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Revision Questions

Question 1: Chemistry
1.a We can understand a lot about an element by looking at information on the periodic
table.



Using the information above, write down what you can about the element Magnesium. In
your answer you should
State the number of protons, neutrons and electrons in Magnesium
Write the electron arrangement of Magnesium
Draw an atomic diagram of the Magnesium atom, labeling the electrons
Explain why Magnesium is in group 2 and period 3 of the periodic table

1.b During a science lesson, Sam carries out the following experiment. He adds some
magnesium metal into the test tube containing hydrochloric acid, and makes the following
observations.







Sam concludes that a chemical reaction has occurred. He knows that the bubbles of gas
were hydrogen gas, and that the liquid in the test tube at the end of the reaction is
magnesium chloride.

12
Mg
24
Magnesium is in Group 2, period
3 of the periodic table






Hydrochloric
acid
Magnesium
metal





Magnesium begins
to bubble and test
tube gets hot
The magnesium has
completely disappeared
Discuss this chemical reaction. In your answer you should
Name the reactants and products of the reaction
Write a word equation to represent the chemical reaction
Explain how he knew a chemical reaction had occurred
Explain the difference between a physical and a chemical change.


Question 1: Chemistry

1.a The below diagrams show details about the structure of the Chlorine atom


Using the information above, describe the element Chlorine and EXPLAIN its positioning on
the periodic table.
In your answer you should:
State the number of protons, neutrons and electrons in Chlorine
Write the electron arrangement of Chlorine
State the Atomic number and describe what this number tells you about the atom
State what group Chlorine is found on the periodic table
Explain why elements are placed into groups on the Periodic Table, using Chlorine as
an example

1.b Sam noticed that the shiny silver cup he had won at the Science Fair was looking dull.
His mother told him that a reaction had occurred and that the cup had been tarnished by
the oxygen in the air to become Silver Oxide.
Explain this chemical reaction. In your answer you should
Name the reactants
Name the product
Write a word equation to represent the chemical reaction
Explain how Sam knew a chemical reaction had occurred and not a physical reaction

17
Cl






Water
Calcium
Metal





Calcium begins to
bubble and test tube
gets hot
The calcium has
disappeared
Question 1: Chemistry
1a. The periodic table tells us a lot about each of the elements.



Using the information above, describe the atomic structure of the element Potassium
AND explain its position on the periodic table. In your answer you should
State the number of protons, neutrons and electrons in Potassium
Give the electron arrangement of Potassium
Explain the difference between groups and periods

You may use diagrams to help you answer this question.
1b. Martha carries out the following experiment in her science class. She puts some
Calcium metal into a test tube containing water, and makes the following observations.




Calcium is added to water

Martha knows this is a chemical reaction. Her teacher tells her that the bubbles of gas
were hydrogen gas, and that the liquid in the test tube at the end of the reaction is
Calcium Hydroxide.
Explain how Martha knew a chemical reaction had occurred AND describe the reaction.
In your answer you should
Describe what reactants and products are and use examples from the reaction
Write a word equation to represent the chemical reaction
Explain what a chemical reaction is and how Martha knew a chemical reaction had
occurred
Explain the difference between a physical and a chemical change.

19
K
39
Potassium is in Group 1, period
4 of the periodic table