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A CELL STRUCTURE IN

OUR DAILY WORLD


Lien Bui
Period 2
10/24/14

PLASMA MEMBRANE
A plasma membrane is a biological
membrane that separates the interior
of all cells from the outside
environment.
It is flexible.
Made of proteins and phospholipids
Semi Permeable selective
Both are selectively permeable.
This means you are able to choose what comes in and out.
You can choose whether or not to let your friend inside or outside.
Just like the cell can choose whether or not to allow the macromolecule through its membrane.
NUCLEUS
Chromosomes are thread-like
structures located inside the nucleus
of animal and plant cells. Each
chromosome is made of protein and
a single molecule of
deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA).
It is the control center instructions to
make proteins.
The control center views what is going on.
RIBOSOMES
Ribosomes are tiny structures that
make protein according to
instructions from the genes. They
are like a protein construction team.
An example would be a cement factory because it holds
things together and inside of the cement factory there are
people listening to the instructions that are given.
CHLOROPLASTS
Chloroplasts are the food producers
of the cell. Animal cells do not have
chloroplasts. Chloroplasts use
photosynthesis to produce sugar for
the cells.
An example of chloroplasts is a food processing manufacture.
SMOOTH ER
The tube looking part of the ER. It
acts like a storage organelle and is
important in the creation of lipids.
They serve many purposes in the
organism.
An example would be a box because it is smooth and things are stored
inside of the box.
MITOCHONDRIA
They act as the power plants of the
cell, are surrounded by two
membranes, and have their own
genome.
Mitochondria takes in nutrients,
breaks them down, and creates
energy rich molecules for the cell.
The Electricity Generator is an example mitochondria (ATP) because it provides energy for the city.
CELL WALL
A cell wall is a rigid layer of
polysaccharides to protect the cell. It
is the protective framework of the
cell.

ROUGH ER
The ER functions as a manufacturing
and packaging system.
Ribosomes are attached to the
membrane of the ER, making it
rough.

A good example would be a highway.
GOLGI
Golgi uses simple molecules and
combines them to make more
complex molecules used for different
purposes.
After that process is done, the
energy is either stored or used for
different functions.
An example of golgi in real life comparison would be
a janitor who packages and removes items.
VACUOLES/VESICLES
Vacuoles are storage bins to the
cells. It is a membrane that
surrounds a mass of fluid that
contain waste products.
In comparison it is also like a landfill,
every waste is dispose in a cell.
LARGE CENTRAL VACUOLE
The central vacuole is a membrane-
bound organelle containing water
and other enzymes that function
during the life of the plant. Most
often they use Osmosis.
A good example would be a bank because everything is stored in the bank such as
money and finances.
LYSOSOMES
They are structurally and chemically
vesicles containing hydrolitic
enzymes, which are capable of
breaking down virtually all kinds of
biomolecules, including proteins,
nucleic acids, carbohydrates, lipids,
and cellular debris.
A good example would be the recycling system.
Old items get broken down, and then made into new
types of items.
CENTRIOLE
Centrioles are tube like figures that
are there to help cells when it is time
to divide. The put in work during
mitosis and meiosis.
An example would be a tow truck with a tow cable. The tow cable is an example of a spindle fiber
because the spindle fibers connect.

MICROTUBULES
Microtubules are thick protein tubes
that is a cytoskeleton. It is support
and protect of a cell and it provides
movement.
An example of microtubule:
A skeleton to show the support and protection of a cell.
It provides structure and shows the framing
of an organism.
SOURCES:
http://www.biology4kids.com/
http://www.wikipedia.org/
http://biology.about.com/
https://answers.yahoo.com/
http://www.google.com/
http://www.sciencekids.co.nz/pictures/biology.html