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Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

2 3

5. tan
12

2
6

2. sin (165)

134
sin (360 )
sin 360 cos cos 360 sin
0 cos 1 sin
sin

11. sin (360 ) sin

6
2

6. sec
12

3
2

3. tan 345

Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

124

The interference is destructive. The waves cancel


each other completely.
Advanced Mathematical Concepts

12. Physics Sound waves can be modeled by equations of the


form y 20 sin (3t ). Determine what type of interference
results when sound waves modeled by the equations
y 20 sin (3t 90) and y 20 sin (3t 270) are combined.
(Hint: Refer to the application in Lesson 7-3.)

cos (180 )
cos 180 cos sin 180 sin
(1) cos 0 sin
cos

10. cos (180 ) cos

Verify that each equation is an identity.

6163

9. tan (x y) if csc x 153 and cot y 43

13

85

8. sin (x y) if cos x 18
and cos y 35
7

16

65

7. cos (x y) if sin x 15
and sin y 45
3

and 0 y .
Find each exact value if 0 x
2
2

6
2

4. csc 915

6
2

1. cos
12

2
1

2. tan
8

3. cos
8

11
9,

169

12
0

119

24 7 24
, ,

25 25 7

7. sin 35, 0 2

4, 3, 4
5 5 3

5. tan 12,
2

Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

about 20

126

Advanced Mathematical Concepts

10. Baseball A batter hits a ball with an initial velocity v0 of


100 feet per second at an angle to the horizontal. An outfielder
catches the ball 200 feet from home plate. Find if the range
v 2 sin 2.
of a projectile is given by the formula R 31
2 0

cos x sin x cos x sin x

2 sin x
cos x
cos x sin x 
2

sin
2x
cos x sin x 
2

sin
2x
9. cos x sin x
2

1 sin 2x  (sin x cos x)2


1 sin 2x  sin2 x 2 sin x cos x cos2 x
1 sin 2x  1 2 sin x cos x
1 sin 2x 1 sin 2x

8. 1 sin 2x (sin x cos x)2

Verify that each equation is an identity.

17 42
1

4
2
1
,
,

25
25
17

6. sec 52,
2

12
0,

169

1
2 , 0 90
4. sin
13

Use the given information to find sin 2, cos 2, and tan 2.

1. sin 105

Use a half-angle identity to find the exact value of each function.

Practice

NAME _____________________________ DATE _______________ PERIOD ________

Use sum or difference identities to find the exact value of each trigonometric
function.

7-4
Double-Angle and Half-Angle Identities

Practice

NAME _____________________________ DATE _______________ PERIOD ________

Sum and Difference Identities

7-3

Answers
(Lessons 7-3 and 7-4)

Advanced Mathematical Concepts