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PREBOARD EXAM (PHYSICALAND CHEMICAL PRINCIPLES)

1) _______ is the conversion of molecular nitrogen into nitrogen


compounds.
a) Nitrogen fixation
c) Nitrite reduction
b) Denitrification
d) Industrial fixation
2) Above the stratosphere, the concentration of ozone and other gases
is low, and the temperature decreases with increasing altitude
a) Troposphere
c) mesosphere
b) Stratosphere
d) ionosphere
3) The layer of the atmosphere that contains about 80 percent of the
total mass of air and practically all of the atmospheres water
vapor.
a) Troposphere
c) mesosphere
b) Stratosphere
d) ionosphere
4) Above the troposphere, is the ________, which consists of nitrogen,
oxygen, and ozone. The air temperature rises with altitude.
a) Troposphere
c) mesosphere
b) Stratosphere
d) ionosphere
5) The incoming streams of solar protons and electrons are oriented by
Earths magnetic field so that most auroral displays occur in
doughnut-shaped zones about 2000km in diameter centered on the north
and south poles. __________ is the name given to his phenomenon in
the Northern Hemisphere.
a) Aurora borealis
c) both a and b
b) Aurora australis
d) none of these
6) An international treaty -________- was signed by most industrialized
nations in 1987, setting targets for cutbacks in CFC production and
the complete elimination of these substances by the year 2000.
a) Stockholm Convention
c) Kyoto Predict
b) Kyoto Protocol
d) Montreal Protocol
7) Extracting the metals often entails _________-that is, heating the
metal sulfide in air to form the metal oxide and sulfur dioxide.
a) Galvanizing
c) Smelting
b) Vulcanizing
d) Mining
8) A curie corresponds to _______ disintegrations of radioactive nuclei
per second
a) 3.70 x 10^7
c) 3.70 x 10^9
b) 3.70 x 10^8
d) 3.70 x 10^10

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PREBOARD EXAM (PHYSICALAND CHEMICAL PRINCIPLES)


9) _______ is a rather disagreeable-smelling
preservative for laboratory specimens.
a) Acetaldehyde
c) Methanal
b) Methanol
d) Valeraldehyde

liquid

used

10) Reactions proceeds spontaneously at low temperatures.


temperatures, the reverse reaction becomes spontaneous.
a) + H and + S
c) - H and + S
b) - H and S
d) + H and - S

as

At

high

11) Geometrically, ________ is the most symmetrical molecule known.


a) Buckminsterfullerene
c) fullerenes
b) Graphite
d) Buckytubes
12) Alcohol boils t 79oC and H2O boils at 100oC at 1atm pressure. A
mixture of the two will have a boiling point
a) lower than 79oC
c) higher than 79oC
b) higher than 100oC
d) between 79oC and 100oC
13) What determines the degree of completeness of a reaction?
a) catalyst
c) rate of reaction
b) intimacy of contact
d) equilibrium constant
14) What is the substance called that causes an alteration of the
speed of a chemical reaction?
a) variable
c) catalyst
b) gas
d) equilibrium constant
15) What substance does not have catalytic capability, but does increase
the effectiveness of a catalyst?
a) enzyme
c) anti-catalyst
b) promoter
d) true constant
16) Who first proposed the atomic theory?
a) John Dalton
c) Lord Kelvin
b) Julius Robert
d) William Thomson
17) What is the temperature at which
slightly exceeds the pressure of
a) absolute zero
c)
b) boiling point
d)
18) What theory states that equal
same number of molecules when
a) Quantum Theory
b) Kinetic Theory

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the vapor pressure of a liquid


the atmosphere above the liquid?
Kelvin
melting point

volumes of different gases contain the


compared under the same conditions.
c) Molecular Law
d) Avogadro's Law

PREBOARD EXAM (PHYSICALAND CHEMICAL PRINCIPLES)


19) Who first came up with the periodic table?
a) Amedeo Avogadro
c) Charles Darwin
b) Dmitri Mendeleev
d) Isaac Newton
20) What is the number of the element on the Periodic Table called?
a) periodic number
c) quantum number
b) element number
d) atomic number
21) Who invented the X-ray?
a) Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen
b) Marie Curie

c) Pierre Curie
d) Ernest Rutherford

22) Who's theory proposed that electrons are arranged in shells, or


quantum levels, at a distance from the nucleus?
a) Rutherford
c) Bohr
b) Newton
d) Davis
23) What was Melvin Calvin was known for his study of?
a) x-rays
c) magnetics
b) photosythesis
d) boiling point
24) What are chemical changes in organic substances caused by the action
of enzymes called?
a) reaction
c) enzymiphication
b) oxidation
d) fermentation
25) What compounds are formed by the reaction of acids and alcohols?
a) ethers
c) esters
b) enzymes
d) bases
26) Who was key to developing the valence theory?
a) Melvin Calvin
c) Sir Edward Franklin
b) Henry Dow
d) Humphry David
27) Who invented vulcanization for the rubber industry?
a) Charles Goodyear
c) Robert Michelin
b) James Firestone
d) Albert Brookstone
28) What process combines rubber and sulfur at a high temperature?
a) fulmination
c) fermentation
b) vulcanization
d) distillation
29) Who won the 1944 Nobel Prize in chemistry for his work in nuclear
fission?
a) Fritz Straussmann
c) Otto Hahn
b) Joseph Lussac
d) Johann Glauber
30) Who invented the Carbon-14 dating method?
a) Irving Langmuir
c) August Hofmann
b) Williard Libby
d) Otto Hahn

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PREBOARD EXAM (PHYSICALAND CHEMICAL PRINCIPLES)

31) What is the ability of a solid substance to resist abrasion and


surface deformation called?
a) hardness
c) conductivity
b) softness
d) tensile strength
32) What is the resistance to breakage called?
a) hardness
c) malleability
b) elasticity
d) tensile strength
33) What is the ability to return to the original shape after being
deformed called?
a) hardness
c) malleability
b) elasticity
d) tensile strength
34) What is the ability to be shaped called?
a) hardness
c) malleability
b) elasticity
d) tensile strength
35) A 0.8040-g sample of an iron ore is dissolved in acid. The iron is
then reduced to Fe+2 and titrated with 47.22 mL of 0.02242 M KMnO4
(158.04g/mol) solution. Calculate the results of this analysis in
terms of %Fe (55.847g/mol).
a) 22.06%
b)36.77%
c)14.71%
d)44.12%
36) A 0.992-g sample of canned tuna was analyzed by the Kjeldahl method;
22.66 mL of 0.1224 M HCl were required to titrate the liberated
ammonia. Calculate the percentage of Nitrogen in the sample.
a) 11.74%
b)7.83%
c)3.91%
d)0.28%
37) Calculate the pH of a buffer prepared by adding 10 mL of a 0.10 M
acetic acid to 20 mL of 0.10 M sodium acetate. (Ka = 1.75^-5)
a) 5.06
b)4.46
c)9.54
d)6.02
38) What is the pH of an aqueous solution that is 14.0% HCl (36.46g/mol)
by weight and has a density of 1.054 g/mL?
a) -0.573
b)-0.507
c)-0.673
d)-0.607
39) What is the pH of the resulting solution made by mixing 25 mL of 0.1
M HCl and 15 mL of 0.1 M NaOH?
a) 1.40
b)1.60
c)1.00
d)0.40
40) The Zn in a 0.7556-gram sample of foot powder was titrated with
21.27 mL of 0.01645 M EDTA. Calculate the percent Zn (65.37g/mol) in
this sample.
a) 2.87%
b)2.95%
c)3.03%
d)3.18%

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PREBOARD EXAM (PHYSICALAND CHEMICAL PRINCIPLES)


41) A 0.7121 g sample of wheat flour was analyzed by the Kjeldahl
method. The ammonia formed by addition of concentrated base after
digestion with H2SO4 was distilled into 25.00 mL of 0.04977 M HCl.
The excess HCl was then back titrated with 3.97 mL of 0.04012 M
NaOH. Calculate the percent protein in the flour (f = 5.70)
a) 12.16%
b)24.32%
c)12.79
d)6.40%
42) Calculate the pH of a 0.010 M solution of NaCN. (Ka = 7.2^-10)
a) 11.57
b)10.57
c)12.57
d)9.57
43) Using the equilibrium constants given for reactions (1) and (2),
what is the equilibrium constant for reaction (3)?
(1) 2NO(g) + O2(g) N2O4(g) Kp = 1.49 10^13
(2) 2NO(g) + O2(g) 2NO2(g) Kp = 1.66 10^12
(3) N2O4(g) 2NO2(g)
a) 0.0123
b) 0.111
c) 8.98
d) 80.3
44) Calculate the difference in calories between G and A at 25C
the reaction:
H2 (g, 1atm) + 1/2 O2 (g, 1 atm) H2O(l)
a. 256 cal

b. 888 cal

c. 904 cal

for

d. 1058 cal

45) A liquid is observed to boil at 120C under a pressure of 725 mm Hg.


Its molar heat of vaporization is 8200 cal/mol. Calculate the normal
boiling point of the liquid.
a. 121.76C
b. 120.80C
c. 118.16C
d. 112.54C
46) A 0.01 molal solution of K3Fe(CN)6 freezes at 0.062C. What is its
apparent degree of dissociation?
d. 78%
a. 25.9%
b. 47.2%
c. 67.2%
47) How many grams of urea must be added to 4000 grams of water to make
the solution boil at 100.32C?
b. 150.5 grams
a. 75.3 grams
c. 185.4 grams
d. 205.6 grams
48) What is the solubility of CaF2 in water in mols of CaF2 per L of
solution? Ksp for CaF2 is 1.7 10^10.
a. 9.210^6 M
b. 1.310^5 M
c. 3.510^4 M
d. 5.510^4 M
49) What is the solubility in mol/L of BaF2 in 0.10M MgF2? Ksp for
BaF2 = 1.7 10^-6.
a. 1.710^-4 M
b. 1.710^-5 M
c. 4.310^-5 M
d. 8.510^-6 M
50) Oxidation of which of the following compounds can lead to an
aldehyde?
a. primary alcohol b. secondary alcohol c. tertiary alcohol d. ether
51) Oxidation of which of the following compounds can lead to ketone?
a. primary alcohol b. secondary alcohol c. tertiary alcohol d. ether

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PREBOARD EXAM (PHYSICALAND CHEMICAL PRINCIPLES)


52) Hydrolysis of an ester leads to two compounds. Which of the
following pairs compounds is formed from such a hydrolysis?
a. An alcohol and an aldehyde c. An alcohol and a carboxylic acid
b. Two alcohols
d. A ketone and a carboxylic acid
53) Which of the following compounds would you expect to be the most
soluble in water?
a. CH3CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH3
c. CH3CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2OH
b. CH3CH2CH2OH
d. CH3CH2CH2-O-CH2CH2CH3
54)

Which of
nature of
a. A soap
b. A soap
c. A soap
d. A soap

the following is the best definition of the chemical


soap?
is a very long molecule.
is a long chain carboxylic acid.
is an ester of glycerol and a long chain carboxylic acid.
is a salt of a long chain carboxylic acid.

55) The molecule among those in the following list that can be
classified as an amide is
a. CH3NH2
b. CH3CONH2
c. CH3CHO d. CH3COOH
56) Which of the following amino acids has sulfur in the R group?
a. Serine
b. Cysteine
c. Asparagine
d. Tyrosine
57) Triglycerides which are solids or semisolids at room temperature
are called:
a. oil
b. Fat
c. Steroid
d. Cholesterol
58) One ml of a bacterial culture was pipetted into a 9 ml dilution
blank. One-tenth ml of this dilution was pipetted into a 9.9 ml
dilution blank. From this dilution, one-tenth ml was plated with 25 ml
of culture medium. 220 colonies arose after incubation. How many
colony-forming units were present per ml of the original culture?
a. 2.2 x 10^6 b. 2.2 x 10^5

c. 2.2 x 10^4

d. 2.2 x 10^7

59) The Philippine cornstarch Corporation prepares pharmaceutical


glucose from cornstarch by enzyme hydrolysis. It was observed that
when the starch concentration of the slurry was 5%, the rate of
conversion of starch to glucose was 0.04 kg/s. When the starch
concentration was made 10%, the turnover rate was 0.07 kg/s. The
maximum production level of glucose that can reasonably be attained
per shift of 8 hours is
a. 6084 kg

b. 8064 kg

c. 1008 kg

d. 0.28 kg

60) An act to Control Toxic Substances and Hazardous and Nuclear


Wastes providing penalties for violation thereof
a. RA 8749

b. RA 9003

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c. RA 9275

d. RA 6969

PREBOARD EXAM (PHYSICALAND CHEMICAL PRINCIPLES)


61) The difference between the actual property value of a solution and
the value it would have as an ideal solution at the same T and P and
composition is called
a. Residual

b. Excess

c. Partial property

d. Gibbs free energy

62) A certain quantity of nitrogen gas collected over water at 20C and
at a total pressure of 745 mm Hg has a volume of 200 mL. What will be
the volume of the nitrogen in a completely dry state at 780 mm Hg
pressure and at 48C. The vapor pressure of water at 20C is 17.54 mm
Hg.
d) 204.34 mL
a) 211.45 mL
b) 209.27 mL
c) 206.75 mL
63) Among the following processes, all of the following will produce an
alkane from an alkyl halide except
a) Wurtz Synthesis
c) Reduction with Zn
b) Hydrogenation
d) Corey-House Synthesis
64) The following are correctly named except
a) 3-ethylpentane
c) N-methylbutanamide
b) p-dichlorobenzene
d) 5-hexanone
65) Aromatic compounds are characteristics of
a) Electrophilic substitution
c) Nucleophilic substitution
b) Electrophilic addition
d) Electrophilic addition
66) Delocalization of pi electrons
a) Rearrangement
c)hyperconjugation
b) isomerism
d)resonance
67) Hydration of alkynes yields
a) epoxide
b) ketone
c) alcohol

d) ether

68) The sequence of steps to produce o-nitrobenzoic acid from benzene


is
(1) Friedel-Crafts Alkylation (2) Nitration (3) Oxidation
a) 123
b) 132
c) 213
d) 231
69) Markovnikoffs addition of HBr to alkynes dominantly produces
a) Geminal dihalide
c) tetrahalide
b) Vicinal dihalide
d) halohydrin
70) Ozonolysis of alkenes gives a/an
a) aldehydes
b) alcohol
c) ether

d) ester

71) Which of the following reactions will yield an alcohol from alkenes?
a) Oxymercuration-Demercuration
c) Hydroxylation
b) Hydroboration-Oxidation
d) all of the above

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PREBOARD EXAM (PHYSICALAND CHEMICAL PRINCIPLES)


72) Which of the following compounds has the highest boiling point?
a) N-pentane
b) isopentane
c) neopentane
d) isobutene
73) A sequence in which a C=C double bond is oxidatively converted to two
carbonyl groups through sequential treatment with O3, followed by Zn in acetic
acid
a) Oxidation
c) Oxymercuration-Demercuration
b) Ozonolysis
d) Hydroboration-Oxidation

74) An addition reaction initiated by attack by an electron-deficient reagent


(an electrophile), often a proton from a hydronium ion
a) Electrophilic Addition
c) Oxidation
b) Nucleophilic Addition
d) Ozonolysis
75) A reaction sequence used to
alkene; initiated by concerted syn
with basic hydrogen peroxide
a) Oxidation
b) Ozonolysis

achieve anti-Markovnikov hydration of an


addition of borane, followed by oxidation
c) Oxymercuration-Demercuration
d) Hydroboration-Oxidation

76) What is the common name of this compound C6H5OCH3?


a) Aniline
b) Styrene

c) Cumene
d) Anisole

77) The influence of mixing of s and p


s character of the hybrid orbital, the
a) Hybridization
c)
b) Hybrid Orbitals
d)

orbitals; the greater the fraction of


more electronegative is the atom
Hybridization Effect
Hybrid

78) Name the Alkane


CH3
CH3

H 2C

CH
H 3C

CH
CH

CH3

a)
b)
c)
d)

2-ethyl-3,4-dimethylpentane
c) 3,4,5-trimethylhexane
4-ethyl-2,3-dimethylpentane
2,3,4-trimethylhexane

CH3

79) Name the Alkane


CH3
CH3

CH
H 3C

CH

a)
b)
c)
d)

2-methyl-3-bromobutane
2-methyl-2-bromobutane
2-bromo-3-methylbutane
3-bromo-2-methylbutane

Br

80)A homolytic substitution of halogen for hydrogen, often in an alkane


a) Nucleophilic substitution
c) Electrophilic aromatic substitution
b) Free radical substitution
d) Electrophilic addition

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PREBOARD EXAM (PHYSICALAND CHEMICAL PRINCIPLES)


81) Name the Alkene
H
C
H 3C

a)
b)
c)
d)

CH3
C

2-methyl-2-butene
1,2-dimethylpropene
3-methyl-2-butene
none of the above

CH3

82) Name the Alkene


CH3
H2
C

H 3C
H 2C

CH3

a)
b)
c)
d)

Z-3,4-dimethyl-3-hexene
Z-3,4-diethyl-3-hexene
E-3,4-dimethyl-3-hexene
E-3,4-diethyl-3-hexene

CH3

83) The alkene formed is the one that is more alkyl substituted.
a) Markovnikoffs Rule
c) Saitsevs Rule
b) Hoffmans Rule
d) Huckels Rule
84) What is the IUPAC name of this compound?
H2
C

H 3C

a)
b)
c)
d)

4-ethyl-2-fluoroaniline
4-ethyl-2-fluoroanisole
4-ethyl-6-fluoroaniline
4-ethyl-6-fluoroanisole

NH2

85)What is the major product of the reaction?

a) Aniline
b) Benzonitrile

c) Benzene
d) Iodobenzene

86)The final product of hydration of an alkyne is a/an __________.


a) Enol

b) Alkene

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c) Ketone

d) Alcohol

PREBOARD EXAM (PHYSICALAND CHEMICAL PRINCIPLES)


87-91) Consider a continuous steady-state process in which the
following reactions take place:
C6H12 + 6 H2O 6 CO + 12 H2
C6H12 + H2 C6H14
In process 250 moles of C6H12 and 800 moles of H2O are fed into the
reactor each hour. The yield of H2 is 40.0% and the selectivity of H2
relative to C6H14 is 12.0.
87) What is the limiting reactant?
a) Hexane
b) Water
c) Hydrogen
d)Hexene
88) Calculate the molar flow rate (mol/h) of water in the output stream.
a) 138.39
b) 453.32
c) 346.68
d) 640

89) Calculate the extent of the first reaction, is


a) 53.33

b) 57.78

c) 346.68

90) Calculate the extent of the second reaction, is


a) 53.33
b) 57.78
c) 346.68

d) 138.89
d) 138.89

91) Calculate the mole fraction of carbon monoxide in the output stream
a) 0.09
b) 0.28
c) 0.21
d) 0.39
92) Balance the chemical equation given K4Fe(CN)6 + H2SO4 + H2O =
K2SO4 + FeSO4 + (NH4)2SO4 + CO
a) 1,6,6,2,1,3,6
c) 6,3,1,2,6,6,1
b) 2,6,6,2,1,3,6
d) 1,6,6,2,1,2,6
93) ________ is a method of sequencing amino acids in a peptide.[1] In
this method, the amino-terminal residue is labeled and cleaved from
the peptide without disrupting the peptide bonds between other amino
acid residues.
a) Markovnikov Degradation
c) Lewis Sequencing
b) Edman Degradation
d) Hall reaction

94) A 5.00 mL aliquot of bleach (density = 1.61 g/mL) was diluted and
treated with excess KI to convert hypochlorite to chloride. The
liberated I2 required 22.85 mL of 0.214 M Na2S2O3 for titration.
Calculate the % ClO (51.45 g/mol) in the bleach.
a)4.18%
b) 2.72%
c) 1.56%
d) 3.12%
95) Balance the chemical equation K4Fe(CN)6 + KMnO4 + H2SO4 = KHSO4 +
Fe2(SO4)3 + MnSO4 + HNO3 + CO2 + H2O
a)
b)
c)
d)

60,60,188,10,122,299,162,5,122
122,299,162,5,122,60,60,188,10
188,60,60,122,5,162,299,122,10
10,122,299,162,5,122,60,60,188

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PREBOARD EXAM (PHYSICALAND CHEMICAL PRINCIPLES)

96) A base mixture sample weighing 976 mg was dissolved in sufficient


water to make 100 mL solution and divided into two equal portions. The
first portion was titrated with 52.05 mL of 0.1004M HCl to the methyl
red end point. The other portion was titrated with 23.02 mL of the
acid to the phenolphthalein endpoint. Calculate the % composition of
sample.
a) 50.16% NaHCO3, 50.20% Na2CO3
c)23.90% NaHCO3, 50.20% Na2CO3
b) 10.38% NaHCO3, 50.20% Na2CO3
d)18.94% NaHCO3, 62.70% Na2CO3
97) The phosphate in a 3000 mg sample of industrial detergent was
precipitated by the addition of 1 gram AgNO3. The solution was filtered
and the filtrate required 18.23 mL of 0.1377 M KSCN. Calculate the
percentage of phosphate in the detergent. AgNO3 (169.87 g/mol) PO43
(94.97 g/mol)
a)3.56%
b) 7.12%
c) 5.35%
d) 10.69%
98) Calculate the weight of primary standard Na2C2O4 (134 g/mol)
necessary to react with 25 mL of 0.2005 M KMnO4 in acidic medium.
a)0.671 gram
b) 1.343 grams c) 1.679 grams
d) 2.687 grams
99) Which of the following types of precipitimetry is used as a direct
method for halide determination?
a)Mohr method b) Volhard method c) Fajans method d) none of these
100) A 0.0722 M acid has pH of 3.11, what is the Ka of the acid?
a)4.2 x 10-6
b) 8.35 x 10-6
c)8.35 x 10-7
d) 4.2 x 10-7

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