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For Gram + cocci:

Catalase, Coag,
Catalase positive organisms SPACE:
Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas, Aspergillus, Candida, Enterobacter
Optochin test
OVRPS (overpass): Optochin: Viridins is Resistant, Pneumoniae is Sensitive
Novobiocin test
NO StRES: NOvobiocin Saprophyticus Resistant Epidermidis Sensitive
Bacitracin Test:
B-BRAS: Bacitracin: Group B strep are Resistant; Group A strep are Sensitive
For Gram rods:
Non-motile: You cant move the SKY: Shigella, Klebsiella, Yersinia
PMP Deanimase: Proteus (H2S+) , Morganella, Provdencia
VP KES: Klebsiella (Urea+, Ornithine-), Enterobacter (U vary, O+), Serratia (U-, O+)
Citrate Negative: Cant SEE MY Orange
Shigella, Edwardsiella, E. coli, Morganella, Yersinia
H2S producing: Black PECS: Proteus, Edwardsiella, Citrobacter freundii, Salmonella
Urea positive organisms: Ura PiMPKEY
Proteus (leads to alkaline urine)
Morganella
Provdencia rettgeri
Klebsiella
Enterobacter cloacae
Yersinia
Lactose-fermenting enteric bacteria
Lactose with macConKEEs agar: Citrobacter, Klebsiella, E. coli, Enterobacter
Indole positive: K.oxy, P.vulgaris, Morganella, E. coli, Edwardsiella, Providencia
Koxy Peev MEEP
*****
UTI-causing microorganisms KEEPS:
Klebsiella
Enterococcus faecalis/ Enterobacter cloacae
E. coli

Pseudomonas aeroginosa/ Proteus mirabilis


Staphylococcus saprophyticcus/ Serratia marcescens
Psedomonas aeruginosa: features AERUGINOSA:
Aerobic
Exotoxin A
Rod/ Resistance
UTIs, burns, injuries
Green-blue dressings
Iron-containing lesions
Negative gram
Odor of grapes
Slime capsule sometimes (in CF pt)
Adherin pili
Streptococcus pyogenes: diseases caused NIPPLES:
Necrotising fasciitis and myositis
Impetigo
Pharyngitis
Pneumonia
Lymphangitis
Erysipelas and cellulitis
Scarlet fever/ Streptococcal TSS
Neisseria: fermentation of N. gonorrhoeae vs. N. meningitidis
Gonorrhoeae: Glucose fermenter only.
MeninGitidis: Maltose and Glucose fermenter.
Maltose fermentation is a useful property to know, since it's the classic test
to distinguish the Neisseria types.
Streptococcus pneumoniae: diseases caused COMPS:
Conjunctivitis
Otitis media
Meningitis
Pneumonia
Sinusitis
Food poisoning: bugs inducing "Eating Contaminated
Stuff Causes Very Big Smelly Vomit":
E. coli O157-H7 [undercooked meat, esp. hamburgers]
Clostridium botulinum [canned foods]
Salmonella [poultry, meat, eggs]
Vibrio parahaemolyticus [seafood]
Bacillus cereus [reheated rice]
Staphylococcus aureus [meats, mayo, custard]

Clostridium perfringens [reheated meat]


Vibrio vulnificus [seafood]
Streptococcus pyogenes: virulence factors SMASHED:
Streptolysins
M protein
Anti-C5a peptidase
Streptokinase
Hyaluronidase
Exotoxin
DNAses
E. coli: diseases caused in presence of virulence factors
DUNG:
Diarrhea
UTI
Neonatal meningitis
Gram negative sepsis
Dung, since contract E. coli from dung-contaminated water.
Klebsiella details You tell the patient: "Get UPS you
fat alcoholic":
UTI
Pneumonia
Sepsis
Fat capsule
Get up=nonmotile since no flagella.
Alcoholic=commonly seen in alcoholicand nosocomial patients.

Streptococcus pneumonia is the most common cause of...


MOPS
Meningitis
Otitis Media (children)
Pneumonia
Sinusitis
ALSO, Most OPtochin Sensitive