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Ecology 2

Students will be able to:


-name and describe characteristics of biomes found around the world.
Ecologists classify the major ecosystems of the world into biomes.
Biomes are large regions with distinct climates and certain species
adapted to them.
Aquatic Desert Forest Grassland Tundra
How many biomes are there?
There is really no completely right answer to this question. Some people say there are only
5 major types of biomes: aquatic, desert, forest, grassland, and tundra. Others split biomes
further. Forests are separated into rainforest, temperate forest, chaparral, and taiga;
grasslands are divided into savanna and temperate grasslands; and the aquatic biome is split
into freshwater and marine.
Biome Song
The Freshwater biome is defined as having a low salt concentration
usually less than 1%. Plants and animals in freshwater regions are
adjusted to the low salt content and would not be able to survive in
areas of high salt concentration (i.e., ocean). There are different types
of freshwater regions:
Ponds and Lakes

Streams and Rivers
Wetlands
Ecology 2
Students will be able to:
-name and describe characteristics of biomes found around the world.
The Aquatic Biome is divided into the Freshwater and Marine Biomes
The Marine biomes cover about three-fourths of the Earth's surface
and include oceans, coral reefs, and estuaries. Marine algae supply
much of the world's oxygen supply and take in a huge amount of atmospheric carbon dioxide.
The evaporation of the seawater provides rainwater for the land. There are different types of
marine regions:

Oceans
Coral Reefs
Estuaries
Ecology 2
Students will be able to:
-name and describe characteristics of biomes found around the world.
The Desert biome cover about one fifth of the Earth's surface and occur where rainfall is less
than 50 cm/year. Most deserts are inhabited by highly specialized plants and animals. Soils
often have abundant nutrients because they need only water to become very productive and
have little or no organic matter. Disturbances are common in the form of occasional fires or
cold weather, and sudden, infrequent, but intense rains that cause flooding. There are
different types of desert regions.
Ecology 2
Students will be able to:
-name and describe characteristics of biomes found around the world.
Tropical Desert
Temperate Desert
Cold Desert
The Forest biome occupies approximately one-third of Earth's land
area, account for over two-thirds of the leaf area of land plants, and
contain about 70% of carbon present in living things. Forest biomes
are dominated by trees and other woody vegetation and can be
classified according to latitude:
Tropical Rain Forest
Temperate Deciduous Forest
Northern Evergreen
Coniferous Forest
(Boreal Forest, Tiaga)
Ecology 2
Students will be able to:
-name and describe characteristics of biomes found around the world.
The Grassland biomes are characterized as lands dominated by
grasses rather than large shrubs or trees. There are three main divisions
of grasslands.
Temperate Grassland
Cold Grassland (Arctic Tundra)
Ecology 2
Students will be able to:
-name and describe characteristics of biomes found around the world.
Tropical Grassland (Savanna)
The Tundra biomes are the coldest of all the biomes. They are noted for their frost-molded
landscapes, extremely low temperatures, little precipitation, poor nutrients, and short
growing seasons. Dead organic material functions as a nutrient pool. The two major
nutrients are nitrogen and phosphorus. Nitrogen is created by biological fixation, and
phosphorus is created by precipitation. There are two main types of Tundra.
Arctic Tundra
Alpine Tundra
Ecology 2
Students will be able to:
-name and describe characteristics of biomes found around the world.
Because we share the world with many other species of plants and animals, we must
consider the consequences of our actions.
Over the past several decades, increasing human activity has rapidly destroyed or
polluted many ecological habitats throughout the world.
Ecology 2
Students will be able to:
-name and describe characteristics of biomes found around the world.
Ecology 2
Students will be able to:
-name and describe characteristics of biomes found around the world.
Human impacts of aquatic ecosystems
Pharmaceutical waste= Excess drugs in the bloodstream make their way out of the body
through urine and fecal matter, and the excreted chemicals flow
with the sewage out of our homes.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c8M6MRqirKk
Agricultural and Suburban runoff= Runoff of farms and suburban areas can carry large
quantities of fecal matter and fertilizers.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3xsJEa1JX-M
http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/exhibits/biom
es/index.php

Ecology 2
Students will be able to:
-name and describe characteristics of biomes found around the world.