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# Formulas for at plates with straight boundaries and constant thickness

Case no.,
shape, and supports
1. Rectangular plate; all
edges simply supported

(At center) smax

plate

bqb2
sb 2
t

and ymax

aqb4

Et3

a=b
b
a
g

1.0

1.2

1.4

1.6

1.8

2.0

3.0

4.0

5.0

0.2874
0.0444
0.420

0.3762
0.0616
0.455

0.4530
0.0770
0.478

0.5172
0.0906
0.491

0.5688
0.1017
0.499

0.6102
0.1110
0.503

0.7134
0.1335
0.505

0.7410
0.1400
0.502

0.7476
0.1417
0.501

0.7500
0.1421
0.500

## 1b. Uniform over small

concentric circle of
denition of r0o )



3W
2b

1 n ln 0 b
2pt2
pro

ymax

aWb2
Et3

a=b

1.0

1.2

1.4

1.6

1.8

2.0

0.435
0.1267

0.650
0.1478

0.789
0.1621

0.875
0.1715

0.927
0.1770

0.958
0.1805

1.000
0.1851

b
a

## Formulas for Stress and Strain

NOTATION: The notation for Table 11.2 applies with the following modications: a and b refer to plate dimensions, and when used as subscripts for stress, they refer to the stresses in directions
parallel to the sides a and b, respectively. s is a bending stress which is positive when tensile on the bottom and compressive on the top if loadings are considered vertically downward. R is the
reaction force per unit
length normal to the plate surface exerted by the boundary support on the edge of the plate. r0o is the equivalent radius of contact for a load concentrated on a very small area
p
and is given by r0o 1:6r2o t2  0:675t if ro < 0:5t and r0o ro if ro 5 0:5t

502

TABLE 11.4

## (Ref. 21 for n 0:3)

[CHAP. 11

TABLE 11.4

Formulas for at plates with straight boundaries and constant thickness (Continued )
smax sb

a1 =b
b1 =b

0.2

ab
0.4
0.6

0.8

1.0

1.82
1.39
1.12
0.92
0.76

1.82
1.28
1.07
0.90
0.76
0.63

1.38
1.08
0.84
0.72
0.62
0.52

0.93
0.76
0.62
0.52
0.42
0.35

0.76
0.63
0.52
0.43
0.36
0.30

0
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
1.0

where W qa1 b1

1.12
0.90
0.72
0.60
0.51
0.42

0.2

a 1:4b
0.4
0.8

1.2

1.4

1.78
1.39
1.10
0.90
0.75

2.0
1.43
1.13
0.91
0.76
0.62

1.55
1.23
1.00
0.82
0.68
0.57

0.84
0.74
0.62
0.53
0.45
0.38

0.75
0.64
0.55
0.47
0.40
0.33

1.12
0.95
0.80
0.68
0.57
0.47

0.4

a 2b
0.8
1.2

1.6

2.0

1.73
1.32
1.04
0.87
0.71

1.64
1.31
1.08
0.90
0.76
0.61

1.20
1.03
0.88
0.76
0.63
0.53

0.78
0.68
0.60
0.54
0.44
0.38

0.64
0.57
0.50
0.44
0.38
0.30

0.97
0.84
0.74
0.64
0.54
0.45

11.14]

bW
t2

(At center)

SEC.

## 1c. Uniform over

central rectangular
area

1d. Uniformly
increasing along
length

smax

bqb2
t2

a=b

1.5

2.0

2.5

3.0

3.5

4.0

0.16
0.022

0.26
0.043

0.34
0.060

0.38
0.070

0.43
0.078

0.47
0.086

0.49
0.091

3.5

4.0

b
a

and

ymax

aqb4
Et3

1e. Uniformly
increasing along
width

smax

bqb2
t2

a=b

1.5

0.16
0.022

0.26
0.042

b
a

and

ymax
2.0

aqb4
Et3
2.5

0.32
0.35
0.056 0.063

3.0
0.37
0.067

0.38
0.38
0.069 0.070

## (Values from charts of Ref. 8; n 0:3.)

Flat Plates
503

TABLE 11.4

Formulas for at plates with straight boundaries and constant thickness (Continued )

## Formulas and tabulated specic values

qb4
qb2
ymax a 3 sa max bx 2
Et
t
the following values:
Coef.

P=PE

sb max

qb2
a
P
p2 Et3
by 2 : Here a; bx ; and by depend on ratios
; where PE
; and have
and
b
PE
t
31  n2 b2

0.15

1
112
2
3
4

0.044
0.084
0.110
0.133
0.140

0.039
0.075
0.100
0.125
0.136

0.023
0.045
0.067
0.100
0.118

0.015
0.0305
0.0475
0.081
0.102

0.011
0.024
0.0375
0.066
0.089

0.008
0.019
0.030
0.057
0.080

0.0075
0.0170
0.0260
0.0490
0.072

bx

1
112
2
3
4

0.287
0.300
0.278
0.246
0.222

0.135
0.150
0.162
0.180
0.192

0.096
0.105
0.117
0.150
0.168

0.072
0.078
0.093
0.126
0.156

0.054
0.066
0.075
0.105
0.138

0.045
0.048
0.069
0.093
0.124

by

1
112
2
3
4

0.287
0.487
0.610
0.713
0.741

0.132
0.240
0.360
0.510
0.624

0.084
0.156
0.258
0.414
0.540

0.054
0.114
0.198
0.348
0.480

0.036
0.090
0.162
0.294
0.420

0.030
0.072
0.138
0.258
0.372

1
112
2
3
4

0.044
0.084
0.110
0.131
0.140

0.060
0.109
0.139
0.145
0.142

0.094
0.155
0.161
0.150
0.142

0.180
0.237
0.181
0.150
0.138

bx

1
112
2
3
4

0.287
0.300
0.278
0.246
0.222

0.372
0.372
0.330
0.228
0.225

0.606
0.522
0.390
0.228
0.225

1.236
0.846
0.450
0.210
0.225

by

1
112
2
3
4

0.287
0.487
0.610
0.713
0.741

0.420
0.624
0.720
0.750
0.750

0.600
0.786
0.900
0.792
0.750

1.260
1.380
1.020
0.750
0.750

a=b

0.25

0.50

0.75

P, Tension
0.030
0.060
0.084
0.1135
0.1280

## 1f. Uniform over entire

plate plus uniform
tension or
compression
P lb=linear in
applied to short
edges

504

Case no.,
shape, and supports

P, Compression

[CHAP. 11

In the above formulas sa and sb are stresses due to bending only; add direct stress P=t to sa

TABLE 11.4

(Ref. 41)

Formulas for at plates with straight boundaries and constant thickness (Continued )
qb4
qb2
sa max bx 2
Et3
t
the following values:
ymax a

sb max by

qb2
a
P
p2 Et3
and
: Here a; bx ; and by depend on ratios
; where PE
; and have
b
PE
t2
31  n2 b2

0.15

0.5

1
112
2
3
4

0.044
0.084
0.110
0.133
0.140

0.035
0.060
0.075
0.085
0.088

0.022
0.035
0.042
0.045
0.046

0.015
0.022
0.025
0.026
0.026

0.008
0.012
0.014
0.016
0.016

0.006
0.008
0.010
0.011
0.011

0.004
0.006
0.007
0.008
0.008

0.003
0.005
0.006
0.007
0.007

bx

1
112
2
3
4

0.287
0.300
0.278
0.246
0.222

0.216
0.204
0.189
0.183
0.183

0.132
0.117
0.111
0.108
0.108

0.084
0.075
0.072
0.070
0.074

0.048
0.045
0.044
0.043
0.047

0.033
0.031
0.031
0.031
0.032

0.026
0.024
0.024
0.025
0.027

0.021
0.020
0.020
0.020
0.024

by

1
112
2
3
4

0.287
0.487
0.610
0.713
0.741

0.222
0.342
0.302
0.444
0.456

0.138
0.186
0.216
0.234
0.240

0.090
0.108
0.132
0.141
0.144

0.051
0.066
0.072
0.078
0.078

0.036
0.042
0.051
0.054
0.054

0.030
0.036
0.042
0.042
0.042

0.024
0.030
0.036
0.036
0.036

In the above formulas sa and sb are stresses due to bending only; add direct stress P=t to sa and sb :
2. Rectangular plate; three
edges simply supported,
one edge (b) free

## 2a. Uniform over entire

plate

smax

bqb2
2
t

and ymax

(Ref. 42)

aqb4

Et3

0.50

0.667

1.0

1.5

2.0

4.0

b
a

0.36
0.080

0.45
0.106

0.67
0.140

0.77
0.160

0.79
0.165

0.80
0.167
(Ref. 8 for v 0:3)

2d. Uniformly
increasing along
the a side

smax

and ymax

aqb4

Et3

0.50

0.667

1.0

1.5

2.0

2.5

3.0

3.5

4.0

0.11
0.026

0.16
0.033

0.20
0.040

0.28
0.050

0.32
0.058

0.35
0.064

0.36
0.067

0.37
0.069

0.37
0.070

505

a=b
b
a

Flat Plates

a=b

bqb2
2
t

11.14]

P=PE
a=b

Coef.

SEC.

## 1g. Uniform over entire

plate plus uniform
tension P lb=linear
in applied to all
edges

## (Ref. 8 for v 0:3)

TABLE 11.4

Formulas for at plates with straight boundaries and constant thickness (Continued )

plate

smax
a=b
b
a

bqb
t2

ymax

and

aqb
Et3

1.5

2.0

2.5

3.0

3.5

4.0

0.50
0.030

0.67
0.071

0.73
0.101

0.74
0.122

0.75
0.132

0.75
0.137

0.75
0.139

## 3. Rectangular plate; three

edges simply supported,
one short edge (b) xed

506

Case no.,
shape, and supports

## (Values from charts of Ref. 8; n 0:3)

4. Rectangular plate; three
edges simply supported,
one long edge (a) xed

plate

smax
a=b
b
a

bqb2
t2

ymax

and

aqb4
Et3

1.5

2.0

2.5

3.0

3.5

4.0

0.50
0.030

0.66
0.046

0.73
0.054

0.74
0.056

0.74
0.057

0.75
0.058

0.75
0.058

## (Values from charts of Ref. 8; n 0:3)

5. Rectangular plate; two
long edges simply
supported, two short
edges xed

plate

ymax

(At center)
a=b
b
a

aqb4
Et3

bqb2
t2

1.2

1.4

1.6

1.8

0.4182
0.0210

0.5208
0.0349

0.5988
0.0502

0.6540
0.0658

0.6912
0.0800

0.7146
0.0922

0.750
(Ref. 21)

## 6. Rectangular plate; two

long edges xed, two
short edges simply
supported

plate

smax

## (At center of long edges)

(At center)

b
a

aqb4
Et3

1.2

1.4

1.6

1.8

0.4182
0.0210

0.4626
0.0243

0.4860
0.0262

0.4968
0.0273

0.4971
0.0280

0.4973
0.0283

0.500
0.0285
(Ref. 21)

TABLE 11.4

[CHAP. 11

a=b

ymax

bqb2

t2

Formulas for at plates with straight boundaries and constant thickness (Continued )

## (At center of free edge)

(At end of free edge)

2
3

plate from xed
edge

b1 qb2
t2
b qb2
s 22
t

and

R g1 qb

11.14]

plate

SEC.

## 7. Rectangular plate; one

edge xed, opposite edge
free, remaining edges
simply supported

R g2 qb

a=b

0.25

0.50

0.75

1.0

1.5

2.0

3.0

b1
b2
g1
g2

0.044
0.048
0.183
0.131

0.176
0.190
0.368
0.295

0.380
0.386
0.541
0.526

0.665
0.565
0.701
0.832

1.282
0.730
0.919
1.491

1.804
0.688
1.018
1.979

2.450
0.434
1.055
2.401

## (Ref. 49 for n 0:2)

bqb
and R gqb
t2
2

a=b

0.25

0.50

0.75

1.0

1.5

2.0

3.0

b
g

0.044
0.183

0.161
0.348

0.298
0.466

0.454
0.551

0.730
0.645

0.932
0.681

1.158
0.689
(Ref. 49 for n 0:2)

plate from xed
edge

## (At center of xed edge) s

bqb2
t2

and

R gqb

a=b

0.25

0.50

0.75

1.0

1.5

2.0

3.0

b
g

0.040
0.172

0.106
0.266

0.150
0.302

0.190
0.320

0.244
0.334

0.277
0.338

0.310
0.338
(Ref. 49 for n 0:2

bqb2
t2

and

R gqb

a=b

0.25

0.50

0.75

1.0

1.5

2.0

3.0

b
g

0.037
0.159

0.120
0.275

0.212
0.354

0.321
0.413

0.523
0.482

0.677
0.509

0.866
0.517

Flat Plates

7d. Uniformly
decreasing from
xed edge to free
edge

## (Ref. 49 for n 0:2

507

TABLE 11.4

Formulas for at plates with straight boundaries and constant thickness (Continued )

## Formulas and tabulated specic values

(At center of xed edge) s

bqb
t2

R gqb

and

a=b

0.25

0.50

0.75

1.0

1.5

2.0

3.0

b
g

0.033
0.148

0.094
0.233

0.146
0.277

0.200
0.304

0.272
0.330

0.339
0.339

0.400
0.340
(Ref. 49 for n 0:2)

7ddd. Uniformly
decreasing from
xed edge to
zero at 13 b

## (At center of xed edge) s

bqb2
t2

R gqb

and

a=b

0.25

0.50

0.75

1.0

1.5

2.0

3.0

b
g

0.023
0.115

0.048
0.149

0.061
0.159

0.073
0.164

0.088
0.167

0.097
0.168

0.105
0.168
(Ref. 49 for n 0:2)

w lb=in along free
edge

b1 wb
t2
b wb
(At center of free edge) sa 2 2
t

## Formulas for Stress and Strain

7dd. Uniformly
decreasing from
xed edge to zero
at 23 b

508

Case no.,
shape, and supports

and R g1 w

edges xed

plate

a=b

0.25

0.50

0.75

1.0

1.5

2.0

3.0

b1
b2
g1
g2

0.000
0.321
0.000
1.236

0.024
0.780
0.028
2.381

0.188
1.204
0.160
3.458

0.570
1.554
0.371
4.510

1.726
1.868
0.774
6.416

2.899
1.747
1.004
7.772

4.508
1.120
1.119
9.031

b1
b2
a

1.0

1.2

1.4

1.6

1.8

2.0

0.3078
0.1386
0.0138

0.3834
0.1794
0.0188

0.4356
0.2094
0.0226

0.4680
0.2286
0.0251

0.4872
0.2406
0.0267

0.4974
0.2472
0.0277

0.5000
0.2500
0.0284

[CHAP. 11

a=b

TABLE 11.4

## (Ref. 49 for n 0:2)

b1 qb2
(At center of long edge) smax
t2
2
b qb
aqb4
(At center) s 2 2
and ymax
t
Et3

## (Refs. 7 and 25 and Ref. 21 for n 0:3)

Formulas for at plates with straight boundaries and constant thickness (Continued )


3W
2b
1 n ln 0 b1
and
2pt2
pro

a=b
b1
b2
a

ymax

aWb2
Et3

11.14]

(At center) sb

SEC.

## 8b. Uniform over small

concentric circle of
denition of r0o )

b2 W
t2

1.0

1.2

1.4

1.6

1.8

2.0

 0.238
0.7542
0.0611

 0.078
0.8940
0.0706

0.011
0.9624
0.0754

0.053
0.9906
0.0777

0.068
1.0000
0.0786

0.067
1.004
0.0788

0.067
1.008
0.0791
(Ref. 26 and Ref. 21 for n 0:3

8d. Uniformly
decreasing
parallel to side b

At x 0; z 0

sb max

b1 qb
t2

At x 0; z 0:4b

sb

b2 qb2
b qb2
and sa 3 2
t2
t

At x 0; z b

sb

b4 qb2
t2

sa max

b5 qb2
t2



a
At x  ; z 0:45b
2
ymax
a=b

0.6

0.8

1.0

1.2

1.4

1.6

1.8

2.0

0.1132
0.0410
0.0637
0.0206
0.1304
0.0016

0.1778
0.0633
0.0688
0.0497
0.1436
0.0047

0.2365
0.0869
0.0762
0.0898
0.1686
0.0074

0.2777
0.1038
0.0715
0.1249
0.1800
0.0097

0.3004
0.1128
0.0610
0.1482
0.1845
0.0113

0.3092
0.1255
0.0509
0.1615
0.1874
0.0126

0.3100
0.1157
0.0415
0.1680
0.1902
0.0133

0.3068
0.1148
0.0356
0.1709
0.1908
0.0136

## (Ref. 28 for n 0:3)

Flat Plates

b1
b2
b3
b4
b5
a

aqb4
Et3

509

TABLE 11.4

Formulas for at plates with straight boundaries and constant thickness (Continued )
9a. Uniform over entire
plate

sb max

At x 0; z 0

b1 qb2

t2

and R g1 qb

b2 qb
t2
R g2 qb

At x 0; z 0:6b

sb

At x 0; z b


a
At x  ; z 0:6b
2

sa

## 9. Rectangular plate, three

edges xed, one edge
(a) simply supported

510

Case no.,
shape, and supports

and sa

b4 qb2
t2

b3 qb2
t2

and R g3 qb

a=b

0.25

0.50

0.75

1.0

1.5

2.0

3.0

b1
b2
b3
b4
g1
g2
g3

0.020
0.004
0.016
0.031
0.115
0.123
0.125

0.081
0.018
0.061
0.121
0.230
0.181
0.256

0.173
0.062
0.118
0.242
0.343
0.253
0.382

0.307
0.134
0.158
0.343
0.453
0.319
0.471

0.539
0.284
0.164
0.417
0.584
0.387
0.547

0.657
0.370
0.135
0.398
0.622
0.397
0.549

0.718
0.422
0.097
0.318
0.625
0.386
0.530
(Ref. 49 for n 0:2

plate from xed
edge

sb max

b2 qb2
t2
R g2 qb

At x 0; z 0:6b

sb

At x 0; z b


a
At x  ; z 0:4b
2

sa

R g1 qb

and

sa

and

b4 qb2
t2

b3 qb2
t2

and R g3 qb

a=b

0.25

0.50

0.75

1.0

1.5

2.0

3.0

b1
b2
b3
b4
g1
g2
g3

0.020
0.003
0.012
0.031
0.115
0.002
0.125

0.080
0.016
0.043
0.111
0.230
0.015
0.250

0.164
0.044
0.081
0.197
0.334
0.048
0.345

0.274
0.093
0.108
0.255
0.423
0.088
0.396

0.445
0.193
0.112
0.284
0.517
0.132
0.422

0.525
0.252
0.091
0.263
0.542
0.139
0.417

0.566
0.286
0.066
0.204
0.543
0.131
0.405

## (Ref. 49 for n 0:2)

[CHAP. 11

TABLE 11.4

At x 0; z 0

b1 qb2

t2

Formulas for at plates with straight boundaries and constant thickness (Continued )
sb max

b1 qb2
t2

b qb2
sb 2 2
t
R g2 qb

At x 0; z 0:2b
At x 0; z b


a
At x  ; z 0:2b
2

sa

and

sa

and

b4 qb2
t2

R g1 qb

and

11.14]

At x 0; z 0

SEC.

## 9aaa. Uniform over 13 of

plate from xed
edge

b3 qb2
t2

R g3 qb

a=b

0.25

0.50

0.75

1.0

1.5

2.0

3.0

b1
b2
b3
b4
g1
g2
g3

0.020
0.005
0.013
0.026
0.114
0.000
0.111

0.068
0.026
0.028
0.063
0.210
0.000
0.170

0.108
0.044
0.031
0.079
0.261
0.004
0.190

0.148
0.050
0.026
0.079
0.290
0.011
0.185

0.194
0.047
0.016
0.068
0.312
0.020
0.176

0.213
0.041
0.011
0.056
0.316
0.021
0.175

0.222
0.037
0.008
0.037
0.316
0.020
0.190
(Ref. 49 for n 0:2)

9d. Uniformly
decreasing from
xed edge to simply
supported edge

At x 0; z 0

sb max

b1 qb
t2

sa

b2 qb
t2



a
At x  ; z 0:4b
2

and

R g1 qb

and R g2 qb

a=b

0.25

0.50

0.75

1.0

1.5

2.0

3.0

b1
b2
g1
g2

0.018
0.019
0.106
0.075

0.064
0.068
0.195
0.152

0.120
0.124
0.265
0.212

0.192
0.161
0.323
0.245

0.303
0.181
0.383
0.262

0.356
0.168
0.399
0.258

0.382
0.132
0.400
0.250

Flat Plates

## (Ref. 49 for n 0:2)

511

512

TABLE 11.4

Formulas for at plates with straight boundaries and constant thickness (Continued )
9dd. Uniformly
decreasing
from xed edge to
zero at 23 b

## Formulas and tabulated specic values

At x 0; z 0

sb max

b1 qb2

t2

R g1 qb

and



a
b2 qb2
At x  ; z 0:4b if a 5 b or z 0:2b if a < b
sa
2
t2

R g2 qb

and

a=b

0.25

0.50

0.75

1.0

1.5

2.0

3.0

b1
b2
g1
g2

0.017
0.019
0.101
0.082

0.056
0.050
0.177
0.129

0.095
0.068
0.227
0.146

0.140
0.098
0.262
0.157

0.201
0.106
0.294
0.165

0.228
0.097
0.301
0.162

0.241
0.074
0.301
0.158
(Ref. 49 for n 0:2

9ddd. Uniformly
decreasing from
xed edge to zero
at 13 b

At x 0; z 0

sb max



a
At x  ; z 0:2b
2

b1 qb2

t2

sa

R g1 qb

and

b2 qb2
t2

## Formulas for Stress and Strain

Case no.,
shape, and supports

and R g2 qb

a=b

0.25

0.50

0.75

1.0

1.5

2.0

3.0

b1
b2
g1
g2

0.014
0.010
0.088
0.046

0.035
0.024
0.130
0.069

0.047
0.031
0.146
0.079

0.061
0.030
0.155
0.077

0.075
0.025
0.161
0.074

0.080
0.020
0.162
0.074

0.082
0.013
0.162
0.082

## (Ref. 49 for n 0:2

[CHAP. 11

TABLE 11.4

Formulas for at plates with straight boundaries and constant thickness (Continued )
At x 0; z 0

sb max

b1 qb2
t2

b qb
At x 0; z b sa 2 2
t


a
b3 qb2
At x  ; z b
sa
2
t2

R g1 qb

and

11.14]

plate

SEC.

## 10. Rectangular plate; three

edges xed, one edge
(a) free

## 10aa. Uniform over 23 of

plate from xed
edge

R g2 qb

and

a=b

0.25

0.50

0.75

1.0

1.5

2.0

3.0

b1
b2
b3
g1
g2

0.020
0.016
0.031
0.114
0.125

0.081
0.066
0.126
0.230
0.248

0.173
0.148
0.286
0.341
0.371

0.321
0.259
0.511
0.457
0.510

0.727
0.484
1.073
0.673
0.859

1.226
0.605
1.568
0.845
1.212

2.105
0.519
1.982
1.012
1.627

b1 qb
At x 0; z 0 sb max
and R g1 qb
t2


a
b2 qb2
sa
At x  ; z 0:6b for a > b or z 0:4b for a 4 b
2
t2

and

r g2 qb

a=b

0.25

0.50

0.75

1.0

1.5

2.0

3.0

b1
b2
g1
g2

0.020
0.031
0.115
0.125

0.080
0.110
0.230
0.250

0.164
0.198
0.334
0.344

0.277
0.260
0.424
0.394

0.501
0.370
0.544
0.399

0.710
0.433
0.615
0.409

1.031
0.455
0.674
0.393

sb max

b1 qb2

t2

## (Ref. 49 for n 0:2

10aaa. Uniform over
1
3 of plate from
xed edge

At x 0; z 0

b2 qb2
sa
t2

R g1 qb

and
and

R g2 qb

0.25

0.50

0.75

1.0

1.5

2.0

3.0

0.020
0.026
0.115
0.111

0.068
0.063
0.210
0.170

0.110
0.084
0.257
0.194

0.148
0.079
0.291
0.185

0.202
0.068
0.316
0.174

0.240
0.057
0.327
0.170

0.290
0.040
0.335
0.180

## (Ref. 49 for n 0:2

513

a=b
b1
b2
g1
g2

Flat Plates



a
At x  ; z 0:2b
2

514

TABLE 11.4

Formulas for at plates with straight boundaries and constant thickness (Continued )
10d. Uniformly
decreasing from
xed edge to
zero at free edge

10dd. Uniformly
decreasing from
xed edge to zero
at 23 b

## Formulas and tabulated specic values

At x 0; z 0

b1 qb2

t2

sb max

R g1 qb

and



a
At x  ; z b if a > b or z 0:4b if a < b
2

sa

b2 qb2
t2

and

R g2 qb

a=b

0.25

0.50

0.75

1.0

1.5

2.0

3.0

b1
b2
g1
g2

0.018
0.019
0.106
0.075

0.064
0.068
0.195
0.151

0.120
0.125
0.265
0.211

0.195
0.166
0.324
0.242

0.351
0.244
0.406
0.106

0.507
0.387
0.458
0.199

0.758
0.514
0.505
0.313

At x 0; z 0

b1 qb2

t2

sb max

## Formulas for Stress and Strain

Case no.,
shape and supports

R g1 qb

and



a
b2 qb2
At x  ; z 0:4b if a 5 b or z 0:2b if a < b
sb
t2
2

and R g2 qb

a=b

0.25

0.50

0.75

1.0

1.5

2.0

3.0

b1
b2
g1
g2

0.017
0.019
0.102
0.082

0.056
0.050
0.177
0.129

0.095
0.068
0.227
0.146

0.141
0.099
0.263
0.157

0.215
0.114
0.301
0.163

0.277
0.113
0.320
0.157

0.365
0.101
0.336
0.146
(Ref. 49 for n 0:2

[CHAP. 11

TABLE 11.4

Formulas for at plates with straight boundaries and constant thickness (Continued )
sb max



a
At x  ; z 0:2b
2

b1 qb2
t2

R g1 qb

and

b2 qb2
sa
t2

11.14]

At x 0; z 0

SEC.

10ddd. Uniformly
decreasing from
xed edge to
zero at 13 b

R g2 qb

and

a=b

0.25

0.50

0.75

1.0

1.5

2.0

3.0

b1
b2
g1
g2

0.014
0.010
0.088
0.046

0.035
0.024
0.130
0.069

0.047
0.031
0.146
0.079

0.061
0.030
0.156
0.077

0.076
0.025
0.162
0.073

0.086
0.020
0.165
0.073

0.100
0.014
0.167
0.079

sb max

b1 qb2

t2

## (Ref. 49 for n 0:2

11. Rectangular plate;
xed, two remaining
edges free

## 11a. Uniform over entire

plate

At x a; z 0

and

R g1 qb



b
b
At x 0; z b if a > or a 0:8b if a 4
2
2

sa

a=b

0.125

0.25

0.375

0.50

0.75

1.0

b1
b2
g1
g2

0.050
0.047
0.312
0.127

0.182
0.188
0.572
0.264

0.353
0.398
0.671
0.413

0.631
0.632
0.874
0.557

1.246
1.186
1.129
0.829

1.769
1.769
1.183
1.183

b2 qb2
t2

and R g2 qb

## (Ref. 49 for n 0:2)

b1 qb
At x a; z 0 sb max
and R g1 qb
t2


b
b
b2 qb2
sa
At x 0; z 0:6b if a > or z 0:4b if a 4
and R g2 qb
2
2
t2
2

plate from z 0
to z 23 b

0.125

0.25

0.375

0.50

0.75

1.0

0.050
0.044
0.311
0.126

0.173
0.143
0.543
0.249

0.297
0.230
0.563
0.335

0.465
0.286
0.654
0.377

0.758
0.396
0.741
0.384

0.963
0.435
0.748
0.393

Flat Plates

a=b
b1
b2
g1
g2

## (Ref. 49 for n 0:2

515

Formulas for at plates with straight boundaries and constant thickness (Continued )

Case no.,
shape, and supports

516

TABLE 11.4

plate from z 0
to z 13 b

11d. Uniformly
decreasing from
z 0 to z b

a=b

0.125

0.25

0.375

0.50

0.75

1.0

b1
b2
g1
g2

0.034
0.034
0.222
0.109

0.099
0.068
0.311
0.162

0.143
0.081
0.335
0.180

0.186
0.079
0.343
0.117

0.241
0.085
0.349
0.109

0.274
0.081
0.347
0.105

and

R g2 qb

## (Ref. 49 for n 0:2

b1 qb2

t2

At x a; z 0 sb max
and R g1 qb


b
b
b2 qb2
sa
At x 0; z b if a b; or z 0:6b if 4 a < b; or z 0:4b if a <
2
2
t2
a=b

0.125

0.25

0.375

0.50

0.75

1.0

b1
b2
g1
g2

0.043
0.028
0.271
0.076

0.133
0.090
0.423
0.151

0.212
0.148
0.419
0.205

0.328
0.200
0.483
0.195

0.537
0.276
0.551
0.230

0.695
0.397
0.559
0.192

and

## Formulas for Stress and Strain

b1 qb
At x a; z 0 sb max
and R g1 qb
t2


b
b
b2 qb2
sa
At x 0; z 0:4b if a > or z 0:2b if a 4
2
2
t2
2

R g2 qb

11dd. Uniformly
decreasing
from z 0 to
z 23 b

sb max

and

R g1 qb

a=b

0.125

0.25

0.375

0.50

0.75

1.0

b1
b2
g1
g2

0.040
0.026
0.250
0.084

0.109
0.059
0.354
0.129

0.154
0.089
0.316
0.135

0.215
0.107
0.338
0.151

0.304
0.116
0.357
0.156

0.362
0.113
0.357
0.152

b2 qb2
t2

and

R g2 qb

## (Ref. 49 for n 0:2

[CHAP. 11

TABLE 11.4

At x a; z 0

b1 qb2

t2

Formulas for at plates with straight boundaries and constant thickness (Continued )

## 13. Continuous plate;

supported continuously
on an elastic foundation
of modulus k (lb=in2=in)

entire surface

small circle of
from edges

At x 0; z 0:2b

sa

b1 qb2
t2

and

R g1 qb

11.14]

## 12. Continuous plate;

supported at equal
intervals a on circular

At x a; z 0 sb max

SEC.

11ddd. Uniformly
decreasing
from z 0
to z 13 b

b2 qb
and R g2 qb
t2
2

a=b

0.125

0.25

0.375

0.50

0.75

1.0

b1
b2
g1
g2

0.025
0.014
0.193
0.048

0.052
0.028
0.217
0.072

0.071
0.031
0.170
0.076

0.084
0.029
0.171
0.075

0.100
0.025
0.171
0.072

0.109
0.020
0.171
0.072

## (At edge of support)



2 
0:15q
4
1
4
when 0:15 4 n < 0:30
sa 2
a  ro
t
3
n


3qa2
a
r2
or sa
1 n ln  211  n o2  0:55  1:50n
ro
2pt2
a
2r
where n o
a
smax



3W 1 n
L
ln e 0:6159
2pt2
ro

ymax

where Le

## (Ref. 49 for n 0:2

Ref: 9
when n < 0:15

Ref: 11

s
4
Et3
121  n2 k

W
8L2e

W
8kL2e
(Ref. 14)

Flat Plates
517

TABLE 11.4

Formulas for at plates with straight boundaries and constant thickness (Continued )
518

Case no.,
shape, and supports

smax



0:863W 1 n
L
ln e 0:207
t2
ro
W
kL2e

## ymax 0:4081 0:4n

(Ref. 14)
13bbb. Uniform over a
small circle of
corner

## (At the corner)

ymax


r
W
1:1  1:245 o
Le kL2e

p
(At a distance 2:38 ro Le from the corner along diagonal)
"
 0:6 #
3W
r
smax 2 1  1:083 o
t
Le

## 13bb. Uniform over a

small circle of
to edge but remote
from corner

(Ref. 14)
14. Parallelogram plate
(skew slab); all edges
simply supported

## 15. Parallelogram plate

(skew slab); shorter
edges simply supported,
longer edges free

entire plate

ymax

and

aqb4

Et3

entire plate

0

30

45

60

75

b
a

0.585
0.119

0.570
0.118

0.539
0.108

0.463
0.092

0.201
0.011

b1 qb
t2

For a=b 2:0

ymax

and

b2 qb2
t2

and

a1 qb
Et3

ymax

0

30

45

60

b1
b2
a1
a2

3.05
2.97
2.58
2.47

2.20
2.19
1.50
1.36

1.78
1.75
1.00
0.82

0.91
1.00
0.46
0.21

a2 qb4
Et3

## (Ref. 24 for n 0:2

[CHAP. 11

TABLE 11.4

bqb2
2
t

Formulas for at plates with straight boundaries and constant thickness (Continued )
16a. Uniform over entire
plate

b1 qb2
t2
aqb4

Et3

SEC.

b2 qb2
t2

a=b

1.00

1.25

1.50

1.75

2.00

0

b1
b2
a

0.308
0.138
0.0135

0.400
0.187
0.0195

0.454
0.220
0.0235

0.481
0.239
0.0258

0.497
0.247
0.0273

15

b1
b2
a

0.320
0.135
0.0127

0.412
0.200
0.0189

0.483
0.235
0.0232

0.531
0.253
0.0257

0.553
0.261
0.0273

30

b1
b2
a

0.400
0.198
0.0168

0.495
0.221
0.0218

0.547
0.235
0.0249

0.568
0.245
0.0268

0.580
0.252
0.0281

45

b1
b2
a

0.394
0.218
0.0165

0.470
0.244
0.0208

0.531
0.260
0.0242

0.575
0.265
0.0265

0.601
0.260
0.0284

60

b1
b2
a

0.310
0.188
0.0136

0.450
0.204
0.0171

0.538
0.214
0.0198

and

ymax

2.25

2.50

11.14]

## 16. Parallelogram plate

(skew slab); all edges
xed

3.00

0.613
0.224
0.0245
(Ref. 53 for n 13

## 17. Equilateral triangle; all

edges simply supported

## 17a. Uniform over entire

plate

At x 0; z 0:062a sz max

0:1488qa2

t2

At x 0; z 0:129a sx max

qa4 1  n2
81Et3
(Refs. 21 and 23 for n 0:3)

At x 0; z 0 smax

519

## 17b. Uniform over

small circle of
at x 0; z 0



3W 1  n
0:377a
1 n ln

2pt2
2
r0o

Flat Plates

At x 0; z 0 ymax

0:1554qa2
t2

TABLE 11.4

Formulas for at plates with straight boundaries and constant thickness (Continued )

entire plate

## Formulas and tabulated specic values

smax

0:262qa2
sz
t2

sx max
ymax

0:225qa2
t2

0:038qa4
Et3
(Ref. 21 for n 0:3

## 19. Regular polygonal

plate; all edges simply
supported

entire plate

(At center)

bqa2
s 2
t

ymax

and

aqa4

Et3

## (At center of straight edge) Max slope

xqa3
Et3

10

15

b
a
x

1.302
0.910
1.535

1.152
0.710
1.176

1.086
0.635
1.028

1.056
0.599
0.951

1.044
0.581
0.910

1.038
0.573
0.888

1.038
0.572
0.877

1.044
0.572
0.871

1.074
0.586
0.883

1.236
0.695
1.050

Number of sides n
20. Regular polygonal
plate; all edges xed

## (Ref. 55 for n 0:3

20a. Uniform over
entire plate

(At center )

b1 qa
t2

and

aqa
Et3
b2 qa2

t2

ymax

## (At center of straight edge) smax

Number of sides n

## 18. Right-angle isosceles

triangle; all edges
simply supported

520

Case no.,
shape, and supports

10

b
b2
a

0.589
1.423
0.264

0.550
1.232
0.221

0.530
1.132
0.203

0.518
1.068
0.194

0.511
1.023
0.188

0.506
0.990
0.184

0.503
0.964
0.182

0.500
0.944
0.180

0.4875
0.750
0.171
(Ref. 55 for n 0:3

[CHAP. 11