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Tutorial of dynamics

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1. The acceleration of a particle is defined by the relation a =

, where a and t are expressed

in m/s2 and seconds, respectively. Knowing that x = 0 and v = 0 at t = 0, determine the velocity

and position of the particle when t = 0.5 s.

2. The acceleration of point A is defined by the relation a = 5.4 sin kt, where a and t are expressed

in m/s2 and seconds, respectively, and k = 3 rad/s. Knowing that x = 0 and v = 1.8 m/s when t = 0,

determine the velocity and position of point A when t = 0.5 s.

3. The acceleration of a particle is defined by the relation a = 9 . The particle starts at t = 0 with

v = 0 and x = 5 m. Determine (a) the time when the velocity is again zero, (b) the position and

velocity when t = 4 s, (c) the total distance traveled by the particle from t = 0 to t = 4 s.

4. The acceleration of a particle is defined by the relation a =

. (a) Knowing that v = 10 m/s

when t = 0 and that v = 10 m/s when t = 2 s, determine the constant k. (b) Write the equations of

motion, knowing also that x = 0 when t = 2 s.

5. The acceleration of a particle is defined by the relation a = k (1

), where k is a constant.

Knowing that the velocity of the particle is v = +9m/s when x = 3m and that the particle comes

to rest at the origin, determine (a) the value of k, (b) the velocity of the particle when x = 2 m.

6. The acceleration of slider A is defined by the relation a = 2k

, where a and v are

expressed in m/s2 and m/s, respectively, and k is a constant. The system starts at time t = 0 with x

= 1.5 m and v = 0. Knowing that x = 1.2 m when t = 0.2 s, determine the value of k.

7. A group of students launches a model rocket in the vertical direction. Based on tracking data, they

determine that the altitude of the rocket was 27.5 m at the end of the powered portion of the flight

and that the rocket landed 16 s later. Knowing that the descent parachute failed to deploy so that

the rocket fell freely to the ground after reaching its maximum altitude and assuming that g =

9.81m/s2, determine (a) the speed v1 of the rocket at the end of powered flight, (b) the maximum

altitude reached by the rocket.

1

Compiled by: Dipendra Gautam, strdyn@yahoo.com , 9851139815

Tutorial-1 (Rectilinear motion) (CIVIL: I/II)

8. A projectile is fired with an initial velocity of 800 ft/s at a target located 2000 ft above gun A and

at a horizontal distance of 12000 ft. neglecting air resistance, determine the value of the firing

angle . [PU, 2011, Back]

9. Write down the 3 types of acceleration, and velocity. Justify the statement, Graphical solutions

simplify the solutions of the problems in dynamics.

10. Automobile A starts from O and accelerates at the constant rate of 0.75 m/s2. A short time later it

is passed by bus B which is traveling in the opposite direction at a constant speed of 6 m/s.

Knowing that bus B passes point O 20 s after automobile A started from there, determine when

and where the vehicles passed each other.

11. A projectile is fired from the edge of a 150-m cliff with an initial velocity of 180 m/s at an angle

of 30 with the horizontal. Neglecting air resistance, find (a) the horizontal distance from the gun

to the point where the projectile strikes the ground, (b) the greatest elevation above the ground

reached by the projectile.

12. Automobiles A and B are traveling in adjacent highway lanes and at t = 0 have the positions and

speeds shown. Knowing that automobile A has a constant acceleration of 0.6 m/s2 and that B has

a constant deceleration of 0.4 m/s2, determine (a) when and where A will overtake B, (b) the

speed of each automobile at that time.

13. Automobile A is traveling east at the constant speed of 36 km/h. As automobile A crosses the

intersection shown, automobile B starts from rest 35 m north of the intersection and moves south

with a constant acceleration of 1.2 m/s2. Determine the position, velocity, and acceleration of B

relative to A 5 s after A crosses the intersection.

14. Car A is parked along the northbound lane of a highway, and car B is traveling in the southbound

lane at a constant speed of 96 km/h. At t = 0, A starts and accelerates at a constant rate aA, while

at t = 5 s, B begins to slow down with a constant deceleration of magnitude aA / 6. Knowing that

when the cars pass each other x = 90m and vA = vB, determine (a) the acceleration aA, (b) when

the vehicles pass each other, (c) the distance between the vehicles at t = 0.

15. Block A moves down with a constant velocity of 1 m/s. Determine (a) the velocity of block C, (b)

the velocity of collar B relative to block A, (c) the relative velocity of portion D of the cable with

respect to block A.

2

Compiled by: Dipendra Gautam, strdyn@yahoo.com , 9851139815

Tutorial-1 (Rectilinear motion) (CIVIL: I/II)

16. Collars A and B start from rest and move with the following accelerations: aA = 2.5t in./s2

upward and aB = 15 in./s2 downward. Determine (a) the time at which the velocity of block C is

again zero, (b) the distance through which block C will have moved at that time.

17. A parachutist is in free fall at a rate of 180 ft/s when he opens his parachute at an altitude of 1900

ft. Following a rapid and constant deceleration, he then descends at a constant rate of 44 ft/s from

1800 ft to 100 ft, where he maneuvers the parachute into the wind to further slow his descent.

Knowing that the parachutist lands with a negligible downward velocity, determine (a) the time

required for the parachutist to land after opening his parachute, (b) the initial deceleration.

18. Cars A and B are traveling respectively at the constant speeds of (vA )0 = 22 mi/h and ( )0 vB = 13

mi/h on an ice-covered road. To avoid overtaking car B, the driver of car A applies his brakes so

that his car decelerates at a constant rate of 0.14 ft/s2. Determine the distance d between the cars

at which the driver of car A must apply his brakes to just avoid colliding with car B.

(Hint: Plot v-t curve and refer the solved numerical @ class).

19. A golfer aims his shot to clear the top of a tree by a distance h at the peak of the trajectory and to

miss the pond on the opposite side. Knowing that the magnitude of v0 is 30 m/s, determine the

range of values of h which must be avoided.

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Compiled by: Dipendra Gautam, strdyn@yahoo.com , 9851139815

Tutorial-1 (Rectilinear motion) (CIVIL: I/II)

20. A handball player throws a ball from A with a horizontal velocity v0. Knowing that d = 15 ft,

determine (a) the value of v0 for which the ball will strike the corner C, (b) the range of values of

v0 for which the ball will strike the corner region BCD.

21. In slow pitch softball the underhand pitch must reach a maximum height of between 1.8 m and

3.7 m above the ground. A pitch is made with an initial velocity v0 of magnitude 13 m/s at an

angle of 33 with the horizontal. Determine (a) if the pitch meets the maximum height

requirement, (b) the height of the ball as it reaches the batter.

(One is never obliged to provide figures for the queries but one has to sketch out the illustrations

thoroughly for simplification.)

4

Compiled by: Dipendra Gautam, strdyn@yahoo.com , 9851139815

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