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Letstacklethisproblem.

Ourgoalistofigureoutwhichofthestatementsbelowareactuallytrue.
Sincetheyallhavetodowithperpendicularandparallellines,wewill
needtocalculatetheslopeofeachofthefivelinesabove.Tofindthe
slope,wellneedeachlineinslopeinterceptform.Letsbegin.

LINEONE
2(5x+4)3=4y+3x

Given

10x+83=4y3x

DistributiveProperty

10x+5=4y3x

Simplify

7x+5=4y

AdditionPropertyofEquality

(7/4)x+(5/4)=y

DivisionPropertyofEquality

y=(7/4)x+(5/4)

SymmetricProperty

Wehavenowreducedtheequationtotheformy=mx+b.

Theslopeisthevaluem.Wecanseethatthenumberinthatplaceis
(7/4).Therefore,theslopeofequation1is(7/4).


LINETWO
10y=4(2x+11)+4y

Given

10y=8x+44+4y

DistributiveProperty

14y=8x+44

SubtractionPropertyofEquality

y=(8/14)x+(44/14)

DivisionPropertyofEquality

y=(4/7)x+(22/7)

Simplify

Wehavenowreducedtheequationtotheformy=mx+b.

Theslopeisthevaluem.Wecanseethatthenumberinthatplaceis
(4/7).Therefore,theslopeofequation2is(4/7).

LINETHREE
2((1/2)y+4)(1/4)x=2x7

Given

y+8(1/4)x=2x7

DistributiveProperty

y+8=2x(1/4)x7

AdditionPropertyofEquality

y=2x(1/4)x15

SubtractionPropertyofEquality

y=(7/4)x15

Simplify

Wehavenowreducedtheequationtotheformy=mx+b.

Theslopeisthevaluem.Wecanseethatthenumberinthatplaceis
(7/4).Therefore,theslopeofequation3is(7/4).

LINEFOUR
4y=7x

Given

y=(7/4)x

DivisionPropertyofEquality

Wehavenowreducedtheequationtotheformy=mx+b.

Theslopeisthevaluem.Wecanseethatthenumberinthatplaceis
(7/4).Therefore,theslopeofequation4is(7/4).

LINEFIVE
3y+(5/14)x=(21/14)x5y+18

Given

2y+(5/14)x=(21/14)x+18

AdditionPropertyofEquality

2y=(21/14)x(5/14)x+18

SubtractionPropertyofEquality

2y=(16/14)x+18

Simplify

2y=(8/7)x+18

SimplifyMore

y=(4/7)x+9

DivisionPropertyofEquality

Wehavenowreducedtheequationtotheformy=mx+b.

Theslopeisthevaluem.Wecanseethatthenumberinthatplaceis
(4/7).Therefore,theslopeofequation5is(4/7).

Andsonowwehavetheslopesofallthelines:
1. 7/4
2. 4/7
3. 7/4
4. 7/4
5. 4/7

Sonow,welookovereachstatementandcheckforcorrectness.

StatementIreads:Lines1and2areperpendicular.Accordingtothe
PerpendicularLinesTheorem,twolinesareperpendicularifandonlyif
theirslopesmultiplyto1.Sodotheslopesoflines1and2multiplyto
equal1?Yes,because(7/4)*(4/7)=1.Thisstatementistrue.

StatementIIreads:Lines2and5areparallel.AccordingtotheParallel
LinesTheorem,twolinesareparallelifandonlyiftheirslopesareequal.
Soaretheslopesoflines2and5thesame?No,because(4/7)!=(4/7).
Thisstatementisfalse.

StatementIIIreads:Lines1and4areparallel.AccordingtotheParallel
LinesTheorem,twolinesareparallelifandonlyiftheirslopesareequal.
Soaretheslopesoflines1and4thesame?Yes,because(7/4)=(7/4).
Thisstatementistrue.

StatementIVreads:Lines1and3areperpendicular.Accordingtothe
PerpendicularLinesTheorem,twolinesareperpendicularifandonlyif
theirslopesmultiplyto1.Sodotheslopesoflines1and3multiplyto
equal1?No,because(7/4)*(7/4)!=1.Theirslopesmultiplyto(49/16)!
Thisstatementinfalse.

Soarecapofwhichstatementsweretrueandwhichwerefalse:
I. True
II. False
III. True
IV. False

Nowwecananswertheoriginalquestion.Whichstatementsweretrue?
Well,lookingatthelist,statementsIandIIIweretrue.Therefore,our
answerisstatementsIandIII.

DONE