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Unit 2 Study Guide

**Keep this to review concepts we will be learning about in S.S. during Unit
2. This unit is very detailed!**

Lesson 1: Getting Along in a Community
A GOVERNMENT is a group of citizens that runs a community. They keep
order and people safe.
A government makes LAWS. Laws are rules we must follow. They tell us what to
do and not to do and they keep us safe.
If someone does not obey a law, they could face consequences. A
CONSEQUENCE is something that happens because of what someone does. For
example, if you do not wear a seatbelt, you could get a ticket. Some people go to
jail for breaking laws.
Lesson 2: Community Governments
Community governments are made up of three parts. mayor, council, court
The leader of a city or town government is the MAYOR. The mayor makes sure
the city is a safe place to live.
The COUNCIL is made up of elected citizens that help the mayor. They talk
about and solve problems and make laws with the mayor.
A JUDGE is in charge of the COURT. A court is where it is decided if a person
has broken a law and if they get a consequence. Judges make sure everyone is
treated fairly.
A GOVERNMENT SERVICE is something that the government provides for all
of its citizens in a community. Examples are schools, libraries, fire departments,
police, and the park. We do not have to go to these places and pay to use the
People who work for government services get paid from TAXES. A tax is money
the government collects money from citizens to pay for these services. For
example, tax money helps fix streets, buys police cars, pay librarians, and pay
people to clean and take care of the park.
Lesson 3:Choosing Leaders
Long ago, some leaders were born to lead, such as Pharaohs in Egypt.
Long Ago, some leaders became leaders of other countries by winning wars.
But today, in America, leaders are chosen through an ELECTION. An election is a time
when citizens VOTE for their leaders. A VOTE is a choice that gets counted.
Sometimes people are not elected, but APPOINTED instead. That means leaders GIVE
them their jobs and citizens do not vote for them.
Lesson 4: State Governments
The GOVERNOR is the leader of the state government just like the mayor is the
leader of the town government. The governor takes care of the state and makes
sure laws are being obeyed.
The LEGISLATURE is like the city council but much bigger. This group of
elected citizens help the governor make laws for the state.
The state also has courts with judges to decide when state laws have been broken.
City and state governments do different jobs. The state government decides how
many days of school there are and takes care of state highways and land and water
areas. City governments do smaller jobs that only affect their town.

Lesson 5: The Countrys Government
Our country government also has three parts or branches, just like the
community and state government.
The PRESIDENT is in charge of the countrys government. The presidents
job is to carry out the laws and make sure they are being followed.
CONGRESS is the group of citizens who make laws and help the President
take care of the country.
The SUPREME Court is the biggest court in the country. It is made up of 9
appointed judges. The court decides if laws are working fairly.
The CONSTITUTION is a written set of rules for our country and that our
government must follow. It was written at the time when America became a
country. It gives citizens RIGHTS- or freedoms that we have such as freedom
of speech, freedom of religion, and the right to live peacefully.
Lesson 6: Signs of Citizen Pride
PATRIOTISM is a feeling of pride that people have for their country.
A PATRIOTIC SYMBOL is a picture of object that stands for ideas the people of a
country believes in.
A bald eagle is a patriotic symbol for strength and courage. A rose is a symbol for peace
and is our national flower. The Pledge of Allegiance is something citizens say to show
pride in their country. The Star Spangled Banner is our national song of America.
America also has holidays to show patriotism such as Flag Day (celebrating the flags
birthday), Independence Day (July 4
-When America won the war against the British
and became a country), and Presidents Day (honoring famous presidents in the past).
**Students will not be tested on Lesson 7 Famous Citizens of the past**