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Democratic Reform and

Activism
p. 313-316

OBJECTIVES
Describe the evolution of British Democracy

Explain the origin and goals of the womens


suffrage movement
Trace the development of democratic
institutions in France

Inherited

appointed

BRITAIN ENACTS REFORMS

House of Lords

The Reform Bill of 1832


Upper class runs the government

Parliament

The new wealthy middle class demand a greater voice

Suffrage
Reform
Bill of
1832

The right to vote

House of
Commons

Eased property law


redistricted

Male land owners

BRITAIN ENACTS REFORMS


Chartist Movement

Victorian Age

Members of the working class demanded


reforms in Parliament and election, including
suffrage for all men

Queen Victoria

Peoples Charter of 1838


Suffrage for all men
Annual Parliamentary elections
No open ballots
End property requirements
Pay members of Parliament

Took throne at 18
64 year reign
Height of wealth and power of the British empire

Power was almost completely


Parliaments
Government run by Prime Minister and
cabient

EXPANSION OF SUFFRAGE
1867, 1884

Before 1832
0

21

72
95

had right to vote

gained right to vote

1832

had right to vote


2

could not vote

1918

gained right to vote

could not vote

5
26

28

93
46

had right to vote


could not vote

gained right to vote

had right to vote


could not vote

gained right to vote

WOMEN GET THE VOTE


Organization and Resistance

Militant Protests

Women on both side of the ocean


work to gain the right to vote

Drastic steps are taken

Protest unfair laws and customs

Womens Social and Political Union

Resistance grew as women


became more vocal

Both men and women thought


womens suffrage was too radical

1903 WSPU
Become the most militant organization for womens rights
Wanted to draw attention

When jailed would go on hunger strikes


Had to be force fed to stay alive

Women in both US and UK did not gain the vote


until after WWI

FRANCE AND DEMOCRACY


The Third Republic

Aftermath of Franco-Prussian War


Change in government almost yearly
1875 National Assembly finally agrees on
new government

Dreyfus Affair

Monarchists

Aristocrats

Clergy

Army
leaders

The Third Republic


Lasted 60 years
France remained divided

Anti-Semitism
Capt. Alfred
Dreyfus

Prejudice against Jews

Accused of selling secrets to the Germans


Found guilty on false evidence

FRANCE AND DEMOCRACY


Dreyfus Affair (cont.)

Capt. Alfred Dreyfus


Accused of selling secrets to the
Germans
Found guilty on false evidence
Sentenced to life
Later new evidence could prove
him innocent, but case is not reopened

FRANCE AND DEMOCRACY


The Rise of Zionism

Zionism
Self-determination to establish a
Jewish home state in the Jewish
homeland

Theodor Herzl
Leader of the Zionism movement
Writer from Vienna

What was the major difference between


the Reform Bill of 1832 and the Chartist
movement?
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Why was the House of Commons a


misleading name during the early
1800s?
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Why did the idea of womens suffrage


seem radical in the Victorian Era?
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Why was there an increase in immigration


by Eastern European Jews to the United
States in the later 19th century?
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