa cy BaKO DO je3B&y 'laKO 8 DO 06B1IajBlla, aaBBKaItl. B BUOpS". BepOBCDOBeABa p83J1B&a Be -C_O AS DpBnOlla_a YAaJLeu.e nojeABDBX DJlelleBa, 00 BX jom B aC8BItI P88ABOjB.

MaflapB Bllajy y cpeA aellJLe cBoje KpacBe CTaBoac. OSB npaae C8BpmaBO oABojeBo rOBOpuo OCTP080, aoje _ Bsje CPOABO liB ca KOjBM APyrBItI DJleMeROIi Y

cp .... D •• p"'_ 2

18

JeBpOOB, oeell o. OeuepBlla y EpAe .. y. Xpa6pOOTr OAB._SOCT, BeJlBRO,llymBooT, BeRopBCTo ... y6JLe, OpaBOoplljaTeJr.CTBO aliB B saj:IKemha IIIpZlLa, lIaROMBMes 007 BarJla MBT&3Bja J ~JlaRO y~alLe y OJlelleSBTe use. OJlellOBUTe CTpaeTB, £Ojux ee 1I0ry U orpeCTU, ora1JacrrBoJLy6 ... e, rOPAOCT, Roja ce BeSa,AOBOJLaBa upBssalLe. -.apOASBX BpJlBSa, sero jom xohe Aa CBeTJ1B BaA CBBB.a, B8jS&A y BBmBII RpyroBBlla IIJYCTBO aa B8WY 06paaoBaBOCT, TO cy opUTepse qpTe, Roje OAJ1BRyjy MaJ;lapa B Roje oy OJ1B1JeSe y XRJLaAY OOClioBuqa B Y lLerOBY jesny, a y CBellY TOMe BBpS lIallapORO opeaspau.e CBUjy OOT&JlBX OJlellesa. Tot nem ember (CJlOBaR ssj&

. 1JOBeR); Vad raez (AUBJLB Cp6BS) TO oy erepeoranaa ssaqB "OJleMeSBTOr .. aJ;lapCRor sapOAa", mTO Baja rope OA Bspua 0 nemet - y (sellquMa). KaTOJl8quaa .. U B&JI BUSBsall Bel'yjy .. aJ;lapu, OOeJleAlLe oaR y OO,Aoyscj 0yp8TUOROj paOaBOe.J.B. - KanBs - lIaJ;lap je BeaaB~ OS6B.58S, a TBPAO Bepyje y seupollelLsBY oy ,A6BBY. - Kyhsu 8BAOBB oy lIy I'OJIS S 0POCTB TaRO BOTO 00 a qpRBesB, saRpaTKO KaRaB .. y je rOBOp TaKBa je B OP8ASRa; rHO lLeroBor 8Bosa TaRO je opOTcr .. BB Kao B 1I0JlBTBa .y, a PJr RaO qpKBeBo oeBalLe. Ilo RapasTepy OBOMe TezB 8a calloboM s calloeTusomby, Be. TPBB osor £OjB APYKlIJe IIBMa, 1IP8B aa ese mro sBJe .. aJ;l_pOKO a ooo.arpa OBer CIOBBII peoy6J1BRaSeRB. Oa uomTyje y Bep. OBOjOj cymTaOTBO upaBor M_J;lapa8.aIloelioBsqa .y je: Calvinista hit, magyar hit (UJIBBSCO je Bepa' lIaQapcKa). lDeroBa MpzlLa OpOTBB RaTOJ1BqsilMa operepesa je. OR IIp8B Ba DaUBsqe ae.... aKe eaoje. ]J;aojssoll BebMa IIpSS sa CJlaBeSe • . He .. qe ROja sscy RallBSSORB SJlS lIaJ;lapon.

Ha eeaepaoj S jy_soj erpaSB ZBae CUBeSB. Ha ceBepy oy UlIoBaqa, po~aqa qeu S MopaBaqa, RojB .. a cy

19

AOIIOBBBa jOA&1I AOO BorAama.ora B8J1B11:0r MopaBCKor ~pCTBa B KOjB cy co nOCJlO DaAa BaCTaBBJJa y Ma,Q:apCKOj. Ha jyry ORO 06&:118 ~BaBa, CaBo B Apas8 zaSR BOJJBKO DJlOme CpDCKO.

CJlOBaK je paABB, DpBJJ8ZaB, !pD:'BB uo UTOJJJilK, a CllepaB a oceT:'BB uo DpOTeCTaBT. Oa je B OB~a K8A ee 60pB ca Byz~om B rJla~y ZBBa CJlBKa !pD.1bea.a, eraopeae IIBpBO B OOKOpBO. OB je TO B Me~y aYCTpjR.I. CKBM CJJaBOBBMa, KO~ Boora ce ~O~Ka~ op06y,qBJla Ba-' poABa MBcao. OB co O~ BaKO je OOCTao .&:110 OpOTBBR Ma~apBcaBoy B OOKopaB je, MaOZBBa je &.DXBDX OOMa,Q:apeBBX oopOllB~a, a B RomYT je OOMaJ,1apeBB CJJOBaK.

Cp6~ ZBBe y XpBaTcKoj, CJJaBosBjB, BOjBB'lKOj rpaBII~a , y CpeMY, Ba'lKoj B BasaTY, B aaYSBMajy ~o.lly jYZBY cTpaBY yrapcKIX KPYBCKBX aeMaJLa. Ca OBe cTpaae peKa, Koje cy OOrpaBB'lBe y Byrapccoj Cp6ajB, Boeaa , AaJJMa~BjB, IWaoj I'opa B Xep~eroBBsB ZBBB Bcha Aeo OBora OJleMeSa, p88ABojes OA ayc!pajcKBX Op6a rpaBB~Ma pUJJB'lBTBX cYBepesa, aJJa cDojeB 00- peuom, jeaBKoM, aOTopaj om, ~PKBOM II DOJlBTB'lKOm CBMDI'rBjOM. To je caazaa, IApaB a KpyoaB OTBOP 'lOBe'lBjB, Koraje opBpoAa 06,qapB.lIa paaYMolIII, o~BazBomhy, aayaeTomhy B xpa6pomhy CKOPO JlaBOBCKOM. Taj sapOA ceo ee CJlaBae aCTOpBje BUBKora epncso» ~apcTBaJ Koje ee DpOOTBpaJlO OA 06&:11a ja~paacKor mopa AO rpaBB~a MaKoAoBBje, B OA Mopejo ~o npeso AyaaBa. BJJaABO~B B jyaB~ cjajae DepaoAe Tora ~pcTBa oaesoae'leBa cy Y &.BXOBBM DeCM.Ma. CJleD~B -- OeBa'lB KPC'l'ape Kpoa aapOA B npoaoee Ta BMesa B Aua O~ KOJJeSa AO KOJlesa. CUKO ~eTe, CBaBB oaCTBp, CBaKB CeJLaK aaa 0 Tome Aa opB'Ja. UpooaOT Tora ~apCTBa y 1389. DOA eynaBoM Myparom -- TO je MaTepsjan BS Kora ee ~De Be'JBT. Tyzae neeae. BaAajaqB Ba KOCOBCKor AaBa

2*

.-,

20

OpOEJIBa.e ee BnBTO, a GJJarocBlr>a jYB8'1Ba 'leTa Koja CJJaBHO BarB6e Ha 60jBmry a aa Bepy BOTaJ1:6BHY CBOjy. TypCBa SJJ&eT OO~ KojB. cy Cp6B oOCJJe KOCOBCKe 6IJTKe I) C'l'ea.UB, y'lBBBJJa je Te ee TO OJJeMe yoaope~BJJO. 0 CTeoeBY o6paaOSBBOeTB, ~O Koje cy ~OTepa.1l. CptiB OOA CBojBII KBezesBMa, rosope Be eaero llPZ&BBB AOKy.eBTB, o~oomajB ca cyee~BDM ~pzaB8l1la (yrapCROM, M.!ie1'~Ma B ](y6pOSHBKOII) B Oose.lLe OBcaBe CpOCKBM [eaaKOM, aero B 8&KOOOKB p~, ](YmBHOIt aaKOBBK, TO eae Barosemhyje Rpacoy yByTpama.y OOJJBTBRy. Aa ee sBAajy MoerosD Ha pePlla, All 08 oocTpojaBajy B R8JJ~pDlBmy 'JJB~e, ~a ee OOBBBaJY Bapoma, ~a ce oo~zy Mall8- CTBpB B ~pRBe, TO cy 6B.l8 Aella IDTO cy XTeJJB ~a asapnre SeJJBKamB ~apCTaa, 1'0 je 6BO R80 BeRB CBeTR 8alleT RO~ lUX. HMeHa OCBBBa'la COOMBIbUY ee y oeCMaMa. KapaRTep CpOCKB y ORO speMe osoa'lasua cy jYBa'lBa ~8JJa, 'Ieza.a aa ~s06ojeM R '!YARosaToeTDM8, eaMoDperopeaaee y 60jy npoTBB BcopBjaTelr>a xpBmhuC'l'B8. CseTBa.& oopo~lIqe B CBSjy DOPOAB'IBBX eseea, MaTep"" B CBOOBa.a lr>y6as, OOmTOSB&.e CTaPBjBX, caza.1beBaa.e 6e,llOBX B 1'pD.lLea.e, TO cy spaaae , Roje npeaeee Cp6BB BS paSBflJIBB8 cBoje OP0JlIJ10CTB y caAama.oCT. nOA SJJaAOIl ooJiyMece~a nponsae BM CKOPO csa RyJJTypa B ClIOlIIeOB~B. Cp6BB BaoojeB MPZa.OM UpOTBS AYmMaBa Y'lallle ee ~a 0'lys8 erpacra, mro je CJJe,llCT80 japoera. - 110'le ~a aaoeMapyje oJJyr PIlA opyzja B YMec1'o ~a l'JJ8Aa sa p~ IIIBm,lLame callO Ha oCBery, Ba pal' ca ~DIMaBcKB. TypqBMa, B rOPARo ee RaA je OpOJJBO RpS MYCYJJMaBCKY. 3a apeae AYrora paTOsa&.a rypcKor ca YrapCROM B AyCTPBjOM 6BJle cy epnese selJ.lLe CROPO BeopeRB,ltBO Rpsasa 6ojBm1'a, o080pBmTe BajyzacBBje RacaoBB~e.

21

.... B8pOBe uycromB. 80 B OBB can BeDpeCTajaxy 60- pBTB ee ca CTapBM AYmMaBII .. DpBAPyzyjyhB ee OCTaD.. 6op~Blla. CBa cB~BJlBjaacu ceD y a.B:lBBM B8pOID •• a B ceJlUMa BeDpeope~B BX Aa ce oe OCBeTe --- B Baj88A BaBne peBOJlY~Bja EOjOj je OOCJJeAB~ A8Bama.e C'l8If>e B C8MOCTaJlOOCT Cp6uje.

PYMYBB BJIB BJlaCB OaCeJLeBB cy y jyzooj oOJlOBBBB SaoaTa B EpAeJLa, a PUABojeBB OA MOOZBRe eaoje 6pahe rpaOB~ mTO AeJle AyCTPBjy OA TypOEe. ORB ey DOTO~ PBMCEBX aaoe.w.eOBEa, BJl8, BEO ee DOrJle,lla . aa E8paKT8p a BarJleA, TO oy OOBJlameRB oTapoceABoqB Aaujcite aeMJLe. JeaBK BII je OA p8llCKOr, CJJOBeOCKor oa B Jrl8J;1&pCEor a TypOKor, anB BeliBBOIJ pBMCKora eaelIeHTa AOTepaR, JleDO aBORB, B aa .BJlOJlOra B XBCTOpBODBe. OA BeJlBKe je EOpBCTB. CTapo BCTOUO xpBmhaRCTBO TO je Bepa B a.BXOBa B cp6cu. CalJoCTaJlse opomJloo:rB ORB ce oeoDoMBa.y. ea 'Iera je B8BeCBO a .BX088 BapoARa Teza.a CJJa6aja aero EOA ApyrBx. Ta YWlBBU KOju DOACT8'1Y CJJaBeROK8 CJleMeBT y YrapcKoj DOEpesYJlB oy B pyllyoOK8 B oparOBBJIB BX y 0008B~OReKB DOJlOzaj - pa87MeM KpBBe oYToBe EojB cy B886paJIB lIaraaTB B 'IlIaOOBB IIqapcKor ca60pa Aa oCTaapc opaBo opBaaaa.e. YTap~B.8 opaaB8Ae, Aa je Dorpe6aa IJOP&JlSB yTBCaE BOBe AYmeBBe OBare y AyapBjB B. Teza.a.0A8 ee OBa.ao OTprae aa BapoABe OoBJ:OOTB. oa AS ee yTBMB OBoj DOJIBTB1JRB oOJlozaj. H 6B pemeae Aa ce op06YAe, aJIB ee yoaAe y ooy 00- rpemEy, 860r Koje je J008. 11.. peenpcerpso eeae nze.CROKC peBOJly~je DO ~8Jloj AY07pBjO. 3ara.yUJlO ee, AS ee BapOABe Teza.e jeABora DJleJIeaa 88KOBOM opeDope y oapoABc TeZa.c OBBjy aapoAS y Y raposoj, AS co JUBE jCABor DOpesa yTBPAB _ eM. lIop8J1a eo ~ e .... APyra ~ ....... -POABOM II8ZIIOmlly 1

22

ltIaJ,lapCEOMe 06B.Y yS~p"D, MOPaJIO je ese 06aMpem. - Illro cy ope Tora EuezeBB OpOTBB eaor BapOJla, mTO je JOCB~ OpOTBB BeBelllaUBX Bapo~ PSABO, TO je C&A IJBBHJlO je~Bo naeae OpOTBB apyrora CYC8ABor. Ua up BBCY MOpaJIa 611D B BCTa ~ejCTBa? Ibn je aaBJI&8110 TBM BehMa Ba O~Oop, mTO cy CJJaBeBCEe TeSHte y qemEoj 6BJle coojeBe ea MBor06pojBBII CUBeBBlla y YrapCKOj jesBKOM B XBCTOPBjOM. MaJ,lapB 8a60puBme mTa je Bsaasano YSPOK oo08a~jB HtaXoBoj OpOTBB AYCTpBje, aa60p&BBme mTa BX aa TO &aroBa ~ OOTpa:ate coaceu.a y BerOBalLY eaora je8BKa Te ~& ea CBall BeBBIJeaBY, H rBMe crsopame CJlaBeBe y Y rapcKoj KaO cBoje OpOTBBBBKe, KaO 0008BQBjy Koja ee 1I0paAe BaBpmBTB ycruEOM CnaBeBCTBa OpOTBB lIaJ,l&pBBlla.

TpoJLelLe oaora , mTO ee same BeMorawe y6BTB; OpBCraRaK Aa ee lII&J,lapCKa BapOJlBOCT BIlBOBa B CBa:atBO paaaaje y CBOMe Kpyry j opB8BaBcrBo 1-\pyrBx BapoABOCTB mro ee Op06Y1-\Bme y 8eMJLB j oaMeTBO KOPBCTOBBlLe ea Beh opo6y1JeBoII MOnB, Aa ee 8BEpBlfB omnee OOJlBTBIJDH ooJiOSBj B CaqYBa OODITa YCTaBBocT B BaPOABOCT CBBKora OJleMCBIl y YrapcEoj o~ aYTOEpaTcKora MemBlLa, OqeJlBqBJlO 6B ItI8rBeT yrapcEB, EojB 6eme npaByEao paaae aapoae, Ho BBje 081110 TO B80CTaJlO, aero ee qBlLame B 0POTBBBO: B 6YKBY aBTB1II8J,lapCKa pesolIYQBja, 6YK&y OlfeMeBCEB paT y YrapcKoj. Ilorpee cpeJllLe EBpooe OOTOOMoa:e je M03:A& npe nOJlOBBBe a 1tI0ZAa B ope qeJlBX AeceTaE rOABBa.

m.

("'Tapa l1li080 ~ ee CHOp. jeAaB jeBBB, B& 0860- pBMa y Uoa:YBY • y fto"epeeG .. "jIUlG noje.."u oKpyrA,

23

tEaO maaa~ DpOTBB 6e'la DOliIlTBEe, DO'Ie ~a ee OPB- 6J1Rzyje E OCTs_pellty OEO nOJlOBBBe rpeke ~eOCTBBe GBOr Bea. AJIB Be aaTe'le BecopellBa DJleJleBa, soja 6B ea lite 6Bl1a npeapeaa, - IIpBB DOEymaj YAapa Eao ~UBE 0 necaE - paTBe BCEpe pacnpmTallIe ee, - 6YBBe o6op6a a60r jeaBBa, BaEBy jom Baje BCTopBja aaDaMTBJJ&.

OpYZBje y oso] 60p6B 6eme, OCBM ea6JLe y EO.8T~TCKBM cRynoBBM& arBT~8ja Y P&AlbB onmTBBcEoj B Dpunaraa~a Y OOpOAB~B, Y APymTBy, na rAe je MorykBo B y mEOJIII.

CpncEe BapoAse jysane neeae y BYEOBoj a6BpBB ~eme ElltRra, EOjy je HMua CBaBa Eyka, osaEO M8Cfi. HCTP82BBBUY ee ~eJIa crapax CPOCKBX DBea~a Ba ~Basoyke AY6poBa'lEe msoae B 0pBBOB.T>8BalY ceo Y XpBaTCEOj DO'le A8 ee P&AB juo Ba EILBzeBBOCTB R o~no"Ieme CTpamBe npenapae; ORBII ee BlJame Ba casea ca ~8CBMa, a OBall Ba 60p6y nporaa MaJ}:apmTBBe. A. Cpu Ba'lKa a BuaT coajame ee ~ymeBBolI CB880M ca ABBSBII Beorp8AOM, JCARO mTO BX je Bame T&MO DPBBJl8UJ18 ,cDoMesa B je~BaBa sepOBCDOBeCT opOCEa BO E BaTOD'iaBcEoj 6pakB, a APyro B eall pe~ CTBapB 6eme TaBU Aa ee BeMorame HB aallBCJlBTB aapOAaB "YmeBBB ZRBM. Bo BpB csell TOil 6Bme aaB~eBe 'lBT80BB~e BaO cE1DBa Meera jeAaOMBCJleBRB&, aaBellapeHB jeaRE DO'Ie ee Aore,BsaTR B sa CEOPO BCEpee B aacTasa jeABe OTpUU, BOja ce 6eme pemBJla Aa ee olQ"ope OOItlaJ,lapBSallty, BOje jaBO yae lIax sa Ba60pBMa MaI}BCTpaTCEBM B EOIIB~ _TOEBII. lIallapaEoj nponaraBAB, BOjy oy DOlloollarua eaa rOODOA8 UBOBBBqB B Bapomn B ODlDTBBCBB, BekBD 6oraTOra DOJIyTaaCEor DJlellUCTBa • DojeABBB OpBSp.aBBqB soj... 6eme fliUBO AI' AOIJy AO CJlyz6e 8 mJl8A8, CTaAe 8a cyopor uapoABa, opDoa opoDaraaaa, ajy oa'IBIIoUIUY rp'lBO - Beyj ..... o (?) rpalJUCTBO

.IM&IIa"B Ba~tUlBreBTIIBIIJI&A.kB B BBme Beau.CB8X 0.ur11BBCBU uaBBuaa, a ujpeBBocsBjB DOllara. 6e1(l8 e,DCEC) elomreae~BO.

80 B 60a 06,aapa aa m crallle, a mTOBaa.e ODQ¥eH8 ... BBO BapOAILBBB, EOjB 01 IIP8 al60palla 1 XpBaTDEOj, CUBOBBjB 1 CpOM1 DPOD8JUl, AOBece DOZ1BCKB ca60p 1 rOA. 1843. 3uJI.Y'I£e Ta£88 BOjB e1 Dp.aoMaraJlB A& 00 mTO Jloh~ paPlllpB D YTSPAB aOTJI-1I8J,J8PCD Tezu.a.

HaBeeBo je A& ce TaAa Y Be'lY same BBABJlO DO 1 lIoZ1B1, B Aa ee 1'a BaKJI.)"lq. oA06pBmo jep 6am TO H 6eme opYSBje eupeMJI.8BO aa oaora Roja ra ca£OBa. JaCBO je B TO, Aa je 1 £a6BBeTY BeJIBROra K8Bqe.upa pemeRo, Aa ee &o_e Be eaero eJIYZB BO • AlA ee a80. mrpB aa CBaEB CJJYIl.j. moro cy ABIIJJOMaTB "llOZYBCKe 1'.6J18" Ta£o xpl}ua cpeACTaa aa oeraapeae qeJIB sa.Be,7JlUJj JDTO BBCY Y speae 1SBABJ1a norpemey , Bero B OBAa espeayme C oYTa, BaA je neo CBOT rJIaCBO 1'0- BOpBO, Aa C1 eBB aa£ORR 0 j OilS Ry npaae JIOBKe, Y KojO 00 YXB_Ta BO CUIO lIa~pDlTBBa, BO • qeJIa Y rapea.. - TO jo BPBBSq& .Kojoj he co AOJ:\Bsje 1J1TB TparB1J£8 JJOOll~a&

Y OT&BU OpoTD BBCBJlB01' O£TpojBcau.a j08BU.

DOOT&Ae TJltI 086B.1'>BBjB, K&A e1 ftPIIBRR all B8Beeu opaBua jeB.Ea JIJlIl Boh ,aeAeu 6UB, £80 ft. np, aa ~~e50 lQ)£BePBX £&o"1'a aa .''';1&PO£OIl, B T. A. BJIB 00 !I!O CBe Behlq DPB6J1I1.BBame. PaaApazc80cz DpuazamO qRe Bllme 88 MBpB' npoua1'allAe 1 D~By 6ya1. lOW 08, ItpmBoqll IIpoaa:J; aa~B& Boua lIOtB~1 88l1&li CBO-jllx 8SaaB'18BX rpaBB«&, uoj,ha B& IIBOrB" lIeOTBlia p Cit ~pe~a.a a,spwe JU~p ope, DB.IIa a 08.10" TBBO II- ~r OTUBB oy .... ja jeABo1'a 0~p1ra Y RO_ cy ••• JJPII Qp6a, aa6paa8 JUeBAlAP aa OpilOKOM jeeaay II

25

8'O()Be~B aa ee Ba6aBe MaJ,llpOBa, a aBO ra BBBO aaje puYMeBBO. Je,II;BOra ceJltasa, RO,ll Kora ce B8~e cpOCEa BUeS,lIap, saaBBo je ca otmeCllT mTaOSBX y~apalla. Sa'fIIBa je lIaj60Jlte Cpe~OTBO ~a JltYJt8 aay'le lIIabapOBa, IIIIBmJltamO peBSOcs. 'ISHOBBSK.

llPBB o~olloBa TaBor palla 6exy jYJJBjcBe JlemBBe y 3arpe6y. BapollBa cTpaBKa yoe ee aa eae eaare, A. ee ops aa60pllna OApZR. RaA je Beh CBpmao aa60p, Ba~ oy 6apa'la OTBmJJB aa ABopa Mal)BCTpaToKora B DO jeA_Ba ee noseme AorOBapaTH, KaBO 6B ee crpaRU, aoja jom BeMorame opOApeTB, opraaaaoseae , - Baa rpoe Xuep OOKOnB OBjallY ea BOjCBOM S aancseaa Aa ee n'y~a . .7.Dy~B mTO aBCY BB aRUB aa TO, aero OJlY'lajBo TYAa upo!)ome, oaA8XY Bao ZpTB8. Onmee je MDmJlteILe 6uo, ~a ey TaReTa JJBBeSa Y U6BHeTy BeJJBKOr RaRlleJl8p8 caMO Aa co pacnaJJa 60p6a a60r jesBE8. AJIB rocnoAa Y llOXQ'BY BBCY jom 8B811a sa CT8po Up8BBJJO: "Paa611 . oa oaaa BJJaAajU, 'l~ra ee B Taj E86BBeT 0PBAPz8Bao,

BJiB MOZAa BUCV DU naaaaa Ba TO:

To a MDora APyra BaCBJlta, 6uo II() 6e'lRoj BOJlt.

DnB aa peOBOOTU DozysoKe, yoeJla'laB8xy eae same 0p08aJJY Balle!)y noaopeae epneee B BJlaAajyhe MaJ,lapORt!' erpaase , AOE ee BajssA erpaase Y XpBaTcKoj, CnaaOBaja, CpellY, Bauoj u BasaTY De a6J1BSBme B se CTBOPBme ype,es1 Dlacy.

. OBallO BAY B 6s60pil aa ea60p 1847. C"" 6eme leh DloryhBo y IIBOrBM iIIeCTBMa, a aapO'lBTO y CJlO- 60A88M BapoDJ,BMa, BapOAoe aaoTyuBBKe a6allB'lB, 8 rAe

. ce TO Bemoze, 1I00JJaSBKe BeSBBaTB BBmTpYK~Bj.Ma, KOjo BX BCTB_ DCY oope'laoaJle A& p8~8 sa BapoABY CTJlap ,. &JIB BM CMerame JIj ce uporaBe, lCao mTO C8 OJlY'IUJlO Y msorBM KOMBraTIMa, Y EojBMa je opBjaTeJltca MaJ,lapcs. crpaDKa jeAI18&O. BJl&A&Jla. HajBeha B saj.

.1

...... j. D~e B.po~" CTpUD Y Xpurcaoj, ft 6eme 8e1lAa mj. TQa Doca y lloz,. Baj.Dme _eryOBBU B.po~De CD.pD. AD ea60p o~ 1847. Be .. 0 BBje DUDDKY a60r jeallBa o~ 1843. ea ea .. yeBojBo, BOro je Bery up.RBO Y caoj uporpaR~. je oemapa, B .Deee 0 R&II.pcmRe jeaBKy B B.po~aOCftl OBIUDI 8&KOa:

,,}(pzuaa '1aaOBB earJlacao ea ILor. BU.'1.RCTBOR aaKJroY"ame:

,,1 1. }(ps. '1aBOBa .R.jy OBO RaJlOCt'llBBO Cl'aJNUloC', DO KORe cy U.BOB. yaBameaor BJlQua'lSOr ~OR., Y ",.pCKO jeaBKOCJlOB ... e DOCBoIieB., ea BUBUII.R opaaaaa.eR .. caaaa.v, B ft All yaW DO auoa pQ 6yA,Yke e.rypBOCTB .

• 1 2. KaKO aaKOBO"BB. B l(pZ&BD U.CT TaKO • 8 ... a ... uaqu.pajcKB jeaBK 6&1ie y 6YAYlie BCUJY'lao R.,apcKB, - cauo aBUB'I80 D.Clleao B cBeAo,6a BaDBeaa. Apyr .. M jea.KOR aelie .... D, DOIDTO ee oaaj nKoa 06jaBB; - B caRO y oaBR CJIY'1ajBR. A08Bo ... eBO jo ApyrB jeaBK yoorpe6BTB, Koje CJle".eIiD §§ 4. 6. 7. B 8. oser a&KOB. BayaBMaj, BJiB a.peljyjy.

,,1 3. 11 jaB" mKOJlcu jeau 6.he BCKJroYIJBO .aJ"tapCKB.

,,1 4. Dozemu, aepeDB B ep8llCKB KO.BftD oa B MaJlapcu JlBftpaliB I) .... pzake ~o ca~ yDOTpO- 6 ... eBB ;AaDBCKII B lI'1'&JIIIjaBcu joau, B TO caBO Y CBoJa. 06J1.CTB.a B DpB CODC'l'BeaBR YByorpam"BR UPUBUIla, jom 8a 6 ro~ .. , "'1,._ ~ co aaKJroYU ~am ... qapcso aohe.

1 5. CaB RaqapcKD ~"'BBB BOaqa 6ne .B1"OcaBB MaJ"l.peDII 811&KO. B ",0800. J B KO~ CBajy rpa-

I) Hacu.8BII r0r08O C&IIIIII CpG.... OrIUlOB~ DTepallO ., DpUII • Doru.jaaemI Xp .. m.

27

ljaBCR.X, 6lfarajBB"IRBX- B BOjBB1JKBX aaBO,!la, ao B 1 DpB.opeRBII opBCTaBBWT8l1a Jl8J;e IISJ,l8POKBX 2'proBaqa B OCTalfe 118J,1apcse yoorpe6JLaBahe aaCTaBe eallo ea APzaBBBM rp60M B BapOABBII· 60jalla. Hajnoeae B Ba CBBM aBaBB"IHBII oe"laTBlla 6ahe BSAOBC 118J,1SpCRB.

,,§ 6. Y § 2. uaSBa oowra ynoTpe6a lIaJ,l8pcKor jeaBa TB"Ie ee H "IIapTeea" I) eaMO y TOJlBKO'y ROJIBRO he &.BXOBO cY1{CTBO BMaTH noeza ea lIaJ,l8pCKOII jypBCABE~BjOM, aaEOBOAaBCTBOM, BlfaAoII B BPXOBBBM cyAOM. llo OBOMe he CBa aBaBB"IBa openBCKa ca BJlaAOM, DojeAHBBM jYPBCABKqBjaMa B OY1{OBBMa 68TB aa MaJ,l8pCEOM. - MeJ;YTBM npa jaBHoM B opUBaTBOII noezy, Y KOlfBRO 6YAe Y o6JJacTB Ilapreea BJIB &.BXOBBX jYPBOABRqBja, KaO B 0pB eaBeTOBa&.y ROA OBBX jYPBCABRqBja B CYAOBa, AOaBO.1L8Ba ce Aa ee ynorpe6B .iIaTBBcKB jeaBR'

§ 7. -qBBOBRBqB Y "llapTeey" RaBo1{ehBx jYPBCAB KqBja, RaA DOA CBOjBM BMeROM y aBaBB"IRBM OPBJlBKaMa ea 'IBROBRRqRMa MallapeKe jYPBCAREqRje AOoReyjy, .. ory yooTpe6BTB lfaTBRCRB jeaBE j a BaopOTBB K&A ce cnopaaYMesajy DO CBOjBM jYPBCARKqBjua ca "IBROBBBqBMa lIIaJ,lapCEBM, 06BeaaOB cy All. AonBoyjy lIaJ,lspCRBII. TaRO BCTO B CBB BenB "IBBOBBBqB y "lIapTecy", Rao: BaD, ABjeqeaaJlRe BlfaABEe, OEpyZBB aaooBeABBR, DA ca lIIallapcEBM IJBBOBRBI(Bllla BlfB jYPBO/lBEqBjallla AODBCyjy, 06BeaaBB oy lIIaJ,lapcKB jeaBR yoo, rpe6.1L8B8rB. .

,,§. 8. IIpBlllesa § 3. WTO ce TH'Ie jaBBor 06Y'l&Ba&.a Be DpOCTBpe ee oallo BB "IIaprece." AJIB y CBIIII8 &.BXBB. mROlf8118 MOpa 6BTB lIaQapCEB."

HajBBwe je· 0 oBBllla aaRoBcRBIi opeAJIOaBlla rosoPBO aaCTYOBBIt oemTaBCEB, ROjB 6eme 1JeBelt peAaR B

I) OABOCJI ee B& XPBaTCKY.

28

Be.lBIUI roBOPBBE, BajAapoBBrBjB aaC'rYOBBK lIavapc,,&, _jBRwe co npeURpao 0 caeMY KaKO 68 CO IUlJ&pCKB YU8B paWRPBO 8 Ba CBO jo BOIIBJlB~e BaoaA&O wm 6. 6u~o rOllo oporBBBo.

Komyr saaljamo p.a je ~0B80py &.erOBa zypB&Jla 88 BeD BanoBeljeBo, A!' Ba u.era, nemro co 01'0 u.ora CKY02&aJY IIJlaARhcKR B Wl060AOYliUB eJlOMeBrB lIaqapCRB, erporo naaa , B y CBellY OCTaJJOII, mTO co oABoell Ba CBaljy OKO jeaasa B paenpe ca BapOABOCTBIIa Y Y rapClt0J, A8 ra Dycru HOK paAR CJlo60AHO. To My je yoyrCTB_O DpeAao ~eHsop, aasupyhu MOzAa aaaepe BeJlUKOr KaB~eJJapa. AJUI KomyT aaje DPO&IOTPHO BaJJB'lBje Tor YDYTCTBa, BJlH MOZAa Apz8me Aa Hsje TaKO 008CIIO, Aa eo MOZO BO rJleAaTB ua TO, HO Aa 0APZB onCTalUi" qapcTBa B cpehy HapoA!' Ha CBOjBM DJlehRMa. bB OH npe~eu.RBame CBOjy cHary.

B8A8Ba a6Jlerau BS (JJlaBOHBje B XpBaTCKO DonaSBaxy Ba aaKOBCKB ~aBaK 120. 014 rOASBe 1715. no KoliO DBTau.y 0 jesulty He AIIJla3H opeA ca60p, BO B8- pesao selll&.W>CKHII KOBrpera~BjaMIi, 'IBM je caaoonpeAe2&BBalbt! partes adnexae ocrazo, (31. ceABH~a 8. JaByapl\ 184~.)j YSUYA je apoTeCrOB140 DOMaBlIK xpsaTCKR (BymaB) OpOTBB BaKoBa Koj868 ce aa OBY SeM2&Y OABOCBO, DomTO MyHH~8DuBa upaaa npRD8AlAjy caiMO BOHrper~HjB OBe st:oo.i.e, OA KojRX oajcBeTsjejejesHK, •• CIl KojRM IIOZO caMa paCOOJlaraTB, Bao mro je AOHCT8 XpBaTCKa aellaa.CA EoarperaqsJa 014 1750. BS CHOJO 006,140 JlaTUHCKS je8SB: npl1MRJla Ba DOCJJeH8 jeBHE; BaJlYA je B oc062&0 camo y ceABB~B qapoB8BcKoj OA 21. Jaayapa rOBOpHJlO, A8 XpBaTKa HMa Op8HO Aa ee CTapa o CHOlie jOSRKy; 60S DCBe rosopaare rpoe iKe:c."." y ~peBRBcKoj ceABR~B lIarBaTCKe Ta6JlO 0 4. we6pyapy, K8A ]lOBOBllh, BJl8ABU lJaAllACICIl, y BCTH MaX,

eJIaTKO roBopehR 0 CBeTBJf.B lIaTepu.er jeaRn, npenoP1"BBame saKOB· 0 jesSEY, a TB.:J:Te~e yryJIIDBaao lIaTepJf.er jesBaa APyrBx sapoAa. "Cua Opo'lSB OHaRe BapoABOOTB, MS 088 6BJIa R cJIa6., BRrAa BO AOBOOB APyre UJIOAORe, BO OTyljaBalLe B IIlpaoCT BS yr.eTa'Ia." nOCJIaBBE uemTaBCKB BRje TPOBO Aa My co UpOTDBypOU. CBaKB oOKymaj AS ee cacJlyma oPBPOABO OpaBO B o"a. MeTsa pes cDonaAome lIy paSAPaa:eBY Aymy • BaBJIa1Jame ra Ba na.zr.B rOBOp, EojD Be6B MOral) DB U~ BCTOPOjO!ll BR DpeA OpUOltl oopaBAaTB. He XTeABe JIB co CJlaBoBBja OOEOPBTB, TO ee 1I0pa OpoTBD u.e uoeTyoaTH BMOep.TOpCKD B AaTB joj poE AO Eora MOpa yoecrB M8JjapcBB je8BE (18. qapeB. cOA8Bqa 7. JaByapa 1848.); TeZILO XPB8TCEO Koja SOM.l&a y BCroPBC80j BOTBBB II BoooCTOjB, B EOjoj co 0 Tora THill ltIau-.a UOBJIMTII~a MOrJla Y'IDBOTD, E~ ce BmJIO aa TO Aa joj co oApno B eraBcTeaqBja, Tpazeu.o XpDaTcEo Aa DOOT_e pDaonpaaae ca Y rapeeoe , BO Moze BBmTa AP11'O DOACT&hB BO IIp.5Y YrapcKe (31. qapK. eeABBqa 8. JaB. 1848.) BBjo 6BJIO BOJl.e Aa co Y1JDBH aemro , mTO 6B 6BJlO Y CTalLY Aa YTBma pasApaseBoCT aa jyry qapc'lBa. IlasMaBABjo ce aspaaa y 24. ceABBqB CTaJlemKe THJie: "oeMop. 00 jYZBBII CUBeBRMa BBaER OAroBOP ~aTo", a JOCBOOBBh, rpoe TypooO.1LeEB, "p&zeao ee ap"'o yBpeABO 0 BapOABBM CpOCEHIII TeSILallll.

OBaKB PBA y I10zyuy BBje Morao pasApazoBo AYXOBe jysBe YrapcEO,qa yTBIDa. Oropseae pacTBj_mo eDO same, AOK OQCJJaoBqB jasame CBOjBM Rs6Bpa<JllMa A- C8 BaA CBBlla mTO oaje lIIallapCEO JlOMB EOJla'I. Y 88KORCKBM DpO~JlO.BMa aaje BBmTa Apyro BBpBJJO 80 aDaK 6YBTOBBR, KOMe Tpe6amo caMO M&JIB OJlamB'!aK oa

~a co paenpcae oeaeheae KpSJlJa.

30

To ee aB8JJO Y Doayay 8 ODeT ee 061U1L8B8JJ0 TaBO, AA ee jcmBa '1eRaO YCTaRaK, Te Aa ee YBobelLe BOBOI' aaBoaa a8rome Cll.1lO .. , a AI' ee Be DO .. 8C.lJB Aa 6eIJBa OOJlBTBKa .. 030 Da B %ohe .. OZA& Aa -ee sopaCTB TaBaM DOBpeToM ca .. o ope Aa KaBHB BO Aa pamBpB "PIBY .. oh .. a,apcBe Ta6J1e. H ODOT TO 6eme DoaoaTO, pO he 88 Beu Y BCTB MU, BaA ee .a,apCBR BaBOOB o jesBKY OaKJJOHO oA06pe, DOAOO .. oIlB aBTO-IU,apcBe TeZlLe XpBaToBe.

Y eesepao] Y rapoBoj BOA CJlOBaRa .. aILe ey yorBCKa y'JBBII.1IB BOBB BaROBB. BO BOA jYZOR% CJlOB8aa, npe"Aa je a Ty 06paSOBaBa OMJIaABBa, s60r epoABora jeSBKa 'lemBOI.', OADO':leJlaAa DOKpeh8 aapoABe Tea:u.e, B j8Aao OA Baj60.lLBX C.lJaBeOeBBX DHea~a DOD JOBaH Konap, KOj. je CDeBao Slavy deera aBBbe Ha epeAY. rOTOBO BBRaBBOr TPoBYTsa YTBCKa' BBOY y'IBBRJJH aaKOOB KOA Py.yaa. H811~ Be cum Aa oy BM DOKOpaBaJUI, BO 6exy rOTOBO p B CBOjy aapoABocT DOBBBe.

TaBo je BaCTao CTBapH y YrapcEOj MapT 1848.

Sap A8KJJ8 Be MOP8Ae peBOJJY~Hja y OBOlle ~apoTBy YS8T. Ba eo apaBTep BojB je TY Bek OA TOJJBBO rOABBa DpBOpellJLeH 6BO? rOTOBO ee '1BBBJlO RaO Aa BBje TPe68JJ0.

BeeT 0 BaDp80BOM opeBonelLY CTBapB Y BellY DOAejCTBoBa y 1I0zYBY oa CBe AYXOBe K80 Up060B YAap. Pacope CBBjy OapOABOCTB opODaAome B AoJje 'lac K8A cY ce MaJlapB B XpBaTB JLy6BJJB B 6paTBJJB - TO 6eme 1I0MeOT npse paAOCTR, RaA oooaA8me OBOBB ca C~Bjy CBpOllaD.

Y Ba'IpB B 0AYmeB.lL8ILY Dpa800BaJJ8 ee Y DOZYBy D06cma CJl060A8, B TO B60r oporJJaca l'OlIBJle C.lJ060AOB% BaBOaa, 0 '1ellY 6B ee MOZP Dpenapa.no jom Mooro rOABBa. OCBoBa 6eme OJl8Bmaaa, ypebelLe .. poma YCBojeBo, CBBMa DOCJIaBB~Blla DI)Ae.lLeBO jeABaBo npaao

31

,

r.llacau.a, 8 T. a. IIa 8 Y caDlaM KODlBBTBMa 8 BapomaMa jYZ88D1 CBaKB ee 'lDBaO Kao aa DIy je DO BOJLa B noaerame oa06paBajyhe aapece lIaq:apCKODl ca60py.

Ho Dlorame TO D apyK'Ie aohu. ~a ce aaapze OaaBsa 0pBDpeDJJLeBU DJlaOOBB, KojBX Y8POK 6eme ay60Ko Y ca.OMe ZOBOTY, Y Ba'lBBY MBIDJLeu.a ~eJJor Bapo1l8, rpe6ame cBazoora, BeJlB'IaBCTBeBOr atJJa, soje 68 eraap 88 OCHOBa OpeBBa'IBJlO. Ila ae caDlO aeJla, BO 8 yltecao TpeoyTaK, ca 'Iera je 1JeCTO B DOJlBT8Ea Y 8a6,,08. TaKas MOlleBT je peBOJJy~Bja, 118 B Y OpBDM aaBOIia eaoje eaare, ns ce y 'lacy, Ella cy ee CTBapa JlOMBJle a Y nOZYBY, oojaBo Cpaa1JaB a oABazaB raae, na Aa aaroDeCTa ca TpB6YBe Kpaj CBBDla pacopaMa OKO je8BKa B npB80aILe npasa 8 eaaoynpaee pa3UBX O.1lellleBa; AS ee lI()rn BCR»>Y'IOa CTpaREa npUDOJleTB Aa CTBap upase cJl060Ae B OOCTaoaK oraq:OBoe DomTyje BehMa, BO nOJlBTBRy Koja AOJlazaIDe ca aame • DurAa Be68 YrapCKa (iua pa811po6JLeoa oa o8JIoje~eBBX BapOaa, BorAa je Be6B ODYCTBO rpaljaRcKR paT, RUB 6B Ba BOJJarOlliKOMe OO»>Y olljeKuyo TyzaB raae : finis Hungariae! HOMeRT 6B opooymftB; DpBB PIAoCR8 YCK.1IDK Dpo~e B erape Ttlzu.e oner aespeaynre}. caMO caaa 6eme ua ILBXBOj aaCTaBB BaDBcaBO: "Oaa UB BDE8J.t I" nOmTO c; opea- 60p~R M8JPlpCKe cyopemaTuje ao caaa Bo~eoy OOJJBTDKY a60r jeaasa, DOByljeBY BII Y3POKOII DPOTDBYCT8BOBCK8X DJleTaKa BeJlBKOr 6C1JKOra EaB~eJlapa, opOr.1laCB.1ID, TO ce apzaxy u.e jeAoaKo, Ma Aa je CRCTeM TOfa 'lOBeEa nponao, j ep jeJ.tDoCTBO APzauoo aazaranre Aa rpe6a Aa 6yae callO jeABa 'IBCTa YrapCEa. mTO cy ee O.1laUeBB aa CBeTDU.Y caOfa po~eoor· npaaa B lIa'Iepu.era jeaDKa Ayro roADBa y cKyomTBBcKoj oooaB~BjB Y8aJJYA 60PBJlB B rJleAaxy Aa B C8tta, Y TpeByTKy o06eae ayfO TJJa'leBor 'IOBe1JaOCKOra npaaa, oBje ILBXOO npaao aame nomso-

32

BaBO . BO Ope, aaTO oy eIlAa MBOJlB.llB 1(& je Aomao .0- DreaT, Aa ee .alJeM ODPOOTe CBRjy j~. • BOBIIX apenapaEa. OaB ee .6exy pem&l1B, A& 06jaBe DI8J,lapmTIIB. paT, aaa Be Yrapcaoj, aero crpaB&aM& y TOMe llaPCTSY Eoje C1 amze aa cyopeMamjoll. "IIpBIHau.e Aa cy CJla.. BeBB p8BBO~paBaa ,apoA ea ltIavapBMa y ll6J1oj EpyBB I18J;1apcEoj" - TO 6eme. rnac EOjB 6pyjame 00 ."B.

HajA)'ze ee copeMan T& uajan y XPBaTOEOj B O,ll8BOBBjH, &JIB B TallO MaBY BlueaaABO. Y Hazy.y ee BRje 0pRBHaBUO Aa Ta BeM..,a noeroja. OaA ee A&KJIe BBjC BU TpaZB,lIO npaaaarse , aero ee nOEa8HBallle y caB.Oj ersapa. Oua oomJbY Epa..,y nOCJlaBBEe, a eBojc noeaeaase n030BY aa llozyaa B BajacBe ee Aa BX asme aeae CUTB. T~ PCSOJ1YIlBja CnpC'!IB OyT yeraBRy npOTBB jeABora nJJeMCBa B ,s6yBy npOTBB ueae Ep1Be aa MaJlO lJaCOBa. OIlEasa ee eBaRa eseaa ca Y rapCKOIl. II OJJaaoooja T&KO YIJBBa. KaEO oy Cp6a y BOjBBIJKOj rpaoal\B, Ba'lEOj B BaBaTY, na OBAa y Cpe.y - Eojulla TO, mN je apeJia XpBaTeKa OOAnOMaraJJa concTseoy ae .... CEy KOarperau;ajy, auje BCDUO - OEO oy OBB, oOMohy aeaaBBeaoera IJBCTO DraJ;lapCEe erpaase , aa TO npBayljeaB, B onae epuesora YOTaaRa, y EOJlBKO je oBaj aapoABa B C&DIOerUaB , TO he ee BRAeTa y CJlcAehn. JJBCTOBB ....

Lj.~ IV.

15. Jyoaje 14'8. 6eme AaB EaA je oa xpomhaoCKe BapOAe CpeAu,e Jeapone nana KOI\Ka, Aa ce ca aasae, TBM ocopojaTeJLBMa EpCTa ;.tyro BCKOBa 60pe. BBTKa . EOCOBCKa npohe , caara BeJJUROr epnesora naperaa, oajaehe noanope xpomhaBCKe KyJJType a o6paSOBau,a npe-

33

TaB- A ...... BJ:rllJ18. a au ...... , da. ca· BU88011 llyaoM pa86BjeBa, B BBQlT&. Baje. C'r8~o aa 0YTY t'OPAu. no- 6eABoqB1l8, ~8 upeBeOY·OBojY. qpBeBY 'RCUBY, Taj BPB .... · BaaB Beo06e~JLIIBOCTB, B npeBO ){y ••• B Aa 06jan paT· O¥IlY mTO je xpumhaBoBo - paT Ba eae '1eTapB CTpaBa CBeTII. YuaJLuy ce OA Dual •. a60r ~emBOlle ~a· zeha .eCTa oopeA AyaaBa, OBO DHAa.x paBBBq8 6 ..... CBB.I., 6a'lBB.I. a opellCRa.l., B Y 'I,ll npeAeJJBMa Maopame B~aJJo 60jumre I oo,fta'lKame BX B oDyC'nlme, M)JeJJ:ehB OBarAa Alt. 811 je TO rJIaBOa oOlloopoa orpaoa. HaBoja CTpa8a BRie TOJJBBO oaTUBa OA OOJIYII8Ceqa KaO OBB npCAeJIJl.Y BOj ... oY Cp6u.l) Ha 6PBO OOCT,.OY OBO

I) Daaecao je Aa oy jom y oTapa Bpe.eoa MBorB Cp68 1 Y rapCR~j 6u.a. C.IlIUIQUoja u CpeM., JLB.l.Ba CTapUBcsa 8eMJLa 1 Bpe.. qapcTBa epneacr I JLHXBa je u~a,68.a. BaoaT B Sa'!Ra 60xy oaarraEO 8eMJl>e y sojaMa 01 Cp6a. ~BHJ1B jom ope 1tOJIaexa MaJ;lapa (y rOA~BB 895) (Dissertatio brevis et sincera Hungari Anotons (Keresztury) de geo.te Serbica ete. b. I. 1790. CTp. 7. ~ Tor.oDtalvaqnegye Hajdana. Emlegette Ba.rany AgosiQD. B~daJ1. 1845. CTp •. 150. A· MagyarbirodaloIQ k~~e o~, ugy la~m: regi lakosai Torontalvarmegyenek. a . Raczok.) TaKo. BCTO MOpaJIO je 60TH. Cp6a a y rOPJLoj YrapcBoj, rAe oy Y VII. BeEY Ayro· CTaBOBUB , AOB co BeOACOJIBmO y rOPJLy MaBRjy C~aBam .. y Op6ajy) B Ty ee aeaaereaame aa caarAa (Dobrovskys Slovin, CTp. 234.)

KoCT8ABB llo.,.BporOBB'r oOllu .. e OapO'lBTO CpGe, soja 01 C OBe OTp8BO ){yuan Y ABmTpUKTY aeeupaaCKOMO noll. yopaaoll oaojB.I. poljeOB.I. uaaapa ca'!BlLaBaJla ooo6eBo DOJlBTR'I KO 'leBO (Engels Geschichte des ung. Reiches, CTp. 67.)

Hc'lo TaKO a3a8080 oBcAo.e, epneeo CT8BOBa .. e y yrapcKBM lIeMJLaMa, a UllORa .. uora.l. Moora B 6peru.ua . DO pAAaOMe oapOIlBOM BIIOBY "Cep6" (Cp6J1l\a y BIlorpajCKOH EOllurary, Serb B Sirb y apaAOltoll, Serbe-

c,._ Do_. S

ae-...e DOD oy«re. lIuaCTBp.II&IIJIII'I'SB, "Opo .. OYCTB 681:1, B 0&110 8ueBB TYPOD maTOpB Dp.PBJJBIDe paaBBqe, BJIB ee .YCTpBjon Bojon Tysome oa 'leTa" TYpeBu Be8Bpa DO pBTOa... B DYC'1'8paaa.



Sty Y 6BI:8POKOII, Serbaska y Kpam080KOII, Serbo .. a 1

'1'ellBmBapcKo., Serboveze y 6epeI'CBOII, Sir bi y 3&T lI.pCKOII, SirbvaJja (eeao) B Srbota (eSper) y I:yll>a~· OKOII, Serbelen B Serbaja y 8apaB~cKolI, B '1'. ~. aB~B' JaB. Ko.upa: Rozpravy 0 jmenaeh, poeatkah i staroz1tnosteeh narodu slavskeko B T.~. 1830. erp, 163 16t.)

MaljapB oy SaTeKJlB y ocaojeBBII 8elll.1l.a .. & IIBOro opllBpzeaBKa rp'lRo-DpaaoCJJaBae QpRB8. Y BCTOPBjB YrapcK8 00llBII>8 ee rp'IRO-BCTO'lBII, a Bapo'lBTO Z8BeRa lIa08eTBp 0pOCKB 6J1B8Y BeeopBlla, Koja [e 0000- aBO Rpa.1l. Ore4)ao, esera (Georg Fejer. Codex diplo-

mat. Hund. Budae. 1829. CTp. 14.) -

TaRolje ee KaByjo y OBCIIIY nane HBoRell'l'llja m.

K Rpa.I>y EttepBRY, Aa ee 1 00'l8'1'KY xm. BeD Buaaame y YrapcRoj callO jeAaB jeABIlB lIaOaeTHp Ul'OJlB'IKB, a BaopOTaB IIBorB rp'lKO-BOTO'IB •• Y '1'0110 OBCMY CTOjB B8PBROII OBaRO: "Quia vero nee novum. est, nee absurdum, ut in Regne Tuo diversarum nationum Conventus uni Domino iu regulari habitn famulentor, Iicet unum sit ibi Iatinerom coenobiom, quum tamen ibidem sint multa Graecorum" H T. A.

Cp6B oy 6.JlB 8601' qpKao B roll>eBB, OcOOBTO Y apollo BJl8AO RpaJLa .71Yl{BBK8 I., Roja l'OABBO 1366. aaOOBe~a 060premoaoy Kp8mOBCKOlle, ",8 OBe oaemTea&Ke rallOmll>BI: Cp6a aajeABo ca zea.lla B Aoqoll OOSBDapa, • oOCJJa BM rJlaroJlBTCa CBemTeRBKO B8 llullaqaje, ROjB he al: YOYTBTR P8MCKO-R8TOJlB'IK&.

HCTopaqB ySABZY jyoBmTBo yr.peRu CpeS8 y TO apelle. OBB UOlll811>Y OPOCRO ROII>Ue, ROjB oy ee 0l{JJBKOB.JlB rOA. 1644. y 60jy ROA 'Bypa (Pa6a) OOA KpU.O. A6011 C.llyjIlJlOII, B 1,t0qRRjO - 1052. - BOA .rpu.o. AR,ltpBjoM I. y paTy ea HeMqaMa. KpoRR'lap Typoipl DOll811>0 je,ltBOra cpeS.o. DO Blleoy Ypoma, Roja y TOile

36

OBO .00YCTOmelLe BBje BmJlO Y pa1JYB BB aYCTpjB- 4SEBII eKOBOMBBM so CTpaTer01JKOM HBTepeCBlla, BBft e6paaoBaBoj EBpoOB. BellKB ABOP 1I0p'Ae Ba TO IIBCJJBTB, KaKO 6B 8eMJLY ooer BaC8JJBO. OB je ollao OpBJlBKe)la BBAB mra Bpele Op6B Y 60p6B OpOTBB 8aKJleTOra BeopBjaTeJLa. 3eM.l&a 6eme OYCTa, UB 8aTO mTO cy epocEII a-aBOBBBItB 6BJJB paBBje C81'pBeBB, a Be mTO oy 6erUB BCUp8A EpBBor BeDpBjaTe.Eoa. OB DpB8B8Ae, Aa BeMa'JD, AyCTpBja B YrapcD Be.ajy 60 .. e 8amrBTe OpOTBB DOJlY.ece., a B OpOftB Ilemre , ao C8SJlBAaBe Mp.lLe CPDeee, Da DOBYAB ODeT Op6e C OBe OTpaBe Aa ee npeeeae npeso oopea ].UrBasa, rAe cy Bill BeA&BBO 6paha 0 opeAQII :EBBUII. 01JBBOD B&mTBTa ABOrJJasor oPJla 6B BII sa m o6euBa. H 8&BCTa BaBOBO BaBUBme 'JeTe 0POOKBX 60paIt& It aYCTpajcKoj BOjeqa, B EOjB Be ecranre E&O BOBe .pTBe Ba 6ojBmTBlla, ClleCTBme ee oner OOCJJ8 paTa ca OBOjBM oOpOaBIt&lIa y OOEopeBBIi DP~8JlBIII&.

DOCJJeAILeli pary, nO.YB xpa6po 6paILame OA XeBpUB:a m. - rOA. 1242. 001' BeJlOM IV. OOMaraJlB oY 0 Op6H ~a eo oo6ele TaftpB, DA ee OAJlBKOBaxy Bolje epeacse, Kpe'J, RYBum. B PaK C8 CBOjBM 'leTaMa. 3BaTDo cy DOllarUB OplSB B Y paTY ca OroKapolI rOA. 1260., mro oolaj B call OOIiBlLe y eBOM OBCMY DaDo AJleKeaaapy IV. M aora OA OBB:I: Op6. Ao60JlB cy DOMe OA Kpu.a HeJle COUS,.YKe.

Meby B.jBeholi It&PCKBM BJlacBBqBlla 6eme y TO Jlo6a S Op6a. TaKo B. np, IIuaTBB JOBaB I Ypom BOA KpaJLeM OTe~asOIJ n. (1114-1131.), BeJlym BJIH BeJJs YpomeBBh OOA KpaJLeM re030M II. (1141-1161.) 6exy Op6B. Beaym 6eme 6paT yrapcKe Kpa3BJ:te Jeaeae, Eoja Bac OOOMBlLe sa KPBBY apaAcKY cKyomTBBY (1136). OR je rOCOOAapBO C OBe CTpaBe Tace B B8Melj OaB8 • ]J;paae.

36

HajaBaTBaje npeee .. e .. e 6eme bott JJ;eODOTOIl 'BypJjeM BpaUKOIiBheM r. 1688.1) IIo~ yopaBo'M 'OBOra jyBaKa~ Kora y oa6opBoj ~~KBII s, A~PBj~UOUOJLY U~CBeTa aa 80jBOAY ap:neUBCKOD MaKCBM, nporoaame Cp6B, aao OSMOCTUOa. HojcKa, DOJJyMece~ aa BaqKe a Ba~aTIl" AOB je .7IYABBK 6aAeBOKa UOKOPBO KocTajOg~, BpOA,.B I'pa-

I) Rail oy 1459. roll. TypqB ea CBBM DOKOPBJlB Cp6Bjy, npeJjome CPDOBB AeCOOTB aa c_rlla y Yl'apCRY, rile ax aeMaJL~KB KaezeBB opB3a&AomOo Oao cy 8aO.08e~aJ,lB 0PUCKOM BOjCBOM y. jYZBOj Yl'apcKoj a DOXBaJJOO ce 60pBJJB aa oTaQ6BOY.

Ilpaa ~eCOOT BJJa BojBoAa epnesa y Yrl\pCRoj 6erne: (J'I'(J~(JN BP(JN"OtlUIa. CBB 'Bop"a I. BpaHKOBHha. Oa B8a6pa Cpell rAe AolJome lIoorB Cp68jaB~a. 'Iner. j& npaaaao KpaJL MaTBja KaPBBU 8a epneeor A6cuoTa, Kao mTO ee BBJlR aa KpaJLeBe ABUJJOMe (Prag Annales. CJP. 82.), aJJB Cre~aa xreae AO~BBje Aa B~e y Cp6pjy, oa K8A Illy TO ae BcoQe, opeJje y AJl6aoojy, rJle ee ozeOK ea Aat,eJIRBOII, KOjy opoasame Cp6B nMajKa ARreJ1BOa", oomTyjyhB je aa cBe~a. - Ilomro OB oAe Ba·Y rapcKe nporaaee Cp6B

B!I"a Bpa""otlula" ~~1-1485) I yarn 'Doplja.

I .. Bpaasoaaha, aa Aecoora aJlB BojBO/lY. Oa,aj 6eme Beh rOil. 1465. ca 60japBMa Cie~aooM a J(MBTpOM JaKmRheM, KoeaOM llaBJlOM (BpaaROBRh) B lIoomtBOM aapolla npemao y Yi-,.pCKY. KpaJL MaTRJa KopB3a YTBPAB My 1471. 'AeeooAc~o AocTojaocTBo. lDeroBa peaBlleBIVJja. 6eme OJJaUKaMea. Y '1eCKOM a OOJLCKO. pary, OpR oocaAR ll1an~a, OpR oCJl060t,eu.y Beorp8Aa, y Ep~eJLy ~ B T. A. YTBP~RJJR cy Cp6a ea CBOjRM HoJjaMa eaoja opaBa mTO BM AaAome yrapeRu Kpu;eBR. OBAe Tpe6a jom B TO 0pRMeTaTH: ,Ita' C1 Cp6a 6RJlII ,ltyma CJJaBHoj ~paoj Jleruja Rpa .. a Mauje KopBRua. H roa. 1481. Douaa aaea llasJJe O",B8ZS0cr y 60jeBsMa ,itO KpymeBIta (y Cp6ajB), o"'~'Jle aoJjome aa B.s. jom 50.()()(» ·Alma ,Ita UaC8JJe aycre TaMamKe npeaeae, CpOCKB ~eCOOT BYK 6eme. CBYA& Y 60jeBRMa allaj u yMpe 1485.

37

'~BmKY, coil ·.cJeAHH.eB'B ca ~qMe 'saosAuy Ba ~eorya~. tloKope'ae 'o6.1JacTB 6YAY BM' Kao CTUBa OTaBBmTa "-,,pe\eHa 'a JLliXOB BOlj ca 'CBBM 'opaBBMa B AOCToJaBCTBBMa £&0 uoraasap upaaaar, ~a 00 B.BXBBII CTapBIi opUBlia II 06B'laju'Ma yopaS.1La.

JOP~E BpaH"oBuA, CBB CTe~aHOB, KOMe 6eme upect'O.1J8H~a y KYDaB~II'Y Y Cpe~y. Osaj je ca cBojilM 'paTOM JOB8BOII 0088j'*ao ip8JJ.y MaTeja 12.000 AYK.

a aaro P.06BO Ba.1Jory.' AJJB Ha CKOPO ce op.Ka.· ... eneTOB811>a, 8lK8J.lyljepB ee y MaBacTapy Kpymep.oJIY: KNme • apXHeOHCKOO ea 'BMeBoM MaKHM. 3a B.HM p.o~e B8 Ae-

COOTCTBO 6paT • ' ,

JOBtlH BpaNHoBula P.O 1503. Cp6B ee jep.BaE9 '60- paxy. MOBO B operosapaxy 00 cpncKB ea KPaJLe. lIaTBjOIi. rop.. 1494. oCBojH BpaBKOBBk op. TypaKa MBTpOBHIzy B Pao.7JQe 6.7Juay Iloseere B saTO P.06B DOXllallY ~p. KpaJJ.a BJJap.BC.7JaSa 11. I'o.i, 1496. nOKJJOHB AecnOT CpOCO:OMe MaBacTBpy Kpyme~oJIy 16 eeaa y CpeMY: 'KyouBOS'O, Rap.1JOBqe I Kpyme-"oJI', Mapa~aK, qopTa;'ilo~e, rpa6'os~e, Kp'leADBOBa~, Ilaayao, DHABjy, ]by'.aBo, ]:(06)0p.oJI, Hepaaaa , Ilehaane , BpecT1I'I, Illa'TPIiH~e B MDKOJLY. no CMpTB JOBaBoBoj '6eme CpOCKB ~~ecnOr

,'C'TeiaN m1'U~(lH'OBUA , : cpOAti'JiK JOBaHos, "KOjB je o~~ , 6BO ''KHea sa:tYMcKB Ilamrpojesah. - OB CTaBOo aame "1 'MOPOBBli'y (cap. y'SOjHU'IROj rpaaana) '0 ''Xpa6po "6paffiallte aemtJLY o~ Ty..,'Q'lia, 'na"O:8A Be .boze c', CBOjO. , aojcitOM ;Jta 1(a, nT!l?Pa.t OA~ 1508 'ca, MBOrB!" ,Cp6BMa ''Db aanOBeCTB KpaiLa .BJ1a1\uc.7J'asa II. aa ,CpeMa y Bal,p8.'&;y B CTa~ ee 'y 'fBPAHB.B IDauomy. 'KIIJJ yinpe (4. ·'OIeT. 1515~)' 'tejJo~y onaenre r iwaoacTop mDm!lTOB~.

]:(ecrroT CitBaN Gep-UC.A(lB (1526_;_:1527) 'aecoo-

"i'oja"~o~roll~y, ~Ba" '~ep ~e, ", '.' ." n.

".IIiB'''", '1apiloj..-u'li opor'JJacB aa necnOTa , Bop.ehB

:~p6AIQTi6b, n'o rcp:ae'Ko~ ,a~'~bnt'BqB, :AB~~~B~. 'CfpISB ra lfaAo ~Biiie Ldallb Ita' ocna'e c'iapO B~~~j~O AO-

. Mo1'Ii'itit'O. Optl.o~.

38

nOOJle ABe roABBe 00B1A8 qap .7leooo.lAo I. opeD .,CTpBjBc£or ljeBepua EBca CaJIBaja fiB£OJlOIIBBBjO oarpBjapxa nehesor' ApceBBja m. lJapBojeBBD, Aa opeceJJa Maoro Cp6a 1 jom Be BaceJLeRe op8AeJle. H Ta,Ila •• ~ 8a lIu1 oOIl.1h 1 parBo speae , oOBYAa 8& TO A& he BII ocrarB BeooBpeljeRB CBB 06B'I&jB B oJl06oAa DC) B ILBJ:OBa BCTO'lRa BepoaCOOBeor. UarpBjapx op.CUBe sa TO, B nomro 01 TypqB 8. 0£ro6pa 1690. BeorpaA ooer OCBQjBJJR OOBeA8 31 AO 40.000 OpOO£1IX OOPOAIq& . Dpeao ,1.b'BaBa, AaEJle 6JJ18y 200.000 6eme OBera I • BaeTaRe ee oopeA oBoje 6pahe Aoce ..... eBR£a. nareRr OA 21. ABryOTa 1690 1) OORaZH Aoce ..... eRB'l£B yroBop. OOB. CJJ060ABe BepoBCOOBeC'l'B B crUBOCTB oaBjy AOTaAamB>BX npaae a CJJ060AC, AOce...-.CBBqR 6e"l:1 OCJI06oljCBR •

- OA AaBo R jaBBBx repera, B8Y8BllfjyhB sp ...... e800 •

ApZ&BBa npaaa Roja oy ope opooaoTH 6aJla y Cp6a.

I) MB .7IeonoJiAo I. B T. A. o6ellaB&Mo eBBM8 R8pOAB:Ma y .A.lIllaHlIjB, CpIlBjB, MesBjR, ByrapcKoj, CILllBCTpBjH, HJmpCKOj, MaKeAOBRjR, PacRjR R CBIIMa KOj. cy DOA M&¥apCKOM KPYHOM B ollJlllcTHMa KOje ee jom HlI&jy nOKopB~ Aa ORB oceM cnolloAHe BcpoRcnoBeCTR B ~f'JlBHe IJ>BXHlIX npua H CJlolloAe, Mory ClJlo6oAHO B BOjBOIU' lIapaTB,. IIBlle cnolloABB R OA CBaKBX TepeTa R nopeae t RaYSIIM __ jyllR npasa KpaJIoeBCKa B AP3tIUIR8 mTO c1 IIJ1J1& ope TypCKOr ocBoj·e..... CaMO y BYZAB B TO sa same cnaceM • 0AllpaHY upBnoM8ralieTe HaM A06pOBOJr.BIIM DpBpeaOM ,.. IIR Morn Ba,lQ)Z&TR BOjCRY, OAllpaBlITB Hame ollJl&CTB • C&BJlAAaTB paTHe TapeTe. lIa nomTO C&BJJ&A&IIO TypeKli japaM 1UHBheMO CBe B CB& no Bamoj. zwr.. • CB&1tOII& heMo A&TR cBoja npaaa, cnoooAY B DpUIU' R CBe CDOMeJDDCe Hame MUOCTR, HaKJIOBOCTB, 6JIaroCT. B O'lBBC_ B&mTBTa- Jom 06ellaB&Mo CJUIII& B CB&KOMe CJloOOABy CODO'rB8ROCT B IDI&B.e DOEpeTHO • BenoKpeTBo. soje sayu.y

oA TypaKa Y CBOj.M rpaHR.-a. PaABTa A&KJIe y ... 60zje a& CBOjy B8py, Cn&e8M, sa CTapy CJloOOlU' .. 68.-

\ \

i, L

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-.

39

06eIla •• ee IIOCWI ou06oljeB.a 01' T)'pc&or japll& B ca060ABa yopua B OpaBO Aa Ba6Rpajy BOjBOAY. Cae ocBojeBe ae .... e 04 Typaa AOlDJle 6B oCBajauMa, KojHMa TO OpaBO cBojBBe Bc6a Morao BOKO OCDOpRTB. Taj ce llar.NP BaBpmyje OBBII pe ... Ma: "llOBYABTe OBOjy 6pahy 4a B OBa ool)y sa Balla, BoopooymT&jTe OpBJlBKy KOJy A8Ae Bor B MeBB B BaMa 0 Koja IJOZA. Behe same AohB, aBO ore P&AB Aa p&ABre sa A06po CBOjBX CBBOBa B eaoje Apar8 oTaJ;,t6BBe."

DazesT je 06ja .... ea , &JIB 06ehaB.a Ta BBra. ee

\

'.

....

• Be BooYBBme.

; '.5opl)e BpaBKoBah, xpa6pB BOI) y MBorall 006e-

! ABO, 6B Bs6pas sa BOjBOAY, &JIB ee Be BBAe AYro 1 TOMe AocTojaBcTBY.

AyCTpaja je 1l0rJl& 6aTB carypa. A& he CltlepUB

xpBmhaacKB 60p.qB ope CBe Bsry6BTB 00 mTO he ee BpaT.TB OOA Jap.M xpBmll.BCKor BeopBjaToJloa; a y TOil ee 8BKJIoy'lll B IIBP: - B '.5opl)a BpaBKOBBU BOCT&Ae, 00 AOO&AO erapeae TaMoBqo Kao APZ&BBB aaT01JBRR, a Boje ee aBaJlO 8a mro. Cp6Blla, ROjB cy OOXBTaJIB Y

Be. A& sopase A. B. ee 0YCTB aojBOA&, 6a EBaaBO, Aa BBTep8C 4psaBBB IUTeB. 4. OB 6Y4e y BBTBOPy, 7J.a JIB ee SBCY 60jUB &.eroBa YUlIBBa? l1.a JIB je SCTSB. AB jo capoa&'BBOCT oarpujapxoBa OAroBopBJla Text&.aMa ABOpa? Ha RpaTKO, BpaBEOBBb. 6eme ca CBBIl sary6J1oeB. Cae mro 68 Cp6BII& BBKB&ABJlO ry6BTaE BojBoAe B

\ y6.uzuo Aymy WTO ee oope'le BajlazBaja TO'IKB

.\....----

~; ~obae 6ea BUop& Y Bamy BeIlJr.Y, Be OCTaB.lI>Ilj-re ODaT CJIOje syIIe • JUBe, DOay~ «Spahr caojy Aa • ORB

I BOy , Beopooylll'l&j-re DpIlJlllBY BOjy ~&Ae Bor •

\J .... · · BOja ~ Belle BllDle ~oll., aBO CTe

P&AII A& ~ .. ~06po cBOja IIIIBO_. caoje AJ)&l'&

Gnf' .. e.

40

y yroBOpy, 6emo ~ __ eBO," 11017 ..... T ....... - B41jBOlU'.

JOBaB MaHaCTepJlttja 6H B8a6paa. Ho UaT8BT, ROjB Bsalje jom BCTe ro~Bae (20. ABryeTa 1691.). ooVae BojBO~B eBa paBBja opaBa. B OMaBB rIllY caliO l1pSBO ~a Ilpe~BO~B Baopysaao Jlty~eTBo. CBe BazaBje erpsae upaor oaTed'!a 6BBJe oOTpBeae ea OBBII. YOJfBB esemreacesa , Roje BMaljame MHore OOBJJ.C'fU~e, yllBAO ee B opet;e eaa CBeTCKa BJla~T aa naTpujap:n, Kora oy lIor_ 6BpaTB CBemTeBB~B B EaJJy~epB.

ApceBBje ITr. Ballpese ee B8 CBe eaare ~a 1IfBpB pH p88ApazeBe AYXOBe TIIII oateBTOM J). Henpeeraaa

I) MH .1Ieonoll~o H T. /1,. DCROM8 • 3y638HO. apneoBcRony HCTOIJHO-rp'l&e IQ)KB8 • Pacllje' B CBIDIa OCTa:llHII -eaenrreH.~ • CBeTOBHHlla, IJOrJl&B&pB... • B>BD. DO,JrlllBo8- RBJrIA R ~elIoj OUDlTBHR rp'lKe JUHtBe • ~KOM uapoM Y YrapcKoj, ClIIlJIOHBj., lUUIPCKoj, MealljR, A.1I6aRRjR, l'p'lKOj, ByrapcKOJ, Xep~8roBRHR, AaJIMa~IIjR. no~ropjy B JaHon03Y, KaO R MeCTHII y B>RlIIa, a R CBHlla KOjR OBO 1JlIT8jy IIJIH CJIYDI8jy H BB~e yxaayjeJllo 1I&DIY qapcgy •• - JlOCT R CBe ~06po. Be CUlO H8 DO~aJI'K1IKe .OJl6e, KOjy.'y .aame HIIe DpeKO B8IIDD: UOODIIJIK8 Dpe~&Nl IIIUI8 ~K8 JeHOnOJloCKH, Hero. Ha B>8roBRJ: YCllleHBJ: D~ora KOje HaM nO~R8ce C88H8lIH ClIO B8IIIY no~aRB'IKy 6J1aoo/l,apBOCT, nrro ClIO Bac 0/1, OCBeTe rypCK8 THPlUDlj8 cItaCJIB, R O~&IIOC'l' ca JIJIOl'llJ: ~06P01JJblCTBa BIrO BAllI 8& B8JIle ~06po yKaBaCIlO, a jom je, Ha BMDy H&jB~ P&AOCT DI'I'O upH8Hajere Hame Dp8BO , IULJlOCT R 6_roCT K80 BaIIIeK rocnol\&PY R nrro ee nOBBHYj8re Dp&BR1JROM Epa.-.y • roTOBH CTe ~a ZHBHTe R YJlJIe'l'8 ~ '..mOB '98IIlTRTOM_ YCU/l, TOra DpRjaT.or H&JI'BajlUlDHJloa, '_'BaC 1Ip ..... o B8 CUlO Y OBOjy .peao-Bpailloucsy aamTII'I'J',' Hero R OD0IIIIB>8.0 O'lJUleEB, .~ OCTIUI8T8 BePJUI --.;oj 'H&jlQ)&ro~eRlUoj H .. ap. •. ~a y e.8aKO Ao6a '. y oaaaoj 1I1)JIJIRqIl aanOB8~re CBOjOj ~e¥, DOMDRPyb BJ: '. __ ... ,,0-

'41

BeopeeraBa 6op6a ca Typ~BlJa UpBDO.OEe OCBlII oaora ~a ee &e8allo8oJr.CTBO OpelJeftB B Ba ,,",pyry c:rpaBy,' 8 UaltleTBa yopa8a y'lBBB, Te Cp6B Ba~ome y 8JJaC'l'B oa'l'pajap:x08oj BaKaaAI 8a 80j80AY B yjeABu,eJJ.e 8a 080je aarepeee,

ApC8BBje m. 6eme DpBB B nOCJJeAB»8 U8TpBJap:x: cpueKB Ba aYCTpajcBoltI 8eaa.umTY. lberOB Bacm8ABIfK - ApeeBBje yllpe 1706. - llcajajo '.BuoBBhB8je CO

-

JCa311J1&; AI' IIJIOTlIB aeYMopuor a8npHjaT8JfJa xpJlJldwicsor

81180, UpoTBB BamllX roHBTe]J)a UO~ upe~otelJ>6. a8mHlIrI a aamn BOjBOA& npHXBaT8T8 OpYZj8, ua ~a CC OCB8TBT8 3& CBe a8upaBA8, 6eA8 H cpallOTY. HaUPOTKB, Aa 68 ee yaeplLlUl 0 6aaroCT8 B CJl&AOCTH J1&1118ra rocnO,ll;CTBa a ~e, a&B.I.yuJIR ClIO no csojoj ypoJ,eaoj lI.06pOTH cacmyDllUlDl8 Bame MOJIOO, A8 ee IQ)ZIlTe ~, aCT01JIIe ~pKBe no ClT&po_ EILlIeBA&PY npoasesaor , E8IW cy a PaCBjua fWZLlIII, B lI.a EaO B 11.0 call..a Y 6y~lie DCTe ·Y3Be.ap8BB D 8,11; aae QKBcae 8 OB8Tea:e oco6e j 6De Ball cmo6oABo, 11.8 8aM~Y ce6e DO CBOjOj BO.JJ>a u6epeT8 Ba pacajsBcsor aapoAS apujeUBcsoua DO:lll:e.JJ>ll CBCJllT8llC'l'BB 8 OPON', B ftj he BMBm upaBO AB YUpaBJf>& CB .. • CTOIJHBII-rP'IKIDI QKB&II&, 11.& DOCB8ltyje BJIaAIIE8. A. DOOT8B.11t& IlOIIllBI, Que r~e je UYZHO ~a a8A&, 11.8 mB]J)e y cua 8 'B8poDm p"~E8 CBeIIIT8RBE8, ua Epa~ EIlO B 11.0 CIijI: OB he DO CBO.e QEB8BOM CTap8JllBBcmry 68TH: ~ llB8Ma l'p'JEBJI QBIIIUI& a OIIIIITBJI&.. 8 "JO DO CILlIB DpllBJUIel'llj& , EOje err AM BamB JJP8lI.XO~ ABJIR no . ~e.mj l'plJEOj, . PacBj8, ByrapeBOj, ,ZI;uiIa~j8, BoCBB, -JeBOIIOJIjY B Xep~el'OB8Ba, EaO B YrapaEoj, ·MeaRj. a '~j. TKO '8aH oOfthe BpaBO CDo6o~e yupaB8 8 ~ ~, BaO apx8jeDBCEODY, ~ .... 'SOBa~ Baura GB8lIlT8_~ rpome IQ)Ja18 Y JI&HB- 6'lapHlila '8 JQ)BIIUIll, 8 '-'0 TaKO, AB IDIEO Y .... BeClle

.yn0'qJe6.u eue; 'OBII·he eTape DOB.U~e yzaB&TH ~A 'CIIIQY 1~8Oft", BOpe88'B cmmlllll'l&, • BIlBO oee. aae Belie _aTH UpaBO B8 CBcmDBora ~ ~ EOra 011.

_eo BBme BBaTB 08TPBjapx Del'O 08110 eOBCKOO. Jom .... e T1 6eme CUODOCTB Aa ee DO CllpTB llaaaMepJl8jDOj 6Bpa BOBB uqe-Boj8oAa, BJiB aojBoAa, oomTO BpaDKOBBIl ,.pe 1 yrapcKoj T8IIBBqB DOCJJe 22. l'OABmBer aaTO'leo.a.

06ehao.a CBeTOBDB AO C8A BellBDoli BeBcoYDBme Cp6BII., a TAAamo.a CB8ZBa jeaYBTCKa pyo oO'le AS ee lII&IIIa B Ba Y"rBpljeBa qpKBeDcua upa8&. HaeKOPO c_e oO'leme BaTpeoa roo.eu.a B uOKymaBame ee B OADAABBmTBO OA sepe, B TO Da oajraABBjB Da'lBB, TaKO. Aa

CBemTeIlJlB& DOTJI8a, Hero apxBjeDBCKOD lOla Dp&BO ~ aaBBCHOr csemreKBB:a DO KaHORCKOllle IqIKS. upaBy E88- _ aJCO je KpO. IlK Aajelllo • yrapJ;yjelIIo rp'IKIDI I\PK-

BalIIa ese •• 1UL8 KaO B .pxBjeD.C£ODY B BJIa,lI;BK&lIIa, EIl£O cy .. "apoBaJIB Ramll upeAXOARB~" 3anoJl8NOlo ,.. • ~pKBe DlTO KX ocaujame Typ~., DpIDI&AHY ABa KaA 08 ODer ocBOje. J);&JJ,e, BeA03BOJliaa •• o ~ sam .px.jeDBC£OD UK 1JDAIlKR, KaA 061LU8B DO BfSAB ~PKBe • JI&BRCTBpe, B.lB KaA yuyliyjy o.poxe • 06mrBBe, 6y,.e yaBelIIBp8B lIa OA £ora 6uo. CTapallelIIO 08 caaKojas:o, ~ Do.ohy Ramen o06eABor opyzja • DOIlOlly BozBJOM ocno60J;eBB paCBjaBCEB "poA DlTO je .OryhBO ape 0AHAe.o y JIdIXBY crrapy o6.ueT B CftIUlmTe • ~ oryA OPOroB •• O IIoBue BeDpBjaTeJJ.e. Xoll8lllO ~e, ~ 'l'&j "po" 6YAe BOA yopaso. CBOra OODeTBeBOr .&rHerpaTa, • A. yZJIAjy •• pBO CB& C'l'Bpa DpaBL 0CBIl TOrR A.jeMo BM pes, Nt he, aJCO 6. EO roA 0,. rp'lBO-BeyjeABBoeBBX 688 JI&CJleAUKa y.pr.o, Dp.D&eTB ... 11>8 a.erOBO .pXBj~D.CKooy • IqIKB., ERO • .KO 6. YlIIPI>O .pujeDBCKOD IIJDl B.I~s:a, ~ he &oerOBO .... e Dp.DRCTB enaeKODRTY. Tas:o .CTO xoll8ll0 • I&IIOJUWYlo, ~ ca. KaBO Y ~plUl8ll" IaBO • caero_.. cuap... ....08 0,. .pujeDBCKOU& KaO IqIKBeRor Dor.&B&pa. T8p1II0 ce B&,...0, ~ heore ce DOC'l'Bp&TB Nt ce DOBUaTe AOCTOj .. .. me 1DL1I0~e D_~e. ~ heTe DODll&TB BepBOOT Ba Y DKBOj aearo,...

ee 8. BJlOB0.50 a opeB8po 1135. r. poaa a yOTaaas, y aOM co XTeJJO A& apaayaB aa oao, mTO OOJJaTaU Be 6eme y fflau.y A& a8p&AB. Yenaaa 6B yrymoa a .O~B palJl1Jepelleaa B Dory6 .. eRB y TellBwsapy.

Jom ee oaazaJla aa AOC'l'OjaaCTBY apxajooacaoOOBOII ceaKa YOJJBBa, aoja oareOT OA 1691. oarpajapxy enpeaa. O&A 6eme Bpelle aa ee yuoaa B ro , a Aa "CTYOB BJl&A& BBpoa" aa .eCTO 06ehaae yupaBe KOja oAroBapa ze .. alla a oorpe6aMa aaOe.lLeBOU. ~KBeBe B CBeTCKe CTBapB epnese 6exy opeAaae TaKO BaaBaBoJ "ep6cKoDl ABopcKolie aOCJJaacTBY," KOjO 6ewe y Oeesy aJlB Be.aljame BB jeABor jeAoBor epnesor uaaa. To 6eme y roA. 1752.

3saBBIlaBli paAODl Tor OOMaserBa aaOJJerome ce ouer Cp6CKO CTB8pa TaKO, Aa oy Op6a 6aJJB apaay!jeBa lUi nOAaecy aaBOBO cBoje ze.lLe ABOpy. Paaa B8- BBljaja Tora 6a BajooCJJO DOCTaT qaPCKB ljeBepaJJ cpa. Sad." y KapJJoaqe, A& cu 6YAO DpB aapoABolie osyoy B A& BOOBTa mT. ee xohe. OKYD DOABeee ljeBepaJJY DpBBBJJersje a BapOIJBTO oay OA 1690. B a8jaeBB ee A& he ee a&AOBO .. Bra aKO ee oOTHapB CBe OBO mTO je y u.oj. Ha ro B8Blje y rOA. 1770. qapoKB' perYJlalieaT y KODle oy aajape K&8&IIe DOBJI&C'I'Bqe B YBepu_me co, a Aa je OBO mTO co AO C&A P_ABJlO 6BJlO Y c.aMY aorora.

Taj peryJl&llOaT aaje .orao Aa aaaOBO .. B Cp6e.

Y. KapJJOBaUBII CKyolDTBBall. OA 1774. B 1776. 6YAY DoaOB .. eaa aaxTeaau.a, B aa TO Be Baa~e aomra APYro BO ApyrB peryJla."Br (1777.), KOjBII oy DOBJlaCTBqe, BJiB jom cSyllesajo, 06jamBoao. OpOOIW OOMaBerao 6B yKBByro B opeA.ra YOp8B8 ABopCKoj B ApzHBOj

. 6eIJKoj aaqu.pajB, KOj. OA ro ",06a 8&OOBeaamo Op- 6a .. ABOPCKBS ",esper ••• , K&O a APyra.a a.po", ...

'a1eTpBCKBIl Rojlltlla' ee 'Beh 6eme yraclf:fa • DOeJJe~.

MBCRO aa Cl£lJoeoraJJaOCT. Y rJlaBaOMe a.Mepa EOA 060- ju BajaBa 6eme ora, AI' ee Aa OpBB1rJJerujaMa 'fHMO npeaesa aoaqaj, B lta ce opeACTaBB ORO ax je lIapo"" oorpemBo CIBaTIlO. H caliB CRYOOBB BBCY fie BRme ClleJJ8 ltPZaTB. TBII OOCTY~IMa YBeha ee aJJO TaRo. ~a je ABOP y ro/.t. 1779. Mopao rJleJ,tanr p;a lta' aOBY aeRJlapatopBjy, ROjOM he ee opuaRato cRYUlDTBRe, aJJ. eaMO OA 75. oc06a 8a yopaBY ~pKBeBux etBapa.

Ta Aell.upaTopHja Be Morame OAR1.I0B8TB BeroAoBOe. Cse OCTa1.le Be8roAe' OCT.me DO CTapOM B' Op6. Raja.A saKlLY'fe, Aa op.l)y yrapCltdMe ea60py, ROjl TaAa (1790.) nose Ita BOAIl o00811~lIjy ilPOTIB CS!,'IROra ltBopa. Ca60p Taj Op.MB nOBy~e BapoAa ROj. OOE888 Y MBorUM UpUJJUKaM'a mT. BpeAu, B olSeh. MY, lta he ce "DOcaBeTOBaTIl 0 epeAcTBY, K'8EO 68 ee MOl'.!Je 'DSDp-

'mBTIi epeeee OOBJJaeTBqe. Taj 'Be01JeituBilBB sopse saltaAe ltOCTa 6pBre y Bevy, B lttum.lr>'8me ee ~a '1Ie ire MOpaTU ; OODYCTBTB. Cp6cRe :BelLe Tpe6UO je Ita ee BC' oyne B' BalLa1.l0 je aaBeCTa B1.IBpcKy ltBOPCRY ~a~enap8jy (1791.). YrapcRB ca60p '81Jje'IIiIlCJJBo ita' npho-' 0YCT8 oaaeo OBY Hpa~ UPBJlDKY, a Wl6e"JKoj~OJlR'l'aq..i ae aaAa aelDTO C'fpaxa H RerJJeltehB n. YeTaUOBlLaBaM 'BaB~e1.IapBje, 08 RaR Cp6BMa "Bao uapo,ny uOA yrapCROM RPYBOM," BemTO mTO Cp68 RIICY opeBBABJ1B,

oomo ee 'OA YrapCl~e 'TpaxeBJfO 'e8MO oocpeAOBa.u.e, a Be Aa ~I Y8BId DOA cBoje. MeljYTBM Epa.. YTBPAB 8.'E"Y'Ieu,e B 0<1RB8pl . "lIBPCEY RaBlle1.lap.jy, 'uomro je '1-6 Meee~a CTOja:IJa, '"a TBMe ~~OBOlLB -ea6op. CaB &.eB 00680 B yup.Ba ea CpUCRBM CTBapRltta npeaeee ee y

• yrtlpCtty ""BOpeu:y EaB~eJJBpBjy, Roja Cp6e yae BOA cBbje o6elraBajyhB 'HM C8M0cr8JJIIOCT B eio601tao CTa'BOB8we y .yrapeRHM o6ncTBlla, B Cp6. ee ., je-AaH

uyr CTBOpBme RaO MaI1apCRB. oOAaBRqR, BB~Rme ee y TYIjBM pYKaMa, CYOPOT CBBMa Yl'OBOpHMa B o6ehaH.IIMa •.

Ha MeCTO yopaBe "Koja 6H OAfOBOp8JJa meJI.aMa

. B oOTpe6alla Cp6CRHM" Ao~e MaI1apCKO OKpYZRO II; nae-

i .B'hCKO rocnoaspeae, yopaBa, Koja Be 6eme 00 aapoaBOj BOJI.B. llJJeMCTBO 6eme aa Cp6Bua caCBHM HemTO 1'ylje, TaRO, Rao mTO je H caA C oae erpaae y Cp6BjHt r~e ce seauaJY DOBJlacTBqe B 6J1arOpOACTBa t). Y TOj yopaBBoj ~OPMH. je O~BOB BaAMohBOCTB MaI1apCKora eJJeMeBTa BaA CPDCKOM,' Y TOMe je B DaA OOCJleAILBx. TaBu je yopaBa 6ua oOTpe6Ba OJleMCTBY, jep ee CJJyz6e B AocTojaBcTBa Morome AeJlBTH caMO OJleMcTBY • .AJJB y Cp6a Tor Be 6eme.· TaRo je AaRJle 6BJla ayzHa WJeltlBlicRa aaltleaa, UJleMHhcTBo ce yByqe y yupaBy B yae BJlllAara YCBojeaBM BapoAoM. H OpH OBpyZHHM B860pBMa BlIIa~ame npaao rJlacalLa caMO ABOJlOMHcaBB - DJleMBh. A uonrro Tora Be .6eme y. Cp6!" TO OBB ~.- -.: .tjaxy Ba ca60pBMa BaaAa 6ea aaCTyOBHEa' ~~T~ ' . • "PH, ILBXOBB cyceAH., 06paaOBUH cy "oHepeaa':4uj~ . (CRYOOBe) Y BojBMa ey jeABa Cp6CKH ua~BKe B MaaaC1'BPB BMaJlB opHcTyoa. C&A ce CTBOpHme B y CPDCTBY DJleDiRliB, BJIB DO yOJlBBy BJla DO 60raTCTBY, BJIB aKO

je oBaj a oBaj MaI1apCKRM BeJlaKaWHM.a yMyre 1JRHRO. HapaBBO je Aa je ItIJJaAO CPOCRO DJleMCTBO aa60paBaJlO

Ba cBoje oo~.eR~O, __ :~~~~~~_ ~a ..• ~.a,vaP~.YDopeA.?:..-_~.._._

~~ .. -:.- .~. !i ok ;;ct'J •... ' 41 lA!



~

t) CJlaBeHCTBY je lIJIellCTBO HeBlTO oryJJe. PyCKO B DOJf>CKO mrem:C'l'IIO CTBOPJI.lIO ee HeBlTO ~O~BPOII ca 3aDaAHO-jeBpoocn. JIllPOAIDla, a HCBlTO OO~8Z8B8JLelll repllatmlTnB B .paBD,JIIITIIHB.

\

46

v.

0. 080. npeA - BCTOPBjOM AolJome y epneeo CTaaOBBBmTBO y Jy •• Yraposoj AO 60p6e 860r jeana.

mTO ee y lrlaBaCTapBllla B 08emTeBB"IBBIrl mSOJlaMa jom BRje 8a60paBJf>UO Ba opBBBJlerRje OA 1690. B 1691. roA; mTO oy ee i).SOBB B opOTe YOBu.IJla AS cRojBMa Aoaayjy BerAamu.y 8aEBOOT a BacJlBKajy T&AaWu.e DOBBsualLe, a mTO je BapOA caM 8880 a8 XRJf>&,lly CBOjU oecaMa, mro Illy oeBaI1" cJlen~a oBaKa Aaa, 080jy ClIaBBY opOm1l00T, 8aClIyre a 6J1arOAapBOCT: 1II0rJle oy re 60p6e 860r je8RKa C81110 Aa YUBe, A. ee 88JKeJla aemro HOBO a Aa ee Bea&AOBOJf>BB eJJeJllleBTB 8Apyze a yje,ltBBe. B opOCSO esemreaersn 60paJlo ee Ty. MJlaIJa aapamTaj, soja 6eme DO mKOllaJllla y Besy a Ilemra a enpeaanre ee aa 01lyz6y, Kao a cao6pBhBj 60raTBx cp6a oa pasHB. Bapom8.a B Apz8Ba.a Y"l8RB, Te ee noseme YJlB8aTa y cpocsy Afmy OJl060ABBjB OOjIrlOBB.· OB ee aay"lB OA lIIa,apa Aa Irlp8B aa CTapB ayorpBjoKa aoco~ JlYTBaaM, a oAYmeBB ee KOA lI~apa B CpO,ltBBX RapoAa Aa 6paRB RapoABR eJlelleRT Ii Aa '1'0 paenpoeeape DO OpOCTBy. To cy 6BJlB BajBpeABBjB Jf>YAB y oTa,6BRa. ]J;o EpAeJf>., rAe oy C8IrlB Op6a CTaROB8JlB, yaABC8xy opeAeJlB o,lt IrlBOraX rOABJIa ae calllo 0 rora, mTO je • aapo,!.t neaora SBBora JIIIopao 68T8 OOA opyzjeJIII 8 pa'1'OUT8, aero 8 a60r rep .. "jlllle. 8aJyzacRBjera 88&0- aRKa, 8 MRorax aapeA6a IlITO opaTRCK8BUY BaO JlaBq8

a lIIaTepRja,7IRY cBary 8 AYmeBRB RaopeAaK. Y cpeA EBpooe cTojame jeARa SOJlOBBjS OA noaa p060Ba a "Iau.ame ee A8 cy j&AB npeapmaza cBasy Mepy.

Y CpOCSBM OpeAeJlBllla Baljome ee ~aKJIe rp8 paBaa BBac~a, sa,lt ,ltolje TaMOS BeCT 0 AoraljajBllla R8 Apyre 8eAeJf>e JIIIece~a MapTa. To 6eme lfPIIUIIO Hapod16a-

• ••• y OBemTeBCTB1, Bojeje a8rJle.-u0 1 aCTOIII. qpna BaO DpaBO OpDDBO; .IIO~.pHO o .. 060~16t1 •• 0 HtlpO~I6t1- .".0 1 BapomBoj O.JI~aBB B aBTeJJareRqBja R 0""0- je6.IIoor eptlHU'ItlPCflO, Boja CJJyhaxy AI' he ce MopaTB ~OrO~RTB BemTo, mTO he DpeRaauTa a.RXOBO 6e~Bo CTa .. e. CBa oy oaK 6a.7JB DpOTaBBa MaJ;tapoKoj eynpeMaTajB. Tpe68JJO je ca.o DOBo~a Da Aa ee cJloze CBa DpoTBB .. e, a TOile je 6ua KJlBqa y ropa.oj BeCTB.

Ilpee BecTa mTO CTarome y BalllEY B Cpe. DpeACTUJLUe 01 peBoJJyqaj1 Eao DpSBy .aJ;t8poay. rOBOpame ce, Aa cy MaJ;l8pB YCT&JIB aa y"IRBe Bpaj pacDpB 860r je8BBa. Paaa.a - Beh 6eme OanO'leTa Y BeBBM MeeTB.a, BaO y BYBoBapy, rae je 6am naa apzsBa KOBrperaqRja, aa ee nom ... , nOOJJaBRqalla y 8ell .... oBoj cKYDmTB8B 1DYTOTBa - 1I0rame aa 6Y,l(e yzacaa, aa BBCy y Bpelle DaOlla a8 Bellla o6jacBBJla ON81 ao.a~aja B TOB onapa y DpeCTO.7JBBqa.

)Ips ... Ba 6elllBR oaO'l'e. 8aXBaTaJla je TaBO J.'1- 60RO KOpeaa 1 oBn.a CftJl8Zalla, OBa 6eme DBO jaEo CBe CTpaBBe 06y8ua, aa Bapo~ae .aTaaaTaje a Teza.e m'lO oe Ta"le DOJlaTB"IROra o6pTa CTBapa, BB oaAe Ba y UOZYBY Be.orome BB 8a TpeRYT 6aTa y 8a60p.a 6.'leBe. mT. Bame y aapoma.a B ceJla.. :EyPaJlo oe aa ee aO'leDa oaor mTO je 0 MYBO. CTe"leBO. CBaa lapom, o_a oamTBBBq8 BalllaBB y86yay, yaBmftB8- jyh. ope caera orpaaBIJeae 1I~t,BOTpaTe a yCTaaOB .... - Bajyha BX DO oamTe. 8860py. raeje rcA 6aJl. mrallDapa Ty ee oa.ax YDO'Ipe6B B c.7J060ABa mTaIlOa, npoua.aqaje 0 TeBOaaBB 6ex1 paenpoeepre, YOTaBoBB oe aapoaBa rap~a y Boj1 aolJe aparoaolLBo a Cp6.. BaO a .aJ;t.pOBB • Be.a'lBB AOee.T.eBB~8. QBB8J10 oe aaG la upeCTame eBe IIp* .. e. Y HOBolle C8,qy • Te.BmBapy YOBoja ee e paaomhy 12. 8aueBBax T01JaBa aem-

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1'8IICJrIIjI: ,.,. Dp.Oj D93,llpa8B ce,TO ca 101 • .,.oac ... , Me'1'lIOII, & y. '1MBpa·.O.1Irapa.,811U ~ke .. Ka'M.BB_B, rP'l1Ul , Dpote~aaTCBII B jeBpejcsB c,emTeBaqB IIOA Be.rlpa. 0860. APzau c, c:llY36, • CUIIIIy 0008A1· . peBoJl~Rje. 01' Boax je CBaSB 6ao yaepea, ... ee 1'0- BpmBJla 08 cal¥) nOJUlTB'IBa 6op6&, BO B oaprajOf'e oapoABe aBAeaBl\e. H aBO cy oese a.pomB DpRCTajaJ18 Ba BAPecy 0 MoaB a aljUlUe ZGy, Aa ocraoe CpaCBII jeaaB B qJJOOOABa oepoBCDOBeCT, TO 6emo C8IIO ca earypBora yaepeaa, Aa p8BOJlYI\BOIlC8O MBBBerap6TBO Be lIose B aehe npYB'Ie PBABft,

Y BOjOB'lKOj rpaBBI\B BBje ee 1I0fJla peBo:a:y.ja JlMO npeeBABTB. Cl'ojehB nOA I\&pcall ~puB.a, O'l'aROBBBI\B cy jom MOp&JlB ~ yCToy sa 0p1~e DPO'fIIB Boe, 'lB. a. ee A& Baaa. C .. o DJI.ay y '-80 a ... • BBII BojBa.... BO.YOBTeT.lla. lLaxoao CT.... 6emo1 BSCpeTBoj rOIlBJlB rpaljpcse 6BpoBpaTBje. aojRB'IBe 6eOBe roeuOmTBBe soje aaAP .... mc.JI AYW.,BBB,B. JaTePBjU.B BaupeABB 001' npBTBCItO. TBCyhy BojeBo-caaeTBB'IBU: Aeltp8Ta. CBB uoltymaja y T" BapODlBll& Aa ee OTpeoy Tor BojBB'IROJ' JlaBI\a, OBO noc:a:aBOJJIO. B EOJlCBO - npBItJIOBC npeAeTaBRe oCTallle ,aUY·ARe - a!'OAB8ja 06B1TBBOaa ypeljeBoa oeAoljome. CaA upeayme r~ B x.xy A8 oOlloral CUlB co6a, RCTYoame cae •••. BI rpaaa'l8pclte Beao, YIUUIITBme I18iJBCTpaft soje DOCT.aa B.OjB8'lKB ABOPUB eaBeT B Baa6pame aBoje sao ItpaAelCRe CJlOoo.ABe Bapom. y~PCBC a:pyae. Talto ypaAB Ilaa.eao, TaKO ae.YB. CaIIo Boj8B'IKa rpaa.~ paBaa ........ , SYllnBllBjcRB oRpya. B ceJlBmTa, OBO aoor Ton m,o UOCftlllC uycTB8te, jep aapoA OAe, y Hr&~ Jlujy, a 080 mTO 6ume DO.ll DpIl1'UCa:O. 0Tp0r8 Boja81;lE. yupaae, BenOABrome 6eAoora rJlaca. CBaKa .. pom CRO.".

_jacB8 oe 1 .0., .. ee 18BBe BOjR8'JBa .A8CooTBja 1 IIoBX B Aa 8M ee Aa paBBoopaBBO rpaIjaBC1'BO.

7J.0'Il. fY1 ee 1'01'080 eay,.. CTBap8 ~o6po Y.CBJle, B Y oojeABBBII MeC1'llltla, rAe ce oa TO MBCJlBJlO, 1'paZllJlO ee .. ee B8PB'IBO IIpB88a BOA yrapes:ora MBBB.lcTapC'1'B& npaao 0 ROlle ee 1'OJIBBO DpeDBpame aell oOAPyr BeBa - B Boje ca60p DpoD1CTB.A& B8pBBOill opB8Ra 8601' OOBpeTa - npaao .A& ee caMO pemB 0 TO'lU 8dor jeaBBa B ~a ee opBaBa cpoeA BapoABOcrr DopeA oC':a.lax ,qapOTBY. Ha B8CYMa.BBOM OC80BY Tora DpBaBaa.a yaeAe DOzeDlKa cKyomTBBa BapoABa jeaa& BaO DOCJlOBBB Y CBe COOJr.Re B YSY'rpama.e KOItIBTaTCBe 00- CJlOBe, HOHB 0aJl, KapJlOBa~, SeMYB, llaB.eBo ycsojBme '1'0 I B CBa epoca MeCTa yaoTpe6Bme eBoje DpBPOABO npaao, Boje a. BaKO Bame BeocuopaBalJle.

Ho BCllAA8 xpljaB pa.yR. Ilenrrsaeeo MBBRcTapCTBO yae K cp~ 1'e nporJlace BapoABe Bo~e B 8BAaBo pemea.e cBoje; A& ee Be06aBpe Ba Tpazea.a cpoORa 0 jesBKY, OOTBPAB T.Me, Aa ee Y BBaB8"BOM Bpyry ca CpOCKBM lIecTB!la oocrryoa K&O ca yrapcRBM. Oso 6eme AOBO~BO A& YCBoJle6a Cp6e, aJlB ee YBeba B aeerpuJr.BBOCT Maqapa, KojB zBB~axy Met, B.BMa, a BajBBme y BapOABBX 0AOBABBK8.

Y HOBoMe C&AY • KapJlOB~Rlla oAO jam B AI.lIt8.

Y OBOj aapoma , Bao CTOJlB~1I ~pS:BeBora rJlaBapa B a60pooMe MeCTY eaera BCTO'.lBOr eeemreaerea, a Y oooj RaO rJl&Booj TOIJKB BBTeJlBre~Bje, CpeAu.era CTaa.a B BapOI-toe CJl060Au.a'.lKe erpaae. CKynmTBBe ce Apzame "c OBAe '.lac oOAe B nareme ee mTa Tpe6apaABTR oa Aa ee OAJ)ZB upaao, J;lp~B~ Bora ee ese UOABrJJO, B .. so Aa ee ca'.lyaa eplICD , .. apOAROCT OA AAoUX BaOBAB. y KapJlO~Blla 000681'0 6MY 0pB8BJler.je je~Kf) OpeA

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O'lBMa B jeABaBo ee MumAame Aa he 6BTB A06po alro ee OBe 06BOBe.

/ Y HOBoMe Ow Bapo'lBTO ee rJJeAuo lV& ee 1-

TapAB OOJJBTU'lUa B BapoABa ca060Aa.

KaBO je ~a 1 KapJJOB~DMa 6RJJo, Mo~e ee aaj- 60Ae BBIlBTB as OBOra OBCMa BajaOaTBBjB][ 0006a Boje 6eme paenpcerpro 1 XB.l6aAe BOItI~a R opBD8Aame CB&· mTeBOltle CT8JJezy 1).

"A.7Iu OAMax 'IBM jc aaAaBa pe'l Cory BaM OpB'Ia DoaBaTB TOR p8AlI>e DpOTBB Op6a KaJ,t cy ce AOOOJJBJJB) DORBAame ce B seae BojBMa CMO 6BJJB BeaaBB aa ABOP a AOIlBBje B sa yrapcRy BJJaAY. YroBopB, Boje ca ABOPOM aUJl>y'lBCMO, Ra,ll ee opeCeJJBCMO OBaMO, 6e][y 011&8- Ba DOaBmTeBH, jep Apyra erpeaa , ca BOjOM CliO ee carJJaCBJJB, Buje BCOYlI>eoa. OPOCKB BapOA Aaue CTYDB

i Y oBaRR O,llBOmaj ca AaopOM, y RaRBOM je 6BO BaA je

\ DOByJjeB,lla ee B8CeJJB. Y TaKOMe CTall>Y Babe ra B

Mecen MapT... Ilose BaBOBO Aa ee MBCJJD RaRBC he BOBe \ yroBope Aa '1BBB, 68JJO ca ABOPOM BJJIf C8 BOBOM yrap-

\ CKOM BJJaAOM."

OCBOBR 88 Taj BOBB yrosop 6e][y: BaCOOCTaaAe .. e DaTpBjapcRora 1l0cTojaBCTBa, B BojBO,lle, B Aa DO yroBOPY 6YAO CPOCKO BOjBOACTBO aa 3eMaJLa mTO cy OTeTO OA TypaKa: CpeMa, Basse, Baaara B Baparse,

Y HOBOMe C8AY CKJJOUOme zeJ&e y 17 TO'laRa B 8aKJ&Y'lDme, Aa npeeo OOCJJaBBKa ,!lOCTaBe OOZYDCROMO ca60py aa 0,llo6peu.e.

Ha'lDD ODcall>a a DOlt7DPJ&BBOCT OrJJeAa ee y OBOMe D01JCTKY: "Kao mTO Op6D ABDJJOMaTcKY BaZROCT Mal1ap-

1) "CpnCKa Rapo~ cs:ynmTHRa ,lq)z&n y KapJlOB~lIlU. 1 R S. Maja, npe~ ,lI;BOpCKa nOJJHTHKa R C&,lI;amu.a ROBe II&\l&PCKe BJJ&A6. OA jeAHor DpaBOCJJaBHor DaTPBOTL Beorpaj'l; 1848. r.CI

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~ROj BapOJ,tBOCTa opRaHajy, TaRO BCTO B caMB o'leRyjy opaaBaa.e B oomTOBa&>e epneae BapOABoeTB y yByTpamu,BM OpaJJDRaMa.·

Ilaraae , Aahe 6DTB 00J,t yrapcRoM RPYDOM BJJB Be, Baje BB AOmJJO J,to ya6yljea.a. HBRoMe Baje BB oaJJO Ba oaMeT Aa he ee oApeilB Y rapese.

8. AOPBJJa oojaBB ee J,teoyraI\Bja npen ca60polJ. llpBjaBB je .7IYJ,tBBr KomYT B 'lJJaBOBD je MOZBO DO- 8Jq)aBBme.

.AJJeRcaBAap KoCTBh, ROjB je aa a.y rOBopBO, rODOpsme y BMe 12.000. Op6a, Aa y BOBoMe caAY O'leRyjy, Aa he ca60p YHeTB YBazBTa opeJ,taaa aa:xreBaa.a, • BajacuB ee , aa je epnesa BapOa rOTOB Aa a8 A06po yrapcs:t" Rpyue B8JJOZB ZBBOT B BMaa.e.

KomYT OOBTOPB ea MBBBcTapeRora CTOJJa, BapoABOOTB Tpe6a oomTOB8TB. Ho earypao he ee yBDABTB

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aa MaQapcRB je3BR Mopa 6BTB jeaBa aeaa Roja he cje-

ADBBTD CDe. MaQap Op6DUY BeMBCJJD BJJa D BeRpaTB my Aa YZBBa CJJ060AY, mTO je OB a8A06D. AJJU aa TO ee BaAa Aa je &>erOB jeBKR seaa , Roja cuaja ca a.BM BapOAe ca RojDMa AeJJH eJJo60AY.

llOCJJaHoqH OAome BB ABopaBe 003,llpaBJLeBH ca .e.1>eu. u AJJH U8 YCTa MHBBcTapcRBx '1yme ee B BellBJie pesa, OUB MBC.7JUme Aa cy CRJJOHBJJU JJu6epaJJuo MRBBCTapCTBO, Aa y'lBBB Rpaj UaCBJlBOM Byljea.y jeBBRa, mTO ee '1HBDJJO OOA aaroaopoa , Aa je TQ oa6paua 0POTUB DOJJBTBRe saeaa MeTepUBRa. TBM RBpaBBMa jom ee noropma DOCJJe U OUD RojoMa 6eme jeABaRo Y YCTUMa XBaJJBcaa.e B Y3BBmBBaa.e BBry6ame Muoro BaRJJOROCTU. - MaQap YCTyoa Op6auy, Aa "yzBBa CJJ060AY ROjy "OU" aaa06B. llOBBaTO 6eme, AS OOJJBTB'IBB 06p1' oTBapu Ba qeJJy AYCTPBjy CTBOPB jyuamTBo 6e'IKe RUTeJJBreUI\Hje B aa oo6ena CJJo60Aa.a'lRe erpaaae ua yrapoRoMe ca- 4-

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~opy «Seme caitO DOMeAB~a 6ene oo6eAe. ~ jypa .... . R OOCJIaa~B AolJome y Be"l al Oo.y.. ,,'-. 81BOjyjy I CJJ060AY 8a APyre B.pOAe, CJI060AY Rojy T~ome ott i a.811a Aa ABJJe 0 Apare BOJLe," BaJLaBe ""Il1Bja -Beh ; 6exy C'l'Bap oapm8J18 B BOABeme yrapcRRII rOOTBMa ese! 60AY OpB AO'leKY, na oner ee Be AoroAB Aa RoroA o.

6a~a pese, A8 je rOTOR A03BOJlB'fB YrapeKoj Aa "yzu-

I Baa CJJo60AY, koj:r je OS B8Bojesao. m'lO je oaK, OOrJl8- Aeu aa TO nperepaao XB&1.IBcaa.e, TBIIII BapaeOltJ, Koja ce AO~BBje noaropaaame OpR caBKOIIII roaopy, uajaeh1lrJa. .peljaBo DOM.BCTBO, 6eme O'lBrJle,ll;Ra cyopellaT8j. ltJaJ,lapcKor OJleIlBBa. KG APyroMe 0,11; caoje BOJIte AOoymT8 aemro, Taj o~Ma use, AI TO "1808 00 8JI060ABOIItt y6eljea.y, a BeBeJlB Aa je 06ReaaB; BBjacB8 ee Aa 1I0.&, 8 A. lIey"1BBB TO. OOCJJaRB~B AaRJIe OAY 81 ABOp.B&, neopBjaTBo AHpByTH, jep 8Ra,ll;Ome, Aa BJJa~ CII.Tp. Aa je MaJ,lapeRR aapeA BaA CPOCRBII, B Aa je TO e. rJleAllmra opBora caMO BeKa IIBJlOCT, aRO ee oOMeA". BeBc~y.e B8 Ae06e peBOJJY~808CKe A06a'l'B.

DOCJJaRCTBO ee pema, Aft OOCeTe IIBBICTpe yeTa.BOBBMa, Te Aa BII ee C'l'Bap 60JLe 06jaclfB.

1IIh1BC'l'ap-OpeACeABIJK DpBMa ra Rao OOCJl8BCTB& BepBe 1I11.J,lapeRe B.poma" BOBora OaAa B YBepaaam. jet • Aa he ee CBe IIoBIBe zeJLe BltJam y BBAY, y£oj&ao Be6yAY OpoT8BRe lIaVapCRlI1tJ BBTepecBM8.

RomYT pen: "rOCOOAO! BB TpazRTe y 81111e 12.000 BOBOCSACRRX Cl'aBOBBaKa paBBoopaBRoeT ea OJJe1tJ8BB'fBII 118J"tapeKBIIII aapoAoM. To je nptBeARO a DJIeMeBBTB aapoA OA'06p8lie TO, A. yxc.BaTe c. IIoRM CBa rpa~a ..... caa 8 Apz8BBa opaBa B cno6oAY.·

"Mil ~PZRIJQ, r. MBBBeTpe, ~a Tpe6a Aa Bac ,.8- BHIIIO OazJLlIROII" - OO".le jeAao BI nOM.Be"la - "Aa ey Cp6a KOjll ZIIBe y Y rapeao] noaBaBII II OpBIIJLeBB

,1IOll ')'1Ie'IOltI ,Ila 01 UI Dpaall&"ra {tal, OpaBI B o611'lajo :. Aa BM je npaaaaro BajcBetsje opaBo, Aa C6 lIor1 i 0111 •• 1'8 caojlllt poljeB8" je,aSOIl. 'OPQC~B "POA 1 , .... oroae ee paaJJBKyjc OA 118QapcKor B Beo'leRyje aa: orra BeOpaBD'lBO, OB xohe caMO Aa ra opBaBa OBaKO ! aEO B OB &.er. npaaaaje, • rOTOB je Aa ca &.DII :EBBB I GOA JOABO. Kpy.OItl • aaKoBo •• "

"illTa paaylllC'le BR OOA H(JpO~OM 1" OBT.me aBRBeTap.

"lI.1IeMe, Eoje BMa CBOj pol;eBB jesuit, o6BCJaje, "'BBKe, B caM ee 0 coo. Baope,!{Ky 6pBBe, a BMa TO.. EO eBeCTB, Aa TO O'lYBa" - BaCTaSB OOCJIaBBR.

,,3BaTO JIB, Aa BapO,'l; Mopa BM"TB B CBOjy COOer.tesy BJI8,!Q'1" opBMeTB RomYT.

"MB ae BAellO TaKO AaJJeJIo· - npBBaTs Apyl'B uocn:aBBa:. "JeAaB aapoA Moxee 6BTB paCOa'laB DOA 1tlBD.... BJIaAalla, a MaorB BapOIlB Mory OOA jellBOM BJIa .10M 6BTB. Ilpaaep cy aa DpBO HeMI\B, a Apyro TBPAR,

'_ N- Bel'OBOPBIIO 0 I\e.lloj AYCTpJUB, EpJ(e.l&. ""

MBBaCTap Rora je 4hloH .laso paSAp&ZBTB, 'lBBBO ee DO A. BRjccno. AI'- B AL5>O 06jam&.yjej, OB co .lIjaea. yEpaTEo, AI' ,,8QIiP4Q a.epec. amTY, Aa .e 6J1.8 1 ~apCT8y QOPC4 Hoora •• aaltor APyrol! ".PO" ao 8'POIII'.

" TpeliB Doua.BE 000.8B1 .BBB.p& sa 888,,0- i 1I0ACTBO lIIe~y jY:E8B. CJlaBeBBlla, Koje ee CBe Be~ IIIIIp •• - "Ol'JA he, 60jSM ee , BCKpcBpa 'IYAO"-

; .aouBB os - "aBO jy ... CJJ.BCIIII 6y., 06 .... yTB y

-J B~a A8 he je.lI011 openam T8 p.copa ORO jeau8, • Dorpazalle "opaaB.oCTBo· Ba AP1roj C'l"'BB, aBC. -', G BOIlpBaBa 00.18'"

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.~ FlY TaRO. ~1'1ajy pem.ke eaCb.a· - pe.e lto-

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To Y.RBB TO 6YKa1 cpOCKa paT -- paT KpBaR • zacaa.

VI.

BpaBaa a o~cy~aocT, ca KOjOIJ ee AnEe 6YB& y XpBaTcKoj, BOjBB.sa caara Kojy ODa ca Tora pacnope~B TaKO, ~a rJlaBJIa aaOOBeAallI\B CBBjy rpaaasapeaax .OTa 6y~ Ba Bpxy, jaaao AonymTeo.e O~ erpaae Aycrpoje, CRO je TO yrapcKyBJl8AY aarepaao Aa nocryna noaapJl>BSO ca TOM aeMJI>OM, Koja 6eme CROpO nponaaa. 28. MapTa Taj BCTB MaBcTap, ROjB TOJIBRO nyTa aenpaaaaRamo Aa noeroja XpBaTCKa, B8AaAO npOKJlaMaI\Bjy xpsarCKOIII aapOAY B y o.oj roaopame caCBBM npOTBBHO opeljamlLeM CBoMe y6el)eo.y, Kao Aa ra nomryje. "llpajaTeJl>CKB O,!.lOomaj aaMeljy YrapCKe B XpsaTCRe" - pese 08 -"Morao 6a ee nOTpeCTB caMO aenomroaarsee aapoaaoera. Mopa co Aaue DpOA XpsaTBllla aajacoBTB, RaKO eo BarAa oBje BB DOMBmJl>aJlO, Aa co aenpaaaa &BXBa BapO~OOCT, B KaKO CliO rOTORB ~a 8X opBaoaMO."

Ta je OOMBPJl>BBOCT CBaKaKO 6B.71a y Bpelle KaA jo XpBaTCKa 6BJla CKOpO DOA opYEjeM B 88aaSaJla oa 8aje~oa.KB oocao cas CJlOBeaCRB jyr. Aa JIB je XpsaTca 6am oa TO amae, ~a DOIIBPJl>BBY BajaBy oA6aI\B. aeaaa eo jom Ba .BCTO, aJJa oaa OpyElI pyKy aa aoaK DOMapeo.a1)

') Ho TO ee BRje Oa6R.II>BO MHCJIRJIO. Iloeae ner Hell;eJlia 1. Maja, ll;aKJIe y BpeMe Rail; ce 6YKa y X:pBaTcKoj R Clla~ POKRjR ro1'OBO eacB.M cnpeMRlIS, XPB8TCKH jeaRK je de facto yuell;eB, 6eme CBe H8 mTO je Maqapcs:a B.1.I&p;a UPRCTIUIa TO, Il;a ca xpBaTcEoM JUlTHHCKB ll;ouRcyje B Il;ajoj nOm1I>6 aaKOBe Mar,tapcKB BanRC8Be, ca npeB0ll;uM lIaTHHcKBM, a ca ClIaBoHRjOlIl, up. CBeMy OUBpau.y Bapop;a, Il;a ce Il;otmcyje MaJ;lapcl£JlM.

CaOBBIi lI;P1B'Ie DOBam8Jla ee lIa,apCI~a BJJaaa COpali Cp6a. KOllemallte lIeb IItBII. Baje joj lI;OOYCTBJJO lI;l Dobe B IItBlla OOIlBp.1&BBBII oyrell, B C Tora BII opehame ca6Jf>oll.

Ilomeo ce y XpBaTcBoj pa8Bajame peBOJJyqBja 6p80 B 186YBa ApXOBe cp6CEe; nomro je 008BB, Eoja OAaTJle oAe CBBlia jYZBIIM CJJOBeBaMa B Y86YAB ~X ~a ce ocehajy £&0 EpBBB epoaaana, aa TO qBJro,O, Aa xpBaTCSB, CJlaBoBqa B Cp6H CBBOBa jOllBora aeror BMBBor OOpOKJla BMajy jeABora BCTor llymMaBa. jellBe B BCTe aarepeee lI;a ce OCJlo60ll0: TO 6eme AOBOJroas rJJac, o OArOBop1 MsaBCTpa CoBuaBcaje, oa Aa ce a y opnCUM 06JJaOTBMa ABrHe 6ya8. JellBBa OOBJlaOTsqa, lla ee APZB ca60p pAAa ypeljelba '1BCTO qpKBeBDX CTBapa aeMorame 8aApzaTB 006YB1. llpBO ee nose OpOTBB BOTapCSBX OPBCT&JJBqa, Mel}y '1BBOBBBqBMa. Ma,apcsa Tp060jKa, y KojOj ee AO TaAa oomToBaxy qapeBBBCKe 60je J ao Boja oe oaA CMaTpame Eao Tp060jKa jeABe CTpaaKe, 611 86a'leBa a OpOOEa oOABraYTa, opeMAa Je TO cTajuo E&AUA B SpBB. Y Cp606paBY B Be'lejy 68:1y Doqeoaae CBe qpKBeBo KIbBre, Koje cy Oll csopa 1I0pa.ae A. ce opeBelU' Ba Ma,apcBa, U sa y JlBqB eeessao ena.. BBaae. 11 oBemTeaBqll 01 Ty 61lJJB. Ilaesope Be 6eme lIeCTa Bil qpsBe soja Boje TaBO YPAAua, B 8Bas ycraaEa OpOJJOrB Kp08 Ba'IBY, Cpell, BojaB'lBY rpauBqy o Bauar, Y BapuBqaMa OA COaJieUBX qpsBeuBX EIltBra.

Beh 6eme CTpamua Y86yljeBocT H OTYA ee Morame ',J.

B8.?1ehB BajBohe 8.?10, lla ce Ba cpehy 6am Eall je Tpe- 6uo BeB8MeTY y orpaBB'IeBY peBoJlyqBj,. - Cp6a ce rYEome Be caMO ca CBOjBM cyceABMa Ma,apHMa B Belllqlllla, Eoja Apzaxy y8 npae , aero a ca CBOII Baopy.. BOlli CUOII, Boja 6eme ABrayTa 00 BapeA6a lIa-

56

r;repeaOl'a M.a.OTapeTla. H.jyzaOBBj. 60j 6eme BOA KHBBaae 12. (24:.) Aopu., 10 6eme .IIJlOOI.B npBllep.

Y Bpe.e DOOJJ8A&.e 0pO_Be' y ORp,-BOMe Mat,BCTpaTy Be «a 'IBBOBHBR, no BMeDY KeDt,eH~, ClBOPB j~ay OIpaDBY BIB.lmB rOOOOAapRlla, SOjB 6ezy 8cnpoAaBUB 8e1ll3e, p,a he 8111 II>BZOBa DOJ&a D01lpa:1'aTB, ao T8RO. aKO OB 6yp,e a86paa aa OBpY.Bora eY11..jy, T .• j aa BajeTaPlljy oo06y y lIat,BorpaTY_ Keat,ulq 6. Baa· 6paB, ana De 6eme y CTaa.y 11.a acoyDA 06e1l811>e, £Oje je OpOTBB CBBBor opaBa. Haesope al TBM 00 'Ie OORpe'. KBBBDlJaacRB Cp6a aoaeme BS KapJJoaaqa cposy TpO- 60jBY a aaueBaxy, Aa ce oplIByje .a caSHCRB ~eM, nomre je y KaBBaAB Bajs.me CptSa. KeBt,enaq TO BeAOSItOJlB. Ho Bap, .aca BB rJlaea alTpIUBB 11.& -ee 10 Y'lBSB, caasa OB Mat,aeTpaToBe 'IJlaaOM y eeAB.~y, A" ee DOe&BeTyjy mra lie 11.a ce 'lBaB. HapoA MelJYTBM ODROJIR lapomay Itylly B Tpazame BeopeRaABo 11.a Ot ADrae saOTaBa. Ty ce '1yjaxy B rJlaC08a OBBX lealJIoOAPzaqa. C&A DOIOle KealJuaq jeABo BOII>B'IBO o~JJeIbe Roje je Ty OTaBOBaJlO a nom .. e I'a Ba cBerllBY, C&DlO Aa ee oopoorB onOMBa.ar.a. To paajapB BapoA ,.aoRo. CBB nOTP"Iame ca cBBap... II !roea.a lIaopy.aaB AI aaoaAajy Cllier. Keat,e.7JIq ,man • BeliBsl OCTURK oeBlllopa B Hlt,lIO'J'paTJlBja enaee ee. CeBaTop. "lYB'II1l • HcaBoBali uaaoma BIO zpt'Ba, OOMeA". BaA Ba.-e, oCJIaa.aj,kB ce .. lI4NI,JlApSOO'l', Aa MBma rOil.",.. 1)

T) r. J,.A"jdH Xo, .... y CBOjOj RCTOpllj. "1I.pea peaoaylI,~e use PIt je 1 .Kxr""AJI ~RrIlYTa PY'CIUJ a"CTa ... Aso .Y Bep),jeJllC», TO je JII&'1apcrco lIlBHRCTapCTBO jom upe aa onpeaaoera UOCJIRJIO '131110 BJIa~.Ba KOIIIRcapa, SOjR uo"e CJJys6y BemaJy!!. KOJroOOt,e. lIIet)y TRill 'Ia .&ETa BaD98 es calllo 1 &:&0.88 r. XOBlllD\8.

57

TasB r.ueoBB 006,,,,, lIa~poKy BJIaO lI/I ee 00 cCJlyZB CBJlOII, sao jeABBBIi cpeAcrBOIi. Koje e TOl'8, IIITO . je DpODyO'lll_ Aa aqoo.je Cp6e; 0110 laTO, mro u je ca.a apBIIOp8JIa aa jaBBB oanop, He 0CHA& joj BBJIlTIl APYro ... 1J_, Bero Il8 BX CUJIOI! BOlfOp. B

-eTp8xo. OPBBYAB ... OOCJlYmBocr. no CBBlla IIICM ... rAc oy 6BlIB Op6. 06jaBB ee 60~HO OTa.e B ne.,.p ·tJapaojeBBh 6eme oBJI.ll.lhe.,· ,Il8 sal) BJlaABB Qa6JIaBB., , 1 .... Kp8JfteBO B &.croae BJlBAe, Ty 6YBY yrymB. ILcllY 6. me OCT.BMBO A8 yoorpe65yjc .epe y BaBpe,!lBOMc crau,y.

MeJ"ftII ee qjOABBB apJlOBa1JKa B BOBOC.A"a crPUK. A8 aajeABB"lBB B8P8AB Aa ee dpHaB& a.po ... BaIJ.aBlDe DJlaB B o6eaezBme yoomrc ny' KQjBII he 'yl(aplTL Yrapeu 0&60p B BJlaAa 0A6Bme ax a lJOpa,lte ee cope.BTH aa oujoy 60p6,.. 3aKAYIJB C8, Aa ce C8A o6paTe &pa&y B AycrpBjB, so •• oy npe , AOB ce jom BBjC Yrapcu npOTBB BO.-.e CDojBJla, 6BJlB OOAIJB&.8BB • .AJ.m opc CBera .opame .. ee opBKyoe CBe paeso; .... -AUG CBJlC, Aa ee .1lBAe jCARoj BO .. B B Bapaa JeA8B. P8IIIB ee Aa co caaOBO BapOAB& cKyomraBa.

Op6B III'rO CTaBOBUY Y A.yorpBjB Beopce-raBo 01 6BJlB BanBaY'H, Aa CIIaTpajy y MBTPOOOJlB'1 BapJlOBa'iSOMe Be callocaeJDTeaor oOCJJeAOB&1Ja oa,pBjapxoBa, Beoo B sao cpCABmre a&poABBX B OOJlBTB.BBX BBTepcca, Ope.A. MY feme AaBBO OA18e.ra ca. OOJl8TBIJBa 0 ••. Curo OB je 1I0r&0 Aa 0880B8 BapOABY cByumBay, jep OB je caanao .PJlO .eero B 006MBBKC OOmrBRCKf) P&AB ypelje&.a IQJKaeBD or..,.. 0 TOra ee 06pare aclIY, :Pajauh, TBAtlIIIHtB •• YpOOOJlBT, .08011: Y rGABB._ 8 1UIpIIOra, MBOHII:61' AYx&, IIIlj.OIIB ee, •• a· Aa fie pa......, .. B&pGABy MBaP, A& at •• upa. Aa co el8BB.

_'OJDTUa ~yra, oee .. ~pu IIGZAA 08 .UO YI-

_. ., .,,_B Y01'8llU, .. e je .BCJJBO A. he

58

YP&A8TB Dpo1'8B &aBO" yrapea B.1I8AO aBO eaeoae 8apo~By CKyODlTBay.

qapBojoBBh, poIJeRB Cp6BR, 88 DOPO~8~O DaTPBjapxoBo, njR je COOllleB 6RO Bapo,lQ' CBeTB .. a, 601'ar- 8 D08BaT y ~e.1loj 80MJJ>B, Or.1laOBO jo cBy~a open cy~, 8.1IB BBr~e BBje yooTpe6BO cB.1Iy. }(06pO,lQ'DlBOC'r B eee haIrte COp8111 Bapo~a, ca njolll BCTOPBjOIll TeCBO je Be8UG

• .. erOBO BMe, B8 cpeARBe Kora yaOK 1'8 cpe'1'8mo olll.1laABBa, CpOABB~B B 008BaaR~B, caCBRIII ra o6esopy~. 38.11YA My ee AaBaxy TOOOBD 88 TelllBDlBapa B CBe 'JeTe OOA 6Y~BMCKOIII KOllaBAolI. Taj KpaTaK Irt8roB PSA opoTHB peBO.Dy~Bje, Koja ee enpeaame ope~ .. erOBBM O'JBMa. 6eDle callo KO.De6aa.e BSMeIJy OWTpBX BaJlOra B8 Ilenrre B :aceJJ>e Aa OAK.DOBB Becpehy OA polJeBe 8ellJJ>e. OB ee 8spasB Aa he noepeaoaaea, B Aaje roroB AaTB B KOR~ecBje, 8.1IB BellaAe xpa6pocTB A8 ooIJe ,lVlJJ>e BO AOKJIe llP~e Aa je By:acBO. XT~e Aa MojB A06ap Cp6BMa sa BSBeCBB erenea call1oCTa.DBOCTB, Da Be 6eDle DpOTBBaB BB C8MOlle BOJBOACTBY; a.1lB C8IIIO Aa ee Ta callOCTa.DBOCT aenpoerape B Ba ~pKBeBe craapR. IIpB8B& .. e DaK napOABOCTB B jesBKa Be6eDle BBrAe y a.erOBY OyBOlIIohC'rBY· Mor.Do ee AIKJJe opeABBABTB Aa he ra Ba CBOPO SaMeBBTH KaUB lIaa.e OOOyOTJJ>BBB upanep.

D;apCBB IJeBep8.1l Xpa60BCKB, KOjB £OllaBAOB.me UPABa.OM lIeTpOBap&ABBOIII B Koja ee OT88H Ba paenOJJozea.e yrapcKoj B.IIIIJI;B, Bao DPBSB8TOj O~ CTpaBt'I Bpa ... eBCBe,.. BYABO je BOIIIBcapy CBaBy oOlloh 8 caM ee 1I0ABze OpOTBB CPOCBBX Te:aca.a. Ocelli Tora 6eme 'raj t,eBepaJJ call BaBlleBOBaB sa B.II8ABB01' £OMBcapa DOPe.. OCT8.1IBX apeAMa B y Cpe..,., BOjB 6eme 1'.1188&& ro'JK. sa ~e.1lB noapes. Baje Tpe6uo Aaue ry6BTH BpOlleR&.

Cope.. ce Aeoynqaja B8 BOBora ea..a. Y &.oj 60xy Be callO OOCJJU8qw O,ll60PCKB, £Oja co 6eme ca-

59

C'l'aBBO 1la yDpaax.a DOS:PeTOM, B rpaljaBB, aero B eraBOBBB~B ~eJle Ba'ls:e, CpeMa B BaaaTa, Koja BeDpeCTOO y H. Ca,ll llOJJazaxy B OAJJazaxy paCDpocTBpyha DO 8eM3R peBoJlyqROSCKR ,llyx, ua B MBorB D06JJaOB~a DS majamKor 6ara300a, IIeTpoBapa,llBoa. oeMa'ls:0-6aBaTeae S OC'l'aJJBX rpaSB'lapCKBX peraereaara. HajBehMa cy 6UB oropseaa TB rpaaasapa, mTO cy 6eSYCJlOBOO npeAaTH MaJ;l8pcKoj BJla,110 B mTO cy BBABJJB, DO 06j8B.lLeBOj TeBlleB~ujR MooRcTapcTOa, Aa tie ce BojcKa, KJM8BAa B BOjBB'lKB cajys 00 MaJ;lapCS:B ycaOOBB:rU, ca 'lera ee B 60jano OOMaJ;lapDBau.a. IIa B npOTBB AYCTpBje 'ce noaarome , mTO ox TaKO aarpaaa sa TOJlOKe spaase zpTBe.

Ha OyTy 8S H. CaAa npeso IIerpOlJ8paABOa y KapJJOB~e p8C'l'8jame MMeDa ,llenyTaquja B C8KYOB ce MBomTBO a8pO,lla, eaasore pOAa D ,llo6a. PaSBBme ee aaerase, 60jBe a npaseae neeae aaxopanre ee, D ,ll0S: cy raj,llams XHTpO B OOTMYJlO BSBujaJlB nesaxy eaenna , s:oje cy BO,llBJla ,lle~a,OeCMe 0 MOJlomy 06B.7JBhy B Kpa.lLCBohy MaPKY, 0 APCCSBjy, CBeTOMe oa'lpujapxy, B 0 'Bypljy BpaBKoBohy, CJlaBOOM BOjBO,llB, sora 008Bame y 3eMYo R .88TBOpame ra, 6es ,lla ce aaazo aamro , y OeMaQRY TBMBaqy Erap, rAe Je B YMPLO OOCJJe 22. roARmll>e DaTlLe, a Be BRAe same BR OB esor sapO,lla SR oapo,ll .. era. CTa_TOBBh, npora RS H. Calla, KojB 80aljame 603e ,lla rosopa O,ll cBajy cBojax, aarosopa BeKOJJBS:O omTpRX peqR.

Talto llolje ,lleOYTa~Rja Y Kap}JOB~e, CT8Ae ope,ll n8'lpBjapxoB ABOP B Tpazame BapO,lloy cKyomTBSY· MRorR AeOYUTR ooljome K MR1'pOOOJJ.RRy R npeaereaame MY, KaKO je BY.YO ,lla ee C880Be B8pOIlO. cayowTRBa, 88BO je TO je,llBBO epe,llC'l'BO ,!l8 ee ca'ly88 o,ll aeeperae peBOJly~aje, a rpe6uo 6. 6uo, A8 ee OB C'l'8BR 88

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.A IIUITO? ullftllle .p:neneau. J.- PYEA.Osua .. 1. Ilaj • o. ee •• jauB, A& _ pac ........

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PacoBca eo aa CEyumBay. CUBa upu~ .. epoca OOIDTBBa, y Ba .. TY, .sap ... B, Cpe.y, BOjBB • .wj rp"'~B, CJlaaoD8j. D. D XpaaftKOj, 6. uoa ...... All DOm.a.e OOUaBBKO DB Bpaa.8BCKII a.Beap DB SO"'",aaT-~eDepu: De.oramo copeU'l'B, P ee caYA. B~ CBYOOBB aa Ba60p OOCMlUla, • ,.. ce rpaBB'J&pa DPOB8B~jL1l~B 0 'l'O.e .0 Aoroaapajy UIW Ile ce uOllOb 'l'QUIIIIo8Ir ZaJlOCABO. craa.y • UIW lao eo DOOpaBllDL Bo~ OOBpera ejOABRBme ee ca Dor .... ~OII y 3arpe6y. Au ':IapBojeBIIlI, opor.. ar co NItOpUO y llODn:ll Aa D_a OA .... BOCTB B A& jo upe.pr .... J •• SOMO je AOIDAO BLlIOI" p,a. eaepra'laO 1l0CTJll&, .Buu.lJDe .... APZB CBYDDlTBBY, 11& oporJlaCll 0IIC&AIl0 .'1' .... B DpeKII CYA aa H08B Call.. Do yauYA 6eme cae. IlaTpoDOJIIIW cu_ cayomTBB1 y KapH~e.

llOCJIeAJloBI Aaaa AOPBJIa (DO CftpGII) apa .....

Bell DO y ...... '1J1B~. owape • apoe- JrOJI1".~ CB8 D .pujeU.CKODOKO Bp4tC1'QDII~e l'8.". _PQIl&, Dje 60y AOIRH oa ItOCMDBQ.INUt, All 'YAY CBeAoqJI ~er ..... 1Daj .... '1 ca~_ t)ftOpeDO-DJlaB" .JIIAYP ..... D ...,..,. otpOre _ .... e ""';0 o.Rqapa, Dpe_-uy UptBO }In .. ; ~aq ........

61

alllBAome .. CIIoja. uaBIUI .a98'penll '1aBD1apaMa B DJJ .. a.. ",,"'1apeKDI RauymMa, CPeaJCKQ eeJLaqa y 6eJJ0 .. Bfl88BB'lKOIl bAUy a :lI8poma.B ea aapoABaM 8Baqalla B I18I11'''BK&IIa. ]loppa, ~Be&aTB, rproBqB B IIJJ~ea: B8 6J1Baa B B8 AaJJeKa, a oBAe -OBAO BaJjame ee DO rOlfBJI&IIB 1 110 Ben a8MJLOAPzaq, Ty CB .• orao OD8aB1'a B DO KOjer ~aq.pa ca 8JJa1'BBM '1aKOBBIII8 B. rpaa .. e, EojB a DpeEO aapeA6a Ao:ljo Ba eK,YomTBBy. Y llUeBOj B Map.oj B8pomu jeABa ee CM8CTBmo T. roeTH •• 0l'8 MOTIlBe Jlezaae oy DO YJJBII;U., aa naja~B, opeA qplCllOII B IIBrp~OJlBjO., oa .aK a Baa B&pOmB R RohBBaxy aa oOJLY flOA BOAPBII lIe60M, jep 6eme HIIJJO. ApXIIII8IIAPBTH, DODO.. B APYU BpeBII Jr.YAB BIJUY 0,. l'OMU8 AO 1'01lB" R oOllalLaxy BMe '.I0BOo, EojB ha oyTpB. 6BTH Ba .e.-y cpDeEOl'a ,aapoAa.

1. Maj oeB8By, a Y ABopy ap'.lBjeoRoKouelwMe 0 yaaoROJlO eEyBBJl8 ee 6exy oaJloe BJL&Ae Ba~a. Ca caajy CTpaaa oOBpBa aapoA, oa 8 C oae CTpaae .It Cp6Bje Aoljome lfIIor8 y a~BOII6 KpaCOOM oAMy, Aa BB,l.\8 mTS he ypaAnB JI.IIua oBOCTpIUICKa 6paha.

CBe'laOa 6JlY2K6a Y £ft1'e~&ABoj ~pKBB 0A"0'l6 H apxajeollCEoD A"". uapo,l.\y leC8,l.\Y. ,,1/ TpeByNY, Ka,l.\ ee mapB 'oj aa CJl060AY OA aaoaAa Espoaeoa '18K AO I18D1BsOTpaaa, ~e NUl eoaoeu.a .. apnoEoMa aBp0,l.\y, EOjB y 60jeaBMa sa.1' '1aORB Be 08110 y Ay6'rpBj· soj BOjeqB Be B sa quy EBI'OBY upo.lIRa.me Rpa~, a 68Bal'pa~ Do,iQapIIJLBHILe .. B DODlKaaaMM." H.POA 6eJDe OOO'lll6BYT, 'Aa co DpR OAJIYK&M8 .. a erape CBoje eJJaB'6 a 6B 6aarecJJOBJLea, • AyxeBo BeIJ&RBlia, Oall8088, Caare, Jbmaaa, }la.ape, DJlMl6aat'ora B 'xpa'PM' 06BJlaha, "eBln JYl'OBBtla B ApeeuBja eaaTO&' IIBTp.japxa Jle6Ae Ba~ IL8 ...

62

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1 q • BaCTa BeMa TBmBaa ~ apxajeosoBoo y OpaTII>B apX&MaBAPBTa B MBoro ~pyrax OTYOR y ABOP B DOB88a Bapo~y neprsereare OA 1690. B 1691. Bao OB8'1'IIII>y. Je~aB aaxsMaBAPBT DopeA apxBjeDHcKona OpOIJSTa BX rJlaOBO a BpCBB aapoAII>a~s uoseme BX TYMa'lBTB.

"CpncBB Bapo~, KojB ee 1. Maja ea OBBjy orpaBa Meze y KapJJOB~e," BeJJB jeA8a olJeBaAa~ ,,8B8t,ame y TOMe rpeByTBy 1l06po, ~a Baje BB1IJBM sarae 0p.BesaB 8a ayorpBjcKB ABOP, • BBAe B TO, Aa B ea BOBOM BJJaAOM y YrapcKoj BeMoze 6BTB y OBe8B, jep B OBa ReXTeAe BOABTB BRBaKB. palJYBa 0 CBeTIlM op.BBMa B8pOABBM. OB ee ~aKJJe BU&ZlIome Y TaROM DOJJOzajy

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~a MoplAe Bajnpe ~aB'IBIJKB 6BTa DocTojaa, oa TeB

TaAa Aa oCBrypa OpBD08Ball>e OOTBPAOM BaKBe ro~ CBJJe. Ta OBJJa KojOj ee oA6BjeB O~ YrapCBe, Ba6p80 06paTBO, 6eme AYCTpBja. ABO ee . OBa YCTeze Te Be opB8Ba cBoje OOOCTBeae Yl'oBope, oBAa je Bapo~ npaBytlea Aa ypaAD TO OBojOIll OBarOM."

DpBa TO'lKa J Boja, 6eme cByomTBBB opeAaTa 6BJJa je 0 oaTpBjapXOBY ~ocrojaBerBY.

"no 'lBjeM ere BarOBOpy B 008BBY" -.OBTaxy 6eceABB~R "OpemJJB y OBe paaaane , rAe je xpa6pB CpOCBB BapOA ope aae nponao ca yzaCBBX paTon? 3ap Be DO oaTpBjapXOBY? Da r~e je Darpajapx? YjeM'1aBUa BaM ee eJJ060Aa OpB ~pKBeBollle p~y B ~pyr8M 06B'JajBMa. AJJB rAe je Taj APyra oaTpBjapx Roja 6B 00 eMprB npsoe ceo aa npeero ? rAe ey APyra? 3a6pall>BBame BaM ee, Bamra BMaljacMo opaBa 1 E OCTaAe jom TBTyJJa BeYDOTpe6ILeBa, UB AocTojasoTBo DaTplljapoBo 6eme y BamBM MBTpOOOJlBTBMa, Y BamRM Ba'leJlBB~BMa, a jom je y ZRBOTf KOA Ba.mBX C&AamILBX 1I0rJJaBR~a ~pKBeBRx, Da aaro xotleMo Aa ee ODeT DO npasy 80Be: Bam DaTpRjapx I"

63

Hapol( DOnoPB: n)KB8BO Joea. Da1'pBjapx 1-' B ~aBJIBu.ame ee B080lle DaTpBjapxy, AHZyhB ra Ba UJlchB.a.

nKo je Dpel(BOABO XBJIoBAe B XBJIo&J,te Dame BaopyzaBe 6pahe B 0AKYA opeJje K BaMa 40.000. aamBX DopoABqa B npeaeee 08allO C8Y TeK08BBY? 3ap BeAOijl>me ca BOjBOI(OIl Aa ee 60pe DpOTHB aeopBjaTeJI.a KPCTY B Aa ee aaeeae y Apel(eJle DOm'lO BX oCBoje, DOA BPXOBOOII 8JJamhy qapeBoII, BO callo Aa BII ee opBBaaje tlojlJo~a B All BII ee Aa ycraB opema ZeJloB B DOl'pe6alla? IIa rAe je BojBoAa? rAe je YCTaB? OBor Ball ollYBeme, 8 oaaj BaM oeABAOme! 3aTo xobeMO caA Aa oallB ee6B ",aMO 06oje!"

HapoA BHume: )KuBBO 80jBoAa! »CBBBO BapOAI lKBBBJla aapOABa yopaBa!"

AJJB EO ~ 6YAe BOBB 8ojBoAa? }J;a JJn Aa ee BB- 6epe B8 rpat,aBOKor BJJB BojOB'lKOr CTaJleza? HapoA ~eme BaBBKBYl' Aa BBAB BOjBOAY Ba "loy BaopyzaBe sere. Os oe AaElIe lIopaAe BB6pal'B B8 lIuor 6poja. o.BqBpa, KOjB oy OpaBOCJI8BBe aepe , EOjn cy p&J,tBJJB ea oapoA a y BeJJBEOM cy .. ay BOjBB"lKOII. IIBTpBjapx BlleBOBa .eJJAllapmu JJajToBBTa lKBBKOBBba, JjeoepaJJ.ajopa JOBBba, beBepu-IIajopa TOAopOBBba, DYKOBBBU JOBuba, DYKoBBOlra BYABC8BJJ,eBaha. H BapO,lt caMO bYTame B CJJymame. 00 BMeOOBa 0YKoBBBKa OreBaBa mYUJLBEIla 1), B oapoA BRKBy: iKUBHO mY0JJ,B-

T} CTeBall illyllJliB&aI\, BBTea POARO ce roA. 1789. y He!rp1l1l>1I y 6aHarcKo-BOjeHoJ rpaHIII\II, rAe MY je oral\ craHOBao &ao mra6HH O.Hl\llp. C noqec&a ce enpexao sa rpabaHcKB nocao II amao y KapJIOBaqKY rp1JKO-HeyIlBpauy l'BlIIB33Hjy, a aarBlII Y .BJIOCO.CKe mKOJle y EAeB6ypry. KaA MY 6eme 16 roAHBa cryllH KllO &aJ.ler y O'1eBY per.MeBTY II 6eme jom Hcre 1'OI-IIIHe aacraBHIIK y noxoAY 88

_~t lKoao .oj" .. On"lIt" Jom ape cy 6 .. Baa-- 6PUB .. e rora "10"', aoja je ~06ao RpM DO ..... JlerBje OOA HaoOJleOao.aM aaCTa.aMa, EOMe oRje cYBl'e- 1JOB()".0 ejuo ore MY .. Ble 17 l'OABOa BaO aoeTaa, a j8A.a Aoa:a.B Aa ce MUO OOABl'ae, EOja 'em. ~ Y p8AOBalia T&Ujaacse Bojen oa C80jOll pera.C8TOII • a:u.ame A06pa CBojeM -POllY; B IIpO'IOSO ~B. 6YAe 08&&0 aaRo.er a 8&&.5y.ea:

"Opoca BapoA je OPBJlBSOil ouapau.a aoje _po,IlBe esyomTBBe OOA ap ... eeAU ..... oapo'lB'l"O 8&. o8aj CJly'l8j B86pal101' DOr.lUapa, a.. ojajoocTB r. JoeB.a Paja'lllha, .pxajeoocEOoa a IBIITpOOOJlBTa &aPJJOBa'IROr, eehajyho ee Tya:OO OCOpaBAe, mTO .y je SOA C80jy aa&.51"'00x yr080pa ea ~OIlOM ay~ojesoM, BJlaCHO~RMa y yrapcKoj B eje ... aeBB. KpAAeaBJIUI8, DpO'lBa.ea.~ P8AB>OM 0POTBB .8ODOC'l'Ul .. ea.a ~ocrrojao· OTBa BojBoAe sao a oat'pBjapxa, ~pKBeoor Dorna8apa eBBn Op6a mro CTaoyjy y Aycl'fIIIja, DpII8B80 jo Aa jo qeJJB eXOABo Aa ee Doera.B je.qaa oornaBap 8a 00- DTH...,. yopaBy a a .at'pOoO.lIl'r oa erap.. oaTp.yapm&B. AocrrojaBcmlO., B C 2Ora:

HUlIBjy. rOA. 1809. 6eme DOADOPYUK. 1810. DOPyoIBE. ICaA je laRJJtY'IeB IIBp Te ro~e, Dp~e jeAU A80 aDj· BH.ce rpIUUIl¥! ~~ecEoj B mylU>JIEa~ ee 1S0pame OA TO ,'I;06a y HaDOJI80HOBOj BOjC~. MaplIWl lIaplIIoH DocrlUlH ra 3& eaor aJjYTaHTB a 1812 sa KaDeTBIf&. Kao -DeTU 680 je OB Y HecpellHOII DOXOAY y PyCH] •• Y 60jy ,'I;06.je £PCT DO'l&CHe JlerBje. ro,'l;. 1814., ~ 6eme y lIarAe6ypry y rapHlI30ay upelJe ea eaojOM EY.naaBjoll XpBaT& E CBoj.M 8CIIJliSI\.Ma. AGile DOCJIe MBpa 1815. EaO EaDeraK Y Kella'lEO-6sRRTCEY peI'IIMeRTY. rOA. 1832_ TeE DOCT&He lIIajop, rO/l:. 1837. DO,'l;nyEOBHRE Y oryuBcEoj rp8J1R1JapcEOj perK.eRTil B ro,'l;. 1M2. nyEOBKKE KO,'!; Bcre. !Cao TREliB BOARO je y a.1II1 IM7. caojy perBllleBTy Y BT8JUljy.

Op.o: je OpaBO 06JaBJr;CBO, a 88TBM u.erOBa elt~eJleBD;Bja MBTpOOOUT B ap::njeoBcBoo r. JOCB~ Paja- 1JBk la cpOCBor oaTpBjapxa, a 06pmTap orYJlBBCBe perBMeBTe r. Oresea illyUJLBBIUl la BOjBOA,Y, jeABorJlaCBO BI6paB R nporaamea." -

CYTPa AaB, y HeA8JLY, Ba AaB AT8BacBja CBeT. oaTpRjapIa MyZRO je JleTypljujy oaTpujapx npaa OyT OA apelieu ApceoBja ':IapBojcsBha y BaTeAPUB BapJIOSa1JBoj.

Jom jeAaBOYT CRCTaAe ee CBYODITBBa 3. (15.) Maja B 88BJLY1JU:

"YaH.ajyhB, Aa BB JCAaB BapoA BBje y craH.Y oC'rBapBTB aaAaTaB B pasSBTB CBOjy cBary, Aa ee OPBD08Ba, AOB ee BeyBJIoBe CBe npenpese mTO CTajy aa 0YT opapoABolI paaBBjaa.y B BBOpMBy, B Be oOBBAajy CDe seae , soje cope1JaBajy RapOA ca CBOjUM jelHBoM, BCTOPBjOM, opomJlomhy B 6YAyhHomhy, Rajama.aBa ee.

,4P!l20: CpOCBB RapOA aa OOJlUTBIIRO CJJo60AaB B camoCTaJIaR UOA AOIIOM ayCTpBjcBRII 800mTOIIBpyBOM yrapOBOM.

rJleAekB 8a 88EJLY1JeBe yrosope cpOCBOra HapoAa ca AOMOM aYCTPRjcBBII H yrapcBOII BpyBOII; ApzehR Aa ee T8 Dpaaa Bellory OOBRmT8TR a AB ee aenospeae yroBopR; IIBMehB, Aa aa CTaJIBOCT npeeroaa Hella Behe 6ea6eABOC'rB OA .I.y6aBB B OAaaOCD aapOABe; H APzehB A& ee TO 0APzaTB MOze caMO BaA ee RcoyRe AaTa 06ekaa.a B YBeha eDo60Aa opeMa AYxy BpeMeRa, cpncBR BapOA ZeJlR.

f'pd.: lJ.a CpeM ca rpaRB~OIl, Bapaa.a, Ba1JBa, ca 6e1JejcBBM B majsamBHII AUmTpBBTOII R BajsBA BaBaT CR CBOjOIl nOrpaBB1JBOM o6J1amhy H KBBBIIJlCBBII ABmTpRBTOM, OOCTaHe epnesa BojBoABBa.

}lpzenB, Aa ee paCna'laH RapoA, sao B ClaBO ~eJlO BeMome Aa pasBBje npBpOAHO, BaA cy My AeJlOBB

c, .... no..... 5

' ..

66

paaABojesa, a ~a MY Baje Ao6po BO npo~.eT 1-'0JJ88B ~ Baje Y opapOABOM OOJJozajy, -- BeMo",e BB lIIaTepBjUBO, BR 1-'YmeBBO OB nOJlaTR'lBO paaBBjau a 06paaOBaTB, AOE My ee AeJJOBR BeyjeARBe a I-'Olt Beo6paayje jeABY APzaBUY I\eJJRBY oCBoBaBY aa CJJo60AB B nOTOYBOj paBBOOpaBBGCTa, O'leltyje.

'1s7'.pro: IlOJJRTB'lBB eaaea ca TpojeABolII ItpaJLeBBBOM XpBaTCROM, CJJaBoBBjoM B ](aJJMaqDjolll, ea AOAaTItOIll, A& ee YCJJOBB Tora eaaeaa 031U10TBOpe B OCTBape aa rope RaaaBOIII OCBOBY.

CMaTpajyliD aa 0YZBO, lla DO rop&.oj OCBOBB CJlO- 60Ae, BeaaBBcBoCTB D cajyaa TpojeABe KpaJLeBBBe DOA YrapCKOIII ItpySOM Mopajy 6DTB yp~eBB H yaajaMBs OABomaja, aapollsa cKynmTBBa nOCTaDJLa.

Oero: JeAaB Oll6op B oBJlamhyje ra, A& Te o~aoee ypeAB B Taite npeazore cltyomTBue BapoABe na oOTBPAY nOABoCB, AaJLe Aa ee 6pBBe 0 eBeMY mTO je Byzao a 1t0PBCBO aa ropu.y I\eJJ, oa I-'a B oapoABy cltynmTBBy y CBaltO apesse, no nOTpe6B B OKOJJtJOCTBMa IIOZO caasaTa, a H aeae oc06e aa cBoje epeaane aa- 6paTB a no nepllaoeoTBY lleOYTaI\ujy cacTaBBTB, B Jla ce aenpecTaoo oBlle (y ltapJJODqBMa) BaJJaaD Te ~a apBlla BaXTeBe B zeJLe Rape ARe B cnpeMa OpeAJlore 8a Bap0l-'By cltynmTDuy.

PYltoBoi)eaB opaBOII JLy6a8JLy K aapOllY pyMyBSOlie B P&AYyjyhB ee CDagOM uaopeAlty &.eMBY Y paa8Bja&.y u.eroDe BapoABOCTB. ZeJJBMO Aa B lLeMY BCDaARe aa pyltOIi lla ee cjeABRB Itao ".POA B Aa ee YBPCTB JIIlei) Apyre aapoae, na aaTO cltynmTBBa CllaTpa sa 1-'YZOOCT, Aa ra y openopo~tVy DOADOliorBe 6paTCKB BaAajyhB ce Aa he B PYMYBB Cp6BMa AonycTBTB p,a 1I&0peAYjy, ca 'lera MOD ItPaJLa, Aa

67

m.C7'O: ]J;a ee Bspe.e Bapo,ltBa eaMOOT8J.lHOCT PYMyoa y ~yxy B8pO,ltBe ~o60,lte B paBBODpaBOOOpaB~ BOMB.

rJJe~ehB B8 TO, mTO o~60p BMa BJJ8CTB ,Ita DpetIa BpeMeSBM OKOJJBOCTBM8 casBBa BapO,ltoy CKyomTBSY, aaKlLy.eoo je.

Ce~.IIo: ]J;a ce paCUBC8BB BapoABB soarpee sa 15. Maja o, r. Be saKaayje.

]J;pzehB, Aa epuesa oapo,lt Moze CJJo60ABO paeD01JaraTB ca CBOjOM 08POABOM BMOBBBOM, B MBCJJeliu Jta ee ca CTBapBMaBapo~BBM oeMoze ynpaBlLaTB 6es pacxo~a, Bapo~ saKlLYlJyje:

OC.IIO.' ]J;a noeeayra OA6op BMa DYBOMOhcTBo, y Jt0roBopy ea H.. eaeromhy CpOCKBM naTpBjapxoM B OCTaJIBM IJYBspuMa aapoaaor' ~OBAa, nOTPe6Be OOB~e MeljyTBM BS aaponae Race nOADliD, Aa Y cBoje apeae aaPOADoj cKynmTBBD \ nOJlOZD pa.YB H Aa ee BSAaT~B "IDUe C8MO KaA je UyZBO B KOP1(CBO sa caB BapoA.

CMaTpajyhB OBO K80 UPOABY )TUlLY B ~p:BehB Jta he ee TB aaKlL"~B BajcKopBje DBBpmaTB,

Aeu7'o: OB.JJamhyjello o,lt6op: aa" Y 1l0roBOPV ea 11>. CD. naTPBjapxoM, DB cpeABBe aapOllBe .16epe jeAUY AenYT8~Bjy Koja he ODe BeJLe eaonmTBTB a..; BMD'iI8BCTBY Kpaq.y B xpBaTcKoj BeMUiOKo.j KOBrpe~BjB.

. rJJelleliB aa DoaDB BaD18 ~aBeBCKe 6pahe 8.

~emJte lla y.eCTByjeMO Da KODrpeey y IIpary, Ba ROMe he ee cacTara aycTpBjcKB MaBeBH Aa ce CDopaayMy o BamBM onmTBII BBTepecBMB, BajDoMe.

Aece'l'o: OBJJamhyje ee OA6op, ,Ita 8s6epe sa Taj BOBrpee lleDYT~Bjy DS epe~BBe BapollDe, Koja he saeT)'DBTR DBTCpece Bamera B.polla Ba BCTOlle.

5*

vm,

68

lbaaO.R rUBaora oA6opa 6ame Jl86paBa RCTOr ",88 B aapoAa. cKyomrBDa paooyCTII ee, 'IeKajyliB Aa ee aaspme ropa.B 8aKJLy'l~B. H nose ee ypebBBat'll ae.u.CKa oA6pa.a.

rJIaBBB OA6op nose OAMU Aa ee cupa EaKO he Aa OO'lBe 008epeBB My nocao. OAMax oyTpaAao OAOOseme oeABB~e OOA opeltCeABBmrBoM aosora oarpBjap:xa.

lIpBO My paA 6eme: B860p oepMaoeOTBor OOAOA6opa OA 15. 0006a; oaBMeOOBaa.e AeoYTa~Bje EOj~ je Tpe6a.1Ia Ita BAe Kpa.1l>Y, B Ba60p OOO.1IaDBBa aa O.1IaBCBOKB sosrpee y lIpary.

Ha '18.1Iy AeoYTaqBje Koja 6eme oApe~eBa aa KpaJlta - jep ee jom jeABaEO MBC.1IB.1IO Aa he ee OA M8r;I8pOEor EpaJLa Ao6BTB ORO mTO HeXTeAe AaTB yrapCEB ea60p B B.1IaAa, opeQa 00 y oa.oj CTRapB OA oaore, l'OTOBO B8me Tpaa:B.1IO 00 OA 08e - rpe6ao je Aa. 6YAe oaTpBjapx; OBB MaoaoTBpB' onmraae, 0 eae rpaBB'lapCKe peraMeOTe Tpe6aae oy Ita Y'leoTByjy. AeoyTa~Bja je Tpe6ua A& nolJe npeso 3arpe6a, re Aa ee TallO ea aeMa.1LOKOIII KOBrper~Bjolll coopaay.e, oa 24- lIaja (5. Jyoa.) Aa CTBrBe y ABOP Epu.eBoK~ y Be'lY.

fla '1eJIY nOO.1IaBBD aa MaReBCD soarpee 6BJlB cy: apUltlaBApBT HuaBop rpyjBh B OpO'l'& BOBOcaACEB Ileaae Cr .. aToBBh. T. OOo.laBB~B BllaJIB oy ". RapaAe, Aa B OA qexa OAe jeABa AeoYTaqaja y Bes 5. JyHa Te Ita OOAOOlIIorae aaXTCBalLa epnese,

MaJ;lapOKa BJI8Aa, Eoja je 06pahua CBY oaza.y Ha ersapa y XpBaTcKoj, oBje OpBAaB&JI& OHKaEBe Ba3I:BOCTH TOMe mTO C8 AoraJja y 0pOCER. OpeAeJIR.a. Ca8-

6&

mTO je '!BaRna CIOAB2l0 ee aa CTpora 8 ,Cle CTpO.8ja 10YTCTBa, Koja je CIOlie BOll8capy, KOA eae lItero •• aecooo06ROOTH, MaJla. Psenae 8a CKYDmT8BY jeABa je 006YAB Aa Da8R, B DuaTaB uo lIIIeCT08aOTYDBaK Epa~eB OOMa MBTPODOJlBTY 3. (16.) Maja 8aXTeB, Aa OKYDmTBRY 06ycraBB • Aa YUBB Aa ee 16. (27.) Maja ~p.a soarpee Y TeDl8mBapy, rAeje rOil. 1790. TaKo~e 6ao soarpee p~B a8paBBaBoa Y ~pKBeB8M CTBapaMa. Daollo CTRze y KapJloBqe RaA je Beh CKYDlDT8Ba 6ua .aaKauaa. OAiSop oAroBopa, Aa OA TOra B8me BBmTa BeMoze AI' 6YAe B Aa B ope Be68 MOrJlO 6BTB, DomTO ee caAa Be paAa 0 qpueBBM CTBapBlla Bero 0 RIPOABBII, a BapOA ee pemao Aa Bap~B Aa lIy ee DpB8BaaJ Dpal ..

H BJJ~BB KOIIBcap, KOjB ee AO Talla BBje MorMO .IahuB BpajBou Mepa, lIop~e ee a60r Aora~aja 1. 8 3. Maja eBeprB'lBO 8aY8BMaT8 A. YDorpe6B ouy DyBO.0hoTa •• Y BOTB Oil 4. (16.) Maja 8aXTeBaoje OA MBTpODOJJBTa, Aa 0AoTynB 0 lIeCTa, Koje je DpoTBB8aKoBo •• yaeo, Aa paapema OA60p B - "'PMIIN'N'f, aa YBBmTB Ba'lBlIoeBe 8aKJLYIJBe B aa ee M.ae CBBJY Dpona.aqBja B paCDBea. OB Tpazame oa lIoera aa ce oAlias DOKOPB BaKOBcKoj BJJaAB yrapoKe • DOKa81 My Aa he 0aroBapaT8 8a ola OJJe'l'OTBa aBO 6YAe UpOT8B .. eaa. llaTpBjap:l Dpe~~e DBOMO oa60py, B OBaj pema, aa n OAliax ~aqe y BaTpy. OBO je 680 an 860r Kora BCKPORY jalBa ocyaa BepOJJOMBOr DOTOMK. a Boolloqa B.eBa "qapBojelBha J).

Da'1'pBjapx Koja ce Beh deme MaBBO DOKpeT)' Ba ftJIO 6eme B 8aY8eT a K~ap aa MY.B BapoABoj cuapa.

I) no Doy.aaBOM YOMeBoli u8BBaIloY, 6Boje ODaa.eB caMO D)J8DBO, a 0PB'8BU OCTaI .. ea y apuB, Da Aoqaaje DP8A8'l' aYO'l'pajoKoj yopa •• Y TellBmlapy.

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70

BOjOj ce B 01(&0. A.u B8AoCftjame ., OBe :J:1ITp8Be • BaTpe,Eoja je C&MO y ualjBM I'OABBUla B KOja Tpe6ame AOB0T8 cpucEODIe B8J)OaY EOjB BMaJJaIDtI IlBOl'O lea paAB.

OopeIBOC!: B CMOT}MlBOCT TO je MYApOCT CT8pa'IKa a OA8&zaoCT B OAYmCBAcaOOT MJI~a'lE&. CBaEO a_ CBoje lIpeMe B BeMose ee aB aaMeaBTH BB BMaft. CBara 6eme BaaaBaaa.B cal( je rpe6ua MJlaABhcEa Aa ee oAyope.,

ll&TpBjap:J: ce Baopelao B EOpa'laO aaopeA, mTO ee BBABJlO Y oA6opy op. CBaEOM 8aKlbY'lKY. MBCJlcliB BeOpeCTaBO Aa lie Op<ihB aa Mapy, upenopysa OA6opy ope BO mTO he oTRhB, Aa BamTa A8.11>e BeDpeAyaBMa DBTB . 88£.I.y'Iyje IOTO AOE ee OB BeBpaTB 0 ABOpa Epa.1I>eBCEor.

AJIB MJlaAUIi 0A 26 rOADBa, ROjB AQ:ljc Ba '1CJlO oA60pa Mccro ~apQ8 oaTpBjapxa, Be 6eme oaa] Eoj_ 6& rJleAao MBpBO TOS: cTBapB, a A8 ee BCYOJleT8.

qOBcE B8 jeAae OA BMyliaB:J: Eyha y B8'1EOj EO· Me DpeAAS 6exy BojBoAcs:e EpBB jom OA JIaaapa epnCEora (0&01380.) y AJI6aBCEoj, '1Bja Eyha 6eme eaIIOCTUBa B 0AYmeBlbuame oOTO.OTBO, '10BaE, EOjB je 1'180 y BBSBBBPCEOj aE8lteMBjB y Be'lY B 6.0 Oltl'&jeB BojaBUQ B EojB je 81180 DPB.1JBK& Aa ee aay'IB a rezame la CBccrpaBBM B806pazca.ell. Oc06BTO je Ba1- JUao BCTOPBjy, 4>BJlOCOfiBjy B KP8CBY ElLlJZeBBOCT. Me:ljy fiBJJOC04>BMa 6eme KaBTo, a lIeli DOCTUl8 YJlaaAop ~je ILlI~B Cp6a.. ~B'J!.me P8AO, DB B e&M BaDBe&. BeEOJlBEe Bella'ls:e neeae, OA Eojn aese 6c~y mra.DaBe. KaA oocrQe .X1oaPCEB a..Qap BBje npesaayo ~Ty'pje, aero My TO jom 1(8Ae 0ACYAaa Dpa~. HTaJ1Bja rAe;je 6BO CrpaTBMRpOBBIi, pacnaaa lIy cTpacTB. a liepa, Ita lIy BBEaEBa Becpelia BCllose aa OyT CT.rBp BaBCAt) 1IJ1&Aora CpGBBa aa aese rJIYOOCTB. 80 K&A je A06BOOJlDYC'r ~ ee apau y ·CBojy AOlloBBay B TOMe

71

6B Kpaj. ifJI8AB O~B~RP (6ewe My 21. rOABB8) SaJlty6B ee y MJl8AY hepKY jeABora rasAe R OABf.Ae je sa CBJlY, jep OT8~ My je RRDKO oeABAe. 01'paTBMBpOBBU eo OApese BojoB'lKe cJIyz6e B ZRBlLawe oa CBOMe A06py DO RKOOOM, 6aBeUB ee B e OOJIBTBKOM. BapoABa B8- npeA&.a'lK8 cTpaoD A06B RacKopo jeABor oA oajpeBOOCOBjBX npIJBpZ60BSa R Kao T8Kor aaTe'le ra 7. (18.)

Maja B360p aa oP8ACeAOBK8 oA60pa. ....,

BarJlB B oaopeAoB eJIeMeOTH 'lora TeJIa 1J0rome ee CRA. cas oaTH. OA60p Htlai)ame Beh y ROBOIII ORAY "BjecRHK" K80' CBOj oprao, na oapeAu Aa ee opeMeCTH Y KapJIOB~e. OaA 6B aaKJr.Y'leOO, Aa ee BSBemhyje oapoa 0 ~eJIOMe CTa&.y CTBapB, 0 paAY B aaK.I.y~uMa. 71.11 61t ee BM8JIO eaeae 00 ~eJIoj aeM3B, 6exy oooyljese aapoma B ceJJa na YCTaoOBe nOAon60p, SOjB he 6BTB nOA s:apJJOBa'lKBM OA60pOM B OTYAa Ao6ajaTB YOYTcTBa B uaBemTaje. TUM C8BDJJJO Aa ee aRApzu yjeAB&.eoa eoara, • Aa ae 6YAe OBKaKBBX aeeopacaax oepeAa B AelloBCTpaqBja. 7J.a 6B esoje oapeA6e jom BeliMa ollazuo, yae oA60p ~8pMy "rJlaBOB OA60p aa upaapeaeao ynp&BJr.8&.e BojBoACTBa epueeera, « "A rp6 CpnCKOlla uapoAa sa Oe'laT. HeMa'lRHM eTaRoBulI~BM8 6B qAMax jU3eRo (10. (12.) Maja) OpOKJJaMa~BjoM, y Kojoj U~ YllllpBBaxy s60r paaaeceaax MaqapcRBx raaeoaa , Aa Cp6B B1I3 OOKpeTOM caBO Ba TO Aa y6Bjajy 0 0lr.8'lRajy. "HeMa'lRU· carpalja8B! OpOCKB oapoA xoue C8MO Aa OApacB cBoja opaBa a ae BAe oa TO Aa TJIa'lU 'Jylja, 3aTO 6YABre COOKOjBB, Op6B BaM aehe IIBRaRBe aeopaBAe y'lBOBTB. - OpOCRB he BapoA aaJJOZBTR BMa&.e B EpB CBojy, Aa ca'lysa B YTBPllU oapollBocT; &JIB 00- DomTO TJIa'le&.ell APyre. C 'lora ee , Oella'lRa 6paho, ae60jTe sa CBOjy uaPOABOCT. Opo!SBa oapoAoocT .BCJJ. Aa [e D08Basa Aa CTBOPB Bumy BAejy oapoAoora ....

72

BOTa, KOjy je "O~onr.a BeOBOO.. DOJIB!'Bsa KB8ZeB& DPBTBCKDUa. PUBODPUBOCT "I0Be1lllaBOa oporJlaCBJJa je. DOO.1le .... y, UK ee aellloze yaAna AO jeARaRoOTa IWA aapoAaOCTa. CpDOKa Bapo"" xoile O&A aOBY aapoARY OOJJBTBKY, Eoja DOpeA jeAoaKOOTB ~ROKe 0 aepoooaOBeAlle BOAII a jeARaBoCTB oapoAa B oapoABoOTB. He6paRBTe ee Aalue HeM~B cyrpal}aRB, Re60jTe ce aa rpa~aacKa opIBa, Ba BepoBcooBeCT, jeaBK 8 BapOAoOeT. - He~B oyrpat,aoR! Cp6B Belle Aa ce OOABSY TJla"Iea.eM OBOjBX cyrpat,aRa BB ryt,u DJl8MeBa. OBB oeile A8 ee YBBBmyjy BBmTellB Apyre BapoABOOTB. OBB oehe All YBeAY Y A,saBRe CKJlOOOBe OBOj jeBBK Kao jeABBB KOjR cDacaBa. CJl060Aa, jeARaKOCT B 6paTCTao, Ba ese oapoAe, "POAROCT. B jeaBKe, '1'0 je "erOBa Bapen I""

~a je oByomra.. ca caojn aUTeaBllla AUe 00- maa, BO AeOYT~Bja y Dozy'RY, OA60p 6B je caOjBII .epalla esopo oaa:OJlRO. OB 6B 00CT80, B 8KO opeAxoABo caMO 00 BMeRY, apBBpelieRa BJlaAa, B TO ce Bm"leKBB&JIO KIlA lie ee y caMoj cnapB AO"leDaTB JUBe aDOTB.

HR ":IapBojeBBII, BB fjeoep&JI Xpa60Bcn:, KOllaBAaBT BapaABBCKB R a:O.Bcap BJlaABR, BRCY 1I0rJla Aa rJleAe TO paBao,Aymao. Ilopea Tora 6eme Auto da feaa aOOBeTa npaora, jeAaB au pysea.a OBBjy aYTOpaTeTa mTO opet,ome Ba a.BX, oa BeMoraxy DpollB .BpBO. !LUOBR BBBemrajB aBUBame BOBe BapeA6e a:ojallla ee jeABaa:o XTeJlO aa ee caBJISAa OpOTBBBRK. Ca:yoDITBBa 1. R 3. Maja.) npOrJlaCB ce Ba 6YRTOBBB aK'1', a a860p OBTpBjapxa Ba ReBaKOB a aBDITaB. MBTPOOOJlB'l'Y 60 Ba-

') IIYKoBRBK mynlLBa:aq, BojBoAa opnoKB 6eme y TO Bpelle y DraJJBja a BeBBat,ame ee B:8A lie ""oil. ·Aa DpBIII. yopaBy .... BOJCKOM, a 688 &oera je TelllBO

6B.lIO. Ope

73

Jlozeao ~a casOBO 15. (27.) JYBa paoDBcaBB KOBrpeo, B TO DOlt T8mKOIi o~roBopaomhy. Xpa60BOKB, K", je Beh 6uo Bape~BO ~ ee YJll)ropyje Baa t A06Bje aazcr, Aa YeTaBaK C&BJI&Aa OBJlO.. opyzja, • TallemKor rpo.a UeTp8 tIapBoje .. na DO BDABaOIi pemeB.y Oil 12. (24.) Maj. aaCTyDB TaIlBmKB BBqeBoDBB Ca8& BYKOBBh.

BYKOBBh, B aKO je 6BO caM Cp6Ba O~ Dopeu., BO 6eme 'IOBOK KojB 6B 00 lIor.o OBMoaTBjua aueOTB. 'IBII je AOmao opeeTa oOMBPJIIBBO oOOpe~OBaB.e B nose lla BJJ~ OBJla. UpBa B.eroBa aa6paaa 6eme lla 00 ae'IBrajy 6eorpa~eKO a oeo6BTO eae CJJaBeaORO BOBBao B opehamo ee ollphy. UpeKB oy~oaR 6exy yeTanoBJIIOBR a OBaKB oOllara'l UB DpBBpzeBBB epnese CTBap. 6eme oeyI;B8&B. HapOABa ra Plla Ba MaJ,lapCKRX rB88Aa 6B o~pelJesa ~. KpOT&pB T8 ~a paaopyza epneae CTBBOBBHRO, ~ CTpaZapB DO YJlBq&IIa B Aa o~je oy~ eae aa Koje ee CYIIII>8 ~ oy CpoORB opRjaTeJliB. HaCKOpO. eTBromo :M.PB aa JapROaqB, COBTe, Xuama, :MeJJBKYTA, KBKBBAe, 'lopBeaKe, Bp6aca B Topae BaopyzaaB ca oymallB, a BBJlalla, BOCUa y cpoea IIOCTa B 00- 'lome ~ Aajy aBaKO "pRB B Aa DOCTyoajy BaOBJlBB'1RB, aJJB BM ~oqaBje 6B BpaheBo. Ocell Tora 6B Bape'ea CTaJJBB aorop OBO CerollBBa. OKpyaBlla Ap&ACKOII 'iaBa~cKoM, TellBmBapeKolI, Ba'lBOM, KpamoaeKolI, T8llJlmROli B TopoBTaJJOKo., K80'B KPaJliOBCKBII MO- 60~aBII aapom.lla ApaA)', TeMBmaapy, CereABIlY, KaBBIIAB B C01l60py, 6emo aaooBeJ)oao ~a DOOUiy. rapAY • caojeBoJllqe y BCTB, Da jom B DO APyrBII OKP18811. 6B Bap.ao 11.& Be&yoe 4.000. caojeau.aqB B ~ 00- 1I0ray ~a ce CT8ma opDea DOKp8T. Kop~oaoll Roja 6eme 00.,.0. Oil rpaBBqe majamara 6araJlioa.,110 ~yrora BmJJO ce sa TO, ~a ee eDpeu Cp6Blla CB&&8 ca06pallaj B AB BII ee ore.a aa6ua xpaa8.

74

KapJlOBa'nCB 01!60p, EojB je meljyraM 6BO enao Ba nepar.BeBTBR, jep 'lJIaBOBB CBR o.nnYTOBame, 1I0pa.tte ee ca~ 0 TOMe 6pIiIBym ~a ee enpeaa a& OTDOP. lDeMY Tpe6ame opyzaBe· nomope , OBO ~8 BaBpmyje cBoje BMore, OBO ~a ee MaQapoKB BeoaBpmyjy.

no Ba60p BOjBB~B y rpaBH1JapOKBII perBllleBTaM& OTojaxy My sa YOJlya&, B TO CDe OSB mTO cy 6BJlB OpH pemaBalLY 1. B 3. Maja. Tpe6aJlo BX je caMO DoaBaTIl oa ~8 CBB DOTBp~e ~a 6paBo o~60p B CKYODlBBCKe aaKJLy"lKO. CaMo je~Bo je 6BJlO Ba oYTY: BOjSB'I&8 nOCJIymBOOT, B DOKOPSOCT, ca Koje je rpaOB'Iap DpBBpz8B CBOjUM CTBpemUOaMa, R Xpa60BCKB 6eme aaOOBe~SIfIt~ rpaaane. Tpe6aJlo je lLora DpBBy~BTB ~a aayaMe ~pyrH DOJlozaj. 08 M()p~e ~a B3Blje oa cpeJt1, oa .JlB ~8 ee- 8ayaMe aa CpOCKy cTBap O.DB npOTBB lLe. OB je Mopao B.DB AI' OpBCT8Be Ba sapeA6e OJt60pOBe mro ee Tny opy-saBe eaare rpaaaaapese , BJIB .na ceo lIaBe Aa.I.Ora. yWlBBB08lLa.

C Tora ee oopaBB 29. Maja yjyrpy (10. Jysa) jeAoa AeoyTa~Rja y Bapa~BB B aaneBame OA :ljeuepaJJa. aamTBTY DpoTBB B8cpralLa. Koja 6exy no CpoCKBM lieCTBltla no oJto6peILY M8Jj1apcKe BJla~e.

'BeBep8JJ ee BajacBB .na TO BellOEe 1'IBBHTB. nJecTe JIB BB, r •• epJtMapm8JJ J1ajTBasTe, BCKJIoY'lso ljesep8JJ C8Aama.e MaQapCKe BJla~e, BJIB a Epa.I>eB· B ~apeB?" OBTame jeAas aa aeoYTB~Bje.

'Besep8JJ pese ~a je ~apeKB. nJa eaM a oeeaao y oOlt0PBOCTB" .:_ pe'le os - nO DOEopaB eall caMe) ~apy, 8J1B OBOMe, KOra OS uapeAB . .!JIB ja 68M DOKOpaa B yrapcKO!Ile MBBBCTPY."

nIla 08A8 heft) OpB80a'l'W Aa je aUTeB&Hte Bam& YMeeso, BaA· Cp06KB BapoA o'leKyje Aa here ra BB aamTBTBTB DpOTBB BaCRolLa £Oja "RIie Kpa.1'>8Bon KO-

75

.Beap., a OB je nocaao BeaM cBoje nOCJlaOBKe ItpaJLy, Aa IIY ee npBaoaAY opaBa B aaBpme nOBJJaCTB~e, Eoje . cy My ape CTO.Beha A8poBaoe, a noeae nopeseae."

~eBepaJJ: pese Aa aeaaa OBmra 0 TBII nOBDaCTB· ~lIa B DpaBB.a, uomro ey aaCTapBJla B opeltIa ca. AamlLeM CTalLY BeM01'Y ee ynoTpeoBTB. ,,0 CPOCKOll8 Bapo~ s:aKBOII ja Beaoall 6am BBmTa" - AOAaAe OB. - "IIJJB CTe y cralLY ,lIa 1I8 DOE8Zere, rAeje OB,lle Cp6Bja BJJR epnesa BapoA oaoa'leo?" DB Tame . AaJLe, DOKaayjyhB oa s:apry heeapeaaae. - "Ja aeaaJJa8BM BBs:as:aB epnesa oapoA Y YrapcKoj B AYCTPBjB na nellory ra DB aaIDrShaBaTB. Ilpeso ,ZJ:paBe BMa CpoBja B EO xohe Aa je Cp6SB DeE uAe TaMo!il

",ZJ:aue liB BB BlleBa BeMallO same y AYCTpuju ?"

DUTaDIe ra AeDYTaT, KOjB ee BeMorame aame ya,llpza· TH. - "IIpe esera name npasaaeraje , DOC.1le aama CaM(}CTaJJBOCT B BajnOC.lle, Dame BMe?"

,ZJ:enyTlll\Bja oAe OB ,llBOpaOe y oajBehelI orop'JelLy. IIa B CUO O~BqBpO soja 6exy OKO Jjeaepan, IIBmJLaxy Aa je AaJJeKO nperepso.

Taj OArOBOp Oa'lOOOO je y KaPJloBqoMa oajBehe ya6yJjelLe. O,llMaX' nepaaa, OA6op aaKJLY'lB, Aa noaaeee RpaJLy ryz6y DPOTOB BanOBe,llOO£& aapanaacsor , mTO ce YCYAOO Aa OApB1Je cpnCEOMe oapOAY eKaBcreoqujy, AOK jom Epa.Jr. oOJe pemao. OBa npOKJIallaqoja aa CBe Cp6e, Eoja jeror Aaoa no nOABe BBAaOB ca Tora 0A· 1'OBOpa KOllaOAaorOBa, DpOjYPB £&0 BapoBqa EpOB CBe DOrpaOB'IBe 06JJaCTH:

"Ha TaEO aa'luo DJlaha BaM ~apCKO Jjeoepa1J epnCRY KpB, EOjy OpO.1JOCTe aa npeero B EPYOY Aycrpoje y 4>paoqYCKOJ, IIlDeaujB, IIpyoaoj B PYCOjB, B Eojy B AaBac OpOJJBBaTe y' HraJlBjo I Bpaho! Cp6a I HelIq. B qecB, Mopa8~B B 1l0 .. ana , TBpO~8 8 Kpa ... ,.

76

""',

.,.,;. mT.jep~8 B KopymK.aqB, llbeI8j.B~a B ]l8CB, Ta-

.: bjasB, M:aJ"l.ps B Ep,llu,aBS, OBS oy Ba UpTB aycrpaj'·ct,KOj S Y 8aKOBBlla yrapcKRII 811.jy oBoje Bile. A •• . aae, je,llaB sapOA - B811a Ba oOlles.1 To B811 je 8ap A06RT, Kojy Ball AOBece 19. BeK, 11I&TaO A06a 8a OBe

sa,pO,lle?"

DpOKJIalla~8ja je laBpmesa 008&80. aa opyzje.

CBBlla 00AOA60pBlla 6B 8aOOBe~eso, lla TO 06jUB 8BOBaMa y CBSMa MeCTBMa B ,Ila ce 0080BY CBB oooc06s. Ba opyzje, Te lla enpeae upaxa S OllOBa B 886epy ce6B erapemaae , oa ,Ila ,Ilo~y OOA KaplIoB~e, IIepJJe8 B PSMCICS masa~. Y SCTO BpeM8 Aa ooseey 8 CRKRpe, Boce S amoae 8a OpaB.lLe&.e maB'IeBa, Aa AOBeAY BOlio., BOJJ. R TOOOBa mTO je Moryh8 same, IIpBBpeMosoj BJJ&AB aa 6Y1le Ba YCJIY8R B ycraSR'IK8 BOjCn.

Cyrpa AaB (30. Maj., 11. Jysa) paso Aoljome y KapJJOBqe ABa olJ>BqBpa ljesepaJJOBa (pRTllajCTop Paxrep B OOpy'IDK PajBh). KollaRAaST, KOjB je 1I0p.0 YBBARTS CBOjy nperepaaoer , BUTe OA oA60p. ,Ila MY oom ... e SOBY I AeOYTaqajy y rp&A, TO A8 IIUO 60 .. e pa8MRCJJR 0 8aXTeBSMa.

O,ll60p onrosopa , Aa TO same Belloze Aa 6YAe, nomro je Beh OuCJ'JaTa Tyz6a y Be'l OPOTBB ~eBepaJ'J&, B Ope,llaAe opeORC Bcre Ba ljeBep8JJa.

IX.

D08BB sa opy.je OpOjYPB ao 1Iy&.a DO 8811 ....

B.POll 6eme CBYAB oopell.. MBJ"lapCKe KOlIOB8 JDTO pa- 80PY:E8B8XY, 6BJJ8 oy Beh OpBBn8Be ,Il8 6pue CBOjCe

..

V lIaOl'llll lIeCTBlla 6a AOMa amr 8 rOMaJJe ooIJome ICapJJOB:qBMa. Y OpeMY ee Ruje '1aca 'l&C830. Ty CO jom 88 paRBje ese 8B8JJ0 8 enpeaame ce o06YB>eoa'lBa Bojca. Ty ee 6exy TBPAo pemaaa Aa ee y lIaJJeaoj a JlJlaBaRcKoj 8e1LI>B, oru.Bm'Q' epnese sepe B 06auja, Koje oKpaBa CBJlBe MaoacTupe a oajCTspuje coolIeOBKe aerA8Wa.e epnese roenomraae, 6paoe B oBAa, KaA 6B ae ... e npeso ]zyoaBa noeopeae 6BJ1e. JeAaa ~eo re BOjcBe, OA npasaee 800 MOMaRa, jom ope ABa. ,Poa opelje BOA TBTeJJa npeeo ~yoaBa B TO BOA npenBOljea.ell oerA8Wa.er rpaSB'I8pCKOr O.B~Bpa qB'le Jo.aaBoBBlia 1), a Jlollohy majKama, Koju My 6exy OAaBB, aa6aBS Ocall IIUBX TOOOBa B aemro J;te6aoe.

Y Bpelle K8A je opouaMa~Bja 8a YCTasaK paaaCHaTa OA6op jaBs TOile 0AuaZSOM o.squpy, Aa ee OPBepyzu oomroj OA6paSB. 00 6eme Beh Y OpeMY 'Iere ypeJlUO a rpe6ame callo Aa ee oOAUl'Be majKamKu oRpyr, Te Aa saY811e paTBe enpeae B8 TRTeJJCKe opyzRB~e B ~ ce YTBPAB sa PBMCKBM maO'l6BUMa. OA6op ra je BaO oapOARor oYKOBoUKa OBJJaCrBO, Aa O.B~Bpe, oa B caDle oYKOBSBRe R8 majeamaor 6aT8J&Oaa YUOOB, altO ee ycopOTBBe. TaM je YIJaBteoo T8 OA60py cujame 8. 118JJ0 Aaaa aa pacooJlozeu.y 8aaTaa 6ojoa onpeaa,

Oa UKBali odJlamheu.ell a '18BOII 68 OOMaT y BOlIoaORCKe oKpyre cyceA8e Rella'lKO-6aoaTcRe peraMeRTe R nerAama.B OOpy'IBK ;l);paKYJJBh. 08 je Tpe6ao A8 aa6aBa onpeae 88 Ilaaseaa , mTa60ol' MeCTa y TOj pel'll.eaTH, B as CKyoB aorop KOA Ilepaoaa.

HerAama.R nopy'lRK Kojah B OA60pCBB BOIl8Ca}) CTaoBIIBpOBUIi A06lime aaaor , Aa ee cae6AeBajy 60jBBM oopellaMa 88 BeJJe U;pKBe B Aa caKyne BOJCKY sa.

I} OR je yllLpo y 6e'lKoj 601JR8~a 1850.

18

ILlIBpOKo-6aUTeKe perB.ene oa A& D CIIeCftl 1 Jlorop BOA A.1I86ysapa. 1)

Y CUlBII KapJlOllqB.a sa op.. .... caK10s ee 11.0 2.000 cpeMaqa, a AO~ BeKOJlBKO C'fOTBBa opy .. - SBX Ba'lBUla B Cp6BjlUlaqa, £oj. jom paBBje aBaA_jUt sa BojBe opsDpelle.

'BeBepu Xpa60BcKB, KOjB .... ~e 1 P1UB. opeDRC Tyz6e, pemB ee Aa Y'lBBB Bp8j ,l(PCKOOTB OA- 60POBOj. Tor BCTOr ,Ilasa y Be'le eaBBa OB cBoje 0.8- qBpe 8a C8BeT. Ty OCTame ,1(0 aeso ,Ilo6a BOitB B yjyrpy (31. Maja, 12. Jysa) BBA8me ee ope,llCTpaze jeAse KOJIOBe - eKleKyqBja - sa BBCOBBlla KapJlOBa'lItB •• 1ImJI0 ee sa TO, ,l(a ee o,l(60p pacryps 8 ",a oe aayalle rJlaB80 ycra8B'lKO .eCTO.

1) 22. Jysa OOpOCTBlI ee ca opRj8Te.lf>B B as oyry npexo OeeKa aaBtjeM ROlt BJlOKa R KaMeaR~e sa Mau.e CTaIIOBe (aorope}, a ROA qepoBBha Bla oOBeha CpOCKB aorep, BYK8jJloBBh. 68BmB S.pO,llRB ,IleOYTBpaq 1 Rs· C6pyKy, BeYTPYlBB MyZ, 6eme KOMaaA8BT OBora noezenu.er CTaILa. CallBoII aaje,!lBO opajaBB ee n8Tpajapxy JeBpell JKBBROBRh, JlajTBaaT ROlt zeaB· xopa, OHTOMa~ BeYllpJJ. TeKeJJ8je. Ha jyry 1I0aap1Bjo Baa JeJla'lRh opyzame ee, 'Beaepu· KOllaBlle BapaAoBcKe 0 T8Momaapese ,Ilo60je 0,1( KomYTOaa .saBCTapcTBa aaaore Ba BojaoRe 0 eeanape rpeaasapeae ; "Aa he CBaRR KOjll 60 ya CpOCKB oOKpeT npaerao mapzy B8ry6BTB." Ba.If>aJlO je opyzaRoM PYKOII CTaTO ua cynpor Kamoao] 8 Xpa60BCRoJ BOjcqB. • • Ca B(:TOO 0,1( ,lU'aaBa, KO,l( 80B8 J(OJlAaa8 OBeRO Beae Ilpeae, AJl86yaapa, TOllameB~a, Ilepaeaa, TRTeJJa, qypyra, 4»eJJ,lI;Bapqa, CeaTOMama, Kaha, KapJlOBaqa, KalleBBqe B /1.yz ,lU'aaB. ,1(0 ]J;a.lf>a OpOTe8aJ1a ee aa 35 MO.lf>a Ayra JlBaoja, aa ROjoj je Cp6BMa aa PYROII OomJJO /1.8 npeaynpeae Yll88aK llaJ;tapCKe BojcRe. Ha TOj JlBBOjB neaa je KpajHBa 0,1( H. MOJJltaBe K Ilepaesy, oOCJIe OA CeRTOMama ltO I'oCOO~BB8Q8, B 0,1( Kap.llOBaqa npeso BYKOBQa ",0 Raile-

79

HRKO Y KapJl08~8I1a o8je 01l6E1IB&O, ~a he TaRO BaDpaCBO 6oro Ball~a. rJlac Aa co 80jcKe cDpelUjy opojypiJ spoa CBe pe~OBe II 68 BeJl8Ka aa6yoa. Moor8 0~60pCK8 lIJIaOOB8 oaome 8S aapoma , a sa ILalla Behaoa YDpenamreBox craBOBOBKa. IIpeAceABBKY B aeKOMa aSApZJLOBBM uaOOBOMa OA60pa OCT&, Aa 6paBe J1r18CTO sa BeRO speae BJIR ~ ra oAlIIa oaDycTe. R call CTpaTBJIrIRpOBOh CyMJLliO je Aa he ce ee KapJIOB~B OAPZ&rB, na 6B IIpBoy~eB Aa ee 6pa8e 0 oA6paBB, UII ReMorame ee OCJIOORTB Mooro oa Mue lIeTe 6ea AOO-

OB~e orsopeaa, easro ee Me~y CeoToMamoM 0 I'oenoIjBB~O IIpyza 6naToa aaaa , Koja npesa npo6nBzaj. OA Torena AO «I>eYABapqa mTOTB Toea, OllaT]Je AO CeoTOMama «I>paoq-Raou, a OA KaMeooqe AO ,1(aJLa 1(yoaB.

nOCJIe aaxresa epnesax 0 oaoaAa Xpa6oBeRoBa DOltal'oy BelWJJaKO CTOTBoa rpaooqapa eraa KOA BeJIe ~pKBe t a jyzao y Tecoaqy oa ]lOlt8R cKyoe co 69. Cp6ujaoaqa nOA xpa6pBM CBOjOM '18T06amoM BacaJIBjeM Beaahea (aoja je 1849. ICOA H. Calla DorB010) a TY ce YTa6ope. KOA Ilepaeaa JIajToaBr .n:paKYJIBh ea- 6epe rpaaasape Y seha cTaB, a Maa.e sere paeOOJIOZB EOA Japeoana. Meljy Ilepaesoa a BeJJoM qpltBOII 00- erase CTaa ,1(ollBTpBje Craoll.apoBah rpalJaB. Daa1l8- PUB B Bap01l0B l1ajop KujBh EOA AJIB6yoapa. Y IIaBlIeB1 6eme lie no. A majKamo OOA CBojOM KOMeBAapoli 3apBjoM JOBaooBoheM ('10'lOM) aaYSMY Japas, TYPBOqB B CeBToMamaBB A06djy AooymTea.e Aa ee YTBp,!le. Ya 6J1arOCJIOB oarpojapxoB Doneey ceOTOMamaoo 0 oeODBcaBO II paAomhy 0 je,!l80 .YBT&IPKB TODBh 006011 Y CenTollam. Y KapJJOBqO 6eme DOllaK 6aT&JL0B& Bapaaosaqa s aemro oapolla TaRO B Y BYKoBapy, Kalleaana , a Mueoe '1eToqe y qepeBBhy, B.lJOKY 0 ,1(aJLY. YBYTPam. DOCJIOBBlla rpaOO'l8pCKBX OOllKOBa yopaB.lEoame To~op PaiJoO(UA>BBflA, K8oeTao-aYABTOp y MaTpOBO~O, y TBTeJlY saner. CypiJY'lHfI, y IIanesy neaa,

&aD. 'faBoWKfI. (CTe e, JOB.) Opu.

80

QBUJlBBe. C Apyre CTp8Be oaK 6eme BeOBryp80 OOBepe80e aapOAa oaMO. O86B. 1);a 08 aapom upella. 6ea aaKae 01l6pa8e '1'0 6eme BI u06y8oeBBKe rpABB Ylllp. Ha ry6B1'aK KaplloBaqa B OOpiB MOfllO ee upella M&lIOj OBaBB "eJlBTB, B .0pallO eo jaKo BaUpeBaTB. Bop6e je 1I0pUO 6BTB.

Ha BBCOBBD OKO KapJloBaqa OToo.e 08 '1'OUOBea Bupa. llexoTa oobe aaupe,lt, a AparoaB yaeme oyr oopell llyaaBcKe 06ue, ,Ita opoAP1 y lapopIKe yJlllqe e llPyre erpaae, Call oOXBTajy 30-40 Cp6Bjaaaqa ca Mr.1I IpBaYTK&IIa aa KalleBa lIoeT Ba jeAaolle noTOs)' KOjB. ey jellBBo MOrJle Xpa6oBoBe .eTe lla 0POllPY )' .. pom. Ta aeyeTpamRB epnesa eTpeJlqa 6exy aauo- 80eBB llPBBMa B syhaMa B DOK1mame lla 6paBe .. OCT llorlle, AOR CTpaTBMBpoBBhy Be6B BO~gO sa PYEOM, lla opyzaae .ere Koje 6exy aa OpOTBBaoj eTpaB. BIpom£Oj £OA BaaeTolla B Koje 00 JJazBOj SaOOBeC'lll %TellOme Aa O,lteTyoe, caSYOB B y 60j OOBeAe. Cp6ajaBqB 6pa8oaxy eBoje MeeTO oABazao B BSllpElLBBO, B oero DO Oil mue, I TO je TUO callO KOA 8oBX, jep 01 y Olla8oBII paToBB.a OApaOJlB B Bsa eTeaa a npeBIlIBja OBaKa AaB rJleAUB o"pr. OC06B'1'O SBaTaB 6eme BeKa Byn opBoropaq. Oa ee npBsy.e AO MOcra B BIBamaBB apaaYTKo. aeopajaTu,I. TaBe oorollB &JIB MY oe oAassa Aa~ecer 0 UpoTBBBe. B,l1e oaAe aa ae.u.)' B upesBjame 08 DO Aa yMBpe. Ha Tlj BaUB aaoyu gym£)' lla ra BeopajaTU" Be op.MeTB, oa 08 ycoy .. al jellBO llPSO a ollorpBsIDB OPOTBsBBKa y6Bje ra. Iler OYTa je raKO lIyK&BO P&1(BO B ner ~eHepUOBRX BOjaBKa BsrB68. Y ro. erBze a CrpaTBIIBposah ea jeA- 80M .erOM OA 6aaeT0ll8 aa Boer, a llByre ee f1oBYEome y DJlaaBay Aa MUO oOll&ll»e Oil sapomB aasue Epoa ~Aype a Aa cupe.e uOBpaTaK aeopBjaTe3Y.

81

Mqy.rBIJ ey TOBOR rpysamr. 1) Ty ee BeIIOSe yl_ AfS8'f11 je..... ro .. ua eB~O.1U~. 1'e jypama o.10.B~ aa saj6uae TODo.e OTlle. AJJs ooy DPTe'l aa .. BX R ORB ce BUOY y OBOjoj EpBR, S8TB 811 OOMOze JYBa. IDTBO. Je,qaa oaE xpa6pa 'Ie1'8 BapaaBaaqa aaop,....

1) •.•. JCpa60.CKS, oOTonahea oa )[a~apa y~apBoje C A" c1'p8Re lIa Cp6e, II TO KpaAolI. JeARo· o~.Ie .. e :IIa~apCKe BojcEe oAe norajao npeso 6pAa spoa BBBO' rp~e, DOA aaaolieAsoWTBoM 'Beaepaza JOBOha (ZaJIO· CDor oaor Cp6usa.., EOju ua secpehy 6u CTaBJLeS 8 y B&BABA&~Bjy BojBoAe), • jYTpoC Doone 7 '1aCOBa Ao~e D8SeU8A& DOA Kapn08~e a YAapa Ba Cp6e 08 TOIIOBa D KOB1'peBCEUM paseraaa ••. BUTEa je Tpajana OA jyrpa 1'0 uoaae, OA epnese erpaae 6ano je 11 MpT88X B 14 pas.eaax 8aMeljy EojOX 0 A8e AeBoj&e opoooAeoe 6aj08e:r0Illj ooopujaTeJL je 831'y680 15 JLYA8 B 30 ax je pas.eBo. UeEOnBKe Kyhe sa Epajy KapnoBa~a ena.JLeBe cy. - JJ;pyro 0AUeu.e 001' op6ABoljeu.elll ljeRe· pana II;aBa OAe y :ra60p waj&aWKR aOA Japsosr, Aa ra paa6aje ••• BasaTcKo Ta60p oOA Ilepaeaoa Baja jom B808AsYT. Y Ta60pSMa cy Bo~e: y cpeMCKOll CTpaTS' II8p4MIlh, y 6a'l£0. 3axapuja JOB.aOBBh, y 6aBaI'CKOM ]1paKynBh • • • Iloeae 6uTKe cTarao je TaMO B8 3.rpe6a rpM Hyzaa B pa8BBO OAMaJ: 6e.1lY 8aMaBY, na o.e Y Bap&A8a A8 OBTa Xpa60BOKor: DO ujoj je aaaOB8Ma sa Cp6e YAapBO? - Xpa60BCKO BeXTe OAYCTaTB B pese ~ Aa je BaB080 aaaOBeABO Aa ce Eybe aane, aaXTe_jyIlB: A8 ee KapnOBa'lKB OA6op pacoyMH, Aa ee 'Ina_SD AaAY DOlt CYA 0 Aa BaonaTe IIcncaBY mTMy y rpaDB~B. 80 DB jeAaa oa OBBX yenoBa Baje opHII.1LeB. - Ca06pahaj je ca Bap8ABBoM 6110 caOBRM apeKBSYT.

- Y TO apeae CTpaTSMBpoBBhje OTfimao Y TRTM oa

j.AuulI OAeJle'B8M uapOAse BojcEe Aa aayaMe TOOOBe 0 qe6a8y oa Ty yCTpOjO jomjeAas TaCSop. Ha .eCTO s.e· roIIO 6eme aOeTaaJLes aa ROMaHAasTa RapnOBalJ80r Ta· 60pa MBJlojeBlb, soja OAMax oumaasa eay .apom."-

{Cpo .. HOB. 1848.) Op.

Cpu ... DOOp07.

6

82

.YCEeTalla yooTpe6a Ty UpBJlBEy B oojypa DpeKO aemeBa eaoje 6palle oa 6aTepaje ca 6ajoaeTolI, B Cya.6B TODJ,lBje, jep aeaorome BBme Aa aaoyBe TOOOBe.

Y BCTO Bpelle DojaBB ee B 000 o~eJle&.e B3 DJlaBBBe B BeopBjaTC"CEa EOJlORa OOBpaTB ee E BapAABBY, ~a Be6B aaoaJla lIe~y ABe aarpe,

IIpBe Eyhe y sapoma 6YKayme.y OJlaMeB. OEO De,1eCeT IIpT8BX OOTa Ba 60jBmTY 1). A ByJla DOBe,10me

1) KapJlOBa'lRa noaanaja oupasaaa je M8~BCTpaTY y TO Ao6a OBaBB aasemraj 0 RaDSAY MaJ,lapCEe aojeae Ba aapomr n~ 155. OJlaBBB Ma~BcTpaTe! IIpa BaQa~ 12. Jyaa n, p, uerpoeapeaaacee rapaaaoae BojeKe B. aapomse ZBTeJLe B cRyomTBOY OIPOABY OCTIJlO je 14 JLYAB MpTBDX B 26 paeseaax. - Bojeea je Ta aanaaaaa 13 Eylla B Aeqy B zeoe y6BjaJJa, Da y Rarpy 6aq8J1a, TaKO, ,1a ee same aemaaa 00,1 pa3RUBR. lIa aamso. Illrera B300eR 8.227 eop. ep, - KapJlOBIlB

14. p. JYBa 1848." Op.

11) EBo EaEO DpB'Ia BBTe3 BOJl08CKB J. OTe8.R08Bh, ayCT. lIajop: Ull caM ee BpaTBo y Bes, noeze MajcEe OKYDmraae BBABO caM upae 6apBEa~e, OO'leTaE zaJlOCBBX Aora~aja. T~~a 6aa JeJla'IBh ea OPIIOEBM lIaTpajapxolII Paja'llllleM nonaeee zeJLe oap'lAa epueeors qapy ~epABBaBAY y l1ac6pYKY. Me~YTBM Xpa6oBOKB, 110 R8Jlory M8J,lapoKor MBOBCT8pcT8a ~o~e 83 Bapa,100a 0 BOjO£OIl Ba KapJloBqe. lDerOBB BojBBqa YDue 7 - 8 Eylla B 1I0TYEY TY BeEOJlBEO oeopyzaaBx .lLYAB. Au 8a 'lac npaayna OrpaTBMBpoBBIl Op6e y rOMBJlY B RanaABe rorOBO rOJlBM pYEaMa Ball~,1a'le B orepa BX aaTpar •.• TOM OPBJlBEOM lIJ1aTBme rJlaBOM A8a BBTewu 6paT. IIBBD,wa_, Koja oy oa TOil BellpojaTeJLCJlB jypBm8JIB 6aTBBaMa, mTO jom BBKO B aRrAa. Ilpaoropan ByJl8 60PBO ee jYBIl'lEB B aeyerpamaao B noz&.eo cJlaRY Da

.er~aBy • • • • Up •.

8elfJJ,81lR spoa Bapom Y BajBehelf TPBjYIIf.Y, jep 011 ~eme jyaaK Tor ~8Ba. J a~sBK npaoropan O~ pa~OCTR 6eme CKOPO BaBas ce6e, jt'p M8m38me ~a je oa SOBR jYB8K Muom 06R1JBh B Mop~e ee ~(lllBBje YKJlOBBTB B8 zoropa.

TaKo BeaBaTBa B BeCp81'Ra 6eme eKCDe~B~Rja, a O~ 'l'aKO BeJlBKOJ;' YOJlBBa 6eme aa 6y.I{yIle, aKO Be DO '1eMY JlPyrOM. a 0.,0 00 TOMe mTO je paT 01-100'181'.

Heje ee MOrJIO SB DOMSCJlBTR I-Ia he ~eRepaJl 88nycTBTB esoje naaaoae OpOTBB KapJlOBa~8. mTa BBme Tpe68J10 ee copeMaTB aa OS6B3sBjB saoa~. 0,!.\60p je BBl\HO Aa ee RapJlOB~B ae Mory oAYDpeTB TaKOMe sa- 1181-1Y, 1.I0K ee se6B 603e yTBp~BJla, na ee pema ,t(a ca cBojBM MaJlBM '1eTaMa B1.Ie y CpeMCKa 6p1.la B 1.18 ee 'l'aMO 1.Ipze ~OTJle ~OK ee ae CTBopa Bella BojrKa R Be CTBOpa npaso 6ojRmTe.

Race a apxase 6exy upeaeeeae BCTor ~a&a y Beorp8~, aa CBrypBO meCTO, a KapJlosqe je Tpe68J10 eyTpa ~as S80YCTBTR. AJJa ee BCTe sesepa nojaBB ee sa ).{rsasy majamKa .JlOTRJlS R 88xopBme ee p8,t(OCBII YCK.1IBqB ya 0Ylla.aBY Tonoss. Ra~ ee '1y.1lo ~8 cy asoaAByTR KapJlOB~R osa oAB8aa DOKOpRocT8eMYBcKoMe £OMaB1.IaBTY a DOXIITS y DOMOIl. lis TaTen 1) jom ~Be

1) Mallo BRze 01.1 za6a3cKe OKeJIe oOS.1laBB ee 6JIa'1'8Ba BRsa, 800 KOpaKa mBpon, ss jyry, oa oQs ee caBoja aa 7.000 Kopan jyro aC10'laO, Te BAe oa same KpaKosa y ,l(yBaB BJIB y pUT KojB je aenpea ;z(YBaBa. UO'lua.ylla (1~ 'I'aee 1,\0 callajyrn a.eBa, noaaara je Ta 6apa OOA 'aMeUOM .. ;z(pBapuIla." OSAe je BaCRO Koja BOAR y iKa683 a 'Byp~eBO. JYZBO 01.laTJle BMa same p8BBUX oerpaa ROjR ee 30BY "CBreT." Ott BBJJOBa SOA8 BaCRO 0YT KOBB3a R KapJIOBa~a • •. Y oosecTRuQR BCTO'IBOra pRMCItOr llapCTBa 0038aT je yr80 R3Me~y 'I'aee

6*

83



",8 .DqeJlle ~bON ~ .'o.-6op eo peBi. ",a oeTall8. o 'l9llle~e 0AiRJ; -oy.-~ 1I8I1eCT& Ba~ DpeUaataQlijo. .. ~ "lINN" •• ee CM ~8l'11e '88 opy.j&.

'De ep,~p08. Jl8jua YUH Ie ee 6p8Q almpeAO same. Ilomro KOlllaap,aaT majKamKOI' oKpyra t .. pzehtl ee B8JJOI'8 i)eaepaolloea, 1M 6eaIe jom .ope¥lO .p\JeaaJJ, ooiJe Cl'PMtu,,,pouh 3. (1o.) Jyaa aa·uapo6po.v ,,]Ursa" Koja Me~y ~tIII JJeAe Y P,KO Op6Mut, ea 600 1lJlp,. Ba TOTM, a6aqa EOliaBAaB:ra a say80 CBl oopem:~ 140 TODOBCKD' .qeBB, 2.009 DymaKa 0 MB-lrO Qe6aae p,Qlje y PYKO D06yo.eaB.qBMa. Jom je aa.uoje 6UJJO TO, mro je noeae aayaeJ1a TBTeJlCKOr apceaaae aeo majKamKa 6aTa.lr>OH 0 csa BapBAaOCK8 perOlieRTa DpaOTaJJa ya oo6yu.eBBKe, a .p,OTJle ee 6eme KOJle6ana. llpOKJJalla.qaja ljeMep8J1OBa (4. 16. JYBa), KOjOM 06ehaBame CBHMa onpomraj aKo. ee op,Max spere B 6y llY DOKopaB, I{Bje IIBoro Y'laaBJla. He caMO XB,JJ,ap,e BemTRX BoAoBKa aO B MBoro o.u.qupB crasume ee ua paenoaoaceae

a ,llyuaBa noit liftleaOM ,,06Tp80." 'Ollaj DJJaTO cauo.aSBO ~B ea UepJleaOM p,Bory6i1 'ltIO~TofJpao DpR B8jbehllM ooep~jaMa.

r.CSOB .y .~OP&jB BUB: "Tpajaa D06e. r. 100.

D. xp. )J;ase, Ko.fB·OY , Aloamo.ell BaaaTY 06l1TauJla. Ha aaoallY 6BJla je Taea O,ll CTpaue rOTa. Moze 6UTH ,llaje TpajaB npoToB paT060pBBX cycep,a yTBp~OO oBaj yttao mTO je .eljy Taco. a )J;YBaBoM. jep liB 'IIIT.MO • je ro,ll. 297. qap )J;oOB.JMToja8 ORa YTBpt,ea.a nOBQBbO • •. Hajparo60paaje DJleMe "JIaliurasTB," Koja oy p,06uJJU TO Bile 8601' 006yaa OpO'l'aB CaplllaTa, mTO 0Y BIIJp,anU Ba,ll o..lfa, aayg08 cy 68JJO... OCTPBO aa yTORy 'I'aee y ,lJ,Y08B," • TO je p,a8ama.R TRTeJlCRB DOJlozaj, a O,llaTJle opeljy OPeKO ~yHaBa p,a y~ape aa r.IIaBHY Bspom y CpeMY (MOTPOBRI\Y). KOBCTaup,RRoBB 1W'lLaHIIQII DCCK.)me BX 6am Ra 0001118 MeCTY oa KOII je JIyp,BDR B3p,eocRB 1691. CJJaBIro o06eABo TYPRe." Up.

o .. ~. B'aIMBII ... ·JlONp ya."'_"ee""aa ... ltD. V Ba'IBoj' et.CftBB C.1P~.'lKB· Qpy ...... 'leT.., tla <t,_. qOBOM Eaauy DO".l'OJIIII 0& ~ yaplBoII Boca .. cenOlWImEB' IDUl'lfta a y IIJJBPOtDO-6aHTmcOj pera.. aTB Dp&~ ... e D1BOBaBR ]1;pajxaa 0,.60PO.BII KOIIIt_paMa, R&ja Ao_ome oa 700· "'YA.. eae '1000Be, 6apY" B nymRe. 3a Maa.. 0", AM .~e .. e paeDuarame o~'op oa 15.000 1b1~" a 40 ~oDoBa, Boja 6e][y pacDo~~aB y KaMeau~B, Ceorollamy, IIepJle8Y, AJlBlSy.aapy a OB~e OHAe DO Basso] B BaRal'Y. rJJ8BBB 880ftOABBK neae CBJJe 6eme OrpaTBllHlpoBulL. -

y cpe~ Te npanpeae ,!torO~B ce aemro nrro jo Baaeaa~BJJO 0~60p, jep TO 6eme y OBellB ca cpDc£aM TeZlI>aM8. To 6eme rnc ~a je Bas 1) Maos~ecrOM OA 29. Maja (10. Jyoa) a6a'lea, a TBM cy rpaH~1JapB DOA MaJ,tapc£y BJJIAY ~OmJlB, B 1C8TaCl'pO~a CJl8Beal)EOra ROarpeca y IIpary aa ]1;YXOB .. g). CaA ee 6pBaYllo 0 ol~6oaD ~eDyra~aje £oJa 6eme aOCJlTa EpaJfJY, a Ta 6pHra 6eme e Tora mTO jom HomTa aanaCMeso aeAo~o o~ lI>e. Ilose ee cMOTpeoo pa,!taTo 0 O'leEBBaTB DpaBlq. OceM Tora I'Jle,!taJlo ee , Aa ee pacTypeoo ~y~C~BO oq

1) "Y Taj IIC1'O ~ oramao C8M y C.uaB-£aMeB, r",e caM DpBD 0YT BDADO Baaa, qacTo oeCMeM Aa rOBopDlI o OBOMe C.7IaB3eBOM JYD.ky. D;apca:a DpeCTO 0 OTa,- 6BBa 6B.7Ie cy My oajcBeToje ersapa. 06e OBe CBeTB."" BHAe OR y ODacaOCTD, aaTO D XTe,!te BJIB AI ~~·coac .. OJlD C.7.IaBRO noraae •••• Rao qap <I>PDApox II (y a:peramso] sojaa) HIUaO je OB xpa6po caojoj eaepao] MOTB aenaameha ee BD OD.coocr" OB aoaTeMe. Y oocyje JJ,B CO Beha 6.7.1aro,ltapSOCT y aaC.7Iyry, E~BE8 Je OBA~ 6a~ BOBa aaeayra y .7.IeTO 1848. rOABlJe6ua? Illrc ee 6JV BOBe JliI1JBOCTB Tne 0" je cB&N!or onup-.o Eoja My J. 6JJB8Y Aomao. (88 SHBOTa jeABor O~Bq8",) Up •

• ) J~Bor HM01' Aua..,. B 6oM6ap .... e IC.PJJOBa~a.

86

Jlorop... opraa •• yje a DOANa THO,'" BAe CBe DO D.la8Y , jep BUSsa 60p6& 68 ee .orJ18 OOOJle JlaKille

. e.t.BaTaTB saA ce C OOlJeTEa Aa opaB.~.

-\~~ Do a BO.8capB.a yrapoBe B.lJBAe, OP8A IJ8jall ee

oUlla OOBpeT mapae DpS CBe.y npesoae 0YAY a Tall.aelbY, 6eme A06po AODlJJO opsllapje, lIa Aa je TO o Tora, A. AOlJeajy a8 nemre BOB.yoYTeTB& B Aa eo B08~erpBme IbBBa BOjCKa BOA (JereABB&, oa Aa eo oopellB 8a ypeAaB BaOBA.

no Ze.l&B 060jax B 6a 88K.l1>,YlJeBO opBMBpje B OOTOBC8BO 12, (24.) JYBa a 24. Jyo (4. Jy.IJa) cspma ee. 1)

I) •• IJpfl.l,uPHU a",.." Ha OpeACT&B.lJeBRje OT upJlOBalJBOl' epncsor oA60pa BojB je Da OOSBB peWBO ee npaerynara B yroaopy CnaCBre.IJUOra npaaapeaaja paAa DpeAYnpe~eBoja rpll~aBCRor para ••.•• , OBO'I ce CJJeAyjyhe oCBrypaaajyhe aajaeaeaaje Aaje: 1. JJ.a KapacBaUB epncsa OA60p oA D.POA. esynmraae 1. Maja o. 1". O. CT. B86paBB, paaao B CBB nOAoA60pa .0CTaTR Mory B eBoja ospa~BBau.a AOBAe BaCTaBBTB AOB ·ce AenYTal\Bja lb. aeaaseersy Hamemy napy B Kpa.l&y <PepABBaBAY bOMaTa Be6B aarpar' noapaeaza, BJlD AOB ce Be6B BBBecTBje OA acre OOJJYIJOJlo. Ho .KO BCTa AenYT&~Bja AO 10 AaBa OA AaBam. AaBa Be68 AOmJJa, Tl:I.j AaB 1J.YAeTBO eaByn.l&eBO Aa ee ByhaMa plcnyeTOro BMa. - 2. )(a AO nOBp.TBa AenyTa~BJe epnese OA Ib B. UJlB AO 10 Aaaa rapaarapa ee eaapmeaa 6ea6eABocT BaRO OT- 60pa pelJeBora: TaBO B DapoABma yKapJlOB~B, Da BeJlBROIl JapKY, DJlB rAa my Aparo cRyn.lLeBOr, ROjU moze ocrara, a Moze ee B Rynama cBojom noaparera MBpHO a 6e86pB2&BO, Roje a c06CTBeBa ROPBCT IbBxosa BUcKyje B OBBm ee cOBjeryje. - 3. KaA oso YC.lIoBBje DOBpaTEa AeDYTa~Bje BaeTYDs, aJla 10 AaBA upo~e, a BapoA ee paaamao Ryhama Be6B B Me~yTBM aeupujaTe..l&CKH YCJJOBBja aapymao , OBAa eaasa rllpaB~Bja 8a IbBXOBY 6ea6eABOOT npeereje. - 4. Osrypaoer JJ8'lOOeTa B BllalL. eBHora ZBTe..l&a Aa je caeTa B aeBpCABlla,

87

Sa TO Bpelle lIorJl. je aojcD DOA opyzjell 6aT. CJl060ABa aJIB ce paaalia, jep 6eme oCBrypaB OA60p B yr.1lawr.eBo, AI aelie aa TO speae 6UTB BaKaKBBX

Kao B KOMYBBKaq~ja DomTaBCKa, TprOBa'lll:a, B np. B CBaKO DYTOBa~e OTBopeBO, 8BTB Aa ce B KO Y .1IB~BOera BJiB y crBapulla CBOjBII saDaCTBOBarB CMe. 5. - illajamB B ~BXOBB rpasnapB B O~BqBpB B crapemaae , Aa ee sa cBoje AYZBOCTB 6ea CBaKOr apeaa a yaoellBpBBa~a AO peseaor TepMBBa DOBpaTe, RaKO 6B CBe y spe~am~B MOp B DopeAaK noaparara ce 1I0r.1l0, a Y TOile OA60p aaMBsBcrpaT. BJIaCr8Ma SBKaKBe npeuoae Aa ae ~oaB, SO mTO aame CBaKBM ua~BUOM nOAD0II8ze. - 6. Ilfro ee TB~e Bojcae Y Baaso], BaoaTY BOp. CKYOJLeae OUBM ee B3jaca.aBa, aa je OBa caMO aa o6apzaa.e aasoaor IIBpa B nopeaea B carypaoera J1B~BOCTB B allaa.a eaasor ZDTeJba, 6uo ou soje My Aparo sepe B aapoAsoCTB samera oreseersa , onpeae... eaa TaKo, A. ee oaa ae CUIO YA8JbBTB aehe B seMoze, 80 A. ee caMO ~OM 1I0ze a aa OA60p B peseaera B aapOAa cKYUJLeUOra carypaoer rapaarapera, aRO aaposao OA60p Y c.1Iyqajy uyzAe B oorpe6e aaxresao 6YAe. - 7. OA60p peseaa Aa oAlla opoK.1IaMaqajy ua aapoA B3Aa, ROjOIl 6B CBaKOlle aa AYZBOCT S8.1l0ZBO, YC.1IoBBja D})f'ABaBeAeBa TO~HO ApzaTB ee, y MBpy B JLy6aBB ca CBDlla ZBTeJLBMa Roje lIy Aparo sepe B aapoaaoeta ZBBBTB, AYxoBe ae pasApazaBaTB B 6es6jeAHo OOC.1l0Be esoje OAOpaBJLaTO; Roje lie ee BCTO II OA erpaae KP&JL. ROIIBcapa y~BBBTU. - ABBO Y H. OaAY 12. (24.) Jyaa 1848. Xpa60BoKB e. p, Ilerap qapBojeBBIi c. p, opeAeeABBK rDB. OA6. '.1). OTpaullupoBBIi, 'IJ.laaOBB: neTap JOBaBoBBIi, Baeaaaje BacB.1IBjeBBIi, A. CTojauoBBIi, Ilerap HBKOJIBIi, A. r. KapaMaTa, A. KOCTUIi, O. A.1IeKC8aAPOBBIi, TaB. 1l0DOBIlIi, Ell. KO.1lapoBuli, CTe~. PaeTuli, Ju. I'epmah, Joo. JOB.BOBBIi, JaK. )RBBaBoBBIi, neTSp OTOjmali, A.II. KaTali, BJJ. 3axapajeBBIi, aapoA. ceKpeT8p JOB. OTOKOBBIi.· (BjecBIK 1848.)

Op.

88

~.. no.TO eo AeoY~B';' BpaTli B DpoTe" mp. •• pllB POB opy ... e.8'18 Aa eo 0,11;1118:1: Ott_10ft .... lie ee 0POAYSIITB BaDaAR. A o,ll60p he aa TO Bpelle •• pae paABTB CBOj oocao.

'f-- X

PeAoBue BojcKe Mory aaKJLy'lBTB opBopje, jep ra Mory B 0ApsaTB. Ann Y DO'leTKY peBoJIyqBje, U,1I; oeMa jom ueaaae B jeABocTBa, Beptose ,1I;a 6YAe , jep Diose 88,,80Y pe'l lIa EO eIIaBor TpeB1TBa ooraaa., ••

TaRaje cyn6a y DpHMBpjy on 12. Jyoa 6BJla aaDlBm.l>eBa. ,1(on cy ra raasapa y H. CaAY B KaPJ10BqSMa OOToBcRBanB, AOR je ua jeABolle Rpajy 06j ..... eao, Beh I'a Ba apyroj CTpaBB aapymRme B]JB :Ha,.pB .... Cp6D, a o,a;60p B]JB BojBo,a;a BeMorame 68TB 0nroBOpaB.

Y BOBOM Cany o.!tMa:s: DOMe ,a;Ba ,a;aaa cYR06Bme ee Cp6B B Ma,apB. qapBojeBRh ][Tene Tor .!taol na 8a6epe BapOID&Or DOMaBBBa aa yrapeu qapeBBBO&II ca60p, ROjB je 6BO aaBaaaB 2. JY]Ja y IIemTB. Ma,apeRB opnjaTeJLB oaByosme ce y C8BeTcBoj EYhs Aa 00'1- By Ba60p j epnesa oaR peaome aa BeCMe 6BTU TaRaB Ba6op, .. olt]Je BeAo!)e RpaJLeBCRO OA06pea.e. HapO,llB ee caa!)a a aa cBa!)e OTBOpB ee 6op6a. KpBaBe oap~ .pTBe Jleza.?le oy DO y]Juqalla R t,eBCpaJi npehame Aa he oyqaTB aa "pom, mTO cy OOI'8aB.?Ia yroBOP, aBO TalW B ayze yCTpaje. Ha60p ee opeRB,Il8, a Cp6a y 8. CaA)' 6e:s:y Beh paaopysasB B orJ1amea 6B 8TporB 80jeBB eya, oa ura co Bapom Baje 1101'.1. .emaa oa 006YIbeBBqBMa, m:ro je l'pajuo 8a eBO ape.e .a,.pesora roouop;apeHta.

89

Ua pBIIenM 1U8UB ... dexy CBa8D ~alr MaJl8 60- jes8. lla'lpoJle-'1apIW1lBe B& lIIaqapeROr }loropa y Or. Rep)' 8 Bp6aey, a Cp!left B8 CptJo~palla aKau.JtZe aacy oe MOrJle ya~p"'l'B, aero ee TYKOllle ••• 6ft ee oyopeJle. I)

Jom cy ee .au.e OOBpTaJJe aa DpRMBpje MaJ;lapCKe rap~e a Cp6a KOjB Aot,ome Ra KlleZ8BBlle. JeAaB aaDQome aa epnesa ltIeOTa B ae eaMO ~a oy paaopyzaBua, aero cy jom B aaCB.lLa '1BaBJlB aaMeliyliB paTae nopeae j APyrB Tpazaxy aaKBa~e BAylia o~ ltIeCTa ~O lIIeCTa ~a DoaBBajy CTaaOBB8Ke aa MOOP OpOTBB 1118- qapcKe BJla~e a 8a CTaap OpOCKy. Y C. Mu8.lLY MaJ;lap. YXBaTOme epnesore OOOa, Roja 6eme OOCJla8 ~a 8X 8a Cp6e DpB,!l;06B.1e, B opeAaAome ra Te.BmBapceo. ope£011 cy~y. 3aTo Cp6a aaoaJJome TO MeCTO. Y YaAa81 y6Bme ABa epaesa OapJJaMeBTapa. lIa Aot,ome B AO 60ja y KOMe y.eCTBoBaxy 8 YJlaaa mro 6exy Ty, a OA epnese pYKe 00r86e paTMajCTop /1,. Opcaj.

') 2. JyJJa YAspome MaJ;lapB aa Typojy, rAe cy ax Cp6B zeCTOeOItl BaTPOM AO'leRaJJB, B pa868J1B. lip. 080llle Bao&AY 6exy KOA MaJ;lapa ABa BapoAa "pOCKa, Eoja XTeAOme A8 ax 1BaTe 1 sallKe, TO Aa Dol" a oar .a aa CBOjy 6paliy KOA CeRTOMama. KaA cy Cp6.,:

J,loqaBje OCBOjllJlB <l>eJll,lBapaq Ba~eaB cy Me~y IIIIpTBB •• B Ta ~Ba aapoaa, 3. JyJJa aaaaa maaqa aa s:pajy aTapa 'lYPymRora 6eme ODeT 60ja y KOMe Doru6e BeKB J1aao jypBmali, Roja je sojesao y ~paaqycKollle pa1'y:

Taj CTapa 70. roAalJl.&.R paTBBK oa~e a B8YCT. 6paT lIe7py Epae8BKY: "ABaj 6paTe ja paBO OOfB60." - o. JYJJa paao e jpTpa jeAaa 1I0,,8R, Ba .. aa '10BeK, 8AP1za ee ea majKamBlla a pema ee Aa yaape aa MaIP'PCKB JJOl'Op. Ty 60me secron 60ja. Bocaali ee xpa6p0 . POR88ao, • opBROBaIDe .e a aeKa TOOJ;laja' TuacBje KOpKO. ail a lIerap IlpOTak (B8 Cp68;1). (JOB.

CTe~aaOBBh. D8 zaBOTa R. K. O.BqBpa.) Dp.

90

Haje ee AUUe 1101'.10 BB BOA CBe A06pe BOJI.8- yroBOpa'l& OpallBpBjo 0Apz&TB. Byuy paT Beh OOMe AOceT ABB., a 0 AeoyTaqllja leoj. 6eme 000 ... '. lep .... y ope 081 BeJ{OJI.a Be6eme BBBaEBa r.ll.oa. CTpaBO ee Aaue BBCY jom Ao6po BB oopella.lle. llapBojeuBh Ba- 0YCTa CBe B OA6op IIOp8Ae oner Aa ee 06paTB . ljeBep8.lIY. CBe ee capeaUUJO BSBODa, KapJJOBqll 6exy YTBpl)esB, BajBaacsDja lIecra Y CptllY H Ba1ucoj 6exy aayaeTa B OOeraBJI.eBB BOBB .lI0rOpB llYZ }.J;ysaBa: BOA Hnout KaMeSBl\e B Henrraaa, llapKaa.e, aohaa saoaAB 0 MUB 60jeBB oaoalJ8Baxy OOlJeTaB para, an Cp68 ue 6exy BBUBO A06po copeMBD.· Ho uoaK ee TyOO e orop ... e!LeM B jOASD Apyre OKpOB.II>BBaxy, Aa cy OOl'a8B.lIH 88- Aauy PO'l. Y rOil erarome y KapJloBqe BeeTO: Roje B8- lIeBBme caCBBM oonoacaj OA60pOB: Beer mra je capmaae. AeoYTaqoJa B aaKJI.YlJqo oemTaSCKOI' OapJJIlMeSra OA 17. JYJJa. AnB 06e BeCTB socy M01'JIe Cp6e Aa ospene,

}.J;eoYTaquja, EOjOj naTpojapx 6eme Ba lJe})y, Ba.

CEOPO CBe'laBO CToze y 3arpe6 B 0AMax co caCTaAO ca rUBapuMa xpSaTCKOJ' OOKpeTa, a 24. Maja 6eme OpB oTBapaa.y :xpBaTcEo - C})OBOSCKO sapoABo cKynwTBBO. BapoA jo xpBaTeKB CBOUBO AOlJeEaO TY AeoYT8l\Bjy,.

Y aBaK yjeAoa.eu.a aeaasor epnesor naeaeaa , KOjO' a60r peaaraoaae mBaMe noaezseao 6eme 1), 6:aarOC.ll6BO • oarpBjapx BOBO B8TOJIB'lBO rJJaBapCTBO opBcajeABa.OBO

J) HCTOIJUB Cp6B cy UpB OOAe.ll>BBaa.y xpBmhaBCR& npese Ba BCTO'lUY B aaoaAsy, ca CTapOM BepOM 8aApZ8.!JU B erapo BMe "Cp6&." A aaoaARB, KOjB npehome KaTOJJUIJKoj qpKBB oA6aqamo TO BMe B aasaame ee }.J;aJJMaTaBqu, XpBaTB, Bowa.aqB, BTA. y sajBoBDje speae , B aBO 60a AOBOJI.BOr OCHOaa,. B.lIBpB. - OBB 88Apzame qpaoBB jeeBB, a OBa npasrame JlaTBSOKO.

91

jYZBO-CJI&BeBCKe 8eM.l&e y KarO.1lB.Koj I(PKBB, a BaTO.1lB'IKB· BJ18AUKa OzeroBuh OTDeBa cmpo O.1laBeBOKB. "re6e Bora XBUBM. " IIpoTOKOJJ OA 1. B 3. Maja 6B npO'lBraB Y CKYOWTHBU :xpBarCKO-CJIIaBeBcKoj, BOKasaua 6ewe BarpeBuM YOUBl(aMa ze.l&a, Aa ee yjeAuBB BOjBOABua oa rpojcAsoM Kp .... euBBoM XpBarcKoM, CJJaBo. aujoM B ,lJ,aJJMaqujoM B eraopa jeAuo BapoABo OOJ1HTHIJBC neao. A Aa 6u ee ro OCTOapU.1l0, CltyowTBBa uaa6pa 88 CpeABBe esoje jeAUY Aeoyraqujy, Koja he Aa oo~e Kpa.lby aajeABo ca CpDCKOM. OAsomaJ BojBoABBe n.K It TPojcAuoj Kpa.l&eBBBB, KaO H BojsoAe It BaBY, rpe6uo je uajnpe ypeABTB, oa Aa ee eaaauaoaame, 0 'leary Be

cyauLawe BUKO.

7. Jyua yjeABu.o8e Aeoyraquje, OOA opeABO~eu.e. narpajapxa B 6aBa, soja je Me~YTBM n088aB 6BO opeA ap • .l&. Aa oopaBAa ornop nporas yrapcKe BJ1aAe, crBace y lIuC6pYK, rAe ee 6aBBo qap B Kp .... 8601' 6elJEBX Aoraljaja 3. Maja.

KaA ce oojaBs Aeoyra1\Bja y napeaoa craBY, B8Jdje npaa oyr sa BUAeJJO aeeperaa pacopa B ro y J1Bqy 080ra MOBap:xa, KojB Kpa.lLeBCKY KpyBy yrapoKy U :qapCKy aYCTpBjCKY uocawe HajeABoj rJJaBB, oopeA Kora cy ABojaKB caBoToAaBqB CTOjUB, KojB CBOTBILY jeA8e oc060 yooTpe6.lLaBUY 1UL0 06pasy 8a ABojaKo aarepeee. CaBcTBBqs yrapcKo KpyHe A8Aome Kp .... y CBOAOJ;l.60 0 po6eJ1Bja KOA XpBaTa 1) B Cp6a; a C8BeTBsqu aycrpBjCKO Kpyoe yuuRmo qapa OaZ.l&UBBai Ba ooaCROCT, Koja

1) 06J1aCBa eaynmraaa XpBlArCKa B CJ1aBe8Crea MOr.1la co npeaa aaeoa, lJJ1aBY 08. O;t roa, 1791. caMO 00 Kpa.l&eBCKOM OAo6peu.y eaaaara. BaH co BBje oeaprao Ba Taj aaKOB B paenaea aa CKYOWTBBY DO CBujoj BJ1aCTH, oa 8&TO 6emo 008BaB y HBCOpyK Aa ee npaBAa.

., CID • Be ....... B q.p. ~Mla, 8801' crporor ...

• pme yrapecn "''''''' •• 1: '1'8Opaja, CD88e Y rapeD

ca Ayftp8jo.. Kp8.1& a qap 6eme ea~a up.BybeB A& 'P8AB B.m~o. Kp ...... eBCKa ~y3f10C' Buarame My ~a 6aqB .aB8Te.y Ba XpBal'CKy B e.llaBoaBj" A& .aIllt'llTR opeBO Yl18peKe B ~. cae y ... a Te ~ ee TO 06886e~R. :qapy, DO r.llaBB BJI8~ajyher AO", Mopame 'f6 JlezaTB sa ~PQY, AaBe e ... o O~PZB eBesy B811ehy Yrapcae B AyOTpIIje, aero ~a je jom Behlla YTBP~If, ~a yTBp~B Moli f)80ra AO.. B Aa YDOBB CBe .. Me 6a ee TO KBapaM, tlHpaTKO ~a ,.BBII CBe mTO 6B DOMOr.110 ~. ee yaBBCB • .,na ee cje~Bae BBTepeea Ep8.1r.eBCKB ea q.peKBlla '1'8 6eme Be MoryhBo y TOMe C'l'8l1ty, B ODeT TO 611, B 8a .,peB.J'1'8K ee , .. BB DO Aa ee TO xolle. 3alfJr.Y.B ee ~a ee DOKpeile y .0pMaMa opaB. B saKOBa 'l'OJlBKO KOJlIlEO je ByZBO B ~a ce .eEa ~OK ee ~orabajB Be 06- jaeBe, Eoja 6. ee B8 ~8.1r.el' pa8BHjaJl>a BeM'aJlBOra ~yuH8Ma DojaBBJlB. ~OpMaJiBO DpaBO 6eme Ba cTpan Y1'apClle, a yeDex '1UO rAe ee o~aBBo npaapeaa , y B.poABBM ~pBMa YrapoKe. ,1(a JIB 6B ee Yrape., ~a JIB JYZBD CJlOBeaa O~pZUB, BeMorame ee yBUPIA 88I1ep.'I'a. Hoje co AaDe DB ea je~BIIM CMeJlO EBAa'l'B B aaUYIlR ee , A8 co paAB y 06a np .. qa, y je~lIoM OTBOpeHO, a y ~pyroll DpBopeMajyha ee. JaBDO ce XT8JJO A& ee C81JYBa "PIIUBO 01JeJlo. Koje 6eme YEope .. eJIG y 1rapOKoj CTBapB, a BOTajaG ce la&1r.)"IB cacBB .. npo'lIDBo. JaB80 co 1I0pUO BerJle~&TB aa peBOJIy~.OBapBO Ba.eJlO, Eoje ee DOK88BB8me y xpBaTCKO - epDeKOMe DOKpery, a DOT.jBO DIDPOTHB DOMYZOTB ee TBllle 8 oypBaTB yrapoEe ApZ.BBe reopaje, Da TO mTO co ooyJ,yje, AOK ro~ peBoJlyqajB oAoaAO My.a, KpCTBTB JlOjuaomlly, EOBaepBaTBBBomlly, AOK oAoaro 8e6. 6ua pe.opMa Dpo6BT81JBa.

Ta 1I0JIBTaa, 0&08 .. y HMopy.y Mme .on,. soja ~py • Bpa.Ity - jep ee Aeaynqaje 06p.T8 .... o60ja~ - cope.a GArOBOpe mTO A.... Xp..,.lIa B Cp6all8, 0 'Je.y AO~ HOT Y KapJloBqe.

"Mopu OTBOp8ao pellall - roB.,..e .8JfA .... ....... 0 Baay - .It& lie je jaBO YBp8ABO .am 07o0p npOTBB lIojax B&JIora. Ja CUI 0 TOra a oouao 6apoaa.. Xpa60BOKor, Aa U88BAa mT& je. .AJJa ODM' 8 j6 call ZUIIII uapaa&aBte, paA 1Jera .oje yrapcBo •• allCftP· aDO opeAJl&:Be Aa 6'Ae ooopeABBB IIqj CTpBq epqepqel" J0888. YOGTpe6BI'e TO JNIA OApzaa.a eRNe 88 •• ljy YrapOBe a XpBal'OBe, &aBO ja pemBX.

"J& Be .ory Aa YTBpljyj_ al60pe B II&Ift)"JKtt BeaasoBlirora BI60p., Boja oy ,!loaeTB 0" .Borax IIOj8X rp..o·aeyaBpaBBX OOAaaB~ a Y up.OYOTay erpaaaqa aa Cpnje Ope..~paTOPBjB OA 1199. Xolly .... aooyn.. eae aaBOaBTe ze... .ojax aeYTPUBu DOA'" BRBa. ¥rapeBB ca60p 11. yraposo .BBROTap~ sao • Bam aaKOaB aapoABB Boarpeo, TO oy opruB opeBO sojax TP06a A& lIB ,!lOCTauaTe &ame SUoe. H&jau.eaa .y~ OT.a BlpaOCTa B OpBBpzeBOOTB QP.... e 6J1al'OAepBOmlly"

lJ.a Jla je oaDaa qap8aa Bell TaA. y ,..ro80- pa_ ca BaaoII 6ua juo oorrpa, aaje lIaBO 1I0I'0,,81' •• TOJIBBO ee callO ID, ,!la je .p08 spaTIW a,pell. Baa ..... ~apcBO PJIIIIO IIBOlieBO, sao B TO, AI' oy ..... e XpBaTa a Te ... e OPOTBB yrapcBe 6BJIe aeopajH1t8 BOA 'popa.. 3axT08 jYZBBX C"OBeaa., Boja oy 3UBJIa j8ABBCTBO lIeIIapxaje, aJJa .eAepaI'BBBO jeABaOTBO Ba DPOllBoj paIBoopaBBOCTB, jellBacTBO ca quoll eaaroyopaBolI, IlaJlO cy 110MB aahB OASBla 'raMO , rAe B8JJBBOIIOliaoqearp8J1B88paae 6eme lfAe&JI TeE .... a. Y Jla ... y 80ft Bopame 68Ta a. .a .. e DpOTB'" BBTepeoalla BoIlB,.

Bero Jlel'llTll.80lle upaBy l'rapcwre, B TO 'I'BM BehMa, ~ 68 ee jeABolle pacTYPeBo. B CJfa6aUOM DJleMeBY - CJI(lBCBBlla - DOmyaO opaBO B yjeABRteBoe 0"06pB.1IO.

O;lro80P epneeo] AeoyT8~jB 680 je 6ea BwraRDe yrexe B oOBe~BBOC'I'B. Mecro rora ,I.lolJe joj aasenrra] o BecpeTBo.e paAY y KapJloBqBIIL ]l;eoyraqBJa, Ifoja ee y RBCOPYwry PacTYPB, Bpat'll ee BaTpar •

•. - Y IIelll1'8RCROMe DapJlaMeBTY asrpeao ooaCBBame : KoIII)"I' CT8u.e ynpcwror qapC'I'Ba. MeIJyY8M rpo. ECTep; xuBje,.M8BRCTap Yrapcwre ORO wrpaJf>eBe oeose, AOCTaB: .... me y D8copYR ROTe oemTaBcwre UBAe, DO RojBMa i je 6BJ1a ooaCROCT OT8Q6Roe B3 AaBa y .. aR CBe Beha; y ; TOil yrapcu UBAa MOJf>ame aYCTpBjcwry lla Docpezyje f y 8BAeBBqR ca JYZRRII CJlOBeBBMa, B nomrc ABOP ca

XpBaTCKOM Beh CTYOB Y caBe8, OOARrome ee Y XpBaTcKoj R JYZROj YrapcRoj B8QPyzaBe xere , PYMYRR ee Y86YRBme B opehame 6apOB Beaeaeepmaa aTCTpRjCKOII ReyTpBJIRomhy. <1!.~_j!_~. ~~yr BaBeo.· ~}{.Je I'OBOPRO 0 Cp6B~a y3B8£BY: "OBB Cp6a B PaqU .. !,?By ee aapoll - Ta TO j~ rQIIBJla pa86~!I.B,ca I Oaze BellOEe 6BTR rOBOp. 0 K.KBOM operoBOPY; -iii paa60jBlfRe je opeKB CYll.." OR pese Aa je oTaQ6BBa Y ooaOBOCTR R OapJlaMeBT rJlacame 8a BOjCKY Oll 200.000 R aajaM o~ 42: M.JlBjYRa. 011.CYARR BaOall OpOTBB Cp6. TO 6R 6BO OpBR oocao sa enaeeae Y rapese •

• - Kall TO '1yme Y KapJlOBqBMa, rlle ee Beh oymR8-

P8JfO, Mop~ome oA60py jaB8TR, Aaje aa YCTaRaR, ROMe je OR U8Ba, BacryoRo KpRTB'laR 'l'peRYT8R. YaaJlYll cy 'I'paZBJJR Op6B ROll yrapcKe BJlal(8, Aa RM ce opR8RaAY' opaBa R RonYRe CTap. 06ehau.a. ORR cy ee opBjaBRJlR RpaJf>y R qapy: OROMe, mTI) je u.eroB opeAxoARBR 00'1'OBOao OpBBRJlerRje, • OBOlle, mTO oy y u.ellY OpBaB.BUB OOJ'Jl8BRqy Y rapeee B mTO oy Qtyll yoyheRB Ra

95

one, KOjB ax BBOY :J:TeJJB op.BBaTB B opOTBB Kojax cY ~B8 jaBBo YCTaJJB. OA60p je noeaao Z&JJ6y DPOTB8 ~apeBa 8 Kpa3eBa ~eBepaJJa, mTO je £8Bao Aa CpDCKB B.poA BeDocTojB Y ~apeBBBB, AOK je ~8p B Kp83 caM DpBaBao cBoje epsso-aeyaapeae DOAaBHKe _. oa Beaaa~me aBmTa 0 Cp6Blla. Ila mTa CQA OCTQAe?

OA60p je Morao: B.1IB Aa paAB KaKO je Bapneao y Hacapy"y a Aa DpeAa aapoA BJI&AB Dem1'aacKoj, aJlB Aa caM ce6B UOllorBe B Aa DPOA1ZB 60p6y, Da Aa ee caM 0APZB. }J;a Ba6epe DPBO, 3Ba'lBJJO 6B Aa aaDYCTB epDCRY CTBap, Aa XpBaTCKY CTaBB Ba KO~KY a Aa Y Max zpTByje DpaBO, Roje je DpoTBBaBRY 6aJlo erpsmao. MozAa 6B ee jom B DpBKJlOaBJla YrapcKoj, Aa Baje !ComYT OBaKO roaopao B Aa ee Baje Dpem.aMa aYCTpajCEOr Ka6aaera YCTao opoTBB Cp6a a BojaoABae. KomyT je 1'IRBBO AycTpaja BUSKY yCJlyry mTO TO Baje 1'IBBBO. Ocell Tora OA6op Ilpzame Aa BeMa Dp~Ba Da TO DOml'O a.erOB MaBAaT rJlacame Aa 'IyB8 a Be Aa BaDYmTa upaBa. He OCTa My /laue BBmTa APYro, BO Aa UPOAYZB cDpellY B Aa ee 6paBB ca caBjy CTpaBft. 0,. Tora BellOrame Aa ra 8&APZ8 TO mTO je 68J10 lIaJJO BaAe Ba A068T. CPDCKB je BapoA Mopao Aa 8ary6B a

I

Aa Be DODycm.

XI.

OA60p je AOTJJe O'leKBBaO pemerse Kpa3eBo R orpaaasao ce aa caMY DpBDpeMY, Tpaeba MaJleBe xapKG KojaMa aeaoranre CTaTB aa DyT, aJlR ee C8A CTaBB aa 'IeJlo 60p6e 8a 88E3yue Oil 1. B 3. Maja B pema ee Aa ca6.ILOM 1to6Bje OBO mTO BeMorame pe'lBM8. Ha-

~lotQDIe ce O"'~PBII& DaHUB. O ... ,B ~jB.'I AOTJlO DO rpaBBUPOUM perBMUTua 6aJJa y "'Y3611 yrapCKOj ua gpe~B K a8poay 6exy YBaupe~aa B D~AOm.e Jill ee JJoropa B BOjCEe. 1) Ca. upeA08ABBK ~-

96

1) • • . HeopBja'1le.1L je OAH&X 1 Do.eTKY BIIJa8 B aayaeo 6ao CBe rpaAOBe, caB paTRB 0pB60p. !beroBe je aaDOReeTB cJJymaJJa esa rapaacoaa BojcRa y YrapCKOj. llojeABBII DOJlfeeTRR BeMllpa Cp6a ... a y RBEBBAB, CT. BelJejy, AAR, MoJIY B AOI'OABBma ce Kpnl"'1118 8cnoyD... eu.a, soja 01 BCTBR. ca oomTB. y n;,..eBBBB, &JUt BURaKO U UCK.1Ly'lRO ca OOJJBTB'I. oOBpeToM OCTLlIU jYZRDX CnaBeRa y cajysy cTojana, TaMaR cy Ao6po AomJla 6BJJa KOIll!l"!1 B AaAom8 My DOBOAa AB aaMeTe BUry. OB 1118am.1f>8 yrapeBy BojCRY OpOTBB AOrO,!{BBmas ee RepeAl', Kf.lje XOTBMUn;e OOMema ca DporumeBaM ouaCBBM BaMepa.a Cp~

Y Bpwu;y, Be'lKepeKY, y 06a Be'leja CTaae ee rJJaB8e uenpujaTe.1LCKe· Tpyoe. ROA B.7IajRoaan;a, Heysaae, E'IRe, cI>e JJABapn;a, cI>yrora, Bp6aca, ROA UOBor B Cftpor Repa B npea JapROM ROll TeMepDua. BapaABB R Oeee 8MaAome CBojy concTBeuy DecaAY. Oc_ ee "KoJle6ao Billet, AY.8llOOTll • • • B BIAajCTBa.

3a oDeI}a DOA 06pa1IOBI oaax n;apcKBX pe1{OBIIBX 6aTa ... 08a, 1I0rao je lIeupujaftJ& JJ8BO K8KO Y llem ... TaRO B y APyrBM BeliUM BapOllBMa Rpa.Jf.eBBUe CBoje xouBBAe ca6BpaTJI B Bez6aTB. BeJJURB Aeo copaM aae YTa60peBBX OOJJKOBa BORBaa ee CRJJOR ~a OPBCTYOB rpaUB'IapBMa, jep llPZaxy aa BeMoryhuo Aa ~e rpaBB'IapB BRaAa 8aUeTBY ooraaDT. B 8aCTaay aaaesepBTB • • • Oaa] BCTU Aau RIA caM y KapJJOBn;e CTDrao Ao6ujeM YOP8BY BBA jellBOM peAOBBOM BYMoauBjoM U B8JJor ~ ee "peueM OAM&X y OepJJeaKU CTaB • • • Y MOM MJJa~aBOM 0AYmeB.1Leu.y OC.7l0BBM BolRURe pe'lUMa, RojuMa aerna .7lapom )KaRJJeU eaoje BaBAejn;e ymeAe paCD8JJBTB: "JYBan;B, BaA jypumuM, 8aMUOM: aRO me lie BRA.Te AS 6eZRM y6DjTe Me, noraae • .718, OC8'eTRTe lie." - &.11() je OBOJJO DOuohs BaA C8II npeso Ilep-

91

6opa, KOllle 6emey 8J1aC'lll cIa BojeRa opraauaqaja, yae uaal "BPXOBBB BOBA" £aBO je )"IBBBO B KapalJap., DA yOTaae OpOTBI 'fYpCKe ease. To Billie, yae 0 'lOra, Aa 6B B Boms.aqB, Cp6B B ByrapB OOXB'f8JIB y 001lO1i,

.neaa CTBrao y CTaa. Ocelli BeK01lBKO CTpazapa qeo je CTaB 60paBao A,Y60KO B COOKojSB caBas. Beme BeAp. Bob... 1'e zeno caM IIIlOrao BHAUTH BojBBKe, £aBO pamTpKaBB Ba paBltBqB coaBajy ••• Ty je 6uo rJlaBBB BBapTBp. H3a~e Dill Ha cyepeT jeAaB lL1IaAuh 00 BllleBY Je1la'illb, Ko.e~aHT jeABor 6aTaJLOBa. CBB ey APyrB CDaBaJJB: BapoABu 0YSOBBUK JOBaB ](p8KY1l8b, AO lLera yopaBBTeJL apTB.lLepuje JaBKoBub, .1I8A '10HeK, KOllleaAaBT' CpOCBRX SaBOBBpa Ba Cp6aje CTeBaS UeTPOBD B K80eTaa JaB'ia onmre DOSBaTB JYBaB, BOjB ee 60PBO ca PYCBlllla KO,!t Bapae npOTBB Typasa. MaJJO BUBe ILBX 1Iezame MOM'!e Ilasao llYTBHS, aapOAoB nabMaB B 0060'lBBS ](paKYJlBheB. no As .. e cTojaxy aa APBa .pBBeaaaB 60jaa KOILB Ta60pcKBX rJlaBapa ••• KaKBa je paUBBa 6BTa lIopua lIIIeiJy Olallll B cYDpoTaBII s.ell1 KpapTBpOIl KBma JjeBepua I - BpaTaM ee 6pao e 110- JBII npaABBqBlla Ba OAllop . • • TO 6eme DpBa paTBB'iSa soh, HB TpeByo - BB OKa eaeo BBcall. Moja_ lIfJJaAa~yrpBj.aa ~aBTaa8j8 6nYABnaje TallO - DO •••

, YjyTPY operJleA&DI CTaB. qBBBJJO liB ee CBe KpaCBO B 60ra'lO cBa6AeBeBO. BojaKe je 6BJlO 5.000 rpunapa H 300 Cp6ajaaaqa CJl06oAs.aKa... •• Ca TaKO "JymBB. CBJJalllla CT.O je )lpaKYJJBh aa DYT Itamy B ope'iBO 1liiy ynaaaK y U8B'Iesa'lKY pel'UlleBTY. - AJiB aplB 60j cyTpa he SaDO'ieTB. - naTpBjapx Paja'iah, rp" .AJJ6epTo HyzaB B '.&plJe CTPa'fBlllapOBsb AOt,y B sa-

I DBy BojeBB eaBeT. 3au.Y'ie YAapaTB Ba BeopBjaTeJL,~ OKB CTaB KOA E'iKe, jep ee 6BJlO 60jaTB, Aa he OAYt. meBJLDBBIIII DOBaBaMa cKYDJf>eBB BapOA y BeAUY 6p80 I OXJJ8ABBTa B paaubB ceo - HaDaAas.ellll cy Clllep8JJa, , Aa Bessepee oC8oje, BTaKO apBcajyae epocKo'KSKBBA" 'OKB ABmTpBKT B orsope oYTa A8Jf>e AO }fopsma." - • (J. CTe~aB. B8 mBDOTa jeABor q. K. o~uqHpa). Dp.

~.cn DUJft. 7

aD DIIO 01 DO" Iq)BBM 'B~eM. HeRO_a aaAll_....... , soja 6exy -.poa au OTpOro qapoa, • ..,ja oe ,qoTJJe 0 .. p_aIll8, 6ex)' pae1'1peBa CIIJJ_ • eBl ,.,... ope_a 1IO .. 0 .. 60P1, SOMe 6eme JO'ZBoor Aa.AP.a opaBOO)'AOTBO B Aa ee 6pBBe 0 6e86eABOC~B, a AI CT<U8 1 retBoj oBeaB ea rDB88M OA60poII '1 KapJJOIqUIa. a. YOpa8), y B8p&A8BC&oj pal'BMea"a OACiop DOOTa.. .~BrOp& PaAocaBJJ>eBBh. 1), 8 )"DISB r. 0YBOBII1IBO'M; a J088.o .. l1& '1 majRama:oMe oRPYry ca BCtaM '1aaoll.

CiA 6eme BIBecaB oa6uJJ>aB cya:06, 8 '1'0 1. BaDT)" r.-e B(deBB OYAOBB, BOje BysoBBIl yaBmrB, Bell y .e.1I8Boj _pB p&ABme, 8a AaBI Y AaB ry6ella "YAe 1W;' 6ex)' B&a:JJOILea8 Cp68111a, rAe 8apoA .BB.ame anemaa 8 rAe Bell AOABja ~aaaTB'IRa paAILa opeRBx 0'11{OBL

, 28. JyJJa (10. ABryoTa) MaJ;lapCRe oBojeBo~a'lRe '1He 8aOaJJome OpOOl&O OeJIO BJlajRoBaq 8 TaMom&.era _Tllpa, B ... aBor 6pa8Boqa opDC8e CTBSPB, y6mBe. IIa Aaa OOOJJe Tora Rpe8)'me ee Cp6B 11'8 OBora JJOl'Opa ft. A;a1l6),Bapa, ORO 1.000 "YAII aaopy.a8BX 8 RoelM&, OpeRO BJJajRoBa'lRBX cypuaa R Bpmqy A& ee eeaere, DYSO.BBR BJJou6epr II) B8BIJe 8M aa oyO'l8T oa .pmnftll rapAalla 8 YJJaaBDla B xyC&paDla D09l Majopo. rpo~ODl EorepX&IDjeM. PCAOBBa Bojen oo6eA1I. Cp68' yo'f1- natae B8ry6nme 60 JLYAB, 4: rODa B 3 aaoraBe. BojcEa •• pcsa DOOOAe aaeeopo B HeJJy-qpKBY 6el oroop., I _oyora teE y JaBY.PY BAyile l'OARse. HaMeb)' 21. aapo6- aeB8U )'1I.H;t.pOBBII pYRalla 6€me B CuSBIISPORDIl, 0A- 60pesa ROMBoap, B RojBII sapoAa. lIfajop, lII:ojB 6exy 1

1) Y TO spule OB !Scme 0ysollloIIBB& aYCTpRjea BJJ8Ae y Beorpany, sao 8aeT.VDBBR Majepx()e>epo •• II) TaAa DOA yrapcRolIf BJJ8AOII, a 08A a'1CTpnjcn beaepaJJ.

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