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INT

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EDM
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H EORY

Week 1 – 2

1. What are the characteristics of a musical tone? Explain each


2. How many different letters are used in the musical alphabet? Name them.
3. What is an octave?
4. What is notation? What is its chief purpose?
5. How is pitch notated?
6. How many lines are theoretically necessary to notate the pitches of music for piano?
7. What is the grand staff?
8. How is the 8va sign used as a time-saving device in notation?
9. What is the meaning of bass and treble registers?
10. Explain the bass and treble clefs and their use.
11. Why is middle c so named?
12. What is a leger line?
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Week 3 – 4

1. What is melody?
2. What is a scale?
3. What is the smallest interval on the piano?
4. Where are the whole-step intervals in a major scale? The half-step intervals?
5. How many different pitches are in a major scale?
6. How is a major scale named?
7. What is the function of the sharp? The flat?
8. Where are the sharp and flat placed in notation?
9. What is a key signature? Where is it written in notation? How often?
10. What is the key signature for C major? G major? F major?
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Week 5- 6

1. What are the two basic elements of music?


2. What is rhythm?
3. What is meter?
4. What three musical factors are present in all melodies?
5. Name the six basic note values, and explain their relationships.
6. What is the purpose of the rest?
7. What is the difference between a fermata and a tie in notation?
8. What is the purpose of the dot in rhythmic notation?
9. What are two basic metric groupings in music?
10. How are simple duple and simple triple meters alike? How are they different?
11. How is meter indicated in notation? Explain each factor.
12. How does placement of the time signature in notation differ from that of the key
signature?
13. Explain the differences and similarities of the three simple duple time signatures.
14. Explain the differences and similarities of the three simple triple signatures.
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Week 7 – 8
44 22
1. Why is the time signature of called simple quadruple? How is it like ?
2. What time signature is the equivalent of C? of C?
3. What metric beats are usually in simple quadruple time signatures?
4. What is tempo?
5. How does tempo affect the notation of music?
6. How is tempo indicated in a musical score?
7. What do tempo marks indicate?
8. Why is tempo usually written in Italian?
9. Explain the marking M.M. = (80).
10. Memorize the pronunciation and meaning of the tempo terms listed in the chapter.
INT
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Week 9 – 10

1. What is an interval?
2. What are the three types of melodic progression?
3. How is an interval measured?
4. What is the difference between a melodic and a harmonic interval?
5. How many different intervals are possible by staff degree?
6. How many different intervals are possible by quality name?
7. What two groups of intervals are basic to the understanding of all intervals?
8. What intervals are classified as perfect? As major?
9. When is an interval perfect? When is it major?
10. Is the quality of an interval determined by the key of a composition?
11. Why are the scale-step relationships 3-4 and 7-8 not classified as major 2nds?
12. Why are scale-steps 4-7 and 7-4 not classified as perfect intervals?
13. What is a chord? A triad?
14. What are intervals of a major triad?
15. How many major triads are found in major keys, and how are they named?
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Week 11 – 12

1. What is the major difference between simple and compound meters?


2. What does compound duple mean in metric terms?
3. What does compound triple mean in metric terms?
4. What time signatures represents compound duple? Compound triple?
5. What note values represent the metric pulses of compound time signatures? Of simple
meter time signatures?
6. How are the basic metric pulses of simple meters divided mathematically? Of compound
meters? 3 6
7. What is4the basic difference between time signatures of4 and8 ?
8. When is44 technically a compound time signature?
9. Why is 4 always classified as a simple-meter time signature?
10. What note value is never used in any compound meter? Why?
INT
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Week 13 – 14

1. How do the scale-step relationships of a major scale differ from those of a minor scale?
2. When are major and minor keys called parallel?
3. When are they called relative?
4. What scale steps are alike in parallel major and minor keys?
5. What scale steps are different in parallel keys?
6. What is the key-signature difference between C major and c minor? A major and a
minor? D major and D minor? E major and e minor?
7. Between what scale steps is the relative major scale located in a minor scale?
8. Between what scale steps is the relative minor scale located in a minor scale?
9. What are the relative major scales of c minor, d minor, f minor, and e minor?
10. What are the parallel major scales of c minor, d minor, f minor, and e minor?
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Week 15 - 16

1.What is the difference in size between a major and minor interval?


2.In what way can minor intervals be identified by key relationships?
3.In what two ways can a major interval be altered to change its quality to minor?
4.In what two ways can a minor interval be altered to change its quality to major?
5.Seven different major and minor intervals may be located in the scale-step relationships of
major and minor keys.
a. How many seconds are major? Minor? b. How many thirds are major? Minor?
c. How many sixths are major? Minor? d. How many sevenths are major? Minor?
How is a consonant interval described?
What intervals are consonant?
How is a dissonant interval described?
What intervals are dissonant?
What two dissonant intervals are frequently used in music?
How does a minor triad differ from a major triad in construction?
How many major and minor triads are there in major and minor keys?
What are the principal triads of major keys? Of minor keys?
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Week 17 - 18

What is the key-tone weakness of a natural minor scale?


What scale steps are raised in minor keys to strengthen the key tone?
Why are these changes indicated by accidentals rather than by a change in key signature?
What interval relationship carries the greatest strength as an indication of key tone?
What scale step is raised in harmonic minor?
Why is harmonic minor so named?
What scale steps are raised in melodic minor?
What scale steps of a minor key are unaltered in a melodic progression whether ascending or
descending?
When is scale-step 6 raised in melodic form? When is natural form retained?
When is scale 7 raised?
Why do natural-minor 6 and raised 7 seldom follow each other as pitches in a melodic
progression?
What is the purpose of the melodic and harmonic minor forms?
Are the melodic and harmonic forms of minor keys evident in the key signature?