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Formulas for at plates with straight boundaries and constant thickness

Case no.,
shape, and supports
1. Rectangular plate; all
edges simply supported

Case no., loading

Formulas and tabulated specic values


(At center) smax

1a. Uniform over entire


plate

bqb2
sb 2
t

and ymax

aqb4

Et3

(At center of long sides) Rmax gqb


a=b
b
a
g

1.0

1.2

1.4

1.6

1.8

2.0

3.0

4.0

5.0

0.2874
0.0444
0.420

0.3762
0.0616
0.455

0.4530
0.0770
0.478

0.5172
0.0906
0.491

0.5688
0.1017
0.499

0.6102
0.1110
0.503

0.7134
0.1335
0.505

0.7410
0.1400
0.502

0.7476
0.1417
0.501

0.7500
0.1421
0.500

(At center) smax

1b. Uniform over small


concentric circle of
radius ro (note
denition of r0o )



3W
2b

1 n ln 0 b
2pt2
pro

ymax

aWb2
Et3

a=b

1.0

1.2

1.4

1.6

1.8

2.0

0.435
0.1267

0.650
0.1478

0.789
0.1621

0.875
0.1715

0.927
0.1770

0.958
0.1805

1.000
0.1851

b
a

(Ref. 21 for n 0:3)

Formulas for Stress and Strain

NOTATION: The notation for Table 11.2 applies with the following modications: a and b refer to plate dimensions, and when used as subscripts for stress, they refer to the stresses in directions
parallel to the sides a and b, respectively. s is a bending stress which is positive when tensile on the bottom and compressive on the top if loadings are considered vertically downward. R is the
reaction force per unit
length normal to the plate surface exerted by the boundary support on the edge of the plate. r0o is the equivalent radius of contact for a load concentrated on a very small area
p
and is given by r0o 1:6r2o t2  0:675t if ro < 0:5t and r0o ro if ro 5 0:5t

502

TABLE 11.4

(Ref. 21 for n 0:3)

[CHAP. 11

TABLE 11.4

Formulas for at plates with straight boundaries and constant thickness (Continued )
smax sb

a1 =b
b1 =b

0.2

ab
0.4
0.6

0.8

1.0

1.82
1.39
1.12
0.92
0.76

1.82
1.28
1.07
0.90
0.76
0.63

1.38
1.08
0.84
0.72
0.62
0.52

0.93
0.76
0.62
0.52
0.42
0.35

0.76
0.63
0.52
0.43
0.36
0.30

0
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
1.0

where W qa1 b1

1.12
0.90
0.72
0.60
0.51
0.42

0.2

a 1:4b
0.4
0.8

1.2

1.4

1.78
1.39
1.10
0.90
0.75

2.0
1.43
1.13
0.91
0.76
0.62

1.55
1.23
1.00
0.82
0.68
0.57

0.84
0.74
0.62
0.53
0.45
0.38

0.75
0.64
0.55
0.47
0.40
0.33

1.12
0.95
0.80
0.68
0.57
0.47

0.4

a 2b
0.8
1.2

1.6

2.0

1.73
1.32
1.04
0.87
0.71

1.64
1.31
1.08
0.90
0.76
0.61

1.20
1.03
0.88
0.76
0.63
0.53

0.78
0.68
0.60
0.54
0.44
0.38

0.64
0.57
0.50
0.44
0.38
0.30

0.97
0.84
0.74
0.64
0.54
0.45

11.14]

bW
t2

(At center)

SEC.

1c. Uniform over


central rectangular
area

(Values from charts of Ref. 8; n 0:3.)


1d. Uniformly
increasing along
length

smax

bqb2
t2

a=b

1.5

2.0

2.5

3.0

3.5

4.0

0.16
0.022

0.26
0.043

0.34
0.060

0.38
0.070

0.43
0.078

0.47
0.086

0.49
0.091

3.5

4.0

b
a

and

ymax

aqb4
Et3

(Values from charts of Ref. 8; n 0:3.)


1e. Uniformly
increasing along
width

smax

bqb2
t2

a=b

1.5

0.16
0.022

0.26
0.042

b
a

and

ymax
2.0

aqb4
Et3
2.5

0.32
0.35
0.056 0.063

3.0
0.37
0.067

0.38
0.38
0.069 0.070

(Values from charts of Ref. 8; n 0:3.)

Flat Plates
503

TABLE 11.4

Formulas for at plates with straight boundaries and constant thickness (Continued )
Case no., loading

Formulas and tabulated specic values


qb4
qb2
ymax a 3 sa max bx 2
Et
t
the following values:
Coef.

P=PE

sb max

qb2
a
P
p2 Et3
by 2 : Here a; bx ; and by depend on ratios
; where PE
; and have
and
b
PE
t
31  n2 b2

0.15

1
112
2
3
4

0.044
0.084
0.110
0.133
0.140

0.039
0.075
0.100
0.125
0.136

0.023
0.045
0.067
0.100
0.118

0.015
0.0305
0.0475
0.081
0.102

0.011
0.024
0.0375
0.066
0.089

0.008
0.019
0.030
0.057
0.080

0.0075
0.0170
0.0260
0.0490
0.072

bx

1
112
2
3
4

0.287
0.300
0.278
0.246
0.222

0.135
0.150
0.162
0.180
0.192

0.096
0.105
0.117
0.150
0.168

0.072
0.078
0.093
0.126
0.156

0.054
0.066
0.075
0.105
0.138

0.045
0.048
0.069
0.093
0.124

by

1
112
2
3
4

0.287
0.487
0.610
0.713
0.741

0.132
0.240
0.360
0.510
0.624

0.084
0.156
0.258
0.414
0.540

0.054
0.114
0.198
0.348
0.480

0.036
0.090
0.162
0.294
0.420

0.030
0.072
0.138
0.258
0.372

1
112
2
3
4

0.044
0.084
0.110
0.131
0.140

0.060
0.109
0.139
0.145
0.142

0.094
0.155
0.161
0.150
0.142

0.180
0.237
0.181
0.150
0.138

bx

1
112
2
3
4

0.287
0.300
0.278
0.246
0.222

0.372
0.372
0.330
0.228
0.225

0.606
0.522
0.390
0.228
0.225

1.236
0.846
0.450
0.210
0.225

by

1
112
2
3
4

0.287
0.487
0.610
0.713
0.741

0.420
0.624
0.720
0.750
0.750

0.600
0.786
0.900
0.792
0.750

1.260
1.380
1.020
0.750
0.750

a=b

0.25

0.50

0.75

P, Tension
0.030
0.060
0.084
0.1135
0.1280

Formulas for Stress and Strain

1f. Uniform over entire


plate plus uniform
tension or
compression
P lb=linear in
applied to short
edges

504

Case no.,
shape, and supports

P, Compression

[CHAP. 11

In the above formulas sa and sb are stresses due to bending only; add direct stress P=t to sa

TABLE 11.4

(Ref. 41)

Formulas for at plates with straight boundaries and constant thickness (Continued )
qb4
qb2
sa max bx 2
Et3
t
the following values:
ymax a

sb max by

qb2
a
P
p2 Et3
and
: Here a; bx ; and by depend on ratios
; where PE
; and have
b
PE
t2
31  n2 b2

0.15

0.5

1
112
2
3
4

0.044
0.084
0.110
0.133
0.140

0.035
0.060
0.075
0.085
0.088

0.022
0.035
0.042
0.045
0.046

0.015
0.022
0.025
0.026
0.026

0.008
0.012
0.014
0.016
0.016

0.006
0.008
0.010
0.011
0.011

0.004
0.006
0.007
0.008
0.008

0.003
0.005
0.006
0.007
0.007

bx

1
112
2
3
4

0.287
0.300
0.278
0.246
0.222

0.216
0.204
0.189
0.183
0.183

0.132
0.117
0.111
0.108
0.108

0.084
0.075
0.072
0.070
0.074

0.048
0.045
0.044
0.043
0.047

0.033
0.031
0.031
0.031
0.032

0.026
0.024
0.024
0.025
0.027

0.021
0.020
0.020
0.020
0.024

by

1
112
2
3
4

0.287
0.487
0.610
0.713
0.741

0.222
0.342
0.302
0.444
0.456

0.138
0.186
0.216
0.234
0.240

0.090
0.108
0.132
0.141
0.144

0.051
0.066
0.072
0.078
0.078

0.036
0.042
0.051
0.054
0.054

0.030
0.036
0.042
0.042
0.042

0.024
0.030
0.036
0.036
0.036

In the above formulas sa and sb are stresses due to bending only; add direct stress P=t to sa and sb :
2. Rectangular plate; three
edges simply supported,
one edge (b) free

2a. Uniform over entire


plate

smax

bqb2
2
t

and ymax

(Ref. 42)

aqb4

Et3

0.50

0.667

1.0

1.5

2.0

4.0

b
a

0.36
0.080

0.45
0.106

0.67
0.140

0.77
0.160

0.79
0.165

0.80
0.167
(Ref. 8 for v 0:3)

2d. Uniformly
increasing along
the a side

smax

and ymax

aqb4

Et3

0.50

0.667

1.0

1.5

2.0

2.5

3.0

3.5

4.0

0.11
0.026

0.16
0.033

0.20
0.040

0.28
0.050

0.32
0.058

0.35
0.064

0.36
0.067

0.37
0.069

0.37
0.070

505

a=b
b
a

Flat Plates

a=b

bqb2
2
t

11.14]

P=PE
a=b

Coef.

SEC.

1g. Uniform over entire


plate plus uniform
tension P lb=linear
in applied to all
edges

(Ref. 8 for v 0:3)

TABLE 11.4

Formulas for at plates with straight boundaries and constant thickness (Continued )
Case no., loading

Formulas and tabulated specic values

3a. Uniform over entire


plate

smax
a=b
b
a

bqb
t2

ymax

and

aqb
Et3

1.5

2.0

2.5

3.0

3.5

4.0

0.50
0.030

0.67
0.071

0.73
0.101

0.74
0.122

0.75
0.132

0.75
0.137

0.75
0.139

Formulas for Stress and Strain

3. Rectangular plate; three


edges simply supported,
one short edge (b) xed

506

Case no.,
shape, and supports

(Values from charts of Ref. 8; n 0:3)


4. Rectangular plate; three
edges simply supported,
one long edge (a) xed

4a. Uniform over entire


plate

smax
a=b
b
a

bqb2
t2

ymax

and

aqb4
Et3

1.5

2.0

2.5

3.0

3.5

4.0

0.50
0.030

0.66
0.046

0.73
0.054

0.74
0.056

0.74
0.057

0.75
0.058

0.75
0.058

(Values from charts of Ref. 8; n 0:3)


5. Rectangular plate; two
long edges simply
supported, two short
edges xed

5a. Uniform over entire


plate

(At center of short edges) smax


ymax

(At center)
a=b
b
a

aqb4
Et3

bqb2
t2

1.2

1.4

1.6

1.8

0.4182
0.0210

0.5208
0.0349

0.5988
0.0502

0.6540
0.0658

0.6912
0.0800

0.7146
0.0922

0.750
(Ref. 21)

6. Rectangular plate; two


long edges xed, two
short edges simply
supported

6a. Uniform over entire


plate

smax

(At center of long edges)


(At center)

b
a

aqb4
Et3

1.2

1.4

1.6

1.8

0.4182
0.0210

0.4626
0.0243

0.4860
0.0262

0.4968
0.0273

0.4971
0.0280

0.4973
0.0283

0.500
0.0285
(Ref. 21)

TABLE 11.4

[CHAP. 11

a=b

ymax

bqb2

t2

Formulas for at plates with straight boundaries and constant thickness (Continued )

(At center of free edge)


(At end of free edge)

2
3

7aa. Uniform over of


plate from xed
edge

b1 qb2
t2
b qb2
s 22
t

(At center of xed edge) s

and

R g1 qb

11.14]

7a. Uniform over entire


plate

SEC.

7. Rectangular plate; one


edge xed, opposite edge
free, remaining edges
simply supported

R g2 qb

a=b

0.25

0.50

0.75

1.0

1.5

2.0

3.0

b1
b2
g1
g2

0.044
0.048
0.183
0.131

0.176
0.190
0.368
0.295

0.380
0.386
0.541
0.526

0.665
0.565
0.701
0.832

1.282
0.730
0.919
1.491

1.804
0.688
1.018
1.979

2.450
0.434
1.055
2.401

(At center of xed edge) s

(Ref. 49 for n 0:2)

bqb
and R gqb
t2
2

a=b

0.25

0.50

0.75

1.0

1.5

2.0

3.0

b
g

0.044
0.183

0.161
0.348

0.298
0.466

0.454
0.551

0.730
0.645

0.932
0.681

1.158
0.689
(Ref. 49 for n 0:2)

7aaa. Uniform over 13 of


plate from xed
edge

(At center of xed edge) s

bqb2
t2

and

R gqb

a=b

0.25

0.50

0.75

1.0

1.5

2.0

3.0

b
g

0.040
0.172

0.106
0.266

0.150
0.302

0.190
0.320

0.244
0.334

0.277
0.338

0.310
0.338
(Ref. 49 for n 0:2

(At center of xed edge) s

bqb2
t2

and

R gqb

a=b

0.25

0.50

0.75

1.0

1.5

2.0

3.0

b
g

0.037
0.159

0.120
0.275

0.212
0.354

0.321
0.413

0.523
0.482

0.677
0.509

0.866
0.517

Flat Plates

7d. Uniformly
decreasing from
xed edge to free
edge

(Ref. 49 for n 0:2

507

TABLE 11.4

Formulas for at plates with straight boundaries and constant thickness (Continued )
Case no., loading

Formulas and tabulated specic values


(At center of xed edge) s

bqb
t2

R gqb

and

a=b

0.25

0.50

0.75

1.0

1.5

2.0

3.0

b
g

0.033
0.148

0.094
0.233

0.146
0.277

0.200
0.304

0.272
0.330

0.339
0.339

0.400
0.340
(Ref. 49 for n 0:2)

7ddd. Uniformly
decreasing from
xed edge to
zero at 13 b

(At center of xed edge) s

bqb2
t2

R gqb

and

a=b

0.25

0.50

0.75

1.0

1.5

2.0

3.0

b
g

0.023
0.115

0.048
0.149

0.061
0.159

0.073
0.164

0.088
0.167

0.097
0.168

0.105
0.168
(Ref. 49 for n 0:2)

7f. Distributed line load


w lb=in along free
edge

b1 wb
t2
b wb
(At center of free edge) sa 2 2
t

(At center of xed edge) sb

Formulas for Stress and Strain

7dd. Uniformly
decreasing from
xed edge to zero
at 23 b

508

Case no.,
shape, and supports

and R g1 w

(At ends of free edge) R g2 w

8. Rectangular plate, all


edges xed

8a. Uniform over entire


plate

a=b

0.25

0.50

0.75

1.0

1.5

2.0

3.0

b1
b2
g1
g2

0.000
0.321
0.000
1.236

0.024
0.780
0.028
2.381

0.188
1.204
0.160
3.458

0.570
1.554
0.371
4.510

1.726
1.868
0.774
6.416

2.899
1.747
1.004
7.772

4.508
1.120
1.119
9.031

b1
b2
a

1.0

1.2

1.4

1.6

1.8

2.0

0.3078
0.1386
0.0138

0.3834
0.1794
0.0188

0.4356
0.2094
0.0226

0.4680
0.2286
0.0251

0.4872
0.2406
0.0267

0.4974
0.2472
0.0277

0.5000
0.2500
0.0284

[CHAP. 11

a=b

TABLE 11.4

(Ref. 49 for n 0:2)

b1 qb2
(At center of long edge) smax
t2
2
b qb
aqb4
(At center) s 2 2
and ymax
t
Et3

(Refs. 7 and 25 and Ref. 21 for n 0:3)

Formulas for at plates with straight boundaries and constant thickness (Continued )


3W
2b
1 n ln 0 b1
and
2pt2
pro

(At center of long edge) sb


a=b
b1
b2
a

ymax

aWb2
Et3

11.14]

(At center) sb

SEC.

8b. Uniform over small


concentric circle of
radius ro (note
denition of r0o )

b2 W
t2

1.0

1.2

1.4

1.6

1.8

2.0

 0.238
0.7542
0.0611

 0.078
0.8940
0.0706

0.011
0.9624
0.0754

0.053
0.9906
0.0777

0.068
1.0000
0.0786

0.067
1.004
0.0788

0.067
1.008
0.0791
(Ref. 26 and Ref. 21 for n 0:3

8d. Uniformly
decreasing
parallel to side b

At x 0; z 0

sb max

b1 qb
t2

At x 0; z 0:4b

sb

b2 qb2
b qb2
and sa 3 2
t2
t

At x 0; z b

sb

b4 qb2
t2

sa max

b5 qb2
t2



a
At x  ; z 0:45b
2
ymax
a=b

0.6

0.8

1.0

1.2

1.4

1.6

1.8

2.0

0.1132
0.0410
0.0637
0.0206
0.1304
0.0016

0.1778
0.0633
0.0688
0.0497
0.1436
0.0047

0.2365
0.0869
0.0762
0.0898
0.1686
0.0074

0.2777
0.1038
0.0715
0.1249
0.1800
0.0097

0.3004
0.1128
0.0610
0.1482
0.1845
0.0113

0.3092
0.1255
0.0509
0.1615
0.1874
0.0126

0.3100
0.1157
0.0415
0.1680
0.1902
0.0133

0.3068
0.1148
0.0356
0.1709
0.1908
0.0136

(Ref. 28 for n 0:3)

Flat Plates

b1
b2
b3
b4
b5
a

aqb4
Et3

509

TABLE 11.4

Formulas for at plates with straight boundaries and constant thickness (Continued )
Case no., loading
9a. Uniform over entire
plate

Formulas and tabulated specic values


sb max

At x 0; z 0

b1 qb2

t2

and R g1 qb

b2 qb
t2
R g2 qb

At x 0; z 0:6b

sb

At x 0; z b


a
At x  ; z 0:6b
2

sa

Formulas for Stress and Strain

9. Rectangular plate, three


edges xed, one edge
(a) simply supported

510

Case no.,
shape, and supports

and sa

b4 qb2
t2

b3 qb2
t2

and R g3 qb

a=b

0.25

0.50

0.75

1.0

1.5

2.0

3.0

b1
b2
b3
b4
g1
g2
g3

0.020
0.004
0.016
0.031
0.115
0.123
0.125

0.081
0.018
0.061
0.121
0.230
0.181
0.256

0.173
0.062
0.118
0.242
0.343
0.253
0.382

0.307
0.134
0.158
0.343
0.453
0.319
0.471

0.539
0.284
0.164
0.417
0.584
0.387
0.547

0.657
0.370
0.135
0.398
0.622
0.397
0.549

0.718
0.422
0.097
0.318
0.625
0.386
0.530
(Ref. 49 for n 0:2

9aa. Uniform over 23 of


plate from xed
edge

sb max

b2 qb2
t2
R g2 qb

At x 0; z 0:6b

sb

At x 0; z b


a
At x  ; z 0:4b
2

sa

R g1 qb

and

sa

and

b4 qb2
t2

b3 qb2
t2

and R g3 qb

a=b

0.25

0.50

0.75

1.0

1.5

2.0

3.0

b1
b2
b3
b4
g1
g2
g3

0.020
0.003
0.012
0.031
0.115
0.002
0.125

0.080
0.016
0.043
0.111
0.230
0.015
0.250

0.164
0.044
0.081
0.197
0.334
0.048
0.345

0.274
0.093
0.108
0.255
0.423
0.088
0.396

0.445
0.193
0.112
0.284
0.517
0.132
0.422

0.525
0.252
0.091
0.263
0.542
0.139
0.417

0.566
0.286
0.066
0.204
0.543
0.131
0.405

(Ref. 49 for n 0:2)

[CHAP. 11

TABLE 11.4

At x 0; z 0

b1 qb2

t2

Formulas for at plates with straight boundaries and constant thickness (Continued )
sb max

b1 qb2
t2

b qb2
sb 2 2
t
R g2 qb

At x 0; z 0:2b
At x 0; z b


a
At x  ; z 0:2b
2

sa

and

sa

and

b4 qb2
t2

R g1 qb

and

11.14]

At x 0; z 0

SEC.

9aaa. Uniform over 13 of


plate from xed
edge

b3 qb2
t2

R g3 qb

a=b

0.25

0.50

0.75

1.0

1.5

2.0

3.0

b1
b2
b3
b4
g1
g2
g3

0.020
0.005
0.013
0.026
0.114
0.000
0.111

0.068
0.026
0.028
0.063
0.210
0.000
0.170

0.108
0.044
0.031
0.079
0.261
0.004
0.190

0.148
0.050
0.026
0.079
0.290
0.011
0.185

0.194
0.047
0.016
0.068
0.312
0.020
0.176

0.213
0.041
0.011
0.056
0.316
0.021
0.175

0.222
0.037
0.008
0.037
0.316
0.020
0.190
(Ref. 49 for n 0:2)

9d. Uniformly
decreasing from
xed edge to simply
supported edge

At x 0; z 0

sb max

b1 qb
t2

sa

b2 qb
t2



a
At x  ; z 0:4b
2

and

R g1 qb

and R g2 qb

a=b

0.25

0.50

0.75

1.0

1.5

2.0

3.0

b1
b2
g1
g2

0.018
0.019
0.106
0.075

0.064
0.068
0.195
0.152

0.120
0.124
0.265
0.212

0.192
0.161
0.323
0.245

0.303
0.181
0.383
0.262

0.356
0.168
0.399
0.258

0.382
0.132
0.400
0.250

Flat Plates

(Ref. 49 for n 0:2)

511

512

TABLE 11.4

Formulas for at plates with straight boundaries and constant thickness (Continued )
Case no., loading
9dd. Uniformly
decreasing
from xed edge to
zero at 23 b

Formulas and tabulated specic values


At x 0; z 0

sb max

b1 qb2

t2

R g1 qb

and



a
b2 qb2
At x  ; z 0:4b if a 5 b or z 0:2b if a < b
sa
2
t2

R g2 qb

and

a=b

0.25

0.50

0.75

1.0

1.5

2.0

3.0

b1
b2
g1
g2

0.017
0.019
0.101
0.082

0.056
0.050
0.177
0.129

0.095
0.068
0.227
0.146

0.140
0.098
0.262
0.157

0.201
0.106
0.294
0.165

0.228
0.097
0.301
0.162

0.241
0.074
0.301
0.158
(Ref. 49 for n 0:2

9ddd. Uniformly
decreasing from
xed edge to zero
at 13 b

At x 0; z 0

sb max



a
At x  ; z 0:2b
2

b1 qb2

t2

sa

R g1 qb

and

b2 qb2
t2

Formulas for Stress and Strain

Case no.,
shape, and supports

and R g2 qb

a=b

0.25

0.50

0.75

1.0

1.5

2.0

3.0

b1
b2
g1
g2

0.014
0.010
0.088
0.046

0.035
0.024
0.130
0.069

0.047
0.031
0.146
0.079

0.061
0.030
0.155
0.077

0.075
0.025
0.161
0.074

0.080
0.020
0.162
0.074

0.082
0.013
0.162
0.082

(Ref. 49 for n 0:2

[CHAP. 11

TABLE 11.4

Formulas for at plates with straight boundaries and constant thickness (Continued )
At x 0; z 0

sb max

b1 qb2
t2

b qb
At x 0; z b sa 2 2
t


a
b3 qb2
At x  ; z b
sa
2
t2

R g1 qb

and

11.14]

10a. Uniform over entire


plate

SEC.

10. Rectangular plate; three


edges xed, one edge
(a) free

10aa. Uniform over 23 of


plate from xed
edge

R g2 qb

and

a=b

0.25

0.50

0.75

1.0

1.5

2.0

3.0

b1
b2
b3
g1
g2

0.020
0.016
0.031
0.114
0.125

0.081
0.066
0.126
0.230
0.248

0.173
0.148
0.286
0.341
0.371

0.321
0.259
0.511
0.457
0.510

0.727
0.484
1.073
0.673
0.859

1.226
0.605
1.568
0.845
1.212

2.105
0.519
1.982
1.012
1.627

b1 qb
At x 0; z 0 sb max
and R g1 qb
t2


a
b2 qb2
sa
At x  ; z 0:6b for a > b or z 0:4b for a 4 b
2
t2

(Ref. 49 for n 0:2

and

r g2 qb

a=b

0.25

0.50

0.75

1.0

1.5

2.0

3.0

b1
b2
g1
g2

0.020
0.031
0.115
0.125

0.080
0.110
0.230
0.250

0.164
0.198
0.334
0.344

0.277
0.260
0.424
0.394

0.501
0.370
0.544
0.399

0.710
0.433
0.615
0.409

1.031
0.455
0.674
0.393

sb max

b1 qb2

t2

(Ref. 49 for n 0:2


10aaa. Uniform over
1
3 of plate from
xed edge

At x 0; z 0

b2 qb2
sa
t2

R g1 qb

and
and

R g2 qb

0.25

0.50

0.75

1.0

1.5

2.0

3.0

0.020
0.026
0.115
0.111

0.068
0.063
0.210
0.170

0.110
0.084
0.257
0.194

0.148
0.079
0.291
0.185

0.202
0.068
0.316
0.174

0.240
0.057
0.327
0.170

0.290
0.040
0.335
0.180

(Ref. 49 for n 0:2

513

a=b
b1
b2
g1
g2

Flat Plates



a
At x  ; z 0:2b
2

514

TABLE 11.4

Formulas for at plates with straight boundaries and constant thickness (Continued )
Case no., loading
10d. Uniformly
decreasing from
xed edge to
zero at free edge

10dd. Uniformly
decreasing from
xed edge to zero
at 23 b

Formulas and tabulated specic values


At x 0; z 0

b1 qb2

t2

sb max

R g1 qb

and



a
At x  ; z b if a > b or z 0:4b if a < b
2

sa

b2 qb2
t2

and

R g2 qb

a=b

0.25

0.50

0.75

1.0

1.5

2.0

3.0

b1
b2
g1
g2

0.018
0.019
0.106
0.075

0.064
0.068
0.195
0.151

0.120
0.125
0.265
0.211

0.195
0.166
0.324
0.242

0.351
0.244
0.406
0.106

0.507
0.387
0.458
0.199

0.758
0.514
0.505
0.313

At x 0; z 0

b1 qb2

t2

sb max

(Ref. 49 for n 0:2

Formulas for Stress and Strain

Case no.,
shape and supports

R g1 qb

and



a
b2 qb2
At x  ; z 0:4b if a 5 b or z 0:2b if a < b
sb
t2
2

and R g2 qb

a=b

0.25

0.50

0.75

1.0

1.5

2.0

3.0

b1
b2
g1
g2

0.017
0.019
0.102
0.082

0.056
0.050
0.177
0.129

0.095
0.068
0.227
0.146

0.141
0.099
0.263
0.157

0.215
0.114
0.301
0.163

0.277
0.113
0.320
0.157

0.365
0.101
0.336
0.146
(Ref. 49 for n 0:2

[CHAP. 11

TABLE 11.4

Formulas for at plates with straight boundaries and constant thickness (Continued )
sb max



a
At x  ; z 0:2b
2

b1 qb2
t2

R g1 qb

and

b2 qb2
sa
t2

11.14]

At x 0; z 0

SEC.

10ddd. Uniformly
decreasing from
xed edge to
zero at 13 b

R g2 qb

and

a=b

0.25

0.50

0.75

1.0

1.5

2.0

3.0

b1
b2
g1
g2

0.014
0.010
0.088
0.046

0.035
0.024
0.130
0.069

0.047
0.031
0.146
0.079

0.061
0.030
0.156
0.077

0.076
0.025
0.162
0.073

0.086
0.020
0.165
0.073

0.100
0.014
0.167
0.079

sb max

b1 qb2

t2

(Ref. 49 for n 0:2


11. Rectangular plate;
two adjacent edges
xed, two remaining
edges free

11a. Uniform over entire


plate

At x a; z 0

and

R g1 qb



b
b
At x 0; z b if a > or a 0:8b if a 4
2
2

sa

a=b

0.125

0.25

0.375

0.50

0.75

1.0

b1
b2
g1
g2

0.050
0.047
0.312
0.127

0.182
0.188
0.572
0.264

0.353
0.398
0.671
0.413

0.631
0.632
0.874
0.557

1.246
1.186
1.129
0.829

1.769
1.769
1.183
1.183

b2 qb2
t2

and R g2 qb

(Ref. 49 for n 0:2)


b1 qb
At x a; z 0 sb max
and R g1 qb
t2


b
b
b2 qb2
sa
At x 0; z 0:6b if a > or z 0:4b if a 4
and R g2 qb
2
2
t2
2

11aa. Uniform over


plate from z 0
to z 23 b

0.125

0.25

0.375

0.50

0.75

1.0

0.050
0.044
0.311
0.126

0.173
0.143
0.543
0.249

0.297
0.230
0.563
0.335

0.465
0.286
0.654
0.377

0.758
0.396
0.741
0.384

0.963
0.435
0.748
0.393

Flat Plates

a=b
b1
b2
g1
g2

(Ref. 49 for n 0:2

515

Formulas for at plates with straight boundaries and constant thickness (Continued )

Case no.,
shape, and supports

Case no., loading

516

TABLE 11.4

Formulas and tabulated specic values

11aaa. Uniform over


plate from z 0
to z 13 b

11d. Uniformly
decreasing from
z 0 to z b

a=b

0.125

0.25

0.375

0.50

0.75

1.0

b1
b2
g1
g2

0.034
0.034
0.222
0.109

0.099
0.068
0.311
0.162

0.143
0.081
0.335
0.180

0.186
0.079
0.343
0.117

0.241
0.085
0.349
0.109

0.274
0.081
0.347
0.105

and

R g2 qb

(Ref. 49 for n 0:2

b1 qb2

t2

At x a; z 0 sb max
and R g1 qb


b
b
b2 qb2
sa
At x 0; z b if a b; or z 0:6b if 4 a < b; or z 0:4b if a <
2
2
t2
a=b

0.125

0.25

0.375

0.50

0.75

1.0

b1
b2
g1
g2

0.043
0.028
0.271
0.076

0.133
0.090
0.423
0.151

0.212
0.148
0.419
0.205

0.328
0.200
0.483
0.195

0.537
0.276
0.551
0.230

0.695
0.397
0.559
0.192

and

Formulas for Stress and Strain

b1 qb
At x a; z 0 sb max
and R g1 qb
t2


b
b
b2 qb2
sa
At x 0; z 0:4b if a > or z 0:2b if a 4
2
2
t2
2

R g2 qb

(Ref. 49 for n 0:2


11dd. Uniformly
decreasing
from z 0 to
z 23 b

sb max

and

R g1 qb

At x 0; z 0:4b if a 5 0:375b; or z 0:2b if a < 0:375b sa


a=b

0.125

0.25

0.375

0.50

0.75

1.0

b1
b2
g1
g2

0.040
0.026
0.250
0.084

0.109
0.059
0.354
0.129

0.154
0.089
0.316
0.135

0.215
0.107
0.338
0.151

0.304
0.116
0.357
0.156

0.362
0.113
0.357
0.152

b2 qb2
t2

and

R g2 qb

(Ref. 49 for n 0:2

[CHAP. 11

TABLE 11.4

At x a; z 0

b1 qb2

t2

Formulas for at plates with straight boundaries and constant thickness (Continued )

13. Continuous plate;


supported continuously
on an elastic foundation
of modulus k (lb=in2=in)

12a. Uniform over


entire surface

13b. Uniform over a


small circle of
radius ro , remote
from edges

At x 0; z 0:2b

sa

b1 qb2
t2

and

R g1 qb

11.14]

12. Continuous plate;


supported at equal
intervals a on circular
supports of radius ro

At x a; z 0 sb max

SEC.

11ddd. Uniformly
decreasing
from z 0
to z 13 b

b2 qb
and R g2 qb
t2
2

a=b

0.125

0.25

0.375

0.50

0.75

1.0

b1
b2
g1
g2

0.025
0.014
0.193
0.048

0.052
0.028
0.217
0.072

0.071
0.031
0.170
0.076

0.084
0.029
0.171
0.075

0.100
0.025
0.171
0.072

0.109
0.020
0.171
0.072

(At edge of support)




2 
0:15q
4
1
4
when 0:15 4 n < 0:30
sa 2
a  ro
t
3
n


3qa2
a
r2
or sa
1 n ln  211  n o2  0:55  1:50n
ro
2pt2
a
2r
where n o
a
(Under the load)
smax



3W 1 n
L
ln e 0:6159
2pt2
ro

Max foundation pressure qo


ymax

where Le

(Ref. 49 for n 0:2

Ref: 9
when n < 0:15

Ref: 11

s
4
Et3
121  n2 k

W
8L2e

W
8kL2e
(Ref. 14)

Flat Plates
517

TABLE 11.4

Formulas for at plates with straight boundaries and constant thickness (Continued )
518

Case no.,
shape, and supports

Case no., loading

Formulas and tabulated specic values


(Under the load)
smax



0:863W 1 n
L
ln e 0:207
t2
ro
W
kL2e

ymax 0:4081 0:4n

(Ref. 14)
13bbb. Uniform over a
small circle of
radius ro ,
adjacent to a
corner

(At the corner)

ymax


r
W
1:1  1:245 o
Le kL2e

p
(At a distance 2:38 ro Le from the corner along diagonal)
"
 0:6 #
3W
r
smax 2 1  1:083 o
t
Le

Formulas for Stress and Strain

13bb. Uniform over a


small circle of
radius ro , adjacent
to edge but remote
from corner

(Ref. 14)
14. Parallelogram plate
(skew slab); all edges
simply supported

15. Parallelogram plate


(skew slab); shorter
edges simply supported,
longer edges free

14a. Uniform over


entire plate

(At center of plate) smax

ymax

and

aqb4

Et3

For a=b 2:0

15a. Uniform over


entire plate

0

30

45

60

75

b
a

0.585
0.119

0.570
0.118

0.539
0.108

0.463
0.092

0.201
0.011

(Along free edge) smax

b1 qb
t2

(At center of plate) smax


For a=b 2:0

ymax

and

b2 qb2
t2

and

a1 qb
Et3

ymax

0

30

45

60

b1
b2
a1
a2

3.05
2.97
2.58
2.47

2.20
2.19
1.50
1.36

1.78
1.75
1.00
0.82

0.91
1.00
0.46
0.21

(Ref. 24 for n 0:2

a2 qb4
Et3

(Ref. 24 for n 0:2

[CHAP. 11

TABLE 11.4

bqb2
2
t

Formulas for at plates with straight boundaries and constant thickness (Continued )
16a. Uniform over entire
plate

b1 qb2
t2
aqb4

Et3

Along longer edge toward obtuse angle) smax

SEC.

(At center of plate) s

b2 qb2
t2

a=b

1.00

1.25

1.50

1.75

2.00

0

b1
b2
a

0.308
0.138
0.0135

0.400
0.187
0.0195

0.454
0.220
0.0235

0.481
0.239
0.0258

0.497
0.247
0.0273

15

b1
b2
a

0.320
0.135
0.0127

0.412
0.200
0.0189

0.483
0.235
0.0232

0.531
0.253
0.0257

0.553
0.261
0.0273

30

b1
b2
a

0.400
0.198
0.0168

0.495
0.221
0.0218

0.547
0.235
0.0249

0.568
0.245
0.0268

0.580
0.252
0.0281

45

b1
b2
a

0.394
0.218
0.0165

0.470
0.244
0.0208

0.531
0.260
0.0242

0.575
0.265
0.0265

0.601
0.260
0.0284

60

b1
b2
a

0.310
0.188
0.0136

0.450
0.204
0.0171

0.538
0.214
0.0198

and

ymax

2.25

2.50

11.14]

16. Parallelogram plate


(skew slab); all edges
xed

3.00

0.613
0.224
0.0245
(Ref. 53 for n 13

17. Equilateral triangle; all


edges simply supported

17a. Uniform over entire


plate

At x 0; z 0:062a sz max

0:1488qa2

t2

At x 0; z 0:129a sx max

qa4 1  n2
81Et3
(Refs. 21 and 23 for n 0:3)

At x 0; z 0 smax

ymax 0:069W 1  n2 a2 =Et3

519

17b. Uniform over


small circle of
radius ro
at x 0; z 0



3W 1  n
0:377a
1 n ln

2pt2
2
r0o

Flat Plates

At x 0; z 0 ymax

0:1554qa2
t2

TABLE 11.4

Formulas for at plates with straight boundaries and constant thickness (Continued )

18a. Uniform over


entire plate

Formulas and tabulated specic values


smax

0:262qa2
sz
t2

sx max
ymax

0:225qa2
t2

0:038qa4
Et3
(Ref. 21 for n 0:3

19. Regular polygonal


plate; all edges simply
supported

19a. Uniform over


entire plate

(At center)

bqa2
s 2
t

ymax

and

aqa4

Et3

(At center of straight edge) Max slope

xqa3
Et3

10

15

b
a
x

1.302
0.910
1.535

1.152
0.710
1.176

1.086
0.635
1.028

1.056
0.599
0.951

1.044
0.581
0.910

1.038
0.573
0.888

1.038
0.572
0.877

1.044
0.572
0.871

1.074
0.586
0.883

1.236
0.695
1.050

Number of sides n
20. Regular polygonal
plate; all edges xed

(Ref. 55 for n 0:3


20a. Uniform over
entire plate

(At center )

b1 qa
t2

and

aqa
Et3
b2 qa2

t2

ymax

(At center of straight edge) smax

Number of sides n

Formulas for Stress and Strain

18. Right-angle isosceles


triangle; all edges
simply supported

Case no., loading

520

Case no.,
shape, and supports

10

b
b2
a

0.589
1.423
0.264

0.550
1.232
0.221

0.530
1.132
0.203

0.518
1.068
0.194

0.511
1.023
0.188

0.506
0.990
0.184

0.503
0.964
0.182

0.500
0.944
0.180

0.4875
0.750
0.171
(Ref. 55 for n 0:3

[CHAP. 11