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TECHNI CAL

BULLETI N

















































For i mmedi at e at t ent i on
Concerned products
Wrtsil RTA and RT-flex engines in
operation with one of the following
solutions for turbocharger cut-out:

Butterfly valves
Removable blinding plates
Permanent blinding plates

Current situation
The majority of Wrtsil engines with
turbocharger cut-out run smoothly.
Nevertheless, piston running problems
have been reported on few installations
where one turbocharger has been cut-out.
Based on reports the Service Letter
RT-139, dated 26.12.2012 and entitled
Running of main engines with
turbocharger cut-off was introduced.

Solutions
This Technical Bulletin provides clear and
concise information on the operational
limits of installations with one turbocharger
cut-out.

Note
This Technical Bulletin supersedes
Service Letter RT-139, Issue 2, dated
26.12.2012 and entitled Running of main
engines with turbocharger cut-off.

Wrtsil Switzerland Ltd. Tel (24h): +41 52 262 80 10
PO Box 414
CH-8401 Winterthur technicalsupport.chts@wartsila.com

Issue 1, 06 August 2014
Operational limits with turbocharger
cut-out
Information to all Owners and Operators of
Wrtsil RTA and RT-flex engines

RT-162

Wrtsil 2-stroke
Technical Services



TECHNICAL BULLETIN
RT-162, Issue 1, Page 2 / 8
Contents
Page
1 Introduction 2
2 Terms and glossary 2
3 Operational limits with one turbocharger cut-out 3
4 Installations with one turbocharger cut-out not supplied by Wrtsil 6
5 Piston running guidelines for one turbocharger cut-out 6
6 Engine related publications which have to be strictly followed 7
7 Appendix 7
8 Contacts 8


1 Introduction
This Technical Bulletin defines the operating range of installations with one
turbocharger cut-out and provides guidance for proper piston running performance.

NOTE:
This Technical Bulletin supersedes the Service Letter RT-139, dated 26.12.2012 and
entitled Running of main engines with turbocharger cut-off.

Wrtsil offers the following solutions for cutting out one turbocharger:

Butterfly valves
Removable blinding plates
Permanent blinding plates
2 Terms and glossary
Table 1: Abbreviations used in this Technical Bulletin
Abbreviation Name / Part
AMS Alarm and Monitoring System
BN Base Number
CMCR Contracted Maximum Continuous Rating
ICC Intelligent Combustion Control
PLC Programmable Logic Controller
SSUK Slow Steaming Upgrade Kit
WECS-9520 Wrtsil Engine Control System





TECHNICAL BULLETIN
RT-162, Issue 1, Page 3 / 8
3 Operational limits with one turbocharger cut-out

3.1 Definition of the operational limits
While operating engines with one turbocharger cut-out, the permissible maximum
achievable power is lower than the Contracted Maximum Continuous Rating (CMCR)
power. The main reason is that the turbocharging system is no longer matched to the
CMCR engine power (due to reduced overall turbocharger capacity) and both, engine
and turbocharger(s) can potentially be both thermally and mechanically overloaded.

It has to be assured that during operation with one turbocharger cut-out, operational
limits for the most essential performance parameters such as turbocharger speed,
scavenge air pressure and engine firing pressure, are not exceeded at all times (see
Table 2).
Table 2: Operational l imits with one turbocharger cut-out
Performance parameter values defining the limits for engine operation with one
turbocharger cut-out
Maximum turbocharger speed as specified by the turbocharger manufacturer
Measured scavenge air pressure during the factory acceptance test at 100% CMCR
Maximum measured firing pressure during the factory acceptance test.
Depending on the engine tuning this maximum firing pressure value can be found at 100%
CMCR power or at a load somewhat below

NOTE:
Figure 1 shows examples of different rating plates on turbochargers and where to find
the value for maximum turbocharger speed, as specified by the turbocharger
manufacturer.

1. Rating plate of Mitsubishi turbocharger
2. Maximum operating speed limit of
turbocharger during operation
3. Rating plate of ABB turbocharger
4. Maximum operating speed limit of
turbocharger during operation
Figure 1: Examples of rati ng plates on turbochargers

4 2 3 1


TECHNICAL BULLETIN
RT-162, Issue 1, Page 4 / 8
The most accurate way to assure the operational limits with one turbocharger cut-out is
to monitor and limit each of the three performance parameter values as per Table 2.
This can be done by the Wrtsil solution proposed in chapters 3.2 to 3.4 or by other
means of direct monitoring of these performance parameters.

Alternatively the engine shaft power range can be limited. As this is an indirect
limitation there are some margins taken into account in the power limit values.

Table 3 to Table 5 define the maximum available shaft power with one turbocharger
cut-out depending on engine type (RTA or RT-flex) and total number of turbochargers.
Slightly higher maximum shaft power values than defined in Table 3 to Table 5 can be
achieved by applying monitoring of each of the three performance parameter values as
per Table 2.
Table 3: Power limits for RTA engines (except RTA84T engines)
Total number of turbochargers Power limit
2 45%
3 55%
4 65%
Table 4: Power limits for RTA84T, RTA84T-B and RTA84T-D engines
Total number of turbochargers Power limit
2 40%
Table 5: Power limits for RT-flex engines
Total number of turbochargers Power limit
2 40%
3 50%
4 60%

ATTENTION:
Different methods of measuring the power exist that might lead to different power
values. Irrespective of the method used to measure shaft power, it is recommended to
take the highest value as reference for the power limit.

NOTE:
The power limitation values given in the main engine Operating Manual Group 0,
Chapter 05901 Operation under Abnormal Conditions are specified for the case that
the engine has to run in Emergency Operation after a turbocharger failure and are not
intended for continuous operation.





TECHNICAL BULLETIN
RT-162, Issue 1, Page 5 / 8
Wrtsil offers the following possibilities to ensure operational limits with one
turbocharger cut-out (summarised in Table 2):

Monitoring and limitation of scavenge air pressure and turbocharger speed with
Wrtsil turbocharger cut-out system SSUK (chapter 3.2)
Monitoring and limitation of firing pressure with Wrtsils Intelligent Combustion
Control (ICC) (chapter 3.3)
Limitation of the engine power output with WECS-9520 (chapter 3.4)

Table 6: Summary of the solutions for operational l imits
Solution
Wrtsil
SSUK (PLC)
Wrtsil
ICC
Power Limit
WECS-9520
Other Power
Monitoring*
Other
Monitoring**
Monitoring of
D
i
r
e
c
t

Scavenge air
pressure
X X
Turbocharger
speed
X X
Firing pressure X X

I
n
d
i
r
e
c
t

Power limitation X
Power range
monitoring
X

* Where an electronic shaft power meter is installed, this might also be used for
power range monitoring
** Additional possibility for direct monitoring of scavenge air pressure, turbocharger
speed and firing pressure, if included in the AMS
3.2 Monitoring and limitation of scavenge air pressure and turbocharger speed
with Wrtsil turbocharger cut-out system SSUK
The control system (PLC) of the Wrtsil turbocharger cut-out system SSUK monitors
the turbocharger revolutions and the scavenge air pressure. In case the alarm limits for
these parameters are exceeded during engine operation, an alarm is triggered. If the
slowdown limits are reached, a main engine slowdown request is triggered. An
interconnection with the alarm and monitoring system and/or main engine safety
system is required to assure that the maximum values for turbocharger speed and
scavenge air pressure are not exceeded.
3.3 Monitoring and limitation of firing pressure with Wrtsils Intelligent
Combustion Control (ICC)
The Intelligent Combustion Control (ICC) system is an option available for RT-flex
engines with WECS-9520 that balances compression pressures and firing pressures in
all cylinders and protects the engine against operation in off-design conditions.
Measuring the cylinder pressures on each individual cylinder, balancing and control of
compression and firing pressures is achieved by adjusting injection timing and exhaust
valve closing timing within their allowable adjustment ranges.

ICC can be used to actively adjust the firing pressure of the engine within save limits
for operation with one turbocharger cut-out.


TECHNICAL BULLETIN
RT-162, Issue 1, Page 6 / 8
For more information about ICC see the ICC leaflet in chapter 7 Appendix.
NOTE:
All variations of the engine control parameters by activated ICC system are compliant
with the vessels IMO certificate and have the same limits as for the manual
adjustments.
3.4 Limitation of the engine power output with WECS-9520
Wrtsil has introduced a WECS-9520 software version that allows to limit the engine
shaft power. This limiting function is intended to be activated from the Wrtsil SSUK
control system when the turbocharger is cut-out.
When interested in this solution please contact your nearest Wrtsil representative for
a quote of such a WECS-9520 software upgrade. Wrtsil engineers will then board
the vessel in order to install the respective software.
NOTE:
The adjustment of power limits has to be done during sea trial on the calm sea and in
deep waters.
4 Installations with one turbocharger cut-out not supplied by Wrtsil
Owners with turbocharger cut-out systems not supplied by Wrtsil have to ensure by
any means that operational limits listed in chapter 3.1 are met. Maximum turbocharger
speed, scavenge air pressure and engine firing pressure must not be exceeded at any
time when operating the engine with one turbocharger cut-out. Alternatively power
range limits listed in Table 3 to Table 5 may be used as reference.
5 Piston running guidelines for one turbocharger cut-out
Continuous low load operation in the combination with one turbocharger cut-out
increases the risk for cylinder liner corrosion.

Therefore all recommendations regarding cylinder lubrication as specified in the
Technical Bulletin RT-161 are to be strictly followed.

Particularly the application of safeguard lubrication shall be considered based on the
criteria given in Technical Bulletin RT-161.

ATTENTION:
Wrtsil recommends stricter monitoring of the main engine condition during low load
operation and during operation with one turbocharger cut-out. Regular monitoring of
residual Base Number (BN), Iron (Fe) and Chromium (Cr), combined with regular
piston underside inspections becomes mandatory, in order to ensure safe operation of
the main engine.



TECHNICAL BULLETIN
RT-162, Issue 1, Page 7 / 8
6 Engine related publications which have to be strictl y followed
Table 7: References to rel ated documents
Publication Title Topic
Maintenance Manual
of respective RTA and
RT-flex engines
Maintenance Schedule,
Inspection and Overhaul
Intervals
Group 0, 0380-1

Data & Specifications
RT-138
Lubricating oils Fuel sulphur content and
cylinder oil BN
Piston underside drain oil
analysis
General recommendations
when operating at loads below
60% CMCR
Use of intermediate BN
lubricating oils
Data & Specifications
RT-138_A1
Appendix 1 to RT-138,
Validated lubricating oils
Follow the recommendations
about lubricating oils.
Technical Bulletin
RT- 161
Cylinder lubrication Sulphur dependent lubrication
at loads below 60% CMCR.
Safeguard sulphur
dependent lubrication at loads
below 60% CMCR.
Regular visual piston
underside inspection.
Recommended application of
Blending on Board.
Service Bulletin
RTA-79.2 / RT-flex-08.2
Continuous Low Load Operation
(Slow Steaming)



7 Appendix
Appendix 1:
Link to Leaflet Intelligent Combustion Control (ICC) for Wrtsil 2-stroke RT-flex
engines
http://www.wartsila.com/file/Wartsila/en/1278523372662a1267106724867-Wartsila-O-
E-RT-ICC.pdf

Appendix 2:
Link to Leaflet Guide for judging condition of relevant piston-running components
http://www.wartsila.com/en/engines/low-speed-engines



TECHNICAL BULLETIN
RT-162, Issue 1, Page 8 / 8
8 Contacts
8.1 How to contact Wrtsil
For questions about the content of this Technical Bulletin, or if you need Wrtsil
assistance, services, spare parts and/or tools, please contact your nearest Wrtsil
representative.
If you do not have the contact details at hand, please follow the link Contact us 24h
Services on the Wrtsil webpage:
www.wartsila.com
8.2 Contact details for emergency issues
8.2.1 Operational support
For questions concerning operational issues, please send your enquiry to:
technicalsupport.chts@wartsila.com
or phone 24hrs support: +41 52 262 80 10.
8.2.2 Field service
If you need Wrtsil Field Service, please send your enquiry to:
ch.fieldservice@wartsila.com
or phone 24hrs support: +41 79 255 68 80.
8.2.3 Spare parts
If you need Wrtsil spare parts and/or tools, please contact your nearest Wrtsil
representative or your key account manager.













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