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# Step 1/2: Explorations in Teaching Secondary Mathematics and Science

## Title of Lesson: Pop, Fizz, Bang: Physical and Chemical Changes

UFTeach Students Names: anielle Nelson, !ayley oyle
Teaching ate and Time: Septem"e# \$%, &%'( )':((*&:\$(+
Length of Lesson: ,% minutes
th
Sou#ce of the Lesson: SC.8.p.9.2, SC.8.p.8.4, CPALMS,
www.sciencebob.com/experiments/toothpaste.php
Standa#ds 0ith Cogniti1e Comple2ity:
Benchma#3
Num"e#
Benchma#3 esc#iption Cogniti1e
Comple2ity
SC.8.p.9.2 Differentiate between physical changes and chemical
changes.
Level 2: Basic
Applications of
Skills and
Concepts
SC.8.p.8.4 Classify and compare substances on the basis of
characteristic physical properties that can be
demonstrated or measured; for example, density,
thermal or electrical conductivity, solubility, magnetic
properties, melting and boiling points, and know that
these properties are independent of the amount of the
sample.
Level 2: Basic
Applications of
Skills and
Concepts
Pe#fo#mance 4"5ecti1es: Students will be able to:
Diferentiate between ce!ical can"es and p#sical can"es.
lassi!y di\$e%ent s&bstances on te basis of ca%acte%istic p#sical and ce!ical
p%ope%ties.
"redict wete% an e'pe%i!ent will %es&lt in a ce!ical o% a p#sical can"e.
Concept 6ap: )ne2t page+
Step 1/2: Explorations in Teaching Secondary Mathematics and Science
6ate#ials List and Student !andouts
( packets of d%# #east
)wo e!pt# 2 lite% bottles
*ood colo%in"+ o%an"e and bl&e ,p%efe%abl#-
. tablespoons
A bottle of ./ 0#d%o"en Pe%o'ide
Safet# "o""les ,2-
A cookie seet and old newspape%s
1 beake%s
2 b&%ne% 34
2 ot plate
2 containe% of Salt
Step 1/2: Explorations in Teaching Secondary Mathematics and Science
. S!all 5i'ie c&ps
3ne bottle of dis soap
. "allon si6e ba""ies
28 7&a%t si6e ba""ies ,P%efe%abl# te kind tat 6ip closed-
C%ea! of )a%ta%
Bakin" Soda
. Blindfolds
A pack of plastic spoons ,need at least 2(-
(8 copies of te wo%kseet
7d1ance P#epa#ations
0ave te #east, #d%o"en pe%o'ide, dis soap, and te wate% !eas&%ed o&t fo% te
ce!ical can"e e'pe%i!ent
0ave ot plates on
0ave ba""ies %ead# fo% 9iploc e'pe%i!ent
0ave te cookie seet and te old newspape%s laid o&t fo% te e'pe%i!ent
0ave te wo%kseets p%inted o&t ,(8 copies-
0ave te na!eplates al%ead# p%epa%ed fo% te st&dents
Safety
Miss :elson and Miss 5o#le need to wea% "o""les fo% te ce!ical can"e
e'pe%i!ent
0ot plate o% b&%ne% will sta# at te f%ont of te class%oo!
St&dents will %e!ain at least ; feet f%o! te tootpaste ce!ical can"e
e'pe%i!ent
St&dents will !ake s&%e not to cons&!e an# of te powde% o% c%ea! &sed in te
9iploc ba" e'pe%i!ent

Step 1/2: Explorations in Teaching Secondary Mathematics and Science
,8 Lesson: 9:hats the 6atte#;<
8ngagement
Time: ', minutes
:hat the Teache#
:ill o
Teache# i#ections and
P#o"ing =uestions
:hat the teache# says>+
Student
?esponses.Possi"le
6isconceptions
Sta%t on Slide 2 0ave
na!e plates and
wo%kseets at f%ont
of %oo!.
na!eplate and wo%kseet and
stand at a lab table wit #o&%
"%o&p. <
St&dents will "%ab
na!eplate f%o! f%ont
of %oo! b&t !i"t not
stand wit tei%
"%o&ps.
,Slide 2- Lea%n
st&dent?s
back"%o&nd on
!atte%.
<=e?%e %eall# e'cited to be
teacin" #o& all toda# abo&t
!atte%> 4aise #o&% and if #o&
%e!e!be% lea%nin" abo&t !atte%
in a science class>@
St&dents will %aise
and if te# lea%ned
abo&t !atte%
p%evio&sl#.
4eview Matte% ,Slide
2-
<=at a%e so!e e'a!ples of
!atte%A@
BAn#tin" tat takes &p
spaceCas !ass.
Answe%s will va%#.D
+Ai%, =ate%, )able,
0&!an
,Slide 4- E'plain
Elepant )ootpaste
e'pe%i!ent
<=e ave dis soap, #d%o"en
pe%o'ide and food colo%in" in a
bottle, ne't we a%e "oin" to add
d%# #east !i'ed wit wate%.<
Mi"t not know wat
0232 is.
,Slide 4- )ell
st&dents to disc&ss
p%edictions witin
"%o&ps and ten
w%ite on wo%kseet.
,Afte% e'plainin" wat we will do
<=at do #o& tink will appenA@
BA ce!ical can"e will
occ&% wen te #east
%eacts wit te
#d%o"en pe%o'ide and
c%eates 32 "asD
+An e'plosion,
tootpaste tat looks
like an elepant
,Slide 4- =ile
st&dents a%e !akin"
p%edictions, Miss
5o#le will walk
a%o&nd and Miss
:elson will !i'
#east.
,=ile lookin" at st&dent?s
#potesi6e tatA@
+)e na!e of te
e'pe%i!ent.
+Ce!ical can"e
%eaction
,Slide 4- Mi' te
#east wit bottle.
<:ow we?%e "oin" to !i' te #east
wit te #d%o"en pe%o'ide. )ink
abo&t ow tis !i"t %elate to
ce!ical and p#sical can"es>@
B)e %eaction is a
ce!ical can"e.D
,Slide 4-
*ind o&t wat te
<5isc&ss in #o&% "%o&ps w# #o&
tink tis appened and w%ite
B)e 0232 ,#d%o"en
pe%o'ide- %eacted wit
Step 1/2: Explorations in Teaching Secondary Mathematics and Science
know abo&t
Ce!ical can"es.
#o&% answe% in te space on #o&
wo%kseet>@
te #east ce!icall#
and c%eated 023 and
3.D
+Beca&se te%e was an
e'plosion.
,Slide ;- 5o te Salt
=ate% e'pe%i!ent.
E'plain te steps as
we do te!. Ma%k
o%i"inal wate% line
wit sa%pie to sow
can"e.
<=e a%e "oin" to !i' salt and
wate% in beake% and set te
S3LF)G3: on a ot plate fo% te
d&%ation of class.@
B)e ke# wo%d
S3LF)G3: so&ld !ake
te! tink abo&t
p#sical can"es.D
,Slide ;- 0ave
st&dents disc&ss
#potesis in "%o&p
a"ain.
<=at do #o& #potesi6e will
appenA@
B)e wate% will
evapo%ate and te salt
will be left beind
beca&se te sol&tion
was onl# a p#sical
can"e not a ce!ical
can"e.D
+=ate% will evapo%ate
+Ce!ical can"e
+P#sical Can"e
82plo#ation
Time: &% minutes
:hat the Teache#
:ill o
Teache# i#ections and
P#o"ing =uestions
Student
?esponses.Possi"le
6isconceptions
,Slide .-
Gnt%o to e'plo%ation.
<:ow tat we ave done two
de!onst%ations, we want #o& to
"et to be scientists fo% a little
wile and do so!e investi"atin".
=ile #o& do tis e'pe%i!ent
tink abo&t ow it !i"t %elate to
ce!ical and p#sical can"es.@
BSt&dents tink abo&t
%elation to ce!ical
and p#sical can"es
d&%in" e'plo%ation.D
Slide ,.-
Miss :elson will pass
o&t a 9iploc ba""ie
wit s&pplies fo%
st&dent activit#
wile Miss 5o#le
cleans &p Elepant
E'plosion.
<=ile Miss :elson is passin" o&t
s&pplies G want te P%oHect
Mana"e%s to pick one pe%son f%o!
eac "%o&p to be te <)op Sec%et
Gnvesti"ato%@, G want #o&% <)op
Sec%et Gnvesti"ato%@ to p&t on te
blindfold in #o&% ba".
BP%oHect Mana"e%
decides to )op Sec%et
Gnvesti"ato% is.D
,Slide 1- 0ave te
<)op Sec%et
Gnvesti"ato%@
co!pa%e te bakin"
soda and ta%ta%
<0ow do te ba""ies feel te
sa!e o% di\$e%entA@
B)e )a%ta% powde%
so&ld feel like
powde%D
+Powde%, Io&%, etc.
Step 1/2: Explorations in Teaching Secondary Mathematics and Science
powde%.
=e will be walkin"
a%o&nd to !ake s&%e
te# a%e
&nde%standin" te
di%ections.
,Slide 1- =ile te
st&dents !i' te
sec%et solids
to"ete% in one ba".
<5oes te ba" feel di\$e%ent o% te
sa!e afte% !i'in" te two
in"%edientsA@
B:o ce!ical can"e
as taken place #et, so
te ba" so&ld feel te
sa!e.D
+)e sa!e
,Slide 1- =en we
and te! te wate%
7&estion.
<Befo%e #o& !i' te sec%et li7&id,
wat do #o& tink will appen
inside te ba"A@
B)e%e will be a
ce!ical %eaction and
it will J66, te ba" will
e'pand and "et cold.D
+:otin" will appen
+)e powde%s will "et
s7&is#
+St&dents will list
p#sical %eactions
,colo% can"e, te't&%e
can"e, etc.-
,Slide 1- =en te
st&dents p&t te c&p
wit wate% inside te
ba" wit !i' of te
two powde%s
,wito&t spillin"-
!ake s&%e it is
sealed ti"tl#. =alk
a%o&nd to ens&%e
te# a%e sealed
7&estion.
<=at a%e so!e si"ns of a
ce!ical %eactionA
B)e bakin" soda
so&ld !ake te ba"
e'pand , c%eation of
"as-, and "et cold
beca&se tis an
endote%!ic
%eactionCce!ical
can"e.D
+Cold
+*&ll of ai%
+0ea% J66lin"
,Slide 1- Gnst%&ct
St&dents to b%in"
inIated 9iploc ba" to
te f%ont and p&t te
ote% !ate%ials back
in te ba". =ile
st&dents a%e doin"
7&estion.
<Afte% #o&?ve co!pleted steps 2+
#o&% Jnal ba" to te f%ont of te
class%oo!. Miss :elson o% Miss
5o#le will co!e a%o&nd and
collect #o&% ote% s&pplies.@
B*inal Ba" is inIated
ba".D
82planation
Step 1/2: Explorations in Teaching Secondary Mathematics and Science
Time: ', minutes
:hat the Teache#
:ill o
Teache# i#ections and
P#o"ing =uestions
Student
?esponses.Possi"le
6isconceptions
,Can"e f%o! slide 1
to slide 8- Gnt%o to
E'planation.
idea of ow te e'pe%i!ents
we?ve done toda# %elate to
ce!ical and p#sical can"esA@
B)e %eaction in te
ba" is a ce!ical
can"e. Ko& know tis
beca&se a "as is
"ene%ated and te%e is
an endote%!ic
%eaction and te%e is
J66in".D
+St&dents !i"t not
know ow tis %elates,
b&t tis will be a "ood
,Sow slide 8-
5esc%ibe p#sical
can"es. Let
st&dents Jll in
ani!ation blanks on
powe% point
<=o can tell !e wat it is called
wen !atte% can"es f%o! solid
to li7&idA@ ,Contin&e fo% all blanks
on slide 8-
BMeltin"
*%ee6in"
Evapo%atin"
CondensationD
+Mi"t sa# boilin", o%
ote% %esponses not on
slide.
,Sow slide 9-
5esc%ibe ce!ical
can"es. Let
st&dents Jll in
ani!ation blanks on
powe% point
<=o can tell !e an e'a!ple of a
ce!ical can"eA@
)en sow e'a!ples we ave on
slide.
B+Bakin" a cake
+*%#in" an e"",
+B&%nin" wood
+5i"estin" food
+=en a bike %&stsD
+St&dent !i"t tink
an# p#sical can"e
,state can"e,
sol&tions- a%e ce!ical
can"es.
5isc&ss %es&lts of
Salt =ate%
E'pe%i!ent wit
class. ,Slide 28-
<Let?s ceck back in on o&% salt
wate% sol&tion.@
B=ate% level so&ld
ave d%opped.D
5isc&ss %es&lts of
Salt =ate%
E'pe%i!ent in "%o&p.
,slide 28-
<Lookin" at te salt wate% now,
wo can tell !e wat can"es
te# obse%veA 5isc&ss tis !o%e
wit #o&% "%o&p and w%ite down
wat #o& obse%ve.@
BSt&dents so&ld sa#
tat te wate% as
evapo%ated and te
salt is left beind.D
+So!e !i"t sa# it
wasn?t !i'ed eno&".
=alk a%o&nd wile
st&dents disc&ss
%es&lts of salt wate%
<=at do #o& tink wo&ld ave
appened to te salt if we let all
te wate% evapo%ateA@
BGt wo&ld ave sta#ed
beind.D
+Evapo%ated
Step 1/2: Explorations in Teaching Secondary Mathematics and Science
e'pe%i!ent.
)ell st&dents to Iip
ove% wo%kseet.
,slides 8 and 9-
9:ow tat we ave !o%e
back"%o&nd knowled"e on
ce!ical and p#sical can"es,
Iip to te ti%d pa"e of #o&%
wo%kseet and take a co&ple
!in&tes to disc&ss wit #o&%
"%o&p and ci%cle wat #o&
obse%ved appenin" in eac
e'pe%i!ent.@
BSt&dents so&ld ci%cle,
<"ene%ation of "as@ fo%
elepant tootpaste,
bot <can"in" states
of !atte%@ and
<sol&tion@ fo% Salt
=ate%, and <Lene%ation
of "as@ and
<abso%ption o% %elease
of eat@ fo% 9iploc ba"
e'plo%ation.D
+St&dents !a# conf&se
"ene%ation of "as wit
can"in" states of
!atte%.
,Slides 8 M 9-
"%o&ps 7&estions.
9Based on wat #o& ci%cles do #o&
tink tis was a ce!ical o%
p#sical can"eA@
BSalt wate% is p#sical,
ote% two a%e
ce!icalD
5isc&ss labs f%o!
class tat da#.
9:ow tat #o& ave ci%cled wat
can"es #o& tink ave
appened, wo can tell !e wic
e'pe%i!ents we%e e'a!ples of
ce!ical can"e and wat
e'pe%i!ents we%e e'a!ples of
p#sical can"eA@
BElepant tootpaste
and 9iploc ba" a%e
ce!ical can"es, Salt
=ate% E'pe%i!ent
sowed two e'a!ples
of p#sical can"es.D
+St&dents !i"t not be
able to decide wic
was wic.
Make s&%e tat
st&dents now
&nde%stand te
di\$e%ence between
ce!ical and
p#sical can"es.
,Slide 22-
9:ow tat we know wic
e'pe%i!ents we%e p#sical
can"es lets see if #o& all can
decide wic of tese pict&%es
sow ce!ical can"es and wic
sow p#sical can"es> =at
does tis slide sowA@
BCe!ical: =ood
B&%nin"D
Make s&%e tat
st&dents now
&nde%stand te
di\$e%ence between
ce!ical and
p#sical can"es
,Slide 22-
9=at does tis slide sowA@ BP#sical: Gce c%ea!
Meltin"D
Make s&%e tat
st&dents now
&nde%stand te
di\$e%ence between
ce!ical and
p#sical can"es
<=at does tis slide sowA@ BP#sical: Pencil
Savin"D
Step 1/2: Explorations in Teaching Secondary Mathematics and Science
,Slide 2(-
Make s&%e tat
st&dents now
&nde%stand te
di\$e%ence between
ce!ical and
p#sical can"es
,Slide 24-
9=at does tis slide sowA@ BCe!ical: E"" f%#in"D
Collect st&dent
wo%kseets ,Slide
2;-
t&%n in #o&% wo%kseet at te f%ont
of te %oo!> )ank #o& ave a
"%eat da#>@
BSt&dents will b%in"
wo%kseets to te f%ont
of te %oo!.D
Step 1/2: Explorations in Teaching Secondary Mathematics and Science
P3P, *G99, BA:L> Name __________________
P#sical and Ce!ical Can"es eriod__________________
Date__________________
2- Elepant )ootpaste E'pe%i!ent:
2. =at do #o& p%edict will appen wen Miss :elson o% Miss 5o#le
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNN
2. 5esc%ibe o% d%aw a pict&%e of wat act&all# appened.
2- Salt =ate% E'pe%i!ent:
+=at do #o& p%edict will appen to te sol&tion t%o&"o&t classA
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
+=at act&all# appenedA ,=e will answe% tis at te end of
class>-
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
Step 1/2: Explorations in Teaching Secondary Mathematics and Science

2- Elepant E'pe%i!ent
Ci%cle te can"es tat appened and decide if tis e'pe%i!ent sowed a ce!ical o%
p#sical can"e.
Ce!ical P#sical
+*o%!ation of a p%ecipitate + Can"in" States of Matte%
+Lene%ation of "as
+ Sol&tions
+Colo% can"e
+Abso%ption o% %elease of eat +
2- Salt =ate% E'pe%i!ent
Ci%cle te can"es tat appened and decide if tis e'pe%i!ent sowed a ce!ical o%
p#sical can"e.
Ce!ical P#sical
+*o%!ation of a p%ecipitate + Can"in" States of Matte%
+Lene%ation of "as
+ Sol&tions
+Colo% can"e
+Abso%ption o% %elease of eat +
(- 9iploc Ba" E'plo%ation
Ci%cle te can"es tat appened and decide if tis e'pe%i!ent sowed a ce!ical o%
p#sical can"e.
Ce!ical P#sical
+*o%!ation of a p%ecipitate + Can"in" States of Matte%
+Lene%ation of "as
+ Sol&tions
+Colo% can"e
+Abso%ption o% %elease of eat N
Step 1/2: Explorations in Teaching Secondary Mathematics and Science
9iploc Ba" E'plo%ation:
:a!es of St&dents in L%o&p:
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
2- )ake all te !ate%ials o&t of te bi" 9iploc ba".
2- Blindfold #o&% <)op Sec%et Gnvesti"ato%@.
(- 0and te <)op Sec%et Gnvesti"ato%@ te ba" labeled <Sec%et Gn"%edient 2@ and ask
te! wat te# feel.
4- 0and te <)op Sec%et Gnvesti"ato%@ te ba" labeled <Sec%et Gn"%edient 2@ and ask
te! wat te# feel.
OO=at a%e so!e 7&alitative and 7&antitative p%ope%ties #o&% "%o&p notices abo&t te
ba"sA ,Ask #o&% )op Sec%et Gnvesti"ato% wat te# feel>-
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
;- P&t a spoonf&l of eac sec%et in"%edient in a new 9iploc ba".
.- =en #o& "et to tis step, Miss :elson o% Miss 5o#le will b%in" #o& a c&p Jlled
alfwa# f&ll wit wate%.
OOBefo%e #o& !ove on, %ead step seven and disc&ss wit #o&% "%o&p wat #o& p%edict
will appen> =%ite #o&% p%ediction e%e:
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
1- :ow tat #o&?ve w%itten #o&% p%ediction, p&t te c&p wit wate% inside te Jnal ba"
wit !i' of te two powde%s ,wito&t spillin"- and seal ti"tl#. 0and it to te <)op
Sec%et Gnvesti"ato%@ and ave te! sake &p te Jnal ba">
OO 5esc%ibe wat appened inside te ba":
Step 1/2: Explorations in Teaching Secondary Mathematics and Science
A:S=E4 PEK
2- Elepant E'pe%i!ent
Ci%cle te can"es tat appened and decide if tis e'pe%i!ent sowed a ce!ical o%
p#sical can"e.
Ce!ical P#sical
+*o%!ation of a p%ecipitate + Can"in" States of Matte%
+Lene%ation of "as
+ Sol&tions
+Colo% can"e
+Abso%ption o% %elease of eat +
2- Salt =ate% E'pe%i!ent
Ci%cle te can"es tat appened and decide if tis e'pe%i!ent sowed a ce!ical o%
p#sical can"e.
Ce!ical P#sical
+*o%!ation of a p%ecipitate + Can"in" States of Matte%
+Lene%ation of "as
+ Sol&tions
+Colo% can"e
+Abso%ption o% %elease of eat +
(- 9iploc Ba" E'plo%ation
Ci%cle te can"es tat appened and decide if tis e'pe%i!ent sowed a ce!ical o%
p#sical can"e.
Ce!ical P#sical
+*o%!ation of a p%ecipitate + Can"in" States of Matte%
+Lene%ation of "as
+ Sol&tions
+Colo% can"e
Step 1/2: Explorations in Teaching Secondary Mathematics and Science
+Abso%ption o% %elease of eat