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CH.

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1. About 3,500 years ago, the city of __________, now called Santorini, was destroyed by a volcanic eruption.
A. Thera
B. Akrotiri
C. Knossos
D. Malia

2. What have archaeologists found most helpful in determining dates for their Aegean finds?
A. Pottery
B. The volcanic eruption on Thera
C. Geographic descriptions in the Illiad
D. Shipwrecks in the Mediterranean

3. The wall painting Girl Gathering Saffron Crocus Flowers (Fig. 4-1) demonstrates Aegean cultural practices
related to ____________.
A. a woman's entry into adolescence
B. domestic role of women
C. the harvesting of food
D. marriage

4. The technique of painting on a wet plaster surface is called __________.
A. buon fresco
B. al prima
C. fresco secco
D. fresco prima

5. In about 1450 BCE, people called the __________, from mainland Greece, arrived in Crete and overtook
the Minoans.
A. Spartan
B. Athenians
C. Mycenaeans
D. Mecedonians

6. The stones used in the citadel of Mycenae are so massive that they are called __________.
A. megalithic
B. megarons
C. cyclopean
D. pylons

7. The large aboveground burial places of Mycenae are called tholos tombs, or __________.
A. beehive tombs
B. Agamemnon tombs
C. Vapheio chambers
D. shaft tombs

8. Cycladic marble figures were originally ___________.
A. clothed
B. painted
C. adorned with jewelry
D. all of the above

9. Aegean artists created exquisite luxury goods from imported _________.
A. gold
B. beeswax
C. glass
D. marble

10. The term "Labyrinth" applied to the "palace" at Knossos originally referred to the building's ____________.
A. sophisticated plumbing system
B. underground passageways
C. complicated layout
D. double-axe decorative motif

11. The Bull's-Head Rhyton (Fig. 4-10) would have been used _____________.
A. to pour ritual libations
B. as a votive statue
C. to carry water
D. as a tomb guardian

12. The great lions of the Lion Gate at Mycenae were inserted into the _________.
A. the posts
B. the lintel
C. the corbelled arch
D. the flanking walls

13. The earliest tomb structures on mainland Greece are ____, deep vertical pits where ruling families laid out
their dead.
A. tholos tombs
B. shaft graves
C. beehive tombs
D. passage graves

14. What building method was used to create the conical roof structure that characterizes tholos tombs?
A. post and lintel
B. groin vaulting
C. mortise and tenon
D. corbelling

15. The archeologist __________ found the palace of Knossos on Crete and named the civilization Minoan
after the mythological king Minos.
A. Piet de Jong
B. Heinrich Schliemann
C. Sir Arthur Evans
D. Thomas Strasser

16. The largest of the Aegean islands, __________ became a wealthy sea power.
A. Crete B. Pylos C. Thera D. Hissarlik


17. Famed for its thin walls and use of color, the ceramic work called __________was named after the cave on
Mount Ida where it was first discovered.
A. Kamares ware B. marine style C. palace style D. filigree


18. The technique of painting on a dry plaster surface is called __________.
A. filigree
B. buon fresco
C. niello
D. fresco secco

19. Depictions of sea life decorating works like Octopus Flask (Fig. 4-11) characterize the __________in
Minoan pottery.
A. flotilla
B. rhyton
C. Marine style
D. kamares ware

20. In the city of Mycenae, there was a large audience hall called a __________, or great room.
A. store room
B. ritual room
C. Hall of the Double Axes
D. megaron

21. A __________ is a large bowl for mixing water and wine.
A. krater
B. sistrum
C. rhyton
D. megaron

22. The metalworking technique that fuses minute balls of precious metal to the surface is called
____________.
A. fresco
B. relief
C. filigree
D. granulation

23. The leader of the Greek army that conquered the city of Troy was called __________.
A. Patroclus
B. Agamemnon
C. Paris
D. Achilles

24. The archeologist ________, who excavated the site of Mycenae, is also credited with the discovery of Troy.
A. Ulu Burun
B. Howard Carter
C. Heinreich Schliemann
D. Leonard Woolley

25. Archeologists use the term __________ to designate the Aegean Bronze age on mainland Greece.
A. Cretan
B. Minoan
C. Cycladic
D. Helladic

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