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CHAPTER 3 BALANCE IN NATURE

3.1 BALANCE IN NATURE


1. Balance in nature means interactions between different organisms with environment to
balance ecosystem
2. Balance in nature involve 3 cycles:
i. Water cycle
ii. Carbon cycle
iii. Nitrogen cycle

WATER CYCLE
Cloud
Process:___________________
X
Water: sea, river

Water vapour
Y
Plants

X : water from sea, river- evaporation process


Y : water from plant transpiration process/respiration
Z ; water from animals respiration process

Z
Animals

CARBON CYCLE
1.

3 sources of carbon dioxide:


Combustion of fossil fuel(pembakaran bahan api)
Respiration from animals and plants (at night only)
Decomposition of dead animals or plants(pereputan)

Respiration by
_______________

Combustion from
_________ and
____________

Carbon dioxide

Process
Photosynthesis(day time)

Respiration process
at night only

Decomposition of
_________ plants and
animals

Nitrogen cycle: refer next page


Food web : refer chapter 2 notes

Plants

Effect of natural disaster on balance in nature:

Flood
Drought/ kemarau
Volcanic eruption/ gunung berapi
Tornado
Earthquake

3.2 EFFECT OF ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION


1. Types of environmental pollution
Air pollution
Water pollution
Noise pollution
2. Sources of pollution/ sumber pencemaran:
Carbon dixide
Sulphur dioxide
Nitrogen oxide
Carbon monoxide
Chlorofluorocarbon (CFC)
By- products: waste, toxic
3. effect of environmental pollution:
-

Global warming/ greenhouse effect


Thinning of ozone layer
Acid rain